Newspaper Page Text
r l OCTOBER ' 19P
-r c -! jii(i.wi' -
I SIM1I If
WITH AIJi THE VIEWB
IS GIVEN IN THE
Sunday, October 20, 1SS3.
Look at the names of some ot the artists:
Robert Burdette, Edgar Saltus,
MaxO'Rell, ChaunceyM. Depew,
Dr.T.DeWlttTalmage. Will Carletoa.
Mrs. Frank Leslie,
A. F. Aldridge, ,
Gerald E. Flanagan,
R. W. Shoppel,
Wilt F. Bond,
Harriet Frescott Spof-
James K. Reeve,
T. J. Fitzgerald,
Clara Belle, ,
THIS MAMMOTH ISSUE
Twenty Pages, 160
ALL THE NEWS FROM HOME
ESIABLISHED FEBRUARY 8, 1S46.
Vol.. 1. 0.151. -Entered at nttsburg Postoffice.
November It, 1SS7, as second-da" matter.
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PITTSBURG. SATURDAY. OCT. 19. 1889.
A NEW MANUFACTURING TOWN.
The purchase of a site on the MonoUgahela
river, at Lock No. 4, where the largest plate
glass works in the world will be located, and
the Believernon gas field will be utilized to
famish the fuel of a new manufacturing
snbnrb, is an interesting promise oi indus
ETery such enterprise is an addition to
Pittsburg's wealth and population. The
fact that it is an hour or two from the city
makes its industries and growth no less a
part of the grand industrial organization
which is now covering a great share of West
ern Pennsylvania, and of which Pittsburg is
the heart. The employment of foreign capi
tal in this enterprise is one of the results of
the unsurpassed advantages of our section,
and it shows that the influences which have
been pushing our growth for the past few
years are as active as ever.
The new town will have the advantage of
water transportation in competition with the
railroads, and will no doubt develop the in
dustrial success which is promised. A rapid
growth to our new manufacturing suburbl
It is understood that a committee of Chi
cago gentlemen visiting theExposition here,
has for its real errand the work of securing
the support of Pittsburg for the location
of the World's Fair in Chicago. The enter
prise and public spirit which Chicago has
shown in support of her enterprise certainly
stands out in decided and gratifying con
tract to the hide-bound and penny-pinching
methods that have ruled in NewTork. If
the question were solely between the loca
tion at different commercial capitals, the
dash and liberality of Chicago would doubt
less attract the support of a great many; and
might even create a disposition to reverse
the declarations made by the Chamber of
Commerce and other authoritative bodies in
favor of Washington. While this may be
improbable, however, Pittsburg will give
its Chicago guests a warm welcome, will be
? lad to show them the newest ideas in iron
and glass exposition buildings.
TEE ANABCEIST BLUNDER.
Mr. Sergius Schevitch, the Anarchist
leader who was the moving spirit at the
demonstration in Chicago at which the
Stars and Stripes were bused, made a rec
ord for himself in an attempt to get up a
discission with Mayor Cregier over the his
tory of popular government "Are you not
of the opinion," asked Schevitch,"that had
it not been for the revolution in Paris this
republic would not have been here?"
Considering that this republic commenced
its existence thirteen years before the first
French revolution, it is very easy to answer
Mr. Schevilch's question in the negative.
An ordinary Bussian might be pardoned
for making such a blunder; hut when one
sets up for a revolutionary leader and under
takes to instruct the people of this country
on the foundations of popular government,
-he onght to know that the establishment of
liberty in this country was the example
which gave rise to the French revolution,
instead of tbe exact opposite.
The incident is an interesting one as.
showing the importance to political refugees
who have found a sanctuary here of pre
serving silence until they have learned the
true theory and history of afree government
by law and not by anarchy.
THE SWALLOW-TAIL COAT.
The swallow-tail coat has been attacked
again, this tifee by Andrew Lang, the bril
liant English author. He says that it will
have to go. So said Oscar Wilde, a far
more important personage in tbe world of
fashion than a mere writer of reviews and
light literature, ten years ago. So have
said a dozen other authorities who have
takes it into their heads to wage war upon
the conventional clawhammer. And the J
evening dress of civilized man the world
over still includes the abused coat.
The trouble is with the poetic or other
wise cranky individuals who see a world of
ugliness and discomfort in the swallow-tail
coat that they hare never' been able to sug
gest a substitute which any sane person
would voluntarily adopt. Host of the re
formers want us to go back to our grand
fathers' times and resume their gorgeous
coats of silk, satin or velvet, stiff with bull
ion ana embroidery, high in the collar, and
long as a woman's dress almost in the
skirt This would involve a return to
equally resplendent knickerbockers, Bilk
stockings, and diamond-buckled shoes, and
powdered hair and periwigs would be sure
to follow, with the climax! in a cocked bat.
No, the swallow-tail coat is a sensible
garment; fairly becoming to most men, and
it does not entail necessarily a full dress
costume beyond the reach of a man of mod-.
erate means, u it had not possessed tnese
palpable advantages it would sot have
stayed in fashion for half a centnry with
but trifling modification.
TEE INDUSTRIAL EXHIBIT.
The proposition to make an industrial
exhibit at the Exposition buildings has
been adopted with a vigor that bids fair to
make that a prominent and impressive
feature of the trip of the South American
delegates. There is certainly no better way
of showing the visitors an epitome of what
Pittsburg can achieve industrially, than a
display of our best and most striking prod
ucts which the delegates can inspect at a
single visit, and by that means have a guide
as to what parts of our industrial establish
ments they wish to inspect in detail.
It is to be hoped that every manufactur
ing concern in the city will utilize the in
tervening time in preparing the best ex
amples of their products and the most
striking illustrations of new ideas in their
respective lines that can be produced. If
this is done thoroughly and with the deter
mination to surpass all others, it will Ijave
the best results. When it is done, too, it
will bring up the question why such an
exhibit should not be a leading feature of
the annual exhibitions of the Exposition So
ciety. If the regular Exposition were made
to annually illustrate the best examples of
progress in industrial science, it would at
tract th: attention, not only of the whole
country, but of the whole world.
A LEFT-HANDED VICTORY.
