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title: 'Pittsburg dispatch. (Pittsburg [Pa.]) 1880-1923, October 21, 1889, Page 4, Image 4',
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MONDAY, OCTOBER -"Zl, 1889
THE PlTTSBTTUG- DISPATCH,
-' , tv-4T'
ESTABLISHED FEBRUARY 8, 1MB.
Vol.44. Ko.tt. Entered at Pittsburg Fostofflce.
November 14, isS7, as second-class matter.
Business Office 07 and 99 Fifth Avenue.
Notts Rooms and Publishing House75,
77 and 79 Diamond Street.
Eastern Advertising Office, Koom 43, Tribune
BuUdlng, New York.
Averare net circulation of the dally edition of
The Dispatch for fix months ending September
. SO, 1SS9, as sworn to before City Controller,
Copies per issue.
Average net circulation or tbc Snnday edition of
The Dispatch for four raontlis ending Septem
ber 29. 1SS9.
Copies per issue.
TEB.S1S OF THE DISPATCII.
r06TAOE TREE IX THE tTNITED ETATZ8.
JLUrLTDlSFATCII, One Year t S CO
Daily Dispatch, 1'er Quarter SCO
Daily Dispatch. One Month 70
Dailt Dispatch, Including Sunday, 1 year. 10 CO
Daily Dispatch, including Sunday, Sm'tlis. 250
Datlt Dispatch, Including Sunday. 1 month 90
Kckdat Dispatch, One Year ISO
Weekly Dispatch, One Year l S3
The Daily Dispatch Is delivered bT carrlersat
IScents per week, or Including Sunday edition, at
Scents per week.
p1ttsbijkg. moxday. oct. 2l 1ss9.
the exposition's fuuds.
The statement of Mr. S. S. Marvin that
the Exposition still has to pay 5150,000 on
its buildings will cause surprise among
those who understood from the announce
ments prior to the opening of the exhibition
that all the money had been raised either by
subscriptions or by loans.
However that may be, the public will
readily agree that after the demonstration
that has been made of the possibilities of
such an institution it must not be permitted
to be hampered by debt iSotoniy nas the
Exposition itself yielded a large revenue,
which will be used in Improving the attrac--tions
for the future, but the increased busi
ness which it has brought to certain leading
interests in the city has been very large.
"With such success under the difficulties
which attended the recent show, the gains
that are to be secured for the future should
prompt a ready response to all the needs of
the Exposition Society.
It is practically certain that the Exposi
tion will possess greatly enhanced attrac
tions next year, and bring a much larger
business to this city. The mere instinct of
pecuniary profit should make Pittsburg
quick to see that its work is not hampered
by insufficiency in its resources.
TIGHT MONEY PEEDICTIOKS.
The tightening of the money market in
New Tork was one of the leading features
of business during the past week; and its
significance is emphasized by the declara
tion of leading banking honses that rates as
high as 15 to 25 per cent may ml between
now and January L As these are excessive
rates, the chance from the old condition of
monetary ease is marked. The causes
probably include an undue spread among
the speculators of Wal' street and the-out-ward
movement of gold, caused by large
purchases of foreign goods and the ex
penditures of American travelers abroad.
There is no reason why this stringency
should affect other interests than the specu
lative ones. The separation has been some
what clearly preserved, between legitimate
business and the business gambles, of late
years; and the Treasury purchases of bonds
that are called out by these high interest
rates will probably prevent the stringency
from being felt by legitimate trade. In the
meantime, a little squeezing of the inflation
out of "Wall street will not harm the country
YANKEE AND SOUTH AHESICAN.
Some of the many differences of tempera
ment, habits and constitution, which have
to be understood and adjusted before we can
establish close relations with our South
American cousins, are doubtless involved in
the statement that the delegates on the South
American excursion are worn out with ban
queting and sight-seeing before the trip is
The South American is generally credited
with a disposition to take life easily. He is
. even charged by his detractors with a tend
ency toward .indolence. "Without accepting
. that impeachment, it may be believed as no
demerit tbat he likes to get all the sleep
. necessary to recuperate his fatigue, that he
'' takes time to iully digest his meals, and
. that when he sees a new thing he prefers to
be sure that he has seen it all before flying
off to something new.
Such peculiarities of our visitors might
have been worth taking into consideration
in planning a trip for their enter-
. tainment. Instead of organizing it
' to suit the deliberate and slow-going
Spanish-American character, it seems
to have been taken for granted that
- our visitors wonld at once adapt themselves
to the Yankee customs of riding all night
on the sleeping cars; of whirling through a
2 dozen factories of a manufacturing town in
a single day, with a superficial glance at a
hundred things each of which might re
' quire hours of study for them to compre
hend; and of then sitting all the evening
-: ruining their digestion with banquets and
listening to speeches which few of them un
stand and which those few discover to be
exactly the same in all cases.
"When we come to reflect on the differ
ences of nationality and habit, wc need not
be surprised thafthe nation's guests fail to
'.take kindly to a trip built upon the most
"aggravated Yankee plan of dash and hurry.
Perhaps too, upon thinking it all over, we
Jmay not find our respect for them lessened
iby the fact that they are tired of the at
tempt to crowd six months sightseeing into
LOGIC FOE THE C0EP0SATI0NS.
The amiable and disinterested Oil City
Derrick is pleased to approve the position
of Tub Dispatch that a popular boycott
against the natural gas companies of the
Northwestern Pennsylvania towns is not
the right method of regulating charges; but
its disapproval is visited upon us for assum
ing "that the corporation must always be
ft'wrong, and that those who oppose it must
J always be right"
Since our cotemporary's tender susccpti
" bilities on behalf of the corporations are so
ylurrowed up by the supposed injustice, It is
v worth while to state that The Dispatch
did not pass any judgment on the rates of
the gas companies involved in this dispute,
Ifor two reasons: First, that it had no exact
finformation as to the rates charged; and
second, that it did not deem that question
important in the point it was discussing.
iWhat it did point out was that whether
rates were high or low, the system of boy
cotts and strikes, being the inevitable result
of combination, was not the just or natural
ay to regulate charges for public services.
But when the sensitive advocate .of the
aical monopoly combination proceeds to
old the rcgutar corporate argument
against competition, to the effect that it is
ruinons on account of the wasted capital
in the way of duplicating plants, it is prin
cipally successful in demonstrating the
large amount that it does not know about
the methods by which competition In the
natural gas supply might be preserved. If
itdid not take itfor granted, as it invariably
does that every proposition to preserve com
petition in the gas supply means a new
system of pipes for every competing gas
producer, it might be able to bring to the
discussion at least a primary knowledge of
the means by which competition might be
If the Derrick's claim that competition in
the natural gas business is impossble, had
to be accepted, it would go far toward
demonstrating that combination on the part
of the producers, with its attendant strikes
and boycotts, is their only means of self
AGAINST OVEEHEAD WIBES.
The convention of fire engineers, as will
be perceived by our local columns, has
joined in the general protest against over
head electric light wires, and has adopted
some very stringent resolutions concerning
the course which the heads of fire depart
ments should take in refusing to work their
men where those wires are permitted.
"When we reflect upon the facts in the
case, wc can hardly disapprove even this
radical action. The obstruction which the
ordinary electric wires interpose to the oper
ations of the firemen in city districts has
long been recognized. By itself it should
have been sufficient to secure the prompt re
moval of the wires. But when to that
trouble is added the presence of the electrio
light wires, which as soon as they are cut to
permit the firemen to go to work, may turn
every wire in the vicinity into an instru
ment of death, the danger is multiplied by
an infinite factor.
