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THE FITTSBUBG, DISPATCH.''; STOTDAT, AUGUST 4 1889.
THE AMERICAN CANAL
VDeLesseps' Experience is a Boon to
the Nicaragua Company.
PANAMA ERRORS TO BE AVOIDED.
7 The Yerj Best of Food and Accommodations
, for the fcmplojes.
AN IMPORTANT KATAL POINT.
The United Stales Will Soon Hire Some Verj Desira
The work on the Nicaragnan Canal is
beinc rapidly inaugurated. Profiting by
the expense of the Panama failure, the com
pany has made very complete arrangements
for the health and comforts of its employes.
The canal will be of great assistance to the
naval strength of the United States.
Gkeytowk, Nicaragua, July 18.
This hitherto dull little town, destined to
he the Atlantic port of the Nicaragua Canal,
is rapidly awakening into new Hie, and is
already blossoming out as the scene of con
siderable actiuity. The terrible example
set by the Panama fiasco has been a most
useful lesson. All the errors into which
the French company fell have been avoided
by the American canal managers, and.it
may be said that every dollar squandered
by the De L-esseps' syndicate has been a
dollar saved to the American company.
Sickness, starvation, dissipation and dis
pair marked the route projected by the
financiers of Paris, but health, plenty of
food, decencv and quiet energy are the
chiracteristics of the American engineers
and their assistants. The Panama people
paid their emplojes so much a month and
allowed them to "find themselves," but the
hard worked laborers
to supply themselves with solid food and,
on the other hand, indulged continually
and disastrously in strong drink. The re
sult was much sickness, Utile work and a
' terribly Ions death list. The American
company, on the other hand, pays as high
wage6, if not higher, than tne French com
pany, and in addition supplies all its em
ployes, even the Jamaican and other
colored laborers, with good, wholesome
food and plenty of it shipped direct lrom
New York and purchased in the best
Good hardtack (ships' biscuit), rice, ba
con, fresh meat, vegetables and cofTee are
served ont to all the American camps, and
as the work expands all the sutlers' stores
along the line of the canal, from the Atlan
tic to the Pacific, will be under the compa
ny's control, the goods sold beinc charged
for at the cost price only, so that the com
pany's employes will get boots, shoes,shirts,
sock's, tobacco, cigars and also other luxu
lies of a nature akin to the last two men
tioned articles at the same rate that they can
be had in New York.
A COMMENDABLE FLA2T.
The company's idea in this connection is
to keep up the morals of the men and let
them have a decent profit left when their
monthly wages are paid. This plan has
worked admirably up to the present moment.
In still other respects the American Canal
Company's policy differs lrom that of the
Panama people. Everything it is possible
to do for the health of its employes is being
done, and still further efforts are being made
in this direction.
Portable buildings of all descriptions are
being continually shipped from New York
to Greytown, and the engineers and me
chanics will soon be practically as well
housed in Greytown as tbey would be while
at work in any part of the United States.
Over an immense storehouse will be quar
ters for 100 engineers. Aaaea to tins ouila
iug will b: a billiard room, reading room
Officers of a higher rank are quartered in
anotber handsome building containing 16
rooms, while the headquarters of Chief En
gineer Menocal will be in as pretty a frame
cottage as you could find at Seabrigbt or
Long Branch. Recognizing the fact that
pure water is the source of good health, the
Greytown engineers of the Nicaragua Canal
Construction Company have just received
orders to sur :y and lay out the ground
and plant for two large water reservoirs.
THE WATER SUPPLY.
Fifteen miles of steel water pipinc will
convey an abundant supplv of perfectly
pure water from the Deseado basin to Grey
town. Thus, as soon as the jetty and
wharves are completed, ocean steamships
-u ill be able to "water" at the company's
dock. The town of Greytown, otherwise
Sau Juan Del Norte, will also receive its
water supply through the canal company's
It is reported In Greytown that the canal
company is figuring upon a line of three
American steamspips, which will be estab
lished between Greytown and New York
und San Francisco and Britow, one of these
steamers to be devoted to carrying stores
and machinery for the company's use be
tween San Francisco and Britow on the
construction of the Pacific harbor of the
canal, and the other two to perform like
service for the company between New York
Property nbont Greytown, Ft. San Carlos
and Prito, all along the line of the canal
route, in lact, is rapidly advancing in
value. Some contractors from San Francis
co and Chicago are announced to be coming
this way, several from New York are
here and it is expected that by January 1,
the San Francisco constrnction party will
be "stirring up the mud" at Britow, while
the New York construction parties will be
digging their way toward Lake Nicaragua
from the Atlantic side, for.it is now said to
be the plan of the Nicaragua Canal Com
pany to attack the Isthmusian problem from
two sides the Atlantic and the Pacific at
If this plan is actually decided upon (and
we shall know the truth in this connection
upon the arrival at Greytown of Chief
Engineer Menoal), the Nicaragua Canal
will be open for operation in a much
shorter time than at first contemplated,
while, inside of say two years and a hair,
the grand fresh-water bosom of Lake
Nicaragua, draining a water shed of 8,000
square miles, will be thrown open to the
world, and, say in abont two and a half
years more, or in 1894-05, the whole canal
will be ready for business.
As a rendezvous for an American fleet
and as s coaling station and dockyard for
American men-of-war. Lake Nicaragua will
form an immensely advantageous addition
to the war power of tne United States, tor a
fleet there assembled could coal, provision
and repair and swoop cast or west, strike
north or south and have a Safe refuge,
should such a safeguard be needed.
AN IMPORTANT POINT.
Thus it will readily be seen that it must
be distinctly understood at the start that the
Nicaragua Canal is an American institu
tion, and that the growth and strength of
our navy keeps pace with the growth of the
Nicaragua Canal, even without increasing
the number of ships. This conclusion is
Arrived at from the fact that our Atlantic
fleet, at a few hours' notice, could reinforce
the Pacific fleet, or vice versa, while even a
small squadron anchored in Lake Nicaragua
would bo extra useful from the fact that it
could strike sudden and unexpected blows
cither in the Atlantic or the Pacific at a
Work on the telegraph line, railway
route, buildings and preparations for the
jetty construction continues, but in view of
the fact that this gigantic enterprise will
take about five years to bring it to a success
ful termination, it is net to be expected that
each mail will bear news of some great ob
stacle overcome, and nearly a year ol in
stallation work Is needed. Steady, strong
and sure blows are now being dealt at the
"Secret of the Strait," and it is perhaps
needless to add, the company is made up of
good America "git thar" material, war
ranted not to shrink under any circumstances.
FIGHTING FOR BIG STAKES.
