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THE PITTSBURG- DISPATCH SUNDAY, TEBRTJART 1, 189L
JOYS AHD SORROWS
Attendant Upon the Lives of the Men
TTn, in the Olden Days, Kan
a Southern Eiver Circus.
DEATH AKD BOEIAL OF A COMRADE
A Natural Gas Man Fredicls a Bright, Char
Atmosphere for Tittshnrg in "
the Hear Fatnre.
BASE XOTES AS SrEdACLE POLISHERS.
lattrtsthg Chits Witi azd About So, Picked Up is
Trcrj of the City.
It seems a pleasure to Colonel Sam Saw
son, of the Bijou Theater, to forget the wor
ries of the present while he opens some of
the rich chapters of the past Here is one
he gave out yesterday, while he was seated
in his coxy little office in the Bijou, sur
rounded by a cloud of cijrarette smoke and
"Possihly the happiest time I ever spent
in the show business was when I was with a
river circus, and yet there were sad scenes,
too. A river circus, you Snow, is one that
travels along the river iu a steamboat and
fives shows on land the same as do other
regular ciicuses. Our boat was the Parole.
We did the Mississippi river and its South
ern tributaries. Among tbem were the Red
and White rivers, Bayou Douche and the
Yazoo river. The country and the climate
are beyond description in the winter season,
except on rainy days. We showed in day
light and usually moved at night. Life
was a poem of existence.
The Circus Man's Easy life.
"The climate was enervating and we all
fell into a sort of a happy, easy existence,
and did notcare whether the world moved or
stopped. It made but little difference
whether salaries came or not, Ko one ever
objected. One day we would live on chicken
and wild turkey, and possibly the next on
salt bacon and hard tack. It was all one
and the same. Life ran too smooth for any
one to murmur. One Christmas, and it's not
more than ten years ago, we ate Christmas
dinner In our shirt sleeves and then settled
it by playing hotball with oranges in one ot
the great croves that line Bayou Douche.
"We carried about 100 men. Rapidity of
movements was one of the great features of
the Southern river shows. "Night was the
favorite time for saying goodby. The
strongest reasons for favoring the darkness
was to escape the intense heat and the
"But Sheriffs will be Sheriffs," he added
with a sigh. "There is a strange affinity
'twixt tbem and the show business. They
were a part of our life then. Still, we had a
A Grand Holiday All 'Bound.
"Sundays were our great days. Then we
would pull into one of the beautiful islands,
where both the ground and the trees are
covered with a soft rich moss. We would
take all the stock ashore and such of the
animals as could be allowed to run at large.
and all would enjoy a day of rest. The boys
indulged in all kinds of games, and there
were eight or ten female performers to add
life to the party.
"It was up the .Red river that I had the
strangest experience of my life. The owner
of the. show had discovered his wife was un
faithful. He was a crack shotjand we all
expected a duel, but instead he was cold as
a refrigerator. At sunset he ordered both
bis wife and ber lover to pack their trunks.
The lover hesitated, but a revolver was
argument enough for him to proceed. The
boat was run into the shore and the couple
and their baggage landed on the west bank.
Tns husband waved a farewell as the boat
shoved off, and the woman fainted That
did not move him, lor he ordered the baud
out on the upper deck and made it plav
'The Girl I Le t Behind Me,' while be
stood ana watched until a bend in the river
hid the faithless wile from view.
"All over the cotton belt," said he, "we
showed to from 1,000 to 1,200 people at each
performance, and there would only be a half
dozen white persons in the audience, and
les than a dozen seats would be sold at the
ticket office. It was a frequent occurrence
f.ir a planter or a storekeeper there to buy
1,000 tickets with the understanding that
we were only to give one show and that at
A Substitute for Cold Cash.
"What prices the negroes had to pay I do
sot know, but I do know that many a
planter has paid for the entire labor on a
year's crop of cotton by one of these per
formances. The Southern negro would
rather go to a circus than to heaven. Tbev
sever have any money. All the land is
owned by the planter and storekeepers.
"The negroes r.iise cotton for half the
crop, the owner turnbhing everything. The
negro starts in at the first of the year and
the storekeeper gives him what provisions
he thinks he needs and at prices made only
to suit the storekeeper. When the crop is
gathered at the end oi the year, the negro,
if he is lucky, has a balance of $8 or $10
coming to him. This he spends for bad
whisky during the holidays and then starts
in the new year as poor as before. But they
were always ready for a show.
"We had a brass band with us. A musi
cal education was not one of the require
ments for admission, and when it played it
only created a disturbance. They were mu
Eicians that burglarized nature, for they
breathed in good air and only blew out dis
cord. Kevertheless, we were often 40 miles
from a railway or telegraph station. A
brass band of any kiud was a novelty. In
daylight the band played on the top deck.
The negroes would leave their work as soon
as they heard it, and follow along the river
banks until the shore would be lined. I
have seen them follow the boat for five or
six miles, and when the canvas was raised
they were willing to give all they could earn
iu a year lor admission.
Death at Night on the River.
"While we were in the Yazoo river I was
sent on ahead to join the advance boat at
Greenwood, Miss. Abe Ogden, one of the
best known bill posters in the country, was
with the boat. The uilot was down
with tne fever and dying. At midnight
Ogden came to me and said, 'Come
quick! I can hear the death
rattle in his throat," When we reached the
cabin he was dead. It was a dark, uncanny
night at Lest, with a drizzling rain falling.
I never felt so much unnerved in mr life as
that lonely night when we kept watch over
the dead. Each shadow seemed a phan
tom and the monotonous patter of the rain
made the loneliness more terrible.
"We did not know what, to do.
