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TBE FITTSBtJKGk DISBACH; SUNDAY,1 MARCS '31, 1889.'
ESTABLISHED FEBRUARY 8. 1SJ6.
Vol. . So H. Entered at Pittsburg Postoffice,
o ember 14, 18S7, as second-class matter.
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PITTSBURG, SUNDAY, MAR. 31, 18S9.
HE. CARNEGIE'S SPEECH LAST NIGHT.
The most interesting, but for certain re
cent reasons the least explicable, part of
Mr. Andrew Carnegie's speech at Brad
dock, last evening, was devoted to a ven
tilation of tbe cross and oppressive discrim
inations practiced upon Pittsburg by the
Pennsylvania Railroad and its Western con
nections. That traffic in this naturally
prosperous region has been too frequently
subjected to "what it would bear," was not
wholly unsuspected; but it was left for Mr.
Carnegie to express in mathematical terms
the disadvantages to which our local ship
pers are subjected. Here are a few state
ments from Mr. Carnegie's address:
"Every carload of coke yon see coming from
ConneUsville to Pittsburg furnaces is charged
just double tho freight rate that Is charged
npon cars going over the same ground to
"Tbe Pennsylvania Railroad's great monopoly
strikes against the State whose creature it is."
The Pennsjlvania Railroad piled up $19,000,
000 of Surplus: and last year Si, 000.000 of surplus
after paying its dividends; all extracted un
justly from this State."
-The ore to Chicago furnaces is carried by
Western railroads from Lake Superior to Chi
cago at half the rate per ton for like distances
charged to Pittsburg by the Pennsylvania
"We are in the hands of a grasping monopo
ly, and it seems as if nothing we can do will
get us justice."
Here is a compact formulation of matter
for thought for all who have a penny's
worth of interest in or around Pittsburg.
The Dispatch need not elaborate on Mr.
Carnegie's presentation of the case, but it
cannot overlook the suggestion of an in
quiry as to why, in the presence of this dis
crimination, which is now so loudly be
wailed, the South Penn project was a few
months ago deliberately strangled? What
is most strange is that persons who officiated
as obliging undertakers for the burial of
that line in the interests of the Pennsylvania
Central were prominent Pittsburgers, and
that Mr. Carnegie himself was mentioned as
chief among them. To what purpose do we
object to the impositions of exorbitant freight
charges, if thq first practical relief measure
is killed in tbe house of those who should
be its friends? "What is the good of pub
licly, from the rostrum, exciting popnlar
sentiment against the ''creature of the
State," which "strikes against the interests
of the State," if privately the offending cor
poration is helped to override even express
There is no one whose voice would count
for more than that of Andrew Carnegie in
helping Pittsburg to adequate railroad
facilities and to as low a tariff as is given to
other competing cities. He has the means,
the energy and the business ability to lead
the whole community in this and other
' vital matters. But the slightest suspicion
of insincerity falls as a swift blight upon
public trust. The eye must be single; and
if the voice is the voice of Jacob, the hand
must not be that of Esau. Everyone will
hail with acclamation Mr. Carnegie's state
ment that he means to "swim" with Pitts
burg; but to the end of a better understand
ing all around, he should lose no time in
explaining away, if possible, the common
understanding that he was one of the
prime agents in destroying the South Penn
enterprise, and that he acted in that matter
on behalf of the corporation which he now
ALLEGHENY'S INTERESTING CASE.
If Allegheny still modestly insists on re
maining a third-class city, it has at least
managed to get up a first-class stif over ways
that are alleged to be dark and tricks that
may or may not be vain in its local politics.
For a burg which has lone had a pious habit
of shrugging its shoulders and lifting its
eyebrows deprecatingly when the quality
of Pittsburg statesmanship has been men
tioned, it seems to be doing pretty well on
is own hook these days, to make such a sen
sation over so trifling a matter as the choice
of a Chairman for one of its branches ot
Of course 'be legal proceedings begun
over the allege"! bribery alone can show
what is in the charge3;-&s4,as these are in
full blast, the public canflait develop
ments and withhold judgment until the evi
dence is in. "-j
But much as Pittsburg's city government
has at times been derided by Alleghenians
it is safe to say that anything like $500 for a
vote for Chairman of Councils would on
this side of the river have surpassed "the
dreams of avarice or the , potentiality of
riches." Nobody would think of offering
it, and we trust nobody would take it, or a
smaller sum. Seriously, it is to be hoped
that some explanation other than that in
volved in the informations before the Mayor
may be forthcoming in this singular busi
ness. It is not pleasant to think such things
THE UNION PACIFIC'S EARNINGS.
It is noticeable that the report of the
Union Pacific Railroad, last week, showed
that it bad earned enough last year to pay
its fixed charges, including a deficit of
800,000 on leased lines, the interest on its
debt to the Government, and to have a sur
plus of 5400,000 besides. The directors and
large stockholders resolved that it was "not
expedient" to pay a dividend; which, con
sidering the legal restrictions on the pay
ment of dividends while the Government
interest is in arrears, we can commend as an
eminently wise resolution.
This good showing of the business of that
corporation for the last fiscal year is credit
able to its management under the presi
dency of Mr. Adams. For the improve
ment in the affairs of the company which
has been brought about by intelligence and
honesty at Its head, Mr. Adams deserves
full credit. Rut there are one or two points
brought out by this prosperity which can
hardly escape public attention. The
first is the light that it throws upon
former management. Tbe Union Pacific
has to compete for business now. Un
der its old management, a decade or
more ago, it had a monopoly of its business.
If with the keen Competition which it must
meet now it can earn such net profits, what
other conclusion is there than that its
former lack of prosperity was due to the
dishonesty and profligacy of the manage
ment which violated the law and encum
bered it with debt. This showing adds the
finishing touch to the evidence that, "with
r honest administration and honest capitali
zation, it could have been able to pay off its
debt to the Government.
Another point is the commentary "fur
nished by these profits on Mr. Adams' own
assertion that without pooling the railways
must go to ruin. There has been no pool of
the transcontinental roads unless they
have been secretly violating the law. Yet
in the past year the Union Pacific has
earned a good percentage on capital, BO per
cent in excess of the honest cost of tbe road.
It remains to be seen what the directors
will do with the surplus. They are re
quired to pay $1,000,000 to the Government
under the Thurman act; bat the interest on
their debt is $1,200,000. If they should pay
the whole interest this year it would go
further toward convincing,the people that
they are honestly desirous of paying all
their public indebtedness than several vol
umes Of fine speeches..
THE SAM0AN DISASTER.
