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North Carolina standard. volume (Raleigh, N.C.) 1850-1852, November 02, 1850, Image 1

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VOLUME i.
THE NORTH CAROLINA! STANDARD
WILLIAM W. HOJ.0.fitX,
EDITOR
AND PROPRIETOR.
t.-, t WKtT. Twa dUw peranum,
JJollan, if not paid wttlna aix.rotha front we u e
. ...its ' V. ti" . ' 4
...Knikino'. " '
JPoar dollars per
" J - ,!,
firet month ; Four
annum, in
1.1 1 a v mnhthq
and Five Dollars, if noTpaid wunin u.
''The'SS will inflexibly lhcml to, '
a lJaT not exceeding fourteen ltnea will
ATSBTl8Ils".,," ,iiiMr. j twentv-five
be
inrted one - of - ter
Court ordera and JuJulidal Ad;
length "n Ib;"ch!ired 25 per cent higher than the
A Sa7onble redaction will be made to
abore rate, n AdvertisemenU mser-
to the Editor, can do ao at all times, by Mail and at his
rial Sipufor all aumswill be promptly tted.
Letters to the Editor must come free of poge.
THE THANKLESS OFFICE. ? '
BT T. 8. ARTHUR. ? ?
An object of real charity," said Andrew Lyon to
his wife, as a poor woman withdrew from tha room
in which they were seated. . ?fK '
If there ever was a worthy object, she one,
returned Mrs. Lyon. . A widow with healti so fee
ble that extraordinary exertion is too much for her
yet obliged to support, with the labor ot her own
hands, not only herself, but three younsf children. I
do not wonder that she is behind with her reit. .
Nor I," said Mr. Lyon, in a voice of synpathy.
How much did she say was due to her landordli
Ten dollars." .
- She wi not be able to pay it. L
" I fear not. How can she! I give herjill my
on-.-niT. anil have obtained work for hei from
laiios j but with her best efforts she car bare
If obtain food and decent clothing for heraC and
kDoes it not seem hard," remarked Mr Lyon
" that one like Mrs. Arnold, who is so earnes n her
efforts to take care of herself and family, shooa not
.receive a helping hahd from some one of ihinany
who could help berwithout feeling the effort. If i
didn't find it so hard to make both , ends Bust, I
would pay off her arrears of rent tor her, and feel hap
py in so doing." , ., v 1-
Ah !" exclaimed the kind-hearted, wife,J"bow
much I wish that, we were able to to do thiu.f But,
we are not."
" I'll tell you what we can do," said Mr. Ljon,
in a cheerful voice "or, rather what I can do. It
will be a very- light matter for, say ten persons, to
.give a dollar a-piece, in order to relieve Mrs. Arnold
from her present trouble. There' are plenty who
woald cheerfully contribute for this good purpose
. all that is wanted is some one to- take npon himself
" the business of making the. collections. That task
shall be mine." . '
" How glad I am, James, to hear you say so," smil
ingly replied Mrs. Lyon. "Oh! what a relief it will be
to'poor Mrs. Arnold. It will make her heart as light
as a feather. That rent has troubled her sadly. Old
Links, her landlord, has been worrying her about it
a good deal, and only a week a?o threatened to but
her.thingsin the street if she didn't pay up."
"I should havethoaght of this before," remarked
Andrew Lyon. " There are hundreds of people who
are willing enough to give if they were only certain
in regard to the object. Here is one worthy enocga
in every way. Be it my business' to present her
claims to benevolent consideration. Let me see.
To whom shall I go ? -There are Jones, Green, and
Tompkins. 1 can get a dollar from each of them.
That will be three dollars, and one from myself,
will make four. Who else is there 1 Oh! Mal
colm ! I'm sore of a dollar from him ; and, also, frtm
Smith, Todd, and Perry." i -
' ' Confident in the success of his benevolent 9chete
Mr. Lyon started forth early on the very next dar,
for the purpose of obtaining by subscription, tie
poor widow's rent. The first person he called ka
was Malcolm. "
''Ah, friend Lyon," said Malcolm, smiling bland
ly. "Good morning! What can 1 do for v on to
day."
"Nothing forme, but something for a poor wido
who is behind with her rent," replied Andrew Lyoi
" I just want one dollar from you, and as much mo;
from some eight or nine as benevolent as yourself.'
'At tha word poor Widow, the countenance of MaU
colm fell, and when his visiter ceased, .he replied iq
a changed and husky voice, clearing his throat .two
or three times as he spoke. '
Are you sure she is deserving, Mr. Lyon!"
The man's manner had become exceedingly grave, i
'None more so," waathe prompt answer. Sfee
is1 in poor health, and has three children to support
with the product ot her needle. If any one need
assistance it is Mrs. Arnold."
" Oh ! an ! The widow of Jacob Arnold 1 " 4
"The same," Teplied Andrew Lyon. . ,
Malcolm s race did not brighten with a feeling of
umii-waiui uciievoience. cut, ne turned slowly
away, and opening his money-drawer, very tfowly
toyed with his fingers amid its contents.. At lenirth
he took therefrom a dollar bill, and said, as be terfc
sented it to Lyon sighing, involuntarily, as he did
- " I sopnose I must do my part. But, we are call
d apon so often." sf
The ardor of Andrew Lton'i benvnlnt fv....
uddenly cooled at this unexpected reception. He
had ntered upon his work uuder the glow of a pure '
enthusiasm ; anticipating a hearty Tesponse the mo '
tnent his errand was made known. . . I
. "I thank yon lq thewidow's oame,"id he, as
he took the dollar. When he turned from Mr. Mal
colm's store, Jt was with a pressure on his feelings
as if he had asked the coldly giTen favor for himself
It tvaa not without en efforvt Lyon compelled'
'himself to call upon Mr. Green, considered the 'next
best man' on his list. , But he entered his place of
business with far less confidence than he had felt
when calling upon Malcolna. ' His story told, fereen
without a jwordj or -smile," drew two half dollars
from his pocket, and presented them.
Thank -you," said Lyon. , ; . . . X.
Welcome rtnrnAt CI roan. 4 '1 -'A
Oppressed with a feelin? of embarrassment. T.ri.'
stood for -a few moments. Then bowing, he eaidX
; " Good morning." , ' - .. ' r 7
. " Good -morning," was coldly and formally res
ponded. '"o "tkta e alm8-8ceker anil' aims-giver parted.
