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" TRIPLE NUMBER
EW FISCAL SCHEME
Britain's Gold Supply So Per
ilously Low That Silver
Will Be Utilized
FOR CURRENCY PURPOSES.
The Bi-Hetalists Are Accordingly in
a Very Happy Frame of
Hind Over It.
A VICTORY TOR THEIR YIEWS.
Country Bants and Joint Stock Companies
Will Oppose This Latest Brit
ish Financial Prelect.
THE ISSUE OP SILTEE BOTES
TOU Irjtrt Their Hcrttcfcre FrclUMe Btimess, Ccn-
scc.tcr.Uy They Will Bitterly
KAIEIKG TEE OLD TOEGEKT GHOST
TBT CABLE TO THE JJISPATCH.1
London, Jan. 3L, Copyrighted. The
financial schemes outlined by Mr. Goschen,
Chancellor of the Exchequer, in a speech at
Leeds, hare had, on the whole, a favorable
reception. The bi-mctallists are delighted
with them, because it is believed the pro
posed 10-shilling note, payable in silver,
will grow so quickly in popular favor that
the Treasury will be encouraged to make a
new 1 note payable in the same metal.
Goschen's proposals would have been re
ceived a few years ago with general sus
picion and disfavor; but bi-metallisrr is no
longer regarded as an enemy of the human
race and it is undeniable that the
so-called heresy has gained ground
in a remarkable manner, thanks, in
a large measure, to the persistent,
patient, propaganda of the Bi-mctallic
League. Before taking the world into his
confidence, Mr. Goschen took care to assure
himself of the general support of some of
the great financiers of the city of London
upon some points and of the benevolent
neutrality, if not of the public approval, of
Country Banks in Opposition.
The chief opposition will come (rom the
private country banks and the London joint
stock hanks. The former will lose a lucra
tive small note business, as the new notes,
when sanctioned, will be issued solely by
the Ban of England. The 'joint stock:
banks object to any arbitrary fixation of the
proportion of cash reserves to liabilities.
They are private traders, and, as such, deny
the richt of Government to interfere with
their manner of doing business, unless they
receive in return, say, some of the privileges
enjoyed by the Bank of England.
Thee objections are not likely to receive
much popular support, and Mr. Goschen
will probably give them scant considera
tion. It cannot be denied that London's re
serve of gold to liabilities is perilously
email. Last month the proportion, calcu
lated upon the return of the joint stock
banks, was 11 and 7-10 rcr cent, and even
that was above the average. Mr. Goschen
hinted at a comtralsory proportion of 25 per
cent, but it is more likely to be fixed at 20
per cent. Private bankers are saying that,
in this matter of cash reserves, reform
should commence at the Bank of England.
Tirst Note of Alarm.
It seems that it has been the custom of
the Bank of England directors to treat
hankers,' balances like private deposits, and
to lend them freely, so that returns as to
cash reserves don't give anything like a
proper Idea of the bank's position at any
The first note of alarm on the subject ot
the 10 shilling silver notes was sounded to
day by the Economist, which is the leading
financial paper in this country, It points
out that the notes cannot be substituted for
fcilvcr without considerable expense
"There is a saving," it says,
"in substituting paper for gold
coins, because we lose more through 'he
wear and tear of gold coinage than it costs
to emit and maintain notes. But there is
no such gain to be realized by substituting
notes for silver. On the contrary, the cost
of maintaining silver notes would be greater
than the cost of maintaining silver cur
rency. "for whose benefit would this loss be in
curred? Uot for that of the working popu
lation, who are quite content with silver
coins, and would probably prefer them to
nrtcs, but for the benefit of bankers and em
ployers of labor, who wish to be saved Eome
little trouble or inconvenience."
Raising the I"orsery Ghost.
The forgery bogey has been brought on
to frighten the public in advance against
the new notes. It is recalled that when 1
i6tcs were currency in England, they were
continually aud success'ully forged, not
withstanding that quite half a dozen bank
lorrcrs were convicted aud hanged every
George Cruikshank, the famous carica
turist, published a grim parody on the one
pound note, with side borders of prison
irous and ghastlier ornamentation, in the
shape of a gallows, with 11 men and women
hanged therefrom. The popular outcry be
cime so great that one-pound notes were
abolished in 182(5; but notes iu those days
were rudely engraved on thick common
paper, and, therefore, easily counterfeited.
The Bank of England notes of the present
time are held to be absolutely unchange
able. The last attempt of the kind was
made by a syndicate of clever scoundrels in
1863, and utterly failed, although they man
aged to steal a large quantity of the beauti
ful water-lined notepaper from the private
mills of the Bank of England at Laver
stokc TILL FOB HOME BULK
Gladstone Means to Keep Up the Fight
While Health Lasts.
IBT CABLE TO THE DISrATCB.l
Lojjdox, Jan. 31, Gladstone has come
to town for the session and has been at the
House of Commons every day this week
looking the picture oi good health. Ridicu
lous reports nave been printed respecting his
alleged intention to retire from public life.
The Grand Old Han has declared emphat
ically that so long as his health and strength
should last he will keep on fighting for
Gladstone is not at all concerned at the so
called negotiations at Boulogne, having been
placed in possession of information which
enables him to understand the true position
of affairs in the Irish camp. Parcell has re
pudiated the idea of a truce and is at this
moment on his way to Ennis, where another
ereat demonstration is to be made in his
CRISPI HAS FALLEN.
THE ITALIAN PEEMIES MAKES A BAD
BSEAK IN PARLIAMENT.
An Allusion to a Former Administration
Causes a Member of His Own Cabinet to
Desert Ulm The Government Defeated
Crlspi Will Resign.
