Seven. French Heirs Think They See
a Nice Chance to Get Eich.
AFTEB. HAKING HIS GREAT WILL
GIrari Accumulated Property That TVas
IV nicf-;ttiii Timii t
THE HG'PEFCL ONES CLAIM ALL THIS,
Aid Alsai Bay the CItj of Brotherly Lore Hasn't Dano
Its rropcr rut
Certain French heirs of Stephen Girard
seeaciance to get about 13,000,000 of his
estate. They claim Philadelphia has not
obeyed the terms of the bequest to it, and
also that there was property distributed
under the terms of the will that was ac
quired after the trill was made, and which,
therefore, was not subject to its terms. This
claim is, of course, untenable, but is inter
esting as the basis of the hopes of the
mrECIAL TELEGRAM TO THE DISrATCII.l
ITEtv York, August 3. Miss Henrietta
Girard, of Philadelphia, and Mrs. De Vars
du Maine, of Paris, the former a niece aud
the latter a grandniece of the founder of
Girard College, are instituting legal pro
ceedings to recover millions of dollars of the
Girard estate, now held in trust partly by
the city of Philadelphia and a Mrs.Eugenia
Girard and partly by the State of Louisiana.
Mrs. De Vars is poor, and Miss Hen
rietta, who is now 75 years
old, has lived almost her entire
life in abject misery. Mrs. Eugenia Gi
rard, one of the defendants, is living in
Philadelphia. She is a native of that city
and her maiden name was Ellen T. Hemp
hill. She married a nephew of the philan
thropist, John Augustus Girard, who died
in 1870, leaving her without children, but
in possession of a large part ot the Girard
estate. She lives the life of a recluse. The
story of the Girard succession, which is a
long and intricate one, is as follows:
HOW CIEABD GREW RICHER.
Stephen Girard was born at Bordeaux,
.France, in 1750. He passed his early youth
in a seafaring capacity, and became master
and co-owner of an American coaster. In
1769 he retired from sea life, commenced
business as a small trader in Philadelphia,
and ultimately realized a large fortune.
This was further extended by his embarking
in the business ot private banking in 1812,
when he found himself able to advance to
tne Government a loan of $5,000,000.
A very liberal benefactor to the
city of his adoption, he subscribed
liberally to its charities, adorned it with
many elegant buildings, and finally, when
he died in 1831, bequeathed to it the bulk
of his property, amounting to $9,000,000,
with the proviso that a sum of $2,000,000,
besides the proceeds of a certain proportion
of the estate, out of which some legacies
were to be deducted, would be devoted to
the establishment and maintenance of a
college for orphans, in which no ecclesias
tic, missionary or minister of any sect
whatever should ever be admitted even as
THE WILL NOT CARRIED OUT.
But a most important provision of
Girard's will was that all revenues accumu
lating in the hands of the municipal corpor
ation of the city of Philadelphia were to be
applied to certain works of embellishment,
charity and police organization. Filty
eight years have elapsed since Girard's
death, and apart from the college, which
was- established only 17 years after his
death, the city, the plaintiffs say, have done
nothing to carry out the intentions of the
testator. This infraction of the clauses of
the will, it is claimed by the legal heirs,
cives them the right to be put in possession
of said unemployed revenues, aggregating
to-day some $2,000,000. A compromise is
expected by which the city will get rid of
any further litigation on that ground.
As to the suit proper against Mrs.
Xugenia Girard, it refers to some G.OOO
ceres of very
VALUABLE WOOD AND COAL LANDS,
situated in the richest section of Schuylkill
county, which formed a part of the Girard
estate at the time of his death, bnt having
been bought by him posteriorly to the writ
ing of his will could not be part ot the
residuary legacy made to the city of Phila
delphia, for, according to Pennsylvania
laws, any property owned by a man after he
has made his will does not go by his will,
but accrues to his legal heirs,
The courts of Philadelphia the claimants
have been infotmed, recognized this tact as
early as 1853, and 11 tracts of the Schuylkill
county lands, estimated at $1,100,000, were
consequently transferred by judgment to the
heirs without any appeal from the city.
But John Augustus Girard, the husband of
Mrs. Eugenia Girard, who was at the time
established in Philadelphia, managed to
take possession of the 6,000 acres to the detri
ment of the poor old maid, Henrietta, and
of the far-awav Fiench heirs.
a fat rrnnr g for the lawyers.
