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THE' PITTSBima DISPATCH, SATURDAY,. APEIL. 13, - 1889.
This City's Cable Eailways,
"With Their New Charters,
PAY NO MOBE SEVENTIES.
Their Predecessors, With Horses for
Motors, All Contributed.
WHAT CONTROLLER MORROW BATS.
He is Looking Up the Lair on the Subject,
Which is Doulttol.
A HATTER TO INTEREST ALL CITIZENS
It appears that cable tailways are of no
especial advantage to the city treaiury.
They may be a blessing to mankind, they
are Talnable in swelling the receipts of
the railway companies, bnt it it suddenly
discoTered that they will actually cause a
reduction in municipal revenue.
"Without any knowledge of this fact, a re
porter of The Dispatch had gone to City
Controller Morrow .yesterday afternoon to
ask him this question:
".Will the increased number of can on
the cable roads yield an increase in the
special tax or license fees from the railway
It has.always been the financial policy of
the city government to assess street railway
companies on the number of cars they each
own $20 per annum for each car. This
fact suggested the reportorial inquiry.
"So," replied the Controller. "Not only
will we not receive larger taxes on account
of the larger number of cars used, but the
probabilities are that we will lose all tne
revenue; that has been heretofore derived
from the tax on horse cars."
INTESIIOATING THE MATTER.
Controller Morrow then stated that he was
investigating the matter. He bos not yet
come to any definite conclusion, but if there
is found to-exist the smallest chance of com
pellingthe companies to pay up, he will en
The obstacle lies in the reorganization of
the railway companies, and the passage of
new ordinances by City Councils, giving
them right of way over the public streets.
The Citizens' Passenger Bailway Company
paid into the city treasury from 1,200 to
$1,500 each year as tax on cars. These
were horse-cars, and the tax was imposed in
the Original right of way ordinance passed
20 odd years ago. "When it was decided to
change" the road to a cable line a new
charter was secured, the company reorgan
ized as the "Citizens' Traction Company,"
and under that title procured the passage
of a new.right of way ordinance.
This new ordinance does not impose a tax
per car. The old company ceased to exist
Therefore taxes assessed under the old ordi
nance can hardly be collected from the new
company, especially when the new ordi
nance says nothing about taxes.
The Controller has some hopes that ivesti
gatiou will show that the tax originally im
posed was to be collected from either the
company, its lessees or assigns. If that is
the case then the present oversight is reme-J
THE OIHEB IX)SSES.
The" case of the Central Traction Corn
pan v is peculiar. As the liinersville Street
Railway Company, the line always did pay
some $200 per year to the city, until about
five years ago, when an ordinance was
passed exempting it from farther payments
lor five years. It was done to encourage
what wasthcn regarded as an unsuccessful
enterprise. The five years' period will ex
pire next month, but now the llinersville
company has become the "Central Traction
Company," the work of constructing its
cable line is going on, and by its new ordi
nance no tax can be collected.
ThePittsburg Traction Company will not
pay any tax to the city either. Its right-of-way
ordinance does not require it to. Bnt
when it was simply the Pittsburg, Oakland
and East Liberty Bailway, with horse cars
and a one-hour schedule between Market
street and East Liberty it was exempt by a
snecial acto't the Legislature from all taxes.
The city anthorities in those early years
were caught napping. Gauged by its busi
ness and number of cars, the line would
have been paying $1,000 a year had it not
The sums of money now received annually
by the city from the other street railway
companies are: Pittsburg and Birmingham,
$1,100 to $1,200; Pittsburg, Allegheny and
Manchester. $200; Pleasant Yalley, $700;
"West End, $200.
A $500 CONTRIBUTION.
The Exposition Benefit Performance Not a
The benefit performance at the Bijou
Theater yesterday afternoon, under the
auspices of the Leader Publishing Com
pany for its popular Exposition fund, was
not so. successful as it should have been,
from a financial standpoint The proceeds
will not be over $500, according to toe state
ment of Mr. Frank Connelly, manager of
the affair. The attendance was small; but
the performance given was excellent The
Bijou orchestra played the opening over
ture. The Haydn Quartet rendered Dud
ley Buck's arrangement of "Annie Laurie."
Miss Lillian Burkhardt recited "The Old
Actor's Story," and Mr. J. A. and Miss
Agnes Yngeljsang delightfully a duet
The rendering of the third actof'Jim,
the Penman," by theMadison Square Thea
ter Company, was excellent
Mrs. Sharpe McDonald sang an aria from
"Der Freischutz." Prot Charles Gernert
acted -a director. Mr. C. V. Lewis and
Mr. "VT.T. Clinton gave in their inimitable
way some, German and. .Irish character
C. P. Stinson rendered banjo and mando
lin solos. Mr. E. H. Dermitt sang a vocal
solo. Miss Minnie Maddern appeared in
the third act of "In Spite of All."
Messrs. B. J. Cunningham and "W. "W.
"WhiteselLsang the dnet, "Love Qn." The
Academy of Music orchestra played an
overture, after which the three Carnos and
the two Barrows, of Harry Kernell's com
pany, appeared and gave pleasing perform
ances.1 Mr. Harry "Williams -was stage manager,
and the performance passed off very
TWAOTABLE WEDDINUS. '
FUUbarcera to Participate Next Week In
Very Klee Nuptials.
Invitations have been issued to the mar
riage of Dr. T. M. T. McKennan, of the
"Western Pennsylvania Medical College,
Pittsburg, and Miss Sallie Buff, of Chicago.
