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TITE MEMPHIS APPEAL i ' MOXDAT, MAY 20, 1SS0.
ROMANCE OF THE WIRES.
f TALES OP BAELT TELEGRAPHING IN
Against Longr Odds Sending a Meesago
Without Battery and Receiving With
tha Tongue Tha Career or John O.
Macon, Corrcspoadcnea ol Uio Kerf York
Julm C. Butlor is tlio namo of a moilost
litllu ninn who lives in this cily. At homo
Iih U rognrdod ns a walking eneyrloiiedia
of fiicts bearing on the early history of Ma
:, con nuil tlio people who have lived hero
from tho pioneer days, hut it is very ncl
s doin thut he alludes to his own part in that
' history. And yet lm laid tlio first cable in
tho United States and was the Unit man in
tho world to receive a telegraphic uiess:ii;o
on tho tun,'iio.
It was not until 1840 that tho tolegraph
was brought South. At that timo there
wcro hut few lines in tho country and tho
wires had como no further southward Ihnu
Petersburg, a company having started out
to bring it down hero, but failed when that
point was reached. Htilroads were few
In number also, and South Carol iua
was just recovering from her astonishment
at seeing a locomotive, whilo Ueorgiu had
only then comparatively short lines
V on her borders. To establUU ft telegraph
j lino without railroads was a stupendous
I undertaking. In 1810, however, one year
after Prof. Monro had turnod over tho
chargo of tho invention to Amos Kendall,
' cf Hshington, a company was formed by
... Keudall, tho Vails, of asliington. and
others, afterward including Klam Alexan
jWrr. of Mncon, and Daniel tirillin, of Co
luinbus. in this Stato, to absorb tho W.i
-. miles of wiro betwoen Washington and
Petersburg, and build a lino betwoen
1 Washington and New Orleans, a distance
i of 1,710 miles. Tlio contract was given to
I a contractor named John J. Haley, and
tho stock was watered 100 per cent,
just as it is watered now.
Haley went through tlio country solicit
tag subscriptions to realize $I"0 a uiile,
and succeeded until ho rcachod Macon,
t. This city was not rie enough for telu
( graphic communication with tha outsido
' world, or Haley did not understand tho
) people. Haley taw that ho would bo coin
i pelleil to make a jump between Augusta
and Montgomery or Coluinlms, and in his
desperation went down to Savannah.
Then ho had tho Chamlx-r of Commerce
i! called together, and $1.5,000 in ttock was
subsrrilied. Klam Alexander, of lliuxin,
was in Savannah on a visit, ami with a
Arm belief in tlio future of the country as
-f well as in the future of the telegraph, ho
' took tho suhicription of tho Cliamler of
C'oiniiierco oir its hands, added tome of
hi ow n and on his return home secured
, itoine additional subscriptions. This
i brought the line to Macon and supplied
1 the mis-iiiK link as well as making him
i one of the director and afterward prpsi-
dent, H was not long afterward, how
I ever, iK'fore he was succeeded by Kendall,
and then eamo a rupture. Alexander was
the soul of honor, and ho 0eiily charged
Kendall w ith making a side contract w ith
' Haley, by which tho stock could bo ex
t tebbively watered.
EAIII.Y llll l-'MTI TtF,
Bo this as it mav, Komi. ill, on assuming
"charge, which was aiioiit ltsVI, greatly iiu
proved tho line. Ho found that the old
. lasliioiicd iron hooks w hich held the glass
cup insulators on tlio posts were carrying
oil a portion ol Uio current, anl that them
were lo;ikiiip t funds us well as of cloo
triehy. Hu overliauleil tho line and
il viiled it in three divisions instead of
four, and thus kept tho lino in bi tter re-
air. llio rei:iir item was a tun ono In
lli(e days. Nearly all tho lines, c"-relnlly
in tho South, were stretched from tree to
tree on public wagon roads, soinetiuies
taking shorter cuts through twuinin and
acrojs rivers. Tlio result w as that I ho
wires were at thomcrcv of every w ind and
damage was. great. Tho repairing of this
damage, witb its great cost and delays,
severely crippled tho young enterprise,
and but for tlio rapid building of railrouJs
that followed our x-oplo would not havo
cnjoyeil telei'raphic lacilities until many
years later. Tho entire receipts of the
Washington and New Orleans lino for tho
year K were tlMI2.L'il, while tho re
pairs alono were $l:l,.VM.ti:J. In the
receipts were t Ml, 7.M.N0 and tho lepaira
were $.2, .'-. ii.
At that time a mesaagc from Washington
to New Orleans was and ten ceuls for
each additional word. Nowspapers raid
about one-half this rate, and at ono of the
mectingn of the directors an effort was
made to compel newspapers to pay tho
regular rates. There were twenty olllcvs
on tho lino, and otierators were raid from
J 100 to Jl.LDO Kr annum tho latter
amount being paid the operators at Now
Orleans. Iherhiet opcriJor at Washing
ton only received $70 p r nonuiti, and
was allowed ono axaistant and one clerk.
Kendall was tho lifo and soul of tho
linn. Ho had been PosluiastcMicnoral
under Jackson, and bad taken a deep in
lercM in Momo. It will be remembered
thut Morse demonstrutod the working of
hit ulphaliet with crude models. Keudall
knew a bright machinist iu Washington
named Alircd Vuil. Ho also knew a cap
italist named L I. ialo. Kendall hold a
power of altorm-y from Morse, Vuil had
(renin and skill ami ti.ilo hud money.
