Newspaper Page Text
THE PITTSBURGH DISPATCH, SUNDAY, AUGUST - 4, 1889.
ETERY DAT SCIENCE.
Awful Tortures Experienced ia the
Last Stage of the Opium Habit.
YANKEE YS. BRITISH MECHANICS.
Eemrahlj Rapid Evolution of the
SCIENTIFIC AND INDUSTBIAL NOTES
twnniN roa thb dispatch.!
Readers of The Dispatch who desire
information on subjects relating to indus
trial development and progress. in mechani
cal, civil and electrical engineering and the
sciences can have their queries answered
through this column.
A writer in the Pall Mall Gazette girts a
very graphic description of the morphine
habit, which is apparently growing among
the community at an alarming rate, and
causing devastation to body and Vml in a
degree which can only be realized by those
who have the misfortune to witness its ef
Jects upon its unfortunate victims. There
are three distinct stages of morphia absorp
tion, all of them brief in duration, the last
one briefest of all. During the first stage
the results are purely pleasurable, they
bring a draught of fresh life into jaded
limbs, and the subject lives in a glamor
ous sense of vague happiness. In
time, however, a change comes
o'er the spirit of this rose-colored
dream. Its continuity becomes broken
by dreadful intervals of reaction, during
which the victim is oppressed by all the
horrors ot intense melancholy and weakness,
and from which reliet can only be obtained
by continual repetition of the process of in
jection. In the third stage the drug has ob
tained a complete mastery, and although
the subject feels that she is drifting out of
life, she is practically powerless to save
herself. TVere it possible, however, to
analyze the mental condition of the victim
during the hours oi reaction, it might be
possible to realize, also, the tortures of the
The Paris correspondent of a represeuta
tive American mechanical paper writes, as
the result of his observations at the Exposi
tion: "It appears to me that we are laying
too much stress upon tbe superior intelli
gence of American mechanics. The Eu
ropean mechanic is not the stupid fellow we
have pictured him as being. I have talked
with Alsace and Belgian mechanics, being
referred to them because they coald and the
exhibitor could not sneak English me
chanics engaged in erecting machinery at
the Exposition and found them men of ex
cellent intelligence, and having a good deal
of knowledge of mechanical matters. All
our traditions are against this, but tradi
tions sometimes falsify facts. In mechanics'
tools, however squares, standard scales,
verniers, micrometers and the like
I have seen nothing that appears to me
as good as thee of American manufacture.
These American tools look better, are
cleaner cut and more convenient In wood
working machinery I think we excel at the
Exposition. Our machinery appears to do
better work, and to do it more completely;
that is, it leaves less work to be done by
hand. I have, however, never seen better
castings than most of those in the European
machinery. In generfcl appearance the
castings made on tbe continent indicate that
the molder does not use tbe trowel and
sleek as much as the American molder.
Perhaps he has better patterns to work
from. In steel castings Europe appears to
be ahead of us in the matter of producing
A Countermining; Ship.
Captain Zalinski, TJ. S. A., states that a
ship specially designed for countermining
and carrying the pneumatic torpedo gun is
now under discussion. It is to be of 3,300
tons displacement, on a draught of 18 feet;
it is to be turtle backed, protected by five
inches of steel armor, and is to have its
under-water hull especially strong, being
well protected from the action of torpedoes
by nmmerous compartments and pellular
sub-divisions, these latter being filled with
cellulose, if found desirable. She is to
carry an ample supply of coal and ammuni
tion. Tne shells to be used will be of 8
incu sub-caliber, fired fram 15-inch
guns, of 100 pounds bursting charge.
It is supposed that 1,200 of
these will suffice for countermining a chan
nel 7 miles long and 100 miles ia width.
Three guns are to be mounted forward and
abreast of each other. -as in the Vesuvius.
the middle gun to be fixed in direction, but
capable ot elevation, while the two outer
ones will have a slight lateral train. Sets
of shells will then be thrown so as to clear
the channel 100 feet at a time. It is thought
that the upward lift of the great wave
formed by the simultaneous explosion of
three shells will net only explode the fixed
mines and break up connecting cables, but
also tear tbe buoyant mines and circuit
closing buoys away from their moorings.
Becent investigation has proved that
tuberculosis is a distinctly preventable dis
ease. The frequent occurrence of pulmonary
tuberculosis in a family is to be explained,
not on tbe supposition that tbe disease itself
has been inherited, but that it hat been pro
duced after birth by transmission directly
from some affected Individual. Wben pa.
rents have the disease, and especially the
mother, the children from the earliest
moments of life are exposed to it under
the most favorable conditions for its
transmission. The measures suggested for tbe
prevention of tbe spread of tbe disease are:
The security oi tbe public against tubercu
lar meat and milk, attained by a system of
rigid official insoection of cattle; tbe dis
semination among tbe people ot the knowl
edge that any tubercular person may -fee a
source of actual danger to his associates if
tbe discharges from the lungs are not imme
diately destroyed or rendered harmless; the
caretul disinfection of rooms and hospital
wards that are occupied or have jbeen occu.
pied by phthisical patients.
Kvolutlon of tbe Street Hallway.
The first ancestor of the street railway
was the tramway, which was first intro
duced in the coal mining districts of the
north of England, between tne years 1603
and 1649. It consisted of parallel lines of
wooden trams or beams pinned down to the
ground, with flanges on them, and not on
the wheels as now. Coal wagons were drawn
to and fro along these flanged trams from
tbe coal pits to the shipping ports. The first
use of iron on these tramways was in 1767,
wben cast iron plates were nailed down to
-protect them where they wore out the fast
est. The width of the tramwav was about
four feet eight and a half inches. Horse
railroads of a crude type were in use in En
gland in 1805, but it was not until 1832 that
the first street car line lorpassengers was built
on Fourth avenue.New York, and for trans
porting granite. It was not, however, until
1852 that a second line was built, after
which the system spread rapidly through
out the United States.
Tbe New Beltway.
Tbe new "slide" railway has been most suc
cessfully experimented on in Paris. The in
vention enables trains to run. by means of
wster power, at a speed hitherto considered
Impossible. Tbo cars travel on a Aim of water,
and tbe friction is thus minimized. This system
would seem peculiarly adapted for elevated
railways In cities, being noiseless, smootn.wltn
ouf o4 thoroughly under control. A
water train running at over 100 miles an hour
could, it is stated, bo pulled up within SO yards,
climb up gradients ot 18 inches in the yard, de
scend with equal saiety, and run on curves or
44 yards radius. The cost of this system is said
not to exceed 140,000 per mile. '
Improvement In Toxlcoloaienl Analyses.
A method has been lately adopted for de
stroying organic matter in toxlcological analy
ses. It consists of oxidizing tbe organio matter
bv warming with nitric acid, and alternately
passing in nitrogen dioxide and oxygen. The
advantages claimed lor this process are that
the oxidation takes place rapidly and quietly,
thus avoiding the risk of loss of fluid from
bumping, etc The reagents can be easily pre
pared in a state of purity. They maybe quickly
volatilized by heating on the water bath: and,
furthermore, while securing complete oxida
tion, no loss of volatile metals can occur.
, A Novel Antidote.
In these days of the prevalent abnse of to
bacco it is well to know that many haDitual to
bacco users have been cured by tbe following
plan: Those who smoke their first cigarette,
say at 7 o'clock in tbe morning, begin by put
ting it off just ten minutes past the hour for a
few days, then make it 15 or 20 minutes, and so
on until It will be noon and then night before
the first one is smoked. It Is a slow but sure
way of tapering; off. if faithfully followed, and
' can be applied by tbe abusers of stimulants as
well as of tobacco.
Tbo Price of Toothpick.
Owing to overproduction and inability to dis
pose of accumulated stock, most of the tooth
pick mills in the State of Maine are closed.
