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CHICAGO JUDGE DOUGLAS.
Xft copy from the Washington Union the follow
jn(rTelejrrphic. account of the nation of the City
Council of Chicago Illinois, with reference to he
Fo,ritive SUto Law, together with the well-merited
commendations bestowed by that paper on Judge
... i. u:- -torts n breasting the
uoag.aa, r. r: z::in cut. The
-a- f iai v Ann - I9nsucuf
t j k
yve nave - . Bt Chicago, stat-
the 25th instant, from S. J. "V'' ."I", ..
ing the efforts of the c t a8gemWage of
fugmve slave law, snd J of the ,ct. We
a large public mee"inj .''
auhioin the interneim ""-
l..Hae Doue as, of the oenaie, uu.c.- r
Judge uouij . -innn-nt Bneech. Tiedicating
1SS:, coUndemning the effort, to evadeiu The
triat ' j.,-the meetmsr unammmuly dis
sented fromThe act of the council, and that body sub-
,.-.5n,tprt the act. Such is the force of
8eSue..j , , manfuiJy maintained.
truin. ooiuiy, j-"j : ... .T j.
V j "'. !., Aeaerves the highest credit for
J t UBtain the law and the consul u-
tion of his country. trinmnh
w. see in this memorable transaction the tnurnpn
f a oTRat nrinciple, which
rH to im oress upon
see in this case the triumph
boldly and frankly
and will prevail
we nave so --
m Vv n
our youno-eoumry .
ol irutn wiich
:j;o.-f Train is migmjr
but it is' because, she has chain-
Had jaagv uao
aim f " y
p.ons wormy o. - - , -,,runk from
consulted me uicuues v ""-, - .v j;aEOin
nrf shorn of half his moral
..,M nnthaveacnievea we ue.uCu . -
. ma -s HAfl III III LUC U BOWUO0S
ntoet. or had tie enieic- -r-- -
half kia armnc on. a
Never was a more triumphant
. . !-t C
j . " .u.-ause of truth, maintainea wunnnu-
tnbute PVjUafed wUh eloquence, than in the effort
M.K dSS " Si. drfit. and trying occasion.
That ofengle man should, by h.s moral courage
'jM, intellectual resources, so successfully turn the
5a of opinion in a meeting of 4,000 ctt.zens-that
ho ahouH, by a single speech, have effected an "en
tfre revolution ol public sentiment and that he
should have induced even the council of Chicago to
council its nullifying resolutions-is a feather in his
SJ, which any orator might desire to wear. W .e .know
not whether it is a higher compliment to he eras
of his talents or to the power of truth. VV ith such
champions, the Union may defy every attack. Let
Scan patriots but boldly speak out in the North
I .k R..h. nnd all sectionalism, all ul-
as wen o9 in t . ,
ii ..,..i;Qrv. all Hisuniomsm would vanish,
traisin, an -- . .l:-u
j .i.:. TT: .nnM tand noon a rock, which
ana mis , , .
would defy all the winds of Heaven "d all the ele-
inents of Nature to snake u irom
which it rests: -
Chicago, Oct. 25, 1850.
" To the Editor of the Union
Great excitement in Chicago. The council has
passed resolutions nullifying the act of Congress re
lalin to the fugitive slave law, releasing the police
frouTobedience, urging resistance, and denouncing!
our congressmen. Last night four thousand citizens
assembled, the Mayor presiding. Senator Douglas
made a great and glorious speech in defence of all
measures of the Compromise, and the fugitive-shue
law particularly, effecting an entire revolution in
public sentiment. It was resolved unanimous! J to
sustain the law, and the action of the city council
was repudiated. "s- HAYS."
Chicago, Oct. 26, 1850.
" Since Judge Douglas's "speech, the city council
has rescinded the nullifying resolutions.
"S. S. H."
The Democratic Press. We are gratified to no
tice the signs of improvement exhibited by the Dem
ocratic press of this atate, both at the seat ol govern
ment and elsewhere. Brother Holden is doing yeo
man's service, and besides editing an able paper, pub
lishes a handsome one. . Our friend Eccles, of ihe
Lincoln Courier, comes out in a new dress, and
makes a very handsome appearance, and the matter
is well worthy of the manner. Eccles is a tramp.
And then there is the Hornet's Nest at Charlotte,
originally something of a Whig, and with Whig
sympathies, until his honest convictions forced him
into the ranks of the Democratic party. He is now
on the right track, and although in somethings we do
think that he goes too far, yet, for all that, he errs on
the right side, and can take our right 07". W'e
have already noticed the improvement in the GolJ.
boro' Patriot. We think it improved both in appear
ance and matter. We hope that onr friend Robincon
may be amply sustained. The Warrenton News is j
also a considerable improvement on the old " Repor
ter;" and the Pioneer, at Elizabeth City, is a vaUia-
ble accession to the Republican ranks. We have here
only noticed those papers which have recently effec
ted changes or improvements on their personal ap
pearance." Many of our standard papers are as they
were, and as such are always welcome. By the by,
we have not said a word about a paper which we k
think is rather neatly printed than otherwise an on
pretending little sheet published in the little village
of Wilmington the Wilmington Journal. We know
the Editors very well, and think them reasonably
good fellows and worthy of support, which, we have , . .
J L. J! " I!" !ll J .1 :
iiu uuuuk, a uiscerning puowc win awara to mem.
Any one in North Carolina who can print a neater
sheet can take our hat.
Here's a health to the Journal and its worthy Ed
itors : May its Price continue to be cheerfully paid,
and may it always abound with a FuUlon of the best
But seriously, the Journal is one of the best paper,
in the State, every way, and the neatness of its- ty
pographical execution almost excites ourenvy. Suc
cess to it, and to the Press generally. Wilmington
can boast her full share of excellent papers, from the
Commercial, with its clear and vigorous articles, to
the Aurora, startling us ever and anon with its bolt,
of sarcasm and its flashes of genuine Southern indignation.
