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All having Houses
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tenants toy adver-
Maharneke, Who Even Gives
the Lie to Good Mrs. Mair
MORE CRUELTY TOLD OF
And a Galvanic Battery That
. Wouldn't Hurt a Sick
INEYIDENCE OFESTf OOEXCE
'A Threatening Me From McPliil-
to the Doctor is
Amended and Bead.
DE. RANKIN'S LITTLE ADMISSION.
The Electric Machine Slight 'he Made
More Uncomfortable for Its
THE IKQU1EI TVILL COXHXUE TO-DAT
The Riverside inquiry was continued yes
terday. The defense began. Dr. Mahar
neke coolly denies almost everything. He
acknowledges he once used a big D .
Quite a squabble ensued over a
mysterious note. It was finally read,
piecemeal. McPhillamy succeeded in
shielding another man. A row between
him and Maharneke was rather disastrous
to the doctor. "Wright says the Legisla
ture may investigate if it wants to. At
12:30, with everybody tired and mad, an ad
journment was made until to-day.
The ferment, and almost war, at Eiver
side is growing livelier; interest instead of
waning is more intense than ever, and the
little party that gathered in the hall of the
hospital department there at 3 o'clock
yesterday afternoon betrayed an anxiety the
individuals apparently did not care to con
ceal. The fact that the Legislature might take
a hand Jn affairs was received very coolly
by "Warden "Wright and the board, and they
say the Legislature can consider itself
Invited most cheerfully to come down to
Eiverside and conduct the fullest, fairest
and most searching investigation.
The party was scattered about the room
in the same general manner as during the
previons sessions. The board, the lawyers,
prosecutor, defendant, witnesses and press,
all forming a rather hard picture, were it
not that a glow of brightness and gentleness
was thrown over the scene by the three
kindly-looking, but most determined, ladies
who sat quietly and patiently and listened
to every word with an interest not exceeded
even by the principals.
The usual monotony of an investigation
of every sort was greatly relieved by sud
den and striking evidence brought out by
the relentless cross-questioning of Mc
Phillamy, and between him and Mahar
neke there occurred some verv livelv tilts,
indeed, and in one especially, the Chair
man was obliged to interfere when the
doctor attempted to drag in the past
records of some people.
How It Began.
There was present at yesterday's Eiver
side investigation the full Board of Prison
Inspectors, composed of President George
A. Kelly, Secretary James L Heed, and
"W. L. Trimble, James McCutcbeon and
John S. Elagle, also the Visiting Committee
of State Board of Charities, Mrs. Mair, Mrs.
Swift and Mrs. Holden. Messrs. "W. J.
Sawyer and James B. Scott were also pres
ent as representing the "Visiting Board.
Also B. C. Christy and Rev. E. R. Donahoo,
Prison Chaplain Milligan and Major E. A.
Montooth, the latter counsel for the Board.
"With Stenographer Donnelly ready for
work, and after a short star-chamber session
of the board, everything was ready to go.
Dr. B. B. Maharneke came quietly in,
looking a trine more serious than a few
days ago, and a constant twiddling of his
thrnibs showed the natural anxiety of the
man, though his short, reddish side whiskers
were combed just as prettily as ever toward
the end of his insignificant nose.
The enormous prosecutor and witness in
one, McPhillamy, came lounging carelessly
in between two guards. He was clean
shaven, and looked out of place in his con
It Wan Ominous.
The man was just as cool and quiet as
ever, but it was an ugly qniet that showed
a fixed, unalterable determination, a deter
mination to see the end. As before, he sat
directly facing the entire Board ot Inspec
tors, and his were not the eyes that dropped
at some sudden charge or unexpected evi
dence. The board, with the legal representatives
of the Visiting Committee, finally returned
from their private confab, and President
Kelly said all was ready.
-John Van Staten, was the first witness
called, and he demanded to know the exact
charges before be took an oath. This was
explained, and the thin, middle-aged man
held up his hand, when things proceeded as
President Kelly "Were yon a former pris
oner? A. Yes; I came in '81 and left in '87. Yes, I
was in the hospital at different times.
Kelly How long?
A About a year. Dr. Maharneke used a
great deal of profanity.
Kelly I ask of his cruelty.
A. I can't say I ever saw him hurt a man
real bad; that is, he didn't break any bones.
Keliy Any act yon would call cruel?
A. No; I only heard him give orders for men
to do so and so. I was day or night nurse, and
often in the kitchen.
Kelly You said something of profanity.
A. I never heard a man swear bo in my life
at sick men and dead men. I even saw him
was always excited.
A Potential Suggestion.
Bcott You might ask the witness about
money, Mr. Chairman. Also ask him about
those cruel orders.
Kelly Urn, yes. Did you hear of this?
Van Staten I saw him put the straight
jacket on men. Borne were playing crazy.
Kelly Do you know of any cases where
Maharneko extorted money?
A. He tried to get some out of me Juno
1, 1885. I was on the block, and Haley said he
would get me a place in the hospital. Mahar
neke came along and said Haley had nothing
to do with it, but he was the man, and Mahar
neke went to see the warden. He came back
and said I mustn't forget him. He then asked
me if I had any money. I said I had none, but
airiendwouidget me some, and I would give
him $5. He said that was business. My friend
failed me, and the very day General Grant
died, I was fired out of the hospital.
Reed This occurred before Maharneke was
Van Staten It was in 1SS5, while ho was still
Scott Ho may have been in tne same capac
ity. I don't think it fair to take advantage of
dates, if he were in the same position.
Kelly That's a wide latitude.
Scott "Was Maharneke in the position of
Van Staten There was a quarrel between
Haley and"Maharncke; eacLone told me he
was steward, and sometimes we didn't know
who was. I understood the warden told Haley
he was steward, and Maharneke was in the dis
pensary. He overworked me, and because I
couldn't do what ho asked he complained.
Scott What about that insane man you spoke
Van Staten His name was Moore. They had
muffs and jackets on the man named "Gyp."
Moore was fooling, and they made him give in.
They were probably put on for protection.
Was Once Enough?
Scott Did Maharneke try to get money from
you more than once?
