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STRXXSLATED FOB THE DtSrATCH. J
The giant, Wadni, was no crcat warrior,
who was constantly collecting bis troops
and fib.tinsr bloody battles, but he lived
quietly at his court in Seeland, at peace
with all his neighbors and much loved by
his subjects. "VYadsi's only son, "Wieland,
was at 9 years of a;e very small, and it was
a great prief to the giant that his child
should be no larger than common men. But
he loved the boy, and determined that if he
could not be recognized among the race of
giants, he should be famous in some other
way, and be an honor to his father.
AVadni was advised by his Ineuds to take
his son to the dwarfs, who lived in Mount
Carnot, many, many railed from Seeland.
These dwarfs had great skill in working in
iron and steel, and it was prophesied that, if
"Wieland should study with them, he must
become a renowned man. The giant then
journeyed with his sou to Carnot, where tbe
dwarfs willingly undertook the education
of the voune Wieland. It was agreed that
"Wadni should leave his son with the dwarfs
lor one year, and, at the end c: that time,
should take him again to his home.
Wieland proved himself a ready pupil,
and long belore the year had passed, he
equaled bis instructors in knowledge. Tbe
dwarfs, who were really a wicked and cruel
people, became envious of their bright pupil,
and plotted how they might destroy him.
Only fear of the giant kept them irom kill
ing him outright. At the appointed time
Wadni again went to Mount Carnot for his
son. The d war Is said to him:
"Your son is learning well. Leave him
with us for another year and then his skill
will be such that he will be lamous through
out the whole world."
Wadni consented to go away without his
sou; but he said to Wieland: "I fear leM
the dwarfs my provefalse to the trust I have
given to them. In this thicket ofthon
bushes, I shall conceal a sword, and should
your life be iu danger, fight bravely; for
this is a magic weapon, and is a true pro
tector to him who has it in his possession."
As the months passed by, Wadni became
so anxious to Fee his dear child, that several
weeks before the second year was at an end,
the giant leit his home in Seeland, think
ing Hut in a few days he would return and
bring his son with him. But when the
dwar s saw Wadni approaching the moun
tain, they kaid among themselves: "Here
comes the giant for his son. The boy is
now acquaiuted with ail our art. He will
spread his knowledge through the country,
and soon all the people in Seeland will be
as wise as we are. Let us kill the giant,
and then we can easily destroy the son."
Having thus spoken, the dwaifs concealed
themselves behind a great rock overhanging
the path through which Wadni should pass.
As the giant appeared below tbem, the
dwarf, by meansoi theircombined strength,
pushed the rock from its place, and down
the mountain it went, carrying with it
smaller stoues, trees and earth, under which
the great body of Wadni was buried. That
night Wieland overheard the dwarfs talk
ing of his father's death and their plot
against himsel:. Itecalling the last words
the giant had said to him, the boy hastened
to the thicket of thorn bushes, ana there
found the sword, with which he returned to
the dwarfs, and said: "I have heard how
you killed my father and now wish to take
iny life. But I fear you not. With this
sword I shall destroy you all."
The dwarfs laughed scornfully at the
thought ot Wieland, alone, being able to
overcome so great a number; but they did
nut know the power of tbe maeic weapon,
and one after the other fell under its blow;,
until Wieland was left alone in the great
mountain, where there was no human dwell
ing to be seen. He now knew not where to
turn. The way to Seeland was long and
dangerous, and he had no guide to lead him
there. He feared to wander far from the
cave, lest he should be lost iu the pathless
lorest or De oevoured by the wild beasts.
For several days Wieland led a very lonely
lite. The workshop, in which he had spent
so many happy hours, seemed dull and
gloomy, and the boy thought only of how he
could get away.
l-'iuaily this plan came to his mind. He
cut down a large tree and carried it to the
edge of a swift mountain stream. He then
hollowed out the tree, and in one end placed
sufficient food to last him for many days;
and in the other end he put his tools and a
quantity of iron and steel. For the opening
which he had cut in the tree, Wieland
made a plate of steel which fitted like a
door, and wa so thin that it was almost
transparent, and allowed the air to pass
through. The boy then pushed this strange
craft out into the stream, and having sprung
in, was carried down by the mountain tor
rent into wide rivers, and thence into the
sea. For eight days the boat drifted hither
and thither, carried about by the wind
and the waves, until finally it landed
on the shore of Jutland, where King
Raman ruled. The people wondered
greatly over the sight of 'this odd-looking
boat, and wished to cut it open. When
Wieland understood their words, he cried
out from within. At the sound of his voice,
tbe people fled in terror, thinking that some
evil spirit was in tbe old tree trunk. But
"Wieland opened the steel door and came
forth. He was at once carried to the King,
who was so pleased with the bov, that when
he had heard his story, he said: "I know
not where Seeland is, so cannot take you to
your home; but you shall remain here as
one of my servants, and be well cared for."
It happened one day that Wieland while
washing the King's knife on the shore of
the sea, let it fall into the water and it dis-
Jirt-. j-SPPEarett from sight The boy at once ran
7j.v;tohis boat, which had been left on the
ifir , shore, and with the tools and materials
Jfwhich he had brought from the dwarfs'
pare he constructed another kuife so beauti-
fal that when the King saw it he declared
that a shop should be built for Wieland,
and that he should devote his time to such
work. The giant's son now lived bappiiy
in Jutland, and was a great favorite with
the King. . . .
