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J CHOICE PROPERTIES
100 acre in tlio East End at $1,109 per acre;
should retail at $5,000 per acre.
9 acres near Perm av., at $3,000 per acre; la
In the neighborhood of some of the loveliest
homes m the East End.
15 acres near Penn av., will retail at high
rates per foot front; price for all, tloo.OOO.
5f0 feet frontage in a rapidly-growing seo
tlon of the E. E. at $20 per loot front.
45 acres near Frankstown av.; about Jf
this property is covered with lovely old
roreot tree; should be illvidea in large sire
bunding sites; price, $100,000 for all.
450 acres or land on the Hononsrahela river,
only a short distance from the city; Jnst the
place for a manufacturing city; price, $100
per acre: there is a million dollars' profit to
the company that will buy this property
and handle it like Kensington.
BLACK & BA1RD,
85 FOURTH AT.
Taking price and location combined, to pro
duce the equal of our
TWO GREAT PLANS
Southeast Cor. of Stanton and Negley Aves,
Kcrthwest Cor. of Stanton and Negley Am
This is the coming section.
Purchase is can depend on a first-class
Building line established. Soil sandy, -well
drained, many fine trees.
Ungues! - electric line; convenient to
East Liberty villaze; surrounded by $25,000
and S5u,OtJ0 residences.
fr;eri.il Inducements to house builders ana
first pui cha-eis. Anplyto
J.MES M. ILKIXSON,
t Wood s'reer Gerniaula building.
Or to KULLY & KOGEUS,
l'enn enue. East End.
Lots on 60-foot streets adjoining
$40 to $50
TEE FRONT FOOT.
TEIUIS $200 CASH.
Jfo Payments for Years.
SAMUEL W.BLACK& CO,
99 FOCTKTH AVEXUE.
New Residence of 10 Rooms,
hardwood mantels -with cabinets, open
plmniiiu-, porche, bay window, ete.; Irnlt
and (-hade t:ee-: immediate possession; low
price and easv terms for onlck sale.
BAXTER, THOAIPSO.V CO.,
161 Fourth av.
Lots! Lots! Lots!
Some very desfVable lots yet
unsold in the
HIGHLAND PLACE PLAN.
Also 4 very desirable lots on Negley
avenue, fronting Highland Park.
S. E. POOL & CO
611G 1'enii avenue, E. E.
IF TOU ARE LOOKIXG
Tou word 1 do well to call and see us, as
ne uae been making that a
An J have some good pieces now for sale.
J. H. COLEMAN & CO.,
Telephone, 5J25. 212 PEXX AVE, E. E.
O'le of the best houses in Wilklnsburg;
c'mice neighborhood: house of eight rooms
und ah conveniences: large lot, 100x150. AVe
have a low price. Don't fail to see it.
MOORE & KELLY.
Teici hone 5150.
620S PEXX AT., E. E.
HI LAND AVE. LOT,
t ' nicest vacant lot on X. Hiland, 3 squares
al ve btaunton. Convenient to parks,
t stem expoure. Elegant improvements
en. i 1 side" Fine stone lesidences opposite.
1! s' bealtuy location. Good fruit and
. e Lvtensive private and public im
p ore ents progressing nearbv.
At J200 Per Foot. Will Advance to $301
feLE VT. A. HEEKOX A SOXS,
Or W. M LAIRD,
4aJ V ood st.
Xew J-6tory brick of 12 rooms; arrange,
cents and finish complete; the location Is
o-ie of the best on avenue; lot 81x176 feet;
terns and price right for a quick sale; for
permit see agents,
BAITER, THOMPSON & CO,
161 Fourth avenue.
EAST END LOTS.
On Atlantic avenue, within four minutes
walk of tue Penn avenue cable ears, lots 23x
100 to a 20-foot alley; splendid location: pare
air, ciry water and within two minutes'
wa!k of the Nineteenth ward schoolhouae.
Only $500 each; tennB to suit.
71 Diamond st.
LOTS IX GROVE SQUARE PLAN,
On ey terras, without interest.
Gallon HOLMES A CO, 120 Smith
field street, for plans.
Ill 00E AYEME
BOCK. HILL. COLLEGE,
Ellicott City, Maryland. ,
School. Classical, sctentlflo and commercial
courses. Respectable young men and boys re
ceived as boarders. Send for prospectus!
BKO. DENMS, President.
PREPARATORY SCHOOL FOR GIRLS.
Address, for circulars, MRS. M. D.
MATHEWS. Palnesville. O.
MISS BAIRD'S IXST1TUTE FOR GIRLS
Xorwalk, Conn. 20th year. Primary
Intermediate and college preparatory
courses. Careful attention to morals and
manners. New buildings, steam heat,lncan
descent light, gymnasium.
MOCXTAIN SEMIXARY FOR YOUXG
ladles, Birmingham, Fa. Finest school
rounds in the Mate; lull school equipment.
Uustmted catalogue. ,
A.H.GRIER, MISS X. S. DAVIS,
Bus. Mgr. Principal.
PITTSBURG SCHOOL OF DESIGN FOR
WOMEN, 70S Penn avenue. Classes in
a't branches or drawing, painting, design
ing, pen and Ink drawing and oluni paint
ing. Fall term opens Wednesdav. Septem
ber It. Send for catalogue. A. W. HEXUER
ST. MARY'S ACADEMY
For yrfnng ladles. Chatham street, under
care of Sisters of Mercy, reopens September 3.
Music, painting, china decorating, type writ
ing, stenography, etc., etc. For terms ad
dress Dlrcotiess Convent or Meicy, Webster
Tor Young Ladles and Gentlemen.