Tbe largest manufacturer states that be now
wholesales his goods for less than one-twelfth
nf their cost when he commenced business in
1S61. It would be interesting to know bow far
this result has been bronght about by the Im
provement and cheapening of dentistry, and
also by improvement In manners.
Tbe Naphtha Habit.
A prominent medical journal calls attention
to the growth of the "naphtha habit" among
tbe female employes of rubber factories. The
inhalation ot naphtha fumes produces a
peculiarly agreeable inebriation. Naphtha Is
used to clean rubbers, and is kept in large
boilers, to the valve of which the employes gain
access and breathe the fumes. The babrt was
introduced from Germany, and is chiefly found
In the Hew England States.
New Treatment of Rabies.
Dr. Pegrand claims to have discovered an
efficient method of treaticgrables. By inject
ing rabbits with the essence of tbe berb called
"tansy." be produced what he calls hydrophobic
intoxication, or something very similar, and
with virus thus obtained be mingled ten per
cent of chloral. This prophylactic was injected
Into several animals which had hydrophobia,
and two-thirds of tbe cases were cured.
"KATI0KAL GUARfl KOTES.
Sebqkaitt Jesse Wrrrs, of Company
H, Eighteenth, was elected Second Lieutenant
last week, while in camp. In Company 8 Cor
poral Otto was elevated to tbe First Lieuten
ancy. Drills in tbe Washington Infantry bave
practically been suspended for the present on
account of the hot weather. Lieutenant Qeil
fuss, one of the active workers in the company,
is laid up with a badly bnaled hand.
L Major 3. C. Kay conducted two elections
in Company D, Eighteenth Regiment, within
the past week. Tbe result was that William
Harvey was elected Captain, John Dongherty
First Lieutenant, and Frank Culbert beoond
TBS following officers are ordered to report
to Colonel Thomas Hudson at Camp Sheridan,
Mt. Gretna, August 10: Quartermaster Willlim
F. Bicbardson, of tbe Eighth Regiment, Ser
geant Major Thomas 8. Martin and Quarter
master Sergeant Charles B. Fullaway, of the
Batteut B will go Into camp this week un
der command of Senior First Lieutenant
George Shepherd, as Captain Hunt has not
yet returned from bis trip abroad. Captain E.
V. Breck, formerly of tbe well-known Breek's
Battery, will be tbe guest of Lieutenant fehep-
nera aunng tue tour.
The organizations of tbe First Brigade go
into camp this week. Quite a breeze has been
raised in some of tbese regiments over the
official rating accorded them in tbe Adjntant
General's report. Although tbe Eighth Regi
ment tops the list, the First, Second and Third
are away down, and itis claimed unjustly so.
Caftaqt Hamilton, of Company G, Four
teenth Regiment, has tendered his resignation
to Colonel Ferchment. Captain Hamilton has
been connected with the Guard for many
years, and has won a reputation as a most effi
cient officer. His resignation Is due to a pres
sure of private business causing a lack of time
to devote to military duties.
Fkamk Ctj-bebt, a member of Company D,
Eighteenth Regiment, and James Nell is, form
erly an officer in Company B, of tbe same regi
ment, posted forfeits last Thursday night for a
competitive drill for 3100 a side. The drill is to
take place in tbe near future in a local hall,
and is to be governed by Upton's tactics. Cap
tain Batchelor, tbe well-known drlllmaster, of
this city, will probably act as referee.
Lieuiekamt Hakht F. Bott, of Company
I, Tenth Regiment, has tendered his resigna
tion. Lieutenant Bott was offered tbe position
of Inspector of Rifle Practice of tbe Tenth by
Colonel Hawkins after bis re-election, but the
offer was not accepted. Lieutenant Critch
field, the newly appointed Inspector, is bnctling
the companies lively on rifle practice, and ex
pects to make an excellent showing at the end
of the season.
The members of tbe field and staff of tbe
Eighteenth made a most favorable impression
on tbe people of Ohiontown during the recent
encampment there, partlcularyon the female
portion, and they were voted the handsomest
lot of gentlemen that had ever visited the town.
Several of tbe fair ones in return are asserted
to bave mangled tbe.bearts of one or two of
tne mue-coatea warriors, and private' excur
sions to tbe Fayette county seat on unofficial
Business may ue iooea tor in toe near lutnre.
Major John S. Witches, Paymaster of
the United State army, (s at the Seventh Ave
nue Hotel with bis wife and son. He bas been
stationed at Newport Barracks, Ky., but re
ceived orders to come to Pittsburg, open an
offlre, and make this bis headquarters and pay
station. He will pay all tbe posts and garrisons
between Fort Porter, at Niagara, and tbe gar
rison at Indianapolis. Tbe amount disbursed
by bim each year is about $400,000. Major
Wi teller served tbronghout the war as Colonel
of a West' Virginia cavalry regiment, and for
gallantry was breveted a Brigadier General.
Compakt I, of McKeesport, is at present
taking its summer outing. The rifle range just
above the town is fitted up in good shape and a
number of tents bave been pitchod for sleep
ing purposes. Although the company just re
turned from the regular encampment at Union
town of a week ago. tbe men decided that as
many of tbera would be compelled to be idle
on account of tbe shutting down of several
factories and workshops, they might as well
put in the time on the rifle range as not. As a
consequence Captain Coon expects to qualify
every man in bis company, this season, and
next year will make marksmanship a requisite
Lieutexaxt BxAir, of tbe Second Cavalry
who has been on detached dnty In this State
for the past year, has won quite a reputation
as a hustler. While in this city some months
ago; during the annual spring inspections of the
companies, be expressed bis surprise and dis
gust at tbe poor quarters provided for the
men, and ventured tbe assertion that with a
little effort the proper amount of money would
betsubscrlbed to build an armory. The latest
rumor is that Lieutenant Bean will make good
bis assertion by coming to Pittsburg and work
ing up a fund for armory purposes. Hu cer.
tainlyhas the sympathy and. best wishes of
every member of the Uuard in this vicinity,
and It is trusted that the rumor will pot die a
Battebt B leaves for camp, next Saturday,
to be gone ten days. Mt. Gretna is the site se
lected, and tbe tour promises to be one of the
most interesting ever held in this State. Be
sides the three batterles,'and the cavalry, there
will be a mingling of regular troops with the
militia. Three batteries of artillery, from
Washington Barracks. Fort Hamilton and Fort
Adams, and two troops of cavalry from Fort
Meyer, are detailed to attend. Governor Beaver
asked for tbelr presence that tbe State troops
might have the benefit of the movements and
actions ot tbe regulars while in camp. Many
visitors are expected on the grounds, and quite
a number of Pittsburg military sharps have
made arrangements to pay a visit of three or
four days to the camp.
The absence of Captain William Awl, well
known In military circles in this city, during
the past few days has seemingly raised a tem
pest in a teapot among some people who are
fond of rossip. Captain Awl is cashier of the
Pittsburg and Lake Erie Railroad, a position of
responsibility and requiring a heavy bond.
Two weeks ago be was given a leave of absence
of no stated limit, and dnnng the time went
with bis regiment to camp. After returning to
tbe city he concluded to finish out hu vacation
in traveling, and consequently left last Monday
for a short trip West. That he owed tbe Pitts
burg and Lake Erie Railroad anything was de
nied yesterday afternoon by one of tbe officials
in a position to know, and while itis unlortu
nate that the exct whereabouts of Captain
Awl may not be knovtn, in order to at once
communicate to hiiuthe supluuu which lias
shamefully been attached to bis absence, be
ba a host of friends In the city who win no
donbt have tbe pleasure of welcoming him
baek tbU week, and aiding him lapnniiwng
THEY HOLD THE FORT.
The Business Men of Pittsburg Know
No Bach Word as Fail.
EVERYTHING FINE FOE DOG DATS.