But Wieland's trials were not yet at an
end. Many of King Eaman's subjects
were envious of the King's attention to the
stranger, and told their ruler that, in his
shop. Wieland made sharp instruments, and
was plotting against his life m order that
he, himself, might reign. This made the
King very angrv. He would listen to no
words of Wieland, but ordered that he
should be put to death. "Wieland, however,
hid himself in his boat and was carried
back to the mountain stream from which lie
started. He made his way to the dwarfs
cave, and there again led his lonely life,
fashioning articles from iron and steel, and
also from silver and gold, as the dwarfs had
But even here, the men of Jutland, In
their hatred, followed him, and one day he
was surprised to see atroop'ol KingKaman a
soldiers march through the forest and sur
round the cave. Wieland grasped after his
magic sword; but he had left it in his ooat,
and now he was helpless in the hands of his
tormentors. He was seized and carried back
to Jutland, and although he repeatedly de
clared his innocence, the king gave no heed
to his words, and ordered that on the follow
ing dav he should be executed, iu the pres
ence of all the people.
The next morning, whe King Raman
and his subjects had assembled to witness
tbe death of the giant Wadni's only son,
suddenly, a loud roaring noise was heard, as
if a great storm at ea was raging. The
sound came nearer and nearer, always grow
ing louder and louder. The earth trembled
so violently that many buildings fell
and the people were pale with frigh
A LOKELY LIFE.
and cried aloud in their terror. A moment
later a hundred huge elephants were seen,
drawing large iron chariots, in 'which sat
Slants of such immense size that theneoDle
of Jutland appeared as. the smallest of
uwarls in comparison with them. The fore
most giant sprang from his chariot, and in a
voice of thunder cried: "Touch one hair of
that boy's head and my beasts shall trample
you under their feet. This is our king's
son, and we have come to take him to his
King Raman and hia people fell on their
kntes and .begged for mercy, which was
grantedto them. Wielana was then given
a place in one of the chariots and taken back
to Seeland. Here he could pursue, undis
turbed, the arts he had learned with the
dwaris. When he bad reached the proper
age he was made, as his lather had been,
King of the great race of the giant.
SOME ENIGMATICAL NUTS.
rnzzles for the Little Folk That Will Keep
Their Brains Busy for 9Iost or the Weak
if They Solve Them Con ."try Horns
Address communication or thU tepa.J'tnl
to E. R. Chadbourx, LewUlon, Maine.
1401 FOCE CONSTELLATIONS.
D. M. H.
To whole or last that caused the strife
Between John Bowman and his wife;
For John, a peaceable bread-winner.
' Had brought a chicken home for dinner,
Ana. wniie in the kitchen looking.
"I will not eat it if von Init it
But through the window I will cast it,,r
Said the husband in a loud voice.
Said Mrs. B.: "I'll have ray choice,
And I would sooner take a lickin'
Than at your bidolnc whole the chicken.'
He said no more. She gained the day.
Which proves the adage, I should say.
That women always have their way.
The inference we may further draw
That every woman's will is law.
First is to cease quite suddenly.
To fall, to end. to die;
You understand that much, I see,
By the sparkle in your eye.
The ready-witted needs no two
i o make mm see a point;
Just give him any little clew
And he'll the thing unjoint.
1404 OBLIQUE RECTANGLE.
1. A letter. 2. A kind of tray for carrying
mortar. 3. Parts of harness. 4. Pertaining to
Rome. 5. An inhabitant. 6. Makes a hissing
noise. 7. A small cell. 8. The organlo nitro
genized matter of the nerve fibers and cells.
9. Those who slide: 10. A clyster. 11. An
epoch. 12. A letter, r Solon.-
Who has cot bad bis soul Inspired; '
His heart with strong emotions fired.
When listening with enrapturedsenso
To thrilling words of eloquence Tt
The glorious or atone art
Has power to reach the dullest heart.
To rouse the feelings from their sleep.
To make ns laugh, to make us weep.
The orator whose soul is stirred
Gives force expressive to each word:
His gestures, look, and manner speak
His sparkling eye, his blood-flushed cheek,
Each and all in action brought,
Responsive to the speaker's thought.
His language of is whol e and grand.
With theme that may such style demand;
But when indignant at some wrong.
That ails his soul with hatred strong,
His last and glowing brow reveals
The strong emotion that he feels.
140G NUMERICAL CHABADE.
I'm not a messenger of joy;
It is my mission to destroy.
When like a meteor 1 fall.
To stoutest hearts I give appall.
When struck upon a bell, no barm
I do, nor cause the least alarm.
Two kinds of shrubs I represent,
And I am also a cement.
A well-known resin, too, am I,
In tears of halPtransparency.
In varnishes I am infused;
In medicine I'm also used.
I am high-sounding, and display
Aiy bluster in a swaggering way;
Inflated, too. in manner shown;
By talk pedantic and high-flown.
For 1 describe the roan wboe hump
Of self-esteem shows a large lump.
1. A letter. 2. To cover with morbid mat
ter, as the tongue. S. Plows of peculiar con
struction. 4. Certain plants sacred to Venus.
