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WILD WINDS' WORK,
The First Reports of the Wreck
and Ruin at Samoa More
DETAILS OF THE DISASTER.
Altogether a Dozen Ships Went Down
Before the Hurricane.
ONLY A BRITISH VESSEL ESCAPES.
In Addition to Those First Reported a
Number of Blerebnnt Barks are Iiot
Admiral Klmberly Sends a List of the
Americans Who Were Drowned Neces
sity of Immediate Aid for the Ship
wrecked Seamen The Navy Depart
ment Has No Tessels That are Avail
able Excitement on the Coast.
Admiral Kimberly has cabled to the
Navy Department fully confirming the
first report! of the catastrophe at Samoa.
A list of those who lost their lives is Riven.
Samoa is subject to fearful hurricanes, and
disasters have occurred there before. The
Government will use every effort to succor
the wrecked officers and sailors, but is
hampered by a lack of ships. The loss is
the most severe the American navy ever
encountered. The Pacific coast is wild with
WASHnrGTOJ.-. March 30. The first re
ports of the extent of the terrible disaster to
the American and German fleets at Samoa
are more than confirmed. At the Navy De
partment it was at first hoped that the ac
counts were untrue, but an official cable
gram from Admiral Kimberley dispelled
these illusions. Secretary Tracey freely ex
pressed his regret, but could not see cause to
condemn anyone. The officers in command
of the vessels were competent men, and had
doubtless adopted all proper precautions
against disaster, but these hurricanes, which
assumed cyclonic proportions, were simply
irresistible, as was proved by the extent of
the loss of vessels.
The following is the full text of the Ad
miral's report, as received:
Auckland, March 30, 1SS9.
Secretary or Js'svy, Washington:
Hurricane at Apia March 15. Every vessel
in harbor on shore except English man-of-war
Calliope, which cot to sea. Trenton and Van
dalia total losses. Nipsic beached, rudder
pone, may be saved. Chances aealnst it. "Will
(end her to Auckland if possible.
THOSE 'WHO WEEE LOST.
Vandalia lost 4 officers and 39 men, namely:
Captain Schoonmaker, Paymaster Arms, Lieu
tenant of Marines Sutton, Pay Clerk John
Roach, Henry Baker, W. Brisbane, William
Brown, Quartermaster Michael Cashen, M.
Cragln, B. B. Davis, Thomas G. Downey, SI.
Erickson, SJC.Ghring, Adolph Goldner, George
Gorman, U. B. Green, Joseph Griffin, E. M.
Hammuer. John Hanchett, C. H. Hawkins, W.
Howat, Frank Jones, George Jorden, M. H.
Joseph, John Kelly, Thomas Kelly, N. Klnsel
la, C P. Kratxer. Chas. Kraus, Fr. Lessman,
Geo. Merrage, Aylmer Montgomery, Thomas
Riley, H. P. Stalman, C. G. Stanford, John
Sims, G. H. Wells, John Millford, Henry Wix
ted, Ahkow, Ahpeck, Pending, Tecbor.
Nipsic lost seven men, namely: George W.
Callan, John Gill, Joshna Heap, Thomas John
son. Davie". Kelleher, Henry.Poulsell, "William
All saved from the Trenton. Trenton and
Vandalia crews ashore. Nipsic' s on board. All
stores possible saved.
German snips Adler and Eber total losses.
Olga beached; may be saved. German losses
96. Important to send 300 men home at once.
Shall I charter steamer? Can charter in Auck
land. Lieutenant Wilson will remain in Auck
land to obey yonr orders. Fuller accounts by
The following was received at the Depart
ment of State from Minister Pendleton, at
The foreign office has been officially informed
that in a typhoon at Apia, the Eber and Adler
were totally lost and that 90 sailors are dead.
The Olga stranded with no losses. Three Amer
ican and all merchant vessels were lost Sixty
Americans are dead. The English war ship
was damaged and has gone to Sidney.
THE BBITISH SHIP SATED.
Another dispatch from Auckland says:
Later advices received here regarding the
hurricane which devastated Samoa and
wrecked a numberof German and American
war ships, says the storm swept the islands
on the 16th inst. All the war ships at
tempted to put to sea, but only the English
steamer Calliope succeeded in getting out.
Merchant vessels suffered severely. The
bark Peter Godefferey, one other bark and
seven coasters were wrecked and four per
sons were drowned. The Calliope sailed
for Sydney. The Peter Godefferey was a
It is the opinion of Admiral Harmony,
who is familiar with the Samoan Islands
that the English man-of-war owed her es
cape to the fact that she had steam up and
was enabled to push out to sea. The num
ber of vessels in the small harbor was a
source of danger to them individually, for
if one dragged her anchors, she would 'very
probably collide with and carry away an
other ship which might otherwise have
BAD WEATHER ALL ALONG.
It appears that the rainy season set in
this year at Samoa with severity and rather
early. On February 14, just about a month
before the fatal hurricane which swept away
our naval vessels, a heavy gale descended
upon the harbor and wrecked several mer
chant vessels, including the American
barkentine Constitution, whose crew was
saved by a boat from the .Nipsic On Feb
ruary 25 the Captain of the Nipsic, who,
from his long stay at Apia, probably knew
more about the characteristics of Samoan
weather than the commanders of the other
American vessels, wrote to his brother as
We are now In the midst of the hurricane
season, and until April 15, we may look for
heavy weather. The harbor is small, with
rocks outside, and inside bad holding ground.
No coal here and nothing to eat everything
Captain Richard "W. Meade, the United
States naval officer who commanded the
Narragansett in Samoan waters in 1872, and
sow commandant of the Washington navy
A BAD HARBOR.
The harbor of Apia in Opnla is a coral reef
harbor, with an entrance abont 1,500 yards
wide and open to the north. Itis not large and
the anchorage ground Is limited. During the
yearly hurricane season, which lasts tbrongh
December, January, February, March and
April, it Is considered rather a risk to remain
in Apia, while Pago Pago, in the neighboring
Island of Tutfila. is .perfectly safe, being land
locked and otherwise sheltered. Hurricanes
are. however, not very frequent at the Samoan
islands, though they occur frequently at the
Tonga croup. Tliev generally sweep up
through the belt of ocean between Tonga and
the Samoan groups. .,
In April, 1850, and in January, 1S70. the
islands were visited by terrific hurricanes which
destroyed the cocoannt. banana and bread
fruit crops, reducing the natives to the verge
of starvation for several weeks. These hurri
canes are often accompanied by earthquakes,
and the conjunction of the two work terrible
Injury. OntheWth of March, 1683, all vessels
is Arts, harbor. ni-.nl one smll schooner.
were driven out to sea and lost. This was at
tributed at the time to a series of heavy tidal
waves caused by an earthquake. Considerable
damage was done on shore also. On the whole,
the climate ot the Samoan Islands, though
'variable, is very pleasant, bad weather only
occurring during the winter months.
At this time there are long and heavy rains,
attended sometimes by high winds' and north
erly gales. Ordinarily the winds are light and
variable, with frequent and sndden squalls.
