Newspaper Page Text
men about Arizona, for he was so qaiet an'
imple-Uke. There was. no party either to
take op his erievances, for, as I've been
trine, the Britisher! hardly counted him
cue ot them, and many a rough joke they
played on him. He never cut up rough,
but was civil to all hisself. I think the
boys got to think he hadn't much grit in
klra till he showed 'em their mistake.
"It was In Simpson's bar as the row got
p. an' that led to the queer thing I was
foinc to tell you of. Alabama Joe and one
or two other rowdies were dead on the Brit
ishers In those days, and they spoke their
pinions pretty free, though I warned them
u there'd be an almighty muss. That par
ticular night Jce was righting drunk, and
he swaggered about the town with his six
shooter, lookin out ior a chance. Then
he turned into the bar where he know'd he'd
find some o' the English as ready as he was
hliielC 6-ire enough, there was half a
dozen lounging about, an' Tom Scott stand
In alone before the stove. Joe eat down by
the table, and put his revolver and bowie
down in front of him. 'Them's my argi-
faents, Jefi,' he says to me, 'if any white
lvered Britisher dares give me the lie.' I
tried to stop him, sirs; but he weren't a man
as you could easily turn, an he began to
Pak in a way as no chap could stand.
V"hy, even a 'Greaser' would flare up it vou
tald as much ot Greaserlandl There was a
commotion at the bar, an' every man laid
THE QUIET ENGLISHMAN
ffcis hands on his wepins; but afore they
ould draw we heard a quiet voice from the
atove: 'Say your prayers, Joe Hawkins;
for you're dead man!' Joe turned round,
feed looked like grabbin' at his iron;
put it weren't no manner of use.
from Scott was standing up, covering him
with his Derringer; a smile on his white
face, but tBe very .devil shining in his eye.
-lt"aint that the old country has used me
ever-well,' he say, 'but no man shall insult
It afore me, and "live. For a second his
0 nger tightened around the trigger, an'
then he gave a laugh, an threw the pistol
an the floor. 'No,' he says, 'I can't shoot
half-drunk man. Take your dirty life,
Joe, an use it better nor you have done.'
He swung contemptuously round, and relit
Ms halt-smoked pipe irora the stove; while
Alabama slunk out o' the bar, with the
laughs of the Britishers ringing in his ears.
I saw his face as he passed me, and on it I
taw murder, sirs murder, as plain as ever
X seed anything in mv life.
"I stayed in the bar after the row and
sjratched'Tom Scott as he shook hands with
the men about. It seemed kinder queer to
re to see him smilin" and cheerful-like; tor
knew Joe's blood-thirsty mind, and that
the Englishman had small chance of ever
seeing the morning. He lived in an ont-ol-the-wty
sort ot place, you see, clean ofi the
trail, and had to pass through the Flytrap
Gulch to get to it. This here gulch was a
tnarshy, gloomy place, lonely enough during
the day even; lor it were always a creepy
aort o' thing to see the great eight and ten
foot leaves snapping up if aught touched
them; but at night there was never a soul
bear. Some parts ot the marsh, too, were
oft and deep, and a body thrown in would
be gone by morning. I could see Alabama
Joe crouchin' under the lea es of the great
JTlytrap in the darkest part of the gulch,
with a scowl on his lace and a revolver in
his baud; I could see it, t'us, as plaiu as
with my two eyes.
"'Bout midnight Simpson Ehnts up his
tr, to out we had to go. Tom Scott started
off for his three-mile walk at a slashing
pace. I just dropped him a hint as he
passed me, for I kinder liked the chap.
Keep vour Derringer there or about it,' I
ays, 'lor you might chance to need it He
looked round at me with his quiet smile,
and then I lost sight of him iu the gloom.
I neer thought to see him again. He'd
hardly gone aloro Simpson comes up to me
and says, There'll be old hell in the Fly
trap Gulch tc-uight, Jeff; the boys say that
Hawkins started half an hour ago to wait
for Scott and shoot him en sight. I
calc'late the coroner'll be wanted to
"What passed in the gulch that night? It
was a question as were asked pretty free
Beit morning. A half-breed was in Fergu
on's store after daybreak, and he said as
he'd chanced to be near the gulch 'bout 1 iu
the morning. It warn't easy to bet at his
Story, he seemed so uncommon scared; but
he told us at last, as he'd heard the fearf ulest
creams in the stillness of the night Thero
weren't no shots, he said, but scream after
cream, kinder mufllleJ, like a man with a
eraue over his head, an' in immortal pain.
Ahner Brandon and me, and a few more,
was in the store at the time; so we mounted
and rode out to Scott's house, passing
through the gulch on the way. There
weren't nothing partic'lar to be seen there
no blood nor marks of a fight, nor nothing;
ud when we gets up to Scott's house, out
he comes to meet us as fresh as a lark.
Hullo, JeflT says he, 'no need for the
pistols after all. Come in an' have a cock
tail, boys.' 'Did ye see or hear nothing as
ye come "home last night?' says L '.No,'
ays he; 'all was quiet enough. An owl
kinder moaning in the Flytrap Gulch that
was alL Come, jump off and have a glass.
