Newspaper Page Text
TIjE MEMPHIS APPEAL: FRIDAY. APItlL 2i. 1880;
COL. GEO. E. WARING, JR.
REPLY TO MB. HARTFORD AND
TQB SANITARY ENQINEEB.
At to tta Report or ths Former and ths
Strlcturea of the LatUr on tlia Mem
phis Syetem'of 8owra(f(, Now In O
In More Than Foi ty Cltla.
Tho following fimlsaplneo InTnAi"
ritAL as supploment to lha letter of Col,
"Waring' which wo published In our Issue
of ibu 22d last.:
NrwroRT, R I., April l 18SV.
To the Editor of thi Kna;liirlng Newa:
An editorial bearing the ubovo honding,
which rooonlly apiHturud iu your paper,
lias been scut to niu from Memphis. Will
you allow mo few words in rrply?
1 might object to your way of putting
the case for I did not come "before tho
country with my proportion to ipvo tho
fever-stricken and bankrupt city of Mem
phis a novel and 'model' aewerugo ays
Mn," I read a pajwr before tho Ameri
can Tubl'io I leal ih Association at Nash
ville, siife'(,'enlinK a mixlillcatlon of aewcr
oiw practice. 1 had no thought or expec
tation of lis early adoption until men
from Memphis, who beard it, said It was
precisely what that city needed. After
ward, as an eiiK'Inoor of tho National
Hoard of Health Couiiiiisiion, I dil not
reoomtuond it, and it was adopted by the
authorities. It was not yet, in any sense,
a proposition "U-lore the country."
1 lail to liud in any of my writing an
announcement that tlio princijuil foitltirus
of the system recommended wcro "en
tirely new." After the Memphis work
was completed for ISM), 1 sent a paer to
the haniinry InMitiiiu of (ireut liriUtin,
and Mr. Kinrer Field said, in diitrtiNim
following its reinliiiK'. that the conditions
licriled "were nll'ip-tlicr unprece
dented." You alo say that early in IhX'l
anniiunced that tbemi features "would
.jr-nstilulo a perfect sysU'iu of sanitary
vncrHite." 'i he only authority I call tlud
-or tlio (piotiition is that 1 Bald in my
'ulivillo paiivr (lHT'J): "In my iiulii-
li AL a iHjrlect system of Military sewer
age for a small town or a large one would
I snmetlniiK like the lollowinir. llien
followed thu lirsl suKrfi'Hlion ol the details
ul what afterward became a svsteiu. You
my thst the "proiKMed svHtcm wax to em
Ixnly" certain fnitiiirs, anions which you
iiMte "an ciitu-e alwiuti of luau-holen,
and the utter diareard of alignim-ul so
Jar as thu qiiesliou of culmination or
cleaning is concerned." 1 cannot find
that f ever wrote that at all. 1 did ssv in
li i y JJnirlixh paer, in descrihintr a hat tho
Memphis svHteiu had eiiilxxlii'd, "The
niusistrikiiiK departure from ordinary cus
tom ami prvncriplion is the entire alMcnco
of man-holes aud lanip-holcs. nnd the utter
uisrcaril of the slitfiiuunt uf the sewer, so
far as the questiou of examination or
cleansing is concerned."
You say that considerable riperience
)isd already U- n cained with sewers which
substantially ekcluded rain water. "Karly
in the fifties such sewers had been built in
Jjiuland, ami by 1S7H a nuinlicrof towns
were at least partially supplied with
them." Here you Iwvo been wriously
misled. No sewers bail been built in Kug
land, at tho time staled, which substan
tially excluded rain water. Hie system
that csuio ticarcHt to it was probably that
at Tottenham, built III the tiJ litis, but that
admitted water from paved courts and tho
overflow (mm water butts receiving rsin
witter, llain water was never "uttaii
tiully" excluded from sowers until it was
done in Memphis.
You rcli'r tu a discussion following a
)ser sent hy mo to tho Iiiktitutnin of
t ml Kngiiiet-ra iu I-ondon. No ixr
scut by mo on any srarrntr system was
rvi-r nsd or ilim-iwwed before that Institu
tion. It is prNr for ni to ssy that the plan
for tho sewerage of Memphis Included
mnn-hnlcs on lateral sewers: thst these
bad to be omitted Ix-csnw tliey colli I not
lie sllordiil. and that exH-nence without I
IliriD ini in wnrr wimi ii n-uinun-
ing their elb-ct in the cane of small sewers,
and 1 refer ss to tins to what 1 SUlmeilUent
)y wrote about such omiwioii.
" You imply that the Mew geiierslly held
Is "that the sdiiiiKiotio( some storm-water
lmm rsils or psved bsck yards" is lienc II
rial. In tho next psragisph you say that,
in Memphis, the amount ol water, neces
sarily slight, surreptitiously admitted Irom I
yards and nxils, in spile ol the strictest I
regulation "inscie ii niTesssry i i uiiim
several overllows and relief sewvrs."
