Newspaper Page Text
From the M'ssWppian, Oct. 25.
MR. FOOTERS ENTfcEE TNTO MISSISSIPPI.
Zptcchtsat Jackson and fantt, Senator Foot k"S
n EfftgyOreat Excitement. l.
nr. sf- fn?.Aa nktpn t two places, and
mil r uuici D 1- - - ----- - ..
how has he been received t At Jackson, every leading
Democrat, and such State Rights WMgs asGuion,
. cur .nrf Duffield. crave him the cold sfionlder,
while all the Fillmore submissionists of the most
frecsoil dye gathered round hi, "e spone in
morning of Saturday last, and in the evening was
completely demolished in argument and routed by
-Hon. C. P. Smith,' who Speech on ' the Southern
ledtred bv Mr. toote
kimaiftn Lava hn one of the best he had ever lis-
tana A tv
ir Vnnip nr visits Canton. He spoke there on
U'.J.ir 1aL The able and elonuent McWillie
v v vu nvouwj - - t .
. kim n.I delivered a sneech over two hours in
loncrih. in which he took bold and firm ground in fa
vor of resistance. Mr. Foole followed, and upon his
heels came McWHIie again, who exposed in a most
triumphant style, the absurd and conflicting positions
which, in his verv scattering speech, Mr. Ifooteas
; spmed. Hon. Franklin Smith, in a style of patriotic
indignation, completely riddled Mr. Foote, and de
nounced him as a traitor to the State and desecrating
his seat in the United States Senate.
Mr. Foote we learn, left Canton in the stage before
Mr. Mc Willie concluded his scathing attack. Mr.
IVln'i next stnnnintr nlars ia said to be at San Ja-
. cinto, in Tishomingo eounty. This is a big stride,
and very much disappoints the people who expected
Mr. Foote to discuss the Southern question with his
colleague Col. Jeff. Davis, as agreed upon by them
at Washington. We suppose that Col. Davis is
ready to meet Mr. Foote at any time.
Senator Foote at Canton Second Speech and Second
Defeat. We refer our readers to the sketcn 01 mr.
Foote's reception at Canton.
We understand it was a perfect discomfiture to the
. recreant Senator. -. i
. The bold resistance speech of CoL Mc W lllie takes
with surprise Mr. Foote's Fillmorine friends in this
city, who were led to believe from what he said, that
McWillie would differ but little from Foote.
Col. McWillie remarked that Senator Foote had a
great advantage over him, in having consulted the
Southern views of Daniel Webster, Mr. Clay and
Mr. Fillmore. He (McWillie) had no communica
tion with such gentlemen. The keen satire of Col.
Me Willie was sorely frit by Mr. Foote.
Hon. Franklin Smith followed in a speech of groat
V nnilsnitani) that he denounced Mr.
Foote as a traitor, and as desecrating his seat in the
TT.il.J filnlna Cala
UIIIWU UHIID9 UCimibf c
tk nnnio hm an -Taenerated. in the course ot
the evening, that Mr. Foote was hung in effigy.
On Tuesday evening the people again assembled,
and Col. Tarpley of Jackson, addressed them in a
speech of two hours in length, taking ground in favor
of bold and determined resistance. It was received
..k ih.. ho. i.n the effect of Mr. Foote's
speech at Canton. Madison county did more for hint
in his election for U. S. Senator than probably any
other in the State ; and in that county, he has a large
number of personal friends. She now, now ever, ..
stands where she had trusted Mr. Foote would stand.
Upon realizing her mistaken estimates, it was to have
been expected that she would administer to him a
Foote's Reception at Canton.
Canton, October 22. '
Messrs. Editors: To keep jou informed of what
is passing, I forward you a brief sketch of the poli
tical events transpiring here in the last few days.
Monday, the 21st instant, was the day appointed tor
Col. McWillie to speak at this place. At the hour
annnintmi. a laror mpetintr of OUT citizens. Without
distinction of party, met in front of the Court House,
and Col. McWillie addressed them for about two
hoors. in an able and effective speech on the slavery
question. He took the ground, very distinctly and
explicitly, that the time had come for the South to
resist. That though he was attached to the Union
of the Constitution, the Union formed by our fore
father, he felt no reverence for. and owed no allegi
. ance to a Union which had ceased to secure the ob
jects for which it was framed, and existed only to
onoress the Sou ih. That he scorned the doctrines
of non-resistance and passive obedience, that he was
prepared "to tread no step backward," that he con
namtA in aontimont that the time had arrived
when we should keen our powder dry, and burnish
the rust frem our swords. .
Every sentiment of this kind was received with
enthusiastic applause from the crowd. "
After Col. McWillie had concluded, Gen. Foote
arrived in the stage, and announced that he would
address the meeting in the afternoon, which, in ac
cordance with the announcement, he proceeded to do.
He set out with some allusions to a meeting held in
this Dlace durimr the summer, which meeting had
advised him to resign his seat. He said that this
meeting had been heralded forth by certain newspa
pers, as large and respectable, whereas it consisted of
only 44 twenty-three." Now, this latter assertion was
false, but for that he is not responsible, as it had been
thrust into his mouth by the little band of freesoilers
who. surrounded him on his arrival. He denounced
the 44 Mississippian " as the organ of a contemptible
faction. of disunionists. He denounced the State of
South Carolina, and uttered the contemptible slang
of the freesuil papers ab"Ut the chivalry. He adopt
ed, and flippantly retailed, at seeond hand, Mr. Clay's
denunciations of Barnwell Rhett; called him a traitor;
and hoped he might meet the traitor's doom if he at
tempted to put in practice any of his opinions. I
will not attempt to follow him, however, through the
tirade of assertions and sophisms, blunders and con
tradictions which I have no doubt he discharged in
your town a few days since.
