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THE PITTSBUEG DISPATCH THURSDAY, imRTTAHY "' 14, 1889.
ESTABLISHED FEBRUARY 8, ISIS.
Vol. U, Ko. 7. Entered at Pittsburg Post
office, IvovemberH, 1887, as second-class matter.
Business Office 97 and99 Fifth Avenue.
News Booms and Publishing' House 75,
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PITTSBURG, THURSDAY, FE& 14, 1SS8.
Mr. Carnegie's remarks on the outlook for
the steel and iron interests of Pittsburg,
given in an interview elsewhere, show that
gentleman's talent at telling the whole story
in a few words. This is especially the case
in his characterization of the reported Pig
Iron trust. It is "onlT an attempt of specu
lators to obtain other chips to gamble with."
His declaration that Tittsburg will not be
drawn into that sort of gambling is the
sort of prophecy which we hope may prove
Mr. Carnegie also says that Pittsburg has
nothing to fear from Alabama, and the in
ference from his declaration that "when the
Edgar Thomson works do not make 1,000
tons of rails a day, it will be because there
are no rails to make, also allows the hope
that there is no danger of Chicago's taking
our steel rail trade away. It is satisfactory
to learn that Mr. Carnegie regards the pros
pect on these points in a more hopeful light
than he did a year ago. "We do not believe,
and never have, that either Alabama or
Chicago can overthrow Pittsburg's suprem
acy in iron and steel, and it is pleasant to
note Mr. Carnegie's adherence to that view.
But in view of the one quarter from which
Mr. Carnegie scents danger the possible
diminution of our gas supply it is import
ant to point out the necessity of doing all
that is possible to strengthen Pittsburg's
position. The point which was raised by
Mr. Carnegie's letters of a year ago, namely
the freight rates on ore and iron to and from
Pittsburg, is still a vital one; and the aid
which that gentleman could lend in venti
lating that question would be of great
It is also pertinent to remark that what
ever the fate of our pas wells, and the bear
ing of other issues, the prosperity and
supremacy of Pittsburg would have been
vastly strengthened if the South Penn pro
ject had not been strangled in the house of
its friends, at the behest of the trunk line
CUEIOSITIES OF TAXATION.
The changes which have been made in
the occupation tax, on account of the Su
preme Court decision, present a rather sin
gular phase of the lengths to which legal
fiction can go. By this schedule a person
having an occupation yielding 51,000 a year
is held to earn only $100; one having a
silary of $1,000 to f 2,000 is held to be worth
only $300, and one having an income of
over 2,000 is held to be worth only $500.
This is probably the best that can be done
in view of the remarkable decision that a
professional man earning J25.000 a year can
be taxed no more than one earning but
1,000; but it presents some striking incon
gruities. In view of the results to which
this system of taxation by occupations and
the correlative business tax have attained
it is pertinent to inquire how much better
they are than the much denonnced income
tax? Or the question may be put, in what
respect the income tax, which at least levied
taxation on the most prosperous, is not
better than these forms of taxation?
TWO DIFFERENT METHODS.
Out West the grangers are attacking the
dressed beef packers because they put down
the price of cattle. In the East the attack
is made because they put down the" price of
beef. This affords an indication of the dif
ference between the methods. One is an at
tack on the alleged combination which pre
vents the free competition of buyers, and
the other is an attack on the public for the
purpose of shutting off competition.
There is no doubt that some ground exists
for investigation in the wide difference be
tween the price of cattle and the price of
beef. If there is any combination or control
of the routes of transportation or the methods
of distribution, that maintains high profits
for the middlemen while growers must take
low prices and consumers pay high ones it
should be corrected. But there is no remedy
in proposing to shut off one of the methods
of competition. To exclude dressed beef on
the allegation ot a combine in that interest
would be equivalent to enacting, because
there has been a monopoly of refining petro
leum, that the public must go back to stear
ine candles for lighting.
There is a question, too, whether the
dressed beef shippers are the worst offenders
in this matter of keeping up prices. An illus
tration to the contrary is to be found in the
local live stock trade The buyerof a 1,600
pound steer at the East Liberty stockyards
can get it for 525 less this week than he
could six months ago, and something like
550 less than the average price of afewyears
gone by. "What consumer has found his
meat bills reduced by the 1 and 3c per lb.,
respectively representing those reductions?
If the Pennsylvania farmers will direct
their efforts against the agencies that levy
exorbitant charges on taking products from
themselves to the consumers, they will ac
complish something for their own benefit as
well as for the public
ONLY AN EHRANT COW.
A simple errant cow has been disturbing
the still, peaceful avenues of Buffalo in a
manner that a cyclone might envy. The
Buffalonians are still talking of the cow's
doings, although days ago she was secured
and led away from-the scene ot licr riotous
proceedings. A writer in that windy town
has been moved to demand for the welfare of
his fellow citizens some measure of protec
tion, some barrier past which no cow can
ever pass to smash plate-glass windows,
awake the police and send white-winged
peace fluttering beyond the icy verge of
The New York Tribune has seen fit to
make light of the cow catastrophe, and of
the Buffalo editor's serious remarks upon it.
But we feel bound to extend our sympathy
to Buffalo in her hour of trouble It is true
that' Pittsburg has not known what it was
to be invaded by a cow for many decades;
but we can understand how terrible it must
be to see the traffic, the police force and the
business interests of one's native town
demoralized by a cow especially when the
cow has curly horns, as wc understand the
animal fn question had.
But wnile our friends in Buffalo are build
ing barriers against cows, it would be well
for them to consider the -donkeys; how they
grow and multiply exceedingly upon the
streets. Wc allude to the donkeys in human
shape, bipeds assumed to have reasoninc
powers and entire souls, who with uplifted
umbrella points imperil the eyes of fellow
pedestrians, or who in a hundred other
ways make travel on city sidewalks perilous
and abominable Pittsburg has as many of
these noxious creatures as Buffalo, prob
ably, or any other city, and shewonld cheer
fully join in a crusade to rid the earth of
THE UNSEASONABLE "MOVING DAY."
. As the season for renting and for moving
approaches, people in this city who know
what it is to shift either their household
goods or business fixtures in the inclement
weather which so commonly comes in the
latter days of March, must wonder, for the
hundredth time, why the 1st of May is not
fixed for the expiration of rentals in place
of the 1st of April.
Though the American housekeeper is
credited with taking a positive pleasure in
house-hunting and in taking up new quar
ters, we think the idea is greatly exagger
ated; and it is certain, anyhow, that, if left
to choice, the bright and balmy days of
opening summer would be almost unani
mously chosen for migration in place of the
bitter ones of closing winter.
Heretofore, the change of date has met
with no better support than the plea that it
could not be made general. No one has
cared to institute a beneficial reform at the
risk of having his own property become
vacant when renters were already out of the
market. But now the management of real
estate is so largely done through agency
firms that if they took the initiative they
would assuredly succeed in setting May as
the time for moving.
How much of discomfort, sickness and
annoyance would be saved by this simple
and rational proceeding? If the numerous
intelligent and energetic real estate agents
of Pittsburg desire to prove themselves
philanthrophists as well as "hustlers," they
can combine on the experiment even yet
STANDING BY "OUR RASCALS."