Better be at his shop, attending to hie work,"
f Muttered Green to himself; bU Tisitor reUred.
4 Men am t very apt to vet along too . jvell in the
World Who 8Dend thoip limn in hatrinir fnr
OOiect 01 ChantV that hannAria trt turn nn. ArtJ iK
:ea vwj
are plenty or such, dear knows 'He's got a dollar
aUtsT me ;may U j0 Bimt pfihepoor widow hetalk-
. Uold water had been poured upon the feelirjgs of
v Andrew Lyoo. He bad raised two dollars for the
poof w Mow,' but, at hat a sacrifice ;fof one so seasi--liva
as faimselfv .Instead f keeping on ia his iwonk
-orbenevobnse, he went to his shop, and entered ep
'?Bi. J " ea,PloJan. . How .disappointed he
ielt;--Bnd this disappointment was mingled with a
ruin.aense of . humiliation, as if be bad beea.ak-
112 alma Crtr kimaoir - -
Catch me at this
work again Pr he said, 'half
.. '
aloud, as bis thoughts dwelt pon'what had sd re
cently occurred." " But this is not right,".he.added
quickly " It is a weakness in me to feel so. Por
Mrs. Arnold most be relieved : andjt. is my duty; to
see that she gets relief.' I had no-thought of a re
ception like this. People can talk' ofrWnevblence ;
but potting the hand, in the pocket is anothei affair
altogether.. J jaerer dreamed, that euch. men as. Mal
colm and Green could be insensible to an appeal like'
the one I made." ' . t" ' ' .-,.:.,
" Ive got-two dollars towards paying- Mrs.' Ar
nold's rent," he said to himself, in a more cheerful
tone, sometime afterwards ;, and it will go hard if
I don't raise the whole amount for her. All are not
like Green and Malcolm. Jones is a kind-hearted
man, and will ' instantly respond to the call of hu-
inanity. I'll go and see him." u x. Jw f .?- J
So, off Andre w4Ly on started to see, this indiyidaai,
; "1 v, come, begging, . Mr. Jones,'.', said he, on
meeting him. , And he spoke in a frank," pleasant'
manner. ":" ' ' ' H " " '-"' h 1
' " Then youtecome to the wrong shop; that's all
I have to say,"., was the blunt answer 1 fca,, ; E.;.i
"Don't say that, Mr. Jones; Hear.my story first."
" I do say it, and I'm in earnest," returned Jones.
" 1 feel as poor as Job's turkey to-day." '
" I only want a dollar to help a poor widow pay
her rent," said Lyon.. - v. . 4 ; ; .t. .. ?... , t;
"Oh, tang all the poor widows ! If.thal's your
game, you'll get nothing here. I've got my hands
full to pay my own Tent. ' A 'nice time I'd have in
handing out a dollar to every poor widow in town to
help pay. her rent! :No, no, my. friend, yon can't get
anything here.?' V: - . " , ;
"Just as you feel about it," said Andrew Lyon".'
"There's ho compulsion in 'the matter." '-' '
No, I presume not," was rather coldly replied.
Lyon retained to his shop, still more disheartened
than before, . He bad undertaken a thankless office.
..Nearly two hours elapsed before his resolution to
persevere in the good work he had begun came back
with sufficient force to prompt to another effort. ' Then
he dropt in upon his neighbor Tompkins, to w bom he
made known his errand. : . ; ,
" Why yes, I suppose,! must do something in a
case like this," said Tompkins, " with the tone and
air of a wian who was cornered. ' Boythere are so
many calls fox charity, that we are naturally enough
led to hold on pretty ..tightly ;to our purse strings;
Poor woman ! I leeJ sorry for her.. How much do
you want!" - -
" I am trying to get ten persons, including myself,
to give a dollar each.'' . .. . . . , ,
" Well, here's my dollar." And Tompkins fore;
ed a smile to his face, as he handed over his con
tribution, but the smile did not conceal an expres
sion which said very plainly - ;
i " I hope you will not trouble me again in this
way." ; ., ... .. . - :
You mav be sure I will not,' muttered Lyon,' as
he went away. ' He fully understood the meaning; 6f
the expression. ' ;- ' ; ; ! ' :
Only one more application- did the kind-hearted
man make.'. It was successful ; but, there was some
thing in the manner of the individual who gave his
dollar, that Lyon felt as a rebuke. -
"And poor Mrs. AraoM did not get tnewnoie
of her arrears of rent paid, off," says some one who
has felt an interest in her favor. ' ' ..
Oh, yes she did. JVIr. Lyon begged five dollars,
and added five from his own Slender purse. "Birt, he
cannot be induced again to undertake the thankless
office of seeking jelief from th benevolent for -a iel
low creature in need . He has learned that a great
many who refuse alms on the plea that the object pre
sented is not worthy,' are but little more inclined to
charitable eds, when On this point there is no
qaestion. . ' ' " '
Haw many who read thia can sympathise with An
drew Lyon. Few men who have hearts lo reel For
others but "have been impelled, at some time in their
lives, to seek "aid for a fellow creature in need. That
their office was a thankless 'one, they have too soon
become aware1. Even those who responded to their
call most liberally, in too many instances gave in a
way that left an unpleasant impression behind. How
quickly has the first glow of gefierous feeling, -that
sought to extend itself to others, that they might
share -the pleasure of humanity, been chilled ; and
instead of finding the tasK an easy one, n nas provea
to be hard, and, too often humiliating ! Alas, that
tins should b 1 ' That men should shut tneir hearts
so instinctively at the voice of charity. , :
We have not written this t to discourage active ef-j
forts in the benevolent; -but. to bold' up a mifror in
which another class may fee themselves. 'At best,
the office "of him who' seeks of his fellow men aid
for the suffering indigent,' js an unpleasant one. , It
is all sacrifice on his part, and Abe least that can be
done is to honor his" disinterested regard for others in
distress, and treat him with delicacy and considera
tion ' '- : " - .; ": ' I
- Village Aristocracy. . Many are the follies -and
weaknesses of human nature. But none are more con
temptible thanthose acted out by the scrub aristocrats
of our town t and villages. - These are to be found
inalj rotations of life.rA younj man whose father
was a hard-working mechanic, either has a moderate
fortune left to him, or he "marries a few thousand
dollars, and forthwith he puts on airs.nd assumes
an importance perfectly disgusting to all who are ae
nnaintftd with his ' rise and pro2res8J' inlthe world.