It would be ten days before we would reach
a town where we could buy a coffin; and be
sides that, we had eight towns to bill in that
time. We could not keep the body in that
climate without it decomposing. The only
thing was to bury him at daybreak. There
were some Cottonwood planks on board, and,
with the aid of a negro, who afterward
proved to be an escaped convict, we em
ployed the hours until morning in making a
rough coffin. It was strange work, and I
can remember how Lshuddered when every
i.ail was driven.
He Was Given a Christian Burial.
"At dawn we reached the bead of Honey
Island. Placing the rude coffin in a boat
beside us, we rode to the farm of Miss Jen
nie McAfee. It was cloudy, raining and
muddy, circumstances depressing enough
on an ordinary occasion, but on this the
strain was terrible. We started to dig a.
grave, but when two feet down
we struck a buried stump. I sug
gested giving it up and trying some
where else, but the negro's eyes bulged, out
in terror at the very thought of such a
thing. Some Voodoo doctor had told him
that bad fortune would follow if a grave
was started and not finished. We could
only let him have his way and he got -an ax
and' chopped out the stump. The coffin was
lowered. Miss McAfee furnished a prayer
book and I read the Episcopal service for
the dead. Then Miss McAfee offered a
firayer. She had known the man and the
ife he had led on the river. Her petition
was the simplest and grandest that I ever
heard and one that would find answer were
God's heart made of stone. She simply
" "Father, we send Thee another soul.
Thou knowest the trials that he had ou
earth and for Christ's sake be merciful.
"The clods rattled down on the lid of the
rough box like a curtain falling over the
last act of a tragedy. We parted in silence.
Neither spoke until we reached the boat
and were well on our way down the river,
but marked on my memory was a scene
never to be forgotten,"
DOESN'T LIKE THE SMOKE.
A Gas Man Predicts a Clear Atmosphere in
the Near Future.
"I hate to see the heavy, black pall lying
over Pittsburg," said the secretary of a nat
ural gas company yesterday. "I think
since the mills have returned to coal the
city is dirtier than it was in the old smoke
davs. The number of manufactories has
increased, and the result is quite natural.
Down about Btverside the atmosphere is
clear, and you can get an idea there
ot what the city used to ba like,
but as you look up the river nothing
but heavy black clouds of smoke can be
seen. This state of affairs won't last much
longer. A great many men arc at work
seeking a remedy. I think the natural gas
could be mixed with an artificial one that
would make a plentiful supply.
"In my judgment there is lots of gas, but
new fields must be developed. God is never
scant iu His gifts to man, and thegas is here.
Of course wells run down and the pressure
becomes low; so do oil wells play out, and
the supply of coal is growing less. Chicago
tried the plan of compelling its citizens to
use smoke-consumers, but I am told it is
not successful, though the average Windy
City man will try to make you believe it baa
improved the cleanliness of the atmosphere."
THE DE1VEK HELPED HIM.
Trials of a Young Man in Takins His Best
Girl to the Theater.
A certain newspaper man in Pittsburg de
sired to give his best girl who lives in the
East End a gorgeous treat last week. He
blew in the major portion of his weekly sti
pend to buy seats lor three nights to hear
the Kendals. He wanted to do everything
in elegant style however, and in addition he
hired a cab, and found he had 20 cents lest.
He gave the driver 10 cents as a tip to put
him iu a good humor, and spent
the other 10 for cigarettes. This
left him without a sou iu bis best clothes.
He remarked afterwards that he took the
cab ou tick, as he knew the driver, and he
hadn't enough money to pay the street car
Arrived at the beautiful home of the mil
lionaire's daughter, she proved to be a ve'ry
democratic and sensible girl. A cab, she
said, was a useless expense, and sne would
ride to the theater in a' street car. Cold
drops of perspiration ran down over the
young man's face, leaving marks like rills
through a field of snow. He hadn't the
fare, but a happy thought struck him. He
borrowed 20 cents from the driver and the
young reporter was happy.
XOTHnro AT ALL LIKE IT.
Captain Orcott Uses a Bank Note to Polish
"I clean my eye-glasses these days with a
ten-dollar note," said Captain Orcutt at tlie
St. Charles Hotel yesterday, with a smile,
as he commenced to tub his spectacles with
a bill. "It cleans the glass and doesn't
hurt the money. A one-dollar bill would
answer the purpose as well as a note for a
hundred, but iu this case I happened to
have the ten and nsed it.
"I have been cleaning my glasses for years
with bank notes, and I nave never found
anything that mates them as clear. If you
use a handkerchief it leaves the lint behrnd,
and ten to one the glass is blurred. The
money removes all the dirt and grease, and
leaves no trace of itself. Am I afraid of con
tracting some disease of the eyes? Well, I
never thought ot that, and I know that some
physicians claim that diseases are trans
mitted by money, since it passes through so
many hands. No, I am not afraid; and I
will still continue to use the bank notes for
this purpose. The textnre is soft, and it cer
tainly removes dirt. Indeed, there is noth
ing like paper money for polishing fine
HOW H0YT GOT EVH.
He Writes a Part la His Play to fit a Mod
ern Society Editor.
In Hoyt's "A Trip to Chinatown" a
character was put in after the play had been
written and produced for some time
on the stage. It is the editor of
the modern society journal. In
San Francisco one of these fellows
attacked Hoyt in a most scurrilous manner,
and as the playwright did not have the op
portunity to reply through the newspapers,
be sat down and wrote a part to fit him.
The character was produced before the com
pany left the coast, and Mr. Hoyt had his
revenge on the society editor.
He is the one man iu the play who re
ceives all the kicks and cuffs, and as he is a
constant eavesdropper, as represented, he
deserves all the punishment he receives.
MAKING THEM QUARREL.
The Owners of a Gas Well Unable to Agree
What to Do.
A gentleman wbo lives down the Fort
Wayne Bailroad says the owners of the gas
well on the Courtney farm have degenerated
into an unorganized mob. While the well
was gasing they were offered a big price for
it by a gas company. They couldn't agree
among themselves, so the well was not sold.