Thank ye,' says Abner. So off we gets,
ud Tom Scott rode into the settlement
with as when we went back.
'An all-fired commotion was on in Main
treet as we rode into it The 'Merican
party seemed to have gone clean crazed.
Alabama Joe was gone, not a darned par
ticle of him left Since he went out into
the gulch nary eye had seen him. As we
got off our horses there was a considerable
crowd in front of Simpson's, and some ugly
looks at Tom Scott, I can tell you. There
was a clickin' of pistols, and I saw as how
Scott had his hand in his bosom, too. There
weren't a single English face about' 'Stand
aside, Jeff Adams,' says Zebb Humphrey,
as great a scoundrel as ever lived, 'you hain't
trot no hnrM in this crsmf. Hftv. bovi
are we, free American", to be murdered by I
this tort o' scum?' It was the quickest
thing as ever I seed. There was a rnsh an
a crack; Zebb was down, with Scott's ball
in his thigh, and Scett hisself was on the
ground with a dozen men holding him. -It
weren't no use struggling, so he lay quiet.
They seemed a hit uncertain what to do
with him at first, bat then one of Alabama's
special chums pat them np to It 'Joe's
gone,' he said; nothlng ain't surer nor
that, an' there lies the man as killed him.
Some on you knows as Joe went on busi
ness to the gulch last night) he never came
back. That 'ere Britisher passed through
after he'd cone; they'd a row, screams is
heard 'mong the great flytraps. I say agin
he has played poor Joe some o
his sueakin' ' tricks, and thrown him
into the swamp. It ain't no
wonder as the body is gone. Bat air we to
stan' by and see English murderin' our own
chums? I guess not Let Jedge Lynch
try him, that's what I say.' 'Lynch him!'
shouted a hundred angry voices for all the
rag-tag an' bobtail o' the settlement was
round us by this time. 'Here, boys, fetch
a rope, and swing him up. TJp with him
over Simpson's doorl' 'See here, though,'
says another, coming forrards; 'let's hang
him by the great flytrap in the gulch. Let
Joe see as he's revenged, if so be as he's
buried 'bout theer.' Therewas a shout for
this, an' awav they went, with Scott tied on
his mustang in the middle, and a mounted
guard, with cocked revolvers round him;
HAD HIM COVERED.
for we knew as there was a score or so Brit
ishers about, as didn't seem to know any
Jedge of that partic'lar name.
"I went out with them, my heart bleedin'
ior Scott, though he didn't seem a cent pat
out, he didn't He were game to the back
bone. Seems kinder queer, sirs, hangin a
man to a flytrap; but our'n were a reg'lar
trap, and the leaves like a brace of boats
with a hinge between 'em and thorns at the
"We passed down the gulch fo the place
where the great one grows, and there we
seed it with the leaves, some open, some
shut But we seed something worse nor
that Standm' round the tree was some 20
men, Britishers all, an' armed to the teeth.
They was waiting for us evidently, an' had
a business-like look about 'em, as if they'd
come for something and meant to have it
There was the raw material there for about
as warm a scrimmidge as ever I seed.
"As we rode up, a great red-bearded
Scotchman Cameron were his name stood
out afore the rest, his revolver cocked in
his hand. "See here, boys' he says, 'you've
got no call to hurt a hair of that man's
head. You hain't proved as Joe is dead
yet; and if you had, you hain't proved as
Scott killed him. Anyhow, it were in self
defense; for you all know as he was lying
in wait ior Scott, to shoot him on light; so
I say agin, you hain't got no call to hurt
that man; and what's more, I've got 20 six
barreled arguments against your doia' it
'It's an interesting pint, and worth arguin'
out,' said the man as was Alabama Joe's
special chum. There was a clickin' of
pistols, and a loosenin' of knives, and the
two parties began to draw up to one another,
an'it looked like a rise in the mortality
of Arizona. Scott was standing behind
with a pistol at his ear if he stirred, lookin'
quiet and composed as having no money on
the table, when sudden he gives a start an'
a shout, as rang in our ears like a trumpet
'Joel' he cried, 'Joel' LookathimI In the
flytrapl We all turned an' looked where
he was pointin. Jerusalem! I think we
won't get that picter out of our minds agin.
One ot the great leaves of the flytrap, that
had been shut an' touchin' the ground as it
lay, was slowly rolling back upon its hinges.
There, lying like an oyster in its shell, was
Alabama Joe in the hollow of the leaf.
The great thorns had been
slowly driven through his heart as
it shut upon him. We could see as he'd
tried to cut his way out, for there was a
slit in the thick fleshy leaf, an' his bowie
was in his hand; but it had smothered him
first He'd lain down on it likely to keep
the damp oil while he were waitin' for
Scott, ana it had closed on him as you've
seen your little hothouse ones do on a fly;
and there he were as we found him, torn
and mashed, and crushed into pulp by the
great jagzed teeth of the man-eatin' plant
There, sirs, I think you'll own that as a
"And what became of Scott?" asked Jack
"Why, we carried him baok on our
shoulders, we did, to Simpson's bar, and he
stood us liquors round. Made a speech, too
a darned fine speech from the counter.
