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Where is Sow the Largest Romany
Colony Left in Great Britain,
QUAIKT AKD TINY XETHOLM.
The Scene of Countless G017 flashings in
GIPSIDOH IS KIRK-IETHOLiI WANIXG
ICOKKESrOKDESCE Or THE DISPATCH.
Jedburg, Scotland, September It A
sunny little world almost entirely to them
selves have the largest Eomany colony now
known in Great Britain, my Scottish Gipsy
friends of the most secluded of all Tweed
dale hamlets, quaint and tiny old Yetholm.
The little place nestles lovingly among the
picturesque felis near the source of the
beautiful Bowmont Water which divides
Xctholm into twin hamlets, about a third of
a mile apart, each on a gentle elevation of
ground, the village on the northern shore of
the stream being called Town Yetholm, and
the one on the southern bank, to which my
pilgrimage was made, Kirk-Xetholm. It is
in Kirk-Xetholm that the Gipsies live,
and have had their homes much as they have
them to-day for 400 years.
The valley of Yetholm lies in the heart of
the eastern district of Boxburgshire, which
comprises the parishes of Linton, Morebat
tle, Hownani and Xetholm. On all sides
rise the noble Cheviot Hills, more beautiful
and charming in reality than anywhere
painted in all border minstrelsy, shutting iu
the vale from the outside world, accessible
by only two roads so hidden, as one wanders
about old Xetholm, that no egress from the
romantic spot can anywhere be seen. But
winding between the Cheviot peaks one
thoroughfare leads to Kelso, and another to
Jedburg, through most entrancing scenes.
That trailing along to Kelso, gives noble
views of the region at the junction of the
Teviot and Tweed, and of the ruins of Sox
burg Castle, celebrated in border historv.
Just beyond where it leaves Xetholm
through the circuitous opening in the bills,
iithe famous Cherrytrees Manse, reference
to which ever
BEINGS A BBOAD SMILE
upon every Scotch face; for it was here that
the famous David "Williamson, a persecuted
Presbyterian clergyman, who afterward min
istered at St. Cuthbert's, Edinburgh, was
put by the lady of the Manse into bed with
her own daughter, "body and boots," to es
cape the pursuing dragoons, bv which means
the reverend Cherrytrees Davie, as he was
ever afterward known, "was saved, but at
the expense of the young lady; who, how
ever, afterward became the first of the rev
erend gentleman's seven wives."
Over to the westward up the Teviot Val
ley, the other sinuous road leads to Jedburg,
where any pilgrim to Xetholm leaves the
railway for a glorious drive among the
Cheviot Hills. Here are the enchanting
Teviot Valley and river, the "sylvan Jed"
of Thomson; and at the hard old burg itself,
the scene of countless grim and gorv clash
mgs in border warfare, in olden times scores
of male Gipsies were hanged, and dozens of
water Indeed here originated the term
"Scotch justice," or "Jethart justice." im
plying the practice of first hanging and sub
sequently judging a culprit At Jedburg
is also seen the house in which Queen Mary
lodged after her visit to Bothwell at Hei
xnitage; a roomy, vast old structure with a
quaint turret behind, like a mansion house
of the time of Charles II. The entire region
is filled notonly with in terminable romances
of border chivalry, but every hill, stream
and mountain glen is given weird fascina
tion by lemains of Soman camps and for
tresses, with uncounted relics in tumuli and
cromlechs of a Gaelic age beyond. Over
shadowing Xetholm itself are thepeakjof
Castle Law and Camp Hill, where are found
the remains of fortifications, each inclosing
a circular area nearly 3,000 feet in circumference,
I DEFENDED BY DOUBLE JOSSES
and ramparts, while upon the summit of
Xetholm Law are the remains of a Boman
camp, quadrilateral in form, in which an
urn or brass containing 600 Boman coins
was discovered. It is within this Historic
and romantic vale that the tawny descend
ants! of Aryans, coeval with Vyasa himself,
dwell, a lessening remnant of a race of
sorners or forcible intruders who once well
Gipsies came into Scotland from Ireland
about the year 1600. So consummately
shrewd were they in carrying out their as
sumption of pilgrimage nnderthe leadership
of Anthonius Gawino, Earl of Little Egypt
and ol beincr nnderpnmmgnriQ nr k .!
to waqder seven years without sleeping in a
bed, that they actually secured the counte
nance, if not the favor, of James IV. It was
the same old trick they had played through
out all Europe, and played so well that we
find they wandered up and down France,
under tthe eye of the magistracy, not for
seven years only, but for more than a hun
dred years, without; molestation. This An
thomusJGawino seemed to be a diplomat by
nature. He inveigled King James into giv
ing him'a very strong and sympathetic let-
Li-H. ?5 nncIe' the "5 "f Denmark, in
which the Gipsy chief and his vagabond fol
lowers are spoken of as "Anthonius Ga-
iS0.?'1", LUtIe EgrPt. and the other
amtcted and lamentable tribe of his retinue,
while, through a desire of traveling and bv
-.,- .,. j-k, pugnuiiag over ine
Christian world," etc, which shows that
th.rimpositon upon the melancholy Scot
tish King was complete, whether or not his
testimonial ever benefited them in Denmark.
Scottish Gipsies received no molestation
weal, by to be called such until 1679, when
Janes VI. "took the government into his
own. hands. Then sr statute was passed
"tut punishment of strong and idle vaga
bonds and beggars, and relief of the poor
.and impotent." This statute was very
severe against the Gipsies, and ordered that
theor ears should be cat off and themselves
banished. This law was ratified in 1593
and another statute passed in 1597 that they
Jbe, on conviction, made slaves for life. In
1600 another act enforcing all previous
statutes bearing on their religion and pnn-
jiaumcu., uuu acierciy conaemning the neg
1 igenee of the justices and commissioners in
i lot putting previous laws against them into
Execution, was passed; and in 1603 thePrivv
Q'ouncil ordered the whole race to leave the
Kingdom by a certain date, on penalty of
dtatb. This order was in 1609 made a per
pttual law; but it appears that, if these
statutes were not actually set at defiance bv
th-e Gipsies themselves, they were effectually
Tended by the sympathy and assistance ex
i,ended them uy the different powerful
Scottish clans, some of which were allied to
-the wanderers by marriage or secret and
irtill more influential ties, which the Gov
.ernment at that period very loosely con
trolled. BATHES HTTKDBTJM.
