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title: 'Pittsburg dispatch. (Pittsburg [Pa.]) 1880-1923, June 08, 1889, Page 4, Image 4',
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THE PITSBTOIG IttSPATOH sITUEDT, TlftfE 8,' - 1880;
-A Modern Miracle.
The Pittsburg Dispatch
Tmiw. May, Jane 9, 1889,
' A Number of Now-Features which makes it
A foBierM Example of Modern Genius.
The Only Girl in Overlook,
A Western Story written by Franklin File
From a Plot
By Wilkie Collins,
Will be Published Complete in this Issue.
The Johnstown Disaster
Will be Described at Length, together with
the Very Litest News from tbe scene.
A large corps of talented writers and artists
will contribute tbeir best efforts to the col
umns of the paper, and tho usual f nil foreign,
domestic and local reports will be Riven, mak
ing this issne of The Sunday Dispatch,
from a journalistic point of new,
A Mmtern Miracte. .
ESTABLISHED FEBRUARY 8. 1S43.
Vol. ,Xo. 121. Entcret at rittsburg Postoffice,
JCovembcr H 1SS7, as second-class matter.
Business Office 97 and 99 Fifth Avenue.
News Rooms and Publishing House 75,
77 and 79 Diamond Street.
Average net circulation of the dally edi
tion of Tbe Dispatch for six months ending
Copies per Issne.
Average net circulation of the Sunday cdl.
lion of The Dispatch for Slay, 1SS9,
Copies per Issue.
TEEMS OF THE DISPATCH.
I-OSTAGE FEEE IX TBE UNITED STATICS.
DAJXT DISPATCH. One Year... 8 00
Dailt Dispatch, Per Quarter 2 03
Datlt Dispatch, One Month 0
Dailt Dispatch, Including Sunday, one
year 10 00
Daily Dispatch,- Including Sunday, per
quarter S SO
Daily Dispatch, Including Sunday, one
month ................................. ... 00
Ecsbay Dispatch, oneyear. ISO
Wezklt Dispatch, one year. - 1 S3
The Daily Dispatch i delivered by carriers at
35 cents per week, orincludlugtheSundayedltlon,
at 20 cents per week.
PITTSBURG, SATURDAY, JUNE 8. 1SSSL
OTJE GOVEBNOB'8 BECOBD.
Our State Executive seems determined to
make a record for himself in this flood busi
ness; and his course, as developed by yester
day's news, indicates that he has succeeded
in doing so touch a degree that it will
stick to Mm for the rest of Ms official
Having done practically nothing for the
relief of Johnstown, he instructs the Mayor
of ITew York that the contributions of that
city are not needed at present; and he pro
poses to wait and see whether the
raised within tbe State
"UI Dot v cnfliM Tn tiA manf!mA
, , e Pjttsbjdrg -.relief committee which has
futfhish'nii tbe iunds and supplies
Wi ita TnMns r timIv p-liflnfiti
le,S"4t1(, irnrlr ik ns TirpKsinr. n cwr.
Hething over a quarter of a million dol
lars which might be available for prose
cuting tbe work is withheld on account of
this action of tbe Governor.
The Mayor of New York is not to be
blamed for accepting the assurance of the
Governor of Pennsylvania that the funds
are not needed. We must perhaps absolve
the Governor for what appears to be the out
growth of his natural limitations. But the
people of Pennsylvania may perhaps feel
come responsibility for having placed in
power a State administration which makes
such a record in such a crisis.
WOBKIKG FOB PTJEE WATER.
The sanitary wort which the State Board
of Health and the anthorities at Johnstown
have put in operation, is very timely and
cannot be too energetically or rapidly car
ried out While straining every power to
relieve the destroyed city, everything should
be done that is possible to prevent a spread
of the disaster.
The fact that our wafer supply is slightly
under suspicion at the best makes it all the
more desirable that the additional source of
danger at Johnstown shall be guarded against
and removed at the first possible moment.
Therefore it is very welcome news that there
is good prospect of the purification of the
streams in the course of the next two weeks.
In tbe meantime the public should exer
cise the utmost care as to its water. The use
of city springs and wells in thickly-populated
sections requires almost as great pre
cautions as the use of the river water. Both
should be boiled, if not filtered, in-order to
guard against disease.
The question of encroachments upon river
banks by dumping cinder from mills and
furnaces is brought up by an Ohio journal
ist, who points out that the Conemaugh
river was thus narrowed, with an intima
tion that this was what caused the disaster.
As the great damage at Johnstown was done
after the rivers had considerably overflowed
their natural beds, this theory has about as
much applicability as that which attributes
to the cutting down of forests a disaster
which occurred in the mountain sections
that are least denuded of forests. There is
no doubt is that ordinary floods are much ag
gravated by riparian encroachments and
made more sudden by the destruction of
trees in many sections; but the one cause
which destroyed Johnstown is so obvious
that .these theories are trivial in connection
with the real cause.
SINGLE TAX EEE0ES.
Another correspondent returns to the
charge on the single tax idea in this issue.
His reference to the distinction between
speculative and actual value of land indi
cates that he fails to perceive the bearing of
the argument which his predecessor who
signs himself "Fanatic" and who by the
way is nothing of the sort made and on
which we commented.
This argument was that by taxing the
speculative value outof existence the people
in cities would be given cheap homes;
while at the same time they would be re
lieved from tax on improvements, or the
real value which they and their predecessors
have given to the land by their labor. The
idea was also plainly indicated, as Mr.
JHenry George does at length, that tbe rev- J
:.sn-.. . . ,.;.-at .iJ.r-z... A --."..- -' . "-' ' ; ' --- -'g .-i-f "''"fllVi .'rtifirltiif Yil' araBti si
enue gained by the single tax would permit
a large amount of expenditure for the pnblio
weal, besides abolishing all other taxes.
2ow when you bave wiped out the specu
lative value made by tbe growth of popula
tion and exempted the real value given to
the land by the labor of the owner, what is
left for taxation? "Actual value" our cor
respondent calls it, or "natural value" as
the chief of his school has termed it "What
is the natural value of land before it has
been imprbved by labor or enhanced by the
vicinity of population? The Government
fixes a nominal valne of f 1 25 per acre, but
that is never obtained until population has
approached it So that when the two sources
of revenue, exempted or destroyed accord
ing to the theories of our correspondents,
are taken away, the revenue left will be
infinitesimal, and we shall have to return
to the old scheme of taxation to raise money
for the expenses of Government In other
words we shall come ont at the same hole
we went in at
Our friends will, of course, say that the
value given to land by the growth of popu
lation will remain. That is exactly the in
congruity which we pointed out At one
time they urge, sincerely enough, that the
valne will be taken away by the single tax;
at another they urge, with equal sincerity,
that it will furnish revenue for all the pur
poses of Government "We simply call at
tention to the fact that they cannot eat their
cake and have it, nor can they destroy value
and make it a subject of taxation at the
So far as the speculative value of land
means an artificial enhancement by with
holding large blocks of it from market it
would be a good thing to have that abol
ished. But besides the error of the single
tax idea as to its practical effect, there Is a
greater one as to the extent of such land
monopoly. The extra cost of such an'arti-
ficial enhancement to the people'of Pitts
burg does not equt-1 the extra cost levied on
them by the Sugar Trust, which is entirely
independent of any foundation of land mo
A WEEK OF STBAKGE SENSATION.
