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,EHE rPCTTSJTIRG DISPATCH, SiAITTIBIX?, MA.Y 18, 1689,
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PITTSBURG. SATUBDAT, MAY 18, 1888.
A BADICAL DIFFEBEHCE.
The contest over wages which our local
reports show to be impending at the Home
stead Steel Works is a singular illustration
of the radical divergence of views which
can exist between the the different interests.
A good many such, differences have caused
lone and costly strikes; but there have been
few which started out with such a wide gap
as the 30 to 50 per cent advance asked by
the men, and the equally decided reduction
announced by the firm.
It is hardly possible to avoid the infer
ence, where there is such a discrepancy in
the first proposals, that one side or the other
has committed the error of making exor
bitant demands in order to gain leeway for
liberal concessions. Ko intelligent knowl
edge of the steel market can permit such
radical differences, as are here disclosed. It
is not the province of the press to adjudicate
the rights and wrongs of such a dispute. It
can only point out the inevitable loss and
danger that must follow such differences if
they are pushed to the result of a strike.
Perhaps it is just as well that such a
striking divergence, as in this case, shall
come up occasionally in order to show the
absence of the necessary influences for the
prompt end equitable settlement of wages.
When in place of fl in wages by the present
scale, the men ask $1 CO and the firm offers
50 cents, the wide discrepancy implies the
absence of the force which should maintain
wages on an equitable basis.
What the exact lack is and how it can be
supplied forms the problem of the age.
With regard to the present case, we can
only say that it shows the need of some
equitable method of settling wages, and
hope that the method may be found before
the present difference produces a long and
A HEALTHY SIGH.
The remark of a railroad official reported
in a Chicago telegram, with reference to the
abolition of differential rates, that it is im
possible to permit a system of differential
rates without a pool to regulate it, tells a
part of the truth, but not the whole of- it.
The differential rates cannot be maintained
without a pool, and-would never -have been
dreamed of except in connection with a
""The differential as applied in this era is
to permit the roundabout roads to carry
freight cheaper than the direct ones. The
device of authorizing those roads, which can
least afford to carry cheaply, to do so in or
der that those which can best afford to carry
cheaply shall not do so, is an outgrowth of
the system of pooling. It is never heard of
except in connection with combinations to
prevent competition from fixing rates, and
to nullify the healthy principle of having
industrial services performed by the agen
cies best fitted to do them, because they do
them the cheapest.
Therefore, the abolition of differentials is
a healthy sign that the prohibition of pools
is doing its work. The roads which can af
ford to do the work at the least prices are
likely to do it, when the anomaly produced
by pooling disappears.
A HOTEL AFPLICATIOH.
A striking example of the early spring
madness of partisanship may be found in
the reference of the Iionisville Courier
Journal to the defeat of the ballot reform
bill in New "York, as: "The veto of the Sax
ton bill, which would have made it impossi
ble for Mr. Quay to carry the electoral vote
of "New York in 1892." This way of looking
at things implies a very novel vie1 of pol
itics. It indicates a belief that the Repub
lican "Legislature which passed the bill de-j
sired to defeat the Republican candidate iu
1892. It also implies that the Democratic
Governor of New York who vetoed the bill
wishes to stand in with Senator Quay in the
next Presidental election. Probably the
esteemed Courier-Journal thinks that
Cleveland will be the next candidate and
that Governor Hill desires to defeat him:
but still it is a decidedly unique view to I
represent the Democratic Governor of New
"York as acting in the interests of our own
Matthew Stanley Quay. When tie poli
ticians of one party get to doing exactly
what their enemies would wish them to do
it is a novel application of the golden rule
CUTTING THETfi OWH TH&OATS.
The natural result of the agitation which
has been most successful in the cattle raising
States, against dressed beef, is apparent in
the fact that "English journals are pointing
to it as an argument for excluding Ameri
can beef from their country. 01 course the
'English interest that will use this argu
ment most freely, will he financially bene-
lid by the exclusion; bet when they ea
-saint to the ex&siBte of ca4le rats-ise States
?as!rliiig to permit the sale of dressed
beef, it fi hard -to see how the. supporters
of American beef abroad can find a prac
tical reply to it.
The possibility of shutting off the export
of beef and cattle may show the cattle
growing interest how the measure into
which they hare been misled will cat their
own throats. The exports oi beef products
last year were 274,000,000 pounds, equal to
about 350,000 cattle. The exports of lire
cattle were 140,000. Here we have a total
exportation of nearly half o, million cattle
at the value of $30,000,000. Supposing this
outlet to be cut off is it not clear that the
results must be disastrous to the cattle-raising
interests of the whole country?
The act of the Western interests in
famishing the weapon that can thus be
turned against themselres is all the more
foolish because the measure that would hare
secured the legitimate purposes had been
urged before the country. State legislation
to co-operate with the federal inspection
law for guarding the health of beef prop
ducts for inter-State and export trade would
have placed American beef above reproach.
Similar legislation against trusts and com
binations would have prevented undue
control ot the live stock trade. Both meas
ures together would have added to the pros
terity of the cattle growers, cheapened the
price and guaranteed the quality of meat,
and enlarged instead of restricted the
commerce of the country.
But the cattle growing interests have in
stead been led into serving the puiposes of
those who are anxious to maintain the high
prices of food. How much it will cost them
before they discover and correct their mis
take it is hard to estimate.
HOT A DAHGEB0TJS HaBKET.
The immensity of the recent strides of im
provement in Pittsburg real estate has
caused a few timid persons to note with ap
prehension the occasional reappearance of
the brass band and free lunch feature which
was quite the order of the day in 1673. But
nothing of that sort has yet occnrred'here
in the present revival on a scale to warrant
even the slightest shadow of apprehension. '
J ,Br lue "rgesi volume ui transacuuus w
real estate at present is in improved property.
Persons have bought houses to live in them;
and others have bought sites to build houses
upon. Thus it is an actual present demand
which, so far, has been catered to. The fact
that few houses anywhere in the city remain
unsold or unrented is the best evidence that
the movement in,, that respect is not ahead
of the times or of actual requirements.
- As for indiscriminate speculation, there
is as yet but little, if anything, of it.