A few months ago those of the claimants
residing in Prance settled upon M. De Vars
Du Maine a full power of attorney, and, in
conroany with his wife, the gentleman
sailed for Philadelphia. They held a num
ber of interviews with Miss Henrietta
Girard, Attorney Otterson, and a dis
tinguished Xew York lawyer, Mr. Ednund
Huerstel, of 290 Broadway, who will act as
senior counsel during the whole proceed
ings. Last week M. De Vars Du Maine,
being taken suddenly ill, decided that he
should return to France, and before doing
so transferred the power of attorney to his
Another Philadelphia lawyer, Baron De
Pardonnet, is in charge of another suit
against the State of Louisiana, on behalf of
the same heirs for the recovery of 208,000
acres of land belonging to the Girard estate
and valued at $5,000,000. It will be seen
that the whole contest is for the possession
of some $13,000,000, to be divided .among
seven heirs. Mr. Huerstel claims that a
number of startling exposures in regard to
the distribution of the moneys from the es
tate will be made in a short time.
WAKT THREE BEAKEJIEN.
The Cause of n Strike on a Branch of tbo
Lake Shore Rond.
Cleveland, O., August 3. Thirty
freight conductors and brakemen on the
branch of the Lake Shore Railroad running
between Ashtabula and Youngstown are on
a strike for three brakemen to a train in
stead of two. The company recently put a
number ot mogul locomotives into service,
doubling the length of the trains. Very
little freight is moving, though the com
pany says it can easily fill the strikers'
A Godsend to Hntuanltj.
"My wife has been sorely distressed for
?iany years," writes Henry C. Baymond, of
ronton, O. "Her diseases have been so
varied that I will not attempt to describe
them. I have paid over $1,000 for doctors
and medicines for her without any satisfac
tory results. We read so much about Pe
ruana that I was forced to try it. It has
done her more good than all the doctors
and medicines she ever made use of. Pe
rm) a is certainly a Godsend to hnmanity."
Sold by all druggists $1 a bottle. Dr.
Hartman's "Ills of Life," sent tree to any
address by the Peruna Medicine Co.,
Columbus, O., contains many other testimonials.
LATE NEWS IN BRIEF.
The President has tendered the appointment
ot Collector of the Port ot New Orleans to ex
Governor Warmouth of Louisiana.
Boston is making great preparations fortbe
reception and entertainment ot President Har
rison, who will stop tnere on his trip to Bar
The President yesterday appointed John R.
C. Pitkin, of Louisiana, to be Envoy Extraor
dinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of the
United States to the Argentlno Republic.
When the train for Quebec on the Grand
Trunk Railway had parsed St. Lamberts, after
going through the Victoria bridge, Friday
night, an explosion occurred in the express car
by which a messenger named Rogers was killed,
the car completely wrecked and the express
matter destroyed. Rumors are afloat that it
was an attempt to blow up the Victoria bridge
and was delayed too long. An Inquest will be
It has abont been decided that bnt three of
the O. A. R. posts of St. Loais will attend the
Grand Encampment at Milwaukee. Delega
tions from other posts will, however, gn, and a.
battallion from Kansas City will be in attend
ance. It may be, though, that more of the In
tenor posts will be represented, bnt as it looks
now Missouri will not have any more than 600
veterans In the parade.
Postmaster Van Cott, of Now York, is
thinking over a new scheme he has in bis mind
for the improvement of the delivery of mail
matter intended for foreign parts. lie hopes
to be able to arrance a system whereby mer
chants will be able to post letters within a
quarter of an hoar of the sailing ot the steamer
carrying the outward-bound mall. Ibis would
be a big boon to the merchants.
The shipments of iron ore from the Lake
Superior mines for the last week in July
reached the enormous total of 270,081 gross
tons, this being the largest single week's work
on record. The total shipments for the three
months since navigation opened aggregate
3,391.327. This is 1.521.063 tons above the
quantity that bad been sent to market by water
on the corresponding date last year.
A terrible epidemic of bloody flux has ap
peared at Warsaw, 111. It came on last Monday
in a light form and resembled dysentery, but
on Wednesday it assumed a more serious
phase, and now 15 people have died. Four
deaths occurred Thursday and four Friday, the
victims being mostly children. One hundred
and eighty cases are now reported. Many of
them, it is feared, will resnlt fatally. The peo
ple are terror stricken and do not know what
to make of the scourge The disease has also
appeared at Hamilton, and it is said to exist in
epidemic form at Canton and Kahoka, Mo.
The reports of terrible dancer and great
loss from forest fires in the Yellowstone Na
tional Park are so much exaggerated as to be
almost wholly unfounded. There have been,
and are yet. some tires, but tbe soldiers have
worked hard and successfully to overcome
them. The fires are still burning, but there is
no clanger. Tourists are scattered all over tbe
park and feel no fears of any dancer whatever.