The Claimants for the Jnrael Estate Not Alt
ISrXCIAI. TltEORAK TO THZ DISPATCn.I
New YORK.August 3. John B, Vander
voort, a man of middle age, who lives with
his family in an unpretentious flat over a
store at 877 Eighth avenue, is the latest
claimant to the famous Stephen Jumel
estates, which comprised large tracts
on Washington Heights "and- in Sara
toga, valued at several millions. Sixty
years ago when Jumel, who emigrated from
France in 1801, assigned his property to his
wife, the legal fight began, with Aaron
Burr as one of the lawyers. Burr won a,
victory for the widow against the French
Mme. Jumel died in 1865 at her home on
Harlem Heights, and Nelson Chase ob
tained possession of the estates by
buying up the claims of Mme. Jumel's
nephews and nieces. Chase was fought bit
terly in the United States courts by George
"NV. Bowen, who claimed to be a natural son
of Mme. Jumel, Bowen'ssnit wasa unsuc
cessful, and he died in Providence, in 18S5,
at the age of 91. Before his death he as
signed his claims to Air. Vandervoort, wno
was a distant relative.
Bon-en's suit, which was begun in 1872,
dragged on through the courts for seven
vears, and although the Supreme Court at
'Washington decided for him in the equity
proceeding, after several trials of the snit at
common law he lost In the course of the
proceedings the lawvers of Nelson Chase,
aeainstwbom the suit wasbroueht.admitted
that Bowen was a natural son of Mme.
Jumel, and now Mr. Vandevoort declares
that 65 acres of "Washington Heights and
land in Saratoga which were boucht by
Madame Jumel after her husband's death,
were Bnwen's rightful inheritance.
Mr. Vandervoort says that several lawyers
have interested tEemselves in his case, and
that he will shortly endeavor to get posses
sion of the property which he believes to be
MUST MAKE IIIS OWN STOCK.
A nileh That tba Postal Card Contractor
la Trying to Overcome.
rsrr.CT.it. tzlkgrah to the mirATCH.1
Washington, August 3. Some of the
Postofiice Department authorities say that
Albert Daggett will not get the postal card
contract unless he can show that he is the
owner of a plant to make the cards, or has
begun negotiations for the purchase of such
a plant in good faith. Daggett told Wana
maker that he had an option on a big paper
mill, but that did not satisfy the Postmaster
General, whose friends in Philadelphia are
very anxious to get the contract at a figure
several thousand dollars higher than the
sum named in Daggett's bid. Daggett has
been told that he must own a paper mill that
can make a postal-card paper, and that he
must become such an owner in a very short
time if he wants the contract. It is said in
Mr. Wanamaker's behalf that it is the reg
ular practice of the department to reqnire
successful bidders for Government supplies
to possess the plant necessary to make them,
and there was nothing irregular or unusual
in applying the same terms to Daggett.
Daggett is supposed to be in New York
now, for the purpose of closing the bargain
for the mill on which he has an option.
Meanwhile, the Avil Printing Company, of
Philadelphia, is keeping a close watch on
Daggett and the Postmaster General, and
they are apparently satisfied that the Brook
lyn'man will be knocked out with Wana
The American Bank Note Company of
New York is also watching the present pro
ceedings with interest. The contract for
printing the new postage stamps has not yet
been awarded. The Bank Note Company
is one of the competitors tor this contract,
and the decision in the Daggett matter
may have an important bearing upon the
BIG GAMES IN PROGRESS.
A Baltimore Sport Drops $3,000 la a Game
r SPECIAL TEI.XGBAU TO THE DISPATCH.!
Altooxa, August 3. This city is at
present honored with the presence of a
horde of distinguished gamblers. Some big
games have been in progress during the
past week, notably Tuesday evening, when
some of the local sports dropped considera
ble lucre. One Baltimore man lost $3,000.
A number of the Uglily-esteemed young
men are being led astray by these fascinat
ing gentlemen. The games are in full blast
on Sundays. The Mayor and his efficient
chief are not blamed, as tbey are doing their
best with the means at command.
BEATEN AND STRANGLED.
Three Americano Axsnnlt and Kill a Woman
In a ITCexlcnn Saloon.
rsrxciAi. telegram to the dispatch.i
El. Paso. Tex., August 3. Three Amer
icans, Charles Walters, Jim McLaughlin
and Frank Bothwell, were arrested in Juarez
this morning, charged with the murder of a
woman named Epigmenia Vaca. The
murder occurred in Walters' saloon, "The
Link Pin." The woman went into the saloon
late last night, and for some canse unknown
was beaten and strangled to death by the
three men. They then placed the body in a
hole and partially covered it with sand and
A Mexican who lives opposite the saloon
saw the men carry something out of the
place between 2 and 3 o'clock this morning.
He followed them and discovered the body.
GATHERED IN BI THE GOTERNOR.
Money Belonging- to Creek Indians That
Never Reached Them.
rSFKCIAI. TXLEGBAll TO TBI DISP ATCH.1
Muskogee. Ind. T., August 3. The
evidence taken in the investigation of the
misappropriation of money by the Creek
delegates was filed to-day by Agent Gardner.
The taking of testimony abruptly closed
the day before, after the .delegates testified
that they paid ex-Govenjor Crawford the
$225,000 alleged to have been 'unaccounted
Agent Gardner expresses the opinion that
ex-Governor Crawford will be indicted for
receiving money belonging to the
Creeks without having the approval
of the department, at which time all
the facts, many of which could not be
forced to the surface in the investigation,
will be developed.
. Accnued of Stealing a Yntch.
Thomas O'Hara was arrested at the cor
ner of Fifth avenue and High street last
midnight by Officer Wagner, and lodged in
tne central station, cnargea wun oeing a
suspicious character. He is accused of
stealing a watch from Philip Cain, of No.
109 East street, Allegheny. .
Ico From the Tough in Boots,
A new means of importing ice to Pitts
burg has been for some time in operation.
The ice is brought down the Monongahela
river in boats, then up the Allegheny and
unshipped on the Pittsbnrg bank, at the
Seventh street bridge. It is taken from the
Where Ho ft Soap I Uscfot.
1'unxsntawney Spirit. I
Every man has a weak spot something
that he is conceited about.and the way to get
a solid grip on him is to find out this weak
spot and quietly rub a little "soft soap"
The Sovereigns to Picnic
Sonthtide Council No. 7, Sovereigns of
Industry, will hold a picnic at Kinney's
Grove, on the Pittsburg, Virginia and
Charleston Railroad, on Saturday next.
HOW BUBKE WAS CAUGHT.
The Cronln Suspect Wna First Arrested In
Mistake for a Forster The Follcct
Will Leaxe for Chicago With
Their Prisoner To-Day.