Yon say thst no ollicisl riview of the ac
tual working of the syntein aicarcd to-
forw Mr. llarlfor.l a pais-r. Major Hum
tdireva. the ery able engmei-r in chsrge
ol the searrs ol Memphis, who was giving
tliem cnitant attention, tundu a Very
cnipletr rcirl oincerning them In July,
ISM, giving n-ally more inloriiiation alaut
them Uisn is to be lound in any other
In m-t-rniU-r, lvc the city engineer
Mid: "1 he system, In the main, baa so
fur workcl admiralty, and lias given en
In IfoCI Mr. lletlng visited Mcinphia
Slid found thst lis K-wera-e system bad
been so far changed as to lw mU'nntlully
anotlier s vnteiu irom Hist wiucii 1 lunit.
arriving at the coiicIumoii ih.it, with Its
rbsnjes. it had Ik-coiiib "as good ss any
illy or town suitable for its application
tvuld w ih it to be."
Mr. lull in, who bad la-cn employed
tindi-r me In the conxtruelion of the work
ini who whs very l.uiiiliur with every part
nt it, went to Meuipln ami iiiiele a tlio
rough rxstuiustion of the whole system
iiiuking a report coiicrrning it which
Showed Mr. Id-ring's ri'irt to b rswii
tislly nntnie. Mr. Unl Iwin's rc-rt was
made ogieial" .y thenllinal ix rlilleate to
tlie com-iini -s o ila sialemriit signed by
inn uy r.nuun-rr, uicrmieniieni oi sew -
i rs nnd wwi.latit suiMMintendeul ol swers.
and th chief axxistant engiut'er, these l
ing the only olbi-ets who had bad to do
Willi the ewem aince they welt) itiven tin
by .Mn). Humphrey, w ho siso wrote in Ibis
oninvWiiii: "While Iho liability of tho
U-ilch pilM Iu ixixiinc ntrtructcd mmmiis
to me alKiut Ihe only nVfecl ol tlio s tern,
It lis the advantage tlist tartial olsitrue
tiims sn tx-cinwi coinphli and lniers
tlve'y demand attpntion, snd there Is con-
aetpienlly little dsngi-r ol ths sewers be
coming (lllhy when ( Uy auihoriiiea aro
neVliuenl." Ill le(ler Sustained Mr.
Jkildwin sststemrnts in all re- t.
in ins reMrt lor lt, ih city engineer
Mid: "Thus far no fault rnu 'be lound
With Ihe manner in which the svatem has
Worked. Ihe rxremivo ((iiati'ity of mud
in ttio water I inn rhiei csu- of troulde.
Ihe small thrco-qitartar-lncu supply pij-s
tolholhisli tsnks Oxtoiuo rlvi;el with
loud, making it nei-esMtry to replai-o all
tlnw In high 'laiis with larke piiM.
W ith elear-wttled or filtered water all this
troublo would cease aud tho whole system
Work to a charm."
You publish a report 'rotn Mr. Hartford
to the city engineer, showing certain obvi
ous delects. 1 be Urol relates to Imperfec
tions ol Ih automatic tsnk Introduced
nine years ago. 1'lnsie imerfcctioiis were
overcome by modifications uisda In Itwl,
the improvement being at once tnidn
known to the authorities of Memphis snd
tTerml to them without rhsrgo ol rtivslly.
There Is a still tn-tu-r tsnk atallsbl 'uow,
and it is to te assumed thst it will be timl,
The next defect is thst, ouiside of Ihe dis
trict covered by tlie lour mile ol deep
sewors. built before 1870, inconvonlonco
lias noon toll iroin the tact tliat tho
sewers aro too shallow to accommo
date healing apparatus and elevators
in business buildings. In 1870, it
was assumed that Bin h occasion for deep
sewers would bo con II nnd to tho four-milo
district, and tho financial condition was
such that no provision for future possibili
ties of this character could bo mado. It is
next stated that a gradient of 1 to 51) is
rarely attainable for houso drams. This
statement must liavo been written somo
what carelessly. In much more than one
half of the cases, tbo ground in the rear
of thu house is as high us the' ground over
the sewer in the alley. Tho sewers aro
more than six foot deep aud tho bonne
drains need be, and generally aro, only two
feet at their upper euds, giving a fall of
four feet, w hich is at tho rate of 1 in All for
mora than tho whole depth of the lot. It
is impossible that "quite U.tMK) obstruc
tions," occurring in house drains within a
year, can be due to lack of gradient. Tho
real cnuic, like that of tho overcharging of
somo of Iho sowers, is iirohably indicated
at the end of Mr. Hartford's final reixirt,
whero ho recommenda proper skillou In
section of plumbing work. lie says;
"Hud practice lias now becomo tho com
mon practice, and it is clearly attributa
ble to luck of intelligent supervision. Our
force is too small to make this. It is cer
tain that poor and illegal work is costing
this department a large sum each year tor
cleaning nnd repairing sewers, nnd it is
not improbable that it lias rained, prouia
turely, our overcharged mains,"
The greatest defect is found ill the
smallnesAof the main and sub-main lines.
There is sulllcient evidence that these
lines are too small for the duty that they
liavo to iiorform, and they must bo en
larged sooner or Inter. This, however, has
nothing to do with the merits of the sys
tem to which they furnish an outlet.