The Highest Point in tne County Settled
in Favor of Wiliinslurfc
PERMITS OUT FOE SOME BIG HOUSES
There appears to be something in the flat
building scheme of the New Yorker besides
wind. A gentleman remarked yesterday;
"It looks to me as it it will be a go. Two
of 'my friends who own suitable site were
approached a day or two ago with offers to
buy. They were told that the ground was
wanted for flats, and that an eastern man
was at tbe head of the project. I hope it will
be a success. We need many such buildings. 1
think they would soon become popular,
Business moved along last week without any
thing resembling a pyrotechnic display, but it
was (1,400,000 larger than for, tbe correspond
ing week last year. This is a sufficient com
ment on the general situation. Under tbe
stimulus of good crops and a better under
standing between the railroads, trade of all
kinds is in a bealtby condition and shows a
Local securities had a very good week, sales,
so far as reported, being 3,670 shares, La Norla
leading in activity. Beveralof the favorites
made substantial gains, Electrio and Central
Traction being most conspicuous. The market
closed firm for nearly everything. Considering
the season, there was a good demand for realty,
sales showing a very slight falling off. The
number of transfers recorded was IB8, and the
One hundred and seventy-one xnortgaees
were recorded: one for $500,UO0, one for S375.000,
and one for (200,000. tbe total amount repre
sented being tL362,543. Trading In petroleum
was on an Improving basis, prices holding very
closely to the dollar line. The close was quiet
Notwithstanding the assertions of many re
garding tHe Herron Hill reservoir being the
highest point in Allegheny county, that of the
Wilkinsburg Water Company is entitled to that
distinction, as recently demonstrated by actual
measurement, the triangulation having been
made by a competent engineer. This reservoir
is SOS feet above the Allegheny river. Herron
Hill Is 665, and Hlland avenue S65 above. Thus
the Wilkinsburg reservoir is 43 feet higher than
Herron Hill and 243 feet higher than Hiland
avenue. Water pressure In Wilkinsburg will
be abont ISO pounds per square Inch. This will
throw a stream perpendicularly 150 to 175 feet,
and 230 feet horizontally.
All tbe fire apparatus tbe borough will need,
therefore, will be three or four hose carriages
and volunteers to handle them. A single two
inch bose would bave prevented tbe fire of
last Wednesday. The entire cost of the water
works will approximate (300,000. The pump
ing station at Wildwood will cost about (40,000,
the reservoir about .(25,000. and the pipe. (00,
000. The remainder of the expense will be for
laying pipe, right of way. eta Water will be
turned on tbe last of the month or the first of
Building a little more'tbau held Its own last
week, in spite of labor trouble and the apathy
consequent upon tho dullest time of the year.
The number of permits issued was 48, and tbe
estimated cost of the buildings (319,4(2. The
largest permit was taken out by tbe National
Bank of Commerce for a seven-story brick and
granite, comer of Sixth' avenue and Wood
street, tbe old site, to cost (200,000. Tbe next
largest was taken out by tbe Shadyside
Academy for a three-story brick, which win
cost (13,695, Captain J. J. Vandegrif t took out
permits for two three-story brick dwellings on
Shady lane, the cost of both being estimated at
(26,000. Kuhn Brothers will put up a (8,000 two
Story brick building on Shady lane, and Mrs.
Moorhead one on Hlland avenue to cost (0,180.
It is the custom of The Dispatch to give
both sides ot every question upon which it
treat. Following np this rule, tbe communi
cation which appears below, handed In by
Robert H. Douglas. Esq., is given wltbont
other comment than that The Dispatch Is
opposed to throwing cold water on anything
tbat promises to be of public utility. Mr.
Douglas Is responsible for the views expressed.
"Street railway charters are chea. Any
Tom. Dick or Harry with (82 can go to Harris
burg and secure a charter for a street railway
100 miles long, or a 2-cent stamp and
tS2 will secure the .charter by return
mail. The Sylvan railway Is probably
intended to make an honest dollar out of
the supposed necessities of tbe Fifth
avenue cable line and tbe Second avenne
electric a squeezer, in fact. Part of the route
attempted to be covered by tbe 'Sylvan' Green
field avenue. Is already covered, so there will
be no squeeze there. It looks queer tbat the
President of tbe new road, who controls 400
out of the 480 shares, should know nothing of
the details, not having posted himself as to
-The President's statement that there is
plenty of money back of hisScheme leads one
to hope tbat it may not be so far back tbat it
will take a lifetime to get at it on a rapider
road even than tbo "Sylvan' promises to be. I
admire tbo grand and lofty tumbling the
Sylvan' is going to indulge in wben it leaves
Saline avenuo for the north shore of theMon
ongahela. A toboggan slide, landing passengers
in tbe cool waters of the Monongahela, would
he a unique feature in street railways, tending
to make them popular during dog days. I'll
venture to say tbe "Sylvan will never be built
by Its present promoters."
Two gentlemen talking in a railroad cart
First speaker George has gone to see the
Paris Exposition. I understand.
Second speaker Yes, he had a streak of
good luck, and took a vacation.
First speaker -I am glad to hear it He is a
good fellow. What dm be dor
Second speaker He bought a few acres of
ground near Bellvue about a year ago and sold
it last week. He made enough by the turn to
pay for a comfortable little honse and defray
his expenses to Pails.
Such straws show which way real estate wind
Among tbe buildings tbat will soon spring up
in Wilkinsburg will be a handsome and com
modious United Brethren's Cburcb.tbe present
edifice being too small to accommodate the
rapidly growing membership. It will be erected
(on a lot 68x234 feet, at tbe corner of Boss and
Coal streets. The new building of Jbe Metho
dist congregation will probably not bo corn
menced before next spring. The new Catholic
Church is ready for tbe roof. The United
Presbyterians, tbe Episcopalians and the Bap-
lists are taming oi uuumng. wuKinsonrg tg
entitled to the distinction of the Borough of
Brokers do not all think and act the same
way. One of them remarked yesterday even
ing: "Generally speaking, Pittsburg brokers
are pretty level-beaded, but just now some of
them are standing In their own light; They
are trying to bear tbe market, and the result Is
very little business, not a titbe of what it
should be. It is my experience tbat a weak
market is nearly always dull. Tbe way to
make businesses to boom prices. This makes
it interesting to brokers and outsiders alike.
Nobody feels like sleeping where things' are on
At the SiockExcbange Suiesttve Rather
Tban Eeltin Range of Prices.
As usual of late, on Saturday, tbe stock marJ
ket yesterday was produotlve of more figures
than business. Tbe total sales were S04 sbares,
of which Citisens' Traction and Natural Sas
of West Virginia contributed 250. Tbe spurt
In Philadelphia Gas entirely subsided, and it
was lower and neglected. Nobodywanteditat
above VH- The otber gas stocks were dull and
firm. Tbe tractions were strong and fraction
ally higher. Citizens' selling at 70. For Cen
tral 81g was bid dnd S3 asked. La Noria was
about steady on tbo board, but was baoked by
a, las buoyant sentiment. It was rumored
that the jng.pronused statement would be
delayed until several good-Hied blocks could
,beab9Tbed ar about ! bwltch and Signal
ua Ms recent usfreysstest, 23 beuc Mfcea
and 21 bid. While It may advance still further,
there are no reasons to Justify expectations of
Apparently, as a religious duty, or from the
force of habit, or as an unwritten law of the
Exchange, the board was pretty well covered
with figures, tbe result of bids for bank and
bridge stocks, but as tbe buying orders were
invariably below the market there were no
transactions. To show the perfunctory char
acter of these efforts it is only necessary to
state that a bid of 128 for any part of 1,000
shares of Fourth National was niado In the full
knowledge that there are not over 800 shares of
tbat stock on the market, and it was not
offered at any price. Pittsburg and Western
showed a fractional improvement, butwas dulL,
Wby this stock does not keep pace with tbe in
creasing traffic and earnings of the road Is one
of those things which outsiders can't very well
find our. Probably a few on the inside are
gathering it in on the sly. Bids, offers and
sales are appended:
Pitts. Pet., 8. and M. Exchange 465
Arsenal....... .. ,
Commercial National Bank 100
Citizens' National Bank SIX
Duqoesne National Bank. 150 . ....
