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ESTABLISHED FEBRUARY 8, IMS.
VoL A No. 357. Entered at Pittsburg l'ost
office, November II, l&ST, as second-class matter.
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PITTSBURG, TUESDAY. JAN. 29. 1SS9.
TAX ON uTTNATUBALIZED WORKMEN.
The bill introduced in the Pennsylvania
Legislature by Representative Campbell to
tax manufacturers employing foreign-born
unnaturalized labor 25 cents per day per
laborer is a rather novel form of proposing
to shut all foreigners out of the country, at
least so far as the manufacturing industries
Of course it is evident that the effect of
this would be to tax the laborers themselves.
No manufacturer would employ labor sub
ject to such an enactment unless he could
get it at least 25 cents per day cheaper than
the labor of American citizens. It is plain
then that unless the unnaturalized laborer
could afford to pay a tax of 60 or $75 a
year he would have to live on air during the
five years required for naturalization. It is
possible that those who live as the Huns
and Italians do might stand that burden;
but the immigration that is desirable would
be excluded from labor in the factories.
The effect of such an enactment would
therefore be to fill our poorhouses with the
unnaturalized labor that cannot find agri
cultural employment, aud probably to ex
clude all future immigration except, possi
bly, that of the lowest class.
AN UNDIVIDED RESPONSIBILITY.
The communication to The Dispatch
this morning, upon high buildings, is valua
ble and timely because it conveys element
ary information as to leading rules; and it
is well that the public should know at least
some of the things which regard for safety
calls for in putting up the immense struct
ures which are now the fashion in business
quarters of this and other cities.
The writer raises a point which is open to
debate, if not indeed to vigorous dissent,
when he states that the owners rather than
the architects or builders are responsible for
neglect of fundamental requirements. It
may be taken as a probable fact that owners
often endeavor to limit the cost of their
buildings; that, as in other enterprises, they
seek to get the most for their money; but
that any considerable number of them
would be so monstrously stupid from a busi
ness point of view or so criminally reckless
as to seek cheapness at the known risk of
safety, it is impossible to believe. But if
such cases arc met with, and we are sure
they must be very rare, it affords no excuse
whatsoever for the architect and builder
who go on with the work under those condi
tions. The indiscreet or the grasping owner
may not have the technical knowledge
which would enable him to realize the dan
ger of building at certain seasons, or of
adopting one quality of material in place of
another, or of changing specifications as
originally drawn by the architect. But it
is the architect's and builder's very business
to know all of this; ana it is as clearly the
duty of either to refuse to proceed in the
face of any possible serious danger, as it
would be the duty of a physician to refuse
to have his prescription dangerously altered
by a patient who knew nothing of medicine.
The letter of our correspondent is valua
ble because it spreads among non-professional
folk certain facts, the general knowl
edge of which may help to lessen the num
ber of future risky adventures. But it
would be a sad mistake to tolerate for one
moment the idea that if owners, either
through ignorance, or mistaken economy, or
any other cause, occasionally seek to have
buildings put up without proper regard to
safety, there is any sort of justification for
architects or builders co-operating with
them. The public will not accept any line
of reasoning that leads to so lame and im
potent a conclusion.
NOT SO EASILY BANKRUPTED.
It is somewhat surprising to find a Phila
delphia paper objecting to a bill to provide
for and edncate children without support,
as wards of the State, on the plea that if
it were passed it would bankrupt the State,
There is room for exception to the bill on
the ground that it might be perverted to
relieving parents able to work.from the care
of their children, as well as from the sus
picion that its real aim is the perpetuation
of the orphans' schools. But in view of the
fact that it is a plain public duty to care for
all destitute children, the plea that it would
bankrupt the State of Pennsylvania to do
its duty, has about as much cogency as a
plea that it would bankrupt a Yanderbilt
to pay his wife's dressmaker's bills. The
fact is that counties and cities have to dis
charge this duty anyhow; and U is well
worth considering, in connection with the
abstract question, whether it would not be
performed better in the orphans' schools of
the State thau in the poorhouses and asy
lums of the local governments.
profits of bloodshed.
The real stake at Samoa is indicated" in
the statements of the correspondence of the
New York World from that island. The
foreign trade there is in the hands of three
trading companies. One is English, another
American and the third and most aggressive
is a German corporation in which Count
Herbert Bismarck, Herr von Puttkamer
and other German officials of high authority
are asserted to be financially interested. If
this be true, it affords an adequate explana
tion of the earnestness with which the Ger
man navy is being used to give the pet cor
poration exclusive control ot the Samoan
trade. The probability that it may be re
peated is in the aggressive support of the
German East African Company which is
given by the German Government.
We have always thought though there is
a great deal in onr politics that required re
form, that we were better in such respects
than foreign nations. The use of Govern
mental position for private enrichment
which would be political death to an
American official, if found out, is taken as
a matter of course in the nations wher
privileged classes are an institution.. Cer
tain interests get themselves unduly taken
care of here; but the spectacle of Govern-
ment vessels fighting to advance the fortunes
of Cabinet officers would turn anv adminis
tration upside down. The mere suspicion
that such a thing might be at the bottom of
Mr. Blaine's Peruvian policy was the
severest stab that statesman experienced
while in the Cabinet.
There is nothing so discreditable as this
on our side of the Samoan quarrel; but it
must be admitted that the American com
pany by itself does not appear to be a very
shining light. The sale of arms and liquor
to the natives is prohibited by treaty; but
the American company hassoldtooneparty,
and the German to another, arms and am
munition of the most obsolete sort at extor
tionate prices; and are reported to be taking
mortgages on the Samoan plantations in
payment, Thesjpte of affairs which has
thus been prodaced for private enrichment
at the expense of the unfortunate islanders
is calculated to raise1 the question whether
civilization is civilized.
"WIDENING NARROW STEEETS.
The movement to widen Diamond street
from "Wood street to the market, and to open
an arcade through the market house, comes
very pertinently and shows a happy dispo
sition to make the best of a great disaster.
The present is the time at which the ex
pense of converting that alley into a
street of moderate width will be the least,
and it should be carried through. Theonly
criticism possible is that the proposition to
make the street forty feet wide is too
modest. In these days when buildings tower
80 or 100 feet in the air, fifty feet make a
narrow street and sixty afford none too much
The Dispatch has urged the importance
of establishing a greater width of streets,
that are obviously destined to be rebuilt
and requiring conformity to the line in the
erection of new buildings. If such a course
had been adopted on Smitbfield street in
1870, it could by this time have been a mag
nificent street seventy feet in width. The
march of improvement on Fourth avenue has
reached Smithfield street and stops there.
If property owners on that street above the
new postoffice, would agree to widen it
to 60 feet, ahd get a viaduct thrown across
the Pittsburg, Cincinnati and St Louis
Railway, the necessity for rebuilding would
reduce the expenses to the actual appropria
tion of the gronnd. In ten or fifteen years
that street of lawyers and lodgings would
surpass Fifth avenue it the hump is not re
moved. On Third, Second and First aven
ues, there are equally promising fields for
such improvements. The example of the
Diamond street property owners should stir
up others to emulation in the enhancement
of their property.
