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THE IRISH FAIRIES.
A Band of Intangible Little Folk
That Never Do Anyone a Wrong.
THEIR ORIGIN A DARK MTSTERY.
They May HaTe Dad an Existence, lint if So,
None Know Anght of It.
SOME OF THE TALES TOLD OF THEH
icomtxaroiroxxcx or rax dispatch. i
Losdoitberby, Ikeulnd, July 13.
Though the ordinary superstitions of the
Irish peasantry may occasionally possess a
decidedly grewsome and grisly nature, that
portion which pertains to the fairy mythology
of Ireland is full of revelation of belief in
the almost universally comforting and
friendly agency of every form of fairy, elf,
gnome or imp. They areof course possessed
of supernatural powers, but no one ever
heard of an Irish fairy or imp harming any
body of right motive and life. Indeed,
however wide and deep may be one's stndy
of or acquaintance with these intangible
folk of Erin, no instance can be found of
printed record or from among the countless
tales of the peasantry regarding their well
established doings, which could bring dis
credit upon their conduct, or make of the
entire "wee folk" race aught but a benignant
allied force of' other good influences and
Tracing their exact origin is a very diffi
cult matter. The word sidh or sith, pro
nounced and Anglicized into "shee," was
'always applied in the oldest known Celtic
writings to theresidences, palaces and haunts
of those immortals of the remotest Grcd
hehe or Erse mythology. In this mythology
xc&r found the "man of the Sidhs," or the
"far-shee," and also the "woman of the
Bidhs,"or the "bann-shee." In the Ga;d
helie mythology, however, were two classes
of these immortals. One of these consisted
of imps or demons Having the power of tak
ing upon themselves the body of man or
woman at will, and by wooing human men
and women, and particularly in holding out
ravishing promises of immortality, thus
leading them into fatal unions, through
which the souls of the mortals so deluded
were endlessly banished from heaven.
THE SECOND CLASS
were semi-immortals and magicians, wholly
devoted to Druid ism and the Black Art.
These beings are the mystic folk who orig
inally possessed Erin and who gradually
emerge from the realm of phantoms and le
gends giving place to the forms and activi
ties of men, where the hand of history be
gins to draw aside the veil from the silences.
By many searchers into ancient Irish lore,
thev are interchangeable with the mvthicnl
Tuaiha De Dananns. Those who believe
Ireland to have been peopled before the
coming of the Milesian colony, regard the
Tuatha De Dananns as the aboriginal race,
and their gradual and mysterious fading
out of existence as largely the croundwork of
ancient and present Irish mythology Thote
who hold to the belief that the Milesians
were the first human occupants of Erin, are
willing enough to regard the Tuatha De Da
nanns as those imaginable beings easily cre
ated in the fanciful thought ol the incoming
wanderers; who naturally enough could not
comprehend, from their Eastern origin and
associations, any land unpeopled and un
known of men. "Whether the mythical race
had existence, or whether its people were
creatures of the imagination only, so soon
as the records of the doings of men came to
be kept in ancient Erin there were al
ready centuries behind in which people of
some sort existed, whose wonderful skill in
the erection of sepulchral mounds, and in
the making of metal ornaments and slender
and delicately formed spear heads, was such
as to compel on the part of a less skillful
and more warlike people the gradual deifi
cation of this mysterious race, and their
eventual identification with the local phan
toms and gods of the earliest historically
known people of Ireland.
True it is that in the oldest Irish authori
ties the fairies are often called the Tuatha
De Dananns, and the latter are in turn
given the virtues and powers of immortals
and fairies. Their final dispersion after the
two disastrous battles of Tailteann and
Druim Lighean was fairy-like enough.
They "held a meeting at Brugh, on the
Boyne, under the presidency ot Manannan;
and by his advice they distributed and
quartered themselves on the pleasant hills
(sidhs) of Erin." Hence an easy trans
formation to "men and women of the hills"
can be traced. Many of these sidhs are
known to-day from local tradition and
SEEK nr NAMES.
The learned Joyce states that the names
of no less than 70 Irish townlands contain
Ehee and its modifications; while anyone
who will tramp about Ireland for a little,
or for that matter even glance over its map
for a half hour, will find names of vales,
streams, glens, mountains and hills, in
countless numbers, which, in their Celtic
form, have for from one to two thousand
years been known as This or That "of or
Jrom the fairies." Sheetrim (Sidh-dhruim)
or "fairy-ridge," was the old name of the
Bock of Cashel, on "which I stood but a few
days ago, and also of six townlands ot
County Armagh. Hnocknosheega (Cnoc-na-sige),
near Cappoquin, in County Wa
terford, is the "hill of the fairies." Cnil
sheeghary is the name ot two townlands in
County Sligo, and its Celtic meaning is
"the fairies' forest" Ballysakeery, in
Mayo, means "the town ot the fairy
hill." The Sheehys, a townland in
Tipperary, means "the fairy mountains."
The Shee Hills, in County Meath, are "the
fairy hills." Cloonshee, in County Bos
common, is "a fairy meadow." Jlullagh
shee, at Ballysbannon, Donegal, is "the hill
of the fairy palace." These illustrations
could be multiplied Indefinitely; apd there
will be found names whose original and
only present meaning comprehend every
imaginable fcrm of "rath or fort of the
fairies." "the mill of the fairies." the place
of the fairies' dance," "fairy spring," "the
glen of the wee folk," "the burn where the
fairies sing," "the fairies' pool," "the
church of the fairy hill," "the fairies'
blacksmith shop," "storehouse of the fai
ries," "pebble heap of the fairies," "the
fairies' cavern," ''the mines of the fairies;"
and I even found a few weeks since, up
among the misty heights of the Twelve
Pins of Bunnebeola, in Connamara, a lovely
basin-like hollow near the top of wild Ben-
fower, which the peasants for 2,000 years
ave called by no otber name than "the
place where the fairies wed."