Somethin' about the British? lion an' the
'Merican eagle walkin' arm in arm forever
an' a day. And now, sirs, that yarn was
long, and my cheroot's out, so I reckon I'll
make tracks afore it's later;" and with a
"Good night!" he left the room.
"A most extraordinary narrative! said
Dawson. "Who would have thought a
Diancca had such power!"
"Deuced rum yarn," said young Sinclair.
"Evidently a matter-of-fact truthful
man," said the doctor.
"Or the most original liar that erer
lived," said L
I wonder which he was.
CopyrlfHt, UK, by TllloUon A So.
Close to the Skies
The loftiest point so far as yet if own to
hare been attained by a mountain (limber is
23,700 feet, which was acomplisbfcd a few
years ago by a Mr. Graham in theHimalayas.
He states that in spite of the great altitude
he did not find any difficulty in nreathing,
nor did be experience nausea, blfcedlng at
the nose or temporary loss of sigjp t or hear
ing. The motion of his heart waty however,
perceptibly affected, as its beating became
audible and its rate was decidedly Increas
A CRUMBLING CRUST
EesponsiWe for the Earth
guakea That Are Occur
ring Almost Daily.
THE GREAT ONE OF JAPAN
In Which One Part of a -Vallej Drop
ped 50 Feet Below Another.
GRADUAL RISE OF THE COAST LIKE.
Sdentiits May Be Able to GIre Warning
of Great Disturbance.
IHPE0YEUEXT IN BUILDING METHODS
rWBITTSS TOB THI DISrATOB.1
A day rarely passes that the earth's crust
in one place or auother is not shaken by
earth tremors or earthquakes. Many of
these movements are io slight that they are
revealed only by the delicate instrumenti
invented to record such disturbances. Mr.
De Ballore has recently reported that nearly
400 of them have occurred in a single year
In Japan, the land of earthquakes, there
are at least S00 shocks a year, and when
these shocks reach the proportions of ter
rible catastrophies &nd kill thousands of
people 1,000 or 2,000 shakings are added to
the average 500. Ssientifle men are study
ing earthquakes with a view to learn facts
which may enable them to predict the
shocks and thus to warn the people of
earthquake countries. They are studying
the effects of earthquakes with a view to
perfecting rules lor building and living in
A Report on the Great Earthquake.
The lessons learned from the. last great
earthquake in Japan have been made known
in the reports of Prof. John Milne and
will be indicated in this article. It is in
Japan and Italy that the science ot selsmol.
ogy has made greatest progress. For
eight or ten years the Japanese have em
ployed a force ot scientific men, headed by
Prof. Milne, for the special purpose of
studying earthquake phenomena.
The great disturbance occurred about the
center of Japan in the island of Hondo,
Prefectures of Aichi and Gifu, on October
28, last year. The district which was most
severely shaken extends over 4,200 square
miles. 'Within this area the destruction of
buildings and engineering works was com
plete. The area in which buildings were
affected reaches from Tokio on the east to
Kobe on the west, over 24,000 square miles.
The disturbance was felt from Sendai in
the north to Nagasaki in the south, over an
area of 92,000 square miles. Hills form the
margin ot the devasted plain wnicn was
covered with rice fields, dotted with wood
lands and hamlets, and streaked with four
large rivers. The Nagoya-Gifu plain was
one of Japan's great gardens. Ten thousand
people lost their lives, and 100,000 houses
were leveled with the plain.
A Sudden Drop of Fifty Feet.
The particular cause that precipitated
the calamity is now probably revealed.
This cause is" illustrated by one of the very
interesting photographs made for the Uni
versity of Japan, lroni which fine photo
gravures have" just been published in Yoko
hama under the superintendence ot Prof.
Milne. The entire western side of the Keo
valley suddenly sank from 20 to 50 leet
below the east side. Oar picture shows the
line of dislocation. The vertical displace
ment here is 20 to 25 feet. Dr. B. Koto has
traced this fault for more than 40 miles.
The mountains on the west side of the
valley seem to have shrunk proportionally,
and points beyond them which were invisi
ble before the earthquake are now in view.
There is little doubt that it was this sudden
falling inward of the country on the west
side of the Neo Valley which caused the
terrible disaster. The vibrations produced
by this sudden sinking of the earth spread
through the surrounding districts, and
other rocks in a state of unstable equilib
rium gave way.
Sloan tains Are Still Being Formed.
This sadden sinking of a large surfers
area was probably brought about in this
way. 'We know that the coast line of Japan
is rising. We know this may mean that the
process of mountain formation is still in op
eration. "We know that in this crushing to
gether of the earth's crust the upper strata
hare in some cases been crumpled up to
one-third their original length. On aecount
of the variety of materials constituting the
earth's crust we cannot suppose this action
to be uniform and now and then the strata,
refusing to be further bent, collapse with a
crash and possibly a slip which shakes the
earth. This was the probabl cause of the
displacement in the Keo Valley and of all
the trouble that followed it.
Whether science will be able to triumph
so far as to predict the time of earthquakes
and forewarn the people, is a question.
