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PITTSBURG- DISPATCH, ' 'MONDAY; JULY ' 1, f889.
w tlv f" VJ
ESrABLISHED FEBRUARY 8, IMS.
J, ToL.44, No. 141.-Entered at Pittsburg Postofllce,
, NoTeiober 14, 1SS7, as second-class matter.
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PITTSBURG. MONDAY. JULY 1, ISS9.
It Is somewhat surprising to the friends
of a former Pittsburger to find a peculiar
L mixture of attributes attributed to him in
connection with the victory of Yale in the
collegiate boat race. The NewXork Herald
places the credit of the victory with Mr.
Eobert J. Cook, and declares: "There is a
man who seems to fulfill all the requirements
i of a coach. Patient, profound and profane,
) he is also a newspaper man."
While Mr. Cook's friends may assent to
certain of the qualifications attributed to
him, they will certainly -be surprised to
learn that he is "protane," and it is no less
of a novelty to learn that a development of
the powers of swearing is an important
qualification in training a crew of collegi
ate oarsmen. The Herald's apt alliteration
is likely to create the belief that the schol
astic athletes are like army mule's, in going
best when they arc sworn at.
The fact is, however, tbat this injurious
impression is rectified by the widespread
knowledge that Mr. Cook is as quiet and
gentlemanly in his conversation as any
man can be; and that tbe profanity exists
only in the Herald's imaginative andidiotic
THE POET AND THE TIGEB.
Poetic license is the salvation of rhyme
anil the life of the poet, but sometimes it
seems necessary to remark that a line must
be drawn. A cotemporary poet publishes
an effusion in which himself and a royal
Bengal tiger appear to play about equal
parts, and in which the tiger is spoken of
as "bristling his strong quills." If this
expression had been introduced for the pur--se
of rhyming with "jonquils," the
'c sentiment oi tbe latter word might
j use of the first; but in tbe ab
jny such floral incentive it is neces
.. suggest to the poet that he should
overhaul his Cnvier and betake himself to
a zoological gardens for the sake of study
ing natural history. If he does so he will
make the discovery that the tiger has
neither strong quills nor weak quills, nor
quills of any sort It is hard to tie the
poetic fancy down to the prosaic restraint
of plain fact, but in order to be true to na
ture it is evident that this poem, to in
troduce the pointed expression which we
have quoted, should have been written
either about a goose or a hedgehog.
HO MONOPOLY XS XT
Much comment is provoked iu the press
by the report of a farmers' combination in
Indiana, which adopts the principle of deal
ing with only one metchant in each town,
on condition that he will be content with 10
per cent profit, and will submit his books
and invoices to inspection in order to prove
that he is receiving only that inarcin on
transactions with members of the farmers'
combination. This is generally commented
upon as a form of combination or monop
oly akin to the trust, and containing the
same threat to the lreedom of commerce,
as the trusts which are formed in trade.
But the fact is that the innocuousness of
such a combination is shown by its utter
powerlessness to prevent merchants from
obtaining trade if they are ready to accept
an equally moderate margin of profit. All
the combination agreements in the world
wonld not prevent a farmer from buying
his goods from the merchant who will sell
cheaper than the one who makes the
contract with the combination. The agree
ment it simply one which enables the farm
ers, by combining, and seenring to a given
merchant a stated volume of trade, to ob
tain the moderate prices to which they are
entitled under snch an agreement. Ten per
cent margin is a very comfortable profit on
goods. Any merchant who is satisfied to
take a less profit will not find any trouble
in securing customers.
HIQH SCHOOLS AND COMMON SCHOOLS.
Judge Miller, of the United States Su
preme Court, in an article on the State of
tlowa in the last number of Harper's Maga
zine, incidentally expresses a doubc whether,
under the provisions of the Constitution of
that State for the system of common school
education, public money can be appro
priated to the support of high schools.
This question has been raised before, but
never by anyone of such high legal stand
ing as a Justice of the highest tribunal in
the conntry. The point is an important
one. Apart from the legal and constitu
tional questions involved the common good
sense of the country will be likely to agree
that before public money is appropriated for
education in the higher branches it should
be certain that common school education
reaches all the children of the land. "When
that is done the lurnishing by tbe State of
the higher forms of education is not likely
to be made a matter of public objection,
providing the facilities are equally open to
the poor as well as the rich, and the ad
vantages of tbe high school reach the entire
people instead of a favored class.
2HH.S ABE HEEDED.
It is related of the otherwise insignificant
Bhil tribe, of India, that, despicable char
acter as the average Bhil is, he will not tell
a falsehood, even to save bis life. Bills in
this country, we have noticed, are rather re
markable for their untruthfulness; but it
may be that the difference in the spelling
has something to do with this. Tbe Indian
Bhil will not lie, and it is possible for him
to be a good Indian before he is dead. Hin
dostan In this regard has the advantage of
tbe United States. Here no kind of Indian
ever speaks the truth on purpose. If he
tots so accidentally he makes up for it by
subsequent feats of mendacity.
But while we are regarding for a moment
this lingular product of Orientalism, the
truth-speaking Bhil, does not the thought
suggest itself to our readers that he could be
utilized in many ways right here in the
home of the highest civilization the Occi
dent has ever known. There are sundry
places where the truth does not flourish in
this land. The Bhil might be introduced
in theatrical circles, as manager or advance
agent; in newspaper offices not as circula
tion swearer, perhaps, but as commentator
on cranky contributions; into divers pulpits
where the spirit of truth appears to be a
stranger; into all sorts of walks of life to
keep the savor of the salt of the earth fresh.
The lowly Bhil would put the highly cul
tured among us to tbe blush, aud there
would be a revival of truth-speaking that
would shake the rubbish out of this Repub
lic The Bhils are badly wanted. Let us
A COMMON OMISSION.
The address of Mr. Samuel Gompers on
tbe eight hour question, which is reported
in our local columns, presents a view of tbe
question of surplus labor which is quite
common, but which ignores some leading
principles of economics. Briefly stated, it
is that the greatest threat to employed labor
is in the presence of a vast mass of unem
ployed labor. To correct this danger Mr.
Gompers proposes, by reducing the working
hours of the employed, to give the unem
ployed a chance to do the work that will be
left oyer after the reduced hours of labor.
The premises in Mr. Gompers' logic are
all right, as far as they go; but they fail to
take into consideration some leading factors
in the problem. The most important of the
omitted factors is that, under a normal con
dition of free labor, the addition to the
number of tbe laborers is no threat to wages.
Besolve the problem into its simplest form.
Suppose tbat 100,000 laborers are engaged
in producing agricultural staples, and 100,
000 in manufacturing production, and
that by exchanging their products directly,
both classes are given comfortable subsist
ence. Let 0,000 more be given employment
on each side so that the production of each
class is increased 50 per cent, and what is
the result? The demand for each class is
also increased SO per cent, and the sum total
of human subsistence gains in the same pro
portion. Row with the exception that the forms of
production are infinitely varied and that
the exchange of products are made by means
of metal tokens or paper representatives of
value, this is exactly what is done by the
industries of the day; and it ought to be
plain that surplus labor cannot pull down
wages except in one or two cases. The first
is when the fields of industry are all occu
pied; and with farms lying uncultivated in
Pennsylvania, no one can claim that to be
the present case. The second is that meth
ods have been adopted to impose such undue
charges upon the exchange of products as to
cut down the natural share of labor and
force a part of it to stand idle. The latter is
exactly the effect of the trusts to which Mr.
Gompers alludes in his speech.
