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Vol. 41, o. SJI. Entered m Pittsburg Post
office November 11, 1N7, as n-coua-class matter.
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PITTSBURG, WEDNESDAY. JAN. 16. 1SS9.
THE EXPOSITION'S PEOGEESS.
The meeting in aid of the Exposition
fund last evening started out with a light
attendance, and the talk at first was not of
the most sanguine nature. The lack of
faith seems to hare been rebuked by the in
creased enthusiasm and final result of the
meeting, which resulted in an addition of
nearly 15.000 to the fund.
When a meeting, of small numbers,
results in raising that amount, we see no
reason for discouragement. We are glad to
see that some of our newspaper cotempora
ries put themselves on record with pledges
of substantial amounts, and, while others of
perhaps equal or greater means are not, as
yet, on the list, we hope that all of them
will join in that action. The Dispatch,
which has been heartily advocating the
project from the fir6t, and will continue to
do so, will also De heard from in a material
form before the subscription lists arc
One thing should be impressed thorough
ly upon all our citizens, whether capitalists,
merchants, manufacturers, salaried em
ployes or mechanics. The Exposition will
not only be a gain to them in their present
career, but, placed on a permanent basis,
will be an advantage to their children.
Their investment in this enterprise will
yield dividends of increased prosperity to
themselves and to their followers. With
that fact understood, there can be no doubt
but that Pittsburg will promptly come for
ward with whatever funds are needed to
make the Exposition a complete success.
The attitude of the labor clement toward
the project is also a very encouraging sign.
"We can hardly agree with the idea of wait
ing until the capitalists fail before thework
ingraen take hold and finish it. Why
should not labor and capital join hands to
make this signally and exceptionally the
Exposition of the whole people?
CHEAP WATER GAS.
The article copied from the London Globe,
with regard to the use of water gas in the
Leeds Forge Works, presents a btatement of
keen interest both to our manufacturers and
our gas companies. The experience of the
concern in question indicates not only that
the supremacy of natural gas in steel man
ufacturing :s threatened; but that another
competitor for natural gas is within the
reach of our manufacturers and domestic
consumers. "Water gas at 4d equal to 8
cents per thousand feet, is possibly a little
more than natural gas costs our manufact
urers at present, but it is less than the cost
to domestic consumers. Tet that is the cost
which nine months' experience has shown
for water gas in England, with coal at the
equivalent of ?2 00 per ton and labor at
S7Jf c per day. The fact is full of importance
for Pittsburg, and in connection with other
developments in manufacturing gas should
have a decided bearing on the fuel question.
Judge Tulcy's decision in the Arbeiter
Bund case, at Chicago, yesterday, was a
clear avowal of the right of free assemblage
and free speech, which ought not to have
been needed in this country, but which the
facts seem to show was required in Chicago.
The right of all classes to meet, discuss
public questions and advocate public meas
ures as they deem fit, is an essential part of
government by the people. To deny it
would be as revolutionary as anything
which the Anarchists have advocated. If
erroneous doctrines or economic questions
are disseminated at such meetings, it is the
duty of the other side to refute them; and
with free speech right ought not to be
afraid of error. If conspiracies are urged,
or a resort to violence advocated, then it is
the duty of the law to step in. Free speech
docs not mean license to plot and revolu
tion; but it does mean peaceable and un
restrained discussion of all public ques
tions. The decision asserts the fundamental
public rights of a free people, and upholds
them, equally against the revolutionists
who declare that there is no liberty in this
country, and against the police who seem
inclined in Chicago to take advantage of
the Anarchist panic to override individual
AN UNPEEDICTABLE WIN TEE.
The country receives the pleasant assur
ance from General Greely, that the continu
ance of the present open winter docs not
necessarily imply a late spring. This is
official; bnt, on the other hand, Wiggs,
Wiggins, and the other cranks are certain
that it will give us blizzards and storms
into April. There is reason to suspect that
one knows just about as much concerning
what the weather will do this winter as the
other. The weather this winter has devel
oped such eccentricities and refusal to con
form to preconceived notions,as to defy both
science and the guesses of the weather
cranks. Only one thing can be regarded as
a certainty in connection with the present
winter. That is, that if it does not give us
some blizzards and light freezes between
now and April, the lordly iceman will rule
the public next summer with an iron hand.
VIGILANCE THE PBICE OF SAFETY.
So long as the Coroner's jury is sitting on
the case, the press will refrain from judg
ment of the causes of last Wednesday's dis
aster. But there is no need to wait a
moment to draw important general con
clusions about the future course of build
ing in Pittsburg. Leaving the Coroner's
jury and evidence that may yet come to fir
whether there was negligence on anybody's
part, and if so on whose; whether it was
"green material" or want of regard for the
principles of true construction, or but an
"act of God," as the phrase runs, which
nobody could have guarded against there
is one sure thing, viz.: That builders and
architects from now on will, in the light of
"Wednesday's disastrous experience, be held
to the closest and most rigid accountability
for the fate of the structures in which they
There are certain lines of building as yet
comparatively new to Pittsburg. The erec
tion of buildings over five stories in height is
one of them. Comparatively few years have
elapsed since the first of these very high
buildings made their appearance here. The
additional stories add greatly to the weight
and call for different calculations by archi
tects from those that answerea for the lower
buildincs of the old style. Doubtless, also,
they call for a closer supervision of the work
and material throughout, from foundations
to cornice. It may be thought that all this
is so clearly evident as to require no point
ing out least of all to practical persons
whose very profession and every-day calling
it is to build. But it is not alone what hap
pened at the Willey building that shows it
is timely to press the matter on the atten
tion of those interested. There is room for
determined and legalized insistence here
abouts, upou a much closer measure both of
competence and of scrutiny than has been
exhibited in not a few instances that might
be cited if occasion should arise to go into
It is to architects and builders that the
public must look for security. The former
avow themselves possessed of the technical
knowledge which goes to insure safe build
ing. Where employed they must be held
strictly to its exercise. Where the con
ditions are not safe, or where architects or
builders are hindered by limitations by own
ers of property being built upon, it is doubly
their duty to decline going ahead with
doubts upon their minds. The Dispatch
trusts that the present generation hereabouts
will have no other experience similar to that
of last week; but to express the hope, with
out insisting on the vigilance that alone can
fulfil i t, would b e but a vain and cruel
The appearance of a new license measure
at HarrUburg, which it is expected, will be
introduced in the House.rendersit pertinent
to remark that any legislation making ma
terial changes from the present law would
be bad statesmanship and poorer policy.
We do not think that changes will be
made, beyond such minor ones as may be
indicated by experience in the details of
the Brooks law, for two reasons which
should be obvious to the Republican legis
lators. The first is that the present law is giving
general satisfaction, not only to the public,
but to the venders of liquors of standing and
reliability under the law. Only those in
terested in the miscellaneous and super
abundant supply of drinking places which
existed under the old law are desirous of
any change. To alienate the public
support for the purpose of conciliating this
class would be extremely unwise. Another
fact would make it suicidal for the party
responsible for it, and for the liquor inter
ests as well. It is recognized that in the
present year a prohibition amendment to
the Constitution will be voted upon. Could
anything be done which would swell the
prohibition vote and go further to insure
its adoption, than for our lawmakers to
take the back track on the license ques
tion and increase the number of saloons?
