Newspaper Page Text
Ai Effort to Make Workhouse
Prisoners Improve Eoads.
kBIAYOE PE AESON IN FAVOB.
"Meeting of the Prison Board to be
-Held at Claremont.
h MEECER THINKS ITS DEGRADING
The County Prison .Board, composed of
the "seven Judges, the three Commissioners,
the Mayors of the cities and the County
Controller, -will meet this morning at the
workhouse at Claremont to discuss the ques
tion "What shall be done with the convicts?"'
HFor months past the majority of the
boarders at the workhouse have been out of
a job on account of there being no employ
.cent for them. The manufacture of barrels,
which gave them something to do, has
ceased entirely on account of the antipathy
of lahor organizations to prison labor. Some
of the convicts are now employed mating
brooms, but tbe great majority of them are
doing training and growing fat on it It is
probable that in view ot the recent agitation
about .the impassable condition of the
county roads, that an effort will be made to
have the chain gang law established and the
convicts put to work improving the high
ways. MATOn PEARSON'S SCHEME.
Mayor Pearson, of Allegheny, will attend
the meeting, and will place the scheme be
fore the board. The Mayor loves a drive
through the country in the afternoons and
evenings, and knows every road leading out
of the two cities. He also knows that it is
next to an impossibilityto have the road
supervisors of the county do anything to
ward making perfect driveways, and will
suggest the idea ot putting convict to work
to keep the highways in order. This,
lie claims, would not only be a
benefit" to the taxpayers of the county, but
would keep the convicts from hatching
schemes of mischief whileunemployed with
their hands. He also thinks that the old
'rounders who go to the "works' half a
dozen times a year would reform on account
of the disgrace of working in the chain
gang. In conversation with a DISPATCH
reporter last night, Mayor Pearson said:
"I talked with a number of citizens sev
eral weeks ago about the advisability of the
unemployed convicts at Claremont, improv
ing our county roads. Every man I talked
to, said it was a good idea. I will bring the
matter before the board at the meeting to
morrow and ascertain what the other mem
bers vbink of it. Something must be done
to put the convicts to work, or the institu
tion will not be large enough to hold them.
They have nothing to do now. The barrel
industry has been stopped and the men are
there in idleness. There is no reason why
the scheme should not work. If we had a
chain gang law in force,I would not have so
many loafers to send up every month.
THEY LOVE THE PLACE.
"Every fall I have seen dozens of men who
are too lazy to work come to me and ask to
be sent to the workhouse for five or six
months. They want to get a good place for
the winter and the workhouse just suits
them. They get three meals a day, a good
warm bed at night and nothing to do. They
like to get out in the spring when the
weather becomes warm and are back again
' the next fall.
There is not a road leading through the
countv that is in decent condition
to-day. These idle men, who
are supported by the taxpayers,
if tney were pnt to wore, wouia give tne
people a return for the money spent for the
prison maintenance I cannot see that the
idea would conflict with honest labor in any
way. There is no labor employed on the
roads anyway, and nobody could say the
convicts were crowding them out of the
business. I think the prisoners could keep
the roads in first-class condition, and our
highways would then be the equal of any
thing in the old country. I would favor
the roads being macadamized. 4
"It is susprising the number of men who
are regular guests at Claremont, on account
of there being nothing there for them to do.
Sometime ago, we had a fellow here who I
sentenced 30 days. At the time, we needed
some whitewashing done in the basement of
the City Hall building and I bad the man
put to work on the job. He was a good
workman and did his duty well. We gave
him three square meals a day and he ap
peared to be very industrious. I took such
an interest in him, that I hunted for a job
to give the man steady employment. I
found him a good position "at SI 50
per day and broached the subject to him.
When I did so he said he did not want to go
to work, and expressed a desire to be sent to
the workhouse. I was so exasperated with
the fellow that I had him put out of the
building. If we had a chain gang this in
dividual would be made work.
ON A SMALL SCALE.
"The scheme couldbe tried ina small way
at first I would favor putting a gang of
men on the road from Sharpsburg to Clare
mont One keeper could control a large
squad of them without fearof the men trying
to escape. On the Sharpsburg road the dust
is so thick iu the summer that it is a torture
'to ("rive along it In the spring and fall
seasons the mud is so thick that it is im pos
sible io go through. It takes four horses to
draw a carriage on the road when the mnd
is soft In soire parts of the country build
ing operations have been stopped on account
of it being an impossibility to get the ma
terial to the place.
"I would go even farther and pnt the men
at work on the streets ot the two cities. The
thoroughfares would be kept perfectly clean
and in good repair. The convicts would
also be more careful about their actions
when they were released from prison. In
stead of going off on another spree and get
ting sent to the works they would brace up
and be some good to the community. Of
course in some men the sense of pride is
dead, and they wonld not care about the
disgrace, but the majority of them, I think.
would leave the county. iTotessional
tramps would also steer clear of Pittsburg
and Allegheny, and we would be benefited
by.their non-appearance iu the snmmer
Three of the Southern States employ con
victs on the public highways with good ef
fect In New Orleans the men are made to
work upon the 'streets of the city. In every
community where it has been tried it has
been found that trumps give the place a
wide berth, and drunken crimes are on the
A .JUDGE SLAGLE CANNOT GO.
Juuge Jacob P. Slagle said last evening
that.he had not given much attention to the
problem for solution at the workhouse, be
cause he knew that he would be unable to
accompany the Prison Board on its visit
He is now holding Criminal Court, and
cannot leave, the Porter trial at present
claiming his attention. The Judge said
thitxhe board felt that something should be
done. to give work to theidleprisoners,buthe
wasfaotaware that any particular plan had
been sugcested. It might be possible that
tbemen would be pnt to work on the hieh
ways. He did not know the views of the
other members of the board. They intend
to visit the workhouse to ascertain the facts
of the situation, and after that will attempt
to dejrise some new scneme 01 employment.
