Newspaper Page Text
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TO JOIN TTO OCEANS.
The Superiority of the Kicaraguan
Koute for a Canal to
UNITE THE ATLANTIC AND PACIFIC
The Difficulties Which Would Hare to ho
A PEETII GOOD CODKTEI TO LITE IS
rOOSSErOSO3CCZF THE DISPATCH.
SO. The many
have appeared in
the proposed Nic
oceanio canal have
been deficient in
Old Sentry Box at tort "" -,-.
San Juan. respects. They
have been tor the most part mere collections
of financial and engineering statistics. They
have furnished no idea of the wonderful
resources of this country and the manifest
destiny of its progressive population toward
consolidation with the vast United Bepub
lic which will one day extend from the sixth
parallel of north latitude to the sixtieth.
On the San Juan JUver.
They have given no idea of the scenery,
climate and social conditions prevailing
along the line of the proposed canal.
This port of Corinto, the old Bealejo, is
out of the line surveyed for the canal pro
posed to be constructed by the company
which has been seeking a charter from the
United States Government, But it is
worthy of note that it was the contemplated
terminus of the first practical and practica
ble waterway between the oceans proposed
by modern science alter the Spaniards had
relinquished their hold on Central America.
Louis Xapoleon III, while a prisoner at
Ham, occupied himself worthily with this
great encineenng jjroblem. He suggested
that the San Juan river should be used for
the passage trom the Atlantic to Lake Nica
ragua, thence by the Kio Tipitapa to Lake
Manaeun, whence a canal was to be cut to
the Pacific at Kealejo.
CHASGES lif THE SAN JUAN.
It was a longer route than that now ap
proved, but it had many advantages which
were more apparent in those days than at
present, by reason of the numerous physi
cal changes which the country has under
gone in the past 40 years. These changes
have particularly affected the Eio Tipitapa
and the San Juan rivers. In ISIS the mouth
Omciepec-iladercis Lake Nicaragua.
of the San Juan afforded a commodious
anchorage for ships of war; now it is entire
ly silted up. The Eio Tipitapa is now an
insignificant streamlet, ana in the dry sea
son the bed is bare over two-thirds of its ex
tent. But the harbor of Bealejo or Corinto
remains one of the best and safest on the
Pacific coast of Central America, and in
finitely superior to Brito in every respect.
The present harbor of Brito will have to
undergo many changes before it can be
made fit for the purposes of modern com
merce and navigation by vessels of deep
draught. Corinto or Bealejo is guarded
from the revolving storms and heavy swells
of the Eastern Pacific by the Island of
Cardon. Brito is ereatlv exposed and the
available anchorage is very small, with aj
depth of water ranging Irom 18 to JO leet.
It uconteaded, however, that in the event
of crowding, vessels could be temporarily
accommodated at the Port of San Juan Del
Snr, 15 miles to the south. The latter port I
The finest location for building site in the county.
LOOK: A.T THE PRICE.
$100 and upwards,
$10 Cash. Balance one per cent per week.
That is $1 per week on the balance,
WITHOUT TAXES, WITHOUT INTEREST.
Tills is an opportunity you cannot afford to neglect. Everything
arranged for conveniences'. Xatural Gas. Good Water; Natural
Drainage. Kallroad station on the premises. Ten minutes walk to
street car line. School house on the plot.
ONLY 15 MINUTES FROM CENTER OP CITY.
Over 50 houses will be erected this year. '
PITTSBURGH COMPANY, Limited, Agents,
140 Fifth Avenue.
was the distributing station for the old
Nicaragua transit to Virgin Bay on Lake
No very difficult engineering problem is
presented in the short cut across country be
tween Brito and the lake. The taking out
of the curves on the Eio Grande will be a
trifling affair compared with the operations
on the eastern section in the valley of the
San Juan. v
A. BITTED ETVAXET.
Eivas, the ancient capital of Nicaragua,
is quite close to the point at which the pro
posed canal will enter the lake on the west
ern side, and 'the inhabitants are confident
of successfully disputing the commercial
and political supremacy which Granada,
Leon and Managua have asserted. Ever
since the memorable days of Walker and
his filibusters there has been a bitter rivalry
between these cities for the honor of being
the capital of Nicaragua. The canal
may settle the question in an unexpected
Few Americans have any conception'of
the magnificence of Lake Nicaragua. It
Fort San Carlos, Bead of the San Juan.