We do not believe that after the Bep ubli
can legislators have perceived the ncessity
of conciliating the temperance element by
submitting the question of prohibition and
passing the Brooks act, it will go back from
its position at the crucial period.
It may be replied that the measure re
ported from Harrisburg does not propose a
retrograde. But an examination of its pro
visions for taking the granting of licenses
out of the hands of the courts makes it the
best that can be said for it, that it shows
a singular readiness to abandon provisions
which have furnished the strongest and
best feature of the present law. It should
be understood that the present law has
proved eminently satisfactory to the general
public; and its most satisfactory feature is
in the strict supervision and careful inquiry
exercised by the judges. The duties of the
judges may be onerous and disagreeable;
but their labors must be compensated by
the knowledge of the good results at least
until some more efficient substitute is found
than excise commissions appointed by po
The fact that the Brooks law is recog
nized by the mass of the puhlic as one of
the best measures enacted at Harrisburg for
many years should not be lost on our legis
lators. AS TO GBAND JUBLES.
There seems to be a general impression
that the dismissal of the grand jury, the
other day, is to he taken as a statement of
the vital principle that, while do-nothing
grand juries are bad, grand juries in search
of free entertainment are worse.
The presence of bodies which, by diligent
economy of their labor, manage to do in a
day abont one-tenth as much business as an
energetic set of men would do, is an evil for
which a remedy has been sought. The re
sort of dismissing it with the work undone
is so heroic that it would hardly be resorted
to, if there were not another idiosyncrasy
to take into account That is the habit of
making the rounds of the puhlic institutions
and getting a free spread in exchange for a
perfunctory certificate of good character.
The action of the Court this week knocked
one junket of this sort in the head very
But this resort does not seem to wholly
solve the problem of getting the work of the
grand jury faithfully and promptly done.
There is little hope that anything will ac
complish that much-needed reform, short of
getting a new breed of jurors.
LIGHT ON LYNCHING.
The Attorney General of North Carolina
has been doing good work by exposing the
character of lynching, in his report to the
Governor of that State, and by recommend
ing stringent measures to suppress that
species of mob murder. He shows that in
one case of lynching in that State an inno
cent man was killed by the very men who
had committed the crime with which they
charged their victim, and who took that
means of diverting the penalty from them
selves. In another case a gang of criminals
lynched an innocent man in order to prevent
him from giving evidence concerning their
crimes. Other cases are hardly less revolt
ing as showing the power which this stupid
resort to blind force places in the hands of
the lawless and criminal.
It is not necessary, in condemning the
practise of lynching, to claim that all lynch
ers are previously criminal. They are all
criminal in that act, for to kill a man. ex
cept by authority of law, is murder. Prob
ably the majority of lynchers are men who
are aroused by indignation at some crime,
and are determined someone must suffer.
But it is clear enough that the very practise
of hanging men by mob clamor puts it into
the power of criminals to raise an excite
ment and work either private vengeance or
a diversion of suspicion from themselves by
the death of innocent men. Attorney Gen
eral Davidson has shown that these things
.actually have taken place within the past
year; and his revelations should inspire all
men with his determination to put down the
stupid and uncivilized practice.
The country legislators, who are claiming
that their constituents hav been ruined
by the importation of cheap meats, should
pay a little attention to the fact that, while
prices of cattle have declined, the prices
charged by city butchers are as high for
meat; now as they have been since the war.
Possibly, if they should investigate that
phenomenon, they might perceive some
better remedy than combining with the in
terests that stand between them and the
consumers for the object of securing legis
lation to shut out the products of other
The bill to place General "W. S. Rose
crans on the retired list, which is before
old soldier has shown needless bitterness
against Grant and other military characters
opposed to him; but he served the Union
well and faithfully during the war.
A Desiockatic exchange remarks anent
a suppositious but very negligent official:
"The fool-killer has not been himself since
the late election, which clearly revealed the
appalling magnitude of his task." True
enough. The number of the people who
cannot take the political medicine ot defeat
without making faces over it, is enough to
discourage any fool-killer without a taste
for the task of Sisyphus.
The compulsory education bill, which is
under consideration by the Allegheny
school directors, seems to be a measure well
calculated to correct the real trouble with
regard to our public schools, namely the
number of children who ought to attend
school and do not.
It is some time since we have heard from
Judge Edgerton with reference to the Civil
Service Commission. There is reason to be
lieve that the Indiana politician has come
to the conclusion that under present circum
stances the only function which a civil
service reformer of the spoils variety can
discharge with entire satisfaction to himself
and the public, is to draw his salary.
Information from the proverbial friend
of Mr. Blaine is to the effect that he has re
ceived no offer of the State Department "as
yet," but that if it should be offered him he
"would certainly accept it." Forewarned
A NEW poem called "Two Offerings,"
which has recently appeared ns a hitherto
unpublished one of Longfellow's, is claimed
by a lawyer out "West. As the circum
stances prove that Longfellow had too
much literary judgment to lay claim to the
poem, the "Western man can be granted the
credit of the verses which in this case is a
decidedly minus quantity.
TnE instructions of the Court, with re
gard to that Dudley letter, let the Indiana
politician off with a badly spotted reputa
tion. "Sheep," remarks the Boston Transcript
concerning the railroad agreement, "are
not infrequently energetic compared with
the average stockholder." Nothing can
typify either the stockholder, or the other
game for the speculative manipulators, ex
cept the frisky but innocent, confiding, op
timistic and tender spring lamb.
On the 27th of this month the Emperor of
Germany will quietly celebrate his birthday.
He will listen to an opera of Wagner and then
go home with an earache.
Two notable debntantes will formally enter
Washington society this week. One is Miss
Quay, the accomplished daughter of the junior
Senator from Pennsylvania, and the other a
daughter of Minister Carter, ot tho Sandwich
TnE mortality among the European navvies
at Panama during the past three months has
reached the astounding figure of 93 per 1,000.
That is as near As may be decimation. The
total number of Europeans who have perished
in prosecuting this undertaking is 5,200.
MR. Barney Beenato is the "diamond
king" of South Africa. Sixteen years ago he
was a penniless boy of 19 years. Three years
later he had 515,000. Then ho bought four
claims at Kimberlcy which paid him net 9,000
a week for four years, and then he sold them
A monument is to be erected on the spot in
the forest of Eplneuso where stood the oak
tree in which Gambetta and M. Spuller
alighted from their balloon in their escape
from Paris to Tours during the Franco-German
war. The tree itself was recently cut
down by the owner, who has no regard for
The times are changed with royalty, indeed.