O'MAKA IS AGAINST II.
y 'Assistant Superintendent Bjger O'Mara,
Si6ftheJPoIice Bureau, said that the scheme
'proposed was rather defective in two or three
rwrln the first place," he said, "we could
fnotjfise our prisoners here as they do in New
lyrieacs, to ciean we cny nueeis. xne men
twEonrerun in for a simple drunk or some
trivial oSnmc wel-EVr80' badly dhsraeedj
by such an exhibition that their friends and
the general publie would make a protest
"Now, here is the other class of people
who might be placed in the criminal labor
ing class, the "hard cases or the common
loafers. The latter lot are utterly worth
less under any circumstances and in the
former it would take pretty nearly man for
man to guard them. Supposing the effort
were made to improve the county roads, the
men would have to be sent out
under guard. In a very short time the
roads in the immediate vicinity of the pen
itentiary, the workhouse, or the jail would
be put, as the average man would call 't,
"in great shape." Then the more extended
operations wonld require greater cost, and
who would hare to pay for it? The tax
payers. THE FAIUtEBS WILL OBJECT.
"Every farmer who put his team to work
to make his section in order would look at
a chain gang over the sights of a double
barreled shotgun if he thought that he had
to pay an extra millage tor enforced labor
which he could do in his own spare time.
In the city, if any such effort was made,
the -pavers and rammers and other organized
labor bodies wonld make a strenuous kick.
"What will we do with the criminals?
Give them something to do. We don't want
to "turn out a lot of lunatics as they do from
Moyamensing as the result of solitary con
finement It would be only refined cruelty,
and there is no one in the world would be
the more happy than I to find a
way to utilize criminal labor. The
broom makers stopped broom manufac
ture, and other organizations stopped other
industries including shoes, barrels and vari
ous classes of work. To tell the truth, if
this thing keeps up much longer I cannot
see any alternative for a judge when he' sen
tences a man to a long term except to impose
the death penalty. As a choice between
death and insanity I would prefer the
MEBCEB ALSO OPPOSES IT.
Bobert E. Mercer, County Commissioner,
"How to use convict labor is a burning
question to-day. Many schemes have been
proposed by those who make the manage
ment of prisoners a life atudy. Whether or
not it would be feasible to use convicts on
the county roads, in chain gangs,
has not been demonstrated in this
section of the country. It appears, how
ever, to be a demoralizing practice to chain
men and send them out on the pnblic high
ways to work. To do this we wonld have to
return to an ancient practice. Upon every
hand.we see evidences of progress. We can
not go back. We must keep up with the
requirements of to-day; and therefore I
would oppose a custom which is distinctly
one of the past
"Down South they use convicts for labor
ing on the county ro'aJs. The convicts are
chained and marched in gangs, twhere they
are objects of the curious. This practice
has not worked successfully from a moral
standpoint Crime is just as extensive
there, and even more so in proportion to the
population than it is East Bather than
having a moral influence on the convict it
SEARS AND HARDENS THEM.
"After he has been exposed on the public
highway a convict looses, in a measure, any
moral restraint he may have. Instead of
making him look with horror on his posi
tion, he craaualiy sinks away, and becomes
(-indifferent to himself and careless of his
"The prison inspectors do not claim that
the workhouse is a reformatory institution,
yet they do think that every influence should
be brought to bear on the prisoner to awaken
better thoughts in his mind. A large per
centage of the men who go to the works do
not come out after serving a period in
'durance vile' with any better moral princi
ples. This, however, is no argument for
giving the practice up. It has been demon
strated that long periods in servitude passed
in idleness has a bad effect on the criminals.
We are obliged to provide work, and this is
the difficult problem to solve.
"Before pipe lines were laid, the work
house did a rushing business in barrel
making. Not many years ago every inch
of space was used in the factory, and we put
as many men to work there as' the place
conld hold. We had sales for the barrels.
All this is changed no w. We can only use
a small fraction ot the criminals on this in
dustry. Last Saturday, out of 602 male
prisoners, there were only about a dozen.
men worxing in me lactory. xne oaiance
of the men are employed around the farm.
IMPROVEMENTS AX THE FABM.
"Superintendent Warner is engaged on ex
tensive improvements on the farm. He has
scientifically irrigated the ground, and it is
now in splendid order for crowing crops.
All around the farm the Superintendent,
under specifications drawn up by an en
gineer, is laying ont roads and fencing them
around. The short term prisoners are em
ployed on this work. They are constantly
watched by guards, but they are perfectly
free from chains while working. The Sup
erintendent thinks it advisable to use the
short term prisoners alone on work outside
the walls. We are contemplating farming
the 200 acres at Claremont This will use a
small percentage of the labor "at our dis
posal. "A suggestion has been mooted to pur
chase additional gronnd, adjoining our
farm, at Claremont We would then grow
everything in the way of crops and veee
tahles. We can use for the workhouse con
sumption almost as much stuff as we can
produce. If we acquire more gronnd it is
possible that we may raise garden produce
for the markets. This is only a
suggestion that has been made
by those interested in prison labor as a way
out of the problem that confronts us. No
one seems to have any scheme that I know
about to help-us out of our difficulty. Every
thing that has been done hitherto was only
of a suggestive nature. There has been no
practical project offered as yet"
THE OLDEST HAN DEAD.
Alexander Tlndle Expired at His Home Af
ter Three Dors' Illness.
Alexander Tindle, one of the oldest resi
dents of this city, died yesterday afternoon
at his home on Kirkpatrick avenue, Alle
gheny. Mr. Tindle was one of the pioneers of
Pittsburg. He came across the mountains in
a Conestoca wagon when a child from Wil
mington, Del., where he was born. His pa
rents located on Liberty street, near where
the old Black Bear tavern stood, at the foot
of Fifth avenue. He learned the trade of
saddlery and Harness maker, and opened a
shop near his home. He continued In busi
ness until 1870, when he retired. He after
ward engaged in the tannery business with
James D. Callery, and was one of the incor
porators of the Dollar Savings Bank.
Mr. Tindle was probably the oldest Mason
in the State. He was a charter member of
St John's Lodge No. 219, F. & A. M., and
opened the first Masonic hall in the city.
At the dedication of the new building last
June, he was asked to open the hall, but bis
physical condition prevented him from tak
ing such a part He was also a Boyal Arch
Mr. Tindle's father went out during the
war of 1812, and was never heard of again.
The deceased leaves three daughters, one of
whom is Mrs. Alex. Jones, of Aliquippa,
and the other two are single. He also
leaves five sonsi-AlexH Jr., Herbert,
Albert, Allan and George. Dr. Tindle, the
well-known physician of Penn avenue, is a
nephew. The cause of his death is said to
have been a cold contracted last Monday.
Mr. Armor's Lively Christmas.
