Newspaper Page Text
3e - .
,A.t ttio Branoli Offices of TJfo'Y;
For to-morrow's issue up to 9 o'clock P. at
For list of branch offices in the Tarious dis
tricts seoTHltlD PAGK.
Prof. Orton Says the Benefits
of Natural Gas Euel
ABE, NOT APPBECIATED.
,4T6oilIucli of the Valuable Fuel Now
l$pi4 , ..,
nuumug iu iiiisic
ilT MAI BE MISSED SOMETIME.
Theories of the Ohio State Geologist on
tf . Tl
y iiuck. xrea-ure.
i UTALK TO MAM EMINENT GEOLOGISTS
KProf. Orton, the State Geologist of Ohio,
iwelt upon the great waste of natural gas in
Ohio and Indiana yesterday. ' He delivered
a lecture on the rock pressure in Ohio and
.Indiana. His address irasbelore the Amer-
.can Geological Society meeting in New
tcrxeilL SGSI TO TUX DISrATCIM
P" "New Yobk, December 27. At the xneet-
' ing of the American Geological Society, to-
, day. Prof. Edward Orton, State Geologist of
Ohio, discussed the "Origin of the Bock
Pressure of Natural Gas in the" Trenton
Limestone of Ohio and Indiana." He said:
"Natural gas derived from the Trenton
limestone has supplied during the last year,
and is now supplying, all the fuel and a
considerable part of the artificial light that
is used by at least 400,000 people in North
western Ohio and in Central Indianx
"Within the same limits it is the basis of a
varied line of manufactories, the annual
product of which will make an aggregate of
many millions of dollars.
MANT INDUSTUIES INTERESTED.
"More than 40 glass furnaces, not one of
them three years old, are now in very suc
cessful operation within the territory named,
while iron and steel mills, potteries and
brickworks, and a long list of factories, in
which cheap power is a desideratum, have
been built up on all sides, with wonderful
x "The largest gas production of Trenton
i, limestone that has yet been reached is to be
credited to the present year. A well drilled
at Stuartsville, six miles north of Findlay,
early last summer, produced through the.
casing, a pipe T inches in diameter, 2S,
000,000 cubic feet of gas every 21 hours.
AS bio as Asr.
"There are but few wells in any fields
that exceed these figures. Host of the wells
that lave been so reported have been
estimated, sot measured. An equally as
tonishing advance had been made in the oil
production of this rock, within four counties
ofjforthwestern Ohio. Single -wells during
thtTIast year have begun their production at
a rate of 10,000 barrels a day; and more than
, 200,000 barrels of total production are al
F ready to be credited to single wells of the
j& , . new field, while a considerable number have
passed tha 100,000 barrel mark.
"The rock pressure of the gas is a vital
,. factor in all this production. To its energy
- o is due the propulsion of the volatile fuel
.- from the wells where it is released, through
ii 91 Sfl "tflTnilpanf hnripd rdnp in h li;t
-? -i r-; - "--',
which it supplies with tbe unspeakable
advantages of gaseous fuel. This is the
same cause that lifts the oil from the rock
in all flowing wells.
WHAT SOCK PBESSURE IS.
"By roct pressure is meant the pressure
'" which a gauge shows in a well that is locked
; in, after the drill has reached the gas
reservoir. The iron tubing of the well be
comes by this means a part of the reservoir,
and the same conditions as to pressure are
supposed to pertain to it that are found in
the porous rock below. Tne rock pressure
of gas varies greatly in different fields, and
to a less, bnt still an important extent, in
different portions of tbe same field. The
highest rock pressure recorded in the
Trenton limestone is about 650 pounds to the
...square inch, while there are considerable
'sections of the gas territory that never reach
300 pounds pressure per square inch. The
original pressure in the Findlay field was
450 pounds, varying somewhat in wells of
THE AVERAGE PRESSURE.
"In the Wood county field, from which
the largest amount of gas is now being con
Teyed to Ohio cities, the original pressure
Tanged from 420 to 480 pounds, the general
.pressure being counted 4C0 pounds to the
'square inch. There were occasional records
made of higher pressures still in single
wells; but of such cases the number is very
small, and the existence of these incredulous
pressures was short lived.
"In the Indiana field a still greater re
duction of rock pressure is noted. Tbe
range of the principal Indiana wells is be
tween 250 and 325 pounds to the square
inch. The Indiana gas wells, as compared
with the Ohio gas wells, are marked by a re
duction in total depth as well as in rock
pressure, the figures for depth in the pro
ductive territory seldom or never passing
PROF. ORION'S THEORY.
Prof. Orton discredits ihe theoiies that
irock pressure is due to ihe weight of the
'overlying rocks or to the expansive force of
Ihe gas. He thinks that the rock pressure of
gas in Trenton limestone of Ohio and Indi-
operators," he says, "are becoming satisfied
by their own experiences that the root of
rock pressure is to be found in the water
, column that stands connected with the
porous rock in' which the gas and oil are
"When the drill descends into the gas
frock proper, day cas escapes; when into the
IgnUguous and lower-lying terrace, oil, ac
SSmpariied by the gas, appears; -but at a lit-
lower level salt water is struck, and this
JrTses promptly in the well, sometimes to the
point of overflow. Par ont from the narrow
ridges, or restricted terraces, where gas and
soil aie found, the salt water reigns undis
turbed, and whenever drilled to it, rises in
the'wells as in those already described.
AN AJtTESIAN RISE.
'Theriseof the salt water is nnniistaka-
blv.arteiian. It depends on hydrostatic
pressure,, does the flow of all artesian
veils, and ts .bead mpst be souyht, as in
'ether like flaws, iu the higher portions ot
ro- i ' m
- t ,
the structure that are contiguous. The
nearest outcrops or this porous Trenton are
found in the shore of Lake Superior, at an
altitude of about 100 feet above tide.
"It is certainly significant that an abund
ant flow of .salt water is struck in boring in
Northern Ohio or in Indiana. No matter
at what depth, it rises generally to the level
of Lake Superior, or, in other words, about
600 feet'above tide. If the mouth or the
well is below this level, as In the case in the
Wabash Valley, the salt water overflows.
The height to which the salt water rises in
any portion of the field is one of the ele
ments to be used iu measuring the force
which can be exerted on the gas and oil that
are caught in the traps of the terraces and
arches of the porousTrenlon limestone.
NOT THE SAME PRESSURE.