Van Staten No, only that one time.
Scott Do j on know of any cases of general
corruption, cruelty or bad conduct?
Van Staten Only by hearsay. I went to the
hospital for the asthma; also pneumonia of the
Sawyer What about his profanity?
A. When James Elliott died I was In
the kitchen when he was laid in his coffin. I
stood beside him, between Miller and Mrs.
Mair. She was praying, and suddenly Mahar
neke came in. and swore. This was just as the
prayer was over. He used aw f ul language too
bad to repeat. He su ore he would send mo to
tne block; but Mrs. Mair begged liim not to.
Siagle When men were playing crazy what
would thy do with their hands?
Van Staten Nothing, when tho jacket was
Mrs. Swift I would like to know if he knew
of acts of cruelty performed by Maliarneke's
Van Staten Yes, I did. In regard to "Gyp,"
I was ordered to bathe and duck him.
Kelly What cruelty, if any. is in that ?
Van Staten They put his head under water
and held it until he could just catch his breath,
then, when ho came up, he begged Maharneke
not to do it again. Yes, he was very uncleanly,
"Gyp" was. Maharneke only told me to duck
Hon- He Made It Hot.
Mrs. Swift Did jou ever hear any prisoner
make threats thai be would make it hot for
some people ?
Van Staten Yes. Maharneke was in the
hospital, a prisoner; he said he was goins to
work there, and he would make it hot. Well,
he did come back and fired three men in ono
day. He then came to my cell and said: "Didn't
I tell ) on 1 would fix the saoozer ?"
Mrs. Swift What about a man called "Jesse
James,' named "Watt. I believe?
Van Staten The man had been shot. Mahar
neke poked his finger in the wound and told the
prisoner Bis own foolishness had got him into
it, ana he must die. - '" -' " ''
Kelly Dr. Marhameke, you
Maharneke Before yon were released here,
were you fired from the hospital?
Van Staten Yes, you rcmember-you came
back from j our pleasure .trip and found me in
Maharneke Didn't you ask me to get money
f or 3 ou to cet out?
Van Staten I asked you to see
what you could do for me. I also asked the
warden and he gave me S15 extra.
Maharneke then asked some other interest
ing questions in the almost unintelligible dia
lect he uses, when the witness was excused, and
the general opinion was expressed that tho
Maharneke case had been ratuer benefited than
Kelly I understand, McPhillamy, Van
Staten is the only witness produced. You
want two witnesses now from tho cells. What
do you expect toprove?
McPhillamy I can prove Maharneke went to
one for money, and I expect to prove cruelty
in the other case.
Kelly AVe have no desire to hide anything.
Deputy, please produce the men.
No. 7946 "Wouldn't Swear.
Witness 7940 was a little, black-haired, black
eyed fellow, whose white face formed a con
trast to his heavy mustache. He affirmed, in
stead of taking the oath, and said his name was
Kelly Were you in the hospital ?
A Yes, sir.
Kelly Do you know of any cruelty?
A. Well, they claim the electric battery was
cruel. I never tried it. but I guess it hurts a
little. Yes, it was pretty cruel.
A. I saw it on Keck, Phillips and Bishop.
They used it on Keck. They said he was crazy.
They nsed it in his month and face. He had
the fever afterward. I don't know if it camo
Kelly What about Phillips?
A The battery didn't seem to have any
cHect on him. Yes, it was cruelty in spite
of that. I saw it used on Wheeler for paralysis.
No, that wasn't cruel. Tho same treatment
was tried on Bishop; they claimed he was crazy.
Kelly Was he crazy?
A I think he was. Maharneke seemed to do
all he could for the other patients. Yes, I heard
him use a little strong language sometimes.
That ii, with the cranks.
Kelly The what?
A The cranks are the crazy ones. No. his
language nidn't startle me; I am hard to startle.
McPhillamy Did j ou ever see the two bat
teries on a man at once?
O'Hara No, bat I heard of it. The
same day they tried the battery
on a man who wouldn't walk. He walked over
to the block.
McPhillamy Has he walked since?
A No, he hasn't walked since, and I don't
think he ever will.
McPhillamy Don't you think if he had been
treated right he would have walked?
They J not Growled.
A growl from every member of the board
showed this suggestion to be ont of order.
O'Hara Yes, f heard of Maharneke inject
ing whisky and morphine into a man to bring
Scott What did you understand was the use
of the batterj?
A. To see if the man was playing off. They
tied the man down and put it on him; I heard
them say because it was playing off, not be
cause tney tnougnt no was paralyzed.
Scott I just wanted to hear his opinion if it
were a punishment or not.
McPhillamy You understood the battery
was used for puulshment? You know that for
O'Hara Yes, I know that. And the witness
went back to the "block." w herever that is, in
the tender care of a warden.
No. 8153, looking very much like a gigantic
mill man, said he was willing to testify in re
gard to the charges against Maharneke. His
name was Angus Buchanan, and he had been
here three years, but had never been in the
Kelly McPhillamy, why did you call this
McPhillamy Did Maharneke ever ask you
Buchanan Yes; abont two months ago he
asked mo for S10. I told the warden, and I
think he tended to it, for Maharneke hasn't
spoken to me since.
Maharneke When was It?
A Two months ago. I was in the cell. You
stand over a corpse and curse it,
asked ono or two, I think, before you came
Maharneke Did you come here with Mc
Phillamy? A Yes, we both came on tho same charge.
Saw er 'What language did he use?
Money for Marriage.
Buchanan He came to me and said he was
just getting married and was short, and he
wanted to get $10, and I understood he would
get the job. Maharneke has acted very sulky
since I told the warden.
Maharneke Did I ask you of other people's
A I hardly remember. You (Maharneke)
were standing talking to me, and he saw the
hall boy and he told him to get me some pills. I
had three or four boxes of pills in my cell then.
The doctor said tho hall boy was a sucker and
he was afraid of him.
Tho witness was then excused, and walked
out without a glanco at anybody but the keeper
No. 7469, James W.Kellly, recalled, in answer
to a question from McPhillamy, said: I saw
Maharneke going down tho block, and heard
him say he had cither $15 or $50. Mr. Dean
was standing by; he has charge of the hall.
ilcPhillamy What did you do?