The dangers of a fireman's work are great
enough without having the hazard of death
by electric shock added to them. The fire
engineers are right in protesting that they
should not be expected to work with that
fatal possibility hanging over them.
TWO SIDES TO THE CASE.
It may be all right for the United States
to undertake the preservation of order and
the punishment of crime among the gnano
workers on islands unclaimed by other
countries; but if it does so. it should either
provide for maintaining impartial justice at
the location of the works or should take
care that it does not act without hearing
both sides of the case. The report that
United States war vessels are on the watch
for the ships in which the rTavassa rioters are
coming home, with the intention of putting
them in prison as soon as they reach land,
indicates a need of remembering the duty of
Two stories of the Navassa riots have been
told; and so far as the publio can judge that
of the workmen sounds altogether the most
probable. That of the company assigns
neither cause for the outbreak nor explana
tion of its cessation. That of the workmen
states that the outbreak was caused by
abuse and violence on the part of the em
ployers, and that it was quelled by the
moderate men among the workmen. The
United States should remember that if it is
its duty to punish disorder among laborers
it is no less its dnty to protect workingmen
against abuse by employers. It should also
be sure when it imprisons workingmen for
riot, that real justice does not require the
imprisonment of the people on the othe side
for the violence which provoked the riot.
There is a large amount of unnecessary
and misplaced silliness in the intimations of
certain papers, that Henry M. Stanley is
doing something discreditable if the report
is true that he is gathering up a large
amount of ivory, and bringing it to the
coast. The purchase of ivory in the interior
of Africa is perfectly legitimate commerce.
It is to open up that trade and make it take
the place of the barbarous traffic in human
flesh that Stanley's great achievements in
exploration have been performed. That
he has never, heretofore, permitted himself
to be drawn aside from the attainments of
greater objects is no reason why, on this
occasion, when he has performed his work
of relieving Emin Bey, he should not take
the opportunity of making some profit out
of honest trade, either for himself or for
these who fitted out his expedition. The
story may be true or false; but if it is true
no man with a heart in him will begrudge
Stanley a fortune out of his ivory trade.
"Whatever doubts there have been as to
the existence of one personal devil, the Chi
cago revelations seem to leave it beyond
question that the "Western center of trade is
supplied with a large number of him.
The New York Press breaks out in an
appeal to the New Yorkers to put up, the
cash for the Exposition in a single day.
New York ought to do that; but considering
the number of days it has taken her to pre
pare a plan for beginning to get ready to
put up, the reasonable expectation will be
that it will take her about as many days as
it has to put up the Grant monument fund.
That number of days, as the country is
aware, is still unreckoned.
The outbreak of fever among Yale Col
lege students from lack of exercise, reverses
all the usual ideas of life at the leading col
leges. But perhaps the fever-stricken
students belong to the set that studies.
The assertion of prominent New York
banking houses that money will probably
rule from 15 to 25 per cent between now and
the 1st of January, indicates either that the
New Yorfc speculators have been spreading
far too much sail, or that the New York
bankers want to get a big slice of the revival
of trade. Possibly both are true.
It seems to be pretty well settled that the
country will have a new prayer book in 1892.
In the meantime a great deal of good maybe
obtained from a sincere and earnest study of
the ideas contained in the old one.
Anarchists who hiss the flag and talk
of revolution are dangerous elements; but
the way to suppress them is to make Eure
that no great corporations are permitted to
defy the laws, and combinations of wealth
allowed to burden the public. If we have
no privileged wealthy class, revolution will
have no meat to feed upon.
"Why does not New York solve the prob
lem of electrical execution by turning her
murderers loose, and making them walk
down the streets and locate the electric
If it be true, as numerous esteemed co
temporaries are assuring the public, that the
lands which have just been obtained from the
Chippewa Indians are "worth not less than
$60,000,000, is it entirely creditable to the
people of the .United States to obtain the
property at Uss than a I'.ILb of the recog
The slate, at present, is to divide the
Speakership and bead of the Committee On
"Ways and Means between Reed and Mc
Kinley. But time is a great breaker of
The report that there is to be a combina
tion to put up the price of champagne,
arouses the opposition of the bright New
York Evening Sun. The Sun does not pro
pose to have the regular tipple of its staff
New Yoek dissipation has been carried
forward to ultimate result; and money is
now on a habitual tight.
Fatheb McTiohe's Children's Total
Abstinence Society ought to do a good work
on the Southside. May it accomplish all
that is expected of it in inducing temper
ance among children of a larger growth.
PEOPLE OP PROMINENCE.
EnA8Tra Wiman has contributed 5100 to the
fund for a monument to Horace Greeley.
The Prince of Wales is said to be suffering
from Bright's disease. It is reported that tbe
extension of his trip to iigypt is recommended
by his physicians.
The Hon. H. M. McLane, formerly Minister
to France, has offered his services as a stump
speaker to the Democratic State Committee of
Maryland for this fall's campaign.
A London cable says that it is estimated
that C. P. Huntington will have to pay $10,000,
000, in dowry and settlement of debts, to Prince
Hatzf eldt, who is to wed his daughter.
Justice Stephen J. Field looks none the
worse for his exciting experience in California.
It troubles him, however, and he discourages
all allusions to it. His friends understandthat
he is to speak of it first.
Dr. Fabian Fbankun has been advanced
to the associate professorship of mathematics
at the Johns Hopkins University, to sneceed
Prof. W. E. Story, who has resigned to become
professor of the same branch at Clark Uni
versity, in Massachusetts.
Mrs. Harbison is the first mistress of the
White House since Mrs. Hayes' time who
She has the whole ot it well in band, from the
cellars to the attic She goes over the most of
it every day. Both the President and Mrs.
Harrison are early risers, and the day's work
gets started by 8 o'clock.
Bbonson Howard recently remarked: "I
suppose that I write a whole play about three
times from beginning to end, but in doing so I
copy many whole scenes unchanged. Certain
parts of the play I may write six times before it
snits me. Nowadays I begin at the beginning
of a play when I come to write it after having
arranged the outline. I used to begin with any
scene that I felt like writing at the time. I
allow six months at least to go by after produc
ing one play before I begin another."
Mr. Fbancts Loomis, eldest son of the late
Prof. Loomis, of Yale, who has been in New
Haven for the last two weeks, will soon return
to Europe. Mr. Loomis is an invalid and
spends most of his time in travel. Ho expects
to spend the winter In Cairo, Egypt. Mr.
Henry Loomis, his brother, who is settled In
Seattle, W. T who is also in New Haven, will
remain some time longer to assist in the settle
ment of his father's estate, under the will of
which he is an executor.
SOME BABE OLD Y0LIMES.
Books of Ancient Dato nnd an American
Map of 1514.
From the Athenjeum.
Among the many discoveries of unique
copies of books that have occurred during the
last 20 years only, I can call to mind several
tbat have come withih my own limited experi
ence, as, for example,. an edition ot the "Sarum
Missal," dated 14S7, and printed not by but for
Caxton; the existence of such a book would
have been treated as visionary had it been sug-
Bested before its discovery in an old Shropshire
brary. Then, again; who would have believed
in the existence of a map of the world engraved
on copper, and dated 1514, with the name of
America marked upon it, till M. Tross brought
it to lightT the earliest map of the kind having
previously been supposed to be that printed at
Vienna in 1521.