Eome, Jan. St, In the debate to-day in
the Chamber of Depnties-on the spirit taxes
bill, Signor Crispi, the Prime Minister,
urged that the taxes proposed by the Gov
ernment were imperatively necessary to
prevent Italy from falling again to the
servile condition she was in as regards
foreign powers in 1874. The Conservative
members of the chamber, who were
in office in 1874 protested in an up
roarious manner against the language of
the Prime Minister. Finally the present
Minister of Pnblio Works, who was a mem
ber or the Cabinet in 1874, left the Treasury
bench amid much enthusiasm on the part
of the Conservatives. "
Siznor Crispi was greatly agitated, and
became deathly pale. He tried to explain
his words, but he could not be heard above
the howls of his opponents. The bill was
finally rejected, a large majority of the
members voting against it. When the re
sult of the vote was made known, Signor
Crispi announced that he would resign. The
crisis is complete. It is doubtful whether
Signor Crispi will be able to reconstruct the
Signor Crispi at 8:30 o'clock to-night pro
ceeded to the Qnirinal Palace to place his
resignation in the hands of King Humbert.
King Humbert received Premier Crispi,
but declined to accept his resignation until
he had further considerea the situation.
POBTTJGAL'S TODKO BXBELIION.
It is Suppressed After a Day's Tfard Fight
ing in Oporto.
Opobto, Pgbtugal, Jan. 31. A revolt
broke ont in the streets .of this city to-day,
which, after desperate fighting, was sup
pressed by 420 P. -M.
Shortly after the beginning of the revolt
the insurgent troops and a portion of the
Fiscal Gnards, and led by two non-commissioned
officers, seized the Hotel de Yille
in Bom Pedro square and proposed to there
aud then declare a republic How
ever, a strong body of loyal troops,
composed of artillery and fusiliers,
promptly surrounded and laid siege to the
Hotel de Ville. "When that building was
well surrounded, the artillery opened fire
upon it, and soon caused the bricks to fly
about the heads of the insurgents who de
fended the building. The hpRjbardinentof
the building by the artillery was followed
by a combined, well laid and cleverly-directed
infantry attack upon the insurgents.
The fighters behaved grandly, keeping up
a rattling fire aud advancing at the same
time. Alter a feeble resistance the insur
gents surrendered unconditionally. The loss
on both sides, so far as known, was slight
The insurgents will be tried by court mar
tial, and in all probability the ringleaders
will be shot.
HEPABATION TO BBADEAITGH.
He Died In Ignorance of What Had Been
Done for Him.
rBT CABLE TO THE HISrATCn.
London, Jan. 31. Bradlaugh aied with
out the satisfaction of knowing that the
House of Commons had made tardy repara
tion of the wrong done to him when it pre
vented him from taking his seat by striking
the whole of the entries respecting those
iniquities from the proceedings of the House
of Commons' records. Bradlaugh had
lain exhausted and semi-consciouj
for some davs, and it was
not deemed advisable to disturb him hy
allusions to political doings. The position
which the deceased had won for himself in
Parliamentary life in a few short years, and
the respect in which he was held by all
parties is remarkable, and in strange con
trast to the bitter persecution and calumny
which he endured ten years ago.
Ko private member of the House of Com
mons introduced and psssed so many hills
for the benefit of thcTpublic, as he. It will
be difficult to replace him. Bradlaugh will
be buried on Tuesday next at Woking, and
those attending are requested by relatives, in
accordance with his known whb,not to wear
A MOTHER'S SUIT.
Asking for Heavy Damaces for a Very
TBT CABLE TO THE PISFATCn.1
London, Jan. 13. A case unique in the
annals of litigation was decided in Ireland
this week. A lady, who was among the
susvivors of the disastrous Armagh railway
accident and received 800 damages for the
injuries she sustained, brought further ac
tion against the railway company in respect
to her infant, which was born prematurely
after the accident, and so malformed that it
will probably be an incumbrance for life.
The Judges held the company had entered
into no contract to carry the unborn babe.
They had issued no ticket for.it and had no
knowledge of its being in the train. In the
eye of the law the mother was the carrier of
the babe and not the railway company, and
she mnst bear the responsibility. The
mother was non-suited, accordingly.
A TBIP THROUGH ASIA.
Captain Burnaby's Famous Bide to Khiva
to Be Imitated.
tBT CABLE TO TBI DISPATCH.
LONDON', Jan. 31. A sensational ride is
about to be attempted by an English artil
lery captain, who has made some mark in
steeplechase races. He proposes to start
early in 'March from Quetto and proceed
through Afghanistan via Cabul, Balku,
Bothara and Khiva and so into Bussia.
Then across Bussia, Poland and Germany
to Calais. He means taking two horses,
leading and riding each in turn, and trusts
to making an average of 200 miles per week.
He will publish a narrative of his ad
ventures on his return, and the book will
probably attract as much interest as Captain
Burnaby's work on bis famous ride to
.A BABKEB IN HOI WATEE.
The Contested Control of the Irish. Funds
Giving Him Trouble.
Pabxs, Jan. 3L Mr. Parnell's prolonga
tion of the Irish imbroglio is keeping John
Monroe, the American hanker or Paris, in
hot water. Mr. Munroe is continually be
ing questioned in connection with the Irish '
funds in his hank.
He says: "The money being deposited In
the names of individuals, I am supposed to
know nothing of the political bearings of
the question involved. This is my invaria
BEATEN BY THEMSELVES.
THE SCOTCH BAHA7AY ETEIKE FAILED
.'BY BAD MANAGEMENT.
It Is the Same Old Story Over Again With
Kallway Workers John Barns Held
Partly to Blame His Intemperate
Speeches Were Condemned.
tBT CABLE TO THE PISFATCB.1
London, Jan. 3L The failure of the
Scotch railway strike will encourage capi
talists and injuriously affect trade unions
all over the country, for the struggle in
Scotland was a staud-up fight between the
two classes. The men have been beaten
simply through trade union mismanage
ment. Plenty of money was .sent from
England, aud there is actually over 10,000
in the strike treasury to-day. It has, in fact,
once more been proved that railway work
ers, even with the assistance of outside
unions, are incapable of winning a strike,
and their impotence will continue until
they have acquired irresistible strength by
combining in one organization embracing
every railroad in the United Kingdom.