ALMOST "WIPED OUT.
In the gradual evolution of the fairies of
Ireland, that portion of its demnology pro
viding malevolent magicians of an impish
nature has been almost wholly extirpated.
The "far-shee" or "man of the hills." in
ancient times was a very wicked fellow in
deed, up to all manner of wizard harm, and
making no distinction whatever between
good and bad people in his depredations.
So, too, the "ban-shee" or woman of the
hills," or "woman of the fairy mansions" as
she is more pleasantly known to-day, was
looked upon in olden times as a most vin
dictive and hurtful female demon. The
former has been replaced by a throng of
pleasant-mannered imps, possessed of much
humor, with an occasional turn of practical
joking, while not one in a score could be
fairly accused of downright meanness. The
latter has also, while retaining her orig
inal personality to a degree, been
, what might be called the fairy mother
of ;an endless brood of lightsome fair
ies, who under no circumstances annoy
ether humans than those of evil heart and
sordid nature and who are full of rewards
to the generous, the sacrificial and the good.
The banshee itself, as everybody knows, is
that cad-voiced one which, in the nature of
'a, guardian spirit, comes to certain Irish
families of long, unbroken line, and gives
.Settee by pitiful lamentation, often accom;
panicd by the wringing and. clapping of
nana, of approacning aeatn. uj mo se wno
believe in her in Ireland to-day, she is some
times regarded as a spirit from purgatorial
realms, released from penance when this
pathetic mission is accomplished; by some
she is thought to be a direct envoy from tho
spirit world; but by all she is believed to be
the temporary personation of some deceased
member of the family to which hergrievoua
message is brought. She is never trifled
with, startled or vexed; for if this should
happen the banshee would never again
honor the same familv, at least for a gener
ation of time, with its tenderly plaintive
O'OSSESSVS O GEEAT rOTVEEj
All Irish fairies are capable of conferring
sure benefits, and their power for punishing
evil is regarded as boundless. Consequently
they are a folk commanding more than ordi
nary respect; and they are universally
spoken of cither in the tender and friendly
manner of "our neighbors," or with that
delicate deference easily recognizable in the
appellation of "the good people." Ghosts,
phantoms and demons form a goodly part of
the fairy phantasmagoria of Ireland. One
ot the most hideous of these, and yet a fel
low of infinite drollery, is the dullagban.
He is generally found 'with his head under
his arm, in his pocket, or where a number of
them are together, flinging it merrily at some
other dullaghan, or again,engaged with it in
games of foot ball; and I fancy Washington
'Irving had got an inkling of Irish dulla
ghans before he penned his inimitable tales
ot "Ichabod Crane" and "Hip "Van
"Winkle." I found them curiously occupied
in the southwest of Ireland. The Kerry
fishermen claim that once each year, at a
certain time of the tide, a ship manned with
a headless crew sails thrice around Valentia
Island, in search of a former pirate captain,
who lost his head and ship in that channel,
in an engagement with Queen Anne's
forces. Ball?ndolIaghan, in County Bos
common, was a noted haunt of these odd
creatures, and was so named in their honor.
Drumarraght, in County Fermanagh, is "the
place of the specters," arraght being Irish
for an apparition. Then there are shirtless
goblins; for Lough Gillaganleny, the name
of several tiny lakes in Ireland, means
nothing more nor less than "the lake of the
shirtless fellows." Tobertasha is a coffin
shaped well near Kilnamona, in Clare; and
the signification of its Celtic name,Tobar-a'-taise,
is the "well of the ghost." Killeen
nagallive (Irish, Cillin-na-ndealbh) in
Tipperary, is "the little church of
THE GREATEST LITTLE JOKER.
But of all Irish fairies the most exasper
atingly impish practical joker is the lepre
chaun. He has many names in Celtic, such
as luDrachaun, luricane, lurrigadane, cluri
cane, luppcrcadane, loughryman, and the
correct designation from which all these
corruptions have come, luchorpan, from lu,
"everything very small," ana corpan, di
minutive of corp, a body. Leprechaun is the
name now universally bestowed in Ireland
upon this merry little sprite. He is still
more familiarly known among the peasantry
as "the little imp in green." To a hair's
breadth he is just 12 inches in height. He
is dressed in a little green coat with long,
dainty tails, a bright scarlet vest, the pretti
est knee breeches ot puce velvet you ever be
held, with green silk hose, and low pumps
with buckles studded with cither diamonds
or sparkling drops of dew. There is a
jaunty barrhad or cap on his head, with the
daintiest of dudheens stuck under the band
atone side, and a jewel of emeralds, in the
form of a shamrock, at the other. A film of
lace made from rarest cobweb is gathered at
his throat, another foanjy rift of the same
rolls over the edges of his little vest, and he
wears a wonderful fob of wrought and blaz
ing gold. His eyes are no bigger than doll's
beads; but they are the merriest eyes that
ever glistened; his mouth is very large from
continual laughter; and his paunch is some
thing wondenul to behold, developed inf 3
outrageous proportion from the shaking of
his sides from uncontrollable merriment
all the result of his "jokes, deceptions and
diversions" upon those who endeavor to use
him for gain. Indeed the little fellow seems
to embody the idea of an endless torment
and scourge to those who permit themselves
to become possessed of unholy greed and
j l Patient plodding, hard labor, and a
cheery spirit under deprivation and suffer
ing, are all worthy and true characteristics
ol the lowly of Ireland. These are surely
more or less rewarded in various ways by
the leprechaun; but woe to the sordid spirit
who endeavors to amass riches through the
agency of this "little imp in green." His
is the power to give sudden and great
wealtb. He has mills and mines and store
houses of treasure innumerable. He is to
every Irish, man, woman and child as the
end of the seductive rainbow and its kettle
ofgoldtoour own childhood's fancy, with
this important difference. The leprechaun
is an entity; an actuality. No one dare
deny his possession of all the treasures neces
sary to instantly lift one from poverty to
TOWER AND EICHES.