But the history of Scottish Gipsies after
the beginning ot the seventeenth century is
act marked by striking episodes, save in a
few instances, and those of a local nature
and interest, where the Eomany people were
persecuieu anu jjuiusneu much the same as
all vagabonds coming under the surveillance
I of Scottish justice. The most that can be
I said of them is that they were Gipsies.
Eoyal edicts and parliamentary statutes,
whatever their severity, operated about the
same as-edicts and statutes would have oper
ated against foxes. A special flurry of ex
cited vigilance and Gipsy prejudice would
frofca time to time cause renewed persecu
tion which only drove the Gipsies Into their
bidding places, where, still like foxes, they
propagated the more rapidly, and after qmet
had) returned they came to the surface again,
mora daring Gipsies, and more of tbem.
4Perhapf sosae poor, lame fox of a Gipsy
'dTORtA.-GseasiQfiaiiy et caught .ana be
clubbed to death by the butt-end of cruel
Scotch law, as though there had been a
mighty conquest; hut that was all. They
never failed to thrive under persecution in
all European countries to almost as great a
degree as they have prospered under con
ditions of absolnte freedom in America.
The most noted Gipsies of Scotland were
Anthonius Gawino, previously referred to,
the Bailyows, afterward the Bailiies, from
whom the many families of American Gipsy
Baileys are descended, and old John Faw,
progenitor of all the Gipsv Faws, Faas and
Falls of Scotland and America. Many
of the Faa family have attained wealth and
political preferment in Scotland. The once
wealthy Falls, merchants of Dunbar, are
Gipsies. One of the Falls became a Colo
nel in the Britisth army. Another served a
term in Parliament Hosts have been and
are under sheriffs and bailiffs. Lady An
struther, wife of the late Sir John Anstru
ther, of Elie, was Jennie Faa, a Gipsy
GREAT -WIT AKD BEAUTY.
These Falls of Faas, of Dunbar, are also
connected by marriage with the great bank
ing familv of Uoutts, widely Known in
America through the frequent social intel
ligence concerning the noted Baronness
Burdette-Coutts. "While the celebrated
poem, "the Gipsy Laddie," commemorates
the abduction by the Gipsy King, John
Faa, in 1643, of Lady Casilfis, wife of the
Earl of Casillis, "a sullen and ill-tempered
man, more given to theology than ilka day
goodness," who was absent on a deputation
to ratify the solemn league and covenant of
that year at "Westminster. Sir Walter Scott
created his great character of "Meg Mer
rilies" out of Jean Gordon, a Gipsy woman
of this very Xetholm; audi have broken
bread with her descendants here as well as
during my wanderings among the Gipsies in
America. Scott himself said ot Jean Gor
don: "She had a great sway among her
tribe. She was quite a Meg Merrilies, and
possessed the savage virtue of fidelity in the
"Light down, light down, our ain Gorrio
chal (friend of the Gipsies)! Xe manna
gang farther the day, an friends' houses sae
nearl" was the greeting I got, as, riding
tnrougn tne crooced street ot JUrfc-xetholm,
having come horseback over the Cheviots
froin Jedburg, I halted at a Gipsy's cottage
and inquired if an inn could anywhere be
found in the hamlets. In an instant I was
fairly pulled from my horse, hugged by a
dozen stalwart Eomany men, embraced by a
score of women and spae-wives old, and
kissed roundly and soundly by seven I re
member the exact number! of as handsome
Gipsy lasses as one would wish to see. Mv
horse was led to a byre and fed and groomed,
and I was conducted to the largest and best
conditioned house, and given the seat of
honor at a little window overlooking the
street; for my fame among Gipsies as a
friend of the Gipsies for over a quarter of a
century in America had preceded me; and
I had no more than arrived in Glasgow
when information of my visit had been se
cretly sent them.
A GREAT HONOR.
sat all the Gipsy kings and queens of
Xetholm from old Will Faa to Queen Es
ther Blyth-Faa, the last to claim regal title
here, and whose remains lie in the tiny
Gipsy burial place just above the town.
The room was at once filled with Gipsies to
the number of 30 or 40. I bad three letters
to deliver from their Gipsy relatives in
America. These were turned over to me to
be read aloud; and then for four mortal
hours I never knew, and never again will
find, even should I attain fame among those
who are not Gipsies, so enthralled an audi
ence. And I venture to say, though I had
parfin it, no stranger or weirder scene for
artist could.be found. Stalwart men with chins
in hand eyed me from under theirbushy brows
like some" bandit band intent on wondrous
plans of expedition. Women of immense
stature, with heads awry as if to catch every
syllable uttered, leaned between and over
their husbands with kindling eyes often
blazing with excitement as the fortunes of
their American brethren were recounted.
Haggish spae-wives, with bared breasts like
It Was Fully Explained in the Courts
THE CITIZENS AGAINST A EEPINEEY
Gas Otterson's Absence leads to a Change
i in His Business.
GENERAL HEWS OP THE COUNT! CODETS
This was no slight honor, as
learned it was the "throne on which
The argument In the case of J. W. Wads
worth vs Miller & Sons, asking for an in
junction to restrain that firm from re-erecting
their oil works in the Sixth ward, Alle
gheny, was heard by Judges Collier and
Slagle yesterday afternoon. The plaintiff
was represented by Messrs. J. Scott Fergu
son, Esq., George Elphinstone, Esq., and
W. B. liodgers, Esq., while the defense was
represented by the Messrs. Schoyer and J.
