Newspaper Page Text
color, and is used in all the buildings. It
is cut into tiles for roofing purposes, and,
when completed, houses look like those boys
of the Xbrth build -with snow. Liberal ap
plications of -whitewash and Portland ce
ment on side and roof give to the whole an
asDect of purity and cleanliness unsur
Stand like marble structures in a setting cool
Some caressed by the roses, some guarded by
Borne hid in tropic bowers fit tor a fairy
Some hugging sky-blue waters in sea-bays
Facts, Not Fancies.
Beemtjba is a natural park on the bosom
I of the Atlantic The peculiar stuff she is
juuue vi una uejpcu mi buho u umj --
mensely. Tor instance: There are no wells
- ot sweet water in Bermuda, hence Jupiter
Pluvius is chief engineer and water assessor
I combined. The plumber could not wear
diamonds in Bermuda. Bain comes quite
1 regularly there, and the reservoir of every
citizen xs always well filled. The rain is
caught from the snow-white roofs and filters
t into snow-white cisterns. It is used for all
purposes, and is simply delicious for drink-
ing or washing. Ladies with coarse cuticle
should throw their skin physic to the dogs
and visit Bermuda.
Bermuda's roads are her crowning glory.
They are white, smooth, picturesque and
altogether charming. If it rains and it
, generally did during my stay, ten showers
, coming in one day, some with sunshine and
rainbow accompaniment they are not
muddy; if it shines they are dustless, and a
hurricane cannot throw dirt into a citizen's
eyes at any stage of the game. These beau
tiful highways and byways are made from
the coral stone, which becomes hard as
adamant. "When they grow ragged or rutty
& native with a pickaxe simply loosens up
the surface, adds dirt where needed, and
beast and being soon do all the ramming
necessary to place the roadway
in first-class order. These roads
wind round cedar-clad hills, along sea
swept stretches, and through oleander
hedges. Beside them are stately palms and
tall bamboos, banana groves and lily fields,
potato and onion patches, green bay and
yellow-fruited loquat trees, cactus of many
varieties and giant rubber trees, patches of
arrowroot and sugar cane, cochineal bushes
and the beautiful pride of India, the tall
coffee and the odd calabash trees, sweet
smelling rows of gober nuts and pug-nosed
lemon trees, orange and paw paw growths
in iact every variety ot tropical flora in a
The date and cocoanut palm thrive and
blossom, but do not bear fruit in this little
Eden. The orange and the lemon are not
cultivated to any great extent. The
bananas, while small, are palatable, but the
plebeian onion gets there in its usual insin
uating way, fortunately shorn of some of
the strength of its northern cotemporary.
Hoyai palms proudly stand stern columns of
The calabash hangs from a skeleton tree;
The birds softly sing in green boughs of the
And hedges of flowers kiss winds from the
Where Trifles Amnsc.
Old age and childhood share with great
gusto the pleasures offered in isolated Ber
muda. Theaters there are none, and when
I asked a nut-brown, bright-eyed, clever
little native if he had ever seen a circus he
looked at me in mute astonishment and
said. "Xo, sir; but I would like to go over
to your big place and see one, and the ele
phant, too." Happy little Bcrmudan, stay
where you are, "far from the madding
throng" and the chestnuts that will soon be
cracked by men of great gall in the two and
three-ringed monstrosities under canvass!
The paste brigade has thus far spared this
contented isle, and the fiend with the paint
pot has not yet disfigured the smooth faces
of the coral walls in the sawed
out quarries with legends of bank
rupt sales, liver regulators, great drives,
elixirs of life, condition powders, coraline
plasters, etc. The nature-scarring proces
sion has not yet arrived, and when it shows
its head over the horizon the Bermudans
would act wisely if they established a shot
gun quarantine. The first man to write,
"Take Snell's Centipede Cure," should die
on your little Gallows Island, whose
gruesome-looking remnant of a gibbet has
not for over a century exposed to the winds
from the south sea the bleached bones of a
But there is the donkey cart. A tiny,
semi-equine fellow, a two-wheeled over
grown baby carriage, a smooth road and a
full-grown man at the reins is no uncom
mon sight. The same picture with baby
fingers tugging at the leather that regu
lates the long-eared little motor is on view
constantly. Taper fingers belonging to a
Murray Hill belle frequently guide the
diminutive beast through the scented high
ways, while her "tiger" sits with arms
crossed, and some people wonder which
jackass suffers most the one in the shafts
or the one in the seat. It is a perfect place
for all lovers of the road, whether astride or
hauled on wheels. Old age and youth
share and share alike in the invigorating
pleasures of gallop and roll over dustless
arbor-like paths that play hide and seek
with the sea and bend from barren stretch
to floral bower always the same, but ever
And the walks. Over hill and down dale
the stroller wanders in a tireless, dreamy
way for hours. The sea-moistened air re
freshes and no thirst comes; the strange
flower, shrub and tree beckon him on, and
he only halts where wave and precipice
warn. Xo sign "Keep Off the Grassl" pre
vents him from treading on Nature's velvet;
no "Look Out for the Locomotive!" brings
up visions of an awful dissolution. The
only thing of this sort diplayed in Bermuda
reads: "Take notice All fowls lound
trespassing on this place will be shot!"
It is walk, talk, ride, sail, row, romp, fish,
eat, drink and be merry day in and day out.
The child frolics and the gray-haired look
on and are satisfied. For the tourist there
can be no business cares or engagements;
for the native there is sunshine, shelter,
neither heat nor cold, and a little world full
of fruit and flowers. Truly
Sis life must be as joyous as a bird's in mating
No .worry or no hurry, no struggles Jgalnst the
A. round of childish pleasures in a lotus-eating
Fair sky above, blue sea below a Paridisean
Odd Historical Facts.
Bekmtjda's pleasures are of the simplest
sort, you see. Like all spots on the habita
ble globe, she has ahistory, and the courteous
native never tires tearing off leaves from
the guide book of his memory. 2early all
the dusky adults are well-versed in botan
ical lore, and have the his'tory ot their little
world at their tongue's end. I noticed a
handbill conspicuously displaying the
legend, "Hog Money -for Sale, and asked
the driver of the chariot what it referred
to. Like a majority of the tourists, I con
fessed my utter ignorance of the history.of
Bermuda. He told me that in 1522 Juan
Berniudez, while heading for Cuba "from
Spain, ran upon the coral reefs. His vessel
"carried a cargo of hogs, a pair of which
managed to reach shore.
The porcines and their progeny prospered,
"and when Sir George Sommers ran across
'the islands he found juicy hams in abund
'ance. When England colonized the place
:nnd money became a necessity, two copper
'coins were coined for use in the new land.
