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"SKETCHES OF NORTH CAROLINA--;"
Our readers will find f. our Senate proceedings of
Friday, interesting ReP0Tt J H WiiwtA
, Chairman of the Library Committee,
.i.riMi to the forthcoming work of Col. Wheeler,
and the spplication of that gentleman to be allowed
,t, Me of t& State Library. ... r,
Wo hav had occasion, in previous swisibet, to
ppeak of this work of CoL Wheeler. We have go
doubt it will oe W0TI1J v uie omre, imi
every North Carotiaian who takes aa interest in the
State's history; will procure a copy of it.
We are indebled to Col. Wheeler for aepy
it,- lotter which we eive below, from Gov. Tryon.
account -of the battle of the Alamance- tnis
leerwas forwarded by Gov. Tryon to the Office of
.1.- of Trade and Plantations in Lofldoo, uom
whence it was procured through the iumeatality of
Mr- Baeccoft, late our Minister at tkat
19th Mag, 1771. $
... . . .i.. t.nniaess t scsforoi vour
r .i.u3 :. fc nlessed God to aa Mnjesty 8
u-.u -"--"kh sign.i victory ever the Kegu
arms in thw Prevmce D asn"' r
USfLS- befo.e 12 o'cleck. en Thursday, the
. 71" -,51 to the westw.nl of Great Ala-
15th infant, , . ,. rruynlrh to
n tne rwi icw"5
Tk, kiss af eur Army, knwd,
vouaded aod missing,
amounted to alaut sixty men.
We hid but one officer killed, and .no dangerously
W Thelcfion was twa hour. Bat a about half an
haur the enemy took to tree fighting, aarf .ch annoyed
the men wha stood at the gtsns, which obliged me to
cease the arttftery r a short tkne.and advance the first
liae t. farce the rebels from thecr cowing- This suc
ceeded. And we p-rsued them a aa.le teyond Uiwr
camp, and to many of thr harses and the UtUe pro
visida sad ammunition they left behead them.
Thissuocess I hape will lead aooa perfect restora
tion of peace in this country ; though had they succeeded,
nothing but desolation and ravage would have spread
itself-rer die country, the Regulators having determi
ned to cut off this army had they succeeded.
The inclosed declaration of the twops will testify to
liis Majesty the obligations I lay smder to them for their
steaflv, resorate, aal spirited behaviour.
Some royal mark of favor I tras will be extended to
the loyahy that has beea distfaffsished by his Majesty a
faithful subjects within the Proace.
The particalar detail of this expedition I shall trans
rait ta lay before his Majesty as soon as I have setUed
the country i peace ; hoping that the advantages now
gained ever a set of desperate and cruel enemies may
meet with his Majesty's approbation, and finally termi
nate ia grviag a stability to this constitution which it
has hitherte beea a stranger to.
The Army -under my command amounted, officers in
cluded, to upwards of eleven hundred ; that of the rebels
ta two thousand.
The two field pieces from General Gage were of infi
nite service to us. I am, dec &c"
P. S. Gcaeral WaddeJ, with two hundred and fifty
men, was obliged, on the t9th instant, about two miles
Eastward of the Yadkin, to retreat to Salisbury ; the Re
gulators surrounding his forces and threatening to cut
them an piaces if they offered to advance to join the
Army .vnder my command.
I shall march tomorrow to the Westward, and in a
week expect to join the General. "
GEORGE S. STEVENSON, ESQ.
The Raleigh Correspondent of the North State
Whig pretends to be horror-stricken at the idea that
Whig Solicitors should be turned out and Democrats
put in. Iiiw long has it been since the Whig leaders
ceased to prefer their own men for Judges and Soli
eitors? Ot wieaidid they cease todo so 1 Or when
will they. Never. There is this difference, howev
er, and thw goes to their honesty .- They declare, be
fore elections, that they will know no partythat
they will not turn out nor proscribe a man because
he happens to be a Democrat; but after the elections,
they go right to work and violate their promises just
as if they had never made them. The Democrats,
on the contrary, boldly and openly hold to the. doc
trine, and the correct dectrine, that the party in pow
er is entitled to select its own agents to carry oat
its principles. They say this before elections, and,
like men who keep their faith, they practice it after
elections. That is the difference.
This 'Correspondent of the Whig, in saying that
George S. Stevenson is 44 totally unfit for the omce,,
of Solicitor, lies by wholesale, and he knows it.
Mr. Stevenson is known to be a sound lawyer for a
man of his age ; and his attainments are conceded
even by the Whigs here, to be of the most respecta
ble character. He is admirably qualified, in every
respect, for the post to which he has been elevated.
He ilias nothing to fear from either the assaults of
the Whig, or its anonymous Correspondents. He
goes forward in the discharge of his duties, looking
with calm scorn upon the ravings of that sheet
and the contemptible scribblers whose writings dis
grace its columns.
MESSRS. DICKINSON. AND SWANNER.
it is not our purpose to defend these genllemerr
against the ill-natured and vulgar assaults of the North
&tate Whig, ihey need no such defence. A simple
statement of what the Editor of that paper says of
them, is sufficient. Not having voted daring the
present session in such a way as to suit Dituock,
that Editor says that Mr; S wanner is " a fool," and
Mr. Dickinson 44 a scoundrel.'''' Is that a Whig ar
gument! It is one of Dimock's -but he is only
tolerated, we believe, in the Whig ranks.