George Armor, of Soring alley, had a
merry time in his home on Christmas, ac
cording to the tale related to Alderman Mc
Kenna yesterday. Armor's wife made
charges of surety of the peace and assault
and battery against him. and Elizabeth
"Weiser alio entered a charge ot assanlt
'against him. In default of bail he was
committed for a hearing on Saturday.
OIln Campbell's FaoernL ..
The funeral of Miss Mary Campbell, who
was killed at Brushton Wednesday even
ing, will be held at Wilkinsburg to-day, at
the hpme of her parents. ' The body will be
buried ia Homewood Cemetery.
The Light in Winch tie Great Flan
Is Viewed Locally.
JOHN A. WOOD "WAXE8 GRAPHIC.
J. H. Horaer and William McCreery Throw
Cold Water on the CanaL
COMMENDATION OP IT PREPONDERATES
The championcy of the Erie Ship Canal
by The Dispatch and the graphio letters
from the scene of operations from a special
commissioner, have aroused a vast amount
of interest locally in the great plan, which, if
anything ever can, will line Pittsburg's
wharves as in the old days of river suprem
acy, and the manufacturers and heavy ship,
pers ot local merchandise are found to be in
gratifying touch with the efforts hitherto put
Among the chorns of approval which
rises over the, as yet, inchoate plan, thre
are found, some dissentient voices. It may
only be expected that some of the expert
opinions advanced by engineers against the
plan, would set people to thinking as to the
feasibility of the canal, both from a mer
cantile and commercial standpoint There
being many men, there are many minds,
and like conclusions upon great subjects are
rare as a May morning for Christmas. It's
to be hoped that the objectors will not prove
to be like Sydney Smith's old Scotch woman,
who. when taunted twith her mental obsti
nacy and the fact that she was not open to
conviction, replied with great asperity-
."I'm open to conviction, but wha can con-,
BOTH SIDES TO BE GIVEN.
There are two sides to most questions, and
in the persons of the representative citizens,
whose names and opinions appear below, a
very impartial reflex of sentiment on the
ship canal is obtainable. The careful ex
planation of Commissioner 'John A. Wood
will be found especially Interesting.
Captain C. W. Batchelor was encountered
on Fourth avenue opposite the Keystone
Bank bnilding, the exterior of which he
was critically inspecting. When the subject
was broached to him by a Dispatch repre
sentative he lost all interest in the new
structure and began to tell how a ship canal
between Lake Erie and the Ohio river
would be a blessing, not only to Pennsyl
vania, but the entire Northwest .
"The value of such a waterway would be
almost incalculable," he remarked, "if we
were to sit down and try to figure it out by
dollars and cents. It would benefit Pitts
burg, it Mould be the foundation for a con
tinuous line of towns and villages through
Erie, Crawford, Mercer, Lawrence and
Beaver counties, and, with the Ohio slack
watered to Beaver, we could bring ore. and
copper direct from the Lake Superior region
to the Pittsburg docks without unloading,
and in the same vessels ship back coal and
"Grain fromthe Northwest I could be
brought to Beaver in the same way and be
shipped east via Pittsburg or sent south on
the Ohio. The manufacturers of Pittsburg
have allowed the railroad to almost destroy
the river-traffic, and although I have not at
present a dollar on the rivers I have repeat
edly called the attention of Pittsburg manu
facturers to this fact, and tried to get them
to encourage the rivermen, but without any
material results. I do not believe that the
scbeme will be very strongly qpposed by the
' NOT DOOS V8 THE MAKOEB.
They have more than they can possibly
attend to, and, in fact, more railroads are
needed to carry the immense amount of
freight which the prosperous conditions of
the country requires to "be handled. It
would also -benefit the railroads running
east from (Pittsburg.
A continuous inland canal would then be
formed from New York to New Orleans, by
using the Hudson river to Albany, the
Erie Canal to Buffalo, Lake Erie to Erie,
the La)te Erie and Ohio river canal to
Beaver, and the Ohio and Mississippi rivers
to the Gnlf. The only doubtful point would
be the Lake Erie stretch, which would be
frequently too rongh to tow canal boats
over. Yes, sir, you can record me as being
heart and soul in favor of the ship canal."
THE COKE KINO PAT0B3 IT.
H. C. Fnck, of Carnegie, Phipps & Co.,
Carnegie & Co., and the H. C. Frick Coke
Company, was the next person asked for an
opinion on the canal, and the benefits which
were likely to accrue from it "Well, that
is a great question, but 1 have not the least
doubt hut that it wonld be a great thing for
Fittsbnrg manufacturers," said Mr. Frick,
"and whatever is for the interests of manu
facturers is for the good of the people of
Pittsburg. Of course it is cheaper to trans
port coal and iron, or indeed anything
which is not perishable, by water than
by rail, and if such a canal were
in successful operation the greater part of
the ores, grain and the products of the
Northwest would be brought to Pittsburg
by water, and we conld ship back our iron,
steel, nails, wire, glass and other com
modities by the same route. It would not
only affect Pittsburc, but all the cities on
the river between here and New Orleans,
BAILBOADS SHOULD HAIL BELIEF.
"The railroads ought not to complain, as
they have been claiming a shortage of cars,
and have been unable to give prompt at
tention to their patrons for some time."
George A. Kelly was found at his whole
sale drugstore, corner of Second avenue and
Wood street, yesterday. He was not espec
ially engaged, and easily spared a few min
uses in which to tell The-Dispatch man,
who had ship canal on the brain, that he
had not given the matter very much consid
eration; in .fact, scarcely enough to talk
intelligibly on the subject
"Such a canal," said he, "would cost a
great deal of money, but would doubtless
be most beneficial to the lake regions and
THY MB. MILLEB BESIQNED.
Beuben Miller, of the rirmot Miller, Met
calfe & Parkin, who was one of the original
members of the commission appointed by
Governor Beaver to consider the scheme,
have the route surveyed and report to the
Legislature, as to the feasibility of the plan,
was the next prominent citizen -visited. He
subsequently resigned his position on the
commission and Captain John A. Wood was
appointed by the Governor to fill the place
made vacant by Mr. Miller's resignation.
"I resigned from the commission," said, Mr.
Miller, "because I did not have the time to
devote to the business of the commission,
and under those circumstances it would be
rather out of place for me to say anything
whatever abont the canal, and therefore you
will have to excuse me if I refuse to talk ou
MB. MILLEE'S 8TJCCESS0B.
