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THE PITTSBURG DISPATCH, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 14, 1889.
NOT EVEN II SMOKE
Do the Ducats in Pittsburg's
Modern Fuel Yanisli.
THE GOLD GOES UP IN GAS,
And One Finn's Annual Bill There
for is $450,000.
A CHECKMATE ON MIGHTY WASTE.
EebuiK Furnaces and a Meter Work Won
ders in Fuel Finance.
ESTIMATES BASED ON COST OF COAL
In connection with the recent shutting
down of the Vesuvius mill, throwing 450
men out of work, it is stated that the fuel
dispute which brought about that crisis was
more serious than the general public dreamed
of. Mr. John Moorhead, proprietor of the
mill, is said to have paid the Philadelphia
company last year, for natural gas fuel for
the entire works, $43,000. That is at least
an impressive sum for one mill to pay. But
the statement made in the same connection,
that the gas company proposed to raise the
rates to an equivalent of $80,000 a year, is
enough to explain the shut-down and the
projected revolution embraced in adopting
fuel gas instead of natural throughout the
The item of fuel for the great iron and
steel mills of even the Pittsburg region
(where fuel is as cheap and as plentiful as
anywhere else in the world) entails an enor
mous outlay. The recital -of a few facts
bearing upon tnis point will, therefore,
prove seasonable and interesting, as there
is even yet quite a controversy between
manufacturers and gas companies as to the
terms for fuel in the mills for the ensuing
When gas was first introduced in the
TJnion mill of Carnegie Bros. & Co., at
Thirty-third street, in November, 1884, that
firm immediately went to work and rebuilt
all its furnaces, at a cost of $500 to every
furnace, but this all the other manufactur
ers, excepting one firm, refused to do. The
only change made in most of the mills was
so small that a bricklayer could change
half a dozen furnaces in one day with a very
small amount of brick.
A CLEVER SCHEME.
The gas people, after seeing that the fur
races were not to be changed, went to work
and put up a gas meter in a number of
mills, making the Thirty-third street estab
lishment a sample ot the cheapest and least
use of gas to a ton of iron; and it -was sot
long until the gas company found out that
the consumption of gas in a furnace in this
mill was from 4,000 to 7,000 cubic feet less
in 24 hours than in others. That fact
started the ball rolling on the high rates.
The fuel used to make a net ton of iron by
the puddling process is nearly double as
much as for a ton of steel. The rates on
gas now are such that, in some iron mills,
it is a dollar a ton more than coal, includ-ing-the
handling and removing the ashes.
That makes it about $5 to a ton on iron, and
from 83 to SI tor a net ton of steel. That
includes the use of gas for all kinds of fur
naces and boilers.
Based as they are upon the above condi
tions and upon the recently-known coal
consumption of various mills named, the
following estimates of cost for gas in some
of Pittsburg s mills will prove interesting,
though not computed upon the secret con
tracts, which may vary widely:
SOME EOUGH ESTIMATES.
The leading consumer has been the Ameri
can Iron Works of Jones & Laughlins, 20,000
bushels a day, or S550.O00 for gas per year;
Oliver Bros. Phillips, 20,000 bushels a day,
K-50,000 for gas yearly; Painter fc Sons, 14,000,
$150,000; the Republic Iron Works, 5,000,
illOOO; the Keystone Mill, 35,000, 5S5.000;
tlie Soho Mill, 6,600, S75,C0D; Star
Iron Works of Lindsay fc McCutcheon,
6,000, SI 00,000; Sable Iron Works of Zug & Co.,
5,000. 60.000: Sligo mill of Phillips, Xiuiick fc
Co- 3,800, $67,000; Shoenberger fc Co.'s Iron and
Steel Works, 6,000, 1125.000; Solar mill of Will
lam Clark fc Co 3,000, $60,000; Anchor nail and
tack mill or Cue's, Cook & Co., 2.G00. $53,000;
Kensington mill of Lloyd Sons fc Co. (which is
at present the smallest). 2,500. 545,000; Black
Diamond Steel 31111 of Park Bros. fc Co., 8.000,
jmooO; steel mill of Howe, Broun & Co.. 6,000,
56,000; Wavne Iron and Steel Mill of
Brown fc Co., 3,500 $65,000; Vesuvius mill
'of Moorhead, Bro. t Co., 4,000 (new rate),
50,000: iron and pipe works of A. M. Byers &
Co., 6.000, $70,000; Linden Steel Mill, 3,500, $60,
000; bpang Steel and Iron Company, 2,000, $75,
000: the two mills of Carnegie Bros. fc Co., in
this city together. 12,000. $450,000; Singer,
Nimick & Co., 3,000, $60,000: Pittsburg Force
andiron Works, at Wood's Run, 7.000, $100,000;
Pennsylvania Tube Works 1500, $125,000;
Pittsburg Tube Works, 2,500. $50,000; LaBelle
Steel Mill. 2,000, $40,000; Crescent Steel Mill,
4.00(1 $60,000; Glendon Spiko Works, 3,000,
That makes a total of 161.500 bnsbels of coal,
or the equivalent, to tile gas companies in one
vcar of S3.261.000.
The 'next largest consumers are the -class I
manufacturers. There are 50 window and 40 j
consume just 20,000 bushels a day. These were
charged $600 a day for cas. making it, for COO
das, $180.0110, but thchr have now, it is Raid, been
raised to $270,000 a year.
TRYING COAL AND HOT AIR.
A second process is now in progress at the
Vesuvius Mill at Sharpsburg. Mr. John
Moorhead, sole owner of the plant, is deter
mined to lessen the cost of iuel, and if pos
sible dispense with the use of natural gas.
The present experiment in puddling is to
use coal, or coal slack, with a nitrogen gas,
or hot air. Success seems to be probable, if
sot altogether assured, or the company
-would not make the necessary changes for
its future adaptation.
