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ESTABLISHED FEBRUARY 8, 1S46.
Vol.45, J.o.359 Entered at Pittsburg Tostoffice,
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PITTSBURG. SUNDAY, FEB. 1, 1S3L
VALUES OF LOCAL FARM LANDS.
"When 'William L. Scott sounded the key
note of Cleveland's disastrous anti-tariff
campaign by bis famous speech'against the
Carnegie industries, he was almost hyster
ical over the damage these protected indus
tries -wrought upon the farming interests.
The Dispatch then undertook to show the
other side of the situation. It insisted that
the greatest boon which could belall a farm
ing district was the establishment of manu
facturing concerns in its neighborhood. To
offset Mr. Scott's hyperbole, which de
scribed a farmer on the high road to the
poorhouse, its reporters traveled the county
of Allegheny and part of "Westmoreland to
discover the actual condition of the agri
cultural classes. It is needless to say none
were fonnd in the poorhouse who had been
farmers in "Western Pennsylvania, but that,
on the contrary, for many miles around
there were ex-farmers whose lands had be
come so valuable by the creation of manu
facturing plants in their vicinity that they
no longer needed to follow he plow or dis
tress themselves over the dry or rainy sea
son. v A curious further illustration is now at
hand. The city of Pittsburg was itself in
the farming business. It had a Poor Farm
up the Monongahela which it bought at a
lew hundred dollars or less per acre, and by
reason ot the growth of the same Carnegie
industry was able last summer to sell at a
few thousands per acre. Reeding new
quarters, it advertised the other day for an
other farm, and r.s the scope of competition
was wide, it is interesting to note the bids.
They rnn up from $300 to as high as 600
per acre. This shows how valuable farmers'
lands become when they have a good home
market for their products. In a limited
way it is an evidence that the best thing
which can befall any section of the country
is to have home consumers for the products
of the farm.
But while these figures illuminate most
agreeably the obverse of the dark picture
which Mr. Scott painted, they should have
a different significance for the city authori
ties. We are scarcely so optimistic as to
believe that, even with Chief Elliot's best
knowledge of the gentle art of husbandry,
wheat or corn can be grown upon eTen a
three hundred dollar per acre tract
as cheaply as it can be produced and
afterward bought from the cheaper grounds
of the Northwest, where climate, peculiar
fertility of the soil and other circumstances
of special adaptation incontestably exist. To
get back good interest from the high-priced
lands of Allegheny county the most profit
able use of them would be in the line of market
gardening, or the production of such other
specialties as best meet local demand. In this
view we agree with the idea of Mayor Gour
ley, that in place of spreading out over half
or a quarter of a township for a Poor Farm
the most economical results will be obtained
from a tract not exceeding say 100 acres.
This would save a great deal on the city's
investment. It would also direct attention
to the forms of cultivation which yield most
productively in money.
Councils and Charity Department have
the matter as yet wholly in their hands.
"We trust they will act wisely about it.
FACTS IN THE INDIAN QUESTION.
Another chapter is added to the history of
a national crime by a well-known corre
spondent wno was at Pine Eidge throughout
the late Indian trouble. Some of his con
clusions are undeniable. The policy of
keeping tbe Indian idleis most reprehensible.
It is the old proverb about the evil one find
ing work for idle hands to do. Reform is
necessary. The Government owes this duty
to humanity. "Workshops and skilled work
men for teachers would be vastly cheaper
than soldiers and fighting. But on another
point the correspondent may be reasonably
held in fault. No doubt the delay in bring
ing the Indians in was aggravating and
their depredations provocative ot righteous
indignation on the part of persons present
upon the scene. Still, it was the humane
way and can hardly lead to any more harm,
at worst, than an attack and general slaugh
ter would have been. It is not a lesson of
Tengeance the Indian needs so much as a
lesson in merciful justice.
MIL WANAMAKER'S IDEAL.
The programme which Postmaster General
"Wanamaker outlines in an interview else
where, for the improvement of the postal
service, is interesting. It shows that an
energetic business man who has been
trained to the work of seeking all methods
by which he can improve commercial ser
vices will, when transferred to public ad
ministration, carry tho same qualities far
beyond what is possible for any political
mind. That Mr. Wanamaker during bis
incumbency can realize one-tenth of tho
reforms which he outlines, is not to be ex
pected ; but the statement of what he regards
as possible will be a valuable guide for the
future. The most prominent of Mr. Wana
maker's improvements are the postal tele
graph and postal savings banks. These
projects have been so much discussed that
no 'comment on his presentation of
them is called for here. But it is worth
while to note that the minor features which
the Postmaster General would introduce
combine to form an aggregate change greater
than either the postal telegraph or the postal
savings bank. He recognizes plainly that
such a postal service as he would establish
cannot be realized, except by taking the
postoffices out of politics. He proposes to
do that by putting its actual management
into the hands of a permanent secretary of
the department, by a fixed tenure for em
ployes of the postoffices, and by requiring
previous service for appointments in the
railway mail service or PostofHce Depart
ment. With the changes which that im
plies, ot permanently removing the postal
service from the spoils of political campaigns,
it might be possible to realize Mr. Wana
maker's plan not only of postal savings
banks and telegraphs within walking dis
tance of every home; but a building costing
510,000 or upward for every office where the
rental is 500 per year or more, of postoffices
connected with their branches by pneumatio
tubes, and telephones; of organization into
postal districts, and of a free delivery from
all except the very smallest offices.
"We are a long way off from the realization
of this ideal. But it is useful to study it, as
something which might be reached by re
ducing our governmental system to the basis
of actual business efficiency.
BISHOP NEWMAN ON "WEALTH.
The Kev. John P. Newman contributes to
our list of special articles a disquisition on
the divinity of riches. Though enumerating
some general and important truths, this ar
ticle fails to recognize the real causes of dis
content at the accumulation of vast fortunes.
This is not inconsistent with Bishop New
man's character; but it is hardly possible to
pass such an exploitation of the nobility of
wealth without pointing out what is the
foundation of truth in it.
It may be presumptuous to dispute with a
divine of Bishop Newman's standing the ac
curacy of his assertion that wealth is ob
tained by a God-given faculty, and the
acquisition and management of it "the
noblest of missions." But the Bishop does
not number among the articles of his de
nominational theology the right to render
ez cathedra judgments on social topics. It
is therefore possible to compare his asser
tions with the utterances of the Founder
of the religion which he professes.
"When we find there such commands
to the disciples of Christianity as "Lay not
up treasure for yourselves on earth," and
"Sell all thou hast, and give unto the poor,"
it is possible to conclude that the clerical
statement of the divinity of wealth is over
drawn. It is true, that in one sense wealth
is the divinity worship by too great a por
tion of our civilization. But it is in ex
actly that sense that the Teacher whom the
Bishop professes to follow, SDoke of it when
he declared the impossibility of serving both
God and Mammon.