Kxehange National Bank 81 ....
Farmer' Deposit National Bank 409 ....
Fourth National Bank 128 ....
Fifth Avenue 41 ....
Fidelity Title and Trust Co r23
Iron and Glass Dollar Savings 130 ....
Keystone Bank of Pittsburg. eo 61
Masonic Bank 68 ....
Mechanics' IsatlonalBank .109
Merchants Mann rscturers Na. Bank. 61 63
Mononirahela National Hank 105 ....
Odd Fellows' Bavlnes Bank ,... 67 70
1'lttsburc National Bank Commerce.. J30 ....
Pittsburg Bank forSavlngs S20 ....
People's National Bank 120 ....
Third National Bank 160
Tradesmen's National Bank 225 ....
Worklngman's Havings, Allegheny.... 73 ....
BiSUBAHC- STOCK. 8.
Manufacturers and Merchants'
AlIeffhenvGas Co. (Illnm.l...
Consolidated Gas Co. (Ilium.) 55 ....
East End Gas Co. (lllnm.) 65
1'ltteburK oaa Co. (Ilium.) 62
bouthsldeQas Co. (Ilium.) S4tf
V-TCS-I, Q-S STOCKS.
Bridge-water .....- 43
Chartlers Valley Gas Co.
jnanniacinrersuas uo ,
.Natural bas Co. of W.Va....
jrcvjjic iiun4 uu ix,...,
People's Nat. Gas and Pipes
Pennsylvania Gas Co,
Wheeling Gas Co.,
OIL CC-T-NT STOCKS.
Forest Oil Co 1U
Tuna Oil Co........... , 69
ashlngton OllCo 89
PASSENGER BAH.W-T BTOCKS.
Central Traction , 31K 32
Citizens' Traction 70)t 71
Pittsbnrg Traction SO
Pleasant Valley S09
Pittsburg, Allegheny and Manchester. .... 280
Fittsbarg and Castle Sbanon S3
Pitts., Cin. 4 St. lxmls SO
j'ltu. western n. it. m iz(
Pitts. & W estern B. K. Co. pref. So
i Bid. Asked,
new York and Cleveland Coal Co
l.a Norla Mining Co,
Sllverton Mlnlnr Co
Westraghouse Electric... S2J
Newcastle Water Co ...t 30
Union Switch and Slmal Co 21
l'lttuburK Cyclorama Co 3K ....
Pittsburg Plate Glau Company ISO
The sales were 4 sbares of Pleasant Valley at
200, 150 Citizens' Traction at 70. 0 Washing
ton Oil at SO and 100 Natural Gas. West Vir
glnia,at70. STUBBORN FACTS.
Manager Chnplln, or tbe Clearing noose.
Furnishes feomo Good Reading-.
The Clearing House report shows that the
business done in Pittsburg last week was about
$1,400,000 greater than it was in the same time
last year. There could be uo better evidence
tban this that the local financial, commercial
and industrial interests are on a sound, healthy
footing, and remarkably active for tbe dullest
season of the year. Th ere was nothing new In
the money market. Manager Chaplin's figures
for tbe day, week and year are unusually Inter
esting, They are as follows :
Ex changes. ,..,. .....I
Exchanges for the week..
.Balances for tbe week. ...,
Exchanges dally average,
Exchanges week of 18SS...
Balances week of IsSS
Exchanges last week......
Balances last week
Ml, 003 11
Total exchanges. 1889 278,876,792 08
Total exchanges. ISiS 339, lw, 738 16
Gain. 1S89 over 1838, to date 33,6a Oil 02
Money on call at New York yesterday was easy
at 2K3per cent; last loan, 2: closed offered
at2& Prime mercantile paper, 4t!. Ster
ling exchange quiet but steady at f4 85). for 0
dav bills and 14 874 for demand.
Tbe weekly statement of tbe New York
banks. Issued yesterday, shows tbe following
changes: Reserve, lncrease,81,I27,00O; loans, de
crease, S1.73i,700; specie, increase, 1321,000;
legal tenders, decrease, $497,100; deposits, de
crease, 2.810.400; circulation, decrease, $28,600.
Tbe banks now hold $8,123,175 in excess ot the 25
per cent rule.
, Closing Bond Quotations.
U. B. 4s,reg... 12SHIM. K. T. Gen. U
U. B.4S. coup ...12!6
U. 8. 4XS, reg VktU
V. & 4S. coop IOCS
nniuai union os... .iuu
N. J. O. Int. Cert.. .113
Northern Pac lsts.,117
Northern Pae. Ids. .118
Northw't'n consols. HOa
Oregon 4 Trans. 6s 104X
St. L. 41. M. Gen. 5a 8J
Si. Paul consols .... 115)4
rx.. pc.l-u.tt ki.bv
aussoun os mx
Tenn. new set- 6s. ...106
1 enn. new set. S....1(U
Tenn. new set. 3s
Canada So. 2ds S9
Den. & K. G , 1SU...120X
Den. B.G. 4s 7$
M. E..7T. Gen.es.. 63
union, pas. lsts.....U5
West Shore J06X
Government and State bonds are strong and
New Yobk Clearings to-day. 5106,334,327;
balances. $5,488,787. For the week Clearings,
$557,63D,607; balances, $30,164,282.
Boston Clearings, $14,832,653; balances,
$1,464,668. For tbe week Clearings, $80,315,452;
balances, $8,283,238. ' '
Pan. VDixrHiA Clearings, $12,834,871; bal
BALTIMOBB-Clearlngs. $2,188,183; balances,
London Bar silver, 42 S-16d per ounce.
Paws Three per cent rentes, 85f 2Jc for the
BERI.IN-.The statement of thn Tmnerial
Bank ot Germany shows a decrease in specie
of 7,160,000 marks.
Chicago Money unchanged. Bank clear
ings, $11,466, 0WX
Petroleum Lets Go a Trifle. Bat Finishes
The oil market yesterday was ratber weak at
tbe opening, but firmed up a little later on under
the Influence of a buying spirit in New York
and OH City, and closed atthe highest point ot
tbe day. Tbe dollar mark was not touched,
although at one time, shortly before noon, a
rush was made for it and It barely escaped.
There were no particularly Interesting features
one way or the other, but the strong finish en
hanced tbe feeling of confidence in tbo success
of the new rules, opposition to which is rapidly
There was not much trading either way, both
sides being apparently satisfied with the out
look. Friday's clearings, posted yesterday.
pretty well cleared up. cash oil was plenty at Hen
iv 71u ueiMvr iuu regular. aue nuciuations
were: Opening. 93c: highest, 99Jic: lowest,
99Kc; closing, W&c '""'
Features of the Slurket.
Corrected dally by John M. Oaxiey A Co., 45
Sixth street, members of the Pittsburg Petro
Opne- WHILowest WK
Highest W4J Closed mi
Average runs ,
Average shipments ,
Average charters ,
Kenned, New York, 7.40c
Itrnne-', London. ld.
Kenned, Antwerp. lSXTr
Kenned. Liverpool, 6Xd.
A. 15- McOrew A Co. Quote:
C9cf call, $ll.
Other Oil Markets.
On. Crrr. August 8. National transit certifl
cates opened at c: highest. 8Wct lowest,
WXc; closed. 99Jc. bales, 62,000 barrels; clear,
ances, 758,000 barrels; charters. 11,745 barrels!
shipments, 70,071 barrels; runs, 69,540 barrels,
PiTTSTicno. August 3. Petroleum dull but
o'eady. National transit certificates opened at
uuacu t ot74i uiguess, vt9ic; lowest,
Trrxsy avv, ACTft J,-.Nonal transit cer.