These gentlemen are in fact complimented by these
epithets from Diroock. Decent people would rather
have his curses than ha praise. One of Mr. Stanly's
tools, he has been taught to hale every man who
stands up for Southern rights; and though he black
guards Messrs. Swanner and Dickinson to-dav. ac
cording to his own bad impulses or aa the result of
orders, yet he would praise them to-morrow, if Stanly
only said the word. Such an Editor is a disgrace to
the profession ; and those .who encourage and 44 set
him on " in his career of snarling, cursing, and snap
ping, are no better than he is.
MR. SHEPARD'S SPEECH.
We shall publish Mr. Sliepard's Speech in our next
Semi-Weekly and Weekly, and shall print off aev
eral thousand copies ot it in pamphlet form. We
shall print it in pamphlet form at the request of a
number of friends, who wish to obtain copies for dis
tribution.- .- '
This Spppch ought to be in the hands of. every1 cit-
zen in the Stale. , "
Copies of this Speech tnay be obtained at the Stan
dard office, at $1 50 per hundred copies. , "
The Elizabeth City Old North State, Whig, ex
presses its 44 dissent 4o the language and bearing '
Portion of Mr. Shepard's Resolutions j while the
loneer. Democratic, printed at the same placed says
u'eHy " hreaihethe right spirit, and.the Editor gives
en his cordial, hearty, and enthusiastic support."
lJHln ll,'at lhe Mason of this State at their
toloJ)n?ul.Con,mun,Ui,llon n thi Ci,J determined
,,,R,f Collet at Oxford, in Granville County.' I
i . THH 'ROCKINGHAM" MEETING.
We give pfece todaJ to the i proceedings of a" Jtfeet
lag held in Wentworthon the 37th viumo, mmm-
J Tu- Rn1ntian AnntaA nvnress the most ardent
hnt for tha Uninnnprore and laud .the i
catted " compromise "and declare in substance that.
immny event the members -of "
here to the Union,' with " their lives, thetortane.
aod their sacied honor.
to the .Unions she b shown th.s attachlnent.at
all Umes, infield and ineooncii H
prr oat their treasure like water, and theu blocj a.
fteelv, to preserve and defend the Union, according
or with that Constitution .nullified' and
immoled under foot, is a stranger to her and an enemy
VVe will go as far as any one in praising the Union
as it ought to be, and we would saqnnne as much in
opinion or in leeung, as any man living, io upiiold
and perpetuate it ; but sacrifices thus tar have only
emboldened our assailants, and laudations of the
Union in this quarter have only served to render the
Abolition appetite more ravenous and unappeasable
We yield they take, and then demand more ! We
ask them for justice they reply by referring us to
the injustice and the sin" of Slavery ! We give
them the whole, of California, the abolition of the
slave-trade in the District of Columbia, and over six
ty millions of Texan territory for a consideration ; and
they promise ns, in return, to enforce a plain provision
of the Constitution in relation to our escaped slaves,
and permit us, mainly by our own vote, to pass a
law for this purpose through Congress. ' We stand
to our part of the contract they break theirs ! They
violate the law and the Constitution; and when we
ask them for our rights, or talk of dissolving the
partnership and taking care of ourselves as best we
may, they denounce us as agitators and as traitors !
These are plain, unvarnished facts. Will any one
We cannot save the Union by praising it. That
is a work to be' performed by the Northern people.
They Are the assailants, and we the assailed. They
began this war upon us, and it was unprovoked. ' We
had not injured them in person, property, or reputa
tion. We have lauded the Union, and in its name
we have implored them to pause and let us alone, un
til patience has ceased to be a virtue. We must now
stand up as one man for our rights, and say to them
44 thus far, and no farther." They say it is a 44 glo
rious" Union, and we respond again and again that
it is ; but with these professions still warm upon their
lips, they march deliberately forward to violate and
nullify the very Constitution which created it and
holds it together ! What, under such circumstances,
mustwe do Must we still praise the Union, and beg ?
We invite the particular attention of the people of
Rockingham to the 4th Resolution, in the following
Retohed, That any attempt on the part of the
Northern people, to repeal the law commonly known
as the fugitive-slave law, will be regarded by us as
a demonstration of implacable hostility to the South
ern institution of domestic Slavery ; and as patriots
and Southerners we solemnly pledge ourselves to ad
here most steadfastly to the Union the fugitive-slave
law, and all other measures of adjustment, with our
lives, our fortunes, and our sacred honor. '-
Whatever may be said of the other Resolutions, we
have no idea that this Resolution will receive the
endorsement of one citizen in fifty of that patriotic j
County. It surrenders every thing." It says to the
free States, if you attempt to repeal what the Consti- j
tution gives us in so many words, we will regard you
as 44 implacably hostile " towards 44 domestic Slave- j
ry " ; but we nevertheless 44 pledge ourselves to ad
here most steadfastly to the Union, &c., with our j
lives, our fortunes, and our sacred honor !"
These Resolutions were drawn up by .Mr. John
Kerr. They are just like him. He is an unsafe
leader even in ordinary times, but in a crisis like this
he is totally unreliable. He is a handsome but rath
er rambling declaimer a respectable lawyer, and a
clever man personally ; but he lacks the nerve and
the sagacity for these portentous and stormy times.
f ever stern language and a jealous regard for reserv
ed rights were demanded of the people of this State,
they are demanded now. Sentimentality and nicely
turned phrases will only invite the blow against the
Union and against ourselves, which we are all so
anxious to avert. Timidity, in tne midst ot sucn a
crisis, 44 betrays like treason."