Such young men regard as beneath their dignity the
ocanon oi uieir paieuui uu uu, uuioju.,j
Jetting it be known that they -sprang from "such and
uch- sources.- We have metvwith some who even
look upon the vocation of an humble mechanic as be
neath the dignity of a gentleman, forgetting; mean
while, that the taint of the father attaches to the son !
Pride of thiB kind never finds a Testing-place, save in
aweak brain, and manifests itself only In a perverse
temper. -. .' vj-- '-.rw a -!'
- There are many young men in our tow.ns and villa
ges, (some young ladies too,) who seem to be prOud
of the wealth of their parents, while their own repu
Itation would be soiled by associating with the sons of
mechanics ! - tin this strange infatuation U never oc
curs to them that their fathers made.all. their property.
ty downright stealing,, cheating, and Tying, while
their grandfathers were sold at public atrction in our
seaports to pay therr passage across itbe ocean ! . See
the nnmKor nf iTounor men ia our .country, who eti
dowed with scarcely common sense, and no sorts of
love for genuine republicanism,' resort to, the study of
me learnea protesBionB, sucn a ,aw auu "1CU";,,"5
while every mark about hem declares,' in terms '"that
cannot be misunderstood, that ne ,uoa oi mature in
tended them for .bricklayers, .house-carpenters, and
blacksmiths ' Manv of these ought now to abandon
their professions for the arofiiable and equally honor
able fields of labor where their" nuhers nrade money
enough to educate them.and thus eieaieo luem w
atauosa invh nk thAT ran never-move witD irraee or
ease. God deliver us from the bastard aristocracy ot
r little villages, and codiiA aristocracy of our large
"Ml Amon these hateiful "funguses oh society,,
sfwotabilir ia based upon the osture of a roan's Vo
cation, instead of the-manner in which.- bis, duties
re Derformnit Tk. nni wunrnized .sentimetit
which will reguWte society is in the sound matim-
"AX wclPthyXart, there ali thd hmor Vies."
, , . wua J . to . .
. is now about eicrht weeks since Jenny iind at-
nved in thia country. IDoring that time shetigagiv-!
wTOBoens which toave .prodiiced eany --awwiuui,:
and contribauul in a.rina hnnAnlent obiects . about
18,255, viz.:to New York Societies,' rO,000 to
tostim do., $7,255 to'the Chicago Swedisti-chureb,
VIOOO. . -cfr--s?s.t iii i.i.-jo '
GlTTIWO IM Dm A
California
boctsr
lately fought j dueU and shot -hisantagenistjnrthe
th'g:b, fracturinor th hone. Ha' then nroceeded to
render his wounded opponent the necessary -surgical.
assistance.
1 7
CICTpP-BALEIORTHCAtWIAATURDA
-SoiJTH'KRN.roTT'oM'MXKyirAel,fjBKS?JtTheifact that
the Sooth can successfully, compete with- the .North
in ootton manufactures is now almost -uniyersatly al
lowed, Tbe manufacturer in New England himself
iii u a l see. 111 e Hujeriur auvnuui;t eujuyeu uy me
Southern tnanufacturer,in haVihg1 the Taw material at
hand, aud the. vast difference in thenrst fcost of the
article, in favor .of the latter. Manufacturing 'sites
can be obtained, at the South , by the .side of the cot
ton field. , There is no deficiency' of capital,' as is
abundantlv 'testified bv the amount vested In worts
of internal improvements, stocks and in every wa v.
Vi here it is supposed that a safe and profitable invest
merit may be made. There is no want of -skill or
enterprise among Southern' men," and., the only re
maining item an industrial class Ho be employed in
.the manufacturing establishments -is abundant a:4
has been proven in the cases of several manufacto
- ries already in, operation at the. South, to be most effi
cient. The production of cotton goods is almttst en
tirely by machinery. The looms in 'many cases are
attended to by mere children,, and even negroesare
found to be almost, if not entirely, as 'available in
these establishment as white laborers. hi ai st't
a. Had the South engaged in "the manufacture oi eot-:
ton at the same, time ,that New jEngland States did
We have no doubt the manufacturers, in. the last men-,
tioned quarter, would long fere this' have ' been com-'
pelled to withdraw rom the field of competition, or;
at all events, confined themselves to the productions)
Of the finer qualities of goods. , It is within the rec
ollection of us all, when the first cotton manufactory
1 was established in the South, and even now, we have
one quarter as many'as in all the, Eastern States.
The progress of Southern manufactures hat gone on
with but little noise, but still 6teadily and rapidly.
It is estimated that,tbere are .175,000 spindles now
running in the cotton States,"' requiring not lftss 'than
100,000bales, or about one-fourth of the consumption
of New England. - In; 1847, 4he four State of ,Ten
. nessee, .Alabama, South Carolina and Georgia, had
93 factories which" number has been much increased
within the present year. Taking all the Southern
States into account, North Carolina having 20 manu
factories, and Virginia, Florida an4 Mississippi each
a small number, the sum total may reasonably be put
down at froro 140 to 150. ' '' . ' r
. is a gratifying fact," that among all the Southern
States, Georgia stands foremost in the number of cot
ton manufacturing establishments. . . Within a. few,
years, more than 40 factories have been erected with
in her borders, at a cost of one million and a half sf
dollars. - About fifty thousand bales are now annually
consumed in these establishments, affording profitable
employment t a large number of industrious opera
tives. ..The manufactories, most of them experiments,
and built at greater expense tlian will hereafter be the
case, are found to be exceedingly profitable the div
idends in most instances, being from twenty to thirty
percent.""" ' v '': -' r" -!"
. Capitalists, in the South have everything to encour-age-theni
lo undertake the erection of cotton,. mills.
The successful operation of those already established
and the profits arising from thU source, are'ao longer
matters of doubt. "The efTect they have npon the'geiT
eral prosperity of' the section in which they are erec
ted is felt in the unusual stimulus fluey give to home
enterprise of every description!, Agricultural products
are in greater demand, and every species bf labor is
required at increased rate. rThe "price of cottorr to6
will iit lima b? . increased vboth on account- of the
qnaitity. consumed at home, and he force taken from
the cotton field to be employed ;in its manufacture.
And above all, the South will be made" independent
of the looms and skill of distant sections. ' '
.: i i - . - ' .-. ! Jiugusia Republic.