On the other hand the right of the person,
who, by industry and foresight has obtained
property, to enjoy and control it, is, as the
Bishop says, one of the fundamental feat
ures of society. "Without it industry and
frugality would hare no reward. But it
should be noted, first, that the exercise of
the right, simply to gain wealth by such
qualities, without infringing upon the rights
of others, or obtaining any special privileges
above the masses, would not create many
immense fortunes, such as mark the present
social era; and second, that the real com
plaint against wealth to-day is against that
class of it that is created and exalts itself
by violating the right of the common peo
ple to enjoy the fruits of their own industry.
Thus it is easy to see that the as
sociation of capital in the incorporated
form, leads a thousand or ten thousand peo
ple to unite their savings to the average
amount of a thousand dollars apiece, which
may be beneficially used in some incor
porated enterprise. If some person, by the
well-known processes of stock manipula
tion, inside rings, railway discriminations,
or the alternation of pools and cut-throat
wars, succeeds in freezing them out until
they sell their stock at one-half or one-tenth
its honest value, it is plain that the natural
right of property, whether it is divine or
not, has been wantonly violated, and that a
great fortune has been built up by such a
Bishop Newman is quite right in saying
that the complaint is against.the aristocracy
of wealth, and that a great deal of the com
plaint is irrational and unreasoning. But
he fails to perceive that the real aristocracy
of wealth consists in its use of unjust and
illegal privileges for its creation and
aggrandisement; and, next, that the com
plaints, irrational as they may be, are
founded on the dimly comprehended truth,
that wealth created by such means takes
away from the masses the right to enjoy the
fnll reward of their own industry. It is
true also that the exercise of the faculties
which create wealth, if governed by the
well-established principles of law, con
fer as great benefit on the public at
large as on the person who makes
a fortune by his enterprise or invention.
The man who makes two blades of grass
grow where one grew before on a scale mul
tiplied by millions is a public beneractor.
He deserves the wealth he can gain by that
process. But suppose that instead of that
he finds a means of saining riches by mak
ing only one blade of grass grow where two
might grow, what is he? Or to illustrate
the same principle, let us take an invention
to facilitate the cheap inter-communication
of the public like long distance telephony.
The wealth gained by putting that invention
into operation would be legitimate and a
public benefit; but it is not too much to say,
that the wealth gained by suppressing it, in
the interest of a great monopoly, is a public
injury and a wrong.
The great fact that should be fully under
stood, in this connection, is that when
wealthj-epresents no such illegitimate gains
at the cost of the masses it will have no
reason to fear the attacks of socialism or the
discontent of the masses. Bat as the major
ity of our notably great fortunes represent
exactly snch methods, it may occur to others
beside Bishop Newman that the complaints
of the masses, though blind and irrational,
are not altogether without foundation.
THE DRAMA IN POLITICS.
It is difficult for the American public to
conceive that a play treating of political
events should be deemed so 'important that
one party must undertake the work of hiss
ing it down and the other, of demanding
that it be represented, until the conflict of
popular opinion develops into a riot. If we
add the feature of a Government gravely
deliberating whether it will do (o permit
I such a stage representation, and actually
showing vacillation over it, the matter goes
beyond our comprehension. Yet these ara
the features of the dispute over Sardou's
new drama which agitated Paris last week.
In writing "Thermldor" Sardou intended
to use the stage as a political engine against
the radical republicanism. In drawing a
forbidding picture of the Bepublicans
of 1793, he has doubtless shown
ability to use his imagination for
his facts which appears to a marked
degree in his other works. No doubt
his portrayal of that great historical era im
proves every opportunity to misrepresent
facts, or to represent only one side of ihem,
by which the passionate revolt of the Terror
ists can be made to seem the wanton oruelty
ot brutal savages. That is the weak point
of every attempt to enforce a moral or polit
ical lesson by means of works of fiction. It
would be just as easy for a Bepublican dra
matist like Victor Hugo to produce a stage
picture in which the Terrorists should ap
pear as heroes and patriots, as for Sardou to
make them murderers and savages.
There is certainly reason for us to feel
gratified that we are, as a nation, far beyond
the point where we can get into a riot over a
political drama. "We may account for a
part of the difference between ourselves and
the French by recognizing that there is a
less radical demarcation of issues between
the parties. If anyone should produce a
drama showing the revolutionary characters,
of this country to be selfish and besotted
wretches, perhaps it would be more closely
akin to Sardou's effort But even that wan
ton attack on our national beliefs would
not create a riot There might be
a disposition to hiss such a drama from the
stage; but the vast majority of Americans
would show their perception of the surest
means of suppressing such nonsense by
staying away from the performance and
letting it die.
We have got happily beyond the point of
regarding the stage as a means of public
instruction. Only the other day, in one of
the Pittsburg theaters, an actor took occa
sion in a topical song to introduce a verse
embodying the stock attack on the McKin
ley bill. Of the audience, seven, if not
eight-tenths were supporters of that meas
ure; but none of them thought it worth
while to even show a sign of dissent And
they were right. The American public
goes to the theater to be interested and
amused. The class that can have its views
on history or political measures affected by
a stage presentation is too ignorant to be
catered for by our theatrical managers.
The fact that the drama can be taken so
seriously in France as to regard it as a po
litical engine, furnishes the explanation for
another marked difference in the standing
which the stage and playwrights have
in France as compared with Anglo
Saxon countries. If the stage
representations have this political
importance, it is natural that its elevation
should be the first care of a government, and
that the successful maker of dramas should
occupy the highest rank in literature. But
the press and the drama in France occupy
nearly a reversed position as compared with
the respective power of the two in this coun
try. For some reason perhaps because lib
erty of the press has been really unknown
there before the present generation the
newspapers of France are hardly taken
more seriously than the drama is here; while
the drama there has the political importance
as a means of reaching the people that the
press has in the United States, with some
thing of the direct contact and personal im
pression possessed by our political orators of
a generation ago.
Perhaps our view of these radical differ
ences between national characteristics is
akin io the feeling of Punch's housemaid
who, when told that the French say "Wee"
for "yes," replied: "Law, Miss, how tri
fling!" Nevertheless we can hardly help re
garding it as a matter of congratulation that
we are long past that stage of self-government
where a political excitement can be
produced by the lact that an inventive
genius like Sardou sees fit to employ his
imagination in remodeling political history.
WE HAVE PLENTY OF GAS.
All have been sorry in a sense to see the
clouds of black smoke hovering over Pitts
burg again, and many will respond to the
sentiment of a gas man quoted in another
colnmn. It is the belief of many persons
familial with the gas business that there is
still plenty of gas if it was oroperly pros
pected for and piped here. The striking of
a well of tremendous pressure only 30 miles
northeast from the city yesterday, and the
existence of two roarers not yet utilized near
Coraopolis, tends to fully confirm this view.
These fields, if piped to this city, would
more than supply the deficiency from which
it has suffered this winter. Several move
ments are on foot to go after gas as soon as
spring opens, and the probabilities are sev
eral new lines will be in operation next
WASTE PAPER RESOLUTIONS.
"We do not know what the Governor will
do with that resolution of the Legislature
instructing the Pennsylvania Senators to
vote for the elections bill. But the discus
sion as to his course in the matter exagger
ates its importance for one reason. That is,
that the resolution will have exactly the-
same effective force without his signature as
with it; and that is none at all.