To-day ends what hasbeen a veritable week
of horrors. Thousands will find it hard to
realize that one short week compasses their
experience since last Saturday, when morn
ing broke over the desolated Conemaugh
Valley, and the news of disaster thrilled
humanity wherever the electric spark
Tbe seven days, however, have enlight
ened the public afresh upon many things.
That grand revelation of the width and
depth of human sympathy under the stress
of dire misfortune cannot fade from the
memory of men. It showed human nature
at its best, and should forever silence the
pessimist who sees no good in the race. The
immediate and unlimited response which
came up from all quarters of the land to the
city of disaster and necessity was a quick
recognition of a common humanity, elo
quently in contrast with the narrow and
often blinding competitions of daily life.
Philosophy might well be instructed and
religion fortified by such an evidence.
There were other manifestations no less
interesting, and perhaps more curious, be
cause new to the public The fact was
widely remarked that the immensity of the
catastrophe dazed most people who kept
their minds mnch on it So it came to pass
that before the week ran ont, the continual
iteration of the immense loss of life and the
variety of attendant horrors, blunted tbe
nerves of many. Doubtless it was a wise
provision of nature that this, in such cases,
should be so, else the human mind would
inevitably give way in dwelling in detail
on the million separate miseries comprised
in such a calamity as that at Johnstown.
Those who remember war-times tell of simi
lar experience alter great battles. But
among the disasters of this generation, only
that at Conemaugh was on a scale to pro
duce this sensation of incapacity to compre
hend acutely all the details of the affliction.
Yet other developments which attracted
notice may not be written of without exhib
iting the worst side. The attempted rob
beries in the district; the want .of thought
fulness among some of the morbid sightseers;
the petulant bickerings and the miserable
fault-finding as to some minor matters
these things jarred strangely upon the pub
lic ear. But incidents of that sort are but the
exceptions which prove the rule; and the
rule conspicuously was that mankind, in all
civilized quarters, rose to the occasion pro
foundly sympathetic and nobly helpful. So
terrible though as the record is, it is not
wholly one of disaster.
AN UNQUESTIONABLE DUTY.
The Philadelphia Times declares that
there is no actual need of an extra session of
the Legislature because "The policy of
State appropriation to temper a common
misfortune in any community is very ques
tionable." This may or may not be true.
Whether State appropriations to temper
misfortunes are any more questionable than
private charity for the same purpose is a
subject capable of more discussion than is
worth while to .give to it now. The Johns
town people are absolutely helpless, and
have got to be aided either by State appro
priation or by private charity. -.Probably if
both are resorted to they will not yield any
more aid .than is necessary to avert positive
suffering in the Conemaugh Valley.
But whether State or private aid is ques
tionable or not, there is one function which
there is no doubt that the State and the
State alone can exercise; that is the provi
sion of means to prevent the spread of pesti
lence. A very large expenditure is reqnired
in Johnstown, and along the streams below
that point in order to protect the whole west
ern part of tbe State fromjan exaggeration of
the disaster. The State Board of Health is at
present powerless to do this work on account
of the penurious appropriation which the
Legislature has granted it Every dispatch
from Johnstown is pregnant with the terri
ble dangers that will result if the 'work is
not promptly done. It is the business of (he
State to see that it is done and done promptly,
and those who cannot recognize the necessity
have little idea of the nature of, the disas
ter. State aid might be questionable; but there
is no doubt that to permit the ruins at
Johnstown to breed a pestilence throughout
Pennsylvania would be a great deal more
TRACES OF MTJBWTJMPEBY.
It is rather astonishing to find out how
the traces of real Mugwumpism will crop
up out of our esteemed party cotemporary
especially in cases where the Mugwump
principles will operate against the 'appoint
ment of people to office whom our cotem
poraries are not desirous of seeing favored.
The. comments of the. Hartford Courant,
upon the claim that because Mrs. J. Ellen
Poster, made a great many speeches for the
Republican party during the recent cam
paign, therefore, Mr. J.. Ellen Poster must
be appointed to the position of Register of
the Treasury, furnishes a case in point
Thi fcimfi1 fltyitrant mvs flint. ihn sWtu-i
bility of the appointeeat should depeadj
- .t t ..v ' " -vt 'V. , ' . -. ... . a. .: .-.-'.- ,- -' ,.. , -jiLiisiw : : -Si-4 i-.-..v03i.v.' , J- - f :: m iVi i "Iti-WisnBsTlgf V 1yft Vf-'OT r" ' iT ''Vf-sk Tlr-fJ t'lW'hlnsssMsssssssVfli'
t ... i .. .. . ... --... ...- k-&e"-l J.." i J1..- .ilsv. -.. ZJSAw ..... il i li i I ii i i I til ii ' IP. Ml iT'ill mi iffMBI ill I Tri TMWI ill i iif M In1 T 1iT.lT iT TiTISWtiSMiniMMMiMfti IlllTfl-a-a-SSSrMI SgIi
upon Mr. "Poster's qualifications for-the
office' as compared with the qualifications
of the other gentlemen who are candidates
for the place. But this is fiat heresy 1 If
men are to be appointed solely on ac
count of their qualifications, what becomes
of the great principle of rewarding party
It is for asserting such ideas as this that
party politicians, and if the esteemed Cour
ant adopts the idea-that qualifications, and
not party service, should govern in the se
lection of ofnceholders,it will soon be no better
than a heretical and unreliable independent
WHICH GAME WAS, IT!
The discouraging nature of the ivowal by
Dr. Crosby to the Presbyterian General As
sembly that one of the clerical brethren had
been relieved of $50 by a confidence man is
apparent That the crooks of New York
should betray the guileless trust of tbe Pres
byterian brother is bad enough, but there is
worse behind in the fact pointed out by Dr.
Crosby and some of the press, that to be
victimized by a confidence man usually ar
gues some guile on the part of the victim.
But the guilt of the victim, it should be
remembered, depends on the modus operandi
of the sharps who took in the clerical
brother and his cash. If the genial gentle
man who was showing his reverend ac
quaintance the town, fleeced him by means
of the well-known "drawing," or "a little
game," then, the Presbyterian pastor must
be taken as an example of a good man gone
wrong after tbe lusts of lottery gambling:
Or if the green goods game was played
but we will not admit the possibility that a
clergyman could fall before the temptation
of that swindle to engage in passing coun
But our trust in the clerical profession is
so strong that we do not believe it was either
swindle which took in the victimized min
ister. His genial and unexpected acquaint
ance probably had to. meet a payment
and had to borrow $50 on a bond for
$500. The clergyman lent it to bim, and
so appears in his true character of a credu
lous, but upright, victim for tbe fleecers.
The Civil Service Commission's exposure
of the custom house jobbery is somewhat
less reformatory than it would have been if
it was not attacking the work of the pre
vious administration. When the Commis
sion attacks some of the prevailing clean
sweeps it will be doing good work.
In connection with the statement that
there is great distress among the thousands
of miners who are ont of work in the an
thracite region, as the result of the combine
among the operators to "force up the price of
coal, the PhiladelpMa Press says: "It is a
pity that there is no law to reach this greedy
combination." Inasmuch as no less an
authority than the Supreme Court of Penn
sylvania has declared that exactly sucha
combination is criminal conspiracy, the es
teemed Press should perceive that there is
law to reach this greedy combination; but
that tbe trouble is and the pity isthat
public officers do not enforce the law.