Instead of fighting each other, the vessels
of the United States and Germany have
jointly met r, ith a foe more powerful than
their combined strength, and which in
flicted upon both an equally crushing dis
aster. It is instructive that, within a week after
the circulation of rumors that the German
vessel there had sunk the American, a hur
ricane attacked both squadrons, drove all
the vessels ashore, utterly destroying two of
each squadron, and leaving a hope of saving
one American and one German vessel. The
greater loss of men in the German force
gives room for the inference that better dis
cipline and seamanship were shown on the
In the presence of such a disaster as this,
inflicted by the irresistible forces of nature,
the quarrels and threats of human powers
sink into insignificance. The speculations
as to the respective naval strength of the
two powers at Samoa are brought to nothing
by a power which destroys the naval
strength of both with a single blow. It is
probable that the international antagonisms
which had been prdduced between the two
forces at Samoa would be lost sight of, and
the two nationalities would be drawn closer
together by their common disaster. Cer
tainly it is to be hoped that in the presence
oi such a terrible disaster the pettv interna
tional jealousies would be forgotten, and
only the community of suffering humanity
Perhaps both Germany and the United
States may ask themselves now whether
there was anything at Samoa worth fighting
over at the cost of a hundred and fifty lives
and six vessels.
GOOD TRADE POLICY.
The plan which the wholesale grocery In
terest has formed for a grocers' convention,
to bring together the retail merchants of the
surrounding district, as outlined in our lo
cal columns, is an evidence that our whole
sale interests are waking up to the impor
tance of effort to extend their trade.
Pittsburg has always lagged a little be
hind the times in this respect. If buyers
from the surrounding country would come
here! to see what they could get, our whole
sale merchants would sell them goods; and
many of our houses of course would keep ac
tive drummers on the road. Bat the value of
united effort to secure the trade of the sur
rounding towns has not been appreciated.
Asa consequence Pittsburg, which should
by its position command the principal
share of the trade of Western Pennsylvania,
Onio and West Virginia, finds its trade
taken away by Philadelphia and Balti
more on the one hand, and Cleveland and
Cincinnati on the other.
' The present movement shows that our
merchants are" arousing themselves and in
tend to make the most of their facilities and
situation. They will bring the retail mer
chants here and show them what can be
done for them. They will join together to
make every possible buyer an actual
buyer; and local jealousies will be sunk,
with the perception of the fact that the in
crease of Pittsburg's trade is for the benefit
That is the way to go to work. A little
of that policy will produce a wonderful ex
pansion of our trade; and every dollar spent
in that way will come back multiplied
twenty, forty or even a hundred fold.
K0X SO RELIABLE NOW.
We observe that the Hew York TForM,
in the course of an article on the appoint
ment of editors of Republican organs to
high diplomatic place, asserts that "Mr.
Reid, Mr. Halstead and Mr. New can not
be one whit more 'reliable' in defending or
ignoring everything that is wrong in their
own party, nor in denying that there is any
thing good in the Democratic party, than
they were before their appointment." It
is plain that this was written before the
Senators put themselves on record against
criticism of their acts including the Demo
cratic Senators, which the World is very
apt to indorse. The Republican and Demo
cratic Senators have practically declared
that Mr. Halstead is not "reliable" enough,
and the effect is likely to be that Mr. Hal
stead will be less "reliable" than ever.
With the 'possibility of official dignity be
fore tis eyes that incisive editor has been
rather diplomatic of late; but it is likely
that herfafter he will speak right out in
ATM?SPHERE AD LIBITUM.
'the perennial strugele between the people
who like their air-fresh and those who preler
to take it warmed over, is reported to have
broken out withv renewed force in the ele
vated railway Jars In Kew York. The
struggle has beei going on n the older rail
road trains sincehat mode of travel was in
vented; but it stems to have assumed es
pecial virulencf 'n the elevated trains; and
between the peple who declare that they
must have tb8 windows closed and those
who swear tht they will have them open,
the trainmen are said to be at their wit's
It seema'singulftr that the railway men
never -perceived the solution of thislrrcpres-
slble conflict; tat there is a solution and a Very
simple one. The numbers of the fresh and
warmed-over air parties are about equal.
Why should not the railroads givs each
party a car7 Then those who prefer to
breathe a second-hand atmosphere, enriched
with the carbofllo Acid that is given it by
having been used several times by other
pedple, can go info the car set aBide for that
purpose, and enjoy all the flavor and variety
of that class of air. Those ,wh6se. taste leads
them to prefer their air plaid, even at the
risk of sore throats or pneumonia, can go
into the fresh air vehicle; and all the
scrained relations arising from the question
whether a window shall be up or down will
We hope tojsee the railroads adopt this
suggestion by classifying their cars and'
labeling them either with the popular terms
"fresh air car" and "warmed'Over air car,"
or mora scientifically, "oxygen car" and
"carbonic odd gas car," This would enable
every man to select his atmosphere for him
self. ii, i i
Mb. Andbew Lang recently declared
in a lecture that ''popular education has
been carried to such a deplorable extent
that almost the majority of men can read,
which valuable gift they waste on news
papers." Mr. Eider Haggard was present
at the time that remarkable statement wai
made, but omitted to bear testimony to the
fact of which he has reason to be informed,
that the public sometimes reads matter more
prothy even than newspapers. It was not
necessary, however; for Mn Lang knows
and perhaps that is what is the matter with
him that while a small portion of tbe peo
ple reads his rather Witty short efforts, they
decline to read his vapid and improbable
With a collision in New York harbor,
another in the English channel nd tbe dis
aster to the squadrons at Samara, all re
ported yesterday, the dootrine of epidemics
in disasters seems to receive more than an
New Yoek can hardly reconcile herself
to the idea that an Illinois man, even if he
be Robert Lincoln, should be selected to
eat the English dinners and make speeches
to the nobility and gentry. The Illinois
Senators do not like it because the President
picked- out Robert Lincoln without their
help; and the whole Senate is in revolt
against Murat Halstead. Some people still
think that a party is strengthened by the
distribution of the spoils.
As the Senate continues obdurate on the
subject of Halstead, the question of supply
ing the vacancv may suggest to tbe admin
istration that Alan Arthur and the Garfield
boys are still unprovided for.
The fact that another burlesque actress
has got $50,000 out of a breach of promise
case against one of England's nobility, may
furnish another explanation of the taste of
the peers for New York heiressses. The
amusement of flirting with pretty actresses
is becoming so expensve that it requires the
reinforcement of American fortunes to keep
Ix is actually stated that a man in New
York City has been sent to the- penitentiary
for a year for selling his vote. He must
have sold his vote to the wrong party.
Ex-Senatob Chace appears as the au
thor of an article in the North American
Review, proving that the Congressional
salaries are insufficient. This might be ex
pected to diminish the rush of applicants to
the Rhode Island General Assembly, after
Senator Chace's seat; but ii hasfcot yet pro
duced that effect. '
John Bbight's death leaves a vacancy
in Parliament from Birmingham, and the
election to fill it bids fair to drive another
nail into the Tory coffin.
The Senate definitely announces that no
man who has the temerity to criticise the
members of that lolty body for shutting off
investigation into purchased seats need ex
pect to be confirmed for anything. The in
ability of the statesmen to stand criticism is
rather more severe on themselves than on
Between briberv charges and the
License Court, Allegheny Councilmen are
beginning to think that republics are
Since these foreign missions continue to
cause tronble, not only between this Gov
ernment and foreign governments, but be
tween the executive and legislative depart
ments, why not return to our original propo
sition, and get along without the highly
salaried causes of discontent?
Teials for illegal voting in West Vir
ginia seem to be about as harmless to the
prisoners as trials for bribery in New York.