Tenty-lhc miles from Xew York. Beau
tiful loca'ion. Modern appointment".
Pre para tnry.collegtate and business coutses.
Mii-ic, Art, Industrial wink, Typewriting
and Physical Culture. An endow ment al.1
ladies Catalogue by request. Opens Sep
tember 19. W. 11. BAXMSTEU, A. M.
KING'S SCHOOL of ORATORY,
ELOCUTION AND DRAMATI0 CULTURE.
Xlne courses of studr. Largest seliool in the
V S. Class and prints leisont. French anil
Gerrasn. Physical Culture. Fencing and Usmnas
tics. Oelsarte Instruction. Coaching a specially.
Byron W. King. A. M.. Mausrer: .1. jl. wliraiu,
A.M.. AssuclateManacer: trii'S Fo, U.b.. Asso
ciate TeaLlier. bend for cattlogue. Open Sept. 8.
Diamond and Ross st., Pittsburg. Pa.
CONSEBVATOKY OF MTSIC.
CHAs. DAVIS CARTER, Music Director.
Term opens Sept. 5
Pittsburg's leading school of music. Faculty
Chas. !)! Carter. Ad. M. Foerster. Carl Hotter.
Valdemar 1'anenbrock. Morris Stephens. Misa Julia
Ifeacli. c. u. Le;plg. ffia. Guenilier and Dr. W.
T. KnirlWi. Hue new pipe organ tor recitals,
leaching and practice: also new grand and upright
pianos, special classes in siKht-readingor music,
harmonv, eneemule slnclnr. lectures ind recitals
tree to all students. Terms reasonable. Special
annual clreul-ir containing detailed Information
can be secured at all music stores and at the con
servatory. Duquesne College building, cor. Dla
inond and Ross 6ts.. opp. Uonrt House,
THJB CEXTKAL HOTEI
LORETTO, CAMBRIA CO., PA..
Xewly refitted and refurnished throughout.
Terms, fa to S3 per week.
JOHX TRACY 4 CO.. I'roprletors.
Open June 18; all modern Improrements; located
directly on the beach; terms S3 to S5 per day.
Apply to JOHX TltACY & CO..
Washington HoteLPMl..I'a . orCapcMiv. X. J.
IX THE CITY.
Liquors for MEDICINAL Purposes.
CALIFORNIA PORTS, SHERRIES. ETG
At 50c a Quart.
PURE OLD RYE WHISKIES
1 1 n $1 to $1 60 Per Quart.
All Goods Guaranteed as Represented.
(Successor to H. P. Sohirartz,)
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DRUGGIST,
US FEDERAL ST., Allegheny, Pa.
hU BIOS 11 '!r1 LJiOI f 1
a sa .t ((.vjv -"-
. Hsv j. v ft :mv
XLowcst Prices I Honest Ser
vice ! Desirable Patterns I
Largest Assortment! Ex
clusive Styles f Regular and
Odd Sizes ! Entire building
occupied by us.
XALL ALTERATIONS to im
prove a fit done free of charge.
THE ENTIRE BUILDING,
FOUR FLOORS, filled with
EAT THE OYSTER NOW.
The Dainty Horsel From Neptune's
Realm in Season Once More.
IT IS BEST TO TAKE IT EAW.
Cnltivating- the Popular Bivalve Has Be
come a Regular Easiness.
FATTENING FOE TEE LONDON MARKET
COKRISFOXEENCE OF THE DISPATCH.!
Axxapolis, Sept. 3.
HE oyster season
aud oyster boats by
the bundereds are
now dredging all
Day, The demand
for these bivalresjn
the United States
promises to be
greater than the beds
can supply, and the
oyster fishers tell me
there is a fair pros
pect of an oyster
famine. But there is no kind ot live stock
which will pay quite so well as oysters and
there are thousands of men in the world to
day who mate big incomes out of planting,
raising and selling these shell fish. The
business is carried on to a vast extent in
Europe, but there are no regions In the
world which are so fitted for the raising of
oysters as those along the Chesapeake bay,
and there is a big chance here for the right
man. A number of oyster beds have been
lately planted in Delaware bay and oysters
are now grown on the Pacific slops.
Ve know nothing in America, however,
of the profits of oyster raising, and it is es
timated that if the beds along the Chesa
peake were at all cultivated they would
bring in ?600,000,000 a year, and they ought
to produce ten times as many oysters as
they do now. The French, under far worse
conditions, are making fortunes out of
their oysters, and on a French oyster farm
of 492 acres it was reported that fl,000,000
worth of oysters have been raised, and
upon another farm in France which was
planted only five years ago there were
taken out during six tides 16,000,000 oys
ters. The fact is that oyster (arming Is be
coming just as legitimate a business in
Europe as potato farming and wheat larm
ing, and if the conditions are right the
harvest can be just as surely counted upon.
Oyster Far ins All thu M or d Over.