S. Fractions of a unit divided into two-score
equal parts. 0. Refinement. 7. Persons to
whom releases are given. 8. Vessels used in
the Mediterranean. 3. Avoids. 10. A town
In Spain. 11. A letter. H. C. BUKQEB.
He who Is whole all can discern
Is one who has an '"EVIL then;"
He's one who loses self-control.
And has a demon in his soul;
One who when vexed will rant and rave,
One who is passion's very slave;
One -who is rash in word and deed.
A social pesr, a noxious weed;
One whom society abhors.
For with society ho wars.
He gives to anger fullest sway,
And reason's voice does not obey;
His temper roused, he vents his wrath
On those who chance to cross his path;
He is malignant in his spite.
And always ready for a fight.
With such a one no friendship make.
But shun him as you would a snake.
On beggar's or on monarch's head,
Thejirst is always on tbe watch;
Tbe second often has been read,
Iu a conjunction's useful notch,
Bv many a boy, bis sentences construing.
In some old Latin book, with brain all stew
ing. "Now, what is the chief eud of man!"
A teacher to a pupil said;
(A grimace o'er his features ran),
"Why, teacher, it muse be bis head."
Chief end am I of any undertaking.
Ot work for fame, or gain, or puzzle-making.
A handsome prize will be presented the sender
of each of the best three lots of answers to the
puzzles published in February. Tbe solutions
must be forwarded in weekly installments. A
lively competition was that of Jannary. Let
this be even more so.
1391 Parents, guard well your children's foot
steus. 1392 SI... ..
1393 Debris, brides.
C A R I C A S
B I L I N OdS GATE
D I CASTERY
F A G G E R S
S E A R S
L I N E A G E
D A Y C O A L
1 G N E A T-E
1S9S Sentiment, sentient.
1399 Brooks, rooks; pride, ride; mend, end;
TWO WAIFS FEOM THE OBIEHT.
Syrian Children Find Comfortable Homes
The two Syrian children who were re
ceived at the Children's Home some time
ago are rapidly picking up many English
words, says the Cincinnati Enquirer.
Sophia, the little girl, who is 8 years old,
is learning rapidly, and readily understands
what is said to her. The little boy, Yusef,
who is H vears old, can only speak a few
words of English, but heartil joins in the
sport ol his companions at the Home.
The story cf the little wanderers is a sad
one. They arrived in this country with
their mother, who had fled irom her drunken
husband about a year ago. Mrs. Kather is
a converted Syrian, and immediately on
her arrival in New York went to live in the
Syriau colony, earning her living by selling
Oriental ornaments. She had been there
about three months when her husband, who
had followed her all the way from Syria, ar
rived. Fr c time he did not abuse her, but soon
got Into .sit. old habits of abusing her and
tbe children and spending her hard-earned
money for drink. Again Mrs. Kather left
her drunken husband and fled to Chicago.
She was nicely settled when her husband
found out her wbereaboutsand followed her.
She was llvingiu the Syriau settlement, and,
as iu New York, was selling fancy orna
ments. He made no attempt to work, but
lived off her hard-earned money, spending
the most of it in drink. They were in this
distressing conditiou when Bev. fjelim Mog
habghnt, a protestor of the Mt Lebanon
College iu Syria, who is traveling in this
country, met them. As the father was
almost crazy and had several times tried to
kill tbe children, Bev. Moghabgbat paid
the little ones' tares to this city and had
them put in the Children's Home. Their
mother has again left her husband, and is
now iu New York.
A Pencil Puzzle.
Here is a puzzle fortbe little folks. Place
the point of a pencil at A and trace the
diagram without lifting the pencil and with
out going over the same line twice.
A California Story.
"We are using a machine in California,
says Senator Stanford, to cut our grain
which reaps a swath 42 feet wide,
threshes the grain as it goes along,
puts it in bags, which men stitch up
and drop in the field, and the same machine
rakes the straw iu and burns it for fuel upon
that reaper. Now, if you could only apply
water to a condition of things like that, you
would have perpetual motion.
Mothebs should hear in mind that
Chamberlain' Cough Remedy is harmless
to children. It contains no injurious sub
stance. They incur no risk when they give
.it even to babies. Then long experience
has shown that it is especially adapted for
the cure of coughs and' colds ineident'.to
. childhood. It cures them promptly, nnd is
1 pleasant and safe for tbem to take, "WSu
OF LITERARY FAME.
Places in England That Lend Reality
to the Pretty Stories
OF KING ARTHUR AKD ROBIN HOOD.
The Heroes Live in Traditions That Weren't
Inspired by Fens.
ST0E1ES OP SCOTLAND AND IRELAND
rconnusroNDENCK or the dispatch.!
Nottingham, England, Jan. 23. The
longer one -wanders in England, Scotland
and Ireland, the more encompassing and im
pressive becomes, that charm growing out of
what may be termed literary identification.
