Newspaper Page Text
. J ..JMnrl tO h0W i
Sena'" and uTta STc--i-
on slaves. He "iked much about
tWeen the two cases. We hy iegf bttl tba mi-
the aSssslonS of fJun h- the majority ; and we
iority was oppressed here by of ver.
should do justice at fb'road. He said our State
shadowing majorities from jugtjn iu provl8i0na
Constitution was less equai - UnIonthat the
on this subject tha "J - had faU and fair voice
people of the State had ne Con8titutionthat the
in making or J??Uich framed it, was ruled by
Convention , a "householders, and that the Con-
u- iHho!ders ana am Anwn bv leo-is-
uie m.. ft35 was teueieu - - -j - j
ention of w th(j peop,e of
, limitations """. .:..i.i.nniSr9.werii
bein? represented L " each County having
represented oniy j . He wantej a f
,he same nmber ' ventun, in which the people
"d..u?reSed STthoSS it impossible to effect
f U - a rLforaw by legislative enactment. The pro
desired reform 0J" nd variousthe neces-
posaions were Hou8egcould nol 9gtee upon
ave not ,h main heads
iiA hiua rrivf.u uiiit sw
t7 U..ra rrlVPn Illll V auiuc ui .
. J written
Soch. which, we learn, is w
for publication. Woodfin's remarks,
After theconc'a81OTrof,KAill to the committee
Mr Bower moved to refer the bin i
on amendment. l0 the ConaUtuJon.
Mr Hiliner asked why reier . time and
fore the Senate it had been He could
the Question now was upon i , ha Tesarded the
see no reason for the w""" unfriendly to the
mnt;nn of the enaii
v,n Hn wanted a
., nroiects had been sub-
Mr. wer3:mr the Constitution that a com
niitted for amending the ubject, and he
mitte haa . al this bill should go to that coni
.hought it nght that this d he
mitiee, to be na turelj - con firgt rea(J
author of the
ard at length,
?? rtr.r He had been heard at length,
bill snouiu that the bill shouia oe
that the bill should be re-
and he was ot me p , the reference.
ferred-r. nf B opposed the reference. He
Mr. Caldwell of B., OPP d ; ned no good
thought Senator from A he had g
reason for his F"n; " " en Sen8te. He did not
sired was a fair an"nt0Pa prejudiced committee,
v ishthebiU to be sent to a prej .
He said the Se nator torn Aahe at
dal hand against the o hi. Western county,
his course, coming as he , tr?m u be anowed
Mr- Bower -.a ";moved by the Sen
the me.-ngnw """" t responsible to that
ator from Burke. . 1 He had reisons
ffentfeman, t to h's const.tuenU.
for his course satisfactory to h u . o n ,
did not fear to -eet hjs conSu.
understand n .--- under the clr.
moved only wn-i . :tftjw the motion.
cumstances, ana ne ' , reason for the
" - .
Mr. Courts cou.o P "f nn tha other side,
u'armtn aim mi su,r" ' . u
Wd" . -r.u ' fi.noinr from Ashe,
l". 5"- .. Whv not
rSV' itV.;. Proposition of the first im
re.er " ,,ed ,he Rvest and most momentous
porta..ce-iVnvolvea neg u
results, and the benale snouiu roaaon
it He was for the reterence, u .u. V ,
... ...j r. th e rofprence on the nrsi reau-
1U nave vui .
If so then, why not now- ------ - ,
sons for such a vote m
a.,fhnr of the bin naa oeen
He tnongni s. -- ,h Senate.
hnard his arguments were now - .
including the committee ;.nd he thought the friend,
of temeasureoughtto thank the fe "a 'or from Ashe
for havin-r delayed his motion till they had been
heard We mi-ht dispense with our committees at
once, if we did not refer, for mature consideration, so
important a bill as this. forpnpe
Mr. Washington should vote for the rence.
Why raise committees unless they are to actT l here
wereother propositions for Constitutional
.ner.ts already before the com m.ttee, and h e could
see no reason why this bill should
ence of remaining before the Senate, Under any cir-
C I I... .nnroMnArlili
cumstances it ought to De reierreu, ui -
i nmn morse, as this bill involved
the gravest and most important matters.
Mr. Thomas moved an adjournment, which was
not agreed to. . , r .k
Mr. Shepard said he was surprised at some of the
positions of the Senator from Buncombe. He did
not propose to reply to him at present, but he might
notice some of these positions on a future occasion.
He agreed with the Senator from Ashe that this bill
oiiTht to be referred. He wanted all the various pro
jects for Constitutional amendments laid before the
committee he was willing that all the linkers upon
the Consti union should have a chance; and it might
be, after they had all tried their hands, that something
might be patched up and palmed off on the people as
an improvement on that noble instrument.
The question then recurring on the motion to refer
said bill, it was determined in the affirmative as fol
yEAS. Messrs. Arendell, Barrow, Berry. Brower,
Bond. Bunt'ma, Bynum. Caldwell of M., Cameron,
Canaday, Clarke, Collins, Courts, Drake, Eborn,
Grist. Hargrave, Herring, Hester, Hoke, Jones, Joy
ner, MeMillan,Malloy, Nixon, Pender, Richardson,
Rogers, Sessoras, Shepard, Sherrod, Speight, Thom
as, Thompson, Washinsrton, Watson, Willey, Wil
lhtmsnn, Barnard, and Wooten 40.
Nays. Messrs. Barringer, Caldwell of B., David
son, Gilmer, Haughton, Kelly, Lane, Lillington, and
On motion of Mr. Berry, the bill heretofore intro
duced by him. providing for an amendment of the
Constitution, was taken up and referred to the com
mittee on Constitutional amendments.