Kortherest-of the year the weather is very
Sine, and from May to November the trade
wind blows steadily from the southeast. Ex
cept Captain Mnllan,of the Nipsic, it is not
known that any of the American commanding
officers had ever had experience in those
islands, or knew of the risks attending an at
tempt to ride out a hurricane inside the reef.
A SOOTH PACIFIC FEATURE.
Lieutenant Edward E. Haydn is in
charge of the Meteorological division of the
Hydrographic office, and is regarded as
quite an authority on the subject of marine
storms. He says that the cyclonio storms
are a feature of the South Pacific region.
They have a motion exactly the reverse of
those occurring in the Northern Hemi
sphere, but otherwise have about the same
Their path is parobolic, and they occur
several times a year in some years. It again
happens that two or three seasons go by
without a storm. An experienced seaman
can detect the approach of such storms in
the West Indies, but the same rule might
not hold good in the Pacific waters.
Lieutenant Dyer, hydrographer to the
Bureau of Navigation, gives a thrilling de
scription of the hurricanes that prevail in
the Samoan region. Whirling along its
ocean pathway at an average velocity of
nearly 20 miles an hour, it sends out a long
rolling swell 1,000 miles in advance, and is
heralded by a long, high, feathery plume of
cirrus clouds, radiating far beyond the
slowly thickening cirrus veil that casts its
pale halo over the sun and moon, and at
dawn and twilight envelops heaven And
earth with an awful fiery glare like the light
of some great conflagration.
A TEBBIBLE SIGHT.
Soon the massive leaden-colored cloud
bank heafes in sight above the horizon a
great mountain Tange and flying scud
forms overheard and drifts to leeward, not
with the surface wind, but at a marked
angle to the right moving .with the upper
current of the great whirlwind. At inter
vals fine misty rain seems to- grow out of the
air and then vanishes again, and the squalls
freshen, the barometer sinks lower and
lower, heavy clouds cover the whole horizon
and the low, distant moan gradually
changes into the shrieks of a thousand
demons wrenching at the stout masts and
spars, tearing the storm canvas into shreds
and fluttering pennants, hurling timber and
masonry into heaps of shapeless ruins, driv
ing wild breakers high upon land and
laughing to scorn the feeble strength of
Suddenly a panse, silence, calm. The
warm, bright sunshine of a summer day. A
brief glimpse of heaven and then another
seeming eternity of hell. Taking the world
over the most violent hurricanes appear to
be those of the West Indies and the Mauri
tius, then would come the October cyclones
in the Bay of Bengal and next to these the
typhoons of the China seas.
NOT SO VIOLENT.
The May cyclones of the Indian coasts
and the rare hurricanes in the South Pacific
from New Caledonia to Tahiti might proba
bly be classed together as of a secondary de
gree of violence. Mnch has been written
abont handling ships in hurricanes and
elaborate maneuvers described which they
are to perform near the center of a typhoon.
Many a ship has been saved by skillful
sailing'on the outskirts of a cyclone, and
even after the characteristic squalls and
driving rain have commenced. But when
near the center she gets in the kernel, as it
were, of the hurricane and the wind comes
in great gnsts which no canvas can with
stand, when the raising of the wind
is so tremendous, when no voice can
be heard, when the sky and cloud are
mixed up indistinguishably from-one an
other in the darkness then it is as impossi
ble to give an order as to obey jt, and the
sailor can only hope that her timbers may
not open so as to spring a leak, and that
her steering gear may hold, so that she may
not broach to and be overwhelmed by the
Tho Difficulty of Sending -Immediate A16V
to Samoa The Navy Practically
Paralyzed What Ships Can
be Made Available.
Washington, March 30. By the de
struction of the American fleet at Apia the
Navy Department finds. llself confronted
with a serious problem'. "It is imperative
that aid should be extended to the ship
wrecked seamen, and important that other
men-of-war be sent to take the place of
those that are no more. The following dis
patch was cabled to Admiral Kimberley:
Take such steps with regard to Nipsic and
wrecks and sending men home as you may deem
proper. Full power given you. Monongahela
sailed for Apia February 2L Teact.
Short of the China station, where there is
a small fleet of old wooden vessels, at least
one of which can never hope to successfully
cross the Pacific, there are almost no Ameri
can vessels worthy of the name in the Paci
fic ocean which can be sent immediately to
Samoa. It would not be wise policy to al
low even these events to drift along'withont
the presence of one or more American naval
vessels. The hostile armed factions on the
islands are no longer under the restraining
influence of a man-of-war representing any
civilized nation, and property rights might
be insecure, if life was not in jeopardy.
The Monongahela, an old store ship
carrying a couple of howitzers, sailed for
Samoa from Mare Islands, California, Feb
ruary 21, and should arrive in a week or
two, unless she encounters bad weather.
The Dolphin, a dispatch-boat, which is for
midable through the possession of one great
gun, might be ordered from China; or the
old Mohican, now at Panama, might be
sent to Samoa, but this about completes the
list of available ships, and none of them
would worthily represent the authority of
the United States.
By dint of extra work, the Charleston,
now building at San Francisco, might be
gotten ready to sail in about three weeks,
but her batteries would not . be complete,
and the Government would he at a great
expense, as the contractors would probably
insist upon a remission of the penalties al
ready accrued for delay in" the. construction
of the vessel, as a condition'precedent to ac
BELIEF FOR THE SHIPWBECEED.
Several Tessels Which Can be Sent to the
Scene In Short Order.
San Fbancisco, March 30. The latest
information obtainable has 'been gathered
relative to what vessel can be dis
patched to take the place of those
wrecked at Samoa. At the navy
pay office it is stated that the
Monongahela, which left here February 21
for Samoa, is probably at her destination,
as the time given for the vessel to reach that
point is between 25 and 60 days. The
United States.steamer Alert is nowat Hono
lulu and will probably sail for the islands
immediately upon the receipt of informa
tion of the loss of the vessels; She may
now be on the way to Samoa.
The steamer Mohican was at last renorts
ut Panama, and it is believed she will be
sent at once to Samoa, xne steamer Adams
is now at Mare Island navy yard under
goingTepairs. This vessel could possibly
be gotten ready for sea in ten days. The
Iroquois is also at Mare Island, but is com
pletely dismantled. Probably she could
not be made ready under four weeks.
It is expected that Washington authori
ties will order a number of officials from
this port to go to Samoa bythesteamer
Zealandia, ana there is also probability of
a large snpply of provisions being sent
down on the same steamer by the Govern
ment to meet the emergency in event of Hie
Monongahela not having touched at Apia.
A CIRCUITOUS B0UTE.
The Method of Receiving; News From the
New York, March 30. Thejiifnculty of
obtaining telegraphic news from the" Samoan
glands is very great. The dispatches re
ceived were first taken from Apia to Auck
land, New Zealand, about 2,000 miles, by
steamer. The news was then transmitted
by cable from New Zealand to Australia,
thence to Banjowanlie, thence to Singapore,
thence to Penang, thence to Madras, thence
to Bombay, thence to Aden, thence to Suez,
thence to Alexandria, thence to Malta,
thence to Gibraltar, thence to Lisbon,
thence to London and .thence to New York.