The decision of the Inter-State Commerce
Commission the other day against the
forced production of that secret contract be
tween the Pennsylvania Railroad and the
National Transit Company, has been gen
erally reported as a defeat for the inde
pendent refiners and a victory for the rail;
road. It may be so as regards the effort to
bring out some details of the business; but
when the papers are fully studied, it will be
seen that as regards the main point, the de
cision of the Commission was a Pyrrhic vic
tory for the big corporations.
The complainant in the case charged that
there existed a secret contract between the
railroad and the pipe line specifying the
main points of the contract, namely, that it
guaranteed a percentage of the traffic to the
Peunsylvania Eailroad and was intended to
hold up freight charges in the interest of
the Standard. The railroad in its answer
admitted -that there was such a contract,
"substantially the same as stated in the
seventh answer of the petition," but denied
that it was established for the purpose
In deciding upon the necessity of pro
ducing the contract, the majority of the
Commission held that the answer proved the
charge. The railroad admits the existence
of the contract, the Commissioners held; its
allegation as to the effect of the contract not
being unfair is an expression of opinion
which has no weight as evidence. The
question of fact is as to the existence of the
contract That being admitted by the rail
road, there is no necessity of producing it,
except to prove its alleged harmlessness.
For this purpose the railroad can produce
the contract, if it wishes; but for the pur
poses of establishing the complaint, there is
no need of doing so.
When the decision leaves the railroad in
the position of admitting the allegation and
omitting to justify itself, it hardly appears.
as if the respondent had carried off much of
TEE SAMOAKS' EIGHT.
The report that a renewal of the Samoan
difficulty is threatened because Malietoa
has withdrawn from the chieftancy and
Mataafa has been elected in his stead, to
which Germany is expected to object, looks
like a mare's nest It is hard to see how,
after Germany has been induced to back
down from her early action in deposing and
imprisoning Malietoa, the harmonious elec
tion of another chieftain can afford any
ground for her interference. Certainly there
should be no foundation .for the report that
the Department of State will give the moral
support of the United States to Germany in
resisting the elevation of Mataafa. The
only position that the United States can
take is that Which has already been taken,
of the right of the Samoans to choose their
own rulers, entirely free from foreign inter
ference. Any departure from that position
is a stultification of our previous policy.
The trade for oil well supplies is boom
ing because industry in the producing
fields is active. It maybe hoped that it
will continue so until the Standard con
cludes that it will serve its turn to order an
The claim made by a Republican paper
of Indianapolis that "every occupation and'
profession of life is open to colored men in
the North" is indignantly refuted by the
New York Post, which cites a colored wit
ness to the efiect that "the colored barbers
of Indianapolis in a certain shop had
threatened personal violence to one of their
own color who had simply asked to be
shaved in their shop." From this we con
clude that the deliberate judgment of the
JPoit is thai an occupation or profession
irhich ought to be open to the colored people,
is that of getting shared, i
The English beer syndicate having failed
to gobble the Pittsburg breweries, the local
establishments wilL continue to turn ont the
.same article of beer as usual, without any
water in their stocks.
A eecent paper on city ventilation
says that Pittsburg is the only city in the
country that is making no provision for
open space for its inhabitants. This does
our city injustice. Pittsburg has beeniwo
fully behind the age up to a late date; but
now our city authorities are working to
remedy the lack in a way that will in a few
years enable it to challenge comparison for
beauty and extent of its ' parks with the
entire country. '
The report thatOMary, Anderson, has
taken to bread-raakingaj an
,t the results!
warrants the apprehension that
will have to be classed among her heavy, ii
not tragic, roIesX
Mb. Joseph Pin,rrzEB has converted
his conditional subscription of $100,000 to
the New York World's .Fair into an actual
one of $50,000. If the metropolis were
possessed oi more men of 3Ir. Pulitzer's
liberality, it might have a chance of success.
But the New York Finance Committee.com
posed of men of many times his wealth, is
holding meetings occasionally while its
members are holding on to the cash without
The way that lightning is playing around
in the vicinity of the Aldermen permits a
hope that it will strike some of them before
long, in a way to convince them of the error
of their ways:
The snecess of the New York Republi
cans in purifying their party by shelving
Speaker Cole for his complicity in the ceil
ing jobbing is illuminated, so to speak, by
the boom of James W. Husted as his successor.-'
This recalls the parable of the man
who cast an evil spirit out of his house ana
straightway seven other devils entered and
If Tanner and his disputants keep on
long enough the public stands a very fair
chance of getting some interesting informa
tion concerning office holders at Washing
ton. The periodical that was started under
the name of Liei gave np the ghost a week
or two declaring with its dying breath that
it had "a guaranteed circulation of 59,
000." Its sad demise is to be taken as evi
dence that lies will not succeed in this age
when they are conceded to be such at the
The pugnacity developed among lawyers,
Aldermen and liquor men by recent court
disclosures threatens a civil war in the en
virons of the Court House.
If those grave robbers who disturbed the
remains of Ralph Waldo Emerson, were the
social philosophers of the present day, under
the impression that they would-be benefited
by getting his brain, they might be pardoned
the desecration in view of the frank recog
nition 'of their great need.
Up in TJniontown the Burgess of that
municipality is developing a decided claim
that he is a bigger man than the local fuel
The offer of $50,000 to Mr. Gould if he
wonld write his memoirs was of course re
jected. It is a great deal easier for Mr.
Gould to make that money by giving point
ers to his friends to buy stocks and load
ing them up with stocks from his private
The electric light , corporations in New
York are making vigorous efforts to secure
the election of Mayor Grant for another
The Whisky Trust is now cutting prices
in order to drive competing establishments
out of business or into the combination.
After it has gotten through with the effort
the low prices will be held up as an exam
ple of the ruinous affects of competition.
In the railroad business it seems to be
either a feast for the corporations or a car
famine for the shippers.
The Missouri coal operators who pay
their men in pasteboard checks not redeem
able in cash for ten years, should enter
themselves for exhibition at the next
World's Fair as an unparalleled example of
the infinitely small.
PEOPLE OP PBOMNENCE.
Herman Melville, who, 40 years ago,
charmed all lovers of the wild and picturesque
in writing, is still living in New York, although
he has not written anything for SO years. His
hair is now as white as snow.