"The rock pressure of the gas differs at
various points, because of the difference in
'depth of the rock below-sea level. The rock
pressure of Trenton limestone gas is due to
a salt water column measured from about
600 feet above tide to the level of the structure
which yields the gas.
"Tnere is no danger that the great gas
reservoirs of to-day will 'cave in' or 'blow
up' after the gas is" withdrawn from them.
The gas will not leave tha porous rock until
the salt water obliges it to bv driving it out
and taking its place. The doctrine lays the
ax at the root of all the optimistic theories
which blossom out in every district where
natural gas is discovered, and especially
among the real estate operators of each new
field, to the effect that 'nature will not fail to
perpetually maintain or perpetually renew
the snn-lies which we find so delightfully
r adapted to our comfort and service. So far
as we are concerned, it is certain that nature
has done about all that she is going to do in
this line. In her great laboratory a thou
sand years are as a single day.
"WASTING A TREASURE
"No doctrine could ex-rt a mora health
ful influence on the communities, "that are
enjoying the inestimable advantages of the
new fuel than this If itSwcre at once ac
cepted it would add years to the duration
of these precious supplies of -power. The
ignorant and reckless waste that is going on
in the new gas field is lamentable. The
worst of it comes from city and village cor
porations that are bringing the gas within
their boundaries to give away to manufact
urers whom they can induce on these terms
to locate among them. To characterize the
use ol a million feet of natural gas a day in
a single town for burning common brick,
for example, or in calcl mining common
limestone, there is a good word at hand
vandalism. "The geologists may make themselves
temporarily disagreeable thereby, but just
as far as they combine those that are inter
ested they lengthen the lire of tbe precious
supplies. Judging from the present indica
tions, the Trenton limestone gas in Ohio is
not likely to be longlived. It seems en
tirely probable that the term of its future
duration can be expressed within the limits
of a number of one digit. In considerable
sections of tbe field tbe salt water is very
aggressive. It requires a steadily increas
ing pressure on tbe wells to bold it back.
"There is likely to be great disappoint
ment in what is called gas territory. The
pressure and volume of large tracts are
lound to ' fail together. Wells draw their
supplies from long distances. A farm, or
even a section a mile square, may be effect
ually drained of its gas without a well
being drilled upon it Natural gas is a very
admirable product, but its highest office,
after all, should be to prepaie the way for
something better than itself, viz.: artificial
gas fuel better for the reason that while it
furnishes all the intrinsic advantages of
natural gas, it will be free from the inevit
able disadvantages of treasures secured in
the way this gas has been secured."
Action Tor Tout Amaunt Brought Against
the Estate of a Dead Sinn A
Railroad Deal the Came
St. Louis, December 27. The estate of
the late Dr. James H. -McLean was sued'
to-day for $995,000. The plaintiff in the
case is W. Jackson and Ihe defendants are
L. F. Campbell and J. H. Crane, surviving
executors of the J. HI II cLean estate, the
last named being alsd administrator of the
estate of Mrs. J. H. McLean, who died
shortly after her husoand's demise. The
petition embraces about a dozen pages of
typewritten matter, and il sets forth as the
basis of tbe action Dr. McLean's connection
with the Carbondale, Metropolis and Fadu
cah Bailroad Company.
It is averred that the directors of this
road authorized the issue of 2,040 interest
bearing C per cent bonds of the par value of
1,000 each, secured bv a first lien on the
property, including all the lands, right of
way and franchises of the company. To
further secure these bonds a first mortgage
was given, in-which McLean and William
Jackson, the present plaintiffs, were the
parties of the second part, the corporation
itself beiqg the party of the first part The
bonds issued were payable at tne London
agency of the company in 1915. The trus
tees accepted the trust imposed upon them
by the above transactions, but shortly after
ward McLean, on his own account, agreed
to purchase the entire series of bonds at 85
per cent of their face value.
This was agreed to and he began to furn
ish money for the construction of the road
and had actually furnished $25,000 when be
died and since then nothing, it is claimed,
has been rececelved from his estate, though
bis representatives retained the bonds. His
wife, who is a co-executor of his will and
chie." beneficiary under it, also died shortly
after her husband and now the Doctor's co
trustee sues for $995,000, the balance of the
purchase money on the bo'nds bought at 15
per cent discount
PE0GRESS OP THE NEW NAYI".
Tbo Baltimore Hna Been Completed nnd
Accepted by Secretary Tracy.
Washington, December 27. The con
tractors for the construction of the new
cruiser Baltimore have notified the Navy
Department that the vessel is completed.
Secretery Tracy this afternoon formally in
structed uaptain benley to accept her con
ditionally upon the complaint of the con
tractors of any work remaining to be done
under the contract
The Baltimore is the eighth vessel accept
ed bv the Government since it undertook
the construction of the new navy, as the
vessels built of steel, of which the Eoach
cruisers were the beginning.
HIS LIFE OE 400,000.
The Very Impressive Demand Blade Upon
n Montana Blillinnnlrr.
Butte, Mont., December 27. W. A.
Clarke, one of the wealthiest men in this
city, a few-days ago received a letter signed
bv "Nineteen Desperate and Determined
Men," demanding that he have ready for
them on December 24, 5400,000, and adding
that failure to do so would result in death.
Tuesday afternoon George Stackpole, a 19-year-old
tough, called for the package. He
was locked up.
He says that he was paid $10 by an un
known man to carry tbe note, and was to
meet him just outside of the city. It is be
lieved that Stackpole is implicated in the
scheme, If not the originator of it
C-A POOR MAN'S PALACE,
and the amusements and Instruc
tion provided for the inhabitants of
the Joyless City, are desoribed in
to-morrow's DISPATCH by Hon.
WITH A BIG STBING.
The Manner In Which ifao Snltnn ot Turkey
DIatribntea Decorations Several
Handaome Ones on ExhMI-
, tlon In Wnauldgton.
