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PEGGING OUT CLAIMS.
Wild Scenes and Incidents Conse
quent Upon a Discovery of Gold
IH AS AUSTRALIAN ELDORADO.
Hundreds Tate Part in a Mad Eace to
Beach the Dig?inffs First.
THE BTEAKGE LIFE SWAGSMEN LEAD
ICOEttXSrOXDETCK 07 THI DISPATCH.
Sydney; N. S. "W., May 28. It was
while on my way to a sheep station on the
back blocks that I first witnessed what is
known in the Australian colonies as a "gold
rnsh." My route lay through a section of
country some 300 miles west of Sydney, oyer
which, for a considerable time preTJously,
prospectors had been trying for the shiny
metal, and as I pulled up one evening at
the "hotel" of an embryo township the
latter consisting of three bark huts, avgen
eral store and the hostelry mentioned it
was to find the place in a ferment of excite
ment over the fact that the red flag, indi
cating the discovery of gold, had been hoisted
a few days previously in a gully not 30 miles
The rapidity with which such news spreads
is incredible, and already the shanty which,
after the fashion of the country, I have dig
nified by tne name of hotel, was crowded to
its verandahs by the vanguard of the army
which would soon be on" its way to the
gold field. These first arrivals were pretty
much of a class, hailing from the surround
ing sheep runs or stations, and included
boundary riders, cooks and roustabouts,
with a sprinkling of the traveling Iraterni
tv or "swagsmen," as they are called, from
the fashion of rolling up their few changes
of clothing and blanket into a "swag" or
bundle, which they carry suspended from
the shoulder by means of a strap.
-&.1TECTED BY THE GOLD FETEK.
The more wealthy portion of this class
nd il covers the entire working popula-
oa of the colonies when on the march
vel on horseback, with the swag strapped
the saddle in front of them. Few had
nlng tools, these would be obtained later
a, the uppermost idea in the minds of all
..eing to get on to the ground and peg out a
ilaim with as little of delay as possible.
Some, very badly bitten with the fever,
ould throw down their swags for the mo-
nt, rush into the hotel, hastily dispose of
"long sleever" or tall glass of beer, and
len resume their march. Many were there
who, perfectly penniless, were making for
the diggings in search of work from others,
and these were not allowed to roll into their
blankets under the shady gum, without,
after the hospitable manner of the country,
being first regaled with a plentiful meal of
cold mutton and damper bread at the hands
of the worthy landlord. Excitement ran
high, intensified by the favorable accounts
which had been received of the new field.
OFF TOE THE DIGGINGS.
The opportunity of seeing the develop
ment and the contingent excitement of what
might transpire to be a rich field was too
good to let pass, and I lost no time in ar
ranging with tne storekeeper lor an 6X0 can
vas tentand fly, a Tew cooking utensils,and an
ex and not forgetting the commissariat depart
ment by laying in a supply of tea, flour and
tinned meat so as to be on the right side un
til the enterprising storekeepers, who are
always among the first flight in a rnsh,
sbould settle down to business. Casting
round for a second horse to serve as a
"pack," I was not long in picking up one
from a needy traveler, who parted with a
good-looking pony for the consideration of
$2, and securing from the hotel keeper a
pack saddle which had seen better days, I
held myself in readiness for a start on the
It was an animated scene that I gazed
upon on turning out next morning. The
sun. just topping the range of low hills on
the horizon, threw a carpet of light across
the expansive plain ot sword grass which
stretched away in front, and, penetrating
the gloom of the shady timber within which
we were camped, threw out in strong relief
against the leafy background, the scores of
V white-tilted wagons of all sizes and shapes
which had concrecated during the night,
and glinting from one white fly to another
of the hastily erected tents of the foot
travelers. Where, a moment since, the
quietude of repose had prevailed, now
EYEEYWHEEE "WAS HUBBY AXD BUS1XE.
Dusky forms unrolled themselves from
under the protecting canopy of the umbrag
eous sun, or from out the shelter of the
"jmporarily erected "mai-mai" the native
4rm tor a wind screen formed of leafy
boughs and made haste for the morning
meal and a fresh start; from ont of wagon
and from under dray, tumbled a motley ag
gregation of humanity, embracing every
type, age, and condition of man, eager to
get once more en route for the Eldorado;
and soon 100 fires sent their wreaths curl
ing upward, -to- commingle and form the
only cloud in the blue vault above.
Strings of bullocks the hardy agents of
transportation of the back blocks obedi
ent to the command of the "ballocky" or
driver, moved stolidly along to their places
beside the long accustomed yoke, their
tinkling bells making merry music on the
morning air; and the lusty neigh of the
horse, responsive to the milder whinny of
his sister, was heard on all sides, failing to
drown tie hoarse clatter of the laughing
jackass in a hich tree overhead, or the
screech of the crimson-hued rosella and yellow-crested
cockatoo as they flitted from one
leaiy refuge to another, vieing, in brilliancy
of plumage, with the variegated flowering
of the undergrowth.
THE BUSHMAX'S DIET.
It may not be out of place to add here
some explanation of such frequent terms in
"bush" parlance as "dumper' and "swags
sian." By the "bush" is meant the country re
mote from a large city, whether it include a
plain of hundreds of miles in extent and
totally devoid of all growth or densely
covered timber land.
"Dumper" and tea form the staple article
of food of the bushman, more especially
when traveling, and the swagsman, in ad
dition to his bundle, besides the invariable
"billy" or tin quart can, always carries
three or four small bags to contain the
rations he receives from time to time.
Dumper is made by manipulating on what
ever comes most handy, whether a piece of
old calico or a strip of bark, the flour and
water, to which has been added a piuch of
ealt or baking powder, into a stiff dough,
which is then placed in the center of the hot
ashes ot the wood fire, carefully surrounded
and covered with more, and after about 20
minutes' baking is drawn out a not particu
lar! v unpalatable cake.
The "stiagsman is an institution pecul
iar to the Australian colonies. The term is
applied to men who travel around, whether
on foot or mounted, in search of work, and
they should not be confounded with the
tramp, who seldom leaves the Yicinity T)f
the towns, and is disinclined to all labor.
But now the camp is rapidly breaking up;
everyone vies with his neighbor as to which
shall be first on the road, and exertions are
made to overtake those who slipped away
under cover of the night In a very short
time the camp had spread itself out into a
ngthy column along the trace for tne aig
ngs. Driving my pack horse before me, and
roceeding rather leisurely, I had oppor
tunity of observing the curious mixture of
humanity which, as we progressed, flowed
in on our main stream irom all sides at
once. It was as representative of every
phase of life and society as could well be
met with. Here were men born to wealth!
tnd noble names throwing in common lot
-ith old,"lags" of the "transported" days.