When a deputation from the Roumanian
House of Commons went to the King the
other day to present the reply to the speech
from the throne, one member assumed a most
informal, not to say free-and-easy, posture. "I
believe," said the King to him, "it was you, M.
Alexandresco, who hissed me at Jassy ?" "Yes,
sire; a littler1 What happened afterward is
not recorded, but M. Alexandresco is still a
member of tho House.
James G. Batterson, the Insurance million
aire of Hartford, is said to know more about
marble in all ages of the world's history than
any other man alive. But, throughout, ho is a
plain and unassuming person who, while out
among the Pyramids in Egypt some time ago,
encountered a party of titled Englishmen, and
surprised them by talking about what contract
he would make to duplicate the great piles of
masonry. Later still, one of the English tour
ists, a lord, misquoted a Greek line, and Mr.
Batterson corrected him, giving the line as it
was written, "For heaven's sake, what are
youT" the lord asked. "A stonecutter from
Connecticut," said Batterson.
GLASS MEN GATHERING.
Tbcy Find Thcv Have n Number of Import
ant Things to Discuss.
Special Telegram to the Dispatch.
Washington, January 15. The advance
guard of the glass men arrived this evening
who are to attend the annual convention, which
meets at the Biggs House this week, to canvass
the interests of their trade. Messrs. Thomas
Wigbtman and J. A. Chambers are here from
Pittsburg, and a dozen or so of other prominent
manufacturers are here from New Jersey and
Tho convention will canvass the question of
wages and prices, as usual, and. aside from
this, will be important in view of the tact that
the tariff discussion is not yet ended, and there
is still a chance to secure a hearing and revise
schedules, if that be advisable, though the
loremost reprcentatives of the industry have
already been fully heard by the Senate Finance
It Will be Fulfilled.
From the East End Bulletin. 3
One of the best literary promises of the new
year is the statement that Br. E. E. Hale,
Maurice Thompson, Joaquin Miller, Franklin
File and General Wallace, aro to write a series
of short stories on American themes, for The
Pittsburg dispatch, and four other papers.
These well-known writers ought to attract
numerous readers, and show, them that the best
kind of short stories are as interesting as the
A Benefit Matinee To-Dojr.
Another large audience greeted Herrmann at
the Grand Opera House last night. This after
noon a matinee will be given for the benefit of
the families of sufferers by tho Wood street
disaster. ' It promises to yield a handsome sum,
as the sale of seats has already been unusually
large. Herrmann and D'Alvini are thorough
masters of the magic .art, and all who attend
the matinee are sure to bo amused and mj stifled.
THE PITTSBURG DISPATCH, "WEDNESDAY, JANUARY,
CRUMBS FEOJI THE COBRIDOR.
Lcgltlntors Slowly Getting; Down to Busi
nessSenator Rutan in a Reminiscent
Mood Tho Elder Cnmcron Hearty Gos
sip Golne on tho mil.
FROM A STAFT COBRESrONDENT.
Harrisbceo, January It Tho work of
legislation has not yet begun to keep the mem
bers of the Legislature too busily employed.
The mill has begun to grind, though, and ere
long there will bo plenty to do. Now bills are
being read in place and ground through the
mill of the transcribing clerk to the various
committees. Alittlolater a date will be fixed
after which no bills will be read in place, and
then the work will commence on the material
in hand. Opinions differ as to the length of
tima that will bo required to dispose of the
business that may accumulate, and tho ma
jority of tho older members look for a long
session, though all cannot see the necessity for
it, and many of the new members who have
business at'home think that if those in charge
had a mind to work diligently the Legislature
might go home by the first of May, at least.
There is little before the House now to cause
much excitement, but the experienced mem
bers say tho unexpected is always happening.
Senator Rutan sincerely regrets his con
finement to his apartments and chafes under
tho restraint. Although continually aavlsing
with members who call on him, he longs to
actively participate in tho work of legislation.
His several outings have not been with tho
consent of his physician. While in a reflective
mood, induced by the presence of tho Pennsyl
vania Republican electors, the Senator recalled
the first election of Grant and his adventures
at Washington, when, as tho messenger of the
Pennsylvania Electoral College, he wended his
way to Washington with the official declara
tion of the State's electoral vote. He was the
first inossenger to arrive, and had a hard time
finding where to deliver the returns. Boa
Wade was the presiding ofilcor of tho Senate,
and when Mr. Rutan called on him in the even
ing he found him surrounded by a bevy of
ladies and utterly at a loss as to the proper
courso to pursue. So embarrassed was he con
cerning his official obligation that at last he
blurted out to tho Keystone messenger: "Keep
'em, my boy, until morning. They're just as
safo with you as with me, and we'll see what to
do with them then." .
Ex-Speaker Graham, referring to his
visit to ex-Senator Cameron on Sunday, said
that tho veteran was looking much better on
that occasion than when he visited him some
months ago. Like good wine, the aged chief of
tho Clan Lochiel improves with tho passing of
the years. His memory of bygone days mellows
and his reminiscences of tho stirring events
during the times ho was helping to make his
tory seem light by the bright glow of au un
clouded sunset. The political scepter may havo
departed from his house, but it was not lost by
Senator Packer, of Tioga, says the legis
lation his people are at present most inter
ested in is the repeal of the fence law, which
had its origin in colonial dajs. This law com
pels the horny-handed granger to maintain a
strong fence, the exact proportions of which
are specified, to keep the cattle, hogs and
horses of his neighbor from his fields. The
Legislature passed a law giving counties tho
rieht to repeal this law for themselves by pop
lar vote. A number of counties did so, but the
Supreme Court, on a case from Venango, de
cided the law unconstitutional. The court
held the law to be indirect special legislation
and ruled that the Legislature could not do In
directly what it might not do directly. In
Tioga and elsewhere farmers had in many
cases leveled their fences, and now are com
pelled to re-erect them for self protection.
Packer has introduced ono bill in tho Senate,
and Representative Orr, ot Venango, has in
troduced another in the House for repeal of
tho law, and people may be compelled to re
strain tho wanderings of their own livestock
A bill for a miners' hospital near Connells
ville, and another for a mining school, will
soon bo introduced from Fayetto county.
Representative Wherry, of Cumber
land, who knows considerable concerning the
framing of the Brooks high license law, isn't In
favor of Mr. Brooks' recently proposed amend
ment. Mr. Wherry thinks, though, that there
are three points in which the bill might bo
much improved. In the first place, he thinks
the law should be changed to give tho estate of
a deceased person who held a license a rebate
proportioned to the unexpired term of the li
cense. Ho doesn't think the present rule,
which makes the estate lose the money paid
for tho license, a good one, and he
is strongly opposed to any attempt
to make such license a salable asset.
He also thinks it unjust to restrict bondsmen
to residents of the ward or borough in which
the licensee resides. Ho believes any qualified
person within the jurisdiction of tho licensing
court should be mado acceptable. As to the
Sunday clause, which prevents a private citizen
treating a friend, he considers it should ccr
tainly be repealed. As to the effect the pro
posed municipal bill will havo on the price of
licenses, he believes so many of the smaller
cities will return to tho condition of boroughs
that it will not be necessary to revise the scale.