Over there in Ireland what can be more
fascinating than a silent ramble about
slumberous old Youchal and up drowsy
Kilcolman way? There Ealeigh and Spenser
lived, loved and wrought. Tramping from
Killarney to Cabersiveen, one lingers lov
ingly at Carhan Bridge; for beside it, the
great O'Connell "was born. Who but a
bigot can climb the Eock of Cashel without
a subdued and reverential feeling from the
historic and sacred surroundings; or
who, but an insensate, shudders not
at Boyne and Aughrim where the
life of a nation broke" iu its last
wild throb upon river and morass? Then,
at Slane, who can fail of awe in the pres
ence of prehisioric monuments rivaling the
pyramids themselves ? To stand upon Tara's
Hill, in Meath, and in tancy see St. Patrick,
unmindful ol the treachery planning his
death, with his eight devoted foilowers, com
ing up the royal hill, chanting his prayer,
"May the word of God render me eloquent I"
to forever dim the fires of Belltaine with the
sacred flame of Christianity through the
conversion of King Laeghaire, and the over
throw of paganism in Ireland, is to come
with startling tenderness close to au inspired
career of one who lived but to bless, nearly
1,500 years ago. Vague and far it was to
you before. But you feel and know the
Scotland's Interesting Spots.
In all that can be read of the "Land o'
Cakes," how the true feeling is lacking, un
til one weds presence and actuality with the
toneless tales of words. To know the weird
straths and glens of the North, to breathe
their air, drink in their wild and gorgeous
colorings, to listen to the roar of their glo
rious waterfalls, to sail over their silent
lochs, to tremble in their mighty storms, is
to cone very close in thought and sympathy
to that grand and noble race which all the
Eomau legions could not conquer. Its des
perate, tateful loyalty to the House of
Stuart can never be fully understood until
you have tramped from the Western Ocean
to the German, aud wandered ou Culloden
Macbeth, King Duncan and Malcolm
Caumore, are mere creatures ot Shake
speare's fancy, until you find in the musty
records of old Inverness that they once
walked its streets with all of your own pas
sion, hope, ambition: and until you have
stood on Toronabaurich, by the Ness-side,
you have never really known Hugh Miller,
stonemason, great heart and sage. Scott,
the "Eltrick Shepherd," Carlyle, even
Eurns himself, are half ideal, until you
have stood by the Ettrick and Yarrow,
sadly leit the prinrely Abbotsford, shud
dered at the dolorous dearth and meanness
of Carlyle' boyhood borne at Ecclefechan,
and heard with your own hearing the melo
dious songs of tbe Nith and the Doon.
"What England Offers.
If this is true of Ireland and Scotland
how infimtely.more.impressiveis this identi
fication to the average American pilgrim in
England, the motherland of our own race
and tongue. A mighty volume, and a sweet
aud tender one withal, could be made, rele
gating apparent realities to their home in
myth-land, and beckoning from the realms
of legend and tradition the actual beings
whom imagery first swept from reality, and
whom successive centuries of poetic fancy,
shared alike by us frera childhood to man
hood, have placed further and further be
hind the ever loved veilings of mystery and
No two characters in the semi-mythology
of Britain are better illustrations than those
of King Arthur and Eobin Hood. Anti
types as they vere and are, the one the em
bodiment of the loftiest and noblest quali
ties in ruler and man, the other, jocuuu
Anarchist and Puckish freebooter aud
"leveller" of his time, both are objects of
equal, though unlike, devotion not only in
the literature ot ceuturies, but in the breasti
of millions who SDeak the English tongue.
Tbe most curious thing about these two
characters is that the least aids to identifi
cation are found among the high-minded
and learned. Literature universally places
them in shadow-land. But g' where you
may among the English lowly, King Arthur
is really there; Eobin Hood, with his faith
ful Little John, Friar Tuck and their
hundred archers bold, fare ever a goodly
company, a helpful, unconscious, ethical
counterpoise, it has sometimes seemed to
me, where burdens and impositions of caste
and condition are most grievous and sore to
Once Really Existed.
A few years of wandering among the
British lowly, more than all reading and
study, have convinced me that both King
Arthur and Eobin Hood once really existed
and lived much the same manner of lives as
the song and ballad makers'altogetber re
sponsible for their legendary character, have
shadowed lortb. I can take you into thou
sands of cabins in Devonshire, Cornwall,
and in Brittany for King Arthur is even
more a god to tbe Britons than to the West
of England Armorican Celts where books
are unknown; where no manner of literature
ever came; where history of clan and sept
have been preserved from father to son,
where the Arthurian legends live more
bright and glowing than all the printed tales
of the Bound Table. These absolutely book
less folbvwill take you to the very land
ing place of King Uther; show you the
real remains of the twin castles Tintagel
and Terrabil; relate how TJtber Pendragon
besieged the Duke of Cornwall, slew him,
and the same day wed his widow, Ygrayne,
to whom the child, Arthur, was born, and
reared by the enchanter, Meriiu, under good
Sir Ector's care, who restored to him the
kingdom of Cornwall on Pendragon'adeath;
how the noble King Arthur instituted the
Order of Knights of the Bound Table,
whose saintly acts in the service of God and
man, until tbey fell into sin. were deeds or
good and glory; how Arthur loved only and
wed Guinevere, betrayed by Launcelot; aud,
at last, receiving his death wound iu battle
with his rebellious nephew's forces at
Camelford (which the poets make Camelot),
Arthur bide the lo'yal knight. Sir Bedever,
carry him to Dozmare Pool, fling his sword
Exealibnr therein, when a boat, rowed by
'three queens, appeared. Into this Arthur
was lifted and borne away to tbe island vale
of Avillion.'that his grievous wound might
His Spirit Yet Betnrns.