The hotel people never have been troubled
over possible harm, but have kept on steadily
at their work of building now hotels at the
grand can on and lake.
Advices from Honolulu, received by the
steamer Mariposa, state that the United States
steamer Alert left Honolulu July 8 for Fanning
Island to bring the Nipslc to Honolulu for re
pairs. The United States steamer Adams was
still at Honolulu when the Mariposa left there,
July 27. The Adams intended to sail for Samoa
a week before that time, but she was detained
owing to tbe illness of her surgeon, who is suffer
ing with pneumonia, and is quartered at tbe
Queen's Hospital. Tbe British war vessel
Espiegle sailed from Honolulu, July 27, under
orders. It is supposed in Honolulu that there is
some trouble in connection with the recent
annexations to the British Empire in the south
seas, and that the Espiegle will go in that direc
The boundary line of Dakota, from Pem
bina west to the Turtle Mountains, has long
been a favorite place lor half-breed smugglers,
who have made a practice of cutting timber on
tbe American side and running it across, where
they traded it for groceries and other necessa
ries of life, Including an occasional supply of
lire water. A depnty marshal, acting under
orders from his superior, found that a regular
code of signals had been established and were
conveyed from one butte to another by half
breed women, as a result of which the smug
glers were informed of tbe movements of the
officers and governed themselves accordingly.
Ten half-breeds bave been arrested for smug
gling, and such of tbcm as could not secure
bail have been taken to Grand Forks for exam-
At San Francisco yesterday a number of
prominent capitalists met a committee consist
ing of Messrs. De Tuck, West and Harassethy,
of tbe Grape Growers' Association, and dis
cussed a plan for relieving the wine industry of
the State by distilling the surplus wines into a
good uniform quality of brandy. It was agreed
to organize a company with a capital stock of
l:l,O0OjrXKl, divided into 10 OOOsbares of tlOO each.
One thousand shares were subscribed for at the
meeting. The company is to bo known as the
California Brandy Union. Distilleries will be
leased and constrncted in thoso parts of the
State where cheap grapes and wines are found
in excels. A central bonded warehouse will be
established In San Francisco. Agencies will
be located in all tbe large Eastern cities and in
Hamburg and London. Of this year's surplus
the comnany will buv 2,600.000 gallons which it
will disdU into 5CO.0OO gallons of brandy. A
meeting will soon be held at which a Board of
Directors will be elected.
The President has appointed the following
named postmasters: Rollin A. Edreston, at
Little Rock,Ark., vice T. W. Newton, removed;
James K. Barnes, at Ft Smitb. Ark., vice F. J.
Fleming, resigned; John C. Sullivan, at Du
ranco. CoL, vice C. M. Hilliker, resigned; Will
iam H. Donaldson.at Waterrown, Dak.. vice Lu
cius M. Thomas, removed: Eugene B. Fletcher,
at Morris, 111., vice J. S. R. Scovill, removed;
Israel C. Cope, at Streator, vice M. J. Finlan,
removed: William Wilson. Jr., at Washington,
la., vice Georgo G. Bodman, removed; Edward
S. Horton, at Northville, Mich- vice J. H.
Woodman, removed; George W. Jones, at Im
lay City. Mich., vice E. J. Laders, removed;
Squire Lane, at Burlington. Kan., vice E. SI.
Lockwood, removed; William E. Hogueland,
at Yate's Center, Kan., vice E. V. Wharton, re
movea: John S. Eastwood, at Eureka. Kan.,
vice W. W. McGrew. removed; Frank D. Allen,
at Oswego, Kn.,vice John M.Landis, removed;
W. C. Whltne. at Cawker City, Kan., vice J.
W. Hughes. removed; Henry P.
Kraus, at Reno, Nev., vice J. C. Hagerman,
removed: Emanuel Schultz, at Mlamlsburg. O.,
vice C. K. Kinder, removed; W. Holrerstadt,
at Columbiana, O., vice George Lower, re
moved: John V. McKee, at Celina, 0 vico
Jacob Krenscb. removed; Amos T. Dailey, at
Van Wert, O., vice John Shaw, removed: James
Israel, at il t Vernon, O., vice John D. Thomp
son, removed; William A Winsboro, at Ban
gor, Pa., vice V. A. Wagner, resigned; A. A.
Thomson, at Carlisle, Pa., vice H. K. l'feffer,
removed; Andrews A. Cathcart, at Blooms
burg, Pa., vice George A. Coark, removed;
William H. Fine, at Bristol, Pa., vice James
Drury, removed; George W. Scbock, at Mifliln
burgh, Pa., vice C. A. Eaton, resigned.
Eve, Ear. Nose nnd Throat.