Nearly Half a Hundred Additional Homes
for tbe People.
Building was active last week, notwithstand
ing rumors of labor troubles and the dull sea
son. Forty-six permits were Issued a few for
large, costly bouses, but the great majority for
small and medium size homes for people of
moderate circumstances. Tbe estimated cost
of the 48 buildings is $319,485. Tbe following is
John Schmidt, one frame addition, 17x32 feet,
on Belle-eld street. Thirteenth ward.
William McEnlgbt, one brick two-story, 20x
S2 feet, on Mawbinney street, Fourteenth ward.
Mrs. J. C. Wilson-, two three-story frames, IB
x48 feet, on Mawbinney 'street. Fourteenth
las. Kelley, two,story frame. 20x32 feet, on
Stanton avenue. Eighteenth ward.
Thos. Faherty, brick two-story and mansard.
17x22 feet, on Hamsou street, Eighteenth
W. H. McCIean, three frame two-story, 16x32
feet, on Howe street. Eighteenth ward.
J. Blank, two-story frame. 20x48 feet, on
Larimer avenue. Twenty-first ward.
L. Rlcbter. one brick two-story and mansard,
20x45 feet, on Wooster street. Eleventh ward.
Robert E. McCafferty. brick two-story, 17x32
feet, on Colnell street. Eleventh ward.
J. Eberhart, one brick addition, 20x54 feet, on
Dinwiddle street. Eleventh ward.
H. Shennan, one frame two-story, 21xS-feet,
on Mifflin street. Sixteenth ward.
National Bank of Commerce, one stone
granite and brick seven-story, 73xb0 feet, comer
Sixth avenue and Wood street. Third ward.
C. Kirchner, one brick two-story addition, 16
x20 feet 6 inches, on Carbon alley, Eleventh
George Taylor, one frame two-story, 15x16
feet on Wadsworth avenue. Thirteenth ward.
Robert Madryjewskl, one frame two-story, 16
x32 feet on Wayne street, near Brereton ave
nue," Thirteenth tvard.
A. Ratknwski, one frame two-story, 18x32
feet, on Wayne street, near Brereton avenue.
Emma Able, one frame two-story, 18x43
feet, on Niagara street, near Craft avenue.
Kate Kirk, one frame ono story addition. 20
xl4 feet, on Forbes avenue. Fourteenth ward.
Peter Lebaney. one frame one-story addi
tion, 20x14 feet, on Forbes avenue. Fourteenth
James Ferguson, one frame two-story, 11x28
feet, on Syracuse street. Eighteenth ward.
Kubn Bros., one brick two-story, 42x54 feet,
on Shady lane. Twentieth ward.
Mrs. A Moorhead, one brlek, 2SxSB feet, on
Eiland avenue. Twentieth ward.
Charles Bennlngboff, one frame two-story, 20
xS2 feet, on Lilian street. Thlrtvrst ward.
)George Trautman, one brick two-story and
mansard, 20x15 feet, on Eighteenth street,
JacoD Doran. one .frame addition, 18x18 feet,
on Dauphin street, Nineteenth ward.
C. Kirley, one frame two-story, 18x84 feet, on
Wickliffe street, near Fifty-second street,
David Hullban, one frame addition, 12x14
feet, on Carnegie avenne. Eighteenth ward.
F. Lamberstopen, one frame two-story, 17x43
feet, on Edmond street, Sixteenth ward.
John Dietrich, one frame two-story, 17x44
feet, Edmond street. Sixteenth ward.
John Kim, two brick two-story and mansard,
18x32 feet, on De Soto street. Fourteenth wan
Michael Egan, one brick two-story,21x43 feet,
on Vickroy street. Sixth ward. '
H. Herman, one frame two-story, 17x45 feet,
on Pearl street, Sixteenth ward.
Henry J. Long; brick two-storv, 17x43 feet, on
Home street, Seventeenth ward.
Shadvslde Academv. hrlck threa-storv. 27x81
feet, on Ellworth avenue. Twentieth ward.
Capr. J. J. Vanaegrlff, one brick tbree-story,
64x58 feet, on Shady lane. Twentieth ward.
Capr. J. J. Vandegriff, three-story brick, S6x5S
feet, on Shady lane. Twentieth ward.
J. H. Cassidy, one two-story frame, 22x33f eet,
on Atwood avenue. Twenty-first ward.
Salley O. Phillips, four brick two-story, 60x46
feet, on BIdney street. Twenty-fifth nard.
T. C. Jones, one brick two-story, 19x58 feet,
on Sidney street, Twenty-sixth ward.
T. D. Jones, one brick two-story. 19x32 feet,
on Wright alley. Twenty-sixth ward.
Anna Winter, one frame addition, 12x12 feet,
on 171 Sixteenth street. Twenty-eighth ward.
T. Kearns, one frame addition, 12x16 feet, on
rear of 79 Sixteenth streetTwenty-eigbth ward.
G. Mark, one frame addition. 12x39 feet, on
Sycamore street. Thirty second ward.
C. Welsh, one brick two-story and mansard.
21x33 feet, on Forty-second street. Seventeenth
Pennsylvania Railroad, one frame two-story,
32x44 feet, on Broadway, Twenty-first ward.
Abdrew Young, two brick two-story, 31x53
feet, on Penn avenue, Nineteenth ward.
Week Winds Up With
Deals In Realty.
Baltensperger or. Williams, 154 Fourth ave
nue, sold to G. W. Cupps, for Mrs. C. Mahey, a
brick house ot four rooms and attic, situate in
Carlisle alley. Fourth ward. Allegheny, for
$1,800. They also sold for Patrick Thornton to
John Crowe, lot 20x100, on Brownsville avenue.
Thirtieth ward, for $500 cash.
John F. Baxter, 512 Smltbfield street, sold lot
No. 88, Villa Park plan. Brushton station, situ
ate northeast comer Kelly and Park streets,
size 40x137 to a 20-foot alley, to L.W. Black
burn, for $800.
Black & Balrd, No. 95 Fourth avenne, sold to
Mrs. P. E, .Wilt for John A. Graver, the prop
erty No. 201 Bedford avenue, having a lot
about 26 feet front with two brick houses
thereon, for gvdn. 1
Ewing & Byers, No. 107 Federal street.p!aced
a mortgage of S1.C00 on property in the Sixth
ward, Allegheny, for three ears, at 6 per cent.
W. W. McNeill & Bro., 105 Fourth avenue,
sold a half interest in a prominent manufactur
ing business in this city for $6,000; also a mort
gage of $1,000 on Allegheny City property at 6
per cent. ,
Samuel W. Black ACo. yesterday sold for the
Blair estate in Glenwood, Twenty third ward,
lot corner of Lytle and Church streets, being
25x110 feet to a 10-loot alley, for the price of
Dispatches from Texas are to the effect
that they expect the largest cotton crop this
year ever picked, and that tbe crops generally
along tbe line of the Texas Pacific are very
TH'book8 0fvthe Federal Street and Fleas
ant Valley Passenger Hallway were closed yes
terday until September 1, for surrender of old
and the issue of new stock, which will be at the
rate of ten new for one old share.
Mb. John McKee, the well-known stock
operator, is back from New York. He loved
Pittsbnre so well that he couldn't stay away.
.Mr. McKee is one of the most level-headed and
active members of the Exchange.
The Seal Estate Record has compiled Pitts
burg's building statistics for tbe seven months
of 1SS9 to July 8L and finds tbat during tbat
time 1,700 permits were Issued for structures of
an estimated cost of J3.4S9.978, of which 760
were brick, 924 of frame, 12 of stone and 14 iron
clad. These figures indicate tbat the original
estimate of 4,000 buildings for tbe year will be
reached, if not exceeded.