'One was about the size of the English
penny and bore the picture of a pig and the
.figure "12." This was equivalent to 12
(pence, or 1 shilling. The other resembled
the English half-Denny with a pig and the
ifigure "6" instead of a king stamped there
'on, and represented 6 pence. These coins
iare very rare, and are highly prized by
numismatists the 12-penny piece being
held at 10, and the smaller coin at a few
pounds below this figure. One gentleman
disputed my statement about the 6-penny
tiece during a diicuHion concerning
the "hog money." He was in the wrong,
however, as on 'the same day I had visited
St. Georges and was shown a sixpenny
piece that had recently been dug up there.
It bore marked signs of long burial, but
was fairly well preserved. A Philadelphia
manufacturing jeweler and numismatist in
my company offered the lucky possessor 6
in bright British gold for the old and rare
coin, but could not secure it. The "hog
money" offered for sale is merely a fao
simile of the real Article. The first citizens
of Bermuda are thus referred to by "Webster
in "The Devil's Law Case:"
"Why, 'tis an engine
That's only fit to put in execution Barmotho's
The pig is now a thing of the past. Here
and there a sty is found in which the grnnter
awaits the knife of the grocer who displays
on his shop window the sign "Fresh pork
every Saturday morning." Previous to dis
solution piggie can
Sniff the scented breezes that sweep the lily
And root among the roses in the hedges near
Then, fattened on the sweetness thatthls tropic
Await, in beds of clover, the casting of 'the
Where Many Love to Linger.
There are quaint and beautiful spots and
bowers in Bermuda. From the hotejs at
Hamilton the peace-finder can stroll or be.
carried to sea-carved cave and leafy dell
over dustless, xnudless, ever cool road or
bridle path. At the Devil's Hole he can
inspect the marine beauties that have stolen
bright tints from the coral beds and divinely
pure waters. Here the giant hamlets and
rock fishes will take the bread from his
hand, while the beautiful angel fish said
to be the handsomest dweller in the sea
will slyly secure the drippings from the
hungry mouths of its big playfellows. At
the handsome villa of the late United States
Minister Allen this pastime can be re
peated, and old and young alike find de
light in watching the antics oi finny pets
that know enough to snub all dainty morsels
that hide a cruel hook.
On the sea-carved rocks of Hungry Bay
and along the short stretches of sandy beach
back of dangerous coral reefs the student of
stone and sea can find much to ponder over.
Here the tired ones love to linger, their
nerves stilled by the wash of waves, the
leap of spray, the stretch of sea and sky, and
the puffs of south wind from far-off Sahara.
No jarring worldly sounds will disturb his
reverie no clash of commerce and no tick
of trade. Here he finds Nature in all her
glory; the waves at play, the fantastic rocks
accepting their caresses like stern giants, re
ceiving every blow withamocking sound that
bends the dwarfed cedars and shakes'
the blooming oleanders on the thin
soiled shore. Out on the coral reefs of the
north shore he can look deep into the sea
through a water glass and watch the lazy
fishes take the hook and dart through white
and leafless groves seeking a hiding place
wherein to resist the tugging of the captor.
Fishing is mild sport, as the soporific influ
ences of the atmosphere seem to have had a
like effect upon the live things of land and
sea. Fishing is a mere matter of muscle,
but the novelty that attaches to the sport
there compensates for the lack of fight on
the part of the finny beauties.
Again the dreamer can stroll through
tropical gardens and among century old,
verdure clad, sweet scented graveyards,
where some of the best blood and bone of
England have been absorbed by the porous
coral instead of being devoured by the
Crumbling tablets mark quaint tombs cut in
the coral stone;
The shadow of an ancient cross is cast on deep
Asleep mid Sowers reared from seeds brought
from a torid zone.
And wet by spray from purest wave or tears
shed by their God!
Tom Moore's Tribute.
And "Walshingham,around which clusters
the memories of Erin's sweet singer, Tom
Moorel Through a densely shaded road
way, we entered the illy-kept but pict
uresque and restful grounds around the
white, cross-shaped, Spanish-like old man
sion. "We tolled the old bell that hung
from the limb of a nut tree and summoned
the dark keepers of "Walshingham, where
Moore sang in silence in his cool, high
roofed chamber, that looked out upon a
salty pool, pure as the crystal waters of an
Alpine brook jut loosed by sun from ice
bound fountain. His room has been dis
figured by a partition, but the whitewashed
cedar rafters under the gable-shaped
ceiling and the . picturesque out
capacious nreplace,with book shelves sunk
into the wall above, remain the same as
when he stirred his toddy over the cedar
scented flame and in the spiced vapors that
ascended the wide-mouthed chimney saw
visions of poetic peace and Paradise.
Through onion and potato patch hedged
by ancient grape vine and a net-work of
tropical foliage, past tall coffee trees and
bunches of fan-leafed palms, through rows
of roses and clusters ot cactus I wandered
to Moore's beautiful bower. There stood,
the calabash tree of which he sang:
Last night when we came from the calabash
When my limbs were at rest and my spirits
The glow of the grape and the dreams of the
Put the magical springs of my fancy in play;
And, oh! such a vision as haunted me then
I could slamber forages to witness again!
The many I like, and the few I adore.
The friends who were dear and beloved before,
But neer till now so beloved and dear.
At the call of my fancy surrounded me here!
Soon, soon did the flatteringspell of theirsmile J
j.o a parauuv vrjutt;ii tuc uieab utile j&ie;
Serener the waves, as they look'd on it, flow'd.
And warmer the rose, as they gathered it,
Not the valley's Herseen (though watered by
Of the pearliest flow, from those pastoral hills,
"Where the song ot the shenherd, primaeval and
Was taught to the nymphs by their mystical
Could display such abloom of delight, as was
By the magic of love, to this miniature heaven!
The dell where the calabash tree referred
to stands is a place of peace a poet's corner,
with blue sky for a canopy, green grass for
a carpet and trees of a tropical sort for
walls. Still no sound penetrates nor dis
cord enters here; ever cool and quiet as the
peace of Nature when she breathes like a
sighing swain and woosthe earth with kisses
from heaven. Here it was Moore sang
"Oh, could you view the scenery, dear,
That now beneath my window lies,
Tou'd think that Nature lavished here
Her purest wave, her softest skies.
To make a heaven for love to sigh in.
For barbs to live and saints to die in ! .
Close to my wooded bank below,
f n glassy calm the waters sleep,
And to the sunbeams proudly show
The coral rocks they love to steep!
Where It All Is.
The encyclopedia makers locate Bermuda
580 miles south southeast of Cape Hatteras,
between latitude 32 14' and 32 25' north,
and longitude 64 38' 'and 64 62' west.