Sipce the 1st of February the mill has
been idle for repairs, but a" week before it
-was closed a furnace was tried on the new
svstein, and since that eight more have been
changed. A number of peddlers were seen
bv a representative of THE DISPATCH
about it, and all seemed to be well enough
satisfied, but thought it too soon to pass an
By the new process the nitrogen, or con
densed hot air, is conveyed in a small pipe
from the boilers. The plant has 28 single
puddling furnaces, and li all of these are to
be changed in all probability it will be nec
essary to erect a.battery of boilers to furnish
the steam. So far. it has been discovered
that with 8 bushels of slack, ten heats, or
,000 pounds of muck iron, can be made.
At 2 cents per bushel, delivered, it would
cost Si 16, or a difference of over $4 on gas.
Some time ago it was stated in The DIS
PATCH that two double puddling fnrnaces
and a beating furnace were built last sum
mer for coal gas, which now gives the
utmost satisfaction. Ir coal gas shall be tbe
future fuel, the'expenses will be very great,
as a double puddling, or heating iurnace,
ranno; be built for less than SI, 000. The
most important part about' such lumaces is
the subterranean flue, hut on the slack and
hot air plan, there is no change necessary
excepting as stated above.
Insurance Men Organize.
ABoard'of Insurance Underwriters was
formed at McKeesport yesterday to act in
conjunction with the County Board. A.
B. Campbell was elected President, and E.
PLANS FOR LITTLE OSES.
Instructive Talks at the Snbbnth School
Iuatltute Pertinent Queries Plainly
The session of the Sabbath School Insti
tute of the Allegheny .Presbytery was re
sumed at 2:30 yesterday afternoon with
Key. A. M. Campbell in the chair.
Bev. B. T.' Vincent, D. T., continued his
interesting talk on "What We Find in the
Bible." He began at the beginning, 4004
years B. C, and traced on down to the first
innocence ot man, the fall, the flood and the
deliverance, the confusion of tongues and
the dispersion of people, the covenant
with Abraham, the coming of Christ and
His beautiful teaching, His sacrifice, and
His final victory. In speaking or tbe peo
ple of Judah, Dr. Vincent scored the
churches of the present day very severely
for relying on fairs and entertainments for
money to support their churches.
He then answered many interesting
queries in regard to Sabbath school work.
"Should Devotional Exercises be Long?"
was the first, and he said they most certain
ly should be as short as possible. The school
is a place for study, and the church for de
votion. When he was a boy he sat at the
table of a man who said -grace always, and
he baid it so long he was almost starved be
fore the amen.
As to giving prizes for the committing of
verses to memory, hejthough one may as
well offer a man a bun and a cup of coffee
for doing a thing that would be for his own
good. He answered the question of the
proper management of a factional school by
a saying, "A house divided against itself
cannot stand." In conclusion he advised
that parents be interested, and circulating
libraries established if possible.
As Mrs. W. F. Crafts was absent, owing
to sickness, her paper on "Practical Flans
in the Primary Class," was read by Bev.
W. F. Crafts. Tt defined the relation of the
primary class with the main school, and
"as the Sabbath school is the garden of the
church, so the primary classes are the plants
in the garden.
The session the closed by the reading of a
paper bv the Bev. J. W. Witherspoon on
"Christ's Method of Teaching Human
Hearts." He said Christ was the perfect
man and His methods were peculiar to
Himself. He referred repeatedly to tbe
Scriptures, as showing the manner and
At to-night's session Eev. ,W. F. Crafts
will read a paper on the "Outlook for the
Sabbath." The paper will be a broad one,
and of general interest, and workingmen are
especially requested to attend. The reverend
gentleman is the author of the bill now be
fore Congress in regard to Sabbath observ
ance. In the evening Prof. John Mc"Saugher
presided over a well attended meeting in
the lecture room, Bev. B. T. Vincent giving
some valuable hints on the subject of quar
terly reviewing. At 7:30 the main meeting
was opened by a special prayer for the Sab
bath schools, which was followed by the
Bev. W. T. Crafts, who took his sick wife's
place, in an address on "Spiritual Results
in the Primary Class" the Reverend dwell
ing forcibly on the failure of teachers and
parents to make sufficient allowance for the
intelligence of children. A collection to
defray the expenses of the institute was
then taken alter a request by Mrs. J. J.
Porter, who stated that $400 was needed.
Dr. Crafts followed with an address on
"Beading the Bible with a Belish." which
was pithy and'practical. The meeting then
adjourned until 9:30 this morning.
THE SMALL PIPES.
They Are Said to Have Been the Cause of
Yesterday's Shortage of Gas.
A shortage of natural gas was again very
perceptible yesterday. There was not
much complaint made in"Pittsburg, outside
of the hill district, where the people were
subjected to a few hours of frigid tempera
ture, even around the gas stoves. In Alle
gheny, however, especially in the lower dis
tricts, as also at Chartiers and McKee's
Bocks, gas was conspicuously absent every
where. An official of the Philadelphia Com
pany, by way of explaining the matter,
The lack of fuel in Chartiers and lower Alle
gheny cannot be laid at our door. These
places arc furnished with their fuel by the Low
Pressure Company and the Allegheny Heating
Company. It is true that they rent their gas
from us. But I know that we have just as
high a pressnre of gas now as we have had all
this winter. The shortage among those con
sumers is attributable to tbe small pipes that
are still used by those companies. It is im
possible to have as much gas go through an
8 inch pipe as through a 12-inch pipe.
For that reason some people on tbe hill are
also short to-day, because there lie still have
small pipes. But as soon as the spring comes
ne are going to lay larger pipes in all thpse
CANONSBDKG'S KtCENT BO.
The Acndcmy Board of Directors Set Forth
Why They Barred Kov. J. 31. Smith.
The Board of Directors of the Canonsburg
Academy at its meeting this week issued
an open letter to the public, setting forth
fully the reasons that led to the removal of
Bev. J. M. Smith from the Academy
Chapel. The board set out that they have
had a standing rule forbidding any occu
pancy of the building that may interfere
with the welfare of the academy.