CTEOM A BUTT COBBESrOXMNT.J
Washington, December 27. The Na
tioual Museum has been temporarily en
riched through the kindness of Mrs. Samuel
S. Cox. widow of tne popular diplomat and
f Democratic statesman. In one of the cases
near the Grant collection are now displayed
beautiful specimens of the insignia -which
accompany honors conferred by the Sultan
of Turkey. Of these are the jewels of the
order of the "Mejidich," bestowed
upon Mr. Cox after he had re
signed his position as United States Minister
to Turkey. Prom a broad watered crimson
ribbon, bordered with a narrow stripe of
green and tied in an elaborate bow at its
lower end, is a crescent, within which is en
closed a five-pointed star, both of garnet
Attached to these is seven-pointed str of
beautifully worked silver, with center of
gold and enamel. On the central golden
plate is tbe Sultan's autograph, engraved,
while-around the enamel margin is a Turk
ish inscription. Entirely distinct is the
decoration intended to be worn on the
breast It is a seven-pointed star, more
than three inches in diameter a beautiful
combination of gold, silver and enamel.
Between each ot the points of the great star
are crescents and stars also of silver.
Equally interesting aad decidedly more
valuable in an intrinsic sense are the deco
rations alongside those which were presented
to Mr. Cox They are those belonging to
the order of the ''Shefakai," and were con
ferred by Sultan Abdul Hamid on Mrs.
Cox. Alarge crimson and green enamel
star with a gold, center on Which is the Sul
tan's autograph.depends from a broad white
ribbon with a red and green border. The
star to be worn on the breast is almost as
large as that of the Mejidich, but is more
elaborate There are really two stars. The
upper one is of garnet with a center boss of
green enamel and gold. The background of
the lower star is of diamonds, with here and
three spravs of green enamel.
It was Mrs. Cox's intention to leave these
decorations in the hands of the museum au
thorities but the Turkish Government has
willed otherwise. It is customary in polite
Mahommedan circles to demanu the return
of such expensive jewels as these when the
person to whom they were given dies, and
as Mr. Cox, unfortunately, is no more, the
Sultan wants the jewelry, so that he maybe
able to give it with the customary String
attached to someone else. The one which
was given to Mrs. Cox will remain in Mrs.
Cox's possession until she dies, then that
too, will be returned. For about a month
the decorations will be on exhibition.
KOT LOBBIED AT ALL.
Why Hiv Westingbonao Tnkea a Decision
AffnlDit Him Very Coolly A Chicago
Patent Lawyer's Claim of
IBTECTM- TELEGRAM TO TDB D1SF-JLTCU.3
New York, December 27. A. patent
lawyer in Chicago named Dixon has se
cured a patent upon a detail in the Westing
house airbrake, in spite of tbe opposition of
tbe Westingbouse Company. The Com
missionerof Patents rendered his decision
late last week, and the Westinghouse Com
pany intends to take an appeal. A few
years ago the Westinghouse people made a
trip through the country, experimenting at
various places with a new contrivance in
connection with, their airbrake. The new
device did not work, aftd they invented an
other, of which the storage tank was a
In the course of their experiments Mr.
George W.estinzhouse, Jr., says Lawyer
Dixon fcw the'first contrivance at, Burling
ton.' Knowing that it was not patented,
he applied for a patent Meantime
the Westinghouse Company had
taken out patents on th'e new
device, and bad neglected to ask for patents
on the tank. Eventually they filed their
application, and contested Dixon's claim.
The Commissioner decided against them,
on the ground that they had been dilatory
in making their application, although he
acknowledged that ibey were the origina
tors of the idea Mn George Westing
house, Jr., President of the company, said
The decision or the Commissioner docs not
worry us at all. The essential features of onr
airbrake were invented about 17 years ago,
ana have been in uo ever since. Dixon's pat
ent is a mere detail, sned for in 18S7. He can
not pbsiblv injuro in. because if be
tries to collect royalties, or anything
of the sort, we shall rest upon the priority of
onr general invention. He never could have
had a chance had 1 not been fo buy at tbe
time that I conld not attend to this matter.
This kind of thine is by no means in
frequent in the case of important in
ventions which are worth millions.
All kinds of attacks are made upon
them, and tbis.1 think, is simply an attempt to
raise a scare bv which the stock of the corpora
tion wonld sailer a decline. Speculators conld
then by in at a lnwflgure; and afterward sell at
a profit. We shall go on as usual. I do not
think any conrt would sustain an action for
damages if Dixon should bring one, because
his invention, which he didn't invent i sub
sidiary and supplementary to tbe one we use.
COT IN HALF WHILE SLEEPING.
A Peculiar Accident Costing tbo Lives of
Two Colored Snilors.
Portland, Ore., December 27. At 1:3Q
o'clock this morning the Union Pacific
steamer Oregon ran into and sunk the
British ship Clan McKenzie, at Coffin Bock,
on the Columbia river. Charles Austin and
Matthew Eeid, two colored sailors, Mere
instantly killed. Thev were asleep in the
forecastle of the Clan McKenzie, and when
the bow of the Oregon struck her, the sharp
plate of iron ran into the tranks in which the
sailors were lying, cutting the two men in
halves. They were strucc at the waist and
the unper part of each body fell into the
river below and sank.
Charles Pish, the coal passer of the Ore
gon, was injured, but not fatally. A mem
ber of the Clan's crew said that as soon as
the two men were cut their blood flew in
every direction, bespattering the walls and
broken timbers and then the water began to
pour iu. The Oregon was on her way down
the river en route to San Francisco with a
full cargo and passengers, and the Clan
Mackenzie was lying at anchor in one side
of the channel. The captain of the ship
claims that the lights were all propertly dis
played, and that the vessel was moored par
allel with the channel at the time.
TELEGEAPH OPEEATQBS FIGHT.
One Under Arreat nnd Slay be Lynched
His Companion's lUnraer.
Needles, Cal., Deoember 27. C. W.
Davis, day telegraph operator- at Beach
Springs, Arizona, was shot and killed last
night near the telegraph office in that place.
O.Li. Ambrose, the nigut operator, who is
charged with the shooting, has been ar
rested. There are fears that he will be
lynched before the sheriff of the county ar
rives. The shooting is supposed to have grown
outofa fight which the men had yesterday
in wnich Davis was badly beaten and kicked
in the face and head.
Even a Japanese Mnrdercr Anpents.
New Yore, December 27. Counsel for
the condemned Japanese murderer Judigo,
who was taken to Sing Sing to await execu
tion by electricity, has appealed his case,
and the execution will consequently be
An Indian Ilaused for 31 order.
Globe, Aeiz., December 27. Napdiezaz,
aq Apache Indian, who murdered Lieuten
ant Seward Mot, ot the Tenth Cavalry, on
Gila river, San Carlos reservation, March
10, 1887, was banged to-djy.