Tiie declaration of the Persian Minister
at Washington that it is impossible -for the
Shah to visit this country because there is
no one here with rank enough to receive
him, is another evidence of the great good
fortune of this country in its absence of
In view of the fact that both Quay and
Wanamaker have declared themselves in
favor of prohibition in Pennsylvania, an
exchange says: "It remains' to be seen how
strong an influence these two-distinguished
gentlemen can exert in its favor." The
question may be rather how much influence
they will exert Instead of "can exert" It
may be observed that neither of them is dis
tributing any offices upon the plan of aid
ing the prohibition cause.
Frvx yonng lions have been added to the
population of Chicago; and, naturally, it
creates a good deal of a sensation. Lions
as a native product of Chicago are a new
thing, although the tiger has long been in
digenous to that climate.
It is reported that a boss carpenter in
Boston will not keep carpenters in his em
ploy who do not whistle, and he insists that
they shall whistle lively airs. If the abili
ties of a whistling carpenter are remembered
in their pay this ought to make the total
market value of whistling in the building
trade equal to that which Mrs. Alice Shaw
has established on the concert stage.
If an officer of the Fourteenth Regiment
has been guilty, as charged, of getting
drunk and raising a disturbance while on
duty at Johnstown, he has disgraced him
self, his regiment and his city, and should
be treated accordingly.
It is reported that Hon. E. A. Alger, of
Michigan, has assured some of Ms friends
that he will accept the Presidental nomina
tion in 1892, if the Republican party insists
upon it This deliverance is not unexpected,
but its repetition at this time conveys the
further petition to the party: "Please do
not forget to insist on it"
Congressman- Bub-sows of Michigan
is quite decidedly of the opinion that there
should be an extra session. The conclusion
is somewhat obvious that the Michigan can
didate is anxious to have the Speakership
Mbs. Joseph Chambeelaik is said to
be very much disgusted with the freedom of
conversation in English society. As Mrs.
Chamberlain was acenstomed to Washing
ton society before she went to England, it is
evident that the conversation in English
high society mnst be even more decollete
than its dress.
The appearance of typhoid feverat Johns
town is an almost inevitable result of the
disaster; bnt it proves the necessity of vig
orous work to keep it from becoming epi
demic there and from spreading to other
The postal authorities announce that "the
sickly green postage stamp" will shortly be
retired to the scenes of private life, and be
hereafter counted among the things that
have been. This makes it sure that the
Kew York Sun will shine with its brightest
rays in -favor of the present postoffice de
partment The rule of putting sightseers to work on
the grounds will diminish the attraction of
Johnstown as an objective point for junket
A Philadelphia policeman appro
priated to his own use clothing contributed
to the Johnstown sufferers and was figura
tively kicked out of the force the same day
and railroaded to jail for six months. The
occasion does not seem to be'duly improved
.by the fact that he was not kicked out bod-
uj as wcu.
LIKE A BIRDSEYE VIEW.
Omens Augmented by Diphtheria One
rinco Where Hundreds Slumber Hos
pital Scenes Calloused Observers.
CTEOM A STAIT'COaEESPOWDEirr.J
Johnstown, June 7. Diphtheria has ap
peared. This is the first sign of a dangerous
contagious disease in the stricken city. Measles-
was reported yesterday, and tho usual troubles
that crow ont of exposure. The snn now shines
brightly, and though the wind is cold, the
brightness of the sky is ominous of June
weather. Overcoats have been comfortable
through the day, and blankets are a necessity
at night; but are luxuries because Of their scar
city. This condition of things cannot last much
longer, and the worst may bo yet to come.
The State of Pennsylvania must clear away
all the ruins here quickly, or apply the torch,
in the interest of the general health. There is
really the greatest danger that the devastated
region of the Conemaugh Valley may breed a
dreadful plague. N
But in this Valley of the Shadow of Death
the fight of the living goes bravely on. Every
where are workmen and teams tearing away
the piles of timber and shoveling mountains of
earth and stones into wagons. The work is
slow, and it becomes apparent that the esti
mate of Mr.-Flinn is at least not far outside
what wijl prove to be true. Tbe thousands at
work in tbe town, and -the thousand or more
cleaning out the .lower Cambria works, have
only made a start, and to-morrow afternoon it'
will be one week since" the South Fork Lake
came down like a moving ocean.
The dynamite at the stone bridge has made,
as yet but little impression on the dam of
charred timbers and human remains. "From
piles of sand and earth bodies are being recov
ered. One was taken out but half an hour
ago. from a depth of two feet
below the' level surface on the
banks of tbe Conemaugh. As cel
lars are dug out when tbe surface is cleaned off
ana me worg oi nuuaing is oegun, were win
be other revelations of this kind. As to those
burled under tbe piles of stone and rock that
cover tbe machinery at the Cambria works,
they are estimated at hundreds by some; bnt
the number may be less. It is probable that
the great nnmber of bodies may have gone on
down with the lighter drift.
The hospital service has greatly improved,
The latest addition to it is an annex near the
stone bridge, where many have been injured.
The saddest was tbe case of Will Dibert, who,
returning over it after placing his family on
the train for Pittsburg, fell and received in
juries that caused his-death. Each hospital is
now fairly well supplied with drugs'and band
ages and tbe other things necessary; bnt their
difficulty of access makes it no easy matter to
keep up tbe stores.
At general headquarters the system has
greatly improved, and the town is better
guarded than it has been. Spectators ccme
and go in crowds, and they all say: "Yon have
not told as hilf." No one who has not seen
tbe miles and miles of -waste, where big busi
ness blocks, manufactories and flne residences
stood only a week ago, can have any concep
tion of the destruction and the misery.
Criminals and culprits are made use of to
good advantage. General Hastings has sent
mem an oat to laDor, wen guarded oy soiuiers,
who see to it that they work bard.
FMen become calloused at times like this, and
none bnt newcomers or those searching for
friends now look a second time to see a corpse,
or even a wagon load of corpses come by. In
the embalming rooms tbe busy attendants
work on a corpse with one hand, while tbe
other holds f ood.at which they are munching.
They have no time to stop to eat They
all work faithfully; and but one black sheep
was found among them. He was caught steal
ing jewelry from bodies that were brought in,
and is now at work with the chain Rang, spur
red on to his labors by tbe presence of the
Tbe uniforms of the Pennsylvania militia,
which contrasted so poorly with the gaudy
trappings of tbe holiday soldiers in New York,
look different in this scene. They are bright
bits of color on a dun landscape and a guaran
tee of security.
All kinds of relief corps are here and orga
nizing Masons, Odd Fellows. Knights of
Pythias. Amalgamated Association and others;
but the yellow badges of the Pittsbugers are
the most numerous of alL
Anxious crowds throng the windows at tbe
little brick building where tbe postoffice is
established, inquiring for letters from friends.
It is one of the sad sights to see the faces of
the disappointed ones as they walk away. One
small room accommodates the force of clerks,
and the four, with the postmaster, are now
finding plenty to do. The postmaster and his
clerks escaped safely from the flood. One of
the carriers lost two of his children.
