Newspaper Page Text
nsUtotion and tke Union of Ue St
They mast be Preser-rea. -; 1
Mr. C. W. James, No. 1,
Harrison Street, Cut
Western States,. assist Jy J- JJ- J, X- T. Den,
m, Wpnrr M. Lewis, of Montgomery, Ala., is our
General Travelling Agent for the States of Alabama and
Mr Israel E. James, No. 182, South Tenth. Street,
Philadelphia, is our General Travelling Agent, assisted
by Wm. H. Weld, John Collins. James Deering, A. Kirk
Wellington, E. A. Evans, John T. Judkins, P. Locke,
Jos. Button, lieo. r. JJUtion, ana i new. u. iv ice.
DEMOCRACY AND FEDERALISM.
In 1836, the Whigs, or old Federalists, had three
candidates in the field for the Presidency, and the
result exhibited the following vote: Mr. Van uuren,
167 Electoral votes; Uen. Harrison, 73; Judge vvmie,
26 and Mr. Webster, 14. The game of the leaders
was, either to elect one of their candidates by throw
ing the Electoral Totes of all the States voting against
Van Bnren, for that one candidate ; or to carry tne
election to the House and take their chances amid
intricnie. bargain and corruption " in that body. But
the people defeated them at the polls.
The Whigs of this State elected their first Govern
or in August, 1836. They effected this mainly by
denunciations of the Abolitionists, and by their oppo
sition to a National Bank and a high Tariff; though
it was well known that many of their leaders had de
seried Gen. Jackson on account of his veto of the
Bank charter, while many of them secretly preferred
Henry Clay, the author and champion of the " Amer
ican system.", W e remember well tne emphasis and
feeling with which their candidate for Governor, Mr.
Dudley, denounced the Abolitionists, and warned the
South against their machinations .and growing influ
ence. In his letter of acceptance he spoke of the
spirit of Abolitionism as a spirit which " overshadow
ed the land and threatened to cut asunder the cords of
the Confederacy" and though Mr. Van Buren had
taken the strongest grounds, on various occasions and
in various letters, against the Abolitionists, yet he
was held up on all sides in the Whig ranks as an
enemy to Southern rights, and the people .were told
that, being a citizen of a free State, he could not be
safely trusted. They defeated the Democrats by ta
king Democratic ground ; but in the Presidential elec
tion, which took place the ensuing Fall, they were
defeated by some 4,000 majority. Since that day Mr.
Van Bnren has disappointed his best friends, and
acted treacherously towards his party generally ; but
it is a fact, nevertheless, that during his official term
he proved true to all the pledges which he had made
to the country on this vital question of Slavery.
In that 'campaign, in this State, the pretensions of
Judge White were advocated upon the ground that
he was a better Jackson man than Mr. Van Buren ;
that he was sounder upon the Slavery question ; and
that he was in favor of a low Tariff and light taxes,
while Mr. Van Buren's vote as a Senator from New
York in favor of the Tariff of 1828, was pointed to as
conclusive evidence that he was against Free Trade
and disposed to oppress and injure the Southern and
planting States. These are facts, which can be prov
ed from the record, il denied. Such was North Caro
lina Whigism in 1836.
But in 1840vlhe "grand campaign" came off. The
Whig lenders had been so oiten defeated, and were
become so hungry for the spoils,, that in that cam
paign they determined that no appeals, no devices,
no means should be left untried which might promise
success. Mr. Van Buren was again the candidate
of the Republican party. He had administered the
affairs of the country with marked simplicity and
economy, but he had committed some slight blunders
and mistakes. These mistakes were taken up and
magnified into monstrous crimes. His recommenda
tion that the militia of the country be improved and
some general and useful system adopted, was tortured
into an attempt on his part to establish a standing
army his approval of negro testimony in the Courts
of the United States, was then denounced as the rank
est Abolitionism, while noiu it is quite common in the
free States, under the administration of Mr. Fillmore,
for a few ragged free negroes to swear away the right
of a Southern master to his slave his plan of an Inde
pendent Treasury was denounced as a scheme for plac
ing in his hands both the purse and the sword of the
country, and for encouraging thefts, and giving to
the people worthless Bank paper and to the govern
ment officers gold and silver and his expenditures,
not more, on an average, than fifteen millions, were
declared to be shamefully extravagant, while now,
under Whig rule, fiity or sixty millions per annum
are expended and submitted to without a murmur !
In 1836, Gen. Harrison,, a citizen of a free State,
was considered too doubtful on the slavery question,
on account of his associations and well known opin
ions, to be put upon the track in the Southern States;
but in 1840, he was brought forward as the champi
on of Southern rights and as one of the best friends
to our peculiar interests. In one State he was run
as the poor man's friend and the good old soldier; in
another, as a man who loved hard-cider and gloried
in living in a log cabin ; in another, as the advocate
of the Missouri Compromise ; in another, as the
friend of a National Bank and a Tariff for protection; in
another, as the advocate of a low Tariff on salt and
other necessaries, and . a special hater of black
cockade Federalists; while in this State his election
was urged upon the ground that he was opposed to
- ,avu. " ami a uign lariff, and in favor of
strict economy and primitive simplicity in the admin
istration of public affairs. In addition to thi. i n
ihe States, he was pledged against removals from
ffice for opinion's sake ; and every where the doc
trine that " to the victors belong the spoils" was
loll e .l. a- l i . - . ..