Aa the Raleigh Register and Star affect not to un
derstand our position on the Slavery question, we
take this occasion to define it again, in the plainest
language we can use. We cannot approve the recent
compromise" as a whole. We believe it has in
flicted a great wrong upon the South and upon the
principles which hold this Union together; but as it
is a law of the land, and aa we love and cherish the
Union in its true spirit, and desire its continuance, we
are prepared to acquiesce in this 44 compromise, pro
vided the fugitive-slave law be enforced. All we
now ask of the free States is EF" to cease the agita
tion of the Slavery question in Congress, and to carry
oat the fugitive-slave law in its letter and spirit. 1
Let them do this, and we march on together ; let them
refuse, and we DISSOLVE! This is strong lan
guage ; bat we have weighed it, and we have given
utterance to it with deliberation and solemnity. Here
we stand. If this Confederation of States roua per
ish if their common flag, radianfwitli achievements
as immortal as the stars that cluster on it must be
torn and trampled in the conflict- and if brothers
must be converted into deadly foes over the very
graves of their fathers, who won these liberties the
Ruler of Nations, who judges justly, and all posteri
ty upon this Continent, will hold the slavenoldmg
States guiltless of the awful and inexpiable crime.
We learn that our esteemed fellowcitizen, Duncan
K. McRae, Esq. has determined to remove from this
place and take up his residence permanently - in Wil
mington. This is rendered indispensable by his health
the climate of Wilmington being milder and better
suited to his physical condition than that of , this re
gion. We regret the necessity which obliges him
to leavA iiu-. Ha urill narrv with him the rACinects and
good wishes of all : and in receiving him into her so-i
ciety and into the circle of her enlightened citizens,.
Wilmington will number one more able lawyer andl
accomplished gentleman. . .. , lj .
Mississippi. In the Mississippi Legislature a bill
has been introduce! to regulate the taxes hereafter te
be levied on the sales of merchandize within the State
of Mississippi, and Tor other purposes. f
The bill provides that upon the sales' of all goods,
wares and merchandise, the growth or manufacture ef
any one of the non-alaveholding States, or imported
into the United States hrough any one of the ports
of the nonslaveholding Stales, there shall be paid a
tax of twenty-pe per centum upon the amount so sold,
in addition to the amount now paid under the exist
ing laws. ...j.,,; ,.f-t
Texas. JTbe Legislature of Texas assembled on'
the 18th ultimo. "The boundary billies passed, by
Congress at its -last session, was accepted by,, both
branches, there being only one. dissenting voice iu
the Senate and five iff the House. V".
, e-.Py thd following statement from the Report
' of Mr Comptroller Collins exhibiting-the receipts
. uLuuracnsBw or -wiis s late tor the -fiscal year
""uce n nana ist iyovember, 1849, J , S39.238 04
onu. aoiu, 4y, ;; , , f ( . JJB 0Q0 .00
dehd," Bank of Cape Fear,)
Internal Impnt Fund, Cherokee Bonds,
1 uusresi on w timington and Kaleigb K. K.
Bonds, W1 .
i?ublicTai received from Sherifia,. , i-.. .
'Win. B. March, Sh'ff of Davie, additional
return, . ?
Attorney's Licenses, .
Dank Tax, Bank of the State,
. 950 00
, 562 50
. " v 44 Caps Fear,.
... "-Newbern,. ,. .. .
lluneombe Turnpike Comp'y,. Divid.
Commissioners of Wrecks, Carteret co.
Balance due Pub. Treas'r,
; . $228,173 24
' " RacAPiTtrtATioiv or DuarassxiaTS.
I'micipal on Raleigh & Gaston Rail Road
Bonds, . ; j .
Interest on Raleigh dc Gaston Rail Road
Bonds,' - i s,"
,'' udictary, - -'1 . .- .'..--,.
t !ape Fear dc Deep River Nav. Company, ;
1 'rincipal on State Loan, . . :
1 lternal Improvement Fund,
' Veights and Measures,
f tate Librarian,
1 ost Office,
l ublie Printing, . . .
1 ensioners, ' - ' . 1
Salisbury & Western Turnpike Road,' v: '.
Interest on State Bonds,
1 ayetteville & Western Pl'k R'd (stock,)
Interest on Fayette ville & Western ..Plank
Road Bonds, t , r , ...
I 'xecutive Department, . '. ;,
1 reasury . Department, , . . ,' (
S tale Department,
4. omptrollcr'a Department,' '
iidjutant General's Department,
Superintendent Public Buildings,
' 800 00
liovernor a House,
, C ouncil of State,
'herifk for settling Tax,
I overnor's Election,
' ( ontingencies,
" $228,173 20"
' The taxes of all sorts for 1849 are as follows i
J.and tax $3-2,734 59 town property tax $3,664
96 poll tax $35,011 78 Lunatic Asylum tax $19,-
68 33 interest tax $25,135 69 dividend and prof
i! tax $1,613 70 salaries and fees $1,522 80 stud
3 srse tax $1,943 30 gate tax $181 42 store tax
111,103 92 pedlar tax $3,014 58 tavern tax $3,
311 92 artificial curiosity tax $1,536 90 billiard
ible tax $1,128 lineal descent $1408 19 negro
sader's tax $317 20 foreign carriages $319 60
il rover's tax $1,052 80 boiling alley tax $94.