Adultkratios f-MkdH5ink8. The adulteration of
medicme appears , to be carried on in a systematic
mode. ' We give an extract from a foreign writer on
the subject : ' : ' - - ---. 1 :-. s-:
" Oxyde of ainc is adulterated very commonly with
sulphate and carbonate of baryta and Lutcb lead, the
latter previously adulterated with a substance still
cheaper. Plaster of Paris. .Nitrate of silver consists
precisely of four parts of this very valuable salt, and
one part of nitrate of potash, (" viliainous saltpetre.)
Balsam copaiba is nothing but castar oil with a dash
of the true balsam j White precipitate (amiduret mer
cury, &c, of kane,)ns usually made up of carefully
precipitated carbonate lime, (chalk.) exactly one part
and while precipitate one' part. " Hydriodate of pot
ash is hydriodate potash six parts, common salt one
part, and. carbonate of potash half a part.,,, Sulphate
of magnesia ts glauber's salt in small arystals no
attempt at mystification Tartar emetic is almost al
ways sulphate of potash and tartar emetie'(the latter,
ef course, by some mental process,; also considered
pore) of each equal parts.1. Calomel is, (mind don't
go astfay,) 1st, for the Western States of America,
" carbonate of lime' nine" parts, pure' calomel' three
parts ;" 2d, for the Eastern States, " pure calomel
one part, carbonate of lime three parts. i ? Kenne's
mineral (latterly considered an antidote to strychnine,)
is red ochre, potato starch, lamp black, Prussian blue,
of each according to the fancy of the druggist of pure
kerm3S, none ! Lactate of iron is sugar of tnilk and
sulphate-of iron of lactic, acid none. , Opium is that
. drug carefully washed to get out the morphia, and
made up again as good as new. Real Turkey rhubarb,
much the same rhubarb exposed to spirit. Quinaand
morphia fare little better. A good beginning has been'
made in the petition to the. House of Commons, re
specting the adulteration of milk. ' Letit be rigorously
followed by Oneagainst the adulteration of medicines."
' A Parisian QuACK'V'At the i Theatre of the Vane-,
ites there, is an actress.'ope of the best in Paris, who
has the misfortune to be exceedingly, deplorably thin
,we might almost say, scrawney, , A few "months
ago she. heard of a doctor, who it was' said had t suc
ceeded in manufacturing a mineral water , which had
the power of making people grow fat.' "She went to
him instanter. " Doctor," said she, " what must !
; fio to get fa t ! , " Take my. waters-". And 1 shall
get fat!" . ."Immediately. .The thin actress plung
ed into the doctor's baths amj drank the water early
and late. .Three months 'passed away ; but she grew
no fatter. At last she called on the doctor and said i
"Poctort don't grow faf." ' " Wail a little while,"
replied the doctor. ' Will it ,be long !': "" Fifteen
days at the farthest. You see that , big fat. Woman
walking in the garden V When, she first camef here
he was perhaps thinner than you."-"? What"! 1 may
hope." ' " Fifteen days, at most," . said the 'docter.
Two more months passed; the actress grew thinner
and thinner. One day as she was taking, her warm
mineral bath, She heard a dispute going on in 'the
bathing room next td her own. t"Decidedly,doctor,
said the big fat woman ahove introduced" decided
ly, doctor, I don't get a bit thipner."s ' Have pa
tience, Madame," said the doctor, " you see that very
thin lady who sometimeswalksMn'the'-ghrdenl
" Yes."- ' Well she tsan actress f mm the, Varieties,
whose excessive fat forced her from the stage; she
came to me, yon ee the tjssulV Before fitteen days
J. premise yon shall Jbe -thinner than, she is.,,,. .4
. ikon, amrrla ihn thin actress rose from her warm
bath, dressed herself, and with a heart divided by grief
and Intfignalion.'silBTitly left the pouse, nopiTrg.now
ever, ; to keep her'misfortunesaret,.botao Paris,
secret.is aa impossibility, nd somehow 9r,oAar Jthe
story jotanU u
tttivA Ji'''WAdf Arao'nj'e' leaddralof the
itiaqiaotrEi . ' , kj a n
Whig party-now.opposing4heeeent blUa-pasteed bj9
niUL. : .nnroinff lesistsnee onHhw part f aheS
SoutrWre the Hon, Thomas Jj-Woed, he ctJleaae J
of 8. 8. Prentiss ia CongressJ udgaTqmrdans, hte .
M.C.. and the HOn. John 1. Muion, rreBiuenioi w
Senate; HonvTi Jones Stewart, rresideotwi CTectpr,!
Gen. Brandon, Gen. JJuffield, Judge jWrn. E-.Har-i
' sp: KnuH n vnsnv athers. enlbra'cing
tlMn-oui.ntWbleandinflniilW Aat
.q
:t'Mi-j5 sill,tntJ-i'ii:,'.) T !.! i-jv.'i
.V'Sketehea :6rjnorthf rnrnlinn, ;5
(idY .i BsATTts'stFosb. Lincoln Udl N"J C: J::i
--Hifi 9V(.t?.-33i Hi October 15, 18501
n UKJt wiH be published bv thi unJf rsiirtiPt thia
.Spring; entitied as ' abovei sivin an ' accuratR
wwuuvj u wu. uww:, iu Aipuaurucai or
der,, the derivatibn of iu name, date of formation,', its
Colonial and Revolutioharv Histonr.
distinguished citizens, an accurate list of it representation
- m-ocjlliuj f its x uwus, iUV-
ors, Population Resources, Prod ncts, and Topography.
The undersigned has for 1many years' been collecting"
and condensing the material for this work. The archives
of our own State have been carefully examined, and co
pious extract, made from iU records, t He has procured
from the. pfficesfef the Board f Trada arid Plantationi
in London many valuable documents. Rsr .nil valuable
works ; .have been vpurcJised frpfn abroad, .touching the
,fy nisiory ot our State, ami each Uounty, which have
neyei'.seen the light. -, He hasieen kindly. aided by gen.