Thousands of aching Irish eyes have
feasted upon his gorgeous person and tantal
izing face. Besides, you have the evidence
of scores of places in'lreland being named
from his known haunts. Near the old city of
Cong in Mayo, there is the Mullenlri
praghaun cave, or "the leprechaun's
mill." Here in former times good peo
ple left their caskeens of corn at night
fall, and came the next morning to find
them full of meal, ground by the obliging
leprechauns during the night. Only the
other day I ascended Knocknalooricaun,
near Lismore Castle, in County "Waterford.
It is the "hill of the looricanns," or lepre
chauns. Poulaluppercadaun is a "pool of
the leprechauns" which I looked into at the
edge of the Kilorglan bog a few weeks ago
over in County Kerry. And then have not
I myself seen many a score of peasant folk
who have told.me.as I sat on the "stranger's
seat" by the- hobs of their cabins, from
Malin Head to Dingle Bay, of the times
when their brother, or fathef.-or mother, or
grandfather, or grandmotner had not only
seen the leprechaun with their own eves,
but had actually caught the little imp, and
but for their great excitement at the critical
moment, "swate bad luck to them!" would
have gained the great treasure? There is
no doubt about this little imp in green.
But the conditions ofsecuring his treasure
trove are such that he almost invariably
succeeds in defeating your greed and mak
ing you the laughing stock or a whole
county and, half another, more power to
him for his cunning. If you can "
CATCH HIM AKD HOLD HXAI
until he is compelled to yield, you will gain
all. Or, if you once catch his eye and never
remove your own, you will succeed. But
he has a gently-swung backdoor out of
every difficulty. Get both your hands about
his big paunch and squeeze him until He is
black in the face, and he will whimper,
"Faith, an' its yours, if I can be after tastin1
me own breath 1" Ton loose your grip a
little, and in a twinkling he has popped out
of your hands, "an is givin' yez the five
fingers at his beautiful pug nose." Follow
him over bog and mountain, through fen
and glen, and corner him quite at the peak
of cloud-capped Carrantuohill, the highest
mountain in Ireland, and he is more than
your match still. "Well, here we are thinl"
he will exclaim'fn a tone of praise for your
great pluck. "Where is that treasure?"
you sternly reply, never taking your eyes
from his own. 'There, behind jrer fat ye
gossoon I" You are startled, and suddenly
look behind you. The spell is broken.
Away speeds the leprechaun with a madden
ing laugh that crazes you into shying great
boulders after him down the mountain side;
and you return to your everyday labors
shamed into contentment with patient effort
and slower gains. And thus this little Irish
imp in green ever reproves avarice, denies
greed, and chastens the envious and discon
tented into honest effort and lives.
.Ed gab L. Wakeman,
Coleman's Flag .Brand, G. W. S. Flag
Brand, Zinfandel Claret, By the case or bottle.
G. W. Schmidt,
95 and"97 Fifth avenbe, city.
HEUTEMNT LOUISA, i&&
thorne's best vein, in which a love affair and a
family mystery are pleasantly interwoven,
wilt be published compiett in to-morrow' a DIS
PATCH. . x
Two Republics in Which the People
Are Vastly Different.
FALSE IMPRESSIONS CORRECTED
About the Latter, Which is an Inviting-Field
KO WAilS FOE THE PAST TEH IEAES
Boston, July 26. It is a singular fact,
but it is nevertheless true, that the majority
of Americans regard San Domingo and the
Republic of Hayti as one and the same
country. Hon. H. C. C. Atwood, United
States Consul at San Domingo for the past
eight years, was in town a day or two ago,
and in response to a question put to him,
"Yes, I find that the major portion of the
people of our country, have a very erroneous
impression of San Domingo. San Domingo,
as you well know, was discovered by Co
lumbus. Its original name was Hispaniola
or Little Spain. The island was afterward
divided between the French and Spaniards.