PITTSBURG, gATURDAT. DECEMBER. 28, 1889 TWELVE
NO GAMBLER WASTED
The YanderbiUsEnforcing.tlueir Law
AN OLD EMPLOYE FIRED FOR IT,
The fiew lork Produce Exchange: Suddenlj
Shaken to Its Center
0HABLES A. POOL JOE HARKED MAN.
Bis Transactions In the Grain Fit Chirred TTita His
One of the managers of-the New York
Central Railroad's grain business has just
been fired. The Yanderbilta do not allow
any of their employes to speculate. Mr.
Pool, the retired gentleman, knows of no
other reason lor hi being given the bounce
rePneiAi Tzxxaiuu to tiii disiitch.i
New York, December 27. It is a law of
the Vanderbilt railroad system that em
ployes of whatever rank must not engage in
speculation. Every report that a subordin
ate is speculating is made the subject of
rigorous investigation. There are many of
these investigations in a year. One of them
has juit come to an end, and to-day'the
Produce Exchange was greatly stirred by
the announcement that Mr. Chas. A. Pool,
associated with Mr. H. McK. Twombly in
the management of the Central's grain busi
ness, had Deerj requested to send his resigna
tion to the directors.
Mr, Pool's salary was $10,00$) a year. He
lives in good style at the Artaton, 1732
Broadway. He has complied with the de
mand of the directors, and will retire from
the company's' service on January 1. Mr.
Jt, L. Douglas, ageut for the Western
Transit Company,, has been named as his
THE TALK: OF A DAT,
Mr. Pool is one of the best-known mem
bers of the Produce Exchange. The duties
Of his place in the Central required him to
speud much of his time among the gram
men of the Exchange. The retirement of
Mr. Pool was of much interest to them,
They talked about it all day.
It conld not be learned that Mr. Pool had
been engaged in auy recent transactions iu
the wheat "pit. It was authentically an
nounced though that Mr. Pool was severely
injured in the famous wheat deal engineered
by Mr, James R. Keeue, half a dozen years
ago, and that there are still heavy amounts
due from him as a result of his transactions
at that time. People in authority in tbe
Central were not sure that Mr. Pool's resig
nation had been requested as a result of
these or other transactions in the grain mar
ket, though they were positive that one line
of the investigation by the directors had
been conducted on that theory.
ANOTHER GREAT TROUBLE.
The main trouble, according to these au
thorities, was Mr. Pool's managementof the
canal boat end of his department He has
the chartering of canal boats fortbe Central,
and there are plenty of opportunities for
speculation in canal boat charters.
It was further learned that the attention
of Mr. Depew and of tbe directors of the
Central was called to Mr. Pool at the naval
parade in the harbor at the Centennial fes
tivities onApril 29. Mr. Pool was com
mander of the Central's fleet of tugs. As
such, be togged himself out in an admiral's
uniform of cold lace, and indulged in other
gorgeousness. J til. V i
Mrj Pool, in explanation ofbls retirement
from the Central's service, said: "I received
a note asking for my resignation. I asked
if there were anycharges against me, and
was told that there were none, I have
nothing more to say."
SHORT 0FS0FT COAL.
Philadelphia Manhfactarers Complain of a
Scarcity of Ihe Fuel They Uto-A
benrcliy of Cars Causing Con
SrECIAL TELSGBAM TOTHEDIsrATCH.
Philadelphia, December 27. Manu
facturers who are consumers of soft coal
complain of a scarcity of that kind of fuel.
The Franklin sugar refinery and the
Spreckels refinery are among the big con
cerns in the city which consume bituminous
coal, and a great deal of it is used by steam-'
ships coming to this port There is plenty
of soft coal at the mines, but the difficulty
has been to get it to the seaboard, owing to
a scarcity of cars. The coal cars of the
anthracite carrying roads are loaded full of
hard coal, and side-tracked. AH other
available rolling stock is kept in constant
motion,transporting grain and miscellaneous
The supply from the Cumberland district
has been curtailed by the destruction of the
Chesapeake and Ohio canal, which was
washed out by the heavy floods. Formerly
cars could make at least three trips daily
from tbe Cumberland mines to the canal,
and then the Baltimore and Ohio road
would take the coal from the other end ot
the canal and quickly transport it to the
city. Now that the product of the mines
comes all the way by rail, a number of days
are required for a car to make a round trip,
and the rolling stock of the Baltimore and
Ohio Bailroad is thus tied up, and is much
less useful than heretofore.
The price of bituminous coal is ?1 10 at
the mines, and 3 25 in this city, by the'ear
load, with a prospect of a sharp advance
unless the receipts are soon increased.
A PLOT TO ESCAPE.
Tho Flans of tho Prisoners Revealed In the
Nick of Time.
ZAKESTH.I.E, O., December 27. This
forenoon one of the prisoners in the jail
here disclosed a plot of ten prisoners to
murder the jailer and escape with outside
assistance. Tnwing Coulter, the Dresden
murderer, bad sawed through the bolt of
the cell door of a prisoner named Emory,
who was to release the others.
After the discovery, Quigley, who was
implicated in the plot, assaulted and wonld
have killed a prisoner named Morris, who
they claimed disclosed the plot to the
A B0IC0TT ON DRESSED BEEP.
The Farmers' AMnnce Hns Adapted Ben.
lions to That Effect.
LAWEEitCE. KANy December 27, The
Farmers' Alliance of this county met to
day, and adopted resolutions boycotting
nil dressed beef men. Each member pledged
himself to buy nothing from butchers or any
meatmarket that handles the product of the
establishment of any packer who is believed
to be a member ot what the resolution desig
nated as the "beef combine."
A TiqTIlI OP HIGHWAYMEN.
Tho Death of a 3Inn Who Was Sanilbngged
Kansas Cittc December 27, J. W,
Mitchell, of Missouri City, died here to
day at the home a relative. He was found
in an unconscious condition last Tuesday
morning at tbe corner.of Twelfth street and
Ho recovered consciousness onlv long
enough to tell that he had been sandbagged
REPUBLIC OR ANARCHY.
There Is No Chance for the Restoration of
fho Brazilian Monarchy A Reason
" Given for the Recall ef the k
V Ex-Emperor5 Subsidy.
Washington, December 27. Mr.