The usually outspoken New York JTorW,
in reply to some assertions of the Tribune,
alleging corruption on the part of the Demo
cratic machine, asks the'question: "Is po
litical corruption all right when it is done,
as Thad. Stevens put it, by ''our rascal?"
It is pertinent to recognize that this is
practically the view taken by the majority
of organs and straight-out party men. The
majority will not admit it perhaps, but the
actual result of the general rule of shutting
the eyes to the corruption that is practiced
in the interest of the party to which the pa
per or politician belongs, and of raising the
outcry against those of the opposition, is to
make the corruptionists secure of being
whitewashed by their own party.
When organs and party men take the po
sition of exposing and punishing the cor
ruption that is nearest to them in their own
parties, the raisidg of huge sums of money
to carry campaigns will be brought to a
stop. This fact puts the responsibility for
corruption on the organs and influential
men. They can stop it if they are prepared
to insist on the rule of absolute honesty in
politics. This fact should be full of signifi
cance to the esteemed World. That paper
has earned a high reputation for outspoken
opposition to Democratic crookedness in off
years; bnt is it sure to live up to its stand
ard in the heat of a hard fought campaign?
If we remember correctly there was an
investigation into the aqueduct frauds last
year, which left very few shreds to the char
acter of one David B. Hill; and somehow
we failed to find very much about the dis
closures of that investigation in the columns
of the esteemed World during the New
Tork gubernatorial campaign.
AN UNEXPECTED CHAMPION.
It is somewhat surprising as well as inter
esting to find the St. Stephen's Review in
forming Bismarck and the German Govern
ment that if there is any idea in Berlin that
a German fleet can "shell the towns along
the coast from New York to New Orleans,"
be must know that the ties which bind
England to Columbia "will not permit a
German fleet so to operate" This is a novel
interference in the fuss, because this publi
cation is understood to be an organ of the
extreme Tories, and its outspoken champion
ship of Yankee rights is at wide variance
with Lord Salisbury's pliancy toward Bis
marck's schemes. Nevertheless its declara
tion that "before the Kron Frinz could rain
its iron shower on Broadway, the Bcnbovj
and the Inflexible would have first to be
beneath the waves of the Atlantic" is a
warning to Bismarck that England is as
restive under his arbitrary course as any
other country. His perception of this as
well as of France's readiness to jump into
the fray at any favorable opportunity, is
doubtless the foundation of his willingness
to negotiate instead of bully.
The gilded circles of New York society
stand aghast over the conviction that the
new administration will be a social failure
Some iconolastic if not imaginative reporter
has announced the discovery that Mrs. Har
rison bites ber bread.
An Italian newspaper warns Italians
against coming to this country because
Americans have no respect for them. It is
true that wc have a prejudice against the
importation from sunny Italy of those who
practice the profession of Bed-Nosed Mike
and the Count de Montercole. The Ameri
can idea is very positively that these fields
of effort should be reserved for home in
dustry. The Allegheny butchers think it a seri
ous matter to accuse anyone of selling lump
jaw meat. Perhaps so, bnt the millenium
for the public will come when it is estab
lished that it will be twice as serious for
anyone to sell it.
The fact that Hon. D. B. Hill, of New
Tork is in the field for the Democratic
nomination of 1802, is announced; but it
was apparent for some time previous to the
formal declaration. This is pleasant
Presidcntal candidates who get to work four
years ahead of time are sure to find their
booms frost bitten when it comes to actual
returns on the harvest.
The prize-fighters thumped each other for
sixty-six rounds and then called it a draw.
This is great news for the pugs. It indi
cates that occasionally they can do a little
harmless fighting with something else than
With Union Pacific stock at 65 and Cen
tral Pacific at 36, in the 4tock market, the
holders of a second mortgage on those pro
perties ought to be able' to get something for
their claim in Iessthan'SD and 125 years
respectively. This should hbld good even
when the holders are no more important
than the whole people of the United States.
The Wheeling and Lake Erie Railroad
is reported to be heading toward Pittsburg.
It may come here if the Vanderbilts and the
Pennsylvania Kailroad do not issue a de
cree to the contrary.
The report now going the rounds that
Congressman Thomas, of Illinois and John
C. New, of Indiana, say that they cannot
sit at the same table with Mr. Blaine, serves
to call attention to the fact, that no one
has heard of Mr. Blaine's making haste to
get up from the table in order to make room
for Messrs. New and Thomas.
Is is reported that the price of anthracite
coal is going down in the East. This seems
to indicate that there is only one thing that
can beat a great coal combine and that is an
Congress went through the formality of
counting the electoral vote yesterday. There
being nothing to make a political fight
about, the work was done in the short space
of two hours. This places the long-debated
question past all dispute. General Harri
son is now the President-elect
r BATING that Providence will interfere
against buying up ignorant voters, is re
garded by Senator Grady of New York as
an attack on his personal comfort.
The animadversions of the Northern and
Southern members upon their mutual defi
ciencies in their respective treatment of the
negro is calculated to convince the colored
citizen, North and South, that he does not
get his deserts at the hands of either party.
At last winter seems to have arrived at
the conclusion that it is time to do some
thing in the steady, old-fashioned wintry
tO'BniEN has beaten Balfour in the strug
gle as to whether members of Parliament
and political leaders shall be treated like
common felons. The only way open for
Balfour to retrieve his defeat is to clap the
whole Liberal party into jail. ,
Maria Anato Is dead, the divorced wife of
Most Athos, with Its 10,000 monks, is one of
the strongest spots in Southeastern Europe
The monks are of the Orthodox, or Greek
that is, Russian Church.
Sib Morel Mackenzie has been offered
6,000, with 500 additional for his son, to go
out to America for the purposo of selecting a
spot for a sanitarium. This offer was declined.
A Britisher, on reaching home after a week
at Paris, was questioned whether he had seen
the Eiffel Tower. "Well," ho replied, "lwcnt
to see it, but tbero was so much scaffolding
round it that nothing of the tower itself was
visible but I liked the look of the scaffolding,"
never dreaming that he had been looking at
the actnal tower all the time
"The Prince of Wales." remarks the light
gossip man of the Now York Press, "eats clams
direct from the shell, which he holds- in his
band. The great Napoleon was passionately
fond of shrimps. Henry Ward Beecher chewed
roast lamb and eschewed roast beef. Charles
Dickens, when lecturing in Brooklyn, drank a
bottle of brandy and two bottles of champagho
during the course of a single evening."
It is told that one day last summer, going
down to Gloucester, Dr. Holmes sat in a front
seat of tho car and entertained a fellow passen
ger with some of his brilliant talk. A country
man, sitting In tho little corner 6eat before
them, overheard the conversation, and finally
leaned over, took the autocrat's hat, looked at
the number inside, then at his own, and said,
very demurely: "I read something in the paper
the other day aDout tho size ot great mens
heads, and I thought I'd like to know the size
of yourn. Bnt what bothers me is my head's
the biggest of the twol"
A story is told by Dr. Aird,Moderator of the
Free Church of Scotland, respecting a minister
who In the old days of patronage was forced
upon a congregation at Alness. He was coldly
received, but calling one day upon an old elder,
he took a chair in spite of bis gruff reception.