Reilly I said, "Dean, did you hear the doc
tor's remark?'' He only smiled at this.
Reilly I would like to ask you a question, if
I can, Mr. Kelly?
Kelly Go ahead.
Reilly Have I the privilege of making any
charges I wantto? I have been trying to make
a charge for the last year. '
Kelly That -Kill do.
Dean, recalled In answer to McPhillamy's
qnestlon, "Did you hear Maharneke tell Frank
something abont paying back money?" he said:
"No, I did not hear it"
Kelly The witness is relieved, and I under
stand this closes the case for the prosecution.
EOB THE DEFENSE.
Maharneko Wnnts ConnscI if McPhlllamy
Has It, nnd the Attorney Assigned to
the Latter Withdraws What
the Defendant Has to
Sav In His Own
After the prosecution had closSd, Mr.
Scott, of the State Board, arose and said:
"Mr. Chairman, will you please have the
stenographer put on record that the case of
the prosecution rests, and he will want to
call some more witnesses in rebuttal. I also
ask the board to allow B. C. Christy, Esq.,
to cross-examine witnesses, as the prosecutor
is not a lawyer."
The proceedings were resumed in the order
Siagle I move that Mr. Christy be requested
to act for the prisoner; that is, the prosecutor.
Maharneke Tho defense has not had a
Scott I see no objection to moving and sec
onding this case, and if the witnesses tell a
straichtforward story there will bo no harm
Kelly (to Maharncko) Do you wish to have
your objections recorded?
The motion was then carried, and the board
unanimously told Mr. Christy he was permitted
to sit beside the smiling prisoner and to talk to
him all he wanted to. He also had tho priv
ilege accorded of retiring with him in charge
of an officer, however.
With everybody m a good hum or even Ma
harneke a little breathing spell was taken, in
order that affairs might settle down, or rather
simmer down in some sort of reasonable shape.
In this interval George LReid attempted to
talk to McPhillamy, but was prevented from so
doing by the board.
He Wouldn't Have It.
A little excitement was created when Mr.
Kelly asked Maharneke if he was satisfied to
t Maharneke I am not SaTBnea to go on with
out counsel. I ask for an adjournment until
such time as my counsel can be present.
Kelly The doctor complains of his lack of
knowledge of the English language. Every
thing has been smooth until the counsel for the
prosecution was named, when the doctor ob
jects. Christy I have quietly been watching affairs,
and I must now decline to take any par t,
Kelly McPhillamy's counsel has withdrawn,
and the proceedings In rebuttal will now begin.
Maharneke then held up his right hand, and
swore to tell the truth as per legal formula.
Kelly 1 will ask you direct questions, and
you can make your statement. "What is your
A. Hospital steward. I have been so since
October, 1SS5; my duties are to see the Doctor's
orders are carried ont and that neatness is ob
served, and to see the sick are cared for.
Kelly Under whose direction?
Maharneke I am under Dr. Rankin, and 1
report to him daily. He is present often, and,
if not, 1 report to him. I have general over
sight of the hospital. McPhillamy says he was
sent to the hospital on a certain day. The day
he said I spoke to him.
Warden Wright interrupted here to say that
had nothing to do with It.
Maharneke I said to McPhillamy I camo to
get him into the hospital.
Kelly then read the charges of McPhillamy,
and was interrupted frequently by Maharneke,
who said: "I never received any money from
McPhillamy. Mr. Dean was at the cell and
opened the door for me. The hall boy assisted
him (McPhillamy) to remove his things.
Kelly You deny you received money?
Maharneke Yes, I do. I want to add to my
first statement that I was married August 20,
and I always paid my rent m advance, and I
didn't need any money at that time.
McPhillamy's story was then continued, and
Maharneke interrupted to explain the dic
tionary dodge by saying that McPhillamy
wanted to see the bones of the human body.
Kelly You still deny the money?
Maharneke I never at any timo received
money from this man.
Onco more was the reading of McPhillamy's
evidence continued, and Maharneke broke into
say: "I never had any talk or exchanged let
ters in regard to his escape with McPhillamy. I
was anxious to have him removed from the
hospital. He was sick, but got better, and I
told Dr. Rankin, and marked him to be sent to
the cell. My orders are to notify the warden in
order to have room in the cells, because they
were greatly crowded. I was notified to keep
him a few days longer. All that language of
bribery, of money, and that I said I wonld buy
clothes and revolvers, and all such, I denymost
"In order to watch him I cautioned the
nurses and night officer, and I watched "him
most carefully until his attempt to escape. The
day before he tried to get away 1 suspected
something, for the nurse asked me about his
conduct. I gave instructions concerning him.
I asked for the day nurse, and said, 'I want to
change the night nurse,' and I told him to go
to bed in the closet that night, not in the
middle room as usual. This was in the closet
of the south ward.
"A few hours passed, and I asked if the night
nurse had gone Into the south ward to sleep. 1
saw the middle room was darkened again, and
it set me thinking. I told tho man not to go to
bed there, and still be had. I asked if my in
structions had been given, and they said they
were. I went into the room and wo woke up
the night nurse. Fanning. His excuso was he
would clean up the room Monday if I let him
stay. I said 'All right, and left. I wondered
what reason he had in wanting to stay
there. It was nearly 11 o'clock,
and I took my overcoat and went
home and to bed. The first thing I heard about
the escape wras the ringing of the bell. I
jumped out of bed' and told my Wife 8493, a
man sick with consumption, had died. Young
Wnght called to me to come over quick, as
some prisoners had escaped. I was amazed to
hear they had got out of the hospital. I met
Warden Wright and he ordered mo over to the
hospital. I had him in view, and I thought of
McPhillamy. I saw the hole, and learned the
names of tho men who had escaped. I asked
Continued on Sixh Page.
TWO OF THE JOHNS
Causing Cabinet Constructors Con
WANAMAKER'S SCALP DEMANDED,
And Senator Sherman Won't Say He Will
Tote to Confirm Xlger.
