Newspaper Page Text
CAN THE LAW BE ENFORCED!
The New York Evening Post, one of the organs
of ihe Freesoilers and bitterly opposed to the Fuji,
tive Slave Law, holds the following language on the
subject of executing that" law by theid of the mili
tary force of the General Government. The Post,
it will be seen, laughs at the military power of the
country in such a case, and takes ihe ground boldly
that the Fugitive Slave Law is too strongly opposed
by Northern public sentiment, ever to be enforced.
The extract is Interesting, as showing th6 calcula
tions of our enemies in connection with this law, and
their determination to evade it by all means, whether
foul or fair. The Post says :
, in one or two journals we perceive the remark, in
nocently made, that the fugitive slave law is now cer
tain to be obeyed, because the President, according'
to a telegraph report from Washington, has expressed
a determination to support me united states Marshals
by the military force ot the united States, in case
thev meet with forcible resistance in executing the
No doubt the part of the President is, whenever
the execution of any law of the land is withstood by
violence, and it can be enforced bv no other method.
to call out the troops of the United States, fcvery
body understands that, and takes it for granted, that
when circumstances shnll occur, which plainly cast
this duty on the President, ho will perform it. It
will occur, however, to any man who reflects on the
subject, that a case can hardly arise under the fugi
tive slave law, in which the military could effectually
insippSoese a slave is harbored, fed, concealed, assis
ted to get out of the reach of his pursuer, Him is
not a case for the interference of a platoon of ld.ers.
Suppose the Marshal commands a posse to assist him
in capturing runaway, and the people refuse to
turn out, and the slave slips beyond his reach, lhere
is no cause here for ordering out the troops. - Suppose
the slaveU actually rescued from the persons attempt
ing to seize him, as one was the other day rescued
by" the butchers in Williamsburg, and suppose that
in ten minutes he is placed beyond the reach of pur
suitit would be an idte affair to bring over a compa
ny of men in uniform on this account from Governor s
Island. Suppose there is a riot in Northampton, in
Massachusetts, to liberate aslavewhotn the Marsha
had put in handcufTs, and the negro set free. The next
day, a man in epaulettes, accompanied by a score or
two others with muskets on their shoulders, comes
up from the neizhborhood of Boston to help to exe
cute the laws. He comes twenty-four.hours too late.
These examples show how little can be done by
the militay when a law is enacted in direct opposition
to the public opiuion of the country where it is to be
' . 1 1 . I J ..... U n rv. 1 1 I tl ri7
put in execution, a uireai 10 uruer u ? u.....j
l.r o,i.h .i run instances, should not. we think, have
i.--.. ihrnwn nnt. since it will onlv reflect how little
power the Government has to coerce the people into
a practical co-operation with the civil authorities, witn
the law is but a shadow and a mockery.
We do not look, therefore, to see the military ever
called out to aid in the execution oi me iugiuve siave
l ,ir. ami vet we exnect to see the difficulty of its ex
ecution so jjreat that few will ever be sent back under
it. We do not counsel, we have never counselled re-
the law: we have on the contrary advised
against it, but we cannot shut our eyes to the fact,
that a law so detested has no chance of being obeyed.
The trenerat abhorrence of the law is not likely to be
mitirrated bva threat to shoot men down who are aid
ing in Ihe escape of a fugitive. To ns it appears
verv likelv that the principal effect of such a measure
will be to make the proceedings of those Who may
attempt a rescue, larmure suiuuiair huuciiicuuivuj
McBRlDE AND CROOKS.
Will the Greensborough Patriot tell the public
what was done with the indictment in the case of
Crooks and McBride, at the recent Term of Guilford
Superior Court ! Was not a bill sent in to the Grand
Jury against these men T And was it not in evidence
that one of these men, or both, had circulated an in
cendiary document! And did not the Judge express
ly inform the Jury that the document was incendiary,
and that if circulated by either of these men,', they
were bound to find " a true bill " 1 And did not Ihe
Jury, in the face if these facta disagree, and refuse to
return a true bill"?
A citizen of Georgia went to Boston, a week or
two since, to reclaim a fugitive slave under the law
enacted by the last Congress. He was arrested three
times, on frivolous and ridiculous charges, and was
held to bail, each time, in $10,000, to appear and an
swer before the Courts of Massachusetts; and he
escaped only by flight a fourth arrpst, based upon the
-criminal charge of an attempt to kidnap his own slave.
So much for Boston. Now let us look nearer home.
A canting scoundrel a man professing to be a fol
lower of the Prince of Peace a Preacher of the Gos
pel, is indicted in our Courts for circulating incendi
ary documents among slaves. It is proved that he
had endeavored to "excite insurrection" among them;
and he is convicted as an incendiary, under the statute,
by a Jury of twelve men. The Judge orders him to
the pillory, to be whipped, and imprisoned; but the
prisoner appeals to the Supreme Court for a second
hearing. The appeal was granted properly granted,
as we suppose; but in the meantime the incendiary
was permitted to go at large, under a bond of only one
thousand dollars conditioned for his appearance and an
additional thousand dollars, we believe, as a forfeiture
on his part in case he repeated his offence ! Of course
this man (McBride) has no idea of abiding the result
of his appeal. He will not repeat his offence, in such
a manner as to be detected in it, and so he will not
forfeit any thing on that account; and as to his thou
sand dollar bond for his appearance to take the pillo
ry, the lash, and the imprisonment, that can be easily
discharged by his Abolition employers North, or by
his friends in Guilford. Why was he not imprison
ed 1 Or, if not imprisoned, why was not the bond
ten thousand dollars instead of one? '
We assure the Patriot that the questions contained
in the first paragraph of this article, are put in good
faiih and in a respectful spirit. We have no wish,
in this connection, to create undue excitement or to
make parly capital. We merely ask for information.
When the Southern ultraists talked of disunion, of
guns, trumpets, and blunderbusses. Northern journal
ists laughed and rappud out stale jests about Quat
tlebums." " Southern Chivalry," and all that. ' 1
Who taught these Northern journalists to talk of
" Quattlebumry " and Southern Chivalry "t Who
but Southern Whig journalists We beiieve the Re
publican itself has not been backward in the use of
these " flash " terms.