"tlu tu"u o me people as natetui and odious in the
extreme. He was elected, and Mr. Tyler, who had
xecorH1 K i a An.n;AnA : xt . : i r
.... ujuiiuua agaiust a rtauuimi oanK, Was
eaosen Vice President with him. He formed hiB
Cabinet from the ranks of the old Federalists, and
the work of proscription was commenced. . In the
e oi me most solemn promises to the contrary, the
political decapitation was wielded day and
a-' i uu ciam
OrOOS vera thnaa vtrtn
-"""louiea to his election, for office, that they
'uo P001 man even into his private cham-
r, and deprived him, bv their netitiona an A snnnli.
nations, of the few moments which, each day!, he
would have devoted to his family and his God. They
nUd hxm to his grave. In one short month after
J.s inaugurauoo be died under the wejKht of hia ,a.
ors and sorrows? ani m.
r. ., ' Jier succeeded, mm.
Z of Komkesto the contrarv. in manv
Passed Tr 7V,he PZelion, the leader,
fer Uu!,Ba"k blU throu Congress; nd Mr. Ty
au W 1 P?mi" and reewded PiDi0M h
In the estimation of the lea-
ers he was i
no longer a Who. a j
nunciations wr " - . . ; '" ''
all his ZuZLKTt ?a him and in.front of
"raiianu and inducers towered the form of
Henry 'Clayvilmself now begbning to be the cho
sen embodiment, and . who, . with, tK aid of .his
partizans in and out of Congress, was paving the war
by these denunciations fox his own nomination for
the Presidency in 1844. Mr. Tyler wen through
his term, reviled, by the Tery men who fcad elected
hint, and that, too, for doing, in his official capacity,
what they must have known he would do in a certain
contingency; while during his term, he was indebt
ed for whatever of support and encouragement he re
ceived, to the party who opposed bis election, bat
who showed themselves capable, nevertheless, of
appreciating merit and firmness in a political adver
sary. Such was Whigism in 1840.
We have seen that, in 1836, the Whigs of this
State were ultra on the question of Southern rights ;
now they are tame and submissive as a party, 'and
ready to denounce every man who will not approve
and laud the so-called " adjustment, " as an agitator,
a fanapj, and a traitor to the Union of the States.
We have seen that, in 1836, they were opposed to
a National Bank and a high Tariff; bat we know
that in 1841 they branded Mr. Tyler as a traitor be
cause he refused to sign their Bank bill; and we know,
furthermore, that in 1844, they preached the doctrine
" the higher the Tariff the cheaper the goods," and
advocated and defended the Tariff of 1842 on every
stomp and in all their newspapers in the State.
It is a well-established fact, that from 1836 to 1844
they opposed the Independent Treasury, declaring,
among other things, that it would unsettle the curren
cy, and destroy the healthful operations of the Bank
ing system ; but now, since the system has been tes
ted, and has succeeded in every respect as its friends
predicted it would, they are silent in relation to it.
They refuse to do justice to the policy of their oppo
nents even in so plain a case as this, fearing, should
they do so, that they may lose influence thereby as
politicians and partizan agitators. And this, too,
from leaders who are in the habit of asseverating, most
solemnly, whenever they think they can make any
political capital by it, that they are not partizans, but
no-party men, who wish well to their country and re
joice to see it prosper, no matter what policy may
prevail, or who may be at the helm!
We repeat what we said in our last issue on this
subject : " The leaders of such a party are not to be
safely trusted under any circumstances. Out of pow
er, they ally themselves with all factions, and make
promises of various kinds to different sections, in or
der to gel in ; and once in, they disappoint all sec
tions and all factions, more or less, taking care all
the while of their own interests and keeping both
eyes fixed constantly on the spoils."
We leave our readers to draw their own conclu
sions trom these Tacts. We have stated ' nothing
which we cannot prove, and we challenge the Raleigh
Register, or any other Federal print, to meet us in
argument on these points.
We shall continue our remarks on the subject in
Mr. Webster has written, for President Fillmore,
a letter to the Mayor of Boston, acknowledging the
recept of Resolutions recently passed by the autbori- j
ties of that City in favor of " law and order " and in j
condemnation of the outrage perpetrated in the res- j
cue of the slave Sbadrach. 1 he following soft words
occur at the conclusion of this letter :
" The President does not doubt that the people of
Massachusetts perfectly well understand the differ
ence between the just discussion of political measures
and opposition to legal enactments already made and
established. He is quite sure that they regard the law
of the land, not as a sentiment or opinion, but as a
rule of conduct prescribed by the general authority,
which all are bound to obey at the risk of the penal
ties attached to its violation."
That is, the fugitive-slave law is not to be resisted
with force, because it has the sanction of " general
authority," and it is the law of the land ; but it may
be "discussed" by the people of Massachusetts!