On motion of Mr. Lillington, the Senate adjourned
until to-morrow 11 o clock.
HOUSE OF COMMONS.
' Petitions and Memorials.
Mr. W instead presented a memorial from sundry
citizens of Person county, protesting against the in
corporation of religious and moral reform societies,
and particularly of the order of the Sons of Temper
ance. Mr. Winsiead moved its reference to the com
mittee on Propositions and Grievances, which was
not agreed to, and the memorial was ordered to lie on
Mr. Caldwell of Guilford, a memorial from sundry
citizens of Guilford county, praying amendments to
the existing Revenue laws of the otate, so as to attord
protection and encouragement to the mechanic arts
within the Slate by laying suitable taxes upon the
Merchants or venders of articles, the manufacture of
other States, which may come in competition with
mechanical labor in this State; referred to committee
on Finance. '
Bills and Resolutions.
Mr. Avery a bill to provide relief for the purchas
ers of Cherokee lands at the sale of 1838, and to se
cure a portion of the debts due the Slate; referred to
the committee on Cherokee lands.
On motion of Mr. Wiley, the committee on the
Library were instructed to examine, in the office of
the Secretary of State, the manuscript journals of the
Colonial T.eo-islntiire of North Carolina: and also the
journals of the Provincial Congress, and of the Coun
cils of Safety, organized and held during the years
1775 anH I77fi. anH that thev reDort ODon the expe
diency and nrnhahU cost of Drintinff one hundred
copies of each.
Mr. Wiley explained that there was but one copy
of these iournala in existence, and that if any acci
dent haDDened to them, tha legislative history of that
period would be lost. He wished a small number of
copies to be printed, so that thia interesting portion
i me history of North Carolina may be preserved
Mr. Erwin introduced a bill to incorporate New
triage Company in the county of Buncombe ; reter-
red to committee on Private Bills.
Mr. Williams of Mecklenburg, a resolution in fa-
vr of the Sheriff of Union county ; referred to cona-
""m 6 on- Propositions and Grievances.
Mr. Wilson, a bill providing tor the appointment
1 a 8uperintendant of Common Schools in each Con
cessional District of the State, and for other purpos-
. ordered to be printed, and to be referred to the
C1 on Education.
1848-9. othit " bil' merM ,he wenne act of
Mr Jarred to the committee on Finance.
121 'kt am' a bil1 to incorporate Logan Lodge, No.
red to eori York Masons, Jameston, N. C ; refer
red to comutteee on Priva'te Bm ' ; u
k maflxA WAS received from the Senate, proposing
to eo into an election of Comptroller to-mo tow . at
o'clock. Mr. Stowe moved to 17 the ?1eM8B?ht
table?which was not agreed Jo. 7The House then re
fused to agree totne proposition oi H, ,-,hfl Senato
Mr. Stowe moved to send a
proposing to go into an election oi "., f
at 1 o'clock, which w.s agreed to.. Qp ...
nr. Mm ' t . . Fred to the committee on
late Sheriff of Johnston ; referrea ro "
Mr. Leach of Johnston, a reso.-w--"
Prepositions ana rw.Tan";idi for the safe keep ,
ing of the maps and d? ,ent8 of the State,
surveys, and Internal img committee on In
and for other purposes ; reierreu
ternal Improvements. Drak the committee on the
On motion of r; d to inquire into the expedi
Judiciary were instru5aw d ofJebta
ency of amending make a, ljfa debts
nf deceased persons .,( rB nkAtko
due founts! bonds or judgments, of eaual dignity.
Pm lfernes of Edgecombe, presented a petition,
Mr'nnied by a bill, to lay off a new county by
o Wifson, from parts of Edgecombe, Wayne,
ftSSS-nd Nash ; referred to committee on Propo-
8ilbn mot?onGof TSojkl-. .U,. committee on Fi-:
nance were instructed to inquire into the expediency
of changing the time of possession of property listed
for taxation, from first of April as now required to
Mrwjgg'ins a t0 incorporate the Granville
Plank Road Company ; referred to committee on In
ternal Improvements, ,
Mr. Amis introduced the following resolutions,
which were referred to the committee on negro
1. Resohedy That the constitutional oath prescrib
ed to members of Congress, faithfully to observe
the Constitution," requires them to enact whatever
laws may be necessary to secure the full, perfect and
speedy attainment of all the provisions of the Con-,
stitution ; and that any failure to do so, is a violation
of the Constitution and in derogation of their solemn
oath. . .
2. Resolved, That the law known as the Fugitive
Slave Law," passed by Congress at its last session,
or some other equally efficient, is necessary to secure
the full, perfect and speedy execution of one of the
most important provisions of the Constitution ; and
that Congress in enacting said law, acted in pursu
ance of the plainest requirements of Constitutional
3. Resolved, That all efforts to repeal said law, or
in any way to hinder or defeat or delay the delivery
of persons held to service or labor in any State un
der the laws thereof, upon claim of the party to whom
such service or labor may be due, are flagrant viola
tions of the Constitution ; and that those who engage
in such efforts, manifest not only a heedless indiffer
ence to constitutional duty, but a deep seated and un
relenting hostility to the constitution and the Union.
4. Resolved, That it is the duty of those whd love
the Union and desire its preservation, to co-operate
arainst those who thus manifest a disposition to de
stroy it, and compel them to submit to the Constitu
tion, and the laws passed in accordance therewith,
or take measures to drive them from the Union.