It is but a few years since tbeBritish Museum
acquired an edition of the prayer book of 1549,
printed in small quarto size for the use of the
clerk or leader of the congregation. This
must have been printed in thousands, yet but
one copy is known now to exist, and until its
recent discovery a suggestion ot the
existence of such an edition would
have been treated with ridicule. Then,
again, the .Edinburgh edition of Shakespeare's
"Venus and Adonis," printed about 1621, and
the Bay psalm book, printed at Boston, New
Kngland, in 1651 who wonld have suspected
the existence of snch books till they actually
I would urge persons of bibliographical tastes
and knowledge who have access to libraries in
old country houses and mansions, or, indeed,
any collection of old books that have lain un
noticed and unexamined, to keep their eye3
open.for I feel snre that the tracts of Columbus
andvespneius must have been printed by En
glish typographers, and may yet be discovered.
Nor is it only in old undisturbed libraries that
bibliographical rarities may occur, for it is but
a few years since that a folio edition of Julyan
Notary's "Lives of the Saints" was purchased
at a marine store dealer's In Camden Town for
Ss 6d and afterward sold for 200. Especial
notice should be given to volumes of tracts, for
it was a habit of our ancestors to bind together
thin pieces by tho dozen, and it Is only a keen
and skilled eye tbat will detect tbe presence of
the grain of wheat among the chaff.
BIG GAME IK PIKE COURT!.
A Bear Tree a Clerk nnd li Slain br a
. HnntlnK Party.
Bexvid-b-, N. J., October 20. A party of
sportsmen from this place bad an exciting ad
venture in the woods of Pike county recently.
The party consisted of Councilman McMutne,
County Clerk Theodore P. Hopler and Matt
Raisley and Stephen Douglass.two old hunters.
They left on Monday for Porter's Lake, intend
ing to spend the time in fishing. On Thursday,
when all the party except County Clerk Hop
ler were on the lake, a large deer came to the
water's edge. Hopler had nothing but a shot
gun, but fired, wounding the deer. He gave
chase, and. after tramping a mile, found the
deer badly wounded. He fired both barrels,
and the deer fell; but, just as he was about
to capture his prize, he heard a growl, and
looking around, saw a large black bear.
He was unarmed, and. according to his story,
scared, and so at once broke for the camp. The
whole party at once started in pursuit of the
larger game, armed with shotguns loaded with
buckshot. They found the deer, partly eaten,
and after a short time came up to tbe bear in a
clump of swampy land. This they surrounded,
and, walking toward the center, expected to
pour a concentrated fire into old bruin.
Hopler was the first man to sight tbe game,
and at once tired. Bruin was struck and imme
diately made for tbe County Clerk, who, calling
for help, took refuge in a tree. The whole party
then approached, whennother big bear came
on the scene. This so startled the sportsmen
that they at once beat a hasty retreat, but not
until they ponred a volley into the bear having
the clerk up the tree. This animal they killed,
and, after recovering from fright, came and
took the carcass away. The party returned
here to-day with the bear and 191 pickerel,
weighing 325 pounds, S3 pheasants and 24 braco
of woodcock. , '
Fortunes That Were Lost.
From the Washington Post.;
The dally papers last week related the inci
dent of a well-known resident of Pierre, Dak.,
who sold a 160-acre tract on the outskirts of the
town for a song and now digs in the streets of
a city he might havo owned. The records ot
the land office are filled with such incidents.
They will show tbat men who took up land in
tbe nighborhood of the rapidly-growing cities
of tho West have sold it for almost nothing and
suffer in poverty for their lack of foresight.
A Mecca for tho Weary.
From the Chicago Tribune.;
In BushviNe, 111., it is said there has not been
a game of baseball played this -year. Bushville
may look for a rush of wild-eyed refugees next
year from other towns and cities in this base
ball stricken country that will make her hair
stand on end.
An Extraordinary Classification.
From the Philadelphia Frcss.i
In awarding pensions there is a classification
known as "Original Widows." As if there
could be a widow who was not original!
A Fierr Brilliancy.
From the Chicago N ews.2
Chicago's World's Fair prospects are now as
brilliant as a room full ot red-beaded girls.
The Bomauce of Dollard nnd Its Canadian
Features A Reminiscence An Educa
tional Tendcncr Toward tbo Dominion
Alaakn, Our New Eldorado Points From
a Trip Down Ibo Danube Other Writ
Idsi. All the magazines, no doubt, havo readers
who let the serials go by with leaves uncut
They object to listening to the story-teller who
regularly stops in the most interesting places
and goes away to stay a month. Such readers
of the Century Magazine are just now to be
congratulated. Because, if they had cut the
leaves, they would have read Mrs.Catherwood's
story, "The Romance of Dollard" (the Century
Company, H. Watts &Ca). And, having al
ready read it, they could not sit down, as some
of us can, and put their feet upon the fender
and have the felicity of reading it for the first
time. Still, it is worth reading twice.
"The Romance of Dollard" is a new book, by
a new writer, with a new hero and a new hero
ine, and a new plot, and with its scene in a new
country. Mrs. Catherwood has discovered
Canada. It is not a little remarkable that tho
New France of the seventeenth century Bhould
so long have escaped the notice of the novelist
Because hero are all the conditions of romance.
Two hundred years ago Canada was still in the
days of the middle ages, feudalism, chivalry,
priests, martyrs, fair ladies, fierce barbarian
chiefs, civilization and savagery in strong con
trastthis is the very stuff out of which ro
mance Is woven. And these were the elements
of society in that new Franco which "rancis
Parknam has made alive again In his histories,
and in the midst of which the people of "The
Romance of Dollard" live. This story is as re
freshing as a journey Into an untraveled
"Mademoiselle, you like cabbage, is it not
"Yes, monsieur," responded Louise, "with
out lifting her eyes.
"Cabbage is a very good vegetable. Do you
wish to bo married?"
"I, in fact, wish it myself. When you go as a
soldier, you don't want a wile. But when you
settle down en censlve. then, mademoiselle, it
Is convenient to have a woman to work and to
"Havo you a house and farm, monsienrT"
Jacques spread his hands, tho cap pendant
from one of them.
"I have the island of St Bernard under my
seignior, mademoiselle. It is a vast estate, al
most a league in extent. Do you ever drink
brandy, mademoiselle f
" 'I, monsieur 1 Never in my life V
'"That must be a good thing in a woman,'
commented Jacques, with a nod of satisfaction.
" 'Are you at all lazy or thriftless, monsieur?'
the demure girl took her turn to inquire.
"'No, mademoiselle. I make my clothes do
year after year. And had you seen the frozen
fish and eels, the venison, the cabbage, the
beets and onions I stored in onr cellar for win
ter, you would not ask if I am lazy.'
Louise smiled her bashful approval upon
him, and said in explanation :
" 'I should not like a thnf tloss, lazy husband.'
" 'Mademoiselle, we are cut out of the samo
caribou skin, and match like a pair of mocca
sins. Shall we go to the notary?'
' 'If you will, monsieur ' "
So they were wed. This was In tbe marriage
market of Quebec, in tho year 1660. A ship
had just come in from France; and His Maj
esty, Louts XTV., had freighted It with a most
acceptable cargo for bis lonesome subjects who
were colonizing Canada. The ship bore
by way of burden a large com
pany of venturesome French maidens
who had volunteered to brighten the skies of
this new world, and to take a hand in its hard
work, also, by marrying the settlers. The
precious freight was unloaded in the mar
riage market And here the stout Jacques
found the demure Louise. ,
And here, too, Jacques' master, Adam Dol
lard, who had come in to look on at tbe mar
riage market, found Louise's mistress, Claire
Laval, who also had come to see what the mar
riage market was like. Thus begins "The Ro
mance of Dollard."