Nearly all the oysters sold in England are
raised on oyster (arms and I jet the most of
my information as to "oyster farming
abroad" from a new book which has just
been published in London concerning the
oyster, in which an Englishman named
rhilpots writes about 1,300 pages concern
ing this interesting bivalve. From it I find
that artificial oyster raising is now going on
all over the world. There is a town in
Kent, near London, known as Whitestable,
which sells more than 51,000,000 worth of
oysters a year, and there are 27 square miles
there taken up in oyster farming and oyster
feeding. Oysters are brought from France,
from Holland and from America and are
fed there before they are taken to London
for sale, and there are 3,000 people on these
farms who do nothing else the vear round
but take care of the oysters. The greatest
caution is taken to let nothing touch the
oysters that will injure them and
ther are carefully graded and the
shells are now and then picked np and
looked over. There are on an average of
OF KNOWN VALUES NEVER LACK PURCHASERS. IT MAY
take some time for them to become known, but as they do the growth of demand con
tinually increases. So it is with the clothing sold by the
516 SMITHFIELD STREET 516
It has a known value, and upon value, nothing else, has its reputation been staked, and
IT HAS WON. Therefore, the growth of its sale every day more and more, every year a
great advance over the preceding year. Wherein does its value consist? Answered most sat
isfactorily by us as well as by ALL WHO HAVE BOUGHT THEM. When you observe
its elegance, when you notice its style, when you see its fit when you look into its construction,
when you test its service, WHAT MORE ? Just compare all this with its price. You will
know its value then. It is by this trying and finding out that it continues to grow in favor.
Our fine Merchant Tailor Made Top Coats at (12 were originally
made for $25.
Our fine Merchant Tailor Made Top Coats at 516 were originally
made for 532.
The Suits we sell at $15 were made to order .for 530 00
The Suits we sell at $20 were made to order for 40 00
The Suits we sell at $25 were made to order for 50 00
The Suits n e sell at $35 were made to order for 70 00
PITTSBURG DISPATCH,, t
60,000,000 oysters lying in these 'White,
stable beds and soma grades of these bring
very high prices. The most costly are the
English natives, which are often worth as
much as fi cents apiece, and oysters from
these beds are for sale in London all the
year round. London eats over a billion
oysters every year, and they are seldom
eaten in any other way except raw, and the
eheapest cost 25 cents a dozen, while the
dearer grades often rnn as high as a dollar a
dozen. London imports more than 100,000
barrels of oysters from the United1 States
every year, and it buys more than 25,000,000
oysters from France annually. The Amer
ican oysters are often laid in these beds for
three months after they are imported and
are then brought into market for sale. They
bring from $10 to $12 a thousand, aud rank
with the Portuguese oysters, which are also
imported and fed, in England before selling.
Oysters at 7 Cents Each,
London is perhaps the best oyster market,
as iar as a single city is concerned, of any
place in' the world, and the prices of oysters
there vary greatly. Some brands bring ?45
a bushel, and not long a;o some of the
Whitestable oysters cost 7 cents apiece.
iTou can now buy very good native oysters
in London for 62 cents a dozen, and Ameri
can replanted oysters sell from $10 and up
ward a barrel. Oysters are very high in
Germany and they Increase in price every
vear. They were Tery cheap formerly, but
the best grades are now worth 3 and 4 cents
apiece. Italian oysters are dear, and Italy,
though it had the first oyster farms known
to history, raises but very few. oysters.
As oyster caters, however, "the Ameri
cans lead the world. AVe eat about 12,000,
000,000 oysters every year, or enough to
give a dozen to every man, woman and
child in the whole world, and we are prac
tically the only people in the world who
cook the oyster. The English kuow noth
ing of fried" ovsters or steamed oysters, and
of the 2,000,000,000 consumed on the conti
nent of Europe it is safe to sav that ninety
nine hundredths of them go down the En
glish, French, Dutch and Italian throats
without chewing. More than 70 per cent of
the oysters of Europe are raised artificially,
while with us the malority are carried from
the native beds to the markets. The bulk
of the" .oyster consumption of the United
States is far of! from the oyster beds and
millions of bushels are shipped daily duriug
the season in cans and tubs to all parts of
Oysters Fomons for Producing Ess.
Jf the enemies of the oyster could, be
killed and every oyster egg that was laid
could become a full-erown oyster the ocean
would hardly contain them at the end oi a
century or so. A single oyster.it is esti
mated, will lay 1,800,000 eggs, and an En
glish scientist lately counted a million eggs
in the spat from a sinsle ovster. He did
this by taking a small portion of this spat
and putting it under a microscope and then
estimating the whole spat. These oyster
eggs are invisible to the naked eye. They
come from the oyster in a sort of a cloud,
and the oysters when born are one one hun
dred and fiftieth of an inch in length. They
are very delicate and are susceptible to
cold,and they move up aud down in a larval
state and finally fix themselves to some
body and grow to be minute oysters, look
ing at first like white dots and afterward
growing to one-twentieth of an inch in
diameter, and then very rapidly increasing
until they get to be good-sized oysters. An
oyster a Near old is as big around as a25
cent piece, and healthy oysters ought to
grow about an inch a year until they are
three or lour years old, when they are full
Speaking of the size oL ovsters, they are
so small at first that 2,000,000 of them could
be crowded into a tquareiucli of space. They
are curious creatures. The oyster has a
mouth, hut no head. Its mouth is at the
narrowest part oi the body. It is merely a
hole in the ovster, and it has no tongue nor
no teeth. The mouth is very close to the
stomach and it is bordered by four thin
lips, and it gets its food by filtering the
water which it takes into its month through
these. It has no ears and no nose, bnt
scientists say that it can see and that it will
close its shell if a shadow passes above it
JOUR STOCK OF CLOTH
ING is the Largest, OUR
PRICES are the Lowest, and
in FABRIC, FIT and FIN
ISH our garments are all that
can be desired.
Our fine Merchant Tailor Made Top Coats at $22 were originally
made for $45.
Our fine Merchant Tailor Made Top Coats at $30 were originally
made for $G0.
Our $3 Pantaloons were originally made to order for $ 6 00
Our $4 Pantaloons were originally made to order for 8 00
Onr $6 Pantaloons were originally made to order for 12 00
Our $8 Pantaloons were originally made to order tor 1G 00
ANTEED in every instance.