Talente, the Brazilian Minister, has re
ceived a cablegram from Hay Barboza, the
Minister of Finance of the Provisional Gov
ernment of Frazil, dated Bio Janeiro, De
cember 27, of which the following Is a trans-
Sllve, who was transported, has acknowledged
to the police authorities the wisdom of tbe act
of banishment. Ex-Premier Onto Preto has
been banished ou account of acts of conspiracy
on the part ot his followers. The Imperial family,
because of their having changed their attitude
taken here from acquiescence to encourage
ment of the pretensions of reaction and making
this tha cause of tbo throne, were deprived of
tnavil list ana the subsidy. The Provisional
Garerpment maintains the civil list as an act
otl4mero tolerance, unheard of In any other
revolution, and added to this a subsidy of $2,
MOOO. The Emperor accepted both here, but
oh his arrival in Europe, Under the advice of
the disastrous counselors who had broujnt
about the fall of the monarchy, refused the
subsidy because it was an act of tho revolution.
buX4pceptd tne ciTi iSt as a right based Upon
Io30lii viow of this denial of tho legitimacy
of.mj revolution, which has been sanctioned
bylha whole country, our measure cutting off
the civil list and subsidy was an act of mere
common sense. These measures have- hero met
with general support
Let Europe reflect on her revolutions effected
at the expense- of floods of blood and great
financial disasters; We have accomplished ours
without one drop of blood and the least finan
cial trouble. Whoever thus conducts himself
iu tbe most trying moments must bo able to
manage- his aifairs with sufficient discretion
and judgment Wo shall continue to respect
all rights, maintain tha tribunals, organize the
administration, observo all contracts and keep
up tho budget-, but any attempt against pubho
order will be repressed "with implacable se
verity. Commerce, agriculture and the work
ing classes call upon us to assume the attitude,
wo shall hand over to the Constitutional Con
vention -the Republic intact. Those who
beliavethat this convention is called to decide
between the Beoubllc and the monarchy, are
mistaken. The monarchy is out of tho ques
tion. The Constitutional Convention will only
have to organize tbe RepuDlic: There is no
more Monarchlal party here. The European
press should not be misled by newsmongers,
whose machinations are here obiect3 either of
amazement or derision. These mistakes of the
pressloment here schemes of disturbance, but
the dilemma now is simply, Bepublio or an
archy. TWO KA1LE0ADS WEDDED,
Consolidation of tbe Hell's Gap and Clear-
Held and Jefferson stands.
' rsrECIAl.TEI,EailAU TO TUH DISPATCH.!
JPHliADEliPHlA, December 27. The
Bell's Gap and Clearfield and Jefferson
Bailroad Companies voted to-day to con
solidate, under the name of. the Pennsyl
vania and Northwestern Bailroad Company.
The capital stock of the new company is
(1,690,000, and the bonded indebtedness
(1,660,000, an increase in each issue of $110,
000 over tne combined capitalization of the
old companies. The new stock arid bonds
are apportioned pro rata among thestock
and bond holders. The management expects'
to oe aoie to pay o per cent atviaends upon
the new stock, as it was the intention to
merge the roads until their earning capacity
was sufficient to pay 5 per cent. The con
solidation takes effect January 1, 1890.
The road is 63 miles long, extending from
I Bellwood, inlJlair county, seven miles from
.auoons, 10 .runxsuiawney, iu oeuerson
county, tapping bituminous coal fields. The
officers are Charles F. Berwind, President;
Aarou Fries, Vice President: Frank S.
Lewis, Secretary and Treasurer, and H. A.
Berwind, John H. Converse, Aaron Fries,
Stephen Greene, Samuel G. Lewis and John
ACCIDENTS ON THU L K0AD.
Two McnTVIcct Death In a Similar manner
on tbo nm lUornlna;.
rsrscut. txlsqbax to tub dispatch.j
New Tork, December 27. William
Smedlcy, 70 years old, a station agent on
the Brooklyn Elevated Bailroad, attempted
to get on the rear platform of the last car of
a train at the station at Myrtle and Wash
ington avenues. The train had started, and
the old man was unable to get the gate
When Smedley reached the end of the
platform he was struck by trfe guard rail
and knocked off. He fell head foremost to
the street and his skull was fractured ou the
pavement He died instantly.
An unknown man, 40 years old, fell from
the elevated railroad platform at the station,
corner of Bridge street and Myrtle avenue,
this morning and struck upon his head ou
the tracks, sustaining a concussion of tha
He was removed to the city hospital in an
unconscious condition. He will probably
GEN DINE JDTENILE DEPEATITT.
A Little Girl Who stole tbe Pennies From
Her Bead Father' Eye.
tSFECIAI. TELEOHAJI TO TUX DISPATCH.!
Beooklts", N. Y., December 27. A lit
tle, thin-voiced, 12-year-old girl was ac
cused in the Police Court to-day of half a
dozen petty crimes, the worst of which was
tho stealing of tbe pennies from her dead
father's eyes one year ago. Last evening
she tried to pawn two $500 diamond rings
for $2. The jeweler to whom she offered
them took her by the ear and led her to the
A dozen big policemen and detectives
surrounded tbe small child ...and tried in
vain to make her confess where she stole the
jewelry. She passed the night in a cell
without sleeping a wink. To-day in court
she refused to open her head, and she was
given in the care of tbe Humane Society.
The owner of the rings has not been found.
MRS. HAMILTON WILL FIGHT.
Her Answer to tho Petition of Her Hns
bnnd for a Divorce.
New York, December 27. Counsel for
Mrs. Bobert Bay Hamilton to-day filed her
answer to her husband's compiant in his
suit for an annulment of the marriage. She
puts in a general denial of her husband's
allegations against her, including tfie aver
ment that she was married prior to her
union with him.
She says "the ceremony performed on the
7th day of January, 1889, was per
formed at the solicitation and earnest re
quest of the plaintiff, as the proper culmi
nation of the relations subsisting between
GOT IT BAD AT OMAHA.
Two-Thirds of the Population Suffering
From the Knsalan Inflarnzn.
Omaha, Neb., December 27. La grippe,
or Bussian influenza, is prevailing here in
epidemic form. It is estimated that fully
two-thirds of the population are suffering
from it at tbe present time.
It is in mild form, only about half those
attacked being confined to their beds, if
medical treatment is promptly given. There'
have been no deaths.
NO ICE PAUCE THIS VEAR.
For Seasons Unnecrssxrr to Mention tho
Project Hns Been Abandoned.
St. Paul, December 27.Thc Directors
of the Carnival Association have deter
mined to. abandon the building of an ice
EMATTD- HOWE, in to-morrow's
DI3PATOH, gives some val
uable hints to men and maidens
W-o are in love.