Enough people are still living with vivid
remembrance of the events in the early '70's
to check the folly of baseless booms or
dreams of enhancement springing solely
.from mere maps and recorded plans or from
a too fervid imagination.
There is not yet any advancement to
speak of in values of Pittsburg real estate,
or in the local demand for property, that is
not a fair outgrowth of population and busi
ness. Buyers, in nine cases out of ten, if
not indeed in still larger proportion, seem
to have actual needs for what they buy.
There is evidence, also, that they are con
sulting their pocketbooks and their pros
pects with close discernment. That is not
the sort of activity in the real estate market
which characterizes dangerous speculation.
On the contrary, quite the reverse.
ABSOLUTISM AJTD IHDU8TBY.
The course which the young Emperor of
Germany took in dealing with the recent
miners' strike was about as ridicu
lous an example of absolutism applied to
industrial disputes as could well be im
agined. Hardly anything roye foreign to
the status of industrial matters iu this
country could be conceived than the
spectacle of the sovereign of the country
telling a delegation of the workingmen that
if they did not obey orders he would call
out the troops and have them cut down like
dogs; and thehMurning around and giving
their employers a sharp lecture, with or
ders to give the men fair wages and. steady
It is certainly to the Emperor's credit
that he perceived the vital necessities of the
position. Order and respect for the law on
the part of the workmen, is something which
the ruling classes are very apt to teach; but"
few of them are as lucky as he to see that
the employers must found the principles of
good order in good pay and decent pros
perity for their employes. The rule of
might did better than usual in this case; J
and a good many people maybe led to think
that perhaps it might be well to have some
such power in this country, by which the
wasteful and destructive disputes between
labor and capital could be readihr adjusted
by a power higher than either of them.
Still such an opinion wonld be a mistake.
Neither labor nor capital would be bene
fited by taking their liberties away from
them. The grave disputes in which they
engage are an evil; but the evil will work
out its highest good when it makes the Em
ployers and their men learn that they must
settle their disputes intelligently and peace
ably. It is better for a nation to learn that
lesson even at the cost of some danger and
dispute than to lean upon some absolute
power to govern them.
Beyond that it appears that the imperial
order was not as efficient as was expected,
from the news that the strikers have come
into collision with the troops and that the
result of bloodshed has followed.
A SOCIETY CATCH.
Consul Doty, who has labored under the
stupendous burden of representing the
United States for some time in the Society
Islands, has won the "heart and hand of
Princess Polona. It is always pleasant to
note signs of life in our consular agents, es
pecially in the rather slumberous atmos
phere of the South Pacific. The Princess
Polona is said to be a pleasant, reddish
brown brunette, of refined tastes, accus
tomed to civilization's ways, Including the
bustle. That she is a woman of sense is
proved by the fact that she rejected an
offer of marriage made to her some time ago
by that eminent and aristocratic blackleg,
the Earl of Dudley, whose arrest for gam
bling in a London club house was chron
icled in The Dispatch recently. We
have sot the pleasure of knowing Mr.
Doty, but we feel reasonably sure that
Princess Polona will find him superior to
most of her olive or bright brown hrethren,
and certainly better than any errant En
It is a wonder that the Society Islands
have not attracted a greater number of
Americans to their hospitable shores. There
are thousands in this country, male and
female, who are eating their hearts out be
cause they cannot get into Bociety. Why
should not they find what they want in
Tahiti. We have reliable statistic? at hand
which state that pigs, dogs and rats, to say
nothing ofdoaaet&o animals in general,
thrive remarkably well on these islands.
Surely "sateiety" breegkt to famed 400
. if MflnlJflFJmtTl.li - IHronriAtt Tt
flWVt' .yW WJWI !. .. VIIHM &" I
worm et vM any Banco inexwaiowwMi
bine blood if a little farownblood were in
jected into it
That new English engine on -the Penn
sylvania Railroad does not seem? bo able
to keep np wllltthejrap!d pace of this
country. The PennBylyanlaHailroad should
donate it to the anglomaniacs of New York.
It may be popular with them because it Is
English, even though it is not fast enough,
for their balls.
It is noticeable that the Philadelphia
License Court took the same view of the
license law, with regard (6 wholesale license,
that our own court did. It rejected 225 ap
plications for wholesale licenses. The case
will be carried to the Supreme Court from
Philadelphia, and there the question will
be decided whether the same discretion is
given for granting of wholesale licenses as
has already been supported with regard to
the retail licenses.
The editorialfraternityin theBepublican
party mav not be saying much about the
fact that "two first-class missions the Ger
man and'Bussian are vacant; but that is no
reason why they should not keep on sawing
wood, just the same.
As the heated season advances with rapid
strides, the fact that the drug stores are not
permitted either to sell even soda water or
mineral drinks on Sunday, lends force to
the suggestion that someone feelingly pro
vides drinking fountains, where plenty of
cool water can be procured by the crowds
who march the streets on" Sunday afternoons
a better and healthier resort than hot
courts and back alleys.
The arrangements for the May "Festival
at the Exposition give great promise
of a striking and appropriate inauguration
of Pittsburg's new attraction. The Music
Festival will be a great musical event, and
a greater sooial one.
The doctor at Clifton Springs, New York,
who accidentally hanged himself in testing
the new suspensory apparatus for the cure
of curvature of the spine, reversed the usual
medical ruleofat experimentumincorpore
vili. The doctor who hangs himself first,
in order to find ont whether his patients
can stand the process, certainly exercises,
perhaps an excessive, but still a commend
able degree of caution.
The remarks upon Mr. Kyrle Bellew's
recent expose point to the conclusion that
if Mrs. Potter accepts his further assistance
in "elevating the stage," they will both to
gether succeed in knocking the stage higher
than a kite.
Colonel W. S. Cody is not very well
satisfied with the reception of his Wild
West show in Paris. The experience to
which he objects most strenuously is that
the authorities of Paris insisted upon vac
cinating his entire show, Indians and all.
Colonel Buffalo Bill's stage experience
doubtless qualifies him to exclaim, "This is
the most nnklndest cut of all."
