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Japan's Last Great Catastrophe Illustrated
OIL ON RAILROADS.
Carpenter Tells Hot Russian Locomotives
.Are Fired With Petroleum.
THE WAR ON CHOLERA.
Baron Do G rim's Sketches of Scenes and
Hen at Fire Island.
HERE ABE SOME OTHER
IIARIUTY AT WORK.
Career of the Pennsylvania Democratic
Leader and Hit Corps of Assistants at
National Headquarters With Portraits
by Do Grim.
XS ARIZOKA TRAGEDY.
Unique Short Story by the Famous Conan
Doyle, In Which the Plant Fly-Trap is
the Chief Actor.
THE LIARS OF JAPA5T.
EH Perkins, Who Ought to Know What He
Is Talking About, Does Up the Skilled
Prevaricators of the Orient.
SHOPPING IX PARIS.
Mary Temple Bayard Describes the Experi
ence of an American Woman in the
Great Shops of the French Capital.
FOOD IX SHALL BULK.
The Art of Condensation and Preservation
as It Is Now Applied to Eggs, Milk,
Coffee, Jelly, Cider, Etc., Etc
REVIEW OP SPORTS.
Specially Prepared Articles on the Progress
of the Local Amateurs and the Doings of
the World's Professionals.
A PAGE FOR WOMEN.
A fcTORY FOR TOUTHS.
LITERATURE FOR ALL.
SEWS OF THE WORLD.
The Very Best Telegmphio and Cable
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1'ITTSBUKG, SATURDAY, SEPT. 24, JS92.
REGULATION OF IMMIGRATION.
In our telegraphic columns this morning
will be found the v'ews of the Superin
tendent of Immigration on the necessity
for discriminating in the quality of for
eigners entering this country. His plea
for an educational test is a good one, but
such a test is not all that would be neces
sary. It would, as he says, act as a deter
rent to the dirtiness as well as the ignor
ance which now have free access to Amer
ica. But an educational test would not keep
out the maimed in body or the criminal in
mind. Present regulations properly en
forced would be enough to exclude the
former, but the charitable institutions of
the country are frequently called upon to
support aliens who are unable to support
themselves. For the criminals some more
stringent regulation must be found and
rigidly executed. America still has
abundant room for the intelligent, the
active and the healthy, but recent events
only accentuate the necessity for prohib
iting the entrance of the ignorant, the
lazy, the unclean and the plague
spreading. GLADSTONE'S CIIAXCES.
The cablegram from London to The
Dispatch shows very little change in
Gladstone's chances of maintaining hij
slim majority. Sir John Gorst, who is
forming a "labor" party, is undoubtedly
abr.lliant man. But his sincerity was
discounted by his readiness to accept office
under a Tory government after hij last
abortive attempt to form a fourth party,
lie may succeed in holding some of the
Unionists together more solidly than they
would otherwise be held, but he is not
likely to draw away any of Gladstone's"
The Scotch members had indicated the
limited extent to which they would up
hold the home rule cause at an earlier
stage, so that their present threat Involves
no new danger. Both they and such rad
icals as arc really sincere in their wish
for educational and suffrage reforms be
fore all else will have profited little by
past experience if they fail to see that
then- cause will only be hindered by such
obstruction as must lead to another gen
Morlej's difficulties with the permanent
officials at Dublin Castle are unusual, but
the circumstances are peculiar. Public
opinion will surely support him if he find
it necessary to replace them by men in
political sympathy with him. If they
allow party prejudice to Interfere with
the execution of his orders, it Is only
natural that their permanency should
reach a sudden end. On the whole, the
situation has changed little since the
Cabinet was formed. Where the parties
are so nearly balanced intrigues were to
be expected. The greatest danger to
Gladstone still lies in the temptation of
the Irish members to throw away the
practical certainty of home rule for the
satisfaction of petty and insignificant, but
none the less irritating, demands.
THE "CAMPAIGN OF EDUCATION."
The Presidental campaign, before we
have become well aware of it, has ad
vanced to the middle of Its usual term.
Six weeks before an election the ground
on which a party asks the suffrages of the
people should be clearly defined. The
candidate of the Democracy has not yet
made it public whether in his opinion the
party is to adopt Calhounism, as declared
in its platform, or revenue tariff with in
cidental protection, or tariff reform with
moderate protection, and there are wide
divergencies between the party platform
and party leaders on those points. But
the organs have been less doubtful in pre
senting reasons why the people should
vote the Democratic ticket, A study of
their arguments up to date reveals the fol
lowing grounds for asking the masses to
vote against Protection:
1 Because it has increased the price of
3 Because it has not increased the price
of agricultural products.
3 Because it lias checked the importa
tion of tin plates.
4 Because the importation of tin plates
C Because wages have increased in tho
total payments without increasing indi
6 Because individual wages have been
advanced in some cases without increasing
the total payments in those cases.
7 Because tin plate factories have
grown up under the McKinley act
8 Because no tin plate factories worth
mentioning have crown up under the Mc
9 Because any kind of protection is un
constitutional. 10 Bscause a little less of the uncon
stitutional protection than we now have
would be just the thing.