These folk s iy) and believe, that Arthurjs
still in fairyland; that his spirit oiten re
turns in tbe,guise of a bird, tbechough, hov
ering about' the old scenes with pathetic
murmurings, and .that he will surely "come
Wearing the white flower of a blameless lire,
to reign as a king should add might over his
beloved England. Liiterature;never pro
vided an hundred thousand bookless folk
with this. It remains, because in it has
been preserved, without books, a fadeless
In like manner Eobin Hood's Land be
comes tbe whole .ot England. Piercing
their armor of sodden reserve, you will find
that the sober English peasant aud the grave
English workman, have minds full enough
of chivalry and romance. Eobin Hood is
immortal with these, because, as a "leveller"
of rank and class, he represents an undefin
able yet certain power to buffet the church
and the nobility.- "He is a rescuer of maids
in distress and men' in duress. He em
bodies tbe unconscious jet universal lean
SUNBATr FEBRTJAE.Y - 1,
ing toward Communism among the English
lowly. Above all, he is the luminous type
of that dearest thing to every lowly Briton's
heart, "fair play," whether In frolic, free
nooting or fight. Fairly defined, Eobin
Hood's Land comprises the shires of Not
tingham and Lincoln with the southern half
of Yorkshire. There is not a plowman.
iorester, gamekeeper, and, I would almost
venture to say, any human being among the
lowly, outside the factories, in this' portion
of England, who has not a clearer conception
of the lire, character and exploits of the
merry outlaw than all books could give.
Facts About -Robin Hood. 4
As is well known, the manuscript and
old-record researches by the Key. Joseph
Hunter, an assistant keeper of the public
records of England, made public in 1852,
placed fairly within the domain of authentic
history the facts concerning the actual, ex
istence and career of Eobin Hood. He was
born about 1290. His family were of some
station and seated at Wakefield. With
many others he became an outlaw from hav
ing espoused the cause of the uu.ortunate
Earl of Lancaster. He retreated with a hun
dred or nioie of his comrades to the depths
of Sherwood Forest, not a score of miles
from bis birthplace. By their unequaled
skill in archery; godless pranks with lords
aud bishops; robberies ol the high to share
with the lowly; and their adequate wits in
all exigencies; they secured the loyalty of
peasantry roundabout and put to defiance
the entire forces of the crown.
At this juncture King Edward wisely
pardoned Eobin Hood, giving him service
as one of the "valeti, porteurs de la cham
bre" in the royal household. He re
mained for more "than a year; to which ex
isting vouchers for his payment attest. But
the hunger for the greenwood was too
strong. Begging the King for permission
to visit the old chapel at Barnsdale, it was
granted "for a s'ennight." .Having once
rejoined his comrades, he could not again
be- persuaded to leave tbem; and he con
tinued the old outlaw's life until, resorting
to the priory ot Kirkless for surgical aid, he
died from loss ot blood, and was buried in
the grounds of the priory, now Kirkless
Ball, four miles north of Huddersfield, and
the seat of tbe noble family of Armytage.
Still Lives in Tradition.
But, precisely as I have found with the
Cornish and Devonshire peasantry in iden
tification of King Arthur and his land, it is
among the lowly of Nottinghamshire and
Yorkshire that are discovered innumerable
proof":', in tradition, ballad and nomenclat
ure, ot tbe merry outlaw and his men. Lit
erature has not created these for the delecta
tion of auignorantpeasantry. The peasantry
themselves have furnished, by word of
month; the material and but an infinitesi
mal portion has been utilized enabling
writers old and new to transfer the real
Eobin Hood to the Eobin Hood of fiction
A close defining ol Eobin Hood's land
would give it the area o" Sherwood Forest
iu Nottinghamshire and Barnsdale Forest
in Yorkshire, with a narrow strip of country
leading northeast, through southern York
shire, to the sea, near Scarborough, the latter
being occasionally traversed by the outlaws
when too closely pressed by the King's
soldiery. Iu the outlaw's time, but one
highway traversed the region. That was the
old Roman road from London to Berwick.
Perhaps half a dozen hamlets, the one
ancient city of Nottingham, so old that its
history has'been traced back 950years before
the Christian era and its first inhabitants dug
holes in the rock for homes, and a few
chapels, abbeys and priories of the rudest
construction, could have been found in all
tbe area. To-day a forest of chimneys
stands where stood the giant EngliBh oaks.
You can look from no open spot within it,
without your horizon being clouded with
their black silhouettes against a smoke
laden sky. As many hundreds of towns and
hamlets are in Eobin Hood's Land now as
there were single ones in the archer out
law's time. But near the roaring of the
forge, tbe clatter of the looms and the
mournful songs of millions of spindles, like
the tiny nests of the meadow larks, escaping
the blades of tbe reapers, are little nests of
English peasants' homes, bits of English
copse and hedge, and patches of ancient
English oak, which modern industrv and
modern landlordism have not quite effaced;
and it is among these, -seeking the wraiths
and traditions cf the olden Eobin Hood's
Land and the new, that we will go pilgrim
ing in our next.
Edgar L. Wakeman.