THE FIEST JOPLV A MIGHT-HAYE-BEEN.
Booms for Wlnaom and CaarleT Foster In Apparently
"Wharton Barker and his friends, as
original Harrison men, and Senator Cam
eron and friends, as anti-Quay men, are
said to be working hard to keep Mr. Quay's
selection, John Wanamaker, of Philadel
phia, out of the Cabinet. John Sherman's
antipathy to General Alger causes those
who know him best to believe that Mr.
Alger's confirmation by the Senate will be
delayed or maybe defeated, if Ohio's senior
Senator can accomplish either.
ISrECIAI, TELEGRAM TO THE DISPATCII.1
"Washington, February 7. The latest
gossip around the Capitol about the Cabi
net is that Pennsylvanian are making a
hot fight against assigning Mr. "Wanamaker
to the Naval Department, and that two sets
of Pennsylvania influences are resisting his
appointment to any Cabinet position. The
real reason whyPennsylvanians didn't want
Mr. "Wanamaker to be Secretary of the
Navy is that the Philadelphia postofficefcs a
good deal bigger than the League Island
navy yard. In other words, the Secre
tary of the Navy has very little
patronage, while the Postmaster General
has more patronage than any other member
of the Cabinet, and the Pennsylvanians
want substance, not show. But they are
ostensibly opposing the assignment of Mr.
"Wanamaker to the Navy Department from
considerations of the utmost unselfishness
and the highest delicacy. They represent
that all the contracts for steel for the navy
are awarded to Pennsylvania concerns, and
most of the contracts for the building of
ships are held by the Cramps and the Dela
ware River Ship Building Company, and
the appointment of a Pennsylvanian to be
Secretary of the Navy
WOULD AROUSE CRITICISM
and suspicion; that General Harrison will
promote his peace of mind and the good
repute of his administration by appointing
a Secretary of the Navy from spme other
State than Pennsylvania. "
There are two influences in Pennsylvania
that ar? strongly opposed to the appoint
ment of "Wanamaker to any Cabinet office.
Wharton Barker is reported to have de
clared that such an appointment would be a
personal affront to him. Barker was an or
iginal Harrison man, and is said to have
contributed more of his own money to the
campaign than "Wanamaker, who was orig
inally a uresnam man. barker is supposed
to be'exerting himself to protect himself
from afii ont
Matthew Stanley Quay and James Donald
Cameron, came intosharp collision with
a year ago, and while the result was'in the
nature of a compromise, Quay had a good
deal the best of it. The Cameron clan is
somewhat alarmed for its own existence at
the exalted position into which Mr. Quay
has leaped as the result of the election. If
Quay gets "Warramaker into the Cabinet
now, be is credited with the intention of
defeating Don Cameron for re-election two
years heuce. Hence all the influence of
the Camerons is said to be exerted to defeat
Quay and Wanamaker now.
SHERMAN STILL HATES ALGER.
It is asserted with great positiveness by
some of the Republican politicians tha't
John Sherman has written a letter to Gen
eral Hanison, assuring him ot his warm
pel sonal regard and his desire to assist in
making the incoming administration a suc
cess, but warning him that Alger's conduct
at Chicago was such that he could not with
self-respect submit to Alger's appointment
to a place in the Cabinet without making a
fight on it from the start. One of the "West
ern Republican Senators was asked this
afternoon what he thought of this story, and
replied that he didn't believe Senator Sher
man had written such a letter, because it
would be carrying things a little too far,
and Mr. Sherman was a very discreet man,
but that he had denounced Alger with entire
frankness to his colleagues in the Senate,
and given them the impression that if Alger
SnERMAN WOULD DEFEAT HIM
if possible. On the other hind, one of Sen
ator Sherman's closest Ohio friends says
that he has talked a number of times with
the Senator about the Cabinet, and has
assumed in his remarks that Alger would
be a member of it, and the Senator has never
expressed resentment toward Alger, and has
never intimated that he would resist his
confirmation. It is a fact, however, that
Senator Sherman's friends believe that Sher
man would be injured by any; threats against
Alger, or any effort to defeat Alger's con
firmation, and they are very anxious to re
move the impression that Sherman is hostile
So much has been said about his hostility
and his intention to carry it into the execu
tive session of the Senate, if necessary, that
some of his friends have advised the Sena
tor to publicly disclaim any such feeling or
intention, but the Senator has not yet seen
fit to take the public into his confidence,
He was asked to-day if he were willing to
say anything about the widely-circulated
report that he would try to defeat Alger if
the latter were nominated, and he declined
to speak about the matter at all.
AMONG THE MIGHT-HAVE-BEENS.
A dispatch from Indianapolis to-night
says: Cabinet booms are as thick as au
tumnal leaves. They bud, blossom and
ripen in a single day. No matter whether
the puzzling kaleidoscope is turned forward
or backward, or angrily shaken up and
down, the familiar countenance of Mr.
Blaine always turns up conspicuously in
The face of Mr. "Wanamaker, the mer
chant prince, is now to be seen in the back
ground among the "might-have-beens. n
Regarding certain of the other prominent
names, some plausible indications of an en
couraging character are obtainable, but as
to Mr. "Wanamaker's, none of tho intimate
friends of the President-elect have been
brought to admit that he is a fixed star.
The probable fact that Mr. "Wanamaker
has purchased, or intends to purchase, a
residence in "Washington does not shake
these gentlemen in their belief. They say
if he was really going into the Cabinet and
desired to keep that fact from the public,
in accordance with General Harrison's
well-known wishes, he wonld not openly
negotiate for a house in Washington.
Perhaps no name, unless it be Windom's,
is growing in public favor with greater
rapidity than that of ex-Governor Charles
Foster, of Ohio, who received a boom, or a
boomerang, to-day at the hands of the Ohio
Legislature. The train this morning
brought five members of the Ohio State Sen
ate, headed by Senator Edward G. Rath
bone, of Hamilton. How many members of
the Ohio Legislature these gentlemen repre
sented is not known, nor what encourage
ment they received at the hands-of the
FEBRUARY 8, 1889.
OIL MUST GO UP.