Weare now reaping the fruits of division and dis
cord among ourselves ; but there is time left yet to
rally our forces and unite upon one common platform.
What says the Republican t Is Mr.' Fillmore in ihe
way 1 ' ' .' ". x '.
The President seemed very ready to send a detach
ment of the U. S. army to Texas to settle the boun
dary question bv force and rm ' We hear rmthincr.
however, of any such means have been proposed to
"uiurcemeiugiiive slave law in the Northern States.
The boundary question between Texas and the Uni
ted States was one, to say the least, of doubt. It
was open for adjustment, but the right of a slavehol
iifr r? l?cov.er hi9 ft g'tive slave, from any State in
K u o" ' 00 1nest'on f doubt, being guaranteed
oy the Constitution, and provided for by express law.
will not they who elected Mr. Fillmore, now have
we candor to admit that they exceedingly regret they
w not put a Southern man in the place he occupies 1
Tobacco. The editor of the Wilming
lmer,clal says that he has seen a part of an
PJw2,al ?rop oftbacoo raised in North Caroli
3il?JK..PMl,h 8eed. whose quality warjahtB the
wi nr 0r 8nd hill under proper cultivation,
will produce as fine tobaeco as any in the world, i
?V - J BOSTON N DLLIFTC ATION.
The Southern public mind is sufficiently excited
already by the lata outrages ia Boston, and we have
no wish to add to the excitement; out u our uuiy.
as. nnhlic Journalist, to lav facts before par readers
i fi.o.n inenrmaA oa to passing- eventa,, We
therefore copy from the New York Tribune the fol
lowing letter, showing the manner, irom arm vo iasi,
in which Messrs. Knieht and Hughes, of Georgia,
.r trMtd in Boston. The Tribune aays this letter
comes from a respectable source, and may bejeiied
upon as a correct statement : ' '
Correspondence of the New xork Tribune.
L Bos-roir, Thursday, Oct. 31.
The slave hunters. Knight and Hughes, left the
ritv yesterday at 2 o'clock P. M., fully pursuaded,
after a week's trial, that all attempts to arresi William
and Ellen Crafts in the City of Boston, were worse
.han useless. Yet not a blow has been struck, or an
actof violence done ! , - '
As soon as it was know that they were about to
take out a warrant, the Vigilance Committee was
called together, and various sub-committees appoint
ed. Among these was a committee of legal gentle
men, whose duty it was to give Crafts the benefit of
everv leual weapon of offence and defence. This
. sJ.-j r o n cs n -ii o
committee consiaiea oi o. v. oewau, viiaa. ou inner,
It. H. Dana, jr., John C. Park and George Minot.
In addition to these gentlemen, Charles G. Loring,
Esq., one of the most distinguished lawyers in the
State, volunteered his services. After full delibera
tion, this committee notified the commissioners that
if they acted under the law they would be sued, on
the f round of the unconstitutionality of their appoint
ment, and that the same course would he taken with
iWpi Marshal and his deputies, or any other persons
who should act under the direction of the commis
sioners. The ground was taken that the process un
der this law is a civil process, and that the outer door
of a house cannot be broken in for the purpose of serv
ing it, and the Marshal, was 'notified accordingly.
Craft moved his beds and clothing into his shop, and
made it his domicile his castle.
In the meantime Crafts, on his own responsibility,
without advice from any parties, determined on re
sistance. He armed himself fully, and made up his
mind to self his freedom with his life. His shop is
in the midst of the negro population, who are in a
state of intense excitement, armed and . determined
upon resistance. No man could approach within a
hundred yards of Crafts shop without being seen by
hundred eyes, and a signal would call a powerful
)dy at a moment's warning. The Marshal's assist-
ants made reconnoisances and were perfectly satisfied
that if the " outer-door" doctrine prevailed, the pro
cess could not be served at all, and if that doctrine
was not adhered to, the process could only be served
It must be distinctly understood that this forcible
resistance was a matter with which the committees
had noconcern whatever. They confined themselves
to lesral measures solely
As an offset to the Roman simplicity and grandeur
of this poor man, seated calmly at work at his sad
dler's bench jn an upper chamber, the Spartacus of
his race, there was a ludicrous siae oi me picuire.
Knight and Hughes were themselves arrested and
held" to bail in $10,000 each, on a charge of slander.
After some difficulty they found bail. The next day
they were arrested on a charge of conspiracy to kid
nap William Crafts, and again in the afternoon on a
similar charge as to Ellen Cralts.
Two arrests a day was their smallest allowance.
After the last arrest, ihe excited cowd of negroes
followed Knight's carriage, and he took flight through
Court and Leveret streets, over East Cambridge
bridge, running tolls to East Cambridge and thence
to Porter's. The mob overtook and threatened him,
and it was with difficulty that some of them were kept
from violence, but no actual violence was inflicted.
Knight was thoroughly armed. A portion of the
Vigilance Committee waited upon him and Hughes,
and told them that they had no intention to threaten
them, hut that their presence perilled the peace of
the citv as well as their own lives. They promised
to leave the city the next morning; but when the
morning came they were not gone, oeverai com
plaints were made against thetn, and prepared to be
served one for carrvingr concealed weapons; anoth
er for " smoking in the streets," contrary to the City
Ordinance; another under the statute against, pro
fane cursing and swearing," (a plenty of which they
did ;) another for missing tofl over the bridge ; and
still another fox fast drimng through the town of Cam
bridge. Truly the Bostonians are law-abiding peo
ple ! The combination of the tragical and the comi
cal, the serious and the ludicrous, with the harassment
of hand-bills, Arrests, and crowds at their heels
wherever thev went, and tbe certainty that their pro
cess could not be served without bloodshed, overcame
their obstinacy, and they took the express tram for
the South, waited upon hy a large and respectable
Knioht and Hughes are said to be men of a low
description, mere hirelings or speculators, deserving
no better treatment than tbey received. These va
rious arrests, however, were not made by the legal
committee, but were the voluntary suggestion of par
ties, taking the responsibility upon themselves. The
committee were prepared to serve a writ de homine
reptigiando, upon the Marshal, the moment the arrest
should be made, and thus to raise an issue between
the State and National tribunals. They also proposed
to hold Crafts to bail for debt, in order to try the
question whether the certificate of the Commissioner
will override the civil processes of the State, made
for other purposes. As a last resort, Crafts was to be
arrested on a criminal -charge, for violent assaults,
with dangerous weapons, if he used them, and thus
raise the final question of precedence between a crim
inal process of the State and the certificate of the
Commissioner. If no other ciminal charge could be
raised, it was proposed, with his own consent, to ar
rest him for fornication, (which is a criminal offence
in Massacho8eft8,) on account of the invalidity of his
slave marriage. .