tlemeriin different-sections by copies. of original docu
menu, and faithful traditional statements, highly impor
tant and interesting. ; ' , . :'s . t ;'v I..' . v.;,
fcHe does hot .aspire to tie ' position of tneistonaiu
but hopes from records and statistical facts to afford ma
terials to other and abler hands for this pleasing and less
teboribus duty This workUt is hoped", will be useful as
a rbook 'of reference t the statesman and scholar, and
man bf .business" 'or "'leisure.' Occasiohal extracU' have"1
been published in the Standard and other papers of this
State, over the signature of ' Tacitus. '" ' ''(''
2lThe History- of "North "Carolina is yet lo be written'
nie remark which one ot the1 ablest Historians of the
age; (Bancroft,) has beeri i'cdm belled to make, that "so
carelessly has tfiBTIistory of North Carolina been writP
ten.'thaf the nam merits and end of the first GoTerritir
t um nnawt,- is a reflection' upon 'us. An exnmina-
tion of rbe early history or the Counties of North ?arc
Iin shows, a record' of the purest patriotism and indomit
able courage.: This record is -now covered by the dust
of age; and unknown by rfeglect. It is a debt which'the
present geeratioa owes to the past as well as the future
to preserve these, momorkils ; for it often occurs-in the
are controverted by tlu next; nd at a succeeding period
are considered ns Ioulitlul legends, nnwortby of histoh
cal felUi. i Otir Mecklcnlinra- Declaration of In&pmn,
dence, in .May 1.775, tiad almost been-an illustration7 of
inisiru.ru., wui-.,.,v' C i ' " A' n i
"These are cfeeds which should not pass away, v
And names that must not wither- (hough the earth ''
Forget aer em pires - with a Tust dees v.
The enslavers and he enslaved, their death and birth."
,-Tbis work, will.' e illustrated with a Msd of tho State.
rom latest surreys, find including the new. Counties to
thU date, and sketchps in Engravings ' of some of her
oeuuuiui scenery. t it, will contain about 500 pages, and
be furnished at one dollar a copy. , SuliscripUons will be
received and the bookjuruished at different points ef the
state. '".".'." ";-.;., r. ik6. h,..w;heeler. .
' Pv.S. Editors of the different Presses in the State are
requested to copy the, above. The Press will receive in
this work a sketch worthy of ifs influence and importance.
Those Editors who publish" the above four successive
times; and send a copy of the paper containing the same,
win i entitled to receive a copy of the work as a return
for such notice. J. w "W. '
-. ',.':! '. ; : s: .; tsv.
i.fV:v:',,lllVlOXJIOUSE
f I THE Subscriber respectfully inforins tbe Members of
toe approacningegislatiire that he is prepared to
furnish ten or twelve of them with lodgings and hoard,
at ihe iWION, HOUSE, but a short distance from the
Capitol. ... . ; , .. i -...-,-; ,"-,'
t The Subscriber , will provide comfortable rooms, and
good fare, at such prices as the times and market will
afford. .. He pledges himself that no pains or expense, will
ue sparea to render his customers comfortable. . . .
Travellers are also invited to call, and transient boarders
will bo taken. The Subscriber keeps a constant supply
of com and fodder on hand, and will ha.ve horses, left
with him, or the horses ofsuch, as may stop at his house,
well taken care of.j;.. - , .'. " CJ. ,
The Subscriber's House is about one hundred yards
from the Capitpl, and one door to the east of the Baptist
inurcn.
., v 4't i .
JAMES HALL,
" : V 834 ts."
Raleigh, Sept. 24, 1 85a
BOARD TOR MEAltos.
THE Subscriber would respectfully inform his friends
- that he is prepared to accommodate some twenty -five
or. thirty of the members of. the Legislature with Board
and lodgings during .the approaching session, :.-n,i:,.t -5;
.The Subscriber makes no promises .which he cannot
perform. As to the character of his accommodations auu
the attention he gives to the comfort of his Boarders, he
refers with confidence to those who. have boarded with
him during former sessions. u
-,-. N- JOHN HUT6H1NS.
Raleigh, Oct. 7, 1850, i
8S6 ts.
. Washington Hotel.
V THE Proprietor respectfully informs the Mem
bers of the approaching General Assembly, that he
is prepared to accommodate with comfortable lodging
and good cheer '-u " f 1 - T f '-""' !:' i ''"' ,;'"
" twenty or ' Tieenty-Ftve of their lYutnber.'
He will spare no pains to satisfy nnd please his 'guests.
He has all the peccfwsary'aCcomniouationK, and wilt .de
vote his best exertions to that end. Terms as moderate
as the times wilj admit. s . ; ' F. W. KING.
'Raleigh;; Oct. 1, 1850.; ' 7 ; j" ', - 836 M.
fHEARTT;fi: LITCliFORD
-.", :-,- Dealers In Staple siadFaucy Dry Goods.. . .
HATS,CAPSs boots AND SHOES. o
5 : : Fancjr Articles,'&' &c. !: v
HAVE received nearly their entire Stock of Fall and
Winter Goods to which they respectfully invite
the attention of theireustomers, and the public generally,
and all of which are offered on the most reasonable terms.
Raleigh, Oct. 23, 1850. ,uu ... -. . ..'838-;..
a- . .. V i j . . , i-.
ton
EXAMINATION. .
!Warrentbn Female Sniina!rr.:r. ?
iTHHE i Examination1 of ,he Pupils .'of this Institution
I wilf take place on Thursday aud Friday the 7th and
,8th of Nove.mber ensuing. .. Concert on the evening of
the 7th. 'j Friends o, the young Ladies and .the public
eenerelly are invited to attend.,. ,"...' , , .
,' - ' --::'"' d. turner.
Warrenton.N- C-,.Oct 23, 1850." . , 838-2t. '
IS hereby given, that application will be made to the
ncit Legislature of the State of North Carolina for a
Charter to Cut a Canafrom North Oliver to some point
': r..:,..k . : .. i " '. . ' ,
..iQctpuer gO. -iaSO. y . n,v 639&U,:
.77T
.J&.tterv',':
T7UBOPEAN Life and Manners, in FsmUiaf iLetters
Pi to Princes, by ' Henry . ColmaaAuthorf . Xuro-
pean Agriculture, end the Agricultur ef France, Bel-;
.giam,H.oU8JidV4nd:Swttterknd, ois. W mo .-or
jSaleayiT ,-, vnJ 4 HEWRX WSXi
7 ,i RaJeigh. Qct. C4. J850. aivi-.ir; ..'iuvh 638-r.,3
TTURNlSorth CmaAlttMUtac for Mil. This
tJl day publiJbedby'! t-j ?" .b-otvift !-i.-a
fit tenant atf .ix:'rmiittii& Bosk-Store.li
Ralaigh, OtL I 50 li'. .1 is r, 53-4i, a
, j- 1 , . a, , . .i
4Mit neceirea
Y 'lilEiBJsck iatet-Gsiteiis. ssoperisrarticja,
ivi! a 1 'I s:
i ni ImJis
One Poor Above, Richard Smri'plrf ' otnet
T 7 VASTS A WIJLLJ AJIS woud respe'ctiuily in-
' one jSoof
fEsu! where, thev1 wilf keep con-
tahtJv nn-hanvf Tnl a-!r-- .!