What is this but an invitation to agitation ? It is
now a penal offence so made by the Legislature of
Massachusetts for any officer of hers to aid in re
claiming a fugtiive-slave, and no jail of hers can
be used to secure a slave, after he is taken. The Le
gislature of that State is now in session, and no mem
ber of i,t moves a repeal of this law, passed in defi
ance of " general authority " and in open disregard
of the Federal Constitution; and yet Mr. Webster,
alluding to the views of the people of that State on
this subject, administers no rebuke to them by way
of recalling them to their duty, but plainly tells them,
in the name of the President, that they "perfectly well
understand the difference between the just discussion
of political measures and opposition to legal enact
ments, already made and established." Massachu
setts men may go into "just discussions " on the sub
ject of the fugitive-slave law, and may labor and band
together to repeal it, and thus injure and trample on
Southern interests and property; but if Southern
men, thus assailed under the Constitution and in op
position to its plain letter, attempt to unite with the
view of protecting and defending themselves, they
are denounced as hotspurs and " agitators," and the
Federal sword is flashed before their eyes !
Such a state of things cannot continue !
The Bounty Land Grants. It is stated that
up to this time about one hundred thousand applica
tions have been received for the benefit of this law; and
every day's mail adds from five hundred to a thou
sand to their number. The office is now issuing, it
is stated, between one thousand and twelve hundred
a week ; and it will require-more than eighteen months
before the claims now on hand can be disposed of, or
matured into warrants. All persons interested in the
law, or desiring information in regard to it, are re
quested to address their communications directly to
the Commissioner of Pensions.
APPOINTMENTS BY THE GOVERNOR.
We learn that Gov. Reid has made the following
appointments, to wit :
Nimrod S. Jarrott.of Macon County, Commission
er to contract for and superintend the making of the
Salisbury and Western Turnpike Road.
Henry Cansler, of Lincoln, Charles McDowell, of
Rutherford, and Mark Coleman, of Macon, Com
missioners to value Cherokee lands.
We shall publish in our next the Resolutions of
the Committee of Thirteen of the Virginia Legisla
ture, upon the Slavery question and in relation to the
contemplated action of South Carolina. These Re
solutions have just been reported to the Assembly,
and they will no doubt undergo considerable discus
sion, and may be amended materially, before they
are finally adopted.
Jenny Lind was at St. Louis on the 22d instant.
The excitement was very great, and the tickets were
averaging $5 premium. .The probability js that she
will go to Nashville, and be in Wheeling, on her
way North, about the middle of April.
Dxath or Mai. Noah. Maj. Noah's death is pos
itively stated in the last Baltimore Sun.' He died on
the 23d instant, at midnight, of paralysis. He was
serene and cheerful to the last.',' , J..? "? '.V
Henry Clay arrived at Havana on the I7th 'instant,
on his way home by New Orleans.
Ttmnli' SPPlfJITP : ;
Judge Spragae, f Massachusetts, lately -gaveJt
very excellent charge to the Grand Jury of Boston.
It is an able and lucid exposition of the lawas a part
oi tne r eueral Uompact. Ho puts the higher law
completely in the shade, and satisfactorially maintains
that there is no " higher law " than the laws of the
land, v He does not quote the words, but he sustains
the doctrine of St. Paul : 44 Let every soul be subject
onto tne higher powers, r or tnere is no power but
oi uod. , The powers.tnat be are ordained of God.
-' ' . Wilmington Commercial.
How fortunate we are in having Judges who will
instruct the Grand Juries that they are bound, in the
discbarge of their duties, to be governed by the law
How shall we thank judge Sprague for solemnly hoi
ding and announcing that there is such a thing as hu
man government, and that the 44 higher law doctrine "
which would make every man a Judge and a mob
the executioner is not the law of the land! We
feel very grateful to Judge Sprague for not being a
Seward man on the bench, so far as abstract declara
tions are concerned ,- but if we are not mistaken, it
was this same Judge who decided thatCraft's house
was his castle, and that his doors could not be opened
with force, according to law. But that was a small
and a practical matter, and we suppose we ought to
drop it. Mister Crafts and his lady are now on their
European tour. . They have alrsady received the ben
efit of .this 44 higher law ;" and Judge Sprague will
no doubt charge the Grand Jury against that law un
til the next case arises, when he will deliver an opin
ion, off the bench, as in that case, which will sond
some other Southern, master home with his finger
in his mouth.
We beg pardon of every particular and exclusive
11 Union" man in the State for having written this
article. It is only a way we have of laying facts be
fore our readers, and of defending, now and then, the
Constitution and Southern rights. Let us all kneel
down kiss the hand that smites us give nine cheers
tor the Union nine more for Mr. Fillmore and Mr.
Foote, and hold our peace about the Constitution and
we shall then be, all together, a glorious company of
44 conservative " and 44 loyal " Union men ! Is it not
surprising, that in this enlightened age men will talk
about their Constitutional rights? Do these men
A iiu it t,a. tiic nuvc a wua tatu iivii t w "Jt "...
Fillmore is President, and he distributes and parcels
out the offices ! We have government at Washing
tona central, consolidated government a govern
ment which has a sword for Texas, indictments for a
Southern Governor, and threats of navies and armies
for South Carolina a government which intends to
enforce the fugitive slave law; and yet Southern men
are talkingof the Constitution ! Away with all such !
They are 44 agitators " and 44 disunionists."
DEATH OF HON. ISAAC HILL.