These various tecnical obstructions and contrivan
ces were raised,. not against the Constitution, out
aoVmst the odious and unconstitutional statute. Had
th Rtatnta r,n net more than the Constitution re
quires, no legal resistance would have been made,
except on the real issue between the parties. As for
the forcible resistance of t!ie negroes, how can they
distinguish between the Constitution and a statute!
t hey only receive the simpie mta mat, wiuiu "
or' notice, father, mother, husband, wife' or child,
brother or sister, may be snatched trom eacn otner,
and from home, and hurried into captivity in an un
known and hostile land.
There arnrnmors that the President has authorized
the Marshal to employ a portion of the standing ar-
my to enforce his precept and to punisn ouenuero.
We do not believe be has done, or inienus to uo any
such thino-. He knows that the whole standing ar
my of the United States, which took Mexico and
Monterey, can not break down a poor man's outer door
to serve a civil process, or punish " any citizen for
any crime whatever." .
". What Southern man can read the foregoing letter
without the deepest indignation? How mean and
contemptibleWere the tricka which were resorted to,
for the purpose of evading the law and of punishing
these Georgians. " Truly, " in the language of the
Tribune's Correspondent, " the Bostonians are a law-
New' Orleans, November 1.
Latest raost California. . The steamer Alabama
has arrived here from Havana. She brings advices ob
tained there two days later than those heretofore re
ceived from California.
Another destructive fire bad occurred in San Fran
cisco. Before the flames could be subdued about one
hundred bouses were consumed, including a large
amount of goods and property of various kinds. The
loss could not be fairly estimated, but was Supposed
to be about $250,000 to $300,000. The principal
business parf of the city escaped.
The market for most kinds of produce was steady
at previous quotations. Flour and provisions in good
demand., . ;
The money quotations were prosperous at previous
aecoBat. Money in good demand. t
1 Generally, there was no specially new feature from
the accounts previous ' -
The Statea of New York, New Jersey, and Michi
gan voted on Tuesday last for Governor and other
State cni(?ers end Members of Congress ; and on
Tuesday next lassachosetts and Delaware will vote,
which will complete the elections of this Fail. '
THE FUGITIVE SLAVE LAW.
We gave the rumor in our last, that President Fill-
more had ordered troops to Boston for the purpose of
sustaining and enforcing, lbs Fugitive . Slave .Law.
LThis rumor, it appears,' turns out- to be totally un
founded. The Washington Republic of Tuesday
quotes the following from the Baltimore Sun :
Correspondence of the Baltimore Sun." '
-v i .- -. , ? s.,' 44 W ash w Towr Not. 3.
"The President yesterday gave orders, for the im
mediate concentration of the disposable force of the
t United Statea-artillery and infantry in Boston har
t bor. There were some few' troops at Fort Indepen
t dence; and the companies of Fort Preble, Maine,
at Newport, New .York harbor. Fort JVIc Henry, and
Fortress Monroe,- are ordered to that station. 'All
' the troops that can be spared from Florida, and some
of those that had been sent to Texas for the defence
'of the frontier, were also ordered to Boston. The
larger portion of the army is employed in Califor-
nia, Nw Mexico, and Texas, and probably not
more than twelve companies will be concentrated
' at Fort Independence within two days. ...
" This important movement seems to have been
suddenly determined upon, and in consequence of
information received by the Executive from the Uni-
ted States marshal in Boston. To show that it was
hot contemplated 6n Friday, it may be mentioned
' that the troops in Florida were on that day ordered
' to Texas, but, the next day, tbey were ordered to
The Republic, the organ of the President, contra
dicts these statements as follows :
M The above statement has, doubtless, been com
municated to other journals, and comes from a corres
pondent so generally accurate and well-informed as
to demand a formal contradiction.
It is not true that any communication has been
made to the President bv the United States marshal
in dohod, or oy any otner marsnai, in relation to any
actual or apprehended obstruction to the laws; the
cause assigned by the Sun' correspondent for the
alleged orders of Ihe President, It is not true that
the President has issued any orders with regard to
tne concentration of" any force in tSoston harbor.
Or anywhere else, with reference to any such infor
mation or apprehension as is above suggested ; the
President has received no communication from any
marshal, and has no information that lead him to be
lieve that any peculiar disposition of Ihe military force
will be rendered necessary for the execution of the laws.
It is true that there have been some changes made
by tle War Department in the position of the troops,
but not in the directions nor for the purposes allez-
eo. 11 was deemed proper to relieve some of the
,"r.'T. . . ..V u . . ,"r,ua ' c
of which have been ordered North, and some to Tex-
as. Others have been ordered from the North to the
South. Among the changes, one company was or -
JJ . tIj J " n. uAu... u...
:.,. : r. .u ' k.,... k w..
on information from the proper bureau ,that the bar-
racks there were not read, for the reception of troops,
the order was counte rmanded. These changes, havl
ing no reference whatever to the causes assTgned for
them, have given rise to suspicions and minora that
, , .. . , v . .. ,, . -
have assumed the shape of positive allegations in the
, , ' "
K.i -r l ii ' ', . .u j . r
the exigency should arise making it the duty of
the President to resort to the means vested in inn by
u r .-. i .u i . r . j
execution, there is no d
promptly and prudently d
faith, however, in the law
upuiuun o. ui Aiaeriua pupia , ...u nave nu
j: :.: -c . i . . : i. . . i i
son to be .eve that any forcible resistance will be ol-
fered to the execution of the laws."