As evidence that the sew ers of Memnhis
aro not yet' entirely without merit, 1 sub
mit tho follow ing extract from a letter from
Mr. Hartford, written Octolier 1'.', 1SS
"Your letter of tho lSih ult,, addreaed
to Maj. Meriwether, was handed to me for
replv. hince it was given me I have had
a tliorough examination of the system
made. Kvery lino of sewers, whether
of low or high gradient, is thoroughly
clean. Yc have no fouling upon any lute,
nnd upon many I am certain thst a vc
locily (mean) of not even I feet is reached.
On one of low gradient (1 in I'tsii in a
distanco of 700 feet, the maximum depth
ol llow is not more thau ' inches (it i a o
inch line) or prha 3 inches w ith ths
(hi-.h; yet even here, w here the mean ve
locity cannot exceed 1.3 feet, tho p.pe i
"We have, it is true, orraskmal stp-
fmges, but they are invariably caused by
orcign substance, neh as sticks, rags,
etc., never by dcioil of sewage."
I am very sorry to have taken so ronrh
of your spaco. and I should of course t
glad if 1 were able to say that the Mem
phis work done nine years ago, undercun-
ihlions that were "altogether unprece
dented," bad been originally, so good
anil complete as to neod no improvement
and as to meet with only friendly aud
honest criticism. As 1 am domed tins sat
isfaction, 1 must find such consolation as
1 can in the (act that that system, essen
tially unchanged, is now in sctivo opera
tion in latween forty and fifty towns of
Ihe I'uiiixl hmtes, and that its use is in
1 1 ICO. J' Vt AMINO, J a.
AN OLD JOURNALIST
Honors The Appeal With Timely Words
of Commendation and Indorsement.
W INI SMTKB, Tl'llU., April zt, n.-
To lbs fMllor of Hit Appeal:
My Dear 8ir I send f 1, lor which please
continue my subscription to Tub Wkkkly
Ai-i-aAi. It expires this vary day, and I
bad thought ol Uot renewing, because I
have so many ncwsMipurs sent uie by
brctbreu of the press, and I have scarcely
time to read them and a few choice ton.es.
Hut Tin An-KAL (whether I draw a prize
in yonr distribution Ihe 1st proximo or
not) la worth Itself moro than the $1.
lleMdes, I am eo much pleased with your
remarks upon the kignllicaul and able let
i,,.,, lol. A. H. l olyar. Anil Still more
with your Hreistont advocacy of true trado
When those fifty-eight or sixty Ron-
tlemen called on yon and presented you
with a set of tbo works of Henry Georgo
as a testimony of their admiration aud
recognition of your "ellorts In the cause ol
uiian IVuiiM-raev," I sigbod that
fate had so ordered thst I could nut be one
ol the number, for 1 would bsve
been vain enough to have attempted a
compliment to Til Aci-al (orilsutixlinle I
supMirt ol rniilent (. levelsipl suit IIsImiIj
allierence to the principles ol re trade,
which, as a measure of (mlilieal economy,
was iii'lorsed by a m i) inly of nhout 1 H -
tuajol Ihe popular vole, albeit Mr. Ilsr-ri-nn
is I'ruudenl under the working of an
tin Ivmocrntic thing yclept l.loclorul lol
legiv Isvngoulot view Ihe growing views
ol Henry licon-e, I coii.-rstuUle you on
your response lothecoiumilleeinoutloneiL
1 tell ymi, sir, I am crusilcd, Uon calm
nlli-clion, tlist sin-rend awaits IM-niocniey
iu Isiij. The o,ii.'Khon of ilitical ccon
omy is not settled is not iwrfected; and
you tlel mwi sun-iy enunciate a lact when
you aaiil: ' l.ver since tlie war In tins part
el the country economic oiu-iioii bsve
bi-en held somewhat in ahcvsiioo, and tho
s-opln ol the North bsve been so blinded
y pndu lice thst they could not enlertaiil
Ihe great iUetiiiu of laiilf reform. It lias
taken tmenl v-tlifo years ol agitation In
lirmg the IS inx railo party up to Its ado-
ipiate consideration snd to an aggreanive
kwiiIiiii mi It, ami It has only been within
tlio lull lim-e or lour years Hist tlio party
t t .11. , I . ..I , .
has been able lo make It the bssi of con
l-st, altboiiuh heiween the two parti
I there is hills dillereni-e on other ipiee
Aud you are wholly correct In aaylng
tliat "anything that inteiferv with thu
liierty oi ii,ii iipliviilual man cripples
millions," and Ihst "iHiwerful snd ever-
whelming system ol tru-ts and com
biiiu" ruin m.-n ol small inraus. imw
rv r full ol energy they may U Im-ciiumi
their itiilivitliialiiy is aairiiiifd in order I
f. iter lhiM Infernal coiiibiniHi whle
J ittn-ati. Itlnlne-tliH premier the Well
vheit Mtke in lavor of.