The easterly or Spanish portion was two
thirds of the island nnd was called Quigu
alla. It was discovered on a Sunday, -and
so Columbus christened it San Domingo,
after the great saint In the western or
French section slavery was introduced,
and hence the population was largely made
up of Africans or blacks. Strange to say,
slavery was not introduced to any great
extent in the eastern end of the island. The
native Carlos, or Indians, numbering sev
eral millions, were utilized by the Spaniards
in working the gold mines, building a
walled city and constructing immense forti
fications, now to be seen in a perfect state of
preservation at San Domingo City and
many other portions of the republic Ameri
can tourists, including several from Boston,
have said to me recently that it is exceed
ingly strange that San Domingo has re
mained in obscurity, with its splendid relics
of antiquity, which, if generally known,
would bring thousands ot Americans who
visit the West Indies. The population of
the eastern portion, kupwn as
THE DOMINICAir BEPITBLIC,
are chiefly descendants of the Caribs and
the Spaniards, making a race in ap
pearance not unlike the Spaniards them
selves. San Domingo is often taken for
Hayti in speaking of the revolutionary ten
dencies of tbe latter country. This is a
great mistake. The two peoples are dis
tinct in every particular in language, cus
toms and their general deportment The
Dominican is kind, hospitable and very
attentive to strangers. You may travel
through the republic, unarmed or without
protection, and the humblest and poorest
man or woman will greet you kinaly in
his home and have you partake of whatever
accommodation it 'affords, and will abso
lutely refuse any compensation hat you
may offer. This is the character of the whole
"In their revolutionary upheavals, which
are fast disappearing, life and property are
respected, and especially those of strangers.
The cases are isolated where this has been
otherwise, except by naturalized Cubans,
Porto Bicans or persons of Spanish ex
traction, who interlere with the politics of
the country and are maltreated, and then
appeal to their Governments as having been
outraged. These instances are often pub
lished without any explanation, to the great
detriment of the country. The Spanish
portion of the Dominican republic is just as
beautiful as nature could have made it
There is an immense area in almost virgin
state, capable of supporting in luxury and
ease quite 10,000,000 of people. The popu
lation is a sparse one, numbering not more
than 400,000. It abounds in beautiful
woods, such as mahogany, satin wood, fustic,
etc. There are scarcely any roads or means
of conveyance to have these valuable woods
shipped to foreign countries."
Keierrlng to tbe tiovernment, Consul At
wood said it was x a very liberal one. Jt is
composed of a President, Vice President,
Supreme Court and a National Congress
made up of 12 districts. The President is
Invested with the power to appoint the fol
lowing Cabinet officers: The Secretary of
State and Interior- Police, the Secretary of
State of Foreign Belation, the Secretary of
State of Finance and Commerce, the Secre
tary of State of Improvement and Public
Work, the Secretary of State of Jnstice and
Public Instruction and the Secretary of
State of War and Marine. This Cabinet
must be confirmed by the Congress. All
ACTS OF THE GOTXBNMEIfT,
other than laws, are transacted by the Exec
utive power, and each Minister gives a de
tailed account of the officers of his depart
ment through the President to Congress,
which meets on the 27th of February of each
year and continues in session 90 days. . All
contracts and concessions granted by the
Executive power must be submitted to Con
gress lor its approval and published in the
official paper, after having received the sig
nature of the Corresponding Secretary of
State before it can become a law. All laws
emanating from Congress, after a third
reading at three distinct meetings, are
forwarded to the President for execution.
If not returned witbin eight days they.be
come laws. A two-thirds vote of Congress
will set aside the Executive veto. The Con
gress is made up of two Bepresentatives
from each province and from each district
There are six provinces and six districts, or
22 members, who form the National Con
gress. The President, Vice President, members,
of the Congress and Judges of the Supreme.
Court are chosen by an electoral college by
primaries in each district The vote of each
college district is forwarded to the National
Congress, the members of which count the
vote and declare the election.
Every foreigner has, under the Constitu
tion, the same right to acquire property and
engage in business, withont let or hindrance
as a Dominican. His property is subject to
tbe protection of the Government just so
long as he does not surrender his national
ity. Aliens' may become naturalized after
a residence of one year, by making declara
tion of intention to the competent authori
ties. The country has developed rapidly in
recent years, owing to the large amount of
loreign capital wbicb is being invested prin
cipally by Americans.
There is a great tendency to Americanize
the country. The President is a very lib
eral man, and admires the progressive spirit
of the Yankees. He is very solicitous to
have them come to San Domingo, and offers
every Inducement and facllitv in the way
of ' J
OBANTING VALUABLE FBANCHISES.
He has given the Bay State Fruit Com
pany, of Boston, of which Mr. William M.
Snow is the President a very profitable con
cession to develop the fruit trade. This
company has already established a large
plantation, and I am told that the
bananas are now being brought here
on steamships. If this company
would increase its capital San Domin
go would become one of the most Impor
tant frnit producing islands in the West
Indies, on account of proximity to the
united states, its -most distant points
nuuiu uc awui ,uw juutre, eo you see an
ordinary 12-knot steamer could make the
trip in six days. The republic" is rapidly
being spanned by railroads constructed by
Americans. Mr. Nathaniel McKay, a New
Yorker, is building an iron bridge across
the Ozama river, connecting San Domingo
City with the historical town of Pagarito.
Mr. McKay has the absolute usufruct of the
river for 30 years, which will be a very
large income upon tb capital invested.
Mr. H. L. Bean, "Vce President ot the
railroad company known as the San Do
mingo Central, has been granted a conces
sion, in land, etc., to construct a road from
Barahopa' on the south, to Mazavilla on the
north. This road passes through the valu
able wooded forest of Neiba and the im
mense salt mountains, about 25 miles from
Barahonk These salt mines are inexhaust
ible, and troduce salt in blocks, as beauti
fully transferent as ice. It is said to ba
um Tery peat known. , Sample . of JUaabe
seen at Mr.. Bean's, No. 32 Liberty street,
New York. Mr. Ogden P. Bell, another New
Yorker, has also been granted a splendid con
cession to build a railroad from San Domin
go to a.zus. This branch of the road from,
San Domingo City to San Gristo is now be
in constructed. This, in a few months,
will cause a new era in the civilization and
mercantile aspects of San Domingo. It
opens up a splendid country and will pay
in the start The Government being confi
dent of this has guaranteed to Mr. Pell and
his associates an interest at 6" per cent on a
capital of $400,000 to invest on the first 23
miles. This district now produces a large
quantity of sugar, coffee, cocoa and so on.