Tho three formed a stMiig party w ith tlio
Uew and great invention, and in ll'tliev
formed their aynlieate lo control the wire
south of Washington. Haley win a con
tractor and hail built several line that is
ho strung tho wiro over tho poles along
the runic ho had previously Inner.
and aolii ited suWription.
lu '4J Haley, who, by tho way, was a
New Yorker, "signed tho contract to con
struct the line fiom Washington to Now
Orleans for f 130 r mile for a tinglo mile.
It wo a part of Iua contract to procure
siibwriplioii sullicicnt to pay fur the line,
and during tho progress of tho work was
to receive not exceeding ll per mile, and
that stock would Ik issued lo auhacnlcrs
and pntenteee in hko proportion, making
in nil $.dK) per mile in tho capital stork of
the company. The privuto arrangement
of Keudall, so it was alleged at the time,
was to divide tho profit of construction of
tho lino iu addition to the 100 crccnt. of
toi k issued to tho patentee, thereby en
tailing a lo. of mote than S'R),0M to tho
iiliscnbcrK, that amount U-ing tulsu'rilxHl
in full conlideiico that it would ho used in
the construction of the line. Klam Alex
ander, when president, claimed that a bet
ter hue could have been built for IV), l MM,
Mid Y't over fvwO.UuO WM issued for ita
THit'MruiNo ovta onmn.r..
At hat been said, tho lino was put In
better shape wheu Keudall was made the
president. It was (luring his administra
tion that tho lirtt cable was laid. Tho di
vision of tho line proved a great saving
Kith of linio and money. 1 ho third divis
ion, which really covered two division
and rmliraceil the lino Irom Montgomery
to Now Orleans, was Intrusted to tlit rare
VfonoMr. Hutler. Ho had ranldlf rien
from messenger boy in tho Maron ofllco to
the position ol assiatant superlntenilencr
and wot regarded, s the record will show.
as one of the brightest electricians of tho
day, and yet he had not then reached bis
minority, a no keeping up oi ino wire oe
wcun Si obi It ami New Uilvaui had occtv
sioned a great deal of trauhla. It wa
stretched upon r.iusls in Pum l.igolottcs, a
iiiumioi oi water that conuects laKe
Borgne and Ijike Pontchartrain. Tho difli
eulties at this point were overeoina by Mr.
Butler, who succcssfullv laid tho first cable
from shore to Bhore. 05 rent improvemont
had been made with cahlos. Tho experi
ment uotweon t'ovcr nmt Calais wore
lirolited 11 noil, ond the result nau-hnt u ih
tlion known ns tho shore end cihlo, con-
uiiiiing mroo copper conductom, insulated
with gutla porclm, then wrapped with
tarred rope nnd then surroumled with a
wire armor. Afterward similar cables wero
hud in the Capo Fear Uiver at Wil
mington. The entire cost of thaso cables
It was iu tho venr 1S3I, and before Mr.
Butler had charge of tho division, that ho
accomplished the then unheard of feat of
receiving a message on his tongue, nnd it
occurred in this way: Whilo in tlio Macon
ollice it was found 'ono day that the lino
was (town, nnd from the strength of tho
current in tho oflice Mr. Butler located tho
break near town. Borrowinu a horse ho
roJo out on tlio wagon road loading to
Columbus. Tlio high wind of tho morn
ing had prostrated tho wires and for miles
they were stretched upon tho tops of the
young trees, upon the rail fenoes und upon
tho ground. .Several miles from town ho
found tho break, but having no help a!
nnd no tools, except a pair of plvers.
task of repairing tho wiro would have
seemed a dubious undertaking to a man of
less energy than young liutler. Aot tar
distaut ho saw a number of handd at work
in a Hold, and riding up to tlio owner of
the plantation ho introduced himself nnd
aiked for the loan of tho huadd for half an
TELEOHAt'llINO WITIt THE TONdCB.
The farmer did" not soein 'disposed to
grant such a favor, hut Mr. Butler men
tioned tho namo of Mr. Alexander nnd
others, who wcro closo friends of tlio
farmer, and tho hands were directed to as
sist. Tho wires wuro brought together,
hut hetore being joined it occurred to Mr.
Butler thut ho would inform the operator
iu tho Macon otlico that the line was in
working order. "MC" was the call for
Macon, and great was tho astonishment of
Sam Suhcrs, tho operator, when ho found
that ho was talking with John Butler,
knowing that ho was out in the woods
without kev or sounder or instruments of
any kind. bit. Bul'er hud driven a hatchet
in tho moist earth between tlio ends of tho
two w ires, and by tapping the end of tho
wiro leading to Macon on tho top of tho
hatchet ho was enabled to scud a message
Then, by holding tho two wires with his
hands nnd his totiguo between then), ho
received tho replies.
1 lus was tho llrst fnstnneo known nttho
time, but owing to Mr. Butler's inu.lesty
nothing was ever said about it A year or
so later he accomplished the same feat and
it created quite a stir.
Mr. Butler was ono of a largo number of
passenger hound for Mobile. When the
train was rolling along toward Montgom
ery, whero it would make connection willi
tlio steamboat Messenger, (.apt. tux, then
one of the model stemiilioatM on tho river,
it was found that a freight train had run
oil at tho miln post, sixtoen miles alxivc
Montgomery. Here wasadilcmiua. The
nearest otlico was at Columbus, over ono
hundred miles away, and no man could be
sent to Montgomery in tiino to delay tlio
departure of the bout or to stop the up
mglit passenger train, which would most
likely run into tho derailed freight. Con
ductor Oordon wos iu despair until Mr.