This, then, is conclusive. The President has not
ordered out, nor does he expect to order out the mili-
tary force to execute the laws. Of course he intends
to see that the Fugitive Slave Law is enforced ; but i
oubt that his duty will be ... ,,?' r .u' . u-.j j .
ischarged. We have entire . .V" , " . ",. "V ol,c,c'J',
-abiding and conservative , ,,; ui;,;
it has not as yet been resisted, or set at naught, but j Extraordimabv Longevity. An old negress, sup
is executing itself, in Boston and elsewhere, in the posed from records in the possession of her late mas-
most satisfactory and gratifying style! There are
two or three hundred fugitive slaves in Boston alone
U f .
ie Marshal has a number of warrants, it is said,
in his pocket for the arrest of these fugitives ; but ; pretty good health. She leaves a husband to mourn
Southern inen who claim them are arrested on the shal- her removal, who is much younger than his departed
lowest pretences, held to bail in large sums, and at ! nt having passed yet much over the respee
, .. - . r.. ' : table period of fnur-score and ten yeas. iv. O. Delia.
last driven from the City by a mob ! j r ;
The Republic the organ of the President says j Ak Albany Gathering. The whig ratification
it has 44 entire faith in the law-abiding and conserva- I meeting at Albany a pjears to have been a regular ab
tive disposition of the American people, " and that it ' 0,ition ffr,the main object of which was to denounce
. . . .. .. . , ... . . i the merchants meeting at Castle Garden and the fu-
has " no reason to believe that any forcible resistance -.: . . n, , ;- ...., ,i
J i gitive slave law. I he televrapic announcement that
will be offered to the execution of the laws." Why had resolved to sustain the fugitive slave law
did not that paper say Boston 44 people " at once ?: was incorrect. The question whether the meeting
That would have given point and meaning 10 the ex
pression ; but we suppose the Editor intended to
include Boston, which amonnts to the same thing.
Wo 9treatv nnilioul tho crroai ffv.rt nf 1,, Ana
Douglas in Chicago, in favor of the Fugitive Slave
Law, and his signal triumph before four thousand
citizens, in compelling the Common Council of that
City to repeal their 44 nullifying Resolutions." This
is one of the brightest events in his public life.
We publish below the Resolutions offered by him on
this occasion, and unanimously adopted :
44 Resolved, That it is the sacred duty of every
friend of the Union to maintain and preserve invio
late every provision of our federal constitution.
Resolved, That any law enacted by Congress", in
pursuance of the constitution, should be respected as
such by all good and law-abiding citizens, and should
be faithfully carried into effect by the officers charg
ed with its execution.
Resolved, That so long as the constitution of the
United States provides that all persons held to service
or labor in one State, escaping into another State,
44 shall be delivered up on the claim of the party to
whom the service or labor may be due," and so long
as members of Congress are required to take an oath
to support the constitution, it is their solemn and re
ligious duty to pass alT laws necessary to carry that
provision of the constitution into effect.
Resolved, That if we desire to preserve the Union
one, under our great republic, inseparable, and per
petual, we must perfom all our obligations under the
constitution, at the same time that we call upon our
brethren in other States to yield implicit obedience
Resolved, That, as the lives, property, and safety
of our families depend upon the observance and pro
tection of the laws, every effort to excite any portion
of our population to make resistance to the due exe
cution of the laws of the land ( should be promptly
and emphatically condemned by every good citizen.
Retained, That we will stand or fall by the Ameri
can Union and its constitution,'1 with all its glorious
memories- of the past and precious hopes of the
The papers from Texas state that, the Boundary
proposition will be accepted by an immense popular
vote. In Galveston the vote stood, 135 to accept, G2
to reject; in Huntsville, Walker county, 44 accepted"
122, 44 rejected"-', 24 ; in Hays county, a majority in
favor ; and in MilaRcounty, but one vote for lejection.
The vote is small, owrnw majnly (as is stated by the
Galveston News, which opposed the measure,) to the
44 universal opinion, that the proposition will be ac
cepted by an overwhelming majority. " -
The Indians are very troublesome on the frontiers
of Texas. Two daughters of Mr. Thomas, living 12
miles from Lamar, were carried oS by a party of
twelve Indians, who also drove away a nnmber. ot
horses. " Gen. Brooks has issued an order for the
mostvfgorous measures to rescue them. . t
Adjournment or the Virginia CoxvaNtioK..Tlie
Virginia Convention has been engaged for some days
upon a proposition to adjourn over its proceedings un
til the lstof January, upon the ground that they could
not prosecute their labors successfully in the adjust
ment of the basis of representation andthe ratio of
taxation, dntil they had before them the statistics of
the First Auditor on the taxable property of die State,
and the Census of the United States, of the popula
tion of each section of Virginia. The question was
finally disposod of on Saturday, when by a vote of
ayea 66, noea 62, it was agreed to adjourn to-day un
til the first Monday in January next. t
We hav already had anow, and frost wlthoat
number. Ob Saturday last it snowed very hard for
an hour or two. Asheville Newt, Oct. 31.
Telegraphed, for the Standard
Washington Citt, Nov. 8th, 1850 '
From the returns of ihe New York Ejections thus
far received, iV is supposed that Sevmour, the Dem
ocratic candidate for Governor, has been elected by
about two thousand majority. .. .. . .
Seventeen Whigs and sixteen Democrats elected
to Congress from New York , ,j .
New Yobk, November 7th, 1850.
- Cotion has declined a quarter of a cent ; Rice 3 J ;
other things unchanged. '
The Georgian has arrived from California, with a
million of dollars in gold dust.