In that same year, 1CG0, the battle of the Pass
of Thermopylae was fought in Canada; tbe
armies of Xerxes were armed with tomahawks
and decked out with warpaint: and the name
of Leonldas was Adam Dollard.
The Five Nations had m&de up their minds
to attack Quebec and Montreal and drive the
palefaces into the deep sea. It came into the
heart of Adam Dollard tbat a company of
heroes with stout hands and strong courage
might save New France. His plan was
not to wait till the invasion came, but
to go out to meet it And so it came
to pass that the van of the invading
armymet an impediment Reside the rapids ot
the Long Sant, "behind a picket fence" by way
of fort, 17 Frenchmen, i Algonqulns and 1 Hu
ron stood in the face of 700 Indians, and for
hours held them at bay.. It was a piece of
splendid heroism. There is nothing finer in all
the stories of adventure. Of dourse the heroes
met the fate which befell the Spartans, bnt
Dollard's plan succeeded. He had taught the
Iroquois such a lesson about the valor of the
French that they hurried back afraid. The in
vasion was abandoned and Canada was saved.
. Thus the "Romance of Dollard," which began
in tbe marriage market of Quebec, ended be
hind tbat fatal palisade beside the rapids of
tbe Long Sant
Mrs. Catherwood has taken this fine hero out
of history, and found a heroine meet for him
in her own imagination, and thus, adding love
to bravery, has made this charming story. The
people in it are all interesting, tho lights and
shadows have just the right depth in them, and
the tragedy, without a1 trace of somberness,
moves to its end as gaily as ever the young
knights in the other France across the water
went out to fight
It is to be hoped that Mrs. Catherwood will
keep on making discoveries in this unfamiliar
The truth is that we know almost as little
about the romantic possibilities of Canada as
Daniel Webster knew about the financial possi
bilities of the West 'What do wo want," said
Webster, "with this vast, worthless area this
region of savages and wild beasts, of deserts
and shifting sands and whirlwinds of dust, of
cactus and prairie dogs? To what uso could we
ever hope to put these great deserts, or those
endless mountain ranges, impenetrable, cov
ered to their very base with eternal snow?
What can we hope to do"wlth the northern
coast a coast of 3,000 miles, rock-bound, cheer
less, uninviting, and not a harbor on It? What
use have we for this country?"
That was not so very long ago, either,
The only part of tho United States of which
we can make such wild affirmations now is our
province of Alaska. And probably there aro
but few of us who can consistently throw stones
at Webster. For who is there who has not
thought of Alaska as a skating park?
Mr. Maturin M. Ballon, however, who has
been almost everywhere, and seen almost
everything and written delightfully about all
his journeys, has come back from Alaska and
brought a booK with him, which Houghton,
Mifflin & Co. publish and H. Watts & Co. have
for sale, and which is named "Tbe New Eldo
rado," that expresses Mr. Ballou's idea of our
great national refrigerator.
Alaska is bounded on tho north by the Arctic
Ocean, on the east by British Columbia, on the
south, by the Pacific Ocean, and on the west by
Behring Strait and the North Pacific. Itjis as
big as tbe British Islands and France and
Spain pnt together, with several other Euro
pean countries thrown in to fill up. It Is as big
as 71 States of Massachusetts. It it were set
over on our Atlantic coast it would reach from
Maine to Florida, The islands which are a
part of it stretch out so far to sea that tbe city
which stands in the center between the eastern
and western boundaries of the United States is
It cannot bo denied that tbero is ice in
Alaska. Nevertheless, it is true that tbe cli
mate of Southern Alaska Is as comfortable as
the climate of Pennsylvania. The winters at
Sitka are milder than tbe winters at Boston.
Mr. Ballon has great faith in the commercial
future of Alaska. He speaks of the seal inter
ests, and gives an interesting account of the
seal fisheries. Seal fishing, he says, is no more
"fishing" than the driving of Bhep is. The
seals come on shore. The men get between
them and the water. They are driven up to
the warehouses, and there relieved of their
valuable skins. The lumber supply is almost
inexhaustible. Alaska promises to become
the great American shipyard. There Is a great
trade in furs of many kinds.. There are codfish;
Dcyoaa computation. j.nere a copper ana
magnetic Iron and coal, and fine marble and
Mr. Ballou suggests that tho ambitious Alp
ine climber would do well to leave those slight
elevations, and come out and attempt Mt St
Ellas. As for tbe natives of Alaska, they seem
to be in great need of "Bibles, spelling books
It Is too bad that there aro no pictures in
"The New Eldorado," and no map. The only
picture is the representation of artotem-pole
on the corner. Mr. Ballou ought to. carry a
Kodak camera with him. However, he has
such a delightful faculty of seeing just the
things which we would like to see, and telling us
exactly the things which we want toknow
about them, that one hardly misses tbe pict
"The New Eldorado" has for its sub-title "A
Summer Trip to Alaska," Mr. Theodore Child
took his summer journey in quite another di
rection. We have the notes of it in his Sum
ner Holidays. (Harper & Broa, J.R. Weldln &
Co.) Tbo Summer Holidays begin with a jour
ney "Down the Danube to Constantinople,"
and end with a holiday on the rivers of France.
Mr. Child travels onr beaten tracks, but he
cares little for tho conventional "sights." He
has an eye for the picturesque always, whether
in river or mountain, and sees things as
an artist sees them. He tells ns about the
pictures in the galleries, and how the honses
are built, and how the windmills loom up
against the sky, and the colors of peoples'
dresses. Mr. Ballou travels'like a tourist, with
his eyes open and clear and his note book
ready, and a cood, common sense judgment to
guide him through the difficulties of selection.
Mr. Child travels like an artht and a man of
letters. Madame de Stael held tbat "traveling
is one of tbe saddest pleasures of life." That,
however, depends upon the traveler. Mr.
Ballou and Mr. Child not only enjoy traveling,
but they make us enjoy it too.
One of the places which Mr. Child visited was
the "Grand Chartreuse." It is a strong con
trast after thi s new land ot AlaBka to be set
climbing up tbat bleak mountain which tbo
good St. Bruno chose for bis retreat, and to get
within tbe walls of that ancient monastery
where tbe day passes still, just as it did 800
years ago. Men keep the same hours, and sing
the same cnants. ana wear mo same .ureao,
and observe the same bard fasts and
vigils as their predecessors, for now these
hundreds upon hundreds of years. When tho
porter opens the gate he ushers you into the
middle ages. Mr. Child's description of.the
midnight service, where tbe monks in white
and blacE, each with his lantern, chant the
Esalms and litanies of the hour, is one of the
est things In the book. As for the famous
Chartreuse liquor, Mr. Child says that it is the
most diabolic and alcoholic drink that is made
"Paris," Mr. Child says, "is intolerable In
August" To Madam Carette, however, Paris
is delightful at all seasons, or was, rather, in the
good cays of the Empire, when the Empress
Eugenie was at the head of the court of
France. For Madam Carette was Eugenie's
favorite lady of honor. ..,.,
'Recollections of the Court of the Tuilerles"
(D. Appleton & Co.: J. R, Weldin & Co.) is
quite the sort of book which one would expect
a lady of honor to write. It is bright agreea
ble, chatty, full of interesting gossip, rambling,
and tells fust how the palace of tho Tuilerles
was arranged and furnished carpets, curtains,
pictures, beds and tables; stores and candle
sticks and what the Empress and her courtly
visitors wore and bow they conducted them-
As for the Emperor, he seems to have worked
pretty hard nine or ten hours every day: and
the Empress spent most of her time arranging
letters and reading the newspapers. Anybody
who thinks tbat the main occupation of the
King is to "count out his money," and of the
Queen "to eat bread and honey," 1111 be un
deceived if they will attend to Madam Carette.