BLIND TOM WAS NOT LOST.
Tbe Noted Colored Pianist Probably Escaped
Special Telegram to Tbe Dispatch.
KewYobk, June 7. On the authority of a
special dispatch, from Pittsburg, it was an
nounced that Blind Tom, the negro pianist had
probably been caught in the Johnstown 'flood
and swept to bis death. Managing Editor J. A,
Fynes, of the Clipper, has since then been mak
ing investigations, and to-day came to the con
clusion that Blind Tom had escaped the flood.
Mr. Fynes said to-night:
"Tom bad started out some time ago on one
of his annual tours, intending to visit some of
the large cities, but for the greater part laying
out his route in what are technically called
'one night stands.' His manager accompanied
him. He played In Pittsburg Thursday, May
30. The Bun's Pittsburg correspondent has
telegraphed that on Friday Tom and bis mana
ger went to JohnstowDj-where he was engaged
to play Friday and Saturday nights. Our
Tarentum correspondent sent word that on
Friday night. May SL Blind Tom appeared at
tbe opera house there. Tom could not have
left Tarentum until next day, when all danger
was past. He may have Intended to play in
Johnstown Saturday, but of course he conld
not get there that day."
BALLOT BEF0E1I TIGHT.
Connecticut's Legislature and Governor Do
Not Seem to Agree.
Hartford, June 7. Governor Bulkley to
day vetoed the bill providing for a secret bal
lot He holds that the bill is too radical, too
cumbersome in its details, too expensive, opens
the door to fraud and will result in disfranchis
ing voters. The House passed the bill over
the Governor's veto by a vote of 121 to 88. This
was done under the previous question, with no
opportunity for discussion.
After the vote was declared Mr. Brandegee
protested against the discourtesy to the Gover
ernor, and moved to reconsider. The bill wax
reconsidered and tabled and the House ad-"
jaurnea untu xaesaay.
Another Scheme Against Bonlnnger.
Paris, June 7. Two houses of leading Bou
langlsts have again been searched by tbe police.
It is alleged that papers, which implicate Gen
eral Boulanger In an international plot wero
PEBS0NAL PACTS AND FANCIES.
The King of Spain -has just entered his 4th
Heney Geobok will return from Europe
about July L He will take a short rest in
Mb. Clark Russeli after having long been
a cripple from rheumatism, has found relief
from the pine treatment and is hopeful of per
Mbs. Harrison Is expected to visit Prince
ton as the guest of Mrs. Patton during com
mencement week. She will give this year's ivv
to the graduating elassv Mrs. Cleveland will
also be in Princeton as one of the patronesses
of the sophomore reception.
Mr. Roe, an English member of Parliament
met with a singular accident when entering tho
House' a few days ago. He was opening the
door with his left band, and carrying a letter
in his right, when the other half of the door
swung against him and forced the corner of
tbe envelope into bis eye.
An English paper says: Here is a chance not
often to be met with, as set forth in a weekly
organ of the spiritualists: To Wealthy Spirit
ualists Alady medium of-irled power wishes
to meet with an elderly gentleman, who would
be willing to give her a comfortable home and
maintenance in exchange for ber spiritualistic
services, as her guides consider her health too
delicate for public sittings.
The entire property of Tuxedo Park has
been deeded in trust to Mr. Lorlllard's grand
children, and if It keeps on increasing in value
and popularity for 25 years as it has during the
past two years, it will be a veritable kingdom
r. There are now more than 50 cottage
owners and nearly 400 club members, giving a
net income ot more man siu.vvu per annum,
Tho village at the station Uaiao increasing in
due ratio, and as the club Is now self-support
ing, jar. ijoruiara-s guarantee against loss for
flve years is being entirely devoted to impr'ore-
menu, wnicn are vuioie la every direction.-
THE SINGLE TAX IDEA.
Farther Views on the New School of Eco
nomic Thought The Wrongs ol the
Taxpayer and the Evils of Speculation
To the Editor of The Dispatch:
In answer to your correspondents of single,
tax proclivities, you give them as respectful a
hearing, certainly, as they have a right to ask.
It is worthy of a newspaper that wishes to keep
abreast of the age to do this at the present
time. Here is a new school of economic
thought who say: We can abolish involuntary
poverty; we can raise wages; we can tell you
why It is that the poor grow" poorer and the
rich richer: we can destroy tbe antagonism bo-
tween capital and labor, by showing each that
their interests are identical, and by pointing
oat to them their common enemy, opportuni
ties for labor will be abundant, and industrial
panics, those plagues of modern times, will be
no more. These are certainly glad tidings of
great joy. and are worthy of tbe respectful at
tention of all men. Certainly no one is so bnsy
out us can pause a moment to listen to tms
"voice crying in the wilderness," for it sounds
like the trump of tbe millennial dawn.
Difficulties In the Wny.
And how is all this to be brought about?
Surely some .mighty upheaval of society is
necessary, some form of socialism, perhaps, in
which each will give up some of bis individual
liberty for tbe attainment of greater happiness
to all? Not at all! Not at all! Simply and
solely by removing taxes from improvements
and concentrating them on tbe value of the.
land until Anally the community will take in
taxes what the community itself produces, the
total rent of tbe land; to be used for the ex-
Fenses of the Government and for a common
und for the benefit of the people. Tbe source
of all your industrial troubles, the cause of all
your panics, say tbese men, is that you have
violated tbe law of God. in that while He gave
the land' to all His children, you have allowed a
few to monopolize it, many of whom not only
do not uso it themselves, but do not permit
others to use it who would.
An Answer to Fanatic
Certainly this is a seductive proposition. Is
it true or false? If true, then we bave only to
embrace It to make the earth blossom like the
rose; if false, let us sbow where the error lies,
that man may abandon it for verily if it is a
heresy it is one to which men are flocking in
(increasing numbers daily. The Dispatch,
therefore, very properly essays to answer
"Fanatic" and says: He entirely overlooks
the fact that it the speculative value is to be
destroyed the revenue from that value will be
destroyed also. True enough, the revenue
from tbe speculative value mnst, I guess, go,
but that will not affect the revenue, from the
actual value. That will remain the same
whether it is paid to the Government in tbe
form of a tax, or is collected as now by private
parties in the form of ground rent
Speculation and Thxes.
The Dispatch sees very clearly that thore
is injustice fn the present system which favors
the "holding of large bodies of unimproved
land for specnlation, and puts a larger share of
taxation on property that Is improved," but
claims "that this is not the source of the worst
evils that threaten our nation." While this
mav be admitted for tbe sake of tbe argument
is mat any reason wny we snoum aiiow an in
justice tbat we can abate to continue, because
It is not the worst that affects us?
Present Evils of Taxation.
The evils of oar present system of taxation
are deeper and more widely felt than I fear
The Dispatch yet appreciates; if it will con
tinue the inquiry with the same candor and
fairness with which it has commenced it it
will, I think, come to see that if the system at
present in vogue is not the worst evil that
afflicts society, it is such a very great one. and
its ramifications extend so far, that it will be
well worth while to uproot lv and then take a
look round to see what the effect has been.
Pittsburg, June 7. E. Y.
EXERCISING WHILE ASLEEP.
A Chicago Somnamullst's Performance on
a Horizontal Bar.
