Newspaper Page Text
Can reach the best
class or investors
thrown THE JIS.
PATCH. The best
man In taiuinnsBcan
I also bo.
i"; iXDRTY-FOTJJiTH YEAE.
Of Leeching the Blood of Pitts
r burg's Prosperity to
AROUSING GREAT SHIPPERS.
Iron Manufacturers' Freight
Pool Organizing to
, Eesist It;
INTERVIEWS THAT EOEO.
B. F. Jones, J. H. Kicketson and
Others Disclose and Favor
as Mnch as Carnegie.
PRODUCE AKD GRAIN MEN SPLIT.
JIhe Great Drygoods Merchants Likewise
Divided as to What Exists and
tt hat Should be Done.
'AWFUL HANDICAP OX PITTSBURG COAL
A movement is on foot among Pittsburg
iron manufacturers to organize for relief
from the freight discriminations against
tbem. Dispatch reporters yesterday fonnd
some mighty strong supporters of Andrew
Carnegie in his war on the Pennsylvania
Railroad. Hon. B. F. Jones shows up
other unjust discriminations. He does not
believe, however, that a State commission
is the best remedy. Mr. John H. Bicketson
pictures the great corporation's short
sighted policy in a general way. Other man
ulactnrers add much to charzes instituted
by Mr. Carnegie. On the whole, the storm
that has arisen at the end of the little Scotch
iron master's pen seems to have spread rapidly-
The movement for a reduction of freight
rates in Pittsburg is not going to be all talk
this time. On reliable authority it was
learned yesterday that steps are being taken
for a formal organization of the heaviest
shippers to resist the overcharges to this
section of country. It had indeed already
been in contemplation even before Mr. Car
negie took up the subject, two firms partic
ularly, one of the heaviest in Allegheny
and another in Lawrenceville, being chief
promoters. The data submitted by the
Braddock iron master joined with that of
other shippers showing a large special tax
per ton over and above what their competi
tors in Chicago and at other points were
taxed for transportation quickened the step.
Details and names, together with the pro
gramme of action, are promised later on.
What It Aggregates.
At several of the mills this extra on
freight rates amounts to as much as a large
part of the cost of their fuel; and at ail of
them it is more than is involved in the an
nual dispute over wages between the manu
facturers and the Amalgamated Associa
tion. The general feeling expressed by
manufacturers yesterday to Dispatch re
porters, who called on many ot them, was
that Mr. Carnegie had rendered timely -and
substantial service in presenting the case,
as no other person was as well qualified to
do so, and they propose to take it up and co
operate with him. Thus far there is a hesi
tancy among shippers about using their
names. They have not yet got quite out of
the idea that the railroad could make it un
pleasant hereafter lor those who complain
now. Others, it is hinted, have different
and special reasons. Still, there is more
outspoken criticism than a few months ago
would have been possible. Some of the
manufacturers said yesterday that names
were premature as yet; that when they band
together formally they will not hesitate to
state their objections to the present policy
of railroad discrimination, and will formu
late their demands in a fearless and unmis
Why the South Booms.
Special attention has been directed in the
last few days to the charges by Southern
railroads to iron makers of Tennessee and
Alabama. These are claimed to be scarcely
one-third what similar service costs in Penn
sylvania. "This," said a Pittsburg em
ployer, "is without doubt one ot the reasons
why the South is becoming prominent in
the iron market Down there, if anything,
special consideration is given heavy indus
tries, while here the iron makers of Penn
sylvania, and other industries connected
are compelled literally to pay a special tax,
in order that Chicago, New York and other
favored points East and "West, can trans
port goods below actual cost. I am so much
pleased by Mr. Carnegie's vigorous presenta
tion of the case that our firm offers to be one
of a number to raise $5,000 for printing his
speech and getting up mass meetings to get
this matter rightly before the public
Keitber Buncombe Nor Bitterness.
Said a representative of another firm which
handles thousands of tons of iron per month:
"There is neither buncombe nor bitterness
in this movement; only business, and for
that reason it will be successful. It is all
nonsense to pretend that Pittsburg can stand
this discrimination. No city wants to stand
anything of the kind. The argument made
in letters to THE DISPATCH that the rail
roads, like other branches of business, should
take their profits from the natural growth of
trade, and not by way of arbitrary special
tax, is a good one. There are heavy real
estate and mercantile interests in this town
which require to be considered. It is de
sired to have the volume of our manufact
ures increased. And what argument could
be more pertinent tnan the one cited by a
prominent real estate broker of .Fourth
avenue, on Friday, that a Chicago firm in
tending to put $1,000,000 in a steel plant
.Itere,hsi suspended itslunt for a site till
the future of high rates for Plttshurg is
Striking night none.
"Again, on Saturday an Allegheny mill
shut down, involving the possible suspension
of a Pittsburg roiling mill connected with
it, assigning freight discrimination and
high wages as the, cause. Every year we
make a vigorous fight against the disparity
of wages existing between the East and the
West. How can we go to our men this year
and make this familiar argument if we
silently permit the railroads to go on
charging us a greater difference per ton than
the men ask for without any protest?
"It is not alone Pittsburg that is inter
ested now in getting this matter set right.
Philadelphia has been suffering in trade
by discriminations similar" to those com
plained of here, New York and Baltimore
reaping the benefit The Grangers are also
in arms, as may be seen by Mr. "Wherry's
interview, because they cannot get their
cattle to Pennsylvania markets, except
ing at a rate much higher than the "Western
States pay. It will result inevitably in a
commission or else equalization of rates
long made by the railroad company.
Competition also may result"
IIow They Are Organizing,
From a person prominently connected
with "William Clark, Son & Co.'s Solar
Iron "Works on Thirty-filth street, an au
thentic account of the movements of Mr.
Frank Clark in the freight discrimination
war between the Pennsylvania Eailroad and
Pittsburg iron manufacturers was last even
ing obtained. From the first that gentle
man, owing to the large shipments made by
the firm over the railroad lines centering in
this city,has taken a keen interest in the fight
He is greatly opposed to Mr. Carnegie's
methods of obtaining redress, however,
thinking it was "foolish or unwise for him
to rush into print with his fight, as It is
generally known that Pittsburg is being
discriminated against by the road, and be
might write from now until doomsday and
not obtain any satisfaction." The press,
Mr. Clark thinks, is no battle ground on
which to canyon a war against such a
power as the Pennsylvania Bailrdad. The
company will take no notice of the affair,
and keep pn in their old course. Mr. Clark
has other ideas for fighting the road.
Ills Idea or righting It.
He, among all the manufacturers, first
proposed the idea of forming an association
of iron manufacturers, to be known as the
Iron Manufacturers' Freight Association,
with the object in view ot obtaining the
rights of the shipper by means of the Inter
State Commerce law. He made the sug
gestion to the firm of Painter & Sons, in the
"West End. This firm immediately ap
proved of the plans he suggested, and both
the firms' members have been quietly cir
culating among the iron manufacturers of
the city, obtaining their views on the sub
ject of forming such an organization.