In order to meet an awkward pause, he took out
bis snuff box. "Oh," said the elder, "ye tak'
snuff, dae yet" "Oh, yes," was the reply.
"Weel," said the eliler, "that's the first sign o'
grace I've seen in ye" "How's that?" "Dae
ye no read 6' Solomon's temple," replied the
elder, "that a' the snuffers were of pure gold?"
A PLEASANT Incident, illustrative of the
tenderness and sympathy of the Princess of
Wales, has just been brought to the notice of
a correspondent. A friend traveling In Nor
folk, near Lynn, met in the train a woman
dressed In deep mourning. In conversation she
stated that recently she had lost a daughter
through consumption. Her husband was a la
borer on the Sandnngham estate, and during
her dauchter's protraqted illness the Princess
of Wales was a frequent visitor, sitting by the
dying girl's bedside talking and reading to her
on religious subjects, "and after her death,"
added the mother, "tho Princess gave mo this
shawl that I am now wearing."
AN INVESTIGATION IN OHIO.
Northeastern Ohio Doctors Will Inqnlro
Into Those Canton Chorees.
Special Telegram to the Dlstmtcn.
Akron, February 13. The charges of crimi
nal practices by members of the Stark County
Medical Society, which caused such a hub-bub
at Canton some time ago, arc to be looked into.
The Northeastern Ohio Medical Association,
at its quarterly meeting here passed resolu
tions reciting that the Stark County Medical
Society did not dare investigate charges made
against physicians, who are members of both
organizations, and directing the appointment
of a committee to make a thorough investiga
tion. The statement being made that the attempt
by the Canton society to look into the criminal
practices complained of bad resulted in dire
threats against the investigators, the President
of the Northern Ohio Association was author
ized to name the committee privately. It is ex
pected that sensational matters will be brought
out, which will be reported to the meeting to
be held in Alliance in May.
NO SENATOR AT CHARLESTON,
Bat West Virginia Will Hare a Bureau of
Special Telegram to the Dispatch.
Charleston, W. Va February 13. Noth
ing new developed in the Senatorial situation
to-day. The vote stood: Kenna, 37; Goff, 39;
scattering, 7. The bill to establish a State
Bureau of Labor SUtistics passed the Honso
to-day, only four members voting against It,
and the House resolution requesting Repre
sentatives in Congress to favor the passage of
the militia pension bill or a similar measure
passed the Senate by a vote of 10 to 9, the
Democrats voting against It.
A resolution was offered in the Senate bring
ing up the Virginia State debt question, but It
was tabled by a vote of 14 to 6. This settles
the matter so far as the present Legislature is
concerned. A bill authorizing the Governor to
appoint special policemen on the application of
any railroad company, the compensation to be
paid by the company, passed the Senate with
only one dissenting vote.
THE NEW AND THE OLD.
Civil Service Reformers Will Discuss Cleve
land and Hnrrlson.
Baltimore, February 13. The Civil Service
Reform Association of Maryland has extended
a call to reformers In various parts of the
United States to attend a conference in this
city on February 23. There will be a general
discussion as to the policy of civil service re
form associations.' There will be two set
speeches: "What has been accomplished by
civil service reform during the administration
of President Cleveland," and "What may be
hoped and expected from the incoming ad
ministration." The reformers state their object with
reference to the administration or .Mr. Har
rison is to have retained as many efficient office
holders as possible.
THE TOPICAL TALKER,
Cotton Thread In Watch Works Squeezing
Water Ont of Prescriptions ttnd Drnn
sists Profits And Other Notes of tho
It is astonishing how much abuse a watch
will stand at a boy's hands before it stops short,
like grandfather's clock, never to go again.
On his last birthday, a month or two ago, a
youngster in knickerbockers who lives in the
East End received from his father a silver
watch, the prico of which, it is safe to say, did
not exceed $ 15. It will not surprise you to hear
that the boy took the watch to pieces after It
had burned in bis pocket but three days. When
every wheel lay in his hand the boy naturally
fell to thinking how he might put the watch in
running order again. He mnst be something ot
a mechanical genius, for he succeeeed in get
ting the dismembered works inside the case in
some sort of shape It is hardly a reflection
upon the boy's skill, either, that after the
mechanism was put together It failed to re
spond to the winding stem. But the boy perse
vered. He dotccted the root of the trouble In
the balance wheel, which seemed to interfere
with other parts of the setting. So at the bal
ance wheel ho tinkered, until to his unfeigned
astonishment, after he had jacked up the wheel
with a bandage of cotton thread, the watch be
gan to tick again.
And now that boy delights to show his friends
the works of his watch with the ligament of cot
ton, rattling off the hours with perfect accuracy
Most of you know that aqua pura is often
an expensive item in the prescription which
tho druggist obligingly fills. A doctor of my
acquaintance has a way of saving his patients
money in this matter, which strikes me as very
When he wrote ont a prescription for me tho
other day I remarked to him that medicine was
a very expensive luxury. He astonished me
by asking in return: "Have you paid your
"Yes," said I.
"Have you plenty of wator?"
"Then I will glvo you the prescription dry,
and it will cost you 3 cents instead of 75 cents."
And I found the doctor was right.
In this part of the world the railroads do
not advertiso themselves in the prodigal man
ner of Western roads. Tho mass of literature
floated by the railroads which have their head
quarters in Chicago is something prodigious.
In books, circulars, almanacs, pamphlets, leaf
lets, picture cards and in numberless other and
often eccentric forms a Western railroad will
often spend tens and even hundreds of thous
ands of dollars a year in advertising the advan
tages of their lines. Some of these advertising
works possess artistic value and contain some
literary merit.. A few Eastern railroads, and
notably the Baltimore and Ohio, have until re
cently exploited themselves in the same way:
The value of a great deal of this extraordl
nary puffing cannot be put at a bigh figure.
The literary quality of most of the handbooks
issued by the Chicago railroad bureaus Is low,
and Western men generally take them at their
It is seldom that such an entertaining and
really instructive little book is published by a
railroad as that recently sent out in the interest
of the Pennsylvania lines. It is really a valua
ble book ot reference, with its wonderfully
plain and clear maps of a dozen of the chief
cities In the Union including Pittsburg and
its data about hotels, cab fares and the like.
Mr. L. G. McPherson, of the Pennsylvania
Company's passenger department, who is the
author of the work and who is, by the way,
well known In Fittsbnrg, where he has been
stationed for some, years certainly may feel
that many men besides travelers on the Penn
sylvania will be grateful to him.
As was foretold in this column some weeks
ago Mr. Andrew Carnegie has returned to take
a very active part in the arrangement of his
vast business interests in this city. What a
grateful sight the nearly completed library in
Allegheny must be to Mr. Carnegie's eyesl
The building has already done for Allegheny
City what the new Court House did for Pitts
burg, transformed the unsightliest spot in its
very heart into the most beautiful. But the
poor old City Hall of Allegheny looks meaner
than ever beside its handsome neighbor.