The attempt of a Legislature to instruct
the representatives of a State in Congress is
at all times nothing more than a mere ex
pression of opinion. In this case it is
doubly a spoiling of valuable blank paper.
It is, in the first place, an attempt to
pacify the disgruntled partisan mind bv in
structing the Senators on what is already a
dead dog in the pit In the next place if
the instruction were upon measures to be
settled in the future, it would be
utterly without authority. There is
no constitutional warrant for Legisla
tures to tell Senators how to vote.
There is no constitutional requirement
that Senators shall obey such instructions.
It tbey do so it is simply from political
policy. So far as any official weight is con
cerned, the electors whose votes elected
President Harrison might just as well come
together and instruct the President to sign
the free coinage bill, or appoint Mr. Jay
Gould Secretary of the Treasury. The reso
lution passed by the Legislature is simply
the expression of combined individual
opinions. .Whether that opinion will be
weighty with Cameron and Quay or not de
pends on whether Cameron and Quay are
the creatures ot the individual members of
the Legislature or vice versa. But it is cer
tain to have just as much effect without the
Governor's signature as with it.
A DAYLIGHT BOBBERY.
Bobbery in broad daylight in a suburb of
this city is not a pleasant thing to con
template. It has too much of that wild
Southwestern flavor we are fond of ridicul
ing. There is so little difference between
robbing a jewelry store, on a much-frequented
striet, in the glare of day, and
holding up a Texas stage coach, that it Is
'not worth noting. The robbers got away.
Possibly the explanation of so much bold
THE PITTSBTTBG- DISPATCH,
lawlessness is to be found in the fact that
the criminals do get away so often.
Senatoe Thomas proposes to hurry up
matters a little with a bill requiring all tele
graph and telephone wires to be placed under
ground in cities of the first and second class,
within eighteen months of the passago of the
act. If the Senator gets his bill passed and
can then cet it enforced, ho will clear the over
head atmosphere for the exclusive use of the
high tension electric light and electric railway
The independence of the esteemed Phila
delphia Press is mainly exercised now in de
nouncing independence. When the Press gets
to kicking over jobbery and corrupt party ma
chinery we shall wish it more power to its kick
Geneeal Thomas L. James is respon
sible for the statement that we have no more
than 83,000 Welshmen in the United States. It
was supposed there were as many as that in
Western Pennsylvania and Eastern Ohio alone.
Possibly tho misapprehension arises from the
habit which a full-blooded Welshman has,
when be gets to bustling, of creating an idea
thatt here are half a dozen of him.
Both parties in Congress are now re
ported to have agreed that exclusive attention
shall henceforth be given to tho appropriation
bills. As a consequence the snrplns begins to
assume a pale and panic-stricken hue.
The Philadelphia Inquirer is making
good its name with the inquiry, as to the mu
nicipal politics of that city: "Shall the Traction
syndicate or the people rule this town?" We
supposed that question was settled long ago in
favor of the vested interests. If the esteemed
ihgutrergoesonin this way it may establish
the new Philadelphia, but it will get itself dis
liked as an enemy ot capital.
The Boman Congregation, of Bites has
decided not to canonize Columbus. Chicago
will therefore have to see what it can do in the
line of making it up to his memory by a world
The Eastern press is beginning to openly
intimate that the boom in sugar refineries
stock is a clear speculative manipulation to
fleece the public before the new sugar dnties
go into effect. What! Is it possible the emi
nent philanthropists who operate that combi
nation would skin the speculative public when
they can no longer squeeze the consumers of
In all the comments over the defeat of.
Ingalls, Republican organs should remember
that he went down as much under the burden
of party errors, as of personal faults.
While it is the fashion to turn up the
Eastern nose at Ingalls' success, it is worth
while to notice that there is as much promise
of future greatness in Pf offer's past career, as
there was in Ingalls' when he was first elected.
Pfeffer was a Judge Advocate daring the war;
and Ingalls fought bravely in the same po
sition. TniBTT thousand shares of new stock
subscribed, form a gratifying assurance to the
public that the Westinghouse Electric Com
pany is very nearly out of the woods.
It is interesting to observe that Ingalls
successor is getting the most unfavorable no
tices from both Democratic and Republican
organs If there is anything which your party
organ hates worse than a member of the op
posing party it is the man who makes a hit by
belonging to neither party.
Anyhow, if Eobert Bay Hamilton, or
his doable, should tarn up and claim the prop
erty, he woull have to prodnce very conclusive
evidence that be is not dead.
Nine hundred and sixty-eight new build
ings in Allegheny City this year, with an
appraised valuation of 51, 852,850 or nearly fAOOO
to each bnllding, is a very fair showing for the
Northside municipality. Put Pittsburg , and
Allegheny's growth for last year together and
the total will make a good sized town by itself.
Mrs. Lucy Folk Snell, a young artist of
some talent, is one of the few surviving rela
tives ot President Folk, beinc his grandmece.
There is a female revolutionist in Japan
who is described as yoang, pretty and wealthy,
hat who is hardened with the name Kageamer
At tho end of the ballroom. in Mrs. W. C.
Whitney's New York home, there is a gem of a
stage, very small, but beautifully proportioned,
supported by columns of Italian marble.
Senator Edmunds is one of the few Con
gressional orators who preserve the "town
meeting attitudes." He is simple in his lan
guage, old-fashioned in his manners, and there
are but few flights of fancy or figures of speech
in his solid speeches.
Miss Charlotte Gregg, recently ap
pointed instructor on the piano in the Chicago
Conservatory of Music, is said to be the
youngest teacher ever assigned to so responsi
ble a position. Western people think her the
peer of Mme. Rive-King and Fraulein Aus der
PRO. BEBNHARD BLOCKHORST'S portrait
of the Empress Augusta has just been bang in
the National Gallery of Berlin. It represents
Her Majesty in widow's weed', with a diamond
head-dress and a sorrowful expression about
the mouth. Her pale and intellectual face is
beautif ally represented.
Minus C. Keith, a Brooklyn man, is the
moving spirit In Costa Rican affairs at present.
He owns the railroad and about half the ba
nana plantations of the little Republic, and the
majority of the inhabitants obey him as if he
were a dictator. He is about 40 years of age
and is married to a native woman.
The Countess Wanda Henkel von Donners
mark is said in Germany to own the finest hunt
ing grounds in the empire. These are the spoils
of a three days' chase: First day, 21 hunters,
700 hares, 101 pheasants, 8 eagles; second day, 25
sportsmen, 1,215 bares, 20 pheasants, 1 falcon;
third day, 8 hunters, 138 hares 747 pheasants.
Prince Henrt of Prussia and his imperial
brother are the bet of friends, and no visitor is
more welcome to William II. The Prince is a
fine violinist and a good orchestral leader. At
private concerts in the imperial family circle he
usually takes the baton and arranges the pro
gramme. When at Kiel he plays first violin iu
the Officers Orchestra, but, of course, so public
an appearance wonld not do in Berlin.