Prof. Milne and his assistants are indus
triously working to this end. It is known
that earthquakes have been predicted.
Earthquakes Have Been Predicted.
In 1843 a bishop of Ischla observed a
changt in the character of the mineral
'waters, forewarned the people of the com
ing earthquake and thus saved many lives.
The Capuchin Fathers saw that a lake near
their door had become frothv and turbulent,
and predicted the shock of 1851 at Melpi.
A prisoner at Lima heard underground
noises which led him to predict the de
struction of that city, one ot tho worst
earthquake catastrophies on record. The
inhabitants of Iquique were terrified by
load subterranean noises before the earth
quake ot 1868, and underground sounds led
.farmers to predict the earthquake of St
Bemo in 1831.
But all these premonitory signs of oom
ing earthquakes are Inconclusive and unre
liable. Withhe. aid of microphones and
telephones in Japan, the observers havo
Ui teatd to uaaj neiiee, aad ipoat jua
. JTTTSBTJRG-.' DISPATCH.
in studying instruments recording earth
tremors, but have never yet sucoeeded in
foretelling the arrival ot an earthquake.
"Still," sayi Profi Milne, "wo do not
Sageejtlonsjbr Better Buildings.
The study of the last earthquake in Japan
is, however, resulting in new and import
ant suggestions for lessening the damage
done by such disasters. One of our pictures
shows the rain wrought at Biwajima,v and
the scene is typical of the appearance of
hundreds of towns. The houses, some tiled
and some with thatched roofs, fell along
the street much as a row of dropped cards
would fall. Here and there buildings fell
across the street and the road was impass
able. Soon after the observers in Japan's
service had studied the effect of this earth
quake upon, buildings, revised and im
proved rules were prepared for future
building, and it is said that these rules are
receiving close attention from many build
ers in the devastated area.
It was fonnd that the river banks and tho
edges of cliffs where the forward swing of
the free face was naturally large were dan
gerous sites for buildings. IUver banks
and the edges of bluffs are for the most part
now being avoided as sites for buildings in
Japan. It was also observed again that the
movements at the bottom of a pit or in a
shallow railway cutting were less than those
upon a natural surface. This is leading
builders to dig foundations deeper, raising
the superstructure on basement walls.
Structures ot wood built on European
models withstood the shocks better than or
dinary Japanese dwellings.
Arches Will Not Stand the Strain.
In some places railroad traoks, were car
ried on arches over the country roads. The
arches were destroyed showing trie unsuita
bility of arches' to resist horizontal dis
turbances. Japan, Italy and several other
earthquake countries, have now forbidden
the building of ordinary arch work.
Arches are exceedingly strong in resisting
loads placed above them but readilv fall
apart when rioted upon by sadden horizon
The picture of the railroad track throws
an interesting light upon the nature of the
earthqauke motion, we see that either the
rails and sleepers were moved back and
forth on their gravel bed or else they re
mained at rest and the ground moved under
them. The result of this motion was to
pile up the ballast between the sleepers so
that it presents the appearance of a series
of huge bolsters. The extent of motion -was
five to six inches. Another curious feature
was the serpent-like bending of the line. It
seems as if the country here and in many
other places was subjected to longitudinal
compression. At each of these bends
though not shown in the picture, there is a
slight depression in the contour of the
country which possibly may mark the line
THE TWISTED BAILBOAD TBACK.
of an ancient water course. The track cross
ing such depressions would be crossing
lines of weakness where yieldiag would be
relatively easy and the total movement was
greater, bending the track in and out
A Forest Moved Sixty Feet.
The greatest destruction took place along
the river banks, which, being unsupported
on one side, were shot forward iuto the
river. A curious thing was observed at one
place where the river bank was entirely
gone for a oouple of hundred feet. A large
bamboo grove and a fewpine trees had stood
some distance back of the bank. This little
forest was pushed forward a distance of 60
feet and yet all the bamboos and trees re
The stupendous movements to which
parts of the earth's crust are sometimes
subjected almost pass belief. It is said that
in the great earthquake of 1783, among the
Oalabriau mountains of Southern Italy,
some of the mountain summits rose and fell
with "a hopping movement,"
Mountains Tipping to f-"-h Other.
The chroniclers of the great convulsion
in Southeast Germany in 1343, whose aston
ishing effeots are still to be seen In the Gall
rtpoiwa taat two groat mcuaiala.
tipped until they met eaoh other and then
settled back to their places. We might
dismiss this story as a fantasy of the middle
ages were it not for the frightful catastro
phy at Tasoh in Northwestern Persia in
1890, when, the few survivors say, two
mountains bent their tops until they
"kissed one another," and the hamlet be
tween them forever disappeared from view.
Considering the wide area over whioh
last year's convulsion in Japan spread com
plete devastation, and its effects upon the
strongest entrineering works, we must con
clude that theso earth movements were
among the most stupendous that have ever
been recorded. Ctkus O. Atiawsu
rWBITTIX FOB TUTS DISrATCBM
I liked him not; upon his race.