They also state that the group is 18 miles
in length and six in greatest breadth. The
Captain of the Oronoco, when asked about
the location of Bermuda, remarked: "It is
800 miles from everywhere." "When asked
to explain he said it wax about the same
distance from Halifax, New York, Balti
more, Savannah and Charleston. Cape
Hatteras is the nearest land. The island
lies straight out in the Atlantic from the
coast of South Carolina. It is J-shaced.
and the scholarly natives informed me that1
it was 3z miles long and live in greatest
This is T-here the book and the citizen
differ. The population is about 15,000, two
thirds colored, or native. The natives are
courteous, well educated, tidy and slow
going. It would be unwise to be in a hurry
in Bermuda. The even, sleepy-like tem
perature soon turns a hnstlerlnto a slothful,
take-it-easy creature who breathes natur
ally, bdt does not care about quickening his
respiration by undue exertion. Bermuda,
like all the good little things lying loose in
the sea, belongs to England. It mustv not
be confounded with the Bahamas, nor need
the traveler expect to find there a great
group of islands. In reality, thanks to
British engineers, there is only one, the
others being mere coral excrescences. For
details as to revenues, etc., see a guide book
if you can findone. If you are
Tired of the turmoil, and would rest 'neath
Inhale the sweets of flowers in an earthly
Drink deeply of the solace that Is found in
Sip freely of the breezes that have .kissed the
See Nature in her finest garb, a blushlng,boun-
Her crown a wreath of lilies, her footstool
Sail hence, thro' seas high rolling, and bask in
On coral-reefed Bermuda, fair, ever-summer
Isle! Geo. a Madden.
A BRIDGE OF MONKEYS,
How the Canning Chemecks Cross Streams
and Ymvnlng Chasms.
T. C. Harbsirfch in Drake's Majrazlne.1'
One of the other queer four-handed inhab
itants oi the monkey region is the chemeck.
He belongs to a family of bridge-builders,
and the living bridges by which he helps to
span the Amazon's tributaries have not
their counterpart in any other part of the
world. "When a company of chemecks reach
the banks of a stream the chief engineers
advance along the bough that stretches
farthest from the shore and measure the
distance across. Having satisfied themselves
by this unusual survey, they call up the
other members, and the Hercules of the lot
twists his tail round the outer end of the
branch and hangs at fnll length, head down
wards, toward the water. A second monkey
advances over the first, whose body he en
circles with his tail, and drops as 'before.
This is the second link in the chain bridge.
Monkey 'after monkey lengthens the chain,
till the surface of the stream is but a slight
remove from the last one's nose. Now the
line oscillates back and forth like a piece of
huge cordage in the wind.
Each movement of course increases the
length of the arc, till the lower monkey has
seized the boughs of the tree on the opposite
shore. He clings to the wood with a
tenacious grip, and draws himself up by
degrees. Those below him also lift them
selves at the same time, and after awhile the
stream is spanned by the living bridge.
Now the lestof the company are called from
their gambols in the forest, and all pass
safely over the singular monkey walk. But
how do all those that form the bridge get
across? the reader may ask. "We will see.
The monkeys that formed the lowerlinks
of the chain work their way up the trunk of
the tree as far as possible, and a little higher
than the position of the Hercules who start
ed the bridge, and who still keeps the place
on the opposite shore. "When he sees that
they have accomplished this, he unwinds
his tail and falls down like an aerial acro
bat. He descends with a force that would
seem sufficient to break the line in a dozen
places; but it holds firm, despite the terrible
strain, and the momentum of the swinging
descent has allowed the Hercules to reach
a limb on the side where the others are. For
a chemeck's tail to touch an object is to
grasp, it, and the moment the chief link
in the monkey chain touches the tree,
that moment the task is completed. It is
said that a company of chemecks will cross
tfgap in this manner.
A BABY STBANGELT AFFLICTED.
A Child Nearly Killed by the Smoke From
Her Father's Clears.
New York Graphic
"When they are talking so much about
the fcvils of tobacco and the perils of cigar
ette smoking," said a pretty jroung mother
to me the other day, "they better put in
something about the injury done to those
who don't smoke by those who do."
"What do you mean?" I asked.
"I mean that my little girl has been near
ly killed by ier father's smoking. Ton see
when I married I determined to be very
liberal and advanced, and to do what I
could to make home as attractive' to Tom as
his club. Mother would never allow smok
ing in her honse except in the smoking
room, but I made sage reflections upon the
tactlessness of women in managing men.
and determined that Tom should enjoy me
and his cigar together when
ever he pleased. When my daughter Lil
lian first began to be brought out of the
nursery she was as round and rosy a baby
as ever you saw, but we had not been hav
ing her with us much as we sat together
until she began to grow listless and pale
and lose her appetite. I called in our doc
tor, but nothing did her any good; she
seemed to be just dwindling away, and she
continued to dwindle until her father was
called away on business for a month.
Then she picked up and was quite bright
again "by the time he came home. That
happened several times, until I said to my
self one day as she was frolicking with me,
Her father never saw her like this.' Then
it suddenly flashed on me that there was
something queer about this. The upshot
was that we found out beyond a peradven
ture that it was living in her father's to
bacco smoke that was killing the child. I
don't feel so much wiser than my mother
now as I used to, and smoking at our house
is again practiced on ancestral principles
i. e., the smoking room above."
The Irrepressible Joker Indites His Wit
on EnglUh Tombstones.
The punster is irrepressible; he even in
dites his jokes on tombstones. An epitaph
in Waltham Abbey (England) informs us
that Sir James Fullerton died "Fuller of
faith than of fears, Fuller of resolutions
than of pains, Fuller of honor than of
On another tombstone the connubial vir
tues of Daniel Tears are recorded:
Though strange, yet trne, full seventy years
Was his wife hippy in her Tears.'
This is written of an organist:
"Here lies one, blown out of breath.
Who lived a merry life and died a Merideth."
And of Thomas Huddlestone the gravestone
"Here lies Thomas Huddlestone, reader, don't
But reflect, as this tombstone you view,
That death who killed him, in a very short
Will huddle a stone upon yon."
A Buffalo Woman's Forethought.
Prom the Buffalo Couner.l
A lady in this city not long since had oc
casion to contribute to a missionary box to
be sent to the heathen in a foreign land
New Jersey, the Arounder believes and
offered a pair of half-worn shoes on the
altar. Just before they disappeared irom
view she noticed that they had a full set
of new buttons, and thinking, doubtless,
that the heathen had no use lor buttons,
took out her penknife and carefully cut
them off. This story is vouched for by au
The Problem Solved.
New and improved form of opera glass,
adapted to the present era of tall hats.
Mirrors are set in the angles of the tube,
and the rays of light are thus directed to the
eye of tne o bserrer. (oee diagram. j-fucx,
AFTER SiTillr BULL;
Bloodless Battles of the Rosebud and
the Little Big Horn.