The ceremony will take place in'Chicago, at
the Grand -Central Hotel, on the 18th inst
In the Episcopal Church in "Washington,
Pa., on Tuesday next, Rev. J. DeQ. Done
hoo, a minister of the Episcopal Church
and a graduate of "Washington and Jefferson
College, will be married to Miss Bessie
Brown, of "Washington. The ceremony will
be performed by Bishop Courtlandt "White
head, of the Pittsburg diocese.
Rll I MVP becomes a member of an
Dlt-l "It Mpine Club, and describe
in tomorrovf DISPATCH how he will climb
mountain without fatigue, penetrate the mys
teries of volcanoes and make his -mark on the
K0TES ABD SQTI0NS.
Many Matters of Mbcd andvldttle Moment
Necessity knows no law It costs too much.
The man who shot through the door was cer
The Jelly Trust refuses to cllng'together. Of
course it is tooth In. '
It is no sign the Prohibitionist Is a sap head
because he has water oa the brain,
Ccbiotts Yes, the Allies are good batters.
Ton just ought to see them oa one.
The question of lady baseballists is "being
agitated. They are great on the catch.
That gentleman who asked another if he
weren't a liar probably read the answer in the
The chief point of difference between a fit
and a lean woman is certainly the embon
point Wm. somebody please define the point
where the enthusiast leaves off and the crank
T. KoxDi,of Toklo, Japan, -an engineer who
is studying American railroads, is at the Hotel
No matter what sort of investigation is pro-
Eosed for the Pen. Warden "Wright appears to
ave the whip band. "
"Errant papers! fluccount the License
Match and "Walkin' Court!' was the call of at
least one newsboy yesterday.
Peettt smart people, thosepen. legislators,
bnt there are smarter ones. A new coat of calci
mine is not unseasonable, anyway.
All the railroads report a great Increase in
the passenger business; and the baggage men
indorse their statement with a bang.
A Wksterw editor asks. "Where's Pitts
burg?" When Gabriel's horn blows that editor
will probably inquire, "What's.thatr'
Sevebat. tons of rock fell down on the Pan
handle Railroad track opposite Clinton Milfo,
yesterday, and delayed traffic several hoars.
Inspector McAleese charges William Mo
Farlandwith setting the Red Lion stables on
fire. He will be given a hearing Monday.
A Rochester paper has called Booth an old
hack. In the good old days they had a dash
board to prevent a Jackass from kicking at the
A eeeiqht wreck on the Baltimore and Ohio
Railroad, 60 miles west of Cumberland, caused
the "Western express to be three hours lata
Judgments were entered against the
Pemickey. f or the estate of J. H. Hays, amount
ing to 1293,500 on damages claimed for lands ap
propriated. Eixra Tebbts waist is the largest on the
stage 2S inches. Kate Vaugban has the
smallest 21J4 inches, a clear loss of 7K inches
The Allies were only beaten 8 to 2 yesterday.
Fortunately rain interfered or it would have
been 9 to 0, as the Pittsburgs were playing a
Gexebai. Manager Metcaxf, o t theLouis
ville and Nashvile Railroad, went West, yester
day, to make a tour of inspection of the lines of
Rev. J. X. McKalup, of .Beaver, will read
a paper in the minister's meeting Monday
morning on the subject "Homiletlo Culture
of the Preacher."
Bebks county farmers met and resolved
that Harrlsburg legislators are a set of "num
skulls. This will relieve the minds of some
people who feared they had no skulls at all.
A Freight wreck at Hunker's station, on
the southwest branch of the Pennsylvania
Railroad, demolished 16 freight cars yesterday;
The wreck was caused by a broken brake bar.
Miss Heaen asks that William Newman bo
appointed guardian for her 12-year-old sister.
This is the child over which there have been so
many legal squabbles on account of religious
If the person who wrote a communication
about 8. R. Kane's invention will write more
explicitly as to where the inventor and inven
tion canoe seen, there may be something of
interest in the item.
The Women's Christian Temperance Union
of the East End will hold a gospel temperance
meeting at Liberty Hall to-morrow afternoon
at 2:30. Rev. Mr. Core, of Wilkinsbarg, will
address the meeting.
A queer sort of civil government is to be
advocated in this city the latter part of the
month. They propose to run the government
on Christian principles. They are respectfully
referred to Wanamaker.
Secretary Bussey has pensioned an old
soldier who fell off a circus seat and was hurt
The veteran who was kicked by the tricty
army male will please range himself in line
and bring the kick with him. '
There will be a meeting of the officers of
the Hibernian Rifles, B. of R, to-morrow at 2
o'clock at Odd Fellows' Hall, McKeesport, and
all Interested in this order are respectfully in
vited by Major McKnight to attend.
Judge Ma gee says he has no power to
bring witnesses for the defense, at the expense
of the Commonwealth, from Kentucky. Will
iam Draper, who is to be tried next week for
the murder of Whalen, at Tom's Run, was the
Mrs. Jo sephine Cheatham: claims $10,000
damages from Thomas Moore, the McKeesport
distiller, alleging he sold her husband a man
of known Intemperate habits a gallon of
whisky while drunk, and he drank so much of
it it caused his death.
Mr. W. C. Bernakdi, of the Southslde,
writes to say it Is a mistaken idea that he is in
any way opposed to the early closing move
ment He says he has "always been and always
will be with the working people," by closing
his business at A o'clock.
Neither wings nor feathers of dead birds
will be worn on the latest styles of ladies' hats.
The nearly decimated ranks of the wild song
sters will trill in praise that their greatest ene
my, tender hearted woman, will confine her de
structive tendencies to man alone.