The inquiry is, therefore, pertinent
whether, in c?se of the adoption of the eight
hour system, this power would not continue
to the extent of imposing the same excessive
charges on the exchange of products, and
thns reducing the reform to the equivalent
of a gift by employed labor to the unem
ployed of one-third or one-fifth, as the case
may be, of both its work and its wages. The
eight-hour day has its strong points both in
the social and productive light; but labor
leaders should perceive that whatever good
can be accomplished in that line is to be
obtained, not by playing the game of the
trusts, but by securing their abolition.
Phrenologists are not necessarily blind
leaders of the blind. 'It depends upon the
way we use what they tell us about our
bumps. "Will Carleton says he never wrote
poetry until a phrenologist told him his head
was constructed on the poetical model. It
has been left to Mr. Carleton's readers to dis
cover tbat he has never written poetry since
consulting the phrenologist. Mr. Carleton
made the nsual mistake. He acted in strict
accordance with the revelations of applied
phrenology. If he had coppered the reve
lations, as it were, and played them to lose,
of course he would have been a successful
brewer or iron manufacturer to-day.
Say yon consult a phrenologist and he
tells yon that your lump of amativeness is
swollen almost to bufiting, that you have
little or no combativeness, and that your
talents and disposition are such as to fit you
for clerking in a drugstore with a matri
monial alliance as a side-show, you can
almost always betake yourself to pugilism
or butchering combined with strict bachelor
hood with a certainty of success. In this
way the phrenologist may be made to sub
serve the best interests of the human race;
even as monkeys in a moral circus serve to
illustrate the Darwinian theory and at the
same time increase the sales of peanuts with
in the canvas.
It is only the case of Wiggins, the weather
prophet, over again. There are men who by
watching Mr. Wiggins' bulletins carefully
and not forgetting the Signal Service pre
dictions, are able to procure for their own
use a fine brand of weather devoid of un
certainty. When Wiggins and the Signal
Service agree in prophesying rain and
cyclones fine weather of course is a certainty.
And so on.
The fact that "the British American As
sociation" is publishing manifestos over the
Cronin affair proves that our adopted
Britons have failed to understand the
lesson of that murder. It is that the na
tional quarrels and organizations of other
countries cannot be imported into this
country any longer. If the Englishmen de
nounced the Cronin murder as American
citizens, the action would be appropriate;
but when they denounce it as Britons they
need the suggestion that the whole trouble
is tbe neglect of the rule that American law
and American rights alone must govern this
The announcement that Eussell Harri
son has started "a snmmer bathhouse, 120
feet square, in Helena, Montana, looks as if
the son of the administration is doing his
best to have everything clean in Montana
except its politics.
The slating of Judge Acheson to fill the
vacancy on the United States Supreme
Bench is very pleasant news to Western
Pennsylvania. There is no question as to
the Judge's ability and uprightness, and the
elevation of a Pittsburg jurist to that high
position would be heartily indorsed by the
people of this section without any regard to
party. Still, we are compelled to classify
the report in the category of the news that
is too good to be true.
Fboh the way in which Chicago is
dragging in the outside territory there ap
pears to be an opinion there that by annex
ing a sufficient stretch of territory that city
may eventually be able to catch Tascott
The report that a suit has been brought
against the promoter of a corporation for
selling its stock under the representation
that it was valuable when it really was
worthless, is an astonisher. It is even in
timated tbat the man may be arrested for
floating worthless stocks. This would be a
subversion of all the corporate practices, if
it were not for the saving clause tbat the
corporation was a small one.
The Shah of Persia is aronsing a great
deal of interest in Europe by declaring that
he can cut off anybody's head iu his king
dom. If this excites the Europeans, they
ought to get acquainted with Clarkson.
Mb. Chauxcey M. Depew reports that
he told one or two funny stories to the
President and left the Executive refreshed
and in good humor. After this, of course,
General Harrison cannot be ungrateful
enough to appoint anyone to fill the
vacancies on the Inter-State Commerce Com
mission who would make the Inter-State
Commerce law unpleasant to the railroads
by enforcing it v
'liYE return of the usual Sunday stabbing
affray in the West End prettv nearly
amounts to circumstantial evidence of the
location of a "speak-easy" in that quarter.
If it is true that "Cooney the Fox" has
committed suicide out West, it must be due
to his having lost all hope that the Chicago
police would ever catch him and the fear that
he would thus be compelled to wander over
the earth like a modern edition of the
Wandering Jew, without ever getting his
By annexing the majority of Cook county,
Illinois, Chicago has succeeded in spread
ing herself for the next census.
Gekeraii McNulta, of the Wabash
road, closed his receivership last week. As
he leaves the road in good shape, and ends
bis career by receiving a salary of $25,000 a
year, it is plain that as a receiver General
McNulta is a great success.
PEOHjE OF PROMINENCE.
Governor Foraker is a graduate of Cor
nell, of the class of '09.
The town of Dallas, Ore., boasts of a brass
band leader whose name is U. S. Grant.
Kino Humbert, of Italy, squandered more
than 100.00C during his four days' visit to
President Carnot's private railway train,
consisting of five cars, cost exactly 400,000
Miss Alia M. Longfellow, daughter of
the poet, is an enthusiastic,amateur,photog
rapber. Ben Butler's best eye Is now in poor condi
tion, and it is feared that he may become to
Chief Justice Fuller's fourth daughter,
Mildred, is going to study law after her gradu
ation from Wells College.
'Miss C. W. Bruce, of New York, has given
SoO.COO to Harvard University for a photo
graphic telescope, to be used in the observa
tory. Senator Eustis, of Louisiana, is so fond of
Washington that be spends most of his time
there during the Congressional vacations. He
is to be seen on Pennsylvania avenue dally, at
tired in flannel, alpaca, straw bat and russet
leather shoes. He is very fond of baseball.
A Kansas editor, in drawing a pen sketch
of Senator In calls, writes: "Mr. Ingalls is not
Terr pretty, bis bair is very gray and be is ex
ceedingly thin, and wonld make a good clothes
prop or living illustration of the Dr. Tanner
theory. Ills legs resemble a pair of breecb
loading, single-barrel guns thrust into gun
bags. It is a mystery to ns how he manages to
carry snch a big head full of l&carat brains
around on such an emaciated set of under
pinnings." The University of Oxford has conferred the
honorary degree of D. C. L. upon Surgeon John
8. Billings, of the army now attached
to tbe Surgeon General's office In
Washington. Tnls high ana special honor is
conferred upon Dr. Billings as a just recogni
tion of tbe great work he has performed in his
profession. Dr. Billings was a surgeon during
tbe Civil War in Grant's army, and since has
been in charge of the Medical Library and Mu
0UE L0KD CHANCELLOR.
Tbe Keeper ot (be Nation's Great Seal and
What Hia Dulica Are.
Washington. June 3a The fact that we
have a "Lord Chancellor," or "Keeper of tbe
Great Seal" of tbe United States, Is probably
not generally known. His name is George
Bartle. He was born in Virginia, and was ap
pointed to a clerkship in the State Department
from Virgiuia by Daniel Webster 43 years
ago. He is a little wltbered-up old man of
pleasantly conrteons manners, as befits a
Virginia gentleman of the old school, but so
secretive, partly by nature and partly by tbe
babit acquired during tbe 43 years of confi
dential service, tbat none of His fellow clerks
ventures to ask blm even the time of day
without presenting blm with a written requisi
tion from bis superior officers authorizing him
to give tbe information.
lie bas sole charge of the great seal of the
United States, and the Secretary of State can
not Induce him to unlock tbe doors which
guard tbat emblem of tbe country's liberties
without a formal warrant signed by the Presi
dent of the United States.
FOR PLEASURE AND HEALTH.
Two New Yorkers Spend Tbelr Vacation
Riding Across the Continent.
Kansas City, June 30,-John Allen and E.