The Views of the Pbesident. Those who pro
fess to speak for President Fillmore have not hesita
ted to say that he would rather see Democrats elected
toCongress, than such Whigs as these persons choose
to call " Abolitionists,"
These allged expressions of his Views, were brought
to his knowledge on Monday last. In reply Mr. Fill
more authorized a gentleman to say, 44 that so far from
having said any such thing, he had no secret wish
that such should be the result; and that he uniformly
expressed his opinion, freely and strongly, in favor
of the election of every Whig Nominee."
This, we have no doubt, is true ; and it is to be
hoped that those who really wish to consult the views
of the President will give a zealous support to all
Whig Nominees. . Albany Eve. Jour.
' ' New York, Nov. 4.
The prospect of a proclamation from the President,
levelled at the Northern fanatics, and the election to
morrow are the absorbing topics of conversation. It
is thought that a crisis is approaching with regard to
tbU StaJe Tho h a ver t nnmber ,iave fled ,0
Canada, yet it is said that about fifteen hundred have
! ,.,' j ;,,;;;, r - ,.i
'u ,u .i,.,k k. . a..
by the people residing thereabouts, who express a de
termination to resist the arrest of the runaway slaves.
Norfolk, Nov. 4 2 P. M.
The five seamen who were under trial in the Uni
ted States Court at this place, charged with mutiny
on board tho barque Kingston, have been convicted
of the offence for which they stood charged. They
will be sentenced to-morrow.
The grand jury found true bills against Captain
Bruce McKenny, and the brig Excellent, his mate
and crew, charged with being engaged in the slave
j trade This vessel, it will be recollected, was cap-
1 tured on the coast of Africa by the John Adams, and
8ent t0 Norfoik in June jast.
j , X7. o
WASHINGTON ClTV, Nov. 3.
Great uneasiness is excited among the citizens of
! . r- . . r , . e :.:
lh D'f r'c,1 Columbia, on account of a propositmn
j "hni'tted e Virginia Reform Convention for the
! P f f V"?r?T"- Hint inn thM
"J"01"1 c,fa" and,tb? tZJi Z
! would he made to the ten thousand already residing
i r,-. . - . e i Ja
i in the District, a majority of whom are idle and
i ,.,... 1 3
T. . . , .. ... IT-
I 1 hey have just held a great Union meeting at
( . - m-p,:nT ..:.;- t Vertf. indeed ! !
j , . - fa consequences went before-the cause
j f0owed j '
j Glorious old Guilford ! Pity you cannot shake off
theabolitionistsand submissioniststhatbeai you down.
I a"d who W'U eventually make you a bye word and
reproach among your sisters.
iter, Alexander Grant, Esq., of Catharine Plantation, j
f ,?.Dem: n"arB an", ""y ye oi s, uaru
1 Ikm lilu fast ninn L- VjK a mwm nitinn t A IrlM Ond
; ail 1 9 J I in last vvrc jiic va9 a imu v v- va . tca atv
... nr.hl. fnr mans VMra aat for labor, had
appro, 01 1111: luguiYo ,id,e id imrnuj pnsBt-u uv
j -r.u- r. :.: .. 1 I .1 - I l-
congress, was rcsjionueu 10 oy n iiriucuuuus iw 1
Losing the Trade. The INewburyport Herald I
I 5.1V 3 lllfll .IIieriCiin CilSlUI OH, lUlllJcujr h.u Ural dill
:. a .... ir a
.1 . . : ... :i r 1. .u k. !.
cle of the kind in market, and in demand for even tor-
!ei.n shipment, has now become ahnost unsalable,
; nurinn- ,r. ito rr.at uH 11 1 tan t inn H TT lha in 1 V 1 11 TO nl llirfl
I W Ill-- l.J V... .... .M-.-... m. . ...
oil. The consequence is that large importations ot
castor oil from the East Indies have been recently
made, and more of it is On the way.
Mr. Crittenden has written a long letter to prove
the Constitutionality of the Fugitive Slave Law.
Well, no one who wants to act honestly and in good
faith to every portion of the Republic, doubts the
Constitutionality of it ; yet we have no objection to
Mr. Crittenden saying so, but will it haye any effect
on the mischief-makers of the North ' That's the
question, if it does not, the gentleman nas nau tns
labor for nothing.
Measures are now in progress to erect a rnagnifi- j
cent monument at Madrid, to lhnstopher Oolumbus.
The preliminary arrangements bint at a colossal stat
ue of twenty feet high, and of groups surrounding it,
forming a base of forty feet in circumference. The
statue is to be of the finest Florentine bronze, and
the ppdestal of reddish granite. The lowest estimate
of the Columbus monument is 20,000.
Conrr in Indiana.1 TheLaporte (la.) Whig says
the farmers OfLaporte county are in ecstacies over
their extraordinary good corn crop. It is considered
the best that was ever raised" in that part of the State,
beinj superior to the crop last year, which was ex
cellent. In addition to its being a better crop this
year, there was a much larger number of acres plant
ed.' The Whig remarks that it is a fact that since
1835, there has not been an entire failure of this crop
in that country.
Some slave catchers went to Chicago the other day
to arrest a fugitive. They took another slave with
them to identify the person. They did not arrest the
fugitive, and they did lose their witness, who ran off
to Canada. ...... New York, Evening Pitst.
This is the same fortune that befel the South when
she came to Congress for her territorial rights. She
not only failed to get any territory but lost a part of
Texas in the attempt. . Southern Press.
A person looking over the catalogue of profession
al gentlemen ot the bar, with his pencil, wrote against
the name of one of the bustling order " Has been
accused of possessing talents." Another seeing the
acquisition, wrote under the charge 44 Has been
tried and acquitted."- . . ,
The total amount coined at the United Slates
Mint, in Philadelphia, trom. the lstof January to
30th September, was $20,032,327 50. The officers
state that they will be enabled to coin five millions a
month in future,' which will meet the Wants of the
public. s . , ' . ' . j
. ... arajBJ&XEi).
In Brackett-Town, Burke -county, on tho 30th ult.,
by tbe Rev. Mr. Parker, Captain John F. Hoke, and
Miss Catherine W.: youngest , daughter of Col. W. J.
Alexander.- ' ' '.' ' -3 .