It was not a difficult task to point out the
wrongs which the shipper is suffering by
the unjust discrimination of the road, and
the formation of the association progresses
A meeting' Very Soon.
To the best ot the belief of the informant
no meetings have yet been held by this
proposed association, but one is likely to be
held in the very near future, when such
officers as are necessary will be chosen, and
steps taken to obtain the rights which belong
to the Pittsburg manufacturer, and of
which he is deprived because he enjoys the
benefit of a location near the greatest Penn
sylvania gas fields and the other natural
advantages enjoyed by manufacturers of
That such an organization is proposed is
undoubtedly correct, as it was forcibly
but pleasantly stated that the informant
knew as mnch aboat the firm's affairs as
Mr. Clark himself.
Mr. Edward Clark himself is now in New
York, so a charming little tot at his home
timidly informed a reporter last evening.
Hon. B. F. Jones, of the Great American
Iron Work, Shows Dp Discrimination
Beyond What Mr. Carnegie Td!d of
IIU Idea as to Bow tli'e Great
EtII Sfaanld be Righted.
Jones & Laughlins ship nearly as much
freight from their American Iron "Works as
Andrew Carnegie sends out from his various
mills. And a conversation with the senior
proprietor, Hon. B. F. Jones, developed the
fact that he has for several years past giyen
the subject of freight discrimination much
thought, besido reading all Mr. Carnegie's let
ters in THE Dispatch and the numerous re
plies to them.
When thereporter first approachedMr. Jones
on the subject, yesterday afternoon, the gentle
man was averse to being interviewed. But re
alizing that it was a matter of duty and loyalty
to the Interests of his own city, he said: ,
"Everybody knows tiiat Pittsburg is discrimi
nated against and that the has always suffered
from discrimination. It is a notorious fact. And
it is equally well known that Pittsburg's freight
traffic Is the largest In the United States. Hardly
another city In the country produces the vast ton
nage we do. Philadelphia or New York do not.
For years the Pennyslvanla Railroad had an entire
monopoly of our trade, and to-day has nearly a
monopoly of our Eastern traffic Westward we
have three outlets, but as a usual thinz they pool
or combine In such a manner that our rates are
made higher than from competing points.
Very Flngrnnt Discriminations.
"for instance, Pittsburgers in shipping East,
say to Latrobe, have to pay more than Philadel
phia shippers are charged to the same place, it
Is the same with nearly all the towns near Pitts
burg. Philadelphia freight reaches Johnstown at
a much less rate than we can ship from Pittsburg
to Johnstown. I regard that as a discrimination,
for look how much nearer we are to Johnstown
and Latrobe than Philadelphia.
Mr. Carnegie's figures on the freight charges
on iron ore from the lakes are absolutely correct.
The railroad companies carry the ore from the
lakes to Ohio blast fnrnaceB cheaper than they do
to Pittsburg, yet by our natural position we are
entitled to the smaller rate. It cannot be denied
that we suffer from this. Again the Pennsylvania
road and the lines it controls not only carry the
ores cheaper to the rurnaces of the .Mahoning and
bhenanco Valleys, but also transport their fin
ished product Eastward to Philadelphia and New
i ork considerably cheaper than they will ship
freight from Pittsburg to Philadelphia, or at least
Just as cheap. That gives furnaces far West of
us unfair advantages.
The South Favored, Too.
"Railroads generally place Pittsburg at a dis
advantage. As an illustration of this I may men
tion that pig Iron from Tennessee and finished
iron from Alabama are carried all the way from
those States to the Western cities ror a less rate
than Pittsburg iron is shipped to the same West
ern cites. low, to return to the Pennsylvania
Railroad. It transports iron ore from the lake
ports of Erie and Buffalo to the Iron manufactur
ers ofthe Lehigh Valley at a much less rate than
the ore is brought from lake ports to Pitts
burg. These Lehigh manufacturers are the com
petitors of Pittsburg manufacturers. That Is the
Elalnest kind of discrimination against this city's
Air. Jones paused, and the reporter improving
the opportunltv for an Interruption, asked the
handsome Iron master the some question that has
been flung at Andrew Carnegie several times since
he started this Important agitation, viz.:
"How, then, do Pittsburg iron manufacturers
manage to keep their mills running at apparent
profit if this discrimination has been so serious for
- How Wo Stand It.
There was no hesitation about Jlr. Jones1 reply:
"We have succeeded, "he said, "in maintaining
this great Industry In the face of such discrimina
tions by the advantages we enjoy from our prox
imity to the lnexhaustless coal beds; the natural
gas reservoirs; by the city's accumulated capital;
by our skilled labor, and by our trained manage
ment I fancy that nowhere else in the country
will you find such untiring devotion to the iron
business by Us capitalists as here. It is an old,
historic Industry here to the manor born. It you
please. There Is both Incentive and pride in
its maintenance. Vet lew Indeed are the
men who have retired from thllvlron business
with Immense fortunes stored away. If Mr. Car
negie has earned the large sums accredited to him
by the newspapers I venture that he put the larg
est part of them back Into the. iron business. Just
as cverv Iron manufacturer draws money out of
the mills, he has to put It back, and that process
goes on Indefinitely, it requires big sums to oper
ate big plants."
liut the railroads claim that they should have
a share of the natural advantages Pfttsburg man
ufacturers enjoy," suggested the writer.
"es.lknow they do," responded Sir. Jones,
'But there Is nothing in the claim, because Chi
cago, Philadelphia and other cities thus secure
an advantage over us In actual rates on freight,
nnd In the end both Pittsburg andthe railroad
win lose by saeli anolicy. "
State Legislation Impracticable.
When the proper time to suggest a remedy for
all these troubles had been reached, the reporter
asked the ex-Chairman of the National Republi
can Committee, If he believed Andrew CarneglCs
recommendation of a State Commission was the
"No, Idonot believe legislation is the proper
cure for these evils," answered Mr. Jones. "The
surest remedy, and the only real one that I can
see, is for tlie railroad companies themselves to
6ee what win be their advantage In the long run.
When they come to recognize that they will nat
urally care for the best trade. However, of
course. If railroads share In the legislation, giving
them advantages and privileges, it would be only
Just to enact defensive laws on behalf of cltl
rens." "How shall the railroad companies be brought
to see what Is their advantage in the long runt'
"That Is where the difficulty lies. Railroad
officials are the officials of to-day. Their whole
object is the present They are ambitious to
make a strong showing weekly, monthly and
yearly. They do not look far enough ahead In the
inture. Consequently thev do not appear to fore
see whero the great commerce or the years to
come will originate.
Two Good Illustrations.