THE NEW EXPLOSIVE.
The discovery, by a Pittsburg chemist, of
a new powder which is more powerful for
small arms than any previously in use, is
an interesting indication of what the United
States can do when its attention is turned
to providing the materials of war. With
fast dynamite cruisers, dynamite cannon a.
possibility for cast steel heavy artillery, and
a new powder for small arms, among our
late warlike products, it will be seen that
we are prepared, if it comes to the test to
repeat the achievements of the days when
our monitors and Parrott and Bodman guns
reduced the old world navies to the con
dition of old junk. According to the state
ments given elsewhere, the explosive power
of the new powder is somewhat less than
that of dynamite and probably considerably
below the later inventions known in
Europe. But the claim of superior safety
and its adaptability to fire-arms, with the
possibility of mating A cannon in which it can
be used, will, it substantiated by experience,
make it far more efficient in war than the
old explosives. Give Pittsburg a little
time and she will make it appear the part
ofwisdomforthe old world to leave us
A VEBY WEAK PLEA.
The plea that the responsibility for the
failure of this Government to act on the
Samoan question lies with Congress, is an
attempt to let Secretary Bayard, through
about the smallest hole, that is practicable
for a flexible backbone. The Executive
Department has charge of our diplomacy;
and it is its duty to act in such matters.
The idea that Congress which has had no
official knowledge of the subject until
within the past two or three days should
have a policy marked out and'instructions
for the navy that ought to have been issued
a month ago, is simple puerility.
A single instance will serve to show the
weakness of this attempt to shift responsi
bility. When the question was that of
taking away a captured steamship from a
weak power like Hayti, there was no at
tempt to lay the burden on Congress. The
State Department could then order out the
fleet and act with a great deal of eclat
It makes a great deal of difference when
Mr. Bayard is dealing with some one of
whom he is afraid.
SHINING IOt SMITH.
The morals of the New York legislature
have always been more picturesque than
pure. Assemblymen and Senators of the
Empire State have done a great many things
that would entitle them to distinguished
places in the Rogues Gallery. In keeping
with the tendency of the Hew York law
maker to break the laws, a notorious saloon
keeper named "Silver Dollar" Smith, who
represents a New York City district in the
State legislature, has achieved new fame by
first losing all the money he possessed, and
then winning it all back again, in a
Smith gained his riame of "Silver Dollar"
by paving his saloon with coins of that
denomination. The dollars in the floor
drew custom to the bar, and Smith has
waxed fat When he adventured his pile
with the tiger yesternight he was unlucky.
He lost all he had. Undaunted he returned
to his saloon, dug up a hatful of the dollars,
resumed play and this time made the tiger
give up no less than $8,000. Brand new
dollars now glitter under the feet of Smith's
customers and constituents.
Probably the reward which this novel
breach of the laws against gambling will
bring to Mr. Smith will be increased busi
ness aud some such bauble in the popular
gift as a Senatorship later on. It is such
striking pieces of statesmanship as this that
make the career of the legislature in New
York so piquant and pleasing to the tax
payers of the State. Here in Pennsylvania
we can hardly hope to see brilliancy of this
sort in our legislators. Philadelphia does
her best to produce lawmakers of the "Silver
Dollar" order, but it is only in a half
hearted way, and usually the legislature at
Harrisburg conducts itself with a show of
resp ct for the laws and a sincere reverence
for Mr. Quay.
The novelty of the submission of a large
contract for a traction road to the work
men, and making the bid in accordance
with their terms for wages, is reported in
another column. This would indicate a
step in the direction of making the work
men sharers in the contract if it were not
for the suspicion of a suggestion that
slightly shaded wages may secure the con
tract But why may not the practice be
varied by tfie labor unions taking terms of
the mill-owners for renting their works,
and then bidding on such contracts themselves?
"Vith five weeks left before the Fiftieth
Congress will end its existence, that body
hasevidently determined that it will not do
to go back on its record. Therefore it will
continue to do nothing to the end of its
The statement in our correspondence,
elsewhere, that prohibition does not pro
hibit, on the cornplanter reservation, seems
to require amendment in accordance with
the fact stated, that it does prohibit on the
reservation, as tne Indians have to go else
where to get it. If Pennsylvania should
adopt prohibition, it would not impeach
the efficacy of that regulation to have our
citizens go over to "West Virginia and paint
its mountains red.
If the lambs continue to refuse to come in
and be shorn it is hard to see how anything
more can be done, unless the Standard meets
the producers once more and makes another
Department estimates, submitted with
out recommendation on account of "the late
ness of the time," should demonstrate the
necessity of filing the estimates earlier. Ap
propriations are not to be made without full
scrutiny by all the officials who have any
thing to say in connection with them.
Each traction line appears to need to
learn by experience that while speed is a
good thing, it does not pay to smash up
vehicles or fracture human limbs in order
to attain it
The best method known to produce a
thaw, or to stave off a heavy fall of snow, is
to buy a new sleigh and a fast trotter. To
make more sure of warm weather in winter
time, invite your best girl to go sleighing.
Of late years this recipe has never been
known to fail.
France is almost as much at a loss to
know what it shall do concerning Boulanger,
as Allegheny to know what it ought to do
about a second-class charter.
That combination of newsboys and boot
blacks who got up a pool for burglarizing
the wrecked bookstores on "Wood street, ap
pear to have a taste for literary thefts. After
a session at the reform school they may be
qualified to go into business as professional
The prospect of an ice crop is still a good
deal like the grapes of Tantalus, dangled
before our eyes but just out of reach.
Mb. Halstead claims Mr. Harrison as
an old friend, and says that the President
elect did not tell him any secrets. This is in
the nature of proof positive of Mr. Har
rison's long acquaintance with Mr. Hal
stead. PERSONAL FACTS AND FANCIES.
Cardinal Newman plays the violin ex
quisitely. Senator Hale gave a breakfast yesterday
morning in the room of the Senate Committee
on Naval Affairs, in honor of Mr. aud Sirs.
Blaine, at which a number of Senators were
Ax observer of parallels in life finds that
Cliauncey M. Depew, Alonzo B. Cornell, Eras
tus Wiman, Warner Miller, Dan Lamont and
Ella Wheeler Wilcox's husband all make close
confidantes of their wives and behave toward
them as if they were'still courtiers uncertain
what the answer of the ladies would be tf mar
riage was proposed.
An American-born member of the British
House of Commons, Mr. Channing, a grand
nephew ot the great Unitarian divine and anti
slavery advocate, has placed himself on the
Radical side cf the British land taxation ques
tion. In committee on the local government
bill and on the hustings he has advocated the
division of all municipal and county rates be
tween the land owner and occupier. At present
the occupier pays all.
Mrs. Stanford, wife of the California Sen
ator, has a Chinese cook in her employ who is
becoming a nuisance owing to his overweening
ambition. Mrs. Stanford sent him to a cooking
school in this city in which he learned all the
scientific, features of the gastronomic art The
result was that on his return to Washington he
displayed a desire to serve a banquet every
day. He is not happy unless the Stanfords are
giving a dinner party every 24 hours. There is
a growing conviction in Mrs. Stanford's mind
that the Chinese must go.