Prom the Chicago Herald.
Residing on the Southside is a young man
whose physician has strongly advised him
to indulge in a regular exercise. This yonng
man has been troubled with Insomnia and is
occasionally afflicted with somnambulism. He
i believes, however, that he has tbe making of
an athlete in him, and when he received his
physician's instructions be resolved to bring it
out, so he had a horizontal bar erected in tbe
back yard of the house, and upon this he prac
ticed daily. His principal feat was to grab the
smooth bar with both hands and swing around
with great rapidity. One night last week the
young man's mother was awakened by the
noise of a door closing. She arose and tiptoed
toward the back part of the house.
Looking out of tbe rear window she saw her
son, clad in his nightgown, revolving on the
horizontal bar with lightning rapidity. Amazed
at tbe spectacle of the gyrating son and his
flapping night garment, she aroused his father
and told bim about it The old gentleman
arose, donned his pants and went to the rescue.
When be succeeded In stoppingthe revolutions
of the flying boy he learned that he was asleep,
and that be bad posed as a somnambulistic
athlete. He awoke him with some, difficulty
and led him back to his bed. Now tho young
man has bis parents lock his doors and windows
when he goes to bed. He is anxious to regain
his health, but he will not go so far as to do a
horizontal bar acf In his nightgown.
SHEBIDAN'S FAlTbUS" EIDB.
General Early Says It Warn Only 10 Miles
and Lasted Half a Dor.
Winchester, Va., June 7. The graves of
3,500 Confederate veterans in Stonewall Ceme
tery were decorated this afternoon. General
Inbal Early, the orator of tbe day, was intro
duced by ex-Governor Hblliday. General
Early, after giving a description of the battle
of Cedar Creek, said:
You will perceive that Sheridan made his
famous poetic ride Twenty Miles Away" over
a distance of about ten miles, and that it took
bim from early in the morning until about
noon to make it.
He then contradicted tbe ''Personal Memoirs
of General Grant" and the Army and Navy
Journal in reference to these battles, saying:
"These facts will give some idea as to how
our adversaries vindicated the truth of history
and it will also show tbat our men
had the faculty ot multiplying them
selves, not only on the field of battle
but also after they wero killed, wounded or
captured. Speaking of the devastation of the
valley, so tbat a crow would be forced
to carry rations. The impartial student
of history, who may read accounts
of different battles and campaigns
of the war written from a Federal or Union
standpoint will be struck by one thing, and
that is tbe wonderful capacity tbe Confederate
soldier had of multiplying himself on the field
of battle. According to many of these ac
counts there was scarcely a battle in which the
Confederates did not outnumber the Unions."
HILLMAN WEAEING HANDCUFFS.
The Noted Life Insurance Frand in Cbargo
of tho Officers.
(SPECIAL TELEQHAM TO THE DISPATCn.1
Denver, June 7. Jo'hnH. Hillman, the noted
Kansas life insurance fraud, passed throngh
here to-day in charge of officers en route from
Tombstone, Ariz., to Lawrence, Kan. Hillman
bad his life insured for S3O.000, and is alleged
to bave disappeared, after murdering a man
who greatly resembled bim, leaving bis wife
and accomplices to undertake tbe collection
of tbe money from the company by palming off
tbe murdered man as being tbe real Hillman.
Mrs. Hillman swore that tbe dead man was her
hnsband, and played ber part well, even to tbe
extent of marrying again.
Tbe case has been in the courts for nine
years. Hillman's return to Lawrence is ex
pected to create something of a sensation.
DEATHS OP A DAT.
Special Telegram to The Dispatch.
NEW York, June 7. Adolphus Andreas, said to
bave been tbe oldest Mason In the State, and one'
of tlie-founders of the Columbian Society, died of
paralysis Thursday arternoon at bla home, at 157
Wesi Eighty-fourth street. Although the disease
had gapped him on the shoulder a year ago, he re
covered completely, and was la robust health
almost to the day of his death. On Sunday he took
a two-mile walk, and Tuesday be spent at the
Masonic convention. He was stricken tho"next
day. Mr. Andreas was born In this city on No
vember 9. 1799. He was a machinist by trade. His
wife, whom be married when he was 25, was a
daughter of David Dunham, owner of tbe steam
shin Jtobert Fulton. Adolnhni became a Uuiin
when but a boy, and, being tbe son of a Masters
Mason, received that derree when-still underage.
r&rk LodgNo: W.Vhlcirwas organlied Turing
.t.-s.. i. , , . .... .. .'..:. ---.--..-
country- When Lafayette was made a Knight
Templar by the Morton Encampment, Mr. Andreas
was also admitted to the orden- He was one of the
first to receive the thirty-third degree Of 'the
me jiaruuis iu naiaieiw seconu villi' to In is
auuuu auiikuaiw- bd pftruciimwa in nearly
alljhe more important Masonic ceremonies, which
nayewten piawswie iattau oeaturvaaaaiore.
v i - . . -- 'i-Kfe. - !?.- ..- ' ". ' . .- - .. . fjfc- .ir, -"rMKiwa-T
AN ENGINEERS OPINION.
An Expert Tells What He Thinks of thu
Conemaagh Dam tafe a Long as
Water Was Not Allowed 'to Flaw.
New York Tribune.:
An interesting story, involving tbe construc
tion and history of the Conemaugh Lake dam
above Johnstown, was related to a Tribune re
porter yesterdasf,by J. B. Montgomery, who
formerly' HvedlrAVesternPennsylvanla and Is
now well known in the West as a railroad con
tractor. Mr. Montgomery, who is on a visit to
the city, gives a very clear explanation of the
causes which led to tbe calamity in the Cone
maugh Valley. "The dam," said he, "was
built about 85 years ago1 by the State
of Pennsylvania as a feeder for the
western division of the Pennsylvania canal.
The plans and specifications for the dam were
furnished by tbe Chief Engineer of tbe State.
I am not sure, but it is my Impression, that
Colonel William Milnor Roberts held the officS
at the time. Colonel Roberts was, one of tbe
most famous engineers In the country. He
died several years ago in Chili. Tbe contract
ors for the construction of the dam were Gen
eral J, K. Moorhead and Judge H.B. Packer,
of Williamsport, a brother of Governor Packer.
General Moorhead bad built many dams be
fore this on the rivers of Pennsylvania, and his
work was always known to be of the very best.
In this case, however, all that he had to do was
to build the dam according to the specifica
tions furnished by tbe State. Tbe dam was
built of stone and wood throughout and was
of particularly solid construction.
How tbe Dam Was Built.
"There is no significance in tho' discovery of
straw and dirt among the ruins ot tbe dam.
Both are freely used when dams are being built
to stop tbe numerous leaks. Tbe dam had
three waste gates at the bottom, so arranged
that they could be raised when there was too
much water in the lake and permit the escape
ot tbe surplus. Tbese gates were in big stone
arches, through which the water passed to tbe
canal when the lake was used as a feeder. In
1859 the Pennsylvania Railroad Company pur
chased the canal from the State and tbe dam
and lake went into tbe possession of that com-
Eany. Shortly afterward tbe Pennsylvania
ompany abandoned the western ulvlsionof
the canal and the dam became useless as a
feeder. For 25 vears the lake was used only as
a fish-pond, and the dam and the gates were
forgotten. Five years ago tbe lake was leased
to a number of Pittsburg men, who stocked it
with bass, trout and other game fish.
