Newspaper Page Text
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Are Highly Honored Wherever
Waved in English Places
CHANGE OF SENTIMENT,
TMtes and Natives on the West
Coast of Africa at War.
A COLD SNUB FOE GEN. BOULANGEE.
the Bnuntvnny Frenchman Not Invited to
Attend the Frlrate View of the Royal
Academy Exhibition A Dacal Divorce
Case Hard to Keep Quiet A High Flyer
Lives His Life in One Tear An Empty
Fane Prevents a Shrewd Female Prison
er'! Escape O'Brien Sues the Premier
for Llbellnff BIm In a Pnblic Speech
Mnny Child Murders Committed In Eng
, land to Obtain the Insurances.
For tome not folly explained reason the
American flag is cheered and all allusions
to this country meet with applause nowa
days in London theaters and music halls.
This was not always so. Whites and na
tives are slaughtering each other on the
Vest coast of Africa, they don't know why.
O'Brien sues Lord Salisbury for libeling
him in a speech at "Watford. A quadruple
fight is on between eminent London divines.
A series of brilliant-as-possible-under-the-circumstances
drawing rooms arebeing given
ty the British royal family.
tBT CABLE TO THE DISPATCH.!
London, May 4. Copyright. There
,1s a significant and remarkable change of
late in the attitude of Englishmen, and
particularly of the English press, toward
America. All the London dailies since the
beginning of the Centennial inauguration
ceremonies in New York have published
leaders commenting in the most complimen
tary fashion on American events. Particu
lar stress is laid on the fact that the Samoan
conference in Berlin is carried on in Eng
lish, and this conference is looked upon as
the debut of the United States in European
The change in our favor in other quarters
is deo4c ed. Last year about this time the
iom.dians of the different theaters were un
easing in their satire upon things American,
. ad they usually had the sympathies of the
ouse with them.
Donnelly Did the Damage.
One Ignatius Donnelly, who then existed
S the newspapers by -reason of -a shadowy
ufld nebuljts connection with Shakespeare,
was at that time a large and shining object
for the shafts of British theatrical wit. The
association of America with Donnelly was
so common that a roar of derision invaria
bly followed the mention of either name.
The music halls were also resonant with
strident-voiced females singing ditties which
terminated with a flushed assertion that
English girls were good enough for any
man to wed, and slighting remark! were
passed on the Duchess of Marlboro and the
Lady Randolph Churchill.
Too Stars and htripes Honored.
Now the American flag is waving in a
number ot London theaters, and it is greeted
In a fashion that is rather startling. At
the most pretentions ballet ta-1 London has
ever seen there is a parade of soldiers of
different nations, and the audience expresses
its sentiments as the flags are brought tor
ward to the national airs. The British flag
is of course cheered first, then comes the
German standard and hisses and shrieks of
"Battenberg," after which there is usually
a more or less riotous demonstration against
the Bnssian Imperial standard. At the tail
end of the procession a Ecore of Yankee
middies bring the American flag down to
the footlights. It takes.
Onr Flat Is Still There.
Everybody was surprised at the reception
this flag received on the first night Pro
longed applause turned into cheering, and
ever since the Stars and Stripes have played
'the most conspicuous part in the spectacle
In the Gaiety and Avenue Theaters the
flag is also produced alongside of the British
colors, with an effect that is the more strik
ing since the flag is so seldom cheered in
public at home. American slang in its an
glicised and incomprehensible form is in
" creasing its foothold. I do not think any
body has a remote idea what it refers to, but
it probably has some connection with a
Fred Grant Was Exactly Right.
Outside the special celebrations in honor
of Washington's inaugural, the most con
spicuous American event of the week was
the "Waller banquet, at which the genial
Consul General carried off all the honors.
"The Star Spangled Banner" was sung,
very much out of tune, but with thorough
enthusiasm, by 234 guests, who showed no
indications of unruliness until Colonel Fred
Grant arose in response to a toast and an
nounced in a turgid way that he did not
know how to make a speech. He had
scarcely finished the sentence when there
was a sudden, but powerful, indorsement
among his hearers, which was fortunately
checked by the Chairman before it assumed
HAED TO KEEP QUIET.
- A Duke's Dlrorce Case That the Public Will
Demand to Hear All Abont.
fsT CABLB TO THI DISPATCH.
London, May 4. The Duke of Kew
' castle, it is alleged, is quietly falling into
line in the procession that is moving per
ri petnally in England toward the Divorce
'Couzt. " He is an, undersized and deformed
, peerj whose marriage recently created a
IE good deal of comment.
Sf The whole family influence will probably
jjf be brought to bear on the case, but it is
doubtful if that will prevent publicity.
The Empress of Austria Convalescent,
nrr CA3LKTO Tint uisrATcn..
Loxdoj.-. 31a v 4. The Empress of Anu
ria, who has been suffering from rheuma-
W;.m "nnd metal affection, is better. She will
prolong her stay at "Wiesbaden to the 23d
3f this month. - v
THE D0GS0F WAS
Howling and Tearing Around at a Lively
Sate on the West Coast of Alrlca
Natives and Whites slaugh
tering Each Other.
tBT CUT.H TO TUB DISPATCH.1
London, May 4. The west coast of
Africa just now is an unusually unpleasant
place for Europeans to live or die in. Na
tives and white men alike are slaughtering
each other with a vigor which is most as
tonishing, considering the torrid climate,
and up to the date ot the last dispatches,
the dogs of war were howling and tearing
around with undiminished zest. How the
trouble arose nobody seems exactly to
know. The Badical members of the House
of Commons, who discussed the matter in
connection with the financial estimates last
night, lay the blame upon British officials,
who, to avenge the accidental shooting ot
Magistrate Dalrymple, went on the war
path and sent an expedition chiefly consist
ing of ferocious native allies, who gleefully
devastated thousands of square miles o'f
country and killed S00 men add 200 women
and children in what is euphenistically
"Since tben.most of the fighting has been
inter-tribal and of the ghastliest possible
character. The Creekas last month invited
thelbos to come and trade with them. The
invitation was accepted in good faith, but
the trading proved to be quite onesided.
One hundred and thirty-six Ibos were mas
sacred in the coldest of blood. "What fol
lows is guaranteed by British officers to be
correct. The Creekas, men, women and
children, ran through the town brandishing
bits ot Ibos and drinking Tbos blood out of
mugs which they carried. The head Men
held high festival at the Juju house.
