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THE PITTSBURG- DISPATCH. SOHDAY, JULY 21, 1889.
rEVERY DA-Y SCIENCE.
Efficacy of Filters in Purifying Bad
.THE CIGAKETTE SMOKER'S DOOM.
SCIENTIFIC AXD INDUSTRIAL KOTES
fWUITTKN FOB THE DISPATCB.1
Headers of The DisrATcn
information on subjects relating to indus
trial development and progress in mechani
cal, civil and electrical engineering and the
sciences can have their queries answered
through this column.
As a result of recent official investigations
on the subject of the efficacy of filters and
other means employed to purify drinking
water, it is found that boiling sterilizes
water, and within 30 minutes will have
killed harmful bacteria. Drugs and other
agents acting chemically, if used in amounts
which are commonly safe, do not sterilize
water. The prolonged heat which water un
dergoes in the usual process of distillation
destroy all germs which maybe in the water
undergoing the process. Ordinarily filters,
even if satisfactory as strainers, fail to re
move all bacteria from drinking water. So
far front-lessening the number in the orig
inal water, tho filtering substanco may allow a
more rapid multiplication than these micro
organisms would ordinarily undergo in the un
altered water on standing; and the germs of
disease, even if held back by tho filtering sub
stance, may be harbored in all filters. The
finer tLo subitance through which the water
passes, and tho lower the pressure, tho moro
perfect is the action of the filter in holding
bafcic the bacteria. Of all the substances thus
far furnished for domestic filters, porous re
balrcd porcelain, carefully selected has been
loLnd to be the best. A bad water filtered is
less desirable than a pure water in its natural
state. When, therefore, filtration is employed,
because of its real danger of infection, the
filtered water should, as a rule, bo furthermore
boiled, as the entire absence of sediment and
cloudiness does not insure that tho Dlcteria of
disease may not have made their way through
Dr. William L. Dudley. Professor of Chemis
try in the Vanderbilt University, gives the
results of recent careful analytical experiments
made by bim in his laboratory with the smoko
of an ordinary cigarette. The tests'were thor
ough!) scientific and conclusive. The fact was
demonstrated, bcund the cbanco of doubt or
question", that carbonic oxide is the chief con
stituent of cigarette smoke. If not all tobacco
smoke, and that its inhalation into the air pas
sage and 1 tngj must, of necessity, bo exceed
ingly deleterious. Prof. Dudley refers to pub
lished assertions that tho adulteration of to
bacco with opium and flavoring drugs, and the
alleced presence of arsenic In the paper are the
chief causes of tho evil effects of cigarette
smoking, but pronounces them unsatisfactory
and insufficient as explanations. His chemical
tests, he insists, have demonstrated positivoly
the actual cause of the mischief, namely, tho
cigarette-smoker's absorption of the carbonic
oxide and other gases, causing deoxidatiou of
the blood, and thereby impairing Its power to
bnild up the wasting tissues of the bodv. The
cigarette habit bas, of late vcars, become very
common in this country. It is one of those
many European importations which do our
people more harm than good. Manv of our
oungmen. and some who are neither young
nor inexperienced, are literally burning out of
themselves tho best element of their manhood
by sucking into their systems tho poison of
physical and mental degeneracy through the
filthy cigarette. Cigar-smoking and pipe-smoking
are oad enough, and pernicious enough in
all conscience, but cigarette-smoking is abso
Influence of Snnlight on Trees.
Trees nearly always develop best, in other
Words make most wood, in tho full, enjoyment
of light; but their capacity of developing under
abado varies greatly. The yew will thrive In
the densest shade, while a few years overtop
ping kills the larch; the beech will grow with
considerable energy under partial shade, where
the oak would only just keep alive, and tho
birch would die. When planted in moist puces
all species are less sensitive to tho withdrawal
of light. In tho open, maples, elms, sycamores
and others grow well and make good shade
trees; in a dense forest thev thin out and have
but scanty foliage. Conifers, such as spruces
and firs, which preserve the foliage or several
years, have perhaps tho greatest capacity of
growing under shade and preserving their
ioliago in sp-te of tho withdrawal of light. In
America sufficient datatogrouptbeforest trees
according to tbe amonnt of light required by
them have not yet been coliectedbut rules
based on experiment have been formed In Ger
many, where the behavior of trees under differ
ent conditions of light has been carefully
studied. It has been found, for instance, that
on the same branch those leaves which are de
veloped under full influence of sunlight aro
not only larger, and often tougher in texture
and thicker, but that they have a larger num
ber of stomata, or breathing pores, tlian those
less exposed to light The w hole subject is ono
of tho most important in lorestrv, and observa
tions and experiments aro to be carried out In
regard to it fn the United States.
Tho Electric Llcbt In Wnrfhre.
Remarkable progress has recently been made
in this country in the application of electricity
to purposes of warfare, and work of a very high
order has been done at the Government torpedo
station, where a long and elaborate experi
mental course bas been carried out. Tho
electric light, especially, is coming to play a
most Important part in modern warfare, and
American investigators in this field, many of
whom have contributed su materially to its
prcsentstate of development, will be interested
in the report of some experiments which took
place in the Solent. England, last week. As a
better means of defending tho roadstead an
electric search light has recently been erected
on the Spit, near Hurst Castle, opposite tbe
.Needle's passage, and six gunboats, with sev
oral torpedo craft, tried, under cover of nigdr.
to effect an entrance from tho westward, with
out being perceived. Tho attempt was a fail
ure, as each vessel was spotted by the powerful
light when miles off, and the guns were ail
ready w hen they came w Ithin range To make
matters worse for tbo attacking flotilla, the
smoke which they created in prolusion, so as to
prevent the ships from being seen, was blown
astern by tfce wind, and the result was a com
plete victory for the electric light.
Injurious Effects orsatlng.
An Albany physician declares that Americans
suffer more generally from Bright's disease and
nervous disease than any other people, and he
says that the reason is that Americans sit down
so persistently at their work. Ho says: Amer
icans are the greatest bitters I ever knew
While Englishmen, Germans and Frenchmen
walk and exercise, an American business man
will go to his office, take bis scat In his chair
and sit there all day without giving any relief
to the tension of the muscles of the bacc The
result Is that these muscles surrounding the
kidneys become soft and flabby. They
lose their vitality. Tho kidneys them
selves soon become weak and de
bilitated. If Americans would exercise more,
if they would stand at their desks rather than
Bit, we would hear less of Blight's disease. I
knew of a New York man, who bad suffered
for some years from nervous prostration, until
it was recommended to bim thaf he have a desk
at which he could stand to do bis work. Within
a year he was one of the healthiest men you
ever saw. Ills dyspepsia and kidney tronble
bad disappeared, and he bad an appetite like
New Automatic Reading Lamp.
An ingenious application of the "nickel in
tbe slot" mechanism is being made in England
for the supply of electric light in the shape of
reading lam ps for rail way carriaces. omnibuses.
tramcars, etc The lamp In question bas been
patented by a Leeds firm. It consists of a
clockwork apparatus contained in a box S
inches by 5 inches by 3 inches, and by Intro
ducing a penny into the top of the machine,
and subsequently pressing a knob, the mechan
ism is set In motion and an electric light ob
tained, which, after burning for half an hour.
Is automatically extinguished. The lamp can,
moreover, be extinguished at will by pressine
a second knob. The lamp Is now in use on the
Great Western Hallway. The source of power
generating the light is an accumulator, which,
placed in any o the compartments of a car
riage, will supply with electricity the whole of
the lamps in tbo carnace. Tbo accumulators
will be charged with a 4J hours' supply.
Curious Discovery on the Sahara.
One of the engineers on tbe Sahara railroad,
now being constructed by France, reports a
discovery of great archasolbgical value. Com
ing upon mound of sand be bad it dug into
and found a dome, which proved to be the top
of a tower,, and, digging deeper, the tower
proved to belong to a mosque entirely em
bedded In the sand. Continuing bis researches
bo has uncovered nine bouses and a water
course. The water course is of great value,
and will be used for irrigation. This dis
covery confirms the impression thattbeSahara
is another Instance of tho modification which
climatic changes will effect and that it was
once a populous land instead of tho waste of
desert we see it to-day.