Some other States have been disposed to
raise a question over the crediting of ap
pointments to them when the recipient lives
elsewhejp, but Pennsylvania will not do so
over Mr. Carnegie's nomination. Mr. Car
negie lives in New York, bat belongs to
PROMINENT PEOPLE PARAGRAPHED,
The King ot Greece -buys "his clothes In
London. The Queen buys hers in Paris.
The German Crown Prince, 6 years old, has
to get up at 6 every morning and begin his
studies at 7.
Mrs. Sargent, daughter of Dr. Oliver
Wendell Holmes, Is recovering from a serious
The Hon. Neal Dow thinks there is no
doubt that Theodore R. limby, instead of John
Ericsson, should be honored as the inventor of
tbe revolving turret for ships of war.
The housekeeping duties pertaining to the
White House have been about evenly divided
among Mrs. Harrison, Mrs. McKee and Mrs.
Russell Harrison. Mrs. Harrison superintends
the work of the laundresses, chambermaids
and cooks, Mrs. McKee has charge of tbe but
ler and waiters and superintends the china and
glass closet, while Mrs. Russell Harrison sees
to it that the supplies of food and wine are
kept up in proper style. In this way the three
ladies make an easy task of what was some
times a heavy burden to Mrs. Cleveland.
IK the Academy ot Sciences, at Paris, re
marks were recently made on M. Berthelot's
book on tbe chemistry ot the ancients and the
Middle Ages. The work is a sennet to Ber
thelot's "Origines de l'Alchemle,"and "Collec
tions des Anciens Alcbcinlstes Grecs." Re
cently a book entitled tbe "History of the Al
chemistlcal Philosophers" was published in
England. This latter book was Infused with
Mr. Hargraves Jennings' and our own theo
sophlsts' notion that the "magnum opus" of
the transmutation of the baser metals into
gold had really been accomplished. It is, per
haps, needless to say that M. Berthelot's inves
tigations give no countenance to this notion.
Metals, like Boand minds, stay what they were
Princely Bunko Shops.
From the Chicago News.2
Tbe present gambling season at Monte Carlo
is reported to be the most prosperous ever
known, the winnings ot tbe place having
amounted to $750,000 in February alone. Inci
dentally It may be mentioned that 21 suicides
occurred there during January and February.
Still, the princely bunko shop is prospering;
THE TOPICAL TALKEB.
Tbe Prattle of the Babes Pig In tbe Clover
A Bom Humorist and Other Cariosities.
It takes a child to answer off-hand questions
which would puzzle a mature brain.
A toveable mite of a girl a few days Since Was
walking home with er father, and there
happened to ba a splendid full moon in the sky.
Tbe babe was enchanted with the moon, as
babes have often been before, and her father
asked her If She'd like to have It Of course
"What would you do with It, Helen, if I were
to get it for your' asked he.
"Play marbles with It," she promptly replied.
Hebe is another bit of childish wisdom,
which somebody has been kind enough to Send
me from an Ohio village: Last summer a very
small boy was present at a balloon ascension.
As tbe gigantic bird-like machine sailed up into
the clduds with its human freight the small
spectator pulled his mother's dress excitedly
and exclaimed! "What will the good God say
When he Sees that a coming?"
. Nothing like the collection of gaudy and
Inartistic theatrical paper that nils the shop
windows and covers the boardings at present
has been seen here before for some time. It Is
Simply sheer waste of money, half ot which in
vested in newspaper advertising would bring
returns worth thinking of. But when will the
theatrical geniuses who angle tor the popular
favor understand thlsT
The terrible news from Samoa dates from
Samoa about tne time that the canard, describ
ing a battle between the German and American
war vessels, had been thoroughlyjthreshed out
and proven false. The battle was alleged to
hate occurred on or about" March 2, and the
news reached America on March 8.
The pigs in the clover, or the puzzle called
by that name, has come, PlttsburgerB have
Seen it and confess themselves conquered. It
is a mighty ingenious pnzzle, notwithstanding
its lingular simplicity, and, of coarse, the won
der is that somebody hasn't planned the putsle
before. Some hundreds were sold yesterday, I
am told, and the sale has only just begun.
It Is better to have invented "the pigs in the
clover" than to have found 20 new planets in
the heavens better, that Is, in the cash returns
to the inventor.
Among those Who bought the puzzle during
the minute of my observation yesterday were
three men above throe-score years and they
all, with one exception, said something about
pleasing the grandchildren. The solitary ex
ception confessed that he intended to stay at
borne from church to-day and get his pigs out
ot the clover and Into the pen.
How overwhelming IS the confidence of the
young man of to-day in his own powers.
A young gentleman who dwells in Pennsyl
vania wrote the other day to an editor ot this
city, in which be said that he had for a lone
time observed that Bill Nye's jokes were not
as good as be, tbe writer, was capable of grind
ing ont at will, and he wanted to know if he
might be permitted to sample a column ot
The editor who received this epistle bade the
unassuming yonng gentleman send his cargo of
concentrated laughter along. Back came a
dozen sheets of paper covered on both sides
with writing in an almost illegible hand. The
first joke on the first page was this: "When
does a honsewife get preserves out of a door?"
Answer: "When it's a-jarl"
The editor, straneo to say, read on further,
and discovered a number ot venerable jokes,
some in the old clothes, a few in the new tteht-
fltting tailor-made costumes which clearly re-J
vciiicu ineir original iorm. nut two or tnree
"jokes" were absolutely original, and in speak
ing of them the editor said: "There was no
joke about them."
The reply my amiable friend the editor in
dited to the bashful humorist was as follows:
Deab SIR You have mistaken your calling In
life. You should turn your attention to grave
matters. How would undertaking strike you?
Your valuable MS3. is herewith returned with
thanks. - Yours, etc.
But the bounding ambition of that young
man will survive, no doubt
TAFFI FOR LINCOLN.
lie la Appreciated la England for His Per
sonal Merles and for His Fnther's Sake.
London, March 30 Colonel Gouraud, of
the British army, who served on General Mc
Clellan's staff in tbe Army of the Potomac,
has sent the following dispatch to Mr. Lincoln:
Hon. Robert Lincoln, Chicago:
In expressing as an old friend and comrade my
most hearty and sincere congratulations upon the
merited honor yon have received from the Presi
dent and the country, I may confidently add the
assurance that Americans residing In ngland
will welcome you with quite exceptional unan
imity and cordiality, no less on account of your
personal merits than as the son of the man whose
name and memory aro the pride and glory of
' AN ILL-STARRED-FAMILT.
A Number of Misfortunes Fall Upon It
NEWBtTEO, N. Y., March 80. William Hil
ton, an aged builder of this city, is confined to
his home in a partiallyparalyzed condition, one
side of his body being wholly useless. He
sprained a cord while lifting a beam in his shop
Wednesday. The same day he received word
that his son-in-law, Rev. S. G. Shaw, of Wal
ton. Delaware county, while walking a bridge
at Selma, Ala., had fallen, breaking a leg.
