Newspaper Page Text
That the Lick Observations
Have Confirmed His
THE YANKEE ENTEBPBISB
Shown by the Big Telescope Admired
by Italy's Astronomer.
Great Interest Taken in Mars Through
out the Civilized World The Ques
tion of Inhabitants a Disputed One
Among: Scientists Results of the Ob
serrations Taken at Various Points
The Views of Professor Keeler Pltts-
, burgers Disappointed Because of the
Cloudiness of the Night.
BT CABLE TO THE DISPATCH.
Milajt, Aug. 4. Prof, Schiapparelli,the
illnstrioui astronomer, was seen here to
day by The Dispatch correspondent He
has known of the progress of the observa
tions by the Lick astronomers, with whom
he has been in correspondence, and ex
pressed great admiration for the American
enterprise which had brought their splen
did observatory into existence at so great' a
People in Milan have always expressed
their confidence in any statement regarding
the science of astronomy which Prof,
Bchiapparelli might take, and it is a grati
fication to them to know that the Lick tele
scope nas confirmed the existence of his fa
mous canals on Mars. Of this planet he
has made a special stndy, having devoted
to the work a greater part of his active life.
Discovered With a Small Glass.
In the long course of observations made
previous to issuing his famons map of
Mars 13 years ago, Prof. Schiapparelli used
an 8-inch glass. Astronomers subsequently
in various parts of the earth failed to verify
his lines even with glasses as
large as 26 inches, but now
it seems from the reports received here
about the Lick telescope that his keen gray
yes must have marvelous penetration and
reaching powers. In talking about the sub
ject here to-day with your correspondent,
the Proiessor said that the great lines di
viding the continents of Mars had always
appeared to him very clear.
"I saw a parallel duplication with almost
40 line," replied the astronomer, "in 1882,
and their number increased with successive
observations without the duplication, how
ever, being always visible. The identical
directions of the lines prove their connec
tion with the soll,and the varying visibility
of their duplication arose from different at
mospheric conditions at the time of oppo
sition." Where the Astronomers Differed.
"Your report of the canals on Mars was
not accepted at once, however, was it?"
"The denial of the existence of the dupli
cation," be said, "always seemed to me abso
lutely unreasonable, for the markings were
clearly seen by four astronomers. There
were myself and Colorie at the Milan Ob
servatory, Perotin at the Nice Observatory,
and Schaeberle at the CaliforniaObservatory.
Three of these observed lines on Mars
during the planetary opposition; two of
them did not perceive the duplication, the
third, Schaeberle, verified several cases
which he noticed at the same time at the
Prof. Schiaparelli was asked what was
the probable cause of this failure by other
astronomers in some cases to see what he
"There might be two causes for the diver
sity of observation. The first of these is
the different acromatism of the telescopea
The visibility of certain stars depends
much more upon the suitability of the in
struments reflecting certain colored rays
than on the size of the instruments them
selves. A Difference in Instruments.
Several of the Milanese telescope makers
devoted special attention to the refraction
of red rays. And I think they make the
best instruments for observing Mars whose
rays are a red of great intensity. The sec
ond cause for the variability of observation
Is habit. The eye, I think, should be habitu
ated to the observing of certain stars.
It was only alter 14 years' work in
observing Mars that I saw the details
of the image with any clearness, and after
that further details appeared. The Cali
fornia astronomers, who appear to be doing
such excellent work with their fine instru
ments could thus probably be enabled to
see next year many things not apparent
The eminent astronomer was then asked in
regard to the theory that Mars was capable
of sustaining animal or even human life,
and smiled at the question.
"Some newspapers have attributed to me
the idea of finding in the duplication of the
lines of Mars a proof that the planet was
inhabited, and this they thought was based
upon the supposition that the lines were
work of reasoning beings. I never said any
thing of the kind. Natural forces mav have
hollowed out these deep canals 50 to 100 kilo
meters lond. It wouid still require long and
laborious observations before we could know
definitely from what couidbeseen that Mars
was sustaining life."
Not Much of Importance Has Tet Been
Discovered at Greenwich.
London, Aug. 4. In the course of an
interview to-day by an Associated Press
repretentative with the astronomer in
charge of the observatory at Greenwich,
the latter said that the planet Mars had
been regularly observed. A circular, he
stated, had been received from the "Wash
ington, D. C., Observatory, indicating
the manner in which meridional observa
tions should be taken before and efter the
opposition. So far the weather has been
too thick to allow Mars to be plainly seen.
The planet is so low also as to be unfavora
bly situated for the taking of observations
in northern latitudes.
It occupies jnst the position that the sun
occupies in midwinter. In 1877 Mars was
much more favorably situated for the work
of astronomers. A few meridional observa
tions, tbe astronomer added, had been taken
in accordance with the "Washington pro
gramme, but they had resulted in nothing
worth reporting. Various astronomers in
England had arranged to take observations,
but the weather bad been unfavorable for
obtaining results of value.
A dispatch from Paris says: The Secre-
tary of the observatory in this city states
that as the observations of the opposition of
Mars will extend over a long period the re
port of the results obtained will be post
poned for some time.
IS MARS INHABITED ?
The Question Which Is Now or So Great
Interest to Astronomical Writers Dis
coveries That Have Been Made Possi
bilities or tbe Future.
Rochester, N. T. Aug. 4. Lewis M.