Rev. Minot J. Savage, tne Unitarian divine
of Boston, who has accepted a call to the Church
of the Messiah in Chicago, is one of tha best
known preachers of New England. He is just
60 years old. and is a man of medium height,
with a straight, well-made figure. His head is
well formed and his eyes are small. His ser
mons are always delivered without notes, and
he is a convincing speaker. His voice is low
and well modulated, and he speaks with great
Higher Price at.Mnlno Hotels.
Since the hotels In Portland have decided to
do business at the old stand on water power,
the Christian Endeavor Convention to be held
there next wees; is notified that its member!
will be received as guests at the hotels, but
that they must pay an extra sum because the
revenue of the hotel bars is shut off. Christians,
it may safely be assumed, wilt not endeavor to
encourage bars by Licking at paying hotel rates
that will remove all apology for tho illogical
alliance of hotels and rumshops. The Chris
tians who are to rally in Portland uoxt week,
will doubtless reflect with satisfaction that in
paying extra for board, they are eating for the
Lord instead of drinking for the devil as is
the wont of the ungoaly.
DEATHS OP A DAY.
Rev. Albert Hale.
BPnraOFiKLD.lLL., Jan. 81. Kev. Albert Hale,
well known as "Father" Hale, one of the pioneer
Fresuvterlan preachers of Illinois, died Yesterday,
need 91 years. He was for 27 years pistor or tue
fcecond Presbyterian Church of Springfield, and
had been a resident of this city since 18.3.
Speaker A. C. Whittier.
HSLEXA, MOST., Jan. SL The Legislature ad
journed until Tuesday lh respect to tlje memory
of the late Speaker' A. C. "Whittier, who died at,
Dillon this morning
SUNDAY, PEBRTJART ' 1,
FAMOUS STORY TELLERS. .
Knights Who Have Won Their Spun In the
Charmed Circle Which Baron Mun
chausen Founded Samples of the Style
Peculiar to Some of the Leaders.
CtscE the death of the famous Baron Mun
chausen in Germany many years ago,
original imitatorshave sprung up and managed
to gain more or less fame. The growing insti
tutions of America and the many booms that
always require a prolific Imagination to back
them, have somehow evoluted a crop of racon
teurs (that is the polite enphemism for men
with vivid imaginations) which bids fair to be
come richer as time passes. New York City,
as a role, is the Mecca to which these talented
men gravitate. There is Ell Perkins whose
halo is somewhat dimmer than it was in his
young and palmy days; Tom Ochiltree, whose
laurels are still fresh; Colonel Patrick Donan,
whose sporadic flights of imagination have
lost none of their brilliancy; Colonel Dick
Wintermitb, whoso letter to "Parthenon
Heights" Rogers accepting Pan-Electric stock
exhibited his exuberant style; Edgar William
Nye, who is a professional and does not count;
Chauncey M. Depew, whose after-dinner jokes
are often coined from the mint of his own
originality; Moses F. Handy, President of the
Clover Club of Philadelphia and now Chief of
the Promoting and Publicity Department of
the World's Fair; Colonel Cbaille Long, whose
famous exploits on the Upper Mle.lt pub
lished, might make Stanley green with envy;
Joseph Mulbatton, who is perennial and care
ful about dates; J. Annoy Knox, who fought
several dnels down on the beach at Par Rock
away, and many other shining lights toonumer
ous to particularize.
Some of the most aspiring raconteurs in New
York are comparatively unknown. Tbey are
W. H. Ballon, William Cooper and Colonel
Jnlian H. Larke, a veteran of the Crimean
War, anoTa member of a number of societies in
this city, who are making records that will not
cause their posterity to blush. When the
charge of the Six Hundred tookplace at Bal
aklava Colonel Larke, then an Ensign in the
British army, witnessed it from a hospital win
dow where ho was lying wounded. Ho served
in the Union army during the late Civil War.
Just one sample, as he relates it, of his experi
ence at the Battle of Lookout Mountain, will
serve to Illustrate his broad gauge and rococo
A Sample From Colonel Larke.
ipAi.E abont close places in battle, I had an
experience that might have turned my
bair gray if I had been conscious of my awful
position. It was at the battle of Lookout
Mountain when it looked rather blue for our
side. The Confederates were advancing, and
there seemed to be no way to check them. I
was an aide on the commanding general's staff,
and he had creat confidence in my ability to
lead a charge. He ordered me to head the
cavalry and charge the Confederates. Mounted
on a spirited charger, i piacea myseu at ma
head of the cavalry and ordered them to follow
me. Tho earth shook almost under the heavy
tramping of so many horses. It was a charge
into the very jaws of death. As wo rode for
ward the Confederate cavalry met us, and a
fine battle of sabers occurred.
"Every time I cut I emptied a saddle. In.
deed, I made a swath for my men to follow me.
While parrying a saber thrust from a Confeder
ate officer, which made this scar on my fore
head, a shell exploded in front of me and a
piece of it went through my left shoulder. I
fell from my horse, and the entire Federal ar
tillery and infantry charged over my prostrate
body. This occurred in the afternoon. That
night I was buried in a ditch with 100 dead
comrades. As luck would have it I was put on
top, and the dirt was thinly spread over us.
My nose and toes were not covered, bntpointed
to the stars. This was a most fortunate cir
cumstance, for the early morning dew falling
upon me revived me. I called aloud and help
came. I do not suppose many men have been
buried and live to tell it."
Col. Tom Ochiltree's Weakness.
'jTOJl Ochiltree has had more of his lucu
brations published than a majority of the
raconteurs mentioned. He returned from Eu
rope recently and related this episode, which
has not yet found . its way into print. This is
his free and easy style in narrating theepl:
"As it is well known that ever since I went to
Europe some years ago with a general letter of
Introduction from General Grant and all the
crowned heads of Europe made my acquaint
ance, it would be superfluous to say that I did
not feel perfectly at home over there. Tba
Prince of Wales sent his equerry to ask after
my health soon after I arrived in London. In
Paris I took dinner, en f amille, with President
Carnot, and in Berlin I was the guest of the
Emperor for several days. By the by, the Em
peror is a hard worker and rises early. Often
he rode to Potsdam and got back in time for
"On my return from the Continent I con
cluded to visit all of my friends in London, and
not devote anytime to the Prince of Wales and
nisset. x on see, tne nnee is a spienaia lei
low, roal royal in his nature, but the trnth is he
lives at a pace that I wonld not care to keep up
any length of time. I had taken the pains not
to register at my hotel, and fancied I was doing
the incog, act in great shape. One morning at
breakfast I received a card that p roved the fu
tility of trying to remain Incog. It was from
Colonel Ponsonby, the Queen's private secre
tary. I stepped into the ball. and. shaking
bands cordially with mm ror 1 really think
Fon is a capital fellow I asked him to smoke
and spend the day with me. I thought if J
could cet him to ttay all day I might persuade
him not to mention my presence In London to
either the Queen or the Prince of Wales. He
accepted a oO cent cigar, bnt not my invitation
to spend the day with me. Then assuming a
grave look, he said I was expected to dine at
Windsor Castle that very evening. I said I bad
heard nothing about it. He replied that he
came to invite me. To be brief, I had to ac
cept. Whether 1 was to dine with the Queen,
or the Prince of Wales, or the Marchioness of
Ely and the Princesses of Teck, ladies in wait
ing to the Queen, was what I-could not tell."