When you consult Dr. Sadler, 304 Penn
avenue, Pittsburg, you get the skill of 20
years' experience with 16,000 different cases,
the results of which have not been surpassed
by the best in the profession anywhere. He
has even restored many who have been pro
nounced hopeless. Cataract, disease of the
optic nerve, iritis, crooked eyes, granulated
lids, ulcers and opacities of the cornea, tu
rners in lids, "weeping -eye," burns and in
juries, catarrhal deafness, discharges from
ears even when 10 to 40 years' standing.
Send for reference. Tumors in ears, ca
tarrh of nose, catarrh of throat, hoarseness,
loss of voice, are all curable; the earlier
treated the better the result. Spectacles ad
justed. Artificial eyes inserted.
Medoc, St. Emilion, St. Estepha, St.
Julien, Margeaux, Pontet, Canet,St.Pierrie,
'Chateau Leoville, Chateau la Rosa, Chateau
Mouton, Grand Vin Chateau Margeaux,
Grand Vin Chateau Lafitte, by the case or
bottle. G. W. Schmidt,
95 and 97 Fifth avenue, city.
The photographs made by Hendricks &
Co., 68 Federal street-Allecheny, give uni
versal satisfaction. We do not hesitate to
guarantee our work every time, and stand
ready to refund the purchase-price if the
work is not satisfactory. Don't forget the
number, 68 Federal street, Allegheny.
Cabinets only $1 a dozen.
The choicest lines of fancy flannels for
blouse waists, seaside wear, tea gowns and
shirting shown this season. Handsome
colorings and effects all prices, from 25c to
$1 a yard. Hugus & Hacke.
Jab. McKee, watchmaker and jeweler,
420 Smithneld St., one door below Diamond
st, formerly 13 Fifth avenue. The best
place in the two cities for watch and jewelry
repairing. Pine work and reasonable prices.
89 to Chicago and Reinrn 89
Via the Pittsburg and Western By., Thurs
day, August 8; limit ten days. Train leaves
12;40 P. M. central time.
Finest Work, Lowest Prices,
Prompt deliveries, have made Hendricks &
Co. the popular photographers of Alleghenyv
yiMiiihn iiaiir'jAj,u' tt rfnrrorrirTniitfi'iifiki,i'llii HtfirWarfflTPTi n " w p i 'm infflmnTTHr iiriTHaMMtw,Triragn wiptitm irMr r j
BLOWN TO NOTHING.
The Industry in Which the Roberts
Brothers Hade Millions
MADE STfiANGE DEATHS F0RMANY.
Annihilation of Human Beings by Means of
OS THEORY OP HOW IT ALL HAPPENED.
The Recklessness ot Shooters and Spontaneous Com
The death of Dr. Boberts recalls many
strange deaths caused mainly by reckless
ness in, handling the commodity by the
use of which, for exploding in oil
wells, to increase their flow, he and
his brother made millions of dollars. In
some cases hardly a vestige of the victims
remained, and the theory furnished for their
almost total and instantaneous disappear
ance is spontaneous combustion.
rsrlCTAI. TELIOBAM TO THE DISFATCH.1
TnusviliLE, August 3. The death of
Dr. W. B. Koberts, of Titusville, closes a
conspicuous career. Koberts was the great
"Torpedo King" of the oil country, and
after the Standard oil people, the best
known man connected in any way with the
oil trade. The strange industry which he
and his brother built up was peculiar only
to the oil regions. His brother, Colonel A.
E. Boberts, is also dead. Por years they
enjoyed a close monopoly of the torpedo
business, and both the brothers made mil
lions of dollars out of it. When their
Datents expired by limitation the business
of exploding torpedoes in oil wells was
taken up by whosoever chose to engage in
the hazardous undertaking, and now scores
of firms are supplying the trade which for
merly depended upon "Torpedo Koberts,"
as the doctor was known. He was originally
a dentist in New York, but coming to the
oil country in the early days of the petro
leum excitement, he and his brother engaged
in the oil business and soon secured a patent
on a device for exploding nitro-glycerine in
the bottom of oil wells to increase the flow.
The device was simple, but it proved to be
one of the most valuable inventions of the
age, and certainly far exceeded the wildest
dreams of the young inventors. The device
was simply a tube made of tin to hold the
explosive, supplied with a cap for explod
ing the substance. This was lowered into
the well to the depth of 1,000 feet, if neces
sarv, by means of a cord, and, when at the
desired depth, a small iron weight called
"go devil" was drooped down on the cord,
and this striking the tube containing tbe
nitro-glycerine a terrific explosion followed.
