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TIIE MEMPHIS APPEAXi FRIDAY. JUNE 14. 1889:
to the ppmilo of Goorgia and South Caro
lina, and it will be a permanent reduction
nnd permanent cheofx'iiing of tlie cost
of bringing Western grain, hay and flour,
and to a considerable extent W estern man
ufactured article into the (Southeast.' "
"Whenthia work is dono," continuod
Mr. Brown, "a steamboat can bo loaded
w ith sugar and molnwios nt New Orleans,
come up the Mississippi Kivor to Cairo,
thence up the Ohio Kivor to the mouth of
tho Tennessee, and thence tin the Tonnes
see River to Chattanooga beioro discharg
ing Its cargo; or a steamboat can be loaded
at l'ituliurg, 1'a., with iron or any other
products, aud can go down the Ohio Uivor
and up tho Toniuwo Kivcr to Chatta
nooga without breaking bulk. Bo steamers
can cmno from tho bead of navigation of
tho Mississippi Kiver to Chattanooga.
Thus, you see, the clearing out of I he shoals
will bo like opi ning tho railroad rate doors
of the ontiro valleys of the Ohio aud Mis
sissippi Kivcr to Chattanooga aud At
lanta. Let me illustrate this.
"The present rato on grain, for instance,
form Cincinnati, Louisville, Kvatmvilloand
Cairo to Chattanooga is lit cents or hun-'
dred pounds, and to Atlanta -7 cents per
hundred pounds tho Western A Atlan
tic proportion of the through rato to At
lanta, you see, being 8 cents.
"Now, for the purpose of drawing a
comparison, I will state that tho tarill' of
rhe boats on the Cumberland Uiver is 8
,nt er NX) pounds on grain Irom Ohio
Oliver landings to Naidivillo; but on lariw
ronfarts they will, at any time, 1 am in
formed, take t) cents per 100 pounds. In
asmuch at tho dixtanco from the mouth of
tho Tennessee liiver to Chattanooga is
oiilvubout double the distance of the Cum-Is-rlaud
(rom its mould to Nashville, we
will lo perfectly sate, 1 think, in assuming
that the limits will be willing to accept 12
cents HrluO pounds from Ohio River land
ings to Chattanooga, and on large contracts
its low as 10 cent. This would inevitably
reduce the rate from Ohio Uiver points to
Chattanooga from 111 to IL', or poss hly ID
cents. In fact, a lending business man of
Atlanta tells mo that hist winter, v.hilo the
river was high, nnd boats could tcnixra
rily pass through tho shoals, a steamboat
owner ottered to bring grain Irom HI. lxjuis
to Chattanooga at the rato of 10 cent per
100 pounds, and that his fear that the river
would suddenly fall was all that prevented
1 him (rum niakfng tuj arrangement.
WHIMS Till W. A. C-OMM I.
"If ilia Western A Atlantic Kailrosd
woru to secure a fair Imminent and a firll
nnd friendly Interchange of business from
tha roads north and west of Chattanooga,
such aa it now enjoys, there would he no
inducement for it to endeavor to destroy
the revenue of Ihose lines by prorating
with the boats, hut if a policy o! 'local
ising' the Western A Atlantic were
niloplod by tlu wi r.M'l in (ienri.i 1 run
reai lily see that the Wlern .V Atlantic
would havo It In its Hiwer .to ilamai'it the
revenue of the other road to an exient of
puanibly hundreds of lliiiimalids of dullais
"How would It go ill huh this?" the re
'upp(M) its uianngers woro to buy or
)ea about four or sis boats and put them
on the river, and were to make the rato
from Ohio Kivcr landings to t'listUunxigi
only enough to cover t lie cost ol riiunuig
the bouts. This would, of course, mlmo
the rates on all buiiu"M, mid this would
immediately liave the remit of having the
rail lines to reduce their rates or give u;i
the ImamcM. If they adopted tliu rusort
of building bonis Iheinstflves and put:iug
tlicin on the rivertoeoniM-u with orbreiik
down tho Western A A t'aiilic's Unit lino
the nwult would lm so decided a reduction
of all rates as would bring val volume
of business to I'linttaiiooga, where tho
Western A Atlantic would inevitably get a
large sliaro of It, not only by ir.im ol its
nuperior Uiriuiual advsuttig in that city
and in Atlanta, but o ty reason of tti
friendship ol the people controlling it, a
lH.'iig I lie uiimistiiKiiiiie rausu oi inn re-dui-lion
'( rslea whirl) hn.l Ihn'M so muc h
to their iM-nrliL lint apnrt from this ac
tion which the Western A A llanlie could
tako if forced to do so, 1 think that the
line north of Chltanv will have to
face the altnoet Innvitjib.e hu t tluit the
lusinia men of ChattanMga w ill siilisid
isolotsW run between that city and
N. 1-ouia, bringing business nt little tuoro
than rost, with the spesif'ie purpose of
mincing the rste and keeping them
down. And it is pow.ild that tho At
lanta merchant will )"in them In this
movement which wool J Uiu lit Atlanta as
well a Chsltsii'sva. Their practice in
this matter, 1 should suppose, would le to
run the tsiats to M. Ixuns ami other Wet
rrn points until the rail lin came down
to their rate, or below them, then to run
them nierolyon tho Teni'-seo Itiver to g't
biisines from It local landings, or tie
them tip altogether, but whenever the rail
rate went up too high to put them in
train for tlinuicli busimsM. 1 tins you m o
they would use tbeui retdly and cUully a
telber on lh" rail tst.