"Pittsburg was once a famous oJJ refining
stronghold. Hut the short-sighted policy of
freight discrimination crushed that Industry al
most completely in this city. Now, what is the
result? At this lapse of time it Is confessed by
everybody that Pittsburg is the natural center of
the great petroleum trade, and yet how little oil
freights gc-out from here. Had the Industry been
fostered in its fancy by the railroads the pipe line
probably would not have grown to such a stu
pendous svstem. and the railroads would now hare
remunerative shipments from Pittsburg.
"Another illustration: Some year; ago Pitts
burg Iron manufacturers produced a great many
nails every year. Now this cltv's output of nails
is trilling, by? Little Wheeling started to
make nails with practically no natural advantages
in her favor and with some disadvantages. The
railroads came to her aid, and gave her
cheaper freight rates to Cincinnati, St Louis and
other Western cities than they gave us, and that
fact together with her very small galnof distance
by river routes, gradually took away Pittsburg's
FALLACY OFTHE POLICY.
John H. RIekctson, a Master on the Subject,
Shows Jnst Where the P. K. It- Is Short
. Sighted In Over-Eenclilngnnd Grasp
lug Impartiality nnd Fairness
the Only Course Wbleb Will
Win in the Long Kan.
Mr. John It. Kicketson. of the firm of
A. Garrison & Co., stove manufacturers,
who has always been connected with the
Chamber of Commerce, and who has been
prominently identified with many publio
questions taken in hand by- that body, was
questioned by The Dispatch reporter yester
day on his knowledge of freight discrimination.
In the conversation tbat followed he said:
"The Pennsylvania Railroad is a great cor
poration. It has accommodated Pittsburg peo
ple in some ways during past years; but as a
general thins, it has stood in an unfriendly at
titude to our city. At the same time the
marked friendship of the railroad company for
Philadelphia has been apparent" to every Pitts
burger. This has been a short-sighted policy.
Pittsburg should have been shown every railroad
advantage that was accorded Philadelphia.
"Railroad companies ought to treat every
ft-elght shipper exactly alike. They should do
Just as the Government docs when we buy from it
postage stamps. Everybody is charged 2 cents
apiece for the stamps, or so much for stamped en
velopes, no matter howjnany the purchaser buys,
and no matter who he Is, or whero he does busi
ness. That should be the policy on railroads; of
course, however, maintaining proper regard for
terminal charges and making shipments subject
to tne rules of lonsT jnd shrt hanlslaKl'''dOTrnif in
the Inter-State commerce law.
The Baals He Pats It On.
"Having secured a charter from the State, a
railroad company Is presupposed to be a common
carrier in the fullest sense of the word. There
fore, it is not Just for it to charge a higher rate
per single car of freight than for 1,000 cars. The
Pennsylvania Railroad Is a creature of the Legis
lature, and having been granted privileges, also
bad Imposed upon It certain duties.
"He all admit that It is the finest line of rail
road In existence. We are proud or It I have
been all over Europe and across our own conti
nent, and in my ludgment It Is the model iron
highway ofthe whole world Foreigners confess
this fart Yet we wiU all cry out against the
short-sighted policy that manes It oppressive on
Plttsbnrr freight shippers. When railroads are
confronted with the charge of discriminations be
tween freight shippers or between cities, they say
they must do as business men do reach out for
the biggest business, the best shippers, by means
ofconcesslons. I deny this emphatically.
"The boast has been made in railroad circles
that the Pennsvlvanla Railroad Company made
Pittsburg. That Is not true. The city existed,
with all Its magnificent future before It before
there was such a corporation as the Pennsvlvanla
Railroad. Nature created our great city. To
day the Pennsylvania Railroad Is doing Its best to
tnrottle Pittsburg by winding Its anaconda folds
all around our hills and valleys. All your readers
are familiar with the struggles the Junction Rail
road has had in trying to secure a footing along
the Allegheny river bant, and It is known how
the Allegheny Valley RaUroad, under the control
of the Pennsylvania Railroad, threw out Its
switches at every point .
To Balk the New Road.
Why? Because it is a connecting link between
the 1!. Jt O. K. K., the city's only other outlet to
the East and the P. & W. It R., an Independent
outlet to the West. Even now Influential men of
this State cannot get out of the committee at the
Legislature a bill to make railroad property liable
to condemnation as well as private property. As
an Illustration of the liberal policy of railroads,
or Just the opposite of tbat of the P. R. K., take
that pnrsucd by the Pittsburg and Lake Erie Com
pany on the bouthslde.
The Pennsylvania Railroad Company wanted
to get a track up along the Monongahela south
bank for a share of the heavy tonnage over here.
W e manufacturers were anxious to have It and
thus was originated the Whitehall Railroad. The
Pittsburg and Lake Erie Company owned rights
of way all along the river bank. Now, had the
Pittsburg and Lake Erie pursued the same course
as the Pennsvlvanla Company's Allegheny Valley
Railroad in throwing out switches, the Whitehall
tracks would never have been laid, and we would
not now have the fine facilities we enjoy.
"Iknowofajpartyof citizens who went to the
high officials of the Pennsylvania Railroad, with
a view to seeing if something could not be ar
ranged whereby the railroad tracks might be
taken up from Liberty street and that magnifi
cent thoroughfare given entirely to the city. The
reply the citizens got was: 'It Is the policy of the
Pennsylvania Railroad to never lift a rail when
once laid.' Nowthat's notthesort orpolicyto
show a freight-producing city like Pittsburg. A
liberal course on the part of the railroad, ex
tended to freight rates, wonld, beyond doubt,
bring more liberal patronage."
Other Great Iron Masters.
Messrs. W. J. Moorhead and C. R. Dallas, of
Moorhead McClane-Wc are really very busy
and have no time to talk. We are small shippers
compared to many others, and do not care to en
ter into the discussion. There should be many
here, however, who ought to have something to
say about Carnegle'seharges.
. A. M. 13 jers I don't know anything about it.
'You are not interested, then?"
"Oh, yes I am. If I only had the knowledge
Andrew Carnegie claims to have, I would be very
ni.inolre the Pennsvlvanla a good damnlnr."
we are the ones to object."
"Plainly, what do you think of Mr. Carnegie's
cli& rircs? '
"1 have no doubt Carnegie knew what he was
talking about He generally does. But. for my
seir, I have no personal knowledge of these dis
criminations, and would prefer not to commit my
Henry Brown, of Brown &. Co., Duquesne and
Tenth--rhc charges of-Mr. Carnegie are grave
enough, and pointed enough. What is there
more for ns to say? Walt until they are answered;
then come tons.
Wbat Thev Are Not.
"Are Mr. Carnegie's charges true?"
Tney are certainly not nntrue. Mr. Carnegie
generally says wbat be thinks, and thinks what
"What do you know, personally of these dis
criminations against Pittsburg?"
"Well, I will tell you: It is an old story, and
we have become so used to this discrimination we
have almost forgotten It. Discrimination by the
Pennsylvania Railroad is one of the evils of being
in business in Pittsburg. It Is of such longstand
ing it seems a part of the being in the business
here, and we have learned to tolerate or recognize
it as such-an undoubted evil."