To-day a letter was received from another
son-in-law, Engeno Peppers, of Kansas City,
lnformlnc tbe family that Saturday night last
their house had been burned to the ground, not
even a hairpin being saved.
Senators Sbonld Smoko Good Cigars.
Washington, March 30. In the Senate this
afternoon Mr. Manderson's resolution to im
prove the ventilation of the chamber was re
ferred to the Committee on Contingent Ex
penses, after several Senators had expressed
their opinion that the smoke of cigars had
much to do with the causes of complaint
They lUast Have Been Married Men.
.From the Detroit Free Press.!
Tbe coroner's jury in the case of a Michigan
man, who, after being four times married and
three times divorced, died the other day,
brought in a verdict of death from natural
DEATHS OP A DAL
Mary J, McCall,
Miss Mary J. McCall, eldest daughter of R. 8.
P. McCall, the county's Bpeoial LIcenseAgcnt,
died at 8 o'clock last evening at the residence of
her sister. Mrs. L. E. Stofiel, on Main street,
(seventeenth ward. Only a little more than two
weeks ago Miss McCall came down to the city
from her home in Tarentum to visit her sister.
It was during this visit that she became ill. Pre
vious sickness had left her constitution weak, and
a rneumatlc fever developed Into dangerous ten
den cies within a week after her arrival here. She
was unable to rally from the nervous prostration
Miss McCall was lu her 23th year. Her suffer
ings were Intense, but the beautiful faith, the
ecstacv of her spiritual Joy and the sweet testimo
nies of Christian hope that marked her transition
lrom earth to heaven veiled all pain with the
drapery or dying grace. The lire Itself bad been
worn weary with years or 111-bcalth, But the
spiritual life had steadily grown stronger with
thH same wearisome vearn. until at ,.
fit triumphantly cnjnlfcd sufferings and Alary
emerged upon the painless shores or Immortality.
West Penn Railroad, .Monday afternoon, and the
services will be held at tbe M. E, Church or that
place at 4 o'clock.
Special Telegram to The Dispatch.
CoxNELLSvrLLti, March 30. John C. Mahon
died at his residence; in this place, to-day at 10:45
A. M. or consumption, after a hrlel illness. The
deceased was clerk to bberiff Miller, of Fayetto
county, ana served In the same capacity under ex
Sherurs Dean and Sterling. He was "one of the
most popular officials or the county, being univer
sally IlLcd by men or both parties. He was a
Democrat, but pullttcs never stood lu the war or
uy duty he perrorined. At the time or his death
e was in his 40th year. He ltaves a widow, but no
Pbovtpescs, B. I March Sa.-Zcharlah Chaf
fee, whose name has been widely known as trus
tee of what was once the most splendid property
In this State, the Sprague estate, died this morn
ing. Ho was 74 years old. He was born in thts
city, and In his younger days was In the grain
and produce business, being at one time a mem
ber of a Pittsburg firm.
CBICAQO, March SO. The oldest man on record
is dead. He was Daniel llnrkc, and according to
the certificate or aeatb returned to the registrar
of vital statistics this morning, he was 114 years of
age. The old man, who has boen a resident of
Illinois S5 years, died at the institution or the
Little bisters of the Poor or pneumonia, having
been ill for sis weeks.
AN INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS
Objects ttnd Alms of the Cowing- Conference
between tbe United States and tbe Gov
ernment of Mexico and Central nnd
South American States.
WashtnotoIn, March 30. To-day tho Presi
dent made the following nominations: To be
delegates to the conference between the United
States of -America and the Republics of
Mexico, Central and South America, Hayti,
San Domingo and the Empire of Brazil to be
held in Washington, in l!i86: JohnB. Hender
son, Of Missouri; Cornelius N. Bliss, of New
York; William Pinckney Whyte, of Marjrlahd:
ClCttent Studebaker, of Indiana; T. Jefferson
Coolldge, ot Massachusetts; William Henry
Tf escott of South Carolina; Andrew Carnegie,
of Pennsylvania; John R, G. Pitkin, of
Louisiana! Morris M. Estee, of California; J.
H. HanSon, of Georgia, The nominations were
made in accordance with the act of Congress
Of May 21, 1B&8, which authorizes the' President
to inVlte the several Governments Of the Re
publics and the Brazilian Empire tb join the
United States in a conference to be held at
Washington, at such, time as he may deem
proper, for the purpose of discussing and
recommending for adoption to their respective
Governments Some plan of arbitration for the
Settlement of disagreements and disputes that
may hereafter arise between them, and for
consideration of questions relating to the im
provenient of business intercourse and means
of direct communication uotweett said Coun
tries, and to encourage such reciprocal com
mercial reis tiofis as win ua Beneficial to an and
secure more extensive markets for the prod
ucts of. each of said countries.
Objects of the Cohfet-ence.
In forwarding to the above-named Govern
ments tbe invitation to tbe conference, tbe
President IS required to set forth that the con
ference Is called to consider the following:
first Measures that shall tend to preserve the
peace and promote the prosperity of the several
American States. '
Second Measures toward tbe formation or an
American Customs Union, under which the trade
of the American nations with each other shall,
So far as possible and profitable, be promoted.
Third The establishment or regular and fre
quent communication between the ports of the
several American States and the ports or each
Fourth The establishment or a unirorm system
or customs regulations in each or the lndepend
en t American States as to give the mode or In- por
tatlon and exportation of merchandise and port
dues and charges a unirorm method or determin
ing tbe classification and valuation or such mer
chandise to the ports of each country and a uni
form system or Invoices, aud the subject of the
sanitation of ships and quarantlns.
Fltth-The adoption of a- -uniform system of
weights and measures, and laws to protect the
patent rights, copyrights and trade marks otcltl
"? 2L.el,he. country in the other, and for the
extradition or criminals.
Sixth The adoption or a common sliver coin, to
be issued by each Government, the same to be
legal tender la all commercial transactions be
tween the citizens or all or the American States.
Seventh-An agreement upon and recommenda
tlon JE adoption to their respective Oovernments
ofa definite plan or arbitration or all questions,
disputes and differences that may now orherearter
exist between them, to the end that all difficulties
and disputes between such nations nuy be peace
ably settled and wars prevented.
ltUhth-To consider such other subjects relating
to the welfare or the several states represented as
may be presented by any of said States which are
Invited to participate In said conlerence. The
delegates on the part of the United States are to
serve without compensation other than their
actual necessary expenses.
The several other States participating in the
conference are to be represented by as many
delegates as each may elect; provided, that in
the disposition of questions to come before the
conference, no State shall be entitled to more
than one vote. The Secretary of State is re
quired to pay for tbe daily publication in the
English, Spanish and Portuguese languages of
so much of the proceedings of the conference
as that body shall determine, and upon lis con
clusion transmit a report of the same to Con
gress. THE I0DKG MAN AS CRITIC.
Robert Bnchanaa on the Tendencies of the
Youth in Our Times.