5. Resolved therefore, That in order to ascertain
who they are that thus meditate the destruction of our
Government, against whom every lover of his coun
try should unite in defence of the Constitution, our
Northern brethren be, and they are hereby requested,
fully and fairly to meet the questions herein referred
to, and, by convention or legislative action, to declare
unequivocally for or against the Union and the Con
stitution in all its parts and with all its requirements.
6. Resolved, That any unreasonable delay on the
part of any State to take its position, will be consid
ered as a determination to treat with indignity the
just complaints of a grossly wronged people ; and
that we shall feel warranted in shaping our course
7. H,nlt,ed. That our brethern of the Southern
States are earnestly requested to unite with us in the
position we ;have taken of union and co-operation
arainst the enemies of the Union.
8. Resolved, That his Excellency, the Governor,
be requested to transmit forthwith to the Governors
of the several States of the Union a copy of the fore
goincr resolutions, with a request that they submit
thenTwithout delay to the Legislatures of their respec
tive States, if in session, or. it the Legislatures be
not in session, to place them with all convenient des
patch before the people.
Mr. Winstead presented a bill to exempt overse
ers of public roads from military dutyj reierrea
. -i I j :
to committee on tne juoiciary.
Reports or Committees.
Mr. Person, of Moore, from the committee on
Finance, reported against the bill to amend the reve
nue act of 184G-'7; on motion of Mr. Figott, the
bill was laid on the table.
Mr. Wilson, from the committee on Private Bills,
reported in favor of the passage of the bill incorporal
inr Falling Creek Lodge, No. 29, 1. O. O. . Rock
ingham, Richmond county, and of the bill to incor
porate Mountain Lodge, No. 19, 1. O. O. b . Lincoln
ton, both of which passed their second reading.
Also, against the passage of the bill concerning
fishing in the Roanoke and Cashie rivers, taking off
one of the lay days.
Mr. Person, of Northampton, moved to lay this
bill on the table; not agreed to.
Messrs. Cherry, Mizell, Pope, Winston, Person,
of Northampton, and Erwin debated the bill at length.
The question1 being taken, the bill was rejected.
Mr. Piwott from the committee on private btUs,.re
ported in'favor of the passage of the bill incorporat
ing Cedar Hill Division .No. 16, S. of 1, Anson
county, , , ....
Mr. Leach of Johnston, moved to lay the bill on
the table. Not agreed to. . ,
On the question " shall this bill pass its second
readino-, " Mr. McLean demanded theyeasand nays.
Mr.Pope offered an amendment, reserving to the
Legislature the right to repeal, alter, or modify the
act of incorporation.
Mr. Steele opposed the amendment, and gave no
tice that a slight speech might be expectea irom mm
in answer to those who opposed these acts of incor
poration ; and he called upon them to state their rea
sons if they had any.
Mr. Jones said he was opposed to Incorporating
.i -Uarl thn Sons of Temperance. He
said there was a tendency in these institutions to
meddle in politics ; and he alluded to the recent State
election in Delaware, and the Corporation election in
Raleigh, as evidence of the correctness of his posi
tion. They were good societies, and he wished them
success as long as they confined themselves within
.Dr .nhpn nf action. But on account of this
tendency to political influence, he must oppose these
acts of incorporation.
Mr. Pope briefly advocated bis amendment.
Mr. Dargan made a long speech in favor of the
rrHr f th Sons of Temnerance and in favor ot
Without final action, the House at 2 o clock, ad
journed. (Telegraphed for the Washington Republic
Terrific and Destructive Tornado The town qf Uipe
Girardeau Demolished Seventy or jL.tgnnf xiuuwc
blown lo piece A great number of Lives lust, $rc.
l.nniaTn.f.1.. Nov. 30. One of the most appalling
and destructive tornadoes which has been experienced
in the Mississippi Valley for several years occurred
about two o'clock in the afternoon. It swept oyer the
town of Cape Girardeau, situated on the Mississippi
river just below St. Jjouis, and oemousnea oiubb
enty or eighty buildings, many of them the finest and
principal business houses in the place.
The Baptist and Catholic churches and the Catho
lic convent were destroyed.
The steamboat Saranac had her upper works com
pletely blown off, and several persons on her were se
verely injured, and some probablyy "were drowned.
The wharf-boat was blown from her moorings, and
almost irreparably injured. . .
In order that you may judge of the tremendous vi
olence of the storm, 1 will state that a cow was un
ceremoniously lifted off her feet on terra firona and de
posited in the top of a tree, sixty feet from the ground.
The loss of life by thia awful visitation cannot as
yet be ascertained, but it is certainly very great, as
numbers are doubtless buried beneath the ruins of
tbe fallen buildings, There are also a great number
of persons who are seriously injured, and some of
them are so crippled and maimed that they will never
recover from the effects. -
The town is literally torn in pieces, and looks tru
ly wo-begone. Many citizens who were this morning
to be seen with light heart and smiling faces are to
night wrapped either in the arms of death, or else are
weeping tor their friends who have been thus untime
ly swept away. ' S'-'-il . '"'J ;
SERII WEEKLY STANDARDS
The CttUtntlojk and the Union or the itatoi
r "They, mast toe Preserved. "
SATURDAY. DEC JSraBEI! T, i50..,
Our readers will find full sketches- in our paper
to-day, of the proceedings of the two H oases from
Monday lo Wednesday inclusive, j - " f ' ; t;;
Or Thursday, in the Senate, no business of impor
tance was transacted. -That body was eagranred. for
the most part of the day's sitting, on Bills and Res
olutions on their second reading, and in receiving Re
ports from Committees. ' "; .