ADJUSTING THEIR SALARIES.
A Proposed Plan to Equalize the Amounts
Pnid Certain Postofflce Officials.
Washington, January 28. The Postmaster
General has sent to Chairman Blount, of the
House Committee on Postoffices and Post
roads, a proposed plan for the classification of
clerks in all first and second-class postoffices.
The plan is submitted at the request of the
committee, it having under consideration a
bill for a more equable and effective classifica
tion of clerks in postoffices of the classes
named. Under tho proposed plan the salaries
of a?sitant postmasters at first-class post
offices cannot exceed SO per cent of the salary
of the postmasters at their respective offices,
and are to be graded in even hundreds of dol
lars, from $1,500 to not exceeding $3,000, except
the assistant postmaster at New York City,
whose salary is fixed by this classification at
The salaries of superintendents of mall and
superintendents of delivery cannot exceed 45
per cent oi tne saiaryoi tne postmaster, anu
are to range from $1,300 to $2,700. The salaries
of the superintendents of registry and super
intendents of money order divisions cannot be
greater than 35 per cent and 40 per cent re
spectively, of the postmaster's, or exceed
52,100 and $2,400, respectively. As to the super
intendents of the registry divisions, exception
is made in the cases of the officials in New
York, Chicago and Washington, where this offi
cer's salary is fixed at 4U per cent of that of the
All subordinate offices and clerkships are
also classified and the salaries attached to
them readjusted. The general effect of this
classification of the present force, it is said,
would be to increase the aggregate of salaries
by about 300,000.
THRASHED THE SEXTON.
Sirs. Lnttln Objects to Being Charged With
Stealing Flowers From a Cemetery.
Special Telegram to The Dispatch.
Huntington, Con., January 28. On Satur
day A. J. Burgess, sexton of the Long Hill
Cemetery, drove up to the bouse of C. E.
Lattin with the delivery clerk for the Birming
ham feed mill. Mrs. Lattin saw Burgess, and,
grasping awhip, she ran out and began thrash
ing him as he sat in tho wagon. Four or five
times the whip cut him across the head and
shoulders, until he caught it and took it away
from the woman. Then she went to the barn
and got another whip, witlj which she renewed
the lashing. Before Burgess could grab the
second whip Mr. Lattin came up and stopped
his wife. Burgess went to Sbelton this morn
ing to obtain a warrant for her arrest, ana it is
expected the case will come up before Justice
The occasion for the whipping was a publica
tion in a local paper some time ago that Sirs.
Lattin, or a member of her family, had been
stealing flowers from the graves in the ceme
tery of which Burgess bad charge. It turns
out that Mrs. Lattln's danghter has carried
away an emblem that had been left on a grave,
but she had done it at the request of a friend.
The lot owners had been troubled tor a long
time over thefts of flowers and' plants, and the
Burgess had been too quick in branding the
Latuns with being the thieves.
A Limited Liability Company.
From the New York World. 1
It should be distinctly understood that even
tinder the most liberal interpretation of the
Monroe Doctrine this Republics is a limited lia
THE TOPICAL TALKEPu.
More Six-Footers New Vie for Cable Cars
Remarks of a Critical Sort.
The Helen Barry company, which is travel
ing through the country under tho manage
ment of J. M. Hill, has obtained the title of
"The Six-Footers." A number of tall Repub
licans will take a melancholy interest in the
fact that this lofty name has again come of
association with Burr. W. Mcintosh. The big
athlete, reporter and actor is figuring at pres
ent as a comedian in Miss Helen Barry's com
pany, and his six feet two Inches is nearly
matched by the height of two other prominent
actors associated with him, Messrs. Mordaunt
and Colville, who are both over six feet tall.
Miss Helen Barry is considerably above the
average height of woman, having 5 feet 8
inches of stature. It is not wonderful, there
fore, that the company should have earned in
the giddy West the title of "Tho Six-Footers."
To give the signal service prophet his due it
must be said that he hit the mark in his bulle
tin published on Sunday. Rain changing to
snow, with colder and northerly winds, pre
sented a fair picture of the peculiar weather
which we enjoyed two days ago.
Some days ago a family living in the East
nnd received a cablegram from one or its mem
bers, a young lady, who is staying in Europe.
At the breakfast table this message from across
the ocean was read aloud, and paterfamilias re
marked: "What a comfort it is to receive a
cable like this!"
Whereupon f small son said: "Bid it come in
the cable cars, papa?"
In one of the magazines for this month Mr.
Seymour Eaton announces that he has a beau
tiful book to sell which will act as an "open se
same!" to the United States Civil Service, In
which he states over 40,000 positions are now
filled by men and women who succeed In pass
ing the examinations. The author says the ex
aminations are easy, and that political influ
ence is no longer needed to obtain appoint
ments with salaries ranging from $750 to 2,000.
In fact, Mr. Eaton, or the man who wrote the
book he publishes, seems to possess some de
cidedly exclusive information about the civil
f The name of Eaton in this connection sonnds
familiar. Wonder if Seymour Eaton is related
in any way to Dorman B Eaton, the father, as
one may say, of his country's civil service, or
what Mr. Dana calls, cruelly enough, Chinese
AT a time when our cousins across the sea
are howling so piteously because Prof. Bryce
has dared to say that humor is more at home
in America than England, it is unfortunate for
John Bull that his pet artist, George Du
Marnier, should have contributed such an ex
quisite specimen of what the publishers of our
London cotemporary, Punch, labeled humor.
The specimen, which appears in the January
Harper, is a picture of the conventional Du
Manrier type. A really pretty girl, slender,
tall, and possessed of the Du Maurier regular
ity of featnre, twanging a banjo, stands face to
face with a handsome, etberealized, stout
calved young Englishman, also provided with
a banjo. The following heading and dialogue
occurs beneath the picture:
(THE iKEIMASONKT OF ART.)
lie I beg your pardon bnter would yon be
to very kind as to give me the G?
She-Ob, certainly. (Gives it.)
He Thanks, awfully! (Bows, and proceeds on
Several experts have examined this picture
and the legend accompanying it, but until
Harper' furnish the key next week no hope
of discovering the joke is entertained. A large
reward will be paid to any man who will point
ont a scintilla of humor in the picture or the
Cures Resulting From tho Medical Applica
tion of Hypnotic Influence.
Correspondence of the Dispatch.
Boston, January 28. In the last number of
the nineteenth Century Dr. C. Lloyd Tuckey
describes a visit to Dr. Liebault of .Nancy, in
France, a place long celebrated as the seat of
one of the modern systems of faith healing.
Dr. Tuckey states that he went to Nancy with
the expectation that his work of observation
would lead him to reject the pretensions of the
system. He states, however, that he was
brought to admiration and conviction.