It is not generally known that there are in ex
istence some very spirited ballads by Lord
Macaulay, which, in accordance with the
author's wish, have never been published. The
best of them relates the story of Bosworth field.
Babon Hiescii, one of the richest of the
French bankers, who was blackballed a few
months ago by the Paris Jockey Club, is abont
to take his household to England. He thinks of
buying Houghton Hall, one of the most mag
nificent of English places, near Sandringham,
for 300,000, The Baron is reputed to be worth
Afflkton Mobgan, founder and President
of the New York Shakespeare Society, is very
like Napoleon in appearance, and is fair, fat
and 10. His home is at Newtown, Long Island,
where he has a choice library, which is particu
larly rich in Shakespeareana. He is a lawyer
by profession, bnt, like Master Shallow, he had
very little love for it in tbe beginning, and it
pleased heaven to lessen it on a better ac
quaintance. Count D'Obsay was a Bohemian of the
grand, princely type. For a quarter of a cen
tury he was the glass of fashion of tbe London
world, although he was so deeply in debt and
bo harrassed by bailiffs that it was on Sunday
only he conld stir out of doors, for fear of being
arrested. Bnt on every Sunday he appeared in
Hyde Park resplendent in person and turnout,,
for he was the most accomplished whip among!
the fashionable gentlemen oi nis day.
Donald G. Mitchell, who is perhaps bet
ter known by his nom de plume of "Ik Marvel,"
has fine, clear-cut and decidedly aristocratic
features, reminding one of an antique cameo.
He dresses in a somewhat picturesque style, is
fond of gay ciouies. ana iooks nice a literary
man. He has gathered at his home at Edge
wood a fine library, and some choice pictures
and beautiful things from many lands. tie has
a large family, for his reveries have been
broken in upon by ten children, and tbeir
mother is just the gentle, lovely lady that
belongs to an author's home.
Henby C. Bunneh, the editor of Puck, is
quite a young man. He began life as a clerk
inaNew xork.potton broker's office, but hav
ing a literary taste, he wrote verses, stories,
etc. for the weekly papers, which attracted at
tention, by their cleverness and originality.
When Puck was started, he was asked to be
come its editor, with a liberal salary as an In
ducement, and he gladly exchanged the count
ing room for the sanctum. He is abont 35 years
old, and although he writes dainty verses,
praising the pleasures of country life, he has
lived in New York nearly all bis life. (V
William 1. Howeixs is a short, thick-set,
ronnd-sbonldered man, having more the ap
pearance of a Bowery boy tnan a graceful
humorist His Iron-gray hair falls in unkempt
masses over a low forehead, and his eyes have
more sullenness than intellect in their expres.
sion. He receives 810,000 a year from Harper's
Magazine. He writes with great rapidity, turn
ing out ten printed pages a day on a stretch.
Since the critics, big and little, have begun to
speak plainly about his novels he is not so sweet
tempered as be was when everything he wrote
was praised to the skies.
MKS.MABOABET J. Pbeston. the Virginia
poetess, is not blind, as several newspapers
have announced, but she is suffering from the
merciless use of ber eyes in her generous
efforts to help Bouthern literature in the years
which followed the civil war. This incessant
work, day and night, wore ont her eyesight,
and for ten years she has been compelled to
dictate her literary work, and also ber letters,
to a typewriter. In spite of this" great draw
back, she brought out three books last year.
She is now 70 years of age, but she works still.
Her husband. Colonel J. T. Ik Preston, is a
professor at the Virginia Military Institute, at
Lexington, Va. He was a classmate of Edgar
a. Poe at a private school in Eiehmond, a far I
back as 1828. I
THE TOPICAL TALKEK.
Three Rcmarkablo rPlnys That a Maniac
Devised for a Great Comedian.
A queer theatrical story was told me by a
well-known actor yesterday. The hero of the
story is a still better known comedian. His
name is not given correctly for obvious reasons,
with which the matter of advertisement Is.con
cerned, and for the purpose of convenience we
will call him Strane.
"You may remember," said the historian, by
whom the tale was told, "that some months ago
Strane wrote an article which was widely re
printed, having for subject, The American
Dramatist.' He avowed his perfect belief In
this much talked of prodigy, whose very exist
ence is denied byA. M. Palmer'and others. As
it turned out, this was a somewhat rash state
ment to make, or from the very day that he so
unburdened himself to the world, he was
snowed under by scores of manuscript plays.
After tbe manuscripts came the manuscript
writers, and authors of assorted sizes, ages and
degrees of self-assurance waylaid the wretched
man at every possible opportunity,
"Finally, in desperation, he fled to his conn
try home and his steam yacht, and here believ
ing himself safe, he breathed more freely. He
had been enjoying the ocean breezes for about
a couple of weeks, when, as he sat at his early
breakfast one morning, he spied a stranger
walking up to the front porch. He was a tall,
thin man, who, despite the terrific heat of the
July day, was dressed in a black frock coat,
tightly buttoned up to the throat and had on
a tall silk hat of the vintage of 1S6U His face
was thin and worn, and his hair was somewhat
longer than a strict accordance with the rule of
fashion calls for. Strane sized him up through
the open window, and instinctively looked to
see whether the conventional brown paper
parcel bespeaking the manuscript play, was
concealed abont his person. But no sign of the
telltale package could be seen, and the actor
breathed more freely, and when the servant
announced that Mr. Jessamy wished to bee
him, he went into the sitting room to meet his
fate without a question.
'THE stranger lost no time in coming to the
point In a pleasantly modulated voice, and
with a flow of words which were well chosen, if
a trifle over-abundant, he began by paying some
well deserved compliments to Strane's artistic
abilities. He then remarked that he had long
been possessed of the desire to write a play for
him, and though he had the work thoroughly
mapped out in his mind, he had thought it ad
visable, in accordance with the arguments so
ably advanced by Mr. Strane himself (here
"William winced), to submit his ideas and re
ceive any suggestions the actor might have to
offer. Strane replied civilly, and meekly ob
served that in 15 minutes he was about to em
bark for a day's cruise on his yacht Mr. Jes
samy Ignored the hint, and without more ado
started in tp recite the ,substance of his pro
posed play, and Strane, with a gasp, prepared
lor an hour of boredom. He never was more
disappointed in his life. Mr. Jessamy was a
born raoonteur apparently, and a dramatist of
genius as w ell, for in the course of an hour he
had given not only the plot and outline, bnt
snatches of the dialogue of a play which Strane
solemnly avers was the best constructed and
most humorous In situation which he bad ever
'The leading part was exactly suitable to
Strane's powers, and he felt like a miner who
has suddenly, by a stroke ot his pick, uncovered
a huge nugget of virgin gold. Grasping his
visitor warmly by the hand, Strane broke into
enthusiastic praises of the yet unwritten play,
ana assured the author that when it was put
on paper, he had a market ready to his hand.