Stern, grave and silent, I could trace
The sizns of doubt and discontent
In every stromr-wrought lineament
llo passed me In the crowded town,
With eyes aslant and head bowed down;
He had no smile, no word for mo,
And so, 1 said "mine enemyl"
The swift years passed, in sun and shads,
Around my door my clilldron played;
Their merry laueh and joyous shout
At noon and eve, rang elauly out.
Across the street, my neighbor's home
Stood silent, like its master, dumb)
lie sat with head bowed on his knee
Aud watched their sports "mine enemyl"
One day we felt a shadow fall
Acios the threshold, in the hall
Acnffln stood, and lying there
A face, sireot, marble-like, and fair,
The darling of our hoaio was dead I
And while our bitter tears were shed,
I heard a step, and rose to see
.Before my door "mine enomyl"
I looked and all my soul was stirred
With many a bitter thought and word:
"llo comes to mock me in my woei
Ho acolfs at lore he does not knowi
He hates me, and his presenoe hero
l'lO 'alios the dead upon the bier!
A curse, lot this his welcome bin"
And so I cuised "mine enemyl"
When evening came and earth was still.
Beneath the star-light, on the hill,
Beside that little grave 1 crept,
And bowed my head, and mourned and
And, as I knelt some flowers to twine,
Behold, u stranger's hand touched mine t
I clutched it, frantic, rose to see,
Theie by that grave "mine enemyl"
"What dost thou hero?" In wrath, I said
"What dost thou here beside my dead?
This place is holy, like a shrine.
The right to worship here is mine.
Why come yon hero to mock my woet
My grief is sacred, treat it so.
Thou hast no love for mine or me.
Leave mo to weep, "mino enemyl"
With flaming words my wrath outbroke,
But he, he turned and gently spoke:
"Forgive me, if I dojou wronir.
I loved your child and love is strong;
lly heart with tatghty crief was dumb.
For mine has been a childless home.
My heart was hungry God judge me
1 never was your euemy.
"I watched ber as she played before
The golden sunlight of vour doort
I would have jrlven worlds to feel
The Joys I saw your lace reveal.
And when she died, I came and stood
Before your door, and, filend, I would
Havo given all I have to place
One flower upon that swuet, cold face.
"The flowors you found upon her grave
Weie mine, I broujiht thein hoie, and gaTe
Bach nlelit Ions hours of love to her.
For I, too, was her worshiper."
ly head Dowed low, upon rny cheek
Tho hot tears pushed, I could not speak.
His band clasped mine, wo knelt, for she
Had robbed me of "mine enemy."
Kyuox W. Knra.
Pittsbceq, September, 183.5.
XLZPIOHAHIA. IK LIIEEaTTJBE,
Trials of Good Authors Dae Vo Plagia
The Gentleman's Magazine.!
The success of Henry Mackenzie's senti
mental novel, "The Man of Feeling," was
very great. Eccles, a young Bath clergy
man, availing himself of the circumstances
that the author's name was very little
known, transcribed the whole wort, with
erasures, corrections, smears and smndges,
and, on the strength of this manufactured
copy, gave himself out to be the author,
and adhered to his pretension with so much
pertinacity that Mackenzie's publishers
were compelled to adopt legal measures to
vindicate his claim. In our time we havo
seen a similaf fraud attempted with regard
Among French writers no one has carried
the profession of the literary brigand to
such an extent as Mme. de Genlis. In 1830
her evil wavs brought her into the courts of
law under very discreditable circumslances.
Bout, the publisher of a series of Manuals,
cpgaged her, for a sum of 16, to write a
"Manuel Enoyclopedique de l'Enfanco."
The manuscript, which had been paid for,
was discovered to be an exact copy of the
book of the same kind pub
blished in 1820 by M. Dassacha. An
other time she contributed to a Paris news
paper a feuilleton which turned out to be a
close reproduction of a romance printed
some twenty vears before. Surely the
poer woman suffered from literary klepto
mania. Imposing on Passengers.
A wine merchant in Cadiz, whose repu
tation is unimpeachable, makes the astound
ing disclosure that animitation brand of
sherry is furnished in immense quantities to
"one of the largest mall steamship compa
nies in the world" at the low price of 4J
pence per bottle. This beverage, which is
unfit to drink, it sold to passengers at
tvalro Ujmi lto out,
2Z, . 1892.
HAKRITY IS SUPREME.
Invested With More Absolute Power
Than Any Chairman in History.
A QUIET BUT VERT HARD W0EKEB.
rThj Senator Gorman Didn't Maks a Fight
for Cleveland in 18S8. '
STAE3 IN THE DEMOCRATIC BKIE3
COniLESPONTJESCI Off THE DISrATCH.
Hev? Yobk, Sept 21. Chairman William
F. Harrity, of the Democratic National
Committee, like his rival, Chairman Carter,
of the Republican Committee, is a new and
striking figure in national politics. Both
Harrity and Carter are young men, Harrity
a little overand Carteralittle under 40; both
are of Irish descent, both are lawyers and
both in the brief space of five years have
become prominent and masterful fjguros in
the political world.
But here the resemblance between the
two men ceases. Carter is short, blonde
and spare, and has the shrewd and good hu
mored face of a New England Yankee, while
Harrity is a six-footer, large of limb and
broad of shoulders, with handsome oval
face, keen grey eye, and curly brown hair.