THE COAST EXCITED.
an Francisco Shacked by the News ot the
Samoan Disaster Many Relatives
and Friends Interested The
Last to Leave the Ships',,
San Fbancisco, March 30. The news
from Samoa of the wrecking of the .Ameri
can and German men-of-war in the harbor of
Apia, caused intense excitement on the
streets. Every bulletin board was surround
ed by an anxious throng eager for particu
lars. Business men whose interests
extend to the South Pacific Islands, when
questioned regarding the disaster, ex
pressed a belief that no American merchant
vessels were in the harbor of Apia at the
time of the disaster, though a number of
coasters were reported, wrecked, unless some
inter-island trader carrying the American
flag had run in there for protection.
Some surprise was expressed that so
much damage should have been done in a
harbor, but officials say it must be remem
bered that the harbor of Apia is merely an
open -roadstead, surrounded by coral reefs.
The escape of the English man-of-war
Calliope is accounted for in shipping
circles in two ways: Either that she was
lying in the outer berth and consequently
had more time to get up steam and leave
harbor, or that, having more experience
with these storms, the, British commander
got up steam as spon as he saw the storm
gathering, and put to sea before the storm
reached the harbor.
From accounts received by vessels arriv
ing during the past two weeks, it would
seem that the wind and rain storms in the
South Pacific Ocean had been exceptionally
severe and had been accompanied by elec
trical disturbances. The log of the Oceanic
Company's steamship, the Zealandia, which
arrived here from' Sydney on March 16,
shows that the vessel experienced heavy
seas during the voyage, and when, on
March 14, she passed the Mariposa, bound
for Australia, she was heavily laboring.
Commodore John Irwin' said concerning
the disaster, that it was wholly unprece
dented in the history of the navy. "Not
through the war period," he said, "even
along the Atlantic coast was there any dis
aster comparable to this."
The loss of the paymaster and clerk with
Captain Schoonmaker, of the Vandalia, is
considered due to observance of the naval
rule that the captain should always be the
last to leave his ship, and the paymaster
and clerk should not leave until just before
the captain. The officers and crew of the
Vandalia were well known in San Fran
cisco, and there were many touching
scenes at the United States pay office when
the list of names of the dead was displayed.
Many persons living in this city had
friends or relatives on board the wrecked
' 'EXPLOSIONS AND FIRE.
OH Works nnd Other Property Worth 8100,
OOO Destroyed nnd a Workman Killed.
isriciALrrxroRAW to the dispatch. 3
Hunteb's Point, N., Y., March 30.
A steam still in the Empire Oil Works
here exploded about 3 o'clock this after
noon, setting fire to the adjacent oil tanks
and buildings. A strong northwest wind
spread the flames rapidly. In a few minutes
the works skirting the north bank of the
canal for more than 100 feet were in flames.
Explosion followed explosion as tank after
tank caught fire. The wind swept the
flames toward Boss Bro.'s foundry, A. H.
Hawes' pottery and the New York Chemi
cal Works, at the head of the canal. All
the buildings in the block were destroyed.
The actual amount of damage done is not
known, but it'is thought thatt may amount
to" 5100,000 all'-told, the greater part of which
is covered by insurance.
At the time the fire broke out James
Nolan was employed near the still that ex
ploded, fixing a pump. The flames cut off
his escape, and before he could be reached
he was covered with burning' oil. Several
unsuccessful attempts were made to reach
him. Each time the rescning party was
.beaten back. The oil formed a fiery lake
around him, and the smoke hid him from
view. As soon as possible a stream of water
was turned upon the spot and several of his
fellow workmen dashed through the smoke
to where Nolan had been last seen.
They found his lifeless "body and brought
it out, Nolan was unmarried and about 25
years old. Gustave Walderman, a stillman,
was knocked senseless by the explosion.
He was taken to his home, where he soon
recovered. About 9 o'clock to-night the
fire broke out again, but it was got under
control again very soon.
HAMED AND CONFIRMED.
Quite n Number of Fennsvlvnnlans Secure
Washington, March 30. The Presi
dent sent the following nominations to the
John T. Abbott, of New Hampshire, to be
Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipo
tentiary of the United States to the Republic
Edwin H. Terrill, of Texas, to be Envoy Ex
traordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of
the United States to Belgium.
Among the postmasters named were the
following in Pennsylvania:
C. B. Gould, at Emporium; W. H. Zufall,
Meyersdale: R. A. Love, Warren; R. 8. Barker,
Lock Haven, and D. D. P. Alexander, Apollo.
The Senate has confirmed the following
John HickAto be Minister to Peru; George
B. Loring, tole Minister to Portugal; Robert
T. Lincoln, to be Minister to Great Britain;
Allen Thorndyke Rice, to be Minister to Rus
sia; Thomas Ryan, to be Minister to Mexico;
Patrick Egan, to be Minister to Chili.
JOHN A. DUFF DUNG.
The Fnther nnd Fntuer-In-Lnw of Promi
nent Thentrlcnl Managers Paralyzed.
rSrXCIAI. TELEOBAJt TO THI DISPATCH. 1
Ne-sv York, March 30. John A. Duff,
father of James C. Duff, and father-in-law
of Augustin Daly, has been ailing for a year
past, but seemed to be in better health than
usual when he went to the Standard Theater,
according to his daily enstom, about noon
to-day. He lunched at Parker's an hour
later, with his ordinary appetite.
In the box office, soon after returning from
luncheon, however, he was stricken down by
a species of paralysis. His condition is
thought to be critical.
PERSECDTED EVEN TO DEATH.
Tho WIfo of a' Colored Democrat Crazed
nnd Killed by Her Troubles.
rsrrciAD tzxeobam to this disf atcim
JeffersonYille, Ind., March 30.
Mary Greene, the wife of the only negro
who voted the Democratic ticket in Clark
county, died last nijjht, driven insane by
her misfortunes and persecutions of her
husband by his own race. Harvey Greene
was ostracized by the entire negro popula
tion and died unattended, except by his
wife, two months ago.
Next his child died, and now his wife.
During the campaign an attempt to assas
sinate him was made as he returned home at
night guarded byjtwo white men." The entire
party barely escaping a fusilade" of bullets.
To-NIght's Bit Temperanco Meeting-.
The fifth union temperance meeting will
be held in the Grand Opera House this
evening, commencing at 7:30 o'clock. A.
M. Brown, Esq., President of the Murphy
Gospel Temperance Association, will con
duct the "meeting and deliver the opening
address. The Hon. J. E. Detwiler. of To
peka, Kan., will speak on "Prohibition."
THE'PEDSBTmQ-DISPATOTSimDAY;. rARGH ;
OUR MARY'S ENEMY.
A Jealous Woman Partly Respon
sible for Miss Anderson's Illness.
IETTBES WERE SENT TO CRITICS
And Numerous Attempts Hade to Bribe
Them to Slander the Star.
LOTE FOE AN ACTOR THE M0TIYE
Which is Said to Hare Led to Continual Persecution
of a Possible EliaL
A new theory is advanced to explain the
illness of Miss Mary Anderson. It is al
leged that an actress named Miss.Cecil,
jealous of the success, of her more brilliant
rival, wrote letters making damaging state
ments regarding the latter, and tried to
bribe critics to publish them. It is thought
that this may have led to the severe criti
cisms, that were made on Miss Anderson's
acting, and to her .resulting illness.