Human flesh baked, boiled and dried was
the chief item in the awiul banquet, and
afterward the fragments that remained were
sold by native auction.
To add to the trouble the Germans have
just taken a hand in the game, a German
gunboat having gone up Old Calabar river,
captured a king or two and knocked a few
villages about the inhabitants' heads.
THE EOYAL ACADEMY SHOW.
A Number of Good Pictures, But Boulanger
Not Asked to See Them.
IBYCABLI TO TUT DISPATCH.!
London, May 4. Yesterday was private
view day at the Boyal Academy, and more
distinguished people were gathered there,
probably, than can be seen together in Lon
don during the rest of the year. Mr. Glad
stone was one of the first arrivals. He wore
a black Inverness cape and a weather
beaten silk hat, and looked as vigorous and
majestic as ever. The other Liberal leaders
were there in force. There was considerable
excitement as to whether General Boulanger
would come. He did not do so, and I have
since heard that the academy authorities
did not extend the much-coveted private
view invitation to the General, although
he expected it confidently and cheerfully.
The exhibition is what old connoisseurs
call a young man's one. The picture which
attracted most attention was Orchardson's
"ToungDuke." It represents the coming-of-age
festivities of a young French Duke of
the Begency period. His face already
stamped by debauchery, he lolls at the
head of the table, surrounded by peers and
flatterers. Great attention has been paid to
detail, and the picture is prophetic of the ap
proaching fate of the French aristocracy.
Sargent, the American artist, has a por
trait of Henschel, the singer, which is a
very striking likeness. Herkomer, whose
portraits of Miss Grant and an American
lady, so well received last year, sends a
portrait of Lady Eden, -an effort in the same
direction. Sir Edwin Arnold, an editor of
the Daily Telt graph, was among the visitors,
and -saw the portrait of his wife, who has
died since the picture was accepted. About
3,000 worth of pictures have already been
sold. The best sale was that of Stanhope
Forbes' "TheHealthof theBride," for 630.
RELIGIOUS CIRCLES ASTIB,
A "Lively Quadruple Fight Among Eminent
Divines oi England.
fBT CABLE TO THE DISPATCC
LONDON, May 4. There has been this
week a stir in the British religious world
equal to that set going on your side by
Bishop Potter. Mr. Spurgeon opened with
a vigorous attack upon the Eev. Dr. Clif
ford, President of the Baptist Union, for
attending service in South Place Chapel,
Moncure Conway's old headquarters, now
chiefly used by Comptists and Secularists.
Mr. Spurgeon wonders how a man profess,
ing to be a servant of Christ could associate
himself 'with such a place. Clifford has
been nursing his wrath until to-morrow,
when from his own pulpit he will deliver a
Another matter is a personal quarrel be
tween Bev. Charles Berry, who was offered
the pastorate of Brooklyn chapel, and Bev.
Dr. Parker, the famons Congregational
preacher. Berry's offense lay in appearing
on a political platform with Mr. Bradiaugh,
the Badical atheist and member for North
hampton. Mr. Berrydefended himself with
much vigor, and wound up by remarking
that Parker is a man who mates emphasis
do duty for originality, a statement which
those who heard the Bev. Dr. Parker preach
in America will be able to appreciate. Dr.
Parker has just made a somewhat inco
herent reply to what he terms an unwar
rantable and contemptible attack, and he
also will have more to say on the subject to
morrow from the pulpit, into which it is now
fashionable on this side to drag personali
ties and other extraneous matter.
So far as the quadruple fight has gone,
Spurgeon and Berry have had decidedly the
better of it.
O'BRIEN SUES FOE DAMAGES.
He Claims the Premier Libeled Him in a
Speech at Watford.
IBT CABLE TO THE SISFATCH.1
London, May 4. "William O'Brien's
service of papers on Lord Salisbury, together
with Parnell's complimentary reference to
the Irish patriot in the Parnell Commission,
has made O'Brien the subject of an unusual
amount of talk durine the. week, and he
claims damages for libel in respect of a
speech delivered at "Watford by the Pre
mier. All reporters of the London newspapers
and news agencies who took down the speech
have been subpoe naed as witnesses.
A rZoynl and Heroic Physician.
tBT CABLE TO TITE DISrATCH.I
London, May 4. The royal family of
Bavaria has one member much more useful
thA the average of royalty. This is Prince
Ferdinand, who practices as a doctor at Mu
nich, receiving no payment for his services.
The other day he rescued a drowning woman
at the imminent risk of his life.
Foiled by nn Empty Parse.
IDT CABLE TO THE DISPATCH!
London, May 4. After nearly a fort
night's hunt the detectives have managed to
capture a clever young woman who walked
out of prison in the matron's clothes. It
had been Annie's intention to make her way
to America, but the fates and an empty
purse were against her.
A Forerunner of Jack the Bipper.
fBT CALLE TO THE DISPATCH, j
London, Mav 4. An event has occurred
which makes Londoners think there is a
probability of Jack the Bipper putting in
some more of his handiwork. The nolfoe'
J who still keep' bloodhounds for the purpose'
of tracking the Bipper if he commits fresh
crime have been exercising the animals this
A SEE1ES OP DRAWING BOOMS.
Elegant Entertainments Given by the Boyal
Family of England.
rBT CABLE TOTHBDI8rATCH.l
London, May 4. The Qneen held a
drawing room to-day and will hold another
on the 14th, and the Princess of Wales will
hold a third, on Her Majesty's behalf, on
the 26th. The Queen's amiability, amount
inglalmost to gayety, has astonished every
one. She has actually been living in Lon
don since Thursday, and showed herself in
an open carriage to her fashionable subjects
in Hyde Park upon two distinct occasions.
To'day's drawing room did not differ ma
terially from hundreds that have gone be
fore it, save in the matter of weather, which
was delightfully warm. The bouquets, how
ever, were larger than ever, and if they con
tinue to grow at the present rate each debu
tante will require two carriages, one for
herself and cnaperone and the other for
her flowers. It is reliably reported that
several young girls fainted owing to the
warmth and odors exhaled by the big bou
quets. The queen wore a black silk dress and
train trimmed with crape, and a jet black
tulle veil surmounted by a jet coronet. She
wore jet ornaments and about half a dozen
orders, which showed up superbly against
the somber background. All the Prin
cesses also were in mourning,and altogether
the royal party looked dispirited and out of
Lady "Wilson is computed to have worn
the most wonderful of all the dresses to-day.