The last railway strike took place three
years ago, -when 2,000 engineers and firemen
on the Midland road left their work only to
-sue, cap in hand, within a week or two for
reinstatement Every railway strike, prop
erly so called, has similarly failed, and as
one result of this latest disaster, the railwsy
directors confidently anticipate a long
period of peace. The more prosperous com
panies are making a show of inquiring
voluntarily into the grievances of their men,
and all concessions are the order of the day.
A curious personal feature ot the Scotch
struggle is the part taken in it by John
Burns. He went to Scotland soon alter the
fight commenced, and when the men looked
like winning, he staked his reputation on the
result, and his prestige is consequently to
day badly battered. The Scotchmen have
little to thank him for. His intemperate
harangues alienated many well wishers.
Finally he quarreled with the local news
papers and caused mortal offense to the re
porters by acensing them of taking bribes
from the railroad directors. The strike lead
ers were called upon to repudiate Burns'
libels, and as they failed to do so, the news
papers boycotted the strike to the extent of
ignoring the men's meetings. It is now
suggested that the boycott should he made
general in regard to all of Burns' public
WORLD'S LABOR EXHIBITION.
It IS Set Down as a Speculative Scheme and
Wm Fall Through.
tBT CABLE TO THE DISF.iTCR.1
London, Jan. 31. It is probable that
the scheme for a world's labor exhibition in
London, to which reference was made here a
few weeks ago, will fall throueb. The labor
leaders suspect that the promoters are quite
ordinary speculators instead of philanthro
pists, filled with zeal for industrial pro
gress, as the world has been given to under
stand. The chief promoter is a man named
Lavigerie, of whose financial and Bocial.
standing nobody seems to know anything. A
lot of money has been spent in the printing
aud mailing of elaborate circular?, and some
or these may1 have reached America,' "
Intending exhibitors would be wise to
wait awhil British trade unions will not
give their support to Laviciere'a- project,
and without their countenance any labor
exhibition here is foredoomed to failure.
THE RULE FOB JURORS.
Judge BIddle's Decision in the Philadelphia
rSrlCCJAI. TELEOBAM TO THE DISPATOH.I
Philadelphia, Jan. 31. Further testi
mony was heard to-day by Judge Biddle re
garding the case of Thomas Beatty, foreman
of the, shoe manufacturers, Laird, Schafer &
Mitchell, who have been arrested charged
with obstructing the administration of jus
tice in discharging Charles W. Peterson,
one of his workmen for serving on the jury.
When the evidence was concluded His
The offense of which Sir. Beatty is charged is
a very serious one. If a man. every time he Is
subpoenaed here, ran the risk of losing his
means of support for himself and family, we
conld scarcely enforce the attendance of any
body with out considerable difficulty. We are
always ready, on proper application, as far as
banking; institutions and large business estab
lishments aro concerned to relieve employes as
far as lies in our power, but
anything to prevent tho attendance of the men
because it may cause them temporary incon
venience cannot be tolerated for a moment.
On former occasions, according to tho testi
mony, tms firm had not been in the habit of re
fusing the men when called upon to perform
the dnty of jurymen and witnesses. I think in
this case it has been established that there was
justifiable cause for the discharge, and where
that exists ana the parties disclaim any inten
tion of wrong, I am not disposed to find fault
with them in that regard. I discharge Mr.
LONG IN LITIGATION.
A Celebrated Ohio Railroad Case Beaches
the Supreme Court.
rerECLLL txlegbah to the dispatch. I
CoirrjiBUS, O., Jan. 31. Suit to reverse
thejudgment of the Luoas county court in
the case of Judge Stevenson Burke against
the Columbus, Hocking Valley and Toledo
Bailroad was filed in the Supreme Court to
day. The Lucas county courts found for
Burke, the amount Involved being about
$8,000,000. The case has had a long run in
the courts, and in each instance the finding
has been tor Burke.
The case of the Cleveland, Lorain and
Wheeling Bailroad Company against Caro
line E. "Vennum, error to the Circuit Court
of Belmont county, was filed in the Supreme
Court The defendant in error sued the
company for $2,000 damages. The action
was based on the fact that the company
built its tracks in such close proximity to
her property in Martins Ferry that the cin
ders, dust, noise, and other inevitable effects
made the house unprofitable. She recovered
5512 50. .
A QUESTION TO BE SETTLED.
North Dakota's Supremo Court Will Pass
on Original Packages.
Faego, N. D., Jan. 31. The State Su
preme Court is to hold a short term in this
city during the next week, beginning Mon
day. The most important case to be tried
will be the test original package case, which
is set for hearing on Monday.
The decision of the Court in this case will
probably be not long delayed, as the Legis
lature will want an opportunity to make
amendments to the existing law in case
there is any necessity for so doing. The
term oi the Legislature is nearly half ex
THDEN IS NAKED.
He Gets the Appointment of. Deputy Secre
tary of State,
Habisisbubg, Jan. 3L A. L. Tilden, of
Erie, has received the appointment of
Deputy Secretary of the Commonwealth.
Mr. Tilden was the defeated Democratic
candidate for Congress iu the Erie district
at the last election,
THE PIPE OF PEACE
Smoked by Cleveland and Hill at the"
Manhattan Club Dinner.
EACH COMPLIMENTS THE 0THEE.
The Ex-President Feels That Dayld Will
Make a Good Senator. -
FACE TO FACE AFTER THE BANQUET
rsrxciAL telegram to the disfatch.1
Nfiw Xobk, Jan. 31. The dinner given
by Colonel William L. Brown to the Gov
ernors of the Manhattan Club to-night was
made noteworthy by the presence of both
Governor Hill and Governor Cleveland.
Considerable importance was attached to the
dinner, owing to reports that it was to be a
harmony dinner, so far as Governor HJU1
and Mr. Cleveland were concerned. And it
was a harmony dinner.
The rival candidates for Presidental
honors sat at the same board, exchanged
elaborate compliments and shook hands at
parting. When it was learned that invita
tions iad been sent to both of these gentle
men, and that each had accepted without
the knowledge that the other had been ih
vited, a few wagers were laid that one of
them would be prevented from at
tending. While both of them were
present at the dinner, only Mr.