What Perhaps Caused the Break.
"1 have heard itsaid that tbe waste gatesrhad
not been opened for a great many years. If
this is so, no wonder the dam broke. Natur
ally the fishermen did not want to open the
gates after tbe lake was stocked, for the fish
would bave run out, A sluiceway should have
been built on the side of tbe dam so that when
the water reached a certain height the surplus
could escape. The dam was not built with the
intention that the water shonld flow over the
top of it under any circumstances, and If al
lowed to escape in tbat way the water was
bound to undermine it In a short time. With a
dam 70 feet high the pressure of a quantity of
water great enough to overflow it must be
something tremendous. If it is true tbat tbe
waste-gates were never opened after tbe Pitts
burg men leased the lake, the explanation of
the bursting ot the dam is to be found right
Its Condition Five. Years Axo.
"It may be tbat the dam had not been looked
after and strengthened of late years, and it was
undoubtedly weakened in tbe period ot 25-years
during which the lake was not used. After the
construction of the dam tbe lake was called the
Western Reservoir. The south fork of tbe
Conemaugh, which fed the lake, is a little
stream not over ten feet wide, bnt even when
there were no unusual storms it carried enough
water to fill the lake full within a year, show
ing how important it was that the gates should
be opened occasionally to run off the surplus."
Mr. Montgomery was one of a party of engi
neers who inspected the dam when it was leased
by tbe Pennsylvania Company five years ago.
It then needed repairs, but was in a perfectly
safe condition if the water was not allowed to
flow over it.
KISSES FOB CUBBENCI.
A New War of Paving Debts Discovered
A wny Down East.
From the Kennebec Journal.!
A well-known Augusta", truckman wasmedi
jtatively trimming a lawn last Monday evening,
'when a maiden lady of uncertain age accosted
him' from across the way and inquired his terms
for mowing the grass in front of her house.
With becoming gallantry, the knight of the
whipstock replied that be would ask no greater
reward than one "smack" from her fair lips.
It was agreed and be began his task. Before
it was half completed the nature of the con
tract had been spread abroad and an interest
ing crowd had assembled, when the worthy
teamster songht his pay.
Bets that one party or the other would
"squeal" were freely offered with no takers.
Contrary to the expectation of all, both came
up to the scratch in the presence of a large
and appreciative audience. Their lips met in a
concussion whose echoes well nigh drowned
the applause with which it was greeted.
THE TBUTfl 0NLT HALF TOLD.
A If ew York minister DecidesThat theNewa
Is Not Exaggerated.
Special Telegram to The Dispatch.
Johnstown. June 7. Rev. Dr. D. C. Potter,
of tbe Baptist Tabernacle in New York, spent
tbe day here seeking information on tbe soot
for a sermon next Sunday. He took this course
to avoid being misled by the exaggeration of
the newspaper reports.
After lie had looked at the ruins some min
utes ho concluded that the difficulty would be
in tbe other direction to exaggerate the news
paper reports sufficiently to make them equal,
How He Might Knise His Expenses.
From tbe Chicago Tribune.1!
King Kalakaua could easily raise the $10,000
he needs to pay the expenses of a visit to .the
Paris Exposition if he would hire himself out
to the dime museums for a month or two. If be
is too proud to accept this suggestion, which is
freely given with a view to helping him out of a
difficulty, let him stay in his island home and
Scbofleld Acting as Secetnry of War.
Washington, June 7. Secretary Proctor
received a telegram this morning from bis
home in Vermont stating that his young soais
losing strength and is sinking. Tbe Secretary
made arrangements for leaving here and barely
had time to catch the 11 o'clock train. General
Scbofleld was at once commissioned to act as
Secretary ot War during tbe absence of Secre-'
The Pittsburg Catholic under its new man
agement seems to have improved very mnch as
a newspaper as well as a denominatonal organ.
It gives in this week's issne an excellent illus
tration of tbe ruins of Johnstown, with much
news specially relating to Catholic interests
affected by the flood.
A Good Man Suitably Rewarded.
London, June 7. Engineer Bourke, of the
British man-of-war Calliope, the only vessel
which escaped from Apia harbor during the
great storm there, has been promoted to be
Fleet Engineer as a reward for his services in
enabling the vessel to steam out of the harbor.
To and fro, htgh ana low.
Swift and slow, ruing baby, 01
Whither is darling one faring to-night?
Cozlly nestling In pillows white:
Closing ber laughing blue eyes In sleep.
Drifting away through the twilight deep.
Somewhere out of this world of ours
Prettiest bud tn a Mav of flowers!
Off with the'falrles and elves at play,
Chasing gay butterfly stars, away.
Crescentcd moon, O dip down and float
Airy and light as a phantom boat!
Baby girl glides on a slumbrous tea,
Where waves are nodding all drowsily.
"Whatdothemermaldens sing, my dear.
Combing their tresses, dark rocks anear?
Songs of summerland, sighing of love.
White their bosoms, tbe foam-flakes above.
What is God whispering now, my sweet
(For dream crafts tarry wbere angels meet)?
An, we can never know that yet awhile!
No one has fathomed a baby's smllet
The winds are rising and stars grow pale;
Out of the sea comes a silver tall.
Oood-by. moon-wlth wave of hand
(lood-morn, pet 'tlt'awaklng land,,
fiwift and slow, to and fro,
Miabandiour. ttclnababy. O! . :' '
Prizes for Good Marching.
tSIW TOBK BDSXAC SrXCIALS.
New York:. June 7,The: Centennial Indus
trial Parade Committee has awarded prizes to
the.bodles of men which made tbe most credit
able displays in the' Centennial industrial pa
rade. May L A gold medal will be given to the
pnblic schools of tbe city, a silver medal to the
Veteran Firemen's Association of New York,
banners to Columbia College, College of .the
City of New York. Operative Plasterers' Asso
ciation, Hebrew Benevolent Orphan Asylum
8oeIety and German Butchers' Industry. The
4,000 school children who marcbed,wbeeled and
saluted with the precision of old soldiers, will
repeat their part of tbe parade on the day of
the presentation of the prizes.
Not Pinch to Look Forward To.l
Dr. George B. Loring, United StatesMlnlster
to Portugal, will sail for Europe with his fami
ly to-morrow, on the steamship Elbe. He will
pass a few days in London, some time in Paris,
and will then proceed to Lisbon. Tbe only
open question between the Washington and
Lisbon Governments just now concerns a claim
of tbe United States against Portugal for a
few thousand dollars. Dr. Loring thinks tbe
adjustment of this claim will be about the be
ginning and the-end of his diplomatic labor.
The Governor of Trinidad on a Visit,
Sir William Robinson, Governor of Trinidad,
and.bis family, arrived here on the steamship
Allanica, from St. Thomas this morning.
Strong Evidence Agnlnst a Doctor.
Poison was found to-day by Dr. Kent, of
Brooklyn, in the stomach of Mrs. Jennie Duff,
who died in the City Hospital last Wednesday.