Swift, the well-known astronomer, speaks of
Mars as follows:
Mars through the telescope Is not an ob
ject of popular interest, comparing in this
respect unfavorably with the moon, Jupiter
and his satellite, and with Saturn and his
rings, but to tbe astronomer who appreciates
hlsmisteries this planet every 15 to 17 years
presents great attractions. Unfortunately
lor Northern observers his great Southern
declination at snch oppositions Is unfavor
able for the delicate observation necessary
for the settlement of several disputed ques
tions. If the orbits of both tbe earth and Mara
were circular his opposition distances would
forever be the same, but as both orbits are
eliptlcal It follows that a favorable opposi
tion can only take place when the earth Is
In aphelion furthest from the sun and Mars
In perihelion nearest the sun. Then he
shines with a brilliancy rivaling that ot
both Venus ana Jnpitsr and arrests publio
attention, as he rises early In the evening;,
many thinking It a reappearance of the Star
Intervals of Abont Fifteen Tears.
Mars comes In opposition once In a little
over two years, and not once In IS years, as
has been published. It Is only the favorable
oppositions that recur somewhat Irregularly
at intervals of about IS years. The last one
of this sort ocourred on Septembers, 1877, at
which time two minute moons revolving
rapidly around the planet were discovered
by Prof. Asaph Hall, which discovery cansed
intense excitement. The planet may have
more than the two known satellites, and
dnrlng this favorable opportunity every
great telescope in the world will be brought
to bear upon it for further discovery, and
for. If possible, the settlement of the problem
of the "canals of Mars."
Happily we can now bring photography to
our aid and impress upon the plates im
perishable details of those phenomena
termed by the Italian astronomer, Schia
parelli, canals, oceans, gulls, bays, etc.. for
comparison at future favorable oppositions.
One astronomer, going beyond Sobiapa
relli out-Heroding Herod declared tnat he
had observed the shade trees along tbe
banks of the canals. But, pleasantry aside,
there Is much that is mysterious In the
topography of the planet as vlewedfrom the
earth. Some of its markings are changeable
and appear as clouds, while others seem
stable and are indicative of solidity.
The Distance From the Earth.
As, however, he rotates on his axis so
slowly no belts like thnse environing Jupiter
and Saturn are visible. The distance of Mars
trom the earth August 4 will be abont 35,700,
000, but at the very favorable opposition of
1830 it was less by 2,000,000 miles while In con
Junction, nnd on the other side of the sun
his distance was 215,000,000, and the bright
ness of the planet was reduced to that of a
His two satellites are named Fbobos and
Delmos, or Dread and Terror.
At the discovery of the outer one lt dis
tance from the earth was equal to 7,000,000
times its diameter, equivalent to seeing a
ball two inches in diameter at the distance
of New York from Boston.
The contemplation of the nearness and
the raplditv of motion of Phobos suggests
some curious tacts, among which are the
following: The rotation of Mars on his
axis requires 2th. 27m., and tbe time of revo
lutlon, aiound Mars on the inner moon is
7ti. 39m. 24s., which means that the inhab
itants of Mars, Ifthev exist, would have by
this moon nearly SVJ moons per day. and
that in lb. 65m. it would go through all its
phases from new to full and from full to
new, or to pass from new moon to full, for
which change our moon requires 4 days,
would take only 58m.
So much more rapid Is its revolution than
the totation of Mars that it rises in the
West and sets in the East, while the outer
satellite, the sun and star rise In tbe East
as they do on the earth. This is the single
exception, Phobos being the only known
body in the solar system rising In the West.
Conld See tho Inhabitants.
The distance of tbe inner satellite from the
surface of Mars, Is less than 4,000 miles, and
a magnifying power of 4,000 would bring it
within a mile, so that from the satellite It
would be easy to see on the planet people If
as large as terrestrial inhabitants. .
To astronomical writers the lnhablt&blllty
of the planets, especially of Mara, lias long
been a most lasclnating theme. That they
tt ere created to that end is doubtless true.
but It does not follow that all are Inhabited
or Inhabitable. At the same time it would
requii e a wide stretch of fancy to Imagine
people existing on the planet Mercury, so
near the sun that lead and sometimes sci
ence would be in a molten condition, or on
that distant planet, Neptune, whose temper
ature is 900 below zero.
"Though not denied that the Creator could
adapt life, animal and vegetable, to even
such habitats, yet that either of these
planets Is now inhabited is In the highest
On the evening of July 31 both satellites
were seen at this observatory by the writer
and Prof. Kodd, Director ot Amherst Col
lege Observatory, who observed them at the
time of their discovery at the Naval Ob
servatory in 1877 and wno deolared that he
saw them as clearly as with the 28-inch tele
scope with which they were discovered.
WIGGINS TALKS ON MARS.
De n -cards the Results at tick Observa
tory as Disappointing.
Ottawa, Ont., Aug. 4. Dr. Wiggins,
tbe weather prophet and astronomer, states
that he was much surprised at the result of
the investigation through the Lick tele
scope regarding the planet Mars. Such a
result was certainly disappointing to astron
omers, as they had fully believed
in the accuracy of Schiaperelli's
investigations regarding the parallel
canals on the face of the planet but which
the Lick telescope did not reveal in any
shape. Dr. "Wiggins thinks Mars must be a
far more desirable world to lire in than our
own because there is only a small region
near the poles where any winter exists, and
it has such a dense atmosphere that tke
temperature is not excessive at the equator.
"As it is many millions ot vears older
than the earth," he said, "I judge that its
inhabitants must be much more intelligent
than we are, and probably live for hundreds
of years. I would infer this from the fact
that noxious vapors do not exist in its at
mosphere to cause epidemics, for its vol
canic agencies ceased many millions of years
ago. As its attraction ot the earth is now
the greatest possible, our atmospheric
density is now slightly increased, which ac
counts for the great heat of the present
summer. This will also increase the vio
lence of Mount .Etna's eruptions, and we
will have increased vocanic action and
humidity throughout the world."