The Hon. Isaac Hill, late governor of the State of
New Hampshire, and s mator from that State in the
Congress of the United Mates, departed this me in
the city of Washington on Saturday last. The dis
ease of which he died was consumption. Mr. Hill
was a firm, thorough, and high-toned democrat never
flinching or wavering in the cause. He possessed
much intelligence, sagacity, and shrewdness, and few
men were more vigorous and effective thinkers and
writers than was the deceased. During the late po
litical and sectional agitations he stood manfully by
his country, and justly won the respect and applause
of all whose good opinion was worth enjoying. Mr.
Hill was about sixty-three years of age, and leaves a
name of spotless integrity, and one which his family
and friends may be proud to acknowledge. He was
an honor to the State in which he was born, and
which, on all occasions and in all places, he served
so well. Washington Union.
Gov. Hill was born in Massachusetts, but emigra
ted when a youth to New Hampshire. He was a
self-made man emphatically so. From a printer-boy
he became Editor of the Democratic organ in New
Hampshire, and wielded for years a vast political in
fluence in that State. He was elected first to the
Senate of New Hampshire ; next to the Senate of the
United States, where he continued until he was nom
inated as a candidate for Governor of the State. He
was elected Governor of New Hampshire for three
successive terms, and discharged his duties in an able
and most acceptable manner. In the language of a
writer in the Washington Union announcing his
death, 44 an honest, upright, and good man has gone
to his rest."
LATEST FROM CALIFORNIA.
The Steamship Crescent City arrived at New
York on Friday evening: from Chagres, bringing 130
passengers and $517,275 in gold. The United States
mail steamship arrived at the same port on Saturday,
with the mails from the Isthmus, California, Oregon,
and the Sandwich Islands, bringing 150 passengers,
and $312,300 in gold.
The political news is not of striking interest. 1 he
election of United States Senator had not taken place,
but the 17th of February had been fixed for a trial.
The contest seemed to be narrowing down between
Col. Fremont and T. Butler King. 1 he Pacific
News claims a Democratic majority of four in the
Legislature, but the party appeared to be somewhat
Business was rather dull at San Francisco.
A bill had passed both Houses of the Legislature,
hv a two-thirds vote, to remove the State capital from
San Jose to Mallego, and wanted only the signature
of the Governor to become a law.
The Sacramento Transcript says : 44 Not a flake
of snow has fallen the past winter at Nevada City
or Rough and Ready. The mountains contiguous
are covered only with a slight fall, which is daily
melting under the influence of a' bright sun."
We see it stated that the dwelling of Col. Lee, of
Philadelphia, counsel of Mr. Perdue, of Baltimore,
in the recent fugitive slave case, has been shamefully
disfigured by throwing some black substance on its
Thus it is that the lawyers even in the free States,
who appear under oath and pay for Southern men
seeking their just rights, are insulted and their prop
erty injured on account of it. If such things are per
mitted, it will not be long before it will be impossi
ble to get legal aid in the free States in connection
with escaped slaves. The members of the bar' will
be compelled to refuse a performance of their duty.
Those who did this low deed, 44 were of course
sympathizers with the negroes," says the Baltimore
Sun. Of course they were, or negroes themselves.
These 44 negro sympathizers " are by no means scarce
in the free Stales.
Wears indebted to the Hons. A. W. Venable, T.
L. Clingman, J. R. J. Daniel, and David Outlaw for
public documents. .
The Hon. Robert M. McLane is a candidate for
re-election to Congress from Baltimore. Hon. Linn
Boyd, of Kentucky, is also a candidate for re-election.
' "- : t '
The Ohio Statesman of the 19th instant publishes
a" speech made a short time ago by Mr. Wade, the
new senator elect from tliat State, denunciatory of the
fugitive-slave law, in which he casts Fred. Douglass
and Abby Folsom quite into the shade. . If the re
port of this higher-law harangue be correct, the hon
orable gentleman deserves a place in some soothing
lunatic asylum far more than a seat in the federal
Senate. Great men, these modern apostles of free
dom. .-'-r rWashtngtonUnioiu
: THE REGISTER ANSWERED.
V The Raleigh Register TecentlT asked the yiws of
the Democratic papers of this State in- relation to the
so-called Union party."" That sterling1 Democratic
print, the Wilmington' Journal, responds tor itself as
follows : ::? ; . ' ' ' ' ;
44 Union Parties and the Raleigh Register.. The
Raleigh Register of the 15th inst., asks our views, in
common with those of the other Democratic presses
of the State, upon the subject of Union parties and so
on. We reply explicitly, that we regard the attempt
made to get up a Union party par-excellence as a de
funct humbug, and the cant made over its remains as
pretty much of the same character. We regard the
principles of the Democratic oartv asrinhtand proper.