"What instance can you give of discrimination
under your own personal observation?"
"NowyouaretbOBpceiflc The discussion, as I
understand it. is entirely one-sided. The Penn
sylvania .Railroad Is silent, and those who know
are well aware why Its officers aresUent As ilr.
.Continued on Sixth JPttge. .
PITTSBURG, TUESDAY, APRIL 9, 1889.
BLAINE AND BAYARD.
Patent Evidence That the Gentlemen
Are on Excellent Terms.
EACH TREATS THE OTHER "WELL.
Mr. Blaine's Old Secretary to Get 0ns of
the Softest of Snap.
NOBLE BACKS UP C0RP0EAL TANNEB,
He Says Ex-Confederates Must March Oat for Oil
Thomas Sherman, Mr, Blaine's old Sec
retary, is to be Consul at Liyerpool, one of
the best paying places in the gift of the
Secretary of State. A number of Mr.
Blaine's friends fared-well at Mr. Bayard's
hands, and the favor is -to be returned.
Secretary Noble says ex-Confederates in his
department must go to make room for old
rSFECIAI, TELEQKAM TO TUX DISPATCH.!
"Washington, April 8. It is under
stood to be quite settled that Thomas Sher
man, who used to be Mr. Blaine's private
Secretary, is tp be Consul at Liverpool, a
place that is no such Golconda as some late
reports have represented, but the salary and
fees amount to about $12,000 a year, so that
it is well worth having, and except the
Consulates Genera in London and Paris, is
the best thing in the consular service. It
was a rather generous thing in Mr. Bayard
to retain in his department a gentleman so
intimately associated with Mr. Blaine a;
Mr. Sherman is. Ific late administration
was rather tender toward the present Secre
tary of State. Mr. Blaine's brother was re
tained in the Agricultural Department
daring most ofthe last four years, and Mr.
Blaine's son-in-law, Colonel Coppinger, was
assigned to the very comfortable berth of
General Superintendent of the Recruiting
Service, with headquarters in New York.
In return, Secretary Blaine has appointed
Mr. Bayard's friend .Bates to be one of the
Samoan Commissioners, and it is under
stood that Mr. Bayard's personal friend,
Third Assistant Secretary Moore, is to be
retained in the State Department
Judge Holman has been calling on the
Secretary of State. He had a pleasant time,
and findsihttt the distinguished head of the
State Department improves with age. He
says of Mr. Blaine; "He was always cour
teous and had an excellent manner of meet
ing and mingling with men, but withal
there was constantly apparent tbat self
assertion, that aggressive will power. Now
the will power is just as strong, but it does
not obtrude itself in his manner. He is
schooled to a calm repose of manner which
is both attractive and impressive, and
shows that he has gained a still more per
fect knowledge of men. He is bound to re
main the powerful personality of his party.
His health and intellect appear vigorous."
NO DEMOCRAT TO ESCAPE.
Congressman Atkinson Is Determined to
Secure Some Speedy Removals.
rSriCIAI, TELEOHAM TO THE DISPATCH.:
"Washington, April 8. Dr. Louis E.
Atkinson, of Miffiintown, Juniata county,
is one of the Pennsylvania Congressmen
who is here to stay with the President until
he makes & clean sweep of his district, whicbr,&j,j
comprises prouauiy ua largo au area as uuy
district of the State, as it includes Frank
lin, Fulton, Huntingdon Juniata, Perry
and Snyder counties. "Within his district
are many important Presidental offices, and
he desires that Mr. Harrison shall develop
policy in the treatment of this great Eigh
teenth district of Pennsylvania.
Dr. Atkinson claims that in the Postoffice
Departmenfand in Isolated cases of Presi
dental offices, the administration has set the
pace by summary removals, and he does not
see why this policy shouldn't be carried out
to the fullest extent He is here to insist
that it shall be in his district. He does not
intend, if he can help it, that any man
guilty of being a Democrat shall escape.
LEFT TO JUDGE LYNCH.
No Provision Made for Punishing Felonies In
No Man's Land.
ISrECIAI. TILEOBAM TO TITK DISPATCH.! '
"Washington April 8. The provision
in the last Indian appropriation bill creat
ing a United States Court in Indian Terri
tory extended its jurisdiction over No Man's
Land as well as over Oklahoma, but limited
it to misdemeanors. Jurisdiction in case of
felonies was conferred upon the United
States Court at "Wichita, but the court in
Wichita has no jurisdiction over No Man's
Land, so that in tbat very peculiar section
of the United States, which has hitherto had
no government at all, except such as the free
and easy residents provided themselves with,
there is judicial machinery for the punish
ment of minor ofienses, but there is no tri
bunal for the trial of felonies.
It is presumed, however, that the people
ho live in No Man's Land wonld resent
any attempt to punish murder, and their re
sources are quite adequate already for the
prompt disposal of men who steal horses
EX-CONFEDEBATES MUST MAECH.
Secretary Noble In Thorough Accord With
Corporal Tanner's Policy.
"Washington, April 8. Secretary
Noble, in conversation with a reporter to
day, said that Corporal Tanner, the new
Commissioner of Pensions, was not a bit
more radical in his politics than he was.
The Secretary said he was in thorough ac
cord with the Commissioner in the removal
of incompetent or inefficient Democrats and
the selection in their places of Bepublicans.
"Tanner," said he, "believes in turning
out ex-Confederates whenever more compe
tent Union soldiers can be employed, and so
The Secretary said that 150 special exam
iners in the Pension Office, all of whom
were understood to be Democratic, would be
dropped from the rolls at the end of the
current fiscal year.
NO HOLIDAY P0E HARBISON.
The President Not Contemplating: Any Trip
n Jnst at Present.
ISPKCIAI.TKI.EOEAM TO TUB DISPXTCH.1
"Washington, April 8. Private Secre
tary'Haliord stated this afternoon that the
President had contemplated no excursion,
and that while he would of course be likely
to take a vacation, there was no foundation
whatever for the story that he was planning
for a trip down Chesapeake Bay or else
where at present.
A POINT BLANK DBNIAGT
The Young- Boy Who Was Charged
Marder Pleads Bis Case.
New York, April 8. On the trial to-day
for murder William Krnlich, the 17-year-old
lad who is charged with killing Drug
Clerk "Weschrung by chopping his head to
piece with a batched, the accused took the.
stand and denied emphatically that he com
mitted the crime. He related the story that
he has already told the detectives of his
movements on the morning of the marder.
BOCHE'S AST HOPE.
The Claim Set TJp"7hac the Lato Chicago
Election Was Illegal Result of a
Technical Decision of tliellll-
nols Supremo Court.
Chicago, April 8. The politicians of
the ity were astonished this after
noon by the announcement that
it had beei discovered that the
recent election in this city was illegal, and
that it was in the power of any citizen to
overthrow it This state of affairs grows out
of a decision of the Supreme Court to the
effect that the town of Brighton Park and
other portions of the township of Cicero had
been, by a vote of the people on November
17, 1887, legally annexed to the townships
of South and West Chicago, Previous to
the annexation the townships of South and
West Chicago were entirely included within
the limits ol the city of Chicago.