In the Observations Now Being Made of
tbe Planet Stars A Cloudy Night Causes
Disappointment Keeler Believes in In
habitants. Notwithstanding the cloudiness last night
many persons flocked to the Allegheny
Observatory to get a glimpse of the ruddy
planet. Mars. The weather continued
cloudy, and the entire party left at mid
night greatly disappointed.
Prof. Keeler, however, declared his in
tention of remaining up all night in hopes
that the atmosphere might clear up and
be might continue his scientific observa
tions which be began several days ago.
The professor is confident that something
definite will be known concerning the
planet on account of the great interest
which is beingtaken in it at the present
time by scientists.
"When asked if he really bellev ed that
the planet was inhabited, he replied:
"Yes. There are many reasons which I
have for expressing my opinion thus. I
have good grounds to believe that the
planet Is inhabited with human beings the
same as the earth.
"In tbe first place, Mars is a much greater
distance from the sun than the earth. In
the regions of the poles I have discovered
the presence ot a white substance which
greatly resembles snow. In the central de
grees of latitude the snow disappears and
matter resembling red clay appears. There
It no doubt that the .planet is surrounded
by an atmosphere the same as ours, although
it must be much colder unless modified by
"It has been discovered by general obser
vations that the seasons of Mars are much
longer than the earth's, on account, of the
continued snows which can be seen on the
surface. Mars differs from Jupiter, Nep
tune and Saturn inasmuch as it is a solid
substance, while the latter when placed un
der telescoplo view appear to be nothing
more than mere vapor.
"Now remember," continued Prof.
Keeler, this question of habitation has not
been settled to a certainty. While tbe
planet is at present 35,000,000 miles from
the earth, our telescopes will only enable
us to view it at a distance of 35,000 miles.
"More powerful telescopes are in course
of construction, and I am confident that it
will not be long before we will know more
of the heavenly bodies."
. The professor is by no means disap
pointed on account of tbe cloudy weatner,
and will continue his observations until
the planet reaches its highest ascendancy.
Ills glasses are in excellent condition, and
he feels confident of making important dis
coveries before long.
Habitable but hot inhabited.
That Is One or Lieutenant Totten's Notions
Abont the Star of War.
New Haven, Conn., Aug. 4, In speak
ing of Mars Lieutenant Totten disclosed
some quaint views to-day. "I think it is
habitable," said he, "but not inhabited. I
don't think man exists on any other planet
in this universe. Jesus Christ did not come
to this earth to save men if there were men
on other planets."
The professor's idea is that after death
man's body returns to dust and his soul to
oblivion until resurrected by a second ad
vent. Then tbe just shall be given eternal
life and the unjust will have to live another
life. Then is the time that the other -planets
will be peopled.
"It is in the power of the One who made
Adam out of dust," said he, '.'to place an
other Adam on Mars. That Adam may be
the original Adam and into that Adam he
may breathe the breath of life and the
planet will be peopled."
Lieutenant Totten's idea of heaven is not
of the golden harp order. He believes
heaven will be a practical but perfect world,
with newspapers, electric cars and occupa
tions just as at present, but the people will
be perfect, as Adam was before he sinned.
Judging from what he says, the planets
now habitable, but not inhabited, will be
the location of this heaven. In speaking of
translating men from this earth to Mars,
Lieutenant Totten said: "A flash of elec
tricity will go round this earth in 20 sec
onds. No one knows how fast a man's soul
will travel. Take Elijah, for instance; he
was translated bodily to heaven. It is pos
sible that man could be so transformed that
he would not need air, and then in the
twinkling of an eye be whisked away to
Mars. Mind you, I argue on the ground
that everything in the Bible is true. I be
lieve it is, and have no difficulty in prov
ing it." .
A DIFFERENCE IN SATES.
A Cincinnati Professor Does Not Agree
With Other Americans.
Cincinnati, Aug. 4. Special Prof.
Porter, of the Cincinnati Observatory, said:
"The likelihood of any discovery of
new things is not greater at the
time of exact apposition than for a period
of several weeks before and alter. The
earth and Mars have been approaching at a
pace increasingly slow and will now recede
from each other with a speed increasingly
rapid by reason of the lesser orbit of the
earth. A remarkable error has been
made by the American astronomical
world in the matter of the
time of apposition. Here is the
American ephemeris, the standard nautical
almanao, which sets the apposition for
August 3 and by which the astronomers of
the nation have been guided. The standard
authority of the world, however, is the Ber
liner Jahrbuch, which, as you see, gives the
time of our apposition with the
red planet as clearly as possible
at a little after midnight of
August 6, next Saturday. The error
is one so apparent that I cannot understand
it, but here are the figures as you see. The
astronomers and the newspapers of the
"Western world have been antedating the
event by three days." The Cincinnati Ob
servatory, which has the fifth largest glass
in the world, will make its observations
TALE BEHIND THE TIMES.
Bat She Hopes to Have a Big; Iens When
Mars Calls on Us Next.
New Haven, Conn., Aug. 4. Mars ap
peared no larger than the moon to the naked
eye through the Yale telescope at the
observatory, and so far as scientific value
goes Yale will be unable to contribute
to the world's knowledge this time.