New Yobk, 'March 30. "When the dra
matic critics of the St. Louis newspapers
impaled Miss Mary Anderson. on their pens
on the. occasion of her last appearance in
that city, the reason for their action was far
from evident Their onslaught upon Miss
Anderson seemed absolutely without . a
cause. But there was.one, and a reasonable
explanation of the whole matter has at last
come to light. There was a woman in the
case. Her name is Miss Sarah Cecil, and
just at present she, is traveling abroad for
her health in company with her sister and
a nurse, seeking rest for her body, which is"
worn by illness, and repose for her; mind,
which is weakened by excessive study.
Judging from her actions, Miss Cecil is a
monomaniac whose affection takes the form
of an undying enmity to Mary Anderson
and a few of her personal friends Miss
Cecil is the possessor of a pretty face, a girl
ish figure and a powerful mezzo-soprano
voice. Her father was James G. Cecil, of
Kentucky, and she was born near Danville,
in that State.
FROM VASSAB TO THE STAGE.
Her education was acquired at Vassar Col
lege, where her course was interrupted by
the death of her father and along and severe
illness, from the effects of which she did not
wholly recover for several years. She filled
up the interim by studying the dramatic art
with Mrs, Katheriue "Westondorf, of Cin
cinnati. During .the summer of 1883 Miss
Cecil went to Europe; where she spent eight
months. In 1884 she left Paris, by the ad
vice of an eminent physician, and came
back to America; where she re-entered Vas
sar College and graduated the same year.
Coming toiNew' York, she entered aschool
of acting and remained a student of the
dramatic art until she made herprofessioual
debut as a songstress at Chickering Hall
September 21,1886. It is generally under
stood that the instructor at the theatrical
school unconsciously made a decided im
pression upon Miss Cecil.
MISS CECIL WAS JEALOUS.
"When-he left the institution temporarily
to fill a contract with Miss Anderson,
by which he was to rearrange a play selected
by her for production, Miss Cecil is re
ported to have ' become extremely jealous.
The instructor's relations with Miss Ander
son were of a purely business, nature, but
Miss Cecil fancied he was paying her at
tentions, and this suspicion led to several
scenes between her and the teacher.
Some time ago certain dramatic critics of
this and other cities began to receive letters
from abroad containing stories and stater
ments to the discredit of Mary Anderson,
and attributing to her sentiments calculated
to offend hej fellow countrywomen. Coupled
with these were vague mentions' of a, mys
terious conspiracy against the writer, and
occasionally a bitter lino or so devoted to
"William "Winter; 'who is 'a close friend of
Miss Andersdn.r These", communications
bore the signature pt'&. Cecil."
ATTEMPT '; TtfBBIBE A CRITIC.
The critic on one of the leading New
York dailies' was specially favoied by
this correspondents the way of unsolicited
information. One letter contained a check
for $22, with a bitter- attack upon Miss
Anderson, which the writer asked should
be published. At this point the critic
received a note, from-George "W. "Wingate,
of "Wingate & Cullen, lawyers, No. 20 Nas
sau street, in which he was notified that
Miss Cecil was riot responsible for her acts,
and areqnest was made for the return of all
her correspondence. The critic immediately
sent the letters and check which he had re
ceived to Mr. "Wingate, and was given in
return a receipt. and a letter of thanks.
"Miss Cecil "Is" suffering from nervous
depression, produced by .-hard work," .said
her lawyer, "and her sister has gone to
London." It is certain, that "S. Cecil's"
letters went to the critics of other cities be
sides New York.
IN DANGER OP LaNCHING.
Troops Ordered Ont to Protect Colored
Criminals From a Blob's Fnry.
IBrECIAL. TELEGRAM TO THE DISPATCH. I
Columbia, 8. C, March 30. The Gov
ernor has received information from various
reliable quarters that a desperate attempt
will be made next week to lynch four ne
groes, charged with murdering a white man
named Benathie and criminally assaulting
his daughter, in York county. These men
have practically. confessed' their guilt,, and
they were brought to this city for safe keep
ing immediately after the crime, and just
in time to escape s lynching party. They
will be token to.'Yorkville next week' for
trial, and it has been ascertained that a
strong lynching party will either attempt
to take the prisoners from the train or cap
ture them when they reach the jail.
Governor' Bicbardson has ordered the
Jenkins Rifles to Yorkville, to accompany
the Sheriff of York to this city, to guard
the prisoners on their way back, and guard
the jail night and day until the danger
passes. Just two years ago five negroes
were lynched in York, just when they were
about to go to trial for the murder of a little
white boy. The Governor says he will pre
vent this being repeated if a regiment of
soldiers can do it.
Governor Richardson' has respited until
April 19 the condemned Pickens lynchers
two negroes convicted of lynching a white
man for assaulting a negro girl. Petitions
for the pardon f 05 the negroes are pouring
in from all parts of the State, and it is very
probable that their .sentence will be com
muted to a tern of years.
A Merited. Promotion.
Charles McQuigan, the courteous and
popular ticket .examiner at the Union sta
tion, who passed the conductors' examina
tion some time ago, has been transferred to
the position of brakeman on one of the
through runs.- As soon as he ' learns the
ropes he will also be measured for a double
Mr. Doe Was Tnken In Tow.
Officer McClelland last night arrested
"William Doe at the corner of Fifth and
"Wylie avenues on "a" charge of aggravated
assault and battery: The "information was
lodged by' James C. Miller before Magis
trate McKenna. Doe' was lodged-in Cen
tral station for a hearing.
A Slow Death
Is what you are living if you are being an
noyed by an old sewing machine. Buy one
of our easy running Davis machines and
enjoy life a little. "Work can be done on it
in one-fourth the time done by other ma
chines. Hoppers -Bros. & Co., 307 "Wood
street, are the only dealers. ' ttssu
HIS LUCK BETUBNS.
The Ex-Preslucnt Still Successful ns a
Fisherman He Catches a Dozen
Bis; Bass and a 10-Pound
. Bine Fish.
CsrxciAi. teleohaji to the dispatch.:
Jufiteb, J?la., March 30. Mr. Cleve-t
land and party left Titusville last evening
at 4:30 p. m. and sailed down India river to
Jupiter Inlet, stopping at various points.
At every station and landing, late into the
night, crowds of citizens boarded the steamer
and were given an opportunity of shaking
hands with Mr. Cleveland. Tbte entire party
was delighted with the scenery and accom
modations given and were especially grati
fied with the passage through the Narrows.
They arrived here at 12:15 to-day and found
accommodations and quarters and a good
dinner awaiting them on the hotel steamer
Chattahoochee, which was gaily decorated
with flags, bncting. evergreen and palm
leaves.- -The lighthouse station on theop-
fioslto side of the stream was also becoming
y decorated with flags.
After dinner the steamboats, launches
and boats were in readiness, and a raid was
at .once made a foray on the fish which
abound in the the neighborhood, and they
succeed in landing a large number. Mr.
Cleveland landed 12 big channel bass,
weighing from three to 20 pounds each.