BICH XS MINERALS,
such as gold, copper and iron. The iron is
said to be of a better and richer quality and
larger quantity than the iron mines in
Santiago de Cuba.
"It might be important," continued Mr.
Atwood, "for you to know that the entire
sugar crop of San Domingo is shipped to
the United States, and that all the provis
ions are imported from the United States.
Americans have now the command of the
cotton goods trade and are fast monopolizing
that of boots and shoes. Unfortunately for
the two countries the reciprocity treaty of
tbe lata secretary ifrellngbuysen and tbe
Hon. Manuel de Jesus Galvan, Plenipoten
tiary of the Dominican Republic, submitted
to Congress by President Arthur near
the close of his administration, was with
drawn by President Cleveland, and, for
some cause, was never re-submitted. This
was a great mistake, and what I should call
poor diplomacy. Had it been ratified it
would have given to our Government the
entire West Indies and South American
trade in a very few months, and would have
stopped the pretensions of Spain in its
treaty with the United States, which has
occupied the attention of our Government
with no result whatever."
Touching the finances of the country, Mr.
Attwood remarked that they had become
greatly improved by the placing of a loan of.
HOOO.OOO in Holland, with which the Gov
ernment had paid off its interior indebted
ness and reduced its interest This was a
bold stroke of policy of President Hereaux.
The revenue ot the country is now collected
by Dutch bankers, who turn over to the
Government yearly a certain amount to
meet its highest expenses, tbe balance being
held to pay the interest nnd sinking fund
on the loan. An adjustment is had at
the end of each year, and the sur
plus, less 530,000, is turned over to the
Government This $50,000 is held to meet
any probable deficit in the revenue. The
Consul said that the contract was secured
by him for an American syndicate, but the
projector of the same failed to put up 510,
000 guarantee on some technical plea, con
sequently the loan went to Holland instead
or the United States, which was a greater
misfortune for us. We had the call, as
both the President and Congress were in
favor of placing the loan in the United
' A MAJT OF PEACE AND WAB.
Mr. Attwood was asked about the present
status of the Dominican Bejrablic, and said
that he considered it to be in the best possi
ble condition. President Hereaux was a
capable and wise statesman, as well as a
fearless and intrepid warrior. He had main
tained peace and crushed out every attempt
at revolution in the past ten years. He had
i'ustbeenre-elected for another four years. He
lad a very peculiar way in managing the
anairs ot ban uomingo. xne President
never sends even his most confidential gen
eral to put down a revolution. He always
heads the army himself, and up to the pres
ent time has been successful in quelling nil
disturbances. Contrary to tradition after
putting down an insurrection hi never exe
cutes one of the revolters.
"During my stay as Consul." added Mr.
Attwood, "covering a period of eight years,
there has been not a single political execu
tion. . He is liked by all foreigners who
come in contact with him."
At a meeting of the Nebraska State Board
of Transportation, the report of tbe secre
taries as to tbe proposed freight rates on coal
was adopted, and tbe railway companies doing
business In Nebraska were ordered to adopt
these rates witbin 20 days. Tbe report, so far
as It related to rates on. live stock shipments,
was laid oyer for two weeks.
FT 4 D A "HPT T 17 tonorrow't Dis
tlAIiA HuJUliCf) vxicnMetcribes how
a Broadway masher acts, and shows that ap
pearances are sometimes deceitful.
Vx rfJMV X
i V" f! 1 VHT
The World was "ready for Pearline received it with
smiling face outstretched arms and in a few years,, has
made the very name "Pearline to mean perfect cleanli
ness, with ease, comfort and safety.
It's to your interest and ours to have you try it (we
share the benefits with you). On coarse articles or fine;
on anything washable. Delightful in the-bath. Millions
use Pearline because it helps them not us. It helps us
most to make an article that helps woman.
"JT"J 9 Peddlers and some unscrupulous grocers are offering
l-C XX7f f,iQk imitations which they claim to be Pearline, or "the
XJfK VV CL V same as Pearline." IT'S FALSE they ara not, and
besides are dangerous. xzi Peuline U manufactured only by JAMES PYLE, New Toric
CLOTHES PURE AND SWEET.
' DISHES WASHED .CLEAN.
' THE GREAT WASHING POWDER.
arox. wftTiig xztc
: i -
"JULY 27 1889.
A TOO FAITHFUL WOKKKAl
To Safe a liolldlne Bo SacrlfleevHtSMelf
and ! Dying In Great About.
Baltimore, July 26. John Myers, a
carpenter, was at work on ft building this
morning when a gasoline Stove exploded'
within, and the dwelling was threatened
with fire. He rushed into the house grasped
the stove around which the flames were
leaping and raising it to his shoulders ran
out into the street The gasoline poured
down his back and arms and soon the flames
were burning his flesh, but he clung to his
fiery burden until ho had conveyed it where
it could do no further damages. His solo
thought was to save the house from destruc
tion. When he had dropped his burden he
was Buffering intense torture. The bystan
ders extinguished the flames. His back
and arms were literally roasted and the
blood ran in streams from his burned body.
There is little hope for his recovery.
SENAT0E DORSET'S TEIAL.