It must be observed, however, that the sys
tem of Dr. Liebault is not that pursued by the
so-called faith healers of this country; but Is
rather a sound method of medical practice
based upon the use of the mesmeric, or "hyp
notic" influence, as it is now the pnrase to call
it. Of course, the observer scouts the idea that
the remedy can have any valne in structural
diseases which are independentof the action of
the mind. Dr. Tuckey found, however, that
the treatment was of distinct value in a large
range of chronic maladies, especially those in
volving the nervous and digestive systems. It
infrequently acts in a singularly effective way
in cases of hysteria, rheumatism or paralysis.
It seems also to be of use in the enre of alcohol
ism and other vices, such as the tobacco habit
He states that under the influence of the hyp
notic persuasion persons may abandon such
practices without the slightest desire to return
to their evil ways. Even In tbesingularly fixed
opium habit it is said to produce good results.
Twenty years ago I found my way by chance
to the establishment of a certain Dr. Blum
hardt at Boll, in Southern Wurtemberg, in
wmcnmoretnaniw patients were in tne pro
cess of treatment by the method of prayer
alone. I saw there some striking instances of
success in the treatment of chronic diseases
snch as rheumatism, which were only to be ex
plained by the effects of the singular convincing
power of the reverend doctor as to the efficacy
of his appeals to the divine grace. The most
striking instance was that of an old peasant
woman, so cramped witn rneumatism that she
had to be brought from the wagon to the house
in the arms of ber sons. The minister placed
his hands upon the cripple's head, and prayed
for her relief with such fervor and assurance
that even the cold-minded critic was not sur
prised to see the woman rise up and walk as
she had not done for many years.
PBOF. N. S. Shame.
The Invention Which Is to Revolutionize
Future Snrglcnl Operations.
St. Louis, January 28. Mr. T. S. Tinsley, a
prominent architect and inventor, of Kansas
City, is reported to have discovered a method
of producing sterilized air. The value of the
discovery Is stated to be that all surgical opera
tions can be performed by its use, without
danger of subsequent inflammation. Mr. Tins
ley claims that the sterilized air will destroy
all germs and micores which exist in the -
mosphere. His Idea is that the inflammation
on wounds is due to the action of microbes,
and that if they are eliminated the wounds
will heal rapidly at the first intetion without
Dr. Halley, a surgeon of Kansas City, has
become deeply interested in the discovery and
is having constructed an operating room ad
joining his rcsidence.and prominent physicians
there express the belief that the discovery will
revolutionize the present way of -treating
wounds. The first experiment, to which lead
ing surgeons of the country and members of
the press will be invited, will take place in a
IT IS THE FAY0RITE J0DRNAL
Of the People of tho Oil Country The Dis
From the Oil City Blizzard.)
The daily doings of the lawmakers at Har
risburg, published in The Pittsburg Dis
patch, are as reliable as complete, being from
the pen of Robert Simpson, formerly of the
Blizzard. The Dispatch, by the way, con
tinues to be a favorite journal with the people
of this section of the State. Its news service
as well as its special correspondence, both
home and foreign, is complete, its editorials are
able, fearless and in sympathy with the masses,
and in its enterprise, judgment and expendi
tures it justly ranks among the leading papers
of the country.
Find Quantities of the Precious Metal In the
West Virginia mils.
Special Telegram to the Dispatch.
Huntington, W. Va., January 23. A man
just arrived here from the hill section of
Wayne county, reports that four men who
went there from Pittsburg last fall to prospect
for gold, bave met with success in surface min
ing, having taken at least $40,000 worth of the
precious metal during the past winter. .
Tbe weather has been so mild that tbey could
work almost every day. They have attempted
to preserve the greatest secrecy, and have so
far succeeded that few persons know of their
CONSTRUCTING HIGH BUILDINGS.
An'Architect Lnys Down Soma Rudimentary
. Rules for General Information- Com
plaints Abont Owners.
To the Editor of The Dispatch:
The terrible disaster of the 9th Inst to tho
Willey building, under construction on Dia
mond street caused by the sudden wind storm,
about noon, on that date, involving the
destruction of a number of contiguous
buildings, the loss of so many lives,
and the more or less serious injury of a
large number of persons, 'suggests some
thoughts on the form, arrangementand manner
of constructing our modern,- high, city build
ings, which, while not new, and not unfamiliar
to our architects and builders, do not receive
tho consideration which their importance
As a preface to my remarks I would like to
say that an effort is often made to hoIiTthe
architect and builder responsible for imperfec
tions and defects, such as inferior and insuffi
cient work and materials, lack of necessary pre
cautions, and a too hastv construction at an un
favorable season, when the owner himself is
rightfully responsible therefor. A competent
architect would rather design a thoroughly
substantial building, if permitted, as it costs
him no more so to do, while a reputable builder
would rather erect such a structure, if paid for
it, than a defective one.
Every architect and builder knows that the
owner almost invariably wants too much for
his money. He selects his architect and in
forms him that he desires a building of such a
width, length, height and depth, containing a
certain number of apartments, composed of
certain materials and finished in a certain
style, suggesting, often, some other building he
has seen as an example, and concludes with the
charge that the cost must not exceed a given
sum. and the building must be finished by a
stated time, the season frequently being the
commencement of winter, and the limitations
as to cost and time often not exceeding one-half
what is required to insure a good bnilding. An
bonest, experienced architect will inform such
a cuent at once tnat such a building cannot do
properIyconstructed and completed in the
time, and for the sum demanded, citing the
coming winter, etc., to which the owner retorts
that his friend or neighbor had bad a similar
building erected for about that sum during an
equally unfavorable time, and, 'if you will not
undertake it, I will have to employ some per
son that will, but I prefer ydn, etc, etc" The
architect is thus induced to take the contract,
and promises to do bis best to comply with the
owner's requirements; and, knowing that a
handsome and novel design will be exacted, he
proceeds to prepare it, keeping down the cost
in every possible way, but still when the pro
posals are received they greatly exceed the
sum named by the owner, and the architect
must perforce proceed to reduce the cost by
reducing the quantity and quality of the ma
terials, to approximate the limit set, changing
a first to a second-class building; but he is not
permitted to reduce the size or change tho
general appearance of the building, and what
should have been a tborongbly substantial
structure becomes a cheap, second rate affair,
but still within the limits of the buildinc laws.
This much in explanation of the positions of the
architect and builder or contractor, and I now
proceed with the suggestions referred to.
First The stone foundation or cellar walls of
all buildings of six to eight stories, and from 80
feet to 100 feet in height above the street level,
should be at least 2 feet 6 inches in thickness,
bnilt of durable sandstone in regular courses
of large size, well bedded in and slushed with
the best cement mortar, and well bound to
gether, and these walls should be started at a
proper depth on a good, natural foundation, or
upon piles and concrete, with large projecting
footing courses, increasing the breadth of bear
ing from one-half to the fnll thicknesses of the
walls, according to the character of the ground
on which they stand. Of course, piers and
partsof walls required to support extra weights,
per superficial foot of their areas, must have
extra foundations and footings.