The letter also expresses the hope that
never again will the legal existence of the
board be attacked in an irregular way by
any minister of the gospel of any church,
much less of the one worshiping in their own
chapel, and intimates that if any fault ex
ists the law courts are open for the purpose
of correcting abuses, and they do equal and
exact justice to all concerned.
A Number of Streets to be Opened in tho
The Board of Viewers yesterday held pre
liminary views on the opening of Dithridge
street from Fifth avenue to Center; Cope
land street from Ellsworth Jo Walnut
street; Formosa alley, Kelly street, Fleury
alley, Bennett street, Felicia alley, Ecru
alley, Zenith alley, Murtland street, Claw
son 'street, Sterritt street, Collier street,
Frankstown avenne from Fifth avenue to
city line; Larimer avenue from Station
street to Frankstown avenue; Bural street
and Black street; also the grading, paving
and curbing of Boston street and Mawhin
TAKING A IE5T.
Agents of Western Roads Ilnvo Plenty of
Time for Pleasure.
Both the express and freight agents have
completed their arduous labors of making
the new tariffs on the basis of the old rates.
But having made the rates, they now
haven't any business to ship. The princi
ple of quick sales and low profits has been
ignored with disastrous results.
The agents report that they never saw
business so dull. There is very little iron,
glass or steel going west. They hope there
will soon be a boom, but the chances seem
It Was Too Much for Him.
Martin Einer, a Polish laborer in the
Black Diamond Steel Works, and residing
in the Thirtieth ward, was severely injured
yesterday while tring to lift a heavy piece
V. OUCK ..VU. Ub OC.UA UUbU.U .lib tlUJjUl,
sustaining a fracture of the thigh, and was
taken to the west enu Hospital.
The 'Squire Goes Lobbying.
'Squire Ammcs, the General Manager of
the Merchants and Manufacturers' In
surance Company, left for Harrisbnrg yes
terday in the interest of the Pittsburg Fire
Underwriters' Association, who are anxious
to prove to the Legislature the disadvantages
of passing the valued policy MIL
AN EXTINCT OFFICE.
A Cry for the Ee-Creation of the Old
and Honest Institution of
WEIGHT AKD MEASURE SEALER.
How- Consumers are Cheated Even
haps by Honest Sellers.
MOLASSES AND EGGS BY THE POUND.
There are several things that Americans
do not like. A considerable number are
averse to paying taxes, and will dodge the
assessor every time, even to the hazard of
losing their votes. They don't like any
thing inquisitorial in its nature, and for
this reason probably more than for any oth
er, some of them did not mourn the official
demise of several score of inspectors, or seal
ers of weights and measures, some five years
At the same time, there are eases in which
honest men will have their scru
ples, and submit to inspection. For
instance, when a pickpocket in a
crowded room plies his trade and a
proposition is made to bolt the doors and
have the entire crowd searched, every honest
man votes "Aye," for he likes to be vindi
cated, and believes that no guilty -wretch
When the aforesaid citizens are buying
goods, also, they like to have yardsticks 36
inches long, and measures of all kinds of the
full, legal size, and scales or 'balances hon
estly adjusted. la fret, when the boot is on
this foot, a deceitful balance is as much of
an abomination to them as to the Lord.
SOMETHING RADICALLY WKONG.
For this reason there is a growing desire
on the part of some to have the Legislature
revive the office of Sealer of Weights and
Measures, as it is said there are enough
crooked dealers in the State to seriously dis
organize that feeling of confidence one would
like to have in his drygoods man, butcher,
batter, grocer, etc.
One man states that ho is persuaded there
are people who, to draw custom, advertise
by various means to sell certain things for
less than a profitable price and then adjust
scales so that 14 ounces do duty for a pound,
making the offer a delusion.
Considerations of this character cause the
proposition to re-create the office, and it is
alleged that had it not become a haven for
some political workers, who did not always
perform their duty, it would be in existence
to-day. It is said.tbatwhile some inspectors
would attend closely to their duties while
scales and measures were within easy reach.
they did not trouble themselves overly much
when they happened to be several miles out
of the usual track, and "though a man in
the outskirts of the county might be honest,
he might be careless, or thoughtless, and if
he were dishonest he would not press the in
spector to make a visit, and as the fee for
traveling several miles was no greater than
tor the same number of rods, inducement to
fravel was lacking.
It has been suggested that if the office is
restored it should be a salaried one (though
to this proposition there are objections), and
care taken to select men who would do their
duty. The argument in favor of this plan
is that all people are equally interested. It
may be of more importancS to some than to
others, but if there be a difference it is in
favor of the poor, as they are less able to
bear their loss from short weight. It is said
there is a strong desire among coal miners
for the restoration of the office.
Mr. Philip Beymer is an ardent advocate
of restoration, and he gives some sound reai
sons for lfii advocacy, arising not only out
of the exigencies of his own business, but
that of others.
HONESTY IS INSURED.
He states that an official inspection not
only contributes to honesty, but saves much
time and trouble to people in business who
must now depend on scale makerj or their
agents to keep scales in order. "Very fre
quently a man cheats himselt by having his
scales -work against him, and a man that is
dishonest has the constant temptation to do
evil, as there would be trouble to punish
him for rascality, were he caught, as he can
plead ignorance with safety.
Then as to measures, the same trouble
arises, and it is perhaps a more crying
wrong than the possibilities of rascality in
weight, as more or less sleight can be at
tained in measuring in dry measures. Mr.
Beymer suggests that with just balances
much more satisfaction could be secured by
selling everything by weight For instance,
if a person is buying eggs, and
has the power to select them" he
is tempted to pick out the largest,
as they cost no more than the smallest, and
the next purchaser suffers. Again, the great
er the hog, the greater would be the in
justice.providing the porker got first choice.