H. Piatt, tbe two adventurous New Yorkers,
wbo recently started on a horseback ride to
San Francisco, arrived here this afternoon.
Speaking of their trip so far Mr. Allen said:
"We undertook It merely for pleasure and ad
venture. We left New York on May 14 and
have averaged about 85 miles a day. I think
the tide bas benefited my health, although foe
tbe last few days we have f ound it disagreeable
on account of the beat and dust. We expect
to find it even worse on tbe Western plains.
we nave me tamo nurses wjtu ns maiwenaa
when we started, although we have not been
riding tbem of late, bnt lead tbem rather than
leave tbem, as they are such good horses."
The gentlemen have taken almost a bee line,
entering Ohio at Wellsvllle and parsing
through Indianapolis and Springfield, 111. They
rode from Missouri City this morning. Tbey
expect to follow tbe Union Pacific through tbe
mountains, and to reach San Francisco some
time In October.
IT NEEDS AN AFF1DATIT.
.Remarkable Bass Fishing by Party of
New Yore, June 30. Tbe schooner Dread
naught, commanded by Captain Hall, returned
from Cape May yesterday, bringing a party of
Willlatosbnrg fishermen, and the- most enor
mous catch of sea bass on record. There were
ten in tbe party, which was headed by Commo
dore Alexander Balrd. Tbey were fishing just
two days and a half, anting which time they
declare tbey pulled aboard with book and line
over 15.000 sea bass, most of tbem big fellows.
Old fishermen say tbat such a catch Is un
precedented, and that snch a story from a less
reliable source wonld not be believed. Skepti
cism would seem to be justified when it is con
sidered that to make snch a catch within the
time named, each man In tbe party must bave
fished 12 solid hours a day and boated a fish
every 1 1-5 minutes.
GETTING THEIR COMMISSIONS.
A List of Annapolis Cadets Wbo Have Be
crlred Naval Appointments.
Annapolis, June 80. The following are
among the naval cadets of the class of 1SS3 who
have just completed their final examination
and have been recommended to be retained In
the navy to fill vacancies:
To be Ensigns Robert Stoker, of Minnesota:
Elliott tinow. Utah: Benton U. Decker, Illinois)
ltenjainln Wells. Jr., Illinois: Halter B. Burke,
Illinois: 11. V. Stearns, Iowa: George W J Login,
Ohio: Edward Moale, Jr., Montana: Henry F.
Uryaa. Ohio; Y. II. llrown, Iowa; CreljrUton
Churchill. Mississippi: Clarence M. 8tone, Indl
ana: Francis H. Bougbtcr. Pennsylvania. To be
Assistant Kurlucers traulc W. lllbbs, Minne
sota: Victor Blue, booth Carolina. To be Lieu
tenant In tbe United States Marine Corps Her
bert L. Draper.
Twen.tr Pages of Excellent Reading Illntte
la Yesterday's Dispatch.
Tbe triple number of The Dispatch issued
yesterday was one of unusual excellence. It
contained one day's news of the whole world,
In the most attractive form, as well as a great
quantity of choice literary matter, prepared
especially for Its columns by some ot the
brightest writers of the day. No better snm
mer reading can bo found anywhere than tbat
which The Dispatch regularly provides for
The engagement ot ithe daughter of
the Prince ot Wales to the Earl of
Fife is tbe chief topic of interest In England.
British taxpayers are grumbling at the expense
caused by royal weddings, and they will
scarcely extend a hearty welcome to tbe Shah
of Persic, remembering what his
former visit cost tbem. William O'Brien
is again running the risk of imprisonment by
inciting Irish tenants to strike against their
landlords. The strike of the seafaring men of
Liverpool Is likely to end in favor ot their em
ployers. The official organ of the German
Government proposes a partition of Switzer
land .between Germany, France and Italy.
Egyptian troubles are exciting attention at
The marriage ot John Vinton Dahlgren and
Miss Elizabeth Drexel was solemnized in New
York with great pomp. Seven persons are under
indictment for tbe murder of Dr. Cronin, and
five of them are in custody. The election In
the Chicago suburbs resulted In a vote in favor
of annexation to the city. Tbe remains of
Simon Cameron were laid to rest at Harris-
burg. Expert engineers examined the South
Fork dam, at the request of tbe Cambria
county Coroner. The citizens ot Johnstown
are greatly provoked that so many ot tbem
still remain without any shelter but tents, and
complain that the State Commission is moving
too slowly. Dr. McDowwas acquitted of the
murder of Captain Dawson at Charleston, S.
C. The defaulting treasurer of the Order ot
Tontl was lodged In jail, being unable to se
Fourteen firms have signed the Amalgamated
Association scale, and other manufacturers aro
expected to do so. The workmen are jubilant.
President Gompers, of tbe Federation of
Trades, was in the city and talked to a Dis
patch reporter on tbe industrial situation.
Six thousand people attended theglass workers'
plctila at Bock Point. Tbe Pittsburg Cricket
CInb's field day at Brusbton passed off pleas
antly. The gateway to tbe Allegheny Ceme
tery, a snperb work of art, has been com
pleted. Rev. M. Carroll gave an account of
bis jonmey through the Holy Land.
Tbe Pittsburg Club won two games from the
Philadelphia scores 3 to 2 and 8 to a Tbe
usual amount of sporting news of an interest
ing character was given.
In the second part Frank G. Carpenter gave
an interesting account of tbe strange mar
riage customs of the Hindoos. Frank Fern's
paper treated of the old-fashioned Fourth of
July. Kamera gave a graphic picture of every
day scenes at Saratoga, Peregrine Quill cave
a most excellent description of a fox hunt in
Ireland. Blakely Hall wrote of the statesmen
ot .England ia his usual entertaining and forci
ble style. L. B. France sketched army life'ln
Mexico. Morton contributed some pleasant
reminiscences of great actors. F.J. Kaye gave
useful advice to those about to go to Europe
for the first time. The superstitions of turf,
men formed tbe subject of a highly interesting
article by A. F. Aldridge. E. H. Heinrlcbs
contributed a pleasing story; Simpson de
scribed tbat new Pittsburg institution, the
"speak-easy," and J.H. Young, Mrs. Alexan
der, Mrs. Frank Leslie, Rev. George Hodges
and others furnished papers well worth reading.
In part in Emma V. Sheridan's novelette,
"Katie Tempest," contained well drawn charac
ter portraits. A report of Mr. Hang Ho, a
mythical .Chinese Ambassador sent to this
country to study baseball, was full of exquisite
humor. Bill Nye also contributed a column of
fun. Clara Belle, Shirley Dare and Mary Gay
Humphreys discussed a variety of topics in an
entertaining way. An Australian correspond
ent gave a sketch of life in a mining camp in
the British colonies. These were some, but by
no means all, of the good features of the great
20 page number.
UNCLE SAM'S EXPRESS BUSINESS.
More Pnreels Carried In tbe Mall Than by
Any of the Companies.
From the Washington Post.
Uncle Sam is rapidly becoming the biggest
express company in the country, and .the
United States now carries almost every article
which does not exceed four ponnds in weight,
and which does not contain liquids, live ani
mals, or anything inflammable, or is not In the
nature ot obscene reading matter. It
used to be a standing joke tbat members of
Congress formerly used tbe franking privilege
to send soiled linen home. About everything
one can imagine, from old towels and damaged
overshoes to-gold watches and diamonds. Is
sent through the malls.
But the establishment ,f "Post Parcel" con
ventions with other countries opened up an
enterprising field for persons wbo bad consci
entious scruples against paying customs duties,
and considerable smuggling is now carried on,
which it is Impossible to detect. Packages can
be sent to foreign countries or received from
them, but tbe articles which are prohibited in
tbe United States mails cannot be sent by par
cels post. Neither can gold, silver, or precious
stones. At least, so the law says, but they are
sent, just the same.