Winnipeg, August 3. When Burke
reached Winnipeg he made his first publio
appearance, as far as is known, in the office
of an employment agent. Burke asked the
agent what the costpf a ticket to Liverpool
would be. He desired particularly that his
railway journey be over the Canadian Pacific
Bailway, and that the boat be an Allan
liner, sailing from Montreal. Burke fool
ishly remarked that he wished this route be
cause he had got into trouble in the States,
and bad a delicacy in venturing again on
soil owned by Uncle Sam.
While Burke was thus babbling to the
ticket agent there was an interested, though
unobserved, listener to it all. This was
Sergeant Hossack, of the Canadian Pacific
Bailway police, who was quietly seated
behind a glass partition. Burke s words
set him on the qui vive, as that same morn
ing he had received from Chief McBae the
description of a forger wanted in the United
States and had been requested by the Chief
to keep a lookout for him. This description,
Hossack found, tallied to a certain extent
with Burke's appearance, and taken with
his admissions, certainly looked suspicions.
He therefore notified Chief McBae of the
circumstance, and a watch was set for the
suspect. The result was the arrest of Burke,
but it was then found that his appearance
did not tally exactly with the description of
the forger. It was certain, however, that
the man was wanted for something, and his
description in detail was wired to Chief
Hubbard, of Chicago, with the query: "Do
you want this man for anything?"
Back came the answer, "Hold him: he is
in all probability Martin Burke, wanted
for complicity in the Cronin murder." The
result is known. Burke's identification and
trial and extradition followed, and to-morrow
he will be en route for Chicago in
charge of a strong guard of poliee, with
Chief Hubbard in command. Jim Maddern
had nothing to do with the capture. The
necessary warrant arrived to-day from
Ottawa, and Burke was turned ovei to the
Chicago officers this afternoon. The party
will leave for Chicago to-morrow.
LAW AND ORDER PREVAIL.
The Cincinnati Liquor Denier Resolve to
Close Their Doors To-Dny.
CnrcnrifATl, August 3. The indications
now are that to-morrow will be a phenome
nally qniet Sunday in Cincinnati. The
Saloon Keepers' Association has all along
refused to counsel violation of the Owen law,
and its members have been outspoken in
condemnation of other saloon keepers who
held the meeting in Turner Hall last week
and resolved to defy the law. Now the last
named have taken formal action at a meet
ing held last night, rescinding the resolu
tions adopted at a former meeting. This
action was taken largely at the instance of
the men employed by them, who frankly ad
vised them that their former action could
not be upheld upon any ground and that its
effect upon them had been most injurious.
A nnmber of the saloon keepers made
speeches in which they agreed with the ar
gument of their lawyer and said they saw
that their iormer action was injudicious.
The resolutions, adopted by a unanimous
vote, are as follows:
Whereas, At a former meeting of saloon
keepers held at Turner Hall July 25, It was re
solved to keep open our places of business on
Whereas, We, the aforesaid saloon keepers
In convention assembled, finding that such a
course Is inpracticable and Injudicious,
Resolved. That we hereby rescindourformer
resolution adopted July 25, and hereafter keep
onr places of business closed on Snnday so lone
as the Owen law remains in lorce and full
Judge Ermston to-day held that a barber
shop in a hotel is not a necessity on sunaay,
and fined the barber of the Gibson
$2 and costs. This was a test case.
A PARROT MAKES TRODBLE.
The Bird's Talk Embarnuiet a Street Car
Full of People.
Philadelphia North American.!
"Ah, there, baby!" screamed the parrot,
hid behind a paper which Willie had
placed over the cage.
The old maid looked startled, and a grin
appeared on the faces of several of the
"Oh, mamma," croaked the bird.
The old maid glared at each passenger,
"Where did you get that hat. I'd like to
know?" went 6u the irrepressible biid.
The clerical passenger looked up in alarm
and then felt his hat in hastv confusion.
Everv one noted the action, and a ripple of
suppressed laughter went over the car.
"Ah, there whiskers!"
The clerical man leaped to his feet and
frowned at a smooth-faced young man near
"I won't he insulted," he cried.
"Ding, ding; two more fares out of the
The conductor flushed and hastened in
the car from the back platform.
"Who said that?" he demanded.
Willie looked as demure as an angel.
"Johnny get your hair cut."
An old man with longhair made a precip
itate departure from the car.
At Broad street Willie lifted the paper
grabbed the cage and got off the car.
Then the passengers tumbled.
A COUNTY SEAT WAR.
The Adjutant General of Kanaa Called on
to Preserve the Peace.
Topeka, Kan., August 3. Adjutant
General Boberts left for Bavenna to-day,
in response to a letter from that
place stating that the trouble be
tween Bavenna and Eminence concerning
the final location of county seat had again
assumed such a serious character as to de
mand the presence of the State militia to
prevent a conflict between the opposing
The Supreme Court recently declared
Eminence the legal county seat, A motion
for a rehearing is pending, and in the mean
time the people of Eminence demand the
removal of the records. The Bavenna peo
ple object to this, and have arranged to re
pulse the expected attack of their rivals.
ANOTHER DOUBLE TRAGEDY.
the Midnight Hoor a Baltimore
Kills UIs Wife and Himself.
Baltimore, August 3. A few! sharp
words and the hasty use of a revolver
and an apparently happy young and
certainly handsome couple, husband
and wife, were lying dead, each
shot directly through the heart. At mid
night the neighbors of William Dola'n, a
bookmaker, living on East Lanvale street,
were awakened by the sound of four pistol
The house was broken open, and there
stretched on the floor were the bodies of Mr.
and Mrs. Dolan. As there were powder
marks on the man's shirt, and as the pistol
was near his body, he must have done the
ONE OF THE OLD MASTERS.
A Boston Lady Credited With Making- an
Amusing Blunder. I
When Henry Savage Landor, the young
English painter, was in Washington, he
told us of a lady in Boston who asked him
to come and look at a painting by one of
the old masters, hanging on her wall.
"It looks like one of Millais' " said Mr.
"Yes, it is," she replied.
"But, my dear madam," said he, "you do
not call Millais one of the old masters?"
"Why, isn't be? I suppose he was quite
an elderly gentleman."
PLENTY OF CLOUDS.
Notwithstanding the Varions Royal
Visits in Europe Permanent
PEACE IS BY NO MEANS ASSURED.