In the Commons, . on Thursday, , Mr. McLean
Chairman of the Committee, made a Report from a
majority of the Committee on Constitutional amend
ments, and asked to be discharged from the further
consideration of the matters referred to them. The
Committee reported against the proposition to sub'
mit the election of Judges and Justices of the
Peace to the people against an amendment limitinc
the Legislature in its appropriations of tbe public mo
ney, and in favor of Equal Suffrage, accompanied by
a bill. Mr. foster, of Davidson, submitted a minor
ity report, accompanied by a bill, leaving it to the
people to say whether they will have a Convention or
not, and if so, making provisions for an election of Del-
gates. The whole question of ' Constitutional Re
form will probably be discussed in the House during
the ensuing week.
On Monday next the two Houses will assemble in
the Commons Hall to compare tbe votes for Governor ;
and on Tuesday the Resolutions of Mr. Bridges, in
relation to the North Carolina Rail Road, will come
np for consideration in the Commons.
On Thursday last Maj. William J. Clarke, of this
City, was elected Comptroller of State over William
F. Collins, Esq., by the following vote : Clarke 87,
Collins 73, scattering 3. We announce this result
with sincere gratification.- Maj. Clarke is worthy,
in every respect, of the confidence reposed in him by
his friends and of the honor thus bestowed upon hinr .
He will make one ot the best officers the State ever
had. We consider him peculiarly qualified for the
post, and we are confident he will so discharge his
duties as to attach his numerous friends still more
strongly to him. We know the man.
Tbe most important office in the gift of this Legis
lature that of Treasurer is yet to be filled. This
election will take place some time next week. The
people expect a Democrat to be elected to this post,
and it is the duty of Democratic members to see that
this is done. There is no safety in scattering votes,
or in voting agaiest the party nominees. The Whigs
have had the State Government for fourteen years,
and in all that period they have uniformly preferred
and promoted their own men. W e owe it to our
principles, to our self-respect as a party, and to the
Governor elect, to adopt the same course towards
them ; and especially with reference to this important
office of Treasurer. We hope, therefore, that our
friends will present a united front in this election.
and that a sound and able Democrat will be elected.
FUGITIVE SLAVE LAW.
Greely, of the Tribune, who speaks for the Anti-
I . . . t
Slavery men generally, says "there are probably ai
this moment fifty thousand runaway slaves in tne
free States, and as yet hardly ten have been remand-
ed to slavery, since this law was enacted." He al-
go says, snouio one in every ur oi we luguno
... - f e .i c. :
slaves now residing in the free States be arrested un
der that law, it would be impossible to return them to
slavery'1'' f and he then shows why and how it would
be impossible. Public opinion, not active opposition
j to the law, would make it impossible. Greely goes
for a repeal, or an " essential modification " of the
law; and he says the South shall never have peace
until this is done.
Mr. Willis H. Hughes, of Georgia, who recently
went to Boston to reclaim his slaves the Crafts
! has written a letter giving a full account of bts fau
! nre and treatment there. He says :
In referrence to the abolition sentiment in Bos
ton, I would state this circumstance : All the time
the excitement was going on witn me, mere was no
protection of the city authorities ottered me, ano none
turned out in my favor. But when Oeorge Ihomp
son, the English abolition lecturer, was expected
and a meeting was announced to receive him, it was
rumored that a mob mierht assemble on his reception.
i and the mayor instantly oraerea out ine cuy ojpeers (
attend and suppress any moo snowing vuai
authorities were disposed to give protection to an ab
olitionist, which they had withheld from me while
engaged in my lawful business; and .my opinion is.
if we had succeeded in arresting ma wgiuwi "
they would have been rescued by the citizens,
i In conclusion, to give a full history of my visit to
Boston would occupy too mucn time ano pauenue.
I will, therefore, conclude by saying that 1 went
to Boston as an agent to execute a lawful trust, think
ing I should be protected and assisted Dy tne laws
of my country. But, on the contrary, irom me urei.
the laws of the country, insieaa oi
tection, were made an engine of crueuy, oppression,
justice, and abuse to that my uje v. aw cwuuuiu.y
I danecred: and ihi without the first offer of assistance
from government national, State, or city. 1 feel that
every man who has a soumern near iu t.
and would maintain the honor ot His country, snouiu
sustain the southern-rights cause by every . consuw
tional measure, until our rights are acknowledged
and justice obtained."
It is evident from this letter ot Mr. nugnea, ma
the Marshal for Massachusetts did noi penoru. .
duty ; yet his conduct on this occasion has been ex
pressly and officially approved by President Fillmore,
and he has been continued in office ! .
Mr. McPheeters. whose servant girl was taken
from him at Pittsburgh by the Abolitionists, has re
turned to this City, his native place, and we Have had a
conversation with him on the subject. He says the
Marshal told him he would act for him, but tnat action
would be useless. In the first place, the Marshal said
the girl could not be found, and in the second, if
i found, the mob would certainly have prevented him
from restoring her to her master! we noP wr.
McPheeters will make out a statement oi tne lacts
for the public. ,
Thi bod.v assembled on Monday last.
i members from this State were in their seats, with the
exception of Mr. Stanly. .;..
Nothing of importance iranapireu u j
. xxi jn loot oova :
Tuesday. Tbe U nion oi vv euueuay
. t .u s..,t. vesteraav. n wa .
motion of Mr. Mangum, that the standing committees
the President of the Senate- Mr.