He is somewhat careless in his dress, throws
his shoulders forward when he walks, and
bis gait is a loose and rolling one. His ad
mirers say that he is rfot only bold and
dashing, but suave and diplomatio as well,
and that while his disposition is easy going
he is one oi the staunchest of friends and
one of the best of haters. His manner is
quiet but marked by ease and confidence;
he has the personal magnetism that wins
and holds friends without seeming effort,
and the straightforward manner in which he
looks at you when he is talking to yon
shows that his nature is a frank and open
Harrity OnceTaught Latin.
Chairman Harrity's- career has been in
many respects a remarkable one. He was
born in Wilmington, Del., and received his
education there and Philadelphia, whence
his parents moved while he was yet in his
Chairman William K Harrity.
teens. He was graduated at La Salle col
lege in 1870, with first honors, and later
taught Latin there for a year. But the
bent of his mind was toward the law and he
finally entered the office of the late Lewis
C Ca;sidy. The latter, who was an astute
politician as well as an able lawyer, taught
his students both politics and law. Harrity
was admitted to the bar in 1873, becoming
an assistant in the office of his preceptor,
and atonce began to take a hand in local
political management. He first carried his
division, and then his ward, and finally in
1832 was made chairman of the Democratie
City Committee in Philadelphia.
He organized the Democratic party In
Philadelphia as it had never been
organized before, and had much to do
with the election of the first Democratic
Governor Pcnnsvlvania had seen in many
vears. This Democratic Governor was
Eobert E. Pattison, who had been Mr. Har
rity's fellow student in the office of Mr.
Cassidy. In 1884 Mr. Harrity was a dele
gate at-large to the Democratic National
Convention, being the yonngest man ever
accorded that honor in Pennsylvania.
Harrity's Record as Postmaster.
Following the election of Mr. Cleveland
he was on the recommendation of Samuel
J. Randall, whose warm friend he was, ap
pointed postmaster of Philadelphia and ac
cepted the office, temporarily abandoning
a law practice which, since he engaged In
business ior himself in 1886, had grown to
handsome proportions. As postmaster Mr.
Harrity showed himself to be a thorough
belie'ver in the doctrine that to the victor
belong the spoils, and when his term of of
fice ended he was the idol of the Pennsyl
vania Democracy. He returned to his law
practice in the spring of 1889, and also be
came the head ot the Philadelphia Trust
Company, but continued to take an active
part in politics.
In the summer of 1890 Mr. Harrity exe
cuted one of those master strokes in politics
which show real genius. He saw that the
only hope of success in the Pennsylvania
State election lay in the nomination of Pat
tison for Governor. His relations with
Pattiton were not of the friendliest nature,
but this did not matter, and without warn
ing or consultation he announced himself as
the leader of the Pattison forces. He per
sonally led the ficrht, and in the State Con
vention held in Scranton won with ease,
though he wa opposed by that veteran and
sagacious politician, William A. Wallace.
Pattison was elected and made Harrity his
Secretary of State.
Pattison 3ilglit Have Beaten Cleveland.
Harrity has been from the first the most
forceful factor in the administration ot bis
chief. The leadership of his party in Penn
sylvania, gained at the Scranton conven
tion, he has also easily retained. Follow
ing the death of William L. Scott he was
chosen the Pennsylvania member of the
Democratic National Committee. At the
Pennsylvania State Convention last spring
be secured the election of a Cleveland dele
gation and the adoption of the unit rule.
His success in this convention showed him
to be the most powerful Democrat in his
M GUoafO & wan, aftei William a
iWW'i IX. N'.Va
' n hi u '.c r. 1 1 v .
l . 'IB
Whitney, the most adroit and forceful of
the Cleveland leaders. That Missouri
dropped Morrison and decided to vole solid
for Cleveland, and that Indiana finally con
cluded to drop Gray and support the ex
President was due in the main to the efforts
oi Harrity. At any time during the con
vention, had he chosen to subordinate his
fidelity to Mr. Cleveland to his personal
ambitions, he could have scored a memora
ble triumph. It was possible for him to
have beaten Cleveland by making Pattison
the rallying dark horse candidate, and re
peatedly the anti-Cleveland men offered
him 300 votes for Pattison to start with, if
Pennsylvania would have put the Gov-
Don M. Dickinson.
ernor in the field, but all of these offers he
steadfastly refused. Mr. Harrity's work at
Chicago marked him as the man best fitted
to manage the Democratic campaign, and
his election to the Chairmanship of the
National Committee followed in due time.
Mr. Harrity is happily married and the
father of four children.
Doesn't Horry but Accomplishes Much.
Chairman Harritv is a goodly man to look
upon and a pleasant man to talk with.