11 Because "sham reciprocity" has In
creased trade with the South American
13 The Chicago Eerald's grand dis
covery that Protection brought the cholera
to this country though it has not yet ar
rived. Here are a dozen reasons, each calcu
lated to appeal to the interest of the
voter. No doubt our esteemed Demo
cratic cotemporaries expect to gain the
overwhelming verdict of the voters on
this inclusive view of the situation. But
in urging the free trade cause in this im
petuous style thay forget one imminent
contingency. Suppose that the arguments
should get into the hands of the wrong
people. Imagine, for Instance, that the
farmers should get hold of the New York
World's ferocious attack on the McKinley
bill because it has put up the price of
agricultural products, and the city worker
should read the Buffalo Courier's vigorous
assertion that it has not done so. Or sup
pose that both classes should make the
discovery that Democracy is trying to ride
both horses, each going in an opposite di
rection. Would not the result be that
people might conclude that there is a good
deal of humbug in a campaign that strad
dles the fence in that masterly but incon
It remains to be seen whether cam
paigns can be won by swearing that a
thing is both black and white, and that
the country is going both tip hill and down
at the same time. We admire the vigor
of Democracy in attempting that vigorous
policy, but we have our doubts of its suc
cess. BURN THE GARBAGE.
The New York Sun in a recent article
forcibly declares that the one thing to do
with the garbage of that city is to bum it
It points out that if this were done the
use of a flotilla of scows in dumping
garbage into the bay, and the scattering
of refuse along the coasts, would not be
The same argument applies to Pitts
burg. Indeed there is less excuse for this
city to throw its garbage into tho river,
and to make it a nuisance for miles down
the stream, than there is for New York to
perpetrate the corresponding nuisance.
New York has had little experience in the
possibility of burning garbage, and is
ill-supplied with cheap fuel. Pittsburg
has had practical demonstration of the
methods by which it can be done, and has
been done for years, and cheap fuel of one
kind or another is always at hand.
The Dispatch has always held that the
only way to dispose of garbage is to burn it
up completely. Householders who burn
coal in their kitchens can bum their
garbage without taking it out of their
houses. For those who do not, garbage
furnaces should be run at charges which
will pay the cost of operation. The semi
barbarous method of dumping the stuff
into our streams and scattering the
nuisance instead of destroying it should be
A DECIDED EXPOSURE.
The latest announcement of the deal
between the Democrats and People's
Party in Kansas and Nebraska is interest
ing. The first constitutional scheme by
which General Field was to be elected
Vice President by the Senate having been
knocked into a cocked hat by the dis
covery that the Constitution, limiting the
Senatorial choice to the two leading can
didates, would shut the People's Party
man out, that organization has taken
counsel and concluded that it will show
Its hand by throwing its vote for Steven
son. That Is the reported complexion of the
last "fusion" negotiation. The Presi
dental ticket to be voted in Kansas and
Nebraska will be for Weaver and Steven
son. The result, if it carries enough votes
to have any effect on the Presidental
election, will be to throw the election of
President into the House, making the
election of Cleveland certain. Bysuch an
arrangement the People's Party Is put in
the aspect of a tender to the Democratic
ticket There is no reason why the elec
toral votes, if they will effect anything,
should not be cast directly for Cleveland.
The result will be exactly the same, and
trouble will be saved by throwing off the
disguise and doing away with the circum
locution. But what will the former Bepu blican
members of the People's Party say to this
direct delivery of their votes to the D emo
cratic candidates? So long as the result
of the utmost possible success of the new
party was to elect a Democratic President
and Republican Vice President their atti
tude was trying enough. -They were sim
ply giving their votes to Democratic
supremacy with a slight saving contin
gency. But on the reported deal to give
the Democrats all that can be gamed they j
arefetraply reduced to the dignity of ad
juncts of Democratic success without any
credit for it "We think that the ex-Be-publloans
of the West will see that it their
votes are to give the Democrats the vic
tory they might as well become Democrats
out-and-out and get the credit for it
It is not bard to foresee that this ex
posure of tbia People's Party in the West
ern States as the jackal of Democracy
will restore the former party lines and
give the votes of those States to Harrison.
WHV UMTI ITT
The fact that the bid of the Interna
tional Transportation Company, formerly
the Inman Line, has been accepted by the
Postmaster General for the carriage of
mails between New York and Southamp
ton, Havre and Antwerp, and the result
that a contract for the construction of five
new steamers has been awarded to Will
iam Cramp & Sons, and that the City of
Paris and City of New York will soon
hoist the United States flag, is duly an
nounced. Concurrently with this comes
an evidence that the progress of United
States policy in this direction is fluttering
the Volscian dovecots. The London Times
perceives in It the necessity for warning
England lest Its over-confidence should
lead to the repetition of the experience of
this country in the loss of its mercantile
marine after the war. "England's naval
supremacy," declares the Times, "must
This is good evidence that the policy
adopted in admitting these vessels to
American registry is 'successful. But
that only gives additional force to tho
query put by The Dispatch at the time
the bill for the admission of tho City of
Paris and City of New York was passod.
Why confine the operations of the act to a
single corporation? Why surround it
with conditions that bring in two
steamers and the construction of an equal
tonnage and go no further? if the
regaining of our former naval standing is
to be pushed to the utmost we must give
all an equal chance. The success which
has attended this step points very clearly
to the propriety of permitting any vessel
owner to put his vessels under
United States registry, on the condition
of constructing an equal tonnage of American-built
PROM the annual report of the Utah Com
mission it appears that the pooplo of that
Territory are making good progress. When
once the practice, of polygamy has been
stamped oat the chief bar to the rights of
Statehood will have been removed. And, al
though it Is apparent that something still
remains to do in that direction, the general
tendency is toward the rapid extinction of
It should be generally understood that
the comfort and security of railroad pas
sengers is best maintained by keeping tho
track clear and preventing trains from leav
ing the rails.