The Producers' Association Will Take
Strong Measures to That End The
Ueserve Oil Will Bo Held
Until tho Price Shall
bo One Dollmv
tSPICIAL TELEGBAH TO THE DISPATCH.l
Oil Cut, February 7. The members of
the Executive Committee of the Producers'
Protective Association and tho members of
the Advisory Board met hero this after
noon for the purpose of holding a confer
ence. They assembled at 4 o'clock in the
Arlington Hotel, and after a short session
adjourned. They are now holding the
second.spssion, which will probably be con
tinned 'until quite late. During the inter
mission the Dispatch reporter endeavored
to pump some of the members, but found
them all very close mouthed. From the an
imated manner in which they discuss mat
ters among themselves it would seem they
have important business on hand. The im
pression prevails that some action is to be
taken with reference to the retired oil, pos
sibly to proclaim that it will not be put on
the market during the next three months.
However, nothing of a definate nature can
be ascertained. It is doubtful if the busi
ness will be completed before to-morrow.
Another correspondent says:
Tho meeting was called to formulate some plan
of action for the disposal of the remaining
3,500.000 barrels of oil held under grant from
the Standard Oil Company. The members of
the committees were reticent as regards the de
tails of the plan adopted, but it may be defin
itely stated that no oil will be sold at a price
under SI a barrel, and if between now and June
15 the market advances to a point approximate
ly near that figure, the oil will be held for a
more substantial increase in value.
The sale of the oil was vestod in one individ
ual, not a member of the committee, and who
is satisfactory to both interests represented at
its meeting. His name could not he ascer
tained, but he is said to be a man well known
to the trade, and whoso position and character
is such as to warrant a full carrying out of the
plans of the committee. The advance in the
market to-day was based on a belief that the
action taken by tho committees would lead to
PANIC IN A WINTER HOTEL.
A Fine NowEesort Near Jacksonville Now a
rrrrctAL telegram to the dispatch.!
Jacksonville, Fla., February 7. The
fine new Hotel Sutherland, on the Gulf
coast, built and owned by the Sutherland
Loan and Improvement Company, of
Omaha, Neb., is a heap of ruins, and the
loss, including valuables and clothing of
guests, etc., is over 570,000. Early yesterday
morning fire was discovered in the main
building, and before the alarm could be
given the house was a mass of flames. The
help consisted of 20 persois, mostly girls,
and the1 guests were 18 excursionists from
Omaha. Shrieks filled the air as the fren
zied and. frightened women tried to get out
of thcir'rooms and found the hall was one
bright blaze. The male help nobly organ
ized, and began rescuing the imperiled
Hopes of sheets, etc., were made, nnd
nearly all the inmates lowered from windows
in this manner. Several in their fright
jumped and sustained serious cuts and
bruises from glass and sharp roots. Nearly
all were in their night-clothes, and some
with hardlv a rap to their h.ir.ks. os the fire
had burned off their lieht cotton dresses as
they were being conveyed through the hall
ways on the first appearance ot fire. Two
w omen who were lowered from the front
windows on the second story were terribly
burned before they reached tho ground.
Incendiarism is suspected.
Bello Starr, the Desperado, and Belle Boyd,
tho Spy, Two Distinct Persons.
SPECIAL TELEGRAM TO THE DISPATCn.l
Wheeling, February 7. A telegram
sent out from Fort Smith, Ark., and widely
published, eiving the history of Belle
Boyd, the famous rebel spy, and identify
ing her as Belle Starr, the female desperado,
killed near Eufala, Ind. T., on Sunday, cre
ated a decided sensation here and all over
West Virginia, where Belle Boyd has been
well-known siuce her girlhood'. She was
born at Martinsburg, Berkley county, and
until three months ago, lived at Parkers
burg, having taken up her abode there
about 18 months ago. If the Starr woman
and Belle Boyd are the same she covers
ground more rapidly than Madam Blavatsky
ever claimed to, yet nobody of all who
knew her here are prepared to say she is
It is probable, however, that the Fort
Smith writer has confused the history of
one Belle Carpenter, who formerly lived in
this section, and now has a half-breed
Choctaw Indian son near here in Pennsyl
vania, where he owns a large farm. This
woman answers the description of Belle
Starr. She was last here in 18SG on her
way home to Arkansas from a visit to her
son in Pennsylvania. She had an unsavory
A E0AIANTIC ACCOUNT
Given of tlio CIrcnmstnnccs Surrounding
Crown Prince Rudolf's Death.
Vienna, February 7. The following is
another account of tho circumstances at
tending the death af Crown Prince Rudolf.
Rudolf had courted M. Baroness Marie
Vetsera for four months. The liason, it is
stated, was encouraged by Countess Wal-lersse-Larisch,
a niece of the Empress
Marie, who was of a romantic disposition
and nervous temperament, and was devoted
On January 28 the pair started in a two
horse closed carriage for Meycrling, where
they passed the next day together. On the
morning of January 30 the two were found
dead in bed. Marie had been shot through
the forehead. Rudolf had also been shot as
already described. It was evident that the
two had resolved to die together. The
coverlet was strewn with flowers. The body
of Marie was secretly taken to a cottage,
and thence removed for interment. The
Vetsera family left Vienna on Saturday for
W0KK OF THE OHIO S0L0NS.
Telephone Rates Will Slav Up, but Bntterlne
Must Get Oat.
ISrECIAL. TELEGRAM TO THE DISPATCH.l
Columbus, February 7. The .House to
day had under consideration all day the
bill for the reduction of telephone rents in
the State. The last Legislature came within
one vote of passing the same bill. Many
speeches were made on both sides. Several
amendments were offered and voted down.
The bill on passage received 25 votes and 48
against, with 34 ot the members dodging or
absent. This closes the telephone engage
ment of the session.
The Committee on Agricnlture of the
House to-night recommended the passage of
the bill to prevent the manufacture of oleo
margarine in imitation of butter. A strong
fight has been made against the bill, bat the
impression prevails that itwill become a
BANK OFFICERS INDICTED.
They Made False Statements of the Condi
tion of Their Institution.