The Zalinskl Dynamite Con.
The striking success of tho Zalinskl gun in
America has attracted the attention of other
nations, and it is reported that the Victorian
Government intends to adopt this gun for tho
defense of their forts, and have already sent
an order for a trial gun from the Zalinskl Com
pany, of New York. The gun will be of the
same pattern as those which have recently been
lnado fur tho Italian novprnment. and it will
T 1,e capable of throwing shells which contain
gelatine or other explosives. It Is stated that
the gun will be able to aim with such accuracy
as to make the neighborhood of the harbor for
a distance of two miles perfectly safe against
any armed cruiser.
New Application of tbo Elcvalor.
A canal has just been constrncted in Belgium
in which, instead of locks, the boats are hoisted
by elevators from one level to another. The
canal extends from tho coal region in the in
terior of Belgium to Brussels. Tho boats,
which measure about 70 tons, aro towed at the
low level into an immense tank with gates,
which is submerged in the canal. The gates
are then closed and tho tank, which rests on
the pistons of a huge hydraulic elevator, is
raised to the upper level, wben connection is
made with the next soction of tbo canal by
means of double gates, and the boat proceeds
on its way.
mountain Forest as Flood Preventives.
The mountain forest covers the bills with a
vast mat or network of living root fibers and
holds in place the ever-accumulating mass of
mold and decomposing vegetable matter, which
absorbs and retains the water of the rainfall
and the melting snows. The water thus ab
sorbed by the forests is allowed to escape
graduall), and maintains a steady flow in the
river which it feeds. If the forest is removed
there is nothing to hold back the water which
rushes down in overwhelming floods and tor
rents. The consequence is that there will be
no reservation of water for the dry season, and
heat and sterility wdl follow.
Graphite In Australia.
Considering tho position which graphite has
assumed as a commercial product, tbe reports
r of its discovery In Australia are ot Interest. A
well known geologist has just returned from a
prospecting expedition through "Western
Australia, and has brought word of an extra
ordinary bed of graphite which be has discov
ered in the valley of the Vasse river. The ex
tent of tbe bed is said to be enormous, and the
specimens were so satisfactory that a company
was formed immediately and 700 acres of land
covering the main deposit were secured with
Improved Frnctlco In Tooth Extraction.
Drs. Hcnoque and FredeL in a communica
tion made to tbe Biological Society of Paris,
state that tho extraction of a tooth may be ren
dered painless by spraying tho neighborhood of
the external ear with ether. The anesthesia of
tbe trigeminus so produced extends to the den
tal nerve, and thus renders the production of
general anesthesia needless.
LATE HEWS IN BRIEF.
Grand Duke Constantine,uncle of the Czar,
bas suffered a stroke of paralysis. He has lost
tho power of speech.
The Italian Government bas withdrawn Its
vessels from participation In tbe blockade of
East African ports near Zanzibar.
Several cotton warehouses situated on Red
cross and Grundy streets, Liverpool, nave been
destroyed by fire. The loss is 00,000.
The Porto will send several battalions of
troops to the island of Crete in consequence of
the threatened rising of tbe people there.
The Controller of the Currency bas author
ized the Farmers' National Bank, ot Pawnee
City. Neb., to begin business with a capital of
The jury in tho case of Mr. William O'Brien
against Lord Salisbury for damages for slander
yesterday returned a verdict In favor of Lord
Burglars broke Into the postoffice at Sus
quehanna yesterday, and gaining access to the
safe robbed it of several hundred dollars in
cash and stamps.
Tbo Hamburg-American Packet Company's
new steamer uoiumoia, irom narauurg, sailed
from Southampton at 2:30 o'clock yesterday
morning on ber first trip to New York.
The Bonlanglsts in Marseilles have decided
to nominate the General as a candidate in four
cantons for the Council General, in spite of the
new law which forbids one candidate being run
in more tnan one placo at tbe same time.
Detective Grinnell. of Milton, Wis., has
left here with J. F. Edwards, whom be ar
rested at Ensenada on a charge of having em
bculed $10,000 from tbe Menemist Mill & Min
ing Company, of Wisconsin, in May, 18SL
-James Sykes, dealer In grain and seeds, was
convicted In tbe criminal court at Chicago yes
terday morning of issuing fraudulent ware
house receipts and was sentenced to two ears
in the penitentiary. This was his third trial.
The Dayton Building Association League
bas agreed to take the initiative step In tbe or
ganization of a State Leagneof building asso
ciations. A call will be issued for a meeting of
delegates' of all building associations in tbe
State to meet at Columbus August 15.
Joe Hanslcy, said to bo from Detroit, was
picked up Friday morning beside a railroad
track in tbe suburbs or Louisville. He was un
conscious from wounds about the head, and
died in the bospital last evening. It is sup
posed he fell or was pushed off atrain.
A reconnoiterinc party sent ont from W.-ulir
Haifa found the dervishes under Nad-el-Jumi
occupying a good position. It was also learned
that tbe dervishes bad been reinforced by 1.000
men. ne uriusa troops at Assouan number
1,500 men and are considered strong enough to
attack the dervishes.
During Friday night professional burglars
made a most successful broak at the jewelry
store of IL J. Bodwell. 82 Monroe street, Lynn
Mass. The dial knob of the large safe was
knocked off with a heavy sledge hammer. The
entire combination was then pushed out and
the bolts yielded to tho turn of the handle. Tho
bursters got away witb 12,000 worth of jewelry
and left bebind only a few tools.
A Portsmouth. O.. dispatch says that at
Barden and Otway, villages not far from Ports
mouth, tbo same peculiar disease which nearly
depopulated those places last summer has re
turned. A lady is said to have died in two
hours after being stricken. Ex-Mayor-Frec-man
is reported in a dying condition. Physi
clans have been unablo to check tbe disease or
to agree upon its cause. It Is an affection of
tbe bowels, and many think that the cause is to
be found in the drinking water taken from tbo
At 052 o'clock Friday evening a slight
shock of earthquake was felt In Memphis.
Crockery and glassware rattled, and in some
instances were thrown from tho shelves, but
no other evidence was given besides tbe rock
ing motion. Two severe shocks were felt at
Covington. Tenn., 35 miles north of Memphis,
each shock lasting several seconds. For a
while the wildest confusion prevailed. Houses
were abandoned and the streets filled with
fricbtened people. A third but lighter shock
was ieit tnere at sua.
E.T.Jeffery. General Manager of the Illi
nois Central Railroad, was asked to day if tbe
puuusiicu statement mat ne naa resrgned that
position fra true. He replied that it was; that
President Fish now has it in bis bands, and
that it Is to take effect In October next. Mr.
Jeffcry declares that his retirement is due to
a desire to get out of tbe harness which he bas
borne for nearly SO years without intermission.
It is said the resignation is due to Vice Presi
dent Harriman's interference with the traffic
department, countenanced by President Fish.
Two horse and cattle thieves and the dead
body of the leader of the gang passed tbrongh
Albuquerque, N. M., to Soccora Thursday
night. Tbeyhad stolen soveral horses from
Dedrick's ranch and four from a ranch near
Gallup, this countv. They" were desperate and
defied arrest. Deputy Sheriff Lawsou, of
Apache county, organized a posse and soon
came upon the thieves. A general battle took
place, and tbe leader of the gang, a Mexican
was shot dead. The deputy sheriff also re
celved a serious wound. The other two sur
rendered. This breaks up a bad gang 0f horse
and cattle thieves.
A Lebanon. O.. dlsnatch savs that , .-i-
dence against Treasurer Coleman, whose an est
for embezzlement was made, consists in a num
ber of warrants for the payment of money to
various township treasurers, which do not ap
pear at all on tho auditor's books, while genu
ine warrants to tho fnll amount those treasur
ers ere entitled towere retrnlarlT drawn mom-H.
ed and paid. There is also a statement that be
fore Recorder Graham left he confided to a
friend that Coleman and be bad been acting
together in depleting the treasury, and that
he pointed out where warrants were -kept
which had been used to maue good the treasur
er's credits at tbe time of the regular examina
tions of bis books. On the other band, Cole
man's friends say that be Is innocent, and that
he has been tbo dupe of tbe unscrupulous aud
itor. Do You Believe Ii?