At HoylcsviHe, Gaston County," on the 31st ult., by
the Rev. TV K. Davis, Mr. Elisha 8.' Barrett, of Lincoln
to Miss Mary Ana, second daughter of the late Eli
Hoyle, Esq., of the former, place. ' , ' "!
Received by Express this Day
A LOT OF FINE FRENCH MERINOES, Assert-
f ed 'Colors. i--' 3 . : .s
Also, a lot of jenny Lind Trimmings.' "; "'v .
-VS . t -EVANS dr. WILLIAMS
Nov. 6. ' ', "-.3 ' 838
. aiiu uuiiviiuu ui a iriiun iui ijicai'ii"2 awuunuii,
THE MARKETS. . , .
' B-ti'moke. November 4 . jtf.. Tohscco contin
ues very firm in all tbe Monhern Markets, with an up.
ward tendency in pricey Tho, wcU Yerse0 in th
trade anticipate a further advance in prices throughout
f FUr0?e' S,e9tf BP Jbarrel. flour to-day
at $4.75 per barrel ; no change in grain ; pork $5,25 pr
. . "":i Dour lo
ot 4.75 per barrel ; no change in grain ; tork 35 25
New Yons, November 4, P. M. The tran8actionB
uuur lu-uay were unusually ncary. 18.000 larrels t
disposed of at from $4,58 to S4,87-tha Southerner
commanding the beat price. No alteration in the price
of grain, and transactipna limited.
Richmond, November 4. Nojnaterial change in
Tobacco. Market firm, and an upward tendency for all
descriptions. Best flour at from $4,75 to $1,88 ; wheat
at from 81. to $1,06 cent ; sales of com. at Trom Co to
70 cents. v' ' .
PsTERSBFao, November 5. Tohacce selling at from
$3 50 to $20, according to qualitv, with an active mark
et; cotton, prime quality, 13 centx; no sales of 'corn ;
lard 9J-cents; flour, $4 75 to $7 50.
Arrivals at Lawreiife' IIotc-L
Nov. 4. Qapt, E. R. Young, David Overhy. Mus A.
Downey, Warren Overby,- W. J. Watkins and Mias
Mary Overby, GranvUle; II. Y. Allen, and Lady, Mrs.
A. V. Allen. Solomon L. Allen. Miss D. A. M. Justice.
Danl. W. Rosefs, J. M. Ferrell and John W. Harp.
Wake; J. E. Rigsbee, Gibson Tenn Hardy Sumcrlin,
Not. 5. S. Rogers, Wake Rev. James" F. Pirify.
Porestulle; C. A. Biackman, W. F. College ; R.' P.
Beasent, (?onenrd. -
Nov. 6 Col. A. B. Waller. Washington City.
Nov. 7 Dr. A.G. Brooks, Johnston ; J. J. Jackson,
Pittsborough ; Wm. F. Blackwood. Cumberland; A. A.
Patillo. Caawell; Dr. Richardson, Hollv Spring ; Sion
Rogers, Sr., Wake. -' - . "
Arrivals at Yarbrougli'i IIose.
Nov. 5. Gov. Morehcad, Greensborough; G Dale, N
C R R; W. H. R. Conner, New Market; Mr. Bridsi
man, Canada; Richard I. Wynn, Hyde; Z. Rush, Car
teret. Nov. 6. 1.. Dulmin. New York; Mr. Gutter,' and
Lady, MissGretter, Richmond; F. Garduer, N C R R;
Mr. Carter, Petersburg ; Mr. Conrad, ("harlotte.
Nov. 7. James A Ives, Ky ; F. B. Laird, Pa. ; Dr
Wilson and Lady, Foray the ; Mrs. Hooper, Fa vcttville.
The Eolian lTin3trels,
(Cox.sunso.oi Two Brothers asb a. Sistkc.)
Will give ....... - ,
.3 VOCAL. X r.VSTItPJHl-:jYT.ZK COWEKT
At Raleigh, on Monday evening, the 1 1th of November.
On which occasion they will give
A Varied Collection of Original Pieces,
as well as selected, which they are happy to say, have
been most fliMeringly approved of by the " J. overs of
Music " in most of ihe Cities and Towns of the United
States and the Canadas.
For particulars, please notice the Progamme of the
Doors open at 7 o'clock ; performance to commence
at 7J o'clock precisely.
Tickets 25 ceats, to be had at the Post Office.
Last night the Eolians gave their third concert at the
Ashland Hall, where they had a large and respuctable
audience of ladies and gentlemen, all of whom oro-
nounce the performance to be unexceptionable, and who
gave the performers, as they richly deserve, their On
bounded applaune.. Their Ethiopian Melodies are sung
in the mewt exquisite harmony sans "paint, "saris"
smut, convincing the most fastidious that these beautiful
melodies can be sung in good teste and without offending-
Norfolk Ya. Herald.
Raleigh, Nov. 9, 1S50. 3 tf.
TAKEN op and enrnmitted lo fhe Jail of Rowan
County, N. C, on Ihe 1st of October. 1850. a Ne-
j gro man, who iy his name is BOB, and that he belongs
lo Win. Crossiic of Kentucky, and lhat he was purchased
ny saiu urosxtie trom John C. Moore of Raleigh. Said
negro is of a light complexion, about 35 years of ane, 5
feet 8 or 10 inches high, and has two of his upper teeih
our in trout. The owner of said slave is requested to
come lorward. prore property, pay charges, and take
In in away, or he will be dealt with as the law direct.-.
C. KLUTTS, Sheriff
Salisbury, N. C October 15, 1850. 3 tt.
Pocket Book Lout, -
T OST or Stolon, on Saturday last, from the Subset i-
ber. a small leather pocket book, with six folds.
red, and fastened with a clasp. It contained four note'
nnp 3r-.unf A IV Rullt ..i 1 1 n tn 70 n. . K ..
f creflit and three aeamst 1 emporunce Betls. lor S89
altogellier, Willi ci edits,
The said A. M- Beffs and Temperance Belts sre
hereby warned against paying said notes to any . person
t persons, except my sell.
3 3r pd.