Captain John A. Wood was corraled in
his office, at the corner of Water and Mar
ket streets, and, although very busy, took
time enough to say i "I'll tell yon right
now that it the terminus of the former canal
had been at Pittsburg instead of Rochester,
it would have been in operation to-day; but
in those days we did not have dams on the
Ohio, and time and time again I have seen
canal boats lie for weeks at Rochester
waiting for a rise, and when there was no
hope of such a boon tbey would dnload on
the docks at Rochester and start back empty
to Erie for another load. That was what
killed the old ranal; but now we have a
remedy for this.
AN AMPLE -WATEB SUPPLY.
"Engineers who have thoroughly exam
ined the country from which the water sup
ply would have to be drawn are confident
that all the water could be easily obtained.
Such a canal would bethe greatest boon
thteeuMfiSik "PttsfcHrWwSW be
the conBeeMatr link ' Wwaen the lotas aad
the galf,"New York and the Olo, Pitts
burg and the Northwest aad Canada. The
advantages to be derived from it are in
numerable. It wonld not only benefit the
iron and coal men, but trade in general.
All the products of the great Northwest
and upper Canada conld be shipped South
or East via the canal and Pittsburg.
GRAIN SHIPPEBS BENEFITED.
"It would he an especial benefit to the
grain dealers. The time of transportation
would not be nearly so long as some people
seem to think. I am heartily glad that The
Dispatch has so vigorously taken this
matter up, and don't believe there ia a heavy
shipper in Pittsburg but is strongly in favor
of it The cost of transportation by wateris
less than by rail, and not only that, but
such a canal would compel sharper compe
tition among railroads, and in that alone
ever shipper, whether large or small,
would be receiving some benefit from it
Understand, it is not a private affair, but a
Government undertaking. It is one of the
greatest affairs of "the kind ever conceived
in the United States, and if we can only get
the people to see what great good it would
dot have no doubt but that it will be event
ually constructed." t
opposed on oenebal peinciples.
J. H. Horner, of Horner & Roberts, coal
dealers, was the only man who did not take
kindly to the scheme. When asked to state
his objections he replied: "I am opposed
to canals generally, because tbey
have been superseded by railroads just
as coal has succeeded gas, and gas as a
cleans ot illumination has given way to
electricity. Why not take this J35.000.000
or $40,000,000, which wonld be expended in
the construction of a ship canal, and either
buy or build railroads. I have been in
Pittsburg for the last 60 years, and have
been interested in the coal business, one
way or another, for nearly that length of
time. I can remember when the river
was filled with boats from 75 to 350
feet long and when the only means of travel
or transportation was by means of the
rivers and stage coaches, but you can see
how quickly the canals and steamboats were
snuffed ont when the railroads commenced
ON THE SCOBE Of TIME.
"Suppose they do put in locks and dams
all the way down the Ohio, which they
would have to do to float the lake vessels,
it would take longer to make one trip
then than it does now to make two.
We have all the water we want
now to supply the lower markets for
during ,the spring and fall freshets all the
coal we have a sale for can be sent down the
river. I can remember when coal operators
who were down the river would go to Cleve
land from Wheeling to get to Pittsburg by
rail, rather than come up on the boats. We
would also go from Louisville to Indian
apolis to reach Pittsburg by rail. It would
be impossible to compete with the rail
roads, for it is human nature to
'seek the cheapest route, and if
the railroads could carry freight anywhere
near what it would cost to send it "over the
canal, you would see all these manufactur
ers ship by rail, and auit the waterway.
THINKS COMPETITION IMPOSSIBLE.
"The rivers are all right, but I believe it
will be found Impossible to compete with
the railroads. aTake, for instance, the old
Pennsylvania canal, which cost some forty
odd of millions dollars, which( as soon as the
railroads began to compete with it, was sold
for a mere trifle as compared,-with the cost
of its coustruction. The difficulty of ob
taining water to feed such a canal as they
propose constructing would be a serious ob
stacle. The plan may, however, be success
fully carried out, b'ut I doubt it very much."
THE TVALTONS FAVOB THE CANAL.
Captain I. N. Buntou, of the firm of
Joseph Walton & Co., when asked what he
thought of the scheme, said: "You can just
say for Joseph Walton & Co. that we are
very much in favor of it, and believe the
canal will be a reality before many years.
The benefit' to be derived by Pittsburg
wonld be almost unlimited, especially to her
iron and coal industries.
W. R. Thompson, the banker, is heartily
in favor of the proposed canal, and does not
believe that it would. seriously interfere with
railroad business. - ' '
J. 0. Kirkpafiick, of the Chanters Steel'
Company, said that he had not given it
much thought, but intended to look into the
feasibility of the scheme before long.
NOT AT ALL OPTIMISTIC.
N. J. Bigley, of the Yonghiogheny Coal
Company, did not speak very hopefully of
it, although he admitted that if constructed
it would greatly benefit Pittsburg and the
Northwest He stated that the route for a
canal from Cumberland to the seaboard had
been surveyed several years ago, but after
the survey Had been made tbe scneme
dropped oilt oP sight, and he intimated that
the Lake Erie ana Ohio River Canal might
meet with the same fate.
A PECTJLIAE VIEW.
Mr. William McCreery has a peculiar
view of the ship canal interesting on ac
count of his prominence and the novelty of
the reasons ascribed for progress of the
scneme up to toe present time, us saia:
"It is sheer nonsense to talk about the
scheme at all. Jt won't be possible to get
water enough to let one ship through each
day. I had some experience with the old
canal, and it was with the utmost difficulty
we got a canal boat throngh in dry weather,
and tbey only carried CO tons. A ship canal,
to be of a permanent practical use, must
have at least 12 feet of water, and that would
carry but a small vessels the ordinary
lake ships, draw from 15 to 18 feet
"Supposing it were possible to get the
ships to Beaver, a whole system of Davis
Island dams would not bring them to Pitts
burg, as tbe present dam has only made a
channel of six feet. If there had bedn a
possibility of the canal being a success the
railroad interests would certainly have
shown enough opposition to defeat the bill
at Harrisburg. The fact that they let it go
throngh is evidence to my mind that they
knew .its impracticability."
IN SIBECT OPPOSITION.