Constable McIneeny arrested P. J. Smith
and Emil Pearson, of Old avenue, on a charge
of illegal liquor selling. Mclnerny claims he
took the defendants to Central station, bat was
refused. He then tried to lodge them in jail
but failed, and was obliged to watch them at
RelUy's office until they were lodged in jail
The weather will be cooler, says the
prophet and we wish the gentleman in hoc,
for he thinks 'twill surely rain this evening,
and to Easter bonnets this will be a shock.
Fortunately, if we have a new hat we surely
have an umbrella, too, and the girl who stands
both wind and weather is certainly the girl for
me and you.
A Wisconsin genius has perfected an ar
rangement so that every time a Cincinnati man
blows the gas out nickel drops in the slot an
electric bell is rung, a stereoptlcon flashes up a
gicture of Bob Ingersoll and a wooden boot
lcks the Cin. man all over the room. If be
doesn't get onto himself by this time death is
made easy, and a phonograph winds him up
with one of kvarta' long sentences.
SHE TOOK PARIS QUEEN.
Another Woman's Attempt at Suicide on the
Mrs. John Steck, a resident of East street
in the Tenth ward, Allegheny, attempted to
commit suicide yesterday. She has been ill
for several weeks and it is believed she is
insane. About 2 o'clock yesterday after
noon she swallowed a large dose of pari
There was no other person in the house at
the time, and she was not discovered for
over an hour afterward, when she was found
by Fred Tschnmer, a grocer who lives in
the neighborhood. He immediately sum
moned Drs. Heron, Shillito and Blame,
whodid what they could for the woman,
but say she cannot recover.
Mrs! Steck is fit years of age and has a
family of six children. Her husband was
formerly the driver of the 'bus that traveled
between Allegheny City and "West View.
He is now employed at the People's Park
Passenger Street Bailway Company's sta
bles on East street
in to-morrow' Dispatch. The writer aescribet
in detail the polnUo the -game at played by
colored people in the South, and tpeakt of the
peculiar superstition connectedwiththe game,
A Letter From Dr. Haas Von Bnlovr.
The Knlbe pianos, which X aid not know
before, have been chosen for my present
concert tour in the United States by my im
pressario, and accepted by me on the rec
ommendation of my friend, Bechstein, ac
auaiuted with their merits. Had I known
lese pianos as now I do. I would have
chosen them by myself, as their sound and
touch are more sympathetic to my ears and
hands than all others of the coantrv.
De. HaSs Vok Botx)w.
"Ne-wYosx, April 6, 1888.
To Messrs. "Win. Knabe & Co."
MUST MR.. BEEP GO?
Such Was a General Terdict of the
Milk Dealers Last Sight
AT A MEETING IN IMPEBUL BALL,
An Organisation That Means toe Protection
of Its Members
AND MAINTENANCE OF DNIFOEMPEICES
If anyone entertained the idea yesterday
that the lacteal war would soon be over
that notion might have been soon dispelled
by the meeting of the milk dealers last
There were over 150 of them assembled in
Imperial Hall, from 8 o'clock until close
upon midnight It was a star-chamber
session of the first order. Reporters and
everybody not having proper credentials
were barred from the meeting. A good
many pointers of what transpired, however,
were obtained from some of the men as they
came out for a breath of fresh air. Said
""We want it to be thoroughly understood
that our organization is not fighting the
farmers; we are hot against Mr. Beed, and
the sooner that man ceases to be the farmers'
agent the sooner tbe milk war will be over.
But I tell you right here that, the milk
dealers as an organization will not buy one
drop of milk from this man who is trying to
ride the high horse and wants to force us
into buying milk from him.
TO COHFEB "WITH THE FABMEE&.
"A resolution has been passed to-night to
invite the farmers to meet us in a few days,
for the purpose of fixing the price of milk
with them. "We are willing to do that for
any period of time, either for six months or
a year; but Mr. Beed must be out of the
"But how about the agreement between
the farmers and Mr. Beed? "Wasn't it made
to last a year?"
"That agreement can be nullified at any
time, and a good many of the shippers
would be glad if it had never been made.
Why, the most of them say that they had
been led to understand that they could ship
their milk to the dealers just the same as
ever. In fact the agreement with Mr. Beed
was never properly explained to them. Then
there is another thing. I know that a num
ber of the shippers are sending their cans to
the dealers right along, but that by some
mysterious means the address of the dealer
is suDSUtuieu dt ine inarcierB vreuuery
Company, and that is a thing which will
"What has been the result of your at
tempt at organizing to-night?"
"The organization, has been completed.
It will be chartered .under the name of 'The
Milk Dealers' Protective Association of
Pittsburg and Allegheny.' The organiza
tion will, at certain times, fix a price for tbe
milk, and all members have to
PUT HP A f 100 BOND
as a guarantee that they will not undersell
any other member. A Board of Trustees
has been established, who will look after
the matter, and any report of underselunsJ
will "be investigated and the delinquent!
will lose, upon conviction, his $100, and he
will also lose his membership in the organi
zation" ' "What. price do you propose to pay the
"We have not settled upon that yet We
must first hear from the farmers what they
want, and we believe now that we are able
to come to terms with them; but 12 and 18
cents we are agreeable to give."
The officers ot the organization are
lollowing named gentlemen: '
Peter Hermes, President; R.- J. Hemingray,
Vice President; John Esplen, Secretary; John
Colligan, Treasurer: Trustees, George Eyricb,
J. D. Walker, a P. Walker, of Pittsburg; W.
Wallis, "W. Dilworth, A. Lindan, from Alle
gheny; M. "Wmterhalter, Phillip Delhi and
William Coulteryan, from the Sonthslde.