Butler said to him:
"tiordon, I can send a messago to Mont
gomery for you."
Thc'conduetor doubted it, but anxious
to try any means ho told him for heaven's
takn to Jo it.
"Tako down that bell rope sud in iko
your brnkeinan bring me a crowbar."
This was done, and the i.teugcrs filed
out of tho cars lo see w hat followed. Tho
end of the ropo was thrown over the wire
and pulled down. The crowbar wut sunk
Into the earth und the wiro placed on top
of it was sever ml by a blow from a hatchet.
Then, tapping the Montgomery end upon
the crowbar Mr. Builur called up Hubert,
the operator. Hubert rcsonded, and then
the mc-ago of tho wreck and tlio request
to hold tho boat wat senc Nun (. Jones
was uM'rintendeut of tho Montgomery at
West Point Uailroud, and Hultert, who
knew Butler well, asked him to hold the
wire oh-ii until he could find Jones, and
nlso Mr. Pollard, agent of tho boat Hue.
Hubert ran acro the street and found
both Jones and Pollurd in the Chamber of
Commereo Building, nnd related the won
derful message, 'lliey went at once to the
otliee, and after a conversation with Hut
ler told him thut the pasweng T train thut
wot already steamod up to go out would
go at once lo the sixteen mile post to bring
in tho passengers sud carry a surgeon lo
look after the injured engineer of the
freight train. Pollard kept iliu boat wait
ing, and shortly after dark tho train arrived
iu .Montgomery with the passenger, who
took the boat and pmcwded on to Mobile.
At may be iuingined Mr. Butler was lim
hero of tlio hour. The Montgomery Ad
tfrtiirr published an account of the occur,
rencn. Inlaws copied In the Mobile
Iif)i4rr, and then in turu by the New
Or leant litillrtin. Then it got into tho
Ixmdon V imf and was mado much tport
of, the Thunderer claiming that it wot a
"Yankee trick'' ami an imtHrwihilily.
Ihiring the Into war tin (cut was often
done, notably by (inn. Morgan of Ihn Con
federate sih, but Mr. Butler was tlio first
man to demoustiulo that it could bo ac
complished. Mention of the war reminds run of
another fuel iu connection with telegraphy.
It was Ihn war thai caucd tho abandon
ment of the pajicr Oil which Iho ini-Magc
wero written with the nendle. Hown
Ninth hero the per could not be ob
tained, and tho operators wcro therefore
forced to depend upon reading by sound.
After Iho war the paier was discarded al
together, nnd every operator depund upon
lus good ear.
DLAKK'S 8ADOLN DA 08. ,
A Ilorttman's Loneijr Advsn'urt In the
0'lc P. llNi't In Hi Arkaiiuu Trsvnllrr.
A physician told Tom Blake that ho not
only needed a change of scrim, but that to
regain hi health he required ubiolutn free
dom from biuineM cansk "1 would advise
you," said tho doctor, "lo get on a horso
and ride away, no matter whither. (o to
tho inountuint shun the merest il?g-s-
tion of civilisation, hi short, ileop out In
tho wildt like a bear."
Blake attempted to act upon thit aJvlco,
Ho ttufled a few shirts intoa pair of aaddle
bogt, mounted a joltinj horse and ro lo up
hi to tho grandeur of ruggad mountain
gorgrs. One evening he canto upon a nar
row road, and, following it for some dis
tance, taw a iiouao. Il waa an old inn.
Ho tied bis horse to a tenet and went into
tho house. Thort he found a man with a
parchment faco and imall, evil eyes, and a
"Why, como in, sir, como In," taid tha
man, getting up and placing a choir for
Blake, "Wifo and I have boon to lone
tooio for the lost day or to wo bean w lull
ing toinobody would coins, llavon't wo
Iho woman removed cob pipe from
her uiotitu, drew the back of a skinny
hand scrota tier blue looking lip, mado a
tiolae like tho guttural croak of an old
lien with tho roup and taid, "Yea,"
"You'll of court tlar all night with
us," tho man remarked. "We can't
possibly allow yon to go on. I'll go out
and put up your horse. ,v
Blako entered no objections. Tho mnn
wont out, put up tho horse and soon re
turned with a log of wood. "Tlio more
fire wo havo tho muro cheerful it wil bo "
ho explained. "Out projecting?" ho
"No,'( Blako answered.
"Oon't live nowhoro near here, I reck
"How long do you expect to remain in
"I don't know."
Tho old woman mumbled something
to herself, and then, with a grating croak,
"lfo don't poarwilliii' to tell much about
hlsso f. Some folks ia mighty curi's thater
"Never mind. Moll," tho host quieklv
responded. "It ain't quite timo for von to
put in, except in tho way of getting us n
bite to eat."
She arose, without replying, and began
her hasty preparations lor supper.
"It is a dull timo of year with us," said
the host. "It has boon ubotit two weeks
since our last boarder loiU But 1 reckon
business will peaitun up a little when tho
fishing season opens."
Blako paid no attention, except when
soino sharp nnd unexpected nolo in tho
old mau's voice produced a tingling of tho
Shortly utter supper Blako declared his
readiuess to go to lied. Ho was shown
into a sort of a slied room, separated by a
thin partition from tho room which ho had
The old man placed a sputtering caudle
on the hearth, and expressing his hope
that his guest would pass a quiet mid
peaceable night, withdrew.