Cleveland was there in time to greet the
other guests before setting down to table.
He arrived at 7 o'clock and was met in the
main hall by Mr. Oelrichs, who led him up
the grand stair case to a parlor on the sec
ond floor. At 7:40 the gentlemen marched
into the library and took their places at a
novel table that had been made expressly
for the occasion. There were gathered all
the Governors and greetings were exchanged.
Governor HUl.s Arriual.
Colonel Brown said that Governor Hiil
was engaged in reviewing the Twenty
second Regiment, and that by his request
the dinner would not be delayed for him,
as it would probably be late when he ar
rived. At 9 o'clock Governor Hill was an
nounced. Colonel Brown and Mr. Oelrichs
greeted him and ushered him into
the room. There -was a ripple
of applause. The Governor bowed
aud took his seat on the right of
Colonel Brown. The .other guests on
the Colonel's right were Calvin S. Brice,
Daniel Gilbert, .Edward Schell, Robert
MacLay, Bobert Taylor, George G. Hanen,
De Lancey Nicoll, J. Edward Simmons,
O. O. Baldwin, Judge Allen, Commissioner
Gilroy, Register Fitzgerald and Benjamin
President Coudert sat at the end of the
table facing Colonel Brown. On the Colo
nel's left sat Lieutenant Governor Jones,
Jtadges "Vanbruht, Lawrence, O'Brien and
Truax, Senator Goodwin, Herman Oelrichs,
CommissionerCram, F. B. Pendleton, E. D.
Farrell, Leicester Holme, John Hone, Jr.,
Walter Stanton, John T. Agnewand Grover
Cleveland, Mr. Cleveland tberefore facing
Governor Hill across the length of the
Air. Cleveland's Address,
The conversation during the dinner was
general, and was confined to subjects foreigiw
to .polities. It-wrs nearly 10 o'clock jfi&i
ma frenuemenr ignfceu iueirr cijcura, aim
Colonel Browrtrose aud in a brief speefeh
welcomed his guests. He then asked
Mr. Cleveland to speak. Mr. Cleveland
rose and talked for n few minutes. After
some complimentary talk about the club,
Mr. Cleveland, looking at Governor Hill,
said that he was more than pleased to meet
the distinguished gentleman, who was the
honored guest of the club. The gentleman
had been twice called to the office ot Chief
Executive of the State,and then had been ele
vated to the higher office of Senator. As
Governor he has always done his duty, and
Mr. Cleveland had uo doubt that in the
higher office to which he had been called
he would win the confidence of the people S3
he had won it in the past.
Governor Hill's turn came next. He said
that he wished to thank the honorable gen
tleman who had just preceded him for the
kind words he had spoken. He considered
it an honor to be praised so highly by one
who had filled the highest office in the gift of
the people, and had filled it with such honor
to himself. He hoped that when his own
term of office should expire, be might re
turn to the people ot the State that had
honored him, having won the same esteem
as that in which the ex-President was now
Cleveland and Hill Meet.
The gnests of Colonel Brown rose to
gether after the speechniakiug was over, and
a desultory conversation was continued for
a lew minutes. Yery shortly after they left
the table Governor Hill and Mr. Cleveland,
in a seeming accidental manner, approached
each other, extended their right hands
toward each other, and smiled. It would
be hard to say which one initiated the
movement to shake hands.
They shook hands aud remained in con
versation for several minutes, inquiring
solicitously after each other's bodily health.
They separated 'with a slight bow. The
dinner party shortly afterward broke up.
It was then about midnight.
LOOKING UP THE BANES.
First Meeting of the Legislative Committee
rSrECIAI. TELEGRAM TO THE PISFATCB.1
Philadelphia, Jan. 31. The legisla
tive committee to examine into the State
banks and banking coucerus and corpora
tions acting under the law of Pennsylvania,
which was appointed about a week ago, met
in parlor O of the Lafayette Hotel
this evening, Senator Bobinson, of Dela
ware county, in the chair. The Dela
mater banking failure and the
irregularities and dangers of depositing
public money were the animating cause ot
tie formation of such a committee by the
Legislature. A rigid and exhaustive in
quiry will be made into the methods and
financial standing of all such corporations.
Last night the committer merely met for
organization and to develop a plan for
action. There wire present Senators Bobin
son, Packer and Dunlap and Bepresenta
tives Marshall, Walton, W. P. Morrison,
Sands and Flad. On Monday the commit
tee will start on their tour.
THE NEW TARIFF BATES.
Last Day for the Withdrawal of Goods From
ISPECIAL TSLEOHAM TO Tna DIBFATCtt. '
New York, Jan. 3L To-day was the
last day for the withdrawal of bonded goods
from the warehouses under the old rates of
duty. On the recommendation of the late
Secretary Windom, the time for the col
lection of the old duties on these
goods had been extended by Congress from
October 6 to February 1. Mr. Windom was
convinced in December that it would be
wise to extend the time further to JulyL
But the silver legislation, the tiouble over
the force bill, and the bickering over the
shipping bill left no time for Congress to
entertain this proposition. The importers
for a week or more have been withdrawing
their goods and- paying' the 'duties. All of
the importations affected except liquors
have been taken out of bond, and no dis
turbance of any kind has been perceptible
on the money market.
In the last week Collector Erhardt has
received from duties 55,608,211 49. This
has been at the rate of nearly a million a
day. The receipts for the month were only
"516,842,008 76, against 815,289,513 23 for
January, 1890. The increased receipts from
duties ( last week over the week ending
October 6, when the new tarifl went into
effect, was $600,000. The most important
item ot the withdrawals consisted of 64,000,
000 on Sumatra tobacco.
VgOOD FOR PITTSBURG,
THE BALTIMORE AND OHIO SECURES
CONTROL OF THE P. & W.
Pittsburg no longer to be Discriminated
Against The New Acquisition to be
Double Tracked to Bear an Enormous
Traffic A New Freight Bonte.