Mr. Wherry was the Democratic caucus nomi
nee for Speaker of the House, and stands high
in the estimation of his Republican colleagues.
A Plaintiff In a Divorce Snlt Claimed She
Never Knew It.
New York, January 15. Marlon E. Mc
Curdy, who lives in Washington, made an ap
plication to have a divorce granted in her favor
against her husband, John H. McCurdy, to
whom she was married in 1872 by the Rev. Mr.
Tilllnghast, at Georgetown, D. C, set aside in
the Superior Court In her petition she relates
astrango story. Her husband left her in 18S6
at Washington, and she believes he is in Colo
rado. Last month sho was handed papers in
which she got judgment against her husband
in an action for divorce brought in 1881 by her.
She sajs she never heard ot such an action be
fore and did not bring it.
Bat in the referee's report she figures as a
witness. Two other witnesses swore to acts of
adultery on tho part of her husband. Their
names are John McDonald and John E. Bums.
They swore that she lived at 281 Fourth ave
nue. She says sho was only once in this city,
and but for two days in 1872, and not at that
address. The court denied her motion.
Bad Tlmeifor Inventors.
From the Philadelphia Ledger.
An inventor named Trusell comes along most
seasonably with a process by which he claims
to be able to make Ice in an ordinary refrigera
tor at a cost that would be about $7 a year for
an ordinary family. Owing partly to his name
and partly to a recent lesson in scientific
swindling, he need not be surprised if he is at
first suspected of having an electrical process.
A New Comet Discovered.
Rochester, N. Y., January 15. Director
Swift, of the Warner Observatory, received
notice to-day of the discovery of a new comet
by Prof. Brooks at Smith Observatory, Geneva,
at 6:05 o'clock this morning. Its position is as
follows: Right ascension, 18 degrees 4 minutes:
declination south, 21 degrees 20 minutes, with
a rapid westerly motion. The comet is
Good News for His Patients,
Special Telegram to the Dispatch.
Washington, Pa., January 15. Tho will of
the late Dr. H.S. McKennan contains direc
tions that all his book accounts be destroyed.
The remainderof his property is bequeathed to
his father, lion. Wm. McKennan. The docu
ment is dated January 8, 1SSS, one year previous
to his death.
Two Clairvoyants Arrested.
New Haven, January 15. Mrs. J. J. Clark
and Mrs. M. J. Wright, clairvoyants, were ar
rested to-day under an old blue law, which pro
vides for the punishment of fortune tellers.
DEATHS Of A DAL
Rev. Dr. Hoycs.
CHICAGO. January 15.-Kev. George C. Noyes,
D.D., pastor of the First Fresbyterlan Church of
Evansfon for more than SO years past, died yester
day of pneumonia.
John W. Dougherty.
Special Telegram to the Dispatch.
Bellaihe, January li. John W. Daugherty,
editor of the Monroe Gazette, died suddenly this
morning at his home In Wooasfleld of ratty de
generation of the heart. Mr. Dangherty was the
most prominent man in Monroe county. Hlsna-
Serls the official organ of the Republicans of
lonroc county. Mr, Daugherty was 41 years of
An English Force Works Believes It Has
Solved the Problem.
From the London Globe. 1
Although 1889 will not be entitled to claim
credit as the parent of water gas, there seems
some likelihood of its being hereafter famous
as the year in which ono of tho most remark
able Inventions of tbo century first became
generally known. It was no secret that the
proprietors of the great Leeds Forge Works
believed they had solved tho problem of ex
tracting from water a gas far cheaper and far
superior for both heating and lighting to coal
gas. So many brilliant discoveries of similar
sort have, however, broken down in public,
that experts postponed judgment on the process
until the realized results wero placed before
thorn. This is now done, and, unless somo un
suspected defect be developed hereafter, both
coal gas and tho electric light will stand in
For the last nino months tho Forge works in
question a very large concern have used
nothing but water gas, with most satisfactory
results to the company. In tho.first place, it
gives a moro intense degree of heat than can
be obtained by any other means, a matter of
immense importance in the manufacture of
steel and other metallurgical operations. For
instance, it is asserted that 30 chargss of steel
per week can bo turned outbya furnace heated
with water gas, instead of the 11 charges which
wero the weekly output with Siemen's pro
ducers. Not less is tho gain for illuminating
purposes, the light being steady, powerful, and
entirely freo from noxious fumes and soot.
But all of these advantages would count for
little wero the cost much higher than that of
the previous agents.
It is here, however, that tho inventors claim
the greatest gain of all. It is asserted that
with fuel at 89 a ton, and labor at 3s 6d per man
per day, tho gas can be produced for a fraction
less than 4d per 1,000 cubic feet. At the Leeds
works the saving is estimated at 10,000 per
annum, with much better results, ton, for the
smaller outlay. Even if tho cost were thrice as
much, neither coal, gas nor electricity could
possibly compete on that ground. But it is ono
thing to supply a factory; quite another to
provide for the illuminating and heating re
quirements of urban population spread over
largo areas. Petroleum gas can be used, within
certain limits for the former purpose, but when
it was attempted to be employed somo years
ago as a public light, the experiment was
crowned with utter failure.
THE WEIS-AHL HUPTIALS.
A Illnrrlngo Pleasantly Celebrated at the
The marriage of Mr. Philip T. Weis, tho pop
ular leader of the Bijou Orchestra, and Miss
Frances Valeria Ahl, ot Allegheny, was cele
brated at Trinity Church on Sixth avenue at 5
o'clock last evening.
The large church was filled with tho many
friends of the contracting parties. During tne
time intervening between throwing open the
church doors and the ceremony Mr. Leonard
Wales, tho organist, played appropriate selec
tions. As the bridal party proceeded up the
aisle of the church the wedding march from
"Lohengrin" was played.
The bridesmaids were Miss Daisy Ahl and
Miss Jessio C. Grant. The ushers were Messrs.
Edward Brown, Edward Steele, Joseph Vogel
and C. F. Anderson.
Mr. Weis, in company with his best man, Mr.
John Steele, met his bride-elect at the altar.
Rev. Samuel Maxwell pronounced tho cere
mony. A reception was held last evening at the
former residenco of the bride on Center street,
Allegheny. Mr. and Mrs. Weis left for an
Eastern wedding trip later.
ONLY A BOLL PARTI,
But It Gladdened the Day for LIlllo Sweet
hearts and Their Mammas.
An interesting and very pretty doll party
was given by Mrs. E. M. Ferguson, of Shady
side, yesterday afternoon in honor ot her little
daughters Martha and Helen. The hostess was
ably seconded by Mrs. Park Painter, Mrs.
Chambers, Mrs. Miller. Mrs. Gcorse Dilworth
and Miss McClellan, who were present. The
Pnnch and Judy show was followed by danc
ing, and at 430 the entlro group was photo
graphed. Tea was announced at 5, and was
discussed by the 40 little misses present with
joy and laughter. After this dancing was re
sumed until 0, when the happy party broke up.