Now she is turning to oil, and they are
quarreling as to whether she shall be put
deeper and fully developed.
Meantime, the gentleman quoted states
that a corner is likely to be effected and the
stock pass into fewer" hands.
CONSIDERS IT A GREAT BOOH.
Dr. Rosenthal Still Full of Faith in the
Dr. Charles H. Rosenthal, who took care
of Dr. E. T. Painter on his way to Berlin,
and looked after him subsequently, as long
as the former remained in the German capi
tal, passed through Piitsburg on his way to
San Francisco, a few days since.
Dr. Kosentbal is as enthusiastic in his be
lief of the efficacy of the Koch lymph, as he
wat a month ago. He is willing to admit
all that has been claimed for it,and regards
it as the greatest boon medical science has
conferred on humanity for many years.
0!fE PROPRIETOR HOW.
Mr. Holmes Boys Oat His Partner's Share In
the Mononzahela House.
The formal transfer of the Monongahela
House to Charles Holmes, one of the part
ners, was made yesterday. All the papers
were signed, the money paid and Mr.
Arnold retired from the active management
of the hotel. Mr. Holnres said yesterday
that no changes would be made, and the
hotel would be conducted in the future as it
had been in the past, Some improvements
will be made as the opportunity presents
The dissolution of the partnership was a
purely business transaction, and the best of
feeling prevails all around.'
RILEY OH THE GUITAR.
He Says the Music Needs the Moonlight to
James Whitcomb Riley and Judge White
sat together at the Press Club banquet
They talked about a variety of things, and
Biley, in the exuberance of his poetical
nature, introduced the subject of the guitar.
The Judge remarked that he was very fond
of this Kind of music, when Biley said:
"The guitar needs the moonlight, the
blinds and the shutters to sound the
sweetest. I don't like to hear a guitar
played during the day. For that matter I
think humanity is more susceptible to
music at night than while the sun is shining.
When the shades begin to fall the business
man ceases his cares the busy housewife
lays aside her work, and everybody seeks
enjoyment. I like the night. It is a bless
ing to the world."
FRANCIS MURPHY HOT WELL,
Box Mr. Holmes Says He is Not Dangerously
HI, as Reported.
Charles Holmes, a son-in-law of Francis
Murphy, returned recently from Indian
apolis, where the temperance lecturer now is.
Mr. Holmes says Mr. Murphy is not a
well man, but he is not dangerously sick as
had been reported. When in Pittsburg re
cently he fell and hurt his side, and he has
been troubled since with what the doctors
call a stitch, but his trouble is not serious.
Players on the Move.
The Baltimore and Ohio road will have
this week the "Later On" company to Bal
timore, the Indian Mail Carrier Company
from TJniontown to Dayton, and some strag
glers from the World's Museum. The next
excursion to Washington will be run Feb
TRAMPING THROUGH MUD.
City Officials Spend a Bay in. the Bain
Looking at Farm Lands Too Mnch Hill
and Too Little River Front Eight Places
Tet to Visit
The Department of Awards spent most of
yesterday plodding around through mud and
slush in its search for a new Ctty Poor
Farm. The members of the board returned
to the city tired out.
The party started at 8:15 A. 31. on the
Allegheny Valley Road, and the first stop
was made at Coleman station, in Plum
township, where the tract offered by Mrs.
James McKay is located. There are 135
acres, adjoining the city line, for which
$100,000 Is asked. The whole property lies
on top of a high hill, which overlooks a
steep precipice, at the foot of which the
river lies. Its inaccessibility wag so ap
parent that hut a few moments were spent
in viewing it, and the party continued on to
Sandy Creek station, where the 210-acre
farm of Captain James 5oyd is located.
The (price is 100 per acre.
Much of the Boyd farm is very good land
for ordinary farming purposes, but it is
broken up by deep ravines and steep hills,
so that after an hour's tramp it was left be
hind with an unfavorable verdict. Inac
cessibility is one of its worst defects.
But little time was wasted upon the Tom
linson farm, at Johnson statioq, in Plum
township. It contains 213 acres, and is
offered at $230 an acre, but it has the same
objectionable features as the McKay prop
erty, being perched upon the top of one of
the tallest hills along the river and has no
bottom land at all.
Logan's Ferry was the next stopping
place, where are located side by side the
farms of James W. Drape and F. J. Glass.
The Drape farm had no bottom land at all,
but an arrangement had been made with a
Mr. Logan, who owns a strip of land be
tween the Drape property and the river,
wnich would give the former a river front
age if sold. The Drape tract, including
that of Logan, contains 302 acres, and is
offered at $175 per acre. The bottom laud is,
however, rather limited in extent and liable
to inundation by spring freshets, while the
balance of the property is mainly hillsides,
part of which is covered with timber. The
Glass farm contains 300 acres, and is
offered at $450 per acre. While it has but a
limited amount of bottom land, and that
liable to floods, the main part of the prop
erty is very fair farm laud and in good con
dition. At Hulton the farm offered by W.H. Alex
ander, was revisited. It contains 444 acres
and is offered to the city at $600 an acre. It
is part of a 1,400-acre tract belonging to an
old family named Lee, of which Caleb Lee
was a member. There is a gas well on the
place, where one day last week a small flow
of gas was struck at a depth ot 3,100 feet.
The supply of gas would be amply sufficient
to supply the Poor Farm building. The
greatest drawback to the Alexander farm is
its lack of accessible river frontage.
Of the 20 farms thus far visited there ap
pear to be not more than four that are
looked upon with favor by any member of
the Department of Awards, and the dif
ference of opinion in relation to the desira
bility of farms will probably cause a hitch
when the time comes to decide which farm
shall be bought. There are eight farms yet
to be visited, but enough is known of some
of tbem to say that not more than one or
two will meet with any consideration in the
THE GREAT SALE OF FIRE GOODS
Still Continues at the New Tork Grocery.