Mr. John Bindley, Yice President of the
Exposition Society, was hearty in his ex
pression of opinion, and only regretted tbe
fact that tbe time to talk to The Dispatch
representative was so brief. He said: "It
looks as if it would be a very valuable ad
junct to Pittsburg. In fact any scheme that
will reduce the cost of anything, is a benefit
to mankind. The recent freight blockade
would not have continued so long if we had
had a ship canal. I have never believed
that the old canal should liave been aban
doned. I believe the water highways, pro
vided by nature herself, should always be
preserved. If the Ohio river should be
taken away we wonld have no outlet for our
great coal products. The canal ought to be
very valuable to the iron ore, manufactured
iron and cofl interests.
a big steel mantjfactukeb.
"William G. Park, chairman of the firm
of Park Bros., sends a letter, in which he
as manufacturers of steel and finished
copper, we have a direct interest In tbe estab
lishment of tbe improvements mentioned, as
we are largely dependent npon the npper lake
region for raw materials used, in both these
branches; and, excellent as are our railroad
faculties, tbe season just closed has shown
that the; are not at all times adequate for
the handling of the. enormous traffic from the
lakes; nor is it probable, In view of the phe
nomenally rapid Increase in the production
and consumption of Lake Superior ores, tbat
they will be able to keep pace with its develop
ments hereafter. Tbe output of 7,000,000 tons
ot Late &uperior Iron ores for the present sea
son promises to be largely exceeded next year,
and of this product it is safe to say that one
half is consumed In territory that would be
Immediately benefited by tbe Improvement re
ferred to. Of tbe advantages of a continuous
water route, in tbe way of reduced transporta
tion, it is unnecessary to speak.
Others better than we- can set forth the ad
vantages to be derived from the proposed im
provements, in the marketing of the commodi
ties of the upper Ohio Valley. In the case of
our own manufactured products, tlmoj is too
important an clement in their delivery to pert
mlt us to avail ourselves of canal transporta
tion for that purpose. The great value or the
Ohio river for tbe marketing ot bituminous
coal of this recioD, however, would seem to be
a sufficient precedent on that point.
Cut prices for child's plush coats, caps,
etc., to-day. Busy Bee Hlve,6tk aad Libwty,
Tke IidHstrial Soatkside to the Frost
Witb a Kew Project.
IT WAS ORGANIZED LAST HIGHT.
A CInb Home to he DBdeBoraiaatioaal and
Upon Broai Lines.
ANEHTMJSlASrs IDEAS OF THB PLAN
There was a meeting held in the Palace
Parlors, No. 1501 Carson street, last night,
for tbe purpose of organizing a Girl's
Working Club, for the Southside. The.
matter has been talked of for some time,
and one or two informal meetings had been
previously held, but last night's meeting
resulted in a permanent organization being
effected. There were abotit 25 or 30 women
and girls present, and considerable interest
was manifested in the scheme.
Miss Lillie A. Haller who has recently
inspected the girls' clubs of New York City,
presided, and made an address, in which she
described the plans upon which the various
clubs are operated and explained the bene
fits to be derived therefrom. She said the
girls of New York had elegantly furnished
clubhouses, with combined libraries, read
ing rooms, sewing rooms, dining and lunch
rooms, which were kept open constantly and
were a great benefit to the working girls.
Miss Haller proposed that the Southside
organization be formed on the same plan,
and then the women present exchanged their
views on the matter. Mrs. B. H. Jones, a
prominent worker in the W. C. T. TT., spoke
to the girls and pointed ont the good that
was heing done by the Chris
tian Endeavor Societies in other
cities. The general feeling was
that there is rio class of people who need an
encouraging word or a helping hand more
than working girls, who by depriving them
selves of an education and the comforts and
pleasures of society to a creat extent, earn
their own living, and in many cases support
a widowed mother or a feeble father,
A permanent organization was effected by
the election of the following officers: Miss
Lillie A. Haller, President; Miss Mary
Gcrlitz, Yice President; Miss Lydia Miller,
Secretary; Mrs. B. H. Jones, Mrs. James
Tarr, Mrs. Sarah Dickson, Mrs. J. M. Pos
ter"and Mrs. Thomas Smith, Advisory
Thursday night was fixed as the time for
regular meetings until the club is in good
NEEDS POINTED OUT.
Miss Haller said, after the meeting ad
journed: "There are hundreds of working
girls on this side of the Tivsr who will be
benefited by this club. We came to the
Southside because there are more working
girls on this side than in any other section
of the city. I am told that there are over a
hundred girls employed in one mill. All
of the glass houses employ a large number.
We will have the club if it takes a year to
get it on a successfnl basis.
"Our main purpose in establishing the
club is to lift up and benefit the working
girls of the city. It is to be started on a
pnrely independent, undenominational
basis. None shall be excluded on acconnt
ot race or creed. We propose to rent a
building and furnish the rooms for the girls.
We will have a library and reading room.
Meals will be served at a very nominal
price. Sewing, typewriting and copying
will be taught, and girls who are back in
the common English branches will be given
an opportunity to improve intellectually.
Singing clubs will also be organized, and
the girls will be furnished a piano to make
the club attractive. The girls will be as
sisted to find employment Everything
possible will he done to make the club a
substantial benefit to the members."
AS EEOABD8 FINANCE.
"Where do you expect to derive your
fnancial upport?";was asked.
"Tbat mattar is all 'right. The clnb will
support itself as soon as" we can secure the
confidence of the girls and get them inter
ested in the matter."
Miss Haller was asked if they had re
ceived any promises of aid from financial
sources, hut she evaded the qnestion, saying:
"We have po fear of the financial end.
"It is understood that a massmeeting will
be called shortly to present the scheme to
the general pnblic and at the same time to
raise enough funds to make the beginning.
The women who are interested in the enter
prise Beem very sanguine of success. It
may be stated tbat while those who are the
foremost advocates of the cause are well
known in W. C. T. TJ. circles, the clnb is to
he under the auspices of no church or Chris
tian organization. Although no appeal is
contemplated, the good offices of any
friendly philanthropist who desires to step
forward with an offer of a bnilding or an en
dowment fund will be very gladly received
by the promoters of the first working girls'
ClUD ia jriiuuurg.
WHAT PEOPLE ARE DOING.
Somo Who Travel, borne Who Do Mot, and
Others Who Talk.