That any firm in either cily sells as many
umbrellas or offers sttch values as Thornton
Bros., Allegheny? Think of 26-inch gold
cap umbrellas fit 89e, 28-inch 98c; best
gloria silk, with gold cap, such as you see
aavenisea eisewnere, at $a 25 and ?2 50,
our price a xo una 91 49,
NOBODY IS KICKING.
Business in Good Shape for the Sail
Season and Growing Better.
TflE OHIO YALLEI BOULEVARD.
Two Lots Bought With art Old Gold Watch
Turn Oat a Good Speculation.
EAPIB TBANSIT AND PUBLIC EIGHTS
Business last week was very large for the
doll season of the year. Iron was active
and stronger. Stocks were dull, with a dis
position to weaken. The total sales on
'Change were 951 shares, Philadelphia Gas,
Electric and La Koria leading. Petroleum
opened dull, but closed firm and' fairly ac
tive. There was a good demand for real es
tate, and a satisfactory number of sales were
made. The number of deeds recorded was
189, involving $131,505.
The number of mortgages of which official
cognizance was taken was 180, representing
$248591 The largest was for 510,000. Trade in
nearly all branches was larger than a year ago,
with a steadily improving tendency.
Tbe work of laying out a boulevard down tbe
Ohio river is being pushed as fast as possible.
Surveyors are at work, and report good prog
ress. When completed it will bo one of tbe
finest drives In or near either city, equaling
anything that the East End can boast of pres
ent or prospective. It will bo wide and almost
level from Allegheny City to Dixmont, and
will open up some of the finest residence prop
erties to be found in any of the suburbs. It
will afford fino views of tbe Ohio river, and of
the beautiful scenery of. bill and dale on tbo
Tbe connecting point will be California ave
nue. It will be 60 feet wide, and will 'pass
through the James L Bennett property, along
West Market street, crossing Wood's Run on a
high bridge, and continuing on through a fine
section of country, where there are already
many fine residences, such as those of John
Phillips, tbe McRees, Samnel R. Harbison and
others, to Jack's run, which will be spanned
by a high Iron bridge, to Bellevue. where the
surveyors are now working. Continuing on
through Bellevue, between the Ohio river and
the New Brighton road, it will cross tbe tatter
at the lower end of WcstBellevue.
It will then continue on to a point qn Spruce
run, above Laurel station, wbere a short bridge
will be needed to reach tne opposite sido at tbo
upper end of Emswortb, passing in front or
near the handsome residence ot J. C. Lewis,
Judge Veach and others, where it will strike
Church avenue, 60 feet wide, already laid putand
partly improved. It will then continue on high
ground through Emswortb, one of tbe finest
locations along the toute, and down toward
The work of changing the Pleasant Valley
Street Railway to an electric road is progress
ing as rapidly as practicable, and it is thought
that it will be in complete running order under
the new system by October L Contracts for
tbe necessary number of cars were closed last
week, and the delivery of tho rails will begin
within 39 days.
While fully conceding the advantages to tbe
city of rapid transit reads, tbe fact should not
be concealed that the building of tbem is fre
quently the cause of great Inconvenience and
annoyance to tho public This is the case out
Second avenue, where about 600 feet of tho
pavement bas been torn up for two months or
more. This is a great hindrance to trat eland
traffic, and Is causing rib end of complaint on
the part of people living in that district who
are compelled to take by-paths to reach tbe
There is a law regulating tbe manner of tear
ing up streets, but it seems to be a dead letter
in tbe case in question. Tho company should
lose no time in remedying the evil complained
ot By refusing or neglecting to recognize tho
rights of the public it will gain nothing and
may lose mucu.
The project for boulevarding the Allegheny
City Parks and adjacent streets Is again being
agitated, and there is a, lively competition be
tween tho paving companies for the contract.
Each claims that the material it nses is the best
and cheapest, and to settle this dispute it has
been proposed that each pavo a small section
of tbe park and let Councils decide the ques
tion of merit.
Citizens who are peculiarly interested in the
improvement are not altogether certain that
tho benefit will outweigh the cost, and until
they shall receive further light on the subject
will occupy a position of quiet hostility. As
the Improvement promises, to be of great pub
lic importance, however, it is likely that a com
promise will be effected and the cost satisfacto
Henry M. Long bas returned home from a
of bis time at Dnlutb, where he owns two lots,
for which ho traded an old gold watch 32 veare
ago. There was no town there then nothing
but an unbroken wilderness. One of the lots
is worth several thousand dollars. Tbe other
is less valuable at present, but bas large possi
bilities. Mr. Long Is enthusiastic over the phenomenal
growth and rosy prospects of the '-City of tho
Unsalted Seas." It has a popnbition of be
tween 40,000 and 50,000, contains many fino
buildings,and boasts of several first-class hotels.
It taps tbe Iron regions of three ranges and the
copper district of Lake Superior. Land on the
principal thoroughfare, Superior street, is
rated at $1,000 a foot.
During his stay at Duluth, Mr. Long ran
across several former Pittsburgers, who aro
interested in mines, real estate and merchan
dise. Among them were John F. McClarran,
Philip Graff, W.J. Frisbee and Will Watt. It
is a great market for Pittsburg coal, which is
used by five lines of railroads and by a large
part of tho local lake marine. The adjacent
waters are a great attraction to Pittsburg
anglers, many of whom go there every vear.
and generally return witb something to show
Last week was a good week for the builders.
Sixty-seven permits were taken out, against 41
the week before. The largest permit was
Issued to Charles Lockhart f or 50 stone front
two-story dwelling houses to cost $200,000. Tho
next largest was taken out by L M. Scboon
maker for a stone tnree-story dwelling on Ells-
wonn avenue. Ane estimated cost is $20,000.
The Keystone Bank people were granted a per
mit to erect a three-story granite front building
on Fourth avenue at a cost of $10,000. Harry
Shank bas tbe contract for all three. Tbe total
cost of the 67 bouses is estimated at $307,683.
Tbe magnitude of the wholesale dry goods
business of Pittsburg may be judged from tho
fact that one bouse, and not the largest at that,
employs 43 skilled men in its various depart
ments, and keeps six or eight salesmen con
stantly on tbe road. Some of these men are
paid as high as $2,000 a year. Nearly all tho
dry goods dealers In Western Pennsylvania,
Eastern Ohio and West Virginia make their
purchases in Pittsburg. This is one of the
growing interests of tbe city.
A BAD FINISH.
The Week In Stock Winds Up With One
The sale of 20 shares of Central Traction at
30J a decline comprised all tho business
transacted at tbo Stock Exchange yesterday.
Although there was very little difference in
quotations from those of tho previous days of
the week, there was a less buoyant f eling on
tbe floor. It is becoming more manifest every
day that tho long siege of dullness Is telling on
values, and it begins to look as if those having
orders to buy below existing quotations will
succeed in their object Investors were hungry
for bank stocks, and bid for nearly everything
on tho list, but the only result was to fill the
blackboard with figures.
At tbe close of the session a broker remarked:
"It's impossible to make business where there
is none. There are very few orders in baud.
and the placing of Jhcm is conditioned upon
lower prices. V hether this expectation win bo
realised Is moro than I know. Tho principal
factor that Is sustaining tbe market is generally
overlooked. Nearly all the stock that is out
was bought atbigherpnees than arenowrnfing,
and holders don' t want to sell at a loss. With
Investors waiting for a slump and Tiolders Xor
. 1 J "
an advance, tbe deadlock is not strange. To
revive things there must be concessions, but
who will make themT I look for a good selling
movement pretty soon, but this need not neces
sarily cause much of a broak, as everything is
very cheap. A very slight shading of values Is
all that Is necessary to start the ball rolling.
After that the market can take cars of itself."