We have been favored by Col. LiTTLt, U. S. Mar
11'ial, with the following additional returns:
Henderson Co. Total Populn, 1850, ' ' 7404
44 . 1840, ' 5129
Chowan Co. Total Poptu'n, 1850,
t...' : 1840,
Pxbquimons Co. Total Popul'n, 1850,
44 v 1840,
' .1 ..
Greene Co. Total Popul'n, 1850,
; 44 1840,
Washington Co. Total Popul'n, 1850,
Robeson Co. Total Popul'n, 1850,
Person Co. Total Popul'n, 1850,
Haywood Co. Total Popnln'n, 1850,
Columbus Co. Total Popul'n, 1850, '
.- . s fi " 1840, '
. Increase,' , ,
Guilford Co. Total Populn, 1850
:--. - ,
-, . . Increase,.
Martin Co. Total Popul'n, 1850,
... 1840, ;
' MUSICAL CRADLE.
Mr. L. F. Whitaker, of this place, has invented a
. .ielf-s winging musical cradle," and has taken ineas
r res to secure a patent for the same. An engraving,
with a description of this cradle, appears in a late
1 ember of the Scientific American. : "The cradle,"
says the American, 44 with this improvement, is like
' th9 pendulum of a clock : it answers all the purposes
cf one,, iu combination with a spring and gearing,
t keep the cradle swinging for a number of hours,
anl to play some tunes at the same time, like those
of a musical box." The American adds that 44 this is
a very neat and useful invention, and should meet with
'general favor." '
, . This cradle must be greatly superior to the " baby
jumper." That affords only ors kind of music ahat
of the little one itself ; but this gives at the same time
a delightful swinging motion, and musie with 44 -riaiions."
Of course every fond mother Who can af-
foid it,'will have a 44 musical cradle." 1
We wish the ingenious inventor the most abundant
success in disposing of bi cradies.
: ' Fatettetillb and Raleigh Plank Road. We
' lou'ra that the people of Cumberland bave subscribed
i f4S,000 to this .enterprise, and that $30,000 more
vill' be sofficient to complete the subscriptions. Dr.
IG. McRae, ;of'FayetteTille who is now in this
Oily, will receive subscription to the enterprise; and
f it is confidently expected that he will receive s hand
cme amount at once, from the farmers and business
-nea'or'Wike." The troth ia Wake ought to make
up the $30,000 without the slightest hesitation.
'..' This is an enterprise set onoot, by individuals, and
Itiended x6 be carried out bj individuals. "The State
--'Ii-ii nothing to do wijh itf ,; J,
GOV. MANLY-rTHE; SCHOOL FUND.
vSeTeral 0 -th5.B,e;B Whig papers have had their
ejea openeti oy me Ute Messaze of Gov. Manly, t
f The Edenton jBuIletin savsr - -f-4- - -.'a .-
... n er tn Bead r Commori Schools our readers
win nnd the question of the distribuliort of the Fund
discussed, to which we refer them for the Governor'f
views. "They uill find thai the distrust ftU in the
East pending the laid election as to his views on that sul
jea proves melt founded. He reedmmends the distri-
ouuon to oe made in proportion to the number of white
people, and not as heretofore in proportion to Federal
popalatioD-a measure, Vhich if adopted bytheEeg
islature, would ! 'result in, great inj'ury to the East."
.v TbeWedoi,Iej?ld'says; ' , J-V? .
;44 W e ha ve made no comments on the Message of his
Excellency Gov.. Manly but we mast take occasion
to enterour Solemn DrotARt sxrainat tha nnrtinnot thin
document which recommends the distribution of the
School fund aCCOrdin? to tha white and nnt tha feder.
al population, as at present.' We defended him against
tne charge of being in favour of any such doctrine
last summer, and used our every exertion to convince
lhe public that the charge was false and that Gov,
Manly was right and sound on this subject. It be
comes now our unpleasant duty to ask the Governor's
paraon ior au mat we said in his favor on this auhiect
having totally misrepresented him and to state
that, had we believed at the time, that he would rec
ommend any such thing to the present Legislature,
jve laauia not nave supported him. '
The Old North State says : '
44 The position which Gov. Manlv has taken in his
Annual Message to the Legislature upon the distribu
tion of the school fund, entirely reconciles us to his
defeat. Had he expressed himself in favor of a change
of the basis from the federal to the white population
K-r.. .1 1 .. .. r.'
uciuib ujo eiecuun, we snouia, ior one, most uncere
moniously have repudiated him. We do so now. as
well as the doctrine which he advocates. '
It appears, then, from W hig sources, that Eastern
Whigs were grossly and deliberately deceived, in-tbe
late campaign, as to Gov.-Manly's views on this ques
tion. But we can tell these Editors that Gov. Manly
went much further than this: He advocated the abo
lition of the federal basis of representation in the
Legislature a measure which, it carried cut at this
time, would not only give encouragement' to our as
sailants in the Free States, but would completely over
shadow Eastern influences in the publio councils.