These explosions shattered the oil-bearing
rock and the result in nearly every case was
an increase in tbe production of the well.
The demand for these torpedoes was enor
mous. There were anvwhere from 15,000 to
25,000 wells in the region and nearly all of
them were torpedoed at regular intervals.
HOW MILLIONS WERE MADE.
The Boberts brothers got their own prices
and their fortunes were quickly made. In
a few years their several fortunes were esti
mated at from $2,000,000 to $4,000,000.
Every oil producer had to pay tribute to
them, and finally the oil men sought to
break the monopoly by attacking the
validity of the patents. The producers or
ganized to fight the patents in the courts,
and long and bitter litigation was the re
sult. The fight went on in every court for
vears, and finally the Supreme Court of tbe
United States decided in favor of the Kob
erts brothers, and they continued to have
the exclusive right to manufacture and use
the torpedo for 17 years, the life of the
The torpedo kings,as they were now called,
had scores of agents in all parts of the oil
regions, exploding these torpedoes in wells
for producers. Each torpedo was from 10
to 200 quarts capacity, and the danger in
carrying them over the country was very
great. The agents were called "shooters."
They carried the nitro-glycerine in wagons
drawn by one and often two horses. They
often carried as much as 1,500 pounds of the
deadly stuff, and yet these men would be
come so reckless in their business that they
gave little heed to the manner of their driv
ing. "Torpedo accidents" were therefore a
common occurrence. In dozens of cases
man, team and vehicle were blown almost
entirely out of existence. It was rarelv that
a cigar box would not hold all of the driver
that could be found. JCn one case, that of
"Doc" Haggerty, no vestige of a human be
ing was ever found, and a few pounds of
flesh identified by the hair as being all that
was left of two horses. This was the Strang
est case of the many "torpedo explosions"
in the oil conntry. It occurred early in
December last, near Pleasantville, seven
miles from Titusville. This was after the
expiration of the Boberts patents, and others
were engaged in the business. Haggerty
was employed by George W. Van Veilt in
hauliug nitro-glycerine with a two-horse
team, and storing it in a magazine near
Pleasantville. On this.occasion the wagon
contained 1,400 pounds. The explosion oc
curred atathe magazine, probably when be
was in the act of unloading it, and horses,
wagon, magazine and man were blown to
THE FOBCE OP THE EXPLOSION "
made a hole in the ground like an excava
tion for a cellar, and the report was heard
or felt in almost every part ot the county.
Thousands of people visited the scene.
Search was made for some remains of Hag
gerty, but nothing was ever found either
of his body or clothing. He was seen on
the wagon 20 minutes before the explosion.
Cnrious theories were advanced in regard to
the utter annihilation of the body. Scien
tific men said it was not improbable that the
explosion had been sufficiently powerful to
generate enough heat to entirely consume
the body instantaneously. Hon. A. B.
Bichmond, of Meadville, Pa., a man of
scientific attainments, held that this theory
was quite plausible. He had not originally
advanced the theory, but he thought it
might be found to be the true one.
It was suggested that Haggerty might
have fired a pistol ball into the nitro-glycerine
from a safe distance, but no motive
could be found for doing this outside of the
fact that he had an insurance of $5,000 on
his life. The insurance company is not en
tirely satisfied that he is dead, their chief
argument being that no dead Haggerty can
be found. Persons familiar with the won
derful annihilative power of nitro-glycerine,
as witnessed many times in the oil country,
have any doubt that Haggerty was com
pletely obliterated by the explosion. It is
known that the rotary motion of cyclones
has generated sufficient heat to singe the
feathers on chickens, and the force of this
explosion must have been many times
greater than any clyclone, and sufficient,
therefore, to have consumed every vestige
of the body and clothing of Haggerty. The
numerous cases or spontaneous com
bustion referred to by Charles Dickens in
his preface to "Bleak House," were cited at
this time to show that it was possible for a
human body to be consumed in this way.
Dickens disposes of "Mr. Krooks" by
spontaneous combustion, and in the preface
of the story he justifies himself by citing
several well authentic cases that were
known to medical science. 'One of these
cases was that of a German saloon keeper at
Columbus. Ohio. In ail these cases, in
cluding that of "Mr. Krooks," excessive
alcoholism was the cause. This did not
figure in the case of , Hacgerty, as he did
not use liquor at alii The writer of this
was on the ground soon after the explosion,
and a faint odor of fire was remarked. This
was perhaps an hourjalter the explosion, or
as long as was required to drive seven miles
in a buggy over a rough country.