He also caught a 10-pound blue fish, the
only one taken. Ex-Secretary Bayard
developed a positive genins as a fisherman,
and entered into the sport with the delight
of a boy.
All the party are in fine spirits and have
enjoyed every hour of their trip. Mr.
Cleveland expressed regrets to-day that he
had no more time to spend in sunny
Florida, and that he could not acoept the
scores of invitations that have poured in by
letter, wire and visiting committees. Jack
sonville will be the only place that the
party will stop en route home.
DOUBLE MURDER ATTEMPTED.
A Fiend Tries to Poison Both a Mother and
rSPECTAL TELEOKAM TO TUX DtSPATCR.1
Erie, March 30.' A diabolical attempt
at double murder was laid bare to-night in
this city. The victims were Mrs. Catherine
Hein and her only son, August, a young
man. Mrs. Hein was widowed by a drown
ing accident in Brie .bay 18 years ago. She
and her son had incurred the murderous
hatred of some one in their attempts to
"maintain their family honor.
Last evening the young man was taken
suddenly sick and narrowly escaped death,
but the cause of his illness was not laid
bare till to-day, when his mother was pros
trated. Tt was then that a quantity of
arsenic was found in the bottom of the
coffee pot. Mrs. Hein had not partaken of
the beverage at the evening meal, but had
this morning. There'was so much of the
mineral poison in the vessel that the boiling
of water had not taken it all up. The
physicians attribute the escape of both
mother and son to the neutralizing effects of
the cream in the coffee, and which had been
used very liberally. Detectives are at
ENGLAND IS SORRY FOR US,
But Prond of the Fnct ThatHer Ship Didn't
IST CABLE TO TBS DISJA.TCB.
London, March 30. Copyright. The
terrible news from Samoa caused a profound
sensation here, and much sympathy is felt
and expressed for the gallant men who lost
their lives. At the Admiralty nothing is
known beyond what was cabled yon early
this morning, but the officials were very
jubilant at the escape of the Calliope,
which they nnhesitatingly attributed to the
superior quality of British seamanship.
Admiral Howell, formerly of the United
States navy, who has been for some time
staying at Bournemouth for the benefit of his
health, is just now in London. He is sore
at heart at the loss of the ships he knew so
well and of the officers who were once his
.comrades. He was sure no fault attached
to any of the American officers, and least of
'all to Admiral Kimberley, who he knew
well as a splendid officer. Farquhar. too,
was one of the best men in the United States
navy, and Schoonmaker was a capital sailor
and good fellow.
CLARE ARRESTED AGAIN.
He Is Held ns nn Accomplice In the Bold
Denveb, March 30. W. H. Clark, the
man who was arrested last evening on sus
picion of being the man who robbed the
First National Bank of $21,000, and sub
sequently released after D.H. Moffatt failed
to identify him, was rearrested and will be
held to await fnrther developments on the
charge of being an accomplice.- He posi
tively denies any connection with the
Detectives while searching the building
in the vicinity of the bank to-day discov
ered a light brown overcoat, in the pockets
of which was a loaded revolver and a bottle
supposed to contain nitre-glycerine, which
evidently had been thrown there by the
robber as he passed throngh the building
making his escape. An analysis of the
deadly explosive proved to be simply a bot
tle of castor oil. No other developments
have been made in the case.
INDIANA OFFICIALS SCARED.
The Stnte Is Apparenttv Likely to Get Into
Indianapolis, March 30. A mild sort
of sensation was created to-day by the state
ment that the loan bill passed by the last
Legislature was defective. The bill in
question authorized the State officers to ne
gotiate a temporary loan of $1,400,000.
The general impression is that while the
act may be temporarily postponed, it will
not seriously interfere with the successful
negotiation of the loan, but, if it should,
Indiana's nnancialjaffairs will be in the
worst possible state, and it is not improb
able that the Governor will be forced to call
an extra session of the Legislature to make
some provision for carrying on the Govern
ment. It is admitted by the State officers that it
will be impossible to get along until the
next session of the'Legislature without the
financial relief that has been expected.
SENTENCED TO JAIL.
Ono IlleenI West Vlrsinla Voter Receives
v a Tlrtlng; Penalty.
I SPECIAL TELEGnAM TO THE PIEPATCB. 1
"Wheeling, March 30. In the United
States Court this morning Judge Jackson
sentenced George B. Hale, charged with
voting illegally, and who plead guilty a
week ago, to pay a fine of $100 and be im
prisoned. in the connty jail for a period of
three months. In passing sentence his
Honor took occasion to deliver an earnest
address upon the importance of checking
the growing tendency to nse money im
properly in election matters, and deprecated
the rapid increase of partisanship in which
he thought he saw a decided menace to the
Polling; Down the "Wrong Test.
John Bectenwald was caught in the act of
stealing a vest in Gusky's store yesterday
afternoon and was locked up in the Central
station by Officer Diehl.
5,376 PHOTOGRAPHS IN SIX DAYS.
A Booming; Enterprise.
The Elite Gallery, 616 Marketstreet, Pitts
burg, made 5,676 cabinet photographs of
.their patrons last veek, which is the result
of .fine work and low prices. They have no
competition, and parents should bring their
children and have their photographs token
before it is'too late, as this is the last month
they can get cabinets for $1 per dozen at
Aufrecht's. Elite Gallery, 616 Market street,
THE MiJSIC WOKLD.
Interest Awakening in High-Class
Secular Choral Music.
ADVANTAGES OP CHORUS SINGING.
Approaching Musical Events of the
TON BDL0W TO APFEAR IN PITTSBURG.
Preparations for the) May Fcstlral and the Mozart
For some years preceding the present sea
son the 'great field of high-class, secular
choral music was cultivated by only one
organization and its membership limited to
1B0 singers.. "While the Mozart Club de
served all praise for the energy and enter
prise of its work, it was certainly a sad
state of affairs that but 160 persons in a com
munity of more, than 300,000 should be ac
tively engaged in chorus singing of the
During the present season there have been
organized three Hew choruses the May
Festival Chorus, the Mendelssohn Club', of
the East End,,tfnd the Musical Association,
of Allegheny raising the total membership
to upward of .800 voices. There are yet
other new organizations for male or female
voices only,.orfor lighter lines of work.
Of a certainty-it is a good thing to have
such an increase in the number of people
stndying the choral compositions of the
great masters. All must be benefited by
the widening.of their general musical ex
perience. And the specific benefits of
cborus work are of great importance to every
Many think themselves above singing in
chorus as soon as they have given a few
solos in 'church or concert. They do not
know what they lose. The chorus is
for the singer what the orchestra is for
the instrumentalist the best possible
training school for precision, certainty and
evenness of execution. Many a soloist first
finds out how imperfect and ill-regulated his
singing is bv joining a chorus. It Is the curse
of the concert room that such a large propor
tion of solo singers, whether through ignorance
or bumptiousness, habitually disregard the
plainest designations of the composer, espec
ially as to time. A dose of chorus singing is
the best sbecificf or this complaint.
Moreover, in carrying middle parts or in
bringing ont one theme against others appar
ently conflicting,, the singer gains invaluable
practice Impossible to- be got from singing
tunes to an obseqnions instrumental accom
paniment. Nor does chorus work injure the
voice if judiciously done.