JL MIXED JIUIriTUDC
roken men of both branches of the
'sh service plodded along in company
the city "larrikin," or tough; the
ly-arrived,. "cw chum" displayed as
much desire to make a speedy fortune as
the citv bred youth who was more intimate
with the "pen" than the pick; the thrifty
storekeeper in his buggy had a greeting for
the sailor who had deserted his ship; and
there were city people and countrymen,
stockmen from the interior and mechanics
from the coast, everyone intent on getting
to the gold field, under the firm conviction
that a fortune awaited him, whatever luck
his neighbor might have. Kow a company
of stockmen the Australian cowboys
would canter by pn their fleet "walers,"
followed in quick pursuit by a party of
shearers the dandies of the bush; at one
time an overturned wagon would be met,
and, despite their hurry, willing hands
were not wanting in assisting to right it,
and at another a halt would be made to
fall a tree to allow passage to a larger dray
Thus, with many incidents and side views
of bush characteristics, was the journey ac
complished, and toward evening we found
ourselves in the immediate vicinity of the
field. The ground was more broken than
hilly, and between the outlying spurs which
we saw in the distance was rumored to lie
the wished-for gold. And now that the
promised land was in view an uncontrolable
excitement seized everyone. It bad been a
race a go-as-you-please tournament from
the first, but how depict the indescribable
rush that ensued when the locality was
A. 'WII.D BACE TO THE .FIELD.
Everyman lightened himself for the race;
each one put forth his. best efforts to dis
tance his fellows; bundles and packs were
slung away, horses cut from buggies and
wagons and ridden lorward in a mad race,
and, arrived at the location oi the gold,
what a struggle was there between men in
buggies and men on foot, men on horse
back and men mounted on bullocks un
yoked from the drays, to reach the line of
claims already pegged out. And what a
bustling and scramble and cries of "First!"
"firstl" intermingled with oaths and choice
expletives ensued, as a dozen men stroveto
locate on one claim, each attempting to in
sert a peg where already had been driven
half a dozen others. Men lost all control
over themselves; pegs were pulled out only
to be driven in again; personal encounters,
with arms and hands, proceeded by the
dozen, and it finally came to this that the
strong prevailed and the weak went to the
wall. But this was only a preliminary
measure, although a very necessary one, and
one on which to establish a title to the claim -when
the field should be duly proclaimed by
the Government warden, for not until then
could any pretension to a claim be brought
"When gold is discovered the fact is indi
cated by hoisting a red flag, information is
given at the nearest land office and an officer
sent down to report on the prospects. If
they are good a warden is appointed, after a
time the district is proclaimed as a gold
field, when any man may come along and
peg ont a certain section of the land and dig
lor gold, provided he has paid the Govern
ment the sum of 10 shillings for doing so for
THE WABDEN'S CHIEF DUTY
Is to issue these licenses, decide between rival
applicants for claims, and take magisterial
charge of the district. Although no man is
recognized as beinz in possession of ground
before proclamation is made, the man who gets
his pegs in and keeps them there has the best
chance of getting ultimate possession. A man
who tries to mark out a section single-handed
stands a poor chance of succeeding, even sup
posing he got his pegs In, for, before the war
den, be would be overwhelmed by the weight
of testimony against him of his neighbors, who
would swear he wasn't there at all. Hence,
cxpenenced miners always form "a party of
four or more, and. having once located a claim,
orenare to bold It. "vi et armis." acainst all
comers. In this relation it may be observed
that the persuasive argument of the six-shooter
and bowie knife is very seldom brought Into
requisition in the colonies. It is asainst the
law to have or carry such weapons, either con
cealed or openly, and since it is not customary
to carry them they are seldom brought into
SETTLING DISPUTES BY FIST FIGHTS.
When a dispute occurs and the Australian
is sufficiently pugnacious a ring is formed, it
is seen that both combatants receive fair play,
and the qnestion at issue is decided in the
(rood old fashion known to our forefathers,
by dint of personal prowess and skill in the use
of the hands.
It was more than a week after my arrival
that due proclamation of the Arid was made,
but in the meanwhile the miners had not been
idle, and the whilom cover of the kangaroo,
wallaby aud brush turkey was changed into the
habitat of man. A street ran the length of
gully, bordered on either side by shanties made
of rough timber and the bark of the blue gum.
At one end stood a theater and at the other a
church; there was a hank and postoffice and
stores. A town had sprang upas if from the
ground, and by tLe eventful day of proclama
tion not a likely piece of gronnd was left un
claimed, and 5,000 people had squatted in and
around the new town of Teroora.
As high noon of the fateful day drew near,
the air was tilled with excitement. The firing
of a gun was to indicate that the moment of
interest had arrived. I took up a position near
the center of the gully where the anxiety to
secure a piece of ground was keenest. Every
claim hereabouts bad its score or more claim
ants, each prepared with bis wooden peg when
the decisive moment sbould arrive. Every
party had its member at each corner
PBEPARED TO ACT IN CONCERT,
for it was necessary the four pegs should go
down at the same time. Very silent and deter
mined became each group as the hour ap
proached, and the scene, a few minutes before
noon of that day, was certainly an impressive
one. No man could tell but a fortune lay
under his feet.
Suddenly the report of a shot rang om on the
still midday air.
As if struck by a tornado, the various groups
fell to the ground to drive in their pegs. In an
Instant shouts and imprecations rose from the
atruggling groups at each corner, as every
member of them pushed and jostled and strove
to get a peg into the gronnd at the same time
and spot as a dozen others. Conceive hundreds
of squirming, gasping, struggling knots of hu
manity, composed of units kneelinc, bending
ana lying prone on the ground, trying to reach
one small spot, resembling nothing so much as
& fcrrimmare in a ir&me of football, but mnrA
deadly in earnest, and some notion may be 'l
gainea oi tne scene spreaa over tne extent or
the field. The exiitcment was terrific Men
strove and fought as IX their future happiness
depended on the result. One man had his ear
pecced to the ground and another his hand.
Others had arms and legs seriously injured,
while some -were unrecognizable in feature
after the strugcle on the ground. But just as
THE EXCITEMENT ABATED.
Tapes were produced, and, after careful
measurements had been taken, the claims were
left in possession of these whose pegs were
nearest the proper mark, subject, of course, to
the decision of the warden after a proper
Then the work of opening up shafts was com
menced, bnt rot as rapidly as would be sup
posed. Under tho law rcgulatlnc cold" mining
operations, a claim was held to be abandoned If
not .worked for 21 hours. Accordingly at 12
o'clock every day men issued from their tents
with shovel on shoulder, and proceeded to their
respective claims. A stranger arriving at this
moment would wonder at the air of activity
which pervaded the placo.