A German-American citizen whose heart
is still tied by natural though not political ties
to the Fatherland said to me yesterday: "1
never thought for a moment that America and
Germany would come to blows, but neverthe
less the latest news from Berlin makes me
tremble for the future of my native land. The
irritable temper and martial proclivities of tho
young Kaiser "and the decay of Bismarck's
mind under the pressure of disease and the as
saults of his political foes, do not promise a
long continuance of peace and unity in the
AN IME.0ETANT DECISION.
The Illinois Courts Establish a Precedent for
Chicago, February 13. The Appellate Court
to-day rendered a decision in the case of
Charles Catlln, receiver, against Albert L. Se
comb, Chicago agent of theBrittanlc Company.
Catlln was receiver for Clapp & Davids, a jew
elry firm, who failed a year and a half ago.
Secomb attached property belonging to Clapp
fc Davids in Washington, and Judge Jamieson
found him guilty of contempt of court.
The finding is affirmed -by the Appellate
Court, and the opinion establishes the import
ant principle that when a receiver is appointed
in this State the jurisdiction of the appointing
court extends to property In any other State.
This is the first time that this question has been
decided in Illinois.
NO CANNED GOODS TEDST.
Production Will be Limited In Some Other
Chicago, February 13. The Association of
Western Packers Of Canned Goods met here
in annual session to-day, with 112 members
present. President William D. Ballinger, In
his annual address, recommended that steps
be taken to decrease the output, as there
Is too much canned goods on the market.
There are 83 factories in the association, and
each of these is defendant In a suit for In
fringement of a soldering patent.
The question of how to get rid of these suits
will come up, as will also the question of how
to reduce the output. The members re
pudiate all hints at a trust, and, say it is im
practicable. TESTING THE BOODLE.
Assay Commissioners Are Examining the
Coin of tho Realm,
Philadelphia, February 13. The Assay
Commissioners appointed by "the President to
test the coinage of the calendar year met to
day at the mint. From every lot of coin
handed over to the superintendent by the'
coiner during tne year tncro is a sample taken
out and placed in the vault, and it Is for the
purpose of testing these to see the weight and
measure of each are within the legal
tolerance that the commission meets. The
sampler tested during the session, which will
continue until Friday, represent the coinage of
the mints at New Orleans, San Francisco and
DEATHS OF A DAY.
Undertaker George A. Morrow.
George A. Morrow, the keeper of the public
morgue, died suddenly yesterday morning at the
residence of his father, on East street, Allegheny.
He had been 111 since tho Wood street disaster,
when he was kept bnsy preparing mangled bodies
for Interment, but was attending to business as
usual until Tuesday night. Be lived on Shake
speare street, East End, with his wife and two
children, but they are visiting friends outside of
the city and be had been boarding at his father's
house. The Ofceased was well known In this
vicinity, and was a member of the Knights of the
Mystic Chain, the Royal Arcanum and the Jr. O.
U. A. M. He was 33 years of age.
The funeral will be held at 2 o'clock Saturday
afternoon, and will be conducted by the Knights
of the Mystic Chain and the Uoyal Arcanum.
c. jr. Hull.
Chicago, February 13. A dispatch from
Houston, Tex., says that C. J. Hull, of Chicago,
died there last evening or Brlgbt's disease. Mr.
Hull came to Chicago abont 40 years ago, and up
to ten years
go was engaged In the rpai 4tfA
He lis repu ted to be worth about 81 000. -
000. He had been In Texas since November.
Dr. H. 8. Prowell.
Special Telegram to the Dispatch. .
Carlisle, Februiry U.-Dr. K. 8. Prc-tfell, a
prominent practicing physician of New Cumber
land and a Bepubllcan county auditor, died after
a lingering Illness, at his home, this raornlnr. He
was an able politician, and the Republican party
In this county has lost one of Its best workers.
NEW OTUBAUZATION LAWS
To Prevent Foreign Criminals and Lunatics
From Becoming Citizens.
Washington, February --Representative
Oates, of Alabama, from the Committee on the
Judiciary, to-day reported favorably to the
House a bill to amend the naturalization laws
of the United States. The report accompany
ing the bill treats the existing naturalization
laws In a critical spirit, and calls attention to
abuses which have sprung up under them. It
says an alien may be a notorious thief, mur
derer or anarchist, polygamist, a leper or hard
ened criminal, and yet our law allocs him, by
making an affidavit of intention before a clerk
of courts, all benefits of citizenship within the
United States. He Is allowed by the lastd laws
of the United States to buy and own any
quantity of real estate or other property, or to
take a homestead on the public domain and
thus receive a benefit of all to the exclusion
of the best young men of American birth; and
at least one-half of the States of the Union
allow such aliens to own and inherit real
estate, and to vote at all elections, the
same as natives and naturalized citizens. In
many of the States an alien who has legally de
clared his intention to become a citizen is eligi
ble to any office within the State. He may by
State law be eligiblo to a seat in Congress,
when the Constitution of the United States de
nies to him such right until he has been a citi
zen f cr at least seven years. So deficient is
the present law, and so careless is the practice
of the Judges with but few exceptions, that it
has become a matter of public notoriety that
they perform their duty In such a perfunctory
manner that any alien, however bad his char
acter or beastly ignorant he may be, can be
come a citizen of the United States.
There is nothing Id tho law to deny citizen
ship even to idiots, insano persons, paupers,
criminals or others who have come into the
United States in flagrant violation of our im
The report concludes with a synopsis and ex
planation of the provisions of the bill, which
are in brief: A limitation of the classes of for
eigners who shall be eligible to citizenship in
the United States (including Indians adopting
civilized life), a prescription of the form of ap
plication, a requirement that the District At
torney shall delend thd Government against
improper applications, and that applications
shall be corroborated upon the point of resi
dence; a restriction of jurisdiction to high State
courts and Federal courts, the preservation of
the rights of aliens who have already declared
their intention, an allowance of the right to
bona fide applicants to make homestead en
tries and to receive patents after naturaliza
tion, and a requirement of would-bo citizens
that they shall have resided five years in the
United States and be able to read the Constitu
tion in English.
IB CAE0N CALLED DOWN.
Ho Directly Perverted the Facts Concern.
ins Sullivan's Trial.
Chicago, February 13. The testimony of
Le Caron beforo the Parnell Commission con
tinues to be contradicted from all parts of the
West; Le Caron swore yesterday concerning
the trial of Alexander Sullivan for murder that
Frank Agnew was then Sheriff of Chicago, and
"fixed" a jury to secure Mr. 'Sullivan's ac
quital. Frank Agnow's term ended December
1, 1878. He was succeeded by Charles Kern, a
well-known and respected German-American,
during whose term of office the second trial oc
curred. That trial began in February and ended in
March. 1877. At the first trial in October, 1376,
when the jury disagreed, standing 11 for ac
quittal and one f or the lightest sentence, Mr.
Agnew was Sheriff, but oven then he bad noth
ing whatever to do with the selection of the
jury, because Charles H. Heed, then State's
Attorney, moved that the selection of the
special venire be taken out of tho Sheriff's
hands. The motion was granted, as a matter
of course, and a German bailiff was appointed
who summoned the jury. There was only one
Irishman and Catholic on the jury.