"It should I t"rns in mind ut here
that the boats will reach a vast amount of
business on the river banks not aceessildu
to the railroads, aud that their taritl on
this will p tlieir eiiN'tisiHi, lesving them
to mske as Vw a rn'r s thev deairu to -
cure a shsm u tiiiinit (rum M, 1-onis
aud Ohio Kner tminta.
"If the lcts, who ar the snrreaair
ol the present c-ompuny, slioull almw a
prois-r amount of bm Usine as welTa
shrewduesi In lle ir luanngomeut ol the
prolsTty It could cerlitiiily tie made when
the river is thoroughly oeii, the means of
Vast bene lit to the Is-oi.lu id (i.sirgui in ao-
curing to them what is primarily desired
1 luean romiH'tition in rale, nnd thn foil
ing of tlit attempts of monopolists, no
mutter bow acarewivo they may Ih, it the
lisrenl tlie public on tlie subject ol uionop
olle at.ollld lie realised.
"lbi Mving in freights to the people In
(ieorvt Would Ins Uiade vast snd this
liiouor, n t.iine I In the Htnte, would u
into new ninnofsctuttng estabiisbmenis.
Into Improving the (.inns, etc., and hit
inrri awd trvel,r.ll id wlmii would din.il
ly Is ni'lll the railroad of tteorgia.
' Iho Western A Atlantic liailms
Would not only U an imKrlaiil l.i. lor In
securing rmn-tltivo rsli-s lo tlie sropie ul
I iourgia, and in handling large pnior
1 loll of the bilsiiu-ss Irom thn West into
this PMi; but II Wimld als-i, il the props1
Steps wero taken, recover bai k lor iiwll
BTTA psit III till) liusines Willi II Ili'W e.M'
irom His West o Uii'limoud, V,i . I i hit
ilistriliute l tliroiighout thn I urolum m.
iu fuct. In sume crfM-s, to lislcru tieorg
"How Is it thst fnit:bts from luUvdle
for Instsnrf, lake such a ch.in:iel as thst
"Tho combinstion of rate which Las
boen nipdo bv tin t'lii-a-cskn Atilu
Itnilr md from Ciin innsti mid lniisille t
J:ichmond, snd by tlie Ku limoud ft I'sn
vi'.le lUiIro4l from Ku binoiid to the terri
lory nameil, said Mr. lirowu, "now prsc
tleiilly Shuts OUI Ilie vtesiera a Allsnt
lUilrosd from a sreat many init in C.
ol'na, and what lulls the r I dues lundl
to Uint rrvion I on basis of rate wliu
auiuUiits to very llltlt If et morn Hihh
cut 10 tho Westora A Atlantic; when-,.,
tne rato which the new condition of sflaira
will make (nun Western point to ( turn.
Pcs, combined with the rato tho Western
A Atlantic lUilroad ran Is largely Instru
mental In luakini from Cbattamsigs, will
r.isko tho combination mt much smaller
thsa thst which it now mads via hit h
luor.d to soms Carolina point, ss wsll a
msko tho busimsss undeairsbl lo
tho lino vi Kirhmond, anJ will
rasko tho rata to Oeorgispolnt too
thin (or It to come Into tho Mite
(4 JI Iroia tho West; wbsrssu, lh West
ern & Atlantio will not only handle more
liusines man it now does, Dut tt wilt
handle it on rates which will pay it much
better proportions pe r mile. It will also
accomplish auoUior result that you will
TUB nKNSPIT TO ATLANTA.
"What is that?"
"It will restore to Atlanta much of tho
business which baa been taken from her
and transferred to Richmond, and will
uiiiko her and Chattanooga Jointly tho
great distributing centers of the South
east Chattanooga will be tho collecting
poiut for it, but Atlanta, with her dry
atmosphere, 1ms boon proven to bo the
best point in the .Southeast for storing up
grain, hay. etc, all tho year round, with
little danger of molding and tho other cli
matic disadvantages which attouil most
"Thia w ill alao benefit Macon to a vory
great degreo, enabling her to supply a
lurnc portion of toe territory which Mont
gomery now dominates, and will bo a tro-
mendous lioip lo Augusta in nor iigin
with Kicluuoud lor tuo trailo ol Uentrai
"Another result of ducldud Importance
to the citizens of (ieorgla, which will bo
secured by the opening of tho Toiiiiessi'
Uiver, will bo tho establishment on a Una
basis of the flouring mill in teres's along
the lino of tho Western A Atlantic Kail
road as well ns Atlanta. These mills havo
for years past had a hard time, endeavor
inn to compete with tho Western milts.
aud it can tru'hfully be asserted that but
lor tho almost antagonistic measures wlilcli
have at times been adopted in their favor
by the Western A Atlantic Uailrop.d Com
pany tho mills in North (ieorin would
have gono to tho wall. Tho mills north
und west of Chattanooga havu enjoyed
what is g'Ui'Tnlly termed 'milling in tran
sit,' but the mills iu Georgia havo not
been allowod to havo this advantage. Tho
conseouenco has been that tho combined
rates from western points to north Geor
gia stations, added lo the rates from tho
north (ioorgia stations to southeastern
points,' have been so much bieher than
the rates on grain to tho mills iu Tonnes
st o nnd Kentucky, ail led to tho rates on
Hour from those mills to southecitorn
points, that the Ocorgia miller was not
able lo coiiimiIo with thu Western mills,
because the Mads In lioorgia were uniiiilu
to givo the t ieorgla mills a parity of rales
with tlmso en oyed by tin) Western mills.