Mrs. Duffs lover, Dr. James Downie, who Is
suspected of murdering her, is still held in
jail without bait, to await the Jesuit of the
Coroner's Inquest Years ago Mrs. Duff and
Dr. Downie were lovers in Glasgow, Scotland,
Their families objected to the courtship. They
separated and each made a convenient mar
riage. They met again, alter they had become
parents, resumed their old relations clandes
tinely, and eventually eloped to America. Mrs.
Duff brought ber two children with ber. Dr.
Downie abandoned his whole family. He
became a drunkard soon after reaching here,
and abused Mrs. Duff. He beat her so
severely, .a few days before ber death, that she
could not walk. She suffered terrible pains in
tbe stomach after drinking water which he
placed at her bedside. The next day she died
in the hospital. In her ante-mortem statement'
she said; "He told me 'drink the water, and it
will end you. "
Rocker's Opinion of Blackburn.
Judge A. W. Rucker, of Denver, who did
not fight a duel with Senator Blackburn, will
sail with his family for Queenstown to-morrow.
Yesterday and to-day be has been telling every
one about his row with the big Kentnckian.
He thinks that the people of Kentucky con
sider Mr. Blackburn a blowhard and something
of a liar, without courage enough to back his
opinions. He prophesies that Mr. Blackburn
will be left out in the cold when the Kentucky
Legislature chooses a United States Senator
Shot for n Bag of Peanuts.
Alfred Oram, 11 years old, and Martin Mur
phy, 13 years old, quarreled over a bag of pea
nuts. Oram drew a revolver from his waist
band and shot young Murphy through the
hand and in the leg. Oram was held Without
bail to-day for examination.
A DIET OF TACKS.
It Doesn't Hnrt the Stomneh as Mnch as
One Might Suppose.
Prom the Philadelphia Beeord.
Medical authorities assert that there is far
less risk attendant upon swallowing a tack
than is. generally supposed, and that such a
performance Is sometimes productive of bene
ficial results. The freak who swallows a single
tack or a handful of them is seized with an ab
normal de lire for food, and it is to this fact
that tbe barmlessness of the swallowing of
tacks is ascribed. Curiously, the tacks invaria
bly pass through the stomach with their heads
"bowed down in reverence' and placed in the
center of the food so tbat. they do not touch
the walls of tbe Intestines, Even when the
;point3oftbe tacks penetrate the lining, of the
stomach the result is not so dangerous as would
be be supposed.
Tbe reason was explained in a very simple
manner yesterday by Dr. T. S. K. Morton, who
said: "These tack-swallowers generally have
very strong stomachs, and the amount of gas
tric juice in them dissolves the iron, and tbe
result is a liquified mass similar in nature to
tbe oxide of iron, which we prescribe to sick
persons as a tonic. Really there is a certain
amount ot benefit attached to the swallowing
of tacks, and yet there is always danger of a
serious result in consequence of such an act. I
have never known ot any person who has been
compelled to go to a hospital from such causes,
"But I remember the case of a horse tbat
swallowed a large-sized tack. After his death
we cut open his stomach. We found there a
solidified mass of a stony nature. When this
hard substance was split open we tonnd that
the tack constituted its nucleus. A similar
effect would take place in a person's stomach,
if tbe tack should happen to stick for any
length of time in the walls of the intestines."
A LAWIEB'S CONTEST.
The Sodden Withdrawal of a Will
Surprise an Attorney.
Special Telegram to The Dispatch.
Kingston N. Y, June 7. The matter of
accounting of tbe executors of the estate of
James T. Soutter, of New York City, came to
an abrupt ending fn Ulster Surrogate's Court
to-day by dismissal of petition, which was
made by Charlotte, the Ducbesse D'Anxy. The
Duche'sse is a widow of one of the sons of
Soutter. Tbe estate is a large one, amounting
to a million and a half. Mr. Soutter died in
1872 and left a will which was admitted to pro
bate tbe following year. The matter has
been In litigation in tbe United States Court
for several years, a decision there being ren
dered in favor of tbe executors.
At tbe opening of the case to-day execntor's
counsel filed papers executed by the Ducbesse
withdrawing all objections to an accounting
and giving release in fult Lewis Baunder,
.counsel for contestants, was taken by surprise
and objected to the dismissal of tbe petition
upon the ground tbat the Ducbesse bad no
authority to withdraw the same and tbat he.
as attorney, was the only person having that
'power. It appears to have been a big fight
'between lawyers for fees.
Going to the Slaughter.
Prom the Hew York World.J
The time is at hand when the college gradu
ate will come forth proudly to place ' his name
high on the glorious list of those who want
something to do at high wages.
Kew England Shocked.
New Bedford. Mass., June 7. A distinct
shock of earthquake was felt In this city at
lOSthls forenoon, tbe wave being from west
to east or a little southeast
An Earthquake In France.
Paris", June 7. A violent shock of earth
quake occurred to-day at Brest
THE WOKKING 1T0BLD.
The machinery palace at the Paris Expo
sition Is the largest building ever put nndera
single roof. It is nearly 1,400 feet in length, is
370 feet wide, and has an average height of 170
Formerly engineers estimated the strength
of roues by the old rule, "four times tbe square
of the girth in inches gives tbe breaking weight
in hundredweights." Commenting on this rule
an. engineer says: "Apparently ropes aret&rco
times as strong now; andTto get near the tabu
lated strength take tho square of the girth' in
eighths of an Inch and divide by 1,000, or point
off the last three figures as decimals. The
answor will be the safe-working load in tons.
This has an error of about 10 per cent on, the
safe side. The breaking- strain is from five to
seven times greater than this.'
There is every reason foe believing that
modern developments in electrical science will
tend to Increase very considerably the demand
for steam power, but that steam plants will bo
more centralized than formerly. Where power
can be conducted.without ' serious loss for al
most unlimited distances along an electric wire
and distributed as required along the route tha
demand for small steam engines is likely to tall
off; but on the other band, the convenient
-form iu which power will bo obtainable will
protBBUaaay.to nse it who would hare heel-
'me4 to mbi-w tho responsibilities of a direet
CDII0US' CONDENSATIONS. "8
The Queen of England makes her own '
tea when traveling.
When the British- Museum is opened ia
the evenings the additional cost per annum.
will, it is stated, be X12.C0O.
An exhibition of monkeys was opened
at Alexandra Palace -in London recently.
At least a thousand monkeys from various
parts of the world are being shown.
A Cincinnati father fixed the big rock
ing chair in the parlor to upset if a greater
weight than 140 ponnds rested in it On the
very first night afterward his daughter got a
broken shoulder and her young: man had his'
The male members of the Beformed
Church in Easton, Pa., having been dilatory
about digging tbe cellar for the pew church,
tbe ladies turned out with shovel and pick and
did so mnch work tbat the shame-faced men
finished the job,
The bill restoring the punishment of
flogging with the cat-o'-nlne-tails and authoriz
ing Its infliction npon burglars convicted of
having dangerous weapons in tbelr possession,
has passed its third reading in the British
House of Commons. Its passage in the House
of Lords is assured, it is said.
A duck with four legs has been hatched
out at Lisle, lit Tbe two superfluous legs
stick up from beneath the wings on the back,
so that tbe bird will be able to swim upside
down. When it wants to reverse its motion on
land all it has to do is to turn a balf somer
sault and light on its back, when it can run
away "with its face to the foe."