The bodice was of electric blue 6atin, draped
with chantilly net and lace, trimmed with
ostrich feather trimming and a blue velvet
train falling from the shoulders was
lined with blue satin and trimmed with
feathers. Her ladyship is a fine woman,
and was able to bear it all without feaiyof
her personality being dwarfed.
A LIFE OP ONE YEAR.
Only Twelve Months Necessary for a High
Flyer to Finish His Pile.
tBT CABLE TO THE DISPATCH.
London, May 4. A literary sensation
of magnitude is in store for thereading
public Young Benzon, who is more widely
known as "Jubilee Juggins," informed me
the other night that he was geing to write
out the history of his life. It really com
prises about a year, for nobody ever heard
of him before he inherited his enormous
fortune, and he has sank completely out ot
sight since he lost it He is a tall, round
shouldered and amiable young man, with
receding chin and a rather prominent nose.
His amiability is boundless. He said that
people seemed to have a good deal of in
terest in the fact that he never wore a shirt
twice while he was enjoying his money, and
he proposed to bring that fact forward in
Juggins' staunch friends, by the way, are
the men who made their money out of him.
He squandered a million and a half among
the bookmakers in a year, but they have
not forsaken him, as is usual in such cases.
They give him dinners, treat him with re
spect, and when he goes to races or music
halls crowd round him in a way that evi
dently pleases him. They draw the line,
however, when Juggins wishes to make a
bet. Society is one thing and business an
other. He is at present living on an annui
ty which he purchased during some sane
interval, and which produces the magnifi
cent income of $12 a week.
EASY ENOUGH FOB AWHILE,
Another Titled Spendthrift Tries to Lire on
Fonr Times His Income.
rBT CABLE TO THE DISPATCH.l """
London, May 4. Once more a connec
tion of the British peerage has shown the
rising generation how to live on more than
four times one's income. Captain, the
Honorable Spencer Hanbnry, the eldest son
of Lord Bateman, was before the Bank
ruptcy Court to-day. His liabilities were
$250,000 and assets $1,500. It appeared that
at one time he had an allowance of $1,800 a
year from his father and $500 army pay.
When his son's pay was increased by 80a
year Papa Bateman stopped the allowance,
and the bankrupt admitted that he had
lived at the rate of $10,000 a year.
"When asked what his losses at cards were
he said, "Oh, a little," and when pressed
said $100,000, which seems (juite considera
ble when compared with his income. He
also lost about $100,000 betting, and had
never won anything. Although barred
from betting at Tattersall's, on account of
bankruptcy, he still continued to throw
away small but somewhat unreal sums ol
money through commission agents.
MUEDEE FOE INSURANCES.
A Section of England Whero no Infant Is
Safe From Sodden Deaths.
fBT CABLE TO THE DISPATCH. 1
London, May 4. The Judges at the re
cent assizes, especially in the Midland dis
tricts, have again had frequent occasion to
denounce 'the appalling number of child
murders, in which it is impossible to bring
the inhuman parents to justice. A favorite
method is to suffocate the child in bed and
then swear it was accidentally overlain, but
as in nearly every case the poor little vic
tim proves to have been insured, the acci
dent theory scarcely bears examination.
Nobody is ready with a remedy except
tbe passing of a bill redering illegal or
rigidly restricting infantile insurances.
THE ACME OF MEANNESS.
Vncclne Dinner Adulterated to tho Point of
TJselessness la Sicily.
IHT CABLE TO THE DISPATCH.:
London, May 4. YourJFlorentine corre
spondent writes warning Americans against
visiting the famous old town, Siena, where
smallpox and scarlet fever are just now
rampant. The warning applies to many
other Italian towns. Even in Florence and
Milan smallpox is ever present, a state of
things due, according to the medical news
papers, to the lax system of vaccination
and the inferior quality ot lymph in use.
Human meanness has surely reached its
highest level in Sicily, where lymph is ex
THE CHANCES FAY0E A DANCEE.
Miss Broughton Expected to Win Her
830,000 Breach of Promise Salt.
tBT CABLEO THB DISPATCH.
London,- May . Negotiations and
diplomacy of the most majestic order are
being employed by the titled friends and
connections of Viscount Dangan, with the
ultimate hope of making some arrangement
with Miss Phyllis Bronghton, who dances
in abbreviated skirts in comic opera by
night asd employs a horde of clever lawyers
during the day.
At present the chances are in favor of a
$50,000 verdict for the dancer.
Emperor William Still Dodging About.
rBT CABLE TO THE PISrATCIt.l
London, May 4. The Emperor of Ger
many went hunting, to-day, on the estates
of Count Hochberp. in Upper Silesia. This
evening he left for Kiel, where he will be
present at the baptism of his brother's baby,
and stand godfather. He js preparing to re
ceive the American commissioners, who Are
at present under the eye of Bismarck.
PITTSBURG, SUtfDAYv MA.Y 5, 1889.
GOULD 10 PESSIMIST.
The Liftle Man of Many, Millions
Takes Issue With Bishop Potter. .
HIS VIEWS 0JJ A FAMOUS SERMON
Which He Admits He Hasn't Yet Bead, but
0UE PLUTOCRATS FIND A DEFENDER.
Mr. GonU Says ths Blchest Men Aw the Conntrys
Very Best Friends.
Jay Gould doesn't agree with Bishop Pot
ter that the men of Washington's time were
better and "purer than those of to-day. He
thinks the world cannot retrograde as long
as science advances. He says that the rich
men of a country who don't send their
wealth out of the country are its greatest
benefactors, and he doesn't believe in an
tSFECTAL TZLEGBAM TO THE DISPATCH.!
New Yqbk, May 4. The scene is the re
ception room of one of the finest mansions on
Fifth avenue: The time, this afternoon. It
is Jay Gould's house, and a DiSPATCHrep
resentative waits' for the mastepof the house.
A light step In the hall, and a moment later
the best-known man in America, more op
posed, more talked abont than any other,
and, as he fancies, less understood, enters
"Good afterpoon, Mr. Gould," as the host
smiled recognition and bows pleasantly.