Mr. Jessamy's pale face showed no signs of
gratification at this announcement and when
Strane went on-to say that he should like his
manager to hear what he had just listened to,
and if Mr. Jessamy would kindly stay over
night, he would telegraph to tbe former, and
that individual would be there next morning to
hear it To this the stranger gravely assented,
and was introdnced in due course to Mrs.
Strane. Despite his peculiar appearance, he
proved a man of delightful manners, andamost
charming conversationalist The day passed
pleasantly enough, and that evening Strane, by
this time thoroughly enthused over his newly
discovered dramatist ventured to suggest that
he should recite to his wife the main incidents
of his proposed play. Mr. Jessamy willingly
consented, and after dinner they sat ont on the
porch, and Mr. Jessamy began in his dulcet
tones. At his first words Strane looked troubled,
and by the time he had finished, Strane was
gazing in blank amazement at his wife, who
looked at him In return somewhat contemptu
ously. Instead of the rattling comedy,relatedin
the morning, Mr. Jessamy bad sketched out a
gloomy melo-drama of the most blood-curdling
description, and was blandly dilating on the
peculiar fitness of Strane to play the part of
the chief villain, whose moral character was on
a par with that of Judas Iscariot
" 'But, my dear sir,', gasped Strane, that is
not what yon described to me this morning.'
" 'I beg your pardon, sir,' retorted Jessamy;
It is identical in every respect'
There was nothing for it but to accept the
situation, attribute It to the potency of the yel
low label served at dinner, and to wait for
morning and the manager. Both arrived sim
ultaneously and when the manager had washed
off the dust of travel, the matter of the play
was mooted. Mr. Jessamy expressed himself
as ready to run over the main points to the
manager, and Strane, with a trifle of apprehen
sion, awaited the beginning. His woist
fears were realized. The astounded
manager of a leading comedian found
himself listening to tbe relation of a somber
L five-act tragedy dealing with the loves and
hatreds of tbe Borgias, and was gravely assured
by tbe narrator that no one could begin to play
Caesar Borgia with the force or intensity of
Mr. Strane. That actor pinched himself to be
sure he was awake, and then began to gently
assure Mr. Jessamy that he had made a mis
take. There is no mistake, sir,' said Jessamy
with a rising voice. 'But I see I have been de
ceived. You are in a plot against met ion
have been plotting for years, but you shall plot
no longerr and, with a sudden movement he
picked up from the side of tbe open fireplace
one of the polished steel fire-irons, placed there
more for ornament than use, but capable of
being dangerous in an angry man's hand, and
made a sndden rush at the now thoroughly
"AS ldck would have it, the door was burst
open at this very moment, and Strane, who had
tumbled backward with the sndden emotion
saw a rough looking man rush in and crab Mr!
Jessamy round the waist and throw him, while
he piteously begged for mercy. The rest of the
Btoryis told quickly. Mr."3essamy, It seems,
was an inmate of a private asylum near Boston
and bad made his escape the day before. Ue
bad been traced to Strane's homo by his keeper
who arrived rather opportunely. The curious
part of it all, according to Strane, isjjthat the
unf ortnnate fellow, whose name is not Jessamy,
but Stanton, had imagined three as clevor
plays as he had ever beard. It is safe to say.
however, that Strane will be careful in future
in Inviting strangers, however promising they
may be as playwrights, to spend the day and
night with him."
K0W IN WASHINGTON.
Movements of Pittsburg People In nnd Abont
the National Capital.
.-BI'ECIAL TKLEPBAK TO TOE DISPATOH.1
Washington, October 18. Colonel and Mrs.
Bayne arrived this morning and are again oc
cupying their residence on Massachusetts ave
nue. Mr. William M. Vogleson and Mrs. Vogleson,
of Allegheny, who have been passing several
days here since their attendance on the Knights'
Conclave, intend to leave for home to-morrow.
Mr. J. V. Long, of the Pennsylvania Fish
Commission, was in the city on business to-day.
He will spend Sunday with friends at Annapolis,
who are naval officials now stationed there.
Honest Eonll'h Low.
From tbe Detroit Free Press. 1
Almost every day yon hear about the honesty
of tbe law as administered in England, but the
case of tbe Earl of Galloway Is proof that
money and position go for just as much or a
little more over there. When we fairly have a
case on a man he gets his dose, bnt they can
prove hisrullt and then acquit
Wrong Imprrnloca of America.
From the Chicago News.3
Those Pan-American delegates are being
dined and wined sopersfstently that they are
in danger of becoming; convinced that the
United States Is mainly inhabited by sulphur-
hued snakes and green-eyed goblins.
AN IMP0ETANT DE018I0N,
Hasty Appplntments la the EaHway
Moll Service Entirely Legal.
WASHCJQTOir, October 18. In compliance
with the request of the President Solicitor
General Chapman has rendered an opinion
upon a question submitted by Civil BerVice
Commissioners Boosevelt and Thompson nnder
date of September 24, 1889. The facts in the
case are stated as follows:.