. EXCHAXOJC ETOCXU
1'ltts. Pet., S. and M. Exchange ...430 GOO
Arsenal .... 65 ....
Citizens' Rational liankt Ktf '..
Dnqucsne National Bank. .150 ....
Kxchanrc Nation! Bank..., SI ....
banners Deposit National Bant 400
First National Bank, I'ltuburg 170
Fourth National Bank TSOi 130
Fifth Avenue 40 ....
Freehold Hank 33
Iron Cltv National Bank 90
Iron and Glass Dollar Savings 130 ....
Marine National Bank. .... 101
Masonic Bank S3
Mechanics National Bank '.....101 ....
Merchants &. Alannlacturcr's Bank CO S3
Metropolitan National Bank 94 ....
Odd Fellows' Savings Hank 65 70
llttsuun; National Bank Commerce.. S32)i ....
i'ltuburp ItanxrorSavlngs 2 ....
People's National Bank ISO ....
bale Deposit Company CS ....
Third National liank 101
Tradesmen's National Bank 225 ....
Union National Bank 300 ....
First National Hank, Allegheny 100 ,...
becond National Bank. Allegheny 10 ....
WorUngman's Savings, Allegheny.... 72 ....
German American CO ....
Allegheny Gas Co. (Ilium.) 33 ....
l'lttsburs; Gas Co. (Ilium.) 63
boutbslde Uas Co. (Ilium.) 24
XjLTUBjll gas stocks.
Chartiers Valley Gas Co i' GO
Natural Gas Co. or W.Va 67
Peoples Natural Gas Co GO
Pennsylvania Gas Co 14M 1554
Philadelphia Co 36j2 H6Ji
Wheeling Gas Co J 30
OIL COUFAXT STOCKS.
Washington OH Co
riSSENGrn XLAILWAY STOCKS.
Central Traction 30 31
Citizens' Traction G$H ....
Pittsburg Traction GO
Pleasant Valley 1S5 BOO
Pittsburg, Allegheny and Manchester.SO 255
Pittsburgand Connellsvllle S3
Pitts., McK. & Yougu. S. K. Co 11
Pitts., Cln. JbSt. Louts 2)K
Pitts. & Western K. K. Co HH UK
Pitts. & Western B. B, Co. pref 3i 21 .
Charlotte Mining Co
La N'orla Mining Co
Sllverton Mining Co
Yankee Girl Mining Co
Union hwitcli and Signal Co
Union Switch & Signal, preferred
j-iiisourg CTCiorama jo. ....... ......... ...
Pittsburg Plate Glass Company, ISO
PACTS P0K PESSIMISTS.
The Financial Thermometer Indicates Fair
Weather Hereabout Flsurcn Don't Lie.
All of the banks called upon yesterday re
ported a fair business for tbe season, but dull
as to new features. Tbe Clearing House re
port showed a gain of nearly $2,250,000 over tbe
corresponding week last year. Currency was
rather scarce, and some of tbe banks squared
up their balances with gold. Manager Chap
lin's statement for tbo day, week and year fol
lows: Exchanges....! : S 2,1 C3, 535 93
Exchanges for tbe week 13,475,0 93
Balances for the week. 2.223,645 G5
Exchanges, daily average 2,245,848 16
Exchanges week of 1883 U,z04,9S7 15
Balances week or 1888 1, 9, 285 05
Exchanges tastweek. 12,748,(79 C6
Balances last week. 2,7sQ,4S3 45
Fxcuanges to date, 18a!) .-.. 353,313,377 SS
Exchanges to date, ISiS 317,639.549 16
Gain, 1889 over 1S3 35,673.823 43
The total sales ot stocks at New York yester-
aaywere vi.ny snares including: Atcnison,
9,200: Missouri Pacific, 7,620; Reading, 10,800;
St. Paul, 5,050.
Money at New York yesterday was easy, with
no loans, and closing at 2 per cent offered.
Prime mercantile paper, 4j5. Sterling ex
change dull at 438 for 60-day bills and 4S7 for
Tbo weekly statement of the New York
banks. Issued yesterday, shows tbe following
changes: Reserve, increase, $624,725; loans, de
crease, 11,533,300; specie. Increase, $115,900;
legal tenders, increase, $170,600; deposits, de
crease, $L32S,900; circulation, decrease, $6,200.
Tbe banks now hold $7,237,825 in excess of tbe 25
per cent rule.
doling Bond Quotations.
U. S. 4s,feg 128
U. 8. 4s. coup .128!
aiuioai union ta....iou
N. J.C. Int. Cert.. .113
Northern Pac. lsts..llGX
Northern Pac. 2d..l5
Northw't'n consols. 146)4
Oregon & Trans. 6S.104X
U. 8. 4XS, reg 10B
U. 8. 43. coup 10G
Louisiana stamped 4s 89)
juissoan gs iuu
Tenn. new net. 6s 103
Tenn. new set. 6s....ltou
Hr. 1j jfrr M I:., s Li
Tenn. new set. 3s
TJXjSt. I..&S.F. Gen.JLllS
Canada Bo. Ids 98)
bi. ram consols ....135
Tx.. PcluU.Tr Its. 89M
ijen. a aeinc,i5is.....lld
Den. &, K. G., lsts.120
Den. & It. C. 4s T8U
Erie. 2ds 102
11. K. & T. Gen. 6s 62Jj
Union Pac. lsts 115
West Shore 10ei
New Yobk Clearings, $113,281,316; balances,
Boston Clearings to-day. $15,027,018; bal
ances. $L451.82S. For the week Clearings. $31
523,75S; balances, $11,230,92L For the corre
sponding week last year Clearings, JSiGOJ.Sij;
balances. $10,09S,53L . t
Philadelphia Clearings, $11,617,620; bal
ances. $1,860,813. For the week Clearlncs. 70.
870,676: balances, $10,601,799.
Chicago Money unchanged. Bank clear
ST. Louis Clearings to-day, $2,617,602; bal-
ancer $473,546. Fbr the week CIearings,.$17.
761.33S; balances, $3,032.2SL For last week
Clearings, 519,852,509; balances, $3,199,129.
Atch. &Too..lst7a. 116
A.4T. Land Ur't7s. 107
Atch. 4Top. K. IS... 38;
Boston A Albany. ..217
Boston & Maine.... .2)0
Wis. Central, com.,
Wis. Central pr...
Calumet A Heels..,
C.. 15. &Q. asx
xjisicrn iw it... iuui
Flint A Pere M. nfa. 98
Mexican Cen. com.. 14J(
Mex.C.lstmtg. bds. 65K
N. V. SNevEng... 473j
Ola Colony 174
Bell Telephone. . ..227
Boston Land 6H
V ater .Power fi
Santa Ife copper. .... 52
DOLLAE OIL. '
A Little Farther Ofl", but Still an Encour
The oil market was less bullish yesterday than
on Friday, and the dollar line was viewed at a
greater distance. StllL when compared with
tho early part of the week and the month, it
was both strong and active. The fact that the
closing price was at tbe highest point of the
day, and J of a cent better than the opening,
encouraged tho brokers to hope for better
things this week. Tbe clearings were esti
mated at 800.to barrels, .against L206.000 the
day before. All the transactions were in regu
lar August stuff, nothing being done or at
tempted in cash or September.
Tbe fluctuations were: Opening, 9ie: highest,
94Jic: lowest, 83c; close, 95?c. The week's
clearings were something over 4,000.000 barrels,
of which abont three-fourths should be credited
to tbe last three days. A broker said: "I think
the worst is over. People are catching on to
the new rules. I look lor a steady and ad
vancing market tho rest of tho season. All tho
conditions favor high prices." I
Features of tho Market. ,
Corrected daily by John M. Oasuey & Co.. 45
Sixth street, members of the Pittsburg Petrof
, 94 Lowest.
Average shipments ,
Average charters .,
Keflned, New York, 7.20c.
Iteane., London, tj(d.
Iienned. Antn-ern. 17V r.
lteUned, Liverpool, taS-lSd.
a. a. jucurew
6 Co. quote: Futs,84K!;
The Demand for Realty Show No Abate
mentSome Good Sale.