As for the palace itself, in which they lived, it
was built on so sublime a scale tbat it seems to
have been but an uncomfortable residence.
Thegood lady of honor takes us over this fine
Dalace, however, very kindly, ' and shows us
everything. Here is a room in which are hang
ings of "dull India silk," with satin stripes of
pale green; doors and windows of mahogany;
the mantel of red marble; tables covered with
"green rep," embroidered by the Empress her
self; an eighteenth century clock in a brass
bound mahogany frame; pictures on the walls.
Here are the Emperor's ushers with their
brown coats and knee-breeches embroidered
with silver, black silk stockings and buckled
shoes, "and the silver chain which was their
badge of office." So the story goes.
They had no such finery at Holland House,
which, I see, is soon to be torn down. Tbe at
tractions of Holland House were of quite an
other character. It is in print, however, that
when General and Mrs. Grant were taken to
see this literary palace the General, so says the
gentleman who escorted them, "walked with
us as far as the door and, seating himself on a
convenient bench, told me that if I would tako
his wife in, he would stay where he was and
smoke till we came out"
General Grant's example 13 a good one to
imitate, beside the front page of several books,
which invite criticism this week. "The Lost
Dispatch" (Galesburg Publishing Co.; H. Watts
& Co.), is a very slight story of the Civil War.
The author says it is true. He put on his rebel
cousin's clothes and went to see her lover in
the rebel army. The lover thought that this
visitor was his sweetheart and proceeded to
detail the secrets of the campaign. In the next
battle he was pretty badly shot, and served him
"A Social Diplomat" and "A Woman of To
day" (John W. Lovell Co., H. Watts Co.) are
marked to be sold at 50 cents each. They are
worth half a cent a pound. "Fedor" (The Em
pire City Publishing Company) goes into the
same wastebasket. It is both dull and dis
agreeable. D. Appleton & Co. publish "Great Leaders,"
edited by G. T. Ferris. It is a well selected
series of "historic portraits from tbe great his
torians." The range of heroes Is from Themis
tocles to Wellington, Gibbon, Grote, Momsen.
Hume, Macaulay, Green and other good
writers are represented. The extracts are
brief, and are prefaced with good historical
summaries. J. B, Weldin & Co. have this book
for sale. It is a good book to own,
A BABI OYER FIVE FEET TALL
The First Infant Giraffe In the Country Born
Cincinnati, October 20. Tho female girafto
at the Zoological Garden, in this city, brought
forth a young male giraffe this forenoon. This
is said to be the first born in captivity in Amer
ica. The managers of the Zoological Garden
suy that none have been born in captivity else
where except In London, and none there since
The youngster at the "Zoo" is nearly 5 feet
high, and his estimated weight is 150 pounds.
Ofuct Seeker, Go West.
From the Denver Bepubllcan. J
Joe Smith is not satisfied with the $75,000 a
year he makes out of the fees of the office of
Clerk and Recorder. He has set up in addi
tion a set of abstract books in the Court House,
and be pays nothing for the space occupied, or
for the gas and fuel used by hisv clerks in
writing these books up at night It ft a moder
ate estimate to say that he must make at least
520.000 more every year out of the abstract
ODD 1TEMB FB011 ABROAD.
Umbrellas are being imported into India
in great numbers. Last year 270,000 arrived in
Three boys, attending gymnasia or high
schools in Berlin, have shot themselves within
the last few days on account of disappointment
in not being promoted into higher classes.
The Paris beauty show begins to-day with SO
candidates, including 2 English, 1 Irish, 2
South Americans, 2 from the United States, 2
Russians, 2 Hungarians, 2 Italians, 2 Rouman
ians, 6 French and i Orientals.
On September 80 a man was executed at
Ossuna, in Andalusia, for murder, who up to
the last moment was in full expectation of a
reprieve from Queen Christiana. The reprieve
was actually, signed, and orders were sent to
carry it out but it arrived just after the execu
tion was over.
A noted gourmet recently declared that
there are not five parks in England where tbe
venison is now worth its currant jelly, and that
in the course of the previous season, he had not
met with more than one haunch tbat could be
cited as even noticeable, and not one that was
good enough to seduce him into a second plate.
The highest price which Wtlkie Collins ever
received for a novel was 5,000 guineas, which
was paid to him for ".Armadale" before a line
of tbe story had been written. Thackeray, only
a short time before his death, congratulated
Wllkie Collins on the transaction, and told him
that he bad never himself made as much as
o,000 by any ot bis books.
In a village in the canton of Lucerne, Swit
zerland, there is a society of old maids. It num
bers E0 members, and, queer enough, it is under
the patronage of the St.Catharlne matrimonial
agency. They perform acts of charity, and are
highly esteemed In their neighborhood. The
municipal council lately presented them with a
banner, on which there is the following 'start
ling Inscription: "Women aro an evil, but tbjr
are also ' blessing. They remind us of tbe'
oclos that make us weep, hut tbat we love 'all
tie samo." . " .'..,, fltCfea&fc' .
TOE DEEAD OF 'DEATH.
Facta That Seem to Prove That Men Do Not
Fear to Die.
From the Mew Idea. 1
Sir Lion Playfalr, in a letter to Junius Henri
Browne, author ot a paper with the above title,
says: "Having represented a largo constitu
ency (the University of Edinburgh) for 17 years
as a member of Parliament I naturally ca 0
in contact witn tho most eminent medical men
in England. I have put the question to most
of them. 'Did you, in your extensive practice,
over know a patient who was afraid to die?
with two exceptions they answered 'No.'
."One of these exceptions was Sir Benjamin
Brodie, who said be had seen one case. Tbe
other was Sir Robert Christian, who had seen
one case, that of a girl of bad character who
had a sudden accident I have known three
friends who were partially devoured by wild'
beasts under apparently hopeless circumstances
of escape. Tbe first was Livingstone, the great
African traveler, who was knocked on bis back
by a lion, which began to munch his arm.
Ho assured me that he felt no fear
or pain nnd that his only feeling was one of in
tense curiosity as to which part of the body the
lion would take next Tbo next was Rustem
Pasha, now Turkish Ambassador in London.
A bear attacked him and tore off part of his
band and part of his arm and shoulder. He
also assured me that be bad neither pain nor
fear, but that be felt excessively angry because
tbe bear grunted with so much satisfaction in
"Tbe third case is that of Sir Edward Brad
ford, an Indian officer now occupying a high
position in the Indian Office. He was seized in
a solitary place by a tiger, which held him
firmly behind the shoulders with one paw and
then deliberately devoured tbe whole of his
arm, beginning at tbe end and ending at the
shoulder. He was positive that Le had no sen
sation of fear, and thinks that he felt a little
pain when tbe fangs went through his band,
hut is certain that he felt none during the
munching of his arm."
THE MAN TO SD1T BLAISE.
One Terr Interesting Phaso of the Contest
Washington dispatch to N. Y. Times.
If there is to be any opposition to the election
of Mr. Thomas B. Reed, of Maine, to the
Speakership it ought to be provoked to appear
as soon as It is learned that all the talk at pres
ent favors Mr. Reed's success. Mr. Cannon,
tbe Illinois candidate, is here, and he is talk
ing hopef ally, but bis strength in and out of
bis own State is unknown. Mr. J. C.
Burrows, of Michigan, who is, per
haps, as formidable a candidate,
on some accounts, as any in the field, is here to
day. His strength ought to be great It Mr.