Alt me! 1 shake hun.ls with you when
I you said
It takiwa long time to educate men up
to that line seiiao ( sppiecialioti of great
principles when they will cvon e--litem
lor what is for their 1-eiiellL It bss somo
limes taken a eeiituty. It tiaik Fnglaiu
'veiity-llve veai lo rench the suierb re
form set ol Kill, which was followed so
ipin kly by other ameliorating iiieaaures.
leading tbo Toiiivt lii the belief thst every
thing liiiiwirtant and mi ted to the country
was about lo tumble to pieces. Tim
lvinocrscy csn convince tho ioolo ol
this Country that they will lin I thei
gresli-al some ol hapiiiiiess In taking tho
lax olT the iieceMrie ol Id and Irom raw
insterisl, thus iruiiiif tlieni che.toer
clothes, rliesiwr f.ioil and cheser imple
ment lor labor; bringing the land down
to an actiml basis of 'uriff for rsvenne
only,' s n li as the constitution content
Yen, we limit have "Mrsllent agltstlon
and preach our iha-iriue of free trado,"
sud Just aa o rlinnlv i.a tlio world moves
ii's-ratic p.ir.y will w lit Victor
1 ou ll-ter n tier, ,1 a er under trill
than when you said. "Trade should every
where bo free, that the peoplo may realize
tho highest benellui from thoir labor."
Let us stand for free trado, for it la ab
surd lo suppose wenre bonedlod by protoo
tion.flf,.Ciillod. Protection, o-cilled, is
asked for only as a matter of expediency,
and to enrich a fow at tho exponsoof
many tho farmer, for Instance, who is
not protected, because ho is limited in bis
market, that tho manufacturer may bo
bonullted. Manufacturers seek protection
for their particular branches of induatry
in which they have invested capital, and
sustain their profile by curtailing supply
and diminishing wages, ad li'jituiu. Labor
baa to pay all this.
Mr. Kditor, I'rovidouce novor dosijjnod
protection, (lod is no protector of per
sons or property. His lightning strikes a
church us readily ai it does a barn, llis
ruins coiihi in duo tiuio, whothor they
ruin my brickyard or help your growing
crop, A protective turil! is a mounter. H
operate ngaiiiKl tho worklngmaii and in
favor of machinery. It is a bnso attempt
to force natural Iu vs out of their proper
bias, just as the law of usury does. It U
a false theory to check production in order
to find a market, for thu farmer, nnd the
manufacturer, ought to liavo the world
Tno Republican party sooms'to be look
ing ever after tho interest of manufac
turers instead of consumers. The prices
are not to be lowered. Tho money must
go into tho pockets of a few hundred man
ufacturing capitalists without increasing
the wages of lulmr. Iordi how long how
long before tlio laboring men will- all see
this! ISo that wo want a (air exchange of
products and no protection, with its iuci
ilenl smuggling and incident vices.
1 wsnt lo see TiikAi-i'kai, keep its bat
tery for Joucrsuniau IVmocracy always
charged, (or 1 )cmnerary is "broad as tho
entire universe; high as mau'i loftiest as
piration; deep as the profounduat mystery
of nntjro'i arcana," and is not an sllair of
mere partisanship. Democracy is univer
saliiation; it ia I'rogress; it is Christianity
ami Liberality, willi not a gleam of protec
tion iu it as announced by the present ad
ministration, lie Tax ArrKAi, as ever, its
spokcsiusn. W. J. Hlattkk.
BUKNAVKNTUBA FARM COMPANY.
A Orand Enterprise.
Col. ( iotkllett, secretary of Huenaventura
Karat l'ompny, left lor his homo last
night, leaving 'tho matter of placing the
balance ol the stock in the hands of K. II.
White and John I. Norton, No. 7 Madison
street. The corporation which I'oL tiood
lett represents is ditincl to win success
and to uiske uioney for tho who invest
Ituecsrentnr Karm i l Ate l two and a
ba'.f ni.!w fivtai Uh rtounalnng cilr of
CUrkstiliei, Teau. It is We'd adapted to
the breeding oi trotting honk's, and tlie
gentlemen who are managing the business
are cspsble of pls.-ing It in a position to
rank with tho first breedingcetahlishmrnt
in the land. The breeding of trotting
horse within thermal few years has paid
tlusm who have engaged therein larger
profits than any other business iu which
money has been invested.
We might illustiato by giving In detail
ttirt sales Irom the breeders of Kentucky
Buenaventura Farm Company is under
tho control of the leading bum tuns men of
Clarksvillu, and they are ablo to do with it
that which they proosu.
Stock him been diitoscd of at Clarks
vllle and Nashville, and the remainder of
tho stock will be disposed of here. Those
who iinvo money to Invest, whether llm
amount be largo or small, should go and
see Messrs, F. II. White and John L. Nor
ton, who can givo full information upon
BUOT INTO A TBAIN,
Woundlnsr a Small Uojr and a Man A
Touns; Han Arrested.
Hiav lal blipsleb lo Ths AwmiL
I'i.nr Hi t I r, Ark., Arit :V-Uto last
evening as tho south bound vulley train
was near iVxter, nino miles from this
place, tho hind car window was fired into
from a rifle snpiKised to have been in the
bands of W. U. Ilovey. The ball frn.'d
the face of a small boy and the scalp ol
man, and buried itself In the south side nf
the car, making a great, ugly hole. Hicrirf
Mlverman was atioaru ol the train, and
when be reached here he sent up im
mediately bis deputies on a Bimcial locouio-
ve ana louna novey in ine msxes oi a
grand ball and arrested him and lodged
tin In lull this morning to answer, ins
rille, an old fashioned one, was captured
and brought along. No motive Isasaignod
r tho atriH-ious deed. 1 he prisoner con
tends that he can eslahlish an alibi.'