When Mr. Clay's "able, ardent, and enlightened
patriot " had concluded. Cel. McWillie rose to reply.
His appearance was greeted with clapping of hands,
and1 shouts loud and long. He most effectually
showed up the blunders and contradictions in which
Foote had involved himself, and forever put at rest
the unwarrantable assertion of the latter, in this place,
that he. and McWillie stood on the same ground.
Foote left before McWtUie had concluded, and never
returned. It was remarked it was the first time he
was ever known to leave a political debate.'
It was regarded altogether as a decided triumph of
the Southern men, and a complete route of the sub
SOUTHERN RIGHT'S MEETING.-?7
A meeting of the friends of Southern Rights was
held in. the Coort House in Charlotte, October 39th,
and was organized by the 'election of S. A.Davis,
Esq. as President, and W..-M. Mathews Secretary.
Mr. L. Badger being called upon explained very
briefly'the object of the meeting, w - , '
'.. Upon motion made and seconded, it was
Resolved, That a Committee of Five be appointed
by the Chair to prepare a Preamble and Resolutions
expressive of the views ot the citizens of Mecklen
burgupon the laws recently passed byjDongresa res
pecting Slavery." -,-.--.. -.--
Whereupon the Chair appointed Messrs. .John
Walker, S. H. Elliot, J. M. Potts, Dr. C. J. Fox
and L. Badger the Committee, who retired.
While the Committee were out, R. P. Waring
Esq., who was called upon, arose and made an ani
mated Southern address. ! ' ' ,
The Committee returning, reported the Preamble
and Resolutions which follow, which beiing read,
were unanimously adopted. -""
Whereas, the Abolition fanatics of the North have
from a very early period of our history made and con
tinue to make aggressions upon the Institution of
Slavery in the South, and notwithstanding repeated
concessions on the part of the South have persisted
in their warfare upon that institution ; and being em
bolden by their frequent successes and our many h um
ble and pacific concessions, have not only invaded our
domestic relations through these attacks, but have
o-ono so far as todeny our constitutional rights; and
whearas, we believe the admission of California as a
State, (dictated as it was Dy their spirit of aggression
and rapacity, and their disposition to deny us our
a riM.tn.1 to be unconstitutional,
i j .lureorti nf the eoual claim ot
the South to a portion of that territory ; and believ
ing the offer made by them to purchase a portion of
Texas is but another covert attack upon our institu
tions, a bribeand an insult.
Therefore be it Resolved, ' , , , , . :
1st. That we the citizens of Old Mecklenburg, in
convention assembled, do in the first place and in the
most emphatic manner, enter our most solemn protest
against the law admitting California as a State into
that we look upon sucn aunnssiun as
Comstltulion n4 the Vnlou of" tftte State
,- 44 They mott' lM Preserved. ' yL
WCPXCSPAT HOTEMBER 13 185Q.
Mr. G. G. Lynch, one of theMail Agents cn.the route
between Weldon and Wilmington, has been remov
ed by the Post Master General; and Mr;..( WVHLas
peyre, of Wilmington, appointed in his place. We
learn that this removal has caused much surprise and
regret along the whole line of the Rail Road, among
Whio-s as well as Democrats Mr. Lynch Wy'sw
was his Democracy. Such was the general confi
dence in his honestyr fidelity, 'andcapacilyr that
when rumors of his probable removal were circulated,
soon after the accession of Gen. Taylor to the Presi
dency, memorials from Wilmington,. from Halifax,
and from other Counties along the line, signed exclu
sively by highly respectable Whigs, were sent to the
Post Master General requesting that be should not
be removed. The Postmaster General could not with
withstand these manifestations in his favor, and so
retained him ; but the present Post Master General,
it seems, has gone to: work in earnest, and is deter
mined that W'hig pledges not to remove faithful of
fi.ra fnr opinion's sake, shall not remain unbroktn
so far as he is concerned. The Wilmington Commer
cial, in noticing this removal, says Mr. Lynch " has
always been an upright, faithful and efficient officer,
accommodating and obliging to all who had inter
course with him. " This is Whig testimony, volun
tarily offered in favor of a worthy officer who has
been thrust from his place to make room for a Fill
We do not complain we never have complained,
because Democrats are turned out and Whigs put in.
We hold to the doctrine that the party in power is
entitled to its own agents to carry out its principles;
and if the Whig leaders had avowed this doctrine,
honestly and frankly, when they were soliciting the
votes of the people, we should have passed over
these various cases of removal without comment.
But theyWd the people the contrary doctrine was
theirs, and they made capital out of the very policy
could iiot execute the law.'
.V BOSTON NULLIFICATION.
Tbe Fayetteville Carolinian, speaking of the out
tageous conduct of the citizens of Boston on aceoent
of the Fugitive Slave Law, says V: ! p ,i .-
i "On Thursday last,' we saw a citizen of Fayette
ville, jnst returned from Boston, after an unsuccessful
demand "for his, slaves. He found that it was useless
to attempt to execnte the law. That part of the pop
ulation not active in resisting the law, were perfectly
9uuim and although he thinks that a large majority
of the people were in bvotolexeeetheUwtihei) -heated-diecassiooe n4-party-etHfos,
ever, ha is .mistaken. , Jf fa .majority were willing to
execute- it, there would eoon hm found a way to do it.