Wake County, Nov. 7, 1800.
To tbe Lst dies
OU will grid a most beautiful tupply of Children's
Clothing at our House, just to hand, consietmir ol
Jackets single and double bieasted, to button up to the
neck, Blue, Black, Green, &.C., &c. Pants. Black,
Blue, Biown, and every variety of fancy color. Over
c.'Hfs all kinds. We have tn.ide such arrangements as
will enable us to furnish' any of the above articles at
prices less than they can be obtained for in any ol the
Northern 'cifies. Measuiesfaken and Children siipplied,
if necessary. " ' OLIVER &. PROC1 KR.
Novemhei 9. 8-10
Dresi aud.Frock Coats. "
VTE have on hand a beanliful assoitrnent of Black
V V Dress and Frock Coals for twenty dollars, gotten
up by ourselves and cannot be bought any whi-ru else in
the United Slated for the money. Recollect that. We
have also fancy Frock ana Dress Coats foi fifteen, six
teen, and eighteen dollars, lh; like, of which never
was known before. OLIVER &. PROCTER.
Raleigh. Nov 9. 842
A LL sizes Clolh and Tweed Sacks and Frocks for
X3L Sunday and every day wear, at from $2 50 to $4
50. Pants beautiful at $2 50,' Vests 2 50 Satin and all
sorts, and all colors - Persons at a distance can
be supplied by forwarding fheii meanures and stating llw
age of the boy. OLIVER Sc JOCTER. j
(. . , Merchant Tailors.
November 9. 1 ' ' ' 842
rriHE Annual Meeting of the Members of the Noith
I Carolina Mutual Insurance Company will be held
at ihe Office of the Company, in tbe City of Raleigh on
Tuesday, Ihe 17th day of December, for the purpose ot
electing a Board of Director tor fhe enduing vear.
JXO. C. PATR1DGE, Sec'y
Raleigh, Nov, 9, 1850. . 3 ttl
PPLICATION will be aiade to the next General
Assembly for the privilege of erecting a dam across
Neuse river, at Watson's Falls ; the Slate reserving the
ruhl to construct a lock in said dain. -
November 6,. 1S5PU .. . .v f . 3 3tpd-
'HE Subscriber wishes lo employ an Overseer, to
II superintend about 100 .liaiSla. He mut be sober,
honest and capable. No olher need apply.,
- - c J. O. WATSON.
Raleigh, Nov. 9th, 1850.
3 3t pd
"ITTE are authorized and requested to announce Maj.
Vf A..W- MOODY, tf Richmond Connty, as a
candidate for the office of Principal Door Keeper to the
House of .Commons, at the approaching Session. ' : " -October
30, 1850. 839 pd.
WE are requested to announce Mr. JAMES PAGE,
of Randolph County, as a Candidate for the of
fice of Principal Doorkeeper to the Senate of the nett
October 33,4850.. .ji-r-- ..j:i,J - 839 pd.
; : . '- . . : -H
WE. are requested to announce Mr. ALBER W
' MOORE. Democrat, of Northampton, as a Can
didate ibr Assistant Doorkeeper' to the neat House of
Commons. ' ' .
Oct. 21. 1650. ' ':'. 838 ts.
m"E sre requested to annoonos M.n h- PJ. BETTS,
"of Wake, County, as a candidate for Assistant
Doorkeeper to the Senate ot tne next legislature.
Oct. 14, 2850.
A!fD CnEAP .
FASHIONABLE 'DRY GOODS,
For tile Fall and Winter Trade, 18&qj
rMAHE Subscriber having jos received from, New
JL York and Philadelphia. n elegant and eatensive
supply of STAPLE AA FAACY JJMY GOODS,
noticing every variety of Style and Fashion lor Ihe
eawn, woold respectfully invite his friends and cus
lotner. and the public at Urge, to an esrly examination
i he same, being fully persuaded ihey cannot fail to
admire and be won by their superior Richness and
Beauty, and still more deH. hied with the good terrains
he intends to give them. . , . ..i.
The assortment comprises, in part, the following viz :
. Super Black Grns-de Rhine Silks, , ,
Chameleon Satin D'chine , dn.
Plaid -and Figured Changeable do.. , r
Lupins finest French Merinos, ' '
Plain and Embroidered Cashmeres and Delaioe.
iik ropunn, and Mohair Lustres, 5 '
Chameleon Lyonese Clnfh. v- .
Super Black Merino Cashmere and Alparca. ' " -
Plain, Polka, and Chine Delaines, - - ,"TJ
Hungarian and Jenny Lind Cloths, (for Dresses) i
Blue, Brown, Green and Mode coloied Satiu stnpei)
Delaines. " : ."'''; ! . .
Changeable Thibet, aniTCherry color'd Parammatt
Cloths, , .
New Sfyle Calicoes and. Ginghams,
Irish Linen, and Cotton Shirting, -
Rich Velvet Trimming, and ."Silk Braids and Laces,
Inserting and Edging,
Beadliful Bonnet, Pelt, and Neck Ribinds, .
Fine Kid and Silk Gloves, and Mits.
Together with many other desirable articles, among
Clo'.Tis; Cassimeres. and Vesting,-, m t. i.F
Sajtinets. TeU Cloth ami Keulucky Jeairr, , r -Fine
Moleskin and Fur Hats, .... , v.
Fur and Cloth Caps, ... . . , . . ,.' '
Gentlernen'.i Boots and Shoes, , r
Ladies Walking Shoes. Slippers and Gaiters. .. .. ..
Jenny Lind and Leghorn Bonnets,
Kersey's, Linsey's, and Blankets, . . , , 1.(
Silk and Cotton Umbrellas. " ,
T. A. MITCHELL.'..
Raleigh, Nov, , 1S50. , 840 tlV
The ' Bugrs" also at Home Again!
: . i-.. .