Without ever seeming to be in a hurry, he
is a man of industrious habits and a tireless
worker. When at home in Philadelphia he
works from twelve to fourteen hours a day,
and be follows the same rule here in New
York. He is at his desk at national head
quarters by eight In the morning, eats his
lunch while at work and does not leave un
til dinner time. He desplsos red tape and
useless formalities; those who have business
with him can see him without tiresome
waits, and there is about Democratic head
quarters a general air of freedom from re
straint that is In Itself most pleasing. Chair
man narrity sreets his visitors cordially, In
stantly puts them at their ease
and before the Interview is ended
wins their hearty cood will, ne has
the clft of grasping quickly and clearly the
salient feature of any matter under discus
sion, makes decision promptly yet oau
tlonsly and rarely blunders. He is able to
plan a well at execute bold and daring
measures, detects at a glance any wavering
or weakness In the lines of battle, and Is
seldom If ever caught napping by his ene
mies. He believes in practical politics
there is nothing of the sentimentalist about
htm and he regards discipline and organi
zation as the first essentials of success. The
standard-bearers of tho Democracy bare
shown their great trust In Sir. Harrity and
their confluence In his sazaclty In a striking
manner. He has been invested with more
absolute power than has ever been wielded
by any chairman of a national committee,
and he is leader of his committee In fact as
well as in name. Success in the present
campaign will for that reason mean much
to him In a personal way and defeat will
His Lieutenants in the Fight.
Chairman Harrity is aided in the discharge
of his duties by a secrotary, a treasurer and
a campaign committee of nine. The secre
tary of the committee is S. P. Sheerln, a vet
eran campaigner, who used to bo a succeis
ful editor In Indiana. The treasurer of the
committee is Bobert B. P.ooserelt, who is a
man of wealth and dulture, and belongs to
oueoftheold Knickerbocker families. He
is fond of politics, but fonder still of flshme,
and for many years has been known as the
American Isaac Walton. Mr. Ecosevelt has
an abundance of tact, his good humor is
never falling and as a collector of campaign
funds ho is most successful.
Don M. Dickinson, of Michigan, who was
Postmaster General under Cleveland, Is
Chairman of tho Campaign Committee. He
s on the sunny side of SO, and is famous for
his nflable maimers and his luxuriant side
whiskers. Ho is of an extromely nervous
temperament, but In voice and aotion is de
liberate and sedate. At his suegestion a
branch of the national headquarters has
been opened in Chicago, and the Western
battle is being conducted at close range.
The Ablest of Them All.
Senator Arthur P. Gorman, of Maryland,
Is the third member of tho Campaign Com
mittee. Sanator Gorman Is regarded by
many shrewd observers as the ablest political
strategist the Democratlo party possesses.
He Is now 52 years old, of medinm helcht
and build, strong, clean-shaven face, a Jaw
that indicates both resolution and determi
nation, hair last itrowins cray and keen
blue eyos which look through and through
yon without botraying the thoughts or
emotions of their owner. His habits have
always been abstemious, he has never
known the tasto of intoxicating liquor and
his self-control is perfect. Senator Gormin
loves excitement and the harder the flght
the greater tho-pIeasure which he dorives
from it, but ho is always a man of aotion
rather than of words, and as a political
fljrhter excels in adroitness and finesse. To
him more than to any other man was due
the election'of Cleveland in 1SS4.
In October. 18S3 it is said on excellent au
thority, he was sont for by President Cleve
land, and asked by the latter to come to
Senator Arthur P. Gorman.
New York and again assume personal
charge of the national campafzn. This he
aereed to do, piovlded the President would
remove Pearson from the postmastership of
New Yort; Judd from tho postmastership of
Chicago, and Graves from the position of
chief of the Bureau of Printlnir and Enerav
ingat Washington and appoint tried and
acceptable Demociats in their places.
Cleveland consonted to only one of the con
ditions named, the removal of Judd; Sana
tor Gorman did not come to New York and
Harrison was elected. This vear it is safe
to say that, after William a Whitney, Sena
tor Gorman is tho man whose counsel Chair
man Harrity seeks most frequently and
gives the greatest weight.
Lieutenant Governor William F. Sheehan
Is the repiesentatlve of the New Yort
Democracy or the Campaign Committee.
Sneeban is only 32 years old, but has for
years been active and prominent in politics.
Senator Matt W. Hansom, of North Caro
lina, represents the Southern Democracy
on the Committee. R-insom was a Major Gen
eral In the Confederate army, has been in
the Senate since 1872, and is counted one Of
tho handsomest men in public life. When
In Washington he alwars dresses In the
latest style, bnt when campaigning In North
Carolina affects butternnt snlts and flannel
shirts. It catches the grangers. In lormer
campaigns Henry Watterson has teen a
familiar figure about headquarters, keeping
a close eye on Southern interests, but this
year for some reason he has not been North
ward. BCTU3B. WlLSOS.
8 Jfef J
THE SKILLFUL LIAB
Is the Han Who Receives the Great
est Homage- in Far-Off China.
HOW-THIEVES ARE PDJI3HSD.
Host of the Mongolians Still Insist T2ut
the f arta Is Flat
METHODS OP THE COOLIE PZDDIEE3
Shanghai, Aug. SO. I find utter Igno
rance in the rural districts in China. They
have no newspapers, no postal service and
no books. Their knowledge of geography
ends with the neighborhood in which they
live. Ihey believe the world to be flat.
They cannot understand the motives of the
missionary. A Chinaman came to the liar.