u,,;..n r,-; VH 1 GROCERIES &C v " '.hi!v&
and indeed every thing'usually found in sioiilar estaftlishi
ueota.. 3 They present the following as speciiueba of their
.Stock: . : A-HlTeiU V" r.-.J . .- ,l -As ! lv
Hrbcade Faencb Caslimere, i ' 1 ' -! r ---jV- "
f' Embsoidered Silk and Crape, sfid Norwich Lustres, ''
'Chameleon. Turk's Silks and Poplins," pi't'r '"
'.French Cashmere and Delaines,, r?i 1 ur:j V-i- ai
.Chameleon, figured and blaek Alpaca,' -."' , v - 1
i. Velvet neck Kibbdns and Beltv,'.'-'5lh:-',, ' ''"J
1T 1 a. a -
v -rencn woriceu colors and Van, .f t v'- ' V
.- Embroidered Ribbon 4ind velvet Trimmings, i ? '''.
Scalloped linbn-canabrfc Handkercbiels'aud Gloved ;'i
V; Bonnets, Ribbons, and Artificials, . , . . .i'j-
, Ginghams and PrinU--a large Lot, ' f ri) ii'.' tr
j, French Clutks,-Cassiiaeresy andyestinga.va-. ., 1 I
Beaver-cloth, Tweedsv and Kentucky Jeans, ' 1 q mf
i - Red and, white rianuel, and Linsey arid Plain Shawls,
V- r -Nr 1 , t,i . . .
.1 Brown , and bleached Domestias Bed.tiekine--T-ihlo-
cloths and Diaper. ? i v..,,t,.,i- V
1 . a . " ' '
a .Ladie's coUon, merino and silk Hose.r AUo ' Ja.lje'
r line Walking: ihoes and Gatteisa ,-.' ., ; " ' . a- t - j
Ari,es an4Son.:fiaa Peggod Boots, .j',th ;.. -utt'
f ,palft Kip, and coarse Brogarm a good assortment,
HaU and Caps f Sveryj description . V ) '
a .Cutlery, Crockery, Spadea, Shovels,. race-vhain,;'
; Java, Laguira. aud Rid" Coffee, u ; A ti, .i
, Lpal', crushed, clarified and brown Sugar; in i
Together with a number of other articles not enumerated.
The subscribesi respectfully solicit a share of public pat
ronage. ;,;Tbey will sell good largaini for. cash, or on
short, time to punctual dealers. m-r. v
.. JQilN. G.WILLIAMSi,4
Septahiber ,1 1 6 ,ri0.
-,l
,.j .u ,833r
itiij AV: G0OPS FOR 185Q.
I J-.-!.
ff IHBs Subscrilters are 1 now ' receiviutf their .'-FALL
X AJi D WINTER SUPPUES, consisuag1. iiy part
Ot. the followingi i : !' ,,!n
,1 mack uro lielijon iml tHlver Urey Silks, i
r Paocy and Black Brocade Silks, j ;;: S V
. Jilaqk, Fancy and. White watered dd. - -.. 3 1
: , Chameleon Kilksj- Super Cheoe Silks, . ?v.
Levantines, Brocade SJermdors, ; : : . -V-i.i'
rjPlain and watered. Poplins, ?-H .- vj- t-i- s n
v- Lyonese. Cloths, Parameltas, .v ; .i'w.-H..m.
f Silk and wool Chene Muslin Do Lanes and Cashmeres
Lrnameieon l arks, ,7 --.ti nm
, Englighi Prench and German Merinos, 7 ' -f
. btnped, , rnnted.-i and Plain : Muslin DeLaines and
. Cashmeres, Chameleon Alpacas,:
. , Ribbon, Velvet, and . Hair. Bail Trimmings,
.; xsiack OUK. .bace,,,.., . w v. ; . , . ,: :.;
French, work Capes, Collars and Cuffs,, ,.,, .n r ,.
Jackonet, Check,, Swiss, India Book, ,s; (!
', Dotted Tarlton and Nansook Muslins, j --. -..- ..- .
, Bonnet, Cape, Neck, Cuff and B.eURil bona, 1, .:.
Shawls and Vwites, v , , ...
: Ladies and Misses Paris Embroidered Liuen Cambric
' Handkerchiefs. ;4 ,,; ,.- y,..r yA
' Real Valencia 'Thread Edging's.'- -.i V-'i,. , i,- H 'rn;i
.Tapes, Bobbins, Edgings arid Insertings, dec, . v ' .
. .-."' , v ' - s R- -T L'CKE R & SON, , -.Raleigh
Sept 1 1, ,1850' , ;. 832.
BOOKS 1 BOOKS.' BOOKS!
v. V
Publisher. ' Cooksel ler aud . Stat i o e r
I No. 1, P4tsttkvi.lk.-St RAtKicBt.iN; C. i
HA& always on hand a large -and general collection
of r, i i; , . i k. :';' :,
Law Medical, Theological, Classic, Voyages, Travels,
. .Novels and Miscellaneous : Books. Also, a ery v
!,.. extenaive assortment of -School Books, &c,
- , Blank Books, ldger8. Journals, "Day Books ''
. Fass Hooks Bank Books, Record Books,- X"-.
-a, . .tj Blauk Checkbooks, and any other kind - '
e, , ,that may bo wanted manufactured .f ' . -'
. - ,4- .-..... to order. 1 . '.r. !. --i
I Together wkh a general assortment of Stationery j
Particular attention given to filling all orders Complete
from Booksellers; Merchants, Teachers, and private indi
viduals. Aad every article in hia line sold at the foioett
prices for cash or approved credit, either at wholesale or
retail.':.,,,, , ,, i ,. i - 1 f. ;
. All new works received as soon as published, !
'. Raleigh, August.27,, 1850. ; ,'j . i- 830
Just Oppned Two Doors AboverK. Smith's siore.
v ::;. nt.a : n ir etna- : nr ,';-'' -'
KALEIGH, C;,'
THE Subscriber has justopened a Book "Store in
leigh, two doors above Mr. Kichard Smith's Store,
Where he bfTers to the public , , ;.' ;"r ',. i "
Of,. almost .every deseriptiou; togetbei.with a large ccj
lection of j : . : . ; j. ' w.t.J: s is
" " u. ?- REIiIGIQTJ,;wOKKiS,-T. .