TSew Yoke, Jan. 3L The control of the
Pittsburg and Western has been obtained by
the Baltimore and Ohio Bailroad Company.
The Baltimore and'Ohio, it is understood,
has agreed (hat rates in the Pittsburg dis
trict shall rise and fall with those in other
districts, and that Pittsburg shall not be dis
t 5he Pittsburg and Western is to "be
doubled-tracked at once, in order to meet
the demands of the new traffic which is to
crowd upon it. The Baltimore and
Ohio Bailroad Company receives the Pitts
burg and Western free from all floating
debt and without the expenditure of 51 in
cash. .From, the beginning of the negotia
tion it was stipulated that payment should
he made in stock of the Baltimore and Ohio
Company at par.
The new element which thus enters into
the Baltimore and Ohio Company and the
through line to Chicago, will probably ex
ert a commanding influence hereafter upon
the general railroad situation of the
country. The Baltimore and Ohio's through
traffic, now going a circuitous route by way
of Wheeling, is at once to be passed over
the Pittsburg and Western line, saving
nearly 100 miles haulage. The papers
were signed in Baltimore to-day,Mr. Oliver,
President of the Pittsburg and Western,
having conducted the negotiations there
during the last few days.
HEROES FOR CHEAP NOVEIS.
One of the Boldest Bobberies on Becord
at Kansas City.
Kaxsas City, Jan. 31. At 3 o'clock
this morning there were three men in the
saloon of Mossherker, Bedemen & Peck.
They were the bartender, the night waiter
and John T, Couglilin, an employe of
Johnson & Co. At 3, two men entered the
saloon and called for a drink. The bar
tender stepped down to get a bottle, and
while in that position one of the customers
drew his revolver and pointed it at the bar
tender's head. The other customer covered
the waiters, and just then two masked men
in league with the two stranger' entered.
One of them looked, after Coaghllu, while
the other pried open the cash drawer and
They then formed the three saloon men in
line and marched them out of the side door
to a high rear fence, and made them stand
close toihdfence while the treasurer of the
robbers searched the pockets of their victims
tifl sSsurcd .some; ,5-10 jawoney. their
witchcs'nnd some jewelry. The robbers
then jumped over the fence and escaped.
This is the fourth robbery of the kind that
has occurred in the vicinity in two weeks.
On the occasion of the robbery, of Mc
Shane's saloon, the proprietor was shot and
killed when he offered resistance.
A BLOW FOR CHICAGO'S CANAL.
The Trustees Have No Bight to Construct
3Iado Land in tho Lake.
Chicago, Jan. 31. General George
Smith, the attorney for the trustees in
charge of the great canal which is to con
nect Lake Michigan and the Mississippi,
submitted an opinion to-day that will have
an important bearing on the future of the
enterprise. He holds that under the law
the commission has no authority to under
take real estate ventures, such as using ex
cavated material from the canal channel to
fill in submerged lands on the lake shore,
and thereafter selling or leasing such made
lands, to raise revenue for carrying on the
construction or operation of the proposed
big water way.
General Smith also holds that any at
tempt to have the State Legislature clothe
the trustees with the powers indicated wonld
he futile, as the jurisdiction of Congress to
determine how far public waters shall be
interfered with overrides all other authority
MORE SPANIARDS MASSACRED.
They Suffer Another Crush Calamity on the
Caroline Islands. k
San Fkancisco, Jan. 31. Advices from
Singapore report the arrival at Manilla of
the Spanish steamer Jnan with news of an
other terrible massacre of Spanish troops
and residents in the Caroline Islands.
It appears that the natives, without warn
ing, fell on the Spanish garrison, killing
some 90 soldiers and civilians. The Span
iards thereupon attacked the natives, fought
with singular bravery, but were eventually
driven into the jungle. The loss on the na
tive side is said to have been very large,
but the Spanish commander was so morti
fied with his own losses that, in a moment
of fredzy, he shot himself.
HEAVY SMOKE AND FOG.
They Cause a Fatal Bailroad Accident in
Chicago's City limits.
Chicago, Jan. 3L The Northwestern
accommodation train on the Chicago and
Eastern Illinois Bailroad ran into the rear
of the Momence passenger tram shortly
after 11 o'clock this morning.
Ono passenger, Bubc Adena, of this city,
was killed, and several others badly injured.
The cause of the accident wat the dense
smoke and fog, which was so thick at the
time that nothing could he seen ahead.
I0S KINGS IN TROUBLE.
James A. Smith and His Wife, of St Louis,
. Charged With Embezzlement.
St. Louis, Jan. 31. James A Smith,
of the firm or James A. Smith & Sons, the
St. Louis ice king, was arrested to-day on a
charge of embezzlement.
The grand jury found nn indictment
against Mrs. Smith on evidence given by
Charles P. Chotes, who charged Smith with
fraudulently appropriating 531,000 loaned
the firm on a note.
A LOCK THAT CANT BE PICKED.
Governor Mellette May Be Obliged to Ap
point a Senator Himself.
Pibeee, S. Dak., Jan. 31. If the Sena
torial deadlock continues there is a possi
bility that no election will be held this ses
sion, aud Governor Millette will appoint
Senator Moody for two years.
The Independents stand firm, and declare
that they prefer a Bepublic'au to hold ' the
position for two years rather than to be
compelled to vote for any Bepubllcan.
The Greatest Fainter of the Modern
French School Js Dead,
MADE A MILLION BY HIS BRUSH.
Storj of His Portrait of Mrs. Matkay Which
the Latter Destroyed.
WHERE THE QEEAT PICTURES ABE
BY CABLE TO THE DISPATCH.J
Pabis, Jan. 31. Jean Louis Ernest
Meissonier, the famous painter, who had
heen ill for several days, died in this city
Jean Louis Ernest Meissonier was born
February 21, 1815, of poor parents in the
city of Lyons. His early history is obscure,
and he has thrown no light upon it, but it
is known that he attended the studio
of M. Leon Cogniet. About 1834
he made one of a group of
five young struggling artists who have since
become famous. These were Steinhel,
Geoffroy Dechaume, the sculptor of the
Corot monument at Ville d'Avry, Trimolet,
the draughtsman, Dauhigny, the great
landscape painter, and Meissonier.