suffers little by comparison with the great
fresh water lakes of the St Lawrence. It
is truly an inland sea, with the remarkable
peculiarity that, while its waters are fresh,
sharks and other marine fish are abundant
in it Storms arise with great suddenness
and frequency, and the surf is occasionally
quite heavy, but there is nothing to imperil
the safety of an ocean steamer. Some dredg
ing will have, to be done where the canal
enters on the west, and a much more con
siderable amount on the San Carlos flats at
the eastern end. But the transit across the
lake is all plain sailing. The volcanic
island of Omatepec-Medera, so called from
the huge twin cones which dispute the title,
is a magnificent object on the western side.
The domes rise to a height of more than
5,000 feet, directly from the lake, belted
with clouds, and frowning with grim
grandeur. There is no other object of in
terest on the eastward passage except Bolen
tiniane Island, about midway between the
eastern and western outlets of the canal on
FORT SAN CARLOS.
The difficulties of the enterprise commence
when the eastern outlet is reached at Fort
San Carlos. In the times of the Spanish oc
cupation this was a place of some impor
tance. The fortifications are dismantled,
and the guns which commanded the head of
the San Juan are rusting iu the abundant
At this point those desiring to explore
the San Juan' river proceed to engage a
large native canoe or bongo. These craft
are mostly hollowed out of a single tree,and
are of considerable size, drawing three feet
of water and average.fi ve tons in burden.
The after portion has a roofed cabin to
screen passengers from the alternations of
burning sun and drenching rain. The half
naked native boatmen disdain any such
protection, and at night coil up on th,e
benches sleeping the slumbers of the just,
undisturbed alike by the perennial thunder
storms, the mosquitoes or the malarious
dews of the river.
Apropos of malaria, it is worth
while to note that though the
climate of Nicaragua is healthier
than that of the Panama Isthmus, it is only
relatively so. Especially is this trneofthe
valley of the San Juan. Eiehty per cent of
the English expedition which attempted the
conquest of the country in 1760 perished
from disease on the San Juan river. Of
the 200 men who accompanied Lord Nelson
only ten returned alive. It is idle, there
fore, to disguise the fact that the mortality
among the canal laborers is likely to be
quite heavy, unless far more stringent sani
tary precautions are adopted than in the
management of the Panama enterprise.
Europeans and Americans can live ib
Nicaragua, as in other tropical countries,
and enjoy good health, but they must ob
serve the simple conditions which common
sense would dictate, namely abstemiousness
both in food and drink; avoidance of ex
citement; cleanliness; the use of suitable
i. la's T'S. 552B5
clothing, and the choosing of such spots for
residence as are located above the mias
A DANGEROUS DISEASE.
The most dangerous affection in Nicara
gua is the calentura, a sort of congestive
chill, commonly brought on by exposure in
damp clothing, or by the direct absorption
of malaria poison when the system is in an
exhausted condition. The habits -and oc
cupation of canal diggers are necessarily
such as to predispose directly to fevers of
this order. Gambling, drunkenness and
riotous living will fill graves in Nicaragua
quite as quickly as in Panama, but scores
of American families have lived in Nica
raeuan towns for years' past without a
solitary case of sickness. It is to be 'noted
that the central and western sections are
much cooler and healthier than the eastern
From Fort San Carlos, at the head of the
San Juan river, on the lake, to the harbor
of Greytown, at its mouth, is about90 miles,
more or less, following the windings of the
river. The canal will probably shorten the
distance from 96 miles to 88, taking into ac
count the cutting off of curves and rapids,
and the construction of a short route at the
river mouth, below the junction of the Colo
rado. The San Juan flows with a deep, regular
current for 24 miles, till the Toro Eapids
are reached, when the banks rise hieh, and
garlands of tropical creepers descend to the
water's edge, giving the scenery a character
istic aspect All the glorious translucency
and gorgeous atmospheric effeots of tropical
sunsets are developed in Niaaragua to an
extent entirely beyond the power of word
painting to describe.