On April a, 1839, one J. M. Taylor wis ap
pointed In tbe regular way a railway postal clerk
and upon that day the appointment papers were
regularly made up, executed and recorded, and,
as is customary, were at once forwarded to the
Superintendent of the fifth division and notice ai
well given Taylor, There was nothing unusual In
the method observed In the making out of the "ap
pointment papers, neither was there anything out
of the usual course in connection with the for
warding of tbe appointment and tbe notice to the
appointee. This appointment was approved by
the signature of tbe First Assistant Postmaster
General on April 29. Taylor, however, did not
take the oath of office until Mar 18. 1S83. It so
happens that on March II, 1889; upon tba repre
sentation orthe civil service commission that It
was necessary in order to make proper arrange
ments therefor, the .President eYtpnriorf th timn
Marcb 15, 1889; to May 1, 1589. when tbe rules
wnicn naa neen amenuea so as to lnclnd
way mall service, should go Into effect
so as to Include the rail
go into effect.
pon this state of facts tbe question is asked
whether Mr. Taylor was legally appointed on
April 29, SO
tnatnls examination under the civil
service rules Is not required, or whether tbe time
of taking the oath or office and entrains nnon
duty Is decisive at to the requirement of an exam-
lnatlon. 'lhe Solicitor General finds tbat under
section 4,023 of the Revised Statutes the Postmas
ter uenerai naa me ngnt on April 29 to a'
Taylor in tne way ue was appointed. His ap-
puiuiujeut, ab tuts mats IE was maue,
was, therefore, in every sense legal and valid;
and It only remains, says tbe Solicitor General,
to see whether the mere fact that be did not take
the oath required until after May 1 in any way
affected the completeness and finality ot tbe ap
pointment. Tbe Supreme Court decision In tne
case of the United States versus LeBaron Is quoted
as conclusive upon tbls question. In this ease the
master's appointment was In force at the time of
his giving his bond. It appears that his nomina
tion haa been confirmed by tbe Senate and his
commission had been signed by President Tyler,
who shortly .hereafter died, such commission not
having been delivered to him at the time of ex
ecuting his bond. The Court held that as from an
accident the commission faUed to reach him, his
possession of tbe office was as lawful as 11 It were
in his custody.
The Solicitor General finds that there is no
material distinction apparent between tne ease of
au appointment or tne i resiuent alter connrma-
tion br tne senate
' the Senate and an appointment by the
Postmaster General. The od
that the tact that Taylor did not take the oath of
omce until alter May l is Immaterial upon the
question of bis right to hold office of which he was
apnointed on April 29. It is understood that a
large number of appointments were made to tbe
railway mall service Just prior to May 1, and In a
large percentage of these cases tbe appointees
were, owing to tbe shortness of the time unable
to take the necessary oath, which fact It has been
contended, rendered their appointment void.
The opinion was approved by the Attorney Gen
eral. A FBAUD ON HIS FACE.
Description of an Impostor Who Claims a
The Dispatch has received the following
communication, of importance and interest to
the publishers not only; but probably also to
"V7ESTM0EKLAND countt, October 17.
To the Editor of The Dispatch:
A sleek-looking gentleman dropped Into town
last Friday afternoon and put up at our hotel. Be
even wore a plug hat well polished. On Satur
day he canvassed our business places and solicited
advertisements for a small sheet to beprlnted
and distributed by Tub Dispatch. The first
page was to be advertisements for merchants; tbe
second for The Dispatch "boom," as he said,
and the third and fourth for advertisements and
reading matter. Be asked SO cents for the adver
tisement, and threw in six months' subscription
to the WBEKLTDlSPATCn. .
On Sunday the man ate a hearty dinner, took
the landlord's best umbrella and started out for
a walk, and we presume be Is walking yet, as bis
board bUl remains unpaid, and the advertising
sheet, which was to appear yesterday, has not
been beard of. He got a few advertisements, but
some of our business men would have nothing to
do with him.
Now, If you have an agent of that kind going
around, yon ought to see to Dim, or he will do you
much injury by his way or doing business. If you
have none, you should have this man, who gave
bis name as "Charles Flint, Agent, " arrested.
You can get several witnesses here against him.
He walked into town and walked out, Is about
all we know about him.
A BIG LOT OF BED TAPE.
The Bonndabont Way In Which Bridges
Blast be Declared Nuisances.
WASHUfOTOK, October 18. Secretary Proc
tor has prepared a circular ol instructions re
specting the practice to be followed in cases
where bndges over navigable streams are said
to be obstructions to commerce. When such
complaint or charge Is made, the chief of tbe
engineers shall refer it to the engineer officer
in charge of tbe district in which the alleged
obstruction is located. He shall make an ex
amination to determine whether or not the
bridge is an obstruction, and it so. whether or
not it can be removed In determining this
the person or corporation controlling the bridge
shall be given an opportunity to appear before
the officer. The latter shall report to the chief
engineers, who shall lay the report before the
Secretary, of War. The Secretary, upon this
report may order a board of officers to exam
ine the bridge, tbe same routine to be followed
as by the single officer.
When the report reaches the Secretary he
may bear interested parties upon the matter,
granting continuances from time to time, as
may be proper, so tbat the question may be
thoroughly discussed and presented before a
decision ia reached.
EXTENDING ITS FfiEE IIST.
Chill Abolishes Import Duties on a "Lot of
Machinery and Tools.
WAEHTUGTOir. October 18. The Department
of State is officially informed that a law
has been enacted by Chili, to take effect four
mouths from August 30, 1889, abolishing import
duties on machines and tools for tbe use of
agriculture, mining, trades and industries;
pipes and tubes composed of copper, bronze or
iron: galvanized or ungalvanized knees. Joints,
Ts and other such necessary articles; iron or
steel wire, galvanized or ungalvanized, up to
No. 11 Inclusive, and copper wire or insulating:
composition for transmission of electric cur
rents; telephonic and telegraphic instruments,
insulators, iron or steel posts and other special
necessaries for telegraphs and telephones; the
material of iron or steel for the permanent way
of steam or horse railways or for portable rail
ways; wheels, axles and felloes of iron or steel
for railways and the cars for portable rail'
ways; iron in plates.
A Strong Bid for Popularity.
From tbe Chicago Herald (Dem. ).
John Sherman appears to be making a bold
stroke for the Presidency. If he can give the
country 600,000 new offices he will Inevitably be
the candidate of his party.
THE CE0NIN COXSPIfiACX
Milwatjkee News: The Clan-na-Gael or
ganization bids fair to convict itself of the
responsibility tor tbe crime long before the
authorities punish the actual perpetrators
Minneapolis Journal: The legal au
thorities of Cook county have a great deal
more on their hands now than the conviction
of the murderers of Dr. Cronin, and work that
is of equally great importance.