ARRIVAL OP. THE STEAMER CANADA.
Jtffain in England nd IYanct Denmark mnd the
' DucAie Cotton Firmer Breadtlufft FirmSu
gar and Malasaet advanced, de., dc. '
Halifax, Oct. 23. The roval steamer Canada,
arrived here at 10 o'clock this morning. She brings
dates trom Liverpool to the 19th instant, and London
rto the 18th, being three day. later than the advice.
oy we r aciuc. one leit in mooui an oour, tor Bos
ton. She made the ran to Halifax in less than nine
. England. The political and general new. .inee
the sailing of the Pacific, j, a. regards England
without interest. , . ,
Five new Bishoprics have been created in the An
glo-catholic Church. Cardinal Wismer has receiv
ed the Archbishopric in Ireland. -'-.
The farming operations for the spring crop have
conmencea upon an t-Aiensive scaie. - v
ance. The revenue returns for the past nine
moiths have been published,' and show an increase
ofS9,000 francs over the same period last year.
The National asserts the probability of a coosid-
I- i:c c -l nA- . . ? ,
erjjic iiiuuiiiumiuii hi wis iaoinei taKing place.
fThe President's treatment of the armv i. the sub
ject ot much comment in the various journal.. The
cn; ui mo nrmy -win oc wu down, and Sinner.
erti measures, taken to prevent insnrbordination in the
army, or any feeling to threaten the republic.
'The Republican and Orleans parties respectively
nae uecoiue cuusouuaiea, wnue tne Legitimist and
Bonapartist factions are dail v becoming weaker.
i .-i i . 2
i Djr leiegrapn, we nave advices trom Pans to
ITiursday, which state thatvitis reported that if to
wards the end of the President's tonr it should be
thought right- to ask the country to decide be
tween a monarchy and republic, it was promised
to throwoiQ obstacle jn the way of such proceeding.
Denmark and thk Duchies. Nothinor new han
occurred in the relative positions of the armies since
the assault upon Frederichstadt. It is: confidAntlv
asserted that diplomatists will be called in to adiust
thedithculties with Hesse Cassel. All the wlv
appointed ministers are strong adherents to the Con
stitution. 1 he popular voice is said to be preattain
their favor. The revolutionary feeling is increasing
ujjwaras or two nunc red officers have resigned
ineir commissions m tne army, which is now in a
most disorganized state.
According to letters from Frankfort, it is said to be
the intention of the elector of Hasse Cassel to abdi
cate. The Prince of the Cassel will sncced him.
In the last sitting Jof the College of Prince, at
oen m, i. us uduowin iormauy announced that the
Prussian Government would not suffer, the Federal
Assembly to meet at Frankfort. . .
A Congress of Deputies of all different committees
had been established, to raise funds, in support of the
ocnieswig-noiBiein war. Nothing special ha. been
effected, however, beyond the publication of an ad
dress, and the passage of some strong resolutions.
The Markets. Liverpool Cottow Market, Oc
tober 19. The Circular of Messrs. Holt& Co. no
tices a better feeling in the cotton market since the
early part of the week, the depression thenrprevaillng
naving passea away, ana with a slight yielding in
prices, although the quotations current last week
are reported by the committee of brokers as current
this week, and the market can be said really to pre
sent no new feature except at the very latest moment
there was somewhat more firmness. The week's
sales amonot to 30,290 bales.
Tobacco continues in good demand, and prices ful
Breadstuff's. In flour there is no change to notice.
Sales are marking freely at full prices as quoted last
week. There is no change to notice in wheat a fair
demand. Indian Corn is steady without alteration
Havre Market, Oct. 16. Cotton. Sales of thi.
day 1.044 bales, at advancing rates. Sales of this
week 5,500 bales.
NEW YORK ELECTION.
The people, of New York will vote on Tuesday
next for Governor, members of Congress, and State
Officers. Horatio Seymour, Hunker, is the candidate
for Governor of the Democrats, and Washington Hunt,
Seward ite, is the candidate of the Whigs. This
election is attracting universal attention. It is des
tined to exert a very great influence over the politics
of the country.
The Albany Register furnishes the following list
of the candidates for Congress :
M CONGRESSIONAL NOMINATIONS.
A " Woman's Rights Convention " was recently
held at Worcester, Massachusetts, in which a num
ber of foolish things were said and done. Women
made Speeches women acted on Committees and
women claimed the right to vote, and, in fact, to he
men. Now, we think as much of the women as any
body, and would go as far as any one to see them
righted when they are wronged : but our oninion is.
the Worcester Convention to the contrary notwith
standing, that the usages of societv and the civilized
Christian world on thi. subject, do npt stand in need
of any alteration or amendment. This Convention
was addressed by Abby Kelly Foster and Frederick
uoogias, ana u comes in for a special share of Hor
ace ureely's countenance and praise. Whatever
such people approve or commend. vnnij ;j
and shun as we would Sin embodied, or the Asiatic
i . Daily Register. The editor of the Raleigh Reg
ister proposes to issue a daily sheet during the sua
sion of the Legislature. He uvs four hundred ank.
scriber. to it would enable him to print it without
lOSS. ' f'
Inn nnM will la Si SO , -It -----
r - - ... w p,vv, iu auvauvo iu ail uioco
It will be worth the money to those who wish to be
epi aauy advised of the proceedings of the Legisla
ture. Merchants in particular ought to encourage an
.urciiuiw oi mis sort, as it ail helps trade.
e f optxATioN or Warrekton. Accordinor to the of
ficial statement of the " census taker," Mr. TIawkins,
" population ot Warrenton is 1194, to-wit:
Wblte8 . 567,
Negro slaves, - .600 ,
Free Negroes, 27
John C Cruger
Edward P Cowles
J L Schoolcraft
John H Boyd
Charles F Taber
H P Alexander
John W Grant
Charles E Clarke
O B Matterson
Vivios W Smith
Edwin B Morgan
H S Walibridge
Wm A Sackett
A M Schermerhorn
Philip Church .