Milk Inspector McCutcheon inspected
over 700 gallons of milk at the Baltimore
and Ohio depot "Yesterday morning, and he
stated afterward that he fonnd 30 gallons
among them adulterated with water. This
mnc belonged to M. G. Hagemaier, from
White Hall station, H. T. Lynn, from
Salisbury, and J. H. Maitz, from Curry
station. Mr. McCutcheon made informa
tion against these farmers last night
AN INTERRUPTED MATCH.
The Allegbfiy Police Stop an Amateur
Pedestrian Coatest Small Scale Hippo
drome Don't Go.
The boys who reside in Woods' Bun are
well versed in all sporting events, and be
lieve they can do anything that anybody
eTse can do. They have formed baseball
clubs, practiced at boat-racing and are will
ing to meet any person of their age and size
in a pugilistic encounter. In the latter
they are very proficient, but the proficiency
obtained in the manly art has cost their
parents many a dollar, which went toward
reducing the taxes of Allegheny property
One of the sports that the Woods' Bun
vouths are not proficient in is pedestrian
ism. Their education in this has been neg
lected and yesterday a number of them de
termined to test their strength and power of
endurance. This was suggested to them by
the reports ol the international walking
match now in progress in this city. An in
formal meeting was held on one 'of the cor
ners at Woods Bnn yesterday, and it was
decided to engage in a 142-hour walking
match? Six persons whose ages range from
10 to 15 years at once entered their names
for the contest The next thing was to se
cure a place for the match.
It was decided to use Councilman Hart
man's large frame house on the property
adjoining the penitentiary, which had been
occupied as a wigwam by the Ninth Ward
Bepublican Club during the campaign.
The door was locked, but that was a trifling
obstacle and the boys were soon in posses
sion. A track was made and measured off and
the six contestants started. They had cov
ered about ten miles each when Mr. Hart
man discovered thev Were occupying his
building without having made any arrange
ments with him for the use of the same. H,e
notified Officer Laughrey, who swoojed
down on the young pedestrians andgatheted
them in. The timekeeper and spectators
The boys were sent to the lockup in the
patrol wagon, and gave their names as
William Harris. John Davis, Jacob Whit
mer, John Williams, George James and
FrankBuckley. Their parents put up $15
for each of the prisoners, and they will be
given a hearing before Mayor Pearson this
A C1TIL GOVERNMENT.
Meetings to be Held In This City Advo
cating Christian Principles.
Something unique In the civil govern
ment line will be heard in Pittsburg April
23, 24 and 25, when a national conference
on the Christian principles of civil govern
ment will be held In Old City Hall. Ber.
David McAllister is in charge of the ar
rangements for tbe meetings, ,.
An eloquent call to these meetings is
issued by Felix B. Brunot President of the
National Beform Association, and the
topics to be discussed are full of everyday
Interest, such as marriage and divorce,
Christian government, profanity, the
Chinese and the Indian qnestion, etc.
WOMAN'S INFLUENCE ?n
row' Dispatch by tin. Frank Leslie, mho
declare that man it at once a tyrant and a
ttave, tpeakt of ffUinbornpower of women and
civet tome advice to scolding wive. ,
THEY THINK "SHE'S CRAZY. "
Experts Will Have to be Colled Next Week,
However, la tbe Cass of Daisy Hotchln
Yesterday afternoon inrther testimony in
the insanity proceedings instituted by Mrs.
Blume, the sister of Margaret Besendorf,
against tbe latter, who, is well known as
"Daisy Hutchinson," was taken before
Commissioner Shoemaker: Mary Shaner, a
domestic employed at Mrs. Besendorfs
house in Allegheny, testified that she had
worked there since March 4, and that Mrs.
Besendorf frequently grew-exclted, spoke of
an Englishman who was plotting to secure
her money, and she was afraid to drink cof
fee, fearing it had been poisoned. Testi
mony, was continued as follows:
Miss Shaner testified that ber mistress some
times imagined that her sister, Mrs. Blume.
had been murdered and the body placed in tbe
trunk of a man named Morgan, who roomed in
the house. The witness was cognizant of Mor
gan's arrest but never saw him act suspi
Constable A H. Heiner, of Alderman Mo
Master's office, knew Mrs. Besendorf for eight
years. She came to his office one day to sne
"Jew John," an Individual who, she affirmed,
was seeking her money, and sho also wished to
make an information against Dick Laird who,
she said, constantly followed her. No Informa
tion could be made on her statements,however.
The witness stated that Mrs. Besendorf was
greatly excited, and spoke of her .sister who,
she wished, coald be found, as sho feared she
had been murdered.
Mrs. Mary Smith met Mrs. Besendorf onthe
street In Allegheny, in front of tbe tetter's
house, in March. She appeared excited about
her sister, who, she imagined, was murdered
and the body deposited in a truck.
Superintendent of Police Gamble Weir was
called and testified that lie had known Mrs.
Besendorf, or "Daisy Hutchinson," for five
years. She came to his office one night to ap
ply for protection from "Jew John" and a
lodger at her house named Morgan, both of
whom were plotting against her life and
money. Her appearance was very excitable,
and twice she broke down and cried greatly.
Mr. Weir was aware .of Morgan's arrest and
discharge March 1Z
William Morgan, a very entertaining En
glishman, testined that he boarded at Mrs.
Besendorfs house, at No. 169 Federal street
Allegheny. He said:
"I had been there but a short time, wben.
one morning, Mrs. Besendorf came to my room
and said: 'Mr. Morgan, there is something
wrong, very wrong. Some one In this house
is plotting to rob me of my money; but I will
lay a trap for them; indeed I will, and shall
catch them.' I did not think she suspected me.
and asked her it she did. She evasively replied
that something was wrong. A few mornings
after I arose early on account of a toothache
and went downstairs. I opened a small door
to get oat The door closed behind me, and I
found myself entrapped, both doors had been
locked after me. I was arrested, taken before
the Mayor and charged with being suspicious.