He was very politely told that he was not safe in the
city, and that he had belter not stay. They were
verv anxious about his safety. The officers of the
law all declared; without trying however that they-:
X; WNr- .. ALABAMA. fiV-- t
Gov Collier, ot Alabama, lias declined icpnvenlng.
the Legislature of that State st this time; and he has
written a letter " to the citizens of Alabama, giving
his. reasons for this determination. J His main reason
is, that public opinion ie not sufficiently fxed aa to
the course the Soothern States ought to adopt ; and
he apprehends that the Legislature, if assembled.
wouia arrive at no nnai Decision in the premises,
On Saturday last wehad.a longhand . interesting.!
conversation with a distingushed citizen of this State,
who accompanied the Fayetteville gentleman of whom
Jthe' Carolinian speaksf to 'Boston with 'the'view of
reclaiming some escaped slaves. Ther slaves had
been in Boston, but had left before their arrival, as
thny were at length informed by a Police officer who
consented to serve them. , This was the information
they received, but there is no certainty it was: cor
rect. The slaves may be there now, concealed by
the Abolitionists; but if their owners had succeeded
in getting them in possession, under an order from a
j Judpre or Commissioner, we have no. idea, from aJI
that we have learned, that they could have returned
n .-1(11 nrifl-i iham ' nr inrlppri tlVR hfOU (rh t : them
III O'l l- J T fcl IIIV1M1 " - " " - , 1
back at all. ..They would have been compelled to en-j
impolitic, unjust, as disgraceful to the majority
oA i, 9 violation of the Consutution.
2d. That we have heretofore regarded and respect
ed the line of 36 30 as a settlement line between the
North and South upon this delicate and agitating
question of slavery-; that we believe the spirit of the
compromise establishing that line has been violated,
and South of it, contrary to its express meaning, ln
wiflwl i,v tli rpf-pnt Saws nasied in Congress and com
prised in the Compromise or Omnibus bill; that we
view their passage as eminently disturbing the har
mony and tending to a rupture of the Lnion, if they
have not already sounded its knell, and that against
those laws, all and single, we do earnestly and seri
ously enter our protest.
3d. That we believe the Union of the fcouth for
the sake and safety of the coum, io oe a jusi aim a - then
righteous Union, and we pieugeoureeiveu io cu-ure-rate
with other Southern States that are using means
. .i .i- it..; .ml racist tliA vinttimiA nf
the Constitution. T the Democratic membe'rs of the ensuing Legislature
4th. That we view the action of the North at this ( vjjj bear t)ese thjngS jn mind, and act accordingly.
time, where every effort is being made to defeat the; .
operation of the Fugitive Slave Law, as further ag- THE YANKEE BLADE.
gressive upon the So,th, and as deserving the just a t m l r
condemnation of the Southern people. j 1 he last ankee Blade notices the opposition man-
The following were offered by Wm. R. Myers, : ifested to the Fugitive Slave Law in Boston, and says
Esq., as additional Resolutions, and unanimously the peopie lnere ought ta submit to the law " while
adopted: , , n . ! U sunds." Without quoting much of the Blade's
5 That the States composing the federal Union, . . n , .
.-.re 'free and independent sovereignties; that they ; article, it is sufficient to say tnat that paper is deter
mny and of rMit should exercise all the rights of ; mined to stand by the law, but it is evident from its
separate, distinct and independent commonwealths, tone that it would like to see it "essentially modified "
whenever the protection of the Federal Government ; d f fc Georgians (Knight
is withdrawn, or in the wisdom the people wronged, I f ., B .?. . ,
its delegated powers are wrested and perverted to the ,nu nuguea;un ui iuc,auu nuwiuvmiio ..id
and prefers to see Alabama mvoe when the South
moves, unitedly, firmly, and fuiflyi--if move' finally'
the South must, in consequence of the continued ag
gressions of the free States. He says :
' V The apposition ..of the South must be powerless
and Jneffectual,: until, the Southern States, or the
greater number of them shall consent to act unitedly
end -in herniony--This'-dVsideratnm-is to-be effected
by a full and frank interchange of views, and a wil
lingness to sacrifice io each other in matters of exvedi-
enci,fo the sate of union and effect f aud not by ban-
dying offevtive terms calculated ta xrrttate and estrange.
As we have a community of interest in the great ques
tion, it becomes us to be tolerant to the. opinions of each
other, and not attribute what some esteem premature
and nltra-action to a spirit of, disorganization. -Let
such feelings rather be attributed to an excess of sen
sitiveness, and an nndoly excited patriotism. ' On
the other hand, let it not be charged upon those who
admit that the feelings and rights of the Southern
people have been insulted and outraged, bnt think,
that the time for definite action has not yet arrived,
that they are snbmisstonists without the nerve to vin
dicate the honor of the South, or maintain the consti
tutional guaranties which protect her.
Conceding that the people of this State are' ready
' '. . .J , . . 1 , " ' i tor action, and have determined upon the mode by
counter a moti in coston. ana moos in worcesier, , which their power .g 0 be interposedf a8 , mea8Ure
Springheld, and Hamoro,on ineir way nome moos 0f discretion would it not be proper to delay the call
of thousands of excited
- i .i : . i. vAn
wnicn mey are no carrj.ng u.u w ,u..w .uw fa agk attention t0 the following article from
n e compmtn oj ineir Hypocrisy, n y ic '""'Mh Souther Press
they have practiced on the horusl numcs. e hold j . eteb-TainmEnts. The Boston na-
up as politicians who will promise one thing s are filed w,tn acc00nts of the delicate attentions
whites and furious blacks jof the Legislature nntil after the re-assembling of
L. xti :n r .: J ,; .i. f
which no posse eomilalus called out by the Mar- 7""a,,:u,"t .., -..... .c ....,B
shar could have resisted or put down. George j of the SoUthern States, especially of Virginia, have
Thompson, the English Abolitionist is received with (acted ! It cannot be unwise to listen totha voice of
chnniif ani nonors in Fanueil Hall, and Amin Bev. the land of Washington, Jefferson, Madison and Mon
.i iu.n .locnt tloA cn A roe, and unless its counsels shall become oblivious to
, A ... , , i the past and shed disastrous twilight, to follow its
dined in the City of Boston, while two of the most 1 ffijance -r , , - . . .. '.