Wn.t li found sn excellent remedy for
Irk headache. Carter's Little Uvvr Tills.
lioiiMtida of It-tiers from rplo who hs
uwd tbrin provt this (act. Try them.
Evldenoe Brouihl Out Yesterday That
Is Vary Strong.
Sptrlal l.tfh lo Tti Apw.
DiHwixtuiAN, Ala., April 2 The web
of evidence I thickening around Dick
llswea. In the Criminal Court today
Harsh ltt and F.lita liordon swore thai
Mav Hawe left 1 annio l'rvsnl's houso
with her father Ihe Monday evening bo-
foru her body was found in Iho lake at
Ijocl.ikn. A dummy conductor ami a
painters.. them together on a Highland
avenue dummy a lew minute later. Msy
wss not seen alive alter this.
Hawe was a little nervous yesterday.
but bss regained bis old sclf-posM'anlun to-
lav and simply sunk at the damaging
In sate or Topi.rMH i. F.ii . I
W A.siki.nia, I. 1., An. 4. lsX i
Having ma hi Inspient use ol Magulre'a
Iteiiuo l'laiiL. I consider It an almost In-
fallible si-eei'le fur Cholst-n, Oiarrlnea,
Dysentery, llux, etc., and ran recoionicud
it as such. t-ou n. II. 1-oso.
Siprlni aiiyl lists.
The latest stylos iu light colored IWhvs,
all colors, young genu' nobby ilk Dress
an I iN-rtiy 1 1 ma, McUun s line rsill ami
Iterliv II ns In all colors, lioys snd child
ren'sCruah Cloth and Mr w Hats, gents'
Crush Hats In all colors, haias and
grade, front 7'ie lo I k
M tans t oiisx.JIO Mam St..
The only practical Memphis Hatter, under
1'Uliy a lioiei.
Ike Memphis 1 rank t artary, ! Mala,
Have the birgest hue ( trunk, valise
and hand satchel in the city, which they
will sell at the loweat prices.
JarkM WaMMtl fark.
Fie conceit snd balloon ssci-nsiuti run
day sltern.xiii. Night ecuevrt, adinihhi.iii
J ecu Is.
Ike Memsikls irery I sntssar
A re sole sgeiita for tho celebrated Jersey
To I .arc. , which every rvUil lucrchant
should bsvo in sIik k.
liavo the largest linn of trunks, valise
and hand satchels in the city, winch they
w in sen at ine lowest prices,
- - - . - i
W. A. Faihk, f7 I'nion street, has Just
received s car of nice saddle and harne
horses nnd in are.
Mmi'tiia Ktesin Car-t Cleaning and
Ih-mivaiing Woika, SJ0 I leslo street. Tele
Lac cilrtsin eleatie.l and beslitilully
f.nisl d at Meuiphiahtesm Ijiunilry, ?.'
ix-i-ona :rcct. iiiuudt oflii UI Madison,
AN INDICTMENT FOB BALLOT-BOX
Against Two'e'n From the White River
Precinct in Woodruff County A Ben
aatlon Caivtod By the Refusal to
Hx-lal Dlnpslch to tho Apical.
Little liocg; Ark., April 25. The Fed
oral Grand Jury, returned one Indictment
this morning-rRiifus J. Martin, Duvid II.
llignlgbt and Robert Anthony, charged
with stuinng a ballot-box. It is specified
in tho indictment that at tho lust Novem
ber election the defendants, who woro
judges of election at the White Itivor pro-
cinct, Woodruir County, did put into the
box thirty-one or nioro ballots beuring the
name of C. It. lireckinridgo for Represent
ative, and at the same time ubstractod
thirty-ono or moro tickets having thereon
thonamoof John M. Claj ton for Itepro
aontativo, with the inti ntion of iutiuoncing
said election for Keprew ntatlve.
The Federnl flrnnd Jury today reported
that Chas. C. Held, tho young Morrilton
attorney, declined to auawer a question
propounded by tho jury, vi.: "Did
liciitly, the town imimliiil, have any con
versation with you in relation to tho theft
of tho riummurvillu bailot-hox?" The
question was then put: "Did llently tell
you anything about the theft of tho l'lum
inervillu ballot-box?" In court Mr. Hold
refused to answer cither question. Judge
Caldwell askod him if ho declined on the
ground that ho and I'.ently sustained rela
tions ss client and attorney in that matter.
Iteid also declined to answer that question.
" You must answer these question or stand
committed," suid the judge, "If the relation
of client and attorney exists between you
and llently, you will nut bo coutpulled
to disclose anything that your client told
you as an attorney; but before you can bo
excused Irom answering tho question ol
tho jury you must let the court know
w bother Iho relation ol client aud attorney
exists. II it does, that will end tho exam
ination; if it does not, you will liavo to
answer other questions of tho court's."
Mr. Keid was given until morning to con
sult attorneys in tho premises.
RUMDUN03 OF THE RAIL.
U, M. a. A T. Brawrh.