I was honorably discharged honorably, quite
honorably yes, sir, I assure youl She spoke ot
her sister frequently, and said she bad been
Constable Porter, of Alderman McMasters'
office, testified that he had seen Daisy In Dr.
Mercar's office, greatly excited. He met her
at tbe Seventh Avenue Hotel, when she used
strange language. Tie witness stated that he
took her to St. Francis Hospital. Charles F.
McKenna, jq., counsel for the prosecution,
asked Mr. Porter if he thought Mrs. Besendorf
capable of taking care of herself and managing
her business. The defendant's counsel objected
to the question, on tbe ground that the witness
was not an expert in judging. The objection
was sustained by the Master, and the hearing
adjourned, to assemble again next Ihursday
QDAT TO GET "WHATHE WANTS.
Senator Stocknrtdao' Views oa the Situa
tion In Pennsylvania Ualstend for Gov
ernor and Senator. 4
Senator Stockbridge, of Michigan, passed
through the city last evening on his way to
Chicago. He was in a talkative mood and
made some interesting remarks. According
to his views Postmaster General Wana-
. maker and Hon. M. S. Quay have some ar
rangement whereby the various offices in
Pennsylvania will De nilea satisfactorily to
everybody except some of the lesser lights
in politics. Who these "lesser lights" are
he did not say, but he did remark that
Colonel Quay would get what he wanted.
He thinks General Harrison's policy in
the South will be to give the offices to such
Bepublicans as have tthe business capacity
to nil them and at the r-same time have the
respect of the people. "It has too often
been the case," he says, "that Northern
carpet-baggers have been given positions be
cause they attended conventions 'and made
people believe they were the representative
Bepublicans of the South. They are hated
by those around them in the South and lead
them to believe that the entire party in the
North is composed of such men as they are.
This does much to prevent the organization
of the Bepublican party in the South."
In speaking of the Murat Halstead affair,
Mr. Stockbridge said that man wasrejected,
jiot because he was unfit for the office, but
on purely personal grounds. This will onl v
cause his friends to become firmer and ft
may result in his election as Governor of
Ohio, and alter that he may go to the Sen
ate. He said that Sherman's plea for Hal
stead's confirmation was one of the greatest
efforts of his life.
A Lecture on tbo Unique History of the Old
Church of Scotland.
Joseph Bowes, Esq., delivered an inter
esting lecture in the Central Beformed Pres
byterian Church, on Sandusky street, Alle
gheny, last evening, on the subject:
"Struggles of the Scotch Covenanters for
Civil and Beligious Liberty." The proceeds
were for the benefit of the church. Mr.
Bowes is a very entertaining talker, and
held the attention of the audience for an
hour and a half.
He reviewed the history of the church
from the martyrdom of Patrick Hamilton,
in 1528, to the restoration of 1638, which
brought William of Orange to the throne of
England. He also spoke of the signing of
the national covenant by James VI., and its
renewal in Gray Friar's Churchyard, at
Edinburgh, in 1638, and the ejectment of
nearly 400 Presbyterian ministers in 1662.
The lecturer'told of the trials and suffer
ings they endured in defending the rights
and liberties of the Church of Scotland. A
number of portraits of prominent Covenant
ers were shown to the audience.
THE CLOCK BUSINESS tfEXT.
The Western Union Telesraph Company to
The Western Union Telegraph Company
will introduce in this city the synchronized
self-winding clocks, provided they can get
enough subscribers -to their time signal
service. , The clocks are Wound by a small
electric motor inside. Wires connect with
the telegraph office, and by means of elec
tricity the clock is regulated by observatory
A subscriber is charged a stated fee per
month, and the telegraph company keeps
the clocks in repair.
WASHINGTON'S NEW CABLE E0ADS.
Members of the Board of Directors on a
Tour of Inspection.
Messrs. William Hurt, George C. Glover
and William B. Beilly, of the Washington
and Georgetown Street Bailway Company,
were atTJ"niondepotastevening,en youte for
Washington, D. O. They had been inspect
ing the cable roads of Chicago, Kansas City
and Omaha. -
The Seventh avenue and Fourteenth
street roads in Washington are to be
changed to cable lines by the company of
which they are directors, before next fall.
Irenchpolitict are described in to-morrovft Dis
patch by Henry Baynie, who givet short pen
and ink tketchet of those member of the HYench
press who have won world-wide reputations.
Db. B. M. Hann a. Eyewear, nose and
throat diseases exclusively. Office, 718 Penn
street, Pittsburg, Pa. s&sn
All the latest novelties in men's fine
neckwear at James H Aiken & Co.'s, 100
Pointed Out by a Pitlsbnrger Who
Studies Transportation Facts.
ENORMOUS EECEIPT8 UNREPORTED
According to the Way -He Figures It Out,
With Coke as a Basis.
AN EXTEA .SESSION IS SUGGESTED
Mr. John Hood, who declined to talk a
few days since on the burning question of
discrimination in freight carrying rates by
rail on the ground that he never wished to
express himself until he had decided what to
say.unlimbered yesterday and talked freely:
The figures he furnished make instructive
reading. Mr. Hood has given the subject
more thought than most people. He said :
This question of dlscrimhmtion in freight
rates has been agitated In our State for many
years, and no effectual remedy has been
adopted to correct the abuse. The Constitu
tion as adopted In 1873 contemplated a remedy,
and one clause required that the General As
sembly shall enforce by appropriate legislation
the provisions of this article (17). But the
Legislature refuses to do so. although each
member takes a solemn oath to support and
defend the Constitution.