Norfolk, Va., February 7. George S.
Oldfield, President, H. 0. Percy, cashier,
H. B. Nichols and H. L. Page, directors,
were indicted to-day by the grand jury for
making false statements to the State Aud
itor in October last as to the condition of
the Home Savings Bank of this city, which
failed last November. Bail was given in
all cases, except that of H. C Percy, who is
absent from the city.
A GUN THAT SHOOTS.
The Thurlow Open-Hearth Cast-Steel
Cannon Successfully Tested.
TEN RAPID ROUNDS ARE FIRED,-
And the Gun to the Naked lye Seems Not
at All the Worse for Wear.
THE MANUFACTUEEKS WELL PLEASED
Their Pet Tared Better Than Its Ill-Starred
The cast-steel gun made by the Standard
Steel Casting Company, of Thurlow, stood a
remarkable test yesterday without bursting.
Ten rounds were fired in rapid succession,
and no visible expansion of the alls of the
gun followed. The star gauge is next to be
applied, after which it ma be ascertained
whether such guns can be used safely and
with success. Their manufacturers think
they can. Naval officers hope it won't be
tried, for they have no faith in their
rEFEClAL TELEGRAM TO THE DISPATCH.l
Annapolis, Md., February 7. Mr.
Fred Baldt, General Manager and Superin
tendent of the Standard Steel Casting Com
pany's works at Thurlow, near Chester, Pa.,
left the Government proving grounds near
this quaint old city this evening a very
happy man. , His six-inch steel gun, the
twin in appearance of the Pittsburg gun,
which burst a few weeks ago on the spot,
stood the tremendous racket of 12 shots to
day without any evidence of injury that the
eye could detect.
The result surprised everybody. It as
tonished the dozen or so or handsome young
lieutenants who shivered in the biting at
mosphere to witness the test. Probably no
one was more astonished than Mr. Baldt
himself. While he believed that this gun,
made of steel manufactured by the open
hearth process, was superior to the Hains
worth Bessemer steel gun, the lamentable
ending of the latter had made him skepti
cal, and he would not have been surprised
if his pet had burst as the Pittsburg gun
did at the first shot with a full cartridge.
TESTED ON A l'ATAL SPOT.
The test was made on the same spot that
marked the tragedy of the great Bessemer
casting. An old carriage had been rigged
up for the occasion, that the loss to the Gov
ernment might not be several thousand dol
lars from the destruction of a good carriage,
as happened before. Aheavier barricade of
hewn timbers and round loss took the place
of that which had been blown to smithereens
by the Pittsburg gun. The triangular
bomb proof behind which the man stood
who jerked the lock line and fired the gnn
had been materially strengthened, and; in
addition, a score of big sand bags were piled
around it. Other bomb proofs were cov
ered dejep with sand for the protection of the
workmen and the visiting officers, and civil
ians were not allowed .nearer to the scene of
action than the office, some 400 yards away.
These precautions showed that there was no
expectation that the weapon would stand
the test,. and -that- there' wtono assurance
that the.bursting would be as luckily harm
less as on the former occasion.
It was after 1 o'clock when the assembled
officers and visitors were warned to get to
cover. Lieutenant Commander Dayton had
charge of the proving ground, having suc
ceeded Lieutenant Knight, who was in
charge when the Pittsburg gun was tested.
Mr. Baldt was the only representative of
the Standard Company present. The others
did not care to witness the expected wreck.
MERELY AS A WARMER.
Thirty-six pounds of powder were used for
the first round for the purpose of com
pressing the gas pad. When this shot was
fired it was found that the pad had not been
properly compressed, and was therefore use
less. Another pad was fitted and another
cartridge of similar size slid into the breech
and touched off. The charge of 48
pounds ot urown s prismatic powaer, with
the 100-pound projectile, was used for the
next shot, and the visitors were given a few
minutes to get into an interesting condition
of suspense, as nearly everybody expected
that this would be the'last charge ever fired
from this gun.
The workmen scattered behind the bomb
proofs, the visitors got into good positions
to the rear of a moundof earth near the of
fice, some standing within the office, a pufi
of white smoke from the muzzle, which pro
truded in plain sight from the shed, a tre
mendous explosion that made the office rock
as though struck by an earthquake, and a
shout went up that sue was "all right,"
simply because the shed was not lifted into
the air, as on the former occasion.
"But where's the muzzle?" exclaimed
Lieutenant Commander Sperry, and sure
enough, the muzzle was not to be seen, but
in anothef moment, as the workmen rushed
to their places under command of Lieuten
ant Wilner, the black muzzle was run out
of the shed, and then the office,rs remem
bered that the gun would not "return to
battery," as they called it, on this carriage,
and that she had to be run to place by hand.
PLEASED, BUT NOT CONFIDENT.
Mr. Baldt looked immensely pleased that
this gun had stood at least one more shot
than its Pittsburg rival, but he was not yet
confident of the success of the test. An
other shot, and another and another were
fired at intervals of abont two seconds, and
after the fourth Mr. Baldt remarked. "I be
lieve she will go through all right now.
She will be getting better all the time, as
she warms up." Whether she did get bet
ter or not, she was well enough, for as round
after round was fired in quick succession,
the shed was not lifted toward the heavens,
and no little pieces of metal weighing a ton
or two came hurling through the air toward
the precious bodies of the visitors.
If the test was successful the Standard
Company would get 55,000, which was the
amount of their bid, and as the rounds pro
gressed the jolly, joking Sperry would ex
claim that that shot was worth so and so.
"That one is worth $2,050," he exclaimed
at the ninth and tenth; "there you are,
Mr. Baldt; that one was worth 503," and
everyone gathered about the happy Baldt,
and warmly congratulated him. He took
the result very coolly, saying that he would
not feel certain until he had heard the re
port of the official examination. The pro
cess of "star gauging" had to be gone
through with, and the result of that would
not be known exccDt through the official re
port of the Chief of the Bureau of Ordnance
NO EXPANSION VISIBLE.
The interior of the breech was so be
grimed with powder and water used in
sponging that one could not be certain in
regard to its condition, bnt a close examina
tion could not detect any expansion. The
walls seemed as perfect as before the test.