HAVE just retained tire second time from Boston,
New York, and Phi ladelphia. havinjj spent nearlv til
of August and September in said cities, getting up' onr
CLOTHING, every article of which tea cut by myself ,
and made up tinder my own inspection and I presume
there in no one in North Carolina now, who would be' "
verdant enough to question my capacity after the elo
quent tribute paid to my " artistic skill" m our last Su
perior Cnmt, by-Judite, Counsel on both sides, witness
es and Juiors. I refer to the case of Biggs vs Oli
ver" action for damages, in which 1 tj,!upay $250,
in consequence of my extended reputation.
Come in, if yOu pleVse, and assist me in paying off
the judgment by buying our Goods. Who is there, in
North Carolina, who has not Beard of fhe Hon. George
E Badser, the Hon. William H. Haywood. Jr., and
' Bug " Oliver ? vv hy their fame.is no more to be
hemmed inby State lines than theirjralents are to be cir
cumscribed within the same narrow limits." -
We are connected, as all our customers know and if
they don't know if, they may with no Northern House
but are Tailors ourselves- buy our own goods, and im-por-quite
as many of what we purchase in proportion
to our business, as any House in this State or out of it.
There is i.o Establishment her or elsewhere that pos
se?ses any advantages over us We buy where everbody
else buys, and we Ihiuk we understand our business and
buy as cheaply. We say i-ut CLOTHING is equa Ho
any ever offered for sale in North Carolina, and, we '
ihink superior, being judges ourselvesof clothing. Of
lhat though, we will leave tho public, to decide, when
f hey examine for themselves. , One thing ia certain
wiinout inienuing. ro rtnect noon any one we will
sell our clothing cheaper than the same articles can be
bought for in any of the Northern cities ; and as cheap
as any body that comes here, who does not steal his
clothing ready made.
Onr stock embraces Drab, Black, Blue, Green, Gray,
and other OVERCOATS from .$8 ro $20 and upwards.
CLOAKS, full circle, Hf-S and upVaids. Fioik, dress, '
and sack COATS Iroin $7 to $ 12 and upwards. PAN
TALOONS, all colors and prices, from $4 lei 88
VESTS, all kindsandatl sizes, at all prices from SI 25,
lo$5. In fact, every thing that can be found in any,
similar establishment in. the. Union'. ' ' '
Weare North Carolinians. Weare permanently lo-'-
cat ed here, and it we sell as cheap as others; why not
give us the preference ? If we do not sell as good goods .
at as small a price, we will not auk yourpatronage. '
CaW ! call ! call ! before vour purchase, at
OLIVER tf PROCTER'S, "-
- - ' -v ' No.l.
R R. R. R, --
November 6th, 1850 ' 2
Register copy. ' - : - ' 1
See R. R. R TL "
To the citizens of North Carolina particularly.
WE can measure and furnish an entire suit of clothK
(including coat, pantaloons, and vest,) at from $35
tn $44 ;and will warrant them to be equal inVU respects
to any that ran be furnished in fhe United States for that
money. Gentlemen need no longer send out qf the
State" for cheap Clothing, unless they prefer it. -j
Raleigh, Nov. 5, 1850. , 2 -If.
' Royal Raleigh Ringtail Ronsers. , "
READY MADE CLOTHING,
At. WliolcMtle and. Retail. T' i
E have just received from tine of the largest and
best established Hooses in tbe United States.
one of the large! and best assorted Stocks ever brought
to this City, a Stock that would favorably compare with
the Custom Work of any Eslstblisnment in fhe Union,
which we are instructed In sell at unprecedented low
prices, and to which we invite the attention of Country
Merchants, citizens of Raleigh, the surrounding Coun
try, and Members of the next General Assembly, and ask
them to call and examine- oor'Slnrk before purchasing
elsewhere, as weare determined to sell at prices that ,
will defy competition. : . . I . -'- 'A
Country Mfrchanfs need have no fears of finding os
with a broken assortment, as we .shall contimae to have
large additions throughout the Season.
In addition-to the above, we have a full assortment of
fine Shirts, Jenny Lind and other pattern, together with
Silk, Merino, Lsmbs wool Shirts and Drawers.
All of which we wilt. sell as low as thev can be nor- ;
chased o fny Establishment in New York or any other
ty- a. h. sui h st, ca. r .
Raleigh. Nov. 6, 1850. 840 w tf.
North Carolina Music Store. '
rHE Subscriber takes this opportunity of aortoonc-T
inif to the peopled North Carolina, that he intends
to open in this city, in December neat. sMUSlC
STORE, where will always be found a complete as
sortment of Foreign and American Music and Musical '
instruments 4 all of which will be selected by bimselX.. -The
Pianos will be from the best Manufactories in -'
the United States, and will be sold at NewYork and
Philadelphia prices. T : , " S. i
K. W. PETERS ILIA.
Raleigh. November 2. J85Q. j 3 t 1y.
x uuug uhuicb uuutuie, . e jf
ri HE Rev. Professor Morgan has established at Salis-"
bnry?1 North Carolina. A YOUNG LADIES IN- S
STITUTE, a Model School, of the highest grade. The '
success of this system in Edgewortb during five years,, je'
known to most competent judges in Virginia, North and tt
South Carolina. It is believed that no similar insdtotion
has made such ample provision for the comfort and sac-
cess of Young Ladies, at such moderate ecpenae to the
pupil. The year will close in June. .A iofonoaties
will be MnMo applicants. . ' .' ' ' . ' . - U i
November I,' 1850." : .;.,;' Vri t;
We arerequested to announce Mr. Patrick Sic- -Gowal
as a candidate for re-election to the office of
Doorkeeper to the 8enate of the eusuing' Legislature. .
November 5, I860.;. v - " " ! J- ' S-rU.' f
T E are requested to announce Mr. JOSEPH J.
T AWARD, of rranklin County, as a Candidate Ibr
Asjtatant Dorteeper to the next House of Coaiflioni of "
North Carolina." ' 1 ' ' ' -'
Octobers, 1850. ''
araveaaeated to aaaovruce Mt. E. If. PET i-
-r SON of NoYthsmWon County, as a" CaadiJ iA -V
for Engrossing Clerk to the ensuing legislature of Honk" '
Carolina. a .-
October 2, 1850. ' ' - 88 U.' '