Blaine is in earnest in bis determination to
force the peonle into partnership with the
South American steamship lines and to use part
of tbe taxes to insure those companies a greater
profit than they can make in the ordinary
course of independent trade, Mr. Burrows
would be altogether tbe most appropriate, well
informed, and boldest of the candidates to
carry out the objects of the administration.
Mr. McKinley's campaign has been a quiet one.
No one appears to know just where his strength
Pennsylvania is almost solid for Reed; New
York is to boa unit for him. although tbat
does not mean tbat he fa to be elected. Mr.
Reed may be fated to fall, as Hiscock did,
when he was cock sure of holding the prize
that Keifer grasped. By holding together un
til the casting of 19 votes will elect the man to
whom they are given the State that reserves
the vote may be able to make a very advan
tageous bargain. If such a bargain can be
made on better terms with McKlnley than
with Reed or Burrows or Cannon, it will be se
cured by the Ohio candidate.
If Blaine is to have any influence in choosing
the Speaker, the betting ought to be in Bur
rows' favor, for he is the beau ideal candidate
of the subsidy hunters.
THE HEROINE OF THE CORONA.
A Colored Woman Who Sacrificed Her life
to Save Others.
New Obxkans, October 20. In almost every
great disaster among the steamboats ot the
Mississippi river some Ideal Bludsoe or realistic
Given has appeared to leave the impress of his
heroism and self-sacrifice upon the terrible
event Charity Lambert, the simple black ne
gress whose bravery saved so many lives in the
recent explosion ot tbe Corona, is one of these
heroic souls. Charity was born in Maryland
wnen sne aoes not euow, ne crowning glory
of her life was her heroism in this disaster, in
which 40 souls were hurled into eternity with
out warning. Charity was taken aboard tbe
boat by Captain Blanks as chambermaid. The
ill-fated boat was ascending the river at tbe
usual rate of speed, and Charity was toward
tbe rear of the boat ironing when she heard the
The familiar tooting of the Corona had
scarcely died away when tbe most terrific ex
plosion tbat ever shocked her ears took place,
and the gallant craft shivered and shook and
seemed to be parting in two. Mammy bad
scarcely time to look around when the door
burst open and the ladies ran in Imploring her
assistance. Her quick Intuition came to her
aid, and she saw that something must be done,
and done quickly, to save the passengers. Hur
riedly, but calmly, she went to the place where
tbe life preservers were kept and parceled them
out to the terror-stricken ladies until all were
supplied but herself, and, heedless of her own
safety, she led the way to the roof.
All who bad been provided with life-preservers
by tbe noble, self-sacrificing old negress
floated on the surface and were saved, except
Mrs. Hough, who was struck by a door and
drowned beneath the weight above her head.
Old Mammy, after struggling in the water for
several minutes, was finally rescued by a roust
about Ever unselfish she begeed her rescuer
to save the white ladles first and leave her to
take care of herself.
CDEIOUS PEOYENCAL CUSTOMS.
Habits Tbat Can be Traced Back to tbe
Dnys of Pnsnnlsm.
Investigation into the customs and habits of
the Provencals of our own day discloses the
fact tbat among these interesting people there
are still to be fourid vestiges of pagan practices,
as they continue to observe numerous pecul
iarities in their modes ot worship and in their
social and domestic habits tbat can be traced
back to the days of paganism. Curious in
stances of this are supplied by the practice of
libations, still followed by the peasants of
Provence, who. after having concluded some
unusual transaction or an agreement of import
ance, commemorate the event by pleasing
those present after wnich they extend their
right arm and turn their glasses down, so as to
let tbe last drop fall to the ground.
Similarly, at the festival of Christmas, which is
locally known as "Leis Festos de Caleno," (the
Calends), a solemn repast is partaken of, at
which too eldest and the youngest member of
the family perform, amid tbe profoundest si
lence, the ceremony known as the "benediction
of the fire." This act is performed by pouring
wine three times upon tbe burning log, which
must be of oak or olive wood. This is accom
panied by the singing of some verses, in which
the excellence of the fire la praised and God is
thanked for having given man beat. These
verses vary in different localities, but every
where the ceremony of the silent libations pre
cedes the supper, of which the combined
MOUND BUILDERS' SKELETONS.
A Largo Number of Them Unearthed Near
n Honlher. Ohio Town.
y?AltixaTOV C. H O., October 2a A short
distance west of this city, on the banks of
Sugar creek, there Is an ancient burying
ground, where many remains of what are sup
posed to.be Mound Builders have been
found within the last few years. A
large force of workmen are now engaged ex
ploring a large gravel bank. They have
found during tbe last four days the remains ot
9 bodies, 7 men, 1 woman and a babe. The
skeletons are in a fair state of preservation,
considering the remote age at which they were.
deposited in the bank. They were not burled
systematically, but looked as though they had
been tumbled in without any care.
The work of excavating the skeletons stlu
goes on, and the explorers are anticipating
rich finds. All told, probably 25 skeletons have
been taken out
She sat beside the window low
And sang a sweet refrain,
Her face with Joy was all aglow,
As blossoms after rain.
And swift as thought her needle flew
Above her 'broidery rare.
And fast the silken roses grew
Beneath her fingers fair,
Bnt now a shadow In the door,
A letter at her feet
And quick the blushes mantle o'er
Her forehead pure and sweet
With eager hands she breaks the leal
And opes the missive white.
But ah! what specter grim doth steal
jTrom tbat dear face Us light?
For whiter than the page she turns
Grows ruby Up and cheek,
While in her lovely eyes there barns
A grief she may not speak.
Yon tell me that words cannot kill?
, Well, not the mortal part
'But words when barbed with venom, will
?,Btabnto death the heart l?r- .
?7 i3 ,. ,. e 1 .. ,, S
. --,orm mn ww. m iwirtfw ,
FULL OP GOOD THM,
Mammoth Slipntcta of Yesterday a
Moit Excellent Number.
"Get tbe best" Is good advice, yet the maxim
Is sometimes hard to follow. Readers, how
ever; who are in quest of the best literature
printed in any newspaper fn the country find
no difficulty in supplying their wants. They
buy Thk Dispatch, whose 20-page edition
contains not only all the important news,
foreign and domestic, but also a quantity of
choice reading matter equal to tbat contained
in any of the leading magazines. The contents
of yesterday's Dispatch, both in quality and
quantity, were unsurpassed, by any newspaper
A review of tbe political situation in Ohio,
New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania and
other States was a leading feature of the tele
graphic news. General Green B. Raum's ap
pointment as Pension Commissioner gives
general satisfaction. Interestiag testimony
was given in the Cronin case by Mrs. Griffln.