KeUy & Rogers, No. 6315 Station street,
East End, sold for D. J. Kennedy to Thomas
H. Groan two lots, 21x120, on Shetland avenue,
Twenty-first ward, for $1,100 cash;blso for Gies
Bros, to Maggie M. Rodgcrs, lot 2Sxl20, on samo
avenue, for JSjO.
Alles & Bailey. 161 Fourth avenub, sold to J.
C. Alles, of tho firm, a brick dwelling of four
rooms, balk etc, on Market street, near Frank
lin, Allegheny City, for $1,600 cash. (Mrs. Eliza
Shields was the seller.
George S. Martin, 03 Liberty street, sold in
the Maplewood Park plan, WUktfisburg, lots
Nos. 43 and U, fronting 80 feet on Coal street
by 120 feet to Washington lane, for S0O, to
Marcus W. Racke; also lot No. 118, in tbe same
plan, fronting 49 feot on Singer street by 110
feet, for S325, to Jacob Ltntelman; also lots
Nos. 60 and SI in the same plan, fronting 80
feet on Coal street by 120 feet To Washington
lane, for JSjO, to John Q. Dollman.
Black-Ae Ralrrt TCn ffi -Fourth aTRnne. sold
for John A. Roll a tract of land on Herron
Hill, containing about eicht acres, bounded by
Ridge avenue and Jefferson street and tbe
lands of the Dollar Savings Bank and John
Foy, for 516,000.
Ewing & Byers. No, 107 FedeTal street, Alle
gheny, placed a $3,000 mortgage on East End
, u irtsuurg) property lor three years at 6 per
cent, free of Bute tax.
George T. McConnell sold for Andrew Wil
son to James McEwen, two lots, each 20x100, on
Ella street, near Liberty avenue, Sixteenth
ward. for $1450,
W. W. McNeill & Bro., 105 Fourth avenue,
sold another building lot on Morrison avenue.
Second ward. Allegheny, for $500. This makes
48 lots in all sold on Morrison avenue by the
above firm In the last six months. They also
sold a mortgage of 1000 on property in Alle
gheny City at 6 per cent.
Mellon Bros., East End, yesterday, sold to J.
Mezger, lots No. 5 and tme-balf of No. 6, in
Mellon's plan, at Copeland station, for $675;
also to J. a. Murphy, lot No. 49 on Eljslan ave
nue, McCllntocfc place. forSS50.
JR. Uoooer fc Co., 107 Fourth avenue, sold
for John Fay to William Edeburn, one and
one-fifth acres in the Thirteenth ward for
12.173: also two lots in the McNeil plan. Thir
teenth ward, viz: No. 53 to D. C. Smith for S250,
and No. 37 to S. Znrh lor $400.
John F. Baxter, 512 Smithfleld street, sold lot
No. 313, Villa Park plan. Brushton station,
frontairo of SOfeet on Harrison avenue, ISO to
Sickles avenue, to M. R. Mason for $700.
BETTK AND BETTER.
A Big Improvement In tbe Bnildlcs Trade
List of Permits.
Last week was tho best ono of the year in tho
building trade. Permits wero taken out for 67
bouses, including several large ones, tbe esti
mated cost of which Is $3ti7,6S8. It' is believed
that the number of permits This month will be
very close to 300. Tho following is tho list:
Henry Rea, Jr., one brick three-story, 30x68
feet, on Greenougb street; between Try and
Gas streets. Sixth ward.
Mrs. J. Montgomery, one brick three-story,
24x35 feet, on Exchange alley, between Elev
enth and Twelfth streets. Ninth ward.
James TbishelL one frame two-story addition,
20x11 feet, on Jones avenue, between Twenty
seventh, and Twenty-eighth streets. Twelfth
August Holz, one frame one-story, 11x13 feet,
on Jones avenue, between Twenty-seventh and
Twenty-eightb streets. Twelfth ward.
Wilham JL Meyer, one frame one-story addi
tion. 12x18 feet, on Jones avenue, between
Twenty-seventh and Twenty-eightb streets.
Robert Coleman, one frame two-story, 16x20
feet, on Breckenrldge avenue,Thlrtcenth ward.
Brown Bros., three frame two-story, 37x40
feet, on Sobo street. Thirteenth ward.
R. C. Brown, one frame one and a half-story,
on Bedford avenue, near Thirty-third street,
Fred Linemen, ono frame two-storv. 17x32
feet, on Mifflin street. Sixteenth ward.
Jos. Stifflin, one framo two-story, 22x52 feet,
on Hawley avenue, between Thirty-ninth and
Fortieth streets. Sixteenth ward.
John Barbany, one frame two-story, 18x30 feet,
on Alorningside road. Eighteenth ward.
Keystone Bank, one granite front and brick
sides three-story, 20x90 feet, on Fourth avenue.
Charles Lockhart, GO stone front two-story
and mansard bouses, 1,000x64 feet, on Dinwiddle
street. Eleventh ward.
Julius Borcott, one frame two-story, 16x13
feet, on Arch street. Thirteenth ward.
Alex. HalL one brick two-story, 32x35 feet, on
Mawhinney street, near Forbes avenue, Four
John Cudyre, one framo two-story addition,
8x16 feet, on Beelen street. Fourteenth ward.
Booth & Flinn, one brick two-story, 36xBM
feet, on Tnstin street, Fouiteenth ward.
J. M. Shoemaker, one stone three-story, 40xSO
feet, on Ellsworth avenue, corner of Barton
street. Twentieth ward.
N. J. Reott, one framo one-story addition, 10
ill feet, on Hastings street. Twenty-second
David Lemond, one frame two-story, 36xS3
ieet, on xyiei street, j. wenty-tnird ward.
John Gibson, one framo two-story. 21x32 feet,
on Second avenue. Twenty-third ward.
Edward Graham, one framo two-story, 20x33
feet, on Second ayenue, Twenty-third ward.
Tom Humphrey, ono brick two-story, 17x32
feet, on Carson street, between Thirtv-fonrth
and Tblrty-fifth streets. Twenty-fourth ward.
Jan. Labirzinski, one frame one-story, 17x28
feet, on Mission street, between Twenty-fifth
and Twenty-sixth streets. Twenty-seventh
Conrad Aul, one frame,. two-story, 20x22 feet,
on Greely street. Twenty-seventh ward.
Mary Ann Loya, one frame one-story, 15x23
feet, oa Sbelbystreot, Twenty-seventh ward.
A. P. Miller, one brick two-story, 22x50 feet,
on Bailey avenue, near Boggs avenue,Thirtietu
John Villirty, one frame two-story, 9x16 feet,
on Somers street. Thirteenth ward.
David Evans, one framo two-story, 12x16 feet,
on Somers street. Thirteenth ward.
C. Strabley Sons, ono frame one-story addi
tion, 13x14 feet, on rear of 6303 Penn avenue.
James Keellngs, one frame two-story. 16x32
feet, on Harcum's alley. Twenty -fourth ward.
John Mannas, one frame two-story, 16x32
feet, on Frits street. Twenty-seventh ward.
Jos. Goodman, one frame second-story addi
tion, 10x12 feet, on rear of 155 South Fifteenth
street. Twenty-eighth ward.
Dilworth Bros., one iron-clad one-story. GOx
100 feet, on bank of Mouongabela river, Thir
Jacob Gabcy, one frame second-story addi
tion, 13x20 feet, on 162 Treeland street, Thlrty-
E. M. Yoder, one frame two-story, 22x40 feet,
on AtWood street. Fourteenth ward.
Charles McAllister, one frame two-story,
17x18 feet, on Boquet street. Fourteenth ward.
A. Hammett, two brick two-story and man
sard, 17x30 feet, on Ninth street. Twenty
Mrs. E. Williams, one frame two-story. 30x35
feet, on corner of Prospect street. Thirty
Mrs. Altman, one frame two-story, 21x45 feet,
on corner of Virginia avenue and an alley.
Peter Joyer, one frame two-story, 16x24 feet,
on Second avenue. Fourteenth ward.
John C. Grabe, one brick two-story, 22x31
feet, on Bellefield avenue, near Forbes avenue.