Blako lny unahlo to sleep. Once tho
sputtering candlo caused him to spring up
in bed. Suddenly his ears, extremely sen
sitive with his nervousness, caught tho
sound of a w hisnorod conversation.
"It won't do to shed blood." said tho
old man. "It won't do. for wo made a
mighty narrow cscapo tho lost timo. It's
Impossible to get blood stains out of tho
houso. W6 can't resk nuthin' either."
"I b'l'evo them saddlo-bngs of his air
full uv money," tho hag replied.
'1 uon t doubt that and we vo cot to
"1 low nir you goiu' tor git it?"
"How air you coin' tor nizen him? Thar
ain't a scck uv pizcu on the place."
here Is that morphine
"l'p thur in tho bottle, but will that fix
"How are you going to do?"
"I am going to mako him tako it"
1 hen there occurred a wliisocrini of
which Blako caught the following words:
i iiiuk lliai s ernuii ; ' tlio woman asked.
"It's neiirly a spoonful. Kuoimh to
make live men sleep through eternity."
A moment later the host entered lllako s
room, llis manner was free from cin-
barrasiment. In one hand ho hold a
glass containing water.
".stranger. 1 don't want to disturb von.
but it occurred to mo just now that you
lookcu ns II you might bo going to have a
SK'll of sickness, so I thought 1 would
bring you soino mcilicino. 1 am willing to
help a man, but I don't want him to be
sick on my hands. 1 am a doctor, but I
don't prooo to kocp a hospital."
Mipxo j reluso lot iko the medicine?
'Then you'll put mo to the trouble of
pouring it down you, that's all. I am a
mighty gentlo Sort of fellow as long as
everything goes on all right, but if a hitch
occurs why 1 am as rough as a swamp
'Are you sure tho medicine will not
hurt me? '
"Hurt vou! Why, it will do you good."
Blako drunk tho contents of th i i'.mt.
Tho host smiled, bowed and withdrew.
Then there followed another whispered
conversation lctwccii them.
"Tuck it all right, did he?"
"Likoalaiub. He'll bo all right In a
During fifteen or twenty niinutcj Bluko
lay quietly in bed. Then hu gut up,
dressed himself noislowly, arranged the
lied covers to resemble tho' form of a man,
look hit sa.ldle-b.igs, atepiicd out ut a back
door, went lo tho stable, saddled hi horse.
mounted and rodo to a window and looked
into tho room which ho ha I occupied.
Cuttle were trumping about tho yard and
tho noiso made by the horse attracted no
attention. He took a position so that hn
could, unobserved, too ull that passed
within tho room. Tho "doctor" and tho
old woman soon entered.
"Whar it hit auddio-bngi?" the woman
"Cndor his head, I reckon. Snatch off
'i ho old woman milled off ihn covers and
Uttered a err of surprise. Blake tapped
on tho window glass.
"Sir, iiv' l.o railed, "brum m tlio
rest of that morphine. You w-o, I have
been a morphine enter for a number of
venrs. hut mil Irving lo nuit Your dose
caino in pretty bandy, for I was in a bad
II x. 1 am all right now, nml am much
obliged lo you. tiood night."
Jcw than a week Irom that lime the
"doctor" and his w do wero in jail charged
with tho minder of a traveler. They were
banged at (ireenviilu last N'pleiuber.
Boils, pimples, IiItcs, ringworm, tetter sud
all other imoiif'-tnlioiis o( Impure blooiiiirt
cured liy lloml Saiaaparilla.
from Hit Amor!' an Aeruullurml.
The term "breaking, " as applied to tho
doim-stlc animals, bit an unpleasant sig
nification. Il Indicates bad management
forcibly remedied. A calf or a roll should
bo trained from its birth, nnd It should l
gradually led In the way ilthould go the
word "duelled" hat precisely this mean
ing -by a constant and progressive course
of kind and considerato treatment. A
heifer calf should ba weaned at its birth.
If its nnlurul instinrlivo proclivities are lo
bo repressed and obliterated, this is Iho
lilll'l to begin, before the germ of thnao
have had opor(unity to grow into a habit.
Hence a c.i If should lieallowed lo tuck
tho dam and ihould not be taught lo drink
Irom a pail. Have a Irnlhc r collar strong
enough to hold it, with a ring down in it, and
a MJ with a anup hook attached to .tin It
with iu the pen. Thrn II should
bo handled (brushed is bctti r) qui to fre
quently, until il i used to it and miiket
no resistance but rather like it. At it
vrnwt older its udder and teats should be
ruhtied and pulled at if In milking. Thit
not only liiuke It ilorlle. but It Ileitis the
development of the udder and increase
its future capacity. A heifer may he
brought to mnk in'lhii way before it has
had a calf, and instance of thit lacteal
precocity are not Infrequent In dairiet
w here c.ii vea are poriniiioii vt inn cacn
other, although this is a great miatuko and
it provocative of vicious habits, such aa
tell tucking anil Binning onn-r cows,
Whin the heifer hoa a lull It la already
trained, and breaking, with the ditciplinn
of a club, a boot or a milking tiooi, win
not bo required.
Tsii from linllif'tlon, dyspepsia, and too
hearty rating. I rdlrd i one by taking
oi ol Carfr'a hlttlo l-lsrr Till ImiiirUiaUii
after dinner. Lon t lurget una.