At this point Colonel Ochiltree came to a
halt, as if be had finished, and bis anxious lis
teners asked: "Well, with whom did you
"Ob, the Queen, of course."
Fat Donan's Gold Mine.
("olonei. Pat Donan, who lives a greater
part of his time in this city, is a poetical
raconteur, and often soars so high he forgets
the thread of bis story.
"Gold mines? Why, In Honduras I saw the
richest gold mine in existence. Fizarro In his
wildest dreams never saw as mnch gold as I
did in a certain Honduras mine. Tantalus in
all his wonderful illusions never imagined the
wealth that lay revealed to the naked eye in
huge bonlders in this particular mine. Rider
Haggard with his King Solomon's mines could
not come up to what I saw. The glittering
metal fairly intoxicated the senses. When my
guide brought me to the outer world again and
I gazed at the sky its blue was gone and in its
place was a golden hue, tho reflection of the
color my eyes had feated on for hours.
-No" that mine with its wondcrtul wealth
is Ion to the world. The descendant of Mon
tezuma, who was my guide, and who alone
knew the way to the cave of gold, died soon
afterward and the secret died with him. What
is gold, or wealth, to one exalted emotion, one
beautiful thought, one gorgeous, dreamy
flight of the imagination!"
One of Col. Long's Adventures.
(")ne night on the Upper Nile Colonel Challle
Long was attacked in a curious way. An
African chief presented the Colonel with a
barem. which he refused. He bad a hand-to-hand
encounter with the burly chief and van
quished him. The Colonel Is very clear in his
Handy's Effervescent Style.
AJOR Moses P. handy has a clean-cut
way of reaching a climax through a laby
rinth of hyperbole. "Chicago? It is a city so
cool in summer the citizens bring out the re
frigerators to cool them off. It is just tha
place to hold the World's Fair or any kind of a
fair. Kresb water breezes constantly play
through the streets, and entire blocks can be
passed without seeing an ice cream sign. I am
glad Chicago was selected as the city to hold
the fair in. "
Chauncey Bepew's Great Gift.
A B AN after-dinner orator Chauncey M. De-
pew has trained his Imagination and re
vamped many a story to illustrate a telling
point. Who has not heard of the many
Peekskill incidents which occurred in Chaun
cej's boyhood days? The Only Channceynever
makes aimless excursions of the tmasina.Ioo,
but always points a moral or adorns a humor
ous speech. One time a man noted as a high
toned, educated beat called upou Mr. Depew
to strike him for an honorarium. The railroad
President did not give the man time to come to
the point, hut started out this way:
"Did I ever tell you about a distant relative
of mine? Well, ho was noted as a most won
derful liar, and at matches in California and
other Slates he easily took the prize. He was
painstaKlng and added the element ot humor
to the uncertainty of facts which made his pro.
ductlonsenterttiningit not instrnctivc One
day he was sunstrnck, nntl ne wore rrijrlitened
for lear that when ho recnverid bis moronity
as a liar would bo lost. But arrange t.i .iv. Im
powers were greater than ever. He tnld a
stury which, before hU Hlnet-", w down in
his repertoire as a 15 mluntes' rccitntinu, and
emoelli'lieil it soittunU him an hour's time.
Well. Ilik'd the euibelll-hnieut cxuerdtni'ly,
and If yon don't mind 1 tl rlato it to you."
Th hlirii.toned beat acute ai.d said haught
ily; "I came up to see yuu on business, not to J
hear an after dinner speech on the affliction of
a relatives Good-day."
It amused Depew immensely, and he says he
has tried several stories since then with good
Snake Story by Ballon.
A painstaking and careful worker in the
well cultivated field of the imagination is
a comparatively unknown novelist, W. H. Bal.
Ion. He has made no fame yet, but Is very am
bitions. This is a specimen of bis best work:
"Several years ago I was crossing the Rocky
Mountains in company with a party of sur
veyors. One day I got detached from the party
and descended the side of a mountain. I came
to a big cave, the month ot which was filled
with rattlesnakes in a torpid condition. They
were shedding their skins. I picked up a peb
ble and threw It into the cave. Hundreds of
rattlesnakes came rushing out. I was trans
fixed with terror, and could not move. I was
over SO yards from the cave, and my death
seemed to he only a question of a few seconds.
The rattlesnakes came toward me, and sud
denly faced in another direction as U preparing
"Hooked in that direction and saw over 1,000
tall blacksnakes rushing forward on the end of
their tails, their beads craned and their forked
tongues out of their months. The rattlesnakes,
nearly equal in numDer. did not shrink from
the encounter, but double quieted, sending
forth the most musical rattle noise I ever
beard. The big rattles and the little rattles
blended in a way that is indescribable. Before
the contending forces met they had attained
great speed and the shock of contact echoed
down the monntalu sides for miles. Some of
the blacksnakes were burled hundreds of yards
in the air. But they came down game as could
be. They twisted around the rattlers and in
20 minutes every rattlesnake was choked to
death." Charles T. Murray.
New York. Jan. 31.
WOMEH AT THE PLAY.
Approval of the Desire to Use Vigorous
Expletives at Times.
Hew York Evening Sun.l
An audience of women is wholly sui generis.
An andience of men alone ora mixed audience
is so different from the individuals composing
it. It has a different temper toward the world,
and is capable of insights and of actions which
in no way represent the capacity or taste otany
single person in it. But an audience of women,
for its adherence to standards pnrely personal
and feminine, might wear a single bonnet on
its head and pat out its approval with a single
pair of smoothly gloved hands. These reflec
tions are suggested by the behavior of the
audience of women at Miss Cameron's
performance of "The Doll's House"
yesterday afternoon. The entire house
behaved itself in exactly the same way
in reference to the play that any one woman
would have done. It cried as a smgln woman,
itlaughedasasinglewoman.it applauded as
a single woman. And its judgment on the
play was pre-eminently that of women. It was
evident that the ethical question in the play
appealed to them and not its dramatic move
ment. No audience of men cares a rap abont
the ethical drama; with them the play's the
thing. But women have a keen sceut after
the ethics of life; and so it was that they filed
out of the theater and melted away into twos
and threes, discussing, not the artistic qual
ity in the composition of the play or in the
production of it, but the moral quality In
Nora's behavior and tho sacred rights of the
individual soul and a great many other split
points that were more Bostonese than inter
esting. There were four places in the play where the
audience was aroused to an expression of ap
proval in the line that was purely feminine.