Everyman stepped on to his ground and
commenced to throw up the clay, but when he
had continued at this hard task for about five
minutes, as if by common impulse, every miner
began to shovel the clay back again in an un
hurried and solemn manner, and then walked
off to his tent to enjoy his pipe and ease after
the laborious effort. This was termed "shep
herding" a claim, or working it to preserve
Speculators were numerous. Some of these
got badly sold, and swindling wis common. A
report was sent out one morning that gold had
been struck in payable quantities In a claim
some distance off the run of the lead. Specu
lators made a rush for itantl tried to induce
the owners to sell. No; they thought it too
good, and pointed to a heap of wash dirt lying
on the bank which they said bad come ont of
the bole. Some of it was washed and panned
out very well.
This only increased the desire of the specu
lators to buy, and one of them wanted to go
down and look at the prospects below. He
nentdewn and came up with a small nugget,
andfinallvthe claim changed bands at a good
figure. The sequel to the affair was that, when
the first bucket of dirt was hauled up and
washed it was found that the claim was a
duffer" and had been -salted." F. I, K. J
A Lares Party.
Crimsonbeak I expect a large party here
Yeast Indeed! "WTioie coming?
"No one else."
"But you said a large party."
"Well, my uncle weigur350 pounds."
PALACES FOR HORSES.
The Elegant Homes of Highly Aristo
HONKER'S MAGNIFICENT STABLES,
TThere World Famous Trotters Lead LiTes
of Luxurious Ease.
THE EQU1KE PATOEITLS OP KICH KEN
IWttllTjm TOB T1IS DISPATCH.'
The horses that constitute the upper hip
pie circles or New York are beyond all odds
the most fortunate class of the population.
They are so beautiful in body that they can,
afford to dispense with the souls that some'
churlish people would deny them. They
are so superbly lodged and carefully at
tended here below that they might well be
content with the present. They are the
friends and companion of gentlemen, and
show the results of association. They have
a staffof servants for their use alone. Their
only work is that which they most delight
in doing, and no delioate carefully cher
ished woman is so watched lest she over
exert hersclt Tho only creatures that ap
proach their state of luxurious content are
the dogs, but unlike these they are not the
subjects of individual caprice. There are
but two flies iu their honey pots. They
cannot talk aud are not allowed to eat all
To speak of the stables in which these
horses live seems inappropriate. The word
is inadequate and misleading. Here it
must be understood to mean city mansions
fitted up in hard woods, containing suites of
rooms furnished as the needs of a high-bred
aristocratio horse require, the appointments
having the last touch of elegance and
with every consideration for light, heat,
ventilation and drainage carefully regarded.
The stables of Mr. Frank "Work have
already the reputation for being the most
perfect ot their kind, as has Mr. "Work for
being one of the oldest and most accom
plished drivers "on the road." Without
the building is imposing in its size, and
from its round arched rock-faced entrance.
Conceive within a large inclosure, oak
lined and brass bound, with a richly mod--eled
frieze and lanterns of beveled glass
andoxydized silver swinging from glittering
HOMES OF FAMOUS TBOTTEBS.
A heavy hemp carpet gives no echo of a
foot fall. "Within handsomely mounted
glass cases and curiously shaped brass
frames hang the silver mounted and pol
ished harness. In velvet-lined inclosures
screened by glass are the glittering bits. All
the appointments are brass mounted, even
the brooms and hay forks that make an
ornamental yet useful panel all to them
selves. This is the borne of Edward and Dick
Swiveller, one of the four great trotting
teams that the world has seen. It is proper
to approach with respect the first norses
who broke the record, 2:20, and have since
set up for themselves, 2:16. Edward and
Swiveller occupy rooms in line anil beneath
a pillared corridor surmounted by a dome of
glass. Their rooms are paneled in quar
tered oak, above which is an iron balustrade
with acanthui wreathed columns. The
brass-lined feed trough, if so vulgar a term
may be pardoned, the brass hinges, bolts
and chains are polished to the last degree
of brilliancy. Mr. Harding, who is the
architect of these stables, attracts attention
from these scsthetic surroundings to the fact
that an engine stationed under the sidewalk
draws down the foul air aud supplies fresh
air into these chambers in the winter, and
in summer does contrarywise, so that the
stables, as we read of them in English nov
els, are not in evidence at all.
As Mr. Work is there making ready for
his afternoon drive, he acts the host, and we
are taken up the oak-lined stairway to his
suite of apartments on the next floor. It
consists of three rooms sitting room, dining
room and bed room.
A HAPPY FAMILY.
Connecting at one side is the marble-lined
bathroom; on the otber is a butler's pantry
equipped with an air of promptness in sil
ver and china and a little dumb waiter in
communication with the kitchen under the
root. The wainscotting of dark rich wood,
and the subdued light through the hangings
add to the luxurious impression made by
the furniture and carpets. Truly "one may
be very comfortable here. At the sound of
a silver whistle a beautiful cocker spaniel
bounds in, followed by a demure white cat
with the .marks of tortoise shell ancestry
staining her sides. These are the other oc
cupants of the apartment, and of this happy
family more at another time.
Nothing is more beautiful abont Mr.
Work's stable than the friendship between
the master and his creatures, on whom he
has lavished so much luxury. The groom
has taken off Edward's bridle and blanket,
and before his master approaches he comes
confidingly forward to be caressed. It is
impossible to resist such friendly advances.
Swiveller is more indifferent and submits
as one of those who turn the cheek. Evi
dently Edward is Mr. Work's favorite. In
answer to a demand for a kiss he lifts up
his velvety nose and the two rub noses to
gether, while Mr. Work calls attention to
the soft beauty of his eyes.
This team cost $61,000 and are priceless,
since money could not buy them. Should
their master drive them no more they will
never be driven again, but spend their days
in luxurious ease on the Long Island farm.
THE STABLE OF BOBEBT BONKEB
is a temple-like, vine-wreathed structure ot
brick, immediatelv behind Dr. Hall's
church, of which Mr. Bonner is so promi
nent a member. This home of the th'ree
most celebrated American trotters, Dexter,
Earns and Maud S, is half screened by a
high board fence, for around the house is
the track on which the horses are exercised,
otherwise a crowd as faithful us that which
waits on Mrs. Lnngtry's carriage would at
tend the appearance of Maud S and Barus
taking their exercise. Mr. Bonner's stable
was built 16 years ago, 'and while it has ev
erything for comfort, has none of the ele
gance that belongs to later stables. That
makes no matter, for here is Maud S. She
stands in the farther end. She wears a
blanket on which one reads, "Maud S,
Queen of the Turf." She wears a muzzle,
else she would eat up her bed and carpet.