Only Fine Clothing handled
throughout the entire building
which we occupy.
over the water. The stomach of the "oyster
is the bag which lies just behind the month.
Its liver runs aronnd "the stomach, and thii
liver is green or chocolate in color. It has
lungs, which are like the gills oi fishes, and
it has a heart, though it has nobrains. The
liquor found in the shell is tha life blood of
the oyster, and if it were not for this it is
said the ' oyster would die. You can tell
the age of .an oyster by the shell, and the
layers upon this show the number of years
it is old. Some shells have been found
which were nine inches thick and some
scientists claim that there are oysters which
have lived 100 years.
Easl j Dlcested in the Raw State,
Eaw oysters are the most easily digested
of all food, and this is undoubtedly the
most healthful way to eat them. If eaten
alive they digest themselves, and they act
as a stimulant as well as a food. They are
good for melancholy and they are the best
thing in the world for nervous troubles,
Patti is said to take one every night before
singing, and it was a famous French physi
cian, who lived far beyond four score, who
ate two dozen every morning and said that
they were the fountain of his strength. One
ot the greatest oyster meals on record was
lately eaten in London,
A man bet that he conld eat twelve dozen
oysters, washed down with twelve glasses
of champagne, while the cathedral clock
was striking 12. His bet was taken and he
won it by placing a dozen iresh oysters in
12 wine glasses and beside these a dozen
glasses of champagne. He swallowed the
oysters glass by glass and washed each down
with a glass of champagne and the story is
that the man is alive and hearty, Vine'gar
should not be used with raw oysters and'
the best thing to take with oysters is beer.
Whisky, brandy, rum and other liquors
toughen the oyster like leather and make
it indigestible. Haw oysters are eaten best
when they are first opened and in their own
liquor. It is not well to eat them before
you go to bed, as they are stimulating in
their effects and may cause insomnia. It
takes just two hours and 15 minutes for the
healthv stomach to digest a raw oyster and
cooked oysters require considerably longer
Something Aboct Cooked Oysters.
Washington claims to be headquarters for
steamed oysters of the United States. There
is a restaurant keeper there who invented
this'method of cooking the oyster and you
can get the steamed oyster in perfection at
his place. A half peck is the smallest
order and this number is put into a wire
basket and lowered into a steamer, where
they are left lor a few minutes and then
brought out and opened for the customers.
They are served with pepper, salt and
butter and are very delicious. A steam of
this kind costs about 25 cents, and it is far
superior to the ordinary oyster stew or
The oddest way of cooking an oyster on
record is that of a famous fire eater of the
past, who said he was able to put a live coal
on hit tongue and a raw oyster on top of
this. The coal was blown with the bellows
and it flamed and sparkled until it cooked
the oyster, whereupon the fire eater ate it.
You will find this story in "Evelyn's
Memoirs" aud the man lived in 1672. I do
not vouch for the statement.
The Chinese have a curious way of eating
oysters. They like them dry. They first
boil the oysters and then dry them in the
sun until they look like mushrooms. They
seldom eat raw oysters, and when they eat
their oysters fresh they sauce them with
ginger and vinegar. The best way to stew
an oyster is in a chafing dish, and an oyster
stew should never have water mixed with
it. Milk takes away the flavor of the
ovsters, and the best sauce is their own
liquor. Apicius, the famous Soman epi
cure, cooked oysters with pepper, the yolk
of an egg, vinegar, oil, wine and honey, and
this is said to have been a favorite Roman
dish. The Gastronome.
Excursion to 'Wheeling.
The Baltimo'ro and Ohio Railroad will sell
excursion tickets to the West Virginia State
Fair, at Wheeling, on September 6, 6, 7. 8 and
9. at rate of $2 90 the lound trip, which In-
r eludes admission to the lair.
THE MUSIC WORLD.
Probable Effects of the Metropolitan
Opera Honse Fire.
THE ACQUISITION OF DYOEAK,
Difficulty Encountered by the Critic in
Bis I lading Work.
BUDGET 0P GEXEBAI. NEWS ITEMS
By the burning of the Metropolitan Opera
House, once Wagner's Walhalla, the future
of America's most important opera institu
tion has been enveloped in a veritable
Twilight of the Gods."
While it appears from private advices
that the loss is only $100,000, instead of
$500,000, and that most of the directors
favor rebuilding at once so as to be ready
to open by January 1, there is no telling
what may be decided at next Friday's meet
ing of the stockholders. These worthy
purse-holders and fashion-plates have al
ways regarded the Opera House as a pretty
plaything; and, after paying its expenses
for nine years, it is not unlikely that most
of them may now be tired and quite ready
to turn fhe" costly toy into a paying busi
This element has ever been a source oi
weakness in the history of that magnificent
house. Inestimable as have been the
musical results of the nine seasons past,
they would havo been much greater aud
less exneustre to boot, if a permanent,
comprehensive policy, based wholly on
artistic considerations, could have been in
augurated at the beginning and consistently
carried out. But that is too'much to ex
pect from any fashionable clique in control
of an institution built primarily as a social
meeting and exhibition place. Govern
mental support seems, in the world's ex
perience, to be necessary to true artistio
stability and independence.
WJien Wotan and his lellow-deities the
best there were for tbeir time finally came
to the end ot their raien and the twilight
settled down on Walhalla's smouldering
embers, a new and better era was ushered
in. Possibly the destruction of our old
opera temple may hasten the day when
that great composite art-work, the modern
musio drams, will be seriously cultivated
lor its own sake In this as in other lands.
Antonln Dmr k In America.