Tiro first was when Nora said: "Sometimes I
just want to Siy 'Oh. damnl" " A distinct
sound of sympathy rustled among the bonnets
When Nora set forth the principle that "a
woman who has once sacrificed herself for
others never does it a second time." the hand
clapping was more vigorously approbative than
at any other place in the play except where
Nora answers her husband's grandiloquence,
"A man never sacrifices his honor for those he
loves," with the equally grandiloquent re
mark, "Hundreds of women do that every
day." There was no mistaking the heartiness
of their approval at this. The applause was
nearly as spontaneous and as ringing as if it
struck out from the palms of a lot of men. The
other sentiment that won quick recognition on
Its merits alone was the profound observation
that Belmer makes abont Christina's knitting
work: "You should crochet; it looks better."
Here the assent was almost as unanimous as in
the former case.
WTNDOSTS LAST SPEECH.
His Sound Views on Coinage and the Cur
Cincinnati Commercial Gazette.!
In his last declaration Secretary Wicdom ut
tered a protest against the free coinage of sil
ver at this time. He regarded it as now unsafe.
A believer, as a bimetalist, in plenty of coin to
meet the wants of business operations, he
would welcome free silver coinage, as well as
free gold coinage, were tbe conditions favora
ble; bat they are not so and will not be until
made so by international agreement. A sys
tem of free silver and fiat paper money would
The argument of the Secretary that free sil
ver coinage would utterly fail to expand the
currency is somewhat noveL Its foundation is
the theory that the dollar would have only the
value of the bullion contained in it, and tbe In
ducement to coin our silver would be small,
while there would be no imports from other
countries for coinage purposes. At tbe same
time tbe market value of our silver would de
cline. "How then?" asked this earneststudent
of our finances, "will unlimited coinage either
expand the circulation or enhance the value ot
silver?" The words uttered by this able finan
cier at the very threshold of death will doubt
less have great weight with our Representa
tives in Congress in their consideration of the
A Press Clnb Delegate Writes While Smok
ing a Toby and Longing for Sausage.
Frank Raymond In Beading Herald.
But the air is very wholesome fur all that and
the people are brisk, lively and happy. They
breathe tbe air and thrive and so do the laun
dries, and Pittsburg babies when taken else
where cry for soot, while Fittsbnrg boomers
are never happier than when they see more
chimneys going up to make more soot. If for
any causo the air isn't thick enough they smoke
stogies, which are sold everywhere five for a
nickel, and one stogy will yield enough smoke
to smoke a wheelbarrow load of sausages.
The sun shines very brightly on Pittsburg,
sometimes, bnt in their large-minded, liberal
way they let the electric lights burn all day,
for fear tbat strangers might think them
mean. In Allegheny City, which is a part of
Fittsbnrg, tbey are so liberal and considerate
tbat tbey have put the electric lights upon
high towers, almost out of sight, so tbat the
wild birds can see and fly over tbe town at
night. Tbe people down below get along the
best they can.
Over-Critical bnt Not Broad.
Lewiston, Me., Journal.
Sitting upon the Hubbard House piazza at
Paris Judge Virgin was asked by a member of
tbe Oxford bar regarding the legal qualifica
tions of a practitioner in another part of
Maine. Said be: "Mr. might sit In this-
chair while an elephant and a mouse pass up
tbe street before his eyes; ot the mouse be
could tell you tha length of the tail, the text
ure of the coat and the color of the eye, bat It
would never occur to Mr. that be had
seen an elephant I"
BACK FR03I TOWN.
Old friends alius Is the best,
Halest-like and heartiest;
Knowed us first, and don't allow
"We 're ao blame much better now!
They was standln' at he bars
When we grabbed 'the klwered kyars"
And lit out fer town, to make
Money and that old mistake I
We thought then the world we went
into bcit "llie Settlement,"
And the friends 'at we'd make there
Wonld beat any -inywheic!
And thev do-fcr that's their his:
They beat all the friends they Is
't'ept the real old friends like you
'At staid homeV like I'd ort tol
, W'y, of all the good things ylt
1 ain't shet of, 1 to quit
Business, and git back to sheer
These old comforts waltin' here
These old friends: and these old hands
'At a feller understands;
These old winter nlgnts. and old
Young foUa chiscd In out the cold!
blng "Hard Times Ml Come Ag'n
o Jlnrei" and ndxuhursall Jino in!
Here's a frller come from toiyn
Wants that-air old drtdle down ,
Fromthechlinblyl bit the floor
Clear fer one cowtillon morel
' It 's poke the kitchen 'lire, says he,
And shake a friendly teg with tne!
i-lamtt WMtcomt lly,in icbruary Century.
AMONG OUR NEIGHBORS.
Sights and Scenes of a Two Weeks' Tramp
!nj Tour Through Green County
Plenty of Room for Road Reform
Networks of Oil Pipes Fox Chasing.
Minety miles of walking over Green county
hills might seem, at first glance, a more
bitter pill than a doctor's prescription, but the
bill is easier paid and the results surer. The
last sheet of manuscript was revised and the
publisher's address penned on the express
package with a nervous band. The reaction
from prolonged strain drives me to the f imily
"It isn't pills you need," he advises. "You
have overdrawn your vitality and need to go to
some quiet place for a couple of weeks where
yon will have entertaining company and live in
the open air most ot the time. Don't take a
note book and pencil along: exercise until vou
are tired and go to bed early."
Hard conditions to fill, these, with January
weather to do it in, but the solution of the
problem comes in the shape of a generous invi
tation to rusticate and evangelize. "Come stay
with me during my protracted meeting." writes
a country ministerial friend. "You needn't
preach and you will get enough interested in
the meeting to drive, away ennui, while my
horse is lame and 1 want to see all the people
within five miles of tho church and will gvve
yon all the walking yon can relish."
Arctic overshoes, leather leggins, a water
proof coat and away we go to test the value of
snoe-leatber friction. It is the "getting there"
which hurts worse than the going after one is
there. Tbe city man accustomed to railway
travel never feels tbat he has gone very far
provided he can get back to tbe starting point
tbe same day by rati; but put him on a horse
and jog him ten miles up bill and down over
rough, frozen roads, and he experiences a "cut
loose" feeling from all the rest of creation that
Is very gruesome until he gets used to it.
Everybody Owns the Road.
TF evee you want a striking illustration of a
thing that nobody owns, take a section of a
Green county roaa. When a farmer wants to
build a new fence, he lets the old one stand and
sets the new posts a foot or two out Into tbe
road. I saw a log stable that had been built
directly in the middle of the road, and the
wagon track had to turn so close to tha corner
of it that it took a pretty good driver to avoid
bumping the bub of his wheel against a bottle
of spavin cure that was stuck in the crack. If
a man owns a thousand acres of land, he will
turn his wood-pile oat to commons, and if be
wants to build a cow shed be will hew all his
timbers and leave tbe chips in tbe county road.
Tbe more sleds and wagons and mowing ma
chines and stable manure he can litter tbe
highway with W fronJ of his place, tbe bigger
farmer be is. When be trims his orchard, he
piles tbe brush there.
It is tbe general impression tbat if the pub
lic roads belong to anyone in ptrticnlar In
Green county, it mast be to tbe oil men. He
tears it up or throws down rail fences and
changes it to the meadows at bis own sweet
will. Just outside Mount Morris one section
of the road looks like a gridiron of a giant.