And we can tell these Editors furthermore,' and all
others whom it may concern, that the Whig papers
of this City with Gov, Manly, and certain Whig
leaders in the present Legislature, whose white-basis
Speeches and Reports are published and praised in
these papers, are committed at this moment to a Con
vention, the object'of which is to unsettle the pres
ent basis of representation, and to establish it, not
according to population and taxation, but with refer
ence to whito population ! ' There is a game going on
here a parly game, with the view of breaking down
Western Democrats and of building up the fortanes
of certain' Whig leaders, by white-basis overtures to
the West i and if the 'Editors from whom we have
quoted, and the people generally, will watch the Leg
islative proceedings and the Whig prints of this City
with a little more attention," they will see this game
as clearly as we do. ;"
Unless we are greatly mistaken, our cotemporaries
of the Herald, the B nlletin, and the Old NorthState,
are to destined be still more grossly deceived with-
; in the next two years. It does not become us to lecture
these Editors, or to advise them as to their course;
but one thing we may say to them, and that is, that
they owe it to their readers and to Eastern interests
to be wide awake hereafter on these questions, and
to watch their leaders here and farther West, with
44 Argus eyes."'' ': - ' ''
NULLIFICATION IN VERMONT.
TbejLegisJaldre of Vermont, at its recent session,
passed a law directly nullifying the provisions of the
fugitive-slave law. 'We gather the facts as follows
from the Springfield Republican and the New York
Journal of Commerce: ;
: ,44 Fugitiyk-slatk law-in Vermont. The legis
lature of Vermont, at its late, session, passed a taw
with special reference to giving those 4 inhabitants
of that State arrested as fugitive slaves, giving them
habeas corpus, and of every possible legal defence.
It devolves upon the circuit judges of the several ju
dicial courts the power of. issuing this writ, hereto
fore vested In the judges of the .Supreme Court, and
makes it the duly of the State's attorneys in the sev
eral counties to apply to either class of judges or
courts, in case the arrest of any inhabitant as a fugi
tive slave occurs, when lhe judge OrcOurt applied to
shall issue the writ of habeas corpus, returnable to the
supreme or county court when in session, or to any
judge of either court during vacation. If, under this
writ, issued during the vacation by any judge, the
person arrested and imprisoned as a fugitive be not
discharged, he is entitled to an appeal to' the next
term of the county court by furnishing proper bail.
The court to which an . appeal is made, or to which
the writ was originally made returnable, is directed,
upon the application of either party interested, to al
low a trial by jury of all the facts at issue between
the parties. The law makes it the special duty of
the States attorneys . in the several counties to use
every lawful means to procure the acquittal of every
person arrested and claimed within their districts as
a fugitive slave, and instructs all judicial and execu
tive officers, who shall know or have reason to believe
that such an arrest is intended to give immediate no
tice thereof to the attorney in their county, that he
may timely take the measures that devolve upon him
for securing the rights of the party arrested." - x
Springfield ( Mass. J Republican.
44 As we understand the case, this law of the leg
islature of Verment is directly contrary to the deci
sion of the Supreme Court of the United States, and
in effect a nullification of the recent act of Congress.
While other States which have passed unconstitution
al laws on the subject are about to repeal them,' Ver
mont seems disposed to commence the race anew.
Section sixth of th law of Congress authorizes the
judge or commissioner to determine 'the case in a
summary manner, and also provides that .'the certificate
in this and the first section mentioned shall be con
clusive of the right of the person or persons in whose
favxr granted to remove such fugitive to the State or
Territory from which he escaped, and shall prevent
all molestation of such person or persons by any pro
cess issued by any court, judge; , magistrate, or other
person whatsoever.'1 The legislature of Vermont, it
would seem, claims the right to embarrass the execu
tion of the law at every step of its progress to take
the process out of the hands of the tribunals appoint
ed by the United States, and bring it before; State
: courts, allowing the privilege of appeal,, and so ren
dering the execution of the law next to impossible.
To all such proceedings the penalties specified in
section seventh apply, and. we trust they will be en-;
forced 4 aj. every hazard.! " -
a i. . ' Journal qf Commerce.
The above requires no comment. It speaks. for it
self. The free States are rending this Union asunder
deliberately and with eyes wide open. f Vermont has
virtually put herself outof the Confederation. What
will Mr. Fillmore do, now,.? - .VVjll be still deem it
prudent to talk generally about executing the law 1
' We call upon our Legislature to pass some non-in
tercourse measure without delay. . A dangerous dis
ease calls for a violent remedy. .. Suab. a measure may;
do good may H Vert impending' .dissolauon. , It iav
worth the' trial. And in any. such measure let thet
tax on VermOni'jprod actions amount to a prohibition.
We wish, tile, Legislature possessed the Constitution
al righLto annex, fine apdjmpnsoninent to tue selling-
of any of'her fabrics in this State.': - f
,,?--! . 'itih ,.r. . :.-ri' t
. .B. Craven, Esq.one of the. Editors if the Ever
greena Jitecary periodical of ovicb merit published
at Asbborongh, in litis Stale is. at present in this
City, for the purpose of soliciting subscriptions. VVe
commend Mr. C; and his-enterprise to the-kindest
reception at the' hands of -all who feel any interest
in the elevation of the standard of our Statd literature.
Now is the; time to encourage such laudable efforts
Mr. X is making to that end. Eegtster.
THEpENTRALi JiAlLROAD. . .
' - We pblisb below-bT equest'-of . -friend nd
subscriber, a letter originally intended for the eye'of
member orwe-legislature. Out colambtfafecpeni
as we have ofte? 'stated ,to view- and ' refiecUons
ot aliorts on the subjecVof loternaf Improvemenu;
-nd we" are responsible ot eourseJof poUjjng ut
-what proceeds from onr Own pea.- , jT -y$ i . tt
hi letter, instead 6f being ; sent td the1 person' to
whom i was addressed Jis'thus made publio. in our
colnmna. by the writer, at the request of soine of bis
. .friends' whe wished it to take that coarse, ao that it
' might be'generally-read.:1' If is as follows x - - -i
. j o's.--"'.'..-..,. Wsxdon, 'N.."C'tlecr.i,vi850.