"When tho boats, nowover, urtng mo
. . i -. . . ..
grain, or compel the railroads to bring the
grain, at the rates I havo previously indi
cated, to Chattanooga, and when w hat is
known as thu miller's rate' of the West
ern A Atlautic K'lilroad is oddud to the
reduced rato to Chattaiiooga, Iho I Ieorgla
miller will, (or the lirst timo, be on practi
cally an cipi ility with Iho miller in the
Northwest. This will bo, as beforo slated,
of vast U'liellt lo thu flour milling interests
" fins will be a good thing for Georgia,
if there w as no other (esult, hut the opening
of the Ti'imesxee liiver will alao be a factor
of overwhelming imporhuifo (or good to
the pig ii on furnaces in Georgia and near
ChulUimsig.i. inasmuch us the bouts will
come loaded to Chattanooga and will ijn
buck empty from that muiiI lo the Ohm
Kivor landings unless they cm till u; with
some Southern product, and they will of
course ho willing lo take pig iron at very
low rate. I have beard the opinion ex
pressed that the boat w ill, in many cases,
make rates on ig iron from ChattamMiga
toht Ixiuia wliich will not exceed i.'l'
per Ion, and Misnibly in many case even
less. Tho present rates on pig iron from
ChattaiKKica are $2.-5 er ton to Cincin
nati and 1-ouisvillo and $d per ton to ML
IIKI.I'I.XU Til MAHM.K ASP MINKIIAU IS
TUILSTS. "Then I can name other momentous re
sul:s. "1'heruksnow xina developed very
boavv business Iu stiinn. which Isnblppod
Irom thu ipiarric al Stone Mountain and
l.itlioiiis, lm., lo l liiciiinaii an i l omni
bus. U. and other Weiiiru points, for
reel paving PiiriKiie. Wo havo not be.m
ble thus far lo make much headway In
putting it luto SL lAiui or contiguous ler-
lory; but wild Iho very low rausi which
le limits will I si enabled lo mako on this
ass ol freight 1 think that thero will bo
no doubt but that lids will assume im
mense proportions after the river Is fairly
IH'iied and the boat begin to run in any
onsiderablo number UIkjii thu Teuueasee
and Hhio Kivers.
"Tho marble interest in North Georgia
w ill also lie grenlly lnuelltud by tlie same
auso, Inasmuch as tho boats would lake
he (ieorgia marble from I hstUnooua to
M. Ixiiiis, l.vauivillu and other Western
siiuls al less rates ill many instances thsn
now prevail over Ihe railroads, and at leu
rate than. It seems to me, the railroad in
some cairn can atlord lo accept. Thia will
Iso 1 of decided lienelll lo llio W estern
A Atlantic lUilro!, becauso II will ho
cbeaiier lo ship the marble from llio quar
ries lo Marti'liaami inenco mrwaru n over
llio Wealnrn A Allautio lUdrond lothkt-
lanoogs and the boat from that point
than to forward il northward via the Mar
ietta A North Georgia llallruad audits
conrnTtUm to Ihe Ohio Uiver when that
road is completed through to Knoxvillo.
Just hero 1 will remark that the Vol
lime of business from tho TonnesMie Uiver
Valley alone would bo roysl x-c.,loo
for any one msil. This msgiiitiiviit utroaio
Is nearly 7u0 tuilisj in length (nun Chatto-
msva to It mouth, ami runs through a
reaion unexcelled in auricunurai prixiue
lions, minerul wealth aud limber resource.
Its if sin. bav. live ahs-k. IiiiiiIht. coal.
marble, etc.. are a harvest ol riches to
IrnnsiMir'.ation lines, and these, will luitur
ally ciiiun to I'halUiiiis.trs lor lurwarding to
the houili and Msi rather than slop oil si
Intermediate I all road ensvsing iointa to
start on He ir Mule to the consuming s.s
lion. Tho estern A Atlantic will ualur-
allv share Ibis Inheritance.
" ill not the opening ol mo lennesseo
Uiver have decided etfect oil reducing
"It toruinly will, and In many rvsiiect
tho most Impurisnl result ol Ihe woik will
be lbs change which this will loicii iu the
presiMit relative sdjualii.eot of all rate
irom l astern miidis to Aiiauta, ami irom
WcBU rn Hiiuts lo Allaiits, rest ectively
taking All. mi si tho comparative b:isiug
Mimi, aliliongh sluot 11 interior ointa
n Georuls will bo allected. It w.ll cause
sin h a convulsion In commercial circles.
stn li an rarlhipiakn in railroad revenuisi
s has never Us n known la the Ninth. It
will shiver the entire fabric of comparative
rules as at pniseiil constructed, but out of
all this will come an era uf prosperity for
Georgia suj tho Western ,T Atlantic Itait
load. The prii-o of livlns will lie nxlurwl
and Georgian ciu ship the pnxlucls ol
their f.n turns at has rste to outside insr
kota, coimih ling on nnsre isjiial terms with
ruiiiivlv4iiia and New l.iuland, and gel
ling Western luunul.u lured gsxl cbuiiar
.1 .t . .1. Jl f
man iiitt now tei iuon inun tnw iini
All risuiinsliua ol soma figure will dom
"the pniHint rnlo on first-class good
from It.iltimoru to Atlanta I (1.07 per
hundrel Kun.. Ttio same rsto Is uisiu-
tamed Irum tluciunatl, LauisviIIo, Lvsiis
ville aud other Oliio Uiver points lo At
lanta. Tho rate from Now York and
IU silon to Atlanta ra seven cent pel
hundred iiound linker I ban (rout Ball!