The object of the visit is broached, and
reference is made to the stirring addresses
of Bishop Potter at St. Paul's Church, and
to his subsequent interviews. Mr. Gould's
face becomes grave and serious as it always
does when.he is approached for an opinion.
"It will astonish yon, perhaps, when I say
that I havo given less attention than I should
to this matter to which the good Bishop ot
New York attaches so much importance,"
candidly; and never was he more earnest in bis
manner. "I hare all I can do to take care of
my vast interests, to hold my own with the
world. With me it is
A CONSTANT STBTJGGLE
on all Bides to maintain what I believo to' to
my rights. While I havo not read aU that
Bishop Potter has said, I think I understand
the drift of his remarks, because I have heard
other good men talk in very much the same
way. If I am not mistaken, he would have us
believe that in Washington's time men were
greater and purer; that the affairs of Btate
were administered with much more propriety
and care, than they are to-day. Am 1 right in
this inference V
"You are. Such are undoubtedly the Bishop's
views. He maintains the correctness o( the
historical estimate of Washington's nobility of
"If I remember my history correctly," re
sumed Mr. Gould, still thoughtfully, "be had
many misglrincs as to the future of tbe nation
which he had founded. He passed through
many stormy scenes with prominent members
of Congress as well as of his own Cabinet. He
didn't find everything to snlt him. His farewell
address is charged with forebodings as to tbe
future. He, too, was qnite wrong on some
public questions. He was a slaveholder, for
example. We must not forget that men who
shone in "Washington's time as great and prom
inent figures would hardly bo noticed among
the army of reasonably able and prominent
men in this great 60,000.000 nation of ours
to-day. Great-men were few, just as the pop
ulation was spare, and a very few big men
MADE A OEEAT SHOW.
Of course this question as to the standard of
political morals is one more or less based upon
individual estimate. It is not a thing that can
be settled by books or the rule of three. It is
not a fixed standard; but in my humble judg
ment we have as pure and noble men in public
1 if e and trade to-day as ever have been born and
developed in any country on tho face of the
earth. I have traveled more or less in Europe.
I have Etndied political methods there. I have
always come back to America better satisfied
with our system of government, with tbe safe
guards that prevent anarchy and protect the
rights of tbe people, poor and rich. To be sure
we nave ouiureans ui auarcny, sucu as as uui
cago, much as we have other outbreaks on
great occasions, such as our recent Centen
nial." "You do not, then, Mr. Gould, accept the
belief that we are becoming a nation of pluto
crats, and that men of vast wealth are a source
of danger to the perpetuity of our Constitu
tional Government J"
JIB. GOULD A HABD WOBKEB.
"Indeed 1 do not," and the brown eyes opened
widely. "I have made what money I possess
by hard work. While it may not be the gen
eral impression, I owe all my success to unre
mitting labor entirely. "Work is the only thing
that will sneceed in America. In somtt of the
monarchies of Europe, wealth, ancestry
blood, if you like will make a man; will put
him in a position of great prominence; but
in this country industry alone can bring men
to positions of trust and financial supremacy,
fan make them great or rich. And besides, re
member that neitherbloodnorinhented wealth
creates statesmen here."
"You do not regard the accumulation of
wealth Itself as dangerous?"
"On the contrary, so long as the money is
kept in this conntry I regard its concentration
in certain localities or In the hands of indi
viduals as of tbe greatest benefit to the nation.
Where mcii accumulated fortunes arid take the
mone out of the country iris a serious injury;
but a corporation which creates capital that is
to remain here and .keep in motion our circu
lating medium is a benefit to the whole coun
try. I am somewhat familiar with most of the
railroad interests in this land.
OLD IDEAS OF STEAM MOTOBS.
"Only a few days ago a friend of mine sent me
a book published in, this city in 1830. In that
volume I find an argument carefully prepared,
showing how useless it would be to attempt to
maintain a railroad over which cars could be
propelled by steam. The author discusses it at
great length, affirmatively and negatively; the
Suestlon whether it will be better policy to
raw trains upon the projected railways by
mules or by steam engines. The burden of the
argument is certainly in favor' of the
mules. The writer goes further and ar
cucs that it micht answer to
run both steam and mule trains on the same
track. But I think that I can detect that he is
rather fearful that complications might arise.
They might get tangled up, you see. One com
plication that be speaks of is that mules would
raise a dust, and that this dust, collecting npon
the rails, wonld destroy tbe traction power of
the locomotives. Of course, aU this Is silly to
us now; but when we recall that only 69vears
ago snch matters were seriously discussed in
scientific books. "Wo see that the people of to
day are prepared to do their own thinking. We
wonld not allow any such a man to think for us
CHANGES OS" HALP A CEOTUBT.
"That was only 50 years ago. Why, then, do
we sigh for the political science of a century
paBtt Look at tbe locomotive, how It has
grown. It is a much better, a purer specimen
of mechanical skill than it was when Stephen
son started his engine on the old coal road at
Darlington. Look over the entire field of sci
ence, art, labor the area of human toll and en
deavor to heboid progress everywhere. Has
the science of government alone retrogressed?
Has man, as he has developed our splendid, our
glorious civilization, grown less self-respecting,
less pure, more venalt Would Bishop
Potter tell us that men in public life are
mostly careless, small, petty, penurious, pur
chasable creatures. Ab, be takes the pulpit
into tho job lot, too, as special pleaders for
bribery and vote-vending. I am glad I cannot
agree with Dr. Potter, I don't think so badly
of my fellowmen, and I'm called an Abou Ben
Adham. .We must also recognize the fact that
the railroads have done something for the
country. Now what Is a railroad? It Is a com
mercial enterprise, created to do business In a
business way. If men grow rich (for all the
"plutocrats were once poor"), and build rail
roads, and the railroads prosper, who is bene
fitted? Are not the people at large the real
MO USE TO OrVI! ALMS.
"It Is generally idle to give money to the
poor. Tho benefit is only temporary, and the
reaction makes tbe recipient more wretched
than he was before. .The noblest ambition that .
.man can have Is to devise a successful scheme'
for the employment of his .fellow men, whereby
they can earn living for themselves and their
families. 15iM3 what at least some of the
plutocrats' have-done. This is what the cre
ators of wealth and values have accomplished.