The Chamber of Commerce and the Grain
and Flour Exchange have passed many resolu
tions and sent several committees to the Leg
islature to urge upon that body the necessity
of enforcing the Constitution by statute law,
but to no avail thus far, and now come Mr.
Carnegie and several large manufacturers pro
claiming aloud that If the abuse la not cor
rected manufacturing and commerce will be
driven'from the State, and, more particular,
from Pittsburg. Mr. Carnegie asserts, truth
fully, that the rate from Pittsburg to Chicago
or New York is 60 per cent of the through rate
or tbe two locals is 20 per cent more than the
A BIO BEEACH AT' BEST.
That has been the discrepancy for years, and
previous to tbe passage of the inter-State law
the difference between some points was1 over
0 percent; but even 20 per cent on a 25 cent
rate between Chicago and NeV York-) amounts
to f 1 per ton, while the annual reports of the
Pennsylvania Bailroad Company show
its gross earnings from freight In
1887 were less than 90 cents per ton,
in which were Included terminal charges
while the average distance they hauled one ton
of freight in the years 1886 and 1887 was be
tween 125 and 130 miles. Suppose we stop and
consider these results and compare them with
their tariff sheets and see It it doos not show a
more glaring outrage on the patrons of the
road than any ST Mr. Carnegie's figures. In
1883 the gross earnings were from
freight $23,820,802 on 28,420,948 tons:
in 1887 the eamlrgs were 123,720,014
on 80,847,635 tons. Divide the proceeds by the
tons and you have the earnings per ton.
Examine the tariff figures below and see how
you would get the average rate down to 90c
per ton on an average haul of 127 miles.
: Z J 1 5 8 8 : 3 z -
: P ? ? g a S P : P ?
10.... 1 M 120 13) 100 100 1 to 60 SO 46 38
41.... SCO 2 80 2 60 1 70 1 50 1 40 98 82 78 S3
81.... SCO 440140240220200140122106 8S
127.... 8406404203 10 2602201721561321 1
358 .... 11 eolO 007005204202603062632 43 22S
Up to class S goods designated are miscella
neous: from the fifth on they are Hoar, grain, fire
brick, blooms, pig Iron, Iron ore, stone, etc.
The rate from Pittsburg to Philadelphia is
S3 60 on sixth class grain, flour, etc., or more
than 90c per ton on tbe average haul of say 127
miles. Of course some classes of throngh
freight earn less than 90c per ton on the aver
age distance, but there is only 7 per cent of the
tonnage throuah freight and then compute the
charges on the short hauls and high class
goods and you must be convinced that all ship-
Jiers do pot pay tariff rates, or millions of dol
arsdonot show up in the annual statements.
BEGABSCtO THE SEMEDT,
Now what is the remedy for all this discrimi
nation, which is not against Pittsburg alone,
but Is against the whole State as you will no
tice by the charges on the short hauIsT "Why
enforce the provisions of the 16th and 17th ar
ticles of tbe Constitution by statute law with
severe penalties, all in harmony with the Inter
State law. Had those provisions of our organic
law been enforced 15 years ago ihundreds of
millions of dollars that went into the pockets
of a few individuals would have been divided
among the many. Yes, and the South Penn
Bailroad would have been built.
The parties that slaughtered that enterprise
would not have attempted It if a criminal code
prohibiting such manipulation had been in our
Btatute -books. Yes, and tbe South Penn road
would doubtless have been carrying more
freight to-day than any 250 miles of road that
has been built since it was commenced.
Captain Dravo introduced a bill at the last
session that would have enforced every section
in articles 16 and 17, but it prohibited the free
pass ontrage, therefore it was strangled in tbe
Judiciary Committee rooms. It would bo bet
ter for the State to pay all the officers in Its
employ double their present salaries than to al
low the railroad companies to supplement their
salaries 20 per cent as a bribe In tbe shape of
The Wherry bill now pending will correct
some of the abuses, but it only covers two sec
tions In article 17. In conversation with Mr.
Wherry relative to adding another section or
two to his bill, he said he would like to have
more added, but thought it best to make the
bill short and get a commencement made to
ward enforcing that portion of our organic law,
and perhaps that Is the best policy.
A TEET SBABF INQUIRY.
Mr. Carnegie complains of the 70 cents rate
on coke from the coke regions. I suppose the
average distance Is about 60 miles. One rea
son he gives is that about the same service Is
given to Chicago parties for 30 cents per ton.
There is certainly no equity in those two rates,
but there is a more serious phase demonstrated
in those charges than the difference between
30 and 70 cents. You will notice 60 miles Is less
than half the average haul, while 70 cents Is
near 80percent of the average earnings. That
shows that even coke is paying more than 90
cents per ton on a 127-mile haul.wblle first-class
freight pays $6 40 per ton. where does the
money go that reduces the average earnings to
less than 90 cents per ton?
It has been condemned as unjnst and op
presslvego tax our citizens excessive rates to
make up losses and put into the surplus fund a
sum aggregating S4,000,000'annually. Of course
it is; but It hurts worse and is more demoraliz
ing to tax them millions of dollars that don't
show up in the annual statements.