HADAGASCAB AKD ITS PEOPLE.
What a Returned American Missionary Says
of the Country.
The natives that is, the wealthy ones
of the island have little or no principle,
dealing in slaves like the men of this coun
try deal in cattle; in fact, they count their
wealth by the number of slaves in their pos
session." said a returned missionary to a
Leadville Democrat man.
The government of the island is rather
mixed. A queen rules in the central part,
while all around the coast are to be found
kings, who have their little domains. It is
ou the coast that the greater number of
heathens are found, and on account of the
damp, moist air, it is very hard for a white
man to live there.
The country is very fertile, fine farming
lands abound everywhere; the center of the
island is about 5.000 to 9,000 feet above sea
level, thus making tbe climate there very
good and healthy.
THE SPEED OF LIGHT.
A Danlill Astronomer Was First to Discover
Its Itato of Travel.
IWBITTKN FOB THE DISPATCIl.l
It was the great fortune of a Danish
astronomer to make the discovery that light,
as well as sound, requires a given time to
travel a given distat.ee. 'Boenier, the famous
Dana alluded to, was lead to his discovery
by observations of the eclipses of Jupiter's
moons. He found that there was a difference
of several minutes in these eclipses, that
they occurred earlier when the earth was on
the side of the sun nearest to Jupiter, aud'
later when farthest away.
With this data as a starting point he soon
found that the difference of apparent time
resulted Irom the time required for light to
travel across the diameter of the earth's
orbit, about 182,000,000 miles. This time
proved to be about 16 minutes, and as hah"
that would be the time irom the eirtli to the
sun the mystery was solved. The accuracy
ot this calculation has siuce been verified by
other methods, and all authorities now agree
that the velocity or light is not far from
186,000 miles a second.
A NEAT PAELOE TEICK.
Burning a String Without Having Its Bur
den Fall to the Floor.
Dip a thread in strong salt water, then dry
it thoroughly. Do this two or three times
in succession, but do it secretly, so
that your thread' may appear lo
the audience like any ordinary
thread. Suspend to it ns light a
ring as yon'can get, then set fire
to the thread, ;which will burn
from one end to tbe other, and tbe
spectators will be surprised to see
the ring'snspended by the ashes of
the string which hasjust oeeu de
stroyed bvforo their eyes. In re
ality the fibrous part of the thread
has been burned, but there re
mains a small tube of salt solid
enough to bear tbe weight of the
light ring attached. Be careful
that the operation is not exposed to
draft, says the Boston Globe.
A California Druggist
Tells whv Chamberlain's Cough Eemedy is
so popular wherever , known. Mr. L. G.
Moore, the leading druggist at Point Aren:i,
Cal., says: "I have sold Chamberiaiu's
Cough Eemedy for more than a year, and
find it one of the very best sellers I ever
kept in stock. But that is.not all; the rem
edy gives satisfaction to my customers. It
is especially liked f.r its soothing and expectorant-qualities."
It-will loosen and re
lieve a severe cold iuless timo than any
other treatment. WSa
The Ladies of Washington All Have
a Tale of Woe to Tell.
COOKING SCHOOLS ARE NEEDED.
Hotr General Grant Introduced Discipline
Into His House.
A JAPANESE MAID'S IDEAS ON BABIES
icoimitarOKDiNCx or ttie dispatch.!
Washington, Jan. 31. The President
al question, the Indian question aud tbe
Farmers' Alliance question are all being
discussed by the men of Washington, but
the question that is nearest to every
woman's heart is the servant girl question.
Not long ago there appeared in thccolumus
of a New York newspaper the following an
nouncement: And now a servant girl society has been or
ganized in Gotham for tbe protection ot mis
tress and maid. The society demands that
each servant on leaving her mistress shall leave
behind ber a reference of "character." The
reference shall state whether the mistress has
been mild-tempered or severe, liberal or "pru
dent," subject to "company" or not, etc. The
mistress also gives a reference. In this way
both parties are suited, neither is imposed
upon, ana tbe world wags harmoniously on.
The fact is that tbe relations of mistress
and servant are rapidly changing. The
servants gain in power every day, aud they
seem to also gain in inefficiency and igno
rance. One-half the talk ol Washington
society, I blush to say it, relates to serv
ants, and the ladies here are discussing
whether it might not be possible to bring
about a reform in the education ot their
servants and in tbe rules respecting them.
The White or the Black.
The question of colored servants versus
white servants is an important one where
about one-third of the population is made
up of negroes, and I find a general desire
among the leading ladies of tbe laud that
schools for the training ol servants should
be established here and throughout the
country, I have spent this week in inter
viewing some of our most noted ladies on
the servant girl question. I have taken the
experienced housekeepers among the states
men's wives and I find that every woman
has her own ideas on the subject and that
many of them are good ones.
One of my first visits was to Mrs. Procfor,
the wile of the Secretary of War, who wili
this winter assume her rightful position
among the ladies of the Cabinet, as well as
at the head, of her household, which she was
last season compelled to resign to her niece,
Mrs. Carey and her daughter, on account of
her devotion to her invalid son. Mrs. Proc
tor said: "With the exception of my cook
and waiter, both of whom are colored, I have
brought with me from New England most
of my help. Last year I had an Irish maid
and laundress, but this season I have se
cured A Young Swiss Girl.