They are cortainly of tho people. Is
not the Tteld of labor widened? Every
new railroad, as fast as built, needs
engineers, trackmen and conductors, and, in
fact, all classes, from tbe lowest to the highest;
for the rich not identified with tbe venture are
benefited. Look at tbe elevated railroad in
this city of New York. Only a few years ago,
before the little one-legged railroad in Green
wich street began to seriously do business,
nearly every man who went up on the west
side of New York and invested in property be
came ruined thereby. The elevated railroad
system on the west side of New York has
ohanged all that There has risen a new and
beautiful city. What was the elevated rail
road system? It was a creation of capital. Am
I to be tola that the men who united to create
this great factor in the city's improvement are
dangerous to this community?"
THE EVILS OF VOTE-PUBOHASIirG.
"But, Mr. Gould, Bishop Potter particularly
specifips that the class of rich men who are
dangerous are those who use their wealth to
Secure legislation to buy votes at the polls."
"Then I understand such to be his meaning
of the word plutocracy.' Ahl well, I didn't
know the word never beard of it before. Crit
ics of tbe age and tbe people in It should mix
with men, real men. Confidence in mankind is
chiefly a matter of experience. It is not wholly
a matter of faith. There is such a thing as
being too intellectual, snch a-visionary science
aa tha politics of the study. I am .not
a politician and don't talk about things I don't
understand. Everv Constitutional govern
ment, limited monarchy or Republic, is liable
to suffer from a corrupt use of money at the
Soils in lsnlatnri nlir-on It'll mons1. It oncht to
be stopped; but what folly to charge It wholly
upon any one class oi tne commercial commu
nity! Money bas always been raised to conduct
political campaigns, though different party
managers miy take different views on the
question. I am sorry I did not read Bishop
Potter's sermon, bnt I do not agree with tbe
views yon tell me be has expressed regarding
the future of this nation. We have only begun
XT! CAUSES TALE;
Tho President Sees Xo Reason Why tie
;.j aiioald Aot Appoint ills urotuer.
' SPECIAL TZLSOBAH TO THE DISPATCH. 1
"Washington, May 4. To a political
friend who quoted to him some criticisms of
the appointment yesterday of his brother to
be Marshal in Tennessee, President Harri
sonfsaid to-day that his brother's name was
the only one presented for the place which
came with such recommendations as are re
quired in making appointments. He did
$at see why he should reject an applicant
So recommended simply because he hap
pened to be his brother. It should not be a
crime which would unfit a man for office to
be a brother of a President of the United
- If the President made any serious mistake
in his appointment of yesterday it wasn't
the selection of his brother to be a Marshal.
One which promises to arouse hardly more
ill feeling is that of D. S. Alexander, to be
'Attorney of the Buffalo district in New
York. Not a New Yorker could be found
io-day who was not mad because a native of
Maine and a recent citizen of Ohio and In
diana, who has only resided for a short time
in the Btate of New York, should be ap
pointed to eo prominent an office, while
many giited and able lawyers, native to the
State and district, were ignored simply be
cause the appointee was liked personally by
the President. Mr. Alexander had no New
York backing for the place to speak of, and
New Yorkers' say that Mr. Harrison must
not depend for any assistance on "Western
New Yorkibr his re-election. Others laugh
about the matter, and say it is quite proper
that one removed from his position as Fifth
Auditor of the Treasury bv Cleveland's Fi
nancial Secretary should be made Attorney
of Cleveland's old district by the man who
HQ MOTHER-TK-LAW IN HIS.
A Yonng Man of 18 Elopes With Hli Sweet,
heart's Mother, Aged 42.
tSPECIAI. T-SUCOBJUI TO TUX DISPATCH. 1
Philadelphia, May 4. Unit S. Bob
bins, a Shipbuilder, and his wife and pretty
daughter Margaret, lived together until
"Wednesday at 611 Thompson street, Ken
sington. The girl was receiving atten
tions from' James Reinhart, an 18-year-old
boy whom her father had gotten
en apprenticeship in the shipyard. On
Wednesday mgnt .air. .tioDDins awoee late
and found that his wife, who is a good
looking woman of 42, had fled, taking some
of her clothes and ?140 of his money. He
was so depressed that he .arose, and going
to the nearest drug store procured a vial of
laudanum and swallowed it. The daughter
discovered that he had taken poison after
he returned to the house,and she summoned
"While he was suffering, and two police
men were holding him down to make him
obey his physician, the parents of young
Reinhart, who live on Frankford avenue,
called at the house and asked if their son
was there. Then it was discovered that he was
also missing. It has since been learned that
the boy has been clandestinely meeting his
sweetheart's mother and taking her to cheap
theaters to see love stories dramatized. All
the while he assumed the greatest devotion
for her daughter. A few days prior to their
disappearance he told his barber that he was
about to leave town. Mr. Bobbins will re
cover. THEIR G0ILT NOT FULLY PROVEN.
The Season tbe President Commuted the
Death Sentence of Two Murderers.
tErBCIAL TELEGRAM 'TO TOT DISPATCH 1
"Washington, May 4. Since he became
President Mr. Harrison has commuted to
imprisonment for lite the capital sentence
of o'ne murderer of this city and has given a
respite to two others sentenced to be hanged,
all three of them colored. Two were to
have-been hanged yesterday. His action
has led to an impression that the President
is opposed to capital punishment.
"When Attorney General Miller was ques
tioned in regard to this matter, he said:
The President is not opposed to capital
punishment, and he did nothing more nor
less than he should have done. He has
none ot that maudlin sympathy which will
interfere with the just course of the law,
but he will see that a murderer's guilt is
fully established before the extreme pen
alty is put into operation. I coincided with
the President as to the commutation of
Green's sentence, .and I agree with him as to
the respites which have been granted
Briggs and Colbert. As for me I favor
capital punishment in all cases where the
crime is proven beyond doubt."
PRESENTATION TO THE PRESIDENT.
General Unrrlrfon Receives tbe Fbotos of
Forty-Eight Pretty Girls.
"Washinotok, May 4. The Harrison
Zouaves, of Chico, Cal., and organization
'composed entirely of 48 young ladies, which
rendered effective seryice during the last
campaign, has sent photographs of the
membersln uniform to the President, as a
mark of their esteem.
Tbe photographs are tastefully arranged
in lines of four, in a large, handsome .gilt
frame, which has been temporarily hung in
the private secretary's office.
Ex-Congressman Lvman K. Bass Dying.
rsrscui txugbax to tub dispatch.