F S Martin
Solomon G Haven
A P Hascall
John G Floyd
C S Bogardus
Emanuel B Hart
A P Stevens
Wm M array
Orson M Allaben
I Sutherland, Jr.
David L Seymour
1 W Thompson
Thomas J Marvin
Alex H Buell
W W Snow
John J Taylor
Daniel T Jones
Thomas Y Howe
James C Smith
P G Buchan
J S Wadsworth
F P Stevens
W M Sprague
Sherman B Piper.'
" North Carolina holds
l,.e?80nic Gn,d Lodge of
r .nuw session in Ralefirh commencing- n MM.
SSSt7,dt1r 0f Dber next. As, business of
wni it? l. m,portaDce t0 th Craft in North Carolina
v rmuon to be fully represented at this session.
Cotton Prospect fob 1850. Dr. M. W. Philips,
one of the best informed agriculturalists fn the South,
in a letter to the New Orleans True Delta, says he
has no idea that the crop of the present year will ex
ceed 2,000,000 of bales. He says:'
Let everv man conversant witb the growth of
Cottoa take the facts as they exist, and then calcu
late. A cold, wet, and of course a backward spring;
mora cotton planted in May and Jane than was ever
known grass equally as bad as in 1849, and more
corn bought than was ever before since the settling
ot the country therefore poor teams and bad cultiva
tion then, no rain for the past six or seven weeks.
What can cotton make, planted, say the istpt May
with this drooo-ht only. four months to make end
grow int I assure you there are thousands of acres'
of Upland that a frost this nisrht would cut short.
The bo!'. now opening are not half theU usual size.
in anotheT part of bis letter, which is dated vm
instant he says :
I raav be m error. If I ant mistaken, I believe
nine hundred and ninety-nine oit of every thousand
of the planters are mistaken." . -
He thinks planters should hold np, and not sell
under 15 cents, which price, be thinks is demanded
"7 me present .apply and demand. ,
New York Abolition Merchants. The Day
Book is doing the South' an essential service by pub
lishing the names of those wholesale Merchants in
New York, whose traffio is 'chiefly with the South,
w i the 0,, acquired in advancing
aboiuHw doctrines in that city. The following firms
are lho moUeed :
Messrs. JWea fc M'Namee, Wholesale Jobbers.
. ; , Warren, a do '
. ias& Allen, do - ;
5JP,Jr. . del "
uat ififc-Daniel. do
The Day - Book .that the first named "have
become wealthv bv trading c .. , i
employ largeal number of clerks, and boast of
"""V TTr yww." i "uswiess done in the city
who ham bet It one of tba most magnificent stores,
two coantryjatsJ from the profits of lava la
borare both' thorough gem abolitionists support
abolition ministers, and have established an abolition
. Let Southern merchanUaBark tKee men and avpid
them as th.y wotald aha pestilence. Tha Southern
peopIeshoold.jiaC.be taxed to support their worst
enemies in concerting mischief and desolation.
' 7 . T , THE COTTON CROP,.5:
Wa copy fteni oof exchanges the following items io
relation to the Cotton crop jn Tennessee Alabama,
and South Carolina : - 'JX.: '
. Alabama. We learn from the North Alabamianof
tne ntb inst. published at Tuscumbia, that the drouth
in thatquarter has been as protracted and severe as in
the Southern part-of our State. "The cotton crop, from
the best information it can gather, will rail short of
an average at least one-t hird in the Tennessee Valley
some say one half. .The late continued dryweather
has affected cotton -injuriously in some portions of the
Valley, by preventing the ton balls from maturing.
The same weather, however, has enabled the planters
io gainer tne staple in fine order. ' There- has been
several slight frosts during the past ten :days; r
A letter to the Mobile Tribune, dajed Conecub,
Oct. 15, says i The cotton is now nearly alt made and
opening rapidly. It win be an early harvest, and
planters about here begin 'o calculate with an assu
rance of -certainty, the number of bales they will
make this season, and ot one of ten expects more
than two-thirds of an average crop, while we are sat
isfied from personal observation that the yield id this
section will not suffer in comparison with other parts
of the State. Thus it proves almost to a mathemati
cal demonstration that the crop in Alabama will be
44 short." The weather is such as to preclude the
possibility of anything now maturing. Corn may be
in proportion to cotton both in product and price.
Tennessee. The Memphis Eagle of the 8th inst.
says : We have seen several gentlemen from the
country, .who inform ns that the frosts were severe
and have done all the injury that frosts couH do to
the cotton destroying the small bolls, and injuring
more or less those not matured. The backward cot
ton in bottom lands, still vigorously growing, is of
course greatly injured. Had the frosts kept off two
or three weeks longer, at least ten per centum more
would have been made. We doubt now if but little
more than a full half-crop will be realized this season."
Cotton A letter dated Black Oak Grove, Harde
man county, Tennessee, October 8, says : 44 At dif
ferent periods of the present year I gave you the con
dition and prospects of the cotton cron in this section
o,f the country, (being one of-the best sections in this
State for the growing of cotton.) all tending to show
tne crop would be short, though when I commenced
picking I found, with a favorable fall, I should make
more cotton per acre than I had anticipated during the
working and growing season. Since I commenced
picking I found wherever the rust made its appear
ance, (which was pretty general,) the cotton had ta
ken the second growth, producing an over ratio of
sap, and causing the bolls to tall from the diseased
etalk.and shielding others from the sight; butafterall
ofthi8,and since the,plantersin this section of the coun
try have consoled themselves underthe insuperable
misfortunes that have befallen them during the pres
ent year in regard to their crop, on the morning of the
6th of this month there was a cold, heavy, killing
frost, which will insure one-third shorter crops than
if it bad stayed off four weeks. longer."