"I find the Swiss to be a most thrifty,
hard-working class. This girl will perform
the duties of maid, and I have so far found
that servants among the Swiss seem to pos
sess an innate adaptability and quickness of
perception that is largely in their favor
above others. You would be surprised to
knew how ambitious the lower classes
among the race are to make for themselves
a home and a community in America.
Their only drawhack to the successful ac
complishment of the desire is the fact that
they have as yet few churches established in
our midst. Being a clannish community,
they find it difficult to mingle with stran
gers at their worship. I am of the opinion
that it would be as well to organize a society
for tbe training of servants, or any of the
other accomplishments by which tbey expect
to earn their living."
Mrs. Senator Sherman thinks the most
efficient remedy for the present evil of poor
service and dishonesty among those em
ployed would be the organization of a train
ing school in conjunction with the colored
public schools of the District. She tells mc
that for nearly 20 years she had the same
Typical Old Virginia Darkey,
whom she secured at the close of the war,
and who, according to tbe custom of all
Southern households in ante helium days,
was instructed almost from infancy in the
essential rudiments of her art. "Unfortun
ately, continued she, "old Fanny has at
length grown incapacitated for active work,
and I am compelled to employ a younger
woman. I have been busy ail the weec
initiating the new cook, but I am thanklul
to have accomplished tbe worst part of the
work in tbe selection from among a throng
of applicants by whom I have been besieged.
I begin to appreciate the annoyance of
those who are less fortunate than myself,
and who have been compelled to change
from one mouth to another.
"I remember," she went on, "what a try
ing experience of this kind Mrs. Grant bad
during her early life in Washington, and
during the time of the General's command.
She was continually being annoyed by first
oue servant and then another refusing to
p-ri'orm certain duties iu order to shift them
off upon the shoulders of other servants. At
length affairs reached such a climax that it
was almost impossible to obtain any atten
tion. General Grant Settled Them.
"When the state of affairs became ap
parent to tbe General he called thedomestics
together, and with military precision ap
portioned to each his separate duties, de
manding unquestioning obedience in all
respects upon piin of instant dismissal.
After this the work was harmoniously ac
complished and complaints were no longer
"I think that an overstrained spirit of
independence is au American fault, and
quickly influences those who dwell for a
while among us. As an example of this I
recall the time of our home life at Mansfield,
0 There were many Germans living there,
most of whom came over to act as servants,
and very good ones they made, but the sec
ond generation invariably reaped the benefit
of their parents' thrift, and, marrying well-to-do
tradesmen, would enjoy homes of their
own. I remember one family of Germans,
nine in number, each of whom upon coming
to the country obtained employment in resi
dent families, dud by careiul management
laid by sufficient to purchase a large brick
house, af.er which tbey lived together iu
domestic comfort, aud nothing would induce
one of their children to accept a servant's
position. Unless some effort is made betore
long to destroy this ialse idea of independ
ence, every mistress will have to be her own
maid and every householder his own serv
ant." Story of Mrs. Tresldcnt Ifayes.
Mrs, Cullom, wife of the Illinois Senator,
1 lound at her handsome Massachusetts ave
nno home, havintr but recently returned
from the West. A soft-voiced, neat-looking
white maid opened the door and ushered me
up into the large square parlor on the second
floor. Mrs. Cullom replied to my question
concerning her experience with servant,
that she 'had brought her cook and house
maid with her from Illinois', as she was sur
prised to find that of those who hired out as
professional waitresses very few knew even
how to set a table properly.
"With the exception of my coachman, a
colored man," she said, "I prefer Irish
domestics, or rather, those of Irish descent.
One of the most original arrangements
within my experience was the case of Mrs.
President Hayes. It was during a visit paid
us some years since by the ex-President and
his wife that I learned, to mv surprise, that
Mr. Hayes' valet also pel formed the duties
of maid to his wlfr, that is, he personally
superintended their sleeping apartment,
and with hie own hands each morning laid
our his mistress' clean linen and arranged
tbe adornments cf her toilet. I never could
understand this fancy on Mrs. Hayes' part,
still with her it seemed the most natural
thing in tbe world, and certainly t'ae valet
was most conscientious aud efficient in the
performance of his rather unusual role."
Good Idea From Mn. Vance.
Mrs. Senator Vance, of North Carolina,
has had many years' experience of house
keeping, and by her education in a luxuri
ous Southern horns is capable of a just esti
mation of the servant question. "Whathas
been your experience -with servants since
you eame to Washington?" I asked.
"To tell the troth," she answered, "I
have been exceptionally fortunate, having
oroujut my cook, with me from tne fjouin
many years ago, and with her husband as
waiter, I have never enjoyed greater com
fort in housekeeping, notwithstanding the
tact that the man was a divinity rtudent
and spent most of the morning at college.
He conscientiously penormed every duty
beiore leaving each day, and proved an ac
complished waiter. My greatest trouble has
always been with my Coachman. It seems
to me from personal experience that as a
race, colored coachmen make it a business
of getting drunk "every night; doubtless
from the constant exposure of Jheir lite,
they are more susceptible to temptation oi
that kind. Something ought certainly to
be done to reform this habit, but the ques
tion is, 'What?' There is a fine field for
missionary work in this respect could an in
terest be aroused among charitable people
in our midst.