Among the wee ladies present were Alice,
Eleanor and Gladys Painter, Florence and
Alice Brown, Bertha and Lois Miller, Matilda
Clarkson, Pauline Dilworth, Marian Chambers,
Elsie Ashburner, Bessie Long, Katherino Mur
doch and Louise and Lilian Donnelly.
A Quiet Yet nn Elegant Wedding.
A very quiet yet an elegant wedding took
place at 6 o'clock last evening at the residence
of J. D. Thompson, Union avenue, Allegheny,
uncle of the bride. The bride. Miss Ida Thomp
son, wore a heavy corded cream silk, en train,
with diamond ornaments. The groom, John L.
Taylor, is one of Pittsburg's promising young
business men. The happy couple left on the
evening train for an extended tour of tho East
ODE MAIL POUCH.
That Electric Lighting at the Court House
rutting the Blame Elsewhere.
To the Editor of the Dispatch:
Dear Sir Referring to an article published
in your paper, January 9, regarding the work
ing of tho electric lighting plant in tho new
Court House in your city, we would like to cor
rect several misstatements made therein. In
the first place the United States Company's bid
was not the lowest, but on the contrary tho
highest, based on tho specifications submitted,
the award being made after tho most spirited
competition, solely on the merits of the S3 stem,
as compared with those of the so-called "de
tractors." Further, tho contract of the United States
Company did not include wiring of the Court
House building, nor did they assume responsi
bility for any detect in tho wiring system, this
part of the installation having been awarded
to and completed by tho local Edison agents.
The character of the wiring is a matter of pub
lic notoriety and discussion in electrical circles
in Pittsburg and the commissioners rightly
place the responsibility for the p oor lighting
service on the "grounding" of the wires.
The United States system has been too long
before the public and too successfully installed
in prominent buildings and institutions through
out the country to suffer from the malice of in
terested detainers, and in this instanco it only
desires to place the blame for any dissatis
faction with tho Court House plant where it
The u. S. Electric Lightinq Co.
New York, January 12, 1889.
HIGGINS THE LUCKY MAN.
Delaware Republicans nt Last Agrco on
Senator Snulsbnry's Successor.
Dover, Del., January 15. Anthony Higgins,
of Wilmington, was nominated for United
States Senator on the forty-third ballot, in the
Republican caucus, at 3.30 o'clock this morn
ing. The vote was: Higgins. 9; Massey, 6 one
member having left the room and gone to bed.
The break to Higgins began ou the fortieth
ballot, when tho five men who had stood solidly
by Treat went over, Massey, who had received
as high as eight votes, lacking only one for the
nomination, held seven up to the fortj-second
ballot, when one of his men and the remaining
Smithers man went over to Higgins, giving him
the nomination. The nomination of Mr.
Higgins was mado unanimous, after which tho
The Senate balloted at 11:15 for United States
Senator. The seven Democratic members
voted for James T. Walcott. the two Republic
ans for Anthony Higgins. This makes tho vote
of both houses stand: Higgins, 16; Walcott, 9;
From the New York World.!
Tho German missionaries in Zanzibar aro de
termined to resist the efforts of the native in
surgents to hurl them into the soup. They are
men of peace, but they see no reason why they
should sacrifico themselves to the digestive
versatility of African warriors. Their defense
of the mission station at Dar-es-Salem against
the rebels was a great victory for what is
termed muscular Christianity,
The Quick and tbo Dead.
From the New York World.
It is now rumored that the man who dram
atized "Robert Elsmere" is at work on a stage
version of the Andover Heresy.
A Pointer for Keely.
From the Philadelphia Times.:
If inventor Keely could only catch the secret
of Boulanger's jaw, his troubles would vanish
like snows before the April sun.
A Sentn In Many States.
From the New York World. J
"President-elect Harrison has created a new
Republican State that of uncertainty. v
Dangers of the Use of Glass Dnst for
Decoratlvo Purposes Action of Cos
meticsColors to be Avoided Need for
Stringent Laws Against Adatteration.
From the London Standard.1
Science has put many contrivances at tho
disposal of art, but some of the most useful
and popular aro not without their dangers.
Yesterday a correspondent called attention to
the risk involved in tho rapidly extending use
of the glass flux now so much in demand for
imparting a frosted appearance to various
ornaments. At ono time it was employed sim
ply as an adhesive varnish, and in that state
could do little harm. But of late it has been
sprinkled on flowers, dress, and even on head
dresses, with the result that a crowded room is
speedily filled with Its subtle spiculaj. Every
grain of this powder is a sharp particle of
glass, which irritates the eyes and skin, and, if
inhaled, is capable of setting up an irritation
in tho lungs and bronchia;, perhaps causing
serious injury. Ground "glass, it must be re
membered, is one of the most deadly of slow
poisons, and as such was at one time
in great vogue among the more cunning
type of murderers. N o doubt, the "flux" which
gives the snow-like glitter to Christmas toys,
cards and landscapes is less noxious. Yet, like
the flinty desert sand, which is almost identical
in composition, it is incapable of being dis
solved, and if it enters the pulmonary appara
tus or the stomach, or adheres to any of the
membranes, or gets in contact with the deli
cate structures of the eye, it must necessarily
create more or less Inflammation. We may,
therefore, hope that those who now use it will,
in the interests of others more self-denying,
abandon a "domestic poisoq," the injurious
possibilities of which are so much out of pro
portion to any charm it imparts to the human
form dlvino. Or, if they feel that this is too
great a deprivation, it is no more than reason
able that the powder should bo made adherent
to the ornaments, instead of being permitted to
impregnate the air of a ballroom, concert hail
or drawing room with its vicious particles.
Women Should Peruse This.
Already most wise women have dropped the
uso of the dangerous cosmetics at one time so
much patronized, simply because they found
that, while for tho hour they imparted an arti
ficial smoothness to their complexion, in tho
end they destroyed it altogether. Arsenic
orpiment the yellow sulphide of that deadly
mineral ii. Dr. Malcolm Morris tells us, a
common ingredient in depilatories, and several
of the most popular "washes" contain lead in
various forms. Nearly all tho hair dyes do,
and cases of creeping paralysis have been
traced to their use. Corrosive sublimate is
another occasional ingredient in lotions war
ranted to improvo tbo complexion. Even bis
muth and zinc, so generally employed in vari
ous forms, are far from harmless, for. In tho
end, they prevent the natural action of the
skin, and produce that pitted appearance so
frequently observed in the cheeks of elderly
actresses and others who habitually use prepa
rations In which they are contained.
There is, indeed, no cosmetic like fresh air,
healthy exercise, early hours and cold water,
so that when the Vicar of Wakefield spilt the
contents of the vessel In which his daughters
were concocting "a wash for the face,'i that
astute parent acted discreetly in the young
ladles' interests. Stll1, even without the glass
flux, the bismuth, arsenic and zinc powders,
the various lotions and other cosmetics, there
are dangers enough lying in wait for people
who, like Branca Doria, do nothing but "eat,
drink, and put their raiment on." For, though
the keen-eyed analyst has managed to raise a
warning cry against a great number of the
more common domestic poisons, the progress
of luxury, comfort and refinement has, uncon
sciously on the part of any one except the man
ufacturer. Introduced others in their place.