At the second trial, months after Agnew's re
tirement from office, the bailiffs were agreed
upon by State's Attorney Mills and Judge
Moran, representing the State and the defense.
There was no Irishman and no Catholic on that
jury, and it voted for acquittal on the first
THE CHINESE WAKING DP.
They Are Fighting the French and Want
the Exclusion Laws Repealed.
San Francisco, February 13. The steam
ship Rio de Janiero arrived from China and
Japan to-day, bringing Hong Kong mail ad
vices to January 16, ana from Yokohama to
January 25. Serious trouble is reported on the
Tonquin frontier, and frequent skirmishes be
tween natives and French troops are reported
outside, of Haiphong Haner and the coast
ports. The French authorities, it Is contended,
have little hold upon the country at Monkay,
on the Chinese frontier. A band of 1,000 na
tives recently attacked the French and have
practically driven the French out of Monkay.
The latter claim that the rebels were rein
forced by troops from the regular Chinese
army, encamped opposite Monkay. In these
lights tnree French soldiers were killed and
The English Governor of Hong Kong bas
been petitioned by the Chinese of Hong Kong
to request the British Government to address
the American Government with a view' to with
draw all of the exclusion bills. The petition
contends that the action of the United States
and Australia is contrary to International
treaties, and that if persisted in it will result
in the commercial ruin of Hong Kong.
FORAKER TO SHERMAN.
The Governor Gives tho Senator a Sly Dig
la the Ribs.
Special Telegram to The Dispatch.
Columbus, February 13. The Lincoln Day
banquet was not concluded till 4 o'clock this
morning, and a number of speeches were made
which were not on the programme. Governor
Foraker, who refused to respond to the toast to
which he was placed, was called out later and
proceeded to mako a lengthy argument, the
greater portion of which was a eulogy on Gen
eral Alger. The enemies of the Governor
claim that he had occasion to touch Senator
Sherman under the ribs in an indirect way by
giving a little of the history of the Chicago
Convention, and saying that what the Repub
lican party wanted was men who were not
squealers after they had been beaten, but who
would come up to the battlo and enter It in the
thickest, as Alger did at Chicago.
The Impression gained from his speech was
that Sherman is disgruntled over the result of
the Chicago Convention, and that the Republi
cans of Ohio were getting tired of carrying
that kind of .men.
Not Easy lo Remedy.
From the New Tork World.
Hard upon Mrs. Humphry Ward's protest
against the dramatization of hernovel, "Robert
Elsmere," comes the news that Sir Arthur Sul
livan Is angered at the piracy of his operas by
theatrical managers of Vienna. It docs seem
rather bard that an author or composer should
have no control of his own Intellectual offspring
after they have passed the borders of his native
land. But it is easier to point out injustice in
this world than to remedy it.
Simon Cameron Heads n Press Clnb.
Special Telegram to The Dispatch.
"HAREiSBURG.February 13. Tho Harrisburg
Press Club was organized this evening by
electing General Simon Cameron, President;
Hon. B. J. Meyer, First Vice President; R. H.
Thomas, Second Vice President: E. J. Stack
pole, Recording Secretary: H. C. Demming,
Corresponding Secretary: J. M. Place, Treasu
rer; Dr. W.HTEgle, -Librarian; Wm. Rodear
W0NDEEFUL SCIENTIFIC DISCOVERIES.
New York Evening Sun.2
Dr. Schlagenfurst, of Copenhagen, has
written a paper remonstrating against the En
glish expression, "Swearing like a Pyrite."
He shows very conclusively that Pyrites do not
A committee appointed in Paris to Investi
gate the subject of suicide states that the
surest method of modern times is to swallow a
teaspoonful of prusslc acid and jump into the
Ohmic resistance of conductors increases dl-'
rectly with thoir length and Inversely with
their weight For this reason the electric sur
face car conductors will be instructed to ex
clude dhms from the cats of the company along
with drunken men and lunatics.
The ability of a subpmna to attract
bodies from great 'distances baffles the scient
ists, who cannot understand why a snbpoana
having no magnetic force, specific gravity, or
other attractive qualities, should be endowed
with the power to bring or draw men froni4ia
tances of 1,000 miles and upward.
TnE people of Kansas have managed to obtain
a much needed rainfall by means of a cannon
ade. This scientific means is good as far as it
goes, but it doe not suffice on all occasions.
Shooting the members of the weather bureau,
for instance, Is not a sure cure for a blizzard.
The rule is a poor one, because it will not work
backward as well as forward.
A NOVEL SOCIAL.
Ladles of the Frohsinn ' Sinning; Society
Entertain the Gentlemen at an Apron and
Another title is to be added to the thousand
and one different names of so-called socials in
the name of an "Apron and Necktie Social,"
an innovation which emenated from the
ingenuity of the ladies of the Frohsinn Singing
The entertainment was given at the Frohsinn
Hall last night, and it is probable that the old
hall will not again see such a merry and jolly
crowd than the one assembled on this occasion.
As for the explanation of the entertain
ment's original title, one of the ladles stated:
"The ladies of our societv have made a num
ber of aprons and necktie's of the same mate
rial. While the anron is worn bv its maker.
tho tie was handed to a committee of ladies
who Inclosed them in a large envelope. To
night these envelopes are put in a large basket,
and each gentleman as he comes into the hall
has to pick one out of the basket. Just before
the grand march each gentleman, with the tie
in Its proper place, goos around and looks for
tho lady who wears an apron of the material
matching his tie. That lady Is his dancing
partner during the evening."
A reporter was present when the hunting for
the partners took place, and a good many
amusing incidents occurred. Chance was the
sole arbiter, and while the ties and aprons
matched, the wearers frequently were in direct
contra distinction of each other. However,
everything was productive of the most harm
less enjoyment, and 'a very pleasant evening
was spent by all. About 11 o'clock the ladies
served very delicious lunch, which was also
The committee arranging the affair con
sisted of Mrs. Phillip Lange, Mrs. G. W.
Backofen, Mrs. William Spriesterbacb, Miss
Kohlbeckcr. Mrs. G. Werner, Mrs. Dr.
Schweckendieck, Mrs. E. Loos, Mrs. C. Kell
ner, Mrs. C. W. Kraus, Mrs. F. Neubert, Mrs.
It. Mescbke and Mrs. H. Pfafl. .
Toerge furnished the music
ILLUSTRATED AST LECTUEE.
Louise Randolph, of the Lake Erie
verslty, at the Pittsburg Clab.
Miss Louise F. Randolph, teacher of history
of art in Lake Erie Seminary, Palnesville,
and lectnrer in the School of Design, Western
Reserve University, Cleveland,' O., delivered
one of her illustrated lectures at the Pittsburg
Club Theater yesterday. There was a fashiona
ble audience in attendance, and every seat in
the cozy little auditorium was filled.
Miss Randolph spoke in a charming manner
on the following topics: "Influence of Florence
Upon Art," "Dawn of tho Rennalssance,"
"Revival of Classic Studies," "Giotto from
1276 to 1336," "Portrait of Dante."