Pboctob. Kitott, the race horse, was
beaten twice this week. This gives Gov
ernor Proctor Knott, of Kentucky, some
chance for fame in connection with that
As the poet Tennyson is suffering mors
and more nuder the infirmities of age, the
number of candidates for his position of
Poet Laureate increases. As the effect of the
office has heretofore been to deteriorate the
quality of the poetry, it is to be hoped, in
the interest of English literature, that all
the candidates may be disappointed by the
abolition of the place.
Now that the danger is past, it is rumored
that Bonlanger will go back to Paris and
resume his profession of overthrowing the
Government, in his imagination.
Apropos of Mr. W.vD. Howells light
opinion of Sir Walter Scott, even the most
ardent admirers of the Wizard of the North
will have to acknowledge that Sir Walter
Scott never could have written Mr. Howells'
novels. A hundred-pound Krupp gun never
could be of the slightest use in shooting
PEOPLE OF PBOMINENCE.
A boy 9 years of age has neon arrested in
Harrisburg for stealing three horses.
-Genekal Sickles will deliver an address
on Decoration Day atTremont Temple, Boston.
A little church has been built by the ladles
of Grovetown, Ga., as a memorial to Paul H.
Hayne, the poet, who made his home there.
The Empress-dowager of China, who has
ruled that country for 25 years, and Is now
over SO years old, is an accomplished archer and
A blacksnAke eight feet In length and one
third of a foot in circumference was killed a
few days ago on the farm of H. H. Kisaman,
The widow and daughter of Chief Justice
Wolte have removed frdm the Washington
house he purchased some four years since, to a
less expensive one on Bbode Island avenue.
The late William W. "Harding, of Philadel
phia, although less than 59 years old, had for 31
years been publisher of the Philadelphia In
quirer. He had also published 3,000,000 copies
of the Bible.
Miss Nettie. HollidAT, who is visiting
Mrs. Harrison at the White House, has been
for the last six years a missionary at Tabreez,
Persia, and will soon return thither. Bhe is an
old-time comrade of Mrs. Harrison.
Sybil Sanlebsok-, an American girl, whom
Jules Massenet prophetically styled "another
Kilsson" some time ago, achieved a brilliant
success in Paris on Wednesday night, accord
ing to cable specials, which say she accom
plished wonders. The new diva is a daughter
of the late Judge Sanderson, of the California
Hiss Theresa Stotjqhtos, fiance of Sen
ator Allison, Is the daughter of tha late A B.
Stoughton, of Washington, D. C. Her sister Is
the wife of Paymaster Bacon, and it was their
former residence on I street which Becretary
Tracy recently purchased. Senator Allison
has been paying attentions to Miss Stoughton
for some time. Senator Allison Is now in Call
fornia with the Senate Committee on Trade
Relations with Canada, and Miss Stoughton is
with the party under the chaperonage of Mrs.
MARBIED IS THK-MIDDLB OP THE EOAD.
A Young Couple Who Were Bound to Wed
NEW HAYiar. May 17". A young couple were
married in the road in Harwlnton, Litchfield
county, on Monday, under circumstances which
show the genius of people on marriage bent.
Fred Chamberlain, the groom, is a hand
some Yankee tanner, 35 years of age. He
arranged to marry Miss Nellie Hungerf ord, a
neighbor. The Harwintoniteaao to church in
Terryville, where the Rev. W.F. Arms preaches.
Chamberlain cot his marriage license in Har
wlnton and went to the minister with his af
fianced, wbeahe was informed that the license
was good for Harwlnton, but not for Terry
Tills. The unhappy couple were in a quandary at
this, but they finally adopted the suggestion of
the clergyman that be get Into the hack with
them and drive into Harwlnton and there tie
the knot. Thedrlrer,JohnAbbottoutof sym
pathy for the couple, whipped up bis horses
and soon crossed- the town line, and there In
the middle of the sandy road, with uncovered
beads, the marriage ceremony was quickly
EnallyAccOBBted for. v
ifresL the Courier-Joaraal.1 - - j
It is considered a earieatJaec- that no deaf
man h ever jetetd lathe try that "swriaee
MasaJMM.?' ' -. .:,
THE T0PI0AE TALKER.
Sorao Pair Toarhts Return Greenup Has
Ko Ilandkerchleia KaturalteatlonBoom
iog OdaVand Bads.
The party ot ladle from this city who went
to Cincinnati last week on the steamer Bcotla
have returned safely. There were no casuall
ties daring the voyage, although one or two of
the ladies had to return home by jaU, because
of family illness. On the second day out the
party organized with Mrs. Dr. Eifton as Presl-
uent, ana Airs. a. ju. watson- as vice presi
dent, and Mrs. Bchaefer, Secretary. These
ladies fulfilled their duties to the satisfaction
of the whole party. Mrs. Schaef er has written
a history of the voyage, or rather a humorous
account of all its incidents, and this will be
written out and given to every member of the
party as a memento of the trip. A committee.
has been appointed to look after the little book
and it will be handsomely bound with hand
painted covers, and otherwise made beautiful.
The officers of the Scotia were extremely sorry
to see the band of SO ladies get off, and the
ladles themselves would gladly make the trip
again. The news that she carried such a fair
cargo went ahead of the Scotia all the way
down, and the journey Consequently became
something like a triumphal progress. The gal
Iant captain bad a band taken on board soon
after the vessel passed into the State of Ohio,
and its music coupled with the fact that so
many ladies were known to be on board brought
out the Inhabitants of all the towns.
On their way up from Cincinnati their recep
tion was no less enthusiastic. The entire popu
lation of every town invariably lined the banks
as the Scotia drew near, and handkerchiefs
were waved continuously from the shore and
from the boat's deck. An Idea of how much
handkerchief waving was done on board the
Scotia may be obtained from the fact that
hardly a member of the party but had lost two
or more handkerchiefs before reaching Pitts
burg. One of the ladies tells me a funny story
about Greenup, a small town in Kentucky on
the river bank. 'When the Scotia drewnear to
it the people of Greenup, as usual, came out to
salute the vessel, and the ladies lined the
Scotia's rails to return the greeting. Thirty
handkerchiefs waved from the deck, but not
one appeared on shore. The good .people of
Greenup cheered and waved their hands, but
not one of them seemed to be the owner of a
handkerchief. At last a colored barber ran
out from his shop with two towels in his hand,
and with these he made a magnificent demon
stration. A small dog of the white Pomeranian
breed also added his tail to the salutation.