THE GATHERING OP THE FORCES.
Off to the Yellowstone to 'Fight Ten
BUFFALO BILL ALWAYS IS THE LEAD
IWIUXTEK rOB THE DISPATCH.
It was on the 17th of July that we had
our tussle with the Cheyennes on the ""War
Bonnet" and raced them back to ttfeir reser
vation. That night we slept under the stars
with no interposing canvas, along the banks
of White river, and early next day were off
on our long, long march to reinforce Gen
eral Crook. Orders carried us around by
way of Forts Laramie and Fetterman,
where we were joined by many an old
comrade hastening from the East. So, too,
were we joined at the latter station by a
"raft" of recruits, new horses and old in
fantry campaigners all en route to the Big
One incident happened on the way up
from Fetterman that is worth telling. Eight
companies of the Fifth Cavalry started out
on their northward march from that point,
and we knew two more, E and F, were
hurrying forward by forced marches in
hopes of catching us. Two days we jogged
along through the bare, desolate, dusty
"Bad Lands," and were all camped at night
and sleeping soundly under the vigilant
protection of our guards, when I was sud
denly aroused by -hearing General Merritt's
voice close at hand, and rolling ont of my
blankets I jumped up and asked if any
thing was wanted. He always slept like a
weasel with one eye and both ears open.
THE OFFICERS' CALL.
"I'm sure,"- said he, "that I heard
trumpet calls way off here to the south
west." It was dark as Erebus and still as a
churchyard as together we groped our way
out on the prairie, taking the old chief
trumpeter with us. It was just possible
that "E" and "F'.' troops might have done
sdeh rapid marching as to have reached our
neighborhood, and it being too dark to see
a trail they were sounding their trumpets in
hopes ol gaining a reply. For a few min
utes we listened intently, and then faint,
far and soft there came floating to us
through the darkness the stirring notes of
"Officer's Call." In an instant our
trumpeter had sounded the answering call,
and in half an hour, guided by this inter
terchange of signals, our comrades grouped
their way to the warmth and welcome of our
tinv camp fires. From that hour to this
"Officer's Call" has been the hailing signal
of the Fifth Cavalry and it has been used
in some wildly exciting scenes. Notably,
three years after, when the captain of this
same "F" troop, wounded, with half of his
men dead or wounded around him and all
his horses shot down, completely sur
rounded by savage Indians, was rescued by
this same gallant Colonel commanding and
through the medium of the same old call.
Two days more and we were out of the
beastly alkali country and jogging along a
rolling, well-watered tract that grew more
beautiful with every mile that drew us
nearer to the foot hills of the Big Horn
Mountains, now looming to our left front,
with the snow-capped "Cloud Peak" high
est of ail. Cody and some of the young
officers were chasing small herds of buffalo
on our flanks, and every man and horse was
rejoicing in the change of scene. Another
two days and we had rounded the shoulder
of the great ranee, and rode buoyantly down
into the beautiful valley, where- lay the
welcoming camp of Crook.
OFF TO THE FEONT.
In -telling of the chase that began almost
on the morrow, I shall draw on old note
books and a letter written years ago. It
must be remembered that now the whole
country was swaiming with triumphant
bands of Indians Sioux and their allies.
Everything seemed afire to the northwest,
where Custer had met his fate, but now
Crook had two regiments of cavalry and 14
companies of infantry, also some 400 Crow
Indians as scouts, and he believed he could
launch out and whip the Indians well, or at
least drive them before him against the col
umn ot General Terry, who was coming up
the Yellowstone with a similar iorce. The
two commands were not 150 miles apart,
when, on the 6th of August, we pushed out
to "wind up the campaign in one crushing
blow," but communication between the two
was impossible the whole face of the earth
was covered with the hostile?, watching
However, we set forth blithely enough,
and as we rode away in the August sun
shine down the pretty valley of Prairie
Dog creek I wasjnainly interested in study
ing our Crow allies, who jogged alongside
on their active ponies and seemed equally
interested in making friends with the Fifth.
I had been detailed to act as Adjutant of
the regiment for the campaign, and it en
abled me to ride well ahead and take notes
and make topographical sketches in my
field book, all of which became valuable be
fore many years rolled by.
FOLLOWING THE TEAIL.
Gradually we were drawing nearer the
Deje Agie, as the Crows call Tongue river.
The morning has passed without notable in
cident. We miss our pet scouts Cody and
his "pardner," "Buffalo Chins." as faithful
a fellow as ever lived, and Bill's most loyal
follower. They are to the front with
Gruard and the now. far out half breed
scouts at Crook's headquarters, while on
this first day's march we of the Fifth are
rear guard. Our pack mules amble briskly
alongside, and toward noon we plunge into
the foaming torrent of the Tongne, ford it
breast high, and then the order comes to
bivouac where we are while the scouts go
ahead "prospecting." You may depend
they go only with strong backing, and-here
we spend the night.
;A11 the next day we march on down the
winding canyon of the Tongue. Bluffs 000
feet high on either side. We ford the stream
13 time, and at 2 p. m. get orders to halt,
unsaddle, graze and wait. Camp fires,
bacon, beans, hard tack, coffee and nines
speedily follow. Then another night of
placid sleep under the broad canopy of
Next day we climb westward, up, up, up,
the ascent seems interminable. Once in
,awhile we catch a glimpse of smoke masses
overhead and drifting across the face of dis
tant ridges. At last we see knots of horse
men gathering on a high crest a mile in
front. "Haiti" is sounded, and I go forward
to see the sights. .
A WOULD AFIEE.
We have paused at the very summit of
the great "divide" between the valleys of
the Tongue and .Rosebud. The view id
glorious. We look right down into the
canyon of the Bosebnd and yet it must be
six miles away. From every valley north
and west great clouds of smoke roll' sky
ward. The Indians have set the whole
country afire and yet not a Sioux is in sight
Then we slid somehow down into the
valley, and after three hours' marching got
orders to go into bivouac. Not a blade of
grass for our horses. Everything burned or
eaten off. "The whole Sioux nation camped
here not two weeks ago," says one of our
scouts as he dismounts. "I've been nigh
onto ten miles down stream and could not
reach the end of the village." The ground
is strewn with old lodge poles and with
relics of Indian occupancy too unmistak
able to be pleasant.
The next two days we march northward
through thick smoke that blinds our eyes,
but the scouts say a great baud of Sioux are
only a few miles ahead. . Then comes the
11th of August, a gloriously bright day.
We of the Fifth are marching.down the left
bank of the Bosebud, for the valley has
opened out and there is abundant room on
both sides of the stream. The battalion of
the Second and the whole Third cavalry.are
moving in parallel column along the east
ern side. Here and there jogged the pack
trains, while the infantry in solid ranks
came tramping along, at a swinging gait.