Effect of Discipline.
"Another system of securing good service
is to be strict iu our mauagement and never
to perform a duty that has been wilfully
neglected by a domestic. One of the very
best housekeepers, as well as the most re
spected mistress I ever knew, was a Ken
tucky woman, who told me that the true se
cret of her success with good servants was
that she never overlooked the smallest neg
lect of duty, but never forgot that they were
huniau beings and required little indul
gences and some time for leisure alter the
regular work of the day was performed. In
this way she retained their afT.-ction, as well
as their respect, aud the machinery of the
household moved on oiled wheels. I most
siucerely indorse the proposal for the or
ganization of a training school lor young
colored girls in tbe District."
One of the most practical managers is Mrs.
Morion, wife of the Vice President. I am
told that she employs some 18 or 20 servants.
Seventeen of these, all white, were brongbt
from the North last winter, and so system
atic is tbe household that there is never any
clashing of duties. Mrs. Morton, notwith
standing all her social obligations, regularly
oversees the arrangement for each day, and
holds a morking interview, first with the.
cook and alterward with each employe in
turn. In this way there is no hitch, and the
usual conflicting worries ot housekeeping
Had to Make a War Talk.
Mrs. Stewart, the wife of the Nevada
statesman, tells me her patience has been
exhausted with the continuous discord
among her maid servants until at length
she has been compelled to call a meeting
and settle differences overwork by a reg
ular war talk and by laying down a distinct
law for each. Madame Itouiero employs
mixed help, and finds that as a general
rule the apparently conflicting nationalities
agree remarkably well. She has a French
cook, an Irish maid and a colored butler
aud lootman. Her greatest tronble has al
ways been with tbe scullion, who is seldom
retained for any length of time.
Senator Stanford has a Chinese cook, and
these Chinese make as good cooks as you
will find in.tlie world. The Chinaman can
learn anything, and after a lew lessons he
will beat the Frenchman himself at getting
up a good dinner. An ex-Ministerto China
lately said: "When I arrived at my post I
found that the cook whom my Secretary of
Legation bad engaged for me was a lull
blooded Chinaman. I expected a diet of
rice and rats, and was surprised to find my
first meal the bestl had ever sat down to. I
have never seen a cook" who could beat this
Chinaman. He wonld get up a big dinner
a la table d' hote with no more fuss than a
meal for two, aud be would have the wine,
the courses aud everything in us nice order
as you could get it at Delmonico's or the
Grand Hotel de Paris."
A Queer Japanese Maid.
The Japanese servants are not so ;ood. I
heard yesterday of some antics performed by
a newly imported Japanese nurse in the em
ploy of Mr. Austin Herr. Mr. Herr is a
millionaire. He went to Japan a year ago
and was so delighted with the people that
when he came back he could do nothing un
til he had sent for this .nurJe. The family
were please i with her when she came, but it
was noticed at once that she possessed queer
ideas of baby farming. She had a strange
fascination tor carrying the baby downward,
with apparent unconsciousness of thedanger
to the child. After serious admonitions,
however, she was finally induced to correct
the habit, and taught to push the infant out
tucked snugly up in its pretty pink-lined
All went well until one day the neighbors
noticed a peculiar performance that they
were not long iu communicating to tbe pa
' rents. It seems that no sooner had the nurse
and child disappeared around the corner of
the street, out of sight of the dwelling, than
the nurse would carefully gather the gar
ments about the feet of the baby, and quickly
dragging it forth wonld treat it to a succes
sion of rapid whirls, and then seeming well
pleased with the exercise, carefully restore
the child to its carriage, and with apparent
unconcern quietly continue her walk.
Miss Gkundy, Jb.
A Kettle for the Teas.
Among the fancy articles upon which the
ladies of London dote
at their teas is an
"artistic kettle." It is
suspended by a chain to
a rustic stand, rudely
fashioned out of bam
boo. A small spirit
lamp keeps the kettle
a-boiliug. Kettle, lamp,
stand aud all only cost
a guinea. When the
ladies have tea, of
course there must he
hot water, and so this
little article is not
ouly ornamental, but
useful. Articles of this
style are having quite a
run in London.
SICK HEAUACHEClirl(,r,J Lmle LlTer ,.UU
KICK IIEAlAClinCarter,3 LlttIe UWtr mj
SICK HEAUACHECartcr,s LIttIe Uyer nUj
SICK UEAUAOUE.,,.,,, LUUe Liver nils.
1 our Shoes
ONCE A WEEK!
Other dayo wash them
SPONGE AND WATER.
EVERY Counting Room.
EVERY Carriage Own,er
EVERY Thrifty Mecrianit.
EVERY Body able to hoid a brush
Wiu. Stain Old a New rumiiToac
Will Stain tinware
Will Stain youb Old Bamct
Will Stain baivs Coach
sT-f i "
WOUT A JLtNDOLra. yVTartalBhle, , maZ&-73-W73Ui( -as
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CASE OF A MAN WHO HAS BECOME "ALL
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--" III - .. V - ----- .- i - --... r- - -- - i . . III II II I I I II ! I II IM !!! I 1,1 III ,111 111 I M I