intelligent and respectable citizens of North Carolina, i After laying down the right of each State to secede,
who had gone there in the exercise of their legal, Con- j whenever in the judgment of its people theConsti
stitutional rights, are foiled in their efforts even to j tution has been palpably violated, Gov. Collier says:
get sight of their property their footsteps dogged by 44 But have the, people of this State made op their
pnpmios and thev advised to leave forthwith toavoid ! minds to secede, or are they willing to forbear still
insult and injury to their persons !
which our fathers formed 1 In connection with this
injury of that people, infringing upon their reserved j other, the Editors says:
riffhts or invading their institutions: granting to the ; ..fiut let us do better.
to et voles, and do another to reward their followers paid, and the fraternal feelings expressed ny the citi-
of 'and monopolize the offices for themselves. We hope zens oi mai piace io aihiu uey, mo iuih.it, a amuas-
tdUUI. - ..
The reception of the ambassadors from Georgia
was equally warm, but not quite so flattering the
Bee, of that city, 'thus delicately insinuating to them
that their absence was advisable:
"If these Southern slave hunters were our partic
ular friends, we would by all that is safe and sound
in the human face or body, advise them to leave the
city. From the mobocralic spirit exhibited yester
day, it certainly is not safe to remain here. Notwith
standing all that the law and its administrators can
do, their lives are in jeopardy. They cannot go
through onr streets without the fear of assault. The
feeling is fully Toussd in the breasis of many to visit
thorn with the utmost violence. We seriously regret
thiS, but nevertheless cannot evade the fact. "
Mr. Webster, it seems, aided in doing the honors
and eulogizing the Union at the Turkish entertain
ment, but we did not observe that Mr. Webster inter
fered to stop the outrageous proceedings of his fellow
Let ns get up a subscrip-
Federal government such powers only as may be for ; .-.on to rdliaorn this refucee, should he reallv belong
the mutual protectionand preservation of the whole. ; to those wno claim him. This will show our love of
6. That the Slate of North Carolina, in common he 8aveand our hatred of slavery as emphatically as
with her sister States in the South, should adopt jp we na(j 8pat jn lne face8 Df oltr mistaken brothers
such Legislation or other-action as may seem most jof ,he jjouth, and broken up the Union. Let us not
expedient, pointing to restriction and non-inter-: be m;8,aken j 8ayinjj all this. We hale the slave
course with the North , that the disorganizes of that ' f , wnk a deep-rooted hatred. We would no more
section may see the nature and feel the force of the ave a sJave tnan p0or fJowper '
evil growing out of their aggressions upon and ofli- , Wo woulJ not lluvc a ,,luve to tin our ground,
cious intermeddling with the institutions of the j To carry us, t fan u while we sleep,
South. ; And tremble when we wake, for all the gold
7th. That let others do as they list, we here pledge ; .phat glueWg hought and sold have ever earned.
44 our lives, our fortune, and our most sacred honor" j We argue this matter as we do, 44 not that we love
to maintain Southern Rights and honor. ' lhB gjavethe less, but that we love America more !"
Previous to the passage of the Resolutions patrio- j e hope Crafts will bent these Southern claimants in
tic and eloquent speeches in their behalf were deliv- J tAe jaw.eourst under fair forensic shield. But if he
ered by John Walker, Esq., and the Hon. G. W. 8hould not. Jet us leave oil our brawling and contrib-
j ute a few cents a piece to keen him amtmgst us. J.et
j us lay a few red cents upon the altar of the Union ;
! and go quietly to dinner, with consciences also liber
Jated." j Out at last ! We have been observing the Blade
i for some time, and generally it has 44 behaved itself"
J reasonably well on this Slavery question ; but the tide
jof Boston 44 hatred " to the South has at last moved
'nnn its Art fro " nnA it "nt" its Southern natrnnfi
f j : .1 i r :ti i . : i
t . t- i longer, in me nope mai voiiress will oe resiraineu
i ay a iove oi union, u noijusuce, irom pressing, meas
ures, which, it persisted in. will lead to such a re-
, suit I I have already said they have agreed upon no
, definite course of action; yet 1 believe a large ma
Ijority of them are strongly disinclined to withdraw
from the Confederacy, until other measures have been
unsuccessfully tried, to resist further aggressions."
The Governor also alludes' to the importance of
adopting a non-intercourse policy with ' the free
States. He says : i
44 Our resources, agricultural, industrial and com
mercial, are almost incalculable. Our cotton, raw
land manufactured, would give as as much of the
! commerce of the world as interest or avarice could de
sire. We can grow and manufacture wool to an unlim
ited extent and our iron, coal, marble and lime are
sufficient to supply the demand of the Western Hem
isphere. Let ns avail ourselves of our exhaustless
resources. To this end, we should abstain as far as
possible from the use of Northern manufactures'. Let
us have our own carriage-makers, shoe-makers, clo
thiers, hatters, &c. , Let us give a. preference to our
merchants who are importers, or who purchase their
goods in our Southern cities of. the importers, . Let
our merchants become exporters and importers, and
our people discourage the employment of Northern
shipping. To carry out these suggestions, we should
j endeavor to effect such modifications of the revenue
citizens, when insult was heaped on the amhassa- : a,,u ""vi-runon mw, as maue uiscnminauons preju
dors from Georgia, for relying on the professions of ( dicial to the South; and the legislation of this State,
these deriders of disunion, that the Constitution was i 80 faras the Constitution will permit, must favor the
not a dead letter. : enterprise. - e - ' ; "l .