Sprelal Mtsn'b Iu Ths Apiml.
Little Kik x, Ark., April 25. The Lou
isville, Now Orleans A Texas Railroad filed
article of incorporation hero to-lay. The
proposed line la to be built through the
city ol Helena, Ark., the total length not
to exceed live miles. The corKrutor aro
K. K Waddell, John J. Horner and N.
Mrauh, of Helena, and A. M. Cook, of
Memphis. Capital stock, f'i.OlU.
.'mplaliit r liiMrlstlsalUs.
IUiTiaoKS, Md., April 23. Dealer in
dressed beef who feel that tbry have been
discriminated against by tho Ilaltirnore A
Ohio in freight charges from Chicago, will
ask the Interstate commerce commission to
investigate tho matter. It ha boon
charged that Yli-President Smith, bo
fore leaving IUltimore for his vacation,
made a contract with tho Amours, Swift
and Hammond, of Chicago, to carry
dressed beef for them at -! Cents per
hundred to New York, 43 to Philadel
phia and 40 to lVnltimoro for period of
11 vo year. An olricor of the Haiti more A
Ohio who was asked alxiut the matter,
aid it wss a (act that such a contract bad
Ix-en made by Vice-President Kmitb, and
that the rates meniioiieil, wtucn are about
live per cent lower than previous to April,
are now in ellsct,
llralt TkrM(k a Hrld.
FiTTsniMii, Fa., April 25. A 'Wilkoa-
barre, I'., apecinl aayc A fearful wreck
occurred on tho North A West llranch
Iliiilroad at noon today. A freight train
running twenly-fivs miles an hour ran into
a burning bridgo over Roaring Crock and
the engiuo and ten car went through tho
liridgo, Ihe other car lulloweu ana piled
up. Ihe wreck; alterwani caiigtil lire.
1 lie engineer, lireman and one brakeman
were fatally iniure'L No nauio yuU All
A I knan la oiMra.
St. TaI'l, Minn., April 23. General
Passenger Agent Iloyd, of the Minneapolis
A tL lxmis lUilroad, ha been appointed
general paascuger agent ol the Rock Island
srstem for the district west ol the Missouri
River. Hi place will be filled in the Min-
neaiKilis A Ht, lin Road by the appoint
ment ol C. 11. lloiiirnlgo, at present
looking afit-r tho Northwestern interests ol
the Rock Island. Willi headquarter at le-
troit Roth of these change will take
placo Msy 1.
Tk OMSh I sUs Dt-a.
On An a, Neb., April 23.-lt is defin itoly
announced that Proodent Adams, of the
Union Pacific, and IUwkiua, of lb Bur-
limrton. have signed a contract for the con
st ruction of a union dcHt here, to cost
tl.fxKI.OoO. A partol the agreement all
of the low line now terminating in
Council lllulla will cross the I'nion Psciliu
bridgo aud hav leriniual fucihUe in this
A fatal S ail Itlta.
(ji.e Maby, Tonu., April 2V A col
lision occurred about a milo south of here
vealerdav belweun two freight train a a
result ol th lorgetfulnos of Ihe engiuoor
uf one of them. Hrskenun Tar lor, Con
ductor Hinclino and i:uginetr Rusk were
badly cruahed. The lirsl two died soon
after being extricated. Rusk' injurieaare
fatal. Two other were slightly injured,
ft kaattay lrlfcla.
M.itmxal, April 23. tleueral Mnagtr
llickson, ol the Urau I Trunk Railway, has
ordered that no freight trains be run on
huudsy, with IU exception ol Ihoso carry
hnr live sttsk bikI iwriahahln g ssla. It ii
stated that the Delaware A Hudsoii road 1
iu ) mpalhy with the movcniuul.
ftslaa- al rvrMtaal.
('apt, J. V.HAri.L, eonlraelor on
tho Helena lovue work, is looking lor la
borers. ' -T"
Mina. F.ii AtthTnoMia Jordan, of tho
Illinois CvUlrnH Railroad, have gonu to Hot
tjinngs. -r -
W, U. rni siiltravoling p.iengrr agent
of tho Louisville, now Aiuaiiy t v imago,
is iu the city. " -
Mm. DAMBAufi,'. Isto iatnnt ngtntof
the Little Ida k . 4 ort Kimtli Railroad at
Osark, Ark., la in the city.
Maj. II AlLlsoN, general adverllsliiff
(he Mussouri 1'acillc. who has
been lo tli city lew days, baa gone to
A. A. UALLAonaa (It Vr go etc.).
Southern paamtngor ageni oi Hie Miaaonrl
Pacillii, ha returned to his beadquarler
in I hatutnoog.
J. Ik Mi IIiiipb, city pruwengcr agent ol
Iho Cbesapenao 'liui ret.irned Iroiu
A i kali as, whora he h.is la-en In tho lit'
leresl ol III toad,
l-tu-iaa ol tb "Yenowln'B News.'
Iwenty-luur psg aniphli-i,elegnlly illus-
trstcd. bsv IhhjiI ilialrihuifil l.y the Chi
csgo, Milwaukee A M, Paul lUilroad
throutth It agent, Mr. U. (.:. llrady.