New Yobk, May 4. Ex-Congressman
Lyman K. Bass is lying at the point of
death at the Buckingham Hotel, where he
has lived for abont six,montbs past. At a
late hour last evening his physician, Dr.
"William H, Draper, said that he was very
low.. His -recovery ,18 despaired of. Mr.
Bass has for many .years, been an invalid,
ana is now mtneiast stages oi consumption.
A LITTLE TOO CHEAP.
'1 ' '
The Proposed Rival to Oklahoma Not
Yery Good Farming Land.
IT COST BUT A QUARTER AN ACRE,
And According to Those Who Ought to
Know Best, That Small Bum is
ETEET CENT IT IS WORTH AT ERE8ENT.
Disappointed Oklahomans Adrlitd That Montana's H
Place for Them.
At the time the rush was made for Okla
homa, Government officials, a Cabinet officer
among them, assured the people that by a
scratch of his pen the President could open
for settlement-nine times as large a territory
in Montana, every acre represented as being
as good as any land in Oklahoma. It is
stated now Dy those who ought to know,
that there are 17,500,000 acres of the land
spoken of, but it is not worth much more
than the Government gave for it 25 cents
(SPECIAL TELIOtAK TO TBZ rlSPATCH.l
"Washington, May 4 The statement
has recently been made that the Great Milk
river valley reservation, whioh was opened
to settlement about a year ago, could amply
accommodate all those settlers who have
been disappointed in not obtaining the right
kind of lands in Oklahoma. It was added
that "a better watered, more fertile and
healthy country does not exist west of the
It woud not be advisable ior settlers to
build too. much on these assertions. The
area thus added to the public lands is in
deed enormous, being 17,600,000 acres, or
nine times as large as Oklahoma. But its
quantity is more remarkable than its quali
ty, if faith may be put in official assurances.
The tribes that made the cession were the
Gros "Ventre, Piegan, Blood, Blaokfeet and
Biver Crow, of theFtPeck, Ft. Belknap and
Blackfeet agencies. They occupied a reser
vation containing 21,651,000 acres, or -33,830
ONLY A QUABTEB AN ACEE.
Of this area 4,151,000 acres were set apart
in three separate reservations for the use
and occupation of the Indians belonging to
the three agencies. The remainder was
purchased by the Government for $4,300,000,
which is abont 25 cents an acre, or only one
fifth of the price offered to the Cherokeesfor
their strip, and also now offered to the
Sioux of Dakota for a port of their reserva
tion. Beside, the money is to be expended in
ten annual installments for the benefit of
the Indians thus gathered upon the reduced
reservations, those of the Ft. Peck Agency
receiving $165,000 annually for ten vears,
those of Ft. Belknap $115,000, and those of
the Blackfeet Agency (150,000. These sums
will be used in'baying stock, clothing, pro
visions, agricultural implements and other
articles hitherto given to them by the
Government, although in smaller quanti
ties. The. small price paid by the Government
would itself suggest that the lands thus ac
quired are not of the most valuable sort, bat
in addition;, the commissioners who pro
cured' the agreement, Messrs. "Wright,
Daniels and Larrabee, make this statement:
NOT GOOD LAND FOB FAEMEBS.
"Neither of these bands are as yet pre
pared to take lands in severalty. Indeed,
the country occupied by them is not suita
ble for that experiment. It is in no sense a
good agricultural country, and it wonld be
a very difficult matter, if not impossible, for"
a white man to make a living there, if con
fined strictly to tbe cultivation ot the soil.
Montana, aside from its mineral resources,
is essentially a stock-grazing country, the
northern portion of it especially being but
poorly adapted to anything else: hence it is
that stock raising has'become the principal
industry of the people.
"The frequent failure of crops, owing to
the aridity of the soil, renders farming not
only unprofitable, but uncertain as a means
ot support; therefore, if the Indians in
Northern Montana ore ever to become self
supporting, they must follow the pursuits
which the whites, by long experience, hare
found the country best adapted to cattle,
sheep and horse raising. This need not,
and should not be to the entire exclusion
of farming, but it should become their chief
industry .and dependence.
can't make theib own living,
"It can be said positively that the Ft.
Peck Indians pan never become self-supporting
where they now are through the
cultivation of the soil alone; but there can
be no doubt that with proper encourage
ment they would soon reach that position as
stock growers. Stock herding is suited to
their tastes; they are willing to work, and
realize the necessity of doing for them
selves; and it is but right ana just that
their efforts should be encouraged and di
rected in a way that will be most likely to
advance their civilization and happiness.
Furthermore, it is absolutely certain that
unless they have cattle given them and be
come stock raisers, the Government will be
obliged to support them for all time or
allow them to starve."
This positive declaration, that it would
be difficult, if not impossible for a white
man to make a living by farming there,
should be ignored. Montana as a whole is
prosperous territory, favored with fine rail
road facilities and fortunate in its vast
forests, its rich mines and its coal beds. Its
Governor, in his last annual report, says
that the opening of the Indian reservation,
with the accompanying railroad construction
in that section, has been a stimulus to set
tlement. Still, it wonld hardly be wise for
emigrants to expect to find the lands bought
from the Indians unsurpassed in fertility,
although there may be some good farming
lands which would surpass portions of
BEGINS TO TRAIN ON H0NDAT.
Sullivan Will Go to IiOng- Island to Prepare
for Bis Flsbt With Kllraln.
ISFECIAL TXLXOBAlt TO THE DISPATCH.
New Yobk, May 4. As John L. Sullivan
lolled in an easy chair in the Illustrated
2fews office, this afternoon, smoking a fra
grant cigar, which was tipped at the proper
angle so familiar to all the friends of the
champion, he remarked t ""Well, this is
about my last cigar until after my fight
with Kilrain. On Monday I'll quit it and
begin training in earnest. "Where will I go
to work? Oh somewhere down on the Long
Island shore where I can rough it. I like
to be near the water."
John is looking well and weighs at pres
ent about 230 pounds in street clothes.
A Bishop's Dausbter Elopes.
Jackson, Miss., May 4. Quite a sensa
tion was-caused here to-day when it became
known that Miss Mamie Thompson, daugh
ter of Bishop Hugh Miller Thompson, had I
eiopea last meat wiiu jb, . xiuwc, oi
Chicago, and that they were married to-day
Vesuvius Boiling; Over.
NAPLES, May 4. The volcano'of Tesu
vius is in an alarming state of eruption.