It Begins After He nag Parsed Himself of
New Yobk, July 26. Ex-Senator
Stephen W. Dorsey was before Judge
O'Brien, of the Supreme Court, to-day and
explained both orally and by affidavits that
his absence from examination in supple
mentary proceedings was due to illness and
.not to any intention to evade inquiry or bs
disrespectful to the Court. Judge O'Brien
thereupon discharged him, he agreeing to
be on hand this alternoon for examination.
Mr. Dorsey appeared before Thompson,
Ackerly and Kaufman in the Mills build-v
ing at 1 P. M., and proceedings were at once
entered into. It was announced to the press
that no information would be given out un
less the matter was filed in court
Dispatch by Kamera, who tells of the jollity
and freedom of a summer camp in the moun
Presents in the mott elegant form
THE LAXATIVE ANO NUTRITIOUS JUICE
, OF THS
FIGS OF CALIFORNIA,
Combined with the medicinal
virtues of plants known to be
most beneficial to the human -system,
forming an agreeable
and effective laxative to perma
nently cure Habitual Consti
pation, and the many ills de-
t pending on a weak or, inactive
' condition of the
KIDNEYS, LIVER AND BOWELS.
It is the most excellent remedy known to
CLEANSE THE SYSTEM EFFECTUAWT
When one is Bilious or Constipated
PURE BLOOD, REFRE8HINO SLEEP,
HEALTH and STRENGTH
Every one is using it and all are
delighted with it
ASK TOUR DRUGGIST FOR
STRTTP 03E IE"XCHS
MANUFACTURED ONLY DY
CALIFORNIA EIG SYRUP CO.
SAN FSANCIBCO, CAL.
LOUISVILLE. KY. HEW YORK, ft. Y.
g-SxL ;g Soap
DEATH IN THE WATER.
Absolute Poison in Nearly Every
American Oity and Town What
Will be the Result Before the
End of Summer.
"TXTHATdkl rn o4r"
YV "Almost ererTtblai: UirujaitreeUmr
Tlje above remark was nade brs. prominent
scientist to tbe board of nesltn offlccr Just after ex
amining a drop of Croton. New York, water
tnrouffh the microscope. Tbe water of nearly
ercry city In America Is ailed with poison. It Is
eansed br deeaytn jr matter and animal life. What
I th resnltf A. fearful Increase of steknes and
death, both amonf children and frown people.
Tno paper are filled with Seconals of It. Millions
npon millions of germs of ferer. cholera morbus
and contagion are In very swallow of watar.
Bat people saj:
" What can we do, stop drinking?'
' 'Eesort to stimulants?"
"Ko. Kill the germs in the water and before
they can come Into the body. Three drops of
Ferry Uavls' Taln-Elller ponred Into a glass or
water before drinking will kill tbe germs and
make the most poisonous water pure and healthy.
The best medical talent in the land hare asserted
this for Tears, and the experience of erery mas
and woman who has tried it proves It."
Travelers through the Jungles of India drink the
swamp water, even though It is filled with slime
and covered with scum, bnt ther Invariably purify
it by adding Pain-Klller. Stanley, the African
explorer, never undertakes a journey without a
plentiful supply of "lJsnsllla," as the natives
call Faln-KlIIer. If this grand medicine Is so
effective in regions where death lurks on every
side, where it reeks in every pool, does it not
stand to reason that we can safely meet the dan
gers or our own drinking water by It careful use?
It Is an absolute cure for cholera morbus In its
worst forms, but how much better It Is to prevent
disease than to wait for lu approach. By keeping
this remedy constantly on hand the' dangers of
tbe summer can be avoided and health positively
ylEWERS' EEPORT . -
On. the construction ot a public sever on
Howe street, from Ivy street to Aiken avenue.
To the Select and. Common. Councils of the city
The undersigned Viewers ot Street Improve
ments in the city ot Pittsburir. appointed by the
Court of Common Fleas ot Allegheny county,
and authorized bran ordinance passed on tbe
Stttdayof January, A-D.lS89,acopy of which is
hereto attached, to make an assessment of the
cost and expense of constructlnga public sewer
on Howe street,from Ivy stroet to Aiken avenue,
in said city, upon the property bene
fited thereby under tbe provisions of
and In accordance with an act ot
Assembly of the Commonwealth o Fenn
sy!vam&,entitled "An act authorizing and direct
ing Councils of cities of the second class to pro
vide for the improvement of streets,ianes. alleys
and public highways, sewers and sidewalks, re
quiring plans of streets, providing for the ap
pointment of a Board of Viewers of Btrcet Im
provements, prescribing their duties, granting
appeals to Councils and Court, providing for
the assessment and collection of damages and
benefits, authorizing the use of private prop
erty and providing for filing liens and regu
lating proceedings thereon, and prohibiting the
use of public streets, without authority of
Councils," approved the la day of June, A.
H. 1SS7, respectfully report:
That, having been first duly sworn and quail,
fled according to law, they proceeded In the
manner and according to the directions of said
act, to discharge the duties of their appoint
ment; that having viewed tbe premises, they
made an assessment of said cost and expense
upon the property benefited, and caused a plot
and statement to be made, as required by said
act, and having given to tbe owner of each lot
10 days' notice ot the time and place of meet
ing, they met on the 8th day of July, A. D. 1SS0,
at tbe office of the Board ot Viewers, in the
city of Pittsburg, heard all complaints and evi
dence offered, and baring made all modifica
tions and corrections which they deem proper,
assessed tbe cost and expense of constructing
said sewer npon tbe following property, upon
each for the amount set opposite the name of
the owner thereof, viz:
Chief of Department of Public Works, state
ment of cost.