The En or the Season. A gentleman brought
os yesterday a stalk of &ea Island Cotton plucked
about eight miles from the City on the other side of
the Ashley. It was completely withered from frost.
This, then, settles the question of the season. The
cotton plant is Tailed, and whatever hopes depended
on a late frost are killed with it. In a large part of
this State, and perhaps of the whole cotton region, it
will do no harm. The most had been already made
of the crop, and the plant had nothing left which
even a month of fine weather could have brought to
profit. But this was not everywhere the case. But
the frosts puts all on a level. Wc may now begin
our estimates of the crop on definite and reliable ev
idence. The case is made up..
Fugitive Slave Law among- the old Pgritans.
A writer in the Boston Courier cites the following :
44 It may interest the readers of these papers, as ajJ
piece of curious antiquarian history, to know the orjjj
igin of the practice of restoring fugitives from seffl
vice. In the articles of confederation between the
United Colonies of New Enffland namely, Massa
chusetts, New Plymouth, Connecticut, New Haven,
&c. made in 1643 ; and made as the preamble declares,
by those who 4 all come into these parts of America
with one and the same end and aim, namely, io ad
vance the kingdom of our Lord Jescs Christ, and
to enjoy the liberties of the gospel in purity with
peace 1 there is the following provision : ' It is also
agreed that if any servant ran away from his master
into any confederate jurisdiction, in such case, upon
certificate from one magistrate in the jurisdiction out
of which the. servant fled, or upon other due proof,
the said servant shall be either delivered to his mas
ter, or any other that pursues and brings such certifi
cate or proof.
44 Thus it appears that the rendition of fugitives
from service in this country commenced more than
two hundred years ago, and, what is remarkable, the
mode - of proof prescribed by. the agreement of the
Colonies is precisely analogous to one of the modes
provided by the act of 1850; the only difference be
tween them is the more elevated character of the tri
bunal 4 in the jurisdiction out of which the said ser
vant fled,1 before which the proof is now to be made,
and the greater caution in the proceedings. I pre
sume that the subjects of this compact between the
Colonies were rather white servants and apprentices
than negro slaves, which in 1643 were probably very
few in number. It was very common in those early
times, more than at present, for master mechanics to
take indentored.apprentices, who, if they absconded,
were ani now 'are) liable to be arrested and returned
to their masters, as persons held to labor or service
ia the State whence they fled'
The same rule now prevails in regard to white fu
gitives as was adopted by the early Puritans of New
England in relation to runaways, and is applied by
the law of 1850 (as it has been by the law of 1793)
to fugitive slaves. A man charged with crime, and
fleeing to another State, is surrendered up on the sim
ple certificate of an authorized magistrate, without
trial or inquiry into the reality of Jiis guilt, or any
appeal to the writ of habeas corpus. His guilt is left
to be ascertained in the State from which the fugitive
fled. But the Northern fanatics contend for a rule
for runaway blacks different from that to which white
runaways are subjected, and are ready to tear the sa
cred Union asunder to effect their weak and wicked
purpose. National Intelligencer.
Mr.- Fillmore's Neighbors. At a Whig ratifica
tion meeting held in Erie county the city of Buffalo,
where Mr. Fillmore resides the following resolutions
were adopted :
Resolved, That in the opinion of this' meeting, it is
doe to the law-abiding freemen of the North that the
'Fugitive Slave Law' should be immediately repealed.
Resolved, That we recognise in the action of the re
cent Convention at Utica, and especially in the ap
pointment by it of a pennanent State Central Com
mittee, unraistakableevidence of a design to disorgan
ize and dismember that party and that w will resist
all such attempts from whatever source, and under what
ever pretext, "to the bitter end."
This one was received with applause, and unani
mously adopted. When it is remembered that Mr.
Fillmore ia the head of one wing of the Whig partv
in New York and Mr. Seward head of the other, it
speaks volumes. .
Resolved, That the thanks of the Whig party of Erie
county are justly due, and are hereby tendered to the
Hon. Wm. H. Seward, for the signal ability and elo
quence with which he has on all occasians maintained
the principles of Freedom in the Senate of the Uni
ted States, and for the noble manner in which he has
redeemed the pledges given by the Whigs of New
York to the country. '
Arrival ofParodi. Signorina Teresa Parodi, the
new prima donna, said to have been a protege of
Bastafhas arrived at New York in the Pacific, and
is to appear in the Astor Place Opera House next
woolu She is accompanied by her brother and a lady
friend. : It is stated that on nnomg mat sne na.
post office Information, .
j X single letter means any 2" weighing over"! ounce
avoid rupoi, cr leas.' r-A -letter weighing over ; lot
and less than 2 is recanted as 4 Tetters.
Newspaper, means a paper of 1900 square inches
or less. :, : .
- No P. M. can frank a letter weighing over i punce,
except on onjciai Business.'' -
Postage on letters ' from any o&tce in the U. S. to
and from -California, oi; our Territories on the Pacific,
40 cents prepaid or not. ( Newspapers and pamphlets
3 cents each, sea postage, and the inland Postage to
be added, if any. ";'. 1 -', ; "
VP. M'., whose com. We're $208 or Teas for the
year ending June 30, 1850, can send and receive Writ-,
ten letters free, not weighing over $ cz. each on their
own private nusiness. . i hey can t rank to Uaiitoroia,
or any other place in the U. S. possessions, but not
beyond. . ' '' '
Postage, on letters to China, &c., may be 75 cents
or 45 cents. ' . , .,,,;-,
Postage on regular, or transient papers 1 or lcts,
and 50 per cent, commission on tbem.