A SERIES OP RAPIDS.
The Toro Eapids are the first of a system
extending down the river for about 15 miles,
but none of them are really formidable ob
stacles to navigation by small boats, except
All the rapids, however, will have to be
passed by an artificial excavation with
locks, the river being dammed up. Two
miles below the Toro Eapids lie those of the
Castillo, so-called from the old fort or castle
which commands them. This fort is one of
the most interesting historical objects in
- .. j
Bongo and Jfative Eut,
Nicaragua. It stands on the summit of a
hill with steep sides toward the river, and
has an admirable location for military pur
poses. Everything now is in a state
of innocuous desuetude, and the luxuriant
growth of creepers has softened the asperi
ties of the battlements in the manner whioh
artists love to look upon, while ultilitari
jins regard the change as evidence of a
"utility that has been survived. '
Built by the Spaniards in 1747 the fort
was captured by the English expedition
under Colonel Poison and Captain, after
ward Lord, Nelson, in 1780. It has since
remained, with a brief interruption in 1818,
in the hands of the Nicaraguan Govern
ment Nelson was strongly iu iavor of the
seizure and occupation of the entire San
Juau Valley, pointing out that it would
"cut Spanish America in two." Doubtless
the hero of Trafalgar had also a prescience
of the value of the position, in the contin
gency of a canal being constructed. One
of the most interesting relics at the old cas
tle is a stone sentry box, its floor indented
by the feet and muskets of the sentries who
tenanted it a century ago.
From the old castle to the Machuca
Eapids, a distance of 13 miles, there is noth
ing worthy of note except the Island of Bar
tola, on which the ill-fated victims of Nel
son's expedition were buried. The Machuca
A. Nicaragua Village.
Eapids derive their name lrom Captain
Diego Machuca, who explored the river in
1529. It is in this portion of the stream
that the engineering difficulties will be
greatest. For nearly nine miles the current
rushes with great violence over a rocky bed.
The steamer Orus, sent out by the Ameri
can Atlantic ana Pacific Ship Canal Com
pany, some 30 years ago, ascended the river
to this point, but was completely wrecked
on the rapids.
SOME OP THE DIFFICULTIES.
The mouth of the San Carlos river, a trib
utary of the San Juan, is reached 13 miles
below, the navigation being now easy. Next
comes the mouth of the Serapiqui, near
irff-irvfca-s i --zr3--" r
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which an English expedition gained an in
glorious and barren victory over the Nicara
guan forces in 1848. Nine miles further
down the mouth of the Colorado is reached,
and from this paint to Greytown harbor; a
distance of 14 miles, the San Juan flows
over its own delta. The bed is necessarily
shallow, and, as Greytown harbor is already
filled up, the only solution of the difficulty
is the excavation of a direct water way to
the sea, through, which the entire current of
the San Juan can be diverted, the side
channels and the tributary streams being
It will be seen from this outline of the
problem that the three main difficulties of
the enterprise, and therefore its most costly
features, are the passage of the rapids, the
dredging, etc., at the terminal points
Brito and Greytown and the cost of in
ternal transit during construction. This
last will necessarily be considerable. It
may be added that, while Nicaragua has
many sections of rare productiveness, pro
visions are scarce and dear, while property
is insecure and native labor unreliable. A t
the same time, it is impossible for an im
partial observer who has gone over the
Panama and Nicaragua route to escape the
conclusion that, had the Panama Canal
funds already fruitlessly expended been
placed at the disposal of an honest,-intelli-gentand
earnest corporation in Nicaragua,
a canal connecting the two oceans, between
Brito and Greytown, would long since have
been completed. Bolivar.
TEEI STEANGE STATEMENTS
Blade Unintentionally by the Omission of
Marks of Punctuation.