ST. Paul, Pioneer Press: There Is but little
need of an overzealous prosecution of the
Cronin suspects on the part of tbe State of
Illinois. Tbe fool friends of the defendants
jury fixers are determined to hang them any
way. BuffAXO Express: After hearing these dis
closures tbe question suggests itself, can justice
be done in the Cronin case if the trial be con
ducted in Chicago? Would It not be advisable
for Bute's Attorney Longenecker to move for
a change of venue?
Cincinnati Times Star: There are limits to
endurance, even in Chicago. If a short shrift
should be offered the conspirators some night
it would be because of just such statements as
have offended tbe ears and eyes of Chicago
during the last few days.
Kansas Crrr Times: An attempt to fix a
jury is proof of the necessity for fixing1 it
Juries are not packed -In behalf of innocent
men. The men charged with the Cronin
murder may be innocent, but their methods of
defense are those of guilty men.
SPKiNDrrKLB jKepubhcon; That the enemies
of Cronin have succeeded in creating some
thing like a panto in the Criminal Court of
Chicago, cannot be denied. It is a fight tor
the law against bands of desperate men equal
to any crime and led on by no motives higher
than those of the bandit and outlaw.
Cleveland Leader: The authorities of
tbat city -should receive the encouragement
from all law-abiding citizens in the vigorous
attempts they are making to ferret out the
perpetrators of the dastardly crime, and also
those who sought to defeat justice by means of
of the basest scoundrels on the face of the
earth. ' ,
Chicago has within her limits some
HEW Y0BK KEWS MIES.
An Actor TJnderjhe Lasts.
nrXWTOBK BtJIiSAlJ SFICIALS.J
Hew Yobk, October 18. Mamie Dowdra
pretty and promising soubrette, married Wal
ter Sanford, an actor, two years ago. She
lived happily with him till he introduced into
tbe family a woman whom be called his mother.
Young Mrs. Sanford did not like ber new
mother-in-law, and in fact suspected tbe re
lationship of Deiog bogus. Last summer an old
friend of her husband confirmed her suspicion
by telling her that the alleged mother-in-law
was an old sweetheart of Mr. Santord. Mrs;
Sanford accused ber husband of unfaithful
ness, there was a bitter quarrel, and when San
ford finished his engagement at Atlantic City
last August he left for New York without his
wife. He sentmoney to her occasionally, and
she managed to get along until she came 'to
New York and was taken sick. Then she
made application to the Commissioners of
Charities and Correction for an order to have
her husband arrested for abandonment San
ford is playing In the Lyceum Theater, in.
Brooklyn, in a piece called "Under the Lash,"
and has an interest in a successful comedy now.
on the road. His wife asserts that be er.rnv
over $200 per week. A Police Justice to-day
directed Sanford to give his wife tl2 a week.
A Itegnlnr Hetall Wine Trust.
The latest thing in trusts here is a retail
champagne trust Tbe new trust is not fairly
on its legs yet, but it is being organized by the
proprietors of swell restaurants. The object of
the trust is explained by this agreement Which
has been circulated among restaurateurs and
hotel keepers for the last three days: ''We. the
undersigned hotel and restaurant proprietors
of this city, on and after November 1 do hereby
agree to charge S2 per pint and $4 per quart
bottle for all imported champagne sold by us."
This agreement Is signed by Delmonico, James
H. Breslin, of the Gilsey House; Southgate, of
the Hotel Brunswick; William Connor, of the
St James HoteL and Hoyt, of the Hotel Vic
toria, The Astor House people refused to
enter tbe combine, but told the applicant they
wonld cheerfully sign a paper reducing the
price of first-class champagne to tl SO and 3
per bottle. There is no change in tbe whole
sale price, bnt those interested in the retail
champagne trust say tbata man who can afford
to drink champagne can afford to pay 50 cents
more per bottle for it
Two Tiny Jots In Tronble.
Two of the smallest prisoners who have ever
been arraigned before a New York police jus
tice were charged with burglary in an uptown
police court to-day. They were Tommy and
Johnnie Devine, 8 and 7 years old respectively,
and small for their ages. When Mrs. Eliza
beth D. Sampson returned home from shop
ping this afternoon she found these two mites
ransacking ber boudoir. They bad already
emptied her jewel case and had overhauled her
bureau drawers. They surrendered to Mrs.
Sampson at once and unconditionally. In their
pockets were found a lady's gold watch, a
gilded chain, two purses and a lot of trinkets.
They said they gained entrance to the rooms
by raising a window in the rear. The tiny cul
prits were banded over to a policeman. When
arraigned in conn they were not in tbe least
perturbed. They were committed to the care
of the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to
Children. Although sa very young, the Doys
are not by any means novices In crime. They
plundered the cellars and pantries of the neigh
bors of their parents for a year or more, and
not long ago stole $30 from the pocket of a
woman on the street
He Wn Garibaldi' Partner.
Antonio Meuccl, 85 years old, died in the
Garibaldi Cottage, on Staten Island, this morn
ing. He came to America In 1851, and after
failing in business by himself begad manufac
turing soap and candles la partnership with
Garibaldi. He was on the ferryboat Wests el d
when her boilers exploded in 1871. and was
badly scalded. On account ot his consequent
disabilities the owner of the old Garibaldi cot
tage gave it to him for life. Meuccl claimed to
be the original Inventor of. the telephone.
Ended a Troubled Career.
Mrs. Anna Budolph, an Austrian, killed her
self this morning by inhaling illuminating gas.
She had led a troubled life. She Jailed twice
In business and twice In marriage in Vienna,
her native city. She1 and her-sister came to
New: York and opened a little' cigar store, re
cently. The neighbors spread ugly rumors''
about them, and their landlord gave them
notice to move. Anna became despondent
Last evening she bought a rubber tube, seven
feet long, ana when she went to bed attached
one end to the gas jet, placed the other end in
her mouth and turned the gas. Her sister
found her dead. j
Wflr THE SIGHT FAIL8.