We certainly do not demur at any exhibitions of; In addition to this, let us improve our agriculture,
hospitality or of courtesy : but it must suggest pain-1 l,en our fivers, extend our Plankroads and Railroads
fnl reflections to every true-hearted American citizen, ! s" 10 cneapen ana laciuiaie transportation and
that the emissarv of a foreign potentate is treated
AMIN B E Yftl R.sW E'BSTER' j ,
A mihlic dinner wna oin rnt ik. k.i.
- v nsiani, at
the Kevexe pooae Boston, to 'Amin Bey; the Turk
ish Envoy Jo this country The whole affair was
gotten up and passed off In the best style. Amin
Bey spoke handsomely in reply W a toast given in
favor ot 1ii8 Sovereign ; and was followed by Daniel
Webster. The National Intelligencer says :
44 Mr. Webster replied witf! great eloquenca and
earnestness.. He begaa.by sayings 44 1 am a-Uoion
man ; an out and out Union man ; but it would be
bad taste in .roe, on an occasion like this, when there
are' so many topics of interest, to 'seak of political
matters only." He then alluded to the mission of th.
distinguished Turk, and said : 44 He come anion? u
as the guest of the United States i not as the M,l or
a fraction, but the United not as the guest of a diL
severed and broken country, bnt'as the guesf 0f th
United States of America States spreading over a
vast territory, of various products and climates an.l
of interests and institutions ; yet, thank God.'thev
are all United States. It is the capacity of uniZ
citizens of united Stales that we are now assembled
to welcome to our festivity a distinguished man from
a distinguished . country ; and it is id the capacity of
united Americans that we can appear respectable
Others may speculate, theorize, and go crazy, if thev
please, in arguing to the contrary, said Mr. Webster
44 but I say it is only as a united people we can eveJ
be prosperous at home or respectable abroad." He
had always resisted the opponents of the Union, and
he should always continue to do so. He professed
to know something of the sentiment of the people 0f
this vast and beautiful country, and he did not hesi
tate to declare it a sentiment in fa,0r of harmony.
An institution, not of our creating, must not disturb
the harmony of these happy States. Crazy and mis
chievous nien may attempt it; but they will oon
find their efforts restrained. The people of this country
are the people of one cpuntry, said Mr. Webster, and
they are anxious to preserve the Union, 44 however
bounded, and washed by whatever waters." Local
strifes are temporary the Union is perpetual. 44 1
speak with emphasis," said he, 44 because 1 wish to
give utterance to a heart that knows no secret on the
question of the harmony tf this great family of States.
1 was oorn to the Union, and I stand by it. The
slavery question New England can only interfere
with as a meddler. She has no more to do with it
than she has to do with the municipal government of
a city in. the Island of Cuba. But, whatever course
others might pursue, Mr. Webster declared that all
his efforts should hereafter as in former days he in
favor of the Union. At the conclusion of the speech
the whole company rose and gave three cheers for
the Secretary of State and three for the Union."
.That small man with large pretensions Robert C.
Winthrop was also present, and spoke. The Intelli
gencer says : 44 Alluding to the Union, Mr. Winthrop
said he adopted heartily the whole language if the ds
tinguished man Mr. Webster who had preceded
him." ' And yet Mr. Winthrop, acting the part of a
"crazy and mischievous" man on the subject of
Slavery, voted at the late session of Congress against
the Fugitive Slave Law and in favor of abolishing
the institution in the District of Columbia ! What
Mr. Myers made some very appropriate and spir
ited remarks upon the Resolutions he offered.
It was further unanimously .
Ttesatved, That our Representatives elect to the
Legislature have our warm thanks for the patriotic
and able stand they recently took upon the Southern
question. ' '
Resolved, That Delegates be elected by this Con
vention to attend the Nashville Convention.
W hereupon, the following gentlemen were cho
sen : Messrs. R. P. Waring and W. R. Myers, and
Messrs. Jos. Dobyand Zenas Grier alternates.
On motion. Resolved, That these proceedings be
published in the 44 Hornets' Nest," and that other
. 1; c : 1 1 . .
this State and soum Carolina ineuuiy iu
with honor and respect in the capital city of the North
but three days after their nominal brethren from Geor
gia were placarded like felons on the highways hunt
ed, harassed, and insulted and finally forced to flee,
while asserting a right solemnly guarantied by the
Constitution, and reaffirmed by the last Congress.
Are the free citizens of the South to be pot out of
the pale of the courtesy which the subjects of the
Sultan receive ? and is this the Union which Mr.
Webster so lauds this the entertainment to which
the South is invited -by the revolutionary city of
Boston, and the glorificators of the 44 Peace meas
Mark tu Abolitionists ! It is stated in the
New York papors that but two or three mercantile
houses in .that city refused to sign the call for the
great Union meeting, held there on Wednesday the
30th ultimo. -:,.-.-
The names of two of these houses are : Chittenden
4Y Rlissand Bowen J- McS'amec.
, These two houses, we understand, are patronized
largely by the merchants of Fayetteville, and we sup
pose by other merchants in the south.
Besides being privately rank abolitionists, they even
furnish money to sustain an abolition paper !
We hope that all the southern papers will -brand
these scoundrels as they deserve, and endeavor to pre
vail on southern merchants to withdraw their patro
nage from them. t We hope and pray that no merchant
in Fayetteville will longer patronize them in any man
It makes but little difference what a man's private
vjnmim is, it ne annoys nonody else with it, he has
ngni 10 entertain it ; but when he goes to actively
engage in carrying out his principles to the injury of
uwer nien, u is umi to retaliate hy available means.
most 44 unkindly." If the Editors of that print 44 hate
the slave system " so 44 deeply," they ought not to
count on Southern money earned by th-se 44 sinews
bought and sold." The cause of the South is just,
and we want no chicken-hearted, sentimental friends
tho 3MvA hn rennested to COOV
On motion the meetinr adjournd, subject to the , like the Blade. Lot him quote Cowper and 44 hate
call of the President.