The two moons of Mars have
never been seen from the Yal
Observatory. Dr. W. L. Elkins, tbe as
tronomer in charge, and Robert Brown, his
assistant, are the only members of the Yale
faculty making telescopic observations of
Mars at Yale, as all the other scientific pro
fessors are on vacation. Prof, Hastings, of
the Scientific School, says he is unable to
keep up with Lick and Washington dis
coveries, to say nothing of making any fresh
Prof. Elkins says he does not believe that
Mars is inhabited or that it has high moun
tains and snow masses. Yale will have a
new telescope before Mars comes again. It
is now being built at Clark's, Cambridge,
and" will cost 1500,00. The glass will be
28 inches, and it will be one of the best
AN INIEBNATIONAL CKIMINAL.
The .Exploits of a Philadelphia Burglar
and Thief on Two Continents.
Philadelphia, Aug. 4. "William
Stetson, a notorious burglar and sneak
thief, alias English Bill, the "brutal," and
other names was brought to this city from
Saratoga this morning, having been extra
dited for a clever diamond robbery com
mitted here in 1890. Numerous other
charges are hanging over him. ' Upon
searching the prisoner a collection of 150
old foreign gold coins, ranging in value
from $1 to $10 each, was found upon his
person and recognized as the property of
Francis X. Blembe, of Emporium, Pa.,
from whose house the coins were taken
Stetson enioys an international reputation
as a criminal, having robbed a Paris band
of 20,000 francs three vears ago, in company
with Querron. In dividing the proceeds
in a cemetery after the robbery, the thieves
fell out and Stetson shot Guerron, danger
ously wounding him. He repented the
dee.d, however, and assisted his pal to
London, where he nursed him nine months
in a hospital. The men agained quarreled
before Guerron had recovered, and Stetson
fled to Boston after betraying his partner in
crime to the police. Guerron was taken to
France, where he is serving a ten-years'
sentence for the bank robbery. Stetson's
last performance in this city was the adroit
substitution of a paste stone for a diamond
which he was examining in a jewelry store.
A true bill of indictment was found against
No More Aid for Pittsburg Printers.
BOSTON, Aug. 4. The members of Typo
graphical Union No. 13, by a vote of 205 to
382. declared against Darin c an assessment
of 10 cents per week lor further support of
me printers on sinsze in iritis nurg.
Crisp Calls on Harrison.
"Washington, Aug. 4. Speaker Crisp
called at the White House this morning
and had an interview with the President,
presumably in regard to the state of busi
ness in the House of Representatives.
A CANADIAN ALLY,
Edward Blake's Debut as an
English Statesman Ob
served in London
BY A LIBERAL BANQUET.
Ho Tells of His Native Country's Ex
perience With Home Bale.
MB. GOSCHEN'S NIECE ASSAULTED.
English Lords Ko Longer PriYileted to
Sboot Down I aborers.
PIGBTTXG IN PROGRESS IN TBE PAMIR
London-, Aug. 4. The Eighty Club to
night gave a dinner to Hon. Edward Blake,
formerly Premier of Ontario and leader of
the Liberal party in Canada, who was re
turned to the House of Commons from the
South division of Longford in the recent
James Bryce, Member of Parliament for
the South division of Aberdeen, presided
at the dinner. In the introductory speech,
which he delivered, he said that although
the Liberal majority is small it is full of
fighting spirit The one main object of the
Liberal party is the attainment of home
rule for Ireland; therefore, the Liberals
welcomed a new and powerful attorney in
the person of Hon. Edward Blake, who
brought from Canada a keen intelligence, a
large experience as a statesman and a sound
judgment, which would be valuable aids in
the solution, the Irish problems.
A Memory ot Sir. Parnell.
Mr. "Blake, in responding to the remarks
of Mr. Bryce, recalled the faot the last time
he was present at the Eighty Club, the oc
casion being a dinner in 1888, he sat beside
Charles Stewart Para ell, who, he said, was
a leader of men who compelled rather tban
conciliated the admiration of the masses.
Despite all drawbacks, he would retain a
place in history. He referred to Mr. Par
nell's confidence in the good faith of his
Liberal allies and his sincerity in his ad
herence to moderate constitutional courses.
He believed that Ireland is on the eve of
realizing the results that Mr. Parnell
fought for. The combined efforts of the
Liberal sections are certain to attain the
common objects they have in view. It is
well that each of the allied forces recog
nizes the conditions under which the other
The Irish party was created and main
tained for a definite object under a strict
system of discipline, allowing only a lim
ited latitude. Experience had shown the
truth ot the assertion that the Irish inter
ests in the Imperial Parliament required a
The Liberals Are Honorable Al lea.
The Parliamentary weapons forged under
Mr. Parnell's leadership had such weight,
solidity, temper and keenness, and had
wrought such great things for Ireland, that
the Liberals had taken np the Irish cause
in au honorable and cordial, alliance, cre
ating a friendly feeling between the Irish
and British democracies. The might of
Mr. Parnell's weapons may have been
lessened, but even now they were fully
adequate for the original purpose for which
they were intended.
He hoped that the Irish minority would
ultimately see that the tactics of tbe major
ity were sound. Everyone had the inter
ests of Ireland at heart and desired the
passage of an effective home rule bill. It
might not be that every detail of the meas
ure would-be exactly what some Irishmen
would like, but, as Mr. "Parnell had once
said, any sound measure would be cheer
fully accepted. If they work with a desire
to make a success of a substantial measure,
it would give them a field for action in Ire
land which would produce so great a, feel
ing of contentment in that country that
there would be neither time nor inclination
for captious criticism or factious agitation,
Canada's Interest in Home Rule.