The Czar Refuses to Conter With His Two
AUSTRIA WILL CHAMPION THE POPE,
by Bo Doing May Fores Italy to Disrupt the
Signs of trouble continue to be plenty in
Europe. The state of affairs in the Balkan
peninsula is becoming more and more criti
cal. The Czar is apparently in an ugly
humor, and almost anything is possible.
tCOrnuQUT, 1839, ET NEW TORX ASSOCIATED
Berlin, August 3. Prince Bismarck's
maneuvers to bring about a meeting of the
three Emperors have been foiled by the
sullen reticence of the Czar, who has not
deigned to acknowledge the communications
of Count Schouskloff informing him that
Emperor Francis Joseph and Emperor
William are favorable to an interview. It
was even doubtful until Wednesday last
whether the Czar would adhere to his
journey to Berlin, Schouskloff only then re
ceiving formal authority to inform the Gov
ernment of the Czar's visit:
The language of the semi-official papers
of St. Petersburg is studiously designed to
divest the visit of any tendency to a restor
ation of amity. The Czar is described as too
well experienced with Bismarck's finesse to
allow himself to again be duped. With un
shaken firmness he refused to listen to over
tures unless preceded by a recognition of
Russia's claims to freedom of action in the
ONLT A POBMALIir,
The ominous outlook on the Servo-Bulgarian
frontier, where both Governments
are massing troops, the rising in Crete, and
the concentration of Russian troops around
Cars discourage the hope that the Czar's
journey will be anything but a formality,
which he would avoid if possible. The
Forign Office does not expect him to come
to Berlin. He will go direct from Stettin
to Potsdam, where he will stay one night,
and then proceed to Copenhagen by way of
As soon as the Czar's intentions were
known, the programme for the reception of
the Emperor of Austria was issued. He
will arrive on August 12 at the Thiergarten
station, where a grand reception will be
given him. From the station the two Em
perors will drive through Unter der Linden
to the old Schloss. The next three days
will be devoted to parades in the Temple
hofer fields, maneuvers at Spandau, State
banquets and a naval review at Kiel.
Among the pressing questions to be dis
cussed by Bismarck and Count Kalnoky,
the Austrian Prime Minister, dnring the
stay of Emperor Francis Joseph, is the posi
tion of the Pope. It is believed that Mgr.
Galimberti has influenced the Austrian
Emperor to make au explicit promise to
BUPTUEE THE ALLIANCE
with Italy if Italy ventures to occupy the
Vatican, should the Pope leave Borne.
Signor Crispi, resenting the hostile diplo
macy of Austria on the Italian policy re
garding the Vatican, comes again to confer
with Prince Bismarck immediatelyafter the
departure of the Austrian Emperor.
The temper of the Italian Government
toward the Austrian is displayed in Signor
Crispi's response to Prince Bismarcfc's con
gratulation on the repression of the Irre
dentists committees. It was briefly: "The
Irredentists will continue to agitate until
Austria removes the cause."
Emperor William's sojourn in England
is a prominent topic of the press and so
ciety. The semi-official newspapers indulge
in rhetorical "gush" over English sympa
thies with the Emperor's unwearied service
in the interests of peace, the community of
interest existing between the two nations,
their great civilizing mission, etc. There
is a more genuine ring in the tone of the
For instance, the Vosiische Zeituna
dwells upon the hope that the meeting will
be a sign of the ever increasing strength of
the bond uniting kindred peoples, leading
to a mutual development along the path of
liberty, and that both nations in tne fore
front of the culture of the world, will con
tinue to stamp their views indelibly upon
the progress of humanity. The Taqblatt
holds that the Emperor's presence at Osborne
House cives the direct lie to the statements
representing him as inimical to Englaud.
The Boersen Zeitung says: "Emperor
William grasps the meaning of his father's
words, that Germany and England were
meant by nature to be friends. Although
England will enter no formal treaty, the
result of the visit will be such an approxi
mation to the triple alliance as will exert a
decisive influence upon European politics."
The Post, an occasional month piece of
i-rince isismarcs:, aiso declares tne political
character of the visit, though it admits that
it is improbable that the issue will be a def
inite alliance against the common enemy.
After returning from England the Emperor
will meet the Regent of Bavaria at Bay
renth and will attend the close of the Wag
THE BOYAL PBOQBAMME.
Thence he will go to Carlsruhe and Stras
bnrg on the 21st. to Metz on the 22d and to
Munster on the 23d. He is due at Potsdam
on the 25th to receive the Czar.
The Cologne Gazette continues its outcry
against the English Afriean Companr as
actively pursuing to destruction German
enterprise. The public is indifferent to the
fate of Dr. Peters and centers its anxiety on
Captain Wissman's progress. He has hith
erto effected little. Bnshiri's force has been
increased by the arrival of Arabs from the
interior armed with Remington rifles. The
expedition is also beset by coast fevers, and
the mortality is increasing. Fifteen ont of
60 non-commissioned officers are coming
Count Waldersee will make a tour of
Switzerland on his holiday. He has passed
through Zurich, Lucerne, Berne and Fre
bourg to Geneva. The route suggests a
strategic inspection associated with his
search for health.
NATURAL GAS FOR MICHIGAN.
A Company With n 81,000,000 Mortgage
Wilt Bnlld a Pipe Line.
Detboit, August 3. The Michigan Gas
Company, which was founded and given its
franchise some months ago to lay a pipe 'in
this city, to-day filed for record a $1,000,000
mortgage in favor of the Central Trust Com
pany, ot New York, to secure funds for the
construction of their pipe line to the Ohio
State line, where they will unite with a line
tapping the natural gas fields of Ohio.
An Italian Shot by IHuiiutmans.
liOKDON, August 3. A sailor belonging
to an Italian man-of-war has been shot by
Mussulmans at Canea, Crete. The Turks
have attacked and dispersed a body of in
surgents near Canea. A number on both
sides wore killed and wounded. A British
gunboat has arrived at Candia, the chief
city of Crete.
Nineteen Hollander Killed by Snmntrnns.
Amstebhasi, August 3. Intelligence
has been received of a fight in Acheen,
Sumatra, between natives and a force of
Dutch, troops. Nineteen Dutchmen were
killed and 22 wounded, . .
DAKOTA'S JSEEAT NEED.
One Thousand Artesian Wells Would Trans,
form the Desert Regions Into Fra
grant Gardens The Investiga
tion Conducted by the Sen
Hubon, S. D., August 3. The United
States Senate Irrigation Committee, of which
Senator Stewart, of Nevada, is Chairman,
arrived here to-day from Sionx Falls. Im
mediately upon arrival a session was held,
in which statements were submitted by a
number of gentlemen interested in irriga
tion. The principal speaker was Prof. Lewis
Maclouth, President of the South. Dakota
Agricultural College, at Brookings. There
were hundreds ot artesian wells, he said,
in the valley of the James river, each yield
ing a large flow of water from an average
depth of 1,000 feet.