and as founded upon, the Constitution, and we regard
any party Which requires an abnegation of principles,
or an abandonment of the organization necessary to
carry those principles into effect , as a humbug a
humbug devoid ot principle in fact, an unprincipled
humbug. An object which cannot be attained by
perseverance in a right course,, cannot be worth at
taining at all. . It has only been by a divergence from
tne fundamental principles oi the Aemocrauc creed,
that the Union of the States has been placed in jeop
ardy ; it is only by a return to those principles that
its future permanence can be secured. We are no
oisomonisU. 1 We do not even agitate the doctrine
of secession, knowing' that, however true in theory,
it could have no practical effect in rendering seces
sion peaceful. But this we do say, that if the Union
depends upon unprincipled combinations of 44 Union
at all hazards " men, then it is time for it to be dis
solved. But we have, weeks ago, expressed ' our
views upon this subject ; sooner, we believe, than any
other Democratic press in the State. These views
are still unchanged. We then looked upon this as a
new dodge, by which a minority party was trying to
break up the Democratic organization, and we think
so still." -
Tho Register receives but cold comfort for its 44 de
funct humbug." The Warrenton News also responds
in the following conclusive style:
44 In these interrogatories there are some things as
sumed as facts, which, perhaps, would be a little hard
to substantiate. In the first place, the Register seems
to take it for granted that the "Standard " is making
44 mad assaults upon the Union, and all those who are
dispssed to sustain it;" a conclusion which, perhaps,
the Standard is not willing to concede, in me third
interrogatory, it is indirectly assumed that all who do
not associate with the so-called Union parly, are in
favor of dissolution, a conclirsion which, we presume,
no Democrat will admit. The Democratic Party was
formed to 44 protect and save the Union," and of
course the 44 Democratic Press" would warn no one
to keep from it. But we conceive it to be right and
proper to warn the people to keep aloof from the old
humbug under the new flag, ycleped 44 the union par
ty," which is nothiug more nor less than the old dis
abled craft Whiggery, endeavoring to rig a jury-
mast, to enable her to keep her timbers together, and
avoid the lee shore upon which she is driving.
These questions are speciously put ny the Kegis-
ter, no doubt for the purpose ot bringing in reach
another straw, at which drowning men are proverbial
Good ! Is the Register answered ?
Armt Promotions. We have before us the Gen
eral orders, No. 15, of the War Department, dated
March 13, 1851, containing a list of promotions and
appointments in the Array of the United States, made
by the President, by and with the advice and consent
of the Senate, since the publication of the official ar
ray Register, January 1851. Among the promotions
we notice the following-:
Brevet Capt. George P. Andrews, 1st Lieutenant 3d
Artillery, to be Major by Brevet 44 lor gallant conduct
at Chapoltepec," to date from September 13, 1847.
Brevet Capt. George W. Rains, 1st Lieutenant 4th
Artillery, to be Major by Brevet also, 44 for gallant
conduct at Chapultepec," to date from September 13,
Brevet Brigadier General Bennet Riley. Lieutenant
Col. 2d Infantry, (now Col. 1st Infantry,) to be Major
General by Brevet 44 for gallant conduct at Contreras,"
to date from August 20, 1847.
Brevet Major John H. Winder, Capt. 1st Artillery,
to be Lieutenant Colonel by Brevet, 44 for gallant con
duct on entering the City of Mexico," to date from
September 14, 1847.
Gen. John Gray Bynum has issued a prospectus
for the establishment of a newspaper at Rutherford
ton, in the Western part of this State, to be known
under the title of 44 The people's Advocate and Con
stitutional Reformer," and to be devoted to the ad
vocacy of an unrestricted Convention. Mr. Bynum
is one of the thirty-seven Western members of the
late Legislature, who at the close of its session, is
sued an address to the people of the State, upon the
subject of Constitutional reform, in which the white
basis of represenation in the Senate, instead oi tne
present one of taxation, was most warmly advocated.
Upon this address we have heretofore commented,
and have endeavored to convince our readers of the
rreat injustice and wrong which would be inflicted
upon the East, by the proposed change. Now there can
be no doubt that this change is the grand and almost
exclusive object of those who advocate an unlimited
Convention. And such being the case, we are con
strained to say, that however much we may esteem
Gen. Bynum as a gentleman, a scholar, and a firm
and consistent Whig, he cannot, in this undertaking,
command our good wishes, nor we will venture to
add, those of any other Eastern man, who understands
his own interests, and those of the section in which
he lives. Goldsborough Telegraph, Whig.')
Telegraphed for the Washington Union.
Condition of the Norllicm Markets.
New York, March 24 2 P. M. Stocks steady.
Flour quiet sales 1,000 barrels at $4,44 a 4,50.
Southern, $4,62 a $4,75. Corn meal, $3,06. Sales
2,500 bushels Ohio white wheat, 101 cts. Sales 7,
000 bushels corn at C4 a 65 cents for mixed and yel
low. Oats 48 a 51 cents. Cotton is quiet under the
foreign news ; small sales rather favoring buyers.
Whiskey, 22 a 23 cents.
Philadelphia, March 24 2 p. m. Stocks are stea
dy United States 6's, 1867, 116 ; Pennsylvania
5's, 93J. Small sales flour at $4,43. Red wheat, 95
a 100 cents, with small sales. Yellow corn, 59 a 60
cents ; oats, 38 a 42 cts. Rye, 70 cents.
The steamer Asia, which sailed from New York
fcr Europe on the 25th instant, took out half a million
of dollars in specie.
Nomination of Governor of Tennessee.
Nashville e, March 21. The whig convention
met at 11, a. m. William B. Campbell was nomina
ted for governor unanimously.