Mr. Blake also said that the Canadians
had a material interest in the settlement of
the Irish question. Like the people of
every English speaking nation, they had
been troubled about the matter ol home
rulej but they were actuated with a nobler
spirit than that of self-interest. They
remember the American revolutionary
struggle for home rule and the develop
ment of home rule in the Canadian
possessions, and sympathize with the condi
tion of a nation of fellow-subjects entitled
to and refused self government England
tried the experiment a century ago ot giv
ing Canada sole self government without
the essential condition that the Executive
should be responsible to and therefore con
trolled by the people.
LORDLY PRIVILEGES GO-
No Iionger Lawful In England to Block
Highways and Shoot laborers.
London, Aug. 4. Lord Chief Justice
Coleridge delivered judgment to-day regard
ing right of way in an action in which the
plaintiff, a workingman, sued the Duke of
Rutland because the latter's game keepers
were stopping traffic on a highway while
they were driving grouse. His Lordship,
in his deliverance, said that tbe days of
high-handed interference with tbe rights of
the people had passed, and that if the Duke
could not conduct his shootings without
meddling with the rights of the public to
use the highway, he must elect other places
to hold his battues.
The evidence given during the trial of
the suit showed that the game-keepers
knocked the plaintiff down on the highway,
and that when the plaintiff complained of
this treatment to tbe Duke's son, Lord
Edward Manners, the latter replied: "Go
to the 1 If you are shot vour life will
be on your own head." This, the Lord
Justice said, could not be tolerated from
any person, Duke or other. Lord Edward
Manners, interposing at this point In the
remarks of the Lord Chief Justice, said
that His Lordship's words seemed to hold
him (Lord Edward) up as a prospective
murderer. To this His Lordship replied:
"I only said what I considered it my duty
American Vessels Win Applause.
HuELVA, August 4. The Minister of
Marine gave a banquet to the foreign ad
mirals and officers at the Hotel Columbus
to-day. Queen Begent Christina sent her
congratulations on yesterday's naval dis
play. The newspapers, in describing the
letes, specially mention the United States
vessels as adding to the bnllianov of the
"occasion by their electrio and other illumi
nations. France and Madagascar at Ont.
Paeis, Aug. 4. The Tempi publishes ad
vices from Madagascar that the diplomatic
relations between the Government and
the French resident Consul have been
suspended, owing to the intrigues of
A Canal Opened by Queen.
Amsteedam, Aug. 4. The young Queen
and her mother, the Queen Begent, to-day
opened the first section of the new Meer
wede Canal. The canal will be navigable
for large vessels from this city to the river
A. German Minister to Resign.
Berlin, Aug. 4. There is now no doubt
that Minister Herrfurth hat either " already
resigned or will do so in the near future.
The disagreement between ..him and Min
ister Miquel is believed to be due either to
Herr Herrfurth's opposition to the pro
posed transference of the land and house
taxes from the State to the municipality or
to the abolition of the lex hune, whereby
any surplus above 780,000 arising from
cattle and corn duties is handed to the
TWO BRUTAL HUNTERS
Assault and Fire Upon a Kiece of Chancel
lor Goschen and Her Companion Both
ladles Left Unconscious by a Country
Boadslde One Villain Canjlir.
London, Aug. 4. Last evening, near
Chiselhurst, Kent, as Miss "Woods, daughter
of the Vicar of Bickley, and a niece of
Bight Hon. George J. Goschen, Chancellor
of the Exchequer, was walking along the
road in the company of a friend, they were
approached by two men carrying guns. The
men accosted Miss "Wood and her friend.
Their advances were repnlsed. The men
then fired upon the two ladies and afterward
Both Miss "Woods and her friend, a young
lady named Philbrick. were dangerouslv in
jured, the former by being shot in the face
with a carbine loaded with slugs, and tbe
latter by being Btruck on the head with the
butt of a carbine. Both were rendered un
conscious by their Injuries, and for some
time lay in the road where they had fallen.
Miss "Woods was the first to recover con
sciousness. After a short time spent in vain
endeavors to revive her companion, she,
with great difficulty, crawled along the road
to the nearest cottage, which was 600 yards
away, and gave the alarm. A party was
immediately formed to search for the girl's
assailants, while another went to the scene
of the assault to remove Miss Philbrick to
the cottage. The latter soon returned, bear
ing the still uncousoious girl. Miss "Woods
is only 16 years of age.
After a short search the party who were
hunting about near the scene of the assault
for traces of the men who committed it,
came upon a man named Manklow who was
acting in a suspicious manner. He was at
once taken into custody and, despite his
protestations that he knew nothing of the
crime, he was compelled to accompany the
party back to the eottage to which Miss
Woods had made her way. Upon arrival
at tbe cottage Manklow was taken into Miss
"Woods' presence, and she positively identi
fied him as one ot the two men who as
saulted and shot her and her companion.
Miss Philbrick's condition is considered
TBE METEOR MAKES IX.
She Wins tbe Cowes Cnp With Her Im
perial Master on Board.
Co WES, Aug. 4. Emperor "William yester
day morning went aboard the Meteor, and in
a short time the race tor the Cowes cup was
begun over the new Queen's course. The
yachts taking part in the race are the
Meteor, Iverna and Irene. Soon aiter the
start was made the Meteor began to over
haul the Iverna, which was the first of the
three to cross the line, and at 1 o'clock yes
terday afternoon had passed her.
The Queen gave a dinner party in the
Indian room at Osborne House last even
ing. Among the guests were Emperor
"William, the Prince of "Wales, Prince
Henry of Prussia, the Duke of Connaught,
the Duke of Schleswig-Holstein and Lady
Salisbury and a few other notables. At the
conclusion of the dinner the Queen drank
to the health ot Emperor "William, who re
ciprocated by drinking to the Queen's
health. The Imperial yacht Kaiser Adler,
on which the Emperor made the trip from
"Wilbelmshaven to Cowes has been entirely
refitted and attracts much attention.