Greenup had an unpleasant reputation during
the war for banging runaway slaves, and it
looks as if Its people had not got out of bar
The flood of applicants for naturalization pa
pers continues tobe very great m all the courts.
Court officials tell me that nine-tenths of the
new citizens are carefully getting their votes
ready to throw against the prohibition ques
tion. From a casual glance at the names of the
new citizens I should imagine that the German
element very largely predominates.
Even the best restaurants in town make
little or no attempt to fix their bill ot fare to
suit the weather. The same hot meats, the
same entrees, and the same side dishes we were
glad enough to eat in December are still offered
tons. TVhen the thermometer shows 80 in the
shade men are not anxious to gorge themselves
with rich food. What men want now are cool,
appetizing dishes, salads, fresh vegetables and
refreshing liquids. The restaurant which takes
a lesson from the New York lunch bars, and
makes a study of hot weather dietetics will catch
an enormous number of Fittaburgers who
practically prefer to go lunchless under exist
The Mail Pouch disgorged a letter 40 hours
ago which the editor ot that department
kindly hands to me to answer. Here is the
Deab Era-Please give me a little Information as
to the number of newspapers published, their
early history and when first Issued, and oblige
Tours truly, E. B. S.
P. S. Please answer this query to-morrow
morning, as I very much need the Information.
It would be a pleasant bagatelle to give E. B,
8. the information he desires, as far as the
mere work of compilation is concerned. The
only objection to the publication of the early
history of the world's newspapers, eta, in this
column is that it would keep it Oiled for about
half a dozen years, and the subject, we fear,
might become somewhat monotonous to most
readers of The Dispatch.
ALL Hf COSTUME.
A Very Pretty Amateur Theatrical and
The large hall of the Pittsburg Female Col
lege presented a pretty appearance last even
ing. The occasion was the presentation of
"The German- Peasant -Concert," and after
The large hall was not as well filled as It
should have been, probably owing to the ex
tremely warm weather, but the visitors present
enjoyed the affair most thoroughly, and the
pretty slnging'and clever acting of the young
amateurs show very plainly that the Eastern
college craze ot amateur theatricals has
reaohed here with a vengeance, and found
some very bright amateurs, too.
The German concert was rendered by some
eight lovely young misses dressed in the pretty
peasant costumes of that country, somewhat
overdrawn, perhaps, as to color and arrange
ment, but very pleasing nevertheless. The
singers were Misses Mae Zeth, Catherine
Collins, Lulu Orcutt, Mary Robinson, Margie
Wilson and Emma waiter.
The Greek play, "Pandora," was also a pleas
ing affair, and in this Miss Hattle Cook, as
Epimethevt, showed herself to be an actress
and elocutionist of rare promise, and It is said
by her many friends the young lady is studying
for the stage. The other charming participants
were Misses Emma Soandau, Mary Reed, Ola
Lockwood, Nan Snodgrass, Kittle Lyons and
Mr. Frank Norcross,
IB ATJLDEN TIME CONCERT
Of the Central Reformed Presbyterian
Choral Society a Success.
The members of tbe Central Reformed Pres
byterian Choral Society gave their last concert
of the term last night at Masonio Hall, Alle
gheny, Mr. W. S. Weeden, the President,
acting as director of the evening's perform
ances. It was "Ye Aulden Tyme Concert" in all the
details of Its arrangements. The lady members
of the society were all arrayed in the fashions
of the past, from the ultra-grotesque, puffed-np
kind of costume of the times of Queens Anne
and Elizabeth, to the more picturesque of the
age ot Marie Antoinette. Among the gentle
men some very elegant suits were noticed, and
altogether the stage presented a very attractive
The programme was composed ot 23 numbers
of choruses, quartets' and solos of the best
known composers of the day.
Messrs. D:E.Nuttall, W.E, Haines, W. S.
'Weeden, J. A. Strouss, the members ot the
Alpine Quartet, with Mr. Sam M. Brown as ac
companist, rendered very efficient assistance in
making the concert the success it turned out
Only Fonr In One Day.'
Special Telegram to The Dispatch.
WAsmsGTOK. May 17. Two hundred and
three new postmasters were appointed by Mr.
Clarkson to-day, only four of which were in
Pennsylvania, while West Virginia loomed up
with no less than 28. These ore the Pennsylva
nia: John Donahue, Belden; J, C Boyer,
Stone Church; C. A. Daniel, Successful; E, H.
The Vegetables Away Ahead.
from the Punxsntawney Spirit,
It Is now maintained by some scientists that
certain plants actually possess a degree of in
telligence. That Is where they have the bulge
on certain people we know of. x
Too Much Mother-Ia-Law.
from the Chicago Herald.
The House of Lords at London has again
voted against the deceased wife's sister. Prob
ably the wife's folks have made lot of trouble
for the Duke and Earls.
DEATHS OF A DAT.
BACO, ME., MayI7,-Joihua CSrfc agtd 'Kr an
eccentric character who has lived as a hermit in a
alterable hat la -the tewsaaln of Barton tor
years, 'was iosnd dead Wednesday In his thanty, j
which he, poeuoled la cesunon-wHh a. Sock of 1
sheep, aaebodyof afeedssabtaerredasaplHowl
fortM corpse.-" Vaster hlraed were'eereawe of-t
wtalbfe wpeiea toiaave iwwbM.Ui last
IHI f OIITICAL POT.
It Boiled Hetty on the Last Bar of the
Cateeaign Claim of the Ieaier-
Bayae on the AHeftkesy Feteee
Twenty-fire men were waiting for Colonel
Bayne whenhe appeared yesterday morning at
the oSce of the JPrctt. They received their
instructions and went out to hustle. Others
kept coming and going all day, bringing in
reports and receiving instructions. It has gen
erally been conceded that the Sixth district Is
the real bone of contention, and whoever cap
tures that prize the winner. Colonel Bayne
told a DISPATCH reporter that while the Cox
matter was an aid in that district, his forces
would have won the fight without it. He felt
so sanguine ot this that he was even making
the claim that he would carry the Fifth dis
trict. Some of tbeMageemen confessed last
night that the Sixth looked a trifle shaky, and
they weren't betting much on winning it. Mr.