Total postage on papers to Great Britain 4 eeijts,
2 cents to be paid in each country;, to any place
through Great Britain 4 cents, prepaid. . - . . .
The postage on letters, to or from Great Britain is
24 cts., the single rate. . ,
The franking privilege 'travels with its possessor.
A Post-master can frank, through any office he may
pass in travelling, but he cannot send franked letters
from his own office at the same time. . r
Postmasters whose annual compensation is not
over $200, may frank- names of subscribers and mon
ey to newspapers. ; - "
Postmasters are entitled by law to the following,
commissions on the amount of letter postages received
by them ineaeh quarter of the year, and in due propor
tion of any fractional part of a quarter; but no Post--master
can receive a larger compensation from com
missions than $500 per quarter t:
40 per cent, on the first $160;
33J 44 next' 300 ; -
30 44 44 44 2,000;,
12 44 on all over 2,400 ; '
A commission of 50 per cen is alfbwed on pos
tage of Newspapers, and Magazines ; also two cents
is allowed for the delivery of each free letter, (ex
cepting free packets ot printed matter, sucn as
speeches, fire., though made up in letter iorm,; to oi
ficers where the commission does not amount to
$500. , ! ,
On letters received for distribution- at such offices
as are designated for that purpose by the Postmaster
General, a commission or 7 per cent, is allowed.
Postmasters whose annual compensation is not over
$200 may frank names of subscribers and money to
At offices where the mail is Tegularly to arrive be
tween the hours of 9 o'clock in the evening and 5
o'clock in the morning, 50 instead of 40 per cent, is
allowed on the first $100 of letter postage.
Table of Postages. . ' .
l-2oz!l ozl2 oi 3 oz
apartments at the Union Place Hotel, a crowd gath
ered aroand the front, and the. lady was obliged to
appear at the window seven or eight tunes to ack
nowledge the shoots of welcome. She described
as tall, finely-formed, with blue eyes and black hair.
Those who wight to know predict a great inomph
for Parodi in this country. Phda. Bulletin,
' Tumok. "The Jacksonville Ujen.reportt
the vote of twenty-one counties', in which Mr. Cabell s
majority, is 413 in 1848 the same gave him 354 maj
jority seven counties yet to be heard from. His re
election is considered certain. , . ;
Parties will probably stand in the legislature sen
ate, 10 democrats, 9 -whig.; bouse 21 democrats, 19
whiirs.' If Dade elects a democrat, they will have a
majority of 4 in the bouse if not parties will be tied.
5 10'. 20 30
10 20 40 60
2 2 2 2
24 48i 96: 144
Letters not over 300 miles,
Letters over 300 miles, '
Letters by British mails.
Newspapers not over 100 miles,
or within the State, for each
sheet or supplement,
Do. over 100 miles and out of
To be prepaid if not sent from
the office of publication. ' j
Pamphlets, Magazines, Periodi
cals and all other printed mat
ter, except as before and un
dermentioned for each not -over
I oz. 2 oz. 3 oz. 4 oz.
2J- 3 44 51
A fraction of J oz. over not to
Circulars and handbills not over
single cap size and unsealed
t (to be prepaid,) 3 cents.
The Cunard line of steamers is under contract pay
with Great Britain, for carrying mails, and all the
postage except 5 cents on letters carried from the
United States by that line, is received by Great Bri
tain ; but the Collins' line is under contract with the
United States, and all, the postage except 3 cents on
letters carried out by this line, is received by the
United States. .
INFORMATION TO POSTMASTERS.
Every Postmaster whose office yields to the Gov
ernment, over $25 per quarter, is entitled to post
office balances for weighing letters.
Where a postmaster who is entitled to the frank
ing privilege, receives letters mailed at other offices
and charged with postage, he is to enter the said let
ters as usual, and mark the amount of postage as
"overchage" in the fourth column of "mails re
ceived." When a postmaster is entitled to par for night
service, he should always send a certificate of the fact, I
without which it cannot be allowed.
When postmasters have not the latest tabular lists
of post offices, and the latest printed regulations,
they should apply, for them. They cannot perform
their duty understanding without them.
Post bills should be sent with all transient news
papers, handbills and circulars.
It is not lawful for mail carriers to carry letters out
of the mail, whether sealed or unsealed.
United Stales Postal Guide.
Carolina Female College. The first session of
this institution will commence on Monday, the 6th
day of January next. The following are the names
of the faculty : '
Rev. A. B. Smith, President, and Professor of
Mental and Moral Science.
Charles H. Judson, A. M., Professor of Ancient
and Modern Languages.
Wm. K. Blake, A. M., Professor of Mathematics
and Natural Sciences.
Miss Warren, Female Assistant and Teacher of
the French Language.
Karle W. Petersilia, Professor of Music.
Col. George D. Boggan, Steward.
From our own'knowledge of -some of the officers,
and from the reputation that all ot them bear, we have
no hesitation in recommending the Carolina Female
College to all parents as a proper place at which to
give the daughters of our land the right kind of an
education to enable them to fi-ll any station in life in
which'it may please God to place them.
The location of the College, both as it regards health
and beauty, will bear a favorable comparison, with
any institution of the kind in the country. It is situ
ated on thetage road leading from Cheraw to Salis
bury, ten miles above Wadesborqugh, near Tyson's
Mineral Spring a place of resort for several years by
persons in quest of health, the place, naturally
beautiful, is being made more so by the erection of
several fine residences. More buildings are about to
be erected ; so that there can be no doubt but the
neighborhood of the College will soon become one of
the most desirable places in the range of our knowl
edge, as well on account of health, as' for facilities for
education, and for refined and elegant society.