Hale submhted 'a resolution calling for the proceed
Hale suorameu f jd,er chargr.
would introduce seve, l V Ie fo; the location
suppress the salt tax , a K!umv . -nd a
and construction ot a cenirai n.i. ' .
ofll accelerate thsaleof JLSSl
. i. l ik nn to exuiiuiB"
lands within the new States, &c. ,
MThe House fJrJtSSZS.
Chaplain. Both Hooees nu y r--- " j
K twe,Te 'clock- :T-'L-ZAji T .n lha
' We shall keep our reaue j "
j importantTOQvements in thia body.r i
it i mmorad that another attempt
I made to arrest a fugitive alare in Boston !
CONSTryUTIQNAJ AMENDMENTS. j
Gov. Manly," In Ws Message, cannot undertake
to say , whether a majority of tbe people of the State
are in favor of. alterations in "the I Constitution or nbtfc.
but he nevertheless thinks that a law ought. to be '
passed at once for taking the .sense of the voters J
upon the question o( change or no change.1 '- If '? ,
change' should prevail why then Equal Suffrage
Would be defeated ; but if tbe people should vote for
a change,'' the next step, as doubtless anticipated'
by tbe Governor, would be an unlimited Convention, tZ
Is he in favor of that! Are the Whig leaders for it!
If so, why not say so in so many words 1 Why this
evasion? Why this marching up and falling' back!
Why not meet the question at once and like men t
The Governor furthermore says that this " demand
for reform " has grown so rapidly that it now " em
braces a change in the basis of representation in the
General Assembly." Who put that " demand " in
Who raised it np, from the dust of repeated and sig
nal defeats, and gave to it vitality and official sanc
tion! Gov. Manly ; and yet he lacks the candor to
say that he is for it, or that he considers the demand
for it a just and reasonable one. It was " a good
enough at Morgan " on the stump ; but it is handled
in hfe Message as if he was afraid of it as if it had
pushed rtself forward without being called for. The
truth is, this point in his Message is the most insid
ious and uncandid part of the entire document. He
hints what ha feared to say ; and he essays to put the
Legislature on a course of policy, by his "change"
and " no change" suggestion, which he, himself, as
a piivate citizen, would no doubt vote against at the
polls. But this, in At public career, is notsuprising.
It is on a level with his silence in the East, in 1841,
on the School Fund question, and his advocacy, in
the West, in the same campaign, of a distribution of
that Fund according to white population; and it is in
perfect keeping with the coorse of many of his East"
ern friends in the late campaign, who denied that he
had taken this latter ground in the West, and who
were only informed and convinced of their error by the
plain and pointed revelations of his annual Message.
We charged, in the late campaign, that he hid not
only taken ground in favor of the white basis for the
School Fund, but in relation to representation in the
Legislature; and we proved what we said. Whig
partizans denied it, and denounced our paper in the
bitterest terms as ihe vehicle of misrepresentation and
falsehood. Who was right in this matter? Let the
records the proofs declare ! We are satisfied in this
regard ; but we think it more than probable Gov.
Manly's Eastern friends are not. Tbey were grossly
deceived, and they have a right to be indignant. But
we have no disposition to dwell upon these points.
We designed only to offer a suggestion or so in re
lation to proposed Constitutional amendments, and
upon the Convention question.
We think the Senate and House have adopted the
proper course in referring the various Convention bills
to the Committees on Constitutional amendments.
We can perceive no good reason for calling a Con
vention, whether "limited" or 44 unlimited." The
various Constitutional amendments proposed can be
effected by legislative action, in good time, and with
out the agitation and expense .incident to a Con
vention. The Constitution itself points out the mode
by which it can be altered; and, in the absence of
any general demand by the people for a Convention,
let that mode be observed. There is no necessity for
j unitinK these measures in the same bill. They can
j h nassed senaratelv Eoual Snffracre in one. Judoes
. Solicitors in another, and Justices in another and
be p(Jt tQ the peopie. to 8tand or fall upon their own
merits. We do not fear that either of the propositions
will fail. They will all go through, at the polls, by
majorities of thousands ; and we shall thus have re
form without expense and without sectional strife.
Indeed, we do not believe thatany considerable portion
of the Western people even are in favor of a Conven
tion ; and we are confident, from all we can learn,
that a majority of tbem are satisfied with the present
basis of representation or, at least, if 'they had the
power to do so, they would not disturb it at this time.
But they are in favor of Equal Suffrage, and Judges,
Solicitors, and Justices by the people; and they ex
pect this Legislature to adopt the necessary means,
in accordance with the Constitution, for carrying out
their wishes in this respect.
Mr. Woodfin no doubt spoke his real sentiments,
and those of a large number of his Whig constituents,
in his violent white-basis effort on Wednesday last;
but we cannot believe that Mr. Rayner is in favor of
Convention of any sort. Of course we do not
charge deliberate insincerity upon the gentleman from
Hertford he is above that ; but he wants his politi
cal opponents to " show their hands " while his hand
is not very boldly displayed, and he would no doubt
like to see a few Western Democrats caught in his
legislative trap . That, according to our judgment,
is about the extent of his designs on this subject;
but the manner in which he was met on Monday last,
by. Mr. Avery, in that able and manly Speech of his
on this very question, is a foretaste of the disappoint
ment to which the gentleman from Hertford is doomed.
His Convention bill will fail, and he may vote, upon
the strength of its failure, against Free Suffrage. If
he should, he will rue it and so will Mr. Wood
fin, if even he should adopt such a course.