The general law of the States provides
that wherever all of a township lies within
the limits of a city the electionshaIl be held
on the first Tuesday after the "first Monday
in April, and that wherever the township
is not all included within the city limits
the election shall be held on the third Tues
day in April. Therefore, the election, in
stead of being held on the first Tuesday in
April, as it was, should have been held on
the third Tuesday. Moreover, the law re
quires that 20 days' notice of an election
shall be given, and, as the time is too short
between this date nnd the third Tuesday in
April for legal notice, it seems questiona
ble whether the mistake can be rectified by
a new election on that date.
"Wide fields oi speculation are open as to
tlss possibility of revising the verdict of the
people in the recent political "landslide"
when the Bepublicans were defeated by the
Democrats by decisive majorities. It is
claimed that if the present Republican ad
ministration is willing to invoke the law it
can hold over and prevent the newly-elected
Democrats from taking their seats, tt is
said that Mayor Roche has consulted the
corporation counsel in regard to the matters,
but it cannot be learned that any decision as
to what action shall be taken has been
Late this evening a resident- of the an
nexed territory applied to Judge Jamieson
for an injunction restraining the Election
Commissioners from counting or declaring
the votes cast. The application was armed
with a recommendation from a master in
chancery that the injunction be issued.
Judge Jamieson set the matter for hearing
LOST HIS BRIDE OP A JVEEK.
An Italian Bridegroom Can't Imagine
Where His Bird lias Flown.
rSPECIAl. TELIOBAM TO THI DISPATCH.l
Boston, April 8. An Italian bride of a
week has disappeared, and the Italian
quarter of the city is up in arms. Jose
phns Luca is the grief-stricken bridegroom,
but his sorrow is not of snch depth that he
forgets that he had two rivals for the
woman's hand. Now that his bride has
been spirited away, he recalls dire threats
made by Felix Matazo and Antonio
Bomano that they would either kill him or
steal his bride if he dared marry her. Luca
did not mind what they said and married
the woman In spite ot their threats, but he
took care to put Mrs. Luca under lock and
key for a whole week so that they could not
get at her. At the end of that time he
thought all was safe and let her out. She
at once disappeared.
Possibly she was tired of the "bird-in-a-cage"
style of life, and so went away of her
own accord, but her husband immediately
made up his mind that she had been stolen
and perhaps murdered by Matazo and
Romano. He had them arrested upon sus-
ciou. this mornintr. Thev stoutly dis
claim any knowledge of the whereabouts of
Mrs. Xiuca, and say tbat they have not seen
her since the night she was married.
ANXIOUS TO PAI THE DUTY.
Depew, Twombley and theVanderbllts Don't
Want Any Smuggled Goods.
' tSPICIAL TELEORAltTO THIDISPATCH.1
New York, April 8. The Hon. Chaun
cey Mitchell Depew and others called on
Collector Magone to-day to see about set
tling with the Government for the duties
which Allard & Sons are charged with col
lecting from theVanderbilts on goods smug
gled by the firm. There does not appear to
be any way by which the representatives of
the Treasury Department can collect the
duties from the Allards. They are in Eu-'
rope. Boulez is not the responsible repre
sentative ofthe concern in New York." The
Collector must therefore look to patrons of
the firm to reimburse the Government, and
a long and tedious investigation of the in
voices and books of the firm is necessary,
Mr. Depew and the representatives of
Mr. Twombley and others known to have
goods imported by the firm signified their
readiness to comply with all the demands of
the Treasury Department. A cable dis
patch from Mrs. AY. K. Vanderbilt said the
CAUGHT IN THE YERY ACT.
A Postoffice Clerk Nabbed as He Was Ab-'
straetlng 870 From a lienor.
"Washington, April 8. Postoffice In
spectors Smit, Pulcifer and Troy to-day ar
rested .Harry D. Darby a registry clerk in
the postoffice in this city, for rifling valua
ble registered letters. When arrested
Darby had $70 in his hand, which he had
(just taken from va letter. The letter was
mailed at Harper's Ferry,v W. Va., con
tained $246, and was addressed to the
United States Treasury. After removing
$70 Darby was about to reseal it. He is an
old employe, having entered the office as a
carrier in 1880.
Darby was taken before United States
Commissioner Samuel O. Mllb and held in
the sum of $2,000 to await examination to
morrow. "When arrested he ,had 562 on
his person, which, it is thought, was taken
from other registered letters.
YIRGINIA SWEPT" BY STORM.
A Gale Does Great Damngo In Portions of
' the State.
Fort Monroe, April 8. The worst storm
ever remembered here set in Saturday, last
ing 48 hours. Telegraph wires went down,
no boats ventured out ancktthe tide was a
foot higher than ever recorded, doing great
damage to houses on the beach and road
way. A number of families abandoned
their homes and sought safety in the fort.
There was no damage to shipping in the
harbor. The Constellation bad her top
masts housed, both anchors down and rode
out the gale safely.
Reports from Norfolk and other points
indicate that the storm was general in this
section and did considerable damage. A
number of places are cut off from all tele
ADRIFT IN A GALE.
Six Men Aboard a Bark That Was Without
Sails or Ballast. x
"Wilmington-, N. O., April 8. The
steam tug Alexander Jones, which left here
Saturday last with the dismantled German
bark Albatross in tow for Norfolk, returned
this morning. The Captain reports that at
9 A. M. the 7th inst, when 30 miles north
east of Frying Pan Lightship, the hawser
parted and the bark went adritt in the calo.
There are six men on the bark, which is
wunoui Doats, sans or. Dauast, ana ic is
feared, they have" perished,
WELCOMED BY WITS.
Spalding and His Lot of Traveled
Baseball Flayers Banqueted.
A FEAST AHD A FLOOD OF FUN.
Mark Twain Makes One of His Character
istically Humorous Speeches.
MR. DEPEW ADDS SOME" EEMAEKS.
The former Talks of the Many Beauties ot the
A remarkable banquet was held In New
York City last night. It was given by base
ball men at Delmonico's to Mr. A. G.
Spalding and his aggregation of baseball
players who have just completed a tour of
the world. A number of bright speeches
were made, the wittiest being those of Mark
Twain and Chauncey Depew.
rsraCTAL TZLEOnAU TO TUB DI8PATCH.1
New York, April 8. Of the innumera
ble feasts that have been eaten at Delmoni
co's great banquet hall the one consumed
there to-night was probably the most re
markable in .many respects. It was in
honor of Mr. A. G. Spalding, of New York
and Chicago, the man who engineered and
carried out to a rousing success tbe tour of
Chicago and All-American baseball teams
around the world.