These goods were consigned to us by one
of the largest insurance companies of the
East, and consist of canned goods, dried
fruits, teas, spices, cigars, etc. Everything
must be disposed of within the next ten days:
1G lbs granulated sugar $1 00
12 cans tomatoes (3 B cans) 90
12 cans sugar corn 75
12 cans good peas 75
12 cans red cherries 75
12 cans string beans 75
12 cans blackberries GO
12 cans golden pumpkin 90
12 cans California peaches 2 40
12 cans California apricots 2 15
12 cans California egg plums 175
12 cans California green gage plums 1 75
12 cans California white grapes.... 175
12 cans California white cherries.. 2 35
12 cans California black heart cher-
rie 2 35
12 cans California pears 2 25
&i lb s evaporated apricots 1 00
5 lbs evaporated apricots, very best 1 00
7 lbs California peaches 1 00
5 lbs California peaches, choice.. 1 00
5 lbs California olivet peaches, verv
finest 1 00
8 lbs pure black pepper,gropna. ... 1 00
8 lbs pure cinnamon, ground 1 00
1 0 lbs cream tartar 1 00
lOlbsEnglish mustard 100
12 lbs cream cheese 1 00
16 lbs California raisins... 1 00
14ftsfine raisins 1 00
Good Amber flour, per bbl 5 25
Good Amber flour, per sack 1 30
25 good 5o cigars 40
50 good 5c cigars 70
5 lbs good chewing tobacco 1 10
S0-B) pails home-made preserves. ... 2 00
35-& pails home-made apple butter. 2 00
5 bottles imported chow-chow,
mixed pickles and onions 1 00
Choice Orleans molasses, per gallon 33
9 cans fine French peas 1 00
'16 lbs dried lima beans 1 00
Goods delivered free to all parts of both
cities. To those living out of the city we
will prepay freight on all orders of $10 and
upward to any station or landing within 100
miles of Pittsburg. Send for price list
M. R. Thompson,
301 Market street and 69 Third avenue, op
81 00 Until May 1S3 CO.
12 cabinet photos or one life size crayon
for $3 60 at Anfrecht'i Elite Gallery, 516
Market street, Pittsburg, Use elevator.
Building Trades Council Wants a
Mechanics' Lien Law Passed.
EIGHT-HOUR MOVEJIEHT IS DEAD.
The United Mine Workers Beaffirm the
Seventy Cent Sate.
A DAI'S GEIST FROM LABOR CIRCLES
The Building Trades Council last evening
heard the reports from the various organiza
tions represented in it, upon a circular or
dered to be sent out a short time ago, bear
ing on the mechanics' lien, Australian bal
lot system, and other matters.
Favorable answers were received from
every union ou the following propositions,
which had been submitted to them:
First The enactment of a mechanics' Hen
law which will give to labor a lien upon any
building to secure wages.
Second The abolition ot conspiracy laws,
which class the efforts of labor organizations
as conspiracy to restrict trade, and also en
danger the lives of all the members for the
rash act of one.
Third To prohibit armed bodies of men,
miscalled "detectives," from being hired or
brought into this State by corporations or em
ployers. The security of our State must de
pend upon the civil authority and not upon
any irresponsible military body in the employ
of citizens or corporations.
Fourth To favor the enactment of any sim
ilar plan, which will enable elections to be con
ducted with better protection to the voters as
well as candidates.
Legislation to Be Looked After.
It was decided to employ an attorney for
the purpose of preparing a bill to be pre
sented to the present Legislature, covering
the points included in the'circular.
It was reported that another serious diffi
culty is about to occur ou the Government
building. During the recent strike ot
steamfitters there, two hodcarriers' were
fined for working after the strike had been
declared. They are still at work and
have not paid their fine. "Within the
next week about 50 plasterers will be put to
work, but it is expected they will refuse to
work with the two men who'are under fine.
If the plasterers strike all other trades must
support them, and work on the building
will be completely stopped.
The report on the vote among the painters
on the eight-hour movement was announced.
The result was largely against making the
demands for shorter hours. The painters
have prepared a scale asking for nine hours,
with some readjustment of the other rules
governing their work and wages.
No Demands for Eight Hours.
The carpenters have also failed to carry
their vote in favor of the eight-hour move
ment, which strongly indicates the truth of
the prediction made in The Dispatch
several weeks ago, that no demands would
be made among the building trades in Pitts
burg this year.
No action was taken upon the trouble be
tween the painters' unions, although it was
reported that, be lore the end of the present
week, the contest will be settled. This has
been the hottest fight in the history of the
painters' unions. Interest in the election of
walking delegate has reached such a high
pitch that it is said all sorts of tricks have
been resorted to. Three candidates have
withdrawn, leaving W. J. Jewell and B.
Davenport in the field to fight alone. The
former represents the Allegheny unions and
the latter those in this city. Davenport's
friends are charged with bringing religions
matters against Jewell, and even some of
the workers are alleged to have been offered
money-for bis inflnence in the fight.
The voting for delegate will begin to-morrow
night, and No. 10 will decide the con
test Friday night.
J. L, .EVANS' REPLY. .
He Takes Exceptions to an Ontslde View
on the Ihmsen Matter.
Begarding the statements made by an un
interested labor man relative to the Ihmsen
trouble, Master "Workman Evans said last
night: "No threats were ever made that a
strilce would occur on the 28th of
January if the firm declined the
demands. There are 12, not 2
mixers and teasers employed in the shop,
and all but one have signified their willing
ness to join the K. of L. That is what we
want. Wc were after no trouble, and no
one connected with our side of the case
wanted a strike.