OI course, all articles received are snbject to
inspection by tbe customs officers ot the conn
try, if they have reason to believe tbat tbe
package contains dutiable articles. The same
rule applies to letters. If they are regarded as
suspicious. But with all these safeguards,
there are plenty of articles which come Into
the United States without paying duty, and in
this new and latter-day method of smuggling,
the Government is lending a hand. On that
account, however, it does not propose to stop
extending its facilities for sending mall all
over the civilized world.
PONCE DE LEON OUTDONE.
A Nevada Mnn Discovers tbe Veritable
Fountain of Yonib.
From tbe Virginia (Ncv.) Chronicle.:
Patrick Dunn, the locater of the fountain
of eternal youth, writes as follows to an inti
mate friend In relation to his success in renew
ing the youth of a veteran four-time loser of
above three score years, whom he recently
took to what he terms bis magic spring, located
somewbere in tbe northeast corner of Storey
county, to further test the rejuvenating virtue
of tbe water:
Tbe test on old Jeff Is succeeding beyond my
most sanguine expectations. It is scarcely a
month since belert tbe Comstock a venerable,
gray-halrea patriarch, wbose form was bowed
with tbe welgbt ot U winters, and hard ones at
that. For the first two weeks, after bathing him
four times (tally In tbe soring, and having him
drink copiously of tbe water, bis snow-white
beard and bslr began turning dark at the roots,
and the wrinkles at the corners orhts eyes and
month began to disappear. Bis form Is now as
erect and bis step ss elastic as tbat oi a youth or
In, and bis enceks are assuming the roseate bue ot
perfect healtli, and I am now confident that I
nave made the most Important discovery In the
history or the world. I will bring old Jeff to the
Comstock about tbe mldaie or beptember looking
as youthful as a man of 20 years. 1 will make my
next test on a 'millionaire, wbo must agree to
give me 73 per cent of his wealth for restoring bis
ENGLAND IS A SELLER
Of American Railroad Securities, Which
Aro Promptly Bought Up.
London, Jane 30. The continued heaviness
of American railroad securities disappointed
the operators wbo hoped that the good harvest
prospects In America would cause an upward
reaction. The feature ot tbe month bas been
tbe stream of English selling met by purchases
qn American account.
New York, Pennsylvania and Ohio securities
continue to decline owing to tbe eonclnsion of
tbe lease by the company against the advice of
tbe English shareholders' representatives.
BAPTIZED IN JORDAN'S WATER.
An Infant That Passed Through the Flood
FROM A BTATT COBBXSFONDXNT.t
Johnstown, Jnne SO. Baby Daniel Jones
was christened this afternoon by Rev. Edward
Carnet, of Vin eland, N. J. The water was fur
nished by one ot the Red Cross doctors, and
was brought from tbe river Jordan.
The Infant passed through the flood, but was
saved with all its kindred.
The Future Cblengo.
From the Minneapolis Tnbane.1
Whon Chicago gets through annexing, Cairo
win ie a uowatown wara ana .new Orleans a
Reapportioning (he 'Representatives An
Eccentricity or Mathematics Some
States Will Gala and Some Will Lose
Congressmen No Use for Chinese.
cccnnxbroscxxcxor tot DiirATcn.l
Washington, June SO. One of tbe most
'curious features of the census of ISOOandone
of the most interesting will be tbe reapportion
ment of the representation in the House of
Representatives from the different States in
accordance with the population of each. This
reapportionment will not go into effect until
March 3, 1803, but the matter will undoubtedly
be. brought before the next Congress. Tbe
taking of tbe census will likely be completed
in December, 1S90. and soon after the returns
of population are made to Congress by Super
intendent Porter, bills for reapportionment
will be introduced and referred to the Com
mittee on Census. An effort will undoubtedly
be made to hare the reapportionment made by
tbe Congress then In session, for many of tbe
features are purely arbitrary, and tbe Repub
lican party, which will then be in power, may
profit by tbe rearrangement.
Tbe present membership of the House of
Representatives Is 323. This Is in an accord
ance with the law of February 25, 1882, con
taining the apportionment under the tenth
census.1 This will be increased to 830 In the
next Congress by tbe admittance or the four
new States, one of which is entitled to two
Representatives. The law of 1882 provided tbat
whenever a new State should be admitted to
tbe Union, tbe Representative or Representa
tives assigned to It sbould be in addition to the
number 825. The basis of representation now is
larger than it bas ever been 151,912. If tbe
original basis of representation provided by the
Constitution shonld be followed now, we would
have more than 1,600 members of tbe House,
and that body wonld be entirely uncon
trollable. From 1789 to 17&2 tbo basis of rep
resentation was that provided by tbe Constitu
tion 30,000 population for each Representa
tive. It was nrovided. however, that anv State
-not having a total population of 30,000 should
uo enuueu to one representative. .bus
for tbis provision of the Constitution still In
force, several of tbe States wonld be repre-
sonteu omy in me upper Drancn or congress.
Increasing tbe Basis of Representation.
From 1792 to 1803 the basis of representation
was a population of 33,000 based on the first
census, which was taken in 1700. During the
nextperiod of ten years the basis remained tbe
same. In 1813 it was raised to 35,000; under th e
next census to 40,000; then to 47,000, to 70,080. to
83.423, to 127,381, to 131,425 and finally In 18S3 to
151,912. The way the conclusions are arrived
at is by the introduction in the House of Rep
resentatives of a bill providing for a certain
representation from each State and by the dis
cussion and passage of that bill or some substi
tute for it. Several questions are considered
in connection with this. Usually a table is pre
pared showing to what representation each of
of the States would be entitled by an
equitable division on the basis of popu
lation if tbe total representation sbould
not be increased, and showing further
what each State's representation would
be if certain increases in the total membership
of tbe House should be made. At the last
census, the official return of the whole popula
tion of tbe United States was 50,152,368. De
ducting tbe population of the 7 Territories and
the District of Columbia (683.271) left tbe
Representative population 49,369,5S5, At the
time tbat tbe question of reapportionment was
taken np, tbe total membership of tbe House
was 293. A calculation was then made on tbis
plan: The final number of members from 293 to
325 (which tbe maximum membership con
sidered) was used as a divisor in ODtaining tbe
ratio of representation to tbe whole Represent
ative population. Tbis ratio was applied
successively to tbe population of each State.
Tbis process yielded in the aggregate a number
less than tbe number of Representatives
originally taken. Tbe difference was made up
by assigning to the states having the largest
fractions additional Representatives.
A Mathematical and Political Problem.
When the House of Representatives came to
consider this question a curious eccentricity of
mathematics developed. On tbe census of
1SS0, by tbe increase of 29J to 294 Massachusetts
gained one Representative: by the increase to
295 Louisiana gained one; by tbe increase to 293
Pennsylvania gained one: by the increase to 297
Maryland gained one; by the increase to 298
New York gained one, and by the increase to
299 Alabama gained one. But by the Increase
to 300 the development ot this mathematical
Saradnx occurred: At 300 Alabama lost the
:enreentative she gained at 299, and Texas
and Illinois gained one each, but at 301 Ala
bama regained tbe Representative she had lost.
Tbe case of Alabama attracted so much atten
tion at the time tbe reapportionment was under
discussion that Representative Cox asked Gen
eral Walker, tbe Superintendent of Census, to
explain it in detail. General Walker wrote a
long letter, which was submitted to Congress,
analyzing the operation by wbicb this was
made possible. The House was not compelled,
however, to meet tbe difficulty, for it was de
termined after much debate to increase the
total membership to 32a,
Under tbe reapportionment that Is to bo
made there will certainly be some losses in
representation by tbe Eastern States. This is
unavoidable under the system which changes
the basis of representation every ten years. If,
as I said, tbe basis of representation should re
main tbe same, tliera. would be a natural in
crease In the size of the delegation from each
State to correspond with tno Increase in popu
lation. But this basis changes every ten years.