"Frankly," says Robert Buchanan, in the
Universal Review, "I do not know what the
modern young man is coming tol The young
man of my own early experience was feather
headed, but earnest; impulsive and unlnstruct
ed, but sympathetic and occasionally studious;
though his faults were many, lack of convic
tion was certalnlynotone of them. He dreamed
wildly of fame, of fair women, of beautiful
books; and when he read the masters, he de
spaired. A great thought, even a fine phrase,
stirred him like a trumpet. In Bohemia he had
heard the bird-like, cry of Mimi; in the forest
of Ardsn he had roamed with Rosalind. For
him, in the lightheartedness of his youth, the
world was an enchanted dwelling-place. The
gods remained. witbGod. .above them. The
heaven of his literary infancy lay around him.
Ont in the darkened streets he met thesunny
smile of Dickens, and down among the English
lanes he listened to the nightingales ot Keats
But now, with the passing of one brief gen
eration, the world has changed, the youth who
was a poet and a dreamer has departed, and
the modern young man has arisen to take his
place. A saturnine young man, a young man
who has never dreamed; a dream or been a
child, a young man, whose days have been
shadowed by the upastree of modern pessi
mism, and who Is born to the heritage of flash
cynicism and cheap science.of literature whlcb
is less literature than criticism run to seed.
Though varied in the species, he is invariable
in the type, which includes the whole range of
modern character, from the young man of cul
ture expressed in the. elegant humanltlesof
Mr. Henrv James and Mr. Marion Crawford,
down to the bank holiday young man of no
cnlture. The modern young man, whether
with or without education, has no religion and
no enthusiasm. Nourished InjJie new creed
of Realisji and Art pour Art he is ready to
take Love "as a subject" and. call it a cruel
enigma. Even the insufferable Gautier was
superior to all this; he was not too clever to live,
not over-full of insight to write. But the
modern young man is the very paradox of
J nescience and nescience, of Instruction and
ncaoacity. He writes books, which am dead
books from the birth: he f ormulates criticisms,
which are laborious self-dissections, indecent
exposures of the infinitely trivial; he paints, he
composes, he toils and moils, and all to no
For the faith which is life, and the life which
is reverence and enthusiasm, have been denied
to him. The sun has gone out above him, and
the earth is arid dust beneath him. He has
scarcely beard of Bohemia, he is utterly in
credulous of Arden, and he is aware with all
his eyes, not of Mimi or of Rosalind, but of
Sidonie Rlsler and Mdmo. Bovary. He has
looked down Vesuvius, out of bis very cradle.
In Boston, be has measured Shakespeare and
Dickens, and found the giants wanting; in
France be has talked the argot of "L'Assom
niolr" over the grave of Hugo; even in free
Scandinavia he has discovered a Zola with a
stuttering style and two wooden legs, and made
a totem-god of Ibsen; whilo here in England he
threatens Turner, the painter, and has prac
tically (as he thinks) demolished the gospol of
poetical sentiment. And yet, enrionsly enough,
be has done nothing, he has given us nothing;
for he is nothing." '
AN AMUSING PET.
The Antics of the Coaitl-Mondl, Which Eats
Its Own Tall.
From the Animal World.:
Mr. Wood gives a very amusing account of a
pot coalti-mondi, a South American animal, al
lied to tbe raccoon:
He once stole an egg while cooking was going
on. My mother saw him, and chivied him all
over the house, until at last she cornered him.
He Still kept tho egg in his mouth, and when
he saw he must be caught he deliberately
raised his head as high as he conld, dashed the
egg down on the carpet and "klkocd" frantic
ally with glee. The little animal would always
find out a scented handkerchief, roll It up Into
a tight ball, sit upright bold the ball to his
nose with his f orepaws, and sniff at it with
eyes closed in ecstacy. After enjoying it for
some time, he would turn round and rub it
gently up and down his talk
Ibis tail was a funny piece of furniture, for
it never moved to the right or left when be
turned round, but stuck stiffly in an arch be
hind. He was very fond of lying Inside the
fender, and whenever we perceived a smell of
burning we always knew it was only Kiko's tail
raking out the lower bar as he turned. He
never seemed to feel a burn, and once quite
roasted the tip. Which he 'ate, and enjoyed it
immensely. It soon got well again, and there
did not seem to be any sore.
He Had Experience.
From the Chicago Wews.j
Ex-President Clevelan&has returned safely
to this country from Cuba, his long experience
with office1 seekers having enabled htm to elade
the bandits ot that island with;, comparative
Married Once Too Often
Shslbwille, Ind., March aa-The seven-tlmes-marrled
Mollie Carmtn has filed a suit
for divorce against her sixth husband, from
whom she was divorced last term of court and
re-marriea soon alter.
A SHOW OF SHOES.
A Carinas Exhibition to be BeM In Lon
donThe Footwear df OarForcfatbers
Tbe Contest for Supremacy Between
. tbe BUckle abd the Shoestring.
London is to have an exhibition of ''Antique
and Historical Shoes." In an article upon this
novel show the London Standard says; "Man,
we may take it in his primitive state, dispensed
with ShOeS. Even now, the soles of tbe fishing
Indians of Notthwest America, and those Of
the Diggers, of California, Ufa as hard as hord,
though In tho Cactus country, further east, it
is so difficult to travel without foot protection,
that to take the boots oil a horse thief .is con
sidered a tolerable guarantee that he wlU not
wander far afield, should it be necessary for
his captors to pals the night by a prairie camp
fire. -But the earliest glimpses which we have
of civilized man are as a ShOe-wearer. The
Greeks had their sandals. Or "pedalia," for
ordinary use, thohgh even they lud special
ones for the bath, and hunting Doots
laced up In front of the leg. while
the Etruscan figures show the ladies with toe
less socks and strapped sandals. The Romans
wore something similar. Yet refinement bad
proceeded so far that while there was the or
dinary "calceus," the makers of which cam
bered the streets Of the Imperial City with their
stalls, the soldiers had the forerunner of the
"military boot," in the shape of the "ealigSj"
and the "country gentlemen" the high-legged
"campagus." Then the Benators wore shoes Of
Scarlet leather, decked with knobs of ivory or
brass, and the patricians "calcei" of black ma
terial, ornamented with the ivory "lunula."
The sketches which have descended to us
frOm the earliest times represent the mag
istrates and other Egyptian people of rank
wearing sandals, though it does not appear
that this fashion became general until about
1,600 years before tbe Christian era, the rule
prior to that date being for all classes to go
barefoot unless on ceremonial occasions.
Endless Varieties' of Footgenr.
It is, however, chiefly lu mediaeval Europe
that we see the endless varieties of footgear
which puzzle the leaders ot fleeting fashion.
Academic and ecclesiastical costume have ap
peared in various shapes, with shoes to suit
while civil dress, if more changeable, is not
less remarkable as regards the covering of tbe
lower oxtremitles. Tbe Anglo-Saxons wore
low-boots, but by the twelfth century dignita
ries had begun to encase their feet In green
boots enciicled with gold, and armed with
spurs of the same precious metal. King John,
however, took to black boots, and by the four
teenth century the shoes became so prodigious
ly long that the toes had to be looped up, And,
finally, a sumptuary law was passed limit
ing them to a reasonable size. But by the
fifteenth century they ran to the opposite ex
treme, getting so broad that again a paternal
King bad to interfere. In France, half boots
or "poulslnes" came Into vogue, and of so fine
a material that, in order to proteot them, men
of rank walked about In clogs. The high
heeled shoes which came in with Charles H.
were preferable, though the huge jack-boots of
the solidiers seem to have been about as un
wieldy a protection for the foot as could well
be imagined. The varying fashions which fol
lowed will, no doubt, be well Illustrated in the
forthcoming ExulbtioD, though, as a rule, since
brass and silver heels ran their course, the
follies of tbe age have in this direction been
illustrated mainly in the height of the hinder
part the tightness of the shoe, and the changes
rung on'narrow and broad toes.