When they do not lynch a man in
Tennessee they lock him up in the same cell
with the man whose brother he is supposed
to have murdered, antLallow the two to light
it out. At least that is what was done at
Knoxvillo the other day, and the result of
such primitive injustice Is that both men
are expected to die. Solitary confinement
would have been comparative comfort in
If the terrible suspense continue much
longer the Democratic party is likely in Its
haste and irritation to accuse John Wnna
maker of having pigeon-holed Cleveland's
Such scenes as that witnessed during
tho panic- in a New York synagogue jestor
day morning are to he expected while public
opinion permits tbp use of buildings insuffi
ciently provided with exits. So long as civ
ilizationiails to suppress the bruto instincts
that produce panic, it should at least insist
upon minimizing the dangers that give rise
thereto and result theretrom.
EN'OUGn deaths have occurred in Paris to
Justify the promotion of the disease from
cholerine to cholera, if French politeness
Mill permit the use of the stronger term.
The City Solicitor of Providence, K, I.,
may congratulate himself that his tenure of
office does not depend on female suffrage.
He has decided that the male parent has the
'right to name a child when the two parties
fail to effect a compromise. The lights of
the child to select a portion of its own
nomenclature are still disregarded.
There were so many of them there that
It would bo difficult to tell whether the
veterans aio most glad they went to Wash
ington or that they lived to return alive.
There may be a lew people unhapoyor
cynical enough to profess the opinion that
life is not worth living. But among the
over-powering maoiity who find pleasure
in existence there ought to be no hesitation
in conforming to and forcing all others to
observe the laws of cleanliness and general
POWDERLY is more valuable as a straw
Indicating the general direction of tho wind
than for the amount of thought ho devotes
to the formation of his convictions.
General Weaver may some day
awake to the fact that strong and abusive
language lrom the platform, without ac
companying evidence, is not a satisfactory
refutation of any and all charges that are
brought against him.
In the investigation of the Cooley mys
tery, Coroner McDowell has shown his cus
tomary painstaking care to get at the facts
of coses coming under his notice.
Striking telegraph operators will be
wise to remember that lawlessness will
hinder, not help their cause, and that cutting
wires, destroying the propel ty of others
and endangering the Hves'of passengers
must cease at once.
Fishtng wilfpass into history as a rec
reation peculiarly adapted to tempt Ameri
can politicians of these days from inoro im
CLEVELAND and Harrity ore just begin
ning to sympathize thoroughly with the
miller and his son of tho fable, u bo found it
impossible to please everyone; although
they confine their attention to their own
Pubse-strings and check-reins are
pretty nearly synonymous in political cam
paigns, or at any rate tho samo men handle
SOME of the New York politicians have
hedged so carefully by making contradictory
statements before and since the Chicago
convention that after November they will
be aDle to say "We told you so." no matter
what hap pens.
Lieutenant Peaey is home again and
can tell of colder days than ever wero ex
perienced by disappointed office-seekers.
General Sickles' comparison between
tho war records of Harrison and Cleveland
Is one or the worst knifings that the latter
has yet received. For General Sickles can
say with others: "I am a Democrat."
That wall paper trust would be none the
worse of a legal paper hanging.
Atteb awhile the fact that the smoke
preventive ordinance was really meant to
prevent smoke may be bronght home to
those who have conspicuously failed to real
ise it at present.
CAMPAIGN NEWS AND COMMENT.
Perhaps one reason ior the comparative
decrease of excitement in this Presidental
contest is the fact that the struggle is more
diffused than has been usual of late years.
In recent eleotlnns the anxiety has been to
hear from New Tork, Indiana and Connecti
cut, which were considered to necessarily
decide the result. Of course, these States
are still generally believed to bo pivotal,
and the returns from them will be of
paramount Interest. But on the night
of November 8 there will be consid
erable curiosity to ascertain whether
West Virginia has at least broken from Its
Bourbon bonds. Bepubllcans will glance at
least for a moment at the bulletins from
Massachusetts to satisfy themselves that the
old Bay State has been redeemed from Mug
wump domination, whllo the rainbow al
luied Democrats will turn with mingled
hope and fear to Wisconsin, Illinois, Iowa
and Montana. Careful flgurers will want to
know Just how many electoral votes eaoh
party has secured under the new district
plan in Michigan, and practical politicians
will be interested in the outcome of
Mr. Magee's experiment in Alabama. The
rlfect ot the Mlvnr movement in Colorado.
Nevada and other mining States, and the
People's party propaganda in Kansas. Ne
braska, Oregon, Minnesota and the Dakoins
cannot be accurately determined until the
votes are counted, and three paities ate
making vigorous claims as to North Caro
lina. The most conservative politicians are
of the opinion that nearly all of these States
will be lound within their usual party lines,
but they will be eager to see the figures to
assure themselves that they have not been
mistaken. This Is a canvass of diffused and
not of concentrated iuteiest.
The Democracy is still anxiously wait
ing to hear Cleveland soy, "let 'er go."
In speaking of the situation in the South,
Clark Howell, tho Georgia member of the
Democratic National Committee, says:
"Georgia is the next State to act except
Florida. The Democrats have every reason,
to expect tho same encouragement from its
roturns as they have received from Ar
kansas, Vermont and Maine. Tho Demo
cratic party in our State was never in bet
ter lighting trim than now. Indeed, this is
about the first time since the war that it
has been confronted with anything like
organized opposition. This has served
only to put the party on its mettle,
and thorough oiganlzation has been
effected In every county in tho Stnte. For
SO ycats or more Georgia has been going
Democratic without any effort. Our election
takes place on the 5tu of October for Gover
nor and Stnte officers. Theie Is no Republi
can candidate, and the third party has nom
inated Colonel W. L. Peek and a full State
ticket. The Democrats havo renominated
the present Governor, W. J. Northen. The
third party is running candidates for nlmost
every office- from constable up, and they are,
of courie.mnklng extravagant claims. There
is not the sllghest doubt, however, that the
State -n ill elect the. Democratic ticket by
from 40,000 to 60,000 mujoilty, and I would
not be surprised to t-ee the largest Demo
cratic majority polled by the State since the
wnr." It Georgia does give any such Dem
ocratic majority as clalmeif by Mr. Howell
It should serve as an object lesson to old
time Bepubllcans In tlio Northwest who
have been deluded into third parties.