Mt H. O. Wilson has been admitted to
membership in the old aud well-known real
estate, firm of Samuel W. Black & Co., and
from his tboroucb knowledge of tbe business.
especially in tbe sales department, will no
doubt pi ove a valuable acquisition. Be bas
been with the firm for three years, and bystrict
attention to business and suavity of deport
ment, has won a host of friends, who will be
glad to learn ot his good luck.
A STBOM FEONT.
Wall Street Slakes nn Effort tot Shake off
the Dnllnrae In Btoek But Sleets
With Indifferent Spccess A Re
action Late In the Day.
New Yobk, August 8. The stock market
to-day was second in point of dullness to that of
a week ago, but the added activity was only in
Trusts, In which there has lately been renewed
Interest. Notwithstanding the lack of disap
pointment to trade the market presented a
strong front, except Just at the opening,
throughout the entire session. There was a
marked lack of offerings, and the selling was
almost entirely by the traders, while the buy
ing was principally tor the account of insiders.
The report that Atchison was about to issue a
new tariff, which action would be likely to in
crease tbe present trouble over the rates from
Missouri river points to Chicago, had the effect
of opening tbe most active stocks from H to K
Eer cent below tbe closing figures of last night,
ut there were buying orders in tbe market
for tbo Grangers, tor the Chicago people, and
the market reacted immediately from the de
pression, and an upward movement, which
lasted throughout the session was begun.
There was renewed bnying of Sugv Trusts,
with considerable Inside support, the rumors
statlnr that tbe buying was for the purpose of
cancelling certificates. The stocks ot the reg
ular list followed, and Cleveland, Columbus,
Cincinnati and ScLouls rose nearly 1 per cent,
with Beading and tbe Grangers close behind,
St. Paul was helped by the report ot tbe earn
ings for the lourth week in J uly, which showed
a gain of over $51,000. Tbe Lead Trust again
became prominent in the last hour, but there
was no other feature of Interest and tbe mar.
ket finally closed ilutl, but strong, at about tbe
best prices ot tbe session. The liual changes
were almost Invariably In the direction of
higher prices, but tbe most Important change
was an advance ot 13 of In Sugar trusts.
BaUroad bond again (bowed comparatively
metro animation tbu tee-stocks, and while the
wee- wio ' .was .g wsjj-. mrm, ie 1,
final changes are In most cases entirely insig
nificant. The sales of all issues reached $515,
000. but no one issue was specially active.
Petroleum opened weak at9&c, but became
firm after the first sales, moved up slightly
and all Interest then died our. Stock Exchange:
Opening. 8SJ"c: highest, 99:; lowest, 987c;
closing. KBfc- Consolidated xcbange: Open
ing, B9Kc; highest, 99Jic; lowest, 99JC closing.
Exports of specie for tbe port of New York
lat week amounted to SGS9.437, of which 1163,
586 was in gold, consigned to South America,
ana $125.a51 in silver, consigned to Europe. The
imports of specie for tbe week amounted to
$25,285, of which $ll,55a- was In gold and $13,.
The followlne table shows tne prices or active
stocks on tbe New York btoek Exchange yester
day. Corrected daily for Tra Dispatch by
Whithxy & DTZFHENSOV. oldest Pittsburg mem
bers of .New York Stock Exchange, 57 Fourth ave
ing. Am. Cotton On S3X
Atcn.. lop. s. P.... SoV
Canadian Pacific I7i
Central or Hew JerMT
Chesapeake & Ohio.... 23K
C, Bur. Qun.ev.,...10lW
C. Mil. St. Paul.... TOR
a, Kocti. ap se
a. dt. . puu
C, St. I & Pitts, pt
CSt. P.. M. 41)..
C. Bt.PM. 0., pr. ....
C - .Northwestern.... ICSJ
C northwestern, pf. ....
CI., Col., tin. Jt I. preMtWH
Col. Coal Iroa UU
Col. Hooking Vat .. 14
Del.. L. -W. 144
Denver filoU.. pi ,
E.T., Va. AGs ....
E.T..Va. ftGa.lst pr. ....
E. T-. Va. Ga. 2dpf. ....
Lake trie Western.
Lake Erie West. pr.. UH
Lake Shore - M. 3.. ...102
Mo., Kan. Texas
Missouri Pacific VtU
Mew rork Central 105J
N. Y1E. W 26)2
a. x.. a abu u
.. ., c. St. l. pr.
N.Y.. abt,.sdnf ....
.$-. X.. 49
. Y.. O. W
-Norfolk Western. pf. ....
Northern Pacific 28H
Nortnern Pacific prer. MH
Oblo Mississippi..... ....
Oregon Transcon 31 K
Peo. Dec. Evans.
Phlladel. Heading- 3
Blchmona .ft W. P. T.. 22K
Klchmond W.P.T.nf ....
Bt. p., Minn. Man
St. L. A Ban Fran 2SK
St. L. Ban Pran pr.. MM
St.. ft San y.lsi pf.
Texas Pacific... , ....
Union Paclflo UK
Wabash preferred 28l
Western Union. 85
Wheeling ft . j t7U
Bugar Trust 112
National Lead Trust.. 2354
Chicago Gas Trust 57SJ
A. AT. LandGr't7s.l07!4KutIand preferred.,
AtCU. IVy. LW A... Jt
Wis. Central, com.
Boston ft Maine. ....200
c. a. ftg 102
Unn. San. ft Cleve. 2414
Eastern B. it 100
Mexican Cen. com.. 14V
Mex.C.lstmtg. bds. 6
N. r. ft NrwEng... 49X
Old Colony. ITS
Calnmet ft Ueda....230
Pewable (new) 2
Qaincr v. ...... 43
Bell Telephone 233
Boston Land 6
Water Power en
San Diego 2SX
Closing quotations of Philadelphia stocks, fur
nished by Whitney ft Stephenson, brokers. No 57
Fourth avenue. Members New York Stock Ex
Pennsylvania Batlroad SIM
xfceauing.. ......................,,. :-
Leblgh Valley 5
Lehigh Navigation , S2!
Northern Pacific 28
Northern Paclfio preferred U
Chicago Grain Market.
CniCAao Tradingxin wjieat was lighter to
day than it bas been on any day for a month
past. There were no outsiders to speak of and
apparently but little local Interest in tbe deal
outside tbe scalping crowd. As a result, tbe
market was narrow and fluctuations in prices
were witbln narrow bounds. o covering all
the changes. December opened at 78Hc or
Just where it left off yesterday, and after a
gradual weakening to TSJc, worked UP to 78
78Xc, closing at 78JaC- Gossip as well as news
There was a big batch of bearish reports
from the Northwest, one Minneapolis dispatch
saying that the crep of the Northwest would
be 80,000,000 bushels, and another that prices
for wheat at country points have been reduced
6c. Weather conditions everywhere on this
side were again magnificent and just what the
threshers need. Private cables were firm no
public ones on acconnt of a, holiday. The favor
able news from abroad was backed up by good
buying orders for cash wheat here.
Two of the largest California experts now es
timate the crop of tbat State at 37,000,000 and
89,000,000 respectively, according to a dispatch
shown on 'Change to-day, being a material re
duction from former estimates. Tbe market
closed tame with prices within a small fraction
of yesterday's closing price.
LITE STOCK MARKETS.
The Condition of Business at the Eastx-bertr
Office orPrrTSBUBo Dispatch,!
Satusoat, August 3, 18S9. j
CAtte Receipts, 860 head; sbipidenta, 840
head: market1 nothing doing, all through con
signments; 8 cars cattle shipped to New York
Hoos Receipts, 1.700 nead: shipments. 1.600
head; market firm; light Yorkers, $4 70(94 80;.
medium and light Philadelphia:). $4 504 65;
Jieavy hoes, $4 254 40; 4 cars of hogs shipped
to New York to-day.