"All we were after was to get those men
into the union, and they will come. in. The
gentleman who has seen fit to meddle with
other people's business knows he has made
false statements, and knows that because
Mr. "Wright was not here was because he
was sick. He will be looked after in his
own organization next Friday."
CONDEMNED THE ACTION.
Plasterers Resent the Stand Taken by the
Building Trades Council.
The trouble between D. A. 3, K. of L.,
and a Smithfield street hatter, is becoming
interesting. Master Workman Evans said
last evening: "At the last meeting of the
Building Trades Council a resolution was
passed indorsing the hatter and the new
salesman's union. I have positive infor
mation, however, that quite a number of the
delegates voted against the resolution, and
among others those from Plasterers' Union
No. 31. At a meeting of the latter organi
zation, held last night, a resolution was
unanimously passed condemning the action
of the Building Trades Council and in
dorsing the action of Salesman's Assembly
4907. K. of L."
This makes an open fight between D. A.
3, K. off,., and the Building Trades Coun
cil, which promises to become decidedly in
teresting. A GOOD THING FOE PITTSBURG.
A Scheme to Displace the Oid-Fashloned
The old-fashioned way of sprinkling
streets, will, in all probability, be super
seded by a sprinkler made at South Bend,
Ind., in which the radical departure con
sists of throwing water directly downward,
and not up and out backward as heretofore.
This makes it impossible to throw water on
pedestrians that may be close to the rear of
the wagon when the water is thrown on.
The water is thrown 22 feet wide and more
evenly distributed than heretofore. Much
or little water can be hrown, to suit the re
quirements of the street. The Miller
KnoblocK "Wagon Cojipany is erecting a
large new factory in which to build the
sprinklers on a large scale.
MAKING COKE IN VIRGINIA.
The Norfolk and "Western Itoad "Will.Glve
Operators Better Markets.
J. B. Stephenson, of East Brady, went to
Boanoke last evening to attend the annual
meeting of the Keystone Coal and Coke
Company, of which he is President. Mr.
Stephenson is also the Secretary of the
Buckeye Coal and Coke Company at the
Both companies are manufacturing coke,
the first concern having 100 ovens, and they
are building a lot of new ones. Mr. Stephen-,
son says as soon as the Norfolk and "West
ern road is completed to Ironton it will
bring them 300 miles nearer to their AVest
ern markets. He thinks Virginia is the
coming coke country.
New Trial Befosed.
Judge Magee refused a new trial yester
day in the case of Matthews versus Park
Bros. & Co. The plaintiff was a roller at
the works and was discharged for throwing
land on the rolls and sued to recover -wage
alleged to be due ou a yearly contract. The
verdict in the case was for the defendants
and Matthews appealed.
THE MINEB3 ADJOURN.
Tho Vote on Seventy Cents a Ton for Min
ing Coal Sustained.
The miners' convention adjourned yester
day after having held the longest meeting in
the history of the organization. The price
of mining was again taken up and dis
cussed. The point that was most difficult to
settle was whether the price should be fixed
at a certain rate ior coal overl inch screen,
or whether the men should be paid a fixed
sum for the run of the mine. It was decided
finally that the latter should prevail, and 70
cents 'per ton was voted as the price to be
The election of officers followed, and re
sulted in the re-election of the present Pres
ident and Secretary. Michael McQuaid,
Peter Collins, Samuel Devore, John Maddie,
Charles E. Wallace, Hugh Leonard, John
A. "Williams, John Morgan, Samuel Pardo
and Alex Cherry were elected as members of
the Executive Board. William Barker was
elected delegate to theCoIumbusconvention,
which meets on February 10, with discre
tionary power regarding the vote on the
scale ior next year.
Before adjourning the convention decided
that the coal and river miners should con
tinue to have the power to settle difficulties
in their respective territories independently.
MORE GAS TERRITORY.
A Boarer Struck at Aladdin, Up Along tho
George Pottene, who owns a tar works at
Aladdin station, on the Allegheny Valley
Bailroad, brought in a roaring gas well yes
terday. The well has not been fully tested,
but registered 150 pounds in ten seconds.
Further tests cannot be made until the
casing is anchored more securely. The gas
was struck in the 100-foot sand and the well
is,probably the strongest from that forma
tion except the one near Sarver station,
owned by the Pittsburg Plate Glass Com
pany. The importance of the strike lies in the
fact that it opens a new territory. It is five
miles from the developments made by the
Plate Glass Company, at Kelly station, and
seven miles from the Sarver field. Mr.'
Potterie's works have been shut down for
some time, but will resume operations at
A SCORE OP THEM OUT.
Window Glass Factories Continue to Be
Blown Out of Fire.
Window glass factories continue to go ont
of fire. To date the following have been
Barnhard's Bay, Clyde, Dnnbarton and
Ithaca, N. Y.; Bavenna, Zanesville, Massil
lon, Findlav, Toledo and Lancaster, O.;
Meadville, Covington, Blossburg, Belle
fonte, Croton and Wellsborro, Pa.; Muncie,
Ind.; Standard Glass Works, Woodbury,
N. J., and the Warrick Glass Co., Gltfss
boro, N. J.
To Investigate Further.
The General Executive Board of the
United Mine Workers of America will meet
Tuesday at Scottdale to inquire more closely
into the cause of the Mammoth mine disas
ter. The coming convention at Columbub
will also be arranged for.
They Want to Dissolve.
A petition was filed yesterday asking for
a decree for the dissolution of the Duquesne
THEY BEAT HER BOY.
Mrs. Murray Goes After a Tarentnm Teacher
and a School Director.
Lea Murray, of Tarentum, yesterday en
tered suit against Elmer Wartman and
Mack Griffiths, of the same place, charging
tfieni with assault and battery upon her 10-.
year-old son. wartman is tne principal ot
the Tarentnm public schools and Griffiths is
one of the directors.