NOT THE EIGHT TIME
To Elect a Millionaire a$ Senator
From the Buckeye State.
NO SUSPICION OP CORRUPTION.
Should Eest Upon the Action of thi?resent
AN EXPRESSION FE0K A. W. THTJEMAN
He is Supposed to Represent tbe Vicwi of His Father
Upon tha Subject
Allen W. Thurman, the sou of the "Old
Roman," is decidedly opposed to the choice
of Brice, Thomas or any other millionaire
as Senator from Ohio. He believes that,
whether truthfully or not, such an election
would bearegarded by the public as secured
by money. This would endanger the suc
cess of the party.
ISICtAl. TSXXQBAX TO TUX DISPATCH.!
Columbus, December 27. Mr. A. W.
Thurman, son of Judge Allen G. Thurman,
is given some prominence in the Senatorial
contest because of the supposition that he
represents the sentiments and preferences of
his father in the contest, which is now at
haad. All the prominent candidates for the
Senate find it convenient to call on Judge
Thurman when they come to the city, and
each recognized the importance of his influ
ence by allowing the impression to go out
that he is on friendly terms and has the good
will at least of Thurman.
Allen W. has been talking several days
about promulgating an interview on the
'situation, aud to-day he came to tb,e front
It is supposed to. have the indorsement of
his father. The action of the Cleveland
Democrats, protesting against the selection
of Brice to the Senate, and the appointment
of a committee to take further -action, was
used as a topic to draw Mr. Thurman out
When asked what he thought of the
Cleveland meeting, be said:
VEBY BAD FOLICS".
"Well, it doesn't strike me favorably.
The Democratic party, for the first time in
ten years, is now united. Such a movement
as this is certain not to be conducive to con
tinued harmony. When, too, you take into
consideration how soon things are forgotten
iq this world, aad how nncertain men's
prophecies are, I think it much wiser
course to trust to the judgment of the mem
bers of the General Assembly themselves,
than to try to influence their" judgment in
the way indicated. The members-elect, as
far as I know, are not only capable of set
tling this matter as it should be, but also
men who cannot be influenced, either di
rectly or indirectly, byother than what they
believe to be for the best Interests of the
"It seems to me that the main objections
to both Mr. Brice and Mr. Thomas, in the
attacss made, are overlooked, aud that is,
no matter what are their qualifications, no
matter how purely they may conduct their
canvass, no matter if everything is ap
parently as clear and white as snaw, neither
they themselves nor the Democratic party
can make the great public believe that
money was not used.
MONET JOT POLITICS.
"This, too, can be said without reflecting
upon tl)e gentlemen named', for this idea of
conducting political campaigns on a cash
basis i tha almost unlimited belief among,
all classesyr thepotehcy of tnoner in
politics "as so permeated the whole Body
politic. Republicans and Democrats alike,
that anyone who expresses his disbelief Is
looked upon asientirely too good for this
earth, and that be ought to migrate-to the
place where angels dwell.
"This is no theory, but a condition with
which the Democratic party is now confront
ed, and the greatquestlon is: Do the members
of the Legislature intend to strengthen this
idea, or" as far as they are able dissipate it?
My great objection to the election of Mr.
Buce and Mr; Thomas is that it would
strengthen it I am led to this belief, not only
from what I know as to how a large number
of politicians consider these things, but
from the cordial conversations I have had
with I cannot tell how many people, who
'baven't the slightes: interest in the matter
JUST AN INSTANCE.
For instance, yesterday I met one; of the
most reputable attorneys in this city. The
man takes no active part in politics at all,
and the first question ne asked was: 'Well,
Thurman, has anybody given a receipt in
full for his Senatorship? Only a short
time afterward I met a member of the Legis
lature, who is respected by everyone who
knows him. I asked him who was going to
be Senator. 'Brice, was his reply, 'be
cause he has themost moneyl'
"And so it goes from mouth to mouth, and
it is becoming so plain that this i3 the gen
eral thought, that I cannot believe the Dem
ocratic members of the "General Assembly
intend again to place onr party In the cate
gory where we have been during the past
six years, either to gratify personal ambition
or as,a reward for par.ty services rendered."
A TIME FOB ALL THINGS.
"I do not mean to say that men never de
serve recognition and preference for services
rendered their party, nor do I take any
stock in the cry because a man is rich there
fore he is dishonest and Bhould never be
given such preference, but I do say there is
a time for all things, and that tbe present is
not such, not only for the reasons given, bnt
also from the fact that should either of
these gentlemen be elected the tendency
could not but help strengthen and make
more widespread the belief that only
through the agency of money can political
matters of any kind be successfully con
ducted. "The ultimate results of the acts of this
.kind can not help bnt increase the already
demoralized state of the public mind. This
in time will not only increase corruption in
politics, but end iu so disgusting all the
better class of citizens that they will soon
lose all interest in the duties they owe to
themselves as citizens.
BAD ENOUGH NOW.
"Everybody knows that this state of af
fairs is bad enough to-day, and I believe it
is the duty of every man to do uothing that
will make it worse."
"Don't you suppose that Mr. Brice and
Mr. Thomas both understand and see this?"
"If they da not neither of them is fit to
to be a Senator, and if they do, and still
continue (which they will do) to fight for
such a Wanamakcr honor, they are also
unfitted for such a position."
The friends of Brice and Thomas attribute
the opposition of Thurman to the fact that
he is desirous of aiding Congressman Outli
waite as a compromise candidate, and who.
It is understood, will announce himself in
the next few days as a candidate.
MAY NOW BG SETTLED.
Solicitor Hepburn Hna n Plan I o Reconcile
Washington, December 27, Solicitor
Hepburn has returned to Washington from
New York, and is now engaged in the
preparation of his report on tha condition of
affairs at Castle Garden.
It is.understood that he will recommend,
certain changes in the present immigiant
system, with a view to reconciling the long
prevailing differences between the Federal
and mu nici ial authorities in charge of im
migration affairs t the port of New York.
THOUSANDS HAYE IT.