In regard to tbe difference on long and short
hauls, tbe committees of our exchanges ad
dressed letters to the Joint Execntire Commit
tee on Freight Bates, relative to excessive rates
on Pittsburg freight as compared with
through rates some years ago. Albert Fink,
Chairman of tbe committee, wrote September
25,1883, "That it is the practice of all rail
roads, and no doubt a correct one. to charge a
somewhat higher rate per mile on freight
hauled a short distance than on that hauled a
longdistance, because the terminal expenses
of the railroad companies are the same in
either case. Tbe charges for the cost of mov
ing the freight per ton per mile are about the
Thus, you see, Commissioner Fink Is on
record against any more charges on short hanls
than on the long haul, except a fair charge for
There are other important measures pending
before our Legislature at present that are inti
mately connected with freight discrimination
'and of as much importance to our city and
State as freight rates. First, the bill to carry
oat the third section of Article 16 of the Con
stitution relative to "tbe right of eminent do
main." ALL EPFOBTS X. O. SO FAB.
The provisions of the bill and its tribulations
in tbe Bailroad Committee were thoroughly set
fortaJn tbe columns of The Dispatch on
Thursday morning. Several committees have
been before tbe Railroad Committee of the
House explaining and urging the necessity of
tbe law; but, from tbe Information we get jn
Thursday's Dispatch, their labors "were no
good." The immense tonnage of our city, as
set forth In the pamphlet laid before them, tbe
sharp competition with other cities, requiring
that heavy tonnage, -won't bear a charge of
$5 to 310 per car for hauling In wagons: 1
tne revolution in switcmng ccarges in our
city since the Pittsburg and Lake Krie Rail
road and the Junction roads were built, say
from $5 and S7 per car reduced to 000;all of which
"don't count"at Harrlsburg.
I learned that one of the committee expressed
himself by saying that "the arguments in favor
of the bill were good, but we cannot go back on
our. friends." Perhaps he voiced the senti
ment ot the majority of the committee, and
tbey may have concluded to strangle the "bill,
as the boy said, "while It Is bornln'." -
Second, the grade crossing bill, which is in
tended to prevent any more new railroads from
entering Pittsburg or Philadelphia, ot course
the monopolists used Satanic language by
namtag It a bIH to protect life and property, all
of which has been thoroughly exposed through
the columns of our dally papers that are friend
ly to Pittsburg's prosperity. . ,
AIT EXTBA SESSION SUaOESTED.
It may be necessary, in view of the situation
as portrayed by the manufacturers, for the
Chamber of Commerce an other organized
bodies to petition tbe Governor to call an extra
session of the Legislature, provided this session
falls to carry outthe wishes of the people, as it
Is "manifest now that the henchmen of the
monopolists are determined to beat the people
by strategy from now to the close of the pres
ent session. It is encouraging to see the people
aroused as they have never been before. They
are tbe sovereigns in this land, and tbey will
eventually teach their rulers that they must be
respected. The slave power domineered over
this nation for many years. But when Chief
Justice Taney laid down the doctrine that
"slaves had no rights that white men were
bound to respect' tbey came to the turning
point Jn their career of tvranny. The battle
cry in tbe campaign of I860 was opposition to
tbe dictates of the stave power, and who
knows but tbe battle cry of I860 in Pennsyl
vania may be opposition to the dictates of
grasping monopolists. If so, tbe people may
compel their rulers to realize even before tbo
day of their death that Justice is one of God's
nilina the noted authoress, makes an
U U I Un, eloquent plea in to-morrow' DIS
PATCH for the better treatment of horse, de
clare that womin are more brutal than men,
and tpeakt of the cruelty of racing young
That "Wonderful Sight at Kleber'a
Presented by the ne stock of Steinway,
Conover and Opera pianos cannot be prop-
verlv described, but must be seen in order to
realize mat me boss piano estaoiisumenb ui
Pittsburg and "Western Pennsylvania is that
of H. Kleber & Bro., 50ff Wood street. The
variety of fancy woods from all quarters of
the globe, and the exquisite shades of musi
cal tones, will convince anyone that outside
the music of the spheres the music produced
by the 'pianos at Klebers' rooms is the best
that this sublunary world of ours can pro
duce. Call at Klebers' and feast your eyes
and ears. Quite a number of pianos were
bought and marked for spring delivery.
"We want all buyers of clothing to call and
see us to-day, especially nobby dressers.
"We've got the finest and best goods that are
produced. "We claim and do name lower
prices for fine clothing than our competitors,
and we are ready to back these statements
up with goods and prices. "We display the
finest line of $10 and f 12 suits shown, and
our line spring overcoats, silk-faced and
very English, h.ve made a big hie The
prices of them are $10, $12 and $15.
P. C. C. C,
Cor. Grant and Diamond sts., opp. the new
SANITABTOM and "Water Cure. The only
Eastern institution in which mud baths are
fiven. Steam-heating and electric lights,
laths, massage and electricity by trained
manipulators. Address John S. ifarshall,
M. D., Green Spring, O.
Iext Tuesday and "Wednesday at Bosen
baum&Co't. Add 20 drops of Angostura Bitters to
every glass of impure water you drink.
WE HAVE PUT
Forth our best efforts to secure a spring stock
of Dress Fabrics at prices that will save you
money, and admit of a selection of choice and,
artistic weaves In
FOREIGN DRESS GOODS.
Silk values unsurpassed. Best qualities of
Black Dress Silks, Sarahs, Failles and Printed
Indlas. Short lengths of plain and fancy Silks
at bargain prices.
An immense variety of new weavtu In RT, A crtr
DRESS FABB1CB. Silk warp specialties from
II and up. Black Henriettas, 65c, 75c and SJL.
EVEBY DEPARTMENT COMPLETE.
Trimmings and Buttons I Underwear, Hosiery,
to match Dress Goods. I Corsets and Gloves.
Ladies'and Children's Suits.
Side Band Noveltle. nice Quality French
Saltings, S12, 15 and J18.
Handsome trimmed suits. flS, $20, 25.