Chorus singing is, therefore, of the utmost
advantage to the whole body of singinz
folk. But the mere hap-hazard rehearsal of
music for public performances does not cover
the gronnd of chorus singing. Its valne is pro
portionate to the systematic and intelligent
manner In which it is carried ont. Someprivate
preparation on the part of the singers is
of course, presupposed they must come al
ready acquainted with musical notation, al
ready able to' sing simple music correctly.
Then the choral practice should not be merely
a rush to get over so many pages that have to
he learned in some fashion by such a date, but
should be conducted with a constant view to
ward the trainlne.of the singers; not only in
sound-producing,' but in keeping pitch and
time, in comprehending musical form, in Intel
ligent phrasing and in legitimate means of ex
pression. . This is the preat subject for the conductor to
think over. Especially the permanent choral
societies are not doing their full duty unless
these objects .are kept steadily in view and
practically advanced as far as possible, con
sistently with the public work to be done.
The two months that yet remain of the
waning season offer at least four musical events
of the first Importance: concerts by Rosenthal
andKrelsler, by Von Bnelow, by the Boston
Symphony Orchestra with the Mozart' Club
and the May Festival Three of these have
been already announced as certain; the other
has been several times spoken ol and is now
more than probable.
They make a fine progression a phenome
nally brilliant pianist, a truly great pianist, two
Performances with a splendid union of orches--ra,
chorus. and soloists, and seven perform
ances of similar elements on a yet nobler scale.
A fitting, close .tor Pittsburg's richest mu
sical season; '
Moriz Rosenthal's second and farewell en.
gagement f6rPittsburg will be fulfilled to
morrow and. Tuesday evenings at Old CityHall.
He will beTasslsted by young Fritz Krelsler,
the violinist, .and .Charles E. Pratt, accompa
nist, as before, with further aid from Mr.
Joseph H. Glttings on a second piano. -
"While the' programmes announced'wiU un
doubtedly serve to show off Rosenthal's stu
pendous technique to the utmost, they do not
present as many changes from the selections
chosen for hisfirst appearances here as could
he wished: nor Is the intrinsic musical worth of
the compositions programmed as great as
On Monday evening Rosenthal -will play
Chopin's Berceuse and Ballade (presumably, as
before, the fourth); his own arrangement of
DavldofTs"Am Sprinbrunnen;" Liszt's "Don
Juan" fantasle and Tarantelle. Kreisler will
give a Chopin nocturne, a Wienlawski Mazonr
ka, Leonard's "Souvenir de Haydn," and a
polonaise by Laub.
Tuesday's programme opens with Liszt's
E flat concerto by Messrs. Rosenthal and
Gittings. That interesting sextuple treatment
of the "Liberty" duet from "I Puritam,"
yclept "Hexameron," and a Liszt Rhapsodic
(presumably, as before, the 12th with Rosen
thal's own addenda) complete the piano num
bers. Kreisler -contributes Schubert's "Ave'
Maria," Paganinl's. perpetual motion. Raff's
Cavatina and a valse caprice by Wienlawski.
The hope that one of Dr. Hans von Buelow's
sixteen recitals might be given in this city has
several times been expressed in this column.
Manager F. A. Schwab wrote som e weeks since
to inquire what dates at Old City Hall wonld
be open during April for a Baelow concert.
Further than this no local confirmation can be
obtained ol the statements made in two New
York musical journals last week, that in the
Musical Courier ol last Wednesday reading as
Dr. "von Buelow's first appearance here in 15
years will be effected at the concert in aid of
the funds of the Society for Ethical Culture at
the Metropolitan Opera House on this evening.
Mrs. Fursch-Madl will also appear. On Friday
afternoon next, he- will give a piano recital In
Brooklyn at the'Baptist Church in Flerrepont
street, and on' Monday, April 1, at the Broad
way Theater, he will be heard in the first of the
four Beethoven recitals grouped under the
head of "Beethoven Cyclus." Futurerarrange
ments include- concerts in Boston, Philadel
phia, Pittsburg and Cincinnati. Dr. von Bnelow
returns to Europe on April 29.
It Is more than probable that the above news,
which was substantially repeated in yesterday's
Music and Drama will prove correct and that
Pittsburg will have the distinguished pleasure
of hearing the erratic genius of the keyboard
and baton within the coming month.
As for tho Mozart Club's concerts on the 15th
and 16th prox., with the Boston Symphony Or
chestra, it has been definitely decided that the
first evening is' to be devoted to. a complete
performance of Mendelssohn's "Elijah;" the
cuttlni and piecing that was talked of for that
programme has been abandoned.
The Mozart Club has engaged 'as soloists for
the oratorio Dr. Carl Martin, bass, and- Miss
Foresman, contralto, both of New York, 'and
Mr. Paul Zimmerman, tenor, ot Pittsburg.
The soprano is to he furnished by the manage
ment of the Boston Symphony Orchestra, who
have been cabling back and forth to secure a
freat European soprano for their tonr.
hould the one they engage for the tonr be un
prepared to sing the "Elijah" In English, the
Boston management will engage another artist
for that specific purpose.
The May Festival has no w reached a point of
absolute certainty, so far as human foresight
cantelL There is ho doubt at all of the com
pletion of the new Exposition building In time
for the great event. The subscription for the
100 boxes which takes the place of- a guaran
tee fund is progressing most cheerily since it
has been placed in the hands of the Rev. Dr. L
C. Pershing. Mr. Seymour Locke is expected
to arrive in the city this week and will remain
until after the festival, giving his whole time
to the multitude of preliminary arrangements.
The chorns programme is completely made
out, as already printed in this column, and the
singers are rapidly mastering it.
Every one of the contracts with the soloists
basnow been signed, Mr. Rotter states, and
the list will read as follows; Lllll Lehmann,
Kallscb; Emma Juch and Tberese Her-bert-Foerster,
sopranos; Helene von Doen
hoff, contralto: .Jules Perotti, Paul Kalisch
and William J. Lavin, tenors; Emll Fischer
and r- Campanori,. basses; Adele Ana der
Obe, pianist; Max Bendlx. violinist, and Vic
tor Herbert, violoncellist.
.Tb!s'remarkable.s6Io roll, "wit the great con
ductor. Anton Seldl, and bis" orchestra of
nearly 100 Instruments and the local chorus of
from 500 to 600 voices, under Mr. Carl Better,
certainly make good promise of opening the
new Exposition Building with the best and
biggest musical festival Pittsburg has ev.er
Mr. Charles C. Corcoran has been lnduced.by
friendly persuasion to delay his Intended de
parture for European musical stndy long
enough to allow a testimonial concert to be
given to show how warmly Pittsburg feels
toward a favorite, baritone who has' the pluck
and ambition; to aim still higher. The sub
joined programme shows the feeling' of tho
musical fraternity toward Mr. Corcoran; It re
mains for -the public to show its appreciation
of both beneficiary and performers oy crowd
ing Old City Hall next Friday evening:
Philharmonic Society, Tbos. Y. Kirk, Director.