The Grippe Strikes Massachusetts Qnlto
Hard At liens 33,008 Cases tq Ibe
City of Boston Alone Other
Places Badly Affected.
tfpicui, RLEanjut to ras BisruTcnJ
Boston, December 27. Twenty-five
thousand, says City Physician McCollom,
are the figures necessary to cover the, cases
of influenza now in Boston. The physicians,
however are confident that the epidemie
has had its run now, especially since the
cold wave has struck in. Said Mr. McCol
lom: "I have had but one new case in the
city jail to-day, which would seem to- indi
cate that the influenza is abating, but it
may be that it has only exhausted itself in
my limited field of observation. When the
influenza goes It will go as suddenly as it
came, but no one can tell when it will 50.
In the event that the weather turns cold and
clear the diseass will be' likely to disap
pear;" Dr. Durgin, Chairman of the Board of
Health, says that it is not at all improbable
that 10 per" cent of the residents of Boston
hare been afflicted with tbe epidemic. Tbe
disease id Itself is not fatal. Most of the
Cases which have come under Dn Dnrgin's
notice have been very severe, lasting- irom
two to lour davs, and when the fever disap
peared the patients were left oftentimes. with
very troublesome coughs and complete pros
tration. In the suburbs tbe disease has a
strong hold. Mayor Cnamplin, of Chelsea,
and Mayor Burr, ot Newton, are both sick
In Cambridge many of the clerks ire. un
able to be at their desks, and at the house of
correction in Cambridge 133 out of 350 pris
oners are sick. Sixty ensoners in Salem
jail are confiped to their bunks. The doc
tors estimate that there are 1,000 cases of in
fluenza in Maiden, Judge Sherman, of
Salem, was obliged to remain at his home
this morning, bv reason of illness, and there
Trill be no session of the Superior Civil
Court until Monday on account of the
NOT YEEY FAH AWAI.
The Mlsslnc Cashier of a Conshohocken
Bank Seen Near tbe Scene of HU Do
falcntlon A 3lan Who Knows
nici Well Met Him
rSFECIAZi TS-GBt TO TOT SISFATCnVI
Philadelphia, December 27. The
missing cashier of the Tradesmen's National
Bank of Conshohocken, William Henry I
Cressou, has been seen near the scene of his
crime. Several rumora have been started
that persons well acquainted with Cresson
have seen him near Conshohocken, but Bob-f
ert S. Condon, a resident of Norristown,
said positively to-day that be had seen
Cresson on Christmas night, in tnat city.
Mr. Condon, who knows Cresson well,
when asked if it were true that he had seen
the misting cashier, said: "Yes, I saw Mr.
Cresson on Christmas night I was walking
pretty rapidly out Mam street, near the
residence of "the late General Hartranft,
when I noticed a man, also walking fast, in
front of me. I did not nay any particular
attention to the man until we reached the
corner where the lamppost stood. As he
passed under the light I was struck by the
similarity between him and the missing
cashier of the Conshohocken bank. I hur
ried forward, and Cresson for I am sure it
was he turned down tbe street and walked
in tbe direction of the railroad station at
the foot of Franklin street I did not fol
The general impression has been, ever
since Cresson disappeared with $90,000, the
property ol the Tradesmen's National Bank
that be was hiding near rib home. .Friends,
it is said, have extended a helping hand to
hide Cresson from detection and help him
in concealment until tbe statute of limita
tion will bar him from being criminally in
dicted for his crime.
A SUIT FOR PATENT RIGHTS.
The Alleged Appropriation of a Peculiarly
Constructed Slock Car.
CHiCAG0,December27. Mr. James Mont
gomery, of East Miltstone, N. J., com
menced suit to-day in the United States
Circnit Court against the American Live
Stock Transportation Company, Nelson
Mo rris, President,, and against Nelson Mor
ris individually, for damages to the amount
of $150,000 for an infringement and appro
priation of inventions and devices as se
cured to him under patents of August 7
1888, and February 5, 1889. When seen, in
reference to the suit this evening Mr. Mont
gomery said that tbe live stock company,
through Mr. Morris, bad 00 patent stock
cars constructed and, without hi3 (Mont
gomery's) knowledge or consent, used his
exclusive patent and inventions in their
Similar suits, he says, will be begun im
mediately against some half dozen or more
railroad tympanies who have been hauling
stock cars constructed without his consent
under his patents.
OKLAHOMA'S ELECTION DAI,
Two Companies of Cavalry Will be Thereto
Washington, December 27. Acting on
instructions from the War Department,
General Merritt, commanding the Depart
ment of the Missouri, has ordered two com
panies of cavalry to Oklahoma to remain
there until after the election, which takes
place on the 30th. ,
Beports just received from Oklahoma are
to tbe effect that there is no likelihood of
any serious trouble there on election day.
INGALLS 1US INFLUENZA.
The Kansas Senator Hna Been Attacked by
lbs Popular Disease.
Atchison, ELan., December 27. Sena
tor John J, Ingalls, who is at his home here
spending the holiday vacation, was seized
with a cold last night, this morning devel
oping mild symptoms of the Bussian influ
enza. The attack is not sefions, however, al
though it compelled Mr. Ingalls to cancel
an engagement to address the State Teach
ers' Association at Topeka to-day.
WENT DOWN WITH il'GINTT.
Several Acres of Land Near Wilkesbarre
Tako n Sadden Tnmble.
WrLKESBABUE, December 27. A cave
in of large proportions occurred at Piainr, a
suburb, this afternoon. Without warning
the surface of the earth settled and great
boles presented themselves, some of them
30 feet deep. At St Leo a church was dam
aged, as were also the parsonage and several
other buildings. Several acres were
Mrs. Parnell Stilt Needs Money.
Bobdentown, N. J., December 27.
Mrs. Delia Parnell, mother of Charles
Stewart Parnell, states that she has received
only one-quarter of the Jj.OOO reported to
have been presented to her. and that when
all her obligations are met there will be but
a small margin left for future necessities.
t2?-EV. T. DE WITT TALMAGB
and Marian White write for to
morrow's DISPATCH an interest
insr romance entitled "Outsets of
Ne-w Years; Two Annual Com
mencements by a Fortune Seeker.
LETS. FOB SALES. ETCC? FOS
May be banded in at the, mala advertising'
office of The Dispat"" ' tta avenue, np to
Eli FOB TIFF,
A Begnfiirotection DayJe-
TTTrtTT TimT.n .TlTTAntmTJTl I
nivin jsiuxio lv luudaxii
By Pitts.nrgers Interested
Plate and Iron.