at whose house Burke formerly boarded. A
maniac, armed with a knife, created a wild
scene in a Chicago street car, threatening the
Uvea nt tmsati pt. nrciF "N". TTvlii a Massa-
chusetts man, after seeking in vain for several
years to procure an office for a friend, yielded
to disappointment and hanged himself. The
Pan-American delegates have reached Chicago,
greatly wearied by their journey. Senators and
Representatives now In Washington talked
with a Dispatch correspondent on questions
to come before tbe next Congress. Two per
sons were killed and several others injured by
a wreck on the new railroad near Confluence,
XTho indications, are that Father McFadden
ana a score of Donegal peasants will be con
victed of murder and conspiracy. Their trial
is pronounced the merest farce. The first ap
parent result of the Czar's visit to Berlin is tbe
entire cessation of war talk. Tbe Socialists
are again giving trouble to the German Gov
ernment The usual interesting gossip by
cable was furnished by London correspondents,
There Is trouble between" the Mayor and De
partment ot Public Safety. Museum licenses
Issued by tbe former have been revoked by the
latter. Seven hundred molders have decided to
strike because a 10 per cent advance in wages
bas been refused. A new electric road to West
Liberty is proposed on the Southside. Interest
ing talks with leading citizens on a variety of
topics were given on the second page. The En
glish syndicate declines to purchase Pittsburg
breweries. Tbe prices were too high. Willie
Morrow, a 15-year-old lad, Is believed to have
been cured of a partial paralysis by faith and
prayer. The Pittsburg Exposition closed after
a successful run. The profits were $12,600. The
snorting news, both local and general, was given
In the second part, Wales fn an interesting
article, described tbe manner in which tbe im
mense mail received at tbe Pittsburg postoffice
is handled. Henry Norman wrote of the coal
fields of Asia and told bow mining la conducted
there. The great story "Joshua," by Prot
Ebers, grows in Interest with each succeeding
Installment Bob Burdette, Cbauncey M. De
pew, Admiral Porter, Dr. Talmage, Joaquin
Miller and other noted men told what they
would do It they were women. Other "writers
of interesting articles for this part of the paper
were .Ronald Dunbar, A. F. Aldrldge, Rev.
George Hodges, Gerald E. Flanagan, Henry
Haynle, W. F.,Pond, T. J. Fitzgerald and Clara
Belle. Tbe usual departments of society, mili
tary, musical art and theatrical news were full
of interesting matter.
Part third included a description of scenes at
the city markets by Wilson Wlndom: "A Day
In Sitka," by 0. 8. R.; "Some 81ns of Women."
by Harriet Prescott Spofford; a paper on the
inducements offered to young men to become
architects, by R. W. Shoppell; "A National
Flower," by Mrs. Frank Leslie; "Our Doctor's
Bills," by Charles Lebardo; "Old Abolition
Grit," by Shirley Dare; "The Stolen Treasure,"
a story by Ernest H.Heinricts; "Little Miami
Pearls," by James K. Reeve; "Love's Young
Drnam," by Bessie Bramble; "Sunday
Thonghts," by "A Clergyman," and "Lucia
Felando," an Italo-American romance by
CHICKENS BREED DIPHTHERIA.
Some Statements That May Startle
Friends of Barnyarel Fowls.'
From the Indianapolis Sentinel.
It fa now said that the poor' chicken breeds
disease. Coroner Wagner said there was no
doubt of It Pasteur has made Investigation,
proving that fact to his own satisfaction. He
claims that diphtheria -Is epntagious from a
chicken disease. All medical men concede the
fact that fowls have a disease closely resem
bling diphtheria. Pasteur bas specimens In
his laboratory showing tbe progress of the dis
ease in chickens. That (pedes of diphtheria
is the most fatal wherein the lungi ordiph
theretlc vegetation is attached to the mucus
membranes by a very fine pedicle, and bangs
cnrtaln-Uke across the laryngeal cavities. This
type of tbe disease also is more apt to spread;
and this Is the very kind prevalent among
chickens poor chickens. Ferrand, another of
the great French savants, corroborates the
statement of Pasteur on these diseases, further
stating that a chicken suffering with it, closely
resembles one afflicted with tbe gapes.
"I have seen in my own practice," said Coro
ner Wagner, "chickens having this disease
with the fungus protruding from the nasal
orifices. On the onterurface of the beak the
mouth of a chicken presents but very little
mucus for tbe fungus to develop upon, conse
quently It works downward into tbe body, as it
often does in the human. There are cases on
record of tbe fungus being found in a human
stomach. About one year ago a family in my
practice had a child 3 years old lying ill. An
other child about 8 years old brought in a pet
chicken for it to play with and in a few days
after both children were taken with diphtheria,
while the three children of the family who had
not played with the bird did not have it One
of the flock of chickens was killed and the
fungus was found protrndlng from the throat
when the head was cut off."
HOUSES THAT WONT BURN.
How South Americans Make Genuine Fire
Proof Structures of Wood.
From the New Orleans Picayune. 2 .
They build fire-proof houses in Buenos Ayres
and Montevideo without thinking of it and
while using all the wood they can afford to,
and they use neither iron nor tbe area. Trees
are scarce in the neighborhood and timber bas
to be brought down from tbe upper waters in
hardwoods. Being dear, a little of it is made
to go as far as possibl e.
The floors and the ' roofs are supported by
joists of hard wood, as among us; across these
are lald-flat rails of the same, and the spaces
between these are bridged over by thin bricks
13K inches long, with their ends resting on the
rails; another layer of bricks is then laid with
nmo, ana generally on this a layer ot tiles.
The doors and windows have no boxes, but
simply frames, which are setup when the
walls are going up and built in. There is no
lathing or wainscot or skirting of the bottom ot
the walls. A house thus built cannot be
' TRI-STATE TRIFLES.
A Lancaster county pensioner drawing $14
a month recently boasted to a stranger that he
could set more fence than any man in the
county. When his pension was stopped he
learned that the stranger was a Government
detective sent to investigate his case.
Pxssons living near tbe sulphur springs of
TJwcbland, Pa., have lost the sense of smell.
A PAVonrra cat in a Yonngstnwn store was
found alive after being Imprisoned six weeks
without food or water.
Beaver Faxls Is to have a shootlng'matcb.
A live bear has been secured and Is expected to
take a prominent part
Lantjis Mcuueb, of Auburn, Berks county,
with bis family, has jnst returned from, Kan
sas, having made the journey both ways in a
THE explosive qualities of celluloid were
practically demonstrated a few days ago in a
Philadelphia saloon, when the spark from a
cigarette landed on the collar of one of tbe
frequenters of tbe place and blazed up In a sec
ond. Tbe bartenders saved tbe man's life by
turning the seltzer water on him.
A bbab, going about seeking whom be might
devour entered a schoolbouse in Adams county,
O. The lady teacher, with fire ia her eye and a
ten-pound poker in her haad, drove the beast
from tbe door.
A Wbst VrasiwtA paper is h Mseit n-
popnl-r by mHiHuhmg a Met itwimi to
A two-legged horse is on exhibition in
a New York mnseurn.
Madison, Ga., claims to have a hc-rie
that took part la the Indian wars In 1888.
A Devon bank clerk has fallen heir to
a baronetcy and an Income of 14,680 a years,
At Pensacola, Fla., a mustang that was
abused by its driver rushed into tbe water and
held its head beneath the surface until K
The people of the Korthwest say that'.
u u ..-. h. 0.0 hiwuui .lieu- UOnQfl"j,
usually high, and tbat this is a certain sign of ' V
a very eold winter. .-
A Litchfield, Mich., couple who have
been married 30 years, had a misunderstanding
about two years ago, and since then they,
have never spoken to each other, though living
in the same house.
Among tbe many curious sights the'
traveler witnesses in the lower Columbia ia
men on horseback, wading about ia what , a
pears to be almost aimless manner. They are
In reality fishing for salmon with huge setes,
which are so heavy as to make the assistance
ot the borses imperative.
The Flathead Indians of Kontans differ
widely from most other tribes aa this conti
nent Tber are not warriors, nor are tsey lazy
and good for nothing. On the contrary, moat
01 -.th5JK ar8 thrifty farmers, whoso industry
and skill are attested by big stacks ot hay aaet
graln about their dwellings.
James "Watkins, who lives about six
miles north of Golconda, HI, recently took to'
town the skin of a monster catamount whiea?
he killed on his places It is pronounced b'
different people the largest one they ever saw.