Postmaster James S. McKean escorted
bis sister, Miss Aggie McKean, to New York
City last night via the limited. They will meet
one of the transatlantic steamers at quaran
tine in New yorfc hart or to-day, by which ves
sel some friends are expected. Mr. McKean
has some Important business to transact In the
metropolis in connection with a realty deal in
the vicinity of Pittsburg, vet to be consum
mated. Mr. and Miss McKean will start for
Pittsburg next Saturday night, arriving Sun
Mr. E. E. Bonneville, of the Hotel An
derson, to-morrow closes his connection with
that house. He leaves on Sunday morning for
Evansville. Ind., to occupy an advantageous
position in connection with the St George
Hotel. Mr. Bonneville, during his period of
duty at the Anderson, baa made many friends,
as well among its guests as among tboie
biought in business contact with bun. His
newspaper friends will join with those in wish
ing him pleasant times in his new quarters.
Joseph Bamsey, Jr., until this time
Chief engineer of the Cincinnati, Hamilton
and Dayton Railroad Company, has been ap
pointed assistant to President J. D. Layng, of
the Cleveland, Cincinnati, Cbicaco and St.
Louis Hallway. For many years, Mr. Ramsey
lived in Fittsbnrg, as an official of tbe Fennsyl
Louis Jones, manager of an extensive
steel plant at Bessemer, Ala., was in the city
yesterday. He spoke ia high terms of the
progress of the new South in the direction of
Iron manufacture, and predicted keen compe
tition In the future between his section of the
country and Pennsylvania. He went home last
Mr. S. W. Herron, of Grand Junction,
Greene county, Iowa, la spending tbe holidays
with his brothers at their homes on Herron
Hill. Mr. Herron is a former Pittsburger, and
this is his first visit to his old home in over 19
Sears. He is a brother of A. C. Herron, of the
lerk of Courts office.
Bev. Pather Casey, a 'secular priest of
the archdiocese of Pembrooke, Ottawa, Can
ada, is a guest at St Paul's Cathedral. Father
Casey intends to become a member of the Car
melite order of priests in this city. The mother
house of the order is at Hew Bethlehem, Bed
Prof. John A. Brashear will this even
ing lecture In the chapel of the Pittsburg
Female College, Eighth street on "Color and
Its Relation to Plants and Flowers." The lecture
is under the auspices of the Botanical Society
and will be free.
General William H. Eoontz, of Somer
set, is a guest at the Duquesne. General Koontz
is attorney for tbe Baltimore and Ohio Rail
road and director of several roads which con
nect with that system.
United States. Marshal Joseph B. Har
rah will be given a dinner at the Hotel
Duquesne to-morrow evening by veteran
friends. Abont 100 old soldiers will be present,
Dr. W. H. Pitch, of Bockford, 111., is
passing tbe holidays at the residence of hisv
father-in-law, commodore W. J. iLountz, or
Allegheny. , l
Eev.Fathcr Prancis Ward, of Emmetts-
borg College, iibttt eity vWUng his partst, 1
It WW b VrMatec Tkta Menriag -Alfcer
Warm Sprtt The Bxfeeted Tetecres
A great contrast was notieedin the ap
pearance of tbe down town streets last even
ing. On Christmas night there was not an
avenue in tbe town part of the city that was
not covered with people promenading. The
majority of the men wore light overcoats
and the ladies were arrayed in their light
wraps. The weather was mild and put oap
in mind of a summer evening.
Last night what a changel There were
comparatively few people on the streets.
Those who were, were scurrying along with
their garments drawn closely around them
to keep warm. The wind blew and whistled
through the telegraph wires, suggestive of a
blizzard and gave many of the hurrying pe
destrians chills, as tbey thought of the heavy
winter underclothing they did not bny.
A juvenile blizzard struck the city yes
terday forenoon but did no damage. There
was a" terrific wind and thunder storm East
and South, that blew down the telegraph
lines. The Postal Company was badly
crippled and had to turn overall their busi
ness to the Western Union. The latter sent
all through messages via Buffalo. The de
lay did not exceed several hours.
A DiSPATCa reporter paid another visit
to the weather shop in the Schmidt build
ing yesterday for the purpose of ascertain
ing whether a blizzard had struck the town
and if possible find out why Jack Frost has
forsaken us. It was learned that the cold
wave flag had been put up ths night before,
but the weather would be quite warm to-day.
The maximum temperature for the day was
62 degrees. This was between 8 and 9
o'clpck in the forenoon. At 2 o'clock the
thermometer had fallen to 52 degrees and
continued on its downward course until
The highest velocity attained by the wind
was 34 miles per hour- This was at 8:40 A.
11. The highest wind ever knownrinthis
city since 1871 was 40 miles per hour. The
cause of the storm was an unusual fall in
the barometer, followed by a sudden rise.
Tbe storm was northward and across the
lakes, through Virginia, Indiana and Wis-
I that it would be freezing at an early hour
mis morning, .tter tnat it wouiaget warm
THE HEW LIST OP EXTKAS.
The Tito Iron Aasoelatloni to Confer on the
The American Manufacturer says :
The Eastern Bar Iron Association, at its re
cent meeting, appointed a committee to confer
with the Western Iron Association regarding a
new list' of extras.
There is tbe most urgent need for some ac
tion in this direction. The present list is both
absurd and useless. It is not lived up to. it is
not sold by. It is cut withont the least com
punction. So absurd and useless has it become
tbat individual concerns have and are se
riously cansidenns the advisability of issuing
a card of their own.
Now, the question is, can the Eastern and
Western manufacturers roach an agreement f
If not, then one association or the other should
take the initiative and do awa with the. pres
ent senseless and useless card.
TO LAI THE C0ENEE STONE.
Donation of. Virginia Jr. O. U. A. M.
Societies Arrived Yesterday.
The corner stone'of the Washington mon
ument will be laid in the Allegheny Parks
on the morning of February 22, 1890. The'
stone, which was donated by the Virginia
State Council of the Jr. O. U. A. M., ar
rived yesterday. A committee on pro
gramma has been engaged all week arrang
ing the plans for the ceremony.
The scheme for the fair to raise the re
maining fnhds necessary has fallen throughr
and the committee is contemplating another
Still a Chance for Christmas Bayers.
We have received to-day, December 26, a
large lot of pianosand organs, which, as yen
will notice, have come to hand the day after
Christmas. They are from the well-known
factories of Decker Bros., Knabe, Fischer,
Estey, Pease and Sterling. We laid in a
very large stock, but, seeing that wo were
going to rnn out, ordered another invoice
from the several-factories, urging them to
hurry them along. Unfortunately tbey are
here too late for Christmas, but jnst in time
for a New Year's call. They must be sold,
as we do not want to carry them over into
next year. Come in and see us, and we will
assure you of a genuine bargain for cash or
on easy payments. S. Hamilton,
91 and 93 Fifth aye.