The star gauge, however, discovers 'any
irregularity, given, even to the thousandth
part of an inch, and that delicate instru
ment alone would tell the story whether the
gun had endured the strain. The officers
say, and Mr. Baldt admits, that even this
will not prove the cast gun to be a success,
and that a thorough test can only be made
by repeated and rigorous firing at a higher
But Mr. Baldt is of the opinion that if the
star gauge discovers no permanent expan
sion, the Government should order several
guns and prove them gradually to the point
of bursting. He declared that he can make
a much better gun than the bna proved to
day, which was what is known as a crude
casting, not tempered at all. He experi
mented with specimen bars -of this gun to
note the changes made by tempering in oil,
and found that he increased, the elastic
strength from 40,000 to 77;000, the tensile
strength from 80,000 to 109,000, and the
elongation from 21 per cent to 9 per cent,
with no appreciable reduction of the mass.
In its crude state the gun has stood the
statutory test of ten rounds with 48j pounds
of prismatic powder, which gives a pressure
of 15 tons to the square inch, and a muzzle
velocity of 2,000 feet per second to a projec
tile weighing 100 pounds.
EVEN BETTER RESULTS EXPECTED.
With the "increase of strength given by
tempering, Mr. Baldt is certain that the
cast gun of open-hearth steel will endure
the severest strain that could be demanded,
with better results than can be gained from
the built-up guns. But he asserts that this
cannot be done with Bessemer steel. The
great mass that is melted together, he de
clares, renders impurities unavoidable, and
that the casting must therefore be irregular
in its density, and not homogeneous.
It is not to be forgotten, however, that
the Standard gun contains more metal than
the Pittsburg gun. The latter weighed onlv
10,500 pounds at the navy yard, while the
former weighed 13",125 pounds. Mr. Hains
worth admitted that he had tempered hia
gun too hard, and the casting was shown not
to be satisfactory. Mr. Baldt savs his cast
ing was perfectly satisfactory. The Stand
ard gun is 195 inches in length, 6 inches in
bore, 22 inches in diameter at the breach,
and the walls at.that point were li inches
in diameter, which is thicker than those of
the Pittsburg gun.
Officers stationed here at the naval school,
who are thoroughly versed in such matters,
say they cannot understand why the Pitts
burg gun burst. They have tested pieces of
it and found its tensile strength.
GREATER THAN WAS DEMANDED.
Lieutenant Commander Sperry remarked
to Mr. Baldt: "Theydidn't use dynamite
in jrour gun as the Pittsburg papers say we
did in Hainsworth's?"
Mr. Baldt declares that if the Govern
ment will authorize the construction of a
few more guns he, will produce a casting
far superior to the one tested to-day in the
first place by means of careful tempering,
and in the second place by securing a
greater headpressure in pouring the metal,
of which their facilities did not admit when
the present gun was cast.
Mr. Baldt is nothing if he is not practical.
A few years ago he was a puddler. He as
sisted in the establishment of two great
plants at Chester, when he was asked two
years ago to take charge of the Standard
Company's works, which had been running
at a heavy loss for several years. When he
took charge the stock was selling at about
535. Last week it was quoted at close to
$18p. "And to-morrow," remarked Mr.
Baldt, "it will be worth 5200." A quarter
of a million of capital is invested, aud Mr.
Baldt holds a third of the stock. The
annual value of the' product is about
$500,000. Nearly all the castings for the
Government war vessels are made at the
Standard Works, and many contracts se
cured by other firms are turned over to
NAVAL OFFICERS NOT PLEASED.
Notwithstanding the apparent perfect
endurance of the statutory test by this gun,
the naval officers who will have to handle
the guns of the navy in case of war are not
satisfied with the experiment. While they
declare4they have no prejudice, and that
they"hope it will be discovered that cheap
cast guns can be made, a majority of them
have no faith in the efficiency of such guns
but ttey fear that with partial test the
steel influence of 'the country, which is al
most omnipotent, will be strong enough o
secure the adoption of the guns. This, they
say, would be fun and profit to the steel
men, but death, probably, to the poor of
ficers and seamen. Therefore, while they
encourage experiments, they want them to
be absolutely conclusive before the guns are
adopted. They confess, however, that the
firing of these ten rounds to-day, inside of
33 minutes, without apparently damaging
the Standard gun, has shaken their skepti
cism and rendered their conversion to the
cast gun thereby a possibility.
THE COKE STBIKEOTEB.
The Entire Movement Tins Met With a
Practical Collapse Offer to Fay for
Damages Sustained if They
SPECIAL TELEGRAM TO THE DISPATCH.L
Connellsville, February 7. The coke
strike is practically at an end. All the
works have resumed, except the Standard,
Jimtown aud Mammoth. At the latter
place a new fan is being put in or these
works would be put in operation to-morrow.
A few men are at work in Jimtown, and it
is thought these works will be running full
in a day or so. The men at the Standard
works made a proposition to Superintendent
Lynch, offering to pay the damages caused
by the suspension at these works, if they
were allowed to go to work under the terms
of the old scale.
He replied that it would be impossible to
make such an estimate, but he was willing
to have the men make one, which, if high
enough, he would then consider. He had
already stated that the only terms upon
which they could return was at the wages
paid the Alice mines employes. AtLeisen
ring 124 men were at work to-day, and more
are expected to apply to-mcrrow.
Meetings are being held at the Frick
works to-night to determine whether or not
the employes will continue to work under
the old scale as extended indefinitely on
Tuesday. Delegates will be elected to a
convention to be held at Everson to-morrow,
when a conference with Superintendent
Lynch will be asked. The Knights will
hold a convention on Saturday. The cokers
regard the strike as a failure, and any at
tempts to inaugurate a general strike cannot
possibly meet with success. The operators
do not consider a strike in progress and
maintain indifference as to the outcome.
ADJOURN TO MEET AGAIN.
Miners Attack the Illinois Operators
the Northwestern Kailway.