Among her decorations are many paintings
by the Emperor and Prince Henry.
At the regatta' to-uay the race for the
Cowes cup over the Queen's course was
won by Queen Mab. Emperor "William's
yacht Meteor being beaten. After the race
the Emperor was banqueted on board the
royal yacht Victoria and Albert
FIGHTING IN PAMIR.
The Afghans Skirmishing With Both Rus
sians and Chinese.
Simla, Aug. 4. The Afghans are skir
mishing with both the Russians and Chinese
on the Alicbur Pamir, and have taken a
number of Kirghiz prisoners.
A' force of 500 Russians, under command
of Colonel Yanoff, armed with mountain
guns, have reached Aktash.
It is reported that a collision has occurred
between Russians and Afghanistans at Soma-
tash and Yeshilkool, five Russians being
killed and 16 captured. The Afghans, it is
stated, refused to release the prisoners, de
claring that in future they would neither
give nor take quarter. The party probably
consisted of Kirghez officered by Russians.
M0ELEY FOB CHIEF SECRETARY.
Point in the Composition of Glad
stone's Cabinet Is Settled.
LONDON, Aug. 4. The Associated Press
is authorized to state that John Morley has
agreed to take the position of Chief Secre
tary for Ireland. The Liberal whips are
arranging with the Government for a di
vision of the House on Tuesday.
The Gladstonians will limit the number
of speakers, and the McCarthyites. with a
view to lacllitating an early division, will
put dp only one member, probably Thomas
Sexton, to reply to Mr. Balfour. The Par-
nellites concur in the plans to expedite the
riBEBTJGS BTJBN A TOWS,
Fourteen Poles Perish In the Flames, Ac
cording to Warsaw Papers.
Sx. Petebsbttrg, Aug. 4. "Warsaw pa
pers report that the town of Rzecze, in Vol
hynia, was set on fire in four corners during
the night and completely destroyed, 14
persons being killed, 16 seriously injured
and 2,000 rendered homeless.
Cholera Threatens Austria,
London, Aug. 5. The Austrian Mari
time office, at Trieste, has been informed
that cholera has spread from St Jean d'Aro
to other Syrian ports, and that there were
96 new cases and 73 deaths in St Jean d'Arc
on August 2. It is reported that the dis
ease has broken out at Czarinyiostrow, near
the Austrian frontier, where 80 cases and 7
deaths have occurred.
Parisians Dylnj of Cholera.
Paris, Aug. 4. A family of four per
sons died in the Rue St Maur, in this city,
to-day. It is said all died from cholera.
Six otherxases of cholera are also reported
to have occurred in this city. In the
suburbs of St. Quen and St. Denis the dis
ease is spreading.
Salisbury an I Newfoundlantl.
London, Aug. 4. Lord Salisbury, in
view of the present prolitical situation, de
clines to legislate in favor of a distress loan
ol 7fi0,000 for Newfoundland, but promises
to support the measure if it is introduced in
CLEVELAND AFIEB FELDMAH.
The Ohio City Claim a Notorious Beat on
Columbus, O., August 4. Special.
Detective Jack Mintz, of Cleveland, thfs
evening secured a requisition from Governor
McKinley on the Governor of New York,
for the transfer of J. "Wolf, alias M. J.
Feldman, who is serving a three months'
sentence at Blackwell's Island for seenring
board from the Fifth Avenue Hotel under
The first of Feldman's series of crimes
was committed in Cleveland, which gives
the authorities at that place a prior right
to the prisoner for the purposes of -prosecution.
He is wanted in Cleveland for em
bezzlement, grand larceny and bigamy.
Blamed by a Boston Pastor for the Tene
ment Bouse Distresses He Declares
the Body as Well as the doul of Man
Mast Be Iookd Alter.
Round Lake, N. Y., An;. 4. Special
Bev. Lewis Albert Banks, of Boston,
where he has been conducting a church In
the heart of a tenement district for seven
years, delivered a lecture here this after
noon on "The Church Problem in Great
Cities." He took the ground that the
churches are themselves responsible for the
awful tenementhouse distresses, which they
have charged to municipal governments and
attribnted to the influence of the dram shop.
The five largest Protestant denominations
can stop every legalized dram shop In either
Boston or New York If they will only try
to attend to their business on a strictly busi
ness basis, as the dram shops do. Let them
keep open all day and late Into the nlgnt,
and offer light andmuslo and fellowship to
all comers not to the pewbolders alone,
but to those who are too poor to own
a pew. Pew rent has sot to go
If you are to save the souls of tbe
tenement house poor. I am tired of the
cant of the saying "Savinir souls." The
church had bettor undertake to save men
and women, as well as souls. The churones
should not only be Iree, but there should be
fiee entertainments, to which tbe poor
should have as hearty an Invitation as regu
lar attendants. There should be a sort of
employment bureau attached to each
churcb, so that when a member got ont of
employment thepieacber might appeal for
Tbe lecturer said he had himself pursued
this plan, and had found that it helped to
save the body ot the man, and invariably
the man became a warm adherent of the
Church. He did not believe in "little
missions." They looked too much like
they -were the cast-off salvation offerings of
the Church, and the poor had a right
to reject them. "As for myself,"
the speaker added with much feel
ing, "if I had been brought up
in the tenement districts, as so many of my
people were, I would have cursed the
Christian God that could have so neglected
me." He closed with an earnest appeal to
the Christian ministers present, represent
ing so many widely separated congrega
tions, to tak'e up in their churches, when
they go home, the subject as he had stated
The discourse was received with every
manifestation of approval by those present,
many of whom are in charge of wealthy
churches. Among those who listened to it
with much satisfaction were Mr. and Mrs.