Second The brick walls of such buildings
should be at least 26 inches in thickness for the
first fourth of their height, 22 inches for the
second, 18 inches for the third, and 13 inches
for the last fourth, and no walls should be less
than 13 inches thick. They should be built of
the best hard bricks and the best cement mor
tar, well slushed and well bound together, anu
they should be bnilt and kept absolutely plumb
or vertical. They should never be built too
rapidly, and in the spring and fall the brick
should be dry and the walls kept dry. Brick
work, stone work, plastering, eta, in which
mortar and cement are used, should never be
done in freezing weather, as the adhesiveness of
mortar and cement is destroyed by freezing,
leaving them no better than so much dry sand,
so that the brick and stone of such work are
kept in place by gravity alone, and the work
would be better without such mortar and
Third Narrow buildings and buildings of
small areas sbonld nof be continned to the
heights mentioned, unless supported and pro
tected by adjoining buildings of equal height;
or, if small and unprotected high buildings are
erected, the walls should be extra heavy and
substantially braced from floor to floor, as con
structed, with heavy timbers, which should re
main until the roofs are completed and the
mortar of the walls is well set or dry. In fact,
the walls of all buildings should be braced or
stayed In this manner, as erected, to insure
their stability and to keep them vertical, as it
is well known that the tendency of all outer
wails, built from the inside in the customary
way, is to settle or incline toward the inside of
the structure, which is caused by the weight of
the floor beams and scaffolding on the inside,
and, usually, less solidly constructed por
tion of the walls. Had the walls of
the last story of the Willey building
been connected by a tier of ceiling or roof
joist when the storm came; or had the walls
been well braced as suggested; or had the front
wall been the same height as the others, as
stated in the fourth section of these observa
tions; or had even a substantial storm front
been carried up with the walls, the disaster
might hare been avei ted.
Fourth All the walls of a building,
that is, the front, side, back and par
tition walls, should be carried up uni
formly, and well bonded at their junc
tions, to insure a homogeneous and well
knitted structure, so that all parts may settle
equally, and that unsightly and dangerous
cracks and separations may be avoided. There
fore, as Is generally the case, when the front is
of such a character, in workmanship and ma
terials, that it cannot be prodnced and con
structed as rapidly as the plainer side and back
walls, the latter should be purposely delayed,
in order that all the walls may go up together,
and be thoroughly united.
The end and aim of all mortar and cement, as
is well known, is to compact the materials of
walls, etc, into one mass, but time and favora
ble conditions are necessarv for its action and
Operation. Therefore, the "too rapid construc
tion of buildings, and their construction at un
suitable times, are the frequent causes of
weakness and inability to withstand compara
tively light wind storms, etc. even when the
materials are the best, the mortar not having
had time and opportunity to operate. The
owner is almost invariably responsible for tho
too rapid construction of a building, and for
its construction at an improper season, his ar
gument being that such a contract has been ex
ecuted before, and that therefore, the objec
tions cannot be well founded. The contractor
is thus induced to repeat the risk, and while he
may come out unscathed he may also be in
volved in Irretrievable ruin.
Fifth Where lines of girders and columns
are required in a building, they, too, should be
introduced as it progresses; the floor-beams or
joists, if possible, should be continuous, from
side to side, or, if jointed at the girders, they
should be joined together across the same;
they should have good bearings on the walls
and girders, and should be well anchored in or
to the walls. The custom of boxing or gaining
joist into tbe sides of wood girders is not good
practice, as the girders are greatly weakened
thereby, and a slight spreading, or outward set
tlement of the walls, will draw the joist out of
their bearings in tlis girders, leaving them,
sometimes, almost entirely unsupported. On
the contrary the floor beams, or joist, should
rest on the tops of the girders, and, If not con
tinuous, they should be lapped and spiked to
gether, or otherwise substantially connected.
But these are details, with which every archi
tect and builder is familiar. The effect of this
disaster will surely be to make all architects,
builders and owners, more watchful and care
ful, else its lesson will have been in vain.
Allegheny, January 28.
COERCION NOT CONVERSION.
Cardinal Gibbons Would Fight the Enemy
Oaly With the Sword of the Spirit.
Baltimore, January 23. At the dedication
of the new Catholic church, St Paul's, on
North Carolina street yesterday, Cardinal
Giboons, in the course of his sermon, said:
"We were informed recently by the dally news
papers that u certain anti-Christian Sunday
school was organized in tbls city for the pur
pose of advocating an infidel doctrine. Several
ministers appealed to the municipal authori
ties to suppress tbe school. For my part, I
would be sorry to see the arm of the civil law
nsed toward the suppression of this school.
Coercion is not conversion. Our divine Savior
never bad recourse to tbe arm of the law or the
sword in teaching bis doctrine.
"The only weapons we ought to use are the
weapons of argument and persuasion in deal
ing with this school. The only sword I would
draw against tbe enemy of Christ Is the sword
of the spirit"
i i- -f, in.,. . .. 7",--.. i , , , .J'.iii.relnBgBbfllOTgqBBWiWlsaffgMEaBB gfa'MBPaigBsBBBrllftlHnraH. .
AT THE THEATERS.
Laughter, With Morn or Less Reason, Is All
the Stage This Wek Affords.
Tnere is nothing new and nothing very good
at the theaters this week. "The Two Johns"
once more bob up rotundly at the Bijou, and a
regalranized edition of "Fantasma," with a
nominal "Hanlon attachment, is the bill of fare
at the Grand Onera House.
T. C. Stewart and Paul Dresser are the Two
Johns at the Bijou Theater. They create
laughter by tricks that are apparently as popu
lar as ever, and they are surrounded by a com
pany of decidedly clever people. The imeis
past for reasoning the why and wherefore of
the perennial attractiveness of this absurd
play. People like it as they do oysters tbey
can't tell you why. Probably from the look of
the crowded house last night and the appear
ance of the box office sheet "The Two Johns"
will coin money in the usual remarkable way.
There is no reason why the laughter which
thousands enjoy at the Two Johns' expense
shouldn't keep up for many year3 yet This
time there are some points in it, but not enough
to deserve mention.
It is about the same case with "Fantasma."
Children will be justifiably .pleased with its
tale of fairies and demons, the absence of
plot, tho pantomime business, tho harlequin
ade tricks, the tinseled scenery, the limelight
and the farcical work of Francois X. Zetner as
Pico. A good many grown-up people In the
audience seemed last night to enjoy the per
formance also. The Opera House was very
well filled. Further than this serious criticism
on "Fantasma" is uncalled for.
The man with the laugh attended Harris'
Theater yesterday to see "A Cold Day." and he
had his laugh with him. He needed it It was
bandy, and he made good use of it. For a real
dark case of the blues there could be nothing
better prescribed than a dose of this same
farce-comedy of Joseph Arthur's, especially as
it is presented by Messrs. Ransone and Fisher
and a bevy of pretty girls with sweet voices
and grace in dancing. As laughter is the main
object aimed at, the performance must be
called a success, though just why Mr. Ran
sone whose imitations and horse-play, by the
way, are clever should think it makes a come
dian any funnier to burst forth in an oath on
every possible occasion and a couple here and
there thrown in for luck, it would be bard to
say. An oath isn't a funny thing, even on the
variety stage, and an audience containing as
many ladies as that attracted daily to Harris'
Theater doesn't care particularly to be offended
quite so frequently. In other respects the play
will bear listening to throughout its three acts.