Those who have bought molasses when the
temperature is at zero, know how ad
vantangeons the cold is to a thrifty dealer,
when a large portion of the contents of a
measure adheres to it. Were such fluids
sold by weight, the buyer would get what
he paid for. The discussion that has been
going on for a considerable time in favor of
the adoption of the cental system shows
that the business public is largely coming
to favor the weighing project.
Prolonged consideration widens the vista
immensely, showing that even in a repub
lic, much that appears inquisitorial and
vexatiously meddling, must be submitted to
for the general weal, and that much espion
age, which is resented as savoring of des
potic interference, or paternal old-fogyism,
is really the result of legislative -wisdom
deduced from wide generalization and ex
For instance, under the present lax sys
tem, babies and sick people may be, and
doubtless are, often starved to death by dis
honest milk dealers, 'a doctor prescribing
the amount of nourishment necessary, and
the supposed nourishment furnished being
25 or 50 per cent water. Medicines fail ot
effect and sick people die because dishonest
manufacturers do not make drugs of adver
tised strength. Even barrel house topers
are entitled to pure whisky, though their
death from coffin varnish may not be a great
loss to the community. In the first two
cases mentioned, he is certainly a very
jealous and ignorant Democrat, who would
object to honest governmental inquisition.
Suoh an objector should certainly be put to
the test oy au intelligence qualification De
fore being allowed to vote.
An idea of the petty extortions possible
to practice, and really extensively prac
ticed, may be gained by consideration of
some suggestions made by Mr. William
Paul, the last man who filled the office in
this county. For instance, thousands of
people daily buy beans, peas and various
other vegetables which are measured to
them in liquid instead of dry measures. By
this means the seller gains and the buyer
loses about 20 per cent, even it the measure
be of correct size and properly filled. A
person agrees to sell another ten bushels of
potatoes, apples or tomatoes, or some other
vegetable, and in performance delivers ten
baskets which hold about three pecks each,
a 25 per cent deviation. Cases have been
known which, when tbe sellers were brought
to book, they defended by saying they con
tracted to deliver so many baskets and not
bushels, and in the absence of outside testi
mony it become a mere" question of veracity,
and there have been jurors serving in our
courts of, late vears wiio were not adapts in
.the use of Ithuriel's spear.
8TAMTED MEASURES ADVOCATED.
In this connection, it has been suggested
that -as wooden measures, honestly made,
have been cut down by dealers, they might
be required to be made as glasses for grad
uating medicine doses marked so that the
change could be detected by any "buyer.
They could not then bei tampered, with in
security. ' i "
Mr. Paul states that it was the abuse of
the office bv some dishonest officials that in
duced the Legislature to'abolish it, at Gov
ernor Pattison's suggestion. The immediate
cause seems to have been a personal matter
.between the Governor and the two sealers
of Philadelphia. They had fought his can
didacy, and, failing to defeat him, set to
work to deprive their successors of revenue,
by furnishing seals, etc., in advance,
knowing that Pattison would decap
itate them, and their- action con
tributed to the abolition of the office.
Mr. Paul did not seem to thins: the pros
pects of re-enactment were particularly
rosy, as the matter bad been agitated-two
years ago, but was allowed to fall through
because not pushed by the business inter
ests and on'account of the apathy of con
sumers. He states that he has been asked
to interest himself, but has refrained from
doing so, as he believed his advocacy might
be imputed to interested motives. It has
been suggested that as some traders kick
against the fee system of remuneration, the
burden of which falls on them alone, that
it might be well to make the office a sala
ried one, and put the burden on the entire
community, being most interested, but Mr.
Paul files the objection that if the incum
bent were not conscientious he would not
exert himself to sec that justice were done.
Mr. E. F. Houston states that consumers
are cheated in measure, even where dealers
are honest, and cites a case where the
refining company with which he was con
nected contracted to furnish the Govern
ment 40,000 gallons of refined petroleum in
cases. The Government had the cases
measured and deducted a considerable sum
from the price agreed upon. The ordinary
purchaser, who has not Governmental
facilities formeasuring, is defrauded in such
cases, though the seller Tie perfectly honest.
THEY BORE INSPECTION.
For the purpose of testing the matter a
Dispatch reporter bought a number-'of
yessels, both ot dry and liquid measure, in
various places, and had them tested by Mr.
J. C. Mercer, Superintendent of the Court
House. They proved to be as near right as
possible, to ascertain from tests made by the
county machinery, so that in general in'this
respect it -would appear that skulldogjery
must be looted lor elsewhere.
As it has been stated that the iron manu
facturers were opposed to re-creation of the
office, a call was made at Painter & Sons.
They stated that they knew nothing of the
matter, and rather intimated that they
didn't care whether there was or was not
such an officer. One of the Messrs. Lanh
lin, of the firm of Jones & Laughlins, on
the other hand, was quite outspoken. He
said he saw no necessity for the office unless
it were lor the purpose ot creating places
for some people. He stated that so far as
his company was concerned it could not
afford to allow its scales to get out of order,
either for buying or selling purposes, as in
the latter especially reputation was worth
more than the value of a large number of
pounds of iron, and he didn't consider it
any burden to keep the scales in proper
trim, and less expensive than to pay an
officer for doing it.
This reasoning might not apply, however,
to the case of peripatetic dealers who go
around the country gathering up "ya-a-gs,
old iron and papeh," as some of them have
been known to deal with housewives at the
back door, much after the same fashion as
did the Knickerbockers, with the Indians
when buying furs in the days of the Dutch
Governors of "Sew York (vide Washington
Irving), only that the rag peddlers reverse
the Dutch traders' nethod.
THAT NEW STREET BILL.
Controller Morrow and Mr. Ford Return
Controller E. S. Morrow returned from
Harrisburg yesterday, where he has been en
gaged in booming the new street bill. Mr.
Morrow says the' bill will pass, and he is
glad of it, especially as it was drawn up by
Major Moreland and himself.