Soprano solo. "Dear Heart" Mattel
Tenor solo. "Salve Kezina" .Dana
Slgnor GlllC ace. M. i'orrltt.
Male quartet, "Annie Laura" Gelbel
Apollo Quartet Jas.' Voiel, George Brown, H.
Horner, Ed Dertnltt: J. Frltchard, pianist.
Soprano solo. "Magnetic Waltz" Ardltl
Miss Arnes Eeane.
Mandoline Quartet. "Kspaenoll."
Pittsburg Mandoline Clnb.
Baritone solo, "Alone In the Desert". ...Emanuel
Charles Corcoran accompanied by B. P. Ecker.
Violin solo Selected
Mezzo soprano solo, "Summer .Nights"
..." ,-. Thomas
Miss Better, Toerce lirothers and Cooper.
Variations for two pianos, "On a Beethoven
Theme" Saint Saens
Carl ltetter and Joseph Gittings. '
Suartet, "Good Night"...... Plnsutl
race Miller, Agnes Vogel, Joseph Vogel, d
HE GOT HIS MONEY.
Squires, the California Miner, Succeeds In
Convincing: the Mint Authorities A
Deposit Lifted After a Lapse
of Thirty Years.
Philadelphia, March 30. Mr. A.
Squires was to-day paid $2,201 78 by Super
intendent Fox, of the Mint. Mr. Squires,
it will be remembered, is the old California
miner who presented himself at the Mint a
few months ago and produced an old yellow
piece of paper, on which could be seen a
few lines and letters showing that some
thing had been written there, and which he
claimed was a receipt for gold dust which
he had deposited with the offi
cers of the Philadelphia Mint
in 1855, amounting to $2,201 78.
The Mint officials, upon referring to the
books of that date, found that a deposit of
such a nature had been made at that time
and bad never been called for. Mr. Fox
questioned the old miner and became con
vinced that there was some truth in his
story, and that he was the party referred to
in the books, but to make sure and to
get his authority to pay the money over, he
referred the matter to the authorities at
"Washington. He sent 25 or 30 pages of
deposition papers to the capital ana had
Squires send him his photoghraph which he
sent to California for the purpose of identi
fication. He also sent to various parties both in Cali
fornia and to "Wheeling, Squires' home, and
they all sent back word that he was a thor
oughly honest man, and sent such other
testimony that proved beyond a doubt that
Squires was the man he represented himself
to be. The authorities at Washington were
also convinced of the truthfulness of his
claim, and ordered the amount to be drawn.
A VICTIM OP THE TANK SHOW.
Duncan B. Harrison tfenrly Crosses the Styx
on Account of His Realistic Flay.
rSTECIAZ. TZLIOEAM TO THE DISPATCB.1
New Yobk, March 30. Since last Tues
day night Duncan B. Harrison, whose
drama, "The Paymaster," is running at the
Fourteenth Street Theater,-has not appeared
on the stage, though his name remained on
the play bills. In the third act of the play,
Mr. Harrison, as the hero, Robert
Emmet O'Connor, has to dive
into the river from a prison tower,
wer. A depth of eight feet is provided in
that part of the tank where the .diver is to
plunge, but this part is narrow, anfi Mr.
Harrison misjudged r his fall. He struck
his chin against.the leaden side of the tank,
and was almost stunned. The actors on the
stage started to his assistance, but
he managed to swim out. A moment later
came the whistle of a whippoorwill, the
signal'that the prisoner had escaped, and as
the curtainfell the audience applauded Mr.
Harrison's unusually effective portrayal of
a suffering and half-drowned man.
Mr. Harrison's chin had been cut to the
bone for the space of an inch and a half.
Dr. T. S. Robertson patched up the cut be
fore the curtain went up again, and Mr.
Harrison was able to finish the performance.
His understudy, Charles O'Brien, acted the
donble role of O'Connor tor Duncan B.
Harrison the rest of the week. Mr. Harri
son's "wound is practically well now, but he
caught cold from his nightly plunges, and
is suffering from abscesses of both tonsils.
Besides, the shock brought back his former
trouble of concussion of the spine, from
which he suffered a year ago from a similar
accident in Chicago. He was unconscious
on "Wednesday and Thursday, and his
mother and his sister, Miss Hand Harrison,
were sent for. Last night he was much
better, in spite of his complicated ailments,
and vas sure that he would be able to ap
pear to-morrow night.
TEIED TO STAB E0SEKBLATT.
A Prisoner Who "Wanted to Cut Him With
a Stolen Knife.
About 11 o'clock last night Officer Ben
Bosenblatt had an encounter with a pris
oner, and had it not been for the assistance
of Officer Getty, he might have lost his life.
He was called to arrest Hugh Dngan,
who "was insulting women on High street.
The officer took his prisoner to the patrol
box at-the corner of "Webster avenue, and
while sending in the signal for the wagon
Dngan drew a large knife and
made a wicked lunge at the offi
cer. The latter dodged the blow and
the knife pierced his clothing underneath
the stomach, cutting a large hole in Rosen
blatt's garments. Officer Getty happened
to be near and went to Rosenblatt's assist
ance. For fully ten minutes they struggled
with the prisoner before they could take
the knife from him.
The knife is a bran new one and was evi
dently stolen in the hardware store, robbery
on Federal street, Allegheny, a short time
ago. Duganhas a son who is now in jail
charged with committing the burglary.
TO DISCUSS PEICES.
The Miners New Union to Hold a Conven
tion In This Citv.
President John D. Conway, of the Pitts
burg division of the National Progressive
Union of Miners, has issued a call for a
convention to be held in this city on April
4. The object' is to consider the circular
issued by-National President McBride, and
all miners are requested to send delegates.
The price for mining will also be discussed.
Mr. Conway returned to the city yester
day from a trip through Cambria, Jefferson
and Clearfield connties and .says the Min
ers' Progressive Union is booming.
A Business Jnant to, Canada.
"Washington; March 30. The special
committee on relations with Canada, at its
meeting to-day, decided to startjfor Chicago
on May 31. From there they will go to
Tacoma and Seattle, "Washington Territory,
returning .through British Columbia and
Canada by the Canadian Pacific Jtailroad.
Ob, My Poor Back!
How often that expression is heard by
people who will try to eke ont a miserable
existence on some old worn' out sewing ma
chine instead of being sensible like other
people and getting one of Hopper Bros. &
Co.'s "New High Arm" Davis aewing ma
chine. 307 "Wood street. ttssu
- . 3f
Small Probability of the Speedy Ei?-3
hanstion of the Fields.
A TEREIT0EI 204 MILES' L0N&3
Still Bemains in the State, Mnriwofjitl
AH AEEAI OP PACTS AND FIGUEia
Containing Mnch Valuable information on the Fewf
Those who think the petroleum fields at "
this country (and especially those of "WetV-, J
ern: Pennsylvania; are -petering out, -wiu
find food for reflection in the following
statements made by B. "W. Criswell, a gen
tleman who makes it his business to keep
well informed on all matters relating to thfl '.'
interests of oilmen.