Those States wbich do not keep pace with
their sisters in tbe matter of population must
of necessity lose tp the more rapidly growing
btates some of their representatives. Ihe
largest House before 1863 was under the census
ofltSSu, Massachusetts then bad 20 members.
Under tbe censns of 1870 she had only 11 -.she
now bas 12. New York had 49 members; now
she bas 34, Virginia had at one time 23; now
she has 10. New Hampshire once had 6; under
the census of 1S70 she had 8, and now she has 2.
New Hampshire was one of three States to
suffer losses under tbe apportionment of 18S2.
Maine lost one and Vermont one. Under tbe
reapportionment wbich will take place under
the census about to be taken there will likely
be several losses, and it is probable that tbe
representation of New York will be reduced
from 34 to 83.
Tbe Chinese Don't Count. '"
Tbe arbitrary feature of the apportionment
developed some years ago when California would
bave been entitled under the system which
recognizes tbe largest fraction, to an additional
Representative. That fraction was about 60,
000, but the House of Representatives took
into consideration the fact that California bad
a Chinese population of nearly 80,000 lacking
the tight oLsuffrage. and this consideration op
erated to deprive Cal f ornia of her additional
representation. A question which will likely
be raised in the discussion of tbe reapportion
ment in tbe next Congress Is one that General
Walker raised in 1S81, wben the last apportion
ment was underconsideration. General Walk
er claimed that tbe Alabama paradox was con
clusive proof tbat tbe process employed in ob
taining the allotment of Representatives was
defective, and tbat It did not In fact "appor
tion Representatives among tbe several States
according, to their respective numbers." He
claimed,tllat the remainders left after the divis
ions bad been made'should not be used in dis
tributing the additional Representatives, but
rather the quotients resulting from dividing
the populations of tbe States by the increased
numbers of Representatives, By this system
bo claimed the population of tbe districts
formed in the State to wbich additional Repre
sentatives were alloted would fall as little below
tbe average number for tbe United States as
possible; in other words, tbat the districts ulti
mately formed from tbe States so Increased
wonlcf approximate as closely as possible in
population to that of a district formed by divid
ing the total popnlation of the United States
exactly by tbe proposed total number of Rep
resentatives. This suggestion was rejected by
tbe Forty-seventh Congress, wliiob passed the
last apportionment act. O'Brien Bain.
M00DT WITH THE STUDENTS.
Lectures Twice a Day nod Athletics In the
Nobthmeuj. Juno 30. Three hundred
students to-day attended the Moody confer
ence of college students, wbich will last until
July la Sessions will be held mornings and
evenings, 'the afternoon being devoted to
athletics under the direction of A. A. Stagg,
the Yale pitcher.
Rev. D. D. Driver, D.D., of Portland, Ore.,
Is the leading speakert He delivered addresses
last night and this morning on tbe inspiration
of tbo Bible. Mr. Moody preached this after
noon. Origin of the Fnlao Hair Craze.
From tbe Detroit Free Press.:
Tbe fashion of wearing false hair, which was
all the rage for a number of years, was started
by a bald-beaded countess in Paris. Sbobad
to hide her baldness, and one silly woman
atter another took It as "the style" until the'
craze swept the earth.
Hnlstend's Lost Opportunity.
From the Washington Post. J ,
Had Murat Halstoad banged his hair more
and his countrymen less he might now have
been Minister to Germany and a gentleman of
much more use to bis nation. '
A Kwerng Season at Hand.
From tbe Philadelphia Becord.1
it's the time of tbe year for tbe head of the
family to find tbat the boles lq tbe trunk strap
are an inch too far apart.
THB NBW SOUTH. -
It is Rapidly Building Vp Industries of n
CrfATTANOoaA, Tenn., June SO. The
Tradesman of July 1 will pnblish a statement
showing the Industrial situation In tbo South
as exhibited by tbe number of new industries
established during the last three months. It
shows that during the past quarter 1,021
new Industries have been established, against
690 In the previous quarter. There were 1.711
new enterprises begun during the first six
months of 1889, against 1,290 forthe correspond
ing period of the previous year, showing that
tbe South is going ahead at a more rapid rate
than ever before.
What is more significant, says the Trades
man, is the fact that the character of the in
dustries Is of a more substantial character and
is on a much better basis than In previous
years. The speculative fever bas been in a
large measure repressed, and industries are
now being established more in consequence of
actual resources and legitimate enterprise than
Tbe most noticeable feature of the past three
months as been the organization of 61 new
cotton and woolen mills, against 35 in previous
Quarter. Georgia leads with ten mills. North
Carolina following with eight. Fifty-two
foundries and machine shops were organized,
a gain of (even over the previous quarter.
Alabama leads m this particular Industry with
nine new works, Tennessee, Georgia and Ken
tucky following with seven each. Elgbty-two
mining and quarrying companies were organ
ized, of wbich 17 were In Kentucky, as against
61 in tbe previous quarter. Tbe number of
railroad companies organized shows a gain of
almost 100 per cent, tbe number for the past
quarter being 130. against 65 during the previous
quarter. Texas and Alabama lead in tbis re
spect, with 2!and20 respectively. -Two hundred
and seven wood-working establishments were
organized, against 130 in tbe previous quarter.
Other industries established In the last three
months w ere 7 blast furnaces, 43 oil mills (16 In
South Carolina), 11 potteries and 3 rolling
HE DECEI7ED 1IR8. CLEVELAND.
Jerry Wanted to Name Ills Baby After Her,
bnt His Wife Objected.
From the Chicago Journal. 3
Mrs. Cleveland never knew when she was in
the White House how one of the faithful ser
vants deceived her. Jerry Smith, the portly
colored man, with the woman's voice, whom
every one tbat has frequented tbe White House
for tbe last twenty years would know, was the
offender. He was a stanch admirer of Mrs.
Cleveland from the first, and outspoken was his
admiration. Mrs. Cleveland bad been In tbe
White House a few months wben Jerry ap
proached her one morning and announced tbat
aHttle daughter had been born to him tbe
night before, whom be meant to name "Frances
Cleveland." Mrs. Cleveland expressed some
Eleasnre, as It was one of tbe first babies that
ad been named after her, and tbe following
wees sent a present to tbe baoy. Wben Jerry
went home he broached tbe subject of tbe
name to bis wife, but she, good woman, re
fused to bave the baby called "Frances Cleve
land." No amount of persuasion could change
her mind. What could Jerry do, soft-spoken,
easy-going husband that he was? Mrs. Cleve
land bad been told; be could never explain why
his wife would not name tbe baby to alter the
President's wife. Without guile up tbat time
Jerry soon became tbe worst of conspirators.
Ho answered Mrs. Cleveland's kindly question
each morning: "How is little Frances, Jerry J"
by the dubious answer:
"The little girl is quite fresh, ma'am."
And so Jerry kept the game np, aud it was
fully a month after Mrs. Cleveland left tbe
White House that be dared to breathe the
name "Bessie." as he kissed his little girl. This
same Jerry's latest child was a boy, born about
six months ago. He was named DanieLso tbat
Colonel Lamont left tbe White House feeling
quite sure that Jerry's boy bad received his
name, although Jerry never said in so many
words that be was, as he feared bis wife would
tell Mrs. Lamont that tbe baby was named
after his grandfather, Daniel Smith. Jerry is
a shrewd one. He boodwlnked both Mrs.