Alex. Dempster, one brick two-story addition,
20x20 feet, ou Stanton avenue, Nineteenth
H. Coleman, one brick three-story, 0x70 feet,
on Carson street. Twenty-fourth ward.
L. Coneway. one frame two-story. 17x34 feet,
on McCord street, between Twenty-seventh
and Tw'enty-eighth streets. Twenty-seventh
Ellen Magee, one frame one-story and man
sard, 22x32 feet, on Brownsville avenue. Thir
Thomas Frey, one frame two-story,18x20 feet,
on Arch street, Thirteenth ward.
Mr. George Malsel, ono frame one-story,
16x26 feet, on No. 14 Brereton avenue, Thir
Peoples' Natural Gas Company, one brick
two-story. 2ux58 feet, on Forbes avenue, Four
Richard Strobn, one two-story, 18x16 feet, on
Mornincside road. Eighteenth ward.
David Jones, one frame two-story, 17x32 feet,
on Smith street, Twenty-third ward.
James Sutch, one frame two-story addition,
16x16 feet, on Saline avenue. Twenty-second
Mrs. Mary Kaufman, one frame two-story, 20
x43 feet, on Shetland street, Twenty-first ward.
W. S. Duryden, two-story and mansard, 22x
50 feet, on Lytbe streot. Twenty-third ward.
A. Ausprung. one framo two-story, 18x13 feet,
on Bcntal street. Twenty-seventh ward.
John Tittle, back one frame one-storv addi
tion, 9x15 feet, on No. 7 Sllillipl alloy. Twenty
W. N, Bebant, one frame one-storv, 10x12 feet,
on Bingham street. Thirty-second ward.
James A. Swaney, one framo one-story, 13x23
feet, on Carson street, Thirtv-fonrth ward.
Colored Baptist Church, one frame one-story,
80x40 feet, on Corron street. Twentieth ward.
A. M. Brown, one brick two-story. 34x37 feet,
on Atlantic avenue. Twentieth ward.
Robert Gailey, one frame one-story. 12x16
feet, on 103 Colwell street. Eleventh ward.
John Davidson, one frame two story, 17x18
feet. ou.McCandle&s avenue. Eighteen th ward
Fred Trunz, one Irame 2-s:ory, 16x30 feet, on
Duncan street. Eighteenth ward.
Jos. Dempsey, one framo two-story, 16x23
feet, on Brereton street. Thirteenth ward.
M. Bick, one frame two-story, 18x20 feet, on
Arch street, Thirteenth ward.
E. Odder, one frame three-story, 18x32 feet,
on Arch street. Thirteenth ward.
Wm. Sullivan, ono frame two-story, 18x32
feet, on Arlington avenue, Twenty-fourth
Lake Superior Ore Shipments".
Maequette, July 20. The wcotfs ship
ments of lion ore from tbe Lake Superior
mines aggregate 260.101 gross tons, of which
total 9,2s2 tons went from Marquette, 111.047
from Escanaba, 2,617 from St.lgnacet 49,037,
from Ashland and 87,561 from Two Harbors.
The shipments to date for the season foot up
8,858,833 tons, this being 1,350,373 tons In excess
of tbe quantity that bad been sent forward by
water at this stage In season a year ago. The
margin in favor of the current year is growing
Where Onr Specie Went Last Week,
New York, July 20. Tbo exports of specie
from the port ot New York Ian week amounted
to $3,633,003. ot which i3,370,870 was in gold and
$253,133 silver. Of tbe total exports tiS74S5
in gold and $252,400 In silver went to Europe;
$Z 142.643 in gold going direct to Paris and $505,
685 in gold and $733 in silver went to Booth
America. Tbe Imports of specie f or-'the week
amounted to $lo,696.of which $Ua,lS6.was--ln
gold and $40,409 silver.
They Are Established All Over the Stock
List Hocking Valley Defaults on
tbeSeptember Interest Every,
thing Closes Fraction
New Yokk, July 20,-The stock market was
very dull to-day and again weak, still lower
figures "being established ail over the list. Tb'o
London prices were -stronger this morning, but
the announcement that tho Missouri Railroad
Commissioners liad ordered all roads 'In that
State to reduce Tales on grain, live stock, coal
and other articles, to take effect at once,
brought in considerable selling on short con
tracts, .and, prices opened oft from topper
cent, and further declined throughout the
session with only a slight reaction wben the
nrst pressure was removed. Tbe traiers sold
liberally during tbe first half hour, add tho
pressure was specially severe against Missouri
Pacific, Union Pacific, Atchison and the
Intense dullness followed the removal of tbe
pressure and slight recovenes wero made, but
tho default to be made on tbe Hocking Valley
Interest September 1 was another depressing
influence, and the decline was resumed while
the market presented absolutely no features or
interest. The close was dull and weak at tbe
lowest prices reached. Everything is lower,
but tbe declines are for fractional amounts
only, except is Hocking Vallev. which is down
2K25& and a loss of ljf in Missouri Pacific
Railroad bonds were, like stocks, dull and
weak, although presenting no feature beyond
the Hocking Valley rssues. The final changes
are almost all in the direction of lower prices.
Hocking Valley 8. lost 2 at 56. tbe 5s at j
Ihe followine table shows tbe prices olactlTe
stocks on the Hew York titock Exchange yester
day. Corrected dally for Tin Dispatch bv
Whitjiet & STKrncjjsox. oldost PUtsburg-mem-bc-rs
or .New York titock Exchange, 57 1'ourth ave
Open- High- Low
Inir. rsu est.
CI. -Col. .Cln. AT.. nn 61 ffl fti
Cl..Col..Un. AL. Dr.
Am. Cstton Oil 63
Canada Southern ..i.
Central of New Jersey
Cheeaoeake A Ohio.... 20t
C, Mil. A St. l'aul.... CS
C. Mll.AUt. t- or.
C, St. L. A Pitts
C, St. L. A Pitts, pt ....
CSt.P.,M. AO 31)4 31 "3I
C. bt.PM.AO.. pr. 33 S3 83
C A .Northwestern.... 1C6X 106) It
CA northwestern, pf. .... ....
C, C., C. A 1 71 71 71
Col. Coal A Iron
Col. A Hooking Val .. im TIi 12
Del.. L. AW 143 143 MIX
Denver A RloG ..
Denver A Rio U.. pt
K.T.. Va. AUa
E.T..VS, AUa.lst pf.
E.T.. Va. AGa.2dpr. .
Lake Erl A Western ....
Lake Erie A West. nr.. ,
Lake Shore &M. S...10O3 101 1COH
LoalsvilleANashvUle. M 63 672i
Michigan central ....
Mobile Ohio .
Mo., b.. ATexas
Missouri racinc tft
Mew xork Central los;
It. T.. L. E. A W 23!
J. X.. U. A St. U
a. x.. c. a st. L. nr.
N.Y.. C. ASt.ii.2d nf 34S tf4 54
N.YAN. K 4ZX mi t!
a. y.. o. a vr ,
orfolkA Western .... ..
Norfolk A Western, pi.
Northern Padfle 27 27 . 27
Nortnern raclne pre!. (S2H 62H 62;
Oregon Improvement .... .... ....
Peo. Dee. A Kvans
PhlladeTj A Beading.. 44 44'jj 4)!it
Itlchmona A W. V. .. 2i 2 21K
Klchmond A W.P.T.pr 78K 78X 7S
St. P., Minn. Man.
St. L. A San Fran ....
St. L. A San fran pf.. US 16 53
Sl.1i. A Sans'. 1st ot
Texas Paclflc. 1S uu
UnionPaciae S7H Elh
Wabash preferred i! Z7H 27X
Western Union. S3Ji S4 S3H
Whreling A L. 6S eH eSX
Sugar Trn st 109 .... ....
National Lead Trust.. 24X
Chicago Gas Trust 57 S3 57
TERI JfATDEALLT EJDIGNANT.
The Baltimore Grain Trn do Demands tho
Contlnuanco of the 30-Ceat Rate.