The groom removes both, And she comes
Here is a little lady who has done some
thing that none of her kind have ever done
before. She is the one horse out of all the
world, and she is unspoiled and friendly as
"She loves the ladies," the groom says, as
she rubs her nose against my shoulder and
endeavors tofind il a parasol knob is succu
lent. She loves Mr. Bonner, too, but of all
she loves Murphy. Murphy may not get
down but twice a year, but when he comes
in the far door and calls she knows his
voice- and shows how glad she is in every
way. It is Murphy also who is associated
with her greatest successes, and he is the
only one except Mr. Bonner who ever drives
MAUD 8 AND BABT7S. '
Maud S comes from Ohio. Mr. Vander
bilt became her owner and 'Mr. Bonner
bought her -from him (or 540,000. General
Grant afterward offered Mr. Bonner $60,000
for her, acting as the agent of someone
else, but Mr. Bonner reiused to sell her.
Her best time was 2:08 made on the Cleve
"Do vou think she will ever surpass it?"
"Why not," replied the groom. "That
day everything was against her. It was
dark aud lowering, the track heavy aud for
two days she bad been off her feed. When
everything is favorable I don't see why she
can't do better." ,
Maud 8 has not been driven this season,
but soon will be. Meanwhile she stands in
her room and looks ont the back door on
Fifty-sixth street. Day and. night she is
cared for by this groom. But nothing that
relates to her is done except by Mr. Bon
ner's express order. , Near by is Barns, who
seems still to have recollections that he was
onqe king of the turf and cost 128,000. He
has not and never had the lovable nature of
Maud S. In his proudest days he was cross
and his ill-nature has now settled in his
hind heels, which we skirt with caution,
for they are active, though sore. (Barus is
never driven on account of these sore feet,
which Mr. Bonner is caring for. He is
walked on the track outside the stables,
which is prepared with regard to his tender
Across the stable is the stall In which
Dexter died, aud from which he was taken
to his grave on the Tarrytown farm. Here
also are Pickett, one of Mr. Bonner's favor
ites, bred on the farm, a 4-year-old, who has
made 25, and some 2-year-olds who have al
ready accomplished 40. These are but a
handful of the blooded stock which Mr.
Bonner keeps and breeds at his country
THE PEBFECTIOK OF NEATNESS.
Talk of Dutch cleanliness, of the tradi
tional kitchen floor, off which one may eat,
neither can surpass the spotlessness, Uie
shining neatness of Colonel Lawrence Kip's
stables. There can be no house in town in
habited by humans so flawless as this cheer
ful, spacious home of May Dawn and
Katrine. The waxed floor is flawless as a
mirror. The heavy hemp carpet on which
the horses walk from their rooms to the door
is swept and garnished, really garnished,
ior an ornamentai border of straw fringe
borders it The stalls are thickly laid with
straw, scent-laden aud shining as if just
from the threshing floor. The stablemen
have an art of arrangement all their own,
and it is turned in at the edges as skillfully
as a hem learned at hewing school. The
carriage wash is covered with a large and
handsome red rug and shade oi all that is
decorative. The carriage wash is iaced
three feet high with Mexican onyx. The
plate-glass stable doors and windows, the
laucets, glass and brass everywhere are
"My stable is 'my yacht," said Colonel
The comparison is good, for it is as pro
fusely and nattily rigged and beautifully
tended as a yacht Colonel Kip has been a
military man, and he brought to his stable
all his military habits of order and pre
cision. Every morning at 9 o'clock he is at
his stable and everything is to be ready for
inspection. Every implement must be
clean and in place. What there is not for
convenience he has invented. Swinging
like brackets are gilded spikey frames.
This is one of his inventions intended to
hold the harness as it is removed from the
horse, and the ends are covered with rubber
that the harness may not be scratched.
COLONEL KIP'S FAVORITES.
The favorites of the stables are May Dawn
and Katrine, dark bays. Katrine is the
half sister of Guy, whose recard of 2:11
makes him the formidable rival of Maud S,
whose time many people think he will, yet
equal, as he is years younger. She is a
beautiful little bay mare, with slender aris
tocratic legs and an air of trimness and
tautness which again suggests yachting sim
iles. She comes up promptly to be petted
and rubs her nose in that affectionate man
ner which, as Alfred Wallace says, is the
rudimentary form of kissing once prac
ticed by humans. She has no record, hav
ing never been trained for speed. She is
simply fot her master's delight, and, says
Colonel Kip, "it would seem a spoilt day
if, from 3 to 6, 1 was not out with May
Dawn and Katrine."
May Dawn is but a shade different in
color and lives next door, with a small fox
terrier, who plays in and out among her
heels like a kitten. Her portrait is in the
large room and Katrine is to sit for a pend
ant to an artist next month.
Colonel Kip has quite a picture gallery
including Ethel Medina whom he once
owned and who was the late lamented
Maxey Cobb's great mate.
The only racer in the stable is Bay Tom,
who has a record of 225 but does not com
mend himself to feminine eyes on account
of his architecture, which Colonel Kip de
scribes as "hippy" and which no amount of
corn and oats "can overcome.
Maby Gay Httmphbbys.
The Purpose Served by the Chemical Ele.
menta of Food.
No one has mastered the art of cooking
who does not know something of the chem
ical elements of food aud the purposes they
serve when taken into the system, says
Good Eoutthteping. It is particularly im
portant that those who are compelled to
practice rigid economy should know just
what foods will best supply the real needs
of the family, and how the most nourish
ment may be had for the money. They
should also know how to supplement one
kind of food by another which contains the
essential elements the first lacks to make it
a perfect lood. For instance, venison con
tains 15 per cent oi nitrogen to
52 of carbon, whereas its ratio
should be one to four or five. To make it a
perfect and satisfying food we must supple
ment it with something rich in carbon, as
wheat bread, oatmeal, potatoes or rice. The
humon body is being constantly consumed,
as surety as tne wood or coal in the stove.
Not a muscle is moved, not a breath drawn,
not a thought given birth, that does not in
volve the destruction of a multitude of cells.