On. Cirr, March 30. B. "W. Criswell, of
the .Derrtcfc, publishes the following inter-
esting reply to the question, "Is the Oil
Territory Becoming Exhausted:"
If any one Is of the opinion that this country
Is about out of oil, they should cast their ejtt
over the oil region at '.their earliest conven
ience. John McKeown, who is not an unlucky
man, brought in a well yesterday that started'
flowing at the majestic rate of 123 barrels an
hour. A well that flows this much oil in a day
is a whale, as oil wells go, but Mr. McKeown'si
gusher made this much in an hour. At W
o'clock last evening the well had settled down,
to the rate of 1,560 barrels a day. This is only"
one of several wells that Mr. McKeown owns,
many of which may be classified under the)
head of gushers.
As there have Been some fears expressed late
ly of a possible oil famine, it is well enonsh -to
call attention to our source of supplies. The oil
regions, as actually developed, now extend
from wellsville. N. Y., crossing Pennsylvania
atnearly a45line toDankard Creek in "West
Virginia. On an air line this covers a distance) '
of 201 miles In length, and so far as developed;
the belt is abont ten miles in width. The yield'
of the oil fields, up to March 1. 1889, was 340..'
133,997 barrels. About 150.000,000 barrels of,
this came from McKean connty alone, and this '
county is still good for 20,000 barrels a' day. .-
AN" IMMENSE TEKKITOBY. .
How much oil this fat streak of 201 mile,
may produce Is beyond human computation
Not all of It will be prolific territory, and" how
much or how little of It may be must be de-,
termined by the drill. It is a curious fact that -that
oil-producing rock, wherever it is f onnd,.
usually yields about the same quantity of oil;,
to a 'given area. The wonderful Bradford
field produced about the same quantity of pe.
troleum per square mile as the sands of
Venango, Clarion and Butler counties. Brad-'
ford has about 133 square miles of producins
territory, and the yield per square mile is not
far from 1,127,000 barrels. Taking' 83 square
miles comprising pools in Venango, Clarion
and Butler, In the white sand group, the yield
will be over 900,000 barrels per square mile.
The Washington countydistrict, from present
Indications, may Teach the limit of Bradford,,
or 1,127,000 barrels per square mile.
It will-be seen, therefore, that after an oil'
pool has been defined as to area, a simple pro
cess of mathematics will eive us the amount of
oil it Is likely to yield. Past development,
demonstrate that 1,000,000 barrels to the square
mile is not far from the actual capacity of a"
field during the first IS years of its existence.'
It has taken the Venango sand longer tbaav
this, and Bradford has accomplished it in less,
BILLIONS OF BARBELS.
If we could calculate on 1,000,000 barrels of
oil to every sqnare mile of territory that is now
outlined, it would give the world 2,040,000,000
barrels, less what has been produced, or a sup' .
1 ply. which, at the present rate of consumption.
would last the universe &u years, aucn an esti
mate, however, would hardly be Justified"
There will be thousands of acres in this stretch
of territory that will be unprollOc
This belt Is 204 miles, is a chain of pools,
large and small, and until the area of each. ono
is known, the total yield would be simply con
jecture. . . .
Anese ngures ana estimates reiate oniy kj
the region where the illtrmmatin'r oil ot com-1
merce is! produced, namely. New York, Peanr"
sylvania and the Macksburg district, in Ohio.
The ereat Lima field is not taken into account,
nor Colorado, California, Kentucky, Tennessee
nor any other State or Territory where petro
leum is found. It has been stated that under .
the energy of the drill the Ohio field might bef
made to yield 100,000 barrels a day. This is not"
improbable, since the Bradford field in July.
1S82, produced 103,102 barrels each day of that
month. The Bradford field had no large wells,' .
compared to the geysers ot Ohio.
THE FUTURE OF LIMA OIlL
Aside from what the Ohio field might yield,
it has already in tanks nearly 11,000,000 bar; ,
rels, in addition to what has been consumed;.
This oil is worth but about one-seventh as " '
much as the Pennsylvania product; and can
never come into competition with it as an iUn-'
minant unless some new' process of manu
facture is discovered beyond anything: now"
known. Its chief utility is for fuel. Natural
gas Is the only fuel that can compete with it hxr
cheapness, and that is not everywhere obtain- -able.
Natural gas cannot be transported much,
above 100 miles, and oil fuel may he carried to
the ends of tho earth. As far West as Omaha
it is now fnrnlshlng manufacturers a cheaper
fuel than coal, and the infant is still mewling '
m the nurse's arms. Of this oil there appears
to be no end, although when it Is being pro-,
duced at the rate of 800,000 barrels a month. 16
wonld seem that the rock would be exhausted',
sometime. Still, if the area of the Ohio field;
is not increased an acre, there is already enough
territory in sight to tread a lively measure with'
itlng coal ior tne next a years.
BAENUH TALKS TO THE B0IS.
Tho Showman Entertnlns a Crowd of sv
Thansand Little Ones.
rSPZCTAIy TILIOBAJt TO THZ DISFATCTT.l
Brooklyn", March 30. ShowxnaS-.
Phineas T. Barnum, entertained 1,000 boys!
this evening at the Palace Bink, in Cler- -mont
avenue, by performing sleight-of-hand .
tricks, and in his own peculiar way:
inculcating principles of morality and tem
perance. It was the first national convene;
tion of the Golden Hours Club, formed by ai'"
New York publishing house. "When Bar
num was announced to speak, all the boys:
threw np their hats and looked for funft: .-
.Barnum was as iiveiy as a criv&et. , .-. -
"Now, all yon boys," he began, "yoa- -3
mnst consider yourselves at scnooi. now.
many does two and two make?" The boyax -J
responaeu wua vanuus uusnera- duwv.o.
them cried five and others said ten. -'
"A bov I knew once," said Barnum, noV,
wise disconcerted, "said it was 22. NowV:
boys, I want to illustrate the. philosophy of . ,
lire Dy two pins two. .xwo pius two neyerjr,.
make five. The same principles always
produce the same results. A. child
who puts its finger in the fire bnrns
it and it smarts. "We are all made up of a
hnndle of habits. "We acquire an artificial.
habit of smoking or drinking and the j&
more we smose or aims, me more we waois j
to smoke and drink. The bov wEo smokes .
a cigarette does more than nature intended
ne snouiu ao, squ iug Kin wuu wears cucap, .
jewelry is trying to make two and two ;
MAI HEYER STAET AGAIN.
AH the Conl Mines on the Monongahel Hrf
De uiosea xo-Morrow. ,. li
Almost all the mines along the Monongswj
hela river willbe closed to-morrow for ' aaf
indefinite period. Joseph "Walton, , theS
coal king, said yesterday that one of .thel
mines had already been shut' down a'nd'theT,
others would be closed to-morrow.
He says he does not know whether they!
will ever be started again, as there is na;
money in coal at present prices. ' r -j J
The Little York Raided. T
Captain Mercer and Inspector "Wb'ite.ia
house, of the East End, raided the houseaM
JVCJJ. MJ .M AilJ, . .no ucau ui X14l
land avenue about 1 o'clock this morals
The nlace is Known ai the "Liltl.WWi
and nas been a source of annoyance to't&tef
neighbors. Six men and three women
were capturea ana loagea la tie . Jjt
teentn wara station sowe.