"Bargello Palace," "Mural Paintings,
Church of Santa Croce." "Dramatic
Truth and Energy." "Massacco, from 1401 to
1428" "Frescoes Brancacci Chapel," "The Trib
ute Money," "Advanced Methods in Art," "The
Uffiziand Pitti Galleries," "Original and Ex
tent," "Historical Distribution of Paintings,"
"Fra Angelico, from 1387 to 1455," "The Ma
donna of the Tabernacle," "Masters of the
Sixteenth Century." "Albertinelli's Saluta
tion," "Fra Bartolommeo," "Andrea Del
Sarto" (who was the faultless painter), "Ra
phael " the master of the highest harmonies in
art "Easel Paintings," and "The Madonna de
This evening Miss Randolph will deliver an
other lecture at the same place. Last night
she was entertained at the residence of Mr.
George O. Macbeth. In the East End.
A BEILLIANT BALL
That Was GIvea In Lawreneeville Last
Night by Young- Men.
A brilliant and well attended ball was given
at Patterson Hall, Lawreneeville, last night,
under the anspices of several prominent young
men of that -section. The company, which
numbered abont 85 couples, was select and rep
resentative. Gernert & Guenther's orchestra
played Its first numbor at 8, opening the dance,
which lasted until 11, when Caterer Consumer
came upon the scene with a well-prepared sup
per. After this had been disposed of dancing
was once more taken up, and continued until
2 in the morning.
The committee in charge consisted of C. N.
Ackerman. N. J. Kirk, N. J. Macanley, T. C.
McCullough, C. J. Hook, W. E. Nightingale
and E. J. Martin. Among the guests there
were Jos. A. Radigan, of Sharpsburg; Bam
Bossman, Frank Coates, Max Leslie and wife,
Jas. McCauley and wife. M. Ackerman and
wife, also Harry Anderson, Charles Davidson,
William Burger, Rich Weldln, Edgar Gllmore
and John Fox.
Reviewed by SenntorEvartsFrom nnAmerl
enn Citizen's Standpoint.
Washington, February 13. In the Senate
the resolution reported from the Committee on
Privileges and Elections, instructing that com
mittee to revise the existing law regulating the
election of members of Congress was taken up,
and Mr. Evarts spoke in its support. He re
viewed the history of the political troubles In
Washington county, Tex., and read the petition
to the Congress from several Republicans of
Reading it, Mr. Evarts said that the griev
ances which the petitioners had suffered had
no other cause than the activity of the peti
tioners in that canvass in support of the ticket,
and of the principles of the Republican party.
No greater encroachment on the dearest rights
of the common citizen could ever have been
practised than that practised on them. The
committee had found that those citizens could
not be accused of any misconduct such as
shonld place them, and had placed them,
outside of the ordinary relations that
belong to peaceful and quiet citizens. In the
testimony taken by the committee there had
been no aspersion on the character of those
sufferers except such as belonged to the ex
citement of the canrass. As to the alleged in
cendiary speeches ftt Republican meetings dur
ing the canvass of 1886, be stated tbat the
exploration of tbat subject by the committee
had demonstrated such accusations to be
vague and mere hearsay, and tbat there wa3 no
substantial support for such imputations.
He read from the report of the committee
the concluding paragraph and said it had
seemed to him that there could have been no
more propitious time for the investigation
than that when it was begun in March, 1SSS.
During its continuance, however, two other
prominent citizens of the county (Joseph Hoff
man and Mr. Holtl had been shot down, in the
execution of what he regarded as a systematic
purpose to maintain, at whatever cost, the su
premacy of the Democratic party in that county.
The great question came at last to. be whether
there was to De tolerated in this country an au
thority and a persistent power that was to set
aside the government of the Constitution and
of the laws. If thcro shonld prove to be an Ir
reconcilable conflict between public opinion in
Texas or in New York and public opinion- in
the country at large, his opinion was that the
opinion of the whole country must finally pre
vail. Free School Books for Ohio.
Special Telegram to The Dispatch.
Columhus, February 13. The liower House
this evening, after an all-day discussion, passed
the cheap school book bill by an overwhelming,
majority, and it will now go to the Senate.
The bill provides for a commission to adopt a
eerie3 of books, purchase copyrights, contract
for printing the same, and also gives townships
local option as to whether they will have books
free. The bill bas created a great stir among
the book men.
ST. VALENTINE'S DAY.
THE MAIDED FAIR.
She cares not how the snowflaLes fall.
How biting Boreal blows;
Just now the maiden's thoughts are all
Of valentines and beaux.
TnE SWEETEST OF CHESTNUTS.
"The rose Is red, the violet's blue"
Simplicity and truth.
"The pink Is pretty, so are you"
Oh, golden dayi of youthl
Higho, what changes we have seen,
Since to fair Adallne,
An angel fair, of "sweet sixteen, "
We cent a valentine!
And fair she was: 'twas vain to seek
A fairer fir or nigh:
The red, red rose was In her cheek,
The violet in her eye.
Bhe bad a sweet and winning way,
A smile like morning light
We thought about her all the day.
We dreamed of her at ulght
Her form was wlllowy-ln line
We thought her awral nice,"
And so we sent a valentine
To her to break the Ice.
NeTt day we met her strange but true
Ofcourse without design;
She "laughed at us," and then we knew
Bhe liked our valentine.
Valr Adallne, dear youthful flame,
The best beloved o'f all;
Sweet Adallne her other name
We cannot now recall.
Ml from Boston Courier.
NOVEL NOTES PROM NEW YOEK.
X Tribute to Hading.
CNXW TORS BUREAU SFXCIALS.1
New York, February 13. During his sojourn
In San Francisco, M. Coquelln was publicly re
ceived and lionized by the largest French club
in the city. Mme. Hading, however, was en
tirely ignored by this club. Here many ad
mirers in the French colony there were much
irritated over the neglect. To make amends for
the rudeness of the French clubs, they sub
scribed several hundred dollats and bought her
a fine medalion. They sent the medalion to
Lafon, a well known Frenehman here, with in
structions to present it to Mme. Hading on the
stage of Palmer's Theater the first night of her
reappearance In New York. The medalion ar
rived to-day. It is of gold, elaborately enam
eled and carries a portrait ot Mme. Hading
surrounded bv all sorts of flattering little
French mottoes.' Its presentation will proba
bly add to the unseemly jealously and strained
relations already exising between coqueun ana
A Prize Snake Story.
Samuel Snowden, of Orange, thought he saw
a straight mottled stick on his woodpile last
night He picked It up, but dropped it again
when he found that he had taken np a torpid
black snake, four feet long, frozen stiff. Find
ing that it did not move, Mr. Snowden lifted it
from the ground and walked toward the house,
holding it by tho tail. Seeing his little boy in
the yard, he shook the serpent at him. Freez
ing had made the snake brittle, and it broke
into two pieces. The tail endqulvered for a
few moments and then was quiet but the head
part awoke and glided back toward the wood
pile. Mr. Snowden kiu.ed tho live half by
breaking it into small pieces.
A Costly Smash.