The following specimens of curious punc
tuation are given by the iVtnters' Register:
A man who was suddenly taken sick
"hastened home while every means for his
recovery were resorted to. In spite of all
his efforts, he died in the triumphs of the
Christian religion." "A man was killed by
a railroad car running into Boston, sup
posed to be deaf." A man writes: "We
have decided to erect a. schoolhouse large
enough to accommodate 500 scholare five
stories high." On a certain railway the
following luminous direction was printed:
"Hereafter, when trains in the1 opposite
direction are approaching each other on
separate lines, conductors and engineers will
be requested to bring their trains to a dead
halt before the point of meeting, and be
careful not to proceed till each train has
passed the other." A steamboat captain ad
vertising an excursion, says: "Tickets, 25
cents; children half-price to be had at the
A hotel was thus advertised: "This hotel
will be kept by the widow of the former
landlord, Mr. Brown, who died last summer
on a new and improved plan." "Wanted,
a saddle-horse for a lady weighing about 950
pounds." An Iowa editor says: "We have
received a basket of fine grapes from our
friend W., for which he will please accept
our compliments, some of which are
nearly two inches in diameter."
"Board may be had at No. 4
Pearl street for two gentlemen with gas."
Over a bridge at Athens, Ga., is the fol
lowing: "Any person driving over this
bridge in a pace faster than a walk, shall, if
a while man, be fined S5, and if a negro re
ceive 25 lashes, half the penalty to be be
stowed on the informer." A newspaper
contained this: "We have two school rooms
sufficiently large enough to accommodate
300 pupils one above another."
AVnstca Well Populated.
In an article in the Forum this month
Senator Stewart calls attention to the possi
bility of placing a population of 200,000,000
in the Great American desert Those look
like pretty large figures for the remains of
what was a few decades ago regarded as an
uninhabitable region. But they seem to be
accepted by scientific authorities.
Beautiful Engraving Free,
"Will They Consent?" is a magnifi
cent engraving, 19x24 inches. It is an
exact copy of an original painting by Kwall,
which was sold for $5,000.
This elegant engraving represents a young
lady standing in a beautiful room, sur
rounded by all that is luxurious, near a
half-open door, while the young man, her
lover, is seen in an adjoining room asking
the consent'of her parents for their daughter
in marriage. . It must be seen to be appre
ciated. This costly engraving will be eiven away
free, to every, person purchasing a small
box of Wax Starch.
This tarch is something entirely new.and
is without a doubt .the greatest starch in
vention of the nineteenth century (at least
everybody says so that has used it). It
supersedes everything heretofore used or
known to science in the laundry art. Un
like any other starch, as it is made with
pure white wax. It is the first and only
starch in the world that makes ironing
easy and restores old summer dresses and
skirts to their natural whiteness, and im
parts to linen a beautiful and lasting finish
as when new.
Try it and be convinced of the whole
Ask for Wax Starch and obtain this
The Wax Starch Co.-,
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SUNDAY, APRIL 7,
THE SOUTHERN LAND.
Bessie Bramble Discusses a Number
of Interesting Topics.
SWELL EQUESTRIANS IN AIKEN.
Totes Are Totes, Whether in the North or
in the South.
T3ALJII SPKIKG IN SOUTH CAE0LINA
ICOBBESPOXDENCE OP THE DISPATCH, 1
Aiken, S. O., April 2. March has gone
out, and the season at this "city in the
sand" is fairly at its height. The hotel is
jammed, and crammed, and slopping over
into adjacent houses. The Vanderbilfc
Twombleys have arrived in a special car.
and have taken up 'their quarters in a
cottage. As followers in their wake are a
number of the "four hundred." so now.
with daily desertions from Florida, Aiken
has a sort of boom. On itsspacious avenues
the millionaires and their wives and families
disport themselves in swell drags with
gorgeous footmen and white-gloved drivers,
Many of them are invalids, who, not
finding the air of Florida conducive
to strength of lung and enlivenment
of spirits have come to try the warm, dry
air of Aiken, which has been so elaborately
written up and belauded by we may say
Interested parties. Many are children who
are gotten up in picturesque costumes to
display the vanity and silliness of mothers,
and who, under supervision of much be-
frilled and white-capped nurses, play all
day in the sand in garments that represent
enongn money to build a cabin in the pines.
Along the avenues are hundreds of horse
men and horsewomen on horses of such
grace of form, and gait, and swiftness, as
are seldom, if ever, seen on the up-hills and
down-dales and rough roads around Pitts
BOR1T IN THE SADDLE.