Dear Sir: 1 claim, the privilege Of addressing you
on a subject in which feel, much interest. In doin?
T j- 1 II .. n .
a disclaim bji expectation qi innuencin? vour
course, if it has been detemined upon.
Although the attempt to repeal the Charter of the
North Carolina Rail Road was defeated by an over
whelming majority, I learn it is contemplated to effect
indirectltf that which a large majority cf its oppo
nents even could not force their nerves to accomplish
directly the defeat of the, enterprise. Now, I should
like to know the difference in point of justice or mo
.rality. I once beard of a Quaker whose very nice
. scruples of .conscience, woulld not allow him to kill
. an unoffending dog with his. own hands, yet who felt
i perfectly justified in procuring it to be done by rais
ing the cry of 44 mad dog I mad dog ! '. . ' And can
members of the Legislature, who think it wrong to
repeal a charter, find no misgivings when they make
-the most deadly attack upon, chartered rights, by
adopting resolutions, the. inevitable tendency of which
will be 10 destroy confidence on the part of those who
. are. disposed to carry out the object for which the
charter is given. If this Legislature 44 request the
stockholders to surrender the charter" granted by
the last one, what security have.the stockholders that
the next Legislature will not command them to 46 sol
What security have they that repudiation on the part
of the State will not follow? .As sure as you livei
the passage of such a resolution will not only, des
troy confidence in individuals, as to the safety of
. their investments, but it will discredit the character
of the good old North State Like the Quaker, you
will only take a more heartless course to kill your
; enemy. ; In saying 44 you " I wish to be under
stood as alluding to. the Legislature not to you ia
dividually. v. .. - .: . . ., , . '': , :,-..v I
Another view of the matter. If by any action of
the Legislature the Central Rail Road should be aban
doned, can you refuse to grant a charter for the con
templated Rail. Road from Danville to Charlotte 1
Virginians are ready to build that road anxious for
permission to build iu The Western people are de
termined to have a road they must have-, one will
have one; and can you; with any pretence to justice,
Tefuse the privilege of making a road for them, when
you destroy the present enterprise? 1 think not.
Then, if the Danville. road shall he built,' what will
be the effect on the interests of North Carolina, and
on works in the State, now in operation with flatter
.ing prospects ? As it will open a shorter ronte through
a healthy country than by the Wilmington Rail Road,
r the great Southern mail and travel will be withdrawn
from the latter, and its prostration effected of course.
- The State owns stock inland is .responsible, for debts
. on acccunt of this road to about half the. amount pro
posed to be subscribed to the Central Road. The
whole will be sacrificed ! Individuals (many of them
vour constituents,) own an equal amount in stock.
This, too., will be sacrificed 1 - And is it better that
the State and some one or two hundred individuals
should be made to suffer this certain loss than that
the people of the State should have to pay, tor a few
years, a small additional tax, to carry out the plighted
- taith of the State, and build a work which will cer
tainly benefit the largest portion, and may become
profitable to the whole. ' - J
Again; ' North Carolina owns a considerable
amount in the Roanoke Navigation Company, and
' her citizens own a large amount. ' This stock is now
yielding handsome dividends.- Without a charter
for the proposed road from Danville to. a connection
with the South Carolina Rail Road at Charlotte, the
' probability is that Richmond will, not build her road
to Danville, but that she will carry it to Lynchburg.
If the Legislature, bv erantine a charter invites and
' ' secures the building of the Richmond Road to Dan
ville, will not the interests of the Koanoke ftaviga
tien Company (and of course of the State and indi
viduals in the State) be also sacrificed ? And with
the destruction of the Wilmington Road, and the di
version of the tipper trade from the river to the Rich
mond road, -what is to become of the Petersburg
- road, now in operation, and ot the Portsmouth road,
- soon to be completed I in both of which your con-
- stituents and a large portion Of the State. are deeply,
interested?-: y: . - : . . - , .
I submit these harried remarks for your considera
tion. 1 believe them entitled to attention.
: .. Yours Truly."
Great Stat Convention upon the Fugitive
Slave Bill. There is to be a State Convention at
the city of Syracuse, N. Y.,"on the 7th, 8th and 9th
of January next, to consider the Fngitive Slave Bill,
recently enacted by Congress. ; The agitators want
as many delegates sent to the proposed Convention,
as there are members sent 'to the Assembly. .The
N. Y, Tribune says that similar Conventions are to
be held in other States, with a view of having, before
the close of January, a Convention of the free States
against the measure. When are we to rest from this
venomous agitation? : "".-'" .' Baltimore Sun.
Who are the 44 agitators " how Will the Raleigh
Register or the Star be pleased to inform us? Though
Congress, by its action on the Slavery question at
its last session, has inflicted a great wrong on North
Carolina--especiaily by the admission of California
for the sole and simple reason that California had pro
hibited Slavery yet she acquiesces in tba t action, out
of her regard for the Union, and because she remem
bers affectionately the common sufferings and trials
of the war of independence. , All she was promised
by that 44 compromise " was the fugitive-slave law ;
and that, it appears, has" been nullified in Vermont,
and a 44 great State Convention " is to. be called in
. He w York., to demand its iepeal ! . And these fiends
incarnate dare to meet, for such a purpose, on the 8th
' if January s If ghosts could walk the earth, Andrew
Jackson's would be there, blasting them by its flash
ing and prophetic eyes. He saw this day, rising dark-.