A Cold Wave nt Lait.
To start our heavy ulsters with a rnsh, we
have placed on sale for to-day 75 men's
Scotch cassimerc nlsters (storm coats)', with
plaid flannel lining, for" the low price of $5.
We positively guarantee these ulsters to be
worth ?15. Our price for to-day is 5.
P. C. C. C, cor. Grant and Diamond sts.,
opp. new Court House.
Fashionable clothing is difficult to ob
tain. That is,clothing advertised as fashion
able proves to be of inferior cut and appear
ance.and buyers are not pleased with it after
careful examination. Brokaw Bros.' New
York tailor-made suits and overcoats are,
however, the acme of stylishness and fine
appearance, and purchasers are always
pleased. A. L. Bailor, Sole Agent, Sixth St.,
cor. Liberty. tvt
B. fc B.
2S0 yards carpet on our cloak and curtain
room floor for sale at your price.
Boaos & Buhl, Allegheny.
Fbauenheim & Vixsack-'s ale and
porter are superior beverages. Call for
them. All dealers keep them. Or order
direct. 'Phone 1186.
Casey's "Excelsior" rye is their special
brand. It is very favorably known in this
community, and we advertise only to give
ontsiders a- chance to become acquainted
with this fine old brand of straight and pure
Monongahela rye. For sale at T. D. Casey
& Co.'s, 971 Liberty st PS
Genu' Sine Neckwear.
New white satin bows.
New white silk 4-in-hands.
New white silk tecks.
Jos. Hokne & Co.'S
Penn Avenne Betail Stores,
All the new shades to suiMhe new color
ings in wall papers.
Ceumeine, Bane & Bassett,
416 Wood st
Now la the Time to Snbscrlbo
For periodicals for 1890.
E. S. DAvls & Co.,
96 Fifth ave.
Tbe People' Store, Fifth Avenne.
Jackets, wraps', plush sacques, sealskin
sacques all marked down to-day. Come
and get a bargain. Campbell & Dick.
Fbauenheim & Vilsack's ale and
porter are superior beverages. Call for
them. All dealers keep them. Or order
direct 'Phone 1186.
Old carpet on our cloak room floor for sale
at sacrifice at once about 250 yards.
B0GO3& Buhl, Allegheny.
Hats, toques, turbans, bonnets, only $5, less
than half price. To-day at Jos. Borne &
Co.'s Penn Avenue Stores.
1 Mothers Made Happy
Bv havlne their children photographeoVby
Anfrecht, the Popular Photographer, 616
Vai-boi t Plttshnrir. - 1
Tie AlUgfcMj City Property Com
mittee Met' aad Reseated
IK. W. L SCAIFE'S 1MPDTATI0HS.
A Lively Biscssaioa as to the Control of
the Caraegie Library.
AN 0SDINASCE WAS EEC0MMENDED
The City Property Committee, of Alle
gheny, held a very important meeting last
night The question at issue was, Should
the control' of tbe new Carnegie Library
building be handed out to a commission,
composed of citizens, or should it be held as
all other city property under the control
of the committee
Mr. Ammoa occupied the chair, and
opened the meeting by a few remarks, in
which he pointed out the fact that tbe citi
zens of Allegheny were deeply interested in
the matter under discussion. He then read
the titles ot two ordinances. The first or
original ordinance was "An ordi
nance relating to the care and cus
tody of the Carnegie library building."
The second, ordinance was one -that had
been presented to Councils by zealous citi
zens, and which was entitled, "An ordin
ance creating a Board of Directors for the
control and management of the Carnegie
A LIVELY DISCUSSION.
Tbe discussion was opened by Mr. Arthur
Kennedy, who stated that he had heard a
discussion ob the subject, and he thought
the idea was very good. The suggestion
had been made that there be a commission
which should consist of three members of
the Board of Control, three members of
Councils and three citizens.
Mr. Dahlinger thought that a sub-committee
should be appointed who would take
charge of all ordinances, make a thorough
investigation of fthe subject, and report as
to the best mode of procedure.
Mr. Bobison said that the members of
Councils were selected by the people, and to
represent the people. Therefore he thoright
that the proper persons to look after the Li
brary building were the members of Coun
cils, and if it was given to citizens it would
look as thongh ttfe members of Councils id
not have ability enough to handle the sub
ject OUTSIDERS ALSO DESIRED.
Mr. Kennedy thought tbat there should
be outside members in the way of advisers.
Good, reputable men could be appointed;
men of leisure, who would give the question
their time. The effect of this would be to
increase, the donations and would lessen the
danger of the library in the way of being
controlled by political machinery.
Mr. Lane thought that it the City Property-Committee
could handle the other city
buildings, tbey were surely competent to
handle this one. He was opposed to having
gentlemen of elegant leisure on the, commit-
tee; men wno nave lots 01 money, ana
had it bequeathed to them, never
having done anything to earn a cent Again
he was opposed to the Mayor being the head
' figure, as one of the ordinances asking for a
commission proposed for the reason that can
didates for that office wonld make promises
of positions in the new library, and as a re
sult the library would be in a deeper politi
cal rut than ever.
Mr. Kennedy remarked that Mr. Lane's
remarks smacked a good deal of dema
gognery. The wealthy citizens of Alle
'gheny were by no means gentlemen of ele
gant leisure, but were men who got np early
in the morning, and got home late at night,
and by hard work earned their money.
A PLACE POP. THE PEOPLE.
Mr. Ammorf said that the impression had
gave abroad that the new library building
was to he a fashionable resorf for aristocratic
families, when such was by no means tbe
case as the library wag for everybody. He
thought the trouble would be in putting
it in outside hands tbat .It
was liable to be sectarian,
for instance, Methodists were liable "to pat'
in Methodists, etc. That was the thing they
wanted to guard against. Por his part, he
would like tq see an ordinance Introduced
compelling the library to be open every day
ill the year.
Mr. Bobison said tbat the trouble was
that a party of outsiders were trying to do
up Councils and get control of tbe building.
He wanted to know who was back of that
Mr. Kennedy said that Mr. Bobison was
mistaken; the ordinance and the article
published in the paper was the work of a
young man named W. L. Scaife, who did
it alone and for what he thtfught was the
best interests of the city.