W. (Langfitt, Esq. Mr. Ferguson, for the
plaintiff, took the broad grounds that the
refinery, situated as it was in the miast of a
thickly populated neighborhood, was both a
nuisance and a constant menace to the lives
and property of the people. In support of
this Mr. Ferguson presented the affidavits
of S. S. D. Thompson, Dr. W. J. Eiggs and
others to the effect that there arose from the
refinery a sickening odor, pervading the
houses in the neighborhood, tainting the ar
ticles ot food and at times making sleep im
possible, also that the refinery kept the peo
ple in constant terror of their lives from fire
The defense submitted the affidavit of Mr.
Miller in which he denied the claim that an
offensive odor arose from the refinery, and
claimed that the smell complained of was
caused by several sewers, the mouths of
which were in that vicinity, and the refuse
coming from them was often not washed
away by the river; also that night soilers
had a dumping gronnd in the neighbor
hood, and to this source the odor, if any ex
isted, was attributable. The defense
lurther claimed that there was no danger
from fire, as all the tanks 'were arranged
with an escape pipe running into the Ohio
river, that in case of fire the oil could be
ran off. The recent fire at the refinery was
cited to show that there was no 'danger to
tha neighboring property as the place was
surrounded by a brick wall, and the late
fire as confined to the refinery alone.
The affidavits of 66 residents of the neigh
borhood were submitted, Among the names
were Eev. J. D. Fulton, C. C. Hox and
Charles S. Taylor, in which they testified
to have never been annoyed by an un
Mr. Fergnson claimed that the refinery
was a nuisance, and that they just might as
well try to locate on Fifth avenue as where
it was at present, Mr. Ferguson also
claimed that the affidavits submitted by the
defense were mostly from people who did
not live within half a mile of the refinery,
and that while they denied the existence of
an odor they did not deny that the refinery
was a menace to the neighboring property.
Judge Collier took the papers in the case,
but gave no intimation as to when an
opinion would be rendered.
Jack Hart plead guilty to assault and bat
tery on Thomas McGurk. Sentence was
suspended. Larry O'Toole plead guilty to
the larceny of some dynamite from W. E.
Howley, for whom he worked. O'Toole
wanted to go fishing with it. Sentence was
suspended on the payment of costs by the
defendant Charles McGurdy was found
gnilty ot the larceny of a watch from W.
J. Wolf on a picnic train on the Allegheny
Grand Jury Work.
The grand jury yesterday returned the f ol
lowing true bills: William Cappe, Thomas
Nicklin, misdemeanor; Michael Cahlll, Ernest
Fischer, Alfred Meyer, Herman Schitz, as
sault and battery; John Filligan, Jonn Schmitt,
aggravated assault and battery; Patrick Hill,
William B.Bollng, larceny from Ithe person;
John Harvey, Philip Solemn, larceny and re
ceiving stolen goods; Pauline Keller, adultery;
Andrew Ubrey, P, J. Smith, Mary Johnston,
Thomas Forkner. Kate Fox, selling liquor
without a license; Wm. Fisher. ellmg liquor
in a prohibitory district and on Snndaj.
The ignored bills were: Mary Faber, Michael
Kennelly, James and Mary Welsh, Eugene
Quinnev, selling liquor without a license) Cyrus
Bell, Zae Taylor, Charles Turner. George
Ward, selling liquor in a prohibitory district;
Charles Turner. George Ward, selling liquor
on Sunday: Arthur Johnston, false pretenses;
James B. Hyndman, Otto Zieglor, assault and
battery; Peter Kessler, aggravated assault and
battery; Geo. Iteming, assault; John Schmitt,
assault and battery with intent to commit rape.
Features Observed Around the Pitts
burg Diamond Market.
THE CHINAMAN AND HIS "WAYS
Of Supplying His Larder He Wants the
Best, but is a Close Dealer.
FEAST OE FAMINE FOB SOME MELICANS
NOW WEST PUBLISHED.
I .1 M . - I 1 U
A Tale of Adventure.
j3-&- C3-- -A.. HZeTi.-b'y,
SENSATIONAL DETAILS PROMISED.
ooaros, and halt-open mouths exposing oc
casional remaining tusks, weaved back and
forth,their trembling crooning now and then
reaching a shrill ecstasy of exclamation, as
their own weary old souls warmed with the
mesmeric power of the common interest.
Soon a supper good enough for any hungry
man, was provided, and then, wondrous
honor! after another siege of questioning!
was put to rest in the bed of the dead
Queen, Esther Faa-Blyth. It was
A 'WILD SIGHT
and stormy one, and the old hag's saying
that Yetholm "is sae mingle-mangle that
one might think it was either built on a
dark nicht, or sown on a windy one!" kept
whispering to me in wild threnodies as the
gust rustled among the rattling thatches all
that grewsome night.
But Gipsydom in Kirk-Yetholm is sadly
waning. In my threedays' visitin Tinker's
Bow it was all made clear why Scottish and
English writers of a sentimental turn con
tinue to lament the extinction of these pic
turesque folk throngnout Great Britain.