The Eenson So Manr Young People Have to
From tbe Sew York BUr.J
Bernard H. Blank, the Maiden lane optician,
has just returned from England, where he has
been studying the question of defective vision,
and has some pronounced views on the sub
ject "We are rapidly," said Mr. Blank, "becoming
a spectacled nation like the Germans, and pre
sumably from the same cause, too much read
ing. Walk along Broadway, from the Battery
to Harlem, and you will. find every tenth younir
man you meet, and every twentieth young
woman, wearing glasses. There are more of
them worn now than were worn ten years ago,
and there will be more still ten years hence.
Indeed, no one who shall live till then need be
surprised If in SO years from cow people with
glasses will be as much tbe rule as they are at
present tbe exception. Tbe cause for tbls
has been stated in newspapers and magazines
time and, again it is, in fact told regularly
once a week: and vet neonle will persist in read
ing in tbe cars, reading by gaslight and reading
This eternal reading wears what for plain
talking' sake, 1 shall call the sight as well as
tbe brightness of the eye. You don't see sav
ages or illiterate nations with defective sight
It stands to reason tbat tbe jogging and jolting
ot tbe cars tbe street cars especially strain
T,a nHiw whtM, tm tA rrn n,fll lattfkrs
WUW ,WM, u,,rM .,VB w my Mini... .u.w.v
and keep them in view, and it is absolute lu
nacy to read on tne cars Dy poor gasugnu Dim
people do it, and peoplo at that who are
shrewd and clever in the ordinary affairs of
A TOTING man called on a lady of Rochester,
Pa., a few. evenings ago and she slipped ont of
the rear door, leaving him in tbe parlor. He
sat there for two hours waltingonberandat
last left vowing he would never return.
A FLOCK of wild geese became bewildered by
Morgantown's dazzling gas lights Sunday night
about 10 o'clock, and alighted in the river near
tbe suspension bridge, where they raised a great
commotion for a short time. a
One of Lancaster's dudes carries his clear
back of his ear,
IN the past six months there were 180 births
in Norristown, and 103 of these wete females.
Last week, to improve the water, E. Kaiser,
of Brownsville, had the well in bis yard drilled
deeper. An obstruction was encountered at
the depth ot 45 feet and on drawing the casing
a piece of gas pipe eight feet long was found.
The pipe, which stood exactly on end, was re
moved and another attempt to put down the
casing was made, but a few feet deeper an iron
chain was struck. Tbls could not be got out
and a new hole had to be started. The puzzling
question is how did tbe chain and pipe get
A HOESE owned by J. B. Davfs, of South
Shenango, was seriously 111 for nearly a week,
and no cause could be discovered. Dr. Sloan,
of Jamestown, was summoned and upon exam
ination found a cob securelyfastened crosswise
in the back part of the horse's month, which
prevented blm.from eating and swallowing.
IN A SOOlALi WAI.
The marriage of Mr. John 8. Hughes, of
this city, to Miss Carrie Allison, of Detroit, on
the 30th inst, is regarded with great favor by
his many friends, as the wedding will herald
the Immediate arrival in Pittsburg of tbe
bridal couple, where a furnished house awaits
them. Mr. Hughes is a popular employe of
tbe Union Line Railroad.
ME.JonNKlNLXTTENKB.one of the pro
ficient pitchers,of tbe Chicago Baseball Club
and a well-knownand weH-liked PlMetmrger,
will wed oa Oetober 88 Miss Harriett Jeaiwe
Day; daughter of Mr Jfin w: Dy,)Of Wwnf-
t nboxafc.- la thai ottr.C. Sa
r" .V -.: -- -ivJ-
The electrio light on the Eifel Tower
can be seen at Orleans. TO miles distant
San Salvador is the first of the Centralf
American repabliea to establish telepheael
wince tarongaout Ms Mmtery.
A half breed elrl named McCBavish lavs
claim to property worth half a mJHfeB Ja thegi
business center of Victoria, B. O.
Lofoten, In Norway, is the principal &
nsningQutnctonbat country. Last year tba '
uMienoen )OKai,w,oea cod, worth JZ.8W.08a.
Cottonseed hulls are now known to be
excellent food for young cattle. They lend a
tallowy flavor, however, to the milk aad butter
of cows that eat them. " .; ,
The Government monopoly articles of
Honduras are gunpowder, tobacco, cigars and -
liquor. It retains complete and absolute con-...
trol of the liquor traffic r''
Children as expert musicians are coa-.
ingtobe the wonder of the profession. Allee ! j
Uebmann, aged 9, is astonishing London critlos -:
with ber skill on the violin.
A Washington lady recently purchased '
In Winchester a mahogany sideboard over 190 ?
years old and shipped it to the wife of etPresJ- 41
dent Cleveland as a present.
Tourists in Switzerland this season com
plain that some of the finest scenry, notably
along the St Gnthard route, has been defaced
by staring advertisements of continental hotels.
Clarence L. Hazzard, of Beverly, .Pa.,
has submitted a new design for a Government
postal card. It substitutes tba reverse side of a
penny in place of the head of Washington, as
at present, and has lines drawn for wrttteg oa -A
the city, county and Bute to facilitate- tke werkj?
oi tne postal clerks. ThedesJenwaa ferwarte (
Miss Eastwood has accomplished a TemA
remarsaDie teat at Amat, Rosshlre, Scotland,"
when fishing with a nine-foot trout rod. . Ska
had on only two flies. With one she booked a
salmon, and at the same time a sea trout with'
the other, and after a severe struggle landed'
both fish. The salmon weighed 11 pound
tuui. wo uuu uaq pouno.
It was noticeable at the Paris Exposi
tion this summer how rapidly two-wheeled
vehicles in France are supplanting fear-wheelers.
There were 800,000 four-wheeled and 880,-
Fwo-wneeiea vemcies in tne country in 1874.
The number of the latter Is sow 1,100,000,
wmio was ot too mors ansKxaairo convey
ances remains just what it was 15 years ago.
Indented writing upon iron has just
been successfully done by John Farrar, aa
Eastern iron foundryman, by tbe following
process: The impression on the iroa la made
by writing backwards on thin, paper, pinning
the paper in a mould, and then pouring oa the
iron. The writing thus transferred to the
plates, when the Iron Is cooled, is wonderfully
clear and distinct and is so deeply impriated as
to defy any attempt at erasure. , ,.