We repeat, we can see no good reason for calling
a Convention. The demand by the people for reform can
be effected by legislative action, and a Convention is
therefore unnecessary. " This is the ground we took
on this subject in 1848, and we shall continue to ad
here to it.. And what, may we ask, would be the re
sult of a Convention? Do- gentlemen suppose that
any Convention which could be palled, would inter
fere with the present basis ? Could such a body do
more than establish Equal Suffrage and provide for
Judges, Solicitors, and Justices by the people ? And if
not and if these results can oe attained oy legisla
tive action, why call it I Why incur an expense of
some thirty or forty thousand dollars, especially at a
time like this, when the Treasury is empty and when
the taxes on the people must, of necessity, be .in
creased ? Why foment strife and discord between
sections, when the section which, it is declared, calls
for the white basis, cannot obtain that basis at the
hands of the majority t Why provoke a contest, in
which the two sections will for a time be arrayed
against each other, and then fall back to their old
positions, with the telative weight end power they
had before, but with feelings inflamed and resentments
more deeply seated 1 Would such a course be wise 1
Would it be in accordance with the wishes and ex
pectations of the original and sincere, friends qf Equal
Suffrage? We think not.
If we have spoken freely on this subject, we have
done so because the occasion appeared to demand it at
our hands. We do not mean to reflect upon any one,
or to assign to any gentleman a false position ; but
our duly it is our purpose to. discharge, if -we know
how,' under all circumstances and in every crisis. " :
v . Wo hare thus repeated our opinions without reserve
on these important questions. Will Mr. Rayner give
his Is he for or against a Conv-ntion t He maT
not haVe an opportunity of casting a direct vote opon
the question in theCommons, and it' is therefore
necessary, if he would be clearly and fully understood.
tthat he should speak ui. Jib constituents no doubt
expect Mm" to do so, and th Whig party of tbe State
in general are looking .with some-attention to;
coorse. We assure him that there is no trick " or
" contrivance "no Leeislatiie krerdemain " in this
call which we make upon him. We know that he
never resorts to such weapons, and it would therefore
be nnfajr in as to use them against him.' ? , i .
r- . . ; v.
NORTH CAROLINA' BIBLE SOCIETY?
This Society held, its annual meeting in the Com
mons Hall, on Monday evening the 2nd inst. -;
n the absence of the President and Viee Presi
dents, Kev. JJ. Lacy was called to the Chair, who
explained the object of tbe meeting, is a few appro
priate remarKB. Aiier reauing ot tne ttoty Script
ures and prayer by the Rev. B. T. Blake, the Rev.
Dr. Holditcb, agent of the American Bible Society.
gave an eloquent and highly interesting account of
the operations of that Society. Col. J. H. Wheel er
submitted the following Resolution, which was unani
mously adopted: ' T '
Resolved. That the Bible, independent of its Divine
orisrio. and the tendency ot- its Holy precepts, lurn-
ishes the best rnle of action between man and his
fellow-man, and an unerring standard by which to
test llhe numerous theories of the day, for improving
the condition and nrosDects of our race.
" The Colonel enforced and explained the object of the
Resolution, in a short but forcible and instructive
speech. ' - "
Kev. U. T. Blake offered the following resolution:
Resolved,' That the magnitude and importance of
the work, in which the American Bible Society is
engaged, entitles it to our cordial approval and co-operation,
and that we will, individually, use our influ
ence, to insure its efficiency, in diffusing the Bible
at home and abroad. -
Maj. Win. J. Clarke seconded the motion in a
speech, giving a brief account of what had been done
for the cause in North Carolina, during the present
year, and enforcing the duty, as citizens, to furnish
every person with that Book which is recommended
to us, as being not only the Word of God, but the
Book of the Mate.
Hon. James C. Dobbin, at the call of the meeting,
responded in a most appropriate and stirring speech
a speech which did no less credit to his head than his
heart, and added new laurels to one who has already
acquired the proud reputation of being one of Caro
lina s most eloquent sons.
The meeting then adjourned.
We learn that the- following Officers for the ensu
ing year, have been elected by the Grand Lodge of
North Carolina, at present in session in this City :
A. T. Jerkins, of Craven, Grand Master.
Mr. Blacknell, of Rowan, Senior Warden,
J. A. Rowland, of Robeson, Junior Warden.
C. W.. D. Hutchings, of Raleigh. Treasurer.
Wm. T. Bain, of Raleigh, Secretary.
Gov. Quitman. It is stated that a Federal Grand
Jury in New Orleans, has indicted Gov. Quitman, of
Mississippi, for aiding the late expedition against
Cuba ; and the question of power to arrest him while
Governor, and take him before the Court for trial, was
being argued a few days since in New Orleans. The
Southern Press, speaking of this movement, says :
"It would cap the climax of Federal justice and South
ern equality, for one Marshal of the United States to
arrest the Chief Magistrate of a Southern State at its
seat of government, when another Federal Marshal
had found it impracticable to arrest a runaway negro
at the seat of government ot Massachusetts !"
The Washington Republic copies and endorses Mr
Gilmer's Resolutions on Slavery. We have but little
doubt that these Resolutions embody Mr. Badger's
present views and sentiments on this subject ; but tbe
Rennhlic is mistaken if it supposes the people of
North Carolina will either " approve" or " heartily
support " the so-called Compromised" They ac
quiesce in these measures nothing more. They will
not kiss the hand that smites them, nor exult over a
system of policy which deprives them of ..every ad
vantage in California so faras slave labor is concerned,
and which then compromises over a plain guarantee
of the Constitution.
The proceedings of the Union Meeting" in Rock
ingham county have been unavoidably crowded out
to-day. Thpy shall appear in our next. Also, other
communications and articles, which we are compel
led, by the length ot our Legislative proceedings, to
omit in this number.