They agreed that four should work for
money, while for a whole year the fifth one
should be free, supported by the others to
produce some work of art. Meissonier him
self was the first to break this arrangement
by marrying the sister of Steinhel.
It was then that Meissonier began book
illustrating,and made the wood cuts for
Curmer's edition of "Paul and Virginia"
and "Lachaumiere Indienne." For each
of these wood cuts he received 54 or $8, ac
cording to the size.
The Little Messenger.
The exhibition of "The Little Messenger"
in. the Paris salon in 1836 first brought
Meissonier into prominence. This was fol
lowed by the "Chess Players." Soon after
he contributed wood cuts to the Boyaument
Meissonier's life work is represented by
some 420 pictures, valued at ?10,000,000.
All of his pictures are very small, most of
them being no larger than a sheet of letter
paper. "Yet," says one critic, "they
are marvels of sureness of hand
and of photographic exactitude. The
difficulty overcome is enormons,
and that is what most strikes you in Meis
sonier's work. To put the matter briefly, I
might say that the pleasure given by Meis
sonier's pictures is rather moral and in
tellectual than sensuous and artistic. In
deed, in the painter's temperament the moral
and intellectual qualities predominate
largely over the artistic qualities, and the
greatest of all of Meissonier's qualities is
Where the Pictures Are.
Meissonier's pictures are now scattered
over the world. Queen Victoria possesses
one of the most highly valued, called "La
Bixe." It was presented to the late Prince
Albert by Napoleon ILL in 1854. The late
Sir Bichard Wallace had in his celebrated
collection the earliest specimen of Meis
sonier's microscopic art, known as "The
Visit to the Burgomaster." One of
them, now in the Metropolitan Musucm in
New York, was purchased by the late A. T.
Stewart. It is entitled "1807," and depicts
Napoleon, then at the height of his power,
reviewing his cuirassiers at Friedland. The
best known of nil his works is "1814."
which shows' NaholeOrf on his retreat from''
When Mr. John Stetson, of the Boston
Globe Theater, wanted a new drop scene he
applied to Meissonier to paint one. The
great artist obtained the dimensions of the
canvas, and by multiplying the ordinary
size of his pictures, came to the conclusion
that 5900,000 would be a fair price. Mr.
Stetson employed another artist.
Painted Mrs. Mackay Homely.
'Some five years ago Mrs. John W.
Mackay. wife of the millionaire bonanza
king, sat to Meissonier for her portrait.
When the work was finished she refused to
accept it on the ground that it was not
a good likeness, and made her ap
pear more homely than natural. The
irascible painter applied to the French
courti, which decided that Mrs. Mackay
must take the picture and pay the artist
520,000 for his trouble. Mrs. Mackay re
ceived it, then destroyed it
This had the effect of driving Meissonier
almost into convulsions. It was bad enough
to say that he could not produce a woman's
face and dress with fidelity, but to destroy
one of his priceless works of art was an out
rage all of which was very fully reported
in the papers at the time.
The Best Prices Becorded.
No painter in any age has himself re
ceived such prices for his work as Meis
sonier. Mr. Stewart paid560,000 for "1807"
and took his picture out of the painter's
studio. Mr. Sceretan paid 570,000 for
"1814." Altogether Meissonier has received
Dearly 51)000,000 for his paintings, yet at
the time of his death he was supposed to be
in embarrassed circumstances.
Meissonier was very unpopular with his
brother artists. He was inordinately vain,
peevish, aud always grumbling that he was
not paid enough lor his work. He
has quarreled and broken faith with
his numerous rich patrons. At the
exhibitions of the salon he was accus
tomed to swagger through the crowds
of visitors dressed in a very ecceutrio
manner in order to attract increased atten
tion. But whatever may. be said of the
man himself, his work places him before
the world as the greatest painter of the mod
ern French school.
THE BANK WRECKERS AGAIN,
Work, Macfarlane, Pfelfier and Dnngan In
dicted for Behypothecation,
Philadelphia, Jan. 31. The grand
jury, yesterday found two bills of indict
ment against George F. Work, John J.
Macfarlane, Louis E. Pfeiffer and James S.
Dungan, in one of which they are charged
with rehypothecation of stocks and securi
ties, taking, converting and applying the
same to their own use, and in the other with
conspiracy to mate, circulate and publish
false statements of the affairs of tho bank.
The grand jury also found two bills of in
dictmeut against James S. Dungan, in both
of which he is charged with perjury.
The perjury in these cases is alleged to have
been committed in swearing to false and
fraudulent quarterly returns of a bank to
the Auditor General. Dungan, is in prison.
The bail of Pfeiffer, which wjs conditioned
for the appearance nt the January term of
court, was fjrmally forfeited j-cstenlay, it
being lie last day of the term. Work, dur
ing the week, renewed his bail for appear
ance at the next term or court.
The forfeiture of Pfeiffcr's bail is regarded
as a formal matter, and it is said that it will
be renewed as soon as his surety, Watson F.
Thacher, can come into court. Members of
the press were not permitted to examine the
indictments, as it was feared that if their
contents were made public at this time it
might interfere with the trial of the cause.
BAEKEB KEAN B&CK3 OUT.
Tho Proposed 33 Per Cent Settlement Post
Chicago, Jan. 31. Next Monday was
the date fixed 'upon by the friends and at
torneys of the insolvent banker, S. A.Kean,
for the settlement on a basis of 35 cents on
.u a11a a .t.:-t. s. T t,nf?ftrttlnnri n m.i-
jority of creditors had consented.
xo-aay Attorney Jiorris, repreaeuuuK .wir.
Kean's backers, postponed the settlement
inueuuueiy. ne reason jjiicu u iuc u;
'of Judge Scales in deefding the status of the
Claims lor money aeposueu wuu acu rul
ing 30 days previous to the failure.