A VIRGINIAN AGAINST HAEEKON'
Protectionists had a big inning In the
tariff hearing yesterday. Pittsburgers pro- 'JtM
tesieu aiusb low urui qu uut cruciousi
steel, enameled iron and wire rods. Virgin
ian3 argued for protection for coal and iron,
and a cutlery manufacturer spoke for pre
tection for his Dusines3. Politics entered
somewhat into the discussion. '
Washington, December 27. The Ways
and Means Committee, at to-day's meeting,
listened to --statement by C.S. Landers, of
New Britain, Conn., on the subject ot table
cutlery. He was satisfied with the provis
ions of the Senate bill, except in regard to
one feature of the classification. TSe'aVer
age duty on table cutlery imposed by tbe bill,
was 52 per cent, and the change ia classifica
tion wonld increase the. average to 56j
percent The cutlery manufacturers would"'
have to be protected or they would have to
Hon. J. Logan Chipman, of Michigan,
read telegrams from various stove firms iu
Michigan, protesting against mica being re
moved from the free list
Cnarles Brice, representing the Gold
Dealers' Association, argued in favor of an -gj
increased duty on gold leaf and bronze
the duty; on anvils.
The anvil, the oldest implement known to
mankind, as it was characterized by Mr.
Clark Fisher, of Trenton, N. J., was the
next subject of discussion, and that gentle
man presented the reasons why the duty
should be increased. Ot tbs anvils used in
the United States, about two-thirds were
imported. He advocated an imposition of
adutvof 2 3-10 cents a pound unon anvils.
aud be believed that if that was done they
would be sold cheaper to the consumer, as
it would enable the manufacturers to in
crease their output Forty years ago, when
be first went into- business, there were 25
anvil firms in the country. Now they had
become extinct with three exceptions. To
lower the duty would have the effect of
wiping out these three establishments.
Mr. William C. Cronemeyer, of Pittsburg,
described the unsuccessful efforts of Ameri
can manufacturers to produce tin plates at a
profit In 1873 the firm with which ha was
connected had started to manufacture tin
plates, and for three years bad been sueoess
jul. At that time th'e price of ordinary tin
plate was $12 a ton, but it had fallen to $i,
and his firm had been obliged, in 1888, to go
out of that line of business. Then the prica -had
again gone up, since the competition
bad been withdrawn.
In response to Queries br Mr. Burrows.
Mr. Cronemever said that to manufacture
a box of tin plate in this country cost about
$5 CO, while in England it could be pro-'
1 -l V , jV"s ' VfaMVW ,-.-
iriuuieu 10 ine umerencein tne cost 01 jaoor.
The present duty was not a protective one,
but that proposed by the Senate bill, while
not as high as it ought to be. had the merits "
of being protective. If the tin plate) indus
try could" be built up in this country it
would support a number of people nearly
equal to the population of New York City.
In conclusion Mr. Cronemeyer read an ex-
tact from the Ironmonger, published at -
London, warning the Y elsh tin pute man-
uiartnrers ot tne enort oeing maoe in Amer- H
ica to increase duty on that article.
w 1111am jnetcair, 01 Jtrittsourg, interested ml
in tne production ot crucible steeJ, impressed
upon the committee the fact that since a
tariff had been on steel and iron the cost to
the consumer of articles manufactured of
these materials bad been reduced. He stated!
that be sold steel to Mr. Fisher, to be used
in the manufacture of anvils, and that
within 21 years the price of this steel had I
fallen from 30 to 60 per cent fM
GEOEGE OLIVEB'S VIEWS.
Mr. Georee T. Oliver, of Pittsbursr. ad.
dressed the committee on behalf of the wire-
rod industry, including wire rods,' wire nails
and barb wire tor fencintr nurooses. He da-
scribed the growth of tbe business, and H
us&eu mat uo rcMucuon oexnaue la tne amy
on these articles, as the snpply was able to '
meet the demand, and stated that if tha '
tariff was reduced, the price to the con
sumer would have to'be advanced, and that
if the provisions proposed by the Senate '
tariff bill of last session be carried out, they '
would be well satisfied.
A. B. Campbell, of West Virginia, an 1
extensive nau manufacturer, was tne next
sneaker. He was examined as to the condi
tion of this business, etc., and urged that m
tuc uubjr (jiupuac ujr tue oeaaK uuru 0111
be adopted. Mr. Campbell controverted a
statement made by Mr. Oliver, to the effect,
that the wire nail was cheaper than the cut;,
nail, and contended that tue contrary wast
After a short recess, F. J. Slade, ot Tren
ton, n. J., addressed the committee on tha!
subject of structural iron. The pries ofi
iron oeams to-aay was 3 J.-1U cents a pound:
When he went into the business 20 yean
ago the price was about doable that
A. COMBINATION COSrESSED.
In response to a question by Mr. Flower. ..
Mr. Slade stated that there was a combina-j
tion among the producers of structural Iron,' 3
out ne denied mat tne proms ot the Dusj-1
ness were too large. They did not averagsl
mere than 8 per cent Unrestricted compel
tition would lead to bankruptcy. Combinanl
tion was advantageous to trade, and it wai
tho duty of persons engaged in business to
look after their own business. The manu
facturers of beams simply said to one anJ
other: "Let us charge a fair price forWr
own goods." That was all the combination
there was. No effort had been madto
crusn out tne nrms tnat uia not Deiongsto
the combination, and there was no under?
standing that the production should be lis
General Imboden, of Virginia, speaklnz
for bis section of country, favored the reteni
tion ot the duty on coal and iron ore. "Jin
fact, he felt that it would be a wise policyto
increase that duty. He described the rrowtri
ot tbe coal, iron and railroad industry, in
Virginia, Tennessea and Kentucky, and
contended that all this industry wcnldybe
imperiled if coal were placed on tbe free
vAuuA,vr Jivn ouuA.il. J
Having; stated that coal from Virginia
coat neias was soia in v est inaia ana Cen
tral America, General Imboden was asked
Dy -air. uarnsie whether, h that were true;
tbe Virginia coal producers could not com:
pete in their own country with the Nova
Scotia coal. Mr. Imboden responded in tKn
negative, and declared that an abolitioifof
the duty would ruin the coal industryTfof
Virginia, ne then proceeded to arguefin
support 01 retaining me amy on iron'ore?
He represented not skilled labor. bu-un3
skilled labor. The men who workedjtbf
uiiuc ju me dquiu ircro))riucipMVuegroeswl
-.iiesc people had to be proyidedigwiih'
Continued on Seventh JPage. ."