Sheep Receipts. 2,800 head; shipments, 1,600
head; market steady; prices unchanged.
5ECEET SOCIETIES. .
C. M. B. A.
A meeting will be held nextTWednesday at
7:30 at 296 Lacock street, Allegheny, to hear
the object ot tbe C. M. B. A. explained and try
to organize a branch in St, Mary's parish.
The family of Brother Henry Loxterman,
ot Branch No. 34, sustained an irreparable loss
last week by the death of his wife, after an ill
ness of only one week, caused by typhoid fever.
She loaves five small children.
The appeal sent out by Branch No. 34, of
the East End, to aid one of their members who
lost all ot his effects in tbe Johnstown disaster,
is meeting with great success. First Grand
Vico President J. W. Sullivan is treasurer ot
A meeting was held at St. John's School
house, Sixteenth ward, last Sunday evening to
organize a branch. Twenty wo persons signed
the application for a charter. The Rev. O. V.
Neeson presided. They meet to-day at same
'Place at 7.30, at which time the application list
for a charter will be closed.
A meeting was beldonWasbinctonavenue,
Manchester, on Friday evenmc to start another
branch. It was addressed by Deputies Keefer
and Sullivan. An application list for a charter
was opened and several persons signed. Tbey
expect to have'1 about 30 charter members.
They meet again next Sunday, thellth, to com
plete the list.
The annual outing which is to take place
to-morrow at Rock Point promises to be
a gala day In the history of tbe association.
The Committee of Arrangements, under tbe
guidance or uenerai manager m. j. uarc,
have everything completed, some of the prin
cipal features of the day will be tbe foot race
of tbe local Presidents tor tbe gold-mounted
gavel, also tbe baseball game between tbe
members of branches S3 and 60. The Grand
President of the State of Pennsylvania, Mr. J.
B. Fox, of Bradford, will be present, and will
deliver an address on tbe association.
Deputy Supreme Commander Osmond has
several charter lists under way.
The charter list of one of tbe Philadelphia
lodges was composed principally ot Baptist
Lodces are about ready for institution at
Knoxville. Tenn., Portsmouth, Va., Clyde, N.
Y. and Washington, D. C. ,
Pittsburg Lodge was instituted in this city
Wednesday night with 37 charter mourners.
It is the sixth lodge ot the order in 'Allegheny
Rev. 0. C. Bitting, a Past Supreme Com
mander, Is tbe Secretary of the Baptist Board
ot Publication of Philadelphia. Rev. Mr.
Bitting is the present Supreme Chaplain of therl
American I ion ox Honor. ,
The conclaves are pretty generally keeping
up and are recruiting during tbe warm season.
A number of tbe prominent members are
absent Vrom tbe city and others getting ready
to take a vacation.
Pittsburg Conclave has got out a model
calendar for its members, giving date of all
meetlbsa durior tbe Una and names of it of-
flcersJ night and place of meeting. I
M 2 7-18
AfBnyoety ecm4 coas.j
m - -
tee held an adjourned meeting last night. It
has been decided not to give an open air cele
bration, as last August at Silver Lake Grove,
but the anniversary occasion will be observed
In another manner, not yet fully determined.
Allegheny Council, No. 223, Is In a prosper
ous and flourishing condition,. was shown by
the officers, reports atthe last meeting. The
Council now has a membership of .5, carrying
an insurance protection of $182,000 or an aver
age of $2,427.
The second annual picnic by the ladles'
Aid Society. No. 21. auxiliary to J. F. Slagle
Camp. No. 119, a of V is totoe given at Valley
Grove, Hulton Button, Saturday. August 10.
ilusio by the Mozart orchestra.
A. O. K. N. a
Star of Liberty Castle No. 102, A. O. K. of
M. C. will hold their fifth annual excursion
and basket picnic at Bock Point September 12.
AST AT I10ME AND A5-0AD.
Mb. John Sabgxnt and Mr. Grsi Melchers
are tbe two American artists who received
medals at the Paris Bxposition.
Mb. Charles Walz has a study of a vase of
flowers on view at Young's. The treatment is
in tbe style of a decorative panel, and shows
flowers of several different kinds.
Miss Madge Ibvxn is busily engaged in her
favorite occupation ot painting flower studies,
with an occasional sprig from a blackberry
bush, a branch of a cherry tree by way of va
riety. She bas three pictures ready to exhibit
at the Exposition gallery. Two of these are
landscapes, and are works of pretty fair size;
the third a small study of a nook in the woods,
where a tiny stream tumbles down over the
Two small paintings tbat were shown in the
Gillespie gallerv some time ago have reap
peared there, and will prove of Interest to those
wbo have not yet seen them. One is an autumn
landscape of more than ordinary richness of
color, painted by Mr. Alfred S. Wall, and tbe
other is a scene in midsummer by H. P. Smith,
ot New York. This latter picture is about the
best expression of afternoon sunlight that has
ever been seen in this city.
The latest work by Mr. A. F. King is a fruit
piece, which may be seen in the Gillespie gal
lery. Tbe subject is a very simple one, consist
ing merely ot a tin pan of peaches, but tbe pan
has been overturned, depositing the major por
tion of its contents upon the table. As a com
position of tbe simplest description, entirely
devoid of any intricacy of form, this work
takes the lead of anything tbat bas been shown
here for some time, there being virtu
ally no other object in it than the
circular tin vessel and the practically globular
fruit. In consequence of its extreme simplicity
the drawing In the work is but slight, though
apparently quite accurate. This being the case,
the chief interest is centered In the coloring,
which, being perfectly true to nature, renders
the picture a thoroughly satisfactory one.
There is a good effect of metallic lujtr about
the tin, and a truo expression of ripeness and
bloom about the peaches, with perhaps as
much variety ot tone and color as tbe subject
Etchinqs, accompanied bv title cards bear
ing the name "JT. Bently, Esq.," may be oc
casionally noticed in tbe different art stores.
Presumably the "Esq." Is insisted upon as
bearing evidence tbat the work is "English,
you know," and it is doubtless expected to add
considerably to its value, from a monetary
standpoint at least, If not in an artistic sense.
This etcher's idea of balance seems to be the
making of a picture as nearly as possible tbe
same on either side of the median line, so
tbat one side shall be to all intents and pur
poses the counterpart of the other. Tho latest
work of this kind has just been published under
the title of the "Valley Gate." a companion to
the "King's Highway.'' The "valley" islarcely
ioil w mo imagination, wttn sucn assistance as
may be derived from a contemplation of &
slight hollow between some insignificant and
barren looking mounds of earth, while the
"gate" must be understood as being repre
sented by two trs placed as usual, one on
each slde-of tbe center. And such trees!
They look as if made of cast iron, and are so
much the counterpart of each other that they
are suggestive of bavine been cast from the
same mold with some sligbt alterations. It is
a difficult matter to decide whether such
pictures possess less of nature or of art, but
more difficult still to discover any excuse for
their being in existence at all.
lN.no way can we be made to more fully
realize the wonderful mastery of mind over
matter tban when we consider the commonness
and simplicity of the materials of art, and the
surprising effects that are produced with
them. A piece of ordinary paper, a bit of
charred wood properly manipulated by the
hand of genius, and the result is a picture tbat
it will delight us to look upon. In every
branch of art tbe materials, as means to
an end, appear all but contemptible
as compared with tbe effects produced tbrongh
their agency. White paper, pen and Ink, pen-
uj, uuta uuK, wuahia3jnmucnE tumgs tnoy
are to be the mean of furnishing such keen
and refined pleasure as is afforded by good pic
tures. And In oil painting, the most intricate
and complex of all the graphic arts, what are
the materials but sneb as we daily trample
under foot aud are accustomed to regard as
principally refuse and rubbish. The ochres
and siennas, highly valued pigments,
simply common earths; ivory black,
animal charcoal, in other words, burnt bones;
blue black, bog earth, and so on throughout
tbe list, tbe pigments In most frequent use are
all either very common substances in nearly
their natural state, or else they are chemical
compounds of common minerals, such as
chromate of baryta, lemon yellow, or sulphate
ot Iron, Venetian red. There is a single color
used in oil tbat is very rare and valuable, and
tbat Is the genuine ultramarine, made
from the lapis lazuli, but its) extreme costliness
prevents it coming into ordinary use. The
value of alt the materials that enter Into the
production of a work of art is a mere nothing
beside that of tbe finished product. It is tbe
result of human thought, tbe labor of tne mind
tbat is highly prized, and a picture is of worth
by just so much as it gives evidence of the
mental power that produced it.