Chief E. M. Bigelow favors the bill with
the exception of the clause that vacates lo
cated streets not opened within six mouths.
Delinquent Tax Collector Ford, who accom
panied the Controller on his Harrisburg
trip, thinks the, bill will pass. Mr: Ford
will soon be Grand Master Workman ofthe
A. O. TJ. W., and says the bill to prevent
secretbeneficial societies from doing bus
iness in the State will be amended so as to
not include societies conducted on lodge
principles and pay death benefits.
THE NICARAGUAN CANAL.
It Will bo Token Apart and Shipped to New
, Orleans To-Marrow.
To-day will be the last day of the exhibi
tion of ths Nicaraguan Canal at the rooms
of the Chamber of Commerce. As a result
of the exhibition it is expected that several
thousand dollars worth of stock in the com
pany will be subscribed for.
The model has been on exhibition one
week, and during that time it has been
viewed by thousands of people. They were
not only the capitalists and business men,
but mechanics as well.
Last evening a special exhibition was
given to a large number of ladies and gen
tlemen. The workings of the scheme were
explained by Lieutenant Harlow, of the
United States Navy.
A DEAD SWINDLE.
A Young Dion Tries to Work the Undertak
ers of Manchester.
A young man who gave his name as Sar
ver tried to extort money from the under
takers of Manchester yesterday. He first
visited Taggart's and Fairnian's and said he
was a keeper at the Dixmont Insane Asy
lum. He said there was a body there for
burial, and if the firm would give him a
commission they could have the job. When
Mr. Taggart went to the telephone theyoung
He then went to .Lowry's and told the
same story. Mr. Lowry sent his wagon to
Dixmont, but there was no corpse there.
A 'Campflre To-Nlght.
The delegates to the Grand Army 'En
campment at Erie will arrive this morning
and will bring with them some prominent
members ofthe order. Among them will be
Department Commander Stewart, and the
members of Post 128, who are holding a
charitv fair at the Coliseum, have ar
ranged for a campfire to be held this even
ing, at which the distinguished members
will be present.
The Historical Society will meet in the
Court House this afternoon. Eev. James
Allison will read a paperon the early his
tory of Sewickley and neighborhood,-Mr.
and the "Dunkard Settlement in the Valley
of the Monongahela;" E. F. Acheson, on
the "Globe Inn, Washington."
AMeftbcny's Now Enclno Honse.
The Spring Garden engine house in Alle
gheny has been completed and accepted by
the Fire Committee. It cost $7,500 and
51,000 will be expended "in furnishing it.
Thenew company will be supplied with an
engine and a hose carriage and six men will
be employed. Chief Crow has received
fully 200 applications for the positions.
Hardly Enough Money.
N. E. Dorente, a Pittsburg newspaper
man, has been offered the position of official
stenographer to the Supreme Court of
Idaho, located at Boise City. The place is
worth only 52,500 a year.
The Festive Grip Car.
An unknown man was struck and knocked
down by a Fifth avenue cable car on the
corner of Market street yesterday. He was
injured about the legs," but managed to
Seventh Ward Democrats.
At the meeting of the Democrats of the
Seventh ward last night the following nom
inations were made: Select Council, Bobert
Morrow; school director, Peter Duffy: con
stable, P. J. Clair.
Ha Says That Pittsburg Will Not be
Injured at AH by the South
IB THE JIANUFACT0RE0F PIG IRON.
Steel Kails Will be Made Here When no
Other Hill Can Make Them.
NATURAL GAS HAT TET BE EXHAUSTED
Mr. Andrew Carnegie, the iron and steel
magnate, and the busiest man in Pittsburg
to-day, consented to answer a few questions
propounded byaDlsPATCH reporter yester
day. His replies will be of interest to every
person connected with the industries of this
section. The questions and answers are
"How will the Southern Pig Iron Trustaffect
"Not at all. The Pig Iron Trust is only an
attempt of speculators to obtain other chips to
gamble with. No Pittsburg manufacturer
visits the pawnbroker, and that is what the
trust will have to do if they ever start."
"Is it true that you propose to erect blast
furnaces in the South?"
"It is not true tht we intend to erect any
thing except in tHe good old city of Pittsburg.
We are here, and propose to fight it out on this
A VERY BAD OUTLOOK.
"What is the outlook for steel rails this year,
and how do tbe orders for rails compare with
tbe orders of a year ago?"
"Bad. Bad, indeed. Only 4 mills running
to-day out of 13, and bnt one of these has or
ders of any account ahead, and that mill is the
Edgar Thomson. Our sliding scale agreement
is as perfect an arrangement as was ever made.
Capital and labor aro standing together, and
both are happy. When the Edgar Thomson
works does not make 1,000 tons of rails per day
It will be because there are no rails to make."
"Will a strike of the Mahonirg Valley fur
nace men affect Pittsburg trade?"
"I don't think a serious strike will occur, but
don't know anything about the Mahoning Val
ley." "Will tbe manufactured gas used in the
North Chicago 'rolling mill place it on the same
footing in regard to cheap fuel as Pittsburg?"
"I am told by tbe Chicago people that the nse
of manufactured gas as fuel is a wonderful
success and has reduced the cost of production
SOUTHERN RUSH AND REACTION.
"What is your impression of the Southern
"I was surprised at the excellence of the
furnace plants, coke works and coal and ore
mines that I saw there. The Southern people
hare profited by our experience and, instead of
working up to the modern plants, have ob
tained them all at once by copying those of this
district. Development has been rushed 'too
fast, and, no doubt, considerable reaction is to
take place, but this is only tbe froth on a wave
of solid wealth. The manufacture of pig iron
about Birmingham, Ala., has come to stay.