From tho pens of eminent authors, of. the different De
nominations ; also, ,,r,,'. ?i.,.iC : s
; ' ... : Stationery,.. ;r...;j ...;t;.
Of excellent quality; ail of which be proposes, to sell on
very reasonable terms. ' 1 "'!
Any Book not on hand at present, can be ordered anoj
receiyed by the Subscribec iu a few ays,.'andJie. will be j
prompt tj iuini an orders trom town or country
- j-'. l.-.-.i- . JOHJ?
; . JOSNV, 0
Raleigh, Sept. 12,' ISS)
33--tC
SEW'STOCK OF'
THE subscriber nas -just returned from
i .."the Aortnern Alarfceta, wnere be basUaul
tin a large and beautiful stock of articles ia
f.hiav Line of business, embracing every, de
scription of fine and eoarae wear.'tt'.o t.S M;.t
' His stock . for Ladies .and- Misses;" comprises every
quality -of Slippers, Walking Shoes,' whole aad ItBlf Gai
tert. &c, &c., and his supply for Gentlemen arid Boy's,
4Mich as will suit the taste of all.- -.-'.. r-.t ' ' i - 'a,
- li:He has also laid in a large supply, of materials in hie
.line, and brought on a-firstralt workman i frora the
JJorAi and is tberefore-prenarcd to manufacti ? BOOTl,
(SHOES, &cn-ir a stj le ansurpsssed by sny other estab
Mabmenf in the City v i,'4;l SJ, U,ct:-tr.
I All he asks is a triat feeling assured 4hat he Will be
jsbie to give, satisfactiea -both in. quality and priced W.vt-n
' , HENRY PORTER. -VV
.- South .East CorneCApitol Square",
, Raleigh, Oct., 23d, 850.
i5 J638 1
' ' WILIiIAM CARTEL la ?liri
ICOUX8ELLOR ANDl ATRIfEV'AT XAW,
I Bounty
the act of Congress passed' September, 28th .isfeo at
tended to on moderate teriris' by appplvlhg to i i
ST C ,7!SM
-italelgri, Oct: 16,1850;
, A .JrLIq ATION-will benade Aa the xt Igislatass
'lof Worth Colin4brts..sctf4nocrTiosa
Murfreesborpugh Joint Stock "Buildup Company, t i
h fcac-.' Kt - rj. d wvia l.'ss ja.rd &t o
have -opened a Store Wn Fay etteville Street
above' Richard Smith;
4,
SOT.T)IE1iS'oflhe;War of Vsia.'and, those who havd
served -iri'Indiaa Wars sioC 'lT90,ttheii widows or
children can "have their claims ' for Land Bounry Under
j 'iii.' ..' unit l-.18i4it.rt iU.i
:. NEW STORE AND NEW GQOPS
f
ffi 'S5d .vaMa.JUJ5XJUHn.JAifcrr.:JVj-i.uiu'n;
1V Moor jutoee j&cJmixl S!tmlb Old. Stand, 1 "
'WXANdER' CREECH,5 "takes- jpt jriJe .nJ
pleasure in anhouuclnj to the citizens of Raleigh? '
and the urroundfng' Country, that he' has just received
!?J50!h' nd nor opened for sale and inspectiorr:
! STOCK OF GOODS selected by himself with great;
care and wuh an eye single; to the wanU of friends'
ahj fcnsfomers.; A stock that Will ' fa vorabTy' compare
witbany stock in the State, nnd which he.is detvTrnineir
to sell at such unprecedented low prices, that aH he de
ires is' to gitae hhn a." ifaH 'toeneure a sale.' "Hia Iroftna
were bought for sale ind cot to grace his shelvc,'and aU
he asks is fo gie Kina very small advance oa Northeni
prices..- "4 - 'i " -.-t.'i ;- i- .t pv-. ij-
It y.00: wish' bargains, caH at bis Sfore two doors above
Mr. R. Smith's" corner, and next door to Messrs.' A: B.
Stiths As Go's. Aocu'on and Commission Store; ' '!
-; His Stocs consists in part of the followiff j : ; ? ? "i
- A large and Varied assortment ef beautiful Prints a
latest Styles,. Black aim figured 4 AJpaccas.' Cash:nere; '
Plain and figuredMuslin Delaines,;Gingham,' Jackonet
and plain' Cambric,' Swiss and Cook Muslin .' Bwnot:
Selt,Cap and Taflity Ribbons, VervetTrimmings, Thread '
and Cotton Lace and edgings. Linen and Cambric H'k'ft;
Cotton, Silk and Pongee HVfa, Plain and figured Bobi-
net, a beautilul assortment ofaShswls, wry low," a Jargw "
f "ried assortment bf Hosiery for Ladies.-Misses 'and
I fi.r.k.t i II ' - a .... . .
1 mail is, wen seiegiea assortment oi Radios and MieseS
Shoes and "Gaiters, and a great1 variety loc tediftOs to
mention, such as are usually foundin similar well aelecU
ed assortments. -.' 7ai.jt-A ..-!. I
'p01p' the GeVitlomon.
Black French cjotha and CassimeT-es,' Fancy drtto,
Tweedes, some very heavy Woollen Tweedes, Kentucky
Jeans, Sattin(ts, Black and fancy Sattio Vestings," Mari
no assorted; Woollen Vestingery low-.-Flannel, all wool,
Bleached 1 Shirting and Sheeting,' Bleached and an
Weaehed. Jeans; largo assortment of feriey Cravats,
very low, a good assortment of gentlemen's Hosiery and .
Gloves, Blankets uncommonly low, Silk, Moleskin, Cal.
ifornia and other styles ofHsta; Cfotb, flad Silk Plus!:
Caps. GenUemens Boots and: Shoes, Boys aud Negree'
uo. vstmn vania) tumprailas, kc, etc,, Ufrai-
,.Do give-him a call and you will. not regret it-- , - ti '
. .... IT -cv nnT.tnt,
Raleijh, QcU2361850 .Vt,v i$8 tf.
KEV7 'STORE.