MB. SCAIFE'S SHOT TOLD.
Mr. Ammon rather forcibly threw the
ordinance down on the table, and remarked
that Mr, Scaife had no right to slander tbe
members of Councils as had been done in
the published article.
A motion was made that the original or
dinance placing1 the control of the building
in the hands of the City Property Commit
tee be taken np, and considered section by
When the first section was read Mr. Ken
nedy wanted to amend it so that the care of
the "buildings would be in the hands of a
special committee, known as the Library
Mr. Einstein opposed that on tbe grounds
that the present committee was just as com
petent as any that could be appointed, be
side it would cast a reflection on the pres
ent committee in the eyes of the citizens.
Mr. Kennedy withdrew the amendment.
Weakness, Indisposition to Work,
Headache, Dullness, Heaviness,
Lack ot Appetite, Constipation,
all indicate that you need a few doses
of the genuine
Dr. McLano's Celebrated
LIYER PILLS. '
They strengthen the weak and purify the
They are prepared from the purest "
materials and put up with the great
est care by
- Pittsburg, Pa.
Be sure you get the genuine. Count
erfeits are made in St Louis.
NEW YEAR BIFTB
DIAMONDS, WATCHES. JEWELBT,
and FANCY GOODS.
Notwithstanding the fact tbat onr holiday
sales were the largest on record wo have re
plenished onr stockoy telegram orders and now
show a very complete line for those who antici
pate making New Year presents.
E. F.'RQBERTB k BDNB,
COB. FIFTH AVE. AND MABKET ST.
FRENCH, KENL?RICK & CO.
THE CHINA STORE,
61Q 8MITHFIELD STREET,
Opposite City Hall, de&3QK
iad theorciiHanee wSsMontedTforJfamrmal
itiva recommendation '"torCbuncils.i It wail
also ordered that a copy of tho ordinance,be"'
eai to jar. uarnegie, alter wmcu u me"
iag adjourned. P
MEW CHURCH AT BEADD0CK.
Carnev Stone Laying- of the First EngUril
The First English Lutheran Congregi
tipn, of Braddock, celebrated the layingfof
the corner stone of their new church' yester-'
day afternoon. The pastor, Ber. Charles
Beinewald, conducted the services, andfd
livered an address on the growth 'of jHSe?
church from tbe time of its orranlzationtia
Ber. H. B. Winter, President ofTthet
Pittsburg Synod, offered a prayer, and then!
Pastor Beinewald lowered the box into1 that
stone. ' jsZ5
The lot upon which the new edifice is tobef
built was bought at a cost or 2,400. Thai
lower story will be used as a lecture room."
This will be of cut stone and the room willv
seat 400 persons. The upper story or audito
rium proper will seat S00 persons and will
be of frame in (jueen Anne style, xne In
side will be finished in polished oak.
BDILDIB6 PEBM1TS PLKKTIPUL.
The New Linden Clnbhouieand OtherHnsa
The Linden Club, of the East End, yes
terday took out a permit to erect a two-story
frame gymnasium, meeting hall and club
house, 52x122 feet in size, on the corner of
Meade street and Linden avenue, Twenty
first ward. The building is to cost $7,330.
The meeting hall will be provided with a
stage and other accessories for entertain.'
Thomas Snowden took out a permit to
build a two-story brick residence on Sb,ady
avenue, Twentieth ward, to cost 6,300.
J. H. Sorg took out a permit to build
eight two-story brick dwellings on Breed's
alley, Twenty-eighth ward, to cost $10,000.
jns. hdrne runes
PENN AVENUE STORES. -
PrrrsutTEO, Friday, Dec 27, ISO.
The moving of cloaks began yester-J;
day. Qoite a lively race, too. It will ba
faster to-day. Those who put off until ;
next week, instead of coming to-day and
to-morrow, will Una many of the hand
somest clear out of sight. Prices and'
snggestive winds made the new life;
prices that ought to sell such handsome
garments at the end of the season, let
alone at the beginning; then winds that
surely herald colder weather played an
Come to-day, if possible. It will pay
We made no attempt to sell Dress
Goods Remnants during the Christ,
mas rush. There's an accumulation
here of the finest goods down to the
good, honest 23c-a-yard stuffs. In
quantities that will astonish you.
Every piece of goods short of a
dress pattern length goes on tho
center table, afterbeipgfsnbJeetedL
ia the "bargain" process a very
simple, though, very jevere.treat
ment. If you need remnants, this
is your opportunity. If you don't
need them, yon will sometime, and
you can hardly afford to missthia
chance. Coma to-day.
A not very large lot of the handsomest
Hats, Toques, Turbans, Bonnets and
Hoods, ready trimmed, at $5 reduced
from, say, 510. Some were mora than
10; some were a little less. All S3 now,
and wonderful bargains. In the French
Millinery Room. Less than 60 pieces in
all. Come quickly.
Another big hat bargain. This time a
plenty. Several hundred plain French
Felt Hats, over 23 shapes and all shades;
very stylish and popular, but they ask no
quarter. Down to 51 go the prices: but '
the hats are just as good and proad and
pretty as when the prices were 52, 12 50,
J3 and Sol A chance to gather after the -bargain
A special sale of Ladies and Misses
Furs in the center of the stores.
Boas m HALF
And lots of them; S3 is the ruling price.
At S3 there are
Imitation Seal Muffs that were S3 50 to 15
Nutria Muffs that were 53 50 an d 51 60.
Black Lynx Muffs that were S3.
Natural Lynx Muffs tbat were SSL
Black Marten Muffs that were Jo
Beaver Muffs that were 56.
Astrakhan Muffs tbat were U. S3 and 16 CGL
Hare and Coney Capes that were 58.
Children's Mufb, in black and goht
beaver, Persian lamb, gray krimmer,
natural lynx, squirrel and nutria :
, At 13, that were Si to $8. '
At 53, that were 57 to SIX
Ladies' Boas, in lynx, natural coon,
gray fox, monkey, white angora, etc.:
At SI, that were S3 50. '
At $5. that were S3 to US?
JDS. HDRNE Clt '
609-621 Penn Ave.
P. a Big reductions In all holiday '
novelties to close them out. Sterlins Mjf '
silver goods in a few choice, elegant
pieces, reduced to half. Only enough'
for a few hoars' sale. A grand opportu- "j
city for New Year's eift buying. ut,
.'. i 1
iiMiJiam as. . .