Tulr iia vour life In the Connecticut Mu
tual. T. M. Ualbrcalh, agent, 10 Madiaon
I.atkst In Photogtapht at Ixhard'a, 2S1
WHAT'S GOING ON IN CUBA.
HAVANA SUGAR PLANTERS ENCOUR
AGED BY FINK WEATHER.
A New SnflVaja Lay Which Creatas
Anxiety Tho Havana Loitory In Dan
ger Measures to Mi.ko the Metrop
olis a nasi Whora People Cau Live.
Ilurnii Correpoinlcneo ut tlie X. Y. Her.itil.
Fino weather throughout the sugar dis
trict during tho past two weeks has en
abled Hiigar planters to grind cano this
year later than usual, and the high prices
of sugar are also nu incentive thereto, Tho
sugar crop iu Cuba tho present season w ill
bo less than that oflast year, but not so
uiuch loss us was calculated two months
Sugar cano on Cuban estates Is gener
ally planted in shallow furrows, in rows
ono way, laying tho piocos of cano flat in
tho furrows and covering them lightly
with earth. There aro owners who insist
on planting in rows both ways, und plac
ing the pieces of cano vertically in holes
tuado in the intersections of tho rows with
n crow bar or other suitable instrument.
Tho advantages of this process nro that
drouth nflccts tho growing cano less, tho
lino roots being dooierin the ground, and
when tho cano is cut the wheels of tho
carts nnd the feet of the oxen used in col
lecting tho ripo cano do less damage to tho
In early times of sugar making tho com
juico wus extracted by grinding Iho cano
in primitive mills. It was then boiled iu
open kettles at a high temperature, dip
ping tho syrup from ono kettle to another,
nnd so on to tlio third or fourth, and from
this last, at a crvstulizing point, tho thick
syrup was placed in large rectangular pans
or hogsheads, and tho result was musco
vado sugar, uioro or less pure, and mo
hisses Willi a largo percentage of saccharine
matter that might liavo been mado into
sugar, but tho people did not know how
then. This boiling the cuiin juico at a high
temperature in ocn kettles turned a part
of the sugar that should have crydtuhzod
AN IMPROVED SYSTkU.
Since thon tho process of siiur making
has much improved, and now, in tlio best
arranged sugar houses, tho cano juice is
cvap iruted ill vacuum pansor large globu
lar boilors, air tight, and by the use of
steam. Air pumps are used to create a
vacuum over the cnue juice placed in the
liler. Means aro provided to carry off
tho condensed vapor from tho boiling
liquid. When three of these Imilcin nro
placed closo together ond slenm from tlio
first used in tlio second and afterward iu
tho third, tho syrup, ns it is passed from
one boiler to the others, noon rrvslnlixesnt
a low temjKuutiire and nearly ull the sugar
(he juicu contain is olilaimi'l. The syrup
ut crystulixiug iHjint, drawn from
the last boilers, it placed in de
posits to cool mid niterwurd put
in tub-shaped machinist, w ith line holes in
the sides. These revolve Vapidly nnd the
molasses is thrown out, leaving tho dry
sugar in the bottom of lint machines lit
for use. Tbeso machines nro called ecu
tnfugals, und the sugar tkius made centri
fugal sugar. If this hum is left to revolve
a little longer than usual tint sugar, when
taken from tho centrifugals, j of a light
strnw color, und there is nouo belter
In the world for family use. These diner
out o'rations require practice nnd skill
on tho part of tho operative in charge.
Tho suticrintf ndciit mi,.1 needs nvies
ability and tact in the inu i.igenienl of men.
There are sugar estate ow nmt in Cuba
w ho cultivate tlio grewhu cane in n iTMier
wnv and always havo cano to grind when
the lime comes. They are also well ixMted
as to the details of the work to bo dune in
tho sugar houses and we lo il. These nre
the men who mako fortunes ill Cuba rais
ing rano und making sugar, even at low
tiik xr.w armtwia law.
Tho political reforms in the suffrage law.
prooMei liy t olonial .Minister llei cra ut
Madrid cuiieedii the right lo vote in the
Antilles In all .Nanir. tweut v llvn year
of age and upward, with a proixirty quali-
.1 I . : I I . . I
iicuuoii oi iiiiving p.iiu uiiring inu year
previous lo vol nig a government lax of js
if paid on country real estate and $12 if
paid on cily real estate. Tlio merchant,
small dealer or tradesman enn become a
voter if tho net profits of hi
busiuea amount to i7i tier year.
and tho employe can also acquire
tho right to vote if he receive
salary of HK) yearly. A tho (invent
inent lax on country real estate is only i
er cent, on the nut income of aame, and
if Iho proH-rty 1 not Impioved il puy no
tux, voters in the country owning real
estate, nnd who are lot the most part Cu
ban bom, require a net income ol fksl
yearly an ineoino larger by far than that
MMMfed by the great majority of country
resident and owner ol roil in tale.
The country proeer. baker, storekeeper
and all other doing business, a well a
their brethren in the cities -Spaniard in
the majority, of course-ran Vote uxn a
showing ol i? net Income, and nil their
clerks generally Kpuniarls -if of nge, ran
vote, lor none ol them earn h-s tliuii iin
a year. J he result will I mi Unit the elec
tion will lie Controlled liy tho r-pauiuid
lo a grculcr extent than now.
It IT STIIIKINO IIIUII TO OCT II Kill?