Twenty years ago, and even later, profes
sional baseball players had not been ele
vated to the fanlights of fame. If one of
them had appeared jn a dress suit he would
have lost his job. He could not have borne
up under the unmerciful guying that
his comrades would have heaped upon
him. Delmonico's was but a name
to him. To-night's banquet to Mr. Spald
ing and his two nines was the materializa
tion of the rip-roaring enthusiasm with
which every loyal son ot the country re
gards the great American'game. The affair
was like the game. The affair was like the
game itself. It was a rush and a go from
start to finish,
A CYCLONE OF ENTHUSIASM.
Delmonico's walls and chandeliers have
echoed and re-echoed, to great blizzards of
cheers, but on this occasion the enthusiasm
was cyclonic. The decorations and menu
and souvenirs were typical of the game and
this memorable celebration. On the walls
were big photos of the two teams at Borne,
in Egypt and other distant lands. The
menu card- was in good, old, plain Anglo
Saxon. It had the pet dishes of all the
countries visited by Mr. Spalding
and his men, and the cream Iwas
in baseball shanc, with tiny wooden
bats for favors. The souvenir, an illus
trated book ofthe trip, had red, white and
blue ribbons for hinges. The band up in
the balcony played American tunes every
time, and the players and 300 guests warbled
and trilled the melodies in chorus.
Along toward speech-making time Mrs.
Spalding tbe mother, and Mrs. Spaldin?
the wife, of the man who was honored, and
Mrs. Helen Dauvray Ward appeared in the
balcony beside the band, and looked down
on the scene. The speeches were made by
Chairman Mills, Daniel Dougherty,
Mayor Chapin, of Brooklyn, Mayor
Cleveland, ot Jersey , City; A. G.
Spalding, John Montgomery Ward and
A. C. Anson, who told of- their all-around-th'e-world
tour; L. S. Lynch, Erastus Wi
man, Mark Twain and Hon. Chauncey M.
Depew. Mark Twain's speech, which was
loudly applauded and punctuated with
laughter, was as follows: 1
mark twain in his element.
Though not a native, as intimated by the
Chairman, I have visited, a great many years
ago, tbe Sandwich Islands that peaceful land,
that beautiful land, that far-off homo of pro
found repose and soft indolence and dreamy
solitude, where life is one long, slnmberless
Sabbatn, the climate one long, delicions sum
mer day, and the good that die experience no
change, for they but fall asleep in one heaven
and wake up in another. And these bovs have
played baseball there! Baseball, which
is the very symbol of the outward and visi
ble expression of the drive and push and
rnsh and struggle of the faging, tearfng, boom
ing nineteenth century! One cannot realize it
The place and tbe fact are so incongruous; it's
likd interrupting a funeral with a circus, why,
there is no legitimate point of contact, no
possible kinship between baseball and the
Sandwich Islands; baseball is all fact tbe
Islands all sentiment In baseball you've got
to do everything just right or yon don't cet
there; in tbe islands you've got to do
everything Just wrong or you can't stay there.
You do it wrong to get it right for
if yon do it right you get it wrong: there is not
any way to get it right but to do it wrong, and
the wronger you do ittne Tighter it is. The
natives illustrate this every day. They never
mount a horse from the larboard side; they
always mount him from the starboard: on the
other band, tbey never milk a cow on tbe star
board side, they always milk her on the larboard;
it's why youseeso many short people there
they have got their heads Kicked off. When tbey
meet on the road tbey don't turn tothericht,
they turn out to the left And so. from always
doing everythine wrong end first tbatway.it
makes them left-handed left-handed and
crosseyed: they are all so. When a child is
born tbe motber goes right along wlttuher or
dinary work, without losing half a day It's the
fatner that knocks off and goes to bed till he
gets over the circumstance. And those natives
don't trace descent through the male line, but
throueh the female. They say they always
know who a child's motber was.
aV odd but good ststem.
Well, that odd system Is well enough there
because there a woman often has as many as
six or seven husbands, all at the same time,
and all properly married to her. Yet there is
no fussing, no trouble. When a child is born
the husbands all meet together in convention,
in a perfectly orderly wav, and elect the
father. And the wholo thing Is perfectly fair.
Of course you can't keep politics out you
couldn't do that in anv country: and so
if three of the husbands are Republican and
four are Democrats It don't make any differ
ence how strong a Republican aspect the baby
has got tbat election is going Democratic
every time, and in the matter of that election
those poor pe jple stand at the proud altitude
ofthe very highest Christian civilization, for
they know as well as we tbat all women are
ignorant; and so they don't allow that mother
The native language is soft and liquid and
flexible, and in everyway efficient and satis
factorytill yon get mad: then there yon are;
there is not anything in it to swear witb. Oood
judges say it is the best Sunday language there
is: but then, all the othecsix days in tbe week,
it inst hansrs idle on your hands: it isn't anv
good for business, and vou can't work a tele
phone with it Many a time the attention of
tne missionaries uas oeen caiiea 10 wis uciect,
and they are always promising tbey are
?oing to fix it: but no, they Co
ooling, along and nothing is done.'
Speaking of education, everybody there is edu
cated, from tbahighesto the lowest; in fact.
His the only country in tbe world where edu
cation is actually universal. And yet every
now and then you run across instances of
ignorance that are simply revolting, simply de
grading to the human race. Think of it there
tbe ten takes tbe ace. But let us not dwell on
such things.they make a person ashamed. Well,
the missionaries are always going to fix tliat.bnt
the? put ft off, and put it off, and put it off. and
so tbat nation is going to keep on going down,
and down, and djwn. till some day you will see
a pair of jacks beat a stralcht flush. Well, it
is refreshment to the jaded, water to tbe
thirsty, to look upon men Abo have so lately
breathed the soft airs of these isles of the
blest, and had before their eyes the Inextin
guishable vision of their beauty.
THE LAND ALWAYS WITH HOI.
No alien land in all tbe world has any deep,
strong charm for me but tbat one; no other
land could, so longingly and so beseechingly
haunt me, sleeping and waking; through balf
a lifetime as that one has done. Other things
leave me, but It abides; other things change,
hut it remains the same. For me Its balmy
airs are always blowine, its summer seas flash
ing In the sun, the pulsing of its surf
peat is in my ear; I can see its gar
landed crags Us leaping cascades.
Its plumy palms drowsing by the shore,
its remote summits floating like islands above
the cloud rack; I can feel the spirit or its wood
land solitnde: f can bear the splash of its
brooksjin my nostrils still Uvea the breath of
flowers tbat perished 20 years ago. And these
world wanderers who" sit before ns here have
lately looked upon these things, and with eyes
of flesh, not the unsatisfying vision of the
spirit I envy tbem that. Yes, and I wonld
envy them somewhat if the glories tbey have
achieved in their illnsttioTis maren abnnt the
I miehty circumference of the earth, if it were
iair; due no, 11 was an earned run, ana wouia
be out of place. I will ratherapplaud add my
hall and welcome to the vast shout now going
np frdm Maine to the Gulfr from Florida Keys
to frozen Alaska, ont of the throats ot tbe
otberCo.OOO.OOOof tbeircountrymen. They have
carried tbe American name to the uttermost
parts of the earth,-and covered it with glory
every time. Tbat is a service to sentiment; but
tbey did tbe general world a large practical
service also, a service to the great science of
geography. Ab, think of that! We don't
talk enough about tbat don't give it its full
value. Why, when these boys started out you
couldn't see the equator at all; yon could walk
right over it. and never know it was there.