Not that the manufacturer is always guilty of
trying to kill his clients out of malice propense.
He more frequently errs from ignorance, or by
reason of his Inexperience of the effects likely to
be caused by the new chemicals he employs in
bis eagerness to produce something pretty and
Denth In Dress.
As a rule, it may bo said that nearly all the
articles of dress in bright reds, analine reds,
magentas, and certain greens are moro or les3
poisonous, and the general result of the in
quiry made into their composition some years
ago was that these dyes very frequently con
tain arsenic, which, unless it has been re
moved after the purpose for which it has been
lutroduccd is served, is apt to precipitate the
most painful consequences. Fuscine, as it is
called on tho Continent, solferino, rosaniline,
and so forth, to use its more familiar names in
this country, has been found to yield on analy
sis over two per cent of arsenious acid, la ad
dition to seven and a half per cent ot arsenic
acid. Coraline, another brilliant red dye, has
more than once caused poisoning by being ab
sorbed through the heated skiu when used in
underclothing; while the green arsenite of cop
per, employed to color tarlatans, is apt to get
rubbed off and inhaled, not only by the wearer,
but by others in tho samo room. The
symptoms of such poisoning Dr.
Morris has desenbed as red and painful
swellings of the parts affected, followed by
blisters, which in time verge into ulcers, and
accompanied by headache, languor, nausea and
feverishness, constantly increasing until the
offending article is removed. There are, in
deed, few pieces of underclothing which have
not at some time or other been accused of thus
E laying the poisoner. The aniline dye in a
annel waistcoat, or in a "chest protector," has
been affirmed to be the reason of painful pim
ples breaking out on the skin against which
they lay. Socks havo been guilty of raising
inflammation on tho legs,and even ono of those
gaudy-bued hats which for a time were sup
posed to be "just the thing" for lawn tennis,
was condemned as the origin of a poisoned
swelling of the forehead. Gloves have not
escaped a well-founded suspicion of not being
so innocent as they look, and a case was report
ed soma years ago iu which an eruption around
the ankles was occasioned by wearing shoes
lined with yellow Ieathcr.lnto which some dele
terious ingredients bad entered.
Very Bitter Sweets.
At one time confectioners' shops were well
recognized magazines ot domestic poisons,
since, apart from tho dubiously wholesome
character of their least noxious contents, the
green, yellow and rnby hues of the sweetmeats
wero oftenindebtcd to copper and other poisons
for their brilliancy. Nowadays, however, tho
adulteration act has rendered these palaces of
youthful delight comparatively harmless,
though they still help the general practitioner
to a steady income. Even the f uscine-colored
wines of France are less in vogue. The com
petition of the Colonial, Greek, Hungarian and
Italian vintages has made the dealers in these
doctored products of Bordeaux and Burgundy
ana possibly of quarters not so distant more
cautious than of old, since the importers of
purer brands are prone to get an analysis of
their rivals' bottles, and, like the hero of Burns'
song, to "prent it." But even yet, in spite of
all the cautions which havo been issued, there
are pickles for sale which contain copper, and
daintily preserved fruits, the color of which is
derived, not from the laboratory of nature, but
from the retorts of the chemist.
Denth on Parlor Walls.
Olive-green wall papers contain or did con
tain, for they are eyed askance nowadays un
less proof positive of their harmlessness is sup
plied to the purchaser arsenic, which, being
driven off by tho heat of the room, brings on
dysenteric symptoms, with intense weakness
and languor. An eminent physician, who was
at first sceptical as to the possible evil influ
ences of such a paper, learned, to his cost, that
it was a real danger. Another medical man
and his wile were nearly killed by arsenical
paint, and a third practitioner attributed the
death of his children to the nursery w all paper,
which was found, when too late for the discov
ery to bo of any avail, to contain arsenic in
It is not improbable that much of that weak
ness, weariness and depression which many
men cxperienco on leaving homo iu the morn
ing, and which is again felt on returning in the
evening, is due, not to "overwork" that con
venient predisposing cause of so much myth
ical Illness but, as Dr. Lauder Brunton has
suggested, to the drains and the householder's
wallpapers. These domestic poisons are, we
believe, not now common. Experience has
taught even the least scrupulous manufacturer
that it does not pay to make them. Neverthe
less, they are to bo had often in quarters little
liable to suspicion. The dealer will invariably
deny tho existence of arsenic in his greens, as
the paper banger did in the cases mentioned,
and, possibly, with perfect confidence that
none has been used. At the samo time, if that
kind of wall covering Is selected, it would bo
wise to get a ploce tested, sinco there is, per
haps no poison in the world so readily detected
as the one in question.
STEEL RAIL PRODUCTION.
Figures Showing the Great Decrease Dur
ing the Past Year.
Philadelphia, January 15. The bulletin
of the American Iron and Steel Association
gives the following details of the production of
Bessemer steel rails in this country:
Total for 1833. 1.KM.057 net tons: total for 1S87,
2,2)0, 197 tons. The decrease in 1&J8, as shown, was
702, 140 net tons, or 680,482 gross tons, which the
bulletin says Is greater than the total production
In 1879, when 610,032 eross tons were made. The
consumption of steel rails In 1888 was fully 750,000
gross tons less than In 18S7. the Imports In 1SS3
avlng declined about 77,000 tons as compared
Let the Cat Oat of the Bag.
IrW TOKKiBtrnKAU SFXCIALS.1
New York, January 15. The Triple Thermic
Motor Company, a concern with a secret. Is
greatly put out because two clergymen have
brought it to public notice by quarreling oyer
the disposition of its stock. The company has
feared it would be regarded like other concerns
with secrets the Keeley motor and the
Electric Sugar Refining Company, for example.
It has, therefore, been tremendously careful of
late not to let anyone know that it proposed to
revolutionize modern methods of transporta
tion by an unknown process. But the Rev.
Thomas M. Colwell and tho Rev. Georgo F.
Warren forgot all about this, and got into a
quarrel, which has let the cat out of the bag.
The triple thermic motor seems to be first
cousin to the motor owned by Mr. Keeley. The
Rev. Colwell's brother, who is the inventor of
the motor, claims that it will revolutionize th
motive forces in this mundane sphere. H
proposes to dispense with the use of steam, and
in its place use only a bisulphite of carbon, to
run every engine in the world. The plant is
very expensive, but it will run forever at next
to nothing. It seems that the Rov. Colwell got
his brother pastor, the Rev. Warren, to push
the stock among his flock, Mr. Warren to get
half of all the money received for sales. This
was a big commission, but a company with $25,
000,000 capital stock can afford big commissions.