Post Office Robbery
Utica, March 22 Summer A. VVilliard, a young
man of about eighteen, and clerk in the post office at
Belfast, Alleghany county, was brought before Com
missioner Boyce, of this city, this morning, charged
with committing various depredations on the mail,
upon the route between Ellicottsville and Hornells
ville. A large number of letters having been lost
passing on this route, the exertions of Mr. Holbrook,
speciafagent of the Post Office Department, to detect
the depredator were successful, and he has obtained
unmistakeable evidence against the party arrested.
The commissioners required the prisoner to give bail
in the sum of $2,500 in default of which he was com
mitted to the jail at Rome.
Telegraphed for the Baltimore Sun.
Dreadful Steamboat Collision Loss of Life and Pro-.
,- . ; perty
Wheeling, March 24. A fearful collision took
place between the steamers Lowell and S.F. Vinton,
about tweenty-five miles below Wheeling, which re
sulted in a terrible destruction of life and property.
The Lowell sunk almost immediately, carrying down
with her to instant destruction fifteen of, those on
board, among whom were, the chief engineer and a
lady with her three children. The whole cargo of
the Lowels is a total loss, including the mails and an
iron boat, which she was carrying to its destination,
the Vinton escaped uninj ured' , -
Later from Yucatan Great Massacre Anticipated.
New Orleans, March 20. Advices seven days
later from Yucatan ha7e been received. The country
was stilt in a deplorab'e condition. A fearful conspi
racy had, been discovered at Meride, where it had
been determined to massacre all the inhabitants and
burn the town. It was, however, frustrated and the
leaders executed. -'. i - v. , ;i;v:?
A O 0 L BIS N 0 P P O R T UNITY.
k A Mine riclier tl,an 111080 f " Ophir,' easier of access
. on u. i.ow Kiver," and as inexhaustible
as the gins of sand upon the Surf-beaten. Shore of the
broad Pacific ' ...
it. i:?.. TLA 'Galaxy,' of lotteries,' c':'- "'
Unsurpassed in Brilliancy of conception, seidoin equal
led in the diversity of-Capitals, and never excelled in
their proportional arrangement, are all positively to be
drawn us ApriL"'"' .- .?
One order to the truly fortunate,' Far.famed and Old
Established bouse of . r - " .
. ' PYEER & CO. , ' ' " ,
No. 1, Lioht Stbeet, Baltimore, AIdv '
Is an endorsed guarantee of a Handsome Prixe.
' . PROCLAIM IT TO THIS W.ORIXK!
' Nearly one Hundred Thousand Dollars Cash paid for
Prizes the .last Month !
Such glorious luck never known - before ! ; Pyfer &
Co., never fail to sell and pay the Large Prizes i
tie sure to address for a handsome .Prize, the Old
Established Prize Office of "
PYFER & CO.
No. 1 Light Street Baltimore, Md. -Gorgeous
Scbenies for April, 1S5I,
Confidence Strictly Observed.
No. of Price of Price of
Ballots. Tickets. Packages.
5 of 15,000
3 of 10,000
5 of 12,000
13 drawn, .
13 drawn .
. PLEASE OBSERVE.
Correspondents will please bear in mind that the
prices of Packages of Quarter Tickets only are pub
lished in this paper.
The Printed official drawings which Correspondents
can rely upon as being correct, are always forwarded
from Pyfer & Co's.
Bank Drafts or Certificates of Deposit payable in Gold
at sight, will be promptly remitted to those Correspon
dents who draw prizes at Pyfer & Co's.
Remember A Package of Tickets, can draw four of
the most splendid prizes in a scheme.
In order to secure a Fortune, and the cash immediate
ly after the result is known, the readers of Uiis paper
have only to remit cash Drafts or prize tickets, to the Old
Established, far famed and truly fortunate Exchange and
PYFER & CO.
No. 1, Light Street, Baltimore, Md.
April I, 1851. 33
HEARTT & LITCHF0RD.
Dealers in Staple & Fancy Dry Goods,
Hats Boots, Shoes &c.
WnTIT.Tl rpanertfnllw nub atPsnlmn t tlio
fl following, a nortion of their Snrinir niirrhnsAs.
u - , - -1 o l ,
which have been received :
Chamelion Hernatii, Silk Brocade Labradors,
Fancy Silk Tissues, Bcrages, Berage DeLains,
Poplins. Prints, French Jaconetts, Embroidered Swiss
Muslins, Alborincs, Chenie Ginghams, ,
Lace Shawls, Crape do.
Fancy Cravats for Ladies, Jaspra Silks,
Clicnie Jo. Emb'J Silk Mantillas, Lace and Muslin
Visitecs, Uelts, Lace, Trimmings, &c. &c
Bleached and Brown Shirtings and Sheetings,
Irish Linens, Summer Coatings, and Pant stuffs, &c
Rateish, March 25. 1851. 41 3L
MILTON FACTORY AND MILLS.
J. B. Barrett & J. D IVewnoin,
Having purchased Mr. Thomas Vf. Hoi Jen's
interest in the Milton Cotton Factory and Mills.
Lands, Tenements, and debts due the Firm of
Barrett, Newsom and Holden, will continue the Manufac
turing and Milling business.