Abont Buckles and Shoe-Strings.
Buckles ought to form an Interesting feature
of the display. They came into England with
tbe Restoration, and became so large, costly
and popnlar, that -at one time their manufac
ture gave employment to 4,000 people in Bir
mingham alone. When shoestrings, always
affected by the Puritans and Quakers, resumed
their sway, the buckiemaker3 petitioned the
Prince of Wales to try and avert their ruin.
This he endeavored to do by wearing buckles
himself, and commanding his household to fol
low his example. But in the end, fashion was
too much for all of them. At present, these
ornaments are only seen In court costume, and
on the shaes of certain Continental ecclesias
tics in spite of recent attempts to reintroduce
them as part of evening dres. Spurs have, of
course, never gone out though the huge rowels
of gold and silver are no longer seen, except in
Spanish America, where a caballero of the first
water will expend upon bis trappings enough
metal to purchase a Derby winner. These once
Invariable appendages of riding boots being
naturally more Indestructible than the articles
to which they were attached, tbe collection is
safe to be both extensive and artistic.
IN MEMORY 0-JnK1EWS.
- ' -
The Supreme Conrt Bar WlU Take Appro
Washington, March 80 A preliminary.
meeting of the Har of tbe Supreme Court was
held this morning to make arrangements for a
meeting of the Bar in memory of the late Jus
tice Matthews. Among those present were
Assistant Attorney General Maury, Senator
Evarts, Representatives Butterworth, of Ohio,
and Breckinridge, of Kentucky; Generals
Mussey and Henkle, of the District Bar; Hon.
Joseph E. McDonald, George Ticknor Curtis
and General Kppa Hnnton. Senator Evarts
was called on to preside, and, on taking the
"Gentlemen of the Bar of the Supreme Court
of the United States: The affective Intelli
gence of the death of the associate justice.
Judge Matthews, brought to the attention of
the court and to the profession and to the pub
lic a week ago, presents the occasion for our
meeting here. It is tbe purpose In calling this
meeting that an arrangement should now be
made that some early day be named at which
suitable resolutions should be presented and
considered, and at which an opportunity
Bhould be given for the expression of the in
terest of the Bar. their esteem, their respect
and their admiration and affection for their de
ceased friend. An early day has been fixed
upon and will be snggested, which, if accept
able to tbe profession now represented here,
will be adopted."
Assistant Attorney General Maury then pre
sented resolutions for adoption, providing for
a committee of eight to take suitable action
and providing that the commemorative meet
ing be held on April 6, at 11 a. it. These reso
lutions were adopted, and the presiding officer
appointed tbe following committee in accord
ance with the first resolution: Senators Ed
munds and Hoar. Representatives Butter
worth, of Ohio, and Breckinridge, of Kentucky;
Solicitor General Jenks, Hon. Joseph E. Mc
Donald, George Ticknor Curtis and Samuel
BURIAL OF THE GREAT COMMONER.
The Last Sail Honors Paid to Mr. John
London, March 80. The funeral of Mr.
John Bright took place to-day. Crowds of
people lined tho isjute of the procession from
One Ash, Mr. Brlght's late residence, near
Rochdale, to tho cemetery. Among those
present were Right Hon. Joseph Cbamber
laln.Sir Wilfrid Lawson,Mr. Jesse ColUngs, Mr.
Arnold Morley, Mr. William Rathbone and
General H. Lydenoch Gardiner, C. B., Equery
in Ordinary to Queen Victoria, who represented
Her Majesty. A number of deputations bead
ed tbe procession. Fifteen carriages contain
ing mourners followed the hearse. Eight of
Mr. Brlght's workmen Carried. the coffin to the
hearse and from the hearse to the g-aye.
1 When the coffin was placed in the grave the
mourners gathered around in silent meditation,
according to the custom of the Quakers, to
which sect Mr. Bright belonged. Tne Dean of
Founder's College atterward delivered an
oration. He spoke of Mr. Bright as a man of
great simplicity, who did not attribute his
talents to bis own efforts, bnt considered them
gilts from God,
Four wreaths remained on the coffin when it
was lowered into tbe grave. One was Sent
from Biarritz by Queen Victoria. Attached
to it was Her Majesty's autograph. Another
was from the Prince and Princess of Wales,
with a card bearing the words: "As a mark of
respect" Tho third was from Mr. Brlght's
work people and the fourth from Miss Cobden.
Attached to Miss Cobden's wreath was a card
inscribed: "in loving memory of my father's
Grndilions iniign of Bereavement.
Joe Howard 1n the New York Press.T
Fashion decrees that men and women in
mourning. Sorrowing for their dead, shall wear
some somber evidence thereof, tending in its
extravagance, "however, to a lavish display that
seems an ostentatious challenge to the critic.
And now tbe merchants of our time, quick to
accept the slightest hint or opportunity to in
crease their store, have decreed, and people
blindly follow, that there shall be periodic gra
dations in tbe signs of bereavement from deep
est crape and longest veil, that mitigate their
outward indications, which, when Interpreted
in plain Saxon, wonld seem to say that "Six
months after one is gone the grief is less." be
cause the crape is not so wide; tbe sorrow is not
so great because the mourning garb is
A Grand Conspiracy.
From the New York Press.
Cigarette makers, Belters, consumers, are in
a grand conspiracy against the coming generation.
BITS OF NEW I0RK GOSSIP.
The Hockawny Hotel tobe Removed,
f SISV YOttK SUKXAtr SflClALS.J
New Yobk, March 30. The Ocean Bay So
ciety Will not convert the WgBockaway Hotel
and Its grounds into a second Chautauqua or
Ocean Grove, as it announced in the circulars
Which It scattered broadcast over the country.
The dption of the society expired before It
Could complete arrangements for the pdrehase,
and this afternoon Austin Corbln, agent for
Levi P, Morton, Bliss & Co., the owners, adver
tised the sale, of tbe hotel at auction on April
15. The silverware, linen and furniture, ot
which there is a vast qnantitv, will be sold
three days earlier'. The purchaser ot the hotel
will contract to remove the building within
one year", itt. Corbln will eventuaUy divide
tbe 140 acres of land, now occupied by tbe hotel
and its grounds. Into small building lots, lay
Out streets and panks, and try to transform the
Place Into a second Tuxedo.