Spain and Cuba. The International, of Madrid,
gives a statement of the Spanish naval force which
is intended to occupy the Havana station for the pro
tection of Cuba. It is composed of the Soberano,
seventy-four; the frigates Esperanza and Pcrla, of
forty-two guns; and the Cortez, ot thirty-two guns ;
the sloop-of-war Colon, of sixteen guns; the brigan
tines Habanero, Patriots, Petayo, Nervion, and Vill
aricensis, counting .together seventy-six guns; the
schooners Habanera, Isabel II, and Juanitta, number
ing fourteen guns ; .five luggers, carrying one carro
nade each ; and five steamers, two of six guns and 350
barse power, two of five guns and 160 horse power,
and one of two guns and 100 horse, power compo
sing a total of twenty-three vessels and 326 guns.
In addition to these there is a strong addition to the
land forces already collected at Cadiz, and ready to
w'1- . "' - ; --
The Crops. Accounts from Georgia, Alabama,
Mississippi, Louisiana and Texas, vary somewhat in
their estimate of the deficiency of the Cotton crop.
In Eastern Alabama and Western Georgia, it will
fallMiort of an average, both as to Cotton and Corn,
whilst (hat portion of Mississippi shipping to.lo
bile wilt, rt is is said, nuke more than last year. .In
other portions of Mississippi only from a half to two
thirds of a crop will be made. In Louisiana and
Texas .the long continued draught is mateually affect
ing the yield of Cotton in certain portions oi both
States, to the extent, it is stated, of one half.
Telegraphed tor the Standard.
'.... ..i -
- - Wassito Citf, Nov. 1st, 1850, )
,? , v - V s . Nine O'clock. A. M. s"
President Fillmore4 will probably isue bis Pro!
clamation for the enforcement of theFugitfve Slave
Law inrBoston, and place tjnifisd States' troops at
tne disposal or the autbenues. . ,. . . .
; The Governor of Pennsylvania has appointed the
12th of December as. Tbsnksgiving Day in that
Stale; and the Governor of Maryland has appointed
the 28 tb of yNbvembei for that State.. : ,
New Yoek, October 3 1st 1850.
;' A great Union Meeting was held last night in this
City, and was "largely attended. George Wood pre-,
sided, and, a number oT patriotic Speeches were de
livered in favor of the Union and in opposition to
anti-Slavery agitation, and fanatiefsrrj. . A letter was
read from Daniei W ebster, strongly in favor of the
Constitutions . .' , ' - . .'
. New York Markets. Grain unchanged ; flour
firm ; and tobacco, both leaf and manufactured, tend
ing upwards, . ... ,r
Correspondence of the Baltimore Sun.
- - WAsatxcTON, Oct. 29, 1830.
Important from Boston Determination of the Marshal,
lite Law of '93 in Boston The duty of the North
Course of the South, &e i ' ' ' "V
Private advices from Boston render it probable that
a fugitive slave riot will come off to-morrow, or some
day this week, and that the law will be enforced zt
all hazards, without -any interference on .tlie part of
the federal executive. The marshal will summon a
poue under the act and the act will be enforced. ' We
shall 'see whether the Bostonians wilt countenance
resistance to the law, and a practical nullification 'of
the law. - Their action will give tone to public sen
timent in all the Northern States on this subject.: It
is with them to decide the question whether the law
can be enforced or not.- Mr. Widthrop, Mr. Horace
Mann, and Mr: Qnincy, and Mr. J. G. Whittier as
sert' that it cannot be executed. . j. ,;
Mr. Qnincy, true to his pecnliar principles, advis
es resistance. " With a. view to encourage it, he as
serts that no fugitive has ever been delivered up, in
Massachusetts, under the act of 1793. - He is mis
taken as to the fact. I could refer to a very promi
nent case, occurring in the year 1819. Some slaves
eloped from King George county, Virginia, and were
conveyed in a vessel from Fredericksburg to Boston.
They were arrested under that act, in the town of
Dedham, near Boston. The agent and counsel for
the claimants was the Hon. Samuel L. Southard, a
Judge of New Jersey, -and afterwards Senator and
six years a member of the Cabinet under the admin
istrations of Moproe and J. Q. Adams. The slaves
were delivered up as fugitives from labor and service,
and without any mob; riot, or resistance.
There were no objections to the law. in Massachu
setts till after the year 1833. After that time theje
were decision that slaves brought by their owners
into the State and remaining there, were not fugitives.
But there was never a case of a refusal to deliver up
a fugitive, or of forcible resistance to the act of 1793.
The first case of a refusal to deliver up a fugitive
was in New York, and by Gov. Seward. A slavefrom
Virginia was claimed .as a fugitive from justice and
from labor, and Gov.. Seward, upon some- technical
p oint, refused to surrender him, at, the demand of
Gov. Gilmer, of Virginia.
Congress however attempted, by another and more
efficacious law, to give effect to the constitutional
provision. If the new law cannot be executed, it
will remain for the Southern States to decide what,
measures of resentment, retaliation, or redress they
shall adopt. Many men in the Southern States. have
considered this question, and decided that they will
not, on that account alone, consider a dissolution of
the Union as necessary. They will, nevertheless,
consider the conduct of Northern people as ifnjust,
faithless, and unprincipled.
It is to be apprehended, however, that in some re
spects there will be a majority in favor of retaliatory
measures measures already contemplated and even,
in some cases, already resorted to. It will be re
membered that the revolution was ushered in by re
taiiatory legislation, by non-interconree, and non
consumption laws iu Massachusetts, in Vi-ginia,
and other States. Ion.