This is a teriou matter for the Cubans,
and lliey hoe, through tin' cllorls of their
n pn wnUilivc In the ( nrti a, to ilelcst the
project. Beside, Minister Boora i a
man of rare nliihly, and s .inn think ho
ha promised Ihi in order lo sslisty some
rlstoornig constituents in Sp.iln and then
fall buck and gain what lie really wauls
the estubhsliiiig in Cuba of a auilr.ign uw
inch at rxista in tho p nui-nla. Hoinu
ruler claim that the same electoral romli
lion that exist In Spain 1111111111 bo the law
likrolTI-ATINO TIIK IM M.
Thl on ( 1 led way of governing Cuba
1 bearing fruit. I ho 11 e i f emigrution
turn from thl island. More hpamurd
leave Cuba thuu coin heie. Spaniard
leaving Spain lo la'lter tle ir forliinatu
instead of comintr here, as in years pust,
go lo Iho Ninth AtiiPiie.ui republics,
r-p iniards, ' resident hern, and Cubans,
while they differ broadly in some ol their
political ideas, are quite nn cd that Iho
Spanish roloniid pobi v cf governing tha
colonic from Md-td. II. '-"i miles away,
bus proved a failure and lnnt Is 1 hnnged,
and I here It one redlining d atuie in thit
question Spuniard nnd Cuban get on
together liellcr now than prcwou lo the
till IIAVAKA IAT1KIIT IS IHSi.dl.
The Civil Governor of tin" Prmiiiceof
Havana an ollicer with nltribulei
tuncrior lo thoso of the Mayor, and a
tort of go-lietwcen who hovers from the
Mayor lo the Captain o ner. il -ha null
lishnd a atringrnldcH-ree aw enst gambling,
and a he is an energetic man lie will do
what ho can to put it in practice. It
would lie well for hi in to l gin at the
fountain bead of thit cul and oppress
A ttnitary commission Im been ap
pointed here recently with a new of doing
omcthlng toward cleausing lb"
to eeiiiug ticknet) and iiioitahty. Or
ders have Ispen lued to llu rllect, bill
little will be ai-comphfhid In remlering
Havana a healthy place uh'ks they begin
at the bottom of the tviL lb ltW
that aro in Havana nro in mnnv cases so
badly constructed that tho cily would bo
better off without tlieiu. Most of them
nre rectangular and in many localities
with but little or no fall, and nro every
where almost constantly full of deposits of
nun. lu'Ptiiiauig tlio greater part ol tlio
existing sewers, completing tho svstem
w ith plenty of water for Hushing, is "ubao
lutely rcqtiT.'d to mako Havana a com
paratively healthy cily. But it would
also bo ucccM-ary to teach theao people
habits of cleanliness. Accumulated til Hi
is not only found in the sewcts; it can also
be found iu too houses iu piles. Uist
month there were lit! deaths from con
sumption, seven from yellow fever, three
from glandcr.i und one from hydrophobia,
out of a total of uhuut MO deaths ' within
tl.o city limits.
A. N. Norton, of tho W :M M chunn Farm
or' club, 1 tilted at ti 1 cut in. eli ig hat
ho has had success in planting Ntuthern
sweet com for fodder. It grows very tall
and has tin nhuiidnnco of loliugo. He
drilled in about eighteen inches mui t, and
the large stalks were eaten very closely by
his stock. T110 only ears were 011 the out
FROM Ftoninrh nnd I.lver deraiiRe
ments lysH'psiu, ItlllniiHiiess, Sick
Deodiiche, nnd Cuiislipatioii-tlnd usafn
and certiiln relief In
Ajer's fills. In nil
cases where a ca
thartic is needed,
luriuh'd by leading
Br.T. K. fla-tliifs,
of Iliiltiiiiiire, nv:
"Ayer s Tills urvilin
best cnilmrlic and
api-rient wlihln tho
reach of Uiy piofea
Pr. John W. Brown, of Oceana, W,
Va., writes ! I luivo prescrtts'il AVer's
Bills in uiy practice, and tlml them ex
cellent. I urgo their gi uerul use in
" For a nunilM'rof ypni s I was aflllctrd
Willi liiliiiiisiientwlilcli aluiiislili'iitroved
lny heiillli, I tried Mil toll rrincillcs.
but nothing alTiirdril nis anv relief mull
I tx-can to take Ayer'a Pill." 1. 8.
Wttinlerllcli, Ucrantoii, I'a.
" I have used Ayer'a Pills for llin past
thirty years, and am satislU'il 1 should
Hot lw iilive to-day If It had not been
for them. They cured me ol dysiicpMit
w hen all other remedies fulled, nnd llieir
occasional line has kept me In a lieiillhy
ciiiiilillun ever aiuiu." T. p. lliuun,
Having been subject, fur years, to
miiMipaiion, Klilnmt U-mg Hlle to tlml
much relief, I al lust tried A M r s 1'IIIk,
ond deem II bold a duly and a pleiiHiirit
tntemlfy thut I liavn ili rheil gn at Li li
cit t from llieir use, I'or over Iwu yenrs
past I liavn taken oil 11 of tliene 'I'ill
every night bvlorn reining. I would not
willingly lie will I iliein." 0. W,
Bow Inun, Vi Fawt Mum St., t'urllsle. Pa,
"Ayer'a Pill Imvo hren used In lny
family upwanls of twenty yenrs, tud
iiave c pletcly verilled 1l ilmt I
rlaiiiird for lliem. In atlm ks of plica,
nun which I millcred liinnv yenrs, lliey
allonled in greater relief iluiunnv nied
Vine I ever tried. " Tliuiuaa f. Aduuis,
Molly tipriugs, lc i as.