Georgia Election. Eighty-five Counties in
Georgia have been heard from, and thus far only
twenty Secessionists have been chosen to the Con
vention. The majority in favor of remaining for the
present in the Union, will be very large.-
There was a report in circulation yesterday in the
Capitol, that the senators and perhaps the representa
tion from South Carolina would notattend the session,
and that their legislature had passed, or was about to
ass, resolutions to that tffect. But we could not trace
the report to any aumenuc sumuc, um tuum
certain the slightest foundation for it. It was next
reported that two ot the representatives oi ooum Car
olina were in Washington, but had not answered to
their names on calling the roll. This branch of the
report proved also erroneous; for Messrs. Burt and
Holmes were in their seats, and answered to their
names. Neitherjof the senators was in his place ;
for it seems that Judge Butler bad not arrived, and it
is probable that Mr. Barnwell will not come on, as
the legislature of South, Carolina is noV in session,
and will supply the vacancy by a new election.
Union qf Tuesday last.
In Pitt county, on the 26lh November, 1850, by the
Rev. Joshua Harrell, Mr. Richard J. Johnson qf Edge
combe Co., to MissLavinia, daughter of Mr. Tammy E.
Teel. ' - - :. -. .
Tn Davie eountv. on tbe 7th ultimo, by Joaepb Shine,
Esq., Mr. David jbaywolt to Miss Susan Cartner, all of
Davie. . ' '
BIBLICAL RECORDER OFFICE
rK thA 30th instant. I will sell at the late Residence
I 9 of the Rer. Thomas Meredith, the Press and good
;n r th Biblical Recorder, including the type, fix
tures, Printing apparatus, &c.
The Recorder, as the organ of the Baptist Denomina
tion of this State, has been long known as a religious
paper of high character and extended patronage. '
r. xr - T ir . cats a J
December 51850. , H ts.
St. MARY'S SCHOOL.
- RALEIGH, N. C.
THE 18th Term of this School will commence on the
fnnrth dav of January 1851. and continue 'till the
7th of June.
For a Circular containing full particulars, apply to the
Subscriber. ALUJSKT 8MJSJUJSS. Keclor.
December 4th, 1850. 11 Ot.
- I FOR $450.
a T.flT at Wake Forest Uollece i lor sale, con-
f tainine two and ahalf Acres, moderately, improv-
- . . . ...... , . J Tl ...
ed. It is the handsomest site on we nui, nua
tered. '; ,' . .".
- - r - - ' JOS. BKllMii.
g December 2nd, 1850.'V ;'-y- .v.,,-.", llc-
"ALEXANDER MACRAE, JR.,
" ' . . IMPORTER OF . .'-
CHINA, GLASS, AND EARTHERN WARE,
And Wholesale & Retail Dealer In all kinds
f I'--fjRJmyO IMPLEMENTS,:
South Side of Market St.;: 'l':;'
" ""V.;:r"'!;..v:TWiliuiugloii .ifC.:
J;WIlmirigtoni NbV.'7,! 1850. . , (
Telegrapketfi for, th Standard.
RM tbNr.oal)ec 4
Latest from Europe. The Steamer Arctic ar- .
rived at this placer last night, having left Liverpool
on the 20th November. Cotton had advanced one
eighth of a penny, caused by t' e news of frost in tbe
cotton-growing regions. Sales for three days prece
ding the sailing of Steamer, 18,000 bales. Fair Or
leans 8td., fair Mobile 7id. v
Naval Stores, whh the exception ef rosin, were'
dull. .Flour unchanged ia price, and corn had slight
ly advanced.' Rice quiet-i-coffee firm, and sugars jn
fair demand.: . 1 ' .. ,' , v 4 '
Tbe Protestant excitement a gar net the Pope eon
tinues in England, and riots are anticipated.
....... . .
Washington, December 6, 1850.
Nothing of importance Was done in Congress or
yesterday. Both Houses- have adjonmed over, to
Monday, the 9th. , I.
Important Sale In Johnston County-
THE Subscriber having, at November Sessions, A.D.
1850, of Johnston Cowrt, qualified se AAsrrnitstr tor
Ot James I omlinson. deceased ; hereby give notice to all
persons having debts, ctauns or demands, aeainst the raid
James Tomlinson, dee'd., to present them to him tor
payment, properly proven wimin we tune prescribed by
law ; otherwise this notice will be plead m bar of their
recovery ; and ail tnose indeDica to said intestate are
hereby requested to make immediate payment.
Notice is also hereby given, that tbe subscriber will.
on Thursday, the 19th of December next, and from, day
to day, until the sale ia closed, offer for sale mt the late
residence of bis Intestate, under an order of said Court,
the following Negro Slaves : Anderson, aged fifty odd
years ; Nancy, his wife, still older ; Jincy, still older ; Da- .
vid, some 25 or 30 years old, (these .negroes bats been
recently purchased by my Intestate for tne purpose of
selling again,) and also the following personal and perish- V
able property, to wit : . - --
Some 30 Bales of Cotton,
if it can be ginned in time ; 200 Barrels nf Corn and s
large lot of Fodder, a new road Waggon, some 10 or 12
Horses and Mules, one first rate Saddle Horse, some fifty
Head of Fat Hogs, and a number of out Hogs, all Stock
of Cattle, one good yoke of Oxen, one Cairiage, all the
Household furniture and fuming ntensils, and many oth
er things unnecessary to mention.
Said sale on nine months credit, and Bond with ap
proved security will be required from the purchasers.