Not onlv must this loss be made rood, but
animal heat must be maintained at an even
temperature. For this purpose an adult
needs eight pounds daily of dry food, water
and air the same amount being given off as
waste, by the lungs, kidneys, pores and in
testines. These processes are simply those
of chemical, physiological and vital origin,
the blood pressure insuring certain exertions
by the most perfectly adjusted system of
It has been ascertained that carbon,
.hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and small
quantities of iron, sulphur, lime and a.few
otber elements must be contained in the
diet if all parts of the body are to be nour
ished. Oxygen and hydrogen are contained
in nearly aU substances in the form of
water, hence'hature has made the obtaining
of these elements a comparatively easy mat
Foods may be divided into three classes:
The nitrogenous, which feeds muscle onlv;
the carbonaceous, chiefly heat producing,
and those which administer to both needs.
It has been proveu the body needs four or
five ounces of heat to everv one of muscle.
Herein lies the great secret of chosing and
Sroperly preparing food that shall prolong
fe, maintain health, and be suited to age,
occupation, climate and season.
Substances richest in nitrogen, the muscle
making elements are albumens, found in the
most perfect form in the white of an egg.
The lean or red parts of beef, mutton,
venison, and chicken contain a large per
centage (nearly 15 per cent), as do also
grain, peas and beans, and milk.
Carbon is found the most abundantly in
starchy foods and oils. Sago, tapioca and
arrowroot, so much used in puddings, are
almost pure starch. These dessert dishes
are easily digested and contribute carbon,
bnt feed muscle only as they are combined
with milk, eggs, etc., in the cooking.
Hence they are suitable only as desserts for
working people or children who need to
have their muscles fed. They are, how
ever, excellent for aged people whose
sedentary life and enfeebled respiration re
quire a large percentage of heat-producing
It Was Cruel.
' Miss Longout My dear, how do you like
my toilet? ,
Miss Sprightly It is lovely, of course,
darling; but don't yon think that tulle and
rosebud are that is, sbould be worn only
by those who are less
'Miss Longout I see; you think the cos
tume too youthful for a girl in her seventh
Miss Sprightly Oh, no, dear: I was only
going to .suggest that moire antique would
be so becoming to you.
SUNDAY, JUNE ,3(V
BY A CLERGYMAN.
IWBXTTXir TOR TOT DISFJkTCH.1
The bloodless rubral and political revolu
tion which has occurred in Japan during
these last few years, is one of the most
astounding things in this astonishing cen
tury. The revolution is an evolution.
Forty millions of people, nearly, have
peacably crawled up out of despotism and
into the sisterhood of constitutional states.
And this in the Orientl Japan retains her
monarch, but he becomes a ruler after the
pattern of the English Queen or the German
Kaiser, with an upper house, like the House
of Lords, and a lower house, like the House
of Commons, in Great Britain.
In the first half of the century Japan was
padlocked against civilization. To-day civ
ilization throbs there like an animated
heart and pumps the healthy blood of prog
ress into the extremities of the island. Then
she had no navy, no railroads, no telegraph, no
popnlar instincts a dungeon and the Mikado
held the key. Nowshehas all these agencies
of modern life In abundance, and adds sci
ence, commerce, popular education.
The Japanese are the Yankees of the East
Their future is bright Their onward march is
issured. Best of all, Christianity has gone in
to possess the land; and of a brave, aggressive,
enlightened type, too. The increase of churches,
and of schools,, which always accompany
churches, rivals the growth of our own relig
ious and educational institutions. It should
seem that we are. abont to witness another
Christian miracle like that in the Sandwich
Islands, which are more thoroughly evangelized
than New Kngland.
We need to look to our laurels here in Amer
ica. We are galloping, but Japan travels by
the lightning express. Not is she going to
stop at the halfcway station of constitutional
monarchy. She will only tarry to snatch a
hasty lunch there,-and then, re-entering the
train, will speed straight ahead until the engine
whistles down brakes In the depot of democ
racy. Watch Japan and pray lor her.
The Kind of Preaching; Needed.
We hear a good deal nowadays about tho
kind of preaching needed for our times... Of
course, there must be special adaptations to cir
cumstances But, broadly speaking, sermons
addressed to human nature are timely in all
latitudes and longitudes; because there is a
great deal of human nature in everybody.
"Scrape a Russian," said Napoleon, ''and you
will Had a Tartar." Take ohT tho varied garb of
outward manners and customs, come to the es
sence of humanity, and you'll find the same
underlying nature. The need of one time Is
the need of all times. Sin is it nof always and
everywhere the transgression of law T Must
it not therefore be repented of and forsaken
and atoned for in 18S9 just as in 1500, or in the
days before thsnood T Sorrow how alike it
makes us all look, veiling the face, breaking,
the heart, howing the form. Is not consola
tion a universal want 7 Temptation who has
not faced it, wrestled with it, been thrown by
it, felt its power 7 When, where, has anyone
proved such a champion as not to require help
in the dread encounter with it T
That preaching, therefore, which recognizes
the actual necessities of men and women;
which speaks on the broad plain of humanity;
which discards technicalities, and brings right
home to sinful, sorrowing, tempted souls the
sweet lesson of God's forgiving, comforting,
delivering willingness, is the kind of preaching
for onr times and for all times, for St. Louis,
for 'Pittsburg; for Indianapolis, and also for
Calcntta or St. Petersburg. When human na
ture chances, change the message: meantime
sound the old notes.
Ministers Who Sneceed.
St. Paul says the world is to be saved by the
foolishness of preaching, but not by foolish
preaching. There is a good deal of foolish
preaching. What wonder If stand-un essays,
steeped in poppy juice, should send the congre
gation to the land of Nod? Who is to blame
when barrenness follows the sowing of nothing?
The reason why many a preacher has not bet
ter "lock" in fishing for men, affirms a suc
cessful pastor, is that be will insist upon whip
ping a stream already fished out, or in trying
to catch salt fish iu fresh waters, or in flying
far salmon where only mudfish abound, and
not Infrequently in angling on dry gronnd.
Sometimes, too, the preacher makes the mis
take of absorbing all functions into himself.
But he should train other to work. What are
the deacons for, or the elders, or the members?
The reason why the, gospel fleet has been out
on so long and fruitless a voyage, says another
expert, is becanse the captains of the vessels
have been trying to work their ships alone,
carrying: the crews as passengers, and them
selves doing the steering, handling all the sails
from jib to pennant besides washing the deck
and working the guns: only occasionally calling
on a raw hand, who obeys the order to reef a
sail by casting ont an anchor.
The men who sneceed in the ministry are
those who have the faculty, native or acquired,
of calling out and adjusting the activities of
the brotherhood. They lead the charges they
order: but see to it that the others follow. One
man, in this gunpowder age, cannot storm and
capture a redoubt.