MANY STBAXOE CASES.
dni a mtro-glyccriaftl
1 - - - s V
' V " ,iu- stilLr r&&A&i$i&&.J.jLJ&iL' - ' niSlilBl'liii1 1 ' Tii'"J u , ' l&xL ?4 i , v v ' . "'- $ - j!--
wagon in the Kinzua district, in the Brad
ford field, and was finally blown up like
most of the "well shooters." 'Nothing was
ever found of Prance but one knee-cap,
picked up 200 'feet from the scene of the ex
plosion. George Dolan was carrying two or three
cans of nitro-glycerine in a bag through the
outskirts of Bed Bock, a town in the Brad
ford field. He fell and the glycerine ex
ploded. The force of the explosion knocked
down several houses, and all that could be
found of Dolan was part of one foot, weigh
ing less than a pound. He was a man who
weighed over 200 pounds.
An extraordinary case was that of Charles
Berridge, who was'killed by an explosion
in tbe Allegany, N. V., oil field. He was
standing in a gulch, the sides of which were
abrupt, and not many feet apart. A nitro
glycerine magazine explodea near hhn and
less than ten pounds of his flesh could be
found. Tho ground, at the time of the ex
plosion, was covered with new-fallen snow,
and, although the body was so nearly annihi
lated, not a single drop of blood stained the
snow. The body of Berridge, except the
ten pounds that were found, had disappeared
somewhere, no one could tell where, as
there was no mark on the snow anywhere
in the vicinity to give any clew. Berridge
was a prominent oil producer and diligent
search was made for his remains.
The number of deaths in the oil country
from these explosions will probably reach
75 or 100. Near Scrubgrasx, below Oil
City, two men were killed in one explosion,
and all the remains that could be found
were buried in a cigar box. A man on tbe
opposite side of the river was badly stunned
by'the force o this explosion. The men
were pumping a well and finding hidden in
the woods near the well a can containing
what they supposed was lard oil they put
some of it on the engine to lubricate it
The explosion of course followed im
mediately. The recklessness of men who handle nitro
glycerine, is often remarked. Prance, whose
death is noted above, at one time had an
assistant in hauling nitro-glycerine, and
their mode of unloading the wagon was to
toss the cans to each other as if they were
bricks. Each one knew that the failure to
catch a can meant instant death, but they
took the chances. The use of nitro-glycerine
has been the means of adding greatly to the
petroleum output. The increase, on ac
count of it, is placed at many millions of
May be Ued Without Paying Duty la Bail
rond Traffic Between the Two Nations
A Ruling That is Confirmed by
All of the Precedents.
Washington; August 3. The Secre
tary of the Treasury this afternoon rendered
his decision on the question submitted to
him by the Collector ot Customs at Detroit,
Mich., as to the dutiable or non-dutiable
character of foreign built railway cars com
ing into the United States from Canada
laden or for the purpose of being laden with
mails, passengers, etc The decision is as
Office or the Secretary,
WASHINGTON, August 3.
Collector of Customs, Detroit, Mich, i
Bib The department has fully considered
the question submitted by you of the dutiable
or non-dutiable character of foreign-built rail
way cars coming into the United States and
Canada, laden, or for tbe purpose of being
laden, with mails, passengers, baggage, express
matter or freight. Tbe records of tnis depart
ment show that railway cars engaged in the so
called transit trade, partly over the territory
of the United States and partly over the terri
tory of Canada, have never been regarded as
importations subject to duty, but simply as
vehicles ot transportation for the conducting
of an established and lecallzed traffic
In letters from this department to the Presi
dent of tbe New York Central Railway Com
pany, February 2, 1889, to the collector at Port
Huron, April 27, 1870. and to tbe collector at
Burlington, December 3, 1S78, and January 9,
1884 it was held that such practice was not
obnoxious to the revenue laws of tbe United
States, and did not subject foreign-built cars
running in the transit trade between Canada
and the United States to duty, since section
3,102, Revised Statutes, autbonzes foreign
railway cars laden with importations to enter
tbe United States and proceed to destination,
and section 3,000. Revised Statutes, authorizes
the cars of both countries to engage in inter
national traffic and the merchandise so carried
to be treated as "if the transportation bad
taken place entirely within tbe limits of the
Tbe principle so adopted and announced has
remained in torce for more than 20 years, and
does not seem to have been impeached or ques
tioned in or Dy any statute or other Congres
sional action, or any judicial decision or treaty,
or any departmental regulation or restriction
in all that time; it being considered that the
action taken by the department January 3,
1889, and which action was recalled and re
scinded before the same had taken effect, did
not amount to a disturbance or impeachment
of the otherwise unbroken practice. In view
of the long settled rule and practice npon the
subject, the department does not deem it con
formable to the public interest to disturb the
decision deliberately reached and repeatedly
affirmed, and must bold that tbe question is no
longer open to administrative construction.