Baltimore, July 20.-Presldent Muller. of
the Com and Flour Exchange, this morning
appointed a committee which later reported
the following resolution, which was unani
mously adopted by the members of the Corn
and Flour Exchange in general meeting as
sembled: Besolved. That we earnestly and Indignantly
protest against the action of tbe railroad com
panies terminating here In restoring tbo rate on
wheat to tbe basis of 2S cents per hundred from
Cblcago to New York because of Its vicious effect
unon our trade, which becomes more and more
noticeable each day, and with the low rates now
current via the water routes Is simply probibl-
w. nuu nc iii upon our companies xo protect
the Interests of our city In the only manner prac
ticable, by continuing the 13-cent basis.
Chicago Grain Dlarket.
Chicago Extreme dullness pervaded the
wheat market to-day from tho opening until
tbe close. Opening prices were at or near the
best quotations of the day. Without any re
actions to speak of tbe market, after starting
Xc higher for July and o better for the more
deferred deliveries, declined a'f ull cent for all
futures, or to 79Kc for December, dragged for
a time, recovered slightly and closed lJic lower
for July, and KX lower for deferred futures
The early strength was possibly due to re
ported cloudy and rainy weather in the winter
wheat districts, but later advices noted clear
ing weather. Estimates on the visible supply
varied from 200,000 bushels to 500,000 bushels
decrease. There was good inquiry for ship
ment and some export orders were tilled both
for winter and spring wheat. More could havo
been done, but for a scarcity of ocean freight
Tbe Condition of New York Banks.
New "Stoke, July 2a Tbe'weekly bank state
ment shows tho following changes: Reserve
increase, $624,725; loans decrease, $1,533,S00;
specie increase. $115,000: lecal tenders increase.
I $176,600; deposits decrease. $L32S,900; circulation
T J.M.,. CA DO Th. h.nl.. ha.m li.M -TfltflBK
in excess of the 25 per cent rule.
Closing quotations of Philadelphia stocks, fur
nished by Whitney & Stephenson, brokers. No. 57
Fourth avenue. Members New York Stock Ex
change. Bid. Asked.
Northern Tactile preferred 81,
Holdees of La Norla are waiting for a
JoBir McKke, the stock bustler, is said to be
doing well in New York.
Last week was the dullest In local securities
experienced for a long time. Even petroleum
showed more vim.
Local stocks hold up wonderfully well for
tbe dull season. There bas been nothing that
could be called a break.
J. B. Ewijjci, of Ewing & Byers. real' estate
agents, is taking a ten days' vacation in the
Hbnrt M. Loxo bas returned from a two
weeks' visit to Duluth. Ho was warmly wel
comed by bis brother brokers on 'Change.
Jakes T. Bates Co., New York, tele
graphed Whitney & Stevenson yesterday that
Hocking Valley will probably announce that
they will default on tho September interest.
Sjiitut," who will be remembered as an 1
attache of tbe Western Union Telegraph office
several vears ago. Is now an active member of
the Oil Exchange. He has many friends wbo
will be glad to bear of bis promotion.
Messes. Speoui, & Lawrence and flea
Bros. b Co. have each issued a "Handbook of
Railroad 'Securities." They "are handsomely
gotten up, and contain a large amount of in
formation that is indispensable to investors.
The Bank of France is said to be accumulat
ing gold in anticipation of political complica
tions, and this, coupled with the fact that the
Bank of England U orposcd to the withdrawal
ot gold, accounts for tho sblpments fromV the
LITE STOCK MARKETS.
The Condition of Business at th EastLBrortr
Cattle Receipts, 840 bead; shipments.
bead: market firm at unchanged prices; 12
of cattle shipped to New York to-day..
Hoos Receipts, 1,800 nead: shipments, 2,:
bead; market firm: Yorkers, $1 7034 SO:
dlum and light Philadelpbias, i C5470;
heavies, $4 254 40; 6 cars ot bogs shipped! to
e w Y ork to-day. 1
Sh exp Receipts. 1,600 head; sblpments, Lj
head; market slow at unchanged prices. 1
BsxcxAif Fills eurs bilious and aervew i
fxam' Beaii seewes a beautiful eoap
S2 1-18 cy
Australia Leads the World'In Nnmber and
Sirs Interesting Statistics.
In order to correct many 'misstatements that
are going tbe rounds of tbe press in regard to
tbe largest nuggets of gold ever louna tne 101
lowlng facts, gathered at the great Mining Ex
position at Denver, CoL, are published. They
were obtained from the gehtleman having
charge of tbo Australian exhibit, which In
cluded models of all the large nuggets discov
ered in that great gold field.
The largest piece of gold in the world was
taken from Byer & Mailman's gold mining
claim. Hill End, New South Wales. May 10,
1872. Its weight was 6W pounds; height, 4 feet
9 Inches; width, 2 feet 2 inches; average thick
ness, i inches: -worth. iMS.800. It was found
embeddedin a thick Wall of blue slate at a
depth of 250 feet from the surface. The own
ers df the mine were living on charity when
Welcome Stranger nugget was found on Mt.
Mdllagel, February D, 1809; weighed 190 pounds,
and was worth J4o,600. This nugget was raffled
for f45,0CO at S5 a chance, and was won by a
man driving a baker's cart. It was sold to the
bank for its true Valne and melted.
The Welcome nngget was found at Bakery
Hill, June 9, IMS; it weighed 184 pounds?
ounces 16 lt., and was worth Sil,3S6:was
raffled fort50,0C0 at S3 a chance, and won by a
small boy In a barber shop.
Lady ilotbam nuggot (named In honor of the
wife of tho Governor of New South Wales),
was found in Canadian Gully, September 8,
ISM. It weighed S3 pounds 10 ounces Btdwts.,
and was sold for 23.337.
Union Jack nugget, found at Buningorg,
February 2S. 1837. Weighed 23 pounds 5 ounces,
and was sold for J5.62U. It was found by a run
away sailor, who sold it for tho sum named and
spent tbe money In just four weeks.
No Name nugget, foand at Eureka,Daulton'
Flat, February 7, 1S7L 50 feet below tbe sur
face, weighed 52 pounds 1 ounce, and was sold
The Leg of Mutton nugget was found at
Ballarat, January 31. 1833, at a depth of 65 feet.
it weignea im poirnas ii ounces, uuu was sum
to tbe bank for S32.2S0. This nugget was shaped
likealegof mutton, hence its name.
No Name nuircet. found at Bakery HilL Bal
larat, March 6. 1833, near the surface, weighed
47 pounds 7 ounce?, and was sold for 511,420.
No Name nugget, fnnnd in Canadian Gully,
Ballarat, January 23, 1853, at a depth of 23 feet,
weighed S4 rounds 3 ounces 13 dwts., and was
sold for $20,235.
The Kohinoor nugget, found at Ballarat,
July 27, I860, at a depth of 160 feet from the
surface, weighed 69 pounds, and was sold for
Sir Dominic Daly nngget, found February 27,
1862, weighed 28 pounds, and sold for 0,240.
No Karoo nugget, found at Ballarat, Febru
ary 28, 1855, only 16 feet below the surface. The
discovery was made by a small boy. The nug
get welglied 30 pounds 11 ounces 2 dwts., and
sold for S7.S65. . . . . ,
No Name nugget,Iound at WeebvHle,Augnst
L 1869. -weighed 12 pounds Worth S2,2S0.
No Name nugget, found at Ballarat. Febru
ary 3, 1853, just 12 feet below the surface,
wrigned 30 pounds, and sold for $7,360.
No Name nncget, found in Canadian Gully,
January 20, 1853. at 18 feet below tbe surface,
weighed 93 pounds 1 ounce 11 dwts., and sold
for $22,350. , ,
No Name nugget, found at Bakery Hill,
March 6. 1855, weighed 40 pounds, and was
worth so.eoa , ,
-vn TArwrttnrlnm nue-tret. found at Black
f Hills, November 20, 1859, weighed 15 pounds
and sold tor 9iu,cvu.
Oates & Delsou nugget, rounu at uonony goin
field In 18SU, at the roots of a tree, weighed 189
ponnds and sold tor 550,000.