WORTH CABOIDTA . .. , ,
Mutual Life. Insurance Company
"; . HA X.RIGH, ar. ' c. -
THIS Company ii now taking in reran ce on the fire
of healthy persons and Slaves, at their established
rates 6f premium. This being the onhr Life Insurance
Company ia the State, and working under a charter suit
ed to the condition and. circumstances ef 'ail, the i)i rec
tors feel no hesitation in saying that it affords greater
inducements tai the insurance ef lives than any other
Company in Jbe country. t. ;
The 5th Sec. of tfts Charter provides" That the busbsnd
may insure his own life, lot the sole nse end benefit of
his wife, or children, free from the claims of the repre
sentatives or the husband t( any of bis creditors."
' It is conducted on the mutual plan, each person in
sured becoming a member thereof, and not liable beyond
me amount ot nu? premium' v; . ... .n
- Policies for $100 to $5000 will be issued on the Me
of a white person; and en, Slaves for two-thirds tbeir
market value, for a term of frtfm one to five years, as
the owner may desire. :. , , . , v .
AH losses of the Company are paid within 99 days af
ter proof of loss is furnished. No California risks taken.
. The business of the Company is conducted under the
immediate supervision of
Dr. Chas. E. Johnson, President, '
Wm. p. Haywood, Vice President,
- James F, Jordan, Secretary, '
Wm. H. Jones, Treasurer, -,'
Pen-ill Rnithp Atliun..
Dr. Wjn. H.McKee, Examining Physician.
J. fiersman, General Agent. a
AW Communications on business should be addressed,
post paid, to '
JAMES P. JORDAN,
Nov. 1. 1850. i
New Orleans, Oct. 27.
The sales of Cotton on Saturday amounted to 2000
bales, at steady prices : Good Middling, 13. The
sales of the week are, 23,000 bales.
Hon. J. H. Harminson, member of Congress, died
on Friday, after a lingering illness.
John McDonough died of cholera on Saturday. He
was a native of Baltimore, and noted for his miserly
habits. His estate is estimated to be worth over ten
millions of dollars, which the Picayune says has been
left for the benefit of the poor of . Baltimore and New
Philadelphia, October 29. ..
- Jenny Lind will give several concerts here about
the 20th of next month, and then proceed to Balti
more and Washington. Possibly she may go to
Richmond, Charleston. Havana, New Orleans, St.
Louis, Cincinnati, and will probably sail for London
to attend the World's Fair.
New Orleans, Oct. 26.
Important from Texas. The vote in Texas on
the Boundary question gives a heavy, majority in fa
vor of accepting the proposition. .
The Rail Road Bridge across Quankey js comple
ted. The Cars crossed it on Saturday night last. This
Bridge was built in two months. It is a stronger
and much better Bridge than the old one. The Track
across it is laid with T Iron. The whole Track trom
Wilmington to Weldon is now being laid with T Iron.
ThS Tobacco Business. There are in operation
at the present time in Richmond, fortv-th'ree Tobacco
Factories, in which are employed over 2,300 hands,
and which produce in manufactured tobacco fourteen
millions five hundred thousand pounds annually.. .
The Southern Shoe Trade. The value of shoes
annually sent South from New York is: estimated at
5,000,000. Boston and Philadelphia send, perhaps,
as many more. The trade was never more flourish
ing than during the present season.'
Elective Judiciakv. The people of Pennsylva
nia hare given a majority of 73,340 in favor of an
elective' judiciary, and the constitution is to be amen
The " Notorious " Flying Machine is to make an
ascent opposite New York to-day, with CapL, Taggart
on board. The announcement creates some sensation
ampng the sight-seers.- Bait. Sun 30A ulL
Gov. Manly has ordered an election to be held in
the Countv of Johnston, on Tuesdav, the 12th day
of November next, to supply the vacancy in the House-4
of Commons, occasioned by the recent death of Jas.
Tomlinson, Esq the member elect. Register.
Monster Cigar. A Cigar manufacturer in Bristol
(R. I.) is exhibiting a cigar five feet long, twenty
' five inches in circumference, and weighing thirty-five
pounds. ..... .
MCTCAL INSURANCE COMPANY.
UALEIGH, K. C- H.
W ITT, ... tn- .
r ixixj iouowing persons nave fiee.n eiecica xjitccict
1 and Officers of this Company for the present year
Dr. Josiah O. Watson, Jos. G. B. Roufhae, Richard
Smith, John Primrose, Henry D. Turner, S. W. W hit-inz.i-T.
H. Selbv. of Raleigh ; fieo. McNeilt" FaVette-
ville, Joshua G. Wright, Wilmington, Jas. EBoyt,
Washington, James Sloan, Grcensborough, Wm. Bad
ham, Edenton, Joshua Boner, Salem, Joseph Pool, -Elizabeth
City, Michael Brown, Salisbury, Alexander
Mitchell, Newbern, W. N. II. Smith, Murfreesborougb,
H. B. Williams, Charlotte, John B. Barrett, Milton, and
A. T. Summy.'Asbeyille.
All Directors are authorized to receive applications.
Josiali'T). Watson 'PrifUTit. . ; ,-
J.G.B. Roulbac, Vice President,
Richard Smith, Treasurer, 3
J. .G. Partridge, Secrefary, ; t
John H. Bryan, Attorney, .
J. Hersman, Generaf Agent.
S. W. Whitin. V
Richard Smith, 5 Executive Committee.
John Primrose, ) '
This Company is now in successful' operation, end V
prepared to effect insurance 'against fire on all kinds of
property, (Steam Mills and. Turpentine Distilleries ex
All communications, in reference to insurance should
be addressed to the Secretary, post paid.
J. C. PARTRIDGE, Sec'y
Raleigh, January 2, 1850. 793
c VALUABLE LAND r
And Desirable Residence fcr Sal.
i i.' a i - n w T A urn . : i on m . r m -
erly the property of Blair Burwell, deceased.) eit
uated on the Raleigh and Gaston Railroad, d half mile
South of Henderson, is offered for sale. ' More than half
the tract is in br igin at growth. The remainder is in s
fine state for cultivation, and is well adapted for the
growing of Grain and Tobacco. On it is a new and com.
modioustwo story Dwelling House, of excellent work
manship, with every out house necessary, for comfort or
convenience. Any person . wishing to combine the ad
vantages of town with the pleasures and retirement of
the country, would do well to buy.' The neighborhood
is remarkable for ts health,- intelligence and refinement.