It is alleged that Wartman whipped the
boy rather severely and that Griffiths took a
hand in the matter and threw him down'a
flight of stairs.
Do Ton Cough?
Take Kemp's Balsam, the best cough cure.
Sample bottles tree of druggists. Lai go bot
tles 50c, tL
Do Yon Eatf
The old saying is, money talks. Well.
I'll give you a pointer, the following prices
will talk. Talk I yes, more than that They
will make you jolly, laugh and grow fat.
Business is business, and quantity makes
all the difference in the world in buying
goods. I have bought right and I am going
to give you all a benefit.
All orders ot ten ($10.00) dollars and up
ward I will give you the benefit of the fol
lowing: LOOK AT ZHESE FBICES:
Every article bought iu my store not
proving satisfactory can be retnrned, and I
will cheerfully refund your money. All
goods guaranteed No. 1. Send for Febru
ary price list Order now or you will miss
1 can blackberries $ 5
1 can string beans 6
1 can peat 6
1 can solid packed tomatoes 6
lean pumpcin 7
1 can genuine sugar corn 7
1 can best Lima beans 8
3 cans red salmon'. 25
9 lbs white clover honey 100
15 lbs California dried grapes .. 1 00
7 lbs choice evaporated apples 1 00
12 lbs sun dried apples 1 00
4 lbs chewing tobacco 1 00
1 gallon glass oil can, tin-covered 20
33 lbs Butler co. buckwheat 1 00
3 lbs evaporated raspberries..., 1 00
4 lbs Weynian's tobacco 1 00
5 lbs tea (in all varieties) 1 00
7 lbs roasted coffee (fresh ground) 1 00
50 bars pood family soap 1 00
Large family scales 1 95
10-lb kit mackerel 1 00
9 cans fresh mackerel 1 00
1 sack family Amber flour 115
1 sack high grade Minnesota flour.... 1 45
1 bbl high grade Minnesota flour 6 05
30 bars (5 cents size) soap. 1 00
,New codfish, per lb 5
sugar cured ham, per lb 10
Sugar cured shoulder, per lb 7
4 lbs dried corn 25
1 clothes horse (4 wings; 6 feet) 85
7 lbs dessicated cocoauut 1 00
5 Ei finest .California evaporated
peaches 1 00
1 package Johnny cake flour 7
Delivered to all parts of two cities. To
parties living outside of the city will prepay'
freight on all orders of $10 and upward.
Send for price list,
James J. Weldok,
No." 201 Market street,
Corner Second avenue, Pittsburg.
Telephone No. 1861.
For Most Men to Know:
That Monday (to-morrow) is aday of special
bargains in men's overcoats, suits and pants
at the P. C. C. C. That our S7 40 men's
overcoats are the finest ever sold for the
money. They include silk-lined chinchillas,
smooth meltons and cassimeres and fine ker
seys price lor choice, $7 40.
That our $6 50 men's suits in neat desira
ble patterns (sacks or cutaways) are worth
three times the price we ask. That we sell
men's cassimere pants for ?1 50, and also for
Monday only we will offer 100 heavy ulsters
at only $2 10 each.
P. C. C. C, PlXTSBUBG COMniNATIOlT
Clothing Company, corner Grant ami
Diamond strects.opposite the Court House.
Excursion to Cincinnati, O.
The Baltimore and Ohio Bailroad will
sell excursion tickets to Cincinnati, O., at
rate 111 20 for the round trip. Tickets good
for return passage -until February 3, 1891,
FKIENDS OF FIDELITY.
Manager Frank B. Fleming, of the
Pittsburg Office, Promoted.
IN CHARGE. OF WESTERN AGENTS.
A Grand Banquet Given at the Hotel Du
quesne Last Evening.
IHTEEEBTIXG AKD ISSTKUCT1TE TALK
Frank B. Fleming, who has for a long
time been the Pittsburg manager of the Fi
delity Mutual Life Association, of Phila
delphia, has been promoted to the position
of manager of Western agencies, with head
quarters at Chicago, and in honor of his ad
vancement banqueted, the new manager, A.
J. Heniptoge, his office force and agents, at
the Holel.Duqucsne, last evening.
The , Pittsburg agency covers Western
Pennsylvania, and is, the banner agency of
the association. Ever since Mr. Fleming
took charge the business has rapidly in
creased, and his successor starts out in such
a way that it seems extremely likely to keep
its proud position.
The banqueters bad a, jolly good time, ior
though tbey are sorry to lose Mr. Fleming,
they are all glad of his advancement and
were not slow in their demonstrations of the
fact. Tne occasion was made all the more
pleasant and notable by the presence of
John A. Cass, of Philadelphia, General
Superintendent Agencies, as a representa
tive of the company. The banquet was pre
sided over by the Duquesne chef, George
Savo, who, by his affable manner and splen
did arrangements, made the affair an ex
tremely pleasant one.
Mr. Fleming's Interesting; Address.
Mr. -Fleming presided, and was the first
speaker. He expressed his pleasure at meet
ing so many of his co-workers and others
prior to his transfer to another field. He
referred to the fact that while the Pittsburg
agency had been for the past six month the
banner agency of the Fidelity, the work had
been done by four or five active men, who,
in that time, had written about three
fourths of a $1,000,000 of paid busi
ness. He attributed that success to
the fact that his assistants were properly
versed in the science of life insurance, being
familiar with their own system, as well as
all others, and so able to institute compar
ison. He believed that where a comparison was
fairly made it wonld always be found to be
true'that the Fidelity offered advantages to
the insured whicn could not be equaled by
any other company in America. He de
clared that neither he nor his agents had
ever yet been defeated in a case of fair com
petition'for business, nor did they exnect to
be, for the Fidelity's plan was sure to win if
Some Different Kinds of Insurance.