The Academy of Music.
There is no reason to complain of the quality
or quantity of the programme at the Academy
of Music this week. Ferguson and Mack's
European Celebrities are worthy of the name
for the most part, and they present an all
around variety show of very even merit. Be
sides Ferguson and Mack themselves the fol
lowing artists are notable: Frank Moran, Jenna
and Wentwortb, Mile. Nelson Balzac. Joo
Hetherton, Larry and Lizzie Smith, Queen
Hetherton and Dick Hume.
There are unusual reasons for saylngthat the
Casino Museum gives a good return for the
public's woney this week. The World's Great
est Novelty Show contains some well-known
artists, the Zublens, Joe Morton, Miss Jennie
Santford and Billy Santford, the comedien.
The star of the curiosity ball is the woolly girl
IT WILL BE A SUCCESS.
The St- Wcnceslaus Church Congregation
Pleasantly Openn Fnir.
The congregation of tbe new St Wenceslaus
Church, on Main street Allegheny, opened a
fair in their new school building last evening.
The proceeds of the fair are for the benefit of
the new edifice. Tbe decorations were pro
fuse, and the many booths and stands were
very pretty. The Gerniania Band gave a con
cert last evening. A large ciowd was in attend
ance. The fair will continue for six weeks. The
Cathedral Band and the George Schad Drum
Corps will also givo concerts.
INDIA BROUGHT TO OUR DOORS.
An Illustrated Missionary Sleeting nnd En
tertainment in Allegheny.
An entertainment, subject, "An Evening in
India," will be given this evening at 7:45, at the
Second U. P.. Church, Stockton avenue and
Sandusky street, Allegheny, by Miss Emma
Dean Anderson, returned missionary from In
dia, and Dr. Sophie Johnson, a native of India.
It will consist of talks on manners, customs and
religions of Hindoos, SikbsandMobammedans;
display of costumes, cooking arrangements and
other curiosities of India. The must interest
ing parts of the talk will be illustrated.
AMUSING THE LITTLE ONES.
Children Give an Entertainment at tho
Home of the Friendless.
Tbe Sunday school children of the First
Christian Church, on Stockton avenne, Alle
gheny, gave a pleasant entertainment at the
Home of the Friendless, on Washington street,
last evening. The little ones enjoyed the
evening very much. The entertainment con
sisted of songs and recitations by the school
children, the pantomime, "A Sleeping Beauty,"
and a flag drill. Nineteen young ladies took
part in the drill.
Wedded Lnst Evening.
There was a delightful though entirely un
ostentatious little wedding at 151 Fifth avenne
last evening, with Miss Kittle E. Sapp. of Mt.
"Vernon, O., as tbe bride, and Mr. Ellsworth
McCombs, of this city, as tbe groom. The
knot was neatly tied by Rev. C. E. Locke, and
the worthy couple were the recipients of many
warm and substantial congratulations. The
bridegroom is one of the most popular
brass workers in the Westingbnuse employ a
gentleman richly deserving and now richly re
warded. Entertaining College Students.
It seems to be tbe wide-awake and energetic
Inspector who "gets there" in these days of
progress. In that view of the case. Mr. Charles
J. Smith, principal of the Iron City College,
last ovenlne not only instructed but highly en
tertained the institution's patrons and friends
by engaginc: Mrs. Monroe, of Washington, to
deliver to them her excellent illustrated lec
ture on "The Civil War." The hall was
crowded and the lecture was a real treat.
Gayety in Sewickley To-Nlgbr.
Choral Hall, Sewickley, promises to be the
gayest place this evening, nnder the manage
ment of the St. Stephen's Episcopal Church
Ladies Aid Society. There will be a supper,
followed by Gernert and Guenther's music, un
der the special management of Mrs. Herbst,
McKelvy, Gilmore, Liggett, McLane and other
ladies of tho church.
Snpper nnd Dance.
The Minerva Social gave a supper and dance
last night at tho hall of Company B, of the
Knights of St. George. About 200 conples
danced to the music of the Cathedral Band,
and supper was served by the ladies, making in
all a very pleasant affair.
Reception nt the Herbsts' Home.
At the charming Sewickley home of Mr. and
Mrs. D. C. Herbst last evening a most enjoy
able little reception was given in honor of Miss
Clara Russell, of Indianapolis.
TOO MUCH INDUCTION
Causes a.Lecnl Fight Between Telephone
nnd Motor Companies.
Special Telejrram to The Dispatch.
Akbon, January 28. What is to be a stoutly
contested case began here in tbe .Common
Pleas Court this morning. The Central Union
Telephone Company asks that the Spragne
Electric Motor Company and tbe Akron Street
Railway Company be restrained from running
their electric street cars in this city, and from
extending their line until they remedy the in
duction which has made it impossible for some
of the telephone subscribers to use tbeir in
struments. Hon. John S. Wise, Mahone's Nemesis at
Chicago last summer, appears for the street
car company, and A. A. Thomas, of Chicago,
for tbe telephone company. The telephone
company was in operation here first and claims
that the street car company should rnn return
wires along Its line, so as to remedy the trouble.
The attorneys for the electric railway argued
to-day that the telephone line was not put up
properly and should be provided with return
wires, which would be much cheaper than re
turn wires on tbe electric road.
Florida the Only Laggard.
Washington, January 28. The electoral
messengers from all .the States except Florida
have arrived and deposited their certificates.
It is thought that the missing messenger will
arrive before midnight
ODD PHASE OP CITY LIFE.
Entertained at a Dinner la Jail.
miW TORE BtTRIAC SPECIALS. 1
New York. January 23i Frank Dudgeon
entertained five friends at dinner in the Ray
mond street jail yesterday. The dinner was a
very fine affair, consisting of eight courses of
game, fish, and meats. Four kinds of wine
were served with it. Dudgeon is awaiting in
jail the result of a Coroner's Inquest into the
death of Kitty Cody. He was intimate with
Miss Cody for nearly two years, and eventually
married her on her deathbed. Her death was
caused by an operation to which he is thought
to have been accessory. Dudgeon's annual in
come is $20,000,
A Victory for Striking Girls.
The girls who were locked out of the feather
working establishments last week think they
have achieved a great victory to-day. Early
this morning three pickets, whom they had
placed on guard before a feather factory, were
arrested for intimidating women seeking work.
Feather workers, In a terribly agitated state of
mind, crowded the Courtroom, when Mamie
Spencer, the most offensive picket, was called
to the bar. Mamie swore that she was 14 years
old and hadn't Intimidated anyone. Theowner
of the factory, before which she and her com
panions were posted, swore hard to the con
trary, but lost bis case. A Broadway firm has
engaged ten of the striking girls at union
wages. The rest of the strikers held an all-day
meeting at Cooper Union.