The power thus obtained was now utilized
to run steam presses, electric light dynamos,
mills and factories. An inexhaustible sup
ply of water power could, therefore, he
said, be had in this yalley by an increase in
the number of artesian wells. Some of the
wells already flowing gave out the enormous
quantity of 4,000 gallons a minute. If the
yearly flow of those wells could be saved
and stored in reservoirs, to be used as need
ed, so as to supply in the growing season the
deficiency in the natural waterfall, it would
add enormously to the development of agri
culture and turn the entire James river
valley into a luxuriant garden.
One thousand such wells. Prof. Maclouth
says would add 840,000,000 to the value of
the land in that region. When the session
of the alternoon was over the committee
were shown the practical working of
an artesian well that supplies water
and water power to this citv. Four
large hose pipes were connected with
the street hydrants and threw into
the air a stream of water 60 feet high. In
the evening another session of the commit
tee was held, at which, after hearing a num
ber of speakers, Senators Stewart and Rea
gan, by invitation, addressed the meeting
on the importance of the inquiry which the
committee was asking. To-morrow morn
ing the committee goes to Jamestown,
THE PAY OP RACING JUDGES.
Salaries of 830 and $100 Per Day Paid by
Prominent Eastern Associations.
New York Letter to Philadelphia Times.)
The responsibility of the judges in a horse
race is very great, and these big race tracks
are hiring experienced men both to start
horses and judge the finish. Mr. Caldwell,
who works on nearly all the big race courses
East, gets J100 a day for starting the races
of the afternoon, and he is regarded as the
best in the country. He gets a larger salary
for his year's work than the judge of any
court in the United States. He earns twice
as much as an Associate Justice of the
Supreme Court, who is forced to live in style
in Washington. Colonel Simmons is the
paid judge for several of the prominent
Eastern associations. He receives (50 a
day as the presiding judge in the stand.
The other two are not paid, but are se
lected from piominent turfmen on the track.
They have little to say in case of a dispute.
The reason the race men give me why the
judge does not get as much pay as the
starter is that his duties are not as delicate
or onerous; that, as a rule, there is no dis
pute as to the finish of a race, while few
races are ever started that there is not more
or less fault found with the man whef drops
ELECTRICITY IN MINING.
Tho Mysterious Force Likely to Revolution
Ize a Great Industry.
From the tit. Lonis Globe-Democrat, i
Electricity is going to revolutionize min
ing, as it has already done some other in
dustries, and the time will come when it
will be the sole force used for bringing np
gold and silver. Even now you can have
an electric plant which will light up your
tunnels, run your tramways, operate ele
vators in your shafts and work your drills.
Ten men with drills operated with elec
tricity can take out as much ore and tunnel
as far as 100 men with picks, shovels and
blasting material. The wages of 00 men
would soon pay for an electric plant. Be
sides, you can light your building and save
insurance and oil.
PALPITATION OP THE HEART.
A Tonne Couple Affected by It Appear Ex
Levlston Journal. 1
A young fellow, evidently suffering from
palpitation of the heart, drove up to the
curbing at the postoffice accompanied by a
young lady evidently suffering irom the
same complaint. They gazed into each
other's eyes as he alighted and hitched the
horse to the post. When he came out, they
gaze into each other's eyes again and then
he got in, tucked in the mud robe and
clucked to the nag. They rested in sweet
oblivion, and so did the horse until he got
out and untied him. Then the street smiled,
and they blushed to the ears and hastened
out of sight.
Drank on Watermelon.
Kansas City Star.:
A.Missouri gentleman who has tried it
vonches for this story. Taking a gallon
jug of whisky he passed a cord though its
cork, which cord dropped to the bottom of
the jug. The twine was then introduced
into a watermelon vine by slitting the vine
and the vine permitted to produce only two
watermelons. When the melons were
matured they were served at a private bar
becue to six gentlemen. The effect was as
tonishing. The gallon of whisky got in its
work. Not a drop of the liquor remained
in the jug when the melons were ripe.
A Confldlng Blacksmith.
Joseph Lefferty, an Albla blacksmith,
was swindled of 11 75 in the lobby of the
postoffice Saturday night. He .was to send
away the money in a registered letter, but
tbe postofiice was closed and he let a
stranger have the money to send for him,
taking a receipt When it dawned upon
him that he had been swindled he reported
thecase to Chief Detective Markham.
A Feathered Quadruped.'
John Newton, of Hudson, has a hen with
four legs, which beats any hen on record.
This wonderful hen has two legs of the reg
ulation style and two others which point
heavenward. Neither does it make any
difference which pair she walks on. When
she is given chase she runs on one set uqtil
they give out, then flops over and uses the
other as though nothing had happened.
Great hen this.
A Queer Breed of Chickens.
Bsrtwell (Ga.) San.: .
Apoultry raiser in this county has learned
a way to prevent chickens from scratching
up his garden. He crosses the long-legged
brahmas with short brahma, which results
in a breed of fowls, with one long leg nnd
one short one. When they raise either
leg to scratch, they lo3e their balance and
come to grief. After a few demoralizing
attempts they desist.
Bears Prohibited From Prowling-.
Bears are unusually plentiful about Omer
this year. They have recently become quite
domesticated and their friendly prowlipgs
at night on the streets of that town are about
to be prohibited by an ordinance. The old
village cannon has been filled to the muzzle,
and some o' these nights his bearship will
be filled with scrap-iron and nails.
THE IDSIC -WORLD.
Oar Contract Labor Law as Applied
to Foreign Musicians.
A VERT PECDLIAE POIHT EAISED.
Talented Leader of the Boston
TO BE PROHIBITED FROM. LANDING.
Elttannlng if Itatlnz lbs Establishment of a Kormal
The application of the contract labor law
to prevent the landing of the newly-engaged
condnctorof the Boston Symphony Orchestra
is being discussed. Kittanning would like
to have a normal musio school.
That sorry Congressional bungle, the con
tract labor law, prohibiting the landing
in this country of various classes of persons
under contract to labor, has already been
responsible for enough difficulties without
being dragged in as an obstacle to
the coming of Mr. Arthur Nikisch,
the newly-engaged conductor ot the
Boston Symphony Orchestra. Yet
here is the American Musician loudly pro
testing against the expected landing of Mr.
Nikisch ns an infraction of that law, basing
its alleged arguqent on a recent decision of
the Solicitor of the Treasury, that the play
ers in a certain imported circus band did
not come within the saving clause of the
statute which excepts artists and certain
other classes of people from its prohibition.