Two toned suits, J15, 118, $25.
Black cashmere suits, $12, flS to $20.
Black Henrietta suits, f 16, $18, B0.
Latest styles for Children and Misses' Cloth
Suits, braid trimmed, $2 and up.
Cashmere Suits, metallic trimmings, (4 and
,"We are selling Jaunty lace sleeve and beach
grenadier mantalette at $3 SO.
Full-beaded, silk-lined mantalette specialties
at 13, $4, $5 to $25.
Faille silk, lace and bead or braid silk-lined
mantles, $9, f 10, tl5 and $20.
BIBER I EABTDN,
605 AND 507 MARKET ST.
TIE BEST MAYUflE CHEAPEST.
The thinking public knows that they can
A Gold Dollarfor 50 Cents.
We will therefore adhere to our original res
olution, not to carry any ot the so-called cheap
goods, but will at all times give
THE BEST F0RTHE MONEY.
"When at any time we are fortunate enough
A GOOD ARTICLE,
below the regular price, we will give our cus
tomers the benefit. We have lust had the good
fortune to obtain two such rxritles, and have
placed on sale 100 dozen CHILDREN'S ONYX
FAST BLACK HOSE, all sizes, at 25 cents.
This celebrated brand is positively tast
black and will not color tbe feet.
Twenty-live dozen 5-button Kid gloves, with
new stitching, 75centS. Notwithstanding the
low price, we will lit every pair and guarantee
. GENUINE FOSTER GLOVES,
With 6 Improved Hooks, at$L
Who would not give A DOLLAR for a good
corset anifhave It fitted? We have a conven
ient fitting room and an experienced lady fitter,
the only one outside of N ew York. Every lady
should have a corset fitted before getting ber
new dress. This Is the only way to obtain a
perfect shape. We carry the best and com
pletest line of corsets in the city, from Toe up
to $8 50.
Our line of Windsor ties, rucbiegs, collars
and cuffs, handkerchiefs, veilings, lawn ties,
fans, umbrellas, chatelaines, with belts to
match, pocketbooks, bustles, muslin under
wear and white aprons is the choicest in the
LADIES' AND CHILDREN'S FINE FUR
612 Penn avenue, above Sixth street.
EW MAPLE SYRUP-STRICTLY PURE,
of choice analitv. in gallon cans, recelv
Eg and for sale at lowest prices, wholesale sad
- JNO.A.RENSHAW4CO., 4
sahlS-ws liberty and Ninth su.
BOOMING THE 7NT.
Tlw Washington Iaaaaara! Ceatenlal
Described ta GHowiag Terms.
The Finance Committee of the Washing
ton Inaugural Centennial Committee met
yesterday in the Grain and Flour Exchange.
The reports received were favorable and in
dieate that the. necessary funds will be
raised with little difficulty. Enough money
has been subscribed to pay the expenses of
everything except the fireworks. It will re
quire $1,000 for this.
A letter to the press, setting forth in de
tail what has before been printed locally as
the programme for April 30. was mailed to
100 country newspapers. The religious
services in all the churches in the morning;
the grand parade and 5,000 children's jubi
lee in the afternoon; the national ' salutes,
and the addresses by Messrs. McKinley,
Adams and King at Grand Central Rink, in
the evening, as well as the fine fireworks,
are all described In glowing terms.
A Worthy Coadaetor's Promedol ,
Mr. Robert E. Boyd, who has acted a
conductor for the Chicago Limited since it
was placed on the road, made his last trip
yesterday. He will leave Chicago to-day' to
take charge of the new Golden Gate Special '
between Omaha and San Francisco.
photography, contributed by prominent ama-
and will be full of useful information for loven
EASTER MILLINERY '
'10 . -'
-" ,r z:,. t "rim?
EXHIBITION OF NOVELTIES
i ZZZ3 - &tiiJ
"r -i t.j
. . jftri
rArtA&UlwS, , - .
V, r tT.
FRIDAY AND SATURDAY
OF THIS WEEK.
We trust all our friends will see this ?
announcement, as we want them all ta '
be present on these days, if possible.
We have made special efforts to make a
handsome showlngof the choicest styles
in Bonnets -and Hats, and in PaxaioIs"r
have many exclusive novelties.
The Henrietta Black Satlnes are add
proof. You cannot change their beauti
ful glossy black the best made in black
and in black 'with white figures to be
had here only.
Fancies inWoolens and Silks prices
lower than ordinary, hence the activity
in these two big departments.
Choice styles in fancy Mohairs and
new patterns in Printed ChaUles: hun
dreds of pieces to select from.
New Dress Trimmings here In RIoh '
Bead Appliques and Embroidered Gal-'
loons and Cloth Bands. Fringes in the
latest novelties silk and quills.
Complfte stock of Spring and Sum- -
mer Fabrics in Mourning Dress Good.
Department Bordered and Hem
stitched Veilings, snk and Wool Black
Goods our specialty.
Housekeepers visit the Curtain Room'
and our Linen Department. Many at-1
tractions there. -
JOB. HDRNE I EO
PENN AVENUE STORES.
rtONSTJME YOUR OWN GARBAGEiTN
j stoves and ranges while using the same for
cooking, or any other purpose, by ustsg the
Kureka Garbage Burner. For ulBStrativs cir
cular, containing full information, call oa or
63 East Diamond street,
je5-n5T-TT3 Allegheny. Pa.
EHH FOB LENT-EXTRA MESS MACK
EREL, Nova Scotia aalaoa, tmeksd sal
mon and Yarmouth bloaters. Klfpead herring
and Flndon baddies la ease, f res and spiced
salmon and mackerel in Mas. JNO-A-BF"