The Philadelphia JVNie Ledger is of the
opinion that "Peihaps Mr. Blaine's pair was
a Yernionter. The Democrats loport a loss
of one vote there at the recont election."
Encouraging advices to the friends of
protection are now the rule from the North
west. "We shall carry Minnesota without
question," savs Senator Washburn. "The
political situation Is changing to our advan
tage. The campaign hasbecome pretty live
ly. There has been a division in tho ranks
of the third party. Ignatius Donnelly heads
one faction. J. H. Baker and W. W. Irwin,
who wero two of the leading lights In tho
People's p irty, have broken from Donnelly,
and I think Baker will vote the Republican
ticket, If he votes at all. Minnesota is
suie to go Republic, but 1 have some
fears for South Dakota." Senator Fcttigrew.
of South Dakota, is also rather doubtful
about his State. He says: "Maybe we'll
lose. The Republican party has been doing
irs best to m.ike the State Democratic ever
since the Territorial dav. Every move
this ndminletiatlon has n'ade has helped
break up tho Republican party there.
Further than that, tho way pationage has
boon distributed In that State has sent
whole armies of discontented Bepubllcans
over the State making strong talk against
Harrison and his administration." Other
Republican leaders are confident that South
Dakota will bo in line for Harrison and
Bold, although perhaps doubtlnl on the
AccoEDrNG to the Omaha Bee "the
present national campaign stands out in
bold relief as the cleanest one in the history
of tho country. The passions of men have
not bcon aroused to the extent of making
them loxget the decencies and proprieties of
political warfare. It Is a contest of argu
ment and reason ana common sense."
Congressman Dalzell returned yes
terday from his health and pleasure trip,
prepared to take an active part in the pend
ing political contest. Of the canvass in his
own district he speaks with entim confi
dence, and is very hopeful of Republican
'success in the nation. In the courso of a
brief interview he said: "I see no leason
why the Republican national ticket should
not be successful this time. Mr.Harrlson
has proven himself to be a man of jbroid ex
perience, capable of coping with the most
difficult questions. He has given the eoun'
try a clean, conservative administration
and I have no douot he will be placed at the
helm for a second term. He has the confi
dence of the monejed interests of the
country, which insures the pooplo prosper
ity for four years during which time the
Republican party will have anothor chanco
to act in the nation's welfare. Tho labor
disturbances will not or should not play any
part In the present campaign. Our laboring
people aie above the average Intelligence
and know well which party has always been
looking to their Intel est. Theie are among
them some Democrats who will stick to
their party no matter what happens, bdt the
progressive workman cannot fall to see
wherein ho is benefited by a protective
Jere Dougherty is making a lively
canvass In the Forty-third Senatorial dis
trict, which gave an opposition majority of
something less than 2,000 in 1888.
Encouraged by the Hill demonstration
the Democrats are now making extra olalms
concerning New York. Congiessman Ashbel
P. Fitch, who is aiding in the management
of the freo trado campaign there, says: "I
can only speak of tho campaign in the city
of New York, where I have been around
among all classes of voters and have seen
tho work of organization which has Dcen
going on for tho last two weeks. Here in tho
city the Democracy is arianglng the most
completo and decisive victory over its op
ponents in all Its history. There has never
befoio beon such a union of all its elements
of strength. Tnmraany Hall, never before
so strong in votes or in leadership as now. Is
reinforced in the contest by the Democrats
of every shade of opinion, the independents
of every class, and by the almost unanimous
support of tho great German vote, which
always before has been more or less divided
and partly Republican. The Republican
campaign in this city is slow and tame. It
has been put in the hands of men whoaro ac
customed to organizing defeat. Mostof them
seem to have been chosen on tho principle
that a man who cannot get hlmsoli elected
to anything is the best person to arrango to
elect somebody else. Carter was hand
somely beaten In Montana, where tlioy know
him best, lu a Republican district in 1890,
nnd had to take refuge in a subordinate place
In a Washington department. McComas at
the same election was defeated for re-election
to Congross in the Sixth district of
Maryland, wliicn has long been Republican.
These men are called In to aid Fassert, who
was the worst beaten candidate the Repub
licans have had, and Piatt, who, starting
with the Governor, Senate and Legislature
in his hands, has lost tliehi all. When all of
this is followed by the speeches of Governor
Hill and Carl Scburz In this canvass our
opponents will probably discover that the
mon who have made New York Democratic
jnean to keep It Democratic." Mr. Fitch
does not enter into an explanation of the
methods by which Tammany pioposes to
"keep it Democratic," but the New York
Republicans can be relied upon to keep a
close watch'on the movements of the tiger.
If the announcement of Powderly's
In mot nolltieul Ann Is correct it must be a.
record breaker. It is said that he just left
the Democratlo for the nepnoncan party,
and yet only a few weeks ago he was taking'
nwTnfnnn nni4 In MlA Omnhll TnnHfn
Convention which nominated Weaver. 1
THE WOBLD'S FAIB BOUVENIHS
Will Soon Be Decided Upon as Vox as the
, Design Is Concerned.