Streams of lava ore, coursing down, the1
mountain on tne Afosapeii siae. t
DETAILS OF THE-flE,1
The Orsnnlratian of the New Illinois Si
Company Formally Announced All of
(be Combined Plants to be Kept
Sunning The New Officers.
Chicago, May 4. The last formality in
the much-talked of merging of the three
great Bteel manufacturing concerns of
Illinois was completed to-day with
out a hitch. The new corporation
is called the Illinois Steel Company,
and constitutes the largest combination
of steel interests in America. The capital
stock is $25,000,006, of which $18,000,000.
have been paid in. At a joint meeting of
directors of the three old companies to-day,
a fixed valuation of each of the different
concerns was announced to have ' been
agreed upon, and all of the properties were
formally turned over.
The capital stock of the new company 4s
held as follows, the percentage representing
also the percentage of valuation of the three
aid plants as agreed npon by the joint di
rectors: North Chicago Boiling Mill Com
pany, 54 per cent; Joliet Steel Company, 26
pencent; Union Steel Company, 20 per cent.
The new "Board of Directors are:
"William J. Botch, of New Bed
ford, Mass.; Nathaniel Thayer,
Boston; Francis Blodgett, Boston; O. "W.
Potter, F. C. Potter, H. H. Porter, J C.
Morse, "W. B. Sterling, John Crerar and
Marshall Field, Chicago, and Alexanner J.
Leith, New York. Eichord O. Hannah will
be Secretary and Treasurer.
The business of the company will be
managed entirely by an executive commit
tee chosen by the directors, following the
Yanderbilt idea of vesting the control in
the hands of several instead of one man.
This executive committee is composed of
O. "W. Potter Chairman; A. J. Keith, J. C.
Morse, "W. B. Sterling and E. C. Potter.
Tbe capital of $25,000,000 is based on a
valuation of the three companies of about
$15,000,000, the remainder consisting oi
cash working capital and unissued stock to
be "used in emergencies or for improve
Beside the various mills in Chicago.
South Chicago and Joliet, the consolidated
plant includes mills at Milwaukee and
mines in Dodge county, Wisconsin, besides
much other property, altogether 14 blast
fdsnaces. Chairman O. "W. Potter said this
evening that the company proposed to keep
all the plants running, avoiding a glut of
the market by gradually diversifying more
and more the company's product.
A NEW STANDAED OIL TEUST.
Tho Octopus Secures Control of the White
Lead Works of the Country
rSPICIAL TELEOEAii;TO TUX DISPATCH. 1
New Yoek Ma7 4. The white lead
firms in the United Slates who produce as
much as 1,000 -tons a year each are in the
"White lad Trust except the Southern
"White Lead Company, of St. Louis;
Collier & Co., of St. Louis, and
the Atlantic "White Lead and Lin
seed Oil Company (B. Colgate & Co.), of
New York. The John D. Lewis Company.
,of Philadelphia, and Eckstein & Co., of
uiucmmui, wenbiuto tuc trust jast wee&.
The certificates of the trust have been quoted
at about 21) recently. The low price has
enabled the Standard Oil magnates, Charles
Pratt, John D. Archibald and others, to
absorb enough to obtain Control.
It is learned on indubitable authority
that Henry H. Sogers, of the Standard Oil
Company, left this city for St. Louis last
night, to consummate arrangements for tak
ing hold ofthe trust and probably absorbing
the Bt Louis companies. The recent ab
sorption ofthe Philadelphia and Cincinnati
works has led to much talk, but the an
nouncement that the Standard Oil people
will control the trust hereafter will astonish
A BOLD BOY EOBBEE
Attempts to Steal 8500 In the Streets of
New Yobk, May 4. A young English
lad, hardly 18 years old, snatched a $300
package of bills from the hands of a de
positor at the Bank of the Metropolis this
afternoon and ran. Inspector Byrnes hap
pened to be passing at the moment and
shouted to two policemen to run the boy
down. A Broadway officer took up the
chase across the lawns of Union Square,
when the ingltive arrived there shots from a
revolver were fired into the ground.
At this moment he ran into the arms of a
park policeman. Inspector Byrnes has
never seen the lad before, and he refused to
give any account of himself. The package
of bills was returned to the owner, and the
boy was locked up to await further inquiry
by the police.
CONTENTS OP THIS ISSUE.
A Guide for Bapld Readers Where to Find
News and Choice Beading,
The Dispatch this morning is a triple
part 20-page number. Pressure on the news
columns necessitates some changes in the make
up. The most important is the transfer of tho
classified advertisements wants, for sales, to
lets, business changes, auction sales, real estate
cards, etc. from the Third Page of the First
Part of The Dispatch to the Eleventh
Page of the Second Part The Sporting Re
view will be found on the Thirteenth Page.
The First Part contains all the latest
telegraphic, local, baseball and sporting news,
the miscellaneous matter being distributed as
Part II Pages 0 to 16.
Above the Clouds F. G. CASrXRTXB
The Field ol Glory ., O.M. 8.
Metamorphosis (atfew Serial). ....bisnxtIuska
HoTto beta Style Sirblzt Darx
Bringing Up Ariel GAH, Hamtltos-
Luety Wedding Day Babnet
Bumps and Poetry .Claude Lowest
Society Gossip, G. A. K. News,
Military Notes, Educational.
Sportlng Eeview ,
financial ana commercial.
ArtUtio Kitchens MABT G. Huhphbxts
Tbe Texas Cowboy Selected
Everyday Science Stait Wbitxb
Clara Belle's Chat Claba BEI.LX
The Women or Cuba ULLlur Srxxcxii
In the fine Woods 1
Too Much rightlnff..... E. W. Babtlxtt
Centennial Echoes JAS. W. lisxzs
Part Ill-Pages 17 to 20.
A Tropical Paradise.. BlVEm.Y CnUMP
Spanish Matadors. Oliver optic
A Flight of Fanev BILL NTS
To Prevent Decline Do. HAimo.fD
lt it Going to Rain?. Ds Vox it ai.
Lady Washington Bkssix Bhamble
The Easter Story Bzv. GXOBQX HODOIS
With Beak and Fang.... .II. A. W
The Grateful Goblin E. B. Hxdtsicbs
A Woman's Wardrobe MBS. Fbaxk liXstrE
Picturesque' Xrln E. L. Wakemas1
fireside Sphynx E.K. CiJADBOCRX
Politics andPoker ?, iHxxbt Hatjtcj:
An Indian Crapalga,....OAi"rABr Ktso, U. S. A.