Farther description is deemed unnecessary, those
wishing to purchase will view (he premises.. Refer to
A.R. & H. BURWELL, Henderaon.N. C.
I. H. DAVIS, Stanton, Granville, N. C.
November 1st. 1850. . 1 2t-
FINE FRUIT TREES. .
THE Proprietors of the Pomological Garden and
Nurseries, Cane Creek, Chatham County, N. C ,
have' now ready for Transplanting, 20,000 fruit trees of
large size and thrifty growth, of the finest kind of fruits
known for alL seasons, from the earliest to the latest rip
ening kinds; consisting of . ' .
APPLES, PEACHES, PEARS, PLUMS
Nectarines, Apricots, Grapes, Figs, ite.
Orders should be sent to us early, that we may make Onr
arrangements so deliver in good 'time. One of us will
be at Raleigh, in the, early part, and, at the end of the
Session, with a splendid collection of onr trees.
J. & T. LINDLEY. :
October 28th, 1850. ' I 3t.
ATTOR.NET AKO COrS8ELLOIl 4P,UW(
Raleigh, "S. C: . L'
SOLDIERS of the War of 1613, and those who have
served in Indian Wars since 1700, their widows or
children can have their claims for Land Bounty under
the act of Congress-passed September 28th, 1650, at
tended to on moderate terms by apppfying to V '
' WILLIAM J. CLARKE,
Attorney at Law.
Raleigh, Oct. 16, 1850 837
. T .
Commissioner off Tennessee.
-VTATHANIE,L J. PALMER, of Milton, hasoeen
JL appointed by Governor Trousdale,' of Tennessee,
Commissioner of the State of North Carolina to take
the Probate of Deeds, Powers of Attorney,, and other
instruments to be recorded in that Statcf Also to take
Deposition's,' Affidavits, &c, to be used in the Courts pf
Tennessee. ! m
October 2Sth, 1850. - . 833
"VfOTICE is hereby given that application, will be
J 1 made to the ensuinif General Assembly of North
Carolina, to alter and . amend the act incorporating the
town of Clinton, in Sampson County.
September 25, 1850. - 834 M-
ReceJred by UxpreM this Day
A LOT OF FINE FRENCH MERINOES, Assort
ed Colors.' . .- ; : ;. , ;
Also, a lot of Jenny Lind Trimmings.
.; EVANS WILLIAMS.
October 23. .' . - . . rJCJJjC-
Petersburg, October 29. Tobacco selling at the
following pricos: Ordinary lugs $8 50 to $10 50, good
and fine lugs $10 SO to 912, common leaf $18 to $14,
fine leaf for shipping $15 to $16 50, fine manufacturing
leaf 915 to The market active, and some parcels
held at higher prices. Cotton selling at 12to 12j cents,
- with a good supply, and quality better than last year.
Wheat 95 to I 08 cents; corn 60cents; bacon, hog found,
71 to 7 cent ; lard 9 to 9J cents; flour $5 to f7 50. .
' W-ruTt-iHOTO-r, October 30. ' About 300 barrels of
Turpentine sold at $2 10 per: barrel, for yellow dip.
Nothing doing in Spirite Turpentine; last sales at 26
cents per gallon. ' The river low, and but little produce
of any kind arriving. " '.
Ca ablest-OS, October 29. Holders of Cotton yester
day became free sellers at prices refused on Saturday,
and the market, in consequence, was decidedly in favor
of buyers. The sales amounted to 1960 bales, at prices
ranging from 12 j to 13 cents.. " ;
Nsw Yobk, October 29." Holder have put Cotton
up, but buyers do not meet tbem. - Tobacco firm, at full
prices; com si from 71 to 72 cents per bushel; flour $4
60 to f5 ; whiskey 27 to 2Tf cents.
" ---: , . . . ' ! " :
"YX7"E are authorized and requested to announce Mai.
WA. W. MOODY, ot Richmond County, as a
candidate for the office of Principal Dopr Keeper to the
House of Commons, at the.approaching Session.
October 30,- 1850. - 839 pd.
TTTE are reaoeatod to snnonnrw Mr.JAME Paf!S
.j of Randolph County, as a Candidate for tbe,o&
rice, of Principal Dooaiteeper to the. Senate of the ne4
" October 28, 1850. .. . 833 paV-
WE are requested to announce Mr.. ALBERT W.
MOORE, Democrat, of Northampton, ass Can.
didate for Assistant Doorkeeper to the next House of 1
tomtsans. ." ' - ".' .
: Oct. 21, 1850. .-- 4 J98 4s. -
E are requested to announce Mr. A.?. BETT8,
of , Wake (County, sa a candidate for Assistant
Doorkeeper to the Senate of the next Legislature.
- Oct. 14, 1850., 837 ts.
Register will please copy and charge Ar N. . .
E are requested 'to annonnca Mr. JOSEPH T
WARD, of Franklin Countv. as a Candidate Co
Assistant Doorkeeper to the'next House of Common o
Octobers, 1830." . ... " 634 trpd.
TJTJE are requested o announce Mr. E. N. TETEE
I f 803, of Northampton County,- as a CandidsW
for Engrossing Clerk to the ensuing Legklatureof NorUk
CaroUnsus-v w ivs-jr-THiM-M ?!-.
.October 2,. 1.850.
MYERS' CELEBRATED CHEWING TOBAC
CO. Imported Cigars different Brians. - - ---
Just Received by ; -; '
Cat- S, 1650.- -?--.. 'w-ji' .- .- 3