They are now putting in operation a set of Woolen
Machinery, for the purpose of manufacturing
and will also have two good CARDING MACHINES
in order the ensuing season, which will not only afford a
market for the sale of Wool, but enable planters to get
Domestic Woolens, Cotton CToods,
and also Wool Rolls of the first quality.
They have in their employment the most experienced
mechanics, and will endeavor to merit public patronage.
BARRETT & NEWSOM.
Milton, March 25, 1851. 41 tf.
THE MEDICAL SOuIETY
Of the State of North Carolina.
THE Second Annual Meeting will be held in the
City of Raleigh on the third Wednesday of May
next, it being the 21st of the month, at which time the
Annual Address will he delivered by Dr. Charles E.
Johnson, of Raleigh. It is desirable that as many Coun
ties as can make it convenient to be represented may do
so, as business of importance to the Profession will be
brought forward for consideration. Delegates from the
County Societies, Associates, and Physicians generally
are notified to attend.
WILLIAM H. McKEE, M. D.
Raleigh, March 26, 1850. 40
Spring Styles for 1851.
R. TUCKER & SON have now ready for
the inspection of their friends and customers
a large and fashionable assortment of Hats,
t suitable for the season. Consisting of
Bebee's and Warburtou's Extra Moleskin HATS,
French style do. do.
Men's Medium Brim, Beaver, do.
Cam peachy and Panama, do.
Gent's Fashionable shape Panama, do.
do. : " " Leghorn, do'.
Boy's and Children's Summer, do.
Men's and Boy's Mexican, do.
Do. do. California, do.
Palmleaf, Leghorm, and Pearl Straw, do.
Raleigh, March 19, 1851. 40
$ 10,000 1 State Bonds.
Tkeascht Office, Raleigh, N. C -'
March 19, 1851. $
PROPOSALS will be received at this Office until the
21st of April next, for the purchase of ten thou
sand dollars worth of bonds, issued by the State of North
Carolina, interest at the rate of six per centum per an
num payable semi-annually and principal payable at the
end of twenty years. Issue 1 under an Act of the Gen
eral Assembly of North Carolina, at the session of 1 848
'49, entitled " An Act to incorporate the 'Fayetteville
and Western Plank Road Company." '
Persons bidding will endorse on their letters "Propos
als for Stale Stocks."
DANIEL W. COURTS,
Raleigh, March 19, 1851. .. 40 td.
$ 40,000 1 State Bonds.
TaaAsuai Office, Kaleigh, N. C, .
March 19, 1851.
TROPOSALS will h received at ibis Office until the
I 2lst of April next, for the purchase of Forty Thou
sand Dollars worth of bends issued by tba State of North
Carolina, interest at the rate of six per centum per an
num payable semi-annually and principal payable at the
end of ten years. Issued under an Act of the General
Assembly of this State at the session of 1850-'M en
titled " An Act to provide for the payment of the debts
of the State," - , v- S-...: - . ' :-
Persons bidding will endorse on their letters " Propos
als for: State Slocks." DANIEL W. COURTS,
...... - . l Public Treasurer.
Raleigh, March 19, 1851. ' ' .' .. '.' . 40 td.
It t a
Onetfoor .above Richard Smith's Old Cornet,
Wti would respectfully inform oar friends and the
public generally that we intend keeping constantly
on hand a foil supply of ' . v ' ' ;
Dry Goods, Hardware, CO tie rfi
- . U - GROCERIES, 5 - "j
and indeed every thing found ia similar establishment
They present the following rtr specimens of tbeh
Stock.' ..'.' .''--V:-. "'"'"' .'..'.'.. '.,1
Cheni, Jasper, and Black Silks', :;J , ,
Silk Tissue and Alhorines, ' ' - ' "k -' '
' Embroidered Granadinea and Berage,' - .
' Dotted and Embroidered Siss Muslins,
Poplins and Berage DeLanes, . '
; "Em. White Qrtpe Shawls". ' '
Jenny Lihd Collars and Cutis, ' '
Ladies Kid Gloves and Mils, ' ; '
Do Embroidered 1 C Hdkf s
Tcfiita and Bonnet Ribbons, f
Lace Capes, and thread Laces, -Chin
and Embroidered Parasols, ' , ' " 5
Ginghams and Calicoes, ''
Shoes and Boots of every quality and price,'
Bonnets and Hats of every description, !
' Black French Cloths and Casimeres, ' " '
Black Satin and Marseilles, ' ''
Bed Tick, Cottonades, Domestics, Crockery,
V eeding Hoes, Sugar, Coffiee, ' ,
Adamantine Candles,. and number of articles not
enumerated, all of which the Subscribers intend selling
Cheap for Cash, Or to punctual dealers on a short credit.
Don't forget to give ui a call and examine onr Stock be'
fore purchasing elsewhere. - . ; 1 ,
One door abof e Richard Smith's, No. 29, Fayetteville
Street. II. L. EVANS.
GEO. T. COOKE.