Where it came from fs a mystery, as wild
animals of all kinds were exterminated ia that
section years ago.
Daniel Frederick, of Knox oaantv:
Ind., was 100 years old October 18. He was bora
In Knox county and has always resided there.
His life pursuit has been that of a farmer, and
his habits plain, simple and regular; He has
never been sick but twice in bis long, quiet
life, and to-day he is a remarkably bale, spry
and vivacious old man. His hair is still Mack,
with but few silver threads, and he has no use
There is a curious effect wrought oa the
hair and beard of men engaged In the Martin
White mine at Ward, Neb. The ore is roasted,
but ho disagreeable perfumes arise from tbe
beating process, yet there is some unknown
substance that change the hair, beard and eye
brows as green as grass. The hair is not
lured, but retains ita softness and -Ioiul It i
problem tbat fumes of tbe green tint of copper. ;
vwuMwgu in iuo viu cuauge e nair to ssas
A noted Indian hunter of the Foa-ddE
Lac Reservation, Wa-me-quanee, died Toes
day on the reservation at tbe age of Ml years.
His memory went back to the war of 1812 and
long before that A short time ago, m talking
of his life, he stated that the British authorities
offered him a big bribe to disclose to tbesa
certain movements of the American forces'
with which be was familiar, but tbat be refused
their offer and was afterward connected with
the American campaign.
Two Hallowell (Me.) sportsaea saw aa
Interesting family is the Cobbosseeeeatea
stream the other day. They suddenly found
their boat surrounded by young muskrats, who
were as playful as kittens, diving and coming
to the surface again, swimming around the
boat and looking op to it with eyes that did not
betray the least suspicion of danger. For soma
minutes tbe gentlemen watched their maneu
vers until two old muskrats made their appear
ance. The latter came out from the shore and
dove with a splash that seem to be the signal
for tbe young ones to follow, whleh they quick
At Burlington, N. J., a valuable dog
that had escaped from its owner's kernel, was
caught by a policeman, who locked it the
Mayor's private office for safe keeping. Be
turning to the office a short time afterward tbo
officer discovered the dog bad cause- saa
havoc. Blx policemen's helmets had bees com
pletely demolished, and the Mayer's court
Bible, a copy of the city charter and ordinances
and other publle documents reduced to pulp.
The Mayor has issued strict orders prohlbftSng.
in the future, tbe locking of stray dogs is
The great Bear river oaaal Utah,
for the construction of whleh V,m,m has '
been provided, fs expected to he oot tfcev
most extensive irrlgaMoa works is Amertea. ,
To get the river along the side hill along Bear
river canyon and oat os to the ptaiaaear
Plymouth win necessitate moving ,9W eeie
yards of solid rock, llf,086 oable yards of tease
rock, 1,888,000 cublo yards of earth, and -tafeg
1.200 feet of tunnel. This oaaal will irrigate
200,000 acres ia Salt Lake valley, and t,088,eet oa
Bear river. Increasing the value of the hud to
(60 per acre, while fencing, building aid tttafa
are expected to double this valuation ia a few"
years. Bear Lake Is in Southeaster- Make.
The reservoir for this canal oovera 16D sqears
miles, ana mo ci wiu oecure tse irrigation
of a territory extending to Ogdea.
One of the most wonderful of ss is
the one bearing the name of eMasaodon Bfeetv',
or the great swallower. The body is elongated, '
of nearly uniform thickness mast of tholsagea-
nfthn filth- ThalavsiraTflrvtMV iu! S m
with sharp teeth, some of wbiofc seem to he re- -C
verslble. The manner or leedtsg Is to grass a.
fish by the tall and proceed to climb over it
with its jaws. As the oapMve ft-e ia ft
atoaaoh and integuaeM Hreteh'nt. the dfs
teaded belly appears as a peat bag. The fteh.
will swallow another one 6 or 13 times bis owa
size. This rapacity proves his own'destrueea
sometimes, as tbe gas formed by the presses o;
digestion makes a baltooa of Msttsmaea that,
brings the fish to tbe sarfaee. As Ms habitat to
supposed to be 1,500 feet betew the sarfaee,
thisistheonlywavheouM to be introduced
to tbe public, through the three specimens now
on exhibition in museum.
There is a little girl ia Atlasta woe
goes by the name of Bright Eyes Bird, ate hi
the daughter of Bob Bud, who was a eewbey '
in Texas ror several years, and came by bar
name In a romantic; manner. When the WW -'
West show was In Atlanta several years saa
Mr. Bird went to see the performs. Ha
knew some of the cowboys aad invited than ta
his home. They accepted t-e.iaTiMtiad
brought several 01 the Indians with these. Mr. Xf
Bird's little girl was then a baby la the ar-de.
and as the- wild-looking red men gMfeared
around her she gazed at them with woadertoe
eyes. Tbe Indians were sliest a momoat, leek-,
ing intently on the pale-face papoose, as tteey
called her. In a solemn manner ooe of the
Indians untied his neeklaee, aad matteriag aa
Indian word, the English to whleh was 'Brigs
Eyes." laid it fn the baby's cradle. B&ei of
tbe other Indians did the same, aad "Bright
Eyes" has been tbe baby's name ever sfeee. .
FASCIES OF FENNY MIX.
When they overtake a horse thief la
Texas they call a halt and then they cill a h-Her.'
Tvcat mfttngt. '. '.'"
"What is the use o that girl jria' away L .
on the piano, Maria?" ''V3Si
"Practice, John. Practice makes perfect" ,f,1ff
"Perfect what pandeonlir" Ikirptrfl'if
Batar, , - :
Her mother used to make a spleadtd pk.
'ton which contentedly I'd often chew; , " ' .
Bat now we're married please excuse a sigh .
The aged dame Is expert bnt fa stow. ', -
a:i1. TOa11 TA,"tAW AM A .-! . J
ouiliu 1,C, UUBTO, io J" tV-"6iHj
on. old fellow?
Jones-Poorly; lost fW, 060 yesterday.
"St nre. Maria's father ared me."-JKn-l
apoll Txmu. -j
Tomley Hear you are running that ea-1
gine down on central wasrr. Didn't you kaawj
that It had been condemned? I should think tfeat l
von wonld be a little arrain or beta- Mown OD.
Engineer My dear feUow. I have been married 6
13 years. JCxrn y Jinurprut.
The Ups and Downs of Life. Tib
Actor (at hoteI)-Your charges are Hi up lJ?"Js-!ri
Clerk-Yes. sir. 'Si.&
T.A.-Any exceptions? .-Jjp
V1CI , fv tOTa nD m ofvfsetttlWS,
A rft. t.
And the T. A. got HarBtr's Baxar. . S4j
Abie to laentuy mm. xew .err JSeawi
Ki,v itn p uitomerl I can't ea7 m HiU. alr ,
Customer men 1 snau nave to give yoa 4 c
my son. Thatlsallt-seBangeiBave.
Bootblack (calling out to -newsboy hi IheoWJ
Unce)-Say, Cull, one, o theseyereWorH'e
millionaires is loose. Lioec est B '. CA
The Force of Habit Oa the day before
the execution tee keeper taferaas a doomed maa .
that a visiter withes to see h.
'Do you know who be 1?M asks the deeaed
'Well, Jmt aik him if hfl wants to collect a MtL
and if he does, tell him to salt day after to-sMH
row." Ttio 8VMg-r
Peat Suppose I.read eae of my. paesse
. Moatsii for nesTea-s sai, don't s K J :