Pittsburg, however, has nothing to fear from
Alabama. The matter which concerns Pitts
burg most just now is that our natural gas is
not going to last as long as we would wish it,"
A PLAN ADOPTED
That May Bring About an Advnnee In Coke
The Executive Board of Subdivision 4,
N. T. A. 135, K. of L., met at Scottdale
yesterday afternoon, and transacted some
The meeting was a secret one, but it was
learned that Peter Wise had been placed in
the position permanently as an organizer.
A telegram was received stating that Bobert
Watchorn, the National Secretary, would
be in the region to-day and remain several
After several hours of consultation a plan
was adopted, which, it is' believed, will
bring about an advance in wages or a fair
sliding scale. The plan decided upon was
not given for publication. It is believed,
however, as a member of the board stated,
that something will drop ere long.
The board recommended that all bodies of
organized labor give their party support to
the locked out men at the Stewart Iron
Works, near Uniontown. The Knights of
Labor meeting at Scottdale on Saturday
will likely be a large one.
ONLY EIGHT HOURS' WORK.
President Gomper?, of the American Federa
tion, Issues a Manifesto.
President Gompers, ofthe American Fed
eration of Trades, has issned his calls for
mass meetings on the eight-hour question.
Four meetings will be held, and they will
be held in every big city in the countrj at
the same time. Secretary Dillon, of the
American Flints, and Secretary Martin, of
the Amalgamated Association, compose the
committee appointed to arrange for the
meetings in this city.
The first one will'be held on February 22,
the second July 4. the third on Labor Day
in September, and the fourth on Washing
ton's Birthday, 1890. No hall has yet been
engaged, but will be in the next few days.
Prominent speakers will be engaged and
some interesting addresses on a reduction in
working hours will be delivered. The lead
ers in the movement propose that eight
hours shall constitute a day s work in every
I industry after May 1, 1890.
COMBINING WITH THE CAMBRIA.
Largo Cold Die Steel Works to be Erected
in Beaver Falls.
The following telegram from Beaver Falls
tells of an entirely new venture there:
W: A. McCool, who has several patents on
cold die steel shafting, has formed a partner
ship with the Cambria Iron Company, of
Johnstown, for the purpose of manufacturing
shafting on a large scale. Gronnd has been
purchased here on tbe site of tbeold car works,
and one of tbe largest factories in tbe city will
be erected at once.
Tbe works will be rnn by water power, which
will be transferred from a wbeelhousc on the
race by means of an underground cable. The
Mansion Honse, the oldest building in town,
will also be removed to make room for the new
enterprise. The works will also manufacture
other specialties, thus employing a large num
ber of hands.
The men in tbe nine-inch mill at tbe works of
Carnegie, Phipps '& Co.. struck to-day on ac
count of the management refusing to pay tbe
same wages paid in similar mills in the same
A Lively Rhnsc.
B. F. Otto, a storekeeper, charges Albert
Price with larceny and false pretense. He
mej; Price yesterday and collared him, but
the latter broke away and ran. He got into
a back yard near where Lieutenant Duncan
lives, when the officer captured him.
Foot and Hand Crushed.
Samuel Price, an employe of the National
Boiling Mill at McKeesport, had his hand
crushed yesterday by a hammer.
A heavy piec"e of iron also fell on Thomas
Cullen's foot in the 24-inch mill yesterday,
smashing it badly.
The Newsies' Home Gets 8250.
The proceeds of the Newsboys' Home
benefit, given by the Ladies' Mitten Club,
amount to $250. The club passed resolu
tions at yesterday's meeting thanking the
press and others for their kind Support in
tbe affair. '
. No Proof Against Him.
William Malone, who was arrested on
suspicion of being one of the men who made -the
murderous assault on Mr. St. Clair, of
Wilkinsburg, was released at Braddock last
night. There was nothing in the evidence to
Two Pigs of Lead Stolen.
John Meyers and George Deithorn were
committed to jail yesterday for being
charged with stealing-two pigs,of lead from
Macbeth 8s Co. 'a glasshouse on Carson
INFANT OF-A NEW LAW. .
Western Business Men Arouse the Interest
The Associated Wholesale Grocers, of St.
Louis, are humping themselves to have an
other national bankrupt law passed, and
have issued a call for a convention, repre
senting the commercial bodies of the United
States, to meet in St. Louis on the 28th
inst. to formulate a law to be presented to
the next Congress for enactment. Tbey
have also memorialized N. W. Sbafer,
Esq., of this city, ex-United States Begister
in Bankruptcy. Boards of trade and com
mercial bodies to the number of several
hundred have been specially invited, and
persons interested generally are asked to
put ineir auouiuers to tne wneei. -i.no peti
Commerce demands the enactment of a
national law to protect a national commerce
and promote confidence between citizens of the
same Government, and tbe protection of
honest men and tbe punishment of dishonest
men, irrespective of residence.
A large number of business men in this
city say their lives have been made miser
able by the uncertainties of trade, as a man
may stand A No. 1 on the books ofthe com
mercial agencies to-day, and to-morrow it
may be discovered that he has confessed
judgment, not only to his sisters, cousins
and aunts, but to all the rest of his rela
tions and his acquaintances, and an at
tempt to bring him to book generally ends
in the casting of good money after bad.
They say, also, that the cash system is im
practicable, and would still be so, even if
all laws for the collection of debt were
State Roynl Templars Hold a Convention
The Grand Council of theBoyal Templars
of Temperance of the State held an im
portant meeting at McKeesport yesterday.
They indorsed the Constitutional amend
ment, and decided to send a delegate to the
convention at Harrisburg.
The organ of the body is published in
Canada, and many of the members agreed
that it should b'e printed in the United
States, but they were afraid those in authori
ty would not take kindly to the change. The
balance of the time was spent in discussing
the new constitution. General officers will
be elected to-day.
Twenty-Sixth Ward Citizens and Thirtieth
At a meeting of citizens of the Twenty
sixth ward last night the following ward
ticket was nominated: Select Council,
George Kunkel; School Director, Henry
Bahe; Alderman, Joseph Johnston; Con
stable, John Mantz; Ward Assesssor, Frank
The Thirtieth ward Bepublicans nomi
nated the following ticket: Select Council,
Dr. J. P. McCord; School Directors, S. S.