Raleigh, March 19, 1S51 s SO
A 3P33.GGI. ASIA TIG 3STf
. By His Excellency, David 8. Held,
GOVERNOR OF NORTH CAROLINA. I
WHEREAS, it has been represented to me that
one Thomas Pitt, lato of the bounty of Edge
combe, did lately in the County of Cumberland in this
State, murder one Tilman Hunt, late of the County
of Guilford, and that the said Thomas Pitt has fled from
justise and escaped beyond the limits of this State)
Now, therefore, to the end that the said Thomas Pitt
may be arrested and brought fo trial for said offence, I
do hereby issue this my proclamation offering a reward
of Four Hundred Dollars for his apprehension and deliv
ery tp the Sheriff of the said County of Cumberland.
DESCRIPTION. - ' ' '
The said Thomas Pitt is described as being 23 or 24
jvears of age, five feet ten inches high, light hair ap
)proaching red, has a down cast look, would weigh 1601
or 165 pounds, teeth not very sounu ana upper ones
project, cheek bones prominent, and has freckles on his
lace and hands. He was last heard of in Petersburgr
where he passed under an assumed name. - - -
.jJiH&V Given tinder my hand,' and with the
Stwjs? Great Seal of the State of North Carolina,
Sflfcat the City of Raleigh, this 19th day of
SM March, A. D. 1851.
'JJSTt'' DAVID S. REID.
By order of the Governor. ,
Tuom.'s Settle, Jr. Private Sec. .
The Baltimore Sun, the Richmond Examiner, tha
Norfolk Argus, and the South Side Democrat, (Peters
burg,) will copy the above four times each, and forward
March 19, 1850.
NEW GOODS NEW GOODS!
R. TUCKER. & SON.
WE would most respectfully invite public attention
to our extensive and well selected Stock for the
Spring and Summer trade of 1851. Some of which art)
Rich Chenie and Chamelian Silks, J
Furlard and Indian, do. -
. Black Gro De Lyon, do. '
Glace and Silver Grey. do.
White and Colored Satin,
Organdi, Silk Tissue,
Challeys and Grenedines,
Fancy French Jackoncts,
Imperial Chenie Gingham,
Pink and Buff Linen do.
Orange, Purple, and mode col'd Lawns,
Dotted Swiss Muslin, - ,
Embroidered and solid Tarltons,
Marcelines and Florences,
Swiss, Book, Mull, Nainsook, and check Muslins,
Rich Bonnet, Neck, Cap, and Cuff Ribbous, ...
Embroidered Canton crape Shawls, ...
Needle work, Capes, Collars, Cuffs and Pufk,
Do. do. Chemieets and Undersleives.
Embroidered and corded bordered scolloped hdkfa.
Paris Kid Gloves, first Quality. ,
Silk and Linen, Buttons and Trimmings.
Real and Imitation Valenciens Edgings. ' .
R. TUCKER & SON.
Marcn 19 th, 1851. "40
IXaleigh and Gaston Rail Road.
BOOKS OF SIJBSCRIP-
'M TION to the capital stock of the
rm Kaleigb and uaaton nan noau
Company, will he opened ty the
tf$m Subscribers in the City of Ral-
jT eigh, the first Monuay in Marcn,
1851 ; and will be kept open lor
the space of ninety days. -
R. M. SAUNDERS,
GEO. W. MORDECAI,
E. P. GUION,
W. V. HOLDEN.
HP Books of Subscriptions may be found at the
State Bank and Mr. Turner's Bookstore. . ,
Raleigh, Feb. 17, 1851. 34 tf. ,
THE firm of Barrett, Newsom and Holden is thi
day dissolved by mutual consent. All of the debt
due said firm, and liabilities are to be settled by Barrett
and Newsom. a transfer of the same having been made
to them. BARRETT, NEWSOM & HOLDEN.
Dec 28, 1850. 31
I HAVE now on hand all the Goods, Wares, and
Merchandise, lately purchased from Barrett, Newsom
& Holden, and will be making additions to the former
stock as the custom may need. I will continue at the
Brick Store House, nearly opposite to the Post Office.
and will be thankful to receive a liberal patronage from
punctual customers. . THOS. W. HOLDEN.
Milton, IM. V., Vec. 18, 1850. 31
WIGS AND SCALPS ! -
TO those destitute of that great ornament, a good heaJ
of Hair, and those whose bair is falling, Dr. Quirk
the Rejuvenator deems it only necessary to say that he
has made arrangements to visit Raleigh on or by Monday
the 24th inst., when he will be prepared to remedy defec
tive Heads, or curing diseases of the Head and restoring
the Hair of those inclined to baldness. A certain rem
edy is now offered for the defective or diseased Heads, if
applied to on his arrival, which will be published. Stop
cannot exceed 4 or 5 days.
THOMAS QUIRK- of 490 Broadway, N. Y.
. March IV, 1851.
THE Firm of Bass and B rower is this day dissolved
by mutual consent. . All the debts due said firm, and
liabilities are to be closed by i. F- Brower, a transfer of
the same having been made to him.
;v . .' J. F. BROWER.
March 21, 185L. , . ; . : .1 : 41
Ladies Kid and Mo. Walking Shoes,'
AND Goat Skin - Bootees. Just received from tha
Manufactory by -? - 4. BROWN, -
No. 9, Fayetteville St.
Raleigh, March 85. 1881. ' ... 41
s i i' -; ' Printing, v .'-, .. .'. . .
Neatly fcxeeuted at tno Standard Print. OSSes