luore, Cincinnati and tho other point
named. Thero has boon fur years a con
Hid nf opinion lictwcvn lbs mansgrrs of
me llii buoml 4 Usnvillo lbillroad torn
psnv and Ilia other llvtsi haudliDg LaaUsro
Iraillc lo Atlanta and othnr Interior point,
on Hi on band, and lb Waatorn A At
lantic luiltoad Company and it oonnoo-
lion iron mo uuio liiver oa tho other,
L ndoc lh areeiurut outorosl into
somo fifteen years ago, the rates from Bal
timore to Atlanta and the rates from Louis
vitlo to Atlanta woro. to bo the same;
Now York and Jtoston wero to bo certain
differentials higher, as above Indicated,
and tho rates from Chicago, St. Louis and
other Western point wero to be made by
adding tho regular rate from those point
to Ohio Uiver points to tho rates from
Ohio Kivor point to Atlanta. This com
binutson makes tho rato from Chicago to
Atlanta on urst-class articles ' $1.47 per
hundred pounds, as against tho Boston
rato of tl.lt, and it makes tho rato from
tit. Louis to Atlanta $1.33 per hundred
pounds as against tho Boston and New
York rata to Atlanta of $1.14 por hundred
"What do those rafos apply on?"
"Tho abovo rate aro those which apply
on manufactured goods," said Mr. Brown.
"Tho intention of the old agroemont, I
havo referred to, being that the adjust
ment should bo such as that the manufac
tured goods should bo supplied to tho
Hon il i cast by the Kastern factories, and
therefore handled by tho Eaatorn lines,
and tho grain, bacon, flour, hay, etc.,
should bo supplied from tho Western mar
kets, and thcroforo handlod by tho West
ern tines. But tho lines via Richmond
nnd Taint Bock, controlled or influenced
bv tho Jctchtnond A Danville, have gradu
ally been encroaching upon this agree
ment, and havo mado such an adjustment
or rate j as ha practically driven the West
ern A Atlantic Kailrona and some of it
Western connections from Kuuth Carolina,
and havo altogether driven It out from
handling any Western business to North
Carolina, lit fact, their most careful
slu liod cUort smun to have boon directed
primarily ami principally against the
Georgia Htato Koad, whether with tho ob
juct of depleting it revouues und event
ually getting control of It by purchase or
lease 1 cannot say.
"Another result of this has beon that
Atlanta huspractically beuu excluded from
handling any Western produce business
into that region. 1 well remember that a
few veurs ago Atlanta did a largo business
up tficro, but now it is almost completely
"the 1. astern lines, while not protecting
llio agreement which allowod Western
lines via Atlanta to supply the territory
named Willi western products, have al
ways voted against, and succeeding in do-
fealing all attempt to allow Western mau
iil.icturud iiimhIs to bo brouuht tbto tho
Siuth on eipial rates witli those from the
J'.asicrn lactones. Ihe manuliicturtng
business of thu West has Increased enor
mously within tho past ilftccn years.
Chicago, (or insiance, is now liout the
third city in Ihe I nited Nates iu tho ex
tent nnd output of its nisnufacturing estab
lishments; yet Chicago, although nearer to
Atlanta in nitual mileage thau Boston,!
forced to psy ho much higher rates on her
manufactured goods thau Boston that she
cannot practically enter this region; snd
Atlanta, Macon, Alliens, llom and all
of tieorgia have to pay tribute lo New
Knghind, und tho Kant generally, on such
manufactured goods as are not insdo hero.
HKiurrn ratks nt warxnwArs.
"Tho present rate, I undemland, from
Bisiton and Now York 'o Savannuli is 40
cents ior Its) poumls on tlmt class. The
distance Iroin lioston lo iNivantiali by wa
ter is ul Mint 1,100 mile. Tim distance by
water from Su luiis to Challuuoog.i is
less than that Tlmrelore, 1 aupiose we
may safely assume that tho rale on tht
cln"" goods from r-L luia lo Chattanoogt
will bo iiIhjuI 40 cents is-r Bsj pounds.
Tho present rate from St. Louis to Chall.i
lnvigit is $1.01 per 10) mii I. II tho
Western A Atlantic Uaiiru.id fro u Chatta
nooga lo A tlanta on Ihe business brougiit
by the boats from M. Umis should charge
its full local rale, nnd should require that
the transfer from Iho boats to the railroad
dcMt in ChntlanoKga ho addod, tho rato
iter lis.) iouuas woui.i sianii uoom a i ii
lows; hu Iuis to ChattaniHigs, 40 ivnts;
transfer, If cents; Chatbiuoiiga lo Allan!,
l7 cents; lolal, in) cents, aguiust tho pres
ent rsto ol 51. .li.
Now with this tromenduus reduction.
continued Mr. Brown, "not only iu the
ireseiil ngures irom n esiern oiuia in
anta. but in liiruru Ulow Ihnso at pres
ent made from I'Hiliiinore, New York and
loston to Atlanta, IVsts lweea i.unoiis
insslioii can lis asked the Kichmoiid A
i.iiiviIIh and the other line leading from
tho K.ist to Atlanta, namely: 'What aro
thev i;olng to do alsml It.''