Steam pipes, water pipes, gas pipes and oil
pipes make a perfect criss-cross of tubing. In
some places the heat from the steam has dried
the ground oat and left streaks of summer
dost, where tbe chickens go and roll, sand
wiched between frost beds. The jets of gas
that are left burning at intervals to prevent
the pipe freezing keep up a summer temper
ature, and the grass grows around these spots
as green and luxuriant as in June. The pump
station at Monnt Morris has an oasis of this
sort of an eighth of an acre or so which would
be worth a fortune could it be transported in
all Its verdant beauty to the palace of the
They Live In the Past,
TJut it is not only in roads there is lack of
progress; one does not need to read books of
folk-lore to learn how people lived 100 years
ago. Tbe last century is located but 50 miles
from Pittsburg. In tramping from Mount
Morris to Maidsvllle, W. Va.. I ran across a
shoemaker pegging away in a little dog-kennel
of a shop, making men's boots ny nana irom
band-twisted waxed ends to yellow stitches in
tbe tops, as though no labor-saving machinery
had ever been invented. But tbe boots will
last until 1900, whereas the macbine shoes I
wore were badly racked by tbe 12-mile tramp.
At the bouse which we made our regular lodg
ing place, "boarding around" for meals, the
old people sat by tbe firelight and smoked the
long evenings away. There was not a sign of a
lamp about tbe house except the lantern with
which they llghted'the way to tbe barn to feed
tbe stork before daylight. We were shown
oar bedroom wltboat tbe formality of a, candle.
"Stir up the fire." suggested the old" gentle
man when be saw ns looking for light enough
to find a chair by. At 5 o'clock in tbe morning
they rapped us out and we had to dress by
!mu nf fpplinir and go out to the well and
complete our morning's toilet by the aid of a
tin washbasin and water from the well bucket
tbat had been tboaghtf ally drawn long enough
before to acquire the temperature of the frosty
atmosphere. The drippings froze in icicles on
our beards before tbe kitchen towel could be
reached. And yet one of these old farmers
would have poob-hood atthe suggestion of any
more comfortable way ot doing. I learned that
this was about the only home in the community
tbatboasted a "spare bed" with a fire in the
room. There was another good old lady who
bad a flrenlace in her spare bedroom, but tbe
chimney smoked so tbat there hadn't been a
fire io.lt since tbe war."
Women Still Do the Milking.
TTrom this rendezvous we sallied forth each
day to do from 6 to 15 miles walking per
diem. James Whitcomb Riley wonld have
found these people, like 'Has Wilson worthy
his respect because they are "so common." In
tbe course of our tramping we ran across a
man who ts the owner of upward of 2,000 acres
of the best land in Green county, a former
member of one branch of the htate Legisla
ture, whose wife takes a tin bucket and goes
out to milk the cows iu the barnyaro. It is
not parsimony, bat just the way of the coun
try. A letter which came for me after my return
home was forwarded by the Postmaster. In
stead of simply marking It "return." as any
postmaster ought to have known enough to
do be put it in a stamped envelope andad
dressedit to me. A few days after I received
a bill for "Envelope, 1 cent; postage, 2 cents:
services, 1 cent; total. 1 cents." I didn't want
the Coroner to have to report a sudden death
Irom broken heart, so 1 sent a check.
How the Farmers Strike OIL
Occasionally the pipe line between Mount
Morris and Washington bursts away up
among tbe hills, and before they can get the
leak stopped the runs are covered with yellow
scum. Tbe farmers take boards, old blankets
or carpets, anything tbat will skim and save all
thee rude oil they can. What can they do with
it? Why tor internal and external medication
it has a reputation that threatens to knock
allopathy and homeopathy into a cocked hat.
It is said to be good for man and beast, for
kindling fires, fur killing off chicken lice and
for everything but shoe leather.
A man who tried the exp-riment of greasing
a pair of boots with it was surprised and
grieved to find tbat it bad gone through tbe
leather like aqua f ortis and left it spongy and
worthIess,and tbe boots a size or two too large.
At one of the stores I saw a man with a rain
barrel full ot tbe stuff be had gathered off the
run. trying to trade It at oil exchange prices for
muff and calico.
They Love Fox Chasing.
'Phe second day's tramp of ten miles lamed
tbe country parson so tbat be was com.
pelled to invoke tbe aid of a stout hickory
stick on the third. Bat there isn' t a man In all
tbat country whom the rheumatism or any
other disability will affect when there is a fox
loose on tbe hills with tbe hounds in hot pur
suit. After limping about five miles to our
dinin" place, groaning at every stone and ham
mock in the road, the parson suddenly and
raysteriou-ly disappeared from the dinner ta
ble and the hostess with him. For some cause
tbe'men bad not made an appearance.
in a moment the secret was out; a fox was
rnnning full tilt across tbe bottoms, and every
one bad gone out to see tbe fun wbo was not
already out. The parson was streaking It across
.t,. fl.ids at a 250 gait, trying to catch the dogs.
I anu there was not a vestige of lameness in bit
motions. AU" .iimiiiuuin
fox-hunter in 'hose parts wbo can calmly eat a
dinner while tbe hounds are baying, and. In
fact be is of no account until be has run down
a bo'rse or two and all bnt bioLe bis own neck.
I have heard a story about a funeral that was
postponed because there was a good (ox snow
and the chief mourner had a new dog be
wanted to try.
But tbe communities which we visited In oar
two weeks ot tramping, in which we covered
80 miles. Is literally a land flowing with milk
and honey. And the peuple aie Abrams in
their hospitality, turning no one away from
their doors, lest they turn away an angel un
awares. They will not soon forget the "man
wbo walked everywhere." and the scales show
bim indebted several pounds avolrdnpois to
their chickens and biscuit. Rambler.
The Profession Points With Pride.
The PiTTsnuuo Dispatch, will shortly move
into its nandsoaie new building; and now has
one of the heat i qula.i'd newspaper homes in
the country. Tuc Dispatch is an Amoriran
newspaper to which every member of the -ru-fession
points with pride. It nobly deserves its
commodious new quarters, and its continued
prosperity is inured.
They had canary-birds flying about dur
ing a recent New York dinner party.
Philip Griffiths, of Easton, Pa., broke
his leg a few days ago by suddenly turning la
Muskegon, Mich., ladies are to have the
privilege of the Y.M.G. A. gymnasium twico
It is computed tbat there are now about
1000 nlckel-in-tbe-slot machines in use in this
An Atchison man is soon to marry tha
woman who stood sponsor for him when he was
baptized as a baby.
The water to operate the mill at Homos
Cltr. Mo., is hauled from Palmyra In an oil
tank it a cost of $3 a car.
The underground system of telegraphs
of the German Empire, it is reported, has a
total length of 3,600 miles.
Boston's system of parks includes 1,043
acres, and the city has expended npon them for
the purchase of land and construction about
T. A. Mann, of Minden, Neb., becom
ing enraged at a cow, tied her in a stall and
sawed her legs off. He was compelled to flee to
When the carpet has been soiled by ink!
instantly apply blotting paper, then milk, then
blotting paper, and so on until the spot is out,
asitwillbe. Don't rub.