It only remains to advise you that while
these rulings are adhered to in deference to tbe
reasonable requirements of commerce not to
fiermlt such practice to deeenerate into a
icense for the free importation of foreisn
built railway cars into tbe domestic traffic of
tbe United States under cover of the estab
lished usage described in the preceding para
graphs. Respectfully yours,
W. Wisdom, Secretary.
Cabinet photos, 89e per doz. Lies' Pop
ular Gallery, 10 and 12 Sixth st. mwfsu
Have your pictures taken on the ground
floor at the Standard Photo Art Gallery, 70
Federal st, Allegheny, Pa.
This powder never varies. A marvel of pur
lty, strength and wholesomeness. More eco
nomical than the ordinary kin ds, and cannot
be sold in competition with the multitude of
ow est, short weight, alum or phosphate pow
ders. Sold only in cam. ROYAL BAKING
POWDER CO, 106 Wall St, N. Y.
The Most Complete
Stock in the city.
BED ROCK PRICEa
We also manufacture this
STEVENS CHAIR CO.
No. 3 SIXTH ST,
34 BAMPSON ST, ALLEGHENY, 1A,
Specially Adapted for Cemetery Lota,
- royals;wj A T
2 -iiii4 -
IN OTJR POPULAR BRAND
Will be found a combination not
always to be had.
A Fine Quality of PLUG- TOBAC
CO at a Reasonable Price.
Zookfor the red Htin tag on
If you are looking for a
DON'T FAIL TO GrVE
A FAIR TRIAL.
Ask your dealer for it. Don't take any other.
JNO. ETNZER & BROS.,
v The, Ball Corset has soft
eyelets. Soft eyelets are
loops of corset lace stitched
into the corset; softer,
smoother, pleasanter, neater,
more womanlike than metal.
The Ball is the easiest ever
worn by woman. The ease
is due to covered coils of fine
wire spring in the sides:
These springs hug the figure
gently, and yield with every
The Ball is "boned" with
Kabo that never breaks or
kinks or rolls up or shifts
from its place.
You can wear a Ball corset
two or three weeks; and, if
you don't like it, return it to
where you got it and get your
money back. The manufact
urer pays the merchant to do
Chicago Cohset Co., Chicago and New York.
65 NINTH ST.
KAUFMANNS' ARE BUILDING AGAIN!
Yes, we're at it again. Our large building erected but four years ago isn't so large after all. Our trade has outgrown
it It is this fact that has compelled us to obtain a long lease hold on the site formerly occupied by the Chronicle
Telegraph building. This new addition (40x120 feet) which will be built in conformity with the architecture of
the general store, will increase our room to nearly 100,000 square feet the largest space occupied by any
Pittsburg business house. Cur contract calls for the completion of the work on or before November i,
and, you will readily admit, it will take "some mighty tall hustling" to complete the building at the
agreed time. Within a few weeks the heavy wall running parallel with the newly acquired prop
erty will be torn down (or nearly so) and then the dust and dirt will fly thick. In the mean
time we.will make strenuous efforts to save our goods from being ruined by the flying '
brick and mortar. How'll we save 'em? By selling them, of course. With this
object in view we will to-morrow morning commence a .'.
GENERALBUIIDING AND ENLARGING SALE
at which every article or garment in our store will be offered at away below its regular price. Our loss may be heavy, but
we must "grin and bear it," for, if we stick to our goods now, and allow them to become damaged or ruined by the
dust and dirt, they will ever afterward stick to us and, then, our loss will be far greater. Now, then, let the fun
commence. The people will dance, while we will pay the piper: Come in and buy any Suit, any Overcoat,
any pair of Pants, any Vest, any Thin Garments, any pair of Shoes, any Hat, any Cap, any Trunk, any
Satchel, any article of Gents' Furnishing Goods or any garment in our Ladies' Cloak Department
FOR FIFTY CENTS ON THE DOLLAR.
This offer should induce you to purchase not only to supply your present but future wants as well. Remember, we have no
old stock on hand. Everything is fresh, new and stylish, having been made for this season's wear. Tell your friends
and neighbors about this sale that they, too, may profit by it. It's a most extraordinary chance a sale not based
on fuss and feathers (the substance of the so-called "sacrifice" sales now so conspicuously paraded in the
newspapers by other dealers), but on facts made necessary by the building of the new and large addition
' to our store. It's a "mu3t" with us, and you know how cheaply goods can be bought of him who is
compelled to sell. Remember, this compulsory Building and Enlarging Sale will commence
to-morrow morning; half price for everything will be the watchword, and there'll be no let
up until the last garment will be in the hands of the wearer.