Claflin, of the Forsyth Street Mission, in
New York Citv.
RUSSELL HAEEIS0N DEFZHDED
By the MInorily or the lel'owstone Park
"Washington, Aug. 4. The minority of
the House Committee on Public Lands to
day submitted their views on the Yellow
stone Park investigation. In the report
they take the ground that Secretary Noble
acted with fairness and justice in annulling
the transportation leases, and that Mr. Gib
son acted in a false and deceitful manner in
his relations with the Secretary. A most
Ditter attack is made on Mr. Gibson by the
'minority, while Russell Harrison's connec
tion with the company is defended in strong
terms. Referring to it, the minority accuses
the majority of going out of its way in what
it characterizes as an attempt to smirch the
son of the President by the use of some in
cidentals in the evidence.
The facts are, it says, that a certain party
interested in the Park Association, assum
ing that Mr. Harrison would have some in
fluence with the unknown Secretary of the
Interior to be appointed, proposed to in
duce Mr. Harrison to use such supposed in
fluence for the benefit of the ssociation, and
remunerate him with shares of the stock.
But the stock was never issued,
the minority holds Mr. Har
rison was never requested, except
by "Waters, to so use his influence, and
there was no need that he should do so.
The whole thing was evidently a fraud, the
minority continues, and one of Gibson's
tricks, and the majority report is unsup
ported by a single particle of evidence
against Mr. Harrison, and its comments are
wholly uncalled for.
A CROOKED LAWYER MISSING.
Charged With Embezzling Church Funds
and Mortjjasins a Widow's Property.
Philadelphia, Aug. 4. There is a
general belief that "William B. Robins, at
torney and conveyancer of this city, and
late accounting warden of St Mark's P. E.
Church, is a fugitive, and it is alleged that
the total sum of his discrepancies will reach
$150,000. In the latter part of June the
fact became public that Mr. Robins, as ac
counting warden of St Mark's Church, was
several thousand dollars short in his ac
counts. No statement has ever divulged
the exact amount of the shortage beyond
the indefinite announcement that it would
reach a total of several thousand dollars. It
is understood that the deficit was made
good by an offer of security.
Yesterday bills were filed in Common
Pleas Court in five suits to annnl certain
mortgages on the property of Mrs, Mary "W.
Campbell, which, it is averred in the com
plaint, were executed by Robins without
her knowledge or consent Robins was
Mrs. Campbell's lawyer and held her power
ot attorney. He executed mortgages on
several properties owned by her and con
verted the proceeds to his own use. In ad
dition, he held $33,000 of securities from
which he was authorized to collect the
revenues. It is alleged that he forged a
clause to the power of attorney, and under
it unlawfully disposed of Mrs. Campbsll's
property. It was learned to-day that
Robins recently made a confession of his
crookedness. He has not been seen here
for several weeks.
Four of Them Present at a Public School
Detboit, Aug. 4. Special The
county school examiners held examinations
in the high school to-day. Among the 117
candidates for examination were four sisters
of this city, all teachers in the parochial
schools. They were dressed in the conven
tional black gowns and white bonnets of
their sect, and presented a decided contrast
to the others who were present They gave
their names as Sister Mary Angelo, who has
taught 15 years; Sister Mary Pauline, Sis
ter Mary Ursula, and Sister Mary Lee.
Some of the strong anti-Catholic members
of the board objected to their taking the ex
aminations, thinking that they had some
scheme to fill the minds ot public school
children with Catholic doctrines. Visions
of a Catholic usurpation of the public
schools were dispelled by the Sisters, who
explained that tbey were curious to know
what percentages they could make at a pub
lic school examination. They wished to
make a comparison of the two systems.
They asied for a separate room, so as to
avoid the curious eves fixed upon them.
They were permitted to take the examina
tion, but were not given a separate room.
Six Thousand Australian Miners Strike.
San Fbancisco, Aug. 4. Advices from
Australia to July 11, per steamship Maripo,
say the miners in the silver mines at Brlken
hill have struck. All mines are idle, and
about 6,000 men are out of work. The mine
owners decided that getting out ore shall be
let by contract The men refuse to agree to
this, and ask that it be paid for by the day,
as at present
A Volcanlo Eruption In New Zealand.
San Fbancisco, Aug. 4. Mt Tongario,
New Zealand, is stated to be sending np
great clonds of dust Irom its crater, which
appears at Taupo like black smoke. The
southwestern lip of Ngauruhoe crate? is
falling in rapidly and debris is expelled
again in the shape of dost
Carry Gladstone to Parliament,
While Balfour Goe3 on Foot.
MB. PEEL EE-ELECTED SPEAKER.
McCarthy Again Chosen Irish leader, bat
Is Cnlv a figurelieaa.
LIBERALS CHEERED, TORIES JEEEED
London, Aug. 4. The morning opened
with clear skies, and the bright weather
lasted throughout the day.. A large crowd,
in which many ladies were to be seen, gath
ered in "Westminster Palace yard at an
early! hour and remained all the morning
watching for the arrival of the members of
the new Parliament and cheering loudly
when their friends and leaden appeared.
Mr. Gladstone, accompanied by his wife,
left tbe residence in Carletou Gardens,
where he is at present residing, at 2 o'clock,
and was driven in the smartest sort of an
open carriage, attended by a footman, to
the Parliament buildings. All along the
route he was given an ovation by the
crowd's which had lathered to see him pass.