T-HEf . Undaraigried1' most "jre'specl fully inform 5the
friends and the pnblic generally ;: that thfy have a
sociated themselves together, in the Tailoring and Cloth'
ing fjusiness,' under the nrht of j.J. Biggs &.C6.' "Tb'
have opened d A'ew Store, a few'' doors be!oW:the NoffC
Carolina Bookstore, where they will be happy to see af
of their old Friends' and Patrons, and pledge themscjvci
to' seir cheaper than ever. ' They can ai-sfl times warran.
s'gdod fitt'mg-Mt of Clothes. ' " -;-
' Call, and examine fheir fine Stock of Iteady Ma3
Clothes. Also, their Stock of tine Cloths, Ccssimerei
and Vestings.1 i-.iO.iki.M v-l-X"- f .i,:si
' iTo the Members of the approaching Legislature, .they
woultfsay, it shall be to their advantage to patronize tbe
new firm f J. J. Bitrg or. Co. ! CaH next door to Mr,
Root's J e wel i-y "8 tore. ' . '' 1 ' - ' " .: :
iy-l- -j .-,4 :.:. J. J BIGGS, '.!
.if-hrwi iv !? ;it SYLVESTER. SMITH. -J
-v Raleigh, Oct 1t5, I860-. ; -r-. ; ; ,): S37 6t.a
-a
IU Ml IWtrLM VS A1U iJUS LUilLtiSt
: ' ' And the Pnblic Geuerallyw ,--km
HAVIKG associated With me in the Clothing rusii
ne'ss, Mr. Sylvester Srfjitlf, it will henceforward be.
conducted under the firm " of J;j Biggs & Cd.' 'Mn
Smith has been long known, as a Merchant Tailor,' hat
is lib w turning bis' attention to the Ready Made business,
and it is the design of the Ne firm, to keep up a lare
assortment of all kinds "jf ' . . m ! v V.J ; 1 .
'''. "Heady itiade Cloth in 2: ' ' u
Our Stock of Cloths, Cassimeres and VealiRgs, wHIsIeo
be" kept up, a beautiful assortment of which, is nsw bainft
opened, emhracingr all tfie Tatest sfy-fes.1' " ' ','
hMt. TEACH will attend to the Cutting Department, si
heretofore. - ' - V'-K",- " J."jr BIGG3. t11
Fafeigh, Oct. 10, lS50r;:j ' 7 837-t.
FORjTHEEALL AND WINTER TRAPE.
Mr , : ; At J.r CREECH'S. ' r
TUST received and opened for sale, One of the largeai
Jr assortments of Staple fandj Fancy Dry Goods in thuf
CityJ'co'nsisting in part of the ibllQwirig articles:'
Sup. BH'k Twilled French Cloths,'" to medium qii alines
Superior Black Doe Skin and Fancy Cassimers;"- "
" Cashmere. Velvet and Merino Yestinm.
Al!Tiinds of Fancy Tweeds, Snttennets and K. Jeans,
A large assortment of Ladie's Worsted Goods, ail colors
Merinoes, Thibet Clotbs,!'--'! , ..'J 'k- .iw- c-FT
Cashmeres, DeLains, and Alpaocasc, : .n, ;..:: ,.-:r
A large assortment of Trints and'Cingbaaw, a.-
A -creat-varietw of- Shawls, from S& cents tovA7'
Fine-Fashionable Boanets od Ribbon, flowers, Lacei
- . 1 rr.. - -. . . -
uitnn aija j rimanngs, , j rti? ;;.".. i-c at. c' .rK'-'.-j';
Fasbionabjo Hats and Caps, Coots and Bhoes, v .7'
Rifiesdpoble and single baarel Quns snd Pi&lola, ,.
Hardware, Cutlery and Glassware, -. r j ejkn rl
paggtBfcaoa-atope. V.h a -! -!' r--if.
tr ,i ao . above OoodVwete tugbt entirely for cb, an.
will, be jsohl at a great deducttoa from farmer "prjees,,
my motto js quick sales and amal) profit. 1 Call andys:
wUl buy bargains, .,(r , i oi f-'Jf .QJLEECH.,
.Kalpigh SepU 17,. l&O Tjl!lJ
Wholesale' and t.etafl Grocers, &c
." " Oih "Mabket St.' RALkioB, Ni C." :"' J
JTpHE Sub8Cfibers"bavuig connected! themselves in bj1
JLsiness, under the .Firm of JJLFFA LQE 3c COOK
take this occasion , to inform . . the public . iat tjiev,w;,
keepj constantly, on band .all' articles r.ccepeary for 4J,
uses, of the "Family or Farm Their-stpek etinsista 1
part of the folowBng articles : '" ' ' .
Bacon and Lard. . I Iron and .Nail,. . '
Flotirf Meal and Corn,; ; Cast . German 31ia,.te
Loaf criished, clarified andjCastiiigeTfae ChairiS,aa
Brown ' SueiiSrs. s '" .t ' ilYeedtnar tt'a:
iVceding Hoes,'
Coffee, Molasses, and Salt,
Sperm, 'Adahiantitie,4, nd
Sole and VpwrLeafhcr.'
1
; Powder and fchot, and LcsT -
TSHow Candles Soaps,
Tobacco, Snuffs, dec.
Country preuce-7-particularly corn, fodder, and in
Teef-hides-.will be taken at fair excftanKe- ' ' ! i'" ! '
p' Tbe above articles have been "carefully "selected tpi
iKiagiii wiui casn, ana ine snosenners are uetermmeu ccl
to be -undersold by any dealers in the City " -;i
".' Si-'ni iM , .if j.jQ.-. m. BUFFALOED .
-sitc.i:fi-..!.T fio.-flrla ,fv ?j (jeo ROE Ti COOKE.
V -April '9pfH6&'V "tt fA''"" ,' tSflri'
'H.-n. South side Old Market'Sfreet,' .fourth and 6fSr
doors' East of WiHiams; ffsywottd, A; CoeDrtTg Store
HOUSE'APNIGN AINTjtel '""
4o4 ;j71iitlock &Hartiie. .k . u
riHEjubscTiberi srow prepared ioMfxeue 4a
' workman-like; manner, att kiJs of .jj':-r vs :t.ii
G'fazinGdinimTfati
every variety .of woocT. ' Vr' l" " k
i" All order left at MrsHardiQa rijwn JfdWi 1
House, will receive prompt atlentionr ' " '-' ' .
Ralefffh Serif? K? IGB0 '- e33 tf.
tun !'!' ' t. '
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