Philadelphia, Sept. 28. Director Leaoh,
of the Mint Bureau, has beon here on busi
ness connected with the adoption of the de
signs for the new souvenir half dollars for
the World's Fair which Congress has au
thorized to be coined. The director says
that Engraver Barber, of the Philadelphia
Mint, will leave at once for Chicago to have
a last consultation with Direotor General
Davis, with authority to then and there
make a decision and adopt a design. He
will go as the director's repi esentatlve, and
with Instructions, so tar as one side of the
coin is concerned, to adopt the Ideal head of
Columbus which is to be found on a Spanish
medal, a fac simile of which was submitted
Tho Government of Spain has been com
municated with for a medal bearing the
head. Full power has been given the direo
tor to decide upon the design, and he says
that a decision will now be reached, as it
was only out of courtesy to tho World's Fair
people that he had waited so long.
BIO 0FFR BEFOSED,
Mr. Bladdox Declines 830,000 for His
Racing Colt King Lee.
Louisville, Sept. 23. Special. Thirty
thousand dollars is a large sum of money,
but it was nevertheless refused for a 2-year-old
race horse a few days ago. James Mad
dox, of this city, is tho owner and King Lee
is tho horse. The latter reached here from
Latonla yesterday, and was at once sent to
tho Scoggau farm, a few miles out from the
city. There will he romp in the paddocks
until next spring. Maddox Is not a rich
man; ho is the oontrary. It was therefore a
surprise to hl3 friends that he should refuse
so princely an offer, Dut he loves the colt as
he Mould an only son, and he also believes
that he is worth more than the sum offered.
King Lee is enterod in $150 000 worth of
stakes next year, and with average luck his
owner thinks lie can captuio two-thirds of
them. This is a very rosy way of looking at
things, but King Lee Is no Sunday horse.
Next to G. W. Johnson ho is the best colt In
tho West. '
GETTYSBUHG KEEPS ITS COLLEGE
Lutherans Resolve to Stand by tho Faculty
of That Institution.
Lancaster, Sept. 23. At thl9 afternoon's
session of tho Lutheran Church tho question
of the removal of the Theological Seminary
fiom Gettysburg was decided adversely.
Under the report on edhcational institu
tions resolutions were adopted afterward in
debate that the Svnod Indorse tho recent
action of the Board of Trustees of Pennsyl
vania College in defining tho duties of the
Chair of the English Bible,expressing fullest
confidence in that institution of the
Lutneran Church and pledging Its support.
WITH FAME AND FORTUNE.
A BIOGRAPHY of the late Daniel Dough
erty is in course of preparation, the mate
rial having been given by Mrs. Dougherty
into the hands of a well-known blogiapher.
Prof. Charles Eliot Norton, of
Harvard, tho literary executor of Emerson,
Lowell and Carlyle, is said to be constituted
literary executor of John Ruskin by a clause
in the latter's will.
Prof. A. B. Porter, son of Albert G.
Porter, ex-Governor' of Indiana and ex
Mlnlster to Borne, was married in Rich
mond, Ind., List night to Miss Theresa Study,
daughter or Hon. T. X. Study.
The lady passengers on the Kormannia
presented the ship's Burgeon, Dr. Max
Breuer, with a $300 watch as a testimonial of
their gratitude to him. If they presented
anything to Health Officer Jenkins It has
been kept a profound secret.
.The FraribenUatt, a semi-official Journal
in Vienna, publishes a tolegram from Berlin
announcing that Emperor William will visit
the Emperor of Austria in Vienna October
10, after attending the grand ducal 'golden
wedding atfWelmaron October 8.
Prof. Pickering expects to reveal 45
times more stars than havo yet been made
known to astronomers by the aid of the
photographing telescope that has been set
up at Harvard Observatory, the gift of Miss
Caroline W. Brace, of New York.
Henry B. Cleaves, the new Governor of
Maine, came out or the war a lieutenant and
at once secuied work as an ordinary hand
In n sash factory, but altera two-years' trial
of the Job he thought it waaPt a promising
one, so he struck out in other lines.
Black, the novelist, aims at writing two
novels a year, and is never so happy as
wbon he is on the sea or near the sea. When
at work he loves intense qniet, and cannot
bear the slightest noise. For this reason he
always selects a 100m at tho top of the house
as his study.
Three distinguished musicians will aid
in the dedication of the new Becbstein Con
cert Hall, in Berlin, early in October.'"T)r.
von Bulow gives a piano recital one day,
playing several new woiks by Brahms. The
latter composer takes part himself on the
following day, whllo on the third day
Bubinstoin plays the piano and conducts
tho performances of a sextet for wind in
struments which he has composed.
Needs a Visit to the Hub.
Boston Herald. 1
The London Ath nceum did not Know
George William Curtis. In this omission it
tailed of what was equivalent toallboral
Strong Language Sometimes Good.
When moved by a feeling of strong dis
gust Governor Flower becomes somewhat
profane, but ho has the oourago of his pro
fanity. "What It May Come To.
And now it 13 said there are love microbes.
It may yet become necessary to boll the
kisses and burn the embraces.
Another Case In Point.
Mr. Blaine's pair with his Democratic
friend merely shows the possibilities of
Not in the Procession.
Baltimore American. 1
The summer Is onded; 'tis no longer hot.
The leaves are falling, but coal is not.
DEATHS HERE AND ELSEWHERE.
Sirs. Elizabeth Stanton, Centenarian.