Bandar Thoughts . ACXXasnuir
. Art gossip. .i. , ,
10TLER 01 PORTER.
attseserts That the Admiral
jifoked at New Orleans.
The General Says He Was Mncl
Astonished by .His Cowardice.
OTHER OFFICERS WHO UfEW OF IT.
The Admiral Comes Back at His Caistk
ANEWYEBSION OF THB BPOOIf ST0EI
General Butler has given the name of the?
officer who he says showed cowardice at the
famous battle of Hew Orleans. He asserts
that it was none other than Admiral Porter.
He relates in full the circumstances sur
rounding the event. Mr. Porter contents
himself with giving a funny story in rela
tion to the doughty General's alleged pre
pensity for spoons.
fSPICTAI, TXUSOBAK TO TUX 2IS7ATC3.1
Boston, May 4. The Strata" will print
a talk with General Butler abont bis refer
ence to a high officer who ran away at New
Orleans. To a direct question General
"Suppose you have Admiral Porter read
my speech and then ask him if he knows
who I mean."
"Will you give me a statement of tha
circumstances involved in this running
away?" asked the reporter. The General
At the time the forts were passed by Farra
gut. I was following him where I could see the
whole proceeding. I was well up the river on
my headquarters boat, tbe Saxony, watching
the fight. Porter was in command of tho
mortar flotilla, and was ordered to bombard
the water batteries below Fort Jacfcson after
Farragut had passed up. "While Farragut was
fighting the forts X had got too near, and was
under a pretty hot fire, for when Farragut was
by the forts the rebels turned their attention
It was not a nice state of things for us who
were on board that boat, with 800 barrels of.
gunpowder in the hold, so we dronped down
the river far enough so tbe point of woods hid
us from the rebel batteries. I afterward bor
rowed a double ender of Porter and kept well
up stream watching things.
THE MOBNINO OF THE BATTLE.
Farragut got well by the forts about sunrise,
and it was about 7 o'clock; or after, perhaps,
when the Incident connected with, porter toolc
place. I was above Porter's fleet andmortar
boats, just about up to the chain cable which
the rebels had stretched across the river.
"Where was your army T
Nearly SO miles down stream on transports
which were anchored at the head of the
How was It that Captain porter ran awayr
About the time I have mentioned Ja
whole fleetjpsJ-tngdowir the river pell melt,
and they continued out to sea.
What was the trouble 1
When Porter rushed by my troops be cried
out: "The rebels are coming down tho river;
get out of here as fast as you can."
Did your troops get out?
Get out? Not much. Whythejnenwereon
sailing vessels anchced, and if they had aw
tempted to let go or uivf current would
have swept them down, and they would all
have been ashore before they could have used'
their sails. In such a case their capture or de
struction was certain by any lorce coming down
And did Porter sail down and leave the army
to its fate?
That Is just what bo did.
When did he recover and come back?
The next day.
Where were you when he left so suddenly?
AN ENTIEE SUBPBISB.
Up the river X never dreamed of his turning
tail to the enemy, and did not know of this co
currence until several days afterward, at the
time when Captain Boggs, sent by Farragut,
met me at the quarantine station where I had
gotten up 2,000 of my troons, whichXhad taken
aown and ont through Pass Outre and np a
bayou around by Sable Island and so above
Fort St. Philip, for the purpose of assaultln
it, for you must remember that the rebels held
the two forts for several days after Farragut
had passed up to New Orleans.
Were the rebels coming down the river, as
Porter stated T
Rebels coming 1 The rebels were not coming
then any more than they are now. Why, they
couldn't come. The only thing they had was
the ponderous dry dock, the Louisiana, and
the two steamers to tow her. The Louisiana
never had a sign of machinery in her. and
couldn't even be used as a water battery. That
was all the rebels had left that could move
when Porter rushed down the river.
Why did ha run, then t
I can't tell, except that It was reported that
the enemy was transferring heavy gnns from
tbe fort to tbe Louisiana and Porter conjec
tured the Louisiana was coming down the
stream after him.
What did you do when Porter left and went
down the stream?
When Farragut left mo and passed the forts
we had agreed that I should attempt to get
some troops around by the gulf to the quaran
tine station above the forts, bo as to capture
them by assault. That would have been done
had they not surrendered before we were
ready. I bad the Miami and my headquarters
boat with me, with which to tow my transports
BUTDEB WOBKED HABD.
Farragut had left most of his boats-30 or 40
of them hid in the bushes on the river bank
below and I hauled themf all out and towed
them along to land my troops with. X steamed
down the nver and took two full regiments
from the fleet, and they were glad enough to
get out of that because of Porter" iscare. We
went around, and it was a hard piece of work
to move those troops. Why my men were in
the water up to their armpits when they took
me ashore, and we all had a time of it. We
got ashore above the forts and I took what
troops I bad on to New Orleans. It was after I
had landed that I heard of Porter's perform
ance. It is to be said, in addition to the statements
of General Butler, that the Government of
ficers among the troops heard tha warning
from Captain Porter above quoted. Amon;
them is the well-known and heroio old vet
eran, General Stephen Thomas, who was in
command of the Eighth Vermont, one of
the best organized corps that followed Gen
eral Butler to the gulf.
Admiral Porter this morning toot oeetv
sioa to deny the insinuation that he was the
officer referred to by General Butler. Whea
he first read the speech the Admiral under
stood that the allusion did particularly re
fer to himself. While under this imprewioa
he remarked that he could tell a "dog
story" on Ben that would make that vet
soldier, lawyer and politician wince.
The Admiral dictated the stery. iateadisi?
to let it go into print, but afterward believ
ing that no reference could have bees Bsde
to him, said it would appear vindictive asd
he preferred silence. The story te effect
was an- experience shortly after the war
occurred to the Admiral. "A little bey
came to me, he said, "with a dog ts sU. I
asked him what he wanted for the brute and
he answered 25 cents for the- dogand 2J
cents tor the rope."
"What's his naae?"
,f 'Ben,' said the hey. H8 k swm1 sAsr
(Cerrtimed oh notnUi mAl
V . -d lBL. ," j. 3... 3ufi ! i jij