Divine Sympathy With Workers.
There is no fact in the Bible which shines!
out more constantly than this of the divine
sympathy with work and workers. The drones
may be troubled to find a scriptural warrant
for their idleness to find anything but rebuke
as where the wise man exclaims, "The slug
gard will not plow; therefore shall he begin
harvest and have nothing." But as for the
sons and daughters of labor they walk star
crowned and clothed in beatitudes. Jesus spent
SO years of his 33 upon earth in a carpenter's
shop engaged in manual toil. One of his most
significant utterances is this: "My Father
worketb hitherto, and I work." When he was
about to set ont upon the campaign ot the
earth's redemption, be selected his staff officers
from among the hardy children of labor tough
fljhermen like Peter, James and John, tent
makers, like Paul.
Under the economy he came to succeed, the
most illustrious epoch-makers belonged to the
same class. Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Job, were
herdsmen. The law-giver. Moses, the minstrel
King, David, the prophets Elisha and Amos
were shepherds. Israel itself in manifold
splendid passages is represented as a herd,
whose shepherds are prophets and kings. Let
tho church continue to rest low down among
tho people. And look you, friend Stuck-up,
take off your kid gloves and go to work If you
would rest by and by In glory.
Pharisees and Snddneeei.
To-day is devoted by the Sunday schools of
America to a review of the last quarter's les
sons. The grand theme has been the culminat
ing week and work of Christ's life. Among
the persons who have figured prominently we
find the disciples, the devoted women who were
last at the cross and earliest at the sepulcher,
and the Pharisees and Sadducees. The Phari
sees are quite familiar are they not yet with
us? The Sadducees are not so well known.
Hence we quote a descriptive sentence or two
from the Bible Class Primer:
The Sadducees seem to have been in the first
instance neither a religions sect nor a political
party, but a social, clique. Numerically they
were a much smaller body than the Pharisees.
and belonged for tho most part to tho wealthy
and influential priestly families who formed
the aristocracy of the Jewish nation. Their
absorbing interest in the secular side Of poli
tics placed them in radical opposition to the
Pharisees. Their leaders were the elders who
had seats m the Council, the military officers,
the statesmen and officials who took part in the
management of public affairs. Their Tellglons
position was little more than a protest against
the extreme demands which the Pharisaic sys
tem made on faith and conduct.
To the Messianic hope they were profoundly
Indifferent. They denied the doctrine of the
resurrection. They were men of the world,
whose thoughts and aims were confined to the
present life, and they had no interest in a?
spiritual world or a life beyond the grave.
The Genuineness of the Gospels.
One of the most eminent authorities on the
Bible is Dr. William Smith, the compiler of
the "Bible Dictionary," which is a monument
of ability and learning. In speaking of the
four gospels, he remarks: It may be fairly
said that the genuineness of these f onr narra
tives rests upon better evidence than that of
any other ancient writings. They were all 'com
posed during the latter half ot the first cen
tury: those of Matthew andafaik some years
before the destrnction of Jerusalem: that of
Luke, about A. D. 01, and that of John toward
the close of the century. Before the end of
the second century there is abundant evidence
that the four gospels, as one collection, were
f;enerally used aud accepted That the Jew.
ih mind in its lowest decay should have in
vented the character of Jesus of Nazareth,
and the sublime system of. morality contained
in its teaching; or that four writers should
have fixed the popular imnression in f onr plain.
simple and unadorned narratives' without any
outbursts of national prejudice, or any attempt
to give a political tone to the events they wrote
of, would be in itself a miracle harder to be- J
lieve than that Lazarus came out at the Lord's
call from his four days' tomb.
Briftfat Sunday Thoaghts.
"I DON'T like my Sunday school teacher,"
said the small hoy at the dinner table- "Why
not?" inquired the head of the household.
"Because he is so all-fired piousl" Nothing
Indefinite about that criticism, and, if it should
get around to the teacher's ears, it might do
nim no harm. Of course he would not stop
being pious, but it is just possible he conld
make his piety a little more winsome In the
eyes of the .disaffected pupil. Congregation
Thxbe are some spheres the contact with
which inevitably degrades the high, debases
the pure, deforms the beautiful. It must be a
mindof uncommon strength and little Impressi
bility that can permit itself the habit of such
intercourse and not be deteriorated. .Haw
ttiorne. I SO not like lobe of a piece with the com
mon thread of life. I like to be the purple
sewnu po Epieletut.
The devil does not care for your dialectics
and eclectic bomiletlcs, German objectives and
subiectives, but pelt him with Anglo-Saxon,
in the name ot God, and he will shift his quar
If I rest, I rust. German Proverb.
No hah ever sank under the burden of to
day. It is when to-morrow's bnrden is added
to the bnrden of to-day that the weight is
more than a man can bear. Geo. Macdonald.
When you are reading a book in a dark
room, and come to a difficult part, you take it
to a window to get more light. So take your
Bible to ChtisUMcCheyne.
THE GIPS1 PEOPLE.
Some of the Lore About the Weird Raco of
' There is a fascination about "Gipsy lore"
which is, perhaps, increasingly felt now
that these nomadic insurgents are being
gradually slowly, it may be, but surely
absorbed by the environing civilization.
The altered conditions of modern society
make their wandering life more difficult,
their language is invaded by gaujo elements,
mixed marriages attenuate the strength of
the Bomany blood; and dotted over the map
of Europe there are -now little stationary
colonies of house-dwelling Gipsies, who no
longer take the road or "fold their tents like
The gipsies have been clearly visible in
Europe for four centuries and a half. They
have been the Ishmaelites of the modern
world. If at the present day the law has
ceased to treat them harshly, the social
pressure is probably greater, so that it is
now or never for those who wish to make a
scientific study of these wanderers. A
volume, entitled "The Gipsies," by Adrian
A. Colocci, forms an excellent introduction
to such a study. The persecutions of the
Zingari have been many and bitter. Even
in the last century they were accused of
cannibalism. To their foreign appearance
and strange mode of life they added the
practice of arts that were regarded as irre
ligious and heathenish.
it win De news to many to learn tnat it
was not until 1856 that, by the abolition of
Bomany slavery in Dacia, the freedom of
the Zingari in Europe was completed. Co
locci agrees with other observers in regard
ing the gipsies as practically destitute ot
religion, although willing to adopt nominally
the prevailing faith of any country in which
they may be sojourners. In England they
are Protestants, iu Turkey, Mohammedans.