Mrs. George Tellette, of Tyrone, has re
ceived word of the death at Pattern township. Cen
ter county, of her mother, Mrs. Elizabeth Stanton,
at the age of 117 years. Mrs. Stanton was a direct
descendant of American Indian stock, and the
feats of strength and endurance performed by her
in her old age were famous all over the Western
part of the Mate. She was boril at Big Chickles,
Lancaster county, luI775.
Sirs. Julia It. Berford.
Mrs. Julia B, Berford died suddenly
Thursday night at the home of her ion-ln-1-iw,
Mr. William II. Search, No. 490 Lexington avenue.
New Yorlt. Mrs. Berford's husband, who died,
about nix months ago, t'oun led the old Chronicle In
this city, but afterward mured to New nrk. t.rs.
Berford was well known In Pittsburg, she was a
sister bf Mrs. W. H. Hagan, or this city.
Kate Okmoxd, once a famous exqustrlenne, is
dead in the Clly of Mexico.
Judge William 'E. Siiebwood, of the Com
mon Pleas Court of Cleveland, die soon after
34iursday midnight from exhaustion caused by a
James P. McCabe, who died in Boston several
daysago. at the age of 37. was formerly ar.oteu Jig
and clog dancer. About 1830 he left the stage, and
hail sluce been prominent lu affairs ol the trottlug
William C. Donaldsov, a well known actor,
died In a Chicago hotel recently from an over dose
of morphine. He was a native of Canada. 33
years old. and hid been on the stage slnue 187!).
He once starred In melodrama.
Mn. Maitlasd. an actor, fell dead In the Prince
of Wales' Theater at Carmarthen, England, Thurs
day evening, at the conclusion of the last scene of
The Two Orphans," depicting a deadly struggle.
Mr.Maltland was the leading actor of the company.
Gxobqe W. Obbjn, of the Orrln Brothers, who
bad a monopoly of the circus business in Mexico,
died in London recently, aged 43. He had been In
the show bustness since chiirinood, having started
with Dan itlce and the elder Orrln. He was an
equestrian and general actor in his early days.
Mbs. T. A. Devxbx. wife of th acrobat, and
mother orthe sisters Devere, died on Wednesday
of cancer of the stomach in New York City. She
was formerly a performer, and was well known' in
Enrope. where she traveled for years with Chlar
lnl's circus. She was born in England and was
about 45 years old.
LADIES WANT A CHARTER
To Give Them the Title; to the Old Block
House A Luncheon for an Illinois Visi
tor Temperance Lecture Given by a
Female Divine Society Gossip.
A special meeting of the Daughters of
the American Devolution was held yester
day afternoon at the residence of Mrs. Al
bert Chllds, Amberson avenue, Shadyside.
Mrs. Chllds is the Chapter Begent of Pitts
burg. Three signatures were obtained to the
petition for a charter, which made up the
number required. This was the object of
the meeting, so that it was successful from
a business point of viow. The charter will
give the organization the right to hold the
Block House, which was presented to the
ladles by Mrs. Scbenley.t Aletter of thanks
to Mrs. Sohenley for the gift was read to the
meeting and approved. It will be sent to
that lady forthwith, a copy being trans
ferred to the minutes of the society. Letters
of thanks to Mr. E. M. Blgelow and others
who have interested themselves on behalf
of the Daughters of the Bevolutton were
also approved and sent to the persons con
cerned. The attendance was not so large as
was expected, because many of the mem
bers are still away from the city, bnt there
was a very Interesting session, those pres
ent being full of enthusiasm. The first regu
lar meeting of PittsDurg Chapter will be
held about the middle or October, when
there is to be a discussion on a proposed
nmendment to the constltntion requiring
members to be of lineal descent from Revo
lutionary heroes. The Pittsburg Chapter
has IIS members, but expects to enroll many
more next month.
Me. and Mbs. C M. Wise haAe issued
cards to the marriage of their daughter
Mamie to Mr. N. 15. Whalen, Thursday morn
ing, Septomber, 29, at 9 o'clock, in St Au
gustine's Church, corner of Thirty-seventh
and Butler streets.
A delightful birthday party was
given at the residence of W. C. Stillwagen,
Esq., Craig street, last evening. It was to
celebrate tho tenth anniversary of the birth
of Master Ed Lynns Still wagen. A number of
young frtenas wero present, who enjoyed
the music and dancing and Juvenile games
to the utmost: Thero were refreshments,
of coure, and altogether the little folks
will count yesterday as one of their red
An opening reception is to be given at
Thuroa's Academy this afternoon. Fancy
dances by the children will be an interest
ing feature,- It is expected that there will
be a large number of guests, as is usual at
A small luncheon was given for Mrs.
McMein, of Qnlncy, HI, by Mrs. George
Abrams, who was Miss Moreland. The oc
casion was a pleasant one. Mrs. MoMein
was Miss Warfleld, and a wr years ago was
at school In Pittsburg, where she made
many warm friends. No doubt she will bo
the recipient of many mora social attentions
before returning home.
The Yonng Ladies' Missionary Society of
the First TJ. P. Church of Wllkinsburg will
give a musical and literary entertainment in
the Opera House of that borough, Friday,
October 7. The Apollo Glee Club will sing
and Prof. Sleeth, of the Pittsburg High
School, will recite. There will be a doll
drill by the, children of the Sunday school
nnd other pretty features will be Intro
duced. The proceeds of the entertainment
will go into the missionary fund.