W. M. Matthews, Sec'y.
MIS. f ARTtNOTON'8 LAST. Retina- tho
it n '"'"J Lt,'"t 8 oenevolent disposition.
....... .g.uu bailie 10 me complimentary expres
sion in regard to the "fellow feeling in her bosom,"
wuicnuie oweuisn mgntingale cherished toward
the anfortanate and needy.. Involuntarily raising her
-Kcib, arm joomng me very personification of
amazement, me gooa oiadady repeated 44 A feller
" ner ooHotn : ia me, it that aint iat the
way the fellers used to do whan T - . .M m . .
k.. m . - -. Ana
.u iw-ujuieu ner spectacles and
reading. - -
G.r,1fT'' W lean, from the; Holly Spring.
Gette, that a public meeting at that place, whilh
rjyE.TC1 Word, Ex-Gov Matthewi
iiu 1 ini . : i. -
rhig party, the followin
ana Col. Barton. thre nrnmin... . - .
that their . . IV
go back to
g positipns were assumed :
HunHi.hi.iM... -1 1 . .
vi7.i.- - - Biiouia not
winter that the sea-
Mtrstiai dY his denotirt-Ji1" J
t j i"'.r , v pronioiieo. . 1
f-.--- I--i.ji. 1 ... .t. ,,, ,.,(1?
mm f .1 . ?
Court' in that Stete shonM h-
x 5?? V lle service of any nroces. h. ,k.1
The Crops, &c. In Jllabnma. The Greensborough
Beacon of the 26th of October says :
We had a slight trost on the night 01 me 1 Bin -, tionaj rjghts grudgingly
me nrsi 01 me seasou-nnu aiiimici vn n.
the 19th. The cotion leaves and very young bolls
on some of the slough lands were killed ; but this
was not general, even on the slough lands; and from
all the information we have been able to gather, we
are satisfied that the injury done by the frost is very
slight. We are still without rain enough to lay the
dust. There was quite a change in the temperature
on Thursday night, preceded by considerable thun
der and a very slight rain, and as we now write
(Friday morning) it is quite cool. Cotton picking
is still progressing finely, where there is much to pick
out, though in many instances there is not much left
to gather. Should the weather continue at all favor
able for two or three weeks longer, the picking, with
most planters, will be about ended certainly be the j
end of November. The crop in this section, though
by no means a good one, will turn out better than
was generally expected a few weeks ago.
In Louisiana. The Madison Journal says: Con
siderable frost was observed' on Saturday morning,
the 19ih, and again on Sunday and Monday ; it has,
however, done, little, if any damage. The weather,
particularly of nights, continues cool, and we may
reasonably look for a killing frost before many days.
Late cotton is opening finely, and planters are con
gratulating themselves on making quite as good crops
es theic neighbors in the Mississippi hills. Should
we have no killing frost before, the 1st or 10th of No
vember, many of them will make a bale per acre.
In Arkansas. Tan Ouachita Herald of the 11th
inst.. says: Aboutthirty-five days of the most de
lightful weather dry, breezy, pleasant, (latterly cool)
and healthful the atmosphere has become overcast
and murky, giving unmistakable tokens of imminent
rain not a drop of which has touched the parched
earth within the above named time.' Our planters have
a glorious opportunity for cotton picking, which they
are by no means backward in improving. Although
the cotton planter hereabout will hardly average half
a crop taking the year 1847 as a maximum yet, as
prices rule at present more than twice as high as they
did three years ago, it wilt readily be perceived there
is no particularly just cause of complaint, provided
the season holds ordinarily favorable a month or six
weeks longer,afording opportunity to gather and carry
it to market. The corn crops in this neighborhood are
generally geed ; but, in. many of the adjoining coun
ties, we are credibly Informed, there will be a great
scarcity. '- - -;
Slavery as much as he pleases, but let him do it on
the strength of Northern capital. - We hope all the
Southern patrons of this concern will at once pay up
and 44 stop." Cut him off 44 he that is not for us is
against us. The man who gives us our Oonstitu-
or whose sympathies are
with our escaped slaves, deserves neither our confi
dence or patronage.
navel All these things beinor done, and faithful
school-masters dispersed throughout the land, offer
ing a business education at the lowest practicable
price, and we shall become a most powerful, happy,
independent, and if I mistake not, a united people.'
. Col. King, of Alabama, has also, written a letter
giving his views as to the late "Compromise" meas
ures and the proper course for the South. He says :
44 1 feel justified in saying,, that the honor of the
knntlt rjxmiina -..-.-.!..!. ...J T1!. ' .:.... ' i
wvu.n "luuina u uini iitautru. . 4 im constitution : nas
not been violated. . Still, we have good reason lo
complain of the gross injustice we have suffered by
the admission of California as a State, with a territo-
I ry greater than three of the largest States of the Iln-
pcvcriu DPTriuvc I ion, (with the exception of Texas,) from the whole
.. , CfcSUb K.IUKX!. .. of which the Southern people are effectually exclud-
We are indebted to the Marshal of this State for Jed by the prohibition of slavery contained in her con
stitution. Aorainst litis imustice I exerted irivRolftn
Northern Proscription in Viuoinia. Before the
adjournment of the Virginia convention, Mr. Floyd
offered a resolution to-the effect that power should be
conferred on the Legislature to pass a law discrimi
nating against all goods manufactured in a non-slave-holding
State.-: bv refusing? a license for - the sale of
uoh goods; and gave notice of his intention to urge
this resolution on the convention when ft shall re-as-1
enable jn January. ,fl - '
MORE "PEACE MEASURES."
The Southern Press gives the following as the
probable list of 44 Peace Measures " at the ensuing
( session of Congress :
44 From all indications, we expect the following to
be the programme of agitation and aggression at the
next session. ... - .