The institution that is now putting forth
the most valuable efforts toward the nation
al development of all branches of music and
striving for ultimate musical subventions
from the Government, is the National
Conservatory ot Musio of America,
just now bronght into special prom
inence by the coming of the emi
nent Bohemian Composer, Antonln
Dvorak, to be its director for the next
three years. Beaders of the current Century
will gain a most interesting view ot the
personality of this latest and greatest ad
dition to our list of resident musicians,
from Mr. H. E. Krehbiel's full and reliable
article on Dvorak's life and works.
Every American music-lover may take
pride in this great, progressive institution,
established and maintained not for profit
but for the country's musical advancement.
Ambitious and deserving students, both,
with and without means to pay tuition, will
be flocking from all quarters to the entrance
examinations, which will be held at the
Conservatory. 126 and 128 East Seventeenth
street, New York, beginning September 12,
And they may well flock to stndy at a
school boasting such a brilliant list of offi
cers and instructors as this;
Officers Mrs. Jrannette M. Thurber, Presi
dent: Hon. William 6. Cboate, Vice Presi
dent: lion, Henry W. Cannon, Treasurer;
Mr. Edmund O. St&nton, Secretary; Mr. An
tonln Dvorak, Director.
Director, Dr. Antonln Dvorak.
hinging, Mr. Bomualdo Saplo, Mr. Victor
Capoul, Mr. Cbristlan Fritacli, Mrs. lieebe
Lawton. Mr. Oscar Saenger, Miss Katharine
W. Evans, Mr. Wllford Watters. Singing,
preparatory, Miss Annie Wilson.
Opera class, Mr. Victor Capoul; conductor
of opera, Anton fieldlj repertoire, Mr.
Ernesto Belli; operatio chorus, to be
selected; oratorio class, Mrs. BeebelLawton.
Piano, Mr. Rafael JosenY, Mrs. Jessie Fin
ney Baldwin, Miss Adele Marxulles, Mr. Leo
pold Winkler, Miss Elinor Cnmstock, Mr. J.
6. Huneker. Preparatory, piano, Miss Mabel
Phlpps, Miss Carrie Eonigsberg, Miss Ade
laide Okell, Miss Grace 1'ovey, Mrs. M.
Beardsley, Mr. Albert Mildenbonr. Organ,
Mr. Samuel P. Warren, Mr. Horatio W. Park
er. HaiD, Mr. Jolm Cheshire.
Violin, Mrs. Camilla Urso, Mr. Leopold
Llclitenberg. Mr. Jan Koert, Mr, Juan Bult
rago; viola, Mr. Jan Koert: violoncello, Mr.
Victor Herbert, Mr. Eniile Knell: contrabass,
Mr. Ludwig Manoly; flute, Mr. Olto Oesterle;
oboe, Mr. Arthur Trepte; oiarinet, Mr.
Richard Kohl; bassoon, Mr. Adolf Sobs ;
jrrencn norn, air. can neper; cornet, Air.
Carl Sohst: trombone, Mr. Frederiok Letsctn
ComDosltion. Dr. Dvorak: harmonv and
oounterpolnt, Mr. Bruno Oscar Klein, Mr. P.
Q. Dulckeni soltes;trIo, Mr. Johannes Wer
scuincor, Mr. Alberto Prencelll, Miss Leilla
La Fetra; chamber music, Mr. Leo
pold Lichtenberg; orchestra, Mr.
Prank Von der Stucken; chorus. Dr.
Dvorak; assistant' Mr. Bubiu Goldmark;
history of musio, Mr. Henry T. Pinole dic
tion, Mr. W. V. Holt; Italian, Mr. Pletro
Clanelli; stage department. Mr. Mamert Bi
beyran; fencing, Mr. Regis Senac; accom
panist, Mr. Ernesto Belli.
The TVocs of the Critic.
All musio critics making any attempt at
maintaining high, true standards are con
stantly being charged with captiousness
and fault-finding, if not worse. Sometimes,
of course, this is deserved; but in the vast
majority of cases current criticism really
leans the other way, is too good-natured
and easy-going at the sacrifice oi justice and
The severity that is complained of exists
usually in the Imagination of the reader,
who whether he be the performer, a lis
tener or one who had not been present at
all invariably fastens upon and exaggerates
a lew passing words ot blame as outweigh
ing whole paragraphs of praise. The in
justice to both oritlo and performer that re
sults from this curious habit of the reader
is set forth with muoh spirit in these lines
from the critic of the London World, who
signs himself "G. B. ar"
I seldom now write a criticism of a player
without wondering what impression I am
produoing upon my readeia. The terms I
use, though ihey appear to me to be, taken
with their context, perfectly intelligible,
must suggest the most unexpected and un
intended ideas, If I may Judge by the -way
my correspondents take them. for
example, on the occasion of Mr. E.
Silas' performance of his own ooncerto
at the Crystal Palace, I made, in estimating
the work from the performance, a certain
allowance for what I called the lack of
teohnlcal qnality in Mr. sllas' playing. By
which I meant that Mr. Silas' touch was not
that of the trained athlete of the pianoforte,
able to bring out upon eveiy step or a lapld
scale the utmost and finest tone the instru
ment is capable of yielding. This power is
the foundation of such techniques ng those
of Paderewskt and Rubinstein.