A stirring temperance lecture was de
livered last evening by Eev. Anna Shaw, in
the Wllkinsburg Methodist Church. There
was a large audience that was edified by the
masterly way in which the speaker dealt
with the subject. Miss Shaw is a regularly
ordained minister in the Methodist Church,
nnd she speaks with an earnestness and
clearness that makes a good impression as
soon as she commences her address. It is
probable that Miss Shaw will speak in the
North Avenue, Allegheny,Metbodist Church
"Wednesday, October 5, is the date
fixed for tho next meeting of the sewing
circle of St. Paul's Cathedral. Miss Alice
Carter, the organist of the Cathedral, Is an
active member of tho circle, and she asks all
ladles who can to attend the meeting and
ply their needles. The articles to be made
will bo given to the orphans of St. Paul's
Asylum, Tannehill streot, and to the in
mates of the Rosalia Foundling Hospital,
which occupies the building formerly the
Ursullne Convent. A. conceit for the benefit
of. the hospital will be given some time
during the fall, but the date has not yet
An apron social under the auspices of
the Sterritt W. a T. U. was given yesterday
afternoon, at tho Day Nursery, North
avenue, Allegheny. A large number of
fancy and plain aprons made by the ladies
during the past week were sold, the pro
ceeds to go to the fund for the reclamation
of inebriates, which is a new line of work
for the Sterritt Union.
THE SHBEVB SLAUGHTER.
A Correspondent Thinks Hallroads Itnn
Ing Many Trains Should Double Track.
To the Editor of The Dispatch:
There is one point concerning the late ac
cidental Sbrove, O., on the Fort Way no
road, that seems to havo been overlooked,
as regards the placing of the responsibility,
and that is the qnestion "whether the law
should not compel a road that 1 uns the num
ber of trains the Fort Wayne does to double
track it. At the point the accident oc
curred there is only a single track, and nc
coidlng to Superintendent Starr's state
ment, the freight had to lay on the siding
until mall trains had passed. The train
men could enslly have mado a miscount,
and very likely did. The company should
be compelled to doable track their road or
run less trains. W. E. V.
Allegheny, Sept. 23.
Birthday of the Oldest Triplets.
Hartfoed, Coss., Sept. 23. Sieclal The
noted Grant brothers, of Torrlngton, the
oldest triplets in the world, passed their 71st
nnnivoroary to-day. No especial celebration
was mado, like the one last year, tha broth
ers only recoivinga few friends who dropped
In to congratulate them. They are farmers,
and are all still In vigorous health.
THE RISK ON RAILROADS.
"Wednesday was a red-letter day in the
history of railroad accidents. Casualties of
this kind, like the deaths of prominent men,
travel in pairs. Ohio State Journal.
Thbee railroad accidents and all bad
ones In one day must make people pause
and wonder if anyjaystem Is perlect that
can be disobeyod oy thoso under orders.
Four railroad accidents in 'a single day
Illustrate tho old adage that it never rains
but it pours. Of tho four, however, only ono
was a serious relloctlon upon those who
caused it. Philadelphia Bulletin.
Surely everything practicable should be
done to insure railroad passengers against
the bidcous fate of the poor creatures who
were burned to death early Wednesday
morning near Shrevo. Cleveland leader.
Pbopee and stringent laws compelling
ahlghei regard for human life, better and
ampler service by public carriers, the eleva
tion of tracks, etc., will go a long way
toward making horrors like those of Wednes
day Impossible. Chicago Globr.
The investigation on the part of the pub
lic that will be made of the disaster In Ohio
will be loss helpful to tbe publlo than the
privnte Investigation which the railroad
will Institute on its own account and for Its
own information. New York Times.
There were two fatal railroad wrecks
Wednesday. One was caused by an engi
neer misunderstanding his orders: the other
by an engineer disregarding his orders. The
flist engineer should be prosecuted lor man
slaughter, the second for murder. Buffalo
It is time to make trial of seme of the
automatio electrical devices which either
put a danger signal In the way when the
road is obstructed or broken, or automat
ically shut off the steam, and thu3 stop
the train when there Is danger ahead PAito
de phta Ledger.
The first catastrophe was due to reckless
disregard of orders by an engineer. The
second was the deliberate work of train
robbers. The last was also occasioned by
careless locomotive bands. In eaoh case
the catastrophe could have been averted by
exercise of reasonable vigilance and fore
slght. Brooklyn Eagle,
English oak ii getting scarce.
Quicksilver was fiist used in the arts in
tho year 1310.
"The machine for paring apples was de
vised by Couter in 1803.
Tobacco consumption is said to be oa
the increase in England.
Leather ouirasses were used by tha
Bomans In their early warfares.
Six million dollars are invested in th
manufacture of dynamite in tho United
A Democratic nominee for Congress in
Tennessee has a mustache that measures 18
inches from tip to tip.
For 300 years the Genoese were the best
cross bowmen. At Creoy there were 13,000
of them as mercenaries.
The ocean cable, which has had a life
of bnt little more than 30 years, now
stretches over 120,250 miles.
There are reputed to be 119,000,000 of
the big old copper pennies lying unused
somewhere in this country.
The Haidan Indians of British Co
lumbia gamble with sticks of spruce wood,
about five Inches In length, carved or stained
with totemio devices.
It is estimated that the cost of main
taining the sane 100,000 inmates of the vari
ous penal institutions In this country ex
ceeds $15,000,000 annually.
Paris will shortly have a new theater
known as the "Theater of Penand Thought,"
Performances will be given in the language)
of the deaf and dumb, namely, by signs.
The Chinese have a kitchen god, which
is supposed to go to the Chinese heaven at
the beginning ol each year to report npoa
the privato life of the families under his
There are but 190 colored voters la
North Dakota. There are 15,000 in the city
of Baltimore. Baltimore has an area of 3
square mlle3; North Dakota has an area of
70,000 square miles.