If the Musician cannot see how the word
"artists" may not include players in a circus
band, while it may, and unquestionably
does, include an exponent of musical art
like Mr. Nikisch, it is useless to attempt to
There are none so blind as those who
won't see. The difficulty with the journal
referred to lies in the intensely patriotic air
it has lately assumed, in denouncing Mr.
Higginson's course in going abroad in quest
oi toe successive conductors or his peerless
orchestra. Personal abnse of the Boston
Maecenas who is well known to be ex
tremely modest and retiring speaking of
his "abnormal bump ot self-esteem," call
ing him "patron of music to advertise 'him
self figure largely in the Musician's
handling of this topic.
Has it come to this, that no big-hearted
man can open his purse to do a great public
service without having snch jackals, of the
press snarling at his heels, criticizing his
methods, impugning his motives and in
every way belittling him to their own
meager scale. A murrain upon such fel
lows! ytf Mr. Higginson's prediliction for for
eign conductors ran contrary to the consen
sus of opinion of every competent judge,
still that would lend no justice to such per
sonal abuse. One who sustains any enter
prise out of his oivn means has the un
doubted iright to chose his own methods.
He is to be thanked if by any means he tries
to do public good; especially if he succeeds.
But in the present case, Mr. Higginson's
course accords entirely with the opinion of
the competent judges, who .fully real
ize the vital importance to the or
chestral player and conductor of the
unwritten traditions that have been
handed down in the older European
Orchestras from generation to generation
having originated in the example of the
classical composers themselves or of other
geniuses with the baton. These traditions,
the intangible "musical atmosphere" and
the greater prevalence of high grade orches
tras, are among the points thatmark Europe
as still our teacher in matters artistic, and
particularly in matters orchestral.
If it were Mr. Higginson's object to
fonnd a training school for native conduc
tors, it would be well to heed the Musician's
braying. But as his object is the yet higher
and broader one of giving to his own town
and the country at large the truestandmost
perfect interpretations ot orchestral works,
he most naturally seeks players and con
ductors where the conditions requisite to
such interpretations most do abound.
Therein he does a greater service to Ameri
can music than if he gave employment to a
dozen American conductors.
The innoculations of a professed mnsical
union with what, when so applied, may be
called the rabies of trades unionism has the
inevitable tendency to cause the "musi
cian" to look upon bis calling as a trade
rather than as a profession. To such musical
tradesmen the almighty dollar is all
too likely held so close to tbe eye as to ob
scure the entire horizon of art. One would
think that the trend of American life to
dayespecially in Pittsburg already
savored enough of crass, money-making
materialism, without beinc assisted in that
direction by those whose professional activ
ity is predicated upon public interest in the
higher, artistic side of life.
Yet such is the direct tendency of the
trades-union idea as brought into the musi- I
cal arena by the Ai. Al. u. It is sought
to bring .all musical engagements within
the membership of that ' body not be
cause they play best, give the
greatest artistic equivalent, but just
because they are members. When, as a
matter of fact, the best and almost all the
trlily artistic players of this city are outside
of the M. M. P. TX, the obstructionist in
trigues of the latter would, if successful,
materially lower the standard of orchestral
music in all manner of public aud private
Against such steps it is a public duty to
protest. The question that concerns musi
cal patrons about to hire or hear an orchestra
or a band, is not, "Are the players members
oftheM.M. P. Union, or of the A. C. M.
Union?" but, "Are they the best players
obtainable for the rrarpose?" '
This latter question is precisely what will
be addressed from all sides to the managers
of "the people's Exposition." The people
at large are not concerned about the dif
ference's between the rival musical unions;
they are deeply concerned in the wide differ
ence between various bands. The managers
of the Exposition having wisely engaged
the band which by common consent has for
many years far ontranked all others in this
city, owe it to the people whose interests
they are there to preserve, to turn a deaf
ear to all attempts to substitute another
hand simply because the one engaged
belongs now to the younger instead of tbe
The enterprising town of Kittanning has
gone in with a will to get np a Normal
Music School this summer which shall be a
credit and a benefit to the people. The
leading business and professional men have
organized this enterprise for the public rood
and there is every probability that a worthy
success will crown their efforts.
The school opens to-morrow and closes on
the SOth, offering between those dates in
struction in nearly all branches of music,
lectures, recitals, etc,, in great variety and
profusion. A pan of the "Messiah" and
"Gaul's "Holy City" are the chief works
set down for choral practice and con
cert production. Among the teachers and
singers who will labor in tbfs inviting
field may be named Mr. S. 6. Smith, Mr.
Emanuel Schmauk and Mr. B. T. Xnox. of
Kittanning: Mr. Byron "W. King and Mr.
G. K. Broadberry, of Tittsburg; Miss Inez
Mecusker, of Corry, and Mrs. E. T. Shoe
maker, of Los Angeles, Cal. A round hun
dred or more students from the immediate
vicinity, and over half as many more from
n greater distance, have been booked al
ready. Of interest to Pittsburgen will be the
following sketch of a hoVne musician, pub
lished in the KittannW fee Press apropos
of the Normal: f
Mr. Broadberry will bea valuable addition to
the soloists of the normal. He was born in
Nottinghamshire. England, in 1S62. Was edu
cated at the Tunttall Orammar school, and at
Cambridge Unlversitjjf taking a degree. Took
a degree in music at the Manchester Conserva
tory, and studied vocal music in London under
the famous teachers, Eckersley and Kneft.
His teachers on the Pipe organ, violin and
composition, were Dr. Hlles and Dr.
Bentley. Be traveled two years in Germany,
Italr. France and Belgium, coming to America
in 1885, and locating in Pittsburg. In that city
he has held the following positions: Director
of tbe Wilkicsburg Musical Club, the Home
wood Musical Club, and organist for three
years of tbe WilkinsburgPresbyterian Church.
Was also the director of the Monongahela
Choral Society. In 1888 he went into bus
iness in Pittsburg and U the head of the
music house of Broadberry fc -Ejth.
Mr. Broadberry Is a composer of merit He
dramatized the operetta of "Eltnore" fur Ed
mund Rodgers, of London, dramatized Ben
tiAtt'x "Mav Onpn ' hua written & crcat deal
of mnsic for organ, violin, and choruses for
singing societies. He is also the composer of
some very popular sonrs, among which are
'Remembrance," "Only Waiting." "A Rose's
Story." Mr. Broadberry is a tine basso, and
has a voice remarkably well cultivated. He
will be popular at the concerts.
Crotchets nnd Quavers.
Mb. Joiiaxn Beck, of Cleveland, one of
the more prominent among the country's resi
dent composers, has been spending a few days
with Mr. Ad. M. Foerster, who is another.