Tet beoause I expiessed this inevitable
shortcoming on Mr. Silas' part in technical
terms only, without explaining elaborately
what I meant, I ran the risk ot leadlnc the
British mother, upon whose flat the liveli
hood of tbo pianotorte teacher depends, to
set him down as a blunderer who play F
natural where he should play F sharp, and
does not know how a scale should be fin
geied. Let me say then, once for all,
that players who are not good enough to
be above all suspicion of such musical
llliteiacy, neverget themselves brought to
my notice by moans or Crvstal Palace con
certs; and that ir they olialjer.se my verdict
bv giving concerts or their own I sbonld
either give no opinion at all or else give one
about which there could be no possible
mistake. I may also state, for the informa
tion of those who complain that my standard
of oiitlcism is tocr high, that the) population
of the world is over fourteen tiiousand
millions; and that to speak of any pianist or
violinist in superlative terms in London is
to declare him or her one of the half
dozen best in the number. Obviously, to be
one of the best thousand requires a very
high degree of skill, thouxh it does not en
title its possessor to more than a lukewarm
compliment In this column. Always bear the
fourteen thousand millions in mind; and
you will understand the truth of the remark
of DnuiasjV. that it takes a great deal of
merit to make a very small success.
The Other Extreme la Criticism.
Os tfea thw an4, wktm the erltia wmxu
enthusiastic over the beauties of soma
masterwork, there are plenty of plain, prac
tical folk who crv gush and rubbish, and
declare that no sensible man conld be sin
cere in describing a mere piece of njusiein
such flowery, extravagant language. Tba
critic writes all that stuff because he is paid
to do it, they say; no one really believe!
And s ills worth while, when possible,
to hear mnstn'n hpnnties voiced 07 Some
man of culture not professionally concerned,
in the art. Such are the loilowing pas
sages from a private letter written by a
well-known clergyman while In. Cincinnati
last spirng attending a series of religion
Last evening after the meeting at Musio
.Hall, I went Into the smaller of the halls in
the building and heard about half of the
Chlcatro Orchestra under the baton of Theo
doie Thomas. Mrs. Rive-King played won
derfully in a new composition for
piano and orchestra by Tscbalkowsky.
The dialogua between the two
musical bodies was remarkable.
Then followed a svmphony (new to me) by
Raff. Entitled "Im Walde," it was roost
emphatically woods-y not wooden, but the
reverse AH tho sweet-whisperlngs of the
wind among the leaves, all the elfin-dances,
all the faint suggestions of far-off-from-men-ness
nnd deep4n-tbe-shades-ness andsora
nolescent rest at high noon under um
brageous canopies, con eel vable, seemed to be
in that piece. My conscience squirmed
a little at paying a dollar for a concert, but
If I have to stay away from many another
to make up for it, I shall always be glad to
have heard th's one. While the concerto
was wonderful its execution was too large a
-part of the Impression, but the symphony
was the purest musical thing, all in all, I
think I ever heard. It was not propramroe
musio In anv unworthy sense. It was de
scriptive, certainly, but far more suggestive.
I was busy contrasting the two audiences
and impressions and ends to be served, etc.,
and felt more and more the noble and sim
ple dimity and satisfying power of music;
but more and more yet. Its utter Insuffi
ciency as a substitute for religion. Poor
Straussl "We are no longer Chris
tians, but we have the symphonies."
Delightful adjuncts they are and pnre
enough not to soil the flowers that grow by
the naiTow path; but all the orchestras of
earth cannot take away sin, as all the harps
above do not make tho heaven thoy enliven
How much they miss of the proportions and
relations even of thlnzs that are good, who
no do not begin with God!
rrotchttts and Qnavr.
Lzcocq is still writing comlo operas.
Mr. Miitox HsjntiCKS, son of Mr. John R.
Heurlcks, has decided to go to New Tork
for a j ear or so of musical stndy.
Puccini, another confrere and alleged
rival of Mascagnl, will have a new opera
produoed by Lago In London this fall.
Widob, whose "onran symphonies" are
well known, intends adding tho chorus in a
new w.irk he is now writing, a ."symphony"
fororchestia, chorus and organ.
Miss Grace Miixkr has returned to her
Allegheny home after a most successful
period of study in the famous Stookhausen
vocal school at Frankfurt-am-Main.
Vxboa, has thrice won hi3 suit forroyalties
upon the dramatio subject matter appropri
ated from him by the librettists of "Caval
leria Rnstloana.'' He will get 29 per cent in
BUBESSTinr has been at Prague lately to
anange for the performance next month of
his new biblical opera, "3loses," whleh is In
five parts and will occupy two evenings. Ha
considers this his best work.
MiS3 Elizabeth Webster, with her mother,
Mrs. G. H. Webster, will go to New Tork this
week, intending to sail when the cholera
scare permits for a severalyears sojourn
abroad, spent in travel and in study of
music and other things. I
Mr. Erase Saddles is to be the conductor
or instructor of an amateur orchestra of
about 20 players now organizing at MeKees
port. A good-sized class of Harmony pupils
will also be ready for Mr. 8addler'a weekly
visits to the neighboring town. 4
Among this season's musical newcomers
are Miss Alice H. Ormsby, a Chicago con.
tralto, lately vocal lnstruotreai at Oroya
City College, and Mrs. Radcllffe, soprano,
from Monongahela City, a sister of that
delightful singer, Mrs. Charles H. Kloman.
The Wagner festival at Bayreuth has been
notable this year for the maiked increase in
the number of French visitors. This season
4,000 French lovers of Wagner music have
visited Bayreuth against 7,000 English and
American visitors. The next festival has
been fixed for 1831.
Lew, the famous cornet player, with his
military baud, will ba heard at the Pitts
burg "Exposition from opening day, next
Wednesday, till October L Additional seats
have been provided for the throngs that
gather to hear the music, always the chief
popular attraction of the whole show.