Gipsies are not becoming extinct. Their
field of operations has changed. From
every European country every emierant ship
ior me past j.uu years nas conveyed one or
more to our own country, until," as I have
previously pointed out in American jour
nals, we to-day possess a Gipsy population
of over 1,000,000 souls. Here in Scotland
those still leading a nomad life are to be
found chiefly in Linlithgowshire, Fife and
Stirlingshire, in Tweeddale and Clydesdale,
and here at Yetholm. All sorts of
trades and vocations have drawn them
from their wandering life. Those still
living upon the road, have positively aban
doned pettv theft and depredation and are
become the peddlers and tinkers of the
countryside thoroughfares. They are so
cially on a higher plane. But their dimin
ution here is startling. Only this year
they have among themselves taken a sort of
censns. They find there are not above 3,000
Gipsies all told in Scotland. Hpre at Yet
holm in 1847 they mustered from round
about, over COO sonls and 300 asses to escort
the remains of their old King, "canny Wull
Faa," Irom Coldstream to the burying
ground at Yetholm. I took a census of
those at Yetholm, and counted hut G7 souls;
and they had all come home to "winter
quarters." They possess
A SCORE OP DONKEYS
and "shelties," or Shetland ponies, as many
carts, and the 14 families have as many
maicneu caoms, tne property oi tne .Mar
quis ot Tweeddale, held on the curious
tenure of "19 times 19 years," at a
nominal rent The Yetholm, as well as all
other Scottish drom or road Gipsies now
subsist by hawking earthen, tin and white
iron ware, horn spoons, and "scrubbers" and
"besoms," the latter a sort of willow
broom, about the country. They travel as
far as .Newcastle and Staffordshire for the
earthenware, buying faulty pottery cheaply
and selling the same at good profit. The
remainder of their wares they make in a
rude way among themselves, the wometo be
ing fully as adept as the men. In another
generation's time the Gipsies of
Yetholm will be no more. Al
ready the quaint old town is becom
ing a resort for English snmmer tourists;
Gidsv life unon the Scottish hiehwavx ;
growing "niickle flinty an drear," as the
Yetholm wanderers dolefully assert; whiie
that grand and wondrous land across the sea
beckons them ever to its marvelous Ginav
opportunities, I shall yet live to wander
with this tawny crew in my own loved land;
for every one of the 16 Yetholm Gipsies, who
upon their shaggy donkeys and shelties fur
nished me a brave and weird ragamuffin
escort from nestling Yetholm by fair Bow
mont Water, to sleepy old Jedburg, swore
to me at parting a solemn Gipsy oath that
tbey wonld each and all soon join me in true
Eomany pilgrimings in America; and be
side, I set down for them in good plain
terms just how tney might swing the rusty
gate of Liberty leading from our con
temntiblc American InauisItion.NewYorfc'
Ittminotuly shameful Castle Garden,
jSDGAB Jj, WAKEMAN,
The Constables Fall Out In the Ninth Ward,
Bartley Maree, constable of the Ninth
ward, Allegheny, yesterday filed a petition
in the Quarter Sessions Court asking for a
rule on Bobert Wilson, deputy constable, to
show cause why he should not be removed
from his position. Maree states that he has
been the constable of the Ninth ward since
1883, and is the choice of the best people of
the ward. He says he has been honest in
his official duties, and is a competent officer
in every respect. One active constable, he
adds, is all that is necessary to perform the
work of the ward and for Alderman Foley's
Eobert Wilson, of the Eleventh ward,
wis deputized by Constable D. S. Mc-
Knlght, Sixth ward. Wilson, it is alleged,
had offered Constable Merriman, of the
Eleventh ward, $25 to deputize him, buS
Merriman had refused to have anything to
do with him. Continuing, Constable Maree
declares that Deputy Wilson is a ''fraud"
and that his schemes are known to Alder
man Foley and Thomas J. Keenan, who
vouched for him, and the sooner Alderman
Foley and Bobert Wilson are separated the
better it will be for the property holders of
Allegheny county. There has been more
fraud, be avers, carried on in Alderman
Foley's office since June, 1889, when the
constable elect of the ward was "deprived
of serving as constable," than there was in
the whole ward since 1883. In conclusion
Maree states that if the constable-elect is
disregarded by having a fraudulent deputy
in his ward, he asks the court to accept his
The petition was carefully perused by
Judge White and the rule issued. The
case will be heard October 5. Some sensa
tional developments, it is stated, will be
made at the hearing.
Wbnt Lawyers Hnve Done.
lNthecaseof UrlingA Bon against Stewart
& Henry, a suit to recover for property, a deed
to which was given as collateral security for a
note, a verdict for $3,000 was given for the plain
Judge Acheson, in the United Btates Dis
trict Court yesterday, granted a rule on O. B.
Hardesty, of Lawrence county, bankrupt, to
show cause why creditors should not be allowed
to bring suit against him.
To-day's trial list is as follows in the Crimi
nal Court: Commonwealth vs James Foster,
John W. Kennedy (2), Jacob Wilhelm, Isaac
GarrK Thomas McGradv et al, Hance Dnnlap,
Mike Rafferty, Joseph Heirsch, Charles Hab-erstick.
A certificate of incorporation for the
Crescent Steel Company was filed yesterday in
the Recorder's office. The capital stock Is
$1,000,0110, divided Into 10,000 shares, at $100 per
share. Tho directors are Reuben Miller, Will
iam Metoalf and Charles Parkin.
CHART.BS Kuehx, yesterday, received a ver
dict for $201 In his suit against IE W. Ahlers &
Co. The suit was to recover money claimed to
have been given to a clerk of Ahlers & Co. at
their request. Ahlers Co. denied having re
ceived the money, and the salt was brought.
Chabt.es W. Schuetz, yesterday, filed a
petition asking for an alternative mandamus on
the State Pharmaceutical Board to compel
them to give him a druggist's certificate. He
states that be has filled all the requirements,
but that the board refused to give him the cer
tificate because he nas not of age when he ap
plied. The case will be argued next week.
PITTSBDEG WOMEN'S TEIBDTE.
OTTEESON'S CHANCE LOST.
Court Appoluts a Receiver for the
BIlMlng Man' Bnslness.
Judges Collier and Slagle yesterday heard
the equity case of Harry Swindell, Jr.,
against his missing partner, Gus Otterson.