Brother Warren must have sold at least 44,000
worth of Stock, for his suit is for $22,000 com
missions earned. The Rev. Colwell is pastor of
the Baptist Church at Mt, Vernon, and the
Rev. Warren is pastor of tho Baptist Church
at Newark. The officers of the company
earnestly deplore this untimely quarrel.
Mistreated and Robbed.
Three men broke into the house of William
Raugherden, in Paterson, this noon. They met
Mrs. Raugherden in the dining room. She
tried to run away. They knocked her down,
gagged her, and beat ber. After she became
insensible, they took her earrings and watch.
They carried away all tne money and jewelry
ft tho house, about 150 worth altogether.
They have not been caught.
Qnnrrcl Over a Corpse.
The body of Lieutenant Miles, who died of
yellow fever on tho Yantlc last night. Is a bone
of contention between the health authorities
and tho Miles family. The Board of Health
wishes to inter the body at once on the quaran
tine island. The Miles family is anxious to
bury it in Woodlawn Cemetery. The body now
lies in a closed metallic coffin, on the forward
deck of the Yantic.
A Lawyer Gets n Neat Fee.
Lawyer Carl Kapff got a judgment of 5108,000
lawyer's fee in the Supreme Court, to-day.
Some time ago Mr. Kapff did legal work for A.
,0. Dunn, of California. The contract between
Air. Dunn and Mr. ivapu stipuiateu mat ine
lawyer should get 55,000 in cash and 10,000
shares of mining stock for his services. The
mining stock is now worth 210 per share. Mr.
Kapff sued for his pay because Mr. Dunn
repudiated the contract after he had received
Mr. Kapffs services.
Sad Fate of a Journalist.
George S. Phillips, who was formerly well
known In literary circles as "January Searle,"
died at tho Morristown Insane Asylum yester
day. He was sent there in 1878. He was atone
time connected with the Sun as literary editor,
andlater was connected with the Evening Mail.
He was also well-known as a magazine writer.
Domestic trouble turned his brain, and in 1373
he was sent to an insane asylum.
Have to Fight the Matter Oat.
The Chancellor in the Frazer Lee will con
test told the di egruntled relatives of the late
Mr. Lee to-day that they must fight the matter
out. They wished to compromise the suit for
$50,000, which the Scotch Plains Baptist Church
should pay them out of the $300,000 left to the
church society by Mr. Lee. The Chancellor
thought, however, that such a compromise
would be tho excuse for dozens of similar con
tests by other relatives.
The Truthful Testimony of a Cotcmpornry
From the Forest Republican.
We can heartily indorse the following truth
ful statement regarding one of the great lead
ing newspapers not only of this State, hut of
the country as well from the Franklin liven
The Pittsburg Dispatch, daily and Sun
day, is the leading city paper In this part of the
Union. In its variety of contents, its thorough
grasp of the news of the day, its enterprise,
judgment and general ability, The Dispatch
can challenge comparison and dispute for
precedence with the rest of the group of metro
politan dailies. Its progress and success have
been remarkable, keeping more than abreast
of the phenomenal growth of that wonderful
hivo of industry from which it issues. The
daily edition steadily increases, and its Sunday
editions now average over 41,000 copies. In the
case of The Dispatch, its success is the meas
ure of its merit. Jts management spares no
effort or expense to give all the news of inter
est, all that may be profitable, entertaining ana
instructive. It has a brilliant staff of special
correspondents. Its full and accurate market
reports and business department are of special
value to the farmer, the consumer and the bust-'
ness man. The Sondav Dispatch, la addi
tion to its regular contributions from the most
prominent and popular writers of the day, an
nounces a series ot novels by well-known En
glish and American authors as among its spe
cialties for 1889. That which wo like most
about The Dispatch is its cleanness and Its
healthy moral tone. This, with its newsy qual
ities and general brightness, give it a lasting
hold upon Its widening circle of readers. Try
it for 1889.
Among tho latest importations from Paris
are a number of styles of black lace prlncesse
' Light delicately tinted ball dresses are now
cleaned by a chemical process which leaves the
Long mantles are now noticeable for the
novel and leading feature of double sleeves
with which they are adorned.
Green is combined with blue, although con
trasting shades are used. If the blue is pale
the green is deep, and vice versa.
TnE two very latest shades of green are
known as "nettle" and "box." The French
name for these colors are "ortee" and "hues."
This is above all things a "fur winter."
Wherever room can bo found for a bit of fur
ornamentation or trimming fashion demands
that it be seen.
The new accordion-plaited cloaks have their
own peculiar style of trimmings deep yokes
of passementerie. In very cold weather a
pointed shoulder cape with fur collar may bo
worn over this.
White handkerchiefs are preferred and
they are now severely plain in style. Colored
borders are tabooed as, old-fashioned, the only
permissible trimming being thread lace and
Full pink, white and yellow roses aro car
lied in a loose cluster or pinned to the front of
the bodice for ball costumes. Wien the hair
is arranged high a stiff loop of ribbon and a
few leaves or buds are quite admissible.
AXI. Paris has returned to the wearing of
head-dresses which resemble small and very
airy bonnets. Elderly ladies modify them into
caps which retain enough of light grace to pre
vent them from being classed with tho cap of
the angular old-fashioned woman of 25 years
A tasty dress which can bo adapted to
women of almost any age is described as fol
lows: The skirt was of tho softest fawn-colored
silk, made to fit about the hips smoothly and.
fall straight to the floor. Turned up from the
bottom was a border of soft mauve-colored
lace nearly five inches deep and worked in a
pattern of squares, finished in points. The
overdress, of soft cashmere of the same shade
as the lace, opened on the left side from the
waist down and was drawn up on the right hip
to form a long point. Both sides of this point
were edged with silk embroidery in long,
arrow-head designs. The back draperies fell
in long, simple, folds to the skirt hem, while
the close-fitting waist bad touches of silk and
embroidery at throat and wrists.
An Indiana woman has had nd less
than live husbands and is now ready for a
sixth, having been divorced from her last ono
a few days ago.
Fire Company No. 10, of Cincinnati,
owns a dog which is said to have saved the
lives of several firemen. The animal Is d escribed
as a large, handsome Newfoundland, and is
credited with being able to climb a ladder three)
Legally, there is no such city as Mem
phis. Some years ago the State Legislature
took away its charter and named It "The Tax
ing District of Shelby County." The citizens
are now tired ot this cumbrous name and want
the right to use their old name.
Five condemned murderers are now
awaiting execution in the New York city
prisons. They arc men and will travel by the
electric route. Eleven other men and four
women are held to answer charges of murder,
the evidence against them being very strong.
A bulldog with a wonderful history i
owned by J. Cram, a New York mlllionafre.
With his master he has traveled throughout the
world, and thrae years ago was lost on a tiger
hunt in the jungles of India. Three days and
much money were spent to find him. He was
found in a hollow tree. The dog is valued at
There are now more prisoners in the)
Missouri Penitentiary than in any other State
prison in the United States. The number is
1,831. This is 196 more than there were two
years ago. In two years there have been L635
criminals incarcerated and 1,330 discharged.