Tbat is the kind of equator it was. Such an
equator as that is not any use to anybody; as
forme, I would rather not have any equator
at all than a dim thing like that that you can't
see. But that is all fixed now; you can't rnn
over it now, and not know it's there; and so I
drink long life to tbe boys who plowed a new
eqnator round the globe stealing bases on the
fronts of thelr blouses.
GEOEGE "WASHINGTON NOVTHEBE.
Chauncey M. Depew was next introduced.
The applause which greeted him was long
ana loua. Among otner things ne saia:
I have been preparing a speech for the cen-
tennlal, but it fs insignificant in proportion to
the one I shall deliver here to-night Tbis
shall deliver here to-night,
is an event which eclipses everything.
George Washington was a, great
and good man, but he never saw a baseball
game. Madison wrote the constitution of the
world, and Jefferson gave Democracy its birth,
but there is no indication npon their
tombstones that they were ever roused
bv the enthusiasm of a home run.
When I was in England last
winter, Mr. Gladstone said to me: "What is
the difference between the newspapers in
America and those in this counlryf" "The
newspapers in England." I replied; "devote ten
columns to reporting Parliamentary proceed
ings and half a column to a cricket match, while
in America tbe newspapers give tbe Congres
sional proceedings the balf column and the
baseball game the ten columns." Athletic
sports are tbe mainstay of civilization. From
Charles Dickens to MaxO'Rell the American
DeoDlo have been tbe butt of ridicule, but onr
teams were sent abroad to show what Ameri
cans really are, and that harmony of the mind
and body is not neglected by tho American
HE FOUGHT WITH QUAY.
E. E. Martin, of Lancaster, a Candidate for
FltOH X STAFF COEEZSrONDK-T.:
Habbisbubg, April 8. A candidate for
Lieutenant Governor has come prominently
forward in the person of E. K. Martin, a
Well-known Lancaster lawyer. He is an in
tense Quayman, and figured in the recent
fight. As a result all but one of the Lan
caster delegation were for Quay. Otherwise
he would ha-"-- had but two of the six votes.
The story of his friendship for Quay is in
teresting. Martin is a fighter in the political arena,
and Quay had often felt his blows. When
Quay was a candidate for State Treasurer
be found one day that Magee was under
mining him all over tbe State by means of
his own candidate, James McUevitt, of
Lancaster, a former Pittsburger. In Alle
gheny the work was already done, and in
Lancaster hardlv a shred of Quay's influ
ence was left. Even, those on whom" Quay
had for years showered favors, deserted him
openly. It was then Qnay asked for a con
ference with Martin, and Martin took off his
coat for Quay. From that time the fur flew,
and at last McDevitt led u broken minority
from his own county-tothe State Convention
at Harrisburg. and was easily turned down.
Tt took one of the hardest fought battles
that Lancaster ever witnessed, though, as
Magee had everything thoroughly organized
before Quay announced himself. That battle
fought at McDevitt's doorway settled the
State Treasurer's fight, which was the step
ping stone of Quay to the unbroken line of
success which he has since enjoyed.
A PE1ZE FIGHT ENDS IN MUEDEE.
Elsts Being Forsaken, tbe Mill nds la a
General Blow with Other Weapons.
PORTLAND, UKE.,1 April 8. A prize
fight occurred yesterday at Seattle, between
William Scott and Frank Britton, which
ended in a row that will probably result
fatally to one or more men. During the
fourth round Britton claimed a loui. This
the referee refused to allow, and ordered the
fight to proceed. Britton refused to go on,
and the referee gave the fight to Scott The
crowd of Britton's friends sprang into the
ring and Britton protested. Hot words
followed; pistols were drawn, and a num
ber of shots were fired. The row finally
was quelled, when it was found that Tom
and Charley Clancey, well-known saloon
keepers, ana James McCann, Britton's sec
ond, had been wounded, McCann danger
The fight occurred in, the dining room of
the race track hotel, and was witnessed by
nearly 200 Seattle sports. The Clancey
brothers each received a wound in the
thigh and McCann was shot in the groin.
The latter' wound is considered fatal. A
number of persons have been arrested, in
cluding Teddy Guthrie, the releree, and
warrants are out for others. The officers
areon a sharp lookout, and the purpose is
to round up all the persons who partici
pated in the melee. Thus far it is impossi
ble to determine who actually fired the
shots. There is great excitement in Seattle
over the affair.
MAEEIED BY MUTUAL CONSENT.
A New York Judge Holds a Slngularlllar-
rlago Contract Valid.
ISP-ECUI. TEL-eOBAH TO TUB DISPATCn.l
New Yobe, April 8. Eobcrt W. John
son obtained yesterday a decree of absolute
divorce from Ella C.Johnson. This case
excited attention a year ago, when if was
tried before a referee, the wife denying the
legitimacy of her child in order that John
son might not get possession of the little
girl. The wife declared that they were
never married. Mr. Johnson produced the
We. Robert Wood Johnson and Ella Catting,
recognize marriage as a crril contract and on
tbis 9th day ofAugust, 1S80, enter into a solemn
agreement to become man and wife so long as
we live, or until this contract bo annulled by
Johnson is a drug merchant on Cedar
street, and his wife came from Orange, N.
J. Mr. Johnson went West on business,
and upon his return found his wife living
with a young lawyer named Melliss. Her
refusal'to give him his child precipitated
the suit. The courts held that there had
been a marriage.
ANOTHER EAILE0AD WEECK.
The Rain to Blame for tho Death of Two
West Point, Va., April 8. A fatal
wreck occurred on the York river branch of
the Richmond and Danville Railroad,
about two miles above this place. The
heavy rains of Saturday washed ont a
culvert- and a part of tbe dam between the
tank and the riverand an engine and seven
freight cars plunged into the washout. Two
men, a colored brakeman and the fireman, a
young man named Dnrvin, were buried un
der the cars ana killed.
The body of the fireman has been gotten
out, but tbe colored man has not yet been
found. The engineer, named Lynch, was
terribly scalded, bat managed to, crawl out
A. STEW 8TOBT'
written forTin Dispatch .
, 'W-I&t &
by BeT. Edward Everett.
Hale. Tbe opening chap
ters appeared in last Sun
day's issue. Begin at the
GIE AT V0BE
iie Mannfactnrer Hakes ftk' A
The Legislature is Told That the Matter- t
Must he Eemedied.
HE FULLY EXPECTS TO BE AREESTED
For the Methods He Employs in FfeMiag the Baft.