Far out to the front on the eastern side were
scouts and Crows, Crook's headquarters' es
cort and, a little further back, Merritt's
battle flag and brigade party. 1 had gone
out to the left front with a dozen Crows to
scout the ground, for we had to guard
against surprise, and, with an orderly to
hold my horse, had clambered the bluffs
and was busy sketching in the field notes of
the march. It was just about 9 o'clock.
FOOLED BY FOOB LO.
I had takenmy back sights up the valley
and now turned to look northeastward. To
the front, right ahead two miles away, a big
shoulder ot Diun jutted out into tne vauey
from the west bank. Around this turned
the Bosebud and then ran straight away
northward. Between that bluff and the
eastern heights lay a broad, open plain
three miles wide. All our part of the valley
was covered by a heavy cloud ot dust raised
by myriad hoofs, and right around the big
bend, not five miles away, what do I see but
just as big a clond of dust steadily floating
Indian or buffalo? That's the question.
I signal eagerly to my Colonel, and he
quickly joins me on the bluff. "Gallop
over and report to the General," are his or
ders, after one rapid glance, and in less than
no time I am darting across the valley, only
to find myself in the midst oT a great hulla
baloo. Tne urows dashing around in wild
excitement, stripping fora fight; the cavalry
trumpets ringing "front into line gallop;"
scouts and Indians whirling around in cir
cles at 'the front, and I get permission to
gallop out and see what's coming. One
glance is enough. It is nothing more or
less than Terry's army deploying at the trot,
and running to meet' us in the same style.
In ten minutes Bill Cody has galloped for
ward, .waving his broad-brimmed scouting
hat, and made a low bow to the astonished
General, and extended to him the thanks of
General Crook for the handsome reception
and display on our account.
Then came the question: "But where on
earth are the Sioux?"
They had slipped away eastward from be
tween the advancing hosts, and both com
mands had reached at the same hour the
point where they left the valley.
Chaeles Kino, TJ. S. A.
They Aro Welcomed for Their Cooling; Ef
fect and' Cleaning of the Streets.
The rainy season commences in Hayti
during April, and continues till, Septem
ber. After several months of dry weather
one breathes again, as tho east wind brings
the welcome rain, which comes with a rush
and a force that bends the tallest palm tree
till its branches almost sweep the ground.
Sometimes, writes Spenser St. John, who
spent 12 years among the Haytians, while
dried up at Port-au-Prince, we could see for
weeks the rainolouds gathering on the
Morne do l'Hopital within a few miles of
us, and yet not a drop would come to re
fresh our parched gardens.
During the great heats, the rain is not
only welcome for its cooling effect upon
the atmosphere, but as it comes in torrents,
it rushes down the streets, sweeps clean all
those that lead to the harbor.and carries be
fore it the accummulated filth of the dry
season.. In very heavy rains the cross
streets are flooded. I never saw more vivid
lightning, heard louder thunder, or knew
heavier rains than visit Hayti. I often
read of a clap of thunder from a clear sky,
but had.never heard anything like the one
that shook our house near Port-au-Prince.
We were sitting, a large party, on our
veranda about 8 o'clock in the evening, a
beautiful star-light night the stars, in fact
shining so brightly that we could almost
read by their light when a clap of thun
der, which appeared to burst just over our
roof, took our breath away. It was awful
in its suddenness and strength.
No onp spoke for a minute or two. Then,
by a common impulse, we left the house and
looked up into a perfectly clear sky. At a
distance, however, on the summits of the
mountain, was a gatheringof black clouds,
and within half an hour one of the heaviest
storms I have ever seen was upon us, with
thnnder worthy of the clap which had first
AN INDDSTfiY 200 YEARS OLD.
Proposed Celebration of the Bl-Centennlal
of Fnper Making In America.
It is proposed to celebrate in September
of next year the bi-centennial of the build
ing of the first paper mill in America. The
manufacture of paper was introduced in
this country by Wilhelm Bittenhou;;, who,
with William Bradford, the printer; Samuel
Carpenter, merchant; Thomas Tresse, iron
monger; Nicholas Pearse and others formed
a company for building a paper mill and
carrying on the manufacture.
Ex-State Senator Horatio Gates Jones is
said to have in his possession the only com
plete history of that important industry.
It is written on paper manufactured by the
original company, is beautifully bound, and
on the title page is shown the Bittenhouse'
mark athree-leafedclover and the follow
ing from Shakespeare's "Henry VI:"
"Contrary to the King, his crown and dignity,
Thou hast built a paper mill."
Mr. Jones is devoting much time to col
lecting data for a complete historical sketch
of paper making in this country from the
incipiency to the present time.
Near the McKinney quarries, along its
Wissahickon, can vet be seen part of the
ruins of the old mill. The location of the
original dam, whence came the supply of
water for running the mill, is some distance
east of the old mill site, on property now
owned by Mr. H. H. Houston.
Mr. Jones has conferred with Mr. George
"W. Childs in regard to the manner of cele
brating the event. It is proposed to invite
delegates from all newspapers and paper
manufacturers, to form an association. The
reading of a historical sketch and an ora
tion by some prominent journalist may be
adopted as part of the programme.
Answering for Himself.
Conductor Excuse, -me madam, but I
shall have to ask you for a ticket for that
boy. I think he's over 5 years old.
General Atom (with dignity) Sir, can't
you tell a man when you see him? Here
are tne uc&cis lur utyqeii anu wue, sir.
(Conductor totters feebly on into the next
In an TJp-Town Toosorlal Studio. -
New York Sun.
Barber (caressing a customer's beard)
Terrible job that last one you had, sirl
Where did you get it cut, sir? Not in this
Cus'tomer No; you cut itfor me last
time, when you were working down near
the City Hall.
Butcher's Dog Soy, bonesey, git on ter
Little Lord J'aantleroy.irill y'er ?Lfc,
'"A-! E"u - .
ft jiJi " ' sML ,
CLAKA BELLE'S' CHAT.
The Handsomest and- Best Dressed
Millionaire in New York.'
MRS. GBANTGLADTO GO TO VIENNA
Society People Find Pleasure in the Circus
GREEN TO BE THE FASHIONABLE COLOR
rCORItESPONDKSCK OT TITE THaplTrTT.1
j New Yobk, April 6. Of all professionaf
perplexities, none exceeds that of the painter
commissioned to portray the face of a king.