To Northern visitors this horseback rid
ing has a wonderful charm. Every girl is
dying to get at it immediately. The South
ern people are fine riders, and it is not sur
prising they should be when they begin to
do it while mere babies. Little bits of girls
and boys rldehere with an abandon and
grace that strike the observer as wonderful.
On every side are to be seen children flying
along in mad cap gallops with curls floating
in such a manner as almost makes the hair
rise, until the everyday recurrence of races,
and paper hunts, and flying cavalcades of
youthful riders make it plain that ridinsr is
a common accomplishment and that tear of
horses is an unknown quantity. We may
mention that there are many beautiful,
well-trained horses here that at the close of
the season are sold oheap, and that many
Northern visitors buy the favorites they
have learned to love and take them to their
homes up beyond Bixie's line.
Another notable feature on our streetsjs
that every woman seems to be able to drive.
Dog carts are great favorites, es are also
Surreys and open carriages Aiken has
only one close carriage of all sorts, in
which women hold the reins. Men are
growing less essential everywhere, but no
where do they seem' more at a discount than
here, where women from the oldest to the
youngest drive, and go around as independ
ent ol the' "strong hand" as though it did
not exist But no old-fashioned Southern
woman goes about unattended. Although
slavery has gone out, the colored servancis
always on hand to carry parcels, take or
ders, open gates, accompany as grooms, and
keep within hail for all sorts of service.
COLORED HELP IN DEMAND.
4 "(The Southern woman or man wants per
sonal service la uressiag, aou going aooui,
and in all manner of ways where a North
ern man and woman wait on themselves.
We have heard a skye-blue-blooded South
ern woman shriek herself hoarse for a serv
ant to close a window when two steps would
have enabled her to do it herself without
noise or any vast exertion. Colored people
are so plentiful, and labor is so cheap, that
servants are to be had In -galore at wages
that surprise Northern people who are ac
customed to high rates at home for domestic
service. Six dollars a month is about the
average for a first-class girl and $10 a
month for a man. A superlative cook is
rewarded with the munificent sum of $10 a
month. These are "found in rations of hog
and hominy," as the saying goes, and go
home as regularly at night to sleep in their
cabins as do factory operatives or glass
These cabins are in the main small, one
room affairs, rouehly constructed of boards
or logs and bnilt on a foundation of four
logs or stumps. Windows are not common.
A door and a fireplace being as a usual
thing the only openings. In these small
houses are reared families that are astound
ing to Northern people. Fifteen and
18 children are told of. while some boast of
20 and 25. As might be supposed, there are
in many cases puny, feeble specimens of
humanity that are as little cared for in
raining in many cases as the Hottentots or
Zulus. One mother, who makes money in
winter by her deft rubbing and manipu
lating of invalids, said she had 15 children,
but every one of them -was "aihn' all the
time in some way or another."
JUST LIKE THE NORTH.
We asked a fairly intelligent colored man
as to the fraudulent voting business, and he
said that the workers on large estates and in
the factories and other employments where
large numbers found work had to vote the
Democratic ticket or else they lost their
places Moreover, when discharged they
could not get work elsewhere, as to be em
ployed they have to have a ticket from the
last place ther worked, showing the reasons
for their discharee and their claims for
places. This explanation reminded us of
the establishments in the North where the
employes have to vote for their employers'
interests or get "fired," and of the labor
cards without the possession of which a man
is a "scab," and can get no work in a union
So it will be seen that the South is not so
far behind the North after all in methods of
coercion, and devices and designs for keep
ing the South politically solid. A man
must have a living for himself and family,
and the glittering generality of voting as he
pleases, stands but small snow as compared
with steady employment at assured wages,
and voting as his employer desires. The
eight box system is another device for mak
ing null and void the votes of those in a
position to disregard "the bosses" and vote
the Republican ticket, hut like many plans
for evil, it works to ultimate good since it
furnishes an incentive for the independent
negro to learn to read and write 83 soon as
After all, however, it is to be said tnatthe
whites and blacks here, having always been
accustomed to each other, and brought up
together are naturally disposed to dwell
together in amity and kindly relationship.