Cleveland and Colonel Lamont,
FROM SHORE TO SHORE.
The Northern Paclflo's Connections Reach
lag Into New Territory.
St. Paul, June 3a T. F. Oakes, President
of tbe Northern Pacific, in an interview in this
city denies emphatically that his company pro
poses to withdraw from its Canadian relations.
says they are bulldingrapldly through Montana,
and admits that negotiations are under way
looking to the purchase of the Northwest
"Did you see tbe axtldo in which affiliation
between tbe Northern Padno and Grand
Trunk roads was predicted?" was asked.
"Tbat was great inducement to buy the
Wisconsin Central. By that road we got close
connections at Chicago with the Grand Trunk.
We desired closer relations with that road and
have now got tbem. You see by these con
nections we have a straight road across tbe con
tinent from Portland. Me.. Halifax. Nova
Scotia and Montreal on the St. Lawrence to tbe
Pacific coast. This gives ns a powerful system
Colonel James McNaugbt, counsel for tbe
road, made a similar statement. The North
west Central road, which tbe Northern Pacific
proposes to purchase, and which is as yet only
very partially built, runs northwest from Mani
toba, penetrating tbe vast wheat fields of tbe
Saskatchewan Valley, tbe finest wheat growing
district in the world, and terminating at Ed
monton. Wben this belongs to tbe Northern
Pac fie and Manitoba it will be extended at
once to tbe Pacific coast, wbich it will strike at
Skeena Bay. Ibis is what is known as the
"Mackenzie route," which was advocated by
Hon. Alexander Mackenzie iu the days when
bo was Premier of Canada. It Is a very feasi
ble route. Tbe Canadian Government bas al
ready niado extensive grants to tbe Northwest
The Pleasant Weed Grown In Large Quan
tities Id tbe Lund of the Czar.
From the London (Eng.) Tsbacco Journal.:
Among the tobacco exhibits at the Paris Ex
position, that from Russia is one of tbe most
Interesting. Russia is a much larger tobacco
producing country than is generally supposed;
and, although for the greater part of very in
ferior quality, there are several provinces in
the south, and bordering upon tbe Black Sea,
that raise some very fair quality suited to tbe
manufacture of cigarettes, aud the prices are
at present reasonable.
Tbe object of the display will more particu
larly be to opera up a trade in the Western
markets. Every source from which an Im
provement in cheaper cigarettes may be de
rived Is worth the attention of our makers.
The ordinary run of our cheaper cigarettes is
far from satisfactory; and quantities of tbe
imported Egyptian are decidedly nauseous.
As with most things, a larger demand pro
duces inferior quality, until a commodity is
commercially ruined by Its own success.
A Coal Mine In Ills Cellar.
From tbe Philadelphia Inquirer. 1
A miner in the Wyoming coal regions, while
eating his breakfast yesterday, thought that he
beard something drop, and upon going Into his
cellar found tbat It .was 25 feet deeper. This
was In some rrspectsuppleasant, but It brought
him very near tbe coal supply.
Wbrre Brave Men Foaaht nod Died.
GETTTsnrjito, June 3a Tbe monument of
tbe Sixty-first New York Infantry Regiment
was dedicated this afternoon. It is located in
tbe wbeat field and marks the spot where the
command stood during Longstreet's assault of
tbe second day. The oration was delivered by
Hon. Charles A Fuller, of Sherburne, N, Y.
Fnllb In the Dollar Mork
From the Detroit Tribune.!
The Unterrifled We bave more faith in Cal
vln $ Brlce than we would have in simply
Calvin S. Brlce.
UP AND DOWN.
We're up to-day on fortune's hill
And free from every sorrow.
But In tbe wheel of good and 111
All may be chanced to-morrow.
We're up and down as time flies on
Now ease, now hardest labor
No millionaire can safely frown
Uoon his lowly neighbor!
BIches take wings the man of wealth
May meet with sudden losses.
While be wbose only store If health
May ride behind bis horses.
Then do not slight tbe tolling poor.
For labor ne'er disgraces,
And though your fortune seems secure
Some day you may change places.
God help ns all we're poor at best
Dencudent on each-other
Though crowned with ease or sore dlitrejJ
Weak man Is still man's brother.
Then when on fortune's top we stand,
No 111 our state attending.
Let ns extend a helping band
To those about dcsccndlug. i
-JV6V Smith in few Xork HVfl
AMONG THE STARS.
The Son Approaching tbe Earth Spots cm
Old Sol Morning and Evening Stars
Jupiter dad His Bells Phases of the
IWBITTIN TOR TBI MSPATCH.a
Old Sol made us his longest visits last month,
and he is now moving southward faster and
faster, his declination decreasing from 23 04'
to 18 07' during this month, while the day
shortens by 41 minutes.
To-day the earth Is at that point in her orbit
at which she is farthest from the sun. She Is
nearest about January 1,'the difference in dis
tance on tbe two dates being about 3,100,000
miles, or one-thirtieth of tbe whole distance.
If tbe axis of the earth were perpendicular to
the plane of the orbit, instead of inclined 23s
27' from the perpendicular, we sbould have no
seasons on the earth except those due to her
varying distance Irom the sun, and tbe minute
changes in the absolute amount of beat the
sun radiates. AH over the world it would be a
few degrees warmer abont January 1 than on
July 1. As it Is, the extra heat In January
goes to mitigate the Northern winter and
make tbe Southern summer hotter; while in
July the Northern summer and tbe Southern
winter are colder than tbe corresponding sea
sons in the other hemisphere.
An Unexpected Sun Spot."
A large sun-spot, visible in a small telescope,
was reported on the solar disk a few days ago.
This is something unusnal, as the "maximum"
of sun-spou will not occur till 1893. The num
ber of spots on tbe sun is periodically variable,
there being the greatest number every H years;
midway between these maxims there mav be
months without a single spot showing itself.
R. A. Deelina
, , tlon. Ulses. Transits. Sets.
July S..7h.00m. 22 ' 4.57 1SSI A.M.7:M r".M.
July 15..7u.4Im. :i2 SrfH I2SSA-lf.7:Or.M.
July 25..8h.Ilra. W32T 8:13 12.28 A.M.7:39 P.M.
Mercury is morning star throughout the
month, and may be been in tbe early morning a
few days before and after tbe 12th, a little
above and to the right of tbe sun-rise point.
He reaches his greatest western elongation at
5 a. it. on tbe 12th, when be Is 20 47 west of
the ran. His apparent diameter on this date
is 7".6 and bis distance from us 79,753,000 miles.
Tbe phase is about half moon.
K. A. Declination. Rises. Transits.
July 5. .51). 39m. 19 2V nortli. 3.50 A. Jf. 11.-01A.X.
July 15..6h.ltm. 21" zy north. 3:36 A.M. 10.MA.X.
July 23..7h.21m. 22" V? north. 4 .OS A.M. 11:27 A.M.
Venns as a Morning Star.
Venus is also a morning star, shining un
rivaled in the eastern sky, and maintaining ber
sway until long after the fainter stars have
disappeared before the approach of the rising
snn. She reaches ber greatest elongation west,
45 41', on tbe lOtb. at 4 A. M. On this date she
Is 65,564,000 miles from tbe earth. Tbe pbase Is
about balf-moon. Tbe apparent; diameter of
Venus decreases during the month from 26"
It. A. Declination. Rises. Transits.
July S..3n.47m. 121' 2:10 A.M. 9.12 A, M.
July I5..4h.20m. Knr 2aT2A.M. 8:11 a.m.
JulyS5.,sii.osm. 1SW 1:58 A.M. 9:14 A.M.