Shall he violate his conscience by flattering
his features, or shall he be truthful with the
risk of displeasing him? Doubtless you
have read some of the historic anecdotes re
lating to this very subject. Well, one of.
our American kings of wealth, Cornelius
Yanderbilt, hired, Frank Hall, a London
artist, to put him on canvas. The order
was given last summer, while the gentle
man was in England, and he sat to him a
number, of times. The picture arrived in
this city a week ago, just in time to be seen
by its original before his departure for Eu
rope, where he and his wife are to become
again a social wonder. The portrait was
hung in the hallway of Cornelius Yander
bilt's mansion on the morning that the
friends of the family called to say goodby
to them, or to accompany them as far as the
steamer. They were a little astonished, I
think, to find that it did not flatter Mr. "Van
derbilt in the least, but had every blemish
as well as every perfection in his face faith
"I don't want to be smoothed out," he is
reported to me as saying to the artist; "but
I want a photographic likeness nothing set
down in malice, nor aught extenuated."
Suppose I try my hand, in that same
sincere manner, at depicting him as he ap
pears to casual observers here in New
A HANDSOME MILLIONAIEE.
By far the best looking and best dressed
of our millionaires is Cornelius Vanderbilt.
This young man is decidedly attractive to
the eye. He is of excellent figure, and his
clothes, while never foppish, are most im
maculate, and exhibit plainly the work of
as good a tailor, as can be found in New
York. At the theater Mr. Vanderbilt is in
variably in perfect evening dress, and the
effect of cleanness that he always produces
is truly noticeable. I don't suppose there is
a better groomed man in the city. His firm,
solid chin and mouth always have the
newly-shaved look of a gentleman of leisure,
his tiny whiskers just in front of his ears
are trimmed with exquisite exactness, his
linen is like snow, and his patent leather
shoes' look as though they had never been
Mr. Vanderbilt has the face of a thor
oughly reliable and shrewd man ot busi
ness. The forehead is broad and smooth,
the eyes kindled with pronounced intelli
gence ot expression. The mouth set with the
gentle strength of a man accustomed to rule
and to succeed. 'He inherits all that shrewd
aud courageous brightness of visage that you
can find in a portrait of the old Commodore.
I never see Cornelius Vanderbilt but what
I appreciate his capacity for being, very
rich. It does not bewilder him or dazzle
him. Any man with his personal appear
ance must preforce be at least sensible and
decent. I have seen such faces in serions
and industrious physicians, lawyers and
ministers. I never saw a man with snch a
face who was not to a great degree success-'
ful in a worldly way. Serious, kindly,
courtly, well-dressed, clean and solidly
handsome, this is Cornelius Vanderbilt,
still young, but 'with a well grown family,
and millions on millions of dollars.
MBS. FBED GBAXT IS DELIGHTED.
Mrs. Colonel Fred Grant is ineffably
E leased with the honor bestowed upon her
usband and the triumph that must accrue
to her from a four years' residence in the
court of Vienna. The fact of the matter is
that the lovely daughter ot Mr. Honore is
not satisfied with her rank in American so
ciety. In Washington her position was
only a negative success, for the reason that
she was too well bred to care for or cultivate
the political class, aud since her residence
in New York her honors have been even
less satisfactory. True she has gone a great
deal, as a leader once jsaid in the committee
of the Water Color Society and Decorative
Art Ball, but I never see the Grants any
where. They have not been sought sout by
the 400, and while they reigned in Long
Branch as a sort of national curiosity, they
lived at the hotel with Potter Palmer's
family just as any other visiting party
might, with an income equal to the rates of
Out in Chicago things were vastly differ
ent and whenever the Grants visited the
city Mrs. Potter Palmer threw open her
lake shore palace and allowed the swells of
Bush street, Bellevue place and Prairie
avenue to come in and make their obeisance.
Any distinguished people who might hap
pen to be in town at the time were invited
and the result was altogether delightful.
As the world knows, the Honore girls
were convent bred, and, while they have
very beautiful manners, neither could be
called brilliant, and a great many times
they have been considered arrogant, im
perious and unnecessarily exclusive. The
maiden in "Bndygore" never adhered more
closely to her book of etiquette than have
these beautiful women, and whatever sweet
ness and graciousness of heart the world
may have missed, it can never accuse Mrs.
Grantor her sister, Mrs. Palmer, of an un
conventional act. But now the administra
tion comes to the rescue, and Mrs. Grant is
happier than she has ever been since she be
came the wife of a President's son. Mrs.
Potter Palmer is arranging her household
so as to spend the coming summer, and per
haps remain in Vienna through the entire
year, as her sister's guest.
It might interest some of the devoted
mothers of the country to know something
of the really admirable methods employed
in the education of Colonel Grant's two
children. Both have a French nurse from
whom they have learned the langunee, which
they speak as well as they do English. It
is Mrs. Grant's wish that nothing be taught
her little daughter to make her independ
ent, self-reliant or forcible. Her mathe
matical training is, limited to the elements;
she must know nothing of philosophy, and
never be permitted to hold an argument.
Music, literature, history, art and the
languages are thought sufficient,-and under
no circumstance will the sweet little
brunette be admitted to a schoolhouse as a
resident or regular pupil. She is to be a
gentle, dependent, trustful, -sweet woman
with all thaU.softness and pliability of
natnre that the world has always loved aud
men have adored.
A LENTEN DIVEBSION.
What do you think of 52 as a price for a
seat at a circus? That is what Barnum is
charging for the best chairs at his current
show in the Madison Square Garden, and it
proves a winning price, for it brings' the
belles and matrons of Fifth avenue, who
would stay away from a SO cent circus.
Every afternoon and evening this" costly
section of the Garden holds as palpably
fashionable a gathering as you could find at
the opera. By some curious construction
of the religious law of Lent, our" modish
people rate a circus as permissible, and
Barnum gets the profit.
There was a great deal of circus at the
theater, the other night, where the French
comedian Coquelin played a little duologue
with Agnes Booth. A long drama was
enacted first, and thus the little play was
placed at midnight. This enabled the
actors and actresses to come from their em
ployment elsewhere to see it, and a remark
able addition; they were to the audience.
But foremost of them all in point of singu
larity was Ada Behan, the pet reading
actress of Daly's company. Some of the
actresses came in garb and manner so quiet
as to force no attention; but not so with
Ada. From her face had been removed
none of the grease paint which it had worn
during her evening's acting. But it was
shaded by a big comprehensive black hat,
whose contrast with her Dresden china
countenance served simply to render it more
conspicuous. Her eyelids and eyebrows
were heavily blackened and her lies were
brightly reddened. Her form was'enveloped
in a long, ricn DiacK cioas:, ana wnen sne
threw this back a dress of the same color
was revealed, but on her hands were white
kid gloves, so that all the poses and gestures
with those members were in sharp relief
against a black background.