To stir up strife and promote race antagon
isms cannot fail to do harm for both. They
should be left free to solve their own
'A WASTE OP SYMPATHT.
It would be amusing, if it were not so
silly, to note the vast interest the sympa
thetic affection, the molly-coddling of yie
darkies by Northern. visitors. While they
show not an atom of interest in the well
being of the poor white schools, universi
ties, money and missionaries without stint
are here for the blackB, but nothing for the,
whites. A black skin appeals to thesym-'
atbies and the purse of the Northern
rethren, while the "poor white trash" are
as deeply despised by them as by the blacks.
This matter of color is queer. There are
thousands of good conscientious women toil
ing and working and begging for the copper-colored
Indians, for the black Africans,
tor the yellow Asiatics, and yet the poor
whites in our midst the white trash of the'
South, the poor whites of the slums of all
creat cities are almost if not entirelv.
neglected. Women work and beg for funds
to establish schools for foreigners, while the
poor benighted of their dwn race are given
the go-by or ignored.
A convention of the Southern Episcopal
brethren is to be held in Aiken some time
this month. The great question before the
house will be the proposed admission of col
ored preachers as delegates on terms of
equal rights and representation of the
blacks with the whites. Some of the wise
men have been trying to stave off this ques
tion for a few years longer. Their argument
is that only a few of the original, pro
slavery, fire-eating Confederacy clergymen
are yet on top, and that the matter can be
held in abeyance until these rank rebels, as
we might call them, die off, then the nnion
of the black and white brethren in one re
ligious body can be established without a
split or secession or hard feeling or any
thing unbecoming in the ministers of the
gospel of peace. But some hot heads are
anxious to precipitate and participate in a
fight and they want the dark brothers of
the cloth kept out at all hazards. A com
mittee appointed to prepare a report and a
minute upon this matter have agreed to
recommend the admission of the colored
This, it is thought, vsill fire the souk 'of
some of the brethren and upset all the
smoothly-laid plans of the compromisers
and those who believe in making the best
of things and of submitting gracefully to
the inevitable. Some of the colored minis
ters rather object to the union, because they
submit that the whites will rule, while
others favor it because their equal status
will then be defined, and their brains will B
have an opportunity to display their power.
One by one the roses fall, saith the poet,
and one by one the barriers of prejudice
and casta yield to the spirit of the age, says
the tongue of progress.
What is needed in South Carolina, said
recently one of its State journalists, are im
migration and capital from the North. Not
benighted foreigners, but straight-out, native
Americans of push and enterprise, who will
lend their aid in developing the great re
sources of the State and furnish the fund3
for the enhancement of its prosperity
and for showing forth its immense
possibilities. This is a frank admission,
but it means, as a man bluntly put it, that
Northern capital and men are wanted, if
they will keep out of politics and keep
their heads shut But such provisos present
d 1 .
no attraction to Northern men. Neverthe
less it may be said that the most successful
farmers and business men in this vicinity
arejrom the North, or from Germany. A
large farmer here named Powell is from
Michigan, and he is kind and thoughtful
enongn to know that the working of the
cotton gin Eli Whitney's great invention
would be of interest to Northern people
so be holds over a large amount of cotton
until the winter visitors are here, and then
advertises the working of the cotton gin on
a certain day-for their amusement and in
struction. Last Saturday was
a. 'gala day
for the visitors to go to Powell's farm. Here
were to be seen acres of peach trees in beau
tiful pink bloom, and pears in snowy white
blossoms. In the barn, worked by steam
power, was the gin, clearing the cotton ot
seeds and packing the snowy product into
marketable bales. Mr. Powell gave each
visitor liberal samples ot the cotton, and
enough to plant any number of acres. This
was a profitable and instructive goal for a
beautiful drive through the nine woods and
the budding luxuriance of the southern
Spring here has come. Long presaged by
the robins, the blue-birds, the red-ueadtd
woodpeckers, she has made her appearance
with bursting budx and blooming flowers.