Morally they are untrained children, indif
ferent to everything but the satisfaction of
the desire of the moment, whether that de
sire be the offspring of love, or greed, or
While there is but little gipsy poetry
among the English tribes, the "gift and
faculty divine" appears profusely both in
Spain and in the remoter parts of Europe;
and one of the most interesting portions of
the book is that which gives specimens of
the Bomany muse. The pieces are mostly
short, often strange in form, but not infre
quently inspired by gennine poetic feeling.
This sometimes finds expression in modes so
unexpected as to have almost the quality of
genius, xne gipsy sings tne Deauty or his
sweetheart; apostrophises the sun and stars
with heathemfervor and celebrates the suc
cess of the knavish ruses by which he has
gained an advantage over to the busno.
Filial affection, also, finds a place in his
songs. While he shows the frankest enjoy
ment of the material side of life, there is
often a spirit of profound melancholy mani
fested in these lyrics. The Zingari have
always been famous for their love of music.
The estimate which gives the gipsy race a
million souls is probably far below the
UHDER A LION'S PAW.
The Thrllllns; Experience of a Wild Aslant
from the Cincinnati Enqulrer.l
"While trapping lions in the Hottentot
country for the Hamburg animal house,"
said Lawrence' J. Baymond, a wild animal
huoter, "J had opportunities for seeing the
king of beasts at his best and for making
close observations of his character. No two
lions are alike, except in a few leading
traits, any more than two men are alike.
Every lion is supposed to roar at night
when abroad after prey, but not half or
them do so. When you read of one charg
ing into a camp you praise his courage, but
for every one such case I can show ten
where the lion skulked about like a dog.
You never find him twice alike. There
are plenty of instances where men have
been seized by lions and have lived
to relate the particulars, though no two
agree as to the sensations. I had been out
one afternoon with some of the natives to'
nrepare a bait in a rocky ravine. We had
built a stout pen of rocks and logs and
placed a calf as a bait The sun was nearly
down as we started for camp,, and no one
had the least suspicion of the, presence of
danger until a lion, which had been
couched beside a bush, sprang out and
knocked me down.
'I can say without conceit that I was
fairly cool. It had come so suddenly that
I had not.had time to"get 'rattled.' Had I
moved my arm to get my pistol the
beast would have lowered his head and
seized my throat. 'So long as I lay quiet he
would reason that I was dead and give his
attention to the natives.
"All of a sudden I barked out like a dog,
followed by a growl, and that beast jumped
20 feet in his surprise. He came doirn
between me and the natives and T turned
enough to see that his tail was down and he
was scared. I uttered more barks and
growls, but without moving a hand, and
after making a circle clear around me the
lion suddenly bolted and went off with a
scare that would lasthim a week."
A Good Appetite Is essential to good health;
but at this season the blood may be Impure,
that tired feeling predominant and the appe
tite lost. Hood's Sarsaparilla ii a wonderful
medicine for creating an appetite, toning the
digestion and giving strength to the nerves
and health to tbe whole system. -
Ee Sure to GeiHood's Sarsaparilla, Sold by
all druggists. Prepared only by O.X HOOD a?
CO., Apothecaries,' Lowell, Mass.
HE SCAEED THE PEISONEES.
How a Oliiier Made Some Fan With a Piece
of Broomstick and Brown Paper.
Bocky Uonnlsln Uewi.l
"rDownatSUverton,""3idthe old timer
who was surly and out of sorts because
he had not had his usual cock-tail, "about
ten years ago there used to be a tall, lanky
fel low, I guess he was oyer 6 feet toll, with
curly hair and a bronzed complexion, by the
name of Alex Fleming. He was a typical
Westerner, of a type ot which there are but
few remaining. He was a great joker and
punster and full or" dry wit and humor.
He once shot a man, in self defense ot
course, as we all did in those days, anct his
reason was that he did not wish to prove his
father a liar, as he had told him to die with
his boots on, and his assailant came to at
tack Alex when the latter was about going
to bed and had his boots off. Alex came to
the door of his room in the hotel and shot
him and that was all there was about it. It
was not comfortable to talk too much in
those days. One of Alex's friends got ar
rested and put in the cooler. Alex went
over to see him aud talked to him through
the window. He said he was blamed it he
would let his friend remain there. He took
a giant powder cartridge from his pocket
and placed it under a corner of the jail.
He nad a long fuse attached which he
lighted. You bet there was a yelling in the
jail as Alex's friend got away from the;win
dow aud told the other prisoners. For ten
minutes there was a howl you could have
heard ten miles, and then the fuse burnt
out. Alex had wrapped a piece of broom
stick in brown paper that was alL"
A century ago only 300 species of
orchids were known, and those very Imperfectly.
Now the latest authority givs the extreme
number of known species as 10,000. This may
be an excessive estimate, but it shows the im
mense advances which have been made in onr
knowledge of these interesting plants, for
which collectors now ransack the most remote
quarters of the globe. It is said that the
modern passion for the cultivation of orchids
sprang from the exhibition of some remark
able specimens at the early meetings of the
English Horticultural Society.
IF not remedied in season, is liable to
become habitual and chronic. Dras
tic purgatives, by weakening the bowels,
confirm, rather than core, the evil.
Ayer's Fills, being mild, effective, and
strengthening in their action, are gener
ally recommended by the fadulty as the
best of aperients.
"Having been subject, for years, to
constipation, without being able to find
much relief, I at last tried Ayer's Fills.
I deem it both a duty and a pleasure
to testify that I have derived great ben
efit from their use. For over two years
past I have taken one of these pills
every night before retiring. I would not
willingly be without them." G. W.
Bowman, 26 East Main St., Carlisle, Pa.
"I have been taking Ayer's Pills and
using them in' my family since 1857, and
cheerfully recommend them to all in
seed of a safe but effectual cathartic."
John M. Boggs, Louisville, Ky.
"For eight years I was afflicted with
constipation, which at last became so
bad that the doctors could do no mora
for me. Then I began to takeAyer's
Pills, and soon the bowels recovered
their natural and regular action, so that
now I am in excellent health." S. L.
Longnbridge, Bryan, Texas.
" Havins: used Ayer's Pills, with good
results, I fully 4ndorse them for the pur
poses for which they are recommended."
T. Conners, M. D., Centre Bridge, Pa.
Dr. J. C. Ayer & Co., Lowell, Mass.
Sold by all Druggists and Dealers in Mtdidos.
A. nurelv Vegetable
1 Compound that expels
(all bad humors from the
system. Removes blotch
es and pimples, and
makes pure, rich blood.
BILE POISONED BLOOD.