'If they do lint rmlueolhe Kastern rates
corriwMiudiugly tho trade will be very
largely trausinrmd Irom tho r.asteru hulo
ries to IIiimo iu Iho West. If Ihcv aie un
willing to submit to this loss of trade they
must mako vory heavy reductions in their
ireaenl rstes. II thuv aileinpl to preservo
lm priweiit dilTerentiala in rste oclwm n
Cbiciigo snd tL lOin to Atlauta, and Iksi-
in and New York to Atlauta, they will
e cnmielled to mako such reiluctioiis aa
mnk llio business worth nothing to
"You think then thst tho Western A
Atlantic is pretty (Irmly Intrenched In a
Misitiun lor cummaiiuiug u an are ol in
"Certainly. It would not do Uio other
road in general, and it would not do
either ol lhm In particular, anv coo l lo
Ihrht tho estern A Atlantic Kailrosd
Company and to try and diivo u into
complying with their w tabes, (in the
contrary, they would havo to mako con
cessions of great imimrtance to the West
ern A Atlantic, lo recur to a isiiut al
ready ton. died upon: let us go, (or in
stance, ill hi n the improbable, mpposltion
that tbn Western line would adopt a lm
lite counM toward the Western A Atlantic,
and endeavor to localuw It llio nest
em A Allunlic, if neces-ary, would char
ier I Hints to run from Tenursnoo and Ohio
lover iMilnts, and from M. Ixmla to Cli.it-
t inooga. II would In this event, of course,
rh i rue no more thsn was ms fssiiry merely
lo psy the riiH'iisea of running the boat:
Iho Intention being lo mako the pndlion
I io railroad haul ami not on tho boat a
mul. This would rodui-o Iho rates on all
clnsnca of freight from all Western point
to sin lis Icarlul extent a would draw an ev
traorilmsry ppiiNitlion of busmrsa toChst'
tmooga, Uomo and Atlauta, an I through
Atlanta lo Macon and Augusta, lor dis
tribution Ihroiiglnmt tho ffoutli aud South
east, which wool I strike a crushing blow
to lb trade of Uirmiughain, Annlstuii,
IMoiitgomery, Ndma, Kiciunond and olhi
bade centers during tho enutinusnco ol
the rato war, unless iho other Hues wero
to mako corresponding reduclioui to
"To prevent these cltloa, therefore, from
surrendering the distribution ol thvir bust
pes o Uisllauoog. Atlanta, linns and
Maon tlie line would b compelled lo
reiliico ihoir rate corresiwindingly to Ibo
oiner poinis naiurvl, and tin, ol course,
wouui riaull In a disastrous lus ol rvo
nue, wld, h the Western A Allanlie, If Its
insnstrers hsve tbo proper amount of
Inu kbon , would cauao lo continuo unti
th Isj.uy of 'localising' it w sbso
''Illlrlnff Ilia Mtiflniian ,.f m
however, ihe relative ratra from Wosleru
points lo Atlanta and thoso from lUtstern
voints vi Atlanta would ls so overwhelm
y In lavor of Ihe former that Ihe haal
em linn would lm forced to make corre-
tpondlns Miluclion. Thendoro, ss beforo
shown, ll ontiro fabric ol rste from al
most overywher in Georgia would b
shivered, and II would ha in lha I lit,, mat
of bolb th Kastern lino and lh Wralara
lino to prevent lb! naratytis of proflla
bv acting towaid tha W nti,rn .1, A limn lie
la sneh manner would ecnr from It
proiacuoaoi a vut aiuoual of lavauao
tssIucUoB which wUl Baluraly
and inevitably be mado In rate, In two or '
throe years U farthest, will be a vast one.
but it shoulil no be expected or demanded
that tho rate should be put on such a
basis as would mako railroad property un
profitable, and thus put it out of the power
of tho railroud : corporations to furnish to
the traveling, public and to the mercantile
public generally', the first class laciiiucs
which the public at all times doroand and
which the railroads aro at all times desir
ous of affording. Tho mission of tho Wost
errr A Atlantic, therefore, should not be
considered a on to destroy, but as ono to
secure fairness otratcn. That it would bo
able to destroy, I will give ono cxamplo;
WHAT TUB ROAD CAM P0.
"The present rate on (train from Cincin
nati, Louisville land other Ohio Uiver
points to Chattanooga is It) cents per 100
pounds, itie rate from JMemphisto uuat
tanooi; is 15 cents the Memphis A
Charleston Koad having insisted on a dif
ferential ol 4 cent being maintained, sup
pose the boat reduced, as within a few
years thoy almostcertainly willdo.thoOhio
Uiver rate to 10 cents. If the Memphis A
Charleston Uoad determines to still main
tain that differential it will have to make
the rato from Memphis to Chattanooga
(310 miles) 0 cents per 100 pounds. This
would hardly nay tlie cost oi carriage. If
tho Western A Atlantic Kail road wasforccd
into a fight it could charter boat which
would mako tho rato from Ohio Kivcr
latidihL's to Chattanooga about 0 or 6 cents.
and reduco all rates on Tennessee Uiver
business where 'it is paralleled by tbo
Momphls A Charleston Uoad. and you can
see that tho Memphis A Charleston ltail-
roau will be practically bankrupted.