In his bill Mr. Swindell recites the disap
pearance of his partner and his fears that
he will collect the outstanding debts of the
firm or sell property of the firm aud con
tract new debts. He asked for the dissolu
tion of the firm and the appointment of a
receiver to wind up the business, also an in
junction to restrain Otterson from collecting
money due the firm, etc
Stephen Geyer, Esq., presented the case
to the Court." A copy of the bill had been
served on Otterson's wife, but no one ap
peared on behalf of Otterson's interest. Mr.
Geyer also read a copy of the letter received
by Swindell from Otterson, in which Otter
son stated that he would never return and
wanted to have nothing to do with the store.
No developments were made as to Otterson's
whereabouts or the cause ol his diappear
auce. Tne Court, at the request of Mr. Geyer,
appointed John D. Hastings, of Delinquent
Tax Collector Grier's office, receiver of the
firm, and granted the injunction asked for.
The assets of the firm are about (30,000,
with an indebtedness of $21,000.
Blethodlit Ladles Contribute Money for a
Monument to tbe Memory of Airs. Presi
dent Hayes Missionary Work Debated.
Yesterday the Women's Missionary So
cieties of the Methodist churches of Pitts
burg, Allegheny and vicinity met at the
North Avenue Church. Mrs. William
Yankirk presided in the morning and Mrs.
C. W. Smith in the afternoon. The ad
dress of welcome was delivered by Mrs. T.
J. Leak and was responded to by Mrs. C. E.
Foreign missionary work took up the
morning session. Mrs. Hummings made a
report of 16 societies in the Allegheny dis
trict, and Mrs. Hanna told what 16 of the
Pittsburg societies had been doing during
the past year. Mrs. J. E. Brown gave a
very interesting report of the children's
progress in connection witb missionary
work. Four bands have been organized
within the.conference during the past year.
Contributions from the children alone
amounted to $1,894 within the year.
Kerxirts submitted in the afternoon de
veloped the fact that $90 has been donated
by Pittsburg Methodist women for the erec
tion of a monument to the late President of
the national organization, Mrs. Lucy B.
Hayes, and $815 had been expended in
various charitable wavs. Mrs. A.
B. Hanna made a short speech, paying a
touching tribnte to the character of the late
airs. Xiucy JB. Hayes. Rev. T. J. Leak,
pastor of tne North Avenue M. E. Church,
delivered an address on the good results ac
complished by woman's work and of the
hardships undergone by the pioneer preach
ers in the far West.
The election of officers resulted as follows:
Mrs. C. W. Smith, President; Miss E. M.
Sntch, First Vice President; Mrs. L. El
liot, Second Vice President; Mrs. Samuel
Hamilton, Third Vice President; Mrs. M.
J. Schoyer, Corresponding Secretary; Mrs.
J. D. Weeks, Recording Secretarv; Mrs.
Alexander, Pittsburg District Vice Presi
dent; Mrs. Cunningham, Blairsville Dis
trict Vice President, and Mrs. Jane Shields,
manager for the same district; Mrs. Sam
uel Hamilton, delegate to the Indianapolis
convention in October.
AN0THEE DNLDCEI BUECHARD.
A FAMOUS RIDER.
A Petition to Modify tbe Will of AnnaTIr
Attorney William A. Golden will present
a petition to the Orphans' Court to-day ask
ing that the will ot Anna Virginia Sher
wood be modified in some of its provisions.
On the death of this lady some years ago,
Joseph A. Goulden was made executor of
her estate, and he was ordered by the will
to divide 57,700 worth of bonis, the total
amount of her possessions, among several
heirs. He found it impossible to do this,
as the value of tbe bonds was only $7,460
and were of such various denominations that
an equitable distribution conla not be made.
He now petitions that he be permitted to
convert the bonds into cash for distribution.
Anna Virginia Sherwood will be remem
bered by many lovers of the circus ring as
one of the most famous equestrian riders of
The Director of tho Mine to be Succeeded
by Knaaell's Man.
Washington, September 27. The
Democratic Director of the Mint, Dr. J. P.
Kimball, has been absent from the city
some time, and is not expected to return
during the remainder of his term. His
place was wanted for a Republican, so his
resignation .has been tendered, to take
effect October 15, and the announcement of
the name of his successor may be expected
at any time. In fact, there is no doubt that
the President has already decided to ap
point Mr. E. O. Leech, of the District of
Columbia, who is the choice of 'Russell
The only rival candidate for this office
was Mr. H. C. Bui chard, of Illinois, who
succeeded Dr. Linderman as Director of tbe
mint, alter serving about ten years in
Congress. Burchard was indorsed by
many influential men, including Sen
ators Cullom and Farwell and the Re
publican Congressmen from his State, but
he had the misfortune to have ordered an
investigation of certain charges against
Russell Harrison when that thrifty
young man was in charge of the
Assay Office at Helena, Mont., and his
father was - a United Stat.es Senator.
The charges were brought to the attention of
Secretary Manning and the investigation
was really instituted by his order to Direc
tor Burchard, but inconsequence of it the
latter became involved in a controversy
with Russell Harrison and his father, in
which the Harrisons got the better of him.
It is understood that Mr. Leech was a
useful friend of Russell Harrison through
all this controversy, and was nn nfluiser of
the Solicitor, who had no technical knowl-
edge about mints or assay offices. The
investigation of young Harrison was
allowed to come to naught because
the influences bactc of him were too power
tul, and soon afterward he was permitted to
go quietly out of office. Mr. Leech is backed
by many political and personal friends of
young Harrison and by Vice President
HOLLAND LN THE FIELD.
To one who is not charged with house
hold cares, or is not obliged to count his
change at intervals to ascertain whether he
can afford the juicy beef-steak and roast, or
must content himself with a plain boil, or
can indulze in fresh succulent celery at 10
cents per bunch or taking counsel with bis
pocket, mnst choose a paralyzed bunch J
at 5 cents to such a one an hour
spent at the Diamond Market now
and then is a profitable way to study
human character and a good place to learn
how "the other half of the world lives."