At South Paris, Me., the other day
Uncle Robert Gray, 87 years old, harnessed his
horse Dick, 31 years old, and, accompanied by
his wife, 85 years old, drove to North Pari
and visited Sullivan. Andrews, 88 years eta,
meeting while there Mrs. Edward Andrews, 88
years old, who has just returned from. Bsrepe,
and Mr. Pottle, 88 years old. The art ot living
a long life evidently has been successfully cul
tivated in Oxford county by man, woman and
Throughout California,, on many of the
large ranches, while stables, stacks and shed
are, as elsewhere, situated near the central,
buildings, there are "summer stables'' scat
tered over the ranch. The men and teams can
thus save a long daily journey. A hayrack; a
tree overhead, a few posts or staples in the
trees, a load of hay from the field, and tbe
summer stable is established, Itis, in fact, a
camp, and often men sleep in the hay and
merely ride to the farmhouse for their meals.
The Vanderbilts are known at Bar
Harbor as people who do a great deal of good
in a quiet way, helping the deserving poor oa
frequent occasions without making any parade
of the matter. During the pas: season they
purchased at one shop, through an attache of
the cottage. t50 worth per week of common
clothing-for needy villagers. In one ease tbe
family's philanthropy was sadly abused. They
had provided a destitute family with a lot of
furniture, among other things, aad sot long
afterward found .that the shiftless recipients
sold the goods f orready cash.
"Thresher-kitehens" have ease -info
general use on the great farm ofthe J?aeifle
slope. The kitchen is on wheels aad aeeosa
panies all the working: crews that go -to the
harvest fields. All the reapers, threshers, and
Ti.aif... ua 4TAn mjf flfb. Mia umi feA
gather or dry frmt "on shares,'; ta tbe oretanta. J
The gangs. of sheep-shearers e-Oen.bave a "
traveling; Jdtchea with its inevitable Cateese Jf,
cook. Housekeepers look upon the system as..'
an unadulterated blessing, the farmer hisasetf
finds it cheaper, and the men themselves like
it because their meals are ready "on tee,"
and there is always "hot coffee."
At the Jerseyville, 111., fair, the ether
day. about 2.000 children were treated to a sar-
'prise entertainment that made the Uttte oaee '
wild with delight It consisted of a raoek wed-"
ding of two little 7-year-old children Lester "
Daniels aa Lord Fauntleroy and Jessie Flaeh,
as his bride Marmadake Fox, 10 years oM, A
officiating in clerical robes. The little bride V
was arrayed in. a beautiful dress of cream a)ea- ';' -j
tross, en train, with garniture of. flowers asd Xia
wreath nt nranfm MnnmiTWi. Thrrr MaM'UMSjM
the grounds In an elegant close earrtaae. aad'
after the cereraoav rodaanrand Shavian fn nl-'
wrAmnAA Antrrart, lim-vm hv a Bhntlinirt uu,
with Senator Chapman's 5-year-old bey ai
Laurel, Md., haa a haunted mill. The
other night perseas standing near it heard
agonizing groans In the dlrecaoa of the o
building, and alight was discovered la eae of"TJ
tbe upper stones. Several people had bees at
tractedtothespot by the light which shone or
KrfrhUvfrom tha nanalaaa wiarioors foritwaai'
known by every schoolboy ia town that the oH i
building had long since been abandoned, aad.
no hope ot Its ever again being inhabited was
Indulged in even by the owner. The light, how
ever, was there, which ia itself was snWnlnnf to
attract attention, but when a meaa, leJlowed
by screams of agony, sainted the ears of the
listeners, there was astonishment and fear de
picted upon tnew countenance, me sffreoms
fell gradually to peculiar means, saofa aa aipat
be expected to emanate from some haawa- be
ing who was fast breathing oat Bis life from
some mortal and sudden hurt., Tbe aaaad of
hurried footsteps descending the old." creaky
stairs was plainly heard by the attentive listen
ers on the sidewalk, bat no person waal aen to
leave the building, which was oJose-ly watehed.
After tbe disappearance of the IiffM'io the
upper rooms of the building and the hash of
tbe ghostly sounds, a few of the stoater-hearted
entered and diligently explored ever nook and
corner; but no presence of earthly iahabitaats
rewarded their search. '
FANCIES OF FUNNY MBC
Fred Come, Tom, it's past time to get up.
Tom It may be pastime for you, old feHow, bat
I consider It deuced hard -woTt.lfetenytera(d.
There's one peculiar thing' aboatlt horse
race. Youcanplcktbewlnners rlgbtalengnntll
you conclude to put up jour money. WeuMng ton
He Will you marry me? She No.
Be-Then will youmarry Bam Sawyerf;Hewznted
me to ask you for him, toof while I was about it'
EpocX. " j
It is said that the Japanese people neverjv!
kiss. Come to think of It when they loor at eaea
other they ought not to waat to kiss.-mw vtmow
Burning Old .Love Letters. Harry (1m4
In g his friend burning Jove letters) Heae, Jaak;
burning incense to vujua lorco&insagr
Jack No, I'm burning nonsense too (ft
anvthlar. Soston Herald. v
Amateurpaotographer I ve got her Mga-
tlve. old man. '!lfe jl
- - ..Ka. , .-
AriDOUUC j wvuga Tt " izrotma iriaJl r ,
sit for her picture- , ' 3Slaw
me through we, ana sfie saM "No. J
"Mamma, what's herediiaryfJi
Bobble, laboriously tripping over tae-saHaMsM J
the long word. "Why, it 3 It to aayfltaff yam
get from your father or me, " repHtd tse snMh
. little nunled to and a definition saWaWe M
years. Bilenceoftwo mlaates.. "tteB, ats-V;:
asked, "is spanking hereditary.'," .
Natural .Enemies. Conductor (
the door and calling out hurriedly) "Are.
any surgeons in this earl"' ,"
Besponse by two or three passeBgen-'
Conductor.(wild with exeKemeBt)-"M yea;
selves In readiness, gentlemen. Twe Alums
from different counties in Oregoo are im she
ear inquiring aeoat each otter's eropsl"-1
Bagsley Doetor, I wish yesweW
around and see my wine.
BMlv'-Tiitwa&t I waat to
came home Hi ,tM morning mftw a Ma.
a f aM .,!' ainw w
. , A-L,