Magee, however, was uttering no such uncer
tain sound. The Magee headquarters in City
Hall were lust as active as the Bayne
I headquarters. Alk over the county yes-
teraay toe worsers oi ootn siaes wera
getting in their hardest licks. Mr. Magee con
cedes SO committeemen to the opposition, and
claims 60 for himself. Mr. Bayne yesterday of.
f ered to give odds of 3 to 2 that he would be a
winner. Xn the evening he retired to bis home
in Bellevue, completely tired out, for a good
night's rest. During the day, it is said, a num.
ber of Magee men came In and pledged them
selves to him.
A Question of Offices.
Colonel Bayne was asked yesterday concern
ing the offices, but bad little information to
give.. The most important thing, he said, was
that he didn't think the present Allegheny
postmaster would serve out his term, and when
he stepped out Mr. GUlIland would step in.
The latter was hard at work yesterday earning
his appointment. Colonel Bayne did not know
anything about the Pittsburg postofflce, be
said. Nevertheless, Mr. McKean worked just
as hard and just as cheerfully as Mr. Gllltfand
and as Mr. warmcastle, whose appointment is
secure. The Colonel said the statement in the
Washington correspondence of a morning
paper that he had indorsed "Mr. Holllday" for
Collector of Customs at Pittsburg Is a mistake
that grows out of the fact that he indorsed
Major Holllday, of Erie, for the position of
Commissioner of Customs at Washington. He
wouldn't say who was likely to get the customs
appointment In this city, and didn't know any
thing for publication about the other Federal
Legislators In Town,
Senator McLaln, of Washington county,
came to town yesterday. He was on his way
home. After the Legislature adjourned he
went to Boston to visit friends. Captain Bd
linzslev. member of the Legislature from the
same county, and author of the Billingsley bill,
was also here. Senator McLaln paid a visit to
Bayne headquarters, and then went to Alle
gheny to see Senator Rutin. Captain Billings.
ley paid his respects last evening to State
Chairman Andrews at his room at the
Seventh Avenne Hotel. 'Representative Pngh,
ot Somerset, who Isn't very particular whether
his next political venture Is the State Senate
or Congress, was also In the city. Representa
tives Btegmaler, Caffrey and Neary.of Lu
zerne, have returned home after a visit of
several days. Hon. Henry Houck, Deputy
Superintendent of Pnbllo Instruction, was
another official visitor yesterday.
Where the City Loses.
Controller Morrow was at els desk In his
office In City Hall yesterday after his trip to
Harrisburg, where he induced the Governor,
without much trouble, to sign the Pittsburg'
Street and sewer bill. He says the present
rush to the Btate capital for street railway
charters Is simply phenomenal. Mr. Morrow
still holds to the opinion that Senator New
myer's munlolpal lien bill will work great in
jury to the city. The Penn avenue end of the
trouble is not the only one, he says.
Under the law the city cannot enforce
the collections on judgments entered on liens
under 120, and there are a large number of
properties the taxes on which will not amount
to CO In the time In which liens must be entered.
Consequently, as the city cannot force the
matter, a great part of the money must be lost.
Drinks and the Color Line.
A colored employe of a City Hall office hid
an experience yesterday, concerning which
there is nothing laid down in the Brooks law.
He was invited out by a white friend to a
prominent hostelrle to take a drink. The col
ored brother's liquor was assessed at 25 cents
and that of the Caucasian at the regular rate.
"How much for beerT" Inquired the former.
"Fifteen cents to you," replied the smiling
By stiffening the rate he lost a customer, but
is losing no sleep about it. He has probably
lost many others of the African persuasion In
the same manner.
Consal Jarre tt and Arthur.
John Jarrett had not last evening, received
official notification of his appointment as Con
sul to Birmingham, but expects it to-day. Mr.
Jarrett, it Is recalled, was appointed to a Con
sulate Dy the late President Arthur, who soon
afterward revoked the appointment on hearing
it reported that Mr. Jarrett had said be
was better fitted to be a scullion at Delmonico's
thanPresident of the United States. Mr. Jarrett
visited Mr. Arthur and told him be had not
said that at all, but had declared him better
fitted to preside at Delmonico's than to be
President. Mr. Arthur thought this bad
enough, and didn't revoke the revocation. One
cannot but admire Mr. Jarrett for the manly
way in which he stood by what he had said,
even though one may not conour In the judg
ment SUETITAL OP TAB FITTEST.
The Stronger Western Roads Are Protest
Ing Against Differential Bates.
Chicago, May 17. The rumored settlement
of all differential rates was the malntoploof
Interest among railroad men this morning. The
majority of the officials seen took strong
grounds against differentials, claiming that
they gave every advantage to the weak roads.
In an interview with the general manager of
a Western road, he said:
"There-Is no possible way of controlling the
effect of differentials unless all the roads inter
ested are In a pool. This whole subject has
been revived by the action of the Central Traf
fic Association in abolishing differentials on
dressed beef. The effect or differential rates
in this case is a type of the way it acts in every
thing else. Tbe differential roads carried prac
tically all the business and the strong roads got
"What will be the effect on weak roads if
differential rates are taken from them?"
"Well, of course, they won't get much busi
ness. But why should theyT The doctrine of
the survival of the fittest must apply.. Why
should tho stronger roads practically pay out
money to their competitors? Differential rates
are. blackmailing rates. They are levied by
weak goats-horn' routes as a bonus for not
cutting rates. The strong roads, are getting
tired of the blackmail."
"But won't the weak roads demand differen
tials and take them, whether granted or not?"
"If they do, it will only kill them the sooner.
If tbe war comes, the strong roads will meet
any rate made by the weak roads, and tbe end
will be disastrous to some one."
Warning on Locusts' Wing.
From the BussellTiUe (Ky.) Herald.