Yesterday morning was a good one for this
purpose. The market was full of people,
and thongh most of them were in tbe usual
American hurry, they were forced for a
time to stay and exhibit -their commercial
As a rule dealers like men best for cus
tomers. Most of them look upon attending
niarket for table supplies as a disagreeable
task, to be slurred over as soon as possible,
and they are apt to take what is offered and
nav for it withnnt nnnstinn. but n skilled
housekeeper of the other sex generally has
time to make her choice and is as tiresome
aid exacting as though she were making a
stopping tour with intent eventually to buy
a quarter yard of rlBbon or a spool of thread.
I' she can save 25 or 50 cents of the weekly
table allowance it often means wealth to her
ia addition to the pleasure her sex takes in
j CHINESE COHKOIS3ETTES.
jThere is a class of people now in Ameri
can markets whose ways and methods are
interesting to "barbarians," and that is
composed of the Chinese. They do not have
ii this city wives to do their marketing, nor
dj they need them, not apparently at least,
far if John does not get what he wants and
a the lowest possible outlay it is because he
is laboring under narcotism, and doubtless
his native shrewdness would not desert him
even then. He cheapens everything, if
possible, that he buys, but he "insists on
having just what he wants, and will pay
fall price for it if it cannot be had for less.
The Celestial's particular weakness is for
poultry, especially for ducks, and he re
fuses to buy slaughtered fowls. Some sup
pose this refusal to be based on some relig
ious ground, but such does not seem to be the
case, as when he is forced to eat at a restau
rant he calls for "flied chlicken" and
eats it with a gusto. In poul
try he is a connoisseur, and
you cannot put a 30-year-old gander on him
for a green goose. No matter what he buys,
he examines all the stock the dealer mav
have of that kind, returning and re-return-mg
before he makes his choice, but first he
sounds all the dealers for bed-rock figures.
and unless there is pre-concert finds the one
who is stnek with a heavy stock on hand
and nervous to dispose of it.
JOHN -WANTS THE TSHIIIINGS.
A poultry, egg and butter dealer who has
borne the burden and heat "of the day, and
the cold and wet thereof also, for many
years, and who deals almost daily
with the Chinese, states that the reason
they will not buy slaughtered poul
try is that they eat almost the
entire iowJ,Jbarring the--feathers, cleansing'
the entrails and preparing them something
after the manner we do tripe. This dealer
thinks it possible they find a flavor in fowl
that we miss by our methods Of preparation.
Their" cookery is certainly elaborate, and
the fowl is served with a dressing partly
made of a species of rat-tailed cucumber
described in these colnmns some weeks ago.
It is an ollapodrida, and possibly would re
quire a precedent apprenticeship in Chinese
gastronomy to relish. It is certain it is just
wuab joaa wants, ior ne never goes to a
Melican eating house for hash if he possess
the time and facilities for cookery at home.
There is also a class of native residents
well Known by their peculiarities to food
purveyors. They make good wages, and
when times are brisk fare sumptuously everv
day, whether or not they are arrayed in
purple and fine linen. As they neither ask
nor expect tick, and thus save bookkeeping
and are better customers than the rich, they
receive courteous treatment from food deal
ers, though some butchers smile when tak
ing a retrospect of 10 or 20 years' dealing
with them. This has been as a rule
Author of "Under Drake's Flag," '"With Clive in Iadia,f etc.,' etd-
ALL RIOBTS MESER7ED
SEABCniNQ FOB A CLEW1.
The landlord of the Carne's Arms was
somewhat puzzled by a stranger who had
just been dropped at bis door by the coach
from Plymouth. He did not look like
either a fisherman or an artist, or even a
wandering tourist. His clothes were some
what rough, and the landlord wonld have
taken him for a farmer, but what conld any
strange farmer be stopping at Carnesford
ior? There were no farms vacant in the
neighborhood, nor any likely to be, so far
as the landlord knew; besides, the few words
he had spoken as he entered had no touch
of the Devonshire dialect. While he was
standing at the door, turning the matter
over In his mind for he rather prided him
self upon his ability to decide upon the
calling and object of his guests, and was
annoyed by his railure to do so in the pres
ent instance the man be was thinking of
came out of the coffee room and placed him
self beside him.
"Well, landlord, this Is a pretty village
of yours; they told me in Plymouth it was as
pretty a place as any about, and I see they
"Yes, most folks think it's pretty, the
landlord said, "although I am so accus
tomed to it mvself I don't see a great deal
"Yes, custom is everything. I have been
accustomed for a great many years to see
nothing much but plains with clumps' of
"Well. I don't know that thev would
your sort," tbe landlord said doubtfully.' jr
j.nere a tne clergyman ana tne aeeior ssc ,
0h, no. I don't want to have to de m&t ' '
clergymen and doctors we ooloaicia are
pretty rongh'and-ready fellows, and' it' bo(
odds to us what a man is. A man stops at
your door, and in he comes, and he is wel
come though hels only a shepherd on the
lookout for work; sometimes one of the Kaf
fir chiefs with nothing on but a blanket and
a leather apron, will stalk in and squat
down and make himself at home. Ob, no.
It's tradesmen I mean, and perhaps the
small farmers round."
"Well, we are pretty well off for that, Mr.
Armstrong. There is Hiram Powlett, the
miller, and Jacob Carey, the blacksmith
they drop in pretty regular every evening
and smoke a pipe with me, in what I call
my snuggery, and there's old Eenben Clap
burst he was the clerk at one time, and k
a wonderful chap for knowing the history of
every family for miles round; and there's -some
of the farmers often come in for a glass
if you are not too proud ior that sort of
"ProudI Bless your heart, what Is there to
be proud about; ain't X been working aaa "
farmer for years snd years with so one to
talk to butray own hands I mean my own
men? No, that's just tee thing to suit me;
anyhow I think I will try the experiment.