A MciiMC of Islxirer went out vmli.r.
day to Carbon H'". Ala., to work ou the
pur running from that point to the coal
Ilelds, goven miles diatnnt n,;. .rtr
will soon be completed, and as oon a
'n, run tlio Kansas City Coal and
Coke Company will erect and operate sev
eral coke ovens. .
raihloa's Fnnelr. -
Tho rtoulnniriat nwlnino I-
tea-rose colored silk or wool or cotton
fabric, embroidered with red curnations or
trimmed with floti of red ribbon.
It lg tho fancv to trim lha nnlllpreit with
Carti-colorod lace match ins tho atripes or
arg of tlio woolon or silken material that
compose the u nderukirt.
Fashionable favor is eouullv rtlvldml Ka.
tween short and lonir wrana tliia anrinu-
but the Ions wran is not full Hr n.i iim
abort wrap u invuriably very dressy.
cry pale buff, deep yellow, pulo blue.
rose pink and grass green, with dividing
line ol black and bar and stripes of Ve
netian or brick red, are tlie populur color
in spring ginghams.
IJouillon. or "hoth" wines, to, coffee
and chocolate, sand wichos of ham, cavlaso,
ioiu-gius, sardines aud anchovies, but no
biscuit or cakes aro oflcrud now at Paris
Corul jowelry is again in fashion, especi
ally for younggirla debutantes who wear
uocklols, brooches, clasps and ear-rings of
it. sometimes set with small diamonds.
The pale piuk coral is preferred.
Crepo and crapo are two entirely differ
ent" fabric. Crepe is a light F'rench
stuif, very much like crope do chine,
wlulo crapo Is a mourning material, nover
seen in colon, and nover worn out of
A lovely bridal night robe Is of creamy
whito China silk, with a pointed yoko
and cincture at tho waist line formed by
fine tucks. 'lis high collar and deep culls
aro covered with rover ol real ulun-
Doer collar of irold nnssaniontorio. a
band to mulch for tho waist, epaulets nnd
cull's of tho same, aro sold ns trimmings
lor w lulo cloth gowns, nnd cloth gowns ol
almost any color, They also trim gray
and green corduroy redingotos to perfec
Too ues of wire covered with draperies of
tulle, colored, silvered, golden and whito,
and trimmed with bands of small (lower
w ithout leaves or with rose petals, aomo
poufs of tulle and an aigrette, aro among
the handsomest millinery novelties of the
There Is no reason tor calling tho bag of
lace that some women persist in woariug
around their heads ail empire or directory
veil, for neither during the empire nor di
rectory peri Is was such a thing ever
worn, it Is a purely modern nineteenth
Tho mohairs of tho pnssingi season aro
vast improvements upon tliatcfiuisol goods
as shown in former years, and they come
In six or more varieties ol high lusters,
known to shoppers and tho trado by the
names of clairetto, glorioaa, Japanese ba
tiste, Sicilian, taniiso, alpaca and other
more or less expressive terms.
The fancy ol completely' covering the
dinner table with cut-glas vase, bowl,
jardinieres, boats, and all sort of fanciful
flower holders tilled with flowers I on the
increaso. The cloth of pure white satin
liko damask Is giveu uo olhor decoration
for the finest dinner parties. Wheu cut
glaas cannot bo aHonlcd, old-(aahioned
silver cake baskets, filled with moss aud
llow era are substituted; or, if these cannot
be hud, fancy baskets are used, silvered
ovor and lined w ith satin or soft w hite silk
draped in loosely and decorated with flots
of liu-e. Then with pretty linger bow Is set
iu these, filled with trailing vine, leave
and flowers, aud with pretty bonbon boxes
snd small bouquet holders at each plate.
tho talilu Is considered "correct and
"chic" for wedding breakfasts, luncheon
aud small dinner parties.
If the eye are glued togelber on waking
up do not forcibly open them, but apply
saliva with Iho linger, it is tlie stieedieat
dilutant in the world. Then wash your
eye and face in warm water.
Two targe oranges sliced and mixed with
two sliced bananas will greatly improve
the llavor of tho latter, and will bo unite
aufliclunt lor a breakfast of six eoplu, as
only a moderate quantity of fruit should
be eaun on an empty stomach.
Many bon kceiier need warning
against the frequent use of feather dus
ters; the ousters simply charo the panicle
from tho furniture into tho air, where
Ihey ars Inhaled. A roll cloth la good,
and a chamois skin 1 sometime bolter
lor dust or.
Ills fssisilwlss k4.
Sprelal iUstlrh to Oi ApptsU.
Little Rock, Ark., April 23. Tlie
flovernor has revoked Iho commission of
J. I'eitnair Jonea, colored, aa county and
probate judgo of iK-sha County on tho
gromiils that tlie commission was unin
tentionally signed with other at lb same
tinio. T he returns show that June was
elected by about ."HO majority.
WORTH knowing I that blond dls.
eases whlrh all other rerarillr fill
to cur, yltilJ to Ayer's Sarwaparllla.
tioo of this state
nisnt eotnss lo
hand dally. Even
and stubborn com
plaint as UImiu
tlo (tout, and Hi
like, ar tlwn-oiigh-ly
"VI ff itV1 3, lhuaaofUilswos
rzit. AVVVts"-" dorfut alterative.