Barker and William Barrett; Ward As
sessor, George W. Silk; Constable. Joseph
Representatives From MoantWashinston to
At a citizens' meeting last night, in the
Mount Washington M. E. Church, for the
purpose ot electing delegates to the Consti
tutional Amendment Convention, to be
held in Lafayette Hall, Friday; the follow
ing delegates were elected: Bev. Mr.
White, the Bev. B. S. Farrand, Daniel
Perry, W. T. Bown and C. H. Beach. An
drew Bryce was elected alternate.
Mrs. A. F. Bryce, Miss Bessie Hughes,
Mrs. Coffin and Mrs. W. W. Sawhill will
represent the W. C. T. U.
HE MAT PULL THROUGH.
An Alleged Dead Una Refuses to be Called
a Traction Corpse.
About 5 o'clock last evening a cable car
on the Citizens' line struck a man at Penn
avenue and Thirteenth street, and supposing
the man to be killed or badly injured the
officer on the beat sent a call for the patrol
When the supposed dead man saw the of
ficer approach he (the dead man) arose and
ran away so rapidly that the officer could
not catch him. It is thought he may pull
THAT SILYER BRICK.
The Souvenir Will be bold at Public Auction
Superintendent Follansbee, ofthe Cham
ber of Commerce, received a letter yester
day from W. W. Palmer, of the Colorado
Smelting Company, of Pueblo, to the effect
that the silver brick sent to this city was in
tended for Pittsburg and not Beading as it
had been marked. The wording on the brick
will be changed, and it will be sold at
auction on Monday next. The proceeds
will go to the Wood street disaster sufferers.
AGAIJiST THE TAX.
Commissioner McKec Thinks the Occnpn.
pntion Assessment is Wronf.
County Commissioner McKee did not vote
for the resolution reducing the occupation
tax from 2S5 classes to three, for the reason
that he thought it was not in accordance
with the law and was in direct conflict with
the advice of the County Solicitor. He
wants to see the occupation tax wiped out
by law and a poll tax substituted in its
Preparing for Sprlnc.
The Paperhangers' Association held their
regular meeting at Willowdale Hall on
Monday night, with President W. J. Pat
terson in the chair. The Committees on
Constitution and Price List made their final
report, which was adopted. The association
will be known as the Paperhangers and
Calsominers' Protective and Beneficial As
sociation of Pittsburg and Allegheny.
A Lively Political Fight.
Politics in Allegheny, and particularly in
the Second ward, are simply "red-hot."
Isaac Bigby, one of the candidates for Select
Council, has withdrawn, and the fight for
the seat in that branch will be exceedingly
lively. The remaining candidates are
Henry C. Lowe, G. C. Lightcap and George
The Toboggan Fire Escape.
The Gollings toboggan fire escape on the
Twenty-eighth ward schoolhouse has been
approved by the Fire Escape Board. The
directors of the school put it on the build
ing, but the principle was new and the
board insisted on vigorous tests, in which
the whole ward took part.
Sold Ont to Edison.
Bichard Dietrich, formerly of Pittsburg,
now of McKeesport, has sold the patent
right to his electric stove to the Edison com
pany for 5100,000. He will go to South
America and England to introduce it. No
batteries are used to generate the electricity,
and it is said to be a success.
. Chnrtlcrs Township Ticket.
The Bepublicans of the First district of
Chartiers township have nominated the
following ticket: Supervisors, A. Clinton
and George Meredith; School Directors, Wm.
Shenden and Newton Petrie; Assessor,
Galbraith Wilson; Tax Collector, James
New Did Not Go Through.
It was rumored at tbe Union Depot last
night that John C. New was on the limited
returning to Indianapolis. A diligent
search failed to reveal the whereabouts of
the affable gentleman. Mr. New makes it
a rule never to snub a repoiter.
NO FURTHER ADVANCES.
Tbe Railroads Will Leavo tbe Iron Rates
A short time ago the railroads put
iron into the fifth and sixth classes. This
was an advance of 24 cents per 100 pounds
over former rates. Iron up to this time
had been classed in a special tariff.
Not content with this advance the Eastern
roads have been seriously thinking of put
ting iron into the fourth and fifth classes.
The present rates are 15 and 17 cents. In
the new cassification the rates would be 20
cents in less than car lots and 17 in car
lots. The shippers did not object to the
first advance, but the roads soon found that
if the second one were made there.would be a
howl from Dan to Beersbeba.
Bather than face the storm the officials of
the Pennsylvania road announced yester
day that the iron rates for the present would
not be advanced.
"There is no reason." said a railroad man
yesterday, "why the iron rates should not be
pushed up. The iron manufacturers have
been favored for a long time at the expense
of the railroads. The annual reports show
that 63 per cent of the railroads in the
countrv did not pay dividends last year. Of
those that did yield a profit, 40 per cent did
not pay over 4 per cent on the money in
vested. The majority of these roads will
have to do something, or go into bankruptcy."
REAL ESTATE SAVINGS BANK, LKIL,
401 Smlthfleld Street, ear. Fourth Avenue.
Capital, 5100,000. Surplus, 538,000.
Deposits of 51 and upward received and
interest allowed at 4 per cent. its
Since our article in reference to the com
pliment paid Dr. Charles S. Scott, for his
excellent gold filling and crown work in
the month of Arthur Howard, ofthe Siberia
Co., by the-celebrated dentist, Dr. Taft,
Dean of the Ohio State Dental College, we
have been shown some of the doctor's skill
in the month of Hampton J. Miller, of this
city, and we can heartily add our indorse
ment to that of Dr. Taft, viz: "As good as
human hands can do," for the work excels
any-we have ever seen. It Is wonderfully
A Daughter of Jenny Lind Coming.