Of those discharged only 13 served full sen
tences. Fifty-two were pardoned and 1,107
freed under the three-fourths rule.
A loving pair (each aged 15 years) out
in Comstock, III., ran away from home because
the girl's teacher reprimanded her, and walked
35 miles to East St. Louis. The lad dressed
himself in some of the girl's clothes in order to
avoid detection. He expected to procure work
in East St. Loufs for himself and sweetheart,
but before he bad opportunity to carry out his
plans the girl's fa her put in an appearanco
and took her hgme.
Texas, has its own idea of the marriage
ceremony, 'judge Pruitt, of Centerville, re
cently performed a marriage ceremony, which
was in substance as follows: "Do you and each
of vou solemnly swear that von are in earnest
about this business, and that you will stand by
each other as husband and wife through thick
and thin, sink or swim, live or die, survive or
perish;" Both parties nodding their assent
they were pronounced man and wife.
The pleasant weather which has pre
vailed for many weeks past has developed
many freaks of nature on Staten Island. On
several farms branches of cherry trees put
forth buds several days ago, and are now In
blossom. Yellow dandelions peep forth from
the green turf along the country roads. In
sheltered nooks in the woods pretty little wild
flowers are in bloom, wbile in almost every
part of Richmond county trees of several
varieties have budded.
A singular accident occurred at Albany,
N. Y., the other afternoon to a littla 9-year-old
girl named Nellie Bradley. The child was
playing with a toy balloon, with a whistle at
tached to it, when it suddenly slipped down her
throat and lodged inthelarnyx. Efforts were
made to remove the balloon bra doctor who
was called in soon after the accident occurred,
but ic was found impossible to do so. the bal
loon having become inflated by the child's
breathing, and the victim was literally choked
The Maharajah of Baroda is the pos
sessor of jewels valued at 3,000,000 sterling.
His regalia for state occasions consists of a
gorgeous collar of COO diamonds, some of them
as big as walnuts, arranged in nve rows, sur
rounded by a top and bottom row of emeralds
the same size: the pendant is a famous dia
mond called "The Star of the Deccan." An
aigrette to match is w.orn in the turban; then
follow strings of pearls of perfect roundness,
graduated from the size of a pea to a largo
marble; wondrous rings, necklaces, clusters of
sapphires and rubles as big as grapes.
A pigeon fancier of Hamme, Prussia,
made a bet that a dozen bees liberated threo
miles from their hive would reach it in better
time than a dozen pigeons would reach their
cote from the same distance. Tho competitors
were given wing at Khynhern, a village nearly
a league from Hamme, and the first bee fin
ished a quarter of a minute in advance of tho
first pigeon, three other bees reached the goal
before the second pigeon, the main body of
both detachments finishing almost simul
taneously an instant or two later. The bees,
too, had been handicapped in the race, having
been rolled in flour before starting, for pur
poses of identification.
A marriage that was attended with
numerous difficulties because of the scarcity of
money, came off in Cincinnati a day or two ago.
After paying for the license (75 cents) the groom
had but 25 cent3 left. He collected enough
from spectators topaythe magistrate's fee. but
then another obstacle arose. The young man
man said that if he did not have a certificate to
prove his marriage the parents of his bride
would not believe the ceremony had taken
place, and there would be trouble. Another
collection was taken and the certificate wa3
provided. Then the couDle went away happy.
They were from Hamilton, Ky.,andhad eloped
to avoid the opposition of the bride's parents.
John A. Finlayson, of New York.istha
owner of a famous lat-killing terrier, which ho
imported from Paisley, Scotland. Jess, as she
is called, is said to have a record of killing 28
rodents in 30 seconds, and her owner, feeling;
confident that she was capable of doing still
better, wagered $50 even that she could kill 50
rats in two minutes. Tuesday morning at
Cansbad, N. J., the bet was decided. At mid
night the 50 rats, all lusty, wicked fellows, were
emptied Into the pit, and Jess was dropped
from her owner's arms among them. She be
gan business at once. There was a snarl, a
snap, a crunching of teeth and a show of ag
gression on the part of the rats, but their efforts
tor self-preservation availed tbem nothing. In
exactly two minutes there was not a sign of
life in tho pit excepting that displayed by Jess.
M. Govi, an Italian savant, has pre
sented a paper to the French Academy of Sci.
ences, in which he claims for Galileo the dis
tinction of having discovered the microscope,
as well as the telescope. He has found a book
printed m 1610, according to which Galileo had
already directed his tube fitted with lenses to
tho observation of small near objects. The
philosopher himself stated, shortly after this
date, that he had been able to observe through
a lens the movements of minute animals and
their organs of sense. In a letter, written In
1614. he states that ne has with his microscope
"seen and observed flies as large as sheep, and
how their bodies were covered with hairs, and
they had sharp claws." The discovery of the
microscope is usually assigned to the year 1621,
and the invention Is attributed to Drebbel, s
MEANT TO BE FUXXY.
Polish helps a -man in society, but not
when It Is on his coat. Boiton Courier. '
There may be a difference between homeo
pathic and allopathic pills, but there Is very littla
perceptible la tho bills. Boston Courier.
An exchange asks: Do women live
Ion iter than men? Widows certainly live longer
than the men whose wives they were. Botton
The professional contortionist may like
other people be a little short occasionally, but he
can always manage to mako both ends meet.
A Tired Eazor. Customer (after a shave)
Great Scott, barber, that razor of yours Is In a
Barber-Yes, sah, I spect It am. It was out to s,
darncc las' night poeA.
"Home, Sweet Home." Flossie (in her
mamma's dressing room)-Oh, mamma, I wish yo
wouldn't always be going out.
Mamma-Don't bother, Flossie. Run away,
like a good girl. This Is my day "at home." yoa
know. Sew Xork Sun.
Tiresome Home Life. Mrs. Gadd Why
do you spend so much of your time attending de
bating societies and controversy clubs
Strs. Gabb iwlth an air of injured innocence)
What else can I do? .My huibandTumr .contra
dicts me. PhilddetpMa Record. V. .
Beats the Nickel in the Slot Machine.
Tourist (to stage driver in the Yellowstone region)
Are there any wonderful curiosities to be seen In
this region, driver?
Stage Driver-Wonderful cariosities! Well, I
should say there were! Why, you drop a rock
down that gorge, come back in three days and you
can hear the echo.-.0 Moines Register.
A firnt-class waiter wanted. One who
does not mind doing some work for his employer's
A young gentleman desires position In publish
er's office. Has been employed for Ave years by
Wanted, a brass finisher to finish off book agents
after they hare been kicked downstairs.
A glass blower wanted. Parties who do their
blowing over a glass not required.
Jireadmakers wanted. Must not be loafers.
A young gentleman of refinement and cultiva
tion, who has had a first rate classical education
and can slug, play, or dance, desires an, easy,
lucrative position lu mercantile Oxm.-A'ab lort'
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