Miss Lois Belle Cost, of Cleveland, has
been elected to the position or vocal instruc
tress atTJrove City, Pa., College. Tho tal
ented young soprano, thus looated nearby,
will doubtless be hoard here frequently In
church and concert room, as her arrange
ment with tho college will leave her free for
MEitDELsaoHH's "Hymn of Praise," Gade'a
"Erl King'a Daughter," Rubinstein's "Para
disn Lost," "The Messiah," and other selec
tions from Scharwenka's new opera, "Matas
wlntba" (conducted by the composer), form
the salient features of tho -thirty-fifth an
nual festival at Worcester, Mass., September
The illustrious French composer Camilla
Salnt-Saens bas Just published a trio for
piano, violin and 'cello. The work is the
composer's op. 92 and is in the key of B
minor. The finale is said to contain a re
markable four voiced fugue. It will prob
ably be heard at some of the chamber con
certs In wnioh Saiut-Saens is to appear dur
ing the World's Fair.
Crrr Oroahist Hekbt P. Ecxis,of Alle
gheny, has returned from his foreign trip
and the 15-pleoe repertoire Is again on tap at
the CarneKle Hall free "organ recitals." The
two latost programmes show a heroic ab
stinence from the worst and commonest
class of pieces that disfigured the former
series. There are oveu two new organ
pieces, which raise the repertoire of actual
organ musio to the total of 11. This Is good
as far as it goes, but the legitimate reper
toire will have to grow faster than that to
supply tho weekly programmes without
dropping back Into the slough.
-A GESOApapor asserts that Verdi nasnot
only completed his "Flagstaff" (whleh Ki
cordi, of Milan, is printing), but is already
at work on another opera, Verdi, says the
writer, la especially free from modern nerv
ousness and from the indolence that char
acterized Rossini in bis later years. His
nature craves work almost as imperatively
as It did half a oentury ago. "I had intended
'Flagstaff' to be my last work," he reoently
remarked to a friend, "but slnoe I continue
tollve and enjoy good health, why should I
stop:" He refused, however, toldivuljre the
title and subject of his next opera until he
had made some progress with the score.
The Sunday concerts at 8ohenley Park go
merrily on, the "Law and Order" triumvi
rate to the contrary notwithstanding. Now
that everyone has bad a chance to see what
keen, pure pleasure is in this way afforded
to the thousands most in need of it, and bow
the concerts can be given without objeotion
able results or at all interfering with the
Sabbath quiet that others prefer, it will be
difficult to raise any publlo sentiment
Against their continuance. This bas long
since been found out In the other large cities,
including the big, quiet Quaker town that
shares with us the privilege of apy lying the
Pennsylvania blue laws to modern condi
tions of city life.
Of Interest to Music 'student.
Mnslo students and others interested in
musical culture will find information of
value in the new annual circular ot Pitts
burg's lending school of music, the Duquesne
Conservatory, to be obtained at all musio
stores, or at the Conservatory, Duquesne
College building, corner Diamond and Ross
streets, opposite Court House. First term
begins September 5.
nae Von the Ready CasbT
If not, call at J. Dwyer"s Credit Pariora
and select lor yourself anything you may
noed In linn imported and domestic dress
goods, silks, jackets on the credit plan, yes,
cash or credit, and we guarantee to sell you
goods as cheap as you can bnv elsewhere
for oash. Room 4, McCance block, 701 Smith
field, corner Seventh avenue, on first flight;
open every evening.
The Leslie Shots.
The prices charged for the Leslie shoes are
never exorbitant while tho shoes are first
class in every respect tbey are sold for a
These shoes are sold by Leslie A Co., tho
manufacturers, in their own "Leslie" shoe
stores, and they warrant every pair. Pitts
burg store at No. 91 Filth avenue.
Pittsburg snd Ljke Erie B, K.
September 6, Niagara Falls and return. .17 00
September 6, Toi onto and return 8 00
September 3, S and 6, Chautauqua and re
turn , ,. S 00
The above tickets all good IS days for re
turn, aim ioronio H(sunB wut oe open
xosa sjitasiBv a m.
mn HpwaDsr wo u i uiamiM Aemtujr, " ,nejajaai -m
EAST TO COUNTERFEIT,:
A Published Picture of tbe Colum
bian Half-Dollar Ii Illegal.
IHNOCEHT VIOLATION OF THE LAW.
It Js ft Crima Nowadays to Engrave ft
JIoDosnm on a Wme Tiece.
BAKING HOIfEI OUT OF PASmOAXD
rOXBIgPOXDXXCX OT TOT CISPAICa.1
"WABHTiroTOif, Bept. a The attention
of Chief Drummond, of the Secret Service
of the Treasury Department, was directed a
few days ago to the published pictures in
the Chicago newspapers of the design for
the Columbian hall-dollars. He bas taken
under advisement the question whether the
publication of these pictures is a violation
of tbe law against counterfeiting. In the
case of any of tbe ordinary coins of tha
United States there would be no doubt; but
Mr. Drummond wanted to give the law re
lating; to the Columbian coin a special ei.
"At tbe time the new design for subsidi
ary cotns was adopted by the Mint, news
papers were warned not to print pictures of
them. Many of them did print these pic
tures and the Chief of tbe Secret Service
simply gave warning to them not to repeat
the offense. There was no attempt to prose
cute them. Hut some day a test ease will
have to be made as an example to other
publishers. The law Is broad enough to
cover anything almost At tha time it
was passed Senator Edmunds said that the
spirit of the law covered anything that
wonld suggest a coin or a piece of currency
to the mind.
The Government Takes No Bisfcs.