"Let us look further, (nasiiiuch as the
Tennessee Uiver is now navigable during
a portion ol the year, lor small boats, Irom
Chattanooga to Kuoxvillo, and as the Gov
ernment will almost inevitably continuo
the appropriations for ojieniug tho Ten
nessee Uiver between thoso two points for
all the year rouud navigation, tho West
ern A Atlantic Uailroud, if forced into a
light by the f.ast ieiiucssoe, irgiuia A
eorgia Jtatiway, could, by the aid ol
Hints, on all business originating bctwoon
Knoxvillo and Chattaiiooga, including
Knoxville, deal a staggering blow to its
great rival, and one which would force it
to terms iu a hurry. Tbo liust Tcmunssco
Uoad. vou will observo, would not only
lose the handling of the business from
Knoxvillo and other points to Ohsttanonga
in many instances, but it would lose much
f It Irom those points to Atlanta. .Macon,
Brunswick, Florida points, etc., and what
it did retain would be on ruinous rates.
'The public would soon be informed
whether or not the Western A Atlantic
were living by tbo grace of forbearance of
il immediate competitor or whether
the reverse were the case.
Y'ou will nolo that I have not dealt di-
ectlv with tho question as to what sort
of factor the Chattanooga, Uomo A Colum
bus ttailroad would be. I have considered
that it Is very natural to suppose that if
that corporation extend ibi hiieinlo (south
Georgia, ss il is Its intention to do, it will
then havo Kastern a well as Western in
terests, snd will be ihsiosod lo protect
both. If not,! snd if it got to disturbing
rates, it could, wi;hoiit any question, bo
purchased byi the owners of Ihe gigantic
combination all arouud it, (or if they havo
iad lh6 power to- purchase corporations
en times aa strong as u is, ii goes wnnoui
.iviiii; that Ihcy could purchase il If they
found it to their interest to put money into
loin so. 1
Therefore, tho Western A Atlantic
U iilroad. if not S,1,1 by tho state, is the
unlv road lo which Hie people of tho Mate
can' look to certainly protect them from
1 know it 4 an old saying that 'Iho
boat hues make tlm rates aud tho rail line
biiiidio the iiiumtA.' ini win be iruu in
tho (uturo ss In the past; but il will also
ho true then as now that the rail lines will
bo readv to stand mi to one another aud
make some coiuestnon to ono another, if
neivasary, rather than lorco or allow ono
of their number to work with tho boat
and disorganize tho rate and demoralise
the busines of all the others.
'A whilo su'o. ' continued Mr. Brown.
"I referred to the hmsec w ho are the suc
cessors of Iho present Company, because I
cannot believe that tho legislature ol
eorgia will bo so short -sighted ut lo Sell
the road. In my opinion tho Mate should
not under any circumstances, part with
the ownership ol It, lor when she does her
power to control il ami bring about the re
sults 1 havo referred to, is gone.
'1 wish to bo emphatically understood
a expressing no condemnation either di
rectly or by innuendo Uxn thu gentlemen
who own or control uio inner resos in
Genre i a or south of the Ohm Kivcr. I
behove that thoy aro honu.it In their desire
aud determination to protect the Inoireat
which aro contided lo their band; and my
rolatioushlsi with all tho gentlemen who
aro in tho same department that which
1 represent. well as otners, have been
of the mint pleasant character, but 1 am
JFSSF. W. WYNSF,
fito of Wynne, Itonuis A lWi k, t'orrrsl City,
Wynne, Love Si Co.
Cotton Factors anl
303 FRONT ST., -
O I II ) 1 1 SI ANI) rONHIflX M KN'IH HdMCITKI).
DERBY POOL ROOM
IN REAR OF THE
TRACK ODDS ON
J. T. urn ADR,
LaPRADE. McGRATII & CO.
AND COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
No. S04 FPONT STREET. I i I I I MEMPHIS. TENN.
DEAN-LILLY COFFEE AND SPIGE GO.
UAVINO RECENTLY It'aCiIASXD TIIK rOUR STOUT BUILDI!o.
Noa FEONT STREET
kitown as tb "OOYKR IlLOCK." br fit 14 opourtaliabm,isrllh Im
proswl Mnriir.rr.anU Urlcf nlartsi farllttiaa w ar now prapanxl lo Oil our
rdar PPlOra end dtsaaueh. Thanklog all r old vnalnman lot
tie libansl ratmnajr htsto4 on ua la tlx past, arvt o11gIUd(
ouUBiianeeol Oisaai, w rtiB. njapUIl7,
DEAN'LILLY COFFEE AND SPIOE COMPANY
lerelv look I no at what l Ihanlw AAminf In
tha not dlolnnt flltnra ami w.o.Aninn All
. V. MUV IVHVUUJg V
tha nrlnplnla nf .Iml ....... nAA
essarily be done' in case tho owners of
iuuwj propenies anouid docldo to auopi
nosuie measure toward the W estern
Aiianuo in meir dealings with It. ana
therefore in case they should possibly at
tempt to carry out what is tho idea of a
great many, via, tho localizing of the
Western & Atlantic Uailroad.