A. THEATRICAL DABLING.
She sat in the front row of the orchestra
circle, and therefore was in sight from a
large portion of the auditorium. At one
time I set about counting the opera glasses
that were simultaneously aimed at her, and
got above 40 before getting confused, and
without more than half completing the enu
meration. But Ada is the theatrical darl
ing of our Fifth avenue girls and they ape
her manners just about as much as she
does theirs when she impersonates a society
By the way, Harper's Weekly had a full
page glorification of Ada last week, written
to Daly's order by William Winter. In it
dates are given with such an appearance of
exactitude that it will not do to question
them. They inform us that she was born at
Limerick. Ireland, 29 years ago this month.
Now, it is a matter of record that 15 years
ago, in 1874, she was playing leading parts
at Woods' Museum, and thence went next
season to Mrs. Drew's theater in Philadel
phia. Thus Ada's precocity may be real
ized by a trifling amount of arithmetic. If
she was born 29 years ago, and acted mature
heroines 15 years ago, it will be seen that
she was only 15 years old when she did it.
There is a comfort, as well as a compliment,
in that conclusion,because off the stage Ada
looks fully 40.
"WOMEN GETTING THEIB BIGHTS.
One after another the advantages hitherto
monopolized by men are obtained by women.
For instance, we may now be swindled just
like the other sex in a mock auction store.
Bight in the very heart of the shopping dis
trict, a red flag has fluttered over a door this
week, and out through that portal has come
the persuasive voice of an auctioneer.
Almost worthless jewelry is the stock in
trade of this establishment, which is operated
after tne familiar method of Peter Funk,
with several persons to bid and buy; but
the difference is that these stool-pigeons are
women. Not only are the several clerks
behind the counter -girls with an aspect
similar to those employed in the retail
stores, but four or five others, in the guise
of ordinary customers, do duty as inciters of
business. They affect the airs of genuine
shoppers, and altogether are more clever at
their fraud1 than men. They do all the
work of mock auction cappers, except the
bulldozing. Probably cowdozing wouldn't
Anyhow, after an unwary woman has
been led to purchase, through a misunder
standing, an article at ten or a dozen times
its value, two impressive men come forward
to rush her to the cashier's desk, cajole or
threaten her into paying upland all but
literally hustle her out of the place. I sup
pose we ought to be flattered by this ex
tension of the mock auction business to us.
There is a contracted group of shops up
on Broadway just below'Twenty-third street
that exhales the atmosphere of the Bne de
la Paix in Paris. They are small, but their
wares are of the 'daintiest description, for
they consist of finest importations ot lady's
wearing apparel, from her bonnet to her
stockings. This week the windows have
taken on a degree of brilliancy which her
alds the approach of summer most happily.
Huge bouquets of fresh roses dripping with
moisture stand in bright blue and yellow
vases. Perched upon little stands are tne
hats. I was going to say dreams, but
dreams don't perch.
It is not often that a man wishes himself
a woman, but I heard a very stalwart old
gentleman say to his companion as he stood
?:azing into a window yesterday that he
elt a delicate longing to masquerade jnst
for the sake of coming in contact with snch
exquisite head ornaments. What I was
most struck by in this early display of sum
mer millinery was the predominant color
of green in everything. All the hats were
symphonies in light shades of green.
THE PBEVAILING COLOR.
I thought perhaps the winter mind was
merely startled by the color of ripe nature,
and that probably these hats, were no
greener than they are every year, but in the
next window I was confronted by a great
assortment of gloves, some of them nearly a
yard long. These-were of the same shade
of green as the hats. In another window
were stockings just as green as the gloves.
Then there was lovely silk underwear, like
wise pale green parasols, and I assure you
that one window contained a hat covered
with light green roses. So, you see, the
beautiful brightness of nature is to adorn
our girls during the coming hot season.
The shoos are certainly well-stocked for
the Easter trade, and the sidewalks in front
of the windows are constantly thronged
with eager young women who rapturize over
this dream of a bonnet or that love of a hat
with an ' enthusiasm delightful to wit
ness. Knox, under the Fifth Avenue Hotel,
had his window filled yesterday with a great
assortment ot those sailor hats that nave
been so popular through the several past
seasons. The entire effect was freshly and
delicionsly green. The window looked like
a glimpse out on a summer meadow with
sun on it. On the block above I met a
young woman trying to force the season in
a light straw hat and a sealskin jacket.
PUNCTUAL TO THE MIA'UTE.
A Man Promptly Keeps nn Engagement
Made a Tear Before,
New York Sun.3
In a John street chop house theotherday,
in one corner, with his eyes fastened on the
clock, sat a man whose expression indicated
that he was looking for somebody. As the
clock's hands moved toward 2, this expres
sion grew into eagerness, and his face be
came almost excited. It was exactly 2 when
a man entered the restaurant hurriedly and
walked up to the ojher. '
"I'm on time, John," he said, breathing
rather hard, "but I had to rush. It's just
a year ago this minute that I said I'd meet
you. Here is the mbney,,and many thanks."
With that he laid a roll of English guin
eas on the table. The first man, who up to
this time had said nothing, simply nodding
and smiling, counted the gold pieces.
"Forty, 'Arry, that's right," he said. "I
knew you'd be punctual. 'Ave a glass?"
They drank a bottle of port, and went out
together. Both were English, although
.only one had the cockney accent.
Evened Up at Last.
Miss Amity Bleecker I am very sorryi
George; but I can never be anything more
to you than a
Mr. Morningside (breaking in badly)
Darn it; live-got two grandmothers al
Matters of Interest to Mamuactnrerf
Mechanic and Inventors
ANEW LABOR-SAYING POOL TABLE
Pretty Ballet Girls as Aids to tie Study of
TUB ADVANCE IS ELECTBIC LIGHTER.
rwMTTET tOB. THX DISPATCH.!
Headers of The Dispatch who desirer
information on subjects relating to indns
trialdevelopment and progress in mechan-
ical, civil and electrical engineering, and- .
the sciences can have their queries' answered s c
through this column, which will be a ,per , t
manent feature of the paper. ,
The indications point to the general use Ot " .
The advantages over coal are obvious, for out
side of its economy, even at market prices, and
the undeveloped state of the art of Utilizing
it so as to secure best results, the entire
absence of dirt and the steady, smokeless name
absolutely under control, have provoked care
ful inquiry into this subject. The large num
ber ot new oil fields recently discovered, and
the fact that the Standard Oil Trust have
millions of barrels on hand which must be
thrown on the market, hut serves to stimulate
in. power producers the hope that cheaper fuel
may be provided, and shareholders as well as
the public benefited thereby. The export trade
in oil is threatened with extinction on account
of the construction of pipe lines and refineries
by Nobel Brothers at Baku. Russia. Colonel
itansom says tnat "it gives one an impressive
idea of tbe magnitude ot the commerce of 'l
this country to reflect that probably nine
tenths of the vast quantities of oil sold in this
country, and upon which snch vast fortunes
have been made, has been and still is used
simply In kerosene lamps and stores."