Funeral of lingo Frltsch.
The funeral of Hugo Fritsch, the dead Con
sul General of Austro-Hungary in New York,
will take place next Wednesday. It will be at
tended by all the Austrian and Hungarian so
cieties in the city. The Austrian Minister and
attaches of the Austrian legation will come
from Washington to attend the services.
An Argument Against n Tnnnel.
The Aldermen of the Committee on Docks
tried to learn something to-day abont the Long
Island Railway's plan for a tunnel under East
river. Rey Stone, President of the railway
company, told them that the tunnel would be
4 miles long and would cost about So,0jX).0C0.
When well under way, Mr. Stone thought, the
traffic through it would net the city $60,000 a
year, and tbe railway companysomewhat more.
P. C. Baker and a citizen's committee warned
the Aldermen against giving New Yorkers
a tunnel through which they could slip away
from city taxes. The hearing will be resumed
Cured of Hydrophobia.
Two months ago Mrs. Jacob Minute, of New
ark, was bitten by a mad dog. She at once
went to Paris to be treated by Pastenr. Prof.
Roche, a pupil of Pasteur, treated her 20 days,
making 31 inoculations. Pasteur told her tbat
her case was so far advanced that three days
more without treatment would have rendered
her incurable. Mrs. Minnte returned yester
day on the steamship Ems. She tninks she has
Courted bnt Escaped Matrimony.
After an acquaintance of two weeks Miss
Minnie Schefland asked Louis Wieglitz to marry
her. He accepted. He was tremendously
fond of her, she thought, despite tbe fact that
she had to do tho proposing. He took her to
balls and theaters, and on steamboat excur
sions. As soon as she set a wedding day be
tried to be less attentive to her. Her father
and mother became alarmed and compelled
him, by threats of a lawsuit, to sign an agree
ment to marry her. Miss Schefland bought her
trousseau, and fruit cake, and engaged a .cler
gyman. An hour before the time appointed
for the marriage Wieglitz wrote her tbat be
couldn't marry her, as he loved another girt
She fell ill of brain fever. To-day sho had re
covered sufficiently to cause Wieglitz's arrest
in a 5,000 breach of promise snlt
Yictlms of a Fnrnnnce Flue's Burst.
John Leonard, one ot the eight firemen in
jured by the bursting of a furnace flue on the
steamship Republic, yesterday, died to-day.
James Collins, another victim, will probably die
within 24 hours. The injuries of the othtrmen,
though severe, will not prove fatal.
Mayor Grant Warned by White Caps.
Mayor Grant found this letter in his mail this
To tbe Mayor Grant City:
Please do us a favor by closing them bad
bouses in tbe city. Better look after something
else; better regulate the streets tbat they dump
no ashes in day time that people get spoilts
there cloths with it Also not to allow anybody
to put them wagons or cards on tbe sidewalk to
keep people back from there work, and last to
make owners of houses have the sidewalk cleen
from snow and ice before 9 or 10 o'clock every
Else we see yon at residence.
White Caps, Division No. 60, City.
To Restore Wall Street to Its Old-Time
Excitement and Brilliancy.
Special Telegram to The JJispatch.
New York, January 28. The situation in
Wall street has shown only insignificant
changes. In some respects there has been a
limited improvement, confidence showing a
slight revival and prices resisting depressing
influences with rather more firmness than
usual. The restricted volnme of business, how
ever, was discouraging, and never was theneed
of a few bold, active traders more apparent
Listlessness, in fact, has been the chief char
acteristic of the market, neither good uewsnor
bad making any particnlar impressions.
What with railroad agreements and the
cessation ot cutting on the one hand, and the
passing or reductioitof dividends on the other,
the opportunities for activity and manipula
tion during the past month hare been alto
gether exceptional; and were it not that we
have lost many of the old-time leaders. Wall
street would in all probability nave been the
scene of some very active and exciting times.
Such men as Woerishoffer. Vanderbilt and
others, who either through brilliancy or power
commanded a large following, are now totally
wanting; their successors have yet to make
their appearance: and while it is partly true
that the absence of the outside public is against
their development. It is also true tbat the out
siders can uever be induced to take bold while
leadership of some sort is not forthcoming.
Leadership is what the market most wants,
and, at the same time, what it most lacks.
NEW YORK'S LATEST.
A Movement for Narrow Houses They
Bring More Than Old-Slyle Ones.
From the New Vork Sun.
The uptown movement is all for little narrow
houses built three on t o lots, or eight on five
lots, and yet so well finished and lavishly orna
mented that they fetch more than a splendid,
big, old-fashioned house in tbe old parts of
town! Those who like elbow room call these
new little dwellings "horse-cat houses." One
cannot swing a cat in any room in such a house,
and in tbe bedrooms the custom is to use pat
ent beds and to shut them up in tbe morning
in order to make room in which to dress. It is
said tbat nine in ten of these houses are sold
or rented to the new comers in town. Old resi
dents who have lived in larger houses cannot
be induced to move into these little boxes.
SENATOR YANCE LOSES AN EYE.
His Fbyslclaus TJnnble to Ascertain
Cause of His Trouble.
Washington, January 28. Senator Vance
to-day had one of his eyes removed. He bas
been suffering severely for some time, and the
physicians bave not been able to ascertain tbe
direct cause of tbe trouble, which took the
form of a separation of tbe retina from the ball
of tbe eye.
The operation was successfully performed
and the Senator is resting comfortably.
It's a Wonder now We Live.
From the New York World.!
A Philadelphia physician has Been making a
study ot chrome-yellow poisoning for more
than two years, and be comes to the startling
conclusion that many victims succumb to it
who are supposed to be overcome by organic
diseases of various kinds. Tbe more science
looks into questions ot this kind the greater
wonder it seems to be that anybody manaees
to live, much less to maintain vigorous health.
Mexican Clgnrs Can't Come Here by Mali.
Washington, January 28. Assistant Sec
retary Maynard bas informed tbe Collector of
Customs at Corpus Christl. Tex., tbat cigars
cannot be imported from Mexico through the
mails, under the postal convention with
The chief of an Australian tribe deliv
ered the following temperance lecture in ona
line: "One drink is too much; two ara not
New York has a restaurant that sort of
reverses things. An establishment fronting
Central Park roads has a sign "Ladies' Res
taurant; Reserved Seats for Gentlemen."
By spraying the region of external eyo
with ether Drs. Henoque and Fridel, of Paris,
render tbe dental nerves Insensible, and extract
teeth without pain or general antethesia.
In Liverp6 the rate of mortality
is 18.8 per cent Every fourth funeral is that
of a child under 1 year old. and every second
funeral is that of a child under 5 years old.