1. The repeal or modification of the Fugitive slave '
law. " -. ' , ; ; .
2. The admission of New Mexico as a State. '
3. The application of the Wilmot Proviso lo the
I erntory of Utah.
4. The abolition of Slavery in the District of Co
lumbia. , , .
" 5. The recognition of the Empire of Hayti.
6. The grant of public lands to actual settlers. '
7. The construction of great internal improvements
in the North.
Seven more bleeding wounds."
The South has been driven back, inch by inch, on
this question until she now stands with her back to
the wall. She acquiesces in what has been done,
because she is devoted to the Union as it ought io be,
and because she still hopes (how faint a hope!) for
better feelings and better times. She acquiesces also,
because she has been heretofore divided in her own
councils, as to the mode and measure of redress ;
but she will acquiesce and retreat rui longer. This is no
threat it is a fact. .What she has to say to the free
States is this : Let this question of Slavery alone take
it out and keep it but' of Congress; and respect and
enforce the Fugitive Slave Law as it stands. If not,
WE LEAVE YO U ! Before God and man in the
presence of the nations, and with -a wise reference to
the interests of posterity if you fail in this simple
act of justice,c;THE BONDS 5 WILL BE DIS
SOLVED 1 The Anglo-Saxon' spirit says if, and
the Anglo-Saxon blood will, if necessary,' establish
and. confirm it. We assume to ourselves no right to
speak for this State she will speak for herself at the
proper time bat we have no hesitatidn fn expressing
the opinion that this is the language of a inajoriiy
of FIFTY THOUSAND of her citizens. .., .-. i
the following Census Returns
Gates County, 1850, . .
' " " 1840,
; . : . Increase,
Halifax County, 1850,
" ;;' 1840, ;
Franklin County, 1850,
44 " 1810,
Richmond County, 1850,
' 44 1840,
Duplin County, 1850,
44 :" .1840,
Davie County, 1850,
" " . 1810,
We clip the following paragraph from the last New
bern Republican. ' It will be seen that the Beaufort
ship-owners are going into the work so long monop
olized by Northern vessels, and that Southern pro
ducts are hencefoith so far at least as South Caroli
na is concerned to be carried on Southern bottoms.
This is good policy. It is just as it should be. The
Republican says : ..';';', ., ; . ' ,' -
44 We understand that the vessel builders and mer
chants of Beaufort are fitting out all the small vessels
to that Dlace.' for the rice trade in Smith i
Carolina and Georgia.- The planters in those States Nr4h may succeed in arresting the mad career" of
the utmost; but does it furnish justifiable ground for
a resort to the extreme measures openly and warmly
advocated by a portion of onr citizens ! I think not.
For if every act of oppression or unjust legislation
furnished good ground for' the destruction of this
great Government the wonder, and the admiration
ot the world it wonld long since have been broken
into fragments.' When the emharcrn lnvva ram.l
uesoiauon ro me snores ot XMew England; destroyed
her commerce, and left her ships to rot at her wharfs,
what would have been the feqling, had that section
determined to dissolve the Union? When the un
just, uequal and most anoressive tariff of 182H nre.
sed heavily upon Southern industry, which of the
southern States, with the exception of South: Caro
lina, gave countena nee to nullification 1 . .. Far be it
from me to palliate Northern aggression. .. No man
nas leu it more sensibly than I have; and few, if
any, nave resisted it with more determined spirit.
iiuc, 1 i.rtve amerea wun many ot my southern
brethren as to measures which a strict regard for
Southern rights, required me to oppose. I acted, as
1 am connoent tney did, in accordance with what we
believed doty to our section demanded ; which was
in error, time, most determine. 'A : .
" ' ..
The advocates for secession as I should 'judge
from the resolutions adopted at several public meet
ings in this State, are actuated more from an appre
hension of what may take place, than from what has
already occurred. There ie I fear, but too much rea
son to apprehend that the spirit of fanaticism, com
bined with the thirst of power, may still prompt the
North to persevere in her aggressive course. Shonld
such unfortunately be the case, and, regardless of
the guarantees of the constitution, our rights of pro
perty should be invaded, aud the work if emancipa
tion commenced, every Southern man, and none soon
er man the citizens of Tuscaloosa, would hurl defi
ance at the fanatical crew, and unitedly determine to
defend their rights at every hazard and every sacri
fice; even to the dissolution of the Union. God
grant that the intelligence and patriotism of the
The " Raleigh Standard " seeks to create the im
pression that it is a "few of the faithful Democra
cy," alone, in Massachusetts, who appear willins lo
r 'cognize the Fugitive Slave Law. This is altogeth
er untrue. ; The facts, indeed, are iust the reverse.
: . h , Register.
The Register then goes on to allude toa letter from
the Hon. Samuel A. Elliott, the late WhisrTnember
from Boston, justifying his vote in favor of ihe Fu
gitive Slave Law ; and that , paper also refers to the
fact that Horace Mann was thrown overboard at the
late Nominating. Convention in his District, aud a
Whig nominated 44 who knows how to entertain oth
er ideas than the single , one of political hostility lo
Slavery." This all sounds very well but what are
the facts? Here they are : Mr. Elliott succeeded
Mr. Winthrop. He voted and we give him credit
for it for the Fugitive Slave Law; but he was com
pelled to give way, and anothrr Whig has been nomi
nated in his place.' That vote sacrificed him. As to
Mr. Horace Mann, it was distinctly stated by the
Whig Convention which set him aside, that their ob
ject was to get the Fugitive Slave Law altered or re
pealed, and that Mr. Mann's course had been so rab
id in .Congress that lie would exercise but little in
fluence in the House on that subject. Mr. Walley
was therefore nominated in his stead, and the great
object of nis mission to Congress will be to alter or
repeal this law. " He is spoken of as a meek, mild,
smooth-tongued, gentlemanly Abolitionist. These
are the facts. ' In addition to this, Mr. Mann has been
also nominated by' his friends in that District, with
a fair prospect of re-election.