"As I have stated to you previously, I
have differed very materially with muuy
lamuau ujbu in my juiigmonc relative io
the importance of the Western A Atlantic
T ? J I ! 1 mo 1 1 . QJl l Urn ruiKtt nnnll lnt h
M 'J p V . Ml IAIUIIVI VV.U
the business and the rate on which it is
nanuieu, but I can certainly claim that U
there is any one subject to which I have
(dvitn tinnrfw All ,mr limn ...I nll.inlinn
for the past 'halt-dozen years, it is the
auiiiiy oi uio roao, ii properly managou,
to be an important factor in the railroad
problem of the .Southeast, and I havo yet
to change my opinion on tho subject"
Ir dlscuso has entered tho system the onlv
way lo drive it out is to purify sud enrich the
blood. To this end. as is sckuowlcdtred bv
all medical men, nothing is better adapted
man iron, ih (uult hitherto lias beon that
iron could not bo so prepared as to lie
absolutely harmless to tho teeth. This dif
llcnlty has been ovcrcomo by tho Drown
Chemical Company ct Baltimore, Md., who
oiler their llrowu's Iron Hitters uj a faultless
iron preparation, positive cure for dyspep
sia, Indigestion, kidney troubles, etc.
Lottery draws Tuo-
day, June 18.
Stony land is not adapted lo rout crops.
especially carro's and parsnips.
Puunnrr Porter, don't pot your
rtmty l-atta Blackai on theas tthews.
Tl'r r blocknnrd with
Jiut spimn Uim with eleaa watr, and
Ibey will b tnautlfullypollilwd. Yuti
can tnra ymir q natter sy Ibis Urn I
Iljr the way, I'ortrr, Sell your I.lrcr)
ttabtafrtcnite that It Is Ui BtU Ilnrmem
Vrtumg to tha world. I'vo triad It 1 1
WOLFF & RANDOLPH, Philadelphia.
T.i IM BlMktn- far Ms, Wiwwi i1 HtlHm.'
Orrim or tiis Hnn or Editatios,
JIisi mis. Tana., Jum 1. 1. J
Pralml lil li will h mcelved by Hit German and
Uuuhatlan llankt, ol Mvmphla. Tcnn., until th
Jllb lu.Uiil, In bo SI U5IITTKD TO AND OI'LNLII
by the ILmM uf Kduratl'in, Inr Die tiiirrhase ol
muiuu IioimIs lucs by sold IVsudoi aVIurailon,
iiuilrr an art ol lha Uetieral Assembly of tins
Siata, puwd Mureh a. Ism, and spMrvl April 4,
Issv, aianiiulhiK lo th mm nf f loi.tud Said bonds
will be Issunl lo illrtVrviil dinonilmtlaiia, and
paystil In dlileraul wrles, mtraclii period ol
Iwrnly lwn years, as lollnws, luatll :
(l i Tlilnevn Sl.il bonds. sirslil Inly I, ISSS.
(I.l I llilrtii'U tl.i'H liu l paall July I, l'.l.
Ill) lluruvn tl.o'l Ih.uIv Myhl July I, lval.
(I ll Ihlnrrti l.oi b.inK pnyahle July I, l.'ll.
i.'ll T if lour t"i Iannis, )al,ls July I, ll.
(.'II Tnriily lnur t lnnnl, t)lie July I, l 'l.
i.'ll Twi'iur (our ' lni. j)rahl July I, l '
(At Isreuly lour 1'U taiiil.all July I, IVIU
1 hs sfurmsld IxiiiiU "lit Inr lnlrn-1 from July
1, Is1.!, psTsiile snii-anniislly. In MeiiipliU, Iviiu.
1 lie Ml-lil Iu ri'Jeri any aud ail tld u rvaurved by
the iLwirl of kiliiratlun.
Hy nuler ol llio poud.
A. R. IITt.U Seerrlary.
Misriiis. Tsss, Jnna II, I
From Ibis data until Satunlsy, Itie rsh Inatant,
alt of Ilia Aax'aaor'a llii mil ! hi Ihe i ouuiy
( nun room, una imiiii by Hie Hoar! nf rpwb
Uallfill. aulile-! lo Iba ln.Mil'in nl all Inranlla In-
1,-reaiaiL Any nne In-llna aautti-ril al ilia aM-sa.1
value of tliuir pnijivrtj eaa apr snd inaan Uivlr
coiapisinu i. Mmiiii,
C'balrniaa Kualluliua lluanl.
WIU.1AM K. IX)VF.
Lat of Uoodlr, Lova dc Co.
ALL TURF EVENTS
With All Paws Tr,.
In ui.uin ,.l.S 1 - i -ii. ty ! U OS VI
I aa.OO Urrnmn r.UurU HWIU, Minsua Ht In B
Wl.e-.rl. m al ii)IV.Itrkillukir, lO
fVr fSfll A miimrwalNantx IwaitT. JX
V'r.v KImuiiimi. tM rMH, A Vlrrw glmrtoyT
Jsi7 ra-wf'' ,T- b'-SVVjS i
NEW MEMPHIS THEATER
MONDAY AFTERNOON AND NIGHT. JUNE 17.
GRAND IM 1S11
Under the Management of Mr. Emile Levy.
THE FESTIVAL FORCES ENGAGED WILL CONSIST OF THE
FOLLOWING FAMOUS VOOAL ARTISTS :
Miss Emma Jucli
MME. TERESE HERBERT-FOERSTER,
Late of th Metropolitan Opera Housa, New York.
MISS IIELENE VON DOENHOFF,
SIGNOR GIUSEPPE CAMPANARI, . '
Baritone from the Italian Opera.
nd the Distinguished Leading Tenor
Houses and th Metropolitan
Signor Jules Perotti
Th Most Notable Tenor Voice Heard in America Sines WACHTEL, Possess
ing the Most Remarkable High C of Any Living Tenor. C
TOOETHER WITH THE FOULOWINO NOTED 80LO INSTRUMENTALISTS)
MR. MAX BENDIX.