Dr. J. O. Ayer k Co., Lowoll, Matt.
Bold by all IirutfUuuil ImUn la Unliclu.
Drs.ltE.TTS Sc BEITS
010 Main St, Memphis
MTTOVrilTJ Ix-Minr. "l-frissi mtinni. aal
11 EjII V U U J bI ltm. hitbi Kml.aluiK
1miI Vital t-owtrt. fclMiCMMitM. l-Ki-ot ilmry,
mm of Mfmorr. t nndi-lon nf hltt. 1tiiil.
Glixtmliit , h r--siiin of Sfilrlta. Ar-tnn to
tiNiMv. I s-tly lot. niiritt I. I -ds I'l.un.trne.
pull, f blir. t riM I siuilf er I'u n.r met
Sn lt tl'o luifl'-n. sAr KI'Y. I'l KM ANKM I.Y
..! I lilVAtil V ll'l.lli
BLOOU AND SKIN
too lulu r.-tulu nmi.ti Irlr ii.uaird tliul
th uv of iiirrrurv, ei.jfi. I r)ili-'i-t, rnrr
N.rs. Illofc liaa, flmtaM. Vli'n, I Im In llis
Iliad and honea, Sipklllltn Sor TliMnt Mouth
aiel Im.fua. ii-rrii. He, ITitM A SK ri.Y
I I'llFli Will W HI III l.l II VK Atl.KII.
lrvucor? l I rtiiadiiff rm I t'ti tr S nr
wilt) fnilk 4irifii i.n iMflliiji 1nr arrlirti.
ttlri. I TiUMt, rtr , iruutpUjr mnl mUf iiimL
I l.rfv rfNtau inlita.
T3 YODISG KEN A!(D KIDDLE AGED KEH.
A IInIl, Th lul nr nl
AOUlifj LUUCi l.r l... wl ieh l.rlnr-a
cirranlr wil u-m i1i-irii Ing Iwitli nou-l aiel UiOf,
st'l'i all II- 'lrM.ijf., iiituf ully curt-l.
TlUQ UI.'Tl'J Al Irraa lh. wlui bill lm
UIXO. Ut.liU qm Hi.. !, hr lm
pruir lnlui,-'fier aiel -.a t-ry h-iili. uhleli nil
t ih tir ai l tnlrvl, unuiuu llitm lui bulum
lielr or renrrl iffi
VI A Kill I l Mi S.oflhf-.itlnnl Ihst h-rrr
Itlc, soars of l'l"l alii' Miiif, ui iljr MUkl
lab-ar-l iiK.n Una. rir-t--l'r ll i fii!rn.
r..nl fc.vr, ,-aoi pitM-uiiy iiikI -U. tuna
Urlle alll'l'. 1 lll"l - V1-I1.I1H r fn -rr J It
in I lahmvif fln'llr Intuit tai li cam, lliuiar.a. t-
i c 1 ur vilibiiiit li-jory.
llt'l rftla ao.Lar for elt.mlr1 aorta no
1 nruntr, i-tr-iiut tni i-viai uttrata i ihmi
tan 'I. rurr.l "A rfln) i r laiirt nr rail may mi
you lutuf auS-rtu a1 tliami, an aal anidn
yfa 10 I'f' as"Ja lttra aua-d liqiMai ae-r-ai-iiilr4
ai in ittmn. A'1ilrMor r-ll na
MIM. 13KTT.S Ac in.TTfci.
ar orrn r. reiuas: t a m lot r.H.
IU.SiVi A atluTf -i.
; j C?-rTf-qi;v.-.-;;,;-i;.r: jliO 1
hjiiiii.u'i, .Mi i".iii,u'iiisiisil--';4
To tavt Wn Ih) fof Tlf IftT yatrt, li.4
it t-4tf th Bat tnnltr (1 tia.
Toir faikar an 4 awtaar aa-4 Utm. IW tn
V ttlmX, TttmX, tat Baat Umtf fnf Lltar
! lUBtvsa Iliuaaa tr wtiwtiiilii.
aala v all tlratfalala. tt -la l.. .
i"t ' aw i ww "i "7 nail, lrta. rr-
ratatAWiBia. Hi . U kluaik
f-tr mmw mrw. I rsai(ajaj wmn f ftl ItsstMt) ! tfl
rftj rf fr'a( a-ptm'KMrMtjt. rt tM
I. ft4 f O tmd i-tt 4m jt)
fV m iHnaohV Ki4(. ,
la.-. lAllJltll4iUif.ua.., . i . ..7
fit) I h-stiltl ft tt)
mmrwmmm vr -i t) aVT V riUt
f . I '.' J
. ' I 1 r ' 1 '. T . i . ,l
A M. I-Lilala.
II ' lstt ft'iam Maaiartl
Tlieso twin (ltsi-tLses cauec untold sugcrtug.
Doctors oiliult Unit tliey nro dtnicult to euro
(V, toimmciriKiiienta. imot
C-Tr yZl3 Celery C'oinpouuil bus pi'r
YV I If laaneiitly cured tlio worst
' cases of rheumatism and
Beunilgl:i-hu tay tliuai! who
have UicJ It,
"II.ivlii! Nvn fmnliled
Willi ill 'tiiiiniisnial llieknefl
sud i.hi' (.if iu.. jriirs, I whs
almosi iiii:iii liigi-t uniiiiel.