In addition to tbe abovo were the Heron nug
get, worth $20,040, and the Empress nugget,
worth S27,C61. .-,,,. ,
Many largenuggetswere found In California,
during the era of picer mining, but we have
no record of any to compare with those ws have
described la Australia.
"Dai's money iu de chicken business f
it's properly handled." Judge.
Wben baby "was sick, we gave her Castoria,
When she r su a Child, she cried for Castoria,
When she b'eeamo Miss, she clung to Castoria,
When she hadCbiidren,sho gave tbem Castoria
5 per cent
First Mortgage Bonds.
Free of ill Taxes.
, The Central Traction Company, of
Pittsburg, oilers for iple its total issue
of Three Hundred and Seventy-five
Thousand Dollars, firit mortgage five
per cent bonds due 1929A Bonds are for
$5o each, interest payable semi-annually,
are free of all taxes and a-, first lien on all
the property and franchi ses of the Com
pany, whose cable roac! will be com
pleted by October 1.
Proposals for all or any' part of these
bonds will be received by tlai; Treasurer
of the company up to and including July
31, and allotments made thereunder.
At 104.46 these bonds pay 4 per cent
annually, at 109.24, 4 percent at 1x4.37,
4 Pr cent and at 119.87, 4 per cent.
The Company reserves th.'s right to
reject any or all offers. For further in
F. L. STEPHENSON, TiW,
The Central Traction Company,
' Fittaburff, Pa. '
-TTTH1TNEY& STEPHENSON, r
CT FOURTH AVENUE.
Iwue travelers' credit through Messrs. Dreital
Morgan & Co , New York. Passports procured.
Railroad Mining fill l1
Stocks. Stoclcs. U1I- 1
BOUGHT AND SOLD S
ban Francisco, Philadelp
For cash of on marzin.
either on New York.
'hiladelDhla or Bostoii Ex.
changes. Loans madd at low rates of Interest
Established 178. .a-Wcekiy circular FREE.
. R. CHI3HOLM & fcO.. 61 Broidway. fi. Y.
JOHN H. OAKLEY & CO.
BANKERS AND BROKERS.
Members Chicago Board of Trade and
Pittsburg Petroleum "Exchange.
SIXTH ST., Pittsburg.
IUAXTO BUILDING, CMoagCv
A HOMESTEAD EPIS0M
A Weil-Known Steelworker Makes a.
HIS TESTIMONY GIVEN- IN FULL
"I am a. steel worker by trade; and was.
brought np in the business from my boy
hood and I think it is to my work that I
can, in part at least, lay the canse of my
The speaker was Mr. W., C. Heins, of No.
C11S Anrelia street, East End, Pittsburg.
He is employed at the steel works of Car
negie, Phipps & Co., at Homestead, Pa.,
and was one of the men ont in the strike
which occurred there last week, and was
settled by a general conference on Sunday,
the men getting a satisfactory adjustment of
their trouble and returning to work.
"As I said before," continued Mr. Heins,
"I think my peculiar work caused my
trouble. I work at the rolls, one of the
hottest places in the mill. I would become
very warm, and between the beats would
steptiut into the air to cool off? X would
catch ccld after cold, but paid no attention
to them. Finally, a lew years aeo I found
X was getting into bad shape.
"My nostrils would clog up and X began
to have headaches continually. Xt was not
a sharp pain at first, but just a dull heavy
feeling in my forehead over the eyes. I
seemed to have a cold all the time and was
steadily becoming worse. My throat be
came raw and was all choked up. A dry,
hacking cough set in. There would be a
dropping back ofmatter into my throat; and
X wa3 all the time hawking and raising
little clots of white phlegm.
"The- trouble hung on this way for some
time without getting much better or worse
until about three years ago, when it ex
tended so far that L realized Xwas in a se
rious condition. I had ringing or pounding
sounds in my ears, just like a. person feels
when he comes out of boiler Works. My
eyes became dim and were constantly dis
charging a watery substance. X could not
see to read.
Mr. TT. C. Heins. 6&15 Auretta Street
"Sharp pains, stabbing likea knife, would
shoot through both sides of my chest They
were so severe at times as to almost take my
breath away. The worst pain, however, was
in my groin. Often it was so intense that X
would have to sit down.
"Palpitation of the heart set in. This
would be followed by a slow, irregular
beating, and a feeling of dizziness. My
nights became restless. My throat would
fill up, and my breathing- was labored and
difficult. There was a heavy feeling in my
chest as if a weight were pressing down.
"My sleep did me no good. I tried every
way to get rest. X would sleep sometimes
5 hours, sometimes 10 or 12, but it made no
difference. X would wake up feeling tired
and unrested, as if X had not been asleep
more than IS minutes. In fact the longer X
slept the worse-1 felt. X had no appetite in
the morning-. X was alwayssickaftereating
my breakfast. It was a feeling as it X
wanted to vomit. AH this unfitted me for
work. Often I felt as though I would nave to
stop work entirely. I was more Bka a- dead,
man than a living one.
"I tried almost every remedy and consulted
various physicians, but could get no reliefs
Some time ago I read of Drs. Copeland k
Blair. I went to them and found their charges
reasonable and placed myself under their care.
Very soon I began to feel a decided improve
ment in my condition. My bead ceased to
ache. Tbe soreness left my throat. I had. no
more pains in my chest or groin. My cough,
has left me and I can sleep well and have a
good appetite. I arise in the morning feeling
refreshed and invigorated. The dimness has
left my eyes; and they are no longer watery. X
can see well, and enjoy reading. In fact, I am
perfectly satisfied witb my condition, being
strong and well. lean do my work and do not
feel tbe exertion. I feel that I owe my recov
ery to Drs. Copeland &. Blair, and am glad to
make this statement."
Mr. Heins lives, as stated, at No. 6115 Anrelia
street. East End. Pittsburg, and his statement
can be easily verified.
VERY PLAIN TALK,
Showing ths Ontling of a Root Which It
"When a person with a delicate constitu
tion has a tendency to catarrh or consump
tion whether this tendency is inherited or
results from taking cold easily it is notice
able that that person invariably loses flesh
and loses strength, showing that the nutri
tion is Interfered with.
Xn such a case the sufferer should at once
be placed under influences that will restore
tbe defective nutrition and tend to invigorate
It Is to be remembered in every ease the pres
ence of catarrh is an evidence of predisposition
to consumption, and no matter bow slight tho
attack may be. it should be treated witb tbe
greatest care and the treatment should be con
tinued until all traces of the catarrh have dis
appeared. If the catarrh is allowed to reach tho small
est tubes in the lungs which condition is in
dicated by the spitting up of a yellow material
then Immediate attention to the malady is
demanded, or serious lnng trouble will result.
Catarrh Is, nine times out of ten, the cause
that produces consumption, and hence no one
can afford to neglect a case of catarrh, bow
ever slight. It Is easily cured, if taken in time
and treated regularly and correctly by a spe
cialist. If left to itself it is rarely cured with
out a change of climate, but witbeach new
cold it gits more and more troublesome, ex
tending always a little deeper into the lungs
until a cure becomes difficult and sometimes
1 shonl d Ilka to be treated." a lady remarked
tbe other day, "but I would not like to have
my name in the paper." Let It be stated that
Drs. Copeland and Blair never publish a name
or statement without the full and free consent
of tbe patient, nor do they publish one hun
dredth par: of the testimonials, letters and
statements received by tbem from grateful
patients. As observed, the statements given
are entirely voluntary, and are given by the
Batlents for publication. Drs. Copeland and
lair would never publish the most emphatio
testimonial unless tne patient giving It under?
stood that it was to be printed and gave willing
Are located permanently at
66 SIXTH AVE.,
Where 1 they treat with success all curable eases.
Office boure 8 toll A.lt.:2to5 l at.; 7 to 9
v. M. (St Inday Included).
Special ties CATARRH, and ALL DIS.
EASES 1 tf tbe EYE, EAR, THROAT and
Gostgta&a tfion.tt. Addrses aX suH to
JttUS. OOreULHD .