Brooklyn Want n World's tfalf,
A movement has jnst been Started in Brook
lyn to have a world's fair there next year, in
celebration of the toor hundredth anniversary
of the discovery of America. Several prom
inent business men who are pushing the scheme
think thai Brooklyn ought to have the fair, be
cause it was the horn of Henry Ward Beecher,
is easily accessible from the metropolis over
the big bridge, and has never had anything be-
tntA. TilA TirnnfrlirH nln, f1nA41 ia trvlrtfl- tft
decide whether to spend 230.000 upon an
annex to its largest parK. The principal argu
ment in favor of the expenditure has been that
tbe annex wonld be a fine site for the proposed
Distinguished Passengers for Europe.
Mr. and Mrs. Cornelius Vanderbilt, Miss
Gertrude Vanderbilt three little VanderbntS,
three maids and a special stewardess, sailed on
the steamship Etruria for Europe, this morn
ing. Mr.J.H. Carnegie was also among the
Schooners-Playing In Hard Luck.
The English steamship Beta, from Matanzas,
Cuba, came into port to-day with a badly bit.
tered hull. At 6 o'clock last Tuesday evening
she collided with the American schooner Belle
Hooper, SO miles off Cape Hatteras. The
Hooper filled with water to tbe upper deck Im
mediately. The Beta towed the Hooper to
Hampton Roads, where the schooner capsized
and went to the bottom with all her cargo. No
lives were lost The Trans-Atlantic steamship
Indiana, which left her berth for Liverpool
last evening, collided in the lower Day with, a
small schooner which is supposed to have sunk
immediately afterward. The huge iron plates
on the Indiana's port bow were ripped away
and broken for some distance above her water
line. The Indiana put back to her dock, where
'a large part of her cargo has been unloaded to
day preparatory to repairs. No trace of the
schooner which struok the Indiana has been
Spring- Ocean Travel Terr Large.
The number of cabin passengers on the out
goingsteamers for Europe this morning was
unusually large. As compared with last year
at the some time, the exodus is fully one-third
He Cnn't Qalte Keep a Wife.
Samuel Rottstein, 17 years old, told a police
justice to-day how he had come all the way
from Prenn, Russia, to New York to escape his
20-year-old wife. One year ago tbe present
Mrs. Rottstein got Samuel for a husband in
exchange for J10 paid by her to Rottstein, Sr.,
of Prenn. Two davs after the ceremony young
Rottstein fled from his bride by night and
sailed for America. Mrs. Rottstein pursued
him. She found him to-day in a butcher's shop,
af ter a search of ten months. She tried to em
brace him, but he ran away. Then she had him
arrested. As Rottstein earns but id a month,
support of his wife was out of the question.
He said he would rather die than live with her.
The justice told him he needn't do it then, and
Wben Wbltelaw Will Leave for France.
Whitelaw Held, Minister to France, and his
family will sail for Havre on tbe steamship
Bourgogne Mayl In the meantime Ogden
Mills, his brother-in-law, now in London, will
run over to Paris to arrange for the new quar
ters of Mr. Reid and his legation.
Legitime Wants Peacr.
It was officially given out at tbe Haytlan
consulate to-day that Legitime hadsent a peace
commission of three to Cape Haytien by the
steamer Delta. Letters have come to Minister
Preston about it The commission is empow
ered to confer with Hippolyte about establish
ing some basis of relationship on which the
war can be declared off.
No More Sacred Concerts.
Superintendent Murray said to-day that the
police would arrest the proprietors of all con
cert saloons found open to-day, and that prob
ably a few arrests would be made in the case
of theaters holding Sunday night entertain
ments In order to determine whether nnder the
existing laws these places can keep open. The
Corporation Counsel wants to make a test case.
NOT A CENT IS MISSING.
Two Hundred million Stnmps Counted by
n Treasury Committee.
Washington, March 30. The Treasury
committee appointed to count the stamps in
the vaults of the Internal Revenue Bureau
completed Its work to-day. The count was
made necessary by tbe transfer of the bnreau
from Commissioner Miller to Commissioner
Two hundred million stamps of the value of
845.1)00,000 were connted and every cent was ac
counted for, and the stamps were found to be
in good condition.
Not Like Congress.
From the Chicago Tribune.
A tournament of chess players is distin
guished tram most other contests by the quiet
and good order that prevails and the intellect
ual activity It calls forth. It sounds grotesque
to call such a gathering a congress.
ODD ITEMS FROM FOREIGN SHORES.
The zouave uniform is to be abandoned in
the French army.
It is alleged that it takes $5,000 distributed as
tips in the police department to get a permit to
open anew club in Paris.
WESTMiNiSTEn HALT,, in the Parliament
building, that has been closed to the public
since the dynamite explosions a few years ago,
has been opened again.
Dooe knobs and bell bandies of the famous
are now being collected as souvenirs in London,
Imitating the old fashion of preserving the
knockers of the great houses. v
A stivep. bell has been hung In a tower in
the village of Borkl, where the railroad acci
dent to the Czar's train happened, and it will
be tolled every day at the hour of the accident
THE English courts hold that when a man
writes asking another to "favor him with a
check" for a bill, the Intent is that the check is
to" be sent by post and tne creditor is liable If
the check is lost in the malls.
A well-known English actress is angry be
cause a manufacturer of false teeth has
placarded his town with pictures representing
her "before and after" taking a set of his
famous teeth. The "before" portrait is the
one which makes her angry.
The public laboratory of Paris attached to
tbe police department has been found to be a
nest of corruption. M. GIrard, the director,
has been accustomed to accept great sums from
tradesmen accused or adulterating their goods;
even having established a system of blackmail
based on threats of exposing adulteration.
A FLAStt-Lloirr signal for tbe rear ot trains
is being tested in England. It shows a fixed
light for a stationary train, and alternate
flashes of red and white when the train is in
motion, so arranged as to show whether the
train is going forward or backward. An ex
perienced eye can Also tell by the rapidity of
tbe flashes the speed ot the train. The lights
are worked by the wheels.
The British Postmaster General reports that
last year 391,662 persons In this country sent
money by postal order to relatives in Great
Britain and Ireland, the total sum amounting
to about 5,250.000, while 78 310 persons in Can
ada sent over $1,000,000 in tho same way, and
the total sum sent in that way from Australia,
the United States and South Africa in tbe
year was over 19,000,000, or an average of over
$30,000 a day, coming from 635,230 persons. A
writer thinks that this shows what flllalregard
the British rice has for the parents left behind.
London's police force numbers J14,257
Onions are selling for a cent a bushel at
Canastota, N. Y.
A Frenchman proposes to set up eight
looms in New Bedford, Mats, to manufacture
A number of the principal hotel propri
etors ot Paris have met and decided to increase
their price by from 20 to 23 per cent from the
Opening of the exhibition.
An ingenious Boston man has captured
100 crows, and proposes to batch with an incu
bator crow chicks for the Maine market Where
their heads are worth 10 cents apiece.
The bright star Canopus emits more
than 1,500 times the light ot our tan. Slrlus is
at such a distance that Its light occupies nearly
nine years in reaching us. and Its real bright
ness U that of 63 SUns.
An English medical journal declares
that the number of infants smothered, to death
by half-tipsy parents, between sunset on Satur
day and sunrise on Monday, exceeds the mor
tality of any other night in the week.