Mr. George R. Beall brought to our office a
17-year loevst, and called our attention to the
marks on its wings. He said 17 years ago the
locusts had on each wing the letter "P" mean
ing "peace and plenty," and this year on each
wing wHlibe found "W" meaning "want and
war." Thirty-four years ago, so we understand,
the locusts had the same letters "WW," and
during that 17 years our Civil War occurred.
Making Fog by Machinery,
from the St. Louis Globe-Democrat.
After a series of experiments extending over
a number of years, a machine for the produc
tion of artificial fogs has been perfected. The
object is to produce sufficient humidity in the
air to render cotton spinning possible in the sul
try cotton-growing regtos of the South. If the
fog machine effects this it will rival the cotton
gin in value and importance.
TRIED AK TRUE.
I gte r& back yer troth, Jamie,
Ye' v aye been true Uo me;
But watt a for this stir disease
I'm no sae fata- tee see.
The gowdea locks ye praised, Jamie,
I've teat them ane an' a,
The eheeks ye hae tae often kissed
Will never malr be bra w. ,
I wadna hae the wart, Jamie, -
Jeer at ye for ay sake;
I'll dee what's rlcht atween us twa
Altboaab. my heart should break.
We were ance the bonniest poll
la a the lovers' lane,
But noo tak' back yer troth, Jamie,
I'll ne'er look wed again.
I'll no' tak' back my troth, Jeanie,
Ma! od tae gald has beeai-r
e baa left yea' the beauty
M at atad ye aotr than queen,
f Jat Uyyer watted Ja aria,,. ,
11 m'w tak' say tretb, Jeaait,
IWMiM W 'ff.
TALK trf THE QOTHAMITES.
A cfrafX HaHday tot the Xonregtana,
' wsrwTOEK'nOBXAff rcilL.f
-Nev Yobe; May 17. The Norwegians of the
City' have had a holiday to-day because 7$
years ago Norway was f reed; from Danish rule.
They hung out national flags, and many of the
societies, gave picnics In. the suburbs. This
evening they let off- fireworks In an uptown
park, and gave a banquet and ball, at which
the Norwegian Consul, Christian Bors,Vlce
Consul Raon and Mayor Grant were present.
tSnrroted In the New Bowery.
' A Mir of muscular fingers were placed on
the windpipe of Hiram W. Culver, lawyer, as
he was passing a dark alley In the new Bowery,
at 10 o'clock last night Two men took his
watoh and purse and then knocked blm down.
The minute tbe fingers loosened their grip on
Mr. Culver's throat he yelled for help. A
policeman who heard him followed the garro
ters, and after a sharp tussle arrested them.
They are now In-the Tombs.
Maybe an Extended Strike.
More than Li300 storemen, usually employed
in warehouses alone the Brooklyn water front,
are out on strike becanse tbe warehousemen
refused to raise tnelr wages from 20 cents to 25
cents per hour. Groups of the strikers picket
the approaches' to the stores. A number- of
men who crossed the river from this city, Ho
boken and Jersey City looking for employment
at the stores returned on being told that a
strfke was on hand. A little over 12 months
ago EL B. Bartlett organized all the warehouse
men from the Empire stores to the Erie basin
into a vast corporation, which raised the rates
for wharfage and tonnage and reduced the
wage of tbe storemen from 25 to 20 cents an
hour. The strike will probably extend along
tbe whole river front
James Gordon Bennett In Egypt.
A great many persons have been trying vainly
for several days to learn just where James Gor
don Bennett Is. All sorts of wild reports as to
his present whereabouts are current All that
Is known of him at the Herald office is that he
is now in Egypt and that he is going further
Inland. The last cablegram received from him
was dated Alexandria, One rumor is that tbe
cause of Mr. Bennett's departure to Egypt Is a
bet he made In one of tbe clubs of Paris that ne
could visit Khartoum and return unscathed.
Another report is that he received intelligence
that General Gordon was still alive and a pris
oner in the hands of the Mahdi, who would re
lease the General in consideration of 1,000,000
Rose Coghlan Keep Oat of Court.
Rose Coghlan, the actress, disappointed a
large crowd In the City Court this morning by
not appearing to tell the Judge why he ought
not to fine her for contempt Miss Coghlan
and the Fourth National Bank have been fight
ing each other in the courts for some time.
The last two dates set for trial were Inconve
nient for Miss Coghlan, and she failed to ap
pear. Her dootor swore that she was very ill
of tonsllltis, but a she played her parts on the
stage in the meantime, the Judge thought she
was fibbing, and at the Instance of the bank
threatened ber with a fine for contempt The
bank and Miss Coghlan settled their dispute
last night, and the whole matter dropped out
Triplets Turn a Tillage Topty-Tarvy.
Triplets were born to Mr. and Mrs. Charles
Francis, of Jamaica Village, Sunday night A
boy and two girls. Their total weight Monday
morning was just 1SK pounds. One of the little
girls died to-day. The other two babies have
apparently come into the world to stay. Ja
maica Village, whloh consists of a grocery, a
fourth-class postofflce and 13 houses, has been
turned topsy-turvy by the arrival of the trip
lets, and a movement Is on toot to make Mrs.
Francis, theirjnother, a present
A PHILADELPHIA GOLD MINE.
Bradford' Galcb, a Regular Mining Camp,
In the Quaker CItr.
Philadelphia, May 17. For some time a
tegular mining camp has been in existence in
a back yard in this city. Its owner is Hezeklah
Bradford, a man of 80, living on North Twenty
second street Big boxes containing precious
ore are brought from Mr. Bradford's Colorado
Tho roomy backyard is Uttered with all the
appurtenances of camp life. Two big mining
sieves stand In the center, ana a steady stream
of water courses through them. In tbe sum
mer a big tent is stretched over the yard. Two
or three times a week the big boxes from bis
Colorado mines are bronght to the house by
express wagons, and then all is bustle and in
dustry at the camp. Two stalwart workmen
man the crusher, a big grinding machine of
the old miner's Invention. The contents of the
boxes are poured into tbe hopper, and rocks
and earth are ground to fine proportions.