The oaks look odd. Their somber autumn
leaves still remain unblown away, while
the pushing leaves of the new season give
lovely olive tints to set off the somber
browns. In the gardens the Marechal Neils
show beautiful buds with the sweet sus
picion of brilliant bloom. The
Banicsia is ready for the opening
with a million buds. The Iris
in royal purple tints the hyacinths in
richest bloom, the orange blossoms and
"bridal wreath" are all out in loveliest pro
fusion. "Sweet April time O cruel April
time," as shown with us, is in the South
the loveliest of months the charm of all
the year. And as seeing it here and now,
it is evident that the poets have been main
ly inhabitants of the region where May
catches the fancy and inspires the pen.
April at the North is a fickIe,sobbing,blow
ing month suggestive of nothing so much
as house cleaning and dampness and snows
and blows and chills at the South it is
"Spring in all its splendor of birds and
blossoms and flowers and leaves and
grasses." Spring with its breath of open
ing roses, the balm of flowery May, the ser
enity and sweetness ot golden June.
TEET COMFORTABLE GABHENTS.
Ah Sin's Clothing an Improvement on What
Americana Wear. '
"A Chinaman is not pretty to look at, and
his clothes do not fit him like the traditional
'paper on the wall,' but I think his attire
the moat comfortable in the world," said a
man yesterday morning. "To begin with,"
he resumed, "the Chinaman wears a soft,
low-crowned, broad-brim felt hat, which is
easier on the head than a stiff derby or silk
hat and a greater protection to the eyes.
Then his neck is dressed more comfortably
than ours, too. He wears but a single band
around the neck, or two at the most Have
you ever counted up what we wear? Nol
Well, just figure it out now. The under
shirt band is one, a possible chest protector
is two, a shirt band is three, a collar is four,
a necktie is five, a vest collar is six, a coat
collar is seven, an overcoat collar is eight,
and a neck scarf sometimes mokes the total
nine nine bands around the neck. What
a chance for respiration! Yes, the China
man's rig is more comfortable."
Crime In Hieh Places.
New York San.
"It is a curious coincidence." said a de
tective the other night, "that nearly all
tenement-house murders occnr on the top
floor. In 15 years' experience in this city I
think I can count on my fingers all murders
in tenement-houses that did not sustain my
statement The most fruitful cause of crim e
is poverty, and the poorest people live in
the cheapest rents, which are, of course, the
top floors of the big tenements."
Striking a Trade.
Bowery Tooth Artist Anything I con do
for you, my friend?
Mr. Stubbles I dunno. What d'yer ask
fer that air inilkin' stool 7 Judge.
CHOICE LOTS $100
You cannot fail to buy when you consider the price and terms,
ROCK BOTTOM PRICES,
Only One Way-to Go, Upward!
The money you now spend foolishly -will buy you a site for a
BUYALfflTM!? SAVE MONEY
SURE TO INCREASE IN VALUE.
Compare the following points as to distances:
UNDERCLIFF STATION, ONLY SIX MILES
From Allegheny City, on Pittsburg Western Bailroad.
Wilkinsburg, 7 miles. Emuvorth, 7 miles. City Farm, 7 miles,
Crafton, 7 miles. Verona, 10 miles. Homestead, 7 miles,
ONLY ONE HALF THE DISTANCE TO
Orders by mail will receive prompt attention. Call or send for
i plans to
With Wittmer Brick Co., 12 Federal street, Allegheny.
1 . A . 1 T TTT TT
onarpsDurg iigenr. it., w. Jdiezup, yus Main streisc
Pittsburg Agents: PITTSBURGH CO., T.imjjjC
AET K0TES A3D COMMENTS.
A rather strong and broadly handled por
trait beirinc the signature "& Kilpatrick" is
noted at Gillespie's.
A portrait In oil of Mr. Jos. Eichbaum. by
his nephew, Mr. Geo. C Eichbaum, of St
Louis, is shown at Boyd's.
Several very fine photogravures of works
by V. A. Frotais and Edward Detallle are to bo
seen in Gillespie's window.
Since taking possession of his new studio on
Fourth avenue, Mr. A. F. Kins has been en
gaged on a number of small landscape studies.