Nearly every one Is occasionally troubled
with Dillons attacks, more especially in the
spring months, after the system has been sur
feited with hearty food during the winter. The
action of the Liver is interfered with, causing
an overflow of bile into the blood. The blood
carries this bile into every part of the system,
causing yellow skin, yellow eyes, liver spots,
etc, and often serious cases of bilious fever
originate from this bile poisoned blood. A
few doses of Burdoak Blood Bitters, taken on
appearance of bilious symptoms, will remove
them and protect the system from a probable
Run Down In the Spring,
lam using Burdock Blood Bet
ters for Sick Headache and Bil
iousness. It Is the best medicine 1
ever took. I was so run down this
spring from overwork that my
husband urzed me to see a doctor.
I was scarcely able to stand and
concluded to try B. B. Bitters first;
the first bottle Is not yet finished,
but I can go about my work with
pleasure already. I shall take an
Mes. Johu DoirsTEwr,
care of Edward Dooley,
15 Lyman Street, Springfield,
I tell yon for the benefit of oth
ers wnat xsuraocK uiooa .Bitters
has done for me. I have been a
sufferer for years from Liver Com
plaint and weak stomach. At
times I was so bad that I would
apply to our family physician for
relief, which would be but tempor
ary.Last f alll had an unusually bad
spell. My mother bought a bottle
of Burdock Blood Bitters, and it
BOTTLE t '
gave me great relief. It helped!
memore than anything I have as
ever taKen. it is also excellent
for constipation. Mrs. Lizzie
Gbubb, Ickesbnrg, Perry Co., Pa.
Last spring my health became very poor. X
had no appetite and my liver troubled me. I
used several medicines, but obtained no relief
until I was finally persuaded to try Burdock
Blood Bitters. This medicine cured me.
captured all of
man, living or
Donald McKay. tne white people in 1876, and this simple Indiana
medicine has accomplished more cures than any similar medicine knownl
to civilization. The
V OREGON imiDUSTS--
first used it to eradicato the Poisonous Blood Taints contracted from
white adventurers. It cures "
DYSPEPSIA, LIVER COMPLAINT
All druggists keep it. It has been
The genuine has the name blown in
- DonaH May, on White
814 PENS AVENUE, PITTSBURG, PA
As old residents know ana back files of PiKSj
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j rom respon
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811Penn avenue, Pittsburg, Pa.
ncnnvrrm r3? :xf,'isl
ASdentlflcand Standard Popular Medical Treatise on
the Errors of Youth, Premature Decline, Nervous
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THE PEABODT MEDICAL INSTITUTE,
No.ABnlllnch SUlJoston.Mass., !o whom all
orders for books or letters fo advice should b
directed as above. '
GRAY'S SPECIFIC MEDICINE
LOSS OF MEMORY.
Full nartlculars in pamphlet
sent free. The genuine Qray's
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ng THE GBAT MEDICINE CO, Buffalo. N. r
Sold In Pittsburg by 8. S. HULLAUD, corner
Emlthfleld and Liberty st3. . apiS-SS
For men! Checks the worst cases in three
days, and cures in five days. Price II 00. at
J. FDEiIINU-8 DRUGSTORE,
Ja5-23-TTSSa 412 Market street.
AQTTTTTrrl71T?TJ,T? Ilma errors of
D U JP JD -HlXl EjJX youth: wasting
weakness, lost vigor, etc., wasretored to health,
Id such a remarkable manner after all else had
filled that be will send the mode or cure FKEE to
all fellow sufferers. Address L. O. MITCHELL,
East Haddam. Conn. my31-2S-DSuwk
Olsi'S Cotton. EOOt
.Composed of Cotton Boot, Tansy and
Pennyroyal a recent discovery by an
old physician. Is tueeeesfuttu used
it Safe. Effectual Price SL bv malL
sealed. Ladles, ask your druzglst for Cook's
uoiion aooz uompouna ana taxs no suoatituto,
or inclose 2 stamps for sealed particulars. Ad
dress POND IOtY COMPANY, No. 3 Usher
Block, 131 Woodward ave Detroit. Jilch.
If you suffer from Headache, Nausea, Dizbl
ness, Falntncss, Alternate Costlveness and
Diarrhoea, Yellow Complexion, Weakness, Ach
ing Shoulders or any other symptom of bilious
ness or Liver Complaint, procure a bottle of
B. B. B., which will correct the clogged condl-.
lion of tho Liver, cleanse the blood of all im
purities and tone up the entire system. It is
an acknowledged fact by all whs have used
BURDOCK BLOOD BITTERS THAT ONE
BOTTLE CONTAINS MORE CURATIVE
PROPERTIES THAN GALLONS OF ANT
OTHER MEDICINE KNOWN.
A Horrible Condition.
I was in a horrible condition from
dyspepsia and a combination of other
complaints. In the morning when I
got out ot bed It seemed as If I could
not stand np on account of dizziness.
Hearing Burdock Blood Bitters high
ly recommended, I am now using ths
first bottle, and, although not having
used quite a fnll bottle, the dizziness
has entirely disappeared and I am
much better of my other complaints.
I have tried many other medicines,
with no relief.
Mbs. Mart CHAtrjrcEr,
625 E. Ransom St., Kalamazoo. Mich.
I had been troubled with Ltva?
Complaint, Indigestion and Palplta
Ition of the Heart for fire or six years
bnd could get nothing to do me any
rood untifl tried BTB.B. I used 13
bottles and now I am a sonnd man. Z
feel better than I ever did in my life.
My dizestion became all richt and 1
have no more trouble with my heart:
I feel very grateful toward B. B. B.
and feel like recommendlne it every
where. Yours respectfully. Frank
Hickman, New StraltsvUle, Perry
I have been taking Burdock Blood Bitters
and using it In mr family this spring. For
three years I have had the dy-pcpli. I got a
bottle or two of your Betters and they bavs
cured me, and I never felt better In my life. It
Is a snre cure for dyspepsia, and best medlcino
I know of. H. BcnpLETlT. Covert. Mich.
IS Q 'Bfesi
WHO IS THIS MAN ?
He is the1 man with the greatest and best record of
any man,in his class. He served the T7. 8. Govern
ment twenty-two and a half years, as
SCOOT, GUIDE MD ffllTOREim
In 1866 he conquered the largest savage tribe of In
dians west of the Bockies: in 1873 he killed and
tho hostile -Modocs, accomplishing '
service for the Government than any
dead. He introduced Ka-ton-kE to ,
AND DISEASED KIDNEYS.
imitated and counterfeited.;;
the bottle and a cut of the greatest'
I rapper. Red letters.
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