Andrew Carnegie last evening addressed
the members of the State Legislature and
others at Harrisburg. He arraigned tho
Pennsylvania Company, and told how ther
South Penn was killed. He intimated that'
he was prepared to take vigorous steps to
EPEOJI A STAIT CORmflPOXDEST.I
Harrisbueg, April 8. To cap" the cli
max of Mr. Carnegie's speech to-night,
Representative Wherry, of Cumberland,
moved a special order for his anti-discrimination
bill. It was agreed to by a vote of;
18 to 43. John Norris was present to see is,
When Mr. Carnegie was introducedby
Governor Beaver to the audience in tha
House of Representatives, he faced a nu
merous gathering of members of both.
Houses and distinguished and undistin
guished residents of Harrisburg. His part
ner, Mr. Phipps, was also an auditor, as
were Manager Bent and Superintendent
Felton, of thePennsylvaniaSteel Works, at
Steelton; Colonel Jame3 Young, large stock
holder in the concern, and Superintendent
Boyd, of the Cumberland Valley Railroad.
Mr. Carnegie's address in many particu
lars was verbally identical with his letters
published recently in The Dispatch. Ha
compared the growth of Pennsylvania with
that of sister States, and predicted that she
would ere long advance to the front, ahead
of New York, which depends chiefly for its
prosperity on external commerce, while
Pennsylvania's prosperity is dependent oa
internal commerce, and the latter represent
95 per cent of the trade of the nation.
As in his former speeches and letters,
Mr. Carnecie dwelt upon Pennsylvania'
industrial pre-eminence. He told the audi
ence about the discrimination between.
Pittsburg and Chicago in coke freights, be
tween the Hocking Valley and Pittsburg on
ore shipments irom lake ports, and about
the discrimination against Pittsburg in the
matter of rates to New York and Chicago,
as compared with the through rates between
these extreme points. In speaking of tho
coke discrimination he waxed warm and
The trains of coke pass through our own
grounds for nearly bait a milerwithin 100 feet
of our furnaces. We gave tnis right of way
gratis. Is, it to be expected tbat if we have to
close our works in consequence of railway dis
criminations I have uitea that these men stand
calmly by and see the Ohio and Chicago fur
naces fed while theirs" arei idle. Legislators of
Pennsylvania, the Arms I control have npon
their pay rolls 17,000 men. On behalf of this
great army of labor I, speak directly, but I
also represent many thousands more in Pitts
burg, I beseech yon., give ns, before yon ad
jonrn, a law that will seenre to Pennsylvania
the same rates for tbe same services tbat tbe
railroads of Pennsylvania give to. our com -petitors
in other States. We ask no more.
Turning to Governor Beaver Mr. Car
negie said: "I do not know butthatthe next
time I see you I may be under arrest, but, .
sir, I will trust to the clemencyand sense of
justice of a Chief Magistrate who fought so
gallantly for his country. I do not propose '
that any corporation that passes through our "
grounds shall deprive our workmen of
THE SOUTH TENN-.
Mr. Carnegie told tbe story of the South
Penn, He had promised half as much
toward the South Penn as Vander
bilt. -The latter gave $5,000,000, and Messrs.
Jones, Chalfant and Watson and Mr. Car
negie and his private partners furnished $2,
500,000. Mr. Vanderbilt, sick in mind and
body in Europe, was coerced into selling"
out to the Pennsylvania.
Mr. Carnezie then told of his labors with
the Vanderbilt boys, and how after he had
obtained the necessary Pittsburg signatures
to the reorganization agreement-the Penn
sylvania again triumphed with the Vander
bilts, and Mr. Carnegie advised his friends
to accept the offer of the latter to buy their
stock at 60 cents on the $1. Mr. Carnegie
Although the withdrawal of the Vanderbilts
was a surprise. I had been f nlly advised of the
vanla Railroad Comnany were pressing them " fl
again. Tbe truth is tbat the President and
first Vice President of, the monopoly coerced
the young Vanderbilts, and threatened destruc
tion to their varied interests if tbey dared to
interfere with the monopoly of transportation
in Pennsylvania, which jhe Pennsylvania Rail
road Company assumed as its right Thus this
railroad monopoly has done indirectly wbat the
courts prevented them from doing directly.
. SOUBCE OF THE MONEY.
They made a bargain, or came to an under
standing, with the Vanderbilts. Tbe money
paid to tbe South Pennsylvania people is not
Vanderbilt's money: it was or is to be taken
from the surplus of tbe Pennsylvania Railroad
Company in some form or other, so that tbe
Pennsylvania Railroad Company has nsed the
millions extracted unjustly from the State ot
Pennsylvania to prevent the southern counties
from obtaining railroad facilities. It is our
Pennsylvania money tbat prevents the devel
opment of Pennsylvania. You will notice in
tbe annnal report of the Pennsylvania Rail
road Company that 1,020,000 is handed over to
the Pennsylvania Company tbat Is. the com
pany that operates the lines of tbe Pennsyl
vania Railroad Company west of Pittsburg
that is not charged to that company, but tbe
Pennsylvania Railroad Company. Welt legis
lators of Pennsylvania. I do not know that this
is the first million of the money to be paid the
Vanderbilts. but I do know that In some un
derhand way the money or its equivalent will
It if the Constitution of Pennsylvania tbat
has been violated in spirit; the orders of your
courts that tbe monopoly bas made a mockery.
Perhaps yon may believe that an investigation
committee is imperative. If you so decide,
there will be no difficulty in getting at tbe
truth if yon will allow me to conduct the cross-
examination of President Roberts and Vice
President Thompson and one or two others.
Mr. Carnegie said many interesting things
and was often applauded. He brought
down the house when. SDeakinrofthe Sonth
'Pennsylvania matter, he remarked: "You ,
see, gentlemen, on this subject I do not have
to refer to mv notes." He asked for the. -
passage of a bill for the State similar to thet.
inter-State commerce law, and predicted, iff
nis laeas were carried ont, a inture lorvj
ll..... ..I ..1. ... 1. 1 J. .1.1. . A U V...AV (,.
A.cuuajrAvau. autu m uiq nuiiu ucta hh.
TAYLOE'S XITTLE SCHEME.
A Governor'sGame Nicely Blocked by 1
Nashville, April 8. Governor Taylo
tn 4n-M MnAAif niaiJi.ahia inniifnelinn ls-
vetoeing a bill for the removal and rebuild-J
ing or tne state .reniienuary .tie reserveaa
his veto until both Houses were ready ,'tJ
adionrn. when, for lack of a anorum. no ae-
tinn vmM hp. talfpn nnon the veto hv ithrf
Tft,ca " !
U.UU-.,.. , IV
The indignant legislators thereunon.voted
a recess to May instead of an adjournment,-'.
ana declare tnat wnen tney reassemble ther -
win pua uie uui uicf iiu yeio,
'J$. 'k ".