PRICES NEVER SO LO W.
Chipped beef. 12c and Zlc per can
Corned beef 12o and 18c per can
Potted meats i comprising chicken, turkey.
Dcriled meats duck, bam. lobster, tongue
Sandwich meats )at20c,25c,30oand35cpercan
Roast turkey and chicken 33c per can
Boneless turkey and chicken 50c per can
Lunch toncue SOc and Sue per can
Pickled lambs tongue locperiar
Pickled lobster. 45c per jar
Boneless pljsfeet 30c per can
Truffled liver sausaee 65epercan
Chicken sassage 35c per can
Vienna sausage 15c and 25c per can
Imported Frankfort sausages 75c per can
Fresh clams 12c and ISc per can
Imported sardines 12c and 20c per can
Imported boneless sardines.. ...25c.33c 15c can
Fresh salmon 17c, 20c, 25c and 45c per can
Spiced salmon 30c per can
Pickled oysters 40c nd 75c per jar
Lemon juice SOc per. bottle
Fruit syrups (all kinds).. .25c and 60c per bottle
Raspberry vinegar 45c and 75o per bottle
Ginger ale, imported SI 25 per dozen
Ginger ale. domestic 90c per dozen
Silurian mineral spring ginger ale. qts.
$2 75 per dozen
Root beer, extract 25c per bottle
Birch beer. SI GO per dozen
Grape sherbet 50c per bottle
Send for the Housekeepers' Guide. Mailed
18 DIAMOND, Market Square,
I Willi GIVE
$500 to Anyone Not Using
The True Tailor System
If they will cut as perfect a fitting garment of
any kind and give such exquisite grace and
beauty to the form as I will with my system,
using only a tailor's square and tape measure,
which is every tailor's outfit and should be
In regard to tbe claims of the so-called "tailor
systems" I will simply remark that any method
which does not use a tailor's square and tape
measure independent of pieces of pasteboard
or graded scales cannot properly be called a
So do not be deluded or persuaded into buy
ing or using a set of "graded scales," charts,
models or machines called "tailor systems."
Perfect Fitting Patterns cut to order and
The True Tailor System,
P. O. PERKINS, Inventor,
445 Wood st., 3d door from Fifth ave.
23 eixth. Street, Ilttsl)Tirnr.
Spectacles and Eyeglasses correctly adjusted
to every defect of sight. Field and Opera
Glasses, Telescopes, Microscopes, Barometers,
JMHXRTIFICIAL EYES made to order
Wgmil warranted. Always on hand a
SSSr large and complete stock. JaS-TTSSu
THE GREATEST BUSINESS
EVER DONE IN THE MONTH OF JOLY
WAS DONE THE MONTH JUST PASSED !
Put great as the business transacted was, it won't be a marker toward the enor
mous business we will do this month of August if LOWEST PEICES ON BEG- .
OBD will accomplish the much-to-be-desired object.
PRICES ON EVERYTHING IN THE STORE.
ABB LOWER THAN EVER THIS WEEK !
And people hare only to visit the popular corner Tenth and Penn Household
Furnishing Bazaar to at once come to the conclusion that NEVER WEBE BE
LIABE GOODS OFFEEED FOB SUCH LITTLE MONEY I
No matter what your eye rests on, no matter what goods strike your fancy,
the inquiry, "What's the price of that?" will be. answered by the naming of a fig
ure which will astonish you. There's none of the several prices business about
us. Go into some stores we could name and it depends a great deal on your per
sonal appearance as to bow much will be asked you for anything you point out.
In the stores referred to the salesmen will mentally estimate how much you can
pay, and If he happens to strike you too high he'll drop a notch or two. As we
said before, there's no such monkey-shine business about us. We serve everyone
alike the rich and the poor. A poor man's hundred cents goes as far with us as
the banker's dollars. We tell again, we've marked down prices to the lowest
notch, and positively
Sell on Time at as Low Prices as Other Dealers
Charge for Cash.
We can furnish a bouse complete, from cellar to garret, and give special terms
to fcewly married couples in order to induce them to have happy homes of their
own. Call and see us. We've a few remnants of carpets left which we shall al
most give away this week.
I7A T7TYI1 llClrlC
AVE. AND SMITHFIELD
Mathematical and Engineering Instrument
and Materials. Profile, cross-section, tracing
and blue-process papers, tracing linen, etc
Largest and best stock of Spectacles and Eye
Glasseft ,. ,
KORNBIiUM, Theoretical and
No. 50 Fifth avenue. Telephone No. 1888.
COR- TENTH AND PENN.
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