B. H. TOMLINSON, Admin'r.
November 29th, 1850. . . ,845 w2w.
PLEASANT GROVE ACADEMY.
FRANKLIN COUNTY, N. C.
THE Exercises of this Institution will commence on
Monday the 6th of January next, under the charge
of Mr. Edwin L. Barrett, a gentleman eminently quali
fied to instruct iu all the branches taught in preparatory
Schools. The Academy will be neat and comfortable,
situated about 200 yards from the residence of the sab-
scrilver, known to be one of the most healthy locations
in tbe Slate, and equidistant from Louisburg and tne
' Board can be had with the subscriber, at $S,a(l per
month, and also in the families of Mr. Joseph J. Jones,
Mr. Thomas A. Person, Mrs. Elizabeth Branch, and oth
ers, all convenient to the Academy, at the above rates.
Parents and guardians may rest assured, that every
attention will be paid, both to the morals and literary
pursuits of tbe students ; and owing to the healthiness
of. the situation, the purity of the water, and the morali
ty of the neighborhood, tbe public and particularly those
living in the lower country, would do well to give this
institution a trial.
Ttrmoir pes session. "
Fpr tbe Languages, and higher English branches, 91 $
Lower English branches, .... - ' - 10
Address the Subscriber, Louisburg, N. C.
WM. it BRANCH.
December 1st, 1850. . ; . 845 4tw.
Krister and Spirit of the Ace copy J, times, weekly.
- i " .
TAR RIVER ACADE31T.
GRANVILLE COUNTY, N, C .
THIS School will be opened for the reception of pu
pils on the first Monday in February, 1851.
This Academy is located 9 miles West of Oxford, in
a neighborhood proverbially healthy, and tbe Pupils will
have every facility to attend divine worship, as there is
both a Baptist and Presbyterian Church within a mile
of the Academy.
The Trustees have seenred the services of Mr. Jesse
Smith, a gentleman of considerable experience as a
Teacher, and well qualified to prepare boys for College.
The Trustees are determined ' to sustain a good School
in tbe neighborhood, (all of them having children of
their own to educate) and have therefore put tuition at
the following very low rates: .
Spelling, Reading, Writing, and Arithmetic, ' $5 00
English Grammar and Geography, - ' - - T 50
The higher Branches of English, - - '-10 00
The Languages, - - - : - - 12, 60
Good board can be had in highly respectable families
for $5 per month. Any information with regard to the
School may be had by addressing Lewis P. Allen, Tar
River, P. O., Granville co., N. C. r' '
December 1st, 1850. . ' 845 td.
State of North Carolina, Ashe County '
Superior Court of Law, FaU Term, 1850. , ,
Adaiine Jones, vs Daniel Jones Petition for Divorce.
IT appearing to the satisfaction of tbe Court that the
Defendant, Daniel Jonesr is not an inhabitant of
the State of North Carolina : It is therefore ordered
that publication be made in the Raleigh Register and
North Carolina Standard for three months that the said.
Daniel Jones be and appear at the next Term of the
Honorable SnDerior Court tobe held for tbe said County
of Ashe, at the Coorf House in Jefferson, on the second
Monday in March next, to plead answer or demur totne
said Petition, or the same will be taken pro confesto
and heard ex parte.
Witness. A. B. Cox, Clerk of said Court at omce. tne
second Monday in September A, P'., 1850.
Nouember 30, 1850. ' . J H Snv
. legislative Notice.
NOTICE is hereby given, that application will be
made to the General Assembly of North Carolina,
now in session, for tbe passage of au Act to empower and
authorize James A. Turner, late Sheriff of Johnston
County, to collect Taxes due. in said County for the
years 1846, '47, and '48.
December 4, 1850. . . 11 tt.
CONTAINING the Element of Building, Surveying,
and Architecture, with practical Rules and Instruc
tions connected with tbe subject, rsy A. U. Bineaton,
Civil Engineer, &c. For Sale by
HEJNKY 13. TtiKPIJSU.
Raleigh, Nov. 27. 1850. - ' ' ' ' - ' 9--
JOHN C. PAIiMER'S
N his finely furnished Room warrants the Likenesses
perfect, and to please. His reputation is so well known
in North Carolina, it is nseless to say more. Call at Pal
mer and Ramsay's Jewelry Store.
Raleigh Nov. 25, 1850- 8 tt
T Pescud's Drag Store yon may find Old London
Dock Brandy, Porter, Old Madeira, Sherry and Port
Wines, selected expressly for Medical puposes. Also.
Capsules of Copaiba and Cubebs, Castor Oil Capsules.
Tarrants. Marshall's and Carpenters Ex'ts of Copaiba
Cubebs, dec, and all the meat popular Patent Medicines
in uso. , , :- -November
- v.'".:---.'-. 9
V -. ; -: CJOldS, Coldfc
flPHOSE who are suffering with Coughs and Cold
JL will find at my Store Dr. Wiltes Cough Candy
Jujube Paste, Winar'a Lozenges, Wistar's Balsam o
Wild Cherry. Bartholomew's Couth Syrap, Jayne s fcx
Mimnt. Cod Lirer Oil. Syrop ofNaptba, and many
othenemedies tor diseases of the Lo,F'ndJJJI)!
December 4, 1850. 10
' j notice- -'-' v'
i ppLICATtN will be made to the present Legis
f tature of North Carolina for an act authorizing a
communication to be opened between Bogne Inlet, Bear
Inlet, and Inshore Creek, in the County of Onslow.
December 4, 1850. , , . 11 3.