COLLEGE GIRLS FIGHT.'
A BIG SNOWBALL BATTLE BETWEEN
Special Acts of Bravory Displayed Fair
t Eyes Blackened and Golden Locks All
Bnmpied One Handsome Brunette Who
Never Flinched Under a Severe Fire.
fSrKCIAI. TSLEGEAK TO THE DISFATCH.1
Noethanpion, Mass., Jan. 3L Smith
College girls have just had a novel experi
ence. It was a snowball battle between the
"Sophs" and "Freshies," and the former
won after a spirited fight. Tne sophs were
led by Captain Wilcox and the fresh
ies by Captain Gain. The young ladies
were dressed in their "gym" suits, and were
prepared for a regular "rough and tumble
racKet." The signal for the commencement
of hostilities was given by the gymnasium
instructor, Miss Adams, and the tun began.
Captain Wilcox's shot hit a daring fresh
man in the front rank directly in the right
ear. A cheer went up from the fort and the
old gold banner was waved aloft.
NBut one shot does not win a battle. The
freshmen had marched upon the campus
with a determination to win the fort, and
the flag, if they could in the half hour al
lotted to the battle. The most- reckless
sallied up to the verywalls. Here they
met a perfect volley of grapeshot, froni
which all, but one tall, handsome
brunette flinched. A bold sortie had been
made, and somores were mauling the
daring besieg " for a moment only.
The freshme "-kji"16 a drove of
prairie poni . 'j -g. Then be
gan a hand i&'J&Si,, ?On
"Why, thoseh3ri o -.threw
me down and walkedb-j,Th. -ttfj. 'fl8
sophomore lieutenants. fW rf Qfoia
cascades of hair came tumbling. Tftnd
one warrior's eye had a dismal li&J"the
Chicago and Pennsylvania recruitvb.stin
guished themselves by special acts of brav
ery. When the bugle blew at the end, the
sophomores held the fort with their golden
banner still floating.
VICTORIOUS CHILEAN REBELS.
Tho Government Wishes to Negotiate, but
Bebels Demand the President's Fall.
BtJEHOS Aykes, Jan. 31. Valdivia
Port and the seaport town of Val
divia in Chile are now block
aded by the war vessels of the
insurgents. They are also blockading the
island of Chiloe and the Chiloe Archipelago.
A ship having Government troops on
board appeared off Ancnd. She hoisted
the British flag and tried, under that
bunting, to land the troops she had on
board. The insurgents, 'however, de
tected the stratagem and opened firo
upon the Government vessel. The latter
replied with rapid fire guns and small
arm fire, but, after a sharp engagement, the
Government vessel was disabled and had
to leave the port of Ancud in the hands of
President Balmaceda is now said to have
announced his willingness to negotiate for
terms of peace with the rebels, who seem
to be victorious on all sides. The rebels
insist that President Balmaceda must resign.
Further advices are to the affect that after
several skirmishes the Government troops
succeeded in recapturing Pisagua. It is
also learned that insurgents have occupied
CAMDEN'S MARRIAGE INDUSTRY.
It Is Probably Doomed by a License BUI in
Camden, N. J., Jan. 31. Another
sledge-hammer blow is aimed at the Cam
den marriage industry. Assemblyman Cole
wields the sledge in the shape of a bill he
introduced in the House on Monday night,
providing for a license svstem. Major
Woolman's bill passed the House, but died
in a Senate committee as final adjournment
was reached. It was killed, it has been
alleged, hy a strong lobby of Camden
dominies and Justices of the Peace, but that
is denied by those interested.
Assemblyman Cole is in earnest, and he
says his bill has good chances of going
through. His measure is precisely that
which the House Committee on Judiciary
submitted as a substitute for the.WooIman
bill last winter. It provides for the issuance
of a license to wed by the Surrogate of the
county, and provides a penalty of 5400 for
the performance of a wedding ceremony
without a license. Mr. Cole says the
Camden marriage industry is an outrange
LOST DIAMONDS FOUND.
They Were Picked Up In a Los Angeles
Park by a Chinaman.
Los Angeles, Jan. 31. Becently L. M
Wagner lost 512,000 worth of diamonds and
other jewels. To-day detectives learned
that a Chinaman found a sack of jewels in
St. James Park.
The Chinaman has been traced and most
of the jewels will be recovered.
THE DISPATCH DIRECTORY.
Contents of the Issue Classified for Beady
The issue of The Dispatch to-day con
sists of 20 pages In three parts. The first
and part of the second are devoted to current
news local, telegraphic and cable with the
editorial, musical and sportinjr departments.
The special features are as follows:
The Indian Situation Chahlzs H. Cresset
Hcaume orttie Week 'YIILKTE
'Wanamaker's Postal Id eas. Fjianx G, Cakfxxtsb
A Very Old Soldier.
Genealogy of a Tune. HOWARD FlZLDrxo
Gossip of Gotham Chablks r. Mcbbat
How to Lend Money J. K. Bangs
Court News. Educational Matters.
Art Exhibition'. For Sale Column.
Tne "Want Column. To Let Column.
The Society World. Dramatic News.
The Grand Army. Bnslness Cards.
Secret Society News. Real Estate Notices.
Local Trade News. Markets by Telegraph.
Henry Clews' Letter.
Kescne of Gordon William McNeill
( Amusement Notices.
Yellowstone Geysers licnTAnn Kirmto
Tne Latest Games KOBEnT IV. I3UUD1.TT
An Unique Asylum I'auxik B. Wabd
The Electrical News.