There has been a heavy fall of snow in
the lumber regions of Northern Wisconsin,
which is worth hundreds of thousands of dol
lars to tbe lumber trade.
As Howard Hall was starting an elec
tric motor in Bridgeport. Conn., a few days ago,
"a bright blaze shot out from the dynamo and
burned bis mustache off."
The German navy will have 37 more
vessels In active service this year than lastyear.
Tbe total number to be assigned to duties last
ing from three to ten months Is SXL
Dr. Sullivan Whitney, the first Ameri
can physician to manufacture homeopathic
remedies, died at Newton villa. Mass., on
Wednesday at tbe age of S3 years.
Mrs. John Knox, of Portland, Mich., is
dying of paralysis. Sbe was first afflicted three
months ago, and has persistently refused med
ical aid, being a firm believer in faith cure.
There is said to be a railway in Mexico
on one section of which the ties are mahogany,
simply because in tbat part of the country ma
bogary is the cheapest and most available
Mr. and Mrs. Jacob Wohlford, of
Roanoke, Id A, celebrated their golden wed
ding the other day, and among tbe guests were
lire who attended the original ceremony half a
John McQuay, of Talbot county, Md.t
brought to Baltimore this week a terrapin fonnd
in Wye river. It weighed six pnnnds. At the
market rate it would sell for S10 50. "It is the
largest terrapin seen in Baltimore in recent
It is proposed in Paris to do away, as
far as possible, with lunatic asylums, and to
placo insane persons who are not prone to
violence in the homes of couutiy people, who
will be suitably remunerated by the State.
Charlotte Scott, the colored woman who
contributed the first 5 paid toward a monu
ment for Abraham Lincoln in Washington, and
whose name is on that account inscribed in
bronze on tbe base of it, died last Saturday.
The discovery of a freak in the shape of
a wonderful boy contortionist at Bucksport,
Me., wbo "can tie bimself into knots that
would astound a professional," is tho latest
Maine contribution to tbe multiplied wonders
of the world.
There died in Wixom, Oakland county,
Mich., Tuesday morning, Mrs. Lucy Wixom,
widow of tbe late Abijah Wixom. She was 91
years ot age in October last. Her twin sister,
Mrs. Wood, died about a week before in Port
land, Ionia county.
A Chinese laundryman at Jackson,
Mich., has in his window a Chinese water lily
received a few days ago from the Celestial
Kingdom. Tbe plant looks like the bine flag
and on tbe end of each leaf bears a cluster of
frag rant blossoms.
Chesaning, Mich., has a religious
fanatic wbo goes into trances and converses
with the angels. While in this state he can be
lanced to tbe bone without bleeding, the wound
beating in a few hours. His name is Kaixsr
Hoffman and be is a Roman Catholic, ..
Turkish "soldiers are said to be very
poor marksmen. Recent target contests in the
Turkish army "demonstrated" that not one
soldier in 20 ceuld hit a man at 20 paces. A
target about four feet in diameter, placed 30
rods away, was bit on an average only once out
of 30 shots.
Miss Louise Littell, of Saginaw, hzs
heroically sacrificed portions of her skin for
the benefit of her sister Sarah, who was horri
bly burned several weeks ago. Eleven pieces
of skin one inch wide and seven inches long
have been transplanted from one sister to tbe
other with every indication of success.
Edward lennon, who carried a pike in
tbe Irish rebellion of 1793, died a few days ago
in Brooklyn at tbe reputed age of 105 years.
According to papers and records, which be bad
preserved for many years, he was born in
County Derry, Ireland, some time in 1735. He
was a mere lad when tbe rebellion was in prog
ress, but he went to the front and was placed
in a garrison.
Near Tang3, in German East Africa, an
important series of stalactite caverns has been
lately discovered. They are in a system of
Juraislclimestone.and.it is said, tbe caverns
surpass any similar ones in Europe, both in ex
tent and size. Millions of bats seem to be the
only present occupants of the interior. Africa
already possesses one of the cavernons wonders
of tbe world tbe stalactite caves of Wonder
fontein, in the Transvaal.
A strange accompaniment of a recent
snowstorm at Deerfleld, Me., was the appear
ance of multitudes of little black bugs tbat
spotted tbe surface of the snow as if shaken
from a pepper box. They were from one-sixteenth
to one-eighth of an Inch long, with two
feelers and six legs. "Tbey skipped abont like
fleas, and seemed to enjoy burrowing in tbe
soft snow." Tbey were drst observed an hour
after the storm ended, and disappeared during
The schooner D. K. Baker sailed for
New York from 'Charleston, S. C on Tuesday
with her crew in irons. The men deserted the
previous day. .The captain secured police as
sistance. arrested them and took them aboard.
He hired an extra crew to go across tbe bar
and set the sails for him. When the sails were
set and drawing, the captain put tbe extra
crew aboard a tug and sent them back to the
city, remarking that "hunger and mutiny
wouldn't sail in the same ship, and they would
get nothing to eat till they went to work." ,
A CORNER IN BMiT.ES.
C. TJ. Kious I'd like to see that new
device of yours for preventing the theft of a
I. N. Ventor-C'an't show It. It was stolen from
me yesterday by a pIckpocket,-etcer Weekly.
Timothy Father, hain't it 'bout time we
was plowln' fer wheat?'
farmer Hayfleld-JIng derned tbe pesky wheat.
I can't tend this yere farm and stand by tha
'Liancein the Leglslatur' at the same time.
Benevolent Lady "Well, sir, I have given
you a good meal. Arevou going away without
Tramp (puttini his hat on)-What do you ex
pect me to say. mi.m? I'm no Chauncey Depew.
"Weakley Statistics show that men' of
brain and thought attain a good old age. and that
nincompoops die very young.
Miss bharpley-I presume you have your obit
uary prepared. Mr. Weakley?-Cincinnati Com
Simpkins Is there no straight, broad
road to the United States Senate?
TImpklns I gness not. All I ever heard Of
They are actually burning gunpowder in
Chile. As the news spread abroad, and eonvle
tlon Is evolved from rumor, a deep flush sufiuses
tbe nut-brown face of Uuffalo BlIL and he can be
heard to grit bis teeth nine blocks away when the
wind is right.-S- Paul (Hoot.
Lowdown Who is that homely girl over
there with Van Broke, De Hardup and Da Lend
me around her?
Wayup She's the Daughter of MoAstral, the
130,000,000 oil klnx.
Lowdown-Wbat a pretty girl, by iotet-Behott
of tut )l'. .
She Now, how old -apuld you take me
to be? Jo flattery, now.
He A bout 40. That Is. by striking an average.
You talk as wisely as a woman of 80, and look like
a girl of VS. Indianapolis Journal.
"I thought I'd come to Washington and
see Congress make some of our laws," saldtbe
visitor, as be act his gripsack down on the hotel
"Bow manv vears da von exeeet to resata.
with us?" tnanired thechrek politely.-Wirtfti.