Violinist, Polo Violin of tho Tlioo-
dore Thomas Orchestra. inoniaa vrciiusira,
AND THE FAMOUS PIANIST,
.'MISS ADELE AUS DER OIIE.
A GRAND FESTIVAL ORCHESTRA
Eminent Muilciana Stlactad from tht
I?srrTd Srata, lower Floor t 2 00
K mt Three Uow. Orcboatra t ircU) S W
Drras l irrlf ,
lns Circle, Fimt Three Hows
Iaiwct Iloxra, His Best
l'pr lioxes, bis Heal.
OX Oftloa Opens Tuesday Morning,
After that date at K AMtrmann Co.'s. rartlcs fnun the Country can secure scsts ly
tclritrnpliiiiR Ihe ManiiRer, Mr. Kinlle Ier.
OF MEMPHIS, TENN.
Statement of Ita Condition at the Close of Business Monday, May 20, '89
Cah.. ....... .M.. MM. ,.... ...M. M.... ......
Ixiana nmi liiwounta.
htorkt ami Iionl(les thsn market price)....
Kurniliirr ami fiium-a.
Treasury of U. K (uiaiilatcd currency for rolumption).,
Capltnl Etock .
I ndiviileil I'rolita (net)
I'lvulunil No. 11 (balance unpaid)...
r-TMa Rink nnrnaJ Ita d.mrs fur hualims Mar 21. ISM. I IVrwwIlorT for tho Ptal
nf Trniicaai'e, trannaeta general banking
T. II Tnrley. of Tarley A Wright.
M. liavin, of M. (iavin A Co.
J. N. Falls of (I. Falla A Cn.
F. M. Nrlaiin, of Ntlxin & Kilns.
T. K Hima. of T. II. Hmia A Co.
II. IL Wilkinson, of Doikcry, Wilkinson A
J. M. (Iiioilbar, of flmlW A Co.
F. T. Andrrson, 1'rn'l Anderson list Co.
( has. hnrr.
W. II. Kennrdar, Serretary Clllrens' and Alao Arlington Inaiirarico Co.
Manhattan Savings Ml and Trust Co.
CAPITAL AND PROFITS, - - $too,oso
HOARD OF TJtUSTF.m;.
I- Ttananer. Pol Cidrman, John W. Cochran,
J. (I. llmtdwerVer, llnnlt I'rrra, Union llorK,
I). 1'. II i.l ti ll, Jamei Nathan. A. IIBirl.
L. Levy, K. L. (Joldtaum, Jno. If. rolrs, C. M. Uronenor,
D. T. Iladdcn, rreildrnt Jno. IV. Cochran, Vlre-Trfsldont Jss. Ns'.lisn, Cashier.
RECKIVB DEPOSIT. In fumof OVP. Dlf.LAIt snd upwsnl, snl emlll Inter
sat on an ma aaml annually. W bav Kseetlrnt Vjt ilitir fur hanllln Strictly FlnK'liut
INVESTMENT lKJSlH,anl iha Iranaartion of any Hutineaa if Flnanrial (harnrf r
We ha Inn axprUiic end amp capital, loirfirr with an bonuratla fourd. and II.
(Htliara and fmaliva rordlally Inula bualD frum all cla-aoa, aud will tudeaver to nirr.l
th confldane so long r poaed in Ih'-m.
EXCHANQC FOR 8ALB ON THE PRINCIPAL CITIES OP EUROPE.
II. II Ct'Ll.KN, Peo'y A Trcns.
MEMPHIS MACHINE CO.
General Machine Shop Work and Heavy Blacksmithing,
Our Works Ar New snd Eijnlpissl With th lateat Improved Tools.
100 JEFFERSON BT., MEMPHIS, TENN. : TELEPHONE No. 030
tLXDOl SEOSef Cm, ICa
a. w. nr.
FLY, IIERRON & HOBSON,
Wholesale Grocers and Cotton Factors.
Ho. S22 and 324 Front Strist HimsUf. Tana.
from the Principal European Opera
Opera House of New York,
MR. VICTOR HERBERT,
Violoncellist. Rilo Cello of the Theodore
Symphanr Orchcatras of New York and Boataa,
Hoscrvd Bi-ats, Low or Hoor 1 60
i Hrnt 'l liroe ligwi wrcncsira v.ireie oif
' I re v in iu
Droas Cirrlc, First Throe ltows...
8 O' Clock. June It, at the Theater.
...... ......... .....
. W.9C7 IS $
t sn.nnn oo
buainca. and irivra sixH-ial atu nllon tocollec
It- i"ii. rreanieni.
J. M. i')ilIIAI(, ll-e-IYeaWOIll.
C II. liAINK, tMlutr.
John Armlntes l, of Armlntosd A I.umW
It. I . Gulon, IUwI 1UUI Dealer.
A. W. Ncwaimi, of Lawhnrn A Kcntotu.
J. R. (lodaln. of J. IL God in A Co.
W. I'. Dunsrant, of Punarsiit A Kelly.
Andrew J. Ilnnit, nf Mourn A llarrU.
J. l. 8 mi ih, of 8miley, hnulU A Co. and
I'ratt (.In Co.
II. F.. Colli n, of J. IT. Coffin A Co.
. J. &. Hot lnn jii,
GOIiDAUD A IH'KK, Msnsrs.
r. u. yoarLxre.