The armies of the civilized nations of
the world number 3,000,000 men. Besldo the
loss of their time and labor, they cost at
least $1,000 a year for each soldier, and that
amounts to $3,600,000,000.
The use of cork for bottle stoppers was
the invention of a blind monk who was em
ployed in a vineyard attached to a monas
tery. Previous to that timo bottles were
sealed with flax soaked in oil.
Mining and counter-mining were ex
tensively practiced during ancient sieges.
The mlno was made, the roof supported by
timbers; when all was ready the beams wero
set on fire and the wall caved in.
The silky little King Charles spaniel is
an expensive luxury, because puppies a
month old easily fetch $50 apiece, and when
half grown 8100. There are comparatively
few of these dogs in New Tork. and nearly
every one Is known to tho dog fanciers.
There are ex-military officers, ex-doctors,
ex-lawyers, one lord by courtesy, ono
Baronet, several honorables, one ex-member
of Parliament and a dozen bankrupt
landed proprietors among the London cab
An Illinois banker put a mark on the
money he paid out on a late Saturday to tha
wage-workers of the town who patronized
his bank. Of the $700 thus paid out nearly
half of it came back to him on Monday from
saloons In the district.
Shakespeare's house at Stratford, Mil
ton's at Chalfont-St. Giles, Burns' cottage
near Ayr and Wadsworth'3 Dove Cottag
are reputed to be tbe only houses of llterar
Brltons tbat have been preserved for th
sake of their associations.
Colonel B. T. Ancbmutty, the founde
of the New York trade schools, has gathere
statistics to show that, out of $-23,000,009 pair
annually for mechanics in the bulldlnt
trades of New York City, less than $5,000,09
goes to men born in this country.
A Canadian electrician states that elec
tricity causes the tides and demonstrates i
by electrifying a rubber comb by rubbing 1
through the nair and then drawing It oyt
tho top of a glass filled with water, the r
suit being that the tidal wave follows tl
A device to be used in signaling alon
a length of fire hose is a recent invention
Wires are carried In the ho4e and insulatet
therefrom, so that by making battery cor
nections a fireman from ono end of a lln
can send a signal to the other without lea
ing his post.
The latest development in gallantry i
tho practicq.recently started by tho Mlct
gan 'Central Railroad, which presents t
every, lady, traveling by certain trains,
bouquet of wild flowers and an artlstlcall
printed time table card inscribed, "Wlthth
Tbe hill near Jerusalem where the
crucifixion of Jesus occurred is formed of
limestone. The shores of the Dead Sea are
lined with, pumice stone showered out of
some volcano that destroyed Sodom and
Gomorrah, which cities finally sank bencatn
the waters of tho Dead Sea.
By saturating a bullet with vaseline its
flight may be easily followed with the cyo
from the time it leaves tbe muzzle of the
rifle until It strikes the target. The course
of the flight is marked by a beautiful ring of
smoke caused by the vaseline being ignited
on leaving the muzzle of the rifle.
Sew York City boasts of a cat which
patronizes tbe soda water fountain of a
drug store on Sixth avenue. Some time ago
"pussy" discovered that the cream of the
fountain suited her taste, and she has a
habit of going up to the counter and waiting
until it is served with its lavorite flavor ia
Its own particular saucer.
Bombay, India, has opened magnifi
cent new water works, supplying the city
by gravity with 31,000,000 gallons of water
dally. Tho water is bronght from a great
artificial lake and passes through 62 miles of
tunnels. Tho water works, including the
dam and aqnodncts, are among tho famous
engineering works of the time.
A novel spectacle of a steam vessel
being stoked with bank notes was witnessed
recently at a Mediterranean port. Forty
five sacks of the apparently valuable paper
were forced into the furnace of the vessel's
boiler under the eyes ot tho stokers, who
seemed to deslro to possess themselves of at
least a handful of what they somewhat In
elegantly styled "rumlueL" Tho notes were
canceled documents of the Bank of Algiers,
whose manager watched the combustion.
pikouettes ntoai PUCK.
"The editor-in-chief, the managing editor
and all the editorial writers are sick to-day," said
the city editor to the publisher.
Is the baseball editor here?"
'Yes, sir." '
Allright. Go ahead and get out the paper."
Barber (testing the razor) Do I hurt you,
Balrd No; not so badly as the last man who had
rac in his cbalr.
Barber (highly gratified) Who was that?
Ualrd The dentist.
THE WALKTNO DELEGATE.
"Xez had better not do anuy worruk," sayi
Till yez J'ine the Union, Molke."
So I pawned me coat and me bunday shoes.
And I Joined tbe Union and paid me dues
Thin he ordered me out on strolle.
My bleeding heart her scorn has rued,
Yet I lament the cruel maid
Who shrugged her shoulder when I sued,
And cut me with her shoulder-blade.
"Weary Baggies Did yer git anythxn to
Tatterdon Torne Yes; and it wnz the lightest
meal I ever struck. Yer see, I tackled tbe oil
woman fcr a feed. She said she didn't have nots
ln' fer me, and I wnz glvln' her a piece of me mind,
when the old man came out and made me eat ma
Now autumn of her gorgeous dress
The artistic maid bereaves;
And every bookworm with distress
The painful fact perceives
Tbatjnany a book which leaves the press
Is bound to press the leaves,
"Kape ahf the ghrassl" he interjects
Strange sight, as ever seen!
A ion of Erin, who objects
To "Wearing of the Green P
Mr. Morrison Essex That new girl gonft
too? ' .
Mrs. Essex Yes.
Mr. Essex-Yr bat tune old she go? '
Mrs. Essex I don't know she took mywatca