Mr. Fleming went on to analyze an old
line premium, and showed that at the age of
45, when the average life of a policy is but
about nine years, and the vearlv premium
tor each $1,000 insurance is $37 97, the ex
pense element alone is $10 85, while the
mortality element is but $10 55, and the
balance, or $16 57, is the reserve or banking
element. He called special attention to the
fact that the expense element, or the money
used for the prosecution of the business, is
larger than the amount used lor the pay
ment of death losses.
This he characterized as an injustice, and
declared that the Fidelity's plan was the
only just one, wherein the expense element
was limited to $4 per $1,000 at every age.
He then showed that if a man lives to the
end of his expectancy, according to the
American experience table, it proved that
the company had taken- no risk on his life,
but that he had paid his own share for the
poorer risk who had died and had banked
with the company an amount of money,
which, at 4 per cent compound interest.
would be equal tj the face of the policy.
An Absolutely Uncalled for Charge.
This, the speaker characterized as a
charge iu every respect excessive, and ab
solutely uncalled for on the basis of past ex
perience. As against this, he stated that
the Fidelity's rate at the same age was bnt
$25 17, of which only $4 could be used for
the expense of management, while $12 33
was setapart'for pavment of claims, and a
reserve element of $8 79 is held to cover the
increasing cost of mortality due to
increasing years. On 'each element
of the premium he insisted that
the Fidelity had; an advantage
over the older system. The expense charge
is more than 50 per -cent less; the reserve
element about the same; while the mortality
element, which is the essential feature in an
Insurance premium anyhow, was consider
ably larger. The reserve element of an old
line company he pronounced excessive and
unjust; it was collected on the idea that
every policy will become a claim at death,
or at maturity, whereas the sworn statement
of the company shows that less than 50 per
cent of the policies ever do become claims.
The Fidelity Guards Against Error.
The Fidelity guards against the error ef
the ordinary assessment company. That
error consists in sot providing for the in
creased cost incident to increasing age.
Any company which does not collect more
than enough o pay its. current claims, and
do not hold some reserve, paid in by each
policyholder, as a sum which he must forfeit
in case he declined to pay other just claims
upon him, would surely come to grief, just
as hundreds of poor assessment companies
have already done. In short, the Fidelity
took into account all the probabilities or
chances in the business, and constructed its
premiums with these in mind.
Its rates were such that no company had
yet existed long enough to prove their in
adequacy, and there was no human proba
bility that the Fidelity would ever be called
upon to levy an additional assessment,
though they reserved tbe right to do so, in
case of need, and in this way gave tbe very
strongest assurance of their ability to meet
auy future experience, which might come.
Opposes the Endowment Insurance.
In closing, Mr. Fleming opposed the en
dowment insurance on tbe ground that no
policy bad ever paid any man as an invest
ment unless he died, and then he might
have had his insurance without paying the
excessive endowment prices. He expressed
the opinion that the district under his suc
cessor was bound to be the leading agency
in this country, and urged that every man
should give his best effort in this direction.
Alter the close of Mr. Fleming's address
short speeches of a complimentary charac
ter were made by the new manager, A. J.
Emptage. John A. Cass, J. E. Stevenson,
Dr. William Mercur, Dr. William McCas
lin, AY. J. Armstrong, F. Wheaton, L.
Strayer, E. Berrick and others.
SECOND MIDWINTER EXCURSION TO
Via the B. & O. IE. K.,
On Thursday, February 12. Bate, $9 the
round trip, tickets good for ten days and
valid for trip to Baltimore. Trains leave
Pittsburg at 7:25 A. M. and 950 p. m. Pull
man parlor cars on day traiu and sleeping
cars on night train.
Tills Month Only
We will make with every dozen of our best
cabinet photos an 8x10 handsomely colored
photo, with elegant frame, also cabinet
photos at $1 per dozen. Life size crayon
portraits $3 50. LIES' Gallery,
Tlisu 10 and 12 Sixtli street.
Messrs. J. F. Makqtjardt & Son,
prominent druggists of Tiffiu, O., say tha
Chamberlain's Cough Remedy gives the
best of satisfaction and takes the lead there.
Do Yon Intend to Move?
Rooms and bouses eligibly situated ad
vertised in The Dispatch. Special To-Let
lists Mondays and Thursdays,
IT DRAWS THE PEOPLE.
KAUFMANNS' CtEVEB PI AN FOE FOX
ING THEIR STORE.
A System of Free Distribution That Seem
to Have Caught the Popular Fancy
Goods Given Away to Customers Every
Five Minutes or the Day.
The Kaufmanns have hit upon a wonder
fully unique scheme of advertising their
goods. They adopted a system of free dis
tribution of merchandise last Monday which
they proposed to run for one week, but it
has proved so successful that they have de
cided to give their customers another oppor
tunity to try their luck- dnring'the coming
week. From 9 o'clock last Monday morn
ing up to the closing hour last night they
had given away over $4,000 worth ot goods.
The system of distribution is a very sim
ple one. Whatever amount of money first
reaches the cashier's desk, on the first floor,
immediately after the expiration of every
five minutes after 9 o'clock in the morning
is immediately handed back to the cus
tomer. It makes no difference whether the
amount be 50 cents or $50, the customer gets
his goods for nothing. All money for pur
chases are sent to the cashier in little cash
carriers through pneumatio tubes. Stand
ing at the cashier's window is a clerk with
a watch in hand. Every five minutes he
taps a bell, and the first carrier that drops
from the tube contains the money of the
lucky purchaser. The party is called, the
money handed back, and a happy customer
leaves the store.