Then Miner Bradford and his workmen put
the crushed ore, rock and dirt through the
sieves, rocking them to and fro while a stream
of water plays on the precious mud. Tbe gold
or silver bearing rock is thus separated in a
measure from the worthless dirt and nextthe
assaying apparatus in the house is brought into
play. With that Mr. Bradford tests the result
of his washing and determines whether the
new diggings at his distant mines keeps up tbe
average of pure metal found in former ship
ments. After saving a sample, which he care
fully dates and numbers and places with his
collection, the remainder of the precious metal
is taken to the Mint and sold. The principal
product of his mines, however, Is disposed ox In
EX-C0B7I0TS SENT FE0H ENGLISH.
A Clan of Immigration That Collector
Erhnrdt Ha to Handle.
NEW Yobk, May 17. Ten contract laborers
who arrived here from Rotterdam last night,
on the steamer Obdam, were detained at Castle
Garden to-day, until Collector Erhardt in
quires Into their cases. The immigrants said
that they came here at the instigation of the
Prisoners' Aid Society of London, with the
understanding that they were to place their
services at the disposal of Samuel Neua, so
called emigrant agent at Sequlne, Tex.
Tha Castle Garden authorities sav that they
have evidence to prove that tbe Prisoners' Aid
Bociety of London has been shipping English
convicts to Nella, in Texas, at the rate of one
'or two a week for many months past
A 408-PoaBd Bear Trapped.
Hokessale, May 17. A large bear has been
committing depredations on the farm of Stan
ley Keester, In Damascus township, until Tues
day night when it was captured In a trap set
for it. Jnst previous to its being caught it
killed, a 2-year-old heifer. After the animal
had been caught in the trap it broke the trap
loose from Its fastenings and climbed a tree,
dragging tbe chain and trap with it It
weighed 100 pounds.
A Jndge'a Rashnoa.
From the Chicago Timet,
Judge Cooley Is about to do a perilous thing.
He is going to make an inquiry Into the work
ings of the Standard Oil Company. A man
who will do that would have his hair out by a
A Numerous Class.
from the Baltimore American, i
Many men pursue an upright course of life-
and never overtake tt
Tkz new town of Jeannette has a 'hustling
undertaker" who is also a life Insurance agent
A W. MoCloskxy, of Venango borough,
has painted the top and bottom ot hi tease
black, in memory, as he says, ot prohibition.
A UuTLxx man was arrested one day last
week simply for trying to lay by something for
a rainy day. He had stolen seven umbrellas.
Ot 1,030 tomato plants set out by Anthony
Bullock, of Upper Providence, Delaware coun
ty, fully 900 were eaten by potato bug within
Air Armstrong county man has been sent to
Jatf for 15 days for singing. His musical per
formance took place oa a railroad train, and he
wouldn't stop when requested by pas eager.
A LakoAstib paper says that a pugilist of
that city, returning to hi home by night from
his usual haunt, was attacked, by a large goat
owned by" Adam I)nnls, the negro minstrel,
knocked down and so wed up that he had to
cry tor help. HI body 1 badly mutilated.
its) of Franklla'S meat able ministers, la the
coarse of a sermon reeooHy, referred, as an 11
luatsVtftn, to a stldisr wao had lot bete arm
t the war. The oM soldier retBtaedBoeaeiad,
i mlatstot wat oa tosy, "west up to a
BMrt-Ui aaaa on kefrieae?
Tfcesetatilir I stlH trytsciessa-
SttVMT wflMkC WW-., wss aWssWBJO PRidtV an
aAa .ai.gtgtaj-u tchSLj-aa fSM natalslBi
HflSs SBWaVlSHsMbfv JFSSlSTr lsSi SBBSBBl OSFS-PaSFiaS
' ; CtfelOUS CHDEH 5ATI0KS.-
A colored bey - JewBville, Ind,
swallowed a lead peaeil. The pencil and the
boy were saved, bat it took fear doctors several
hours to dolt
A'Kaasas hrid'egreo sold balls of pop
corn to his wedding guests and the papers art
Inclined to thinkhTs actios detracted bom the
dignity of the occasion.
Sea lions are so plentiful on the coast of
California this yeassM to Basa4aaee, es
pecially, to fishermen, while their harklag ag
gravate the farmers for two mile salaad.
At Scranton recently a parrot had a very
lively tussle with a bat The bat got in the
bird's cage and couldn't get oat. TaeaKbefraa
attacking the parrot dlTiaer at her and biting:
Polly yelled: 'Gracious, how that barwl" and
pitched Into tbe bat Tbe bird used' wlsiBan4
bill, and soon tore the little intruder llaBfrosa
The steamerNewfield landed at Halifax
the other day, and sent two sailors oa shore to
get eats. They secured over 80 la two how
The cats are to be taken to Sable Is-laad
used for destroying the rabbits which are be
ginning to overrun the Island. They Berrww .
in the sand, making large holes, which cause',
the ponies to stumble and break their legs. .
The promenade of the Brooklyn bridge
was the scene of a great massacre the otfaet"
day. Several thousand lives were snuffed, oat.
They will not be seriously missed, as they be '
longed to potato bugs, a tremendous swarm of
which, probably borne skyward In a whirlwind
from Jersey fields, lighted on the big structure.
They were crushed under the feet of hundred) j
of bridge crossers. 4
A Connecticut gardener stepped oa ft M'
needle 12 years ago and it entered his foot Bus- '
day night he felt a sharp and severe pricking;
sensation in the hip near the joint and an ex
amination revealed the end of a needle just
under the skin. With a small pair of pliers it
was drawn out, and with it nearly srx Inches ot
blue silk thread, which had been in the nee63
when he stepped on It
The other day a child of John Genther,
of Kearney, Neb., was bitten on the hand by a
snake over six feet long. The child's hand im
mediately swelled up and the father extracted
three teeth of the snake, which were imbedded
in tbe flesh of tbe boy's hand. The boy was
Sven a big dose of whisky and put to bed, and
recovering from the bite. The snake was
what Is called a bull snake.