Mars is morning star, but still too near tbe
sun to be seen As the orbit of Mars lies much
nearer to us than the orbits of anv of the other
superior planets, he moves at more nearly
tbe same speed and bas more nearly tbo
same distance to travel as tbe earth,
so that they keep together or separated
for a long time, and therefore it will
bo many months before- Mars will be around
far enough to be well seen. His apparent
diameter is 4". About midnight on tbe 27th of
the month Mars and Mercury will be id con
junction. Mars being 14' north of Mercury.
Jupiter, the prince of planets. Is now at his
best. He rises In tbe early evening In tbe
southeast, and remains visible all night. He
may easily be recognized low In tbe southeast
in tbe earlier part of tbo evening, or in the
south about midnight, as be Is much brighter
than any of the surrounding stars. Although
visible all night, be is technically evening star,
because, having passed opposition last month,
he is less than 180 east of tbe sun. His appa
rent diameter on the 16th is 44" and his dis
tance from the earth 394,810,000 miles.
Jupiter's Jeweled Belts.
The belts of Jupiter are easily seen with a
small telescope wben the planet is so well situ
ated as now. Tbe satellites may also be
watched, and with a moderate sized telescope
their eclipse in the shadow, of Jupiter, their
occnltatlons or disappearances behind his disk,
and their transits across his disk, may he ob
served. The eclipses of these satellites fur
nished tbe first determination of the velocity
of light. The period of rotation about the
planet was accurately known for each of the
four satellites. Three of tbem are eclipsed at
every revolution, and of course these eclipses
occur at regular intervals, so tbat. If tbe time
of one is observed, the time of any fntnre one
maybe easllv computed. About the year 1675
Roomer, a Danish, astronomer,, noticed tbat
the eclipses occurred Its' 36" later wben Jupiter
was farthest from the earth than when be was
nearest. The only way to account for this was
that the light occupied the 16' 36" In going tbe
extra distance wben Jupiter was farthest
away. Tbis extra distance was twice the
diameter of the earth's orbit, or about 185,000,
COO miles. Dividing tbis distance bv the num
ber of seconds delay, we get 185,700 miles as
the velocity of ligbt per serond. Tbe velocity
bas since been determined in several other
wars, and this result shown to be correct.
A little careiui watching and patience will
enable the amateur with a moderately good
telescope to see some of the eclipses and occul
tations. If a satellite is noticed near tbe planet
it should bo watched to see if It is approaching
or receding; If approacblng.it will disappear
behind tbe planet s disk, afterward to come
out of tbe shadow on the other side a little dis
tance from tbe disk.
IS. A. Declination. Xlfses. Transits.
July 3.. 181i (Win. 23"- 18' south. S Ur.it. 11:11 r.M.
July 15..1811 03m. 23 2W south. B;1C p.m. 10.47 p. u.
July 25..1T11 SOm. 23 22" south. 3.28 r.M. 10.03 1'.M.
fen turn and Uranus.
Saturn is still evening star, but bas gotten
too near the sun to be well seen.
Uranus is evening star, and lain quadrature
with tbe sun on tbe 8th, which means tbat be
s 90 east of the sun. He is scarcely visible to
the unaided eye, buf may be found between the
first magnitude star Spica and Theta Virginls,a
star a few degrees northwest of Spica. He Is
about one-sixth of tbe way from Theta to
It. A. Declination. Transits. Sets.
July S 13h. 07m. 8 28' south. S.30F. M. 12:11
Julyu .... ,13b. Mm. 6"3rsoutn. i.si r. t.
July 23 ;13u. OtSin. 86' south. 5:13 p. M.
Neptune Is morning star, rising two ortbree
hours before tbe sun. He may be found about
6 south ot the Pleiades.
July S 4h. 07m.
July 13. ... -4)1. COra.
July 23. 4b. 10m.
IV W north
10 20" north
19 23 north
Neptune Is in conjunction with Venus on the
15th at 11 P. M.. Netunc being 1" 48' north. The
planets will be near together on the next morn
ing. The moon's phases will be as follows:
First quarter July s, 00:13 A. H.
Full moon Jnlylz, 4.01 r. M.
Last quarter..... -JulylS, 2:44 r. w.
New moon July 27, 7:00 r.M.
She is nearest us on tbe lltb, at 8 p. Jf., and
farthest on the 24tb. at 11 A. X.; in conjunction
with Satnm on tholst: with Uranus on the 5tb;
with Jupiter onthelitli: with Neptune on the
22d; with Venns on the 23d; with Mercury and
Mars on the 2Cth, and again with Saturn on tbe
29th. Beht E. V. LUT1T.
Moliik Matches, the pickpocket, has been
sent to prison in Ohio on his thirteenth sen
tence, and wbat hurts .him Is the fact that he
was arrested by a constable.
A JIokoantown man bought a lot of old
tlnwjfe at auction, for which he paid 15 cents.
Accfie pot Included in the purchase con
tained 128 buzzard dollars.
rirfiBT Waltebsok, of Jefferson county,
Ohi( carries in bis pocketbook a piece of bis
seal J which tbe Sioux Indians cut Irom his
heal when he was out West.
VS Newville. Pa., a few; days since, while the
tlefmometcr marked 92, a confectioner who
V as running an icecream ireezer got nis nana
.aj41. r. nY !, a 4 la foa M4a tvurl va
sbadly fros.ed that it is bandaged yet,
Joe NxcxXT, one of theaccusedtmnrderers
c Farmer Umberger,' is acting as leader of a
Aolr formed by the inmates of Somerset
Gzoboe Dakxer, of Manbelm, Pachas a
hen plate stove once owned by Baron Stiegel,
H founder of tbat borough. It Is 120 years old
and weighs CIS pounds. On the front is a rural
scene of a house, trees and a watch dog.
Mrs.Johx Gehas, a stout woman of Ma
banoy City, Pa.," spanked Grocer Goodman
with her sboe because she thought be bad
overcharged ber boy for potherbs. The court
fined her U cents, id addition to the $30 costs.
A TiTUSVixLi. paper tells of a novel wed
ding tour. Tbo young man, wbo conld not
leave town, purchased ?3 wonh of tickets for
the raorrj-C-roun('. and tbey proceeded to
ride to their hearts' content.
The Easton Argus says tbat Clarence Davis,
of Bordentown, while whittling a broom
handle, found alady's plain gold ring embedded
in the wood. How igot there is a mystery. -
A raflsh 25f inches aronnd,was exhiM
itea ma ctner day in a store at winter uavenjl
A cat at Port Jervis digs angle. worms,'!
and after biting them Into small pieces feeds
them to young canary birds. $5--
A Fishkill man has a cat whichfii,
"death on snakes," having killed and brought.
nome six or. me reptiles tnts season.
The total number of theaters knawnttoj
have been actually destroyed by fire during the
past 13 years is 14L The lulled reached, the.
lOtai OI 2,210.
An old horse which is very much prised!
by Its owner, a Georgia farmer, is unable tel
grind its food, owing to its teeth having worol
very smooth, and so tbe wife ot the larmerj
cooks special aisnes for it.
Ia attendance at the funeral of MrsA
Hayes at Fremont, O., were 21 out of the 24 peSJj
sons who were guests at the white House on De-1
ceniber so, 1877, wben Mr. and Mrs. Hayes celo-9
uraieu ineir suver weaaing.
A Charleston 'druggist advertised tbat
tbe milk of a cocoanut would remove freckles,!
and 4.000 of tbe nuts were sold at retail in two
days to women folks. He got a commission oaf
an saies. xne irecaies stui auiae.