ISFECIAI. TELEOKAM TO THE DISPATCH.l
Indianapolis, February 7. The Na
tional Progressive Miners, composed of coal
miners aud operators, after three days of
wrangling? adjourned to-day without agree
ing upon a new scale of wages. Another
meeting will be held at Columbus on the
second Monday in March. Resolutions
were passed charging the Northwestern
Bailway with discriminatipi in rates in
favor ot Illinois mine operators, and con
demning Judge Cooley for rendering a de
cision favorable to them. The Illinois coal
fields were characterized as "the common
enemy of everybody engaged in the coal
mining business." The Secretary was or
dered to send copies ot the resolutions to
every member of the United States Senate.
As there is misapprehension in some
quarters concerning the base of scale
adopted in committee last nicht, it is here
repeated: Hockint: Valley, CO cents; Pitts
burg, 69; Beynoldsville, Go; Indiana block,
80; Indiana bituminous, 63.
A Tug and Three Men Lost.
(SPECIAL. TILXGItAM TO THE DISPATCH.l
Erie, February 7. A few days ago John
Peterson bought the steam fish tug Maggie
Mitchell, and started for Ashtabula. The
weather since then has been terrific and a3
the craft has not reached Ashtabula, it is
believed that she is lost with her crew of
three men. No tidings have been received
from her at Ashtabula.
The Counties of Berks, Lehigh
and Northampton Will
Make a Vigorous
WAR AGAINST PROHIBITION.
Farmers Fear Increased Taxation if.
the Amendment Passes.
PITTSBURG PATEHESTS AND BEEE.
Three Wet Counties 'Large Malorltles
Against Prohibition Beadlns; Conncll
mea as Beer Consumers Inspecting
Pavements and Breweries Tho Thrifty
.Pennsylvania Dutch Opposed to Sump
tuary Legislation Vnlne of Berks'
Liquor Interests Liquor Men Organi
zingThey Favor the Brooks' Law
Farmers Want Lower Taxes Prohi
bitionists Few and Weak.
The three counties of Berks, Lehigh and
Northampton are aiming to roll up the
tremendous majority of between 15,000 and
20,000 against Constitutional amendment.
Berks alone will give two-thirds of that.
Our special commissioner finds that the
farmers in Northeastern Pennsylvania are
afraid of heavier taxes if the amendment is
adopted. Thus far The Dispatch's can
vass of counties shows the following result:
$ 3 ?
7 O O
Counties. g, o
3 " 2.
s- P 3
In favor of
In favor of
In favor of
in favor or
In favor of
In favor of
In favor of
In favor of
In favor of
In favor ot
In favor of
In favor of
Acgrejpite of votes for Harrison. Cleveland
and i isk.
FROM OUS SPECIAL COMMISSIONER.
Beading, February 7. About the most
innocent remark people in this city make
in regard to Constitutional amendment ia
that "it is a non-partisan fight." They then
proceed to prove it Lancaster county, a
Eepublican stronghold, will probably give
as high ai-d,000"inajo"rityagainst probiSf."
tion. Berks sees this and goes Lancaster'
three better. The Democratic majority in
Berks' is abont 9,000, and if Republican
Lancaster will vote for whisky and have so
many votes to spare, Berks concludes she
must not allow her reputation to be tarnished
by such rivalry, and immediately gives
notice to the balance of the State that her
majority for apple-jack and beer will be
between 12,000 and 15,000. That is what
she says in her enthusiasm. Perhaps 10,000
will be nearer the mark.
A BEERY LEGEND.
The City Councils of Reading visited
Pittsburg four or five years ago to inspect the
fire department. A tabulated statement was
printed a few days later in one of the Pitts
burg papers giving the amount of beer they
consumed in 48 hours. It was simply mar
velous. So mutual was the attraction of
Pittsburg beer for the Reading Councilmen,
and theReadingCouncilmen for the Pittsburg
beer, that not more than a year had passed
when the brewers in Lawrenceville, seeing
that something must be done to keep up
trade, sent a beautiful parchment invitation
to the City Conncils of Reading asking them
to come to Pittsburg to inspect the Ligonier
An ordinance was at once railroaded
through Reading Councils for a Ligonier
pavement on one of the alleys here, and
Councils authorized to not only go to Pitts
burg but clear to the Ligonier quarries, if
necessary, to make sure there was such a
stone. The Allegheny county beer trade
was perceptibly improved, but that Reading
alley was never paved.
MORS OF THE DUTCH.
Having heard this legend in Pittsburg, I
scarcely thought it worth while to waste
time hunting for Prohibitionists in Reading.
And as the agricultural section of the
county is populated by the Pennsylvania
Dutch almost exclusively it was equally ab
surd to expect to find any among them.
These Dutch people and their more Ameri
can descendants are a thrifty people with a
They are principally Lutherans and Re
formed Church communicants. They seldom
drink to excess,but they would no more think
of keeping house without a keg of beer on
tap, or a barrel of whisky in the cellar,
than they would of denying their nationali
ty. It's in them. "Shall the law say whatl
must eat and drink?" they ask. The major
ity of them, being Democrats, have tradi
tional arguments at hand to bolster up this
argument against sumptuary legislation.
There is an entire absence of activity among
their clergy for the advancement of the
amendment, and if their prayers at church
do hot touch upon the subject, their votes
will in June, and their influence long be
fore that time will have an effect,
MONEY IN LIQUOR.
Berks county defeated local option in 1873
by 0,514 majority. There was at that time
not one-half the vote there is now, and with
the increase of population the appetite for
beverages seems to have increased. The
iron furnaces, which form a big part of the
county's industries, have but a small per
centage of the grosser foreign element, but
the laborers are decidedly more liberal on
the question of liquor (aud in their use of
it, too,),than the vulcans of "Western Penn
sylvania. Then the population of Berks
was not much over 100,000. Now it is
about 150,000. Reading has now 04,600
population, and then it had scarcely 38,000.
Although fhe courts cut down the num
ber of saloons here under the Brooks law,
the liquor investment is still very heavy.
There are in the city six or seven costly
brewery plants. The friends of liquor have
caused to be published this estimate of what
Reading alone will suffer if the amendment '
Continued of. SizthSPage.