Jy in the distance. - Calhoun saw it, and if Am advice
had been taken' fifteen years ago. Time's iron pen
would never have recorded the dissolution of this
great Confederacy. : :; .' '
. But the Register and the Star, and thousands' of
- Whigs for whom . .he toiled and exhausted his very
life, hunted him as partizans and called him ,44 Cata
line " ! They award, him justice now, ohen it it too
late.'' They are now rallying for their, rights upon
the very spot his footsteps made sacred years ago $ if
they had stood by them then, and if the South had
i .stood by him, these things had never been.j - 4. t
Extract from a letter to-the Editor, dated
" ' " ' Richmond Coanty, Nov. 22, 1850.
.." "I suppose our Legislature is by this time fairly
under way. I was glad to see your syggestion about
our ridding' ourselves of the free negroes., This we
. should do, and as speedily as possible.1 I think in
' a State or country., where negro slavery exists, there
1 should be no free negroes. They, are, for., the most
part, a trifling set of creatures, associating and zraf
v ficking with the slaves, and involving the. slaves id
stealing and other bad habits. - At this time, espe-
cially, it is doubly incambeot on us to rid ourselves
of this class of eur population. They are no doubt
the i nstramenU. used, in many cases, by ou r 44 Northern
. brethren Y in enticing away .our slaves. I hope oar
', Legislature will do something in the premises." , :
'' & l i ,1 ," .. n i ) ,u. ,i u in i si w.
' Extract cf a letter to the Editor, dated ' - "i
Asoit County; Nov." 26VJ850.1
r. :' 44 1 am pleased to see that you take the true South
- em ground on the odious 44 compromise " of the last
:' Congress. " Is it not passingstrange that there is such
a large number of our peoplri who shout Union, when
the only pittance which we received, and 'which was
1 reluctantly cast to us, is so totally disregarded by oar
Northern brethren T' - n-. , '' '.
V The South-OaroliYi members of. Congress, have
'arrived ai Washinfftba, and taken their seats.
If o TelegrapblcTTerralleccived to-day.
0 a eoiaj.aL
M. HoLDEN.'eThattheTetsa-tidain the affairs of
men which taken at iu flood leads to fortune," is none
the less true when appl'edio States that the present
is the "flood tide" of NonbXJarclini is the opinion
of many of her patriotic ci fizens. Shall' we not 44 take
it," and thus be led on to :44 fortune "cand fame I . A
spirit of Internal I j 1 vement is abroad in her bor
ders, which it is the c . y of all: her 'sons to deepen
and cherish. I shall V t ask the Legislature to ap
priate money for this object that is foreign from the
present article. It is amelanehbly!act, that with
but two'or three exoopobni, all the-worts of Infernal
r "f " . wwiih'uiuM
heretofore projected, and manv nowfo be ord Unfnrm
the present Legislature are designed , itnd do carry
the produce of the State to market towns' without her
limits the tendency or all those ndw completed in
the counties bordering on .the Virginia line, begin
ning with the Dismal Swamp Canal, the Seaboard
Railroad, the Raleigh and Gaston, Railroad, and con
tinuing to the Tennessee line, , has been to carry oar
trade to enrich and build up the market towns of Vir
ginia ; and now projeota innumerable are agitated to
continue this drain on our good old State for the bene
fit of our aristocratic neighbors.'' While this drain
continues and increases daily,' bow much better are
we off on the South? The Sooth Carolina market
towns are straining every nerve, and" too successfully
to take the balance of tba Stat: ti,
Turnpike and Greenville Railroad, will carry from ua
.uv ,to.u vuiumoia .ana Vharlotte Kail-
road, and the feeders they are designing to throw out
will take another large portion, whila Ram. ,
Cheraw are casting their eyes wiahfullv for ),i u
left. I can call to mind but three works m our State
that will carry any produce t6 our own towns.-' The
Fayetteville and. Western Plank Road, the Daan -nA
Cape Fear River ImprovemenVand the Wilmington
and Manchester Railroad. 'T bsliava tba"V'Hm;.
- . J ,t - " w (4UII p
and Manchester Road the only work ever projected
u uur outie, .u&eiy m uraw irane into una state from
another. ; We never shall be a State of any impor
tance until a change in these things takes place, and
all our efforts aro . directed to centre the . trade of our
State to market towns within her limits. I was for- s
cibly struck the other day (in looking over Martin's
oiu collection or xaws,) with- the reasons given for
establishing the' ancient town of "Cross Crebk."
now Fayetteville in the year 1762; in the caption to
the laws establishing that town, the following pas
sage occurs, 4Aa .' wilt greatly encourage "honest -and
able traders lb reside therein, by means whereof the
trade of the counties of jSnson and Rowan, which at
present centres in Charleston South Carolina, to the great
prejudice of this province, will be drawn down to said
town." . Nearly a century has nasaed the warniiftra
of our ancestors pass by unheeded. South Carolina
continues to draw away our trade the time has ar
rived to act the bouth is waking op from her slum
bers,' and seems determined to throw'- off Northern
vassalage each State must act for her own interest.