930 lineal ft. IS-lnch pipe sewer, fl 08.. LOBS 00
2 drops, $60 120 00
o manholes, au. 160 00
7,225 pounds castings (Fisher F. &
lLCo.)a68 121 88
Superintending, engineering, advertis
ing, etc HO 00
Printing ordinance and notices. 4000
Printing viewers' report 22 M
Making rjl.in and serving notices. 10 00
Viewers'" time..... , 42 00
Howe Street, north side, from Ivy
Wm. McQraw (28). 25 feet
J. Tneobald (81). 75 feet
K. W. Harper (23J. 25 feet
ilri. R. Jj. alack (2S), 25 feet
H. J. Menger (27). 2U.83 feet
John Weiss (62). 5A50 feet
J. E. Davis (2). 51.50 feet
John A. Graver (23). 25.12 feet
Mrs. M. J. Rlgdon (30). 2493 feet
a P. Harper (30). 26.93 feet
Bryan McGinuii (60). 5180 feet
W. MIHer (00), 6186 feet
Robert Wailcs (30). 2B.3i feet
A. McDonald (30), 26.04 feet
John W. Cooper (88), 19L5Ieet
N. P. and G. W. Reed, 2SS feet
Philip Keller, 18 feet
G. B. Bosworth.4Sfcet
Helen H. Horsfall (f4). 62.50 feet
Mr. M. E. Kablcr.5c.02feet
Helen H.Honfa:i, 4101 feet
K. A-Reed, 72 feet
W. J. Ashen. IS feet
Mrs. JI. L. Askcn. 43 feet
J.T.Hamilton (S3), 100.04 feet
S 1,641 88
DANIEL WENKE, (vlo
TIMOTHY O'LEARY, Jit, vlewexs-
FrnSBUBQ, July 3. 1SS9. Jy26
f"iall"T,irMI W. L. Douglas' name and the price are stamped on the bottom of aH'
rJ I IWIM Shoes advertised by him before leaving his factory: this protects the
wearers against high prices and inferior goods. If yonr dealer does not keep the style or kind
you want, or off crs you shoes without W. L. Douglas' name and price stamped on them, and says
they are Just as good, do not be deceived thereby, but send direct to the Factory, for you can get
what you want by return mail, postage paid. Dealers make more profit on unknown shoes that
are not warranted by anybody; theretore du not be induced to buy shoes that hare no reputation.
Buy only those that have W. L. Douglas' name and the price stamped on tbe bottom, and yoa
are snre to get full ralne for your money. Thousands of dollars ara saved annually In this coun
try by tbe wearers of W. L. Douglas' Shoes. In ordering by mall state whether you want Con
gross, Button or Lace, London cap toe, plain French toe, or narrow cap toe, and be sure to give -size
and width you wear. I can fit any foot that Is not deformed, as my shoes are made in great
rariety of widths, sizes and half sizes. I guarantee a fit, prompt delivery and perfect satisfac
tion or money refunded upon return of the shoes in good condition.
W. L. DOUGLAS, Brockton, Mais.
'aHS? , - vast i 3
istejt JufL 3
9th. It it the bnt in tht world, and has larger damtnd than any other $3 shot advtrtltad
$5,000 will bt piid to any ptrson who will prove tht abovt ttatemonts to ba untrue. Tht foU
lowing lints will bt found to bt of tht Stmt Quality of Excellence:
CR fill CUnr GENUINE HAND-SEWED, which, takes the place of custom-made shoe
9U.UU OnlfC that cost from T7 to .
C1 fin. QUilP THE ORIGINAL AND ONLY HAND-SEWED WELT $4 8HOE. Equal ,
vJH-.UU onilt cnjtom-ma.de snocs costing from J6 to $3.
CO Kn ClinC FOR POLICEMEN. Railroad Men and Letter Carriers aUwaarthesi. No
90.IV OnUC Tacks or Wax Thread to hurt the feet.
S2 5Q SHOE IS UNEXCELLED F0R HEAVY WEARr-Best Calf Shoe for tbe price.
99 OR QUntT WORKINGMEN'S. Is the best in the world for rough wear; one pair ought
SJ OnUCi to wear a man a year.
O nil QUfltr ' EQUAL TO 8H0E8 THAT COST FROM 3 TO $3.50. One-palr-wiU
p.UU guUb wear longer than any shoe erer sold at the price.
JR2 00 SHOE F0R B0YS the be5t Scn01 Snoa ta tho world.
7R QUflP YOUTHS' SCHOOL, gives
! OilUEi intheworld.
ALL MADE IN CONQRESS, BUTTON AND LACE.
W. L. DOUGLAS $3 AND 52 SHOES
Both Ladles' Shoes are made in sizes from 1 to 7, Including half sizes, and B, C, D, EVjtad'EK
STYLES OF LADIES' 8HOES.
. 'Tht French Opera." Tht 8psni;h Arch Opera," "The Amerioaa Commontnit,""Tln"
Medium Common-Seme." All made In Button in tht Latest Stylos. Also, FrtSoh Opsr la
Front Laet, on $3 Shot only.