Another Tolantary Testimonial.
Mr. Isaao Lane, of Homestead, Pa., de
clares that Pe-rn-na, the popular Tonic, and
Man-a-lin, the successiul System liegu
la tor. bave wrought wonders for him, and
that in a short time he expects to feel like a
new man altogether. This adds another to
the thousands of voluntary testimonials to
the efficacy of these two great remedies.
Sold by all druggists 51 a bottle; 6 for 55.
Send to the Peruna Medicine Co., Colum
bus, O., for a copy (sent free) of Dr. Hart
man's "Ills of Liie." It Is full of the most
reliable testimony from all parts ot the
nnntrv to the value of Pernna and Msnu.
Patbonize Hendricks & Co.. 63 Federal
st., Alleghenv, the standard gallery of the
two cities, tiabinets only $1 a dozen.
Cabinet photos, 89o per doz. Lies' Pop.
ular Gallery, 10 and 13 Sixth st. aiWFSrt
When baby was sick, we gave her Castorla,
When she was a Child, she ciiedfor Castorla,
Wben she became Miss, she clung to Castorla,
When she had Children.she gave them Castorla
TTTH1TNEY & STEPHENSON,
a FOURTH AVENUE.
Issue travelers' credits through Messrs. Drexel,
Morgan & Co., New York. Passports procured,
Railroad I Mining nil lV1?
Stoclts. I Stocks. I UIL j Q
BOUGHT AND SOLD SS?rrn
Ban Francisco, Philadelphia or Boston Ex
changes. Loans made at low rates of interest.
Established 187a -Weekly Circular FREE.
A. R. CHISHOLM & CO., 61 Broadway, K. Y.
JOHN M. OAKLEY & CO.,
BANKERS AND BROKERS.
Members Chicago Board of Trade and
Pittsburg Petroleum Exchange.
45 SIXTH ST Pittsburg.
BIALTO BUILDING, Chicago.
-t. - r
CUPOLA IROtf W0EKS.
A Pateflt Process for Making the Pig
MR. J, S. 0URSLER TALKS,
The iron foundry of Steers. -Teal Bros,
on Preble avenue. Allegheny, is one. of tho
most interesting places ot the kind in tha
city to visit, owing to the peculiar mde by
which the pig iron is manufactured. It is
known as the capela process, and they have
a patent of their own ior making it. Mr. J.
S. Oarsler, of No. 20 Orchard street, Alle
gheny, is the engineer at the works, and to
him th3 writer is indebted for the following
"I should judge it was between six and
seven years ago," he said, "that I first
noticed my trouble. At that time it
seemed to be nothing more than
a severe cold. Gradually it began to grow
worse. Ut nostrils became clogged, and I
seldom breathed throngh my nose. My
head was all stopped up and I had much
headache between and directly over the
eyes. There was a b-zzing and roaring
sound in my ears, whicl) finally became
stopped up to such an extent as to interfere
with my hearing. Oftentimes when asleep
at night I would be awa&ened by a sharp
report as of something bunting in my ear.
"This condition continued for a long time,
and finally I went to a physician for treat
ment. He did me no good, and I tried
others, but all with the same effect; I grew
worse instead oi better.
"A dry, hacking cough had been added
to my troubles, and I was coughing con
tinually. I could feel the mucous dropping
back from my head into my throat, and I
raised, a great deal of phlegm in the morn
ings. At first it was a foam-white sub
stance. But of late years it has been very
thick and yellow, choking me when X
Mr. J. B. Oursler, to Orchard SL, Allegheny.
"ily eyes became very much inflamed
and discharged a watery substance. 3Iy
throat and the root of my tongue were
always sore. My throat was ulcerated and
my tongue highly inflamed.
"When I would get up from a chair I
would be dizzy and weak. Sharp shooting
pains would go through my chest and in
the left side, extending to the shoulder
blade. Frequently the pain would extend
into the region of the stomach.
"I always slept soundly at night, but was
never rested in the morning, teeling more
tired than when I went to bed the night be
fore. I could eat, but I did not relish, my
"I found that I was losing flesh and stead
ily growing weaker, and it was wben in tha
condition described above tbat I first heard of
Drs. Copeland and Blair. I bad tried so many
pujsiujaua uiat l nau loswaitu, out ueterminea
to see them. Tbey did not promise to perform
any miracles, but I felt that they could do me
food. Their charges were very reasonable, so
placed myself under their care.
"I soon found a decided improvement In my
condition. My head and chest ceased to pain
me. My eyes became strong and clear. I have
no more trouble with my ears, and can hear
well. My throat and tongue are no longer ul
cerated or inflamed. The pains in my chest
and side have disappeared, and I uo longer
bave tbat backing cough to annoy me. I feel
rested in the mornings, and can relish my food.
1 hare grown strong and gained in weight. In
fact I feel like a new man."
Mr. Oursler lives, as stated, at No. 20 Orchard
'street, Allegheny, and bis statement can be
readily verified. .
THE CHEAHAN CASE.
A Remsrksble Statement Made by a Well
Known Machinist of Allegheny'.
Mr. James Creahan, a well-known ma
chinist, residing at 41 Mulberry street, and
is engaged at Lindsay & McCutcheon's ma
chine shop at the foot of Bidge avenue, Al
legheny, in an interview with the writer,
I was steadily and constantly losing my
health and strength. My appetite failed
me. I could sleep Well enough, but would
arise in the morning tired and unfit for
work. I dreaded the slightest exertion. I
jnst managed to
through my work.
My eyes began to
trouble me, then '
my ears would have
buzz and roaring
sounds. My eyes
became dim and
watery, and I
would have sharp
pains in my ears.
For three years or
more I felt tbat this
was extending, and
it bas been within
the last two years
Mr. Creahan. tbat I beean toex-
ferlence its constitutional effects. What little
did eat I had to force down, and it made me
feel as thongb there was a heavy load on my
stomach. My heart gave me so much trouble,
and I had one attack that nearly caused my
death. It was then tbat I bad to give up my
work, which was a serious thing for me. X had
heard of Bra. Copeland and Blair. I went to
see them. Their charges were reasonable. I
placed myself under their care.
1 Improved steadily. My appetite returned.
I got refreshing nights of sleep, and woke up
in tue inornin scenu rested aaa strong, ay
ears ceased to pain me. My eyes became
strong. Tbe pain aoont my heart left me. I
was able to return to work. There la not a
trace of my trouble left now. 'I am as well as I
was four years ago, and It is complete and per.
manent. I am grateful to tbe doctors for -sty
Are located permanently as
66 SIXTH AYE,,
Where thev treat with success all curable eases?
Office hours 9 to UA-M.:2to5 T. X.; 7to9S
P. it. tSundav included). .1
SuecialUes-CATARRK. and ALL DIS-'
EASES ot the EYE. EAR, THROAT sad, ;
CoasaMatlotLSL Address all r8 to- j
. ji w rtjiJj,. .-.. ft .-frjfra--TTITf--fwn-r--hf-------rrWT
ac .... .- . . . .r.. .., -fc&?.W' w. v --.