Me. W. A. Lafj-erty, conductor of i the new
Musical Association of Allegheny, has been
busied daring July with the charge of I be mu
sical school connected with the Seaside Assem
bly at Key East Beach, N. J.
Mr. Theodore TnoMAS,in response to a gen
eral request from leading citizens In varions
cities, is planning two testimonial tours"
with his famous orchestra next season. Tbo
fall tour will begin October 9 andluclude some
40 concerts. Pittsbnrg will be taken in on this
tour, in which the orchestra will be accompa-
.. wj iwidci juseuj, tag eminent pianist.
The spring tour will be of tbe May festival
kind; a quartet of soloists will go with the or
chestra and local choruses will assist. No man
deserves as much from American music lovers
as Theodore Thomas; good luck to him!
Next Tuesday's concert of the Fleming 4
Ohrlest series at Bellevne offers an orchestral
programme rather better than usual to make
up for the lack of a vocalist. Among the
compositions offered are Kretchmer's "Coro
nation" march. Wallace's overture to Mari
tana," two of Brahm's Hungarian dances, ex
cerpts from "Der Freischuetz" and "Tann
bajuser," and a pair of morccanx by Gounod
and Henselt respectively. The Gernert A
Ouenther Orchestra, with Messrs; John Ger
nert, John Oberhaensser and Angust Beckert
in solo numbers, constitute tbe performing
TYHERK SUTMEGS GROW.
Interesting Description of the Tree and Its
From the American Analyst.
An address on spices was dsllvered before the
Grocers Association, of Boston, recently by
Mr. W. D. Bennett, ot this city, from which wo
condense the following interesting particulars
concerning the nutmeg:
Nutmegs grow on small trees resembling pear
trees, cut down to about 20 feet in height. The
flowers are very much like those of the lily of
the valley; they are pale yellow and very fra
grant. The leaves stand alternately on short
foot-stalks; are oblong, pointed, entire bricbt
green, and somewhat glossy on their up
per surface, whitish beneath and of anaro
matlc taste. The fruit, which appears on the
tree mingled with the flowers. Is ronnd or oval,
of tbe Bize of a small peach, smooth, at first
pale green, but yellow when ripe, and marked
with a longitudinal farrow. The external
covering, which Is at first thick and fleshy and
abounds in an austere astringent juice, after
ward becomes dry and leathery, and. separat
ing Into two valves from the apex, discloses a
scarlet net-like membrane commonly called
mace, closely investing a thin brown shining
shell, which contains the kernel or nntme".
The nutmez tree is a native of the Moluccas
and other neighboring islands, and abounds
especially In that small cluster distinguished
by tho name ot Banda, whence the chief sup
plies of nutmegs were long derived. Bat the
plant is now cultivated In Sumatra, Java, Sing
apore, Penang, Ceylon and other parts of the
East Indies, and has been introduced Into the
Isles of France, Bourbon. Cayenne
and several of the West India
islands. A fine tree in Jamaica has
over 1000 nutmegs on It yearly. The tree be
gins to bear when 10 years old. and goes on im
proving for 100 years. The fruit is gathered
two or three times a year. Three sorts of nut
megs are distinguished namely, the male or
barren, the royal, and the queen, the last of
which is small and round. The nnttneg is
propagated from fresh seeds (nutmeg) and
these vary in size and shape, just as apples .and
pears do when raised from seeds. There can
hardly he a more profitable crop than the nut
meg at present prices.
TWO WOMEN IX A BOAT.
A Buffalo Skeptic Walling; Patiently to W li
nes a Dllracle.
Buffalo Courier. J
The Arounder Is patiently waiting for a
miracle to happen. He has chanced to go
boating o n the Park Lake a few times this
summer, and on several occasions two girls or
women would try to row a boat. As yet he
has not seen a couple that did not squabble
perpetually over the rowing, accusing each
other of not keeping time, dipping too much
and in fact knowing nothing about rowing a
boat. When two women row a boit smoothly
and amicably the miracle will have occurred.
Snakes Slonopollzo the Sidewalk.
Albany Journal. 1
The residents of South Glens Falls are very
much annoyed with the large number of snakes
in that locality. The reptiles are small and in
nocuous, but are nevertheless nndes irable to
hare around. It is no uncommon sight to see
a number on tbe sidewalks sunning themselves.
The boys in the village kill all they see around,
but there still are a large number about.
ADDITIONAL SPORTING NEWS.
Beat the Good Yonngr Hen.
rSFZCIAL TXLEORAXTOTHX PXSTATCH.1
Bctmb, PA., August 3. A very interesting
game of ball was played here to-day between
tbe Y. M. C A of this place, and the Ren
frew club, of Benfrew, tbe game being won by
theBenfrews amid ereat excitement by the
score of 9 to 6. The feature ot tbe game was
tbo pitching of Beggs. of the Henfrews, he re
tiring tbe Y. M. C. A. in the seventh luning by
strike outs with bases full. Score by Innings:
Y. M. C.A 1 10001030-6
Renfrew. o 0 1 0 0 2 3 3 -
Ustterles Ben trews, Beggs and Shin; Y. M. C.
A.. Doyle and Helneman.
Muse hits Kenfrews, lu; Y. M. C A.. S.
Two-base bits Culbertson and Cornealson. of
Struck out By Bergs, 9; Boyle. 5.
Umpire Cort, of the Kenfrews.
Beat the Eclipse.
rSPCCIAt, TKLKOBAK TO THB PISrATClM
PniLLiPSBUEO, Pa., Augusta The Water
Cures defeated tbe Eclipse, of Allegheny, to
day in a well contested game. It was exciting
from beginning to end. The feature of the
game was the batting or the home team. Fol
lowing is tbe score by innings:
Eclipse 3 00000003-5
Water Cures 1 3000000 2 S
Base hits Water Cures, 11; total, IS. Eclipse,
2; total, 3.
Errors Water Cares, 6: Eclipse, 2.
Batteries AVater Cures, Kerner and Cole;
Eclipse, Kane and .Ncale.
Bnll Players Arrested.
There was quite a lively time at the con
clusion of the second game between'the Oak
lands and the East End Athletics yesterday.
Manager Hawley, of the Oaklands, claimed
that his team was being robbed to aid the Ath
letics to win tbe pennant. On five occasions,
he argued, that tbe umpire, an East End
player, robbed the Oaklands. Finally Lauer.
the third baseman for the Athletics, and
Manager Hawley came to blows, and both were
arrested. They will appear before a magis
trate this morning.
Open wide the golden portals.
Swing the pearly gates afir;
Hall her coming with glad music.
Light np ereiy twinkling star.
Lot she comes, returning homeward
Cherubs, wave yonr wings for Joy
Comes the little truant augel.