Consumers should remember that W. I DOUGLAS Is the largest and only Shoe Manufsetr
urer in the world, supplying shoes direct frtm factory, thus giving all the middle men's profit
to the wearer. - W. L. DOUGLA8, Brockton, Mass. "
FOR BA.T.T1 -BTST "-
H. J. 4Q. ILXanc, Forty-flfth and Butler streets. J. N. Frohring, 3& Filth avenue. D
Carter. 73 Fifth avenue. E. C. Snerber. 1398 Carson street. la "-- nii s
I iDBVut.Ml Bta. ...... C f2 TTHllMnn ntTatiMm
nitwif.iuiiaiiiiau.aviiaiwiiiwnknnni, t fjmiMXSma
V ' T.
SOMETHfKG HEW FOR FENCES.
MADE FROM STEEL PLATES FOR
LAWN OR FARM FENCES,
WINDOW GUARDS, TRELLISES,
LATHING ,F0R BUILDINGS, Etc.
It can bo node a substitute for nearly -every
purpose for which wire Is used,
and Is far more durable and cheaper.
It Is much superior to wire work la
everyway. It is solid at all points ot"
Send for Illustrated Circulars and
Central Expanded Metal Co
(CHE3S, COOK & CO.)
116 Water street, Pittsburg. Pa.
'. '- '
aBBtfP stefl 7
ELIXIR OF OPIUM
Is a preparation of the Drug bywbichits la '
jurious effects are removed, while the valuable
medicinal properties are retained. I possesses -all
the sedative, anodyne, and antispasmodic
powers of Opium, bnt produces no sickness of
tbestomacb.no vomiting, no costive ness, no
headache. In acute nervous disorder s it Is an
invaluable remedy, and is recommendetd by the
E, FERRETT, Agent,
. 372 Pearl St, New York.
mhSO-27-B . .'
I .NIXED STATES HOTEL
U Atlantic City, K. J.
The largesrand leading hotel.
H. B. WARDEN, Manager.
jel34rre B. H. BROWIT. Proprietor. '
ATLANTIC CITY, N. J.
On tho beach, sea end of Virginia avenue.
je7-19-EOD BUCK 4 McCLELLAK.
THE CHALFONTE. ATLANTIC CITY. N.J.
MOVED TO THE BEACH.
ENLARGED AND IMPROVED.
UNSURPASSED OCEAN VIEW.
Salt water baths in the home. Elevator.
aplfr81-D E. ROBERTS 4 SONS.
ATLANTIO CITY, N. J. "
Largest and"mbt prominently located hotel
with a new and iirst-class Restaurant attached.
350 chairs. Open all the year. Coaches to and
from Beach and Trains. Brophy's Orchestra.
Je2o51 CHARLES McQLADE,
HOTEL LAFAYETTE. CAPE MAY CITY,
N. J., open all tbe yean strictly first-class;
situated directly on the beach, opposite Iron
Pier. VICTOR DEN1EZOT, Proprietor.
Rates 2 60 to H. jel-3-TT3
ASBURY PARJC-HOTEL BRUNSWICK
A 1 cading hotel in every respect. Beauti
fully situated near the beach. All rooms com
mand an unobstructed view ot the ocean. Ap
pointments unsurpassed. Drainage and Sani
tary arrangements perfect. For information
address MORGAN & PARSONS. jel535
LONG BRANCH, N. J, '" "
Hesbt WAT.TEB,Propr., Jso. B. Sctjxossee,
Manager, late of Hotel Duquesne, Pittsburg.
CAPE MAY, N. J.
Directly on tbe beach.
W. W. GREEN.
CRESSON bPRINGS. PENNA MAIN
line Pennsylvania Railroad, on top of
THE MOUNTAIN HOUSE
Now open. All trains stop at Crsssoa. For
circulars, etc., address
WM. R. DUNHAM, Supt,
my7-2-D Cresson, Cambria Co.. Pa.
SPRING LAKE BEACH, N. J,
WILL OPEN JUNE 29.
For terms and other information address
L. U. MALTBY.
Monmouth House, Spring Lake. N. X,
Or Hotel Lafayette, Philadelphia, Pa.
HEW PRINCESS AM W&.
VIRGINIA BEACH, VA,
Situated directly on the ocean, 18 miles duo
east of Norfolk, Va., yia Norfolk and Va.
K. R. This great seaside resort presents
every advantage for luxury, comfort and
Summer season opens Jane 15.
Elegant drives on tbe bard beach and through,
the piney woods. The best surf bathing on the
coast. Send for Illustrated pamphlet. New
York office, 44 Broadway.
e-TTa B. E. CRITTEND EN. Manager.
Is a fine seamless calf shot, with Gondola taps lad
Oak Leather bottoms. They are made in Congress.
Ballon and Lace, on London Cap Tot, Narrow Cap
Toe, and Plain French To Lasts, in sizes from 5 to
II, including half sizes and in all widths. If you have
been paying from J5 to it for shoes of this quality
do not do so longsr. On pair will wear as long as
two pairs of common shoes sold by dialers that are
ot warranted by tho manufacturer.
Our claims for this shoe over all other $3 shots -advtrtlstdart:
1st. It eontainsbttitr malarial.
2d. It Is more stylish, batter flliing and durable.
3d. It givts betttr general satisfaction.
4th. It costs more money lo makt.
5th. It aavas mora money for tht contumtr.
Sih. It is sold bymora dealsrsthroughout the U.S.
7th. Its groat sueeess n due to mtrit.
ttb. It cannot bt duplicated by any other mint)
the smalijBoyi a ciianee to wesa tta test-shoei
a ' ' - - -"
v; . '
... - - 4? wT3- . - apww-.l.