At the conclusion of the congress of German
naturalists and physicians in Cologne, last
month. Dr. Hoffman addressed his professional
brethren, expatiating upon the difficulties ex
perienced by students of chemistry in under
standing the constitution of organic com
pounds. Then suddenly before tbe bewildered
men of science, there floated upon the stage a
gorgeous ballet, each beautiful dancer in a
diHerentlr-coIored costume. The astounded
naturalists and physicians were at first in
clined to believe that an opera troupe had gone
astray, but Br. Hoffman pat their minus at
rest. He explained that this ballet was an In
vention of his own for the purpose of making
the study of organic chemistry more easy. Each
ballet girl, he said, represented an atom.
At his command tho lovely atoms grouped
themselves in various figures, and the delighted
medical men realized that they were observing,
by Dr. Hoffman's felicitous method, the con
struction and chemical constitution ot various
compounds and their reactions. The record of
the conzress declares that "the composition of
benzlilne. and the formation of aniline and its
derivations, were particularly applauded."
The gas compinies are fast getting to realise
that antagonism by them to the electric light
is inimical to their own best interests, and
there is a steady increase in the number of
electric lighting plants which have been in
stalled by them. They have nearly doubled in
tbe past six months, and it is pretty con
clusive that it pays a gas supply company to
furnish electric light also to such patrons as
may want it. Gas companies in this country are '
now supplying a total of over 21,000 arc and
55,000 incandescent lights to their patrons, in
addition to the commodity they were origin
ally organized to supply.
Two obstacles now stand in the way of the
universal use of the incandescent light. One
the want of an economical and efficient storage
battery, and tbe other the want of an incan
descent lamp possessing longer life, freedom
from blackening of globes and increased effi
ciency of power. When these obstacles are
surmounted the electnc light will be furnished
much cheaper than eas. Over 90 per cent of
the initial-power supplied in incandescent
lamps is lost in heat radiation. The light
sought for (he ideal light la such as that
given by tbe glow worm a light without heat.
This Is the electrician's "philosopher's stone."
Ail modern pnblic edifices (as well as many
nrivate residences) are now eaninned with tha
incandescent light. Unless, however, tbe
dynamo be run both day and night, gas or other
llluminants must be used. When the dynamo
is shut down the lights go out. Besides, the en--gine
and dynamamnst be ran for one light as '
well as'many hundreds. We see therefore, as
a consequence. In nearly all cases provision
made for the use of gas as an auxiliary. The .
perfected storage battery will dispense with
gas entirely, and the batteries will be charged
during the day for use at night or whenever
desired. The modern storage battery consists
of plates of lead, and peroxide of lead and di
lute sulphuric acid, the action daring tha
"charging" process being electro-chemical.
The great difficulty, so far, has been to make
the peroxide adhere to the plates. Attempts
have been made to secure other peroxides (as
of copper) for this use, but no chemical has
been discovered which is as efficient for this
A so called "dry battery" in which the chem
icals are of a gelatitnus consistency is being
introduced In Germany, but the most promising
battery is one In which tbe current forms
minute gas globules on tbe plates.
Tbe electrodes consist of finely divided or
allotropic lead, each atom of which is com
pletely covered with spongy coppdr. Oxida
tion does not therefore take place under the
action of the changing current, and the mate
rial is not chemically attacked, as in all other
forms of storage batteries. A strong and in
fluential company has been organized to handle
this style of cell.
A NSW design of pool table Is being shown,
whereby the balls as "pocketed" run down to
a common receptacle, thus avoiding walking
around the tabfe from pocket to pocketas each 1
player finishes. The balls roll into gravity '
groves which are, of course, hidden from -sight.
A passekgeb coach now being built by thaw
New York, Providence and Boston Railroad .
possesses the novel featnre of an arched roof
forming exactly a half of an ellipse, the rafters,
or "carlincs." as master car builders call them,
being made of Iron
A chemist gives the following recipe of the -the
solution used in the hand grenade fire ex
tinguishers: "Take 20 grains of common salt
and 10 pounds of salammoniac and dissolve in
7 gallons of water. When fully dissortedit can "
be bottled, and In use should be thrown ford- '
bly at tbe fire, so as to break the glass and
scatter the solution.
A fbocess of engraving on glass and crystal
by electricity has been communicated to the
French Academy of Sciences by M. Plants.
The plate to be engraved is covered with a con
centrated solution of nitrate of potash and put
in connection with one of the poles of the bat
tery, and the design is traced out with a fine
platinum point connected to tbe other pole.
The results are said to be of marvelous deli
cacy." m '
A vert good and simple way to remove the
glare of incandescent lights is to coat the globe
with a thin film of collodion. The coating
should be of course of uniform thickness. The
collodion can be easily washed off with water '
and it softens the light and absorbs but a small
portion, of Its brilliancy. Notlzblatt, of Gcr-
many, recommends a solution of salt, the crys
tals producing a very attractive diffusion ot the
light. A solution of salts of lead and tin is
used in Berlin.
Ix order to secure the traction necessary to
propel trains up the steep grades in the mount
ainous districts of the Eastern and "Western
States, it is necessary to omploy very large and
heavy engines in many cases two and more i
entailing thereby very heavy expense. A me
chanical engineer of Albany. N. Y., has in
vented a device which has been .practically
demonstrated to secure tbe "tractional effort''
necessary without the use of additional or
"Heavyweight" engines. A third rail Is laid in
the center of the track of the standard size and - .
weight. Affixed under the locomotive are two .
wheels in a nearly horizontal position which
run afoog the sides of the top of tbe rail, and "
in action grip It more or less tightly.
The recent decision of the Commissioner of
Patents, Mr. Benton J Hail, which effectually '
clears the title of Alexander Graham Bellas '
the first inventor of tbe telephone in what is (
technically termed a "broad" sense, not only, m .
gives stability to all enterprises based upon -i
patent rights, out had It been otherwise de- "
elded, would have created a new telephone ' -monopoly
for a further period of 17 years. It '- "H
is interesting to note that Commissioner Hall ,&
states that the Examiner of Interferences, the . ,
Examiner-ln-chlef and his predecessorinoffico.
have held that a telephone constructed upon '
the make and break principle will not transmit ' s
articulate speech, and he dismisses the mula- ' I
tnde of evidence and the affidavits of scientists i-5
of conceded authority wbo testify to the con
trary by asMng "Will snch instruments speak
In the mode pointed out by Bels and Mc- , -DonoughT"
Itjs unquestioned that upon this'"-'
one point the opposition depended moset-'
largely, and, notwithstanding this decision, we is'
have not heard the last of this isaefi mooted D
i - ';. "' .- &lHi