A freight train on the Erie Railroad, travel
ing at a high rate or speed, jumped the tiack
to-day over near Hoboken. The engineer saw
that the engine was making straight for a big
brick wall and leaped from the cab. The huge
locomotive dashed against the wall and tore
down several hundred cubic feet of brick.
Several freight cars were tumbled over and
partly smashed. Damago about $12,000. No
one was injured.
A Great Man Gone.
Colonel Ruth Goshen, the biggest giant
Barnnm ever had, died of dropsy afchis home
in Clyde, N. J., yesterday. He was about 70
years old and stood 7 feet 2 Inches in his-stock-ings.
He measured 2 feet 6 inches across the
shoulders and 28 Inches through the chest and
weighed 631 pounds. During his illness It re
quired four men with a block and tackle to
move him in bed.
Thomas "C. Piatt has settled an important
part of the Cabinet question once for all. He
did it to-day with these words: "I am willing
to stand as authority for the statement that
James G. Blaine has been offered and bas ac
cepted the office of Secretary, of State. This is
positive, and you can quote me as authority for
the statement. The matter was accomplished
some time ago by correspondence."
The Tragedy of the Growler.
Franzcreo Paec and Jacques Melia quarreled
in Melia's house over a growler which each
thought ho had paid for. Paec got the worst
of a rough-and-tumble fight and left the house,
daring Melia to follow him. As Melia started
down the steps after him, Paec shot him twice
in the shoulder. Paec then ran down the street
to escape a policeman who had been attracted
by the shots. The policeman followed, his re
volver in hand. Paec shot wide of him twice.
As he raised his revolver to shoot again, the
policeman sbtt him in the head. He fell, mor
tally wounded. Melia's condition is critical.
THE INAUGUEAL C0MMANDEES.
Gov. Foraker Accepts an Appointment
Grnnd military nnd Civic Display.
Special Telegram .to The JJispatch.
Harrisburg, February 13. Governor
Beaver, Chief Marshal of the Presidental In
auguration procession, and General Hastings,
his Chief of Staff, have completed their selec
tion of the various commanders. The last ap
S ointment was that of Governor Foraker, of
hio, who will have charge of the Third divi
sion of the military, which will comprise all
the militia outside of those commanded bv
General Hartranf t who will bo at the head "f
the 8,000 Pennsylvania troops; General Gibson,
who will command the regular army in line,
and General Ordway, who will head the
National Guards of the District of Columbia.
Governor Foraker has just accepted his ap
pointment. General William Warner, of Missouri, De
partment Commander of the Grand Army of
the Republic of the United States, will com
mand the members of the Grand Army and
veterans, and Colonel Myron M. Parser, of
Washington, will head the fine civic divition.
General Hastings says if all organizations,
military and civic, which have asked and been
granted a place in the procession come to time
on the 4th of March there will be 50.000 men in
line. Of these between 16.000 and 20,000 will be
United States and State soldiers.
DISCODEAGING SILK CDLTDEE.
An Adverse Report on n Bill to Establish
Washington, February 13. The House
Committee on Agriculture to-day decided to
report adversely the bill Introduced by Mr.
Thompson, of California, for the development
and encouragement of silk culture in the
The bill proposed to create a division of silk
culturo In the Department of Agriculture, and
to establish experimental silk culture stations
throughout the United States for th3 encour
agement of silk culture.
Virginia Anthracite Conl Fields.
Staunton, Va., February 13. Last evening
the Staunton and West Augusta Railroad Com
panv was organized, with John D. Crowlo
President and W. P. Tamms, cashier of the
Augusta National Bank, Treasurer. The ob
ject is the development of the anthracite coal
fields in the northeastern part of Augusta
county, 17 miles from Staunton. Capital stock,
On tho Wrong Side of Wheat.
Chicago, February 13. A. P. Hart who has
been a heavy trader of the class known on
'Change as "scalpers." failed to-day. Mr. Hart
would give no statement of his assets or lia
bilities. He has been operating quite heavily
qi late, ana tne Dig auvance in wueat yester
day found him unprepared for the emergency.
FEESH POINTS AB0DT PLATS.
"The Bunch of Keys" has never jingled
more merrily than it has at Harris' Theater
this week to packed houses. Next week the
Nelsons will bo seen at thisTiouse.
"The Still Alarm" Is so improved in its
dramatic aspect that the firo engine house
scene is no longer the main attraction In it
though of course the enthusiasm of the audi
ence is still reserved for it The Bijou is almost
sold out for the rest of the week.
In the performance which the Australian
Novelty Company will give next week at the
Academy of Music, a great many real novelties
may be looked for. In several directions this
company has left the beaten variety track, and
everywhere;the departures have proved popu
lar. Seats are now On sale at Kleber's music
store for the concert to be given by the Swed
Ish"Lady Singers at Old City Hall next Tues
day evening. The ladles will appoar. in pictur
esque costumes and sing selections from
Swedish music, which abounds In pretty
The Casino Company, which brings "Er
minle" and "Nadjy" to the Bijou next week,
includes undoubtedly the best comic opera
actots Pittsbnrg bas seen this season. The In
quiry for seats bas already been very greatand
tho advance sale Is going to be remarkable,
even for the Bijou.
"Fascination" Is meeting with tho success
which tho play and its actors deserve. Miss
Tanner ana ber companions are getting used
to frequent calls before the curtain, and the
Opera House's seating capacity will be fully
tested in the latter part of the week. The
splendid scenery is seen to greater advantage
than It was on the first night
"The Wife," which will be the next attrac
tion at the Grand Opera House,, will be pro
duced with the rare detail of perfection tbat
characterizes the success of Mr. Daniel Froh
man's management in the cast are Mr. Frank
Carlyle. Henry Herman, S. Miller Kent,' James
O. Barrows, John Flood, Charles S. Dickson, A.
W. Gregory, Mrs. Berlan-Gibbs, Miss Adeline
Stanhope, Miss Adelaide Thornton, Miss Ettie
Hawkins, Miss Olive Dunton. AUthe scenery
Is brought with the company, and is made from
the original models of Mr. W. H. Day, art di
rector of the Lyceum Theater. New York. I
"Bosh" is the trade name in London for
all butter substitutes.
Several large metal working establish
ments are welding Dy electricity.
It is proposed in England to operate:
dust and garbage carts by electric propulsion.
Five new churches are being erected
in Jerusalem and Bethlehem at the present
A reputable author says that the skull
of JohnTheach, known as "Blacicbeard," the
Virginia pirate of 1718, U in the possession of
Virginia family, in the form of a silver-limmeo
Another infant pianist has been discoy
ered. This one Is but 5 years old. His name is
Eaoul Koczalski, and he has captured St Pe
tersburg, where the newspapers speak inex
travapnt terms of his execution of works of
There is a water wheel in use at Bow
doinham, Me., which is probably the only one
of its kind in existence. It Is 27 feet in diame
ter, with a foot ot its rim out of water at high
tide; tne spokes are wide and set diagonally,
like the vanes of a windmill. It turns 18 hours
of the day by tide power, running one way with
the flow, the other with the ebb. With one foot
fall of the tide this wheel gives about oO horse
A Maine parson who received a nice)
large linen duster for a Christmas present is
just beginning to wonder if the gift had any
particular significance. Another Milne min
ister recently received from an admiring fe
male parishioner a present of a nicely made
burial robe. The gift was made in such evi
dent good faith and innocence of any idea of
impropriety, that he received it with thanks,
and cheerfully laid it by against the need that
Fire under water may be produced by
placing a small piece of phosphorus in a conl
cally shaped glass filled with water and some
crystals of chlorate of potash coveting the
phosphorus, and then pouring through a long
tnbe funnel or a glass tube a few drops of sul
phuric acid down on the mixture at the bottom
of the glass. Tongues of flame can be seen
flashing up through the water, the intense
chemical action producing sufficient heat to in
flame the phosphorus under the water. Where
there is sufficient heat and oxygen fire will
burn whether in air or water.