"People have no idea how easy it is to
deceive by counterfeit representations of
coins and currency," said Chief Drummond.
"We had the case of a New York news
paper which issued some 'bonds' as an ad
vertisement of its circulation a few years
ago. They were marked $1,000. An emi
grant In Glasgow gave all tbe money ha
had and all he could borrow of a friend
$1,000 in all for one ot there bonds to sew
in bis belt to bring over. VTe stopped these
bonds under tbe old law. One of the ob
jects of the new law was to prevent tho
making of cuts and dies for tbe printing or
stamping of imitation money toy money.
"We have on hand now more than 80 sets of
dies used in making this money.
"The idea that the law exemplifies Is Just
this: No one has a right to do anything for
his own gratification which is going to cost
yon or I a dollar. Now you or I or any
one might be deceived by one of these
tokens, and accept it for genuine money.
So the law says tbat it shall not be made.
It does not s'em likely that anyone would
he deceived by tbe representation of a half,
dollar in a newspaper cut. Hut to make
that iut, the newspapers mnst stereotypa
an engraving and make In metal a repro
duction of the coin. That would come un
der tbe prohibition against the making of ft
die, hub or mold. And beyond that, tha
publication of the pieture is distinctly for
bidden." How Newsboys Tnrnrd a Penny.
Mr. Drummond hunted out a scrap-boo):
which be bas filled with devices which coma
under the ban of the law. Among them
were "education coins," so marked, but
made in very good imitation of the money
of the United States. Then there was a
"dollar knife" which was to all appearance
a silver dollar, out of the side of which
came a knlte-blade. Tbere were devices in
all materials representing the smallsr coins,
and thsre was one correspondence card
which hsd an American cent or "penny"
stamped on it in relief; and under this tha
words, "For your thoughts."
"We had complaints from that card,"
said Mr. Drummond, "that boys were cut
ting out the imitation of the coin, putting
two of them together with a little, t vU.r
tween and spending them in the shop's for
1-cent pieces. We suppressed them. Hero
is a representation ot a cancelled postage
stamp. No harm in that, you say. But to
make tbat print thi publisher had to en
grave the stamp and then the cancelling de
sign and print them separately on tbe card
in tbe two colors; so the stamp was printed
on the card in exact imitation of tbe United
States stamp without any cancellation mark
on It. Here are other contraband stamps
used in the designs of scrap-book pictures.
And here is a catalogue of old and valuable
coins. Under the new law the cuts of these
coins cannot be printed in a catalogue."
Extreme Cases Covered by the Law.
In a room just behind his office Mr.
Drummond has a pUe of boxes and ba;i
reaching nearly to the ceiling, aU filled
with innocent advertising devices which
are violations of the law against counter
feiting. One of these is a package of
"Guarantees" issued by a well-known Bos
ton bicycle house. Only 20 of these got out
before the whole issue was confiscated by
the Treasury Department, and the 20 were
called in. The guarantee was intended to
be an insurance of tbe life of a new style
bicycle. On the back was a beautiful de
sign, in excellent general imitation of the
back of a $20 bill. In the corners were en
graved the figures "$150." The plates,
which cost more than $3,000, were de
stroyed. Another violation was by a cash register
company in Syracuse, and the informants
against the company were the officers of a
rival concern. This device was an Imita
tion of three quarter dollars bunched to
gether. The imitation of thecoin in the cen
ter was so good that it could have been
sawed out of the design and used as a
25 cent piece without much danger of im
mediate detection. The device was In
tended for use on the handle of tbe cash
box of this company. It was designed be
fore the present law went into eflect, and
tbe company had the opinion oi a good at
torney that the design was not in violation
of existing law. The cash register com
pany could not hare used even genuine
quarters for this purpose.
Monograms Engrved on Dime Pisces.
"Here is the point of that case," said Mr.
Drummond. 'TTou have no right to cut
out of a dollar some 40 or SO cents' worth of
silver and fill the hollow with cardboard
and glass, leaving the coin to all appear
ances a silver dollar so little changed that
a servant might steal it oil your mantel and
pass it at a store for a dollar. In other
words, you have no right to gratify your
taste for curiosities when that gratification
may cost me a dollar. Now here Is
a silver dime with a monogram engraved on
one side. 1 could take that into a store,
put it down on the counter with the coin
side up and pass it ior 10 cents without any
difficulty. But it is not worth much more,
perhaps, than 4 cents. We went into tha
place where they were doing this work and
saw them shave the face on a coin before
engraving it 'What do you do with thia
silver?' we asked. 'We use It in silver
plating and in making silver goods,' said
the jeweler. Now do you see where the
wrong in that case comes in?
"Before we stopped the making of these
token coins," continued Mr. Drummond,
"we had complaints from the New Tork
street car companies and the Boston street
car companies that some of their cars pleked
upas much as ?2 worth of this spurioua
coin In a day." G O. B.
Too Much lee Cream.
& H. Bohrer, asent or tbo Missouri Paolfla
Hallway, Sew Haven, Mo., says: -I auffered
a great deal one hot evenlnglast week, (July
SI). I had eaten Ice cream for supper, and.
there seemed to be an Internal conflict go
ing on. A traveling man said be had some
thing in his grip at thehotel that ho believed,
would relievo me. and proauolng a small
bottle of medicine pave me a dose. I felt
better, and in a few moments took another
dose which entirely relieved me. I believe
that such a medicine is worthy of recom-
nonilallnn anrt th.lt it Should be kSDC ID tha
house during the summer. The bottle wai
labeled Chamberlain' Colio, OMImjwd
siarrBM oeatoyt ' " .
' " X " f