Star-eyed white-robed Little Hoy.
Downward on a mission went she.
With her playmate, gentle spring:
Hand In hand they wandered earthward.
She with closely fold-d wing.
Earthly eyes with lore were blinded.
Earthly hearts were filled with Joy,
And they never knew an angel
Was the fairy, Little Floy.
Bat the little feet grew weary;
Drooped their blossom day by day;
And with aching heart they watched her.
Knowing well she could not stay.
We can pity earthly sorrow,
Bnt with ns there's nanght bnt Joy
Open wide the golden portals
Welcome, welcome. Little Hurl
Mrs. Charles Chambcrtaiit in Detroit SfWS.
KILLING JOM ROSE.
Three Men, Already in Jail for the
Murder, Confess the Deed,
TELLING HOW IT WAS DONE.
One of Them, Jesse Barnett, is Only 17 Tears
Old, bat Has a Record.
HE ADMITS TWO, BUT REPORT SA.1S SIX:
Murderers Talk sf Their Crime Coolly as ths
Shooting of a Do?.
Three persons have been arrested in
Powell county, Ky., for the murder of John
A. Rose. Their crime is confessed, and ona
of them tells all about how it was done.
Another of the murderers is but 17 years
old, and is credited with six murders, though
he only admits two.
rSrlCIAt, TTLIGHJIM TO TOT! 9ISr ATCH.1
. Louisville, August 3. The Powell
county authorities have arrested Jinx
Combs, Jesse Barnett and Charles Hall for
the murder of John A. Itose, of Powell
county, a very prominent man, whose assas
sination recently created such a sensation in
the mountains. The circumstances strongly
indicated their guilt, and they were placed
in the connty jail at Jackson. Friday they
had their examining trial, and Jim Combs
broke down and confessed tbe whole crime.
Barnett at first stonily denied the affair, bat
Combs confessed. He admitted the killing.
Friday night Combs, Barnett and Hall were
carried to the jail at ML Sterling for safe
keeping under a strong guard of 10 or 13
men. To-day a correspondent, in company
with several others, interviewed the three
prisoners at the jail. The story is one re
markable for its
COOLNESS JLSD AUDACITY
and equal to any in the details of crime and
murder. Combs is a cousin of Goodloo
Combs, the deputy sheriff of Breatbill
county. He says that he and Jessie Bar
nett were employed by Combs to kill Bose,
that Goodloe Combs was to pay them $500
each to do the job, and that Jim Hall was
to furnish the money. Jim is the brother
of "Doc" Hall, who was killed about ono
year ago by Rose. Combs says that on the
morning of the killing he and Barnett
passed Bose on his way to the depot and
had some talk with him and walked on and
stopped by the side ot the road. "When
Bose came up they fired on him. Bose re
turned their fire, and Combs says he cama
near, being shot in the head. 'They then
fled and made their way back to Breathill.
Combs says he was in the trouble, but was
persuaded by Barnett and Goodloe Combs,
and did not care if he were hung for it.
Barnett is a mere stripling, only 17 years
old, and is said to have killed five men, bnt
he only confesses to two. He says that ho
made the bargain with Jim Hall to kill.
Bose and stayed all night at Hall's two or
three nights before the killing; that he was
also talked to about it by Goodloe Combs,
deputy sheriff of Breathill county; that
Hall told him the money was ready lor him.
when the work was done.
r SELLING HUMAN LIVES.
Barnett says that he had an opportunity
to kill Bose a week before it was done, but
he did not want to do it then. He also says
he was hired to kill George Spencer and
that the man who hired him was Goodloa
Combs. Neither Combs nor Barnett seem
to realize the fix they are in and talk about
the matter as coolly as if they had shot a do jr.
Charles Hall said that Jim Hall
met him and the other two
at a house in Breathill county
one night and there they planned the assas
sination of Bose, who had killed Jim's
brother, "Doc." He, however, says he told
Barnett he would have nothing to do with
it, and that they had best get ont of the
place; that if Bose was killed they would
be suspected. He says he then left'Powell,
and did not know anything that happened
aiterwrrd, and-it is said that it was tbe un
derstanding between Jim Hall and his con
federates that they were to kill both Rosa
and his son, but neither of the prisoners say
that anything was said about killing any
one but "John Bose. Neither Goodloe Combs
nor Jim Hall have yet been arrested. There
is much excitement at Mt. Sterling and a
mob is feared.
PBESIDBNT JEFFERSON'S TEEE.
The Old Landmark Where the Statesman
Tied Bli Horse.
Did you ever see Jefferson's tree in any of
your strolls down tbe avenue near the Capi
tol? Of course every one knows the tradition
of how the third President rode to his inau
guration on horseback, and reaching Tiber
creek he lound It too muddy to lord, for the
bridge had for some reason been removed or
swept away. So he tied his horse to a tree
on the bank and walked across the little
footway that had been temporarily erected.
Pew have seen this tree, though nearly
every one in the city has passed beneath its
It stands close to the fence, just inside of
the Botanical Gardens, and its branches ex
tend over into the street. It is a stunted
old affair, not much to look at as a thing of
beauty, but it goes as a relic. Mr. Smith,
makes a sort of pet of the thing. He says it
is over 200 years old, the patriarch of tba
"Washington tree world. It is the father of
hundreds of trees scattered over the city,
and its children do not consider themselves
above their neighbors because the father of
Democracy happened to tie his horse to one
of the branches of their parent a few mo
ments before he was made President.'
A Und Rlaa to Jostle.
Three fellows tackled the editor of the St.
Joseph, Mich., Sun and this is the way he
describes their present condition. "Soon
after, the first chap was picked up at tbe
bluff, carried home, and now lies in bed.and
is considerably distressed; the second one is
wearing crutches, and the third one it is
said can see out of one eve only a conse
quence of jostling the editor."
Nesmllye Qualities no Good.
A man cannot be a good citizen in the
true sense of the word by simply doing no
harm. He must hustle around and do soma
good. We really have no room in this world
for the harmless and useless.
For Western Penn
sylvania, air, slight,
changes in tempera-
ture; westerly winds.
For West Virginia,
fair, stationary tem
perature ; warmer,
in northeast; stationary temperature in'
southwestern portion; variable winds. ;
PrrrsBUBa, Angust 3, 1389. ;
The United States Signal Service oOoerta.
this city furnishes the following:
saw A. v.. ....... .....71
110 K S3
so r. x -. S3
lor. v , 71
Klverat r. u., S.S ft
Mean temp. TS
Maximum trap... S3
Minimum temp... S3
Kanrs. .......... .... is
Freebjriutton. ...... reo
s.s feet, a fall of 0.9 foot lalt