There is no doubt of the fairness of the
scheme. The people who are buying cannot
tell what their luck may he, nor can there
be any collusion with the people who receive
the little cash boxes or with the clerk who
calls the time. By actual count there are
given away under this five minutes' rule 108
purchases between the hours of 9 A. m. aud
6 P. m. Yesterday cash was retnrned to 156
That this free distribution has been most
popular is shown by the crowds that daily
fill the mammoth' store. The list of lucky
buyers is printed each day in The Dis
patch. The members of the firm, while
acknowledging that 'it is rather an ex
pensive way of advertising, are satisfied that
it pays them in the long run. It is a busi
ness venture, which, though costly at first,
pays them by attracting thousands of buyers
which tends largely to reduce the stock of
fall and winter goods. A member of the
firm said yesterday that the increased sales
mean a saving to them of about $2,000 in
insurance, $5,000 in interest, gives them
plenty of room lor new spring goods, and en
ables them to lay in an entirely new and
fresh stock next fall.
Beginning with to-morrow morning at
five minutes after 9 o'clock the free distribu
tion will continue every five minutes nntll
6 o'clock in the evening each day, and on
Saturday evening until 10 .o'clock.
The interest that is taken in this novel
mode of drawing people to this popular
bouse is well illustrated, not only by the
throngs on tbe several floors, but by the
crowds that stand about the casbier's'wln
dow aud watch the lucky cash receiver as it
pops' from the tube. If they have not
already tried their luck the temptation is
too great for them to resist, and they forth
with proceed to make a purchase. It is
amusing to see some who watch the
timekeeper closely, and .when they think
they have just time to make a purchase
and have their cash reach the office as the
bell rings, rush to a counter and buy same
thing, no matter what. And sometimes
they "get there,'.' too. Still, all have an
equal chance for, as stated above, nothing
could be more fair than this system of free
For the Children.
Chamberlain's Cough Remedy is a great
favorite with mothers for their children, as
many of them have learned from long ex
perience in the use of it that it is reliable.
It promptly cures their children ot coughs
and colds, prevents them from having the
croup, or cures them of croup. They have
also found that there is no danger in giving
it even in large doses, and that it is
pleasant for them to take. wsu
. . Bargains.
$6 pants, $25 suitings to order, at Pit
cairn's, 434 Wood street.
An Exact Reprint of the Encyclopaedia Britannica with the American
Supplement, Complete in Thirty Volumes, at 81 50 Per Volume
- J X-ir-A- - rz4 S-4- 1 - '-i j 1 t i - 4- py
Wo are publishing a new reprint of the ENCYCLOPAEDIA BRITANNICA at $150 per
vol., being less tban one sixth tne price of tbe latest English edition, which we reproduce pago
for page, map for map. vclums fur volume.
No such book has ever been put upon tbe market of such size and quality ot binding, tor so
low a price. It contains tho highest character of Knowledge and literature in tbe world, written
by the most eminent living authors and specialists. It Is the greatest work of its kind ever pub
lished in the English language.
In offering the Encyclopaedia at this unprecedentedly low pnce.the publishers have reason
to believe the opportunity will not be lost by the purchasing public
The Encyclopaedia Britannica t a library itself, and stands ready on tha shelves to answer
every question In Physics, History. Politics. TradL Art, Geography and Philosophy, to fnrnlsa
the latest information wanted on every .subject, we are the only publishers In the United
States that can furnish this valuable work, including tbe American supplement.
We speciallv desire to obtain as subscribers all those wbo ever entertained an Iilei of owninc;
tbe Encyclopaedia Britannica, but hesitated on account of the higl. price. We are now ready to
deliver tho set complete on easy tsrms. Agents wanted. Note our new address, 68 Sixtn aye.
THE, HENRY G. ALLEN COMPANY, PUBLISHERS,
68 SIXTH AVENUE, - - - PITTSBURG, PA.
WE HAVE MADE ARRANGEMENTS TO C0XTINDE
OUR OFFER OF THE PAST MONTH,
Free of Charge ! Free of Charge !
ALL YOUR CARPETS
Made and Laid.
The past month has shown the eS'eot of "Printers Ink" in this regard. Hundreds of
people have taken advantage of onr extraordinary oner and availed themselves of the op
portunity to save a few dollars, which they surely have done.
In order to accommodate those who have not had a chance financially or otherwise to
have this work done free for them, we shall continue during the month of February to
make and lay all Carpets bought free of charge. Come early, get the best selection, good
atteutiou and prompt work.
Of coure. when you think of a new Carpet, then something seems to say, Well, a.
new PARLOR SUIT would look nice on it. Come down aud see onr new Parlor Boom.
It is actually a feast to look into it. Completely remodeled and refurnished. All new
suits, and all at our extraordinary low figures.
75-DJFFERENT SUITS TO SELECT FROM-75
Bedroom Furniture is our specialty at this time of the year. If early spring. cleaaejs)
would call now, they can secure some rare bargains.
WE ABE COMPLETE HOUSE FURNISHERS.
CASH OK OBEDIT.
HOPPER BR08. & CO,,
301 WOOID STREET, 307
The trouble with all imi
tators is that they are apt
to overlook the excellen
cies and copy the defects.
Sensible men adopt sen
sible things whether they
are native or foreign. The
xgreat point is to avoid
going to extremes. Our
styles are in good taste
simply because we throw
aside the absurdities and
avail ourselves of the best
ideas wherever we find
them. They include
nothing that good, sound
common sense will not
immediately approve of.
We are now manufactur-
ing our . stock of Spring
Clothing. We must make
room, and every garment
in the house must go if a
big cut in prices will
make it go.
Pants and Overcoats must
All-wool Pants,sold every
where at $4, $5 and $6,
we are now selling at
$2. 50, $3, $3.50 and $4.
Overcoats, ready for
spring wear, $8, $10 and
$12. These are excellent
values and worthy of at
tention. The Only Manufacturing
954 and 956 liberty St
- STAR CORNER.
ALL YOUR CURTAINS
Hung to Order.