It is said that among the members of the
National Swedish Lady Concert, which will
take place next week at City Hall, there is
a daughter of the great Jenny Lind, the.
Swedish nightingale. She is reported as
having as fine a voice as her famous mother,
and to resemble her in appearance.
New Combination Dress Goods, 40c
To 52 75 a yard, plaids, stripes, checks
and silk and wool weaves. Each day brings
new arrivals here.
Jos. Horne & Co.'s
Penn Avenue Stores.
Wanted, Men and Boys.
We want men and boys to come and take
away bargains in suits, overcoats, pants and
underwear at the Hub. Remember, every
dollar's worth of goods must be sold by the
1st of April, and such bargains can't be
found in clothing for men and boys as we
are offering at the Boston Clothing House,
439 Smithfield st.
New Colored Roynlc Silks SI.
The latest and most fashionable weave
this lot is special good value SI a yard.
Jos. Hobne & co.'s
Penn avenue Stores.
The Guns and Revolvers Mast Go.
As we shall remove about April 1 to 706
Bissel block, we will dispose of all old stock
at about half price, and new stock at greatly
reduced prices. J. H. Johnston,
621 Smithfield street
New Double-Twill 19-Inch Sarahs 63c.
Choice shades. The best silk you can
find are here. Jos. Horne & Co.'s
Penn Avenue Stores.
Tho Finest Cracker Mnde.
Everybody uses Marvin's Orange Blossom
soda crackers. Nothing like them was ever
produced before. Don't fail to try them.
Bargain Days In Silk Department.
Surahs, plain and fancy; India silks,
royales; all new and at quick selling prices.
Jos. Horne & Co.'s.
Penn Avenue Stores.
Baby Clothes at Reduced Prices.
We are closing out the entire line, long
and short dresses, slips, skirts, shawls and
cloaks, to make room for other goods.
ths Horne & Ward, 41 Fifth ave.
A large assortment of beautiful designs
still on hand.
Jos. Eichbauu & Co.,
48 Fifth ave.
French Challles and Cashmeres,
The latest designs and in the pew colorings.
Spring importations now arriving.
Jos. Horne & Co.'s,
Penn Avenue Stores.
We recommend the uso of Angostura
Bitters to our friends who suffer with dys
pepsia. Sovereigns of Industry cards recognized.
Busy Bee Hive, corner Sixth and Liberty.
Liter complaint cured free at 1102 Car
son st, Southside.
A VARIETY OF STYLES.
NOT MANY OF EACH.
LOWEST PRICES MADE.
Jackets, SI 25, $2, $5, J5.
Trimmed Mantles, Astrachan and
Braided. S5, S6, 3 and S10.
Beaver Newmarkets, Directoire
fronts or tight-fitting, 15, J8, J10 and
12 many of these only one-third
Plush Jackets, SS, $9, $10 and 512.
Plush Modjeskas, S10, S12, S15 and
Alaska Seal Cloaks or Jackets. Will
save you large amounts of money on
BIBER & EABTDN,
WITHOUT A. PROSECUTOB. f
Neither Dr. H. B. Ort Nor His Attorney Ap
pear Before the Board of Inquiry W. D.
Moore Gltes His Reasons.
The board to Investigate the charges
against Inspector McAleese, by Dr. H. B.
Orr, met yesterday, but neither the Doctor
nor his counsel were present.
Gamble Weir, Chairman, read aletter from
W. D. Moore, attorney for Orr, in which he
said they refused to be present because he
did not thinE the board had any judicial
power, and because it was made up mainly
of members of the defendant department.
Attorney Marron then made a speech in
which he said McAleese was perplexed by
the strange actions of his accuser in refus
ing to bring witnesses. He called it a cow
ardly subterfuge to refuse to bring wit
nesses because they would be prosecuted
afterward. As there were no charges to
disprove, since no prosecutor appeared, hs
said McAleese would like to be examined
so he could clear up his good name.
Attorney Burleigh said Dr. Orr's ac
tions were simply marvelous, both bofore
and after the board had been appointed, es
pecially in asking for the dismissal of ths
two officials. He thought there would be
very little trouble experienced in the pre
paring ofthe report of the investigation.
Mr. Gray said, as far as the report goes,
they had specific charges to consider, and
that was all, simply the charges, and hs
thought it entirely unnecessary to question
McAleese as to things, they were to pre
sume, he knew nothing about.
Mr. Marron said he would not then say
the hard things he thought of Dr. Orr, but
would wait for the proper time and proper
place. This sounded like an intimation that
the Inspector intended to carry the matter
further. The board meets this morning to
prepare its report.
THE BUILDING EXAMINED.
Testimony in the Roaeburg BaUdlng Appeal
to be Taken To-Day.
The Board of Arbitrators on the appeal of
William Koseburg, trustee of the Baltimore
and Ohio building, corner Wood Jnd Fifth
avenne, examined the building yesterday.
They will take testimony in the case to
day. JOB. HDRNE I ED.'B
PENN AVENUE- STORES.
SPRING GOODS IN STOCK.
HUNDREDS OF PIECES
NEW INDIA SILKS,
NEW INDIA SILKS,
C0c to S3 SO a yard. The grades at 60c,
65c and 1 are great values. Notice ths
quality of the cloth and the novelty of
The "mark down3" In Silks are ths
1 greatest bargains yon ever saw. Moires,
Satin Bhadames, Failles.
LOWEST NOTCH PRICES
-IN OUR- .
Fifty to 100 garments sold every da,.
Jackets. Ulsters, Raglans, Newmar
kets, Flush Coats and Jackets. Also,
Children's Coats and Salts.
Our imported French Dresses at
Half Price, to sell them quickly.
NEW DRESS GOODS
Coming in daily. New Embroideries -
Now Laces, New White Goods.
GEEAT BARGAEJ9 'f
""-" - f
MUSLIN UNDERWEAR STOCK.
JOB. HORNE Acn"S
PENN AVENUE STORES