Upon his arrival at the palace yard the
police on duty were unable to restrain the
crowd, which became almost wild in its en
deavors to do honor to the head of the Lib
Mr. Balfour and Mr. Goschen walked to
the House together. They were greeted
with loud hoots and groans by the crowd as
sembled outside the House. Both gentle
,men appeared to be greatly amused by tht
Davltt Provokes Much Attention.
"When Michael Davitt reached the lobby
of the Honae; he Was given a warm recep
tion by his colleagues. Upon his taking his
seat on the Irish benches, he was scanned
with curiosity by the Conservatives, and
whisperings were heard ominons of their in
tention to contest his rlgnt to taze tne oatn.
James Keir Hardie, the labor candidate,
who was elected in the south division of
"Westham by 1,232 majority over Major G.
E. Barnes, Conservative, drove into tht
palace yard in a capacious wagonette filled
with workmen and a fife band playing the
Marsellaise. Mr. Hardie was dressed In
workingman's clothes and cap, and both his
cap and coat were decorated with big
rosettes. He was greeted with cheers and
When Sir M. "W. Ridley rose to move the
re-election of Mr. Peel as Speaker, the
House was crammed, the members crowding
the galleries for want of standing room be
low. The Peers' and strangers' galleries
were also filled to overflowing. Sir M,
"W. Ridley's remarks, in which he referred
to the admirable manner in which Mr. Peel
had fulfilled tbe duties of the office, were
greeted with cheers Irom all sides.
Gladstone Seconds Peel's Nomination.
Mr. Gladstone, who earlier had been con
versing with Mr. Peel, on beginning his re
marks seconding the motion for the latter's
re-election, spoke huskily, but after a few
minutes his voice became clearer and be
fore his speech was finished had regained
all its resonance. The Liberals are con
gratulating themselves that their chief is in
The-rising of Mr. Gladstone to second tbs
motion for the re-election of Mr. Peel as
Speaker of the House was the signal for re
newed cheering by the opposition. Mr.
Gladstone in bis remarks paid a graceful
tribute to Mr. Peel and expressed the hope
that no discordant note wonld be heard
during the vote and Mr. Peel's induction
into the chair as Speaker.
After the re-election of Mr. Peel had
been announced he was conducted to the
chair by Mr. Balfour with the usual cere
monies, and addressed the house briefly,
thanking the members for the Honor don
him by his re-election. At the conclusion
of his speech an adjournment was taken
A Short Session or the Lord.
There was the usual meager attendance of
peers at the opening of the House of Lords
to-day. The Lord Chancellor announced
the opening of Parliament by commission
and the clerk read the letters patent 'ihe
proceedings occupied 20 minutes. The
House was then cleared of visitors, after
which the Bishop of Bipon read prayers,
and an adjournment was taken until to
morrow. H. H. Asquith will move the amendment
to the address in reply to the speech from
the Throne, declaring no confidence in the
Government, to be presented in the House
next week, and Thomas Burt will second
Sixty-six McCarthyites met in tbe com
mittee room and re-elected Justin McCarthy
as Sessional Chairman; Mr. Deasy, Sir T.
Esmond, Mr. Molloy and Dr. Tanner as
whips, and Arthur O'Connor and Donald
Sullivan as Secretaries. The meeting then
balloted for eight members of the Execu
tive Committee, the following being chosen:
Messrs. Blake, Davitt, Dillon, M. Healr,
"William O'Brien, Arthur O'Connor, T. P.
O'Connor and Mr. Sexton.
Mr. McCarthy was re-elected as a mere)
figurehead to keep differences in abeyance.
The rival leaders have personally less
authority than ever. They; cannot answer
telegrams about the position without sub
mitting them to the real working chiefs.
The McCarthvites will meet again to-mor.
row. It has been decided that they shall
continue to sit on the opposition side of the
House, though they will co-operate with
the Gladstonians on the home rule bill.
A C0BPSE HISSES X.
Preparations Made for the Funeral of a
Girl "Who Is Alive and TTell.
LOCKPORT, N. Y.,Aug. 4. There was yes
terday published here a telegram from Chi
cago stating that a Miss Julia Phillips, of
this city, had been killed by the cars at Ft,
Sheridan, 111., and that the remains would
arrive here to-day. The parents of the
young lady had made all preparations for
receiving the body, and the funeral was to
occur to-morrow afternoon. At 3 o'clock
this afternoon a telegram from Chicago was
recived by "William Phillips, father of the
young lady, saying:
"A terrible mistake. Julia turned up all
richt last night and will write."
The body of the unknown girl which had
been identified at the morgue in Chicago as
that of Miss Phillips, and which is now on
the road here, will have to be returned for
identification. "When the message was re
ceived at the home of the grief-stricken
parents that their daughter was alive and
well, they knelt in prayer of thanks to God.
On the -cm ftandirthere'sJ
500 in cash; on. the other, r
there's a cure for your Ca
tarrh. One of those two things
has got to come to you that's
promised and agreed by the
proprietors of Dr. Sage's Ca
Bat, uo you think they'd
make any such promise if they
weren't sore that you'd M
i cured! That has come to
thousands, through this Reme
dy, when everything else has
failed, ay its mito, soouung,
cleansing and healing; proper
ties, the worst chronic cases of
Catarrh in the Head have beessv
perfectly and permanently
That's tho reason theyr
willing to take such a risk.
This is what they say, clearly
a and plainly: " If we cant cure)
vour Catarrh, no rnatter how
Dad your case or of how long
standing, well pay you $500
in cash!" If they bavo faith
enough to say that, fsnt it safe
for you to have a little faith,
WH,,ir i 'nil 'iifiJJM