Stories about Balzao are now being told,
inspired by the proposed Balzac monument
One relates that Baron James Rothschild once
when Balzac was obliged to go to Austria, ad
vanced him 3,000 francs and gave him a letter of
recommendation to his nephew in Vienna. The
letter was unsealed, and Balzac read it Finding
It cold, and apparently unworthy of him, he
never took It to the nephew. When he got back
to r-ans ne went to see .Baron Hotnscnua.
"Well," said the latter, "have you seen my
nephew?" Balzac proudly said that he had
kept the letter. "I am sorry tor you," said the
Baron; "have you got it with youf" "Yes, par
bleu: here it Is." "Observe this little hiero
glyphic beneath the signature: it would have
opened a credit nf 23,000 francs for you at the
Vienna firm." Balzac had nothing to say.
A suggestive yarn about the abuse of
the fee system by constables is told by a Gar
diner, Me., man. Officers down on the Ken
nebec have pocketed lots of money from fees
for arresting tramps. It seems to have been
the custom in times gone by that when one of
these gentlemen of leisure was committed to
jail he was presented with a plug of tobacco by
the officer who arrested him. with the under
standing that when his time had expired and
he came round on the circuit again he should
look out for his official friend and help him to
get another fee. The increase of this branch of
police dnty caused competition to spring up
among the members of the force, and it Is
stated as a fact that some of the bribes of to
bacco run as high as a pound.
Captain William Jameson, ot Friend
ship, Me., is called the Paul Revere of the
Mednncook. He received the name in the fol
lowing way: It was during the war of 1812, and
the British with mufllcd oars and under cover
of darkness were trying to reach and burn the
little fleet of fishing schooners at the bead of
the Meduncook river, hoping also to gather in
some chickens, eggs, etc, from the settlers
along the route. Jameson, then a boy of 14,
mounted his horse and rode- through the town
giving the alarm at every bouse. He then re
turned home, jumped from his horse, and
catching up his little flint-lock rifle with 21
rounds of cartridges, started off on the run
across lots to join his neighbors at Bradford's
Point The British soon found that they were
discovered and hastened oack to their snip.
An improved headlight for locomotives
has an adjustment which allows the engineer
to conveniently direct the light 3S he may de
sire, to various points off the line. The lantern
Is supported on a frame or platf orm.wblcb has a
movement to right or left about a vertical axis,
and also up or tlown by the same means, the
operating mechanism leading back to the cab,
so as to be within ready reach of the engineer.
He is enabled, by this arrangement, to examine
dangerous or doubtful parts of the road, and,
in stormy weather to turn the light upon
threatening trees or masses of earth or rock,
upon cither side, and which are liable to fall.
The device also permits of the lantern being
turned so as to throw the light across sharp
corners and exhibit the line of track at some
distance ahead of the train and at points which
would be entirely ont ot reach of! the light In
its usual fixed position. According to the
usual construction and employment of locomo
tive headlights, they are fixed to the engine
front in such a manner that the light is always
thrown forward and concentrated in one line
only this being, of course, an inadequate ar
rangement in the case of sharp curves.
One of the attaches of the Court House .
in Portland, Ore., is in possession of an old
paper that he prizes very highly as a relic and
curiosity. It is a small sheet of newspaper not
over 18 inches square, representing on one side
several of the familiar characters in ancient
history. Among the cuts were noticed Marlus,
sitting amount the ruins of ancient Carthage;
the last moments of Julius Cxsar, representing
the great ruler standing in front of Pompey's
pillar: Romaics and Remus out walking with
their fostermother, the she-wolf; Caligula,
dining with his favorite war horse and feeding
it ont of a golden dish; the Emperor Nero
dancing as he receives the news of the burning
of Rome; the Consuls waiting npon Cincin
nati, as be is plowing in the field, to accept
the dictatorship; brave Horatius holding tne
bridge that spans the "yellow Tiber," and sev
eral others. The cuts are all made true to life,
and show great artistic taste in the designer.
Outside of its value as a curiosity the little
sheet is put to a good use on election days, and
it may be added, it does much good. About
the time the opposing candidates become the
most anxious for just a few more votes, their
attention is called to the scene representing
Clncinnatus at the plow and his constituents
waiting upon him to accept the office of Dic
tator. It always bas the desired effect
PICKINGS FROM I'UCK.
A pencil will not always follow where it
A great de&l of this alleged golden hair
Our first impressions are fnll of errors.
Time Is the only sure proofreader.
It is one of the compensations of nature,
that people who are too fresh are always getting
into a pickle.
Feminine Spite. Miss Butt I think it
strange Mr. Kattrldge didn't send me a valentine.
Miss Minnie Ball-Perhaps he didn't have s
penny In change.
Leap Year is Gone, too. Miss Ketchon
Did yon knock at the door when you came to
Mr. Tumblety Yes, Amy; why do you ask!
Mias Ketchon (shyly)-l thought perhaps yon had.
come with a ring.
Joining Forces. "Sir," said the mission
ary to the departing legislator: "I wish you would
do all In your po.rer to reclaim the poor red man
of the West"
"I will." said the lawmaker,-heartUy; "I'll
begin with their reservations nrst."
Brain Work. "Uncle Aleck, what are
you doing this winter?'"
"1'sebookkeepln, boss." t
"Vas, dat's it. De ole 'ooman takes in washln-,
'n' I keeps de count o' de pieces."
Enterprising. Street Fakir Shoe
strings, sir; shoe-strings! v
Mollurry-Can't you see tnat I'm wearing but
toned shoes? ? ,
Street Fakir-Yes, sir: that's whyl thought
nuy be your laced ones were at home without
The Power Behind the Throne. First
Statesman-DIs yere new Mayor of ours U startln'
out like one of der reg'lar silk stocking reform
ers. Ha seems ter ferglt der boys dat put him up.
Second Statesman Oh, don't you fret Teddy.
Jest wait till 'till der boss gits back from his va
cation, and yer '11 see who's runnln' dls town!
Scandal Spoils Trade. "Pardon me,"
said the detective, deferentially; "but I have no
ticed, madam, that while you have been making
your purchases In the store, yon have appropri
ated Mtveral small articles."
"Allow me to congratulate you on your polite
bearing." returned the lady, producing a card
"you will see Horn this that the Ann has employed
me to tee that Its detectives act with good manners
toward anybody they may suspect!"