Mr. King is of the opinion that a large room is
more conducive to freedom of thought as well
as action, than is a cramped and crowded
S Barter, tne walls of which are oppressively
lose to each other. v
Ax exhibition of the works of Bayre, the
sculptor, wut be held about the middle of the
present month at the American Art Galleries
in New York. Money is being collected in
France for the purpose of erecting a monu
ment to bis memory in Paris, and a supple
mentary subscription will be openid outhls
side of tbe water to elve his American ad
mirers a chance to contribute.
Visitors to the Bleiman collection of paint
ings noticed, even in the earlier part of the
week, that many blank spaces began to appear
on the walls of the gallery. These vacancies
were caused by many of the pictures which
were sold being removed, and their number in
dicates that purchases were pretty freely made.
If expensive paintings continue to be
disnosad of here with the freedom which they
have of late, it will soon prove unfounded the
impression which has heretofore obtained that
this community is unappreciative In art mat
ters. It is perfectly safe to assert that our
citizens have spent more money on works of
art dnrincthe past six months than they have
ever done before in double that time.
IN Boyd's window may be seen a landscape
of a very pleasing and original character, clev
erly handled In the straightforward and unpre
tentious style of execution which is-becoming
familiar to us as the work of Mr. E. A. Poole.
This picture differs in some particulars;'
from tbe one last exhibited by that
artist and It is, perhaps, less strong in
color, but in other respects It presents tbe samo
features which won for his previous work such
ready favor and a quick buyer. As an artist
who paints nature carefully and conscientious
ly, and who. If he follows any school or style of
painting, endeavors to adopt Its merits while
avoiding; Its errors, Mr. Poole deserves to have
his work meet with approval.
MS.D.B, Walrxet shows a very artistically
composed and cleverly handled picture in
Mayers' window. The subject Is a scene of
home life where an itinerant vender has
stopped with his dog cart before the door of a
low, picturesque-looking house. Behind the
building the branches of a tree aro
seen bending gracefully over the
roof and standing In relief against
the sky, while over the whole falls tbe clear
light of the sun, which is near the meridian.
This is one of the small canvases which Mr.
Walkley is fond of turning out but it Is quite
a strong and original work and will maintain its
interest with many more pretentious pictures.
As has been the case with the greater number
of works exhibited by this artist since he has
made his home in Fittsbnrg. it is one of his
Holland studies, and is quite different both in
character and spirit from the scenes to which
we are accustomed.
QUEEB THINGS IU C0TT02T BALES.
Qlatcbes, False Teetb,DrIe-a-Brnc andLIv
Ins; Animals Found There.
At the Wampanoag mill the other day
the workmen in the picker room stopped a
package of matches just as the bundle was
disappearing into the picker. It had come
out of a cotton bale the men had just
opened. Had they gone into- the machine
there would have been a lively blaze.
Speaking of this incident, a man who has
tended a picker for several years said that
the things which come out of a cotton bale
and evidently grow on bushes would aston
ish one. One dav he heard something
grind inside the picker, and stopping the
machine found a silver spoon. Lizards and
small snakes were common. ,
A set of false teeth, small coins, knives,
tobacco and occasionally articles of more
value have been found. These things un
doubtedly get inside the bales accidentally,
but there are other things which evidently
get inside in accordance with a fixed pur
pose, and by a strange coincidence they are
found to weigh more than cotton, and not to
be worth as much per pound on the market
Sand, scrap iron and dirt are often found
wrapped inside a cotton bale for ballast
FEED GEAKrS FEEJJCH.
A Translation That Is Still a Tradition ot
A physician of this city, who was at West
Point in 1867 when Colonel Fred Grant, who
has been named by President Harrison for
Minister to Austria-Hungary was passing
an examination for promotion, tells, a story
of the young man's linguistic abilities
which ought not to be told at the Court of
Vienna. Major McMulIane, the instructor
in French, gave Grant a French passage to
translate at sight, the passage being entitled
"Leopold, Due d'Autriche."
The young man was to begin it and give
an easy translation to the end of the pas
sage. He read the French with a fair ac
cent and then began the English. He
halted over the title but an instant and
then read off "Leopold, the duck and the
ostrich." The anecdote is one of the tradi
tions of West Point to this day.
a a. .m. .