If at the end of a couple of years I don't
like it, why there is no harm done."
"Well, I am sure we shall be all glad to
have you here, Mr. Armstrong; we like get
ting someone,from the outside, it freshena
our ideas -up a bit and does us good. We
SHE MtrRMtTEED SOMETHING ABOUT A STTDDEN PAINTNE3S.
Tbe Criminal Conn.
In the Criminal Court yesterday a nolle
pros was entered in the case of Thomas
Powers and John McElroy for assault and
battery. The' defendant paid the costs.
AN ISIPBOTIDENT CLASS
since the days of inflation until lately, and
when a strike occurs it has usually been
limited in reserve to the last pay.
Then begins a stndy in domestic
economy, and the mistress of the house
returns from market after the expenditure ot
a dollar with as much bulk in her basket as
she formerly got for $5. She goes in then
for extension, not consolidation. Slightly
wuuerea vcgetaDies can oe mane to expand
and water made to take the place of natural
juices, and very palatable, if not overly nu
tritious soups can be componnded out of
them and a piece of plate-boiling beef at Gcents
a pound and a soup bone for a nickel. Liver
at 5 cents a pound takes the place of steak
and roast at 25 cents, and as the bread win
ner has not his usual occupation requiring
tissue waste his distended lood obviates the
danger ot surfeit. He cannot be dieted
like a horse when he is relieved from hard
work, so there may be some compensation
for prodigal expenditure in the days of
prosperitv. A strong man taken suddenly
from hard, physical work is likely to over
eat himself for some days after his labor
ceases, and this fact ouc'ht to make ritrid
Sabbatarians charitable in their estimate of
the sons of toil who demand some relaxation
on Sunday to work off the effects of a heavy
Sunday dinner, which their appetites de
maud as strongly as on week days, and con
tinue to demand after a cessation of work
until dyspepsia attacks the citadel.
Dancing .Academy. ,
Tbuma's Academy, 64 Fourth avenue,
will open for the season next Tuesday even
ing and classes every evening thereafter.
For particulars see amusement column.
How to Mnko Home Happy.
Visit the Exposition and get some of the
delicious hot cakes and waffles distributed
free from ti)e stand of S. S. Marvin & Co.
Then buy a sack ot Marvin's Bnperior self
rising pancake flour to take home with you
and be happy. TISSu
Visit our cloak room for the newest
styles in jackets and long wraps.
TTSSU HUGTJS & HACKE.
Geo. H. Bennett & Bro., 135 First
avenue, Pittsburg, are the largest holders of
pure rye whisky in the city.
pure rye '
24-inch wide plushes at 75c and $1 a
yard arc the best value shown in tbe city,
Capital From That Country to be Invested ill latest colorings. HUGUS & HACKE.
St. Louis, September 27. The Scott
Elevated Eailway is to be built witn
Holland capital. A loan of $6,000,000 has
been effected by the promoters of the pro
ject through the firm ot Ladenburg, Thai
man & Co., of -New York, representing a
Bjuuiitic uj .u-uiiauu capitalists.
Bbechah3 Fills enre bilious and nervous ills
JPzabs' Boap secures a beautiful complexion
THE Great Atlantic & Pacific Tea Co. is
the place to get your teas, coffees and bak
ing powder. Beautiful presents. Ths
bush here and there, and occasionally a herd
of deer walking across it. I have been
fanning down at the Cape, and so, yon see,
a quiet, pretty place like this is very pleas-
Isnould tnlnkit is qnlei enough farm
ing there," the lantllord" said. "I have
heard from folk who have been out in some
or those parts that you often haven't a
neiehbor nearer than four miles awav."
"That's true enough, landlord, but the
life is not always quiet for all that. It's not
quiet, for instance, when you hear the yell
of a hundred or so savages outside your win
dows, or see a party driving half your cattle
away into the ousn."
"No. I shouldn't call that quiet; and that
is what you have been doing?"
"Yes, I was in the disturbed part when
the Kaffirs rose. Most of our 'neighbors
were killed, and we had a hard time oi it,
bnt some mounted police came up just at
the time. I have had trouble three or fonr
times before, and it's no use going on for
years rearing cattle if they are to be all
swept away by the natives, and you are run
ning tbe nsk'of getting yonr throat cut in
the bargain; so, after this last affair. Hocked
up my farmhouse, drove off what cattle I
had got left, and sold them for what I could
tret for them, and here I am,"
"Yes, here you are," repeated the land
lord; "and what next?"
"The ship touched at Plymouth, and I
thought I might as well get ont there as
anywhere else. Well, there is too much
noise and bustle at Plymouth. I haven't
been used tn it, and so now I am jnst look
ins for a little place, to snit me. I have
been up to Tavistock, and then some one
said that Carnesford was a pretty village. I
said I would look at Carnesford, and so
you see here I am."
"What sort of a place are you looking
for?" the landlord asked, looking at his
visitor closely, and mentally appraising his
"Ob, quite a little place, I should say
about twenty pounds a year. I suppose one
could get a girl to help from the village.and
could live for another eighty. That's about
what I could afford." ,
"Oh. yes. I shonld say you could do thai'
said tho landlord, thoughtfully, "but I
don't know that there is any such place to
let anywhere about here. There is a nice
cottage at the other end of the village just
empty. It's got a good garden, and is rather
away from the rest of tbe houses; but the
rent is only half-a-crown a week. That
wonldn t do for you."
"Well, I wanted something better than
that; but still I might have a look at it. Of
course if I took it I should want to stay, and
I might as well spend a little money in doing
it up to my fancy as pay the extra rent By
the way, my name is Armstrong. Perhaps
you wo'uldn't mind putting on your hat and
showing me this place you speak of. We
have been used to roughing it, and don't
want anything fine."