Mr. It. Irving
Ifcwlgs, 110 Wpal
tr.ih slrert, Nrw
York, ertirt I
AHmt two yr ago, after suffering
for nearly two ysars from rlisiimaiio
gout, la-lug aids to walk only with gnat
tliaroinlorl, and having tried various
remedies. Including mineral waixrs,
without relief, 1 ssw by an adverlla-nu-nl
la a t'lilragn pnrr that a man Iia4
Ismu rt'lievrtl of till" dlatrraalng ru
plaint, after long suffering, by taking
Arrr'a Har-aparlll. I llira dueldrd lo
Inaks a tilid of Una ndli'lne, and 'k
It recnlaily for vlglit tnnntlis. I aia
ploaaml to aav tlisl ll cfteeted coin
pleta rtirs, and tliat 1 hav slut. bad no
leturaof list dlarsM."
Mrs. L A. Blsrk. Naahna, N. If .
writes: "Ons year B(o I wss taken III
wlihheiinistUiti, being rc.nfl.ned to my
hmiaa six months. I rams otit of Hi
Ii kna vary niiu lt debilitated. Willi no
pieiit, anil niy system iliaonlrrf! In
etcrywav. I roinnisnced lo nss Aycr'
Haraapari'lla and lirgsn to Impims at
one. Kalniiig In strength and san r
enrvrtng my uausl bealih. I cannot ssy
loo miK-h In prals ol tnl well-known
"I liar taken grsst ileal ft tnodU
cine, but nothing has ln
liiueh gixsl a Ayer's haraaioullla. I
frit It beneficial effect tfore I had
ault flnlalMHl on laitlle, and I raw
freely teallfy that It Is the beat blood
me,. lns 1 k now of " L. W. Waw, Br,
Or. J. a Ayr Co Lowll, M.
they arc not, nnd besides are dangerous. PEARLINE is never peddled, but
Sold by all good grocers. V) Manufactured only by JAMES PYLE, New York,
MARTIN WALT & CO.
FOR THE SALE OF ALL KINDS OF COUNTRY PRODUCt
218 FRONT 8FREET,
WRKFERENCF8 0ma Bakc,
J. A. Bailit.
J. A. BAILEY & CO.
PumborsJ Goods, Fino Gas Fixtures
33B SFfOViD STREET MEMPHIS. TENN.
A. J. VIEN
mroUIHW AND DKALJCK IH
AND FISIIINO TACKLE is'
No. 347 Main Street. Memnhla. Tenn.
"Th Largest rnd Best Aavrtrnsnt in Ui
EAGLE BOILER WORKS.
DANIEL SHEA & C.0, Prop'rs,
(8UCCE330II3 TO 8UEA A MoCAUTIIY.)
BOILER MAKERS AND SHEET-IRON WORKERS
Repairing FlanUtloa Bollcn I Specialty.
140 TO 144 FRONT STREET. ... MEMPIIIS. TENN,
iV . -.-r-l v n. r
' A' f b 9 SHOPS, OFFICE AND WAREHOUSE,
ir a 1 rj huvvwv
Mullins & Yonge,
Cotton Factors and Commission Merchants
No. 370 Front Street. Memphis, Tenn.
SLKD01 BROA, of Ooma, VCs.
Mom. tU A 868 FBOVt BTEEST,
D. W. FIT.
FLY, HERRON & nOBSON,
Wholesale Grocers and Oofton Factors.
Nil 322 md 824 Front Street Meraohls. Term
B. K CSTC&
Z. N. ESTES & CO.
(SUCCESSORS TO K8TES, DOAJf s 00.)
Wholcsalo Grocci-s and Cotton Factors
Not. II 1-2 snd 13 Union Strcot Mamphit. Tenn.
Variety Agricultural "Works,
Hi 1 klMlby m4 S Md l (Tlnla !., Masaphla, Tmm.
WrbouM and Cotton Trurlta, Ihuan, Dridtf and 8'aamboat Iroa
viora, oMi. iMBiu- ana machids -y Ropalri.
rt4 Blxisiiaiy, ar. l-r.r.l i. Am Wark rriatl a.at Balrf
.-! H.iiiiMi Vt.rlu '
WiU. C 1;L.LIs j SON.
4 I ft
nnd some tinicmpulous grocers tire
; imitations which they claim to De reari
"the same as Pearline." IT'S FALSE
Bark op Cowniara, R. 0. Dt-aj A Co.-ft.
0. K. Wrrr.
NA & CO.
City. Th Tr.U Bupp lied at Lowest Prloa
JOHN E. RANDLE 8c CO
Architectural Iron Work,
IRON snd PKAMCASTINfiR COTTON PKK&E1
it t I L'l'o ana u-.i .
m ATLAS ENGINES AND BOILERS.
UV.ELLITEOBPE AIR BRAKE COMPAHT S ELEVATORS,
bTEAU iUSirfl, AIAC11INKHY ht'lTLIK Klo.
; r. a 11 l n n lh..
Mitiuuii iiivsi nuiinui iv uiuvuuuiuu
f. M. KOKITZR
ir. n. do iv.