A Cincinnati saloon keeper the other
day paid 1 for a sealeu envelope containing
directions tbat would enable him to sell morse!
beer. Wben be opened It, he found on a small v
card the words, "Don't sell so much froth." "Jff
"William J. Hilton, a wealthy and mi-
serly merchant of Franklyn. Ky., placed a nail V?
keg containing J30.CC0 in greenbacks and 4 perv
cent Government bonds upon a fire a few days
ago, and laughed joyfully as he saw the flames
devour the paper. Family troubles aud busi
ness cares bad turned his head. '
An Albany syndicate has purchased
the Durant tract of land in the Adlrondacks,
paying 600,000 for it. Tbe tract embraces 3X9,
000 acres, and contains 570,000,000 leet of spruce
lumber. It is stated that the object of tbe syn
dicate is to make a corner in tbis lumber, which
is much used In making wood-pulp.
Joseph Conkliug, aged 83, and Miss
Maria Edwards, aged 73, were married at Port
Jervis, N. Y., the other day. Fifty years ago
tbey wanted towed, bnt the parents of the
"girl" interfered because Mr. Conkllng was not
well off In worldly goods. Mr. Conkllng is now
"well fixed." and there is no doubt bis ability
to provide a home for his bride.
r A famous naval dog is attached to the
United States ship Adams. He belongs to no
one in particular, but to the ship in general.
He has seen service in all quarters 'of the
globe. On one occasion, wben the vessel was
out of commission for months and repairing
in the dry dock, be betook himself to tbe re
ceiving sbip, hard by, but promptly reported
for duty when the Adams was again ready for
The old elm tree, withered and dead in .
the top from old age, wbich stands at the"en ,
trance to the south approach to the State
Capitol at Harrisburg was spared from de
struction years ago at tbe request of General
Cameron, who had taken a liking for it and ;
naa asaea tnat it snouia De leit untoucnea f
UUUUK UU lUeUlilC XIO ffaS HI V-IUG9k IU -
pleading-for the tree that his wishes were re-
A man named Eobert Brown is cred- ,
itcd with having recently killed a bear in a pe- '
cuiiar way when about five miles from Edge- - i
wood, N. Y. The animal was feeding on soma
berries when Brown first saw It. Taking oft
his coat, the banter crept stealthily up to with
in "throwing" distance, wben be covered the
brute's head and face with a garment. Before)
brnin could free Itself from the unwelcome
covering. Brown bad got close enongh to get
his fingers around its throat. He squeezed
hard, and the bear slowly but surely suc
cumbed to the killing pressure and fell dead at
the hunter's feet. So goes tbe story.
A Brooklyn horse lately suffered an, in-
jury to one of his feet, and for some time trav
eled on three legs. Finally the wound was per
fectly healsd, but still tbe animal refused to -put
that hoot to the ground. A veterinary
surgeon was called In, wbo made an examina
tion and then pronounced it simply a case of
nervousness. "Strap Up the other bind foot
and you'll see," be said. Tbis was done, and
tbe injured foot was thus forced into use. It
did not take a block's travel to show tbe hore
tbat bis nervous fears were groundless, and
wben tbe strap was removed he trotted off
squarely on tour feet.
A rapid knocking upon the outside
door of the guard bouse of a convict camp,
near Atlanta, Ga., at 10 o'clock the other nigni -
wassn-cNiasuaLsonndand-aroused tbe guard
and prisoners. "Who's that?" called tbejroard.
"It's me, an escaped convict;" Tbe "tlbor was
opened and there stood a young white man who
had escaped from the camp a year ago when a
storm blew down the prison. He was Invited
in, and was soon asiep with tbe usual chains'
about bis reet. Tbe (tfaln of the camp tells
tbe following storyymgf convict stated to
the guard tbat be Wo bettertburden, dodging
nfflffpn and fpartnv wjn In thai f,a
While running r ' ,, . starvedto
death and batlj -.er in a fioi16vr"-
winter. He pi -nlng abont i, W,JV?
life he had beel i -.-' ? c,0k by 4
work, and there u com0.. Hetelli -i
me camp." a wo my wife
A deal underta- 'V?l 3- l vnfi
was awaxenea one nion. t ar ba3L "l
a lond voice savinsr. "I wauv. .. ""SiToV-
the rest of the story thus: "i17 "" f is N
who said she had heard no o-.
went around to tbe store, and still -anyone,
and went back to bed. AIon .
noon, pld man Joseph 8 and four or five of i
relatives, all young men, came to tbe store.
Joe said be wanted a coffin for his little boy.
I got It and we agreed upon the price, and I
then began to trim tbeconin. joe went out,
and T asked one of the vounc men at wbat time
the boy bad died. He said 3 o'clock this morn
ing. Had he ever been in my store T No: but
be saw a man buried In a cofiln tbat came from
here last week. "Well," I said, "he came and
knocked on the door and waked me up at S this
morning and said he wanted i. coffin." Now,
my wife, who had good ears and was very easily
waked, heard nothing. A few days later I was
called again at 4 a. M. In tbe same way, my
wifntipirinirnothlnir. I eot ud again and went
to the store and found no one. At 8 o'clock
Dr. Y. called and ordered a coinn lorairs. 14,
saying that she bad died at 4 o'clock. Thought
lessly I spoke of these two calls and there was
considerable talk, and tbe spirits ot those who
died afterward stopped calling. ,
FUSSY MEN'S FANCIES. i
Mettlesome. I showed 'em the mettlSl
was made of. r
"Wbat did yon do that for? Hadn't tbey ever
seen brass beforer" -Harper' .ffainr. --
It "Was Perfumed. First Cadet Did you
ever smell powderr - -'
Second Cadet Yes. r"
On a Vassar girl." San francitca ArgvJ&
No Alternative. Uncle Peleg (to tote!
clerk) Mo, sir, I don't stay In no hotel wbar '
can't blow out the sabs. Haeow in thunder d'yt
think I'm goln to sleep with a light burntn'f
Boston .Record. .
Mother-in-law This is a pretty time i
night for you to be coming home. My daughter
boiling with rage. '
Son-in-law Boiling, Is she? Maybe after awbi
she will learn bow to cook If I keep on coning
home late. Teias Sifltngt.
Science Always Beady. Caller Doctor,
Mr. Dlvine,"tbe muscle reader, fell Into a sort of
trance a little while ago and we cannot 'arous
him. Is it catalepsy or death? w
Doctor (a great scientist) Bring niehls bes
and I'll soon ten yon. Act xork Weekly. "Vu
Story of a Good Girl. Clara They Jell
mc that after your quarrel with Charles be wanted
to break tbe engagement asked for his ring, and
all that. -W- .
Louise Not at all. m7 dear; 1 may be somewhatVJ
injured, but I'm still In the ring. Chicago Jour-i
Safe from Exposure. "I am from J
Louis," said a young man, as be registered at'
"Oh. welL"- said the clerk, compasslonaterf?
"pnt your address down as New Xork. Yoar
awful secret will be safe with me." Uarptr'1 JssV
Unwelcome. Peddler Beg pardon,
ma'am, but I am agent ior ur. n eeacr;s i sspi
Koot Bitters, ana I'm sure ii tue meroDtrs or 3
family would try them they would soon, have
nntst appetites sflME
Lady at Door (severely) This, sir. Is a Boarding
bouse. iteta xors ncttiy. gffjg.,
THE WAIT. Or THE BTAXVVXa COLLAB.
Alas for humidity, 75
Lack or rigidity
Under the sun. J
On, It was pitiful,
. -... W.J...., .
Not a starched onel .LI.
Clotnter and Faniiiur.
The "Fourth" in the Country. Marv!J
-vnu'vft heendrlnkinr. VSSWAJb
Ueorge Thomas aothln j but tele) po&r
to melons! &
ilary Ann (who bas been watting for btatesvy
for some time Pop It la then, bat dea'tlle
folks bear you ao lv.icxa ayiHigi;