The thistle at the antipodes seems to at
tain a most vigorous growth. Its root pene
trates to a depth of from 12 to 20 feet and this
root, even when cut into small pieces, retains
vitality, each piece producing a new plant
Leopold, King of the Belgians, has
never slimed a death warrant and, although
the statute has never been repealed, capital
punishment is practically abolished in Bel
gium. In Richmond, lie., a young lady's
stockings began to blaze while she was warming
her feet before an open fire, recently. She
sprang and plunged her feet into a wash-bowl
half full of water that luckily was near, but
not'until two feet of hose had been burned to a
A horse ran away at Cartersville, Ga.,
the other day, and after running against a
moving traip, and knocking himself down, ha
ran into tbe waiting room of the Western and
Atlantic Railroad, where he was captured
amid great confusion.
A section crew on the "Wisconsin Central
Railway, when about three miles east of Junc
tion City, ran down a large lynx, which threw
the band-car from the track. Tbe anfmal then
charged the crew, who were armed only with
shovels. After quite a desperate fight Foreman
Beats succeeded in dispatching the beast.
The grandest railway station in the
world is said to be tbe terminal station in Bom
bay, India, of the Peninsular Railway, known
as the Victoria building, which was completed
in May last and named In honor of the Em
press of India. The execution of tbe work oc
cupied ten years, and the cost is estimated at
518.8CO.O0O. The total length of the principal
elevation is over 1,500 feet.
Alfred Daniel, of Douglas county,
Georgia, is 82 years old; was never sick a day
in bis life; was never in bed at sunup; never
lost a tooth, has been to six logrollings thi
year; lifts more than most men; often indulges
in coon and 'possum bnnting: bas been a deacon
in the Baptist Church for 58 years; was never
drunk in his life, and an oath lias never escaped
bis lips. He is tbe father of 26 children. 13 now
living; has 70 grandchildren, and a number of
Chicago's widespread reputation as a
divorce town causes some queers things to
come through the mails to her lawyers. Not
long ago one of the most noted attorneys
caught this from Rising Sun, Ind.: "Dear sir
Inclosed find $5, for which please mail me a
divorce from mv wife. I'm sick and tired of
her. John Smith." The same attorney re
ceived this one from a little town in Wisconsin:
"Sir My wife's name is Jean. I must bave a
divorce at once. Send it C. O. D. Money Is no
A very interesting discovery was re
cently made in the vicinity of Cambridge, Eng.
A field was being levelled at the back of St
John's College, when the workmen cut into a
Saxon burying ground. For several days no
notice was taken of the matter, and numbers
(the workmen said hundreds) of skeletons and
urns were destroyed. The excavations then
went on for six wceki nnder thp supervision of
memoersoi tne .rt'-Tiqnarian committee, ami.
as a result, a nnni.,-r of skeletons, about 10U
urns, and a large number of weapons, urns and
ornaments have been placed in the Antiquarian
Anything to save time is New York'tf
motto. The newest thing is a shop where men
and women may have their shoes mendedwhilo
tbey wait Customers see the latest shoemak
ing machinery in the window, and behind tho
machines a row of lasts at which men prepare
the work for the machines. A woman goes in,
has her shoes taken off, pnt on the lasts, trim
med of all tatters aud shreds, fitted with new
heels and soles, put into a sewing or nailing
machine, an.l made' good as new almost half 33
quickly as it has taken to write these words.
Patching is the only work that is done in the
old-fashioned way. Entire new shoes are madu
to order by the pair in two hours.
It has just been discovered that the
shrewdest New York bootblacks aim to be
come the owners of. several complete boot
blacking outfits. They cannot, of course, use
all of these themselves, but tbey lease them to
other boys, charging usurious rates therefor.
If he rents bis brushes to one boy and his box
and footrest to another ho exacts from each
one-quarter of hi daily earnings. If herenH
the whole concern to one boy, that bov must
give him half of his Rains every day. Not in
frequently the thriftiest of the youngsters
make as much as $10 per day by this scheme.
"While a heavy train was palling up a
grade near Carlisle station recently it parted,
leaving but three cars attached to the engine,
which, of course, increased its speed consider
ably, and thus the accident was discovered.
When they had connected the train and started
up again tbey passed a car lying alongside the
track, and the condnctor remarked that some
fellow must bave had an accident the night be
fore. It was not nntil be reached Du Bois that
he fonnd ont that the car was one of his own
train, which had become detached and fallen
over when the train parted. It seems strange
that a car with 40 tons of coal could escape
from the middle of a train and nobody find is
A Chicago woman named Jane Trover
lives In a flat with no companions but cats. A
few nights ago Herman Sindlcr, who occupies
the floor above, became so enraged at the bowl
ing of the feline colony that he captured ono
member of it and pounded out its brains with a
club. To square matters .Mrs. Trover on the
next evening piled pots, kettles, chairs, tables,
etc, on the stairway, and when Mr. Sindler
sallied forth, clad in his finest raiment be
tripped over a skillet and, plunging into the lot,
rolled down an almost interminable stairway.
Kettles, chairs, etc., bruising bim as he went.
The magistrate before whom Mrs. Trover was
then taken pronounced the joke very funny,
but placed the joker under a heavy bond to
keep the peace. He also decreed tbat the cats
Neglected wife Charles, why are you so
cold of late?
Evasive husband I guess It' because my under
wear is not heavy enough.
Drill Sergeant I say, Schmidt, have you
any Idea of how slow and t tupld you are?
Private Schmidt I don't know.
Of course jou don't, but let me tell yon that an
Egyptian mummy Is frisky compared with you.
Musical Item. One of these dollars is a
Mow can you tell?
Simply by sound. Just tap It and hear how
clear the genuine sounds. That's tenor. Notice
when I tap the other one. That's base.
A Considerate Judge. Judge Miss, how
old are you. ,
Witness Well, I mm 30.
Well, between 30 and 40.
I'll put your age down at 33; I guess you won't
lose anything by that.
Art Note. Mr. Highliver Lawyer
Marsh still Insists that portraits can be painted
by the aid of spirits. What folly!
Mrs. Hlghllver-Wcll, my dear, some spirits
may be able to paint portraits, but they certainly
can paint a man's nose a beautiful red. There U
yonr own, for Instance.
Fastidious About Fowls. Guest (at
tempting to carve) What kind of chicken Is
Walter-Dat's a jrenulne Plvmonth Bocker,
Guest (throwing up both hands) That explains
it, by George! I knew she was an old timer, but
1 had no Idea she dated back there. Take 'er
away. I draw tbe line on tbe henhouse of the
Disappointed Men. Often as we laugh
over the old epitaph. "1 was well, f wanted to be
better. I took medicine and here I am," we
overlook Its general application to the attain of
life. At with health, so with business; nine per
sons out of ten Ignore the secret of content: they
are constantly striving after something different
to what they enjoy. A spirit of enterprise Is not
to be discouraged, but we protest against a habit
of change the habit of shifting from one business
to another. Tbe world Is full of seedy, disap
pointed old men, who are picking up a precarious
living at tbe back dour of life, because they have.
In the course of their lives, tried a hundred dif
ferent ways ofmsklng a llTlnjr and neverocrse
vered in one, because success was not Instantan
eous. To few men or women is It given to do more
tban one or two things well, but almost any pur
suit may be crowned with success If pushed with
singleness of purpose and a determination to sur
mount all obstacles.
All from Tcxat Stftingt.