In connection with a "few of .the faithful Democ
racy "of Massachusetts, who. are sound upon this
question, we ask the attention of the : Editor of the
Register to the following Telegraphic despatch from
the National Intelligencer of Saturday last: :
44 Boston,1 November 8.
: The Democratic meeting' held here last night de
clared in favor of the fugitive slave law and of the
What will the Register say to that? Has any
Whig Meeting in Boston approved that law 1 -
Bntitis uselesstodiscussthesepointsatany length.
We only ask that justice be done to those noble-heart
ed Democrats of the free States who are still true to
the Constitution and the rights of the South. Their
numbers, we admit, are rapidly diminishing ; ' and
Southern Whigism has done, as much to kill them
of! " as Northern fanaticism, ,, But throughout the
free States 44 the leprosy ". is more or less 44 upon all."
Tlie South must unite, We must forget .the past, and
act act to save the Union, if possible and if not,
ourselves, t In the language of Judge Strange : "The
Citizens of the North Our friends and brothers,
they wish 'f bur enemies only, if they will have it so.'
have determined upon practical non-intercourse with
the North, and refuse to employ Northern coasters.
Our Beaufort friends are the first to take advantage
of the feeling against the North, and are preparing to
go into the trade actively. 1 This is as it should be.
North Carolina can .furnish ' any number of vessels
suitable to that trade, and can man them with trust
worthy and intelligent seamen. 1 The profits of the
business will fall into the hands of a Southern State,
while the planters' will have their rice crops carried
to market at, no more than the usual : freight. x We
would direct the attention sof our seamen to the in
ducements offered in this trade. We cannot say pos
itively what are the police regulations ot Charleston,
and of South Carolina, but, we presume the owner of
a rice-trader eould 'sail her with his own slaves. ' If
this be so, there is an additional inducement td go
into the business." ; .'A V j
ty ; ; 1 . ',-' '- a . ,
W'e invite attention to the Communication in an-
It is stated in some ofthe Ohio papers that Thoi
mas Corwin" bloody hands "will consent to"go
back, to the Senate, if elected by the ensuing Legisi
lature of. tha State, which is Whig. ' oSJs j
other column.ovev tlirf signature of' A Citizen. ', in
relation to 'theMb.ihfirW'Vrthe Tow it and
County .3 The suggestions' contained in this Com
munication are worthy of consideration i They Ema
nate from a citizen who is well informed in such mat
ters, and who, we'knowfias rh5 welfare of the poor
arid afflicted? as well a's the interests of thebityLd
County at heart; '''f ,r!'ii!'1 ('" i-
?-- , .1?'(? .Hrj.
these fanatics and unprincipled aspirants for Dower.
and that harmony may be restored lo our distracted
country.?.-. ? 'iX. . . '. .. .
Mr Senator King-; it appears, is wafting for the
" work, of emancipation " to be 44 commenced " I ?
The 44 work of emancipation" will hardly be "com
menced openly and by ' act f Congress, during his
day; but Slavery has already been hemned in by that
body, and the Northern poiicyis to 'agitate ii) oat of
existence. nj -1 , t . t . . , . . ,
- If separation must ensue, let the Southern States go
off together. As one people" possessing common
sympathies and deeply interested in the same species
of property, let tliem'stapd or fall io jthe . same great
movement. Separate final action, by any one State,
or.a Port",(" of the Southern States,' is jfreatly lobe
deprecated. Let South Carolina wait for her sisters.
They will soon be. ready io join her, or. the agitation
of (his question will be arrested and the present Union
preserved. .A .few .months must solve all'doubti.
, I he present conditionof affairs cannot, jn the ,yerj na
tnre of thrngs,- endnre ' moch'joriger. Union or Dis
cnion let the peopleW the "free. States, answer for
the consequences to .tbis .age, and, toail posterity I
Late fbom Europe. The new British steamer
Africa arrived at New York a day or two since from
Liverpool, with dates to the 26th ultimo. 3- r'-
The cotton market was quiet; though there was
a slight advance on the previous week's quotations.
Breadstoffs were dull, without any'change ;n prices.
the I elegraph report presents no new feature in
the affairs of Great Britain, France, or other parts of
Europe. .: The extension by the National Assembly
of the term of office of the President of the French
Republic to four years is said to be deemed certain.
;, Late accounts from China represent that an insur
rection had broken out in the southern provinces, hav
ing for its object the overthrow of the young Emperor.
1 '- r ; : ., -,
The passengers from California, who lately arrived
at New Orleans in the. Steamer , Alabama, brought
over $50,000 in spurious bills of the Bank of South
Carolina and ihe Merchant's Bank of Newbern, N.
C. ,. All. the bills are of the denomination of $100.
The innocent holders took them in San Francisco in
exchange for gold dnsf. v) . ' .;.
In the Indiana Constitutional Convention, says lbs
Southern Press, the committee .on rights and privile
ges of inhabitants hi ve reported, ad article prohibit
ing the immigration of negroes into the State, and al
so their right to hold real estate. - :
':' j' y.ct f " : ' -$ '.
..Whites ano.Blacics in South Carouna. Statis
tics founded on the tax returns . received at the office
of; the Comptroller General of South Carolina gives
the white population at 280,385, and ' the: sla re'pdpuJ
lition at 358,714. '' T ' - V'' ; r'-f- '
The "tVhigs of JUichigan at their recent State. Con
vention, adopted Resolutions nominating Gen. Scott
forme Presidency, in 1852. ; j ...... i-,- . , - i;