The cottage was certainly large and
roomy, and stood in a pretty garden. But
its ap'pearance was not prepossessing, for it
QiUerea from most oi tne otner little houses
in the vlllace, inasmuch as it was not, like
tbem, half hidden by roses and creepers
climbing over it.
"Yes, it's rough, decidedly rough," Mr.
Armstrong said; "still there is a pretty view
down the valley. Now, I should save
nearlv 14 in rent bv taking this instead of
a 20 a year house, and if one were to put
up a veranda round it, touch up the win-
Men's neckwear; new styles.
James H. Aiken & Co., 100 Fiftb ave.
t Use Thea Nectar Tea.
FRANK LESLIE, 'AZA
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features of the exhibits at the Paris Expo-
dows somehow, and put pretty paper on the
wans, X should say tnai at ine end ot two
years it would stand me in just the same.
That and plenty of roses and things would
make it a pretty little place. Who is the
"The landlord is Mr. Came, up at the
Hold. That's the big house on 'the hill.
But be is away at present Mr. Kirkland.
a lawyer at Plymouth, is his agent, and
sees to the letting of his houses and that
sort of thing. His clerk comes over once a
month Jo collect the rents. I expect you
would nave to go to him even if Mr. Carne
was at home. Squire was never much down
in the village in the best of times, and we
have hardly seen his face since his sister's
"Yes, they were telling us about that
affair at Plymouth," the colonist said,
quietly. "It was a bad business. Well,
have you got some pretty sociable sort of
fellows, in the village? Hike a efcat as
well as any man, and I should waat seae-
one to talk to.
are cheerful eaougb in snmmer with the ar-
lists that come here sketching, and in' the
autumn with the gentlemen who come-
to fish, but the rest ot the yearl don't-c-ftea"
have a stranger at the Carne's Arms." " .
aw? aays later JOr. Armstrong returned'':
Carnesford with a bnildw from Plv-
mouth. The following dar fire or six
workmen appeared, and in a fortnight a
considerable transformation had been made
In the cottage. A verandah was run round
the front and two sides. Some rustic wood
work appeared round the windows, and the
interior of the house was transformed with
fresh paper and paint Nothing could he
done in the wav of roses and Greenera. aa
these could not be moved at this time of the
year, for it was now just midsummer. ','
The day after the workmen- went oat, a
wagon load of furniture, simple and sub
stantial, arrived, and on the following day
the coach brought down, the new tenants. A
girl bad already been engaged in the vil
lage to act as servant Miss Armstong was
quietly and plainly dressed, and might by
her attire be taken for the daughter of a
small farmer, and the opinion in the vil
lage, as the new comers walked through oa
their way to the cottage, was distinctly fa
vorable. In a very short time Mh Armstrong
became quite a popular character in Carnes-
toro, and soon was on speaking terms with
most of the people. He won the mothers"
hearts by patting the heads of the little
girls, and praising their looks. He
had a habit of carrying sweets
in bis pockets, and distributing
them freely among the children, and he
would lounge for honrs at the smith's door,
listening to the gossip that went'on, for in
Carnesford, as elsewhere, the forge was the
recognized meeting place of those who had
nothing to do. He was considered a won- ,
derful acquisition by the frequenters of the
snuggery at the Carne's Arms, and hia '
stories of life at the Cape gave an added in
terest to toeir meetings. Hearing from
Hiram Powlett that he had a wife and
daughter, he asked him to get them, as a
matter of kindness, to visit his daughter:
and within a fortnight of his arrival, he and
Mary went to tea to the mill.
Several times the conversation in the
snuggery turned upon tbe murder at the
Hold. In no case did the newcomer lead
up to it, but it cropped up as the subject
which the people of Carnesford were never
weary of discussing. He ventured no opin
ions and asked no questions upon the first
few occasions when the subject was being
discussed, but smoked his nine in ailenr-e.
listening to the conversation.
"It seems strange to me," he said at last,
"that you in this village should never have
had a suspicion of anyone except this Cap
tain Mervyn: I understand that yon, Mr.
Claphurst. and you, Mr. Carer, have never
thonght of anyone else; but Mr. Powlett
he always says he is sure it isn't him. But
if it wasn't him, Mr. Powlett, who do you,
mine it was?
"Ah, that is more than lean tell," Hiram
said. "I have thought and I have thought
till my head went round, but I can't
see who it can have been."
"Miss Carne seems to have bad no ene- '
"No, not one not as I ever heard of.
She was wonderful popular in the village she
was; and as for the Squire, except about poach
lag, he never quarrelled with anyone."
"Had be trouble with poachers, tbenT"
"Well, not often, but last year before that
affair thera was a bad lot abanc Thurvuni
from Dareport that's two miles away, down at
the month ot the river with one or two chaps
from this village, so it was said. About a fort
night it may be three weeks before Miss
Came was killed, there was a fight up in tbe
woods between them and the gamekeepers.
One of the keepers gat stabbed, out be didn't
die Until some time afterward; but the jury
brought it in willful murder all the same. It
didn't matter much what verdict they brought
In, 'cause the man as tbe evidence went against
had left tbe country at least, he hasn't been
"And a good job too, Hiram; a good Job too,"
Jacob Carey put in.
"Yes." Hiram said. "I admit it, it was a good
Job as he was gone: a good job for us all. He
would never hare done any good here, anyway:
and the best job as ever he did for himself, as I
AMum ua, nw wuen jib woe nimseii on.
There was a general chorus of assent.
"What was the man's name?" Mr. Armstrong
"Ha name was George Forrester," Jacob
As they were coin c out from the ssssaerr
tht evening tho landlord made a sign to Mr.
Armstrong that be wasted to spealcto Us.
He accordingly Uagere aatU tbe other, mea
lial la -T. a , r
"Ob. I thowht I wrml4fcnt tell tob'Viv
Armstresg, seeing that yeuc daughter as je