Keview of Snorts Fbixols
Militia Gossip. Business Cards
South Sea Isles Bobert Louis btzvexsox
Wealth Is Divine. msnor J.P. Newmajt
The Witch of Prague F. Marion Crawford
Tho Judgment Day. .......Hxv. Ueoroe Hodges
Armies of Pigeons J. H. Webb
Wlclami, the Giant's Son I'ATSiE
Literary iJintfmarks Edgaiil. Wakhiax
Managing tierrants..'. MISS GrundV, Jli
Women Wage Workers Bessie Bramble
Foods for Beauty. - ShikletDabe
Cornmeal as a Food ; Ellicx Berxxa I
Fancies for the Fair,
DOWN lljffi DEPTHS,
The Legislative Investigating
Committee Arrive at Mam
moth and Begin to
FIND WHERE THE FAULT IS.
Entering the Mine, They Find CnrioiS
PECDLUE PRACTICE IN HIHIHG.
Charred ?03ts and Coal Bear Witness t
tne Presence of Gas,
WHICE WAS THEEB L0XG BflPOEB THIS
rrEOU A STATT C ORBESPONDEXT.l
Mammoth, Pa., Jan. 31. The Legisla
tive Investigating Committee arrived here
this morning, and be;an a practical investi
gation into the causes of the recent accident
by making a lengthy and cIos6 inspection of
the shaft mine. Their report will be of such
a nature as will affect the practice of mining
in the region, if not in the State, and there
is not the slightest doubt that it will
he thorough, and place the blame on the
proper shoulders. The committee left this
evening for Greensburg, where they will re
main over to-morrow, and on Monday will
return here early and begin taking evidence
on the case. A large number of witnesses
have been subpeanaed.
The members of the committee traveled in
a special car, arriving last night at 11
o'clock at Greensburg, where they lay over
until this morning.
Names of the Committee.
The party is in charge of Sergeant at
Arms George Hnopes, and includes
Senators A. i?. Thompson, of Dauphin
county, and "W. H. Hiues, of Luzerne
county; Representatives W. Scott Hullin,
of Bedford; Elias Davis, of Schuylkill, and
I. F. Farrell, of Clearfield, who composed
the Investizating Committee. Ex -Representative
James S. Sweeney, of Luzerne
county, is the Secretary,-and Frank Hall,
of the Internal Affairs Office, is the official
reporter, Representative Ellwood, of "West
moreland, accompanying the party as a
guest, because of the strong interest he is
taking in the matter. "Willie Leary, chief
page in the Senate, was present on duty, and
a corps of caterers in charge of the necessary
equipment for a four-days' trip made up the
complement of the visiting legislator's party.
The committeemen are all experienced and
thoroughly practical miners, and bear them
selves like men who will push the inquiry
to its furthest limits.
After some conversation with Superin
tendent Keighley, in which they acquainted
him with the authoritative nature of their
mission, the committee held a short session,
after which the visitors encased themselves
in overalls and prepared to descend to the
Bonn Into) the Mine.
At the tipple they were f joined by
Superintendent Keighley, Inspector Austin
King, of Clearfield county, and Inspector'
William Jenkins, of the First district, who,
with a half dozen of the mine bosses
and leading employes. The Dispatch
representative and another newspaper man,
formed an exploring party which, at 13
o'clock was lowered into the bottom of the
Shaft mine. Etch man carried a safety
lamp, and naked lights were conspicuous by
their absence. Two aud a half hours were
spent in the subterranean passages, and fully
five uiles of ground was covered during the
trip. Steps were at once directed towards
the "dip," that portion or the Shaft
mine where the explosion occurred. As
near as could he gauged by the miners this
part of the mine is back of the hill which
overhangs the shaft, and is about ISO feet
deep, being distant from the tipple about
1,400 yards. Incursion along the first entry
from the "mine bottom" a room about 15
feet wide and 8 feet high where the wagons
are loaded onto the cage for a distance of
probably 300 yards, brought the explorers
to the first vestiges of the accident.
The heavy beams supporting the roof
of the entry were lying on the track,
and heaps of debris, piled up against either
wall, showed how the solid masses of coal
and slate had been torn asunder under the
pressure from the exploding gas.
Evidence of tho Accident.
'Proceeding further, at a necessarily slow
pace because of the obstructions in the way,
empty wagons, some torn in pieces, others
displaced from the rails, were found, and
once in a while a broken dinner pail, some
times containing an untouched meal, bore
sad testimony to some poor fellow's fate.
Kow and again gangs ot three aud four men
were met with replacing the broken sills and
posts, and doing so to the accompaniment
of their jests and jokes with each other,
illustrating if illustration were needed
how usage and daily contact with danger so
familiarizes the miner to it as to cause him
to accept it as a matter of course, and givs
it little thought.
Tramping steadily alonz the silent, low
and narrow passages, seemingly intermina
ble, the vicinity of the explosion was
reached. Tne doors ot flats were seen
wrenched from their fastenings and the
hrattices were strewn along the tracks.
The committee gave everything the
closest -scrutiny, searching for the
fire bosses' marks and examining
the manner in which the posts and sills were
laid; lookine for coked coal as indicating
where the fire had been; and gazing closely
at corners for evidences of the explosion
through the soot on the coal.
"Those posts should rest on the bottom,"
said a committeeman. "See; the silfs are
supported from a short post resting on a
place cutout of the wall about five feet from
the ground. That is bad practice, as the
wall raizht be forced from under the post
and let in the roof. That is unsafe work."
How Workings "Were Examined.
After a time a heading was reached.
Everything pointed to men having been at
work very recently. A close examination
failed to 'discover the fire bosses mark of
the 27th, which should have appeared if he
had visited that particular beading. There
was nothing to show tii.'t the explosion had
eradicated it. On the other hand the figure
"30," the relief party's mark, was discern
ible. A committeeman inquired from In
spector Jenkins as to the number of work
ings in the mine.
"I cannot say for certain, but I suppose
there are 100."
"Is it the practice for the fire boss to ex
amine all the workings, or only those which
are being worked?" inquired Mr. Farrell.
"I understand that it is usual for the firo
bass to examine only those which the men
are working at,"
"Then if a dozen or so headings only are
worked, as in a slack time, the others might
not be visited for some time?"
"I believe that is possible, but when I
was fire boss, .as I was for six years, I did
not adopt that practice."
After a time the explorers had penetrated
(Continued on seventh page J