Some time ago Dr. Weber, of Lancas
ter, Pa., saw a poor boy of 11 years passing his
office who was suffering from the effect of a
metal tube inserted in his throat for diphtheria
six years ago in uermany. ise metai naa cor
roded, and the flesh was "angry." The doctor
raised a fund and bought a gold tube in Phila
delphia, and will insert it shortly.
Miss Kate Young, teacher of the West
Bebewa (Mich.) school, took a novel method of
supplying a demand tbat the School Board re
fused to heed. She had each pupil bring an
egg. and then sold them at a convenient gro
cery. With tbe proceeds she purchased towels
and soap, and the appearance of tbe children
after play hours is much improved.
A colored man by the name of Abed
nego Young was in Eaton ton Ga-, the other
day, who Is slowly turning white. He was very
sick last year with typhoid fever. When be
began to recover white spots showed them
selves on one side of his face and ear and on
different parts of hi3 body, which are gradually
spreading, and the prospect is tbat eventually,
if be lives long enough, he will become wholly
white. His beard growing out of the spots is
white, otherwise it is black.
Some of the Germans of Punxsutawney,
Fa, in the hope of being able to locate tbe
body of Roman Baldanff, who was drowned
Saturday night, took a loaf of bread, wrapped
it up in the last shirt which Baldauff had worn,
and threw it into tbe water at the place where
he had fallen in. The theory was that tbs
bread and shirt would float down to tbe point
at which the body stopped, and there sink.
They did float about half a mile down the creek
and sink, cut here the parallel ends. Tbe body
was not there.
Edwin Bryce, the 14-year-old son of
Mr. W. F. Bryce, of Swansboro. Va., in a vio
lent coughing spell the other night which
lasted for several hours, coughed up a two-inch
English galvanized horseshoe nail which he
.swallowed 15 months ago while living in Fred
ericksburg. Several physicians endeavored to
locate the nail, but were unsuccessful, and It
was finally concluded tbat the little fellow
must bave been mistaken in saying he swal
lowed It, and as bis health began to fail and be
was subiect to continued spells of coughing;
bis case was pronounced consumption, and be
has been treated for that for some considerable
time. He is now doing well and will recover.
Grandfather Smith, of Punxsutawney,
Pa., who was gathered to his fathers several
years ago, used to say, after the great flood of
1831. tbat it was all in the moon. "Whenever."
he said, "the moon changes at 11 o'clock and 59
minutes in the day time on June 1, you may
look out for beavyrainsand a big flood. Ibave
seen two or tbree great floods during my life
time and they were all caused by the change of
tbe moon at this particular time 11:59 June L.
"When, the change of tbe moon comes again at ' '
that time, look out," Several of tbe citizens Off
that place remembered this, and, looking up tbe
almanac, foundvthat tbe change ot tbe raOon
took place on June i, 1SK3, precisely at 11:59, and
in consequence they marvel much.
A gentleraanrora Glynn, county Gejh.
gia. saw a curiosity while traveling in CliniSfi
county recently In the shape of a three-leggea
chicken. Two of Its legs were growing inthsir
natural place; but the third grew inverted
from the chicken'A back, its toes pointing up
ward, and extended to tbeir utmost tension.
Whenever its bead descends in picking up
food, or its bkdy is in motion from walking, tbe
muscles of the inverted foot relax and expand
with astonishing rapidity. Another singular
freak is that it has a horny substance growing
from its bill, some two or more inches in
height, similar to the horn of the unicorn, and
as bard as flint, and with which it fiercely at
tacks other chickens, dogs and even bogs, and
sometimes Inflicts mortal wounds. Tbe chicken
was hatched in the early spring, and has devel
oped great size anastrengtn.
There is an old man on the upper Sa
vannah, living on the Georgia side of the river,
who has not lived in a house since the earth
quake of 1888. An old oak, with inviting limbs,
has been his place of abode since tbe sbakeup
referred to. During the earthquake his bouse
was stirred violently, the chimney tumbling in,
and he ran from it in fright and has never re
turned to it A negro was employed to bring
him from the building such articles as he
needed, and be has oullt himself a sleeping
place in the limbs of tbe tree, with a stout can
vas as his only shelter from tbe rain. His cook
ing is done on tbe ground, and his reception
room is the grassy spot under tbe shade of tbe
oak. The least rumbling will cause bis precipi
tate rush to terra flrma. and be will instantly
jump to the ground at the sound of thunder or
seeing a flash of lightning.
, WHAT WILD WITS ARE SAYING.
Miss Gotham I adore traveling. Wera
you ever in Greece, Miss Loin?
Miss Loin (of Cincinnati) No. I never was; but
papa was In that lard trust you inow.-iflnneop-olis
Outlived His Usefulness. Foreigner
"Who Is that solitary individual whom nobody no
tices? American He's an ex-President of the United
States. Drake's Magazine.
A High Spirited Girl. "But if yon
don't love him, Clara, why are you going to marry
"Because he dared me to, mamma. He knew
rnvhlzh-snlrlted nature, too. O, I'll make bim
sorry enough for it-don't you be afraldl" Cif
Kept Himself Mighty Quiet Prof.
Wiggins, who assumed control of the earth and
the outlying planets a few years ago, says "the
sun Is going away from tbe earth." This Is the
first time we knew Old Sol bad been here. Tunny
that none of tbe reporters got on to It. He must
have lande d on the other side. Burdttte.
Takes Boom to Get it All In. "What's
that?" asked old Gnnnybsgs, as a supplement
' crowded with long columns of names and figures
fell from the newspaper when he opened It, "de
linquent tax list?" "No," said bis ion, as be
scanned the sheet "it's a report of tbe cricket
match on Decoration Day." Burdttte.
In Far Away Connecticut "What's this
tombstone arrangement In the garden. Pilgrim?"
"Ob, don't you see? It's a snn dial. I invented
It myself and am going to gets patent. You see
here It has a clockwork attachment for moving
the shadow around, so that vou can tell time by It
when the street lamps are lighted." Burdttte.
In the Interest of Science. Dyspeptic
patlent-tiood heavens, doctor, what are you
taking all those murderous thing) outror? Zealous
physician, who worships his profession For the
autopsy ; 1 am going to find out Just what Is the
matter with you. Alarmed patient, who is undnly
sensitive But 1 am not dead yet. Calm physician
No. but you might die some time when I would
be otherwise engaged, and It Is not well to delay
the autopsy until decay seizes upon the more deli
cate tissues. Hold your breath whllo 1 take out
your lungs, please. Burdttte.
A Typical Parent Little Jimmy visits .
bis father's ofiTtce and after examining tho type-'
writing imi-hlne. observed to his mother: "Say,
mariner, what do they take those to the theater, "i
for?" "' '-"1x1
"My boy," replies bis mother, "they do not &,
take them to tbe theater." ' " '
'"Well. It's mighty funny then. Pa was tellln- s
Mr.McNofllesthatbe took his typewriter to ther.
theater " ,,'f!.
"James," said bis father sxermr. -miiKB),ij,-
you In the stable this evening.
" Drake's JfagW
THE ONLY GUIL AT OYESUfF
UtheliUcoras'.oryaforcat interest, located,
in an American mining camp, antt wrtUenby'
Wilkie Collins, the great JSno'Ht1" novelist.'
nMeKwtU bevuMlihed in complete Jarm tn tew