A scientist has promulgated the theory
that natural gas will gradually turn blonde hair
dark. He says the gas generates an ammon
ical vapor, which combine with the snlphur in
tbe hair chemically and produces solphuret of
During the water famine in New Or
leans Mr. Lono was the envtof his neighbors,
because be had a biz cistern. One morning he
discovered that daring tne night someone had
I)rS50Pe.,ltUaclstern ?nd stolen from L500
to 2,000 gallons of water.
$ Louis Goulon, a laborer in a French
mill, is 02 years old, and has a gray beard three
yards long that he Wears wonnd around his
neck; His beard and mnstacbe began to grow
when be was 12, and at 14 he had a beard a foot
long. It is still growing.
'A German statistician estimates , the
number of languages spoken by the inhabitants
Of the earth to be 3,064, and the religionists to
number 1.C00 different confessions of faith. He
estimates tbe number of deaths to be 35,214,000
and births S8,72,O0O every year.
There is a natural born humorist at Red
Cloud, Neb, He announced excitedly the other
day that he had made an important discovery
of ooal and volunteered to show the place. He
was followed by an enthusiastic crowd aU over
town, when he led the way to a cool yard.
A sporting man in Chicago was so cer
tain that his dog wonld win a proposed fight
that he mortgaged, his cigar factory and all his
jewelry, and even persuaded his sweetheart to
pat up all her loose cash. The other dog won,
and his factory was closed out and his girl com
A Salano, Cal., paper says: The
Straits are literally swarming with sea lions,
and the fishermen are having a hard straggle
with them. Oat of IS salmon In a net Tuesday,
only two were secured by the flshermeja, the
sea lions eating up before their eyes the other
14, besides tearing the net to pieces.
The beautifully paved streets of London
are so slippery that an association has recently
been formed called the Society forProuToting
the Safety of Horses, and another called the
Horse Accident Prevention Society. Tbe pro
posed plan to receive the most commendation
was to keep the stroets clean and well sanded.
A young daughter of Milton-Bloke, of
Keene, N. H., became seriously and myster
iously ill. Finally it was suggested that the ill
ness might be due to the new green flannel
dress she had been wearing. A piece of the
goods was analyzed by a chemist, and found to
be heavily loaded with arsenic The girl had
A soldier named Vertjoie has just been
condemned to death for an extraordinary per
formance. He was being tried by court-martial
at Oran for an attempt to desert when he
suddenly threw the quid of tobacco comfort
ably stowed away in the recesses of his cheek
in the face of Colonel Thierry, who presided.
Tbe m was at once sentenced to death for an
assault on a superior while on duty.
A teacher in a Western town, who asked
one of her papus to procure a grammar, re
ceived the following note from the girl's
mother: "I do not desire that Mattie shall in
gageln grammar as I prefer ber to ingage in
more yoasful studies and can learn her to
speak and write proper myself. I have went
through two grammars and can't say as they
did me no good I prefer Mattie to ingage In
German ana drawing and vokal music on the
A German living In Weehawker. has
sent a letter to the Superintendent of Castle
Garden offering him SI if he will find a wife for
him which will coma up to the specifications
given in the letttrT He Bays she must be a
rosy-cheeked, golden-haired Dutch girl. 20
years old, five feet tall, weighing not over 123
pounds, plump, and "with a waist tapering
gently from the bead and feet." She must be
of a modest retiring disposition aud very in
dustrious. J. L. McCloud, of Omaha, has been
missing eggs from his barn for some time past
and the other day he found out the thief by a
mere accident He Bays: I was standing in the
barn the other morning when a hen came cack
ling from her nest in the manger and a few
moments after a big rat came from his hole,
ran across tbe barn and climbed into the man
ger. I could hear bun and was idly watching
to see what he was doing, when you can imag
ine my surprise to see him rolling the egg in
front of him toward tbe edge ot the manger.
After a good many efforts he Anally succeeded.
He paused there, gathering the egg up under
his "chin'' he rolled himself completely
around it, resembling the form of a hedge hog
when alarmed, then tie deliberately rolled over
the edge of the manger and dropped squarely
on his back on the floor, two feet below, thus
saving the egg whole. Immediately he began
to squeal with all his strength, and just as I
was starting to put him out of his misery,
thinking be had broken bis back in the fall, two
other rats appeared on the scene. They ran np
to the first one as he lay on the floor, and eacn
seizing hold of a hind leg began to drag him,
egg and all, across the barn. Just as they
reached their hole and the first old grizzled fel
low disappeared, pushing the egg in front of
him. It dawned on me that I had at last found
out where our eggs had been going.
CLIPPED BITS OF WIT.
Kiss Spook Cbacer Do you believe in
second sight Mr. Peck?
Mr. N. Peck-You Just bet I do. My marriage
was a result ot love at first sight. Terre Haius
The Lawyer at Home. "Amelia, be sure
and put away at once everything that Is of any
value, because the thief who has just been ac
quitted on my eloquent defense IS coming to-day
to thank mt.,,i1Ugtndt Blatter.
New Classification. The division of so
ciety Into the "classes" and the "masses,"
though popular at present Is vague and inex
haustlve. Society Is really made up or tollers,
idlers and criminals; which may be fitly called,
respectively, the working, shirking and larking
A Felicitous Turn. Brown Well,
Jones, have you succeeded In capturing Miss
Smith's band, yet?
Jones-Not exactly her hand, bnt I got the next
thing to It.
Jones Yes, I got the mitten. Detroit Frit
A World of Wonders. Governess
Tommy, name the "Seven Wonders of the
Tommy The pyramids, the sphinx, another
sphinx, the gardens where they hanged in Baby
lon, my sister's bean, bath and myself.
The punishment that followed was another won
der to Tommy. Time
No Time to Lose. "It is now or never
with me, Charley. Delays are dangerous at this
season or the year, and I've made up my mind to
propose to Hiss Slmpktns this very evening."
Charley Delays are dangerous! What do yoa
mean by that?
"Why, stupid, the bsll season opens pretty
soon, and .f I don't nail her now she'll get mashed
on a ball plarer."-CA(eajro Herald.
Two strangers were talking on the cars,
and one was a portrait painter. Arter some time
tuo other inquired the painter's business. '
"1 am an artUt" he replied, modestly. -1
"Ah," said the other, -what do you draw?' "
"And I am an artist " continued tne other.
"Ah, " exclaimed the painter, with smile of
interest, '-and pray, may I ask, what do, you
draw?"- , .
Teeth," said the other: "I am a dentist."'
Then the artist got up and left the seat Wash,
ington Critic. ' ' T
Why She was Interested. Sweet-faced
Young Woman Your paper yesterday contained
in account of the flogging Into Insensibility or a
prisoner. Have you received any morepartlcal
larsr - '
Edltor-Oh, yes. Owing to the strong-protest
we made the poor tellow Is In the hospital and re
ceiving the best or catc.
Yonng 'ftoman-Oh, I don't care aboat the
prisoner. lam a member of the Si P. C. A., and
lwant to lnowwhat became of the cat-the cat
be was whipped with, yoa know. Tern jllauU
I ' V . .