A novel way of defrauding a railroad
company has justbeen discovered by Conductor
Baxter, of the Erie. He did not like the looks
of the commutation ticket of a youth wno
lived In Rldgewood, and an examination showed
that 21 dates punched out by the conductor had
been plugged and repnnched. that is to say, bad v
been traveled on twice. The yonng man had
In each case picked np the piece of card
dropped from theconductor'spunch&adneatly
"The wearing of the green" this spring
is not confined to the millinery and dress good
of tbe girl of the period. The fashionable
precious stone at present is the emerald, though "
it has only secured third place in popularity.
The diamond will always retain the lead in
popular favor, and tbe ruby comes second. Tbe
majority of fine emeralds come from Barman
and other Asiatic countries. The American
emerald was discovered by Prof. Hlddan. in
North Carolina, and Is quite extensively used,
though the stones are not anything like as fine
as the Oriental stones. Emeralds cost any
where from fSO to $3,600.
Some men would be rather tough sub
jects for execution under the New York laws;
a Mr. Schwartzing, of Williamsburg, Iowa, for
example. Last Saturday his barn was struck
by lightning, the fluid passing down a post, ,
dividing into two currents, killing three horses '
in Its course. Mr. Schwartzing, who was un-
hitching one of the horses, was Knocked down, -T-
the horse falling on him. When extricated he i
was found to be terribly burned and lacerated '
by the electric current which struck his left ,:
arm, passing over his left breast and abdomen -3
and down nls leg. tearing off tha sole ot his ,
shoe. Next day he was well enough to go to f"
town to see his physician. w
An Indiana man has just written to the ,
Secretary of tbe Interior stating that he wants J
$3,500. He says he is old and feeble, and needs
tbe money and thinks the Government ougni
to give It to him. He therefore asks the Seen
taryfor the amount suggested, and reques
that it do lorwaraea as eariyas possioie. .
unio man is a uiue more moues. in nis requ
He says he has a farm of 640 acres, and thr
is mortgaged for $2,000. That amount
says, will just exactly get blm out of deV
start him square with-the world, the 6H
of land, of course, being on the credit si
asks the Secretary to send him $2,000 tr
mall as a loan, and says he will- pay i;
the Government in Installments.
The Secretary of the Xnterlof "has re-,
celved a novel request from a school teacher In
Kansas City. This teacher makes a mild
requisition for a full set of blanks such as are
used In the Interior Department He explains
his request by stating that he teaches civil
government in the high school and wishes to
give his scholars an object lesson concerning
Government blanks, applications, appoint
ments, etc In apostscript be adds that a full
set of Patent Office, pension, Indian Bureau,
education and census blanks will be doubly
appreciated. As a f nil set of the various blanks
requested would about fill two freight cars, it
is not likely that the Secretary will forward
A special from Cambils, Wis., tells
this seasonable story: A few days ago 12 citi
zens of that burg each received a letter signed
"C. B. Clark," desiring him to meet the Con
gressman at Beaver Dam on business relative
to the Cambria postofflce. These 12 are candi
dates for the postmastershlp, and so all but two
of them went to Beaver Dam "on the quiet,"
each supposing himself chosen tor the office by
Clark; After a fruitless search for the Neenah
statesman some of the gentlemen met On
comparing notes It was discovered that every
one had oome to Beaver Dam on precisely the
same errand, and that individually and col
lectively they had been egreglously fooled by
some cruel wag. There never was such a
"swearing train" iu this State before as the
one thatief t Beaver Dam for Cambria that
One of the most interesting achieve
ments In modern engineering Is the electric
mountain railway recently opened to the public
at the Burgenstock, near Lucerne. The rails
describe one grand curve formed upon an
angle of U2 degrees, and the system is such
that the journey Is made as steadily and
smoothly as upon any of the straight funicular
lines. The Burgenstock Is almost perpendicu
lar from the -shore of Lake Lucerne to the
Burgenstock Is 1.S30 feet and It Is 2,869 feet
above the level of the sea. The total length of
the line is 988 meters, and It commences with a
gradient of 82 per cent which Is Increased to S3
per cent after the first MO meters, this being
maintained for the rest of the journey. A sin
gle pair of rails is used throughout and the
motive power, electricity. Is generated by two
dynamos, each of 23 horse power, whica are
worked by a water wheel of nominally 129
horse power, erected upon the river Aar at its
mouth, at Buochs, three miles away, the eleo,
trfn nirrAnt bnlnor easdncted bv mean Of in
sulated copper wires. The los la trwnm)sion
is esumstea at a per ceuw
CHUNKS OP HUMOR,
Why should the spirit of mortal fee)
proud ? TTo reason we can see, ttnlest he owns an
Ice pond. Puek. .
It is said that every man has his doable;'
It generally occurs In youth, daring the green
apple HMon.t-Pmtdmce Journal,
The mean is not the extreme, hut if there.
Is anything meaner than a hornet's extreme It a4
not come this 'my'.Binghamton Republican,
Definitive. Justice What's the charge? ,
Complainant I ain't dead sure; but from th' '
feelln' I reckon he must 'r used back shot, y'r
Justly Incensed. landlady No, sir. we
cannot admit you; we take only single gentle
men. Married Applicant-Well, ain't I a single gen
tleman f What d' ye take me for a pair of ,
Btaaese twins ?-Puc.
Didn't Charge Anything. "Is this bsM
tery charged t" asked a young man, touching an.;
electrical apparatus in one of the downtown
"No, sir; we do a strictly cash business here."-0 ji
How it HariTieaa Verv tall to very D0W4
legged man-Great Beott I Did you learn to walks
tooyouag, or what?
Saw.lMd mxa RtrTir. 1 warned my leg
stooping down to avoid long-legged bores who'
ask questions .Judge. - H
Didn't Care to See It Artist xow, yei
matt not go until yoa have teen my bet work. 1
wish to show you a picture that was exhibited 1J
the last Parts talon. i
MIm Perdue fof Chlearol-Exeuse Me, Kr.l
Atelier, but I don't eare to exaalae any Moeav
Btttare to-dev.-JtWa. 18
Why He Lingered.-JTo GWvttSf
sorry, Mr. HarteL but I eanH sell yea aaether?
Booon. 1 gsete year wire wm a etsyeeuaft
ysss .. . . -x-m x x-3'f.
Vf-J- 'J JKi1
sa we wm-wmmjrM
. - ' t r .-me-"!