Mr. Wilson at Hanknow and asked yery
"Where yon come from?"
"Prom America," answered the zals
sionary. "Where is AmericaT"
"O, just opposite Chins, ea the ethtr
side of the world."
"Which way yon go?"
"You can go east or west and get there."
"No can do," said the Chinaman. "So
can go in opposite directions and reach
I don't believe SO Chinamen In China,
outside of Fekin diplomatio circles, ever
heard about our new law excluding China
men from America." They don't care any
thing about it. There is no patriotism in
China. If there were an invasion from
Japan. not a Chinaman would move till
someone began to tread down his rice,
laying Is an Accomplishment.
There is no honesty among rural China
men. They all steal anything that they
can carry away without being seen. A
farmer never leaves a plow or a hoe in the
field. It would be stolen. Each man
guards his own property, and it is a cue of
the "survival of the fittest." A Chinese
rural family usually consists of from twenty
to forty people, all related. The family
government is patriarchal. A small iamily
would not dare to live isolated. In the big
cities murder and theft are about the only
crimes punished. Every Chinaman lies,
and the man who is the moat skillful liar is
considered the best man. Punishment for
theft is made by locking a heavy wooden
collar around a man or woman's neck, and
exposing them to the gaze of the people.
It is amusing to buy things in China.
The Coolies in Shanghai constantly sur
round you with baskets of bric-a-brac and
curios. One will hold up a white Kinkiang
bottle vase, twenty inches high, decorated
with dragons and worth about $15 in if ew
York, and say pleadingly:
"What you giyee?"
"2Xo want him. John."
"He velly good lookee, five claws J
(pointing to the five-clawed dragon) vellyj
old curia what you giveer"
"How much want, John?"
"No, too much."
"What you gives?"
"Oh, two dollars."
A Deal of Difference is Prlc.
"Yank I chi! t hopi keel I no can har,Ml
veil the whole crowd ot enno sellers dls-i
dainfullv. When the howling subsides?
John holds up the vase again and says:
"What you giveer
"Nothing. I don't want it Get outf
"What you givee?"
"Oh, a dollar," I say, walking away.
Then there is a hurried consultation,
dozen curio men yelping in discard, when
27K Punithnunt for Stealing.
the man runs alter ui holding out the Tats
as he cries:
"Can havee! Can haveel"
The most provoking thing In China is the
money question. The only coin issued by
the nation is "cash" or brass pieces with
holes in them. It takes ten of them to
make a cent and 1,000 to make a dollar. If
you shonld go shopping with Chinese
money it would take a jinriksha to carry
your parse. There being no silver coin is
sued by the Government, the Mexican
dollar has crowded its way in. This fluc
tuates in value everv dav. To-dar It is
65, to-morrow it may be 63 or 70. Nine out
of every ten of the Mexican dollars havo
been tampered with by either catting or
drilling. Counterfeits are everywhere.
The Stores Stamp the Money.
Each store stamps every dollar it pays
out with a private stamp. If it isn't good
you can take it back. Sometimes the poor
dollar has been stamped so much that it is
unrecognizable as a Mexican coin, but the
store or bank which has put on the last
stamp must redeem it. The counterfeiting
Chinese have mined the Mexican dollar,
the only currency they had. It is a dollar
now without a country behind it; no, not
even a friend. The Chinese have free coin
age. Anyone can make what they call a
tael piece. This is a chunkof silver shaped
like a Chinese woman's little shoe. The
piece is worth about six Mexican dollars,
but it goes up and down with the price of
silver in America.
It is the poor that are losing by this
vitiated money and not the rich. I believe
if I could see an American dollar now with
a nation behind it, always true, always
worth a dollar, that I could press it to my
lips and kiss it. Americans, do keep your
dollar sacredl Keep the nation behind it.
The Energetic Jinriksha Men.
The Chinese jinriksha is just like the
Japanese. Japan stole her religion, art and
literature from China, and China has stolen
the jinriksha, or baby carriage, from Japan.
A horse is a rare animal in Shanghai. Men
haul both people and merchandise.
The jinriksha men are wild with delight
when they can make 40 cents a day drawing
us around Shanghai. They seem to know
intuitively where we want to ride to and
alirays start ofl on a jaunty run. The hard
est thing is to get them to turn around and
return. They know if they get us a good
way from the hotel that they'll have to
bring us back. Yesterday they seemed bent
on running clear through Shanghai into
the open country, and before we knew it we
were riding over broken levees, past grave
mounds and in among the farm houses.
When we would say, "John, go back," th
jinriksha man would look up pleadingly
and reply: "Littee more. No muchee far.
Jes a littee more far." Eli Perkins.
Purses Shaped Idka Hearts.
Heart-shaped purses are b;ing sold.
They are small, made of leather, and the
entire side is covered with a gold monogram.
Attached to the summer girl's chatelaine
is a heart-shaped case of openwork gold.
Into this she slips the bright red purse,
which, it need not be said, Is much hear
ier when she first trips abroad than when
iv 'aBBsyif ifr7'tVtJsitMiliMEMsBBilliiiwfeisflSMaM