Mel neryufn u miinil
lu my hit tur weeks nt a
I lino. I iim iI iitit.v one lxt
110 of l'.lllie'S fell i v ('inu.
P'iMi i, ni.d was i-ir. ctly
Hired. I en n imw jump
are nut, mi l r.i-1 s lively us
HtKiy.'i I' ll INK CAKOI.I.
Kiu ei.a, Netu.la.
ft.iiii. Ftx fur fr. os. I)-uirtHiis.
Jt iianirith lesll:n(iiil;il p.i(v r free.
f rORSAlE. I
INO USE TO I
I OWNrs . j
Fulmer, Thornton & Co.
No. 00 imONT BTRflUT
CVo.tslicrt ta the Mtraphlt Oroctry 0)rnpany. Ordtrt for Ooodt promptly 0114, aaA
Lfltarai AViyaaM Suf pUit aaa Cattt bumI at twatrtl Cottflt.
Porter & Macrae
300 Front Strcot. Mompliis, TeniL
DANIEL SHEA & CO, Prop'rs,
(em ixsoia to hiika . McCarthy.)
DOILER MAKERS AND SHEET-IRON WORKERS
Repairing rinQlatioa Boilers i Specialty.
140 TO 141 mONJ STRRHT
A.. J. VI3LN
iiii'uuri us Ai nr. vi i as in
C3-xrrs, rifles m$
AND l-'IKIIINa TAOKIaiKCQ
- - - WWa.Wf l'IVIII,nil Of Villi
fVT)tn Ijir.-.-M i ii J Ileal Am rtnu lit in Ui t ity. Tim Trads Hupp lied tt Ixtrrt Trie)
NOS 107 and FRONT
Variety Agricultural "Works,
auil 41 klitlb u,t a ami 100 flint i hi a., Mamplila, Taan.
M AN't'F ACt't'Iir.
Warolioiiao nnd Cotton Triu-kn. H.iiHt, iirl lift tnl Batabo it Iron
Vfork. t to. l.nslnoH nml Mnclilnory r.oi tvl.-c.
Ua lug liK4ral Mauliiiaaiy, w. ara frrp ,r.. tn ,1,. ntk l'roiuUr . i.aoaat iutai
.aaatsiil NVii.li.. H.irk. a..w..i nmm
vl. o. i:i.t.i X- pov.
i. it. ikm'K r.itY. n. n. wM.xiNrior. iikmiv I!am;s k. wu.Kivoy.
DOOKKItY, WILKIiVSOiY & CO.
Cotton Factors and Commission Merchants,
No. 3G0 Front Street. Up-St.iirs, MEMPHIS, TENN
-U V A Ni! luH MAO 10 IM fAHH.
L ' I
7L I J
m o n
. - - rn -
6J t-3 V-
1 . .... 1 . I, . J - a. . . . , fa. t iMf
1;. (Mt Urmum 1 lltlta. taWwt
.... 1 ".rt ( tt N V l-fcl -Wf. (U
H Fit 1 t"l'"'fl Ntntait k.iHf,
W hK,u,'m . -,-rt Vi.Mtt jtf.
IttMf. tt-tl IM, ItMNtklftl. M V
fciiiaimuii (urTua WaauLV Ari'tu
PnltlB'B Ci'tery Comnounil him bnm cii.
srnrt Ui me. Kor tile iast two ye.irs I linvn mf.
fenfl wlih nmiruli'laof the lieurt. clix'tur alter
dis'lorfiilltng tneure me. I liavn now taken
neai ly four liottles of llio Cuinimuml, nml tin
fiw frutii the complaint. I feel very Kruletul
to )uu." cuas. IL Lewis, Cuutrol VUlugu, Lt,
"I havo bpfti fnily nfflletist with ncut
rheiiiimtl. in. aiel could tlml no relief until
uil r.ilues fvlery feinniiitnl. Alter UKhig
sli liitiliti ell his i.iedleluu I mu Buw cured ut
MAMUKL lltTCBINSnN, B0. ColT.L-ll, N. IL
Effects Lacting Cures.
ntlierrim's ns niaru'luits as these, t-uptes of
leilciw ki ut In any tvlilrcKJ. I'leiMiiil to taka,
iluen not ill-turl). but nlns ilii;eWIun, nml entlm
l vcip-li.liie; n clill.l . an tnke II. Wli.it' th
iimi ni suiliiiui; lunger iiiu rlieuinutljiu or
i. ur.il, 1 1 f ,
PJQ'FS .' ''7 ni-iM l.-iiiUfl h'.4arf nIAii,
DHJ.LZ Ur.,r:, ;.,,, u tVluuicd.
N-Au & CO.
ST., MEMPHIS. TENN.
NY fTiN'K or
Kti.in tl.c I i.lc a and fim Inr I II. la.-. It
( i.i.ii 1. 1. I ' 1. 1 il'ili) I Hire Yua
l i I all atul 1 11 1-. I
Prices and Quality
la 111 tlio ll-li 1 id I'r.i'Wrid u 1 rCtl
c in t I Mi rt i.lirr.
i ...... .1.... ir..i
Lull H V U K
ryt'At. to tiik mxr.
lUI-iraiclr l iirnl.lii-d lnr T111kt.l1, 1'Ula
(111 I'lJlU'O talliti
41.43 MONROE STREET.
Buaobrlbo lor tho Momphle Waekl
AppottL II pr year.