I propose that no charter or countenance be given by
our Legislature, in all future time to any work the
tciiuoiicjr ui w men is to carry produce to markets out
of the State. .Are .we forever ej belong to and be
divided between .States North . and South of us ?
Georgia has adopted this policy long since, and she
is now the 44 Empire State" of the South her sea
port towns' rising up, and her'interior towns flourish
ing an example worthy to be followed, and sure to
produce the like results. Then, sir, I hope when
schemes are presented to this Legislature favoring
these Virginia and South Carolina Improvemenu, the
cry will be 44 away with them," we are the represen
tatives of the good Old North .State, and will have
nothing to do with you. ;Act up to this principle and
in a fetr years North Carolina will' be all that we can
desire. - A NORTH CAROLINIAN.
CORPORATION PROCEEDINGS. " . ;
' . ' Raisioh, December 6, 1850.
. At a regular meeting of the Intendant and .Board of
Commissioners, held this evening Present : ,Wm. D.
Haywood, Intendant, S. W. .Whiting, Silaa Burns, John
Primrose, E. B. Freeman, T. Bi Fentress and E. Smith.
On motion, Mr. Colburn'a account of $6 69 for fur
nishing stone to make Culverts, was allowed.
- The City Guard, Messrs. Johnson, Utley, Blake and
Overby, were re-appointed for one month, to be under the
direction of the Intendant of Police.. - v : . .
, Mr. Whiting, from the Committee appointed at si for
mer meeting, to draft a Bill to amend the City Charter,
reported the same, which being read and. approved, he
was requested to have it presented to the Legislature for
iu action.-' V : -,. - , f , : ,
On motion, the committee for that purpose appointed,
were instructed to make a contract for laying down three
atone walks across Fayetteville, and two across Morgan
streets, agreeably to the plan submitted to the meeting.
On motion, Mr. Murray, the collector of City Taxes,
was directed to proceed forfbwitby and collect the balance
due on the Tax fist for the year 1850, sd as to be ready
to settle with the Treasurer at the next regular meeting
of this Board, to be held on Friday the 3d January, 1851.
By order, B. B, SMITH, Clerk.
On the 5th of September, 1 850, at the residence of
her parents on St. Louis Bay, Mississippi, Rosabel Whitfield,-
eldest daughter of Charity H. and William A.
Whitfield, in the 8th year of her age'- ': ''""" J
" ' But although, of ao tender an age, ber character was
singularly and beautifully remarkable. Preferring the
pleasures of the mind to those of the body, loving her
books mere than toys, and her Bible above all books
honoring her parents, ad especially- reverencing her
Heavenly Parents, she was frequently pointed oat to
children aa an example worthy of imitation. Having a
heart overflowing with affection a manner sweet and
prepossessing a disposition ministering to the' want of
others by every means in her power a kind word and
a gentle look for every one all . who knew her loved
her. ..May Heaven sustain her well nigh feeart broken
parents in their affliction ! Apart from that aid, the chief
solace left them is the reflection that her little soul now
rests with Him to whom in prayer her last words were
uttered, and that her littla voice now forma a part of the
Heavenly choir. : . .n -.. Com.
' In Warrcnton, on Friday evening last, afters short ill
ness, Mrs. Matilba Bsaxdt, consort of Mr. lohn F.
Brandtjeavipg an affectionate husband, two small children
and a numerous circle of friends to mourn their irrepara
ble loas. "",,v' -:v! ' ..Hews.
, FEMALEi 8CHOOLV
' ' ; HILLSBOROUGH, N.. C,
. ; . ... ' in ! Vs.t
THE winter sessidti of Mr. & Mrs. Burwtll's School
for young Ladies- wuM begin on Thursday, 9th of
. Board and Tuition, -r, '
Music on Piano or Guitar,
Use of Instrument for practice,
. 5 00
French, , 'r . ' -'
IUn,'; . V l,-''.'-Washing
Lf- Hr' .
, When two or more pupils come from the'aame finr.il
the .charge for washing will be $2 50 for each. .As th-i
number of pupila ia limited, persons deairoua of securing
places must make early -application For circulars con
taining all .necessary information, address Rev. R, Bur
well, Hillsborough N, C,.t. . s. t v, -7
? J)ec 11.1850.; .. i ; . nu k 12 w4t.
. The Raleigh Register, Wilmington Chronicle, Fay
etteville; Observer, and Newbcrhian, will insert once
week or tour weeks. - , . ...
i- " . .:-!-.. ' . .
If an Hirer Institute,
v.c t u - YajrcsrrviiijeV N. C. J. .
THE Spring scasion of this School will commence on
Tuesday, the 7th of January - ' -
. -Board in the village and vicinity,' from $8 to $7 per
month. - i .1 . AJ C. LINDSAY -
" 'i. ':"i.-':-c .. ,: ' Teacher ef Languages,
B. GOV ul), ' ;
.' 'Teacher ojf Mathematics.
'; .- . is 3.
December 1 1, j 850.
"VrTICB ' hereby given, that 'application "will be
JL 1 made to the General Assembly of North Carolina,
now in session; for the passage of au Act to empower and
authorise James A. Tunnel!,, late Sheriff, olJohnston
County, to. collect Taxes due. in said County . lor the
years 1846, 47. and .'4g. . 5
December 4 1 850 . ? ? . . J l-w4t
Gelatfue for making -Telly. .1
s" FRESH snpply of supertdr Gelatine last received
X and for sale by t -- V. r P.' PESCUD.
December.' 5 , 10
.rr v-(Hevi f.