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THE PITTSBURG' DISPATCH, WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 28, 1892...-
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PITTSBURG. WEDNESDAY. SEPT. 23, 1833.
JUDGES AND GERRYMANDERS.
Another gerrymander is likely to be
wiped out by the courts. The Wisconsin
decision yesterday, while not final, holds
that the Supreme Court has jurisdiction
and that the demurrer on which the Dem
ocratic cause was based Is unfounded.
It is a legitimate inference from this rul
ing that if the "Wisconsin apportionment
is proved to bo unfair the court will va
In the series of decisions by which the
courts have asserted their right to ratify
the dishonesty of what is known as gerry
mandering, there is an excellent illustra
tion of partisan greed overreaching itself.
The Democrats when they gained the Leg
islature in various States found appor
tionments which they were justly entitled
to correct. But in correcting the unfair
ness of Hepublican apportionments they
went so far beyond the vicious In
struction of their opponents that they
called down the interference of the courts.
If they had made reasonably fair appor
tionments they could have preserved
them. But as they adopted the game of
grabbing everything they could without
regard to fairness they have provoked the
decisions which restore the old districts
and leave the partisan redistrictors much
worse off than if they had taken the honest
Besides this illustration of natural,
justice, there is ground for satisfaction in
the establishment of a judicial check on
gerrymandering. The Dispatch has
often shown that this is vice which is
nearly as bad in one party as in another.
It is the outgrowth of the partisanship on
both sides which puts party Interest above
public duty. With the knowledge that if
their work is not of a character to stand
judicial scrutiny, the future redistrictors
will be obliged either to keep their work
within the bounds of fairness or to be sure
that they have got the judges before they
enact their gerrymanders.
A QUARANTINE OBJECT LESSON.
The last state of things at the New York
quarantine is a strong object lesson in
favor of a uniform quarantine under na
tional control. We say this with a due
recognition of the fact that taking all
things under consideration the quarantine
at New York has registered a practical
success. Up to the present time it has
served the grand object of keeping the
cholera out of the country in epidemic
form. That there have blunders and even
failures In caring for the quarantined peo
ple may fairly be credited to the incom
plete arrangements under which the work
was commenced and the haste with which
the service had to be organized. But with
full praise for the great fact that the quar
antine has arrested the disease at our
gates and nearly stamped it out among
the infected, the necessity for more uni
form arrangements is shown when the
eminent heads of the quarantine service
fall to hurling vituperous language at
This is the last result of that divided
authority which has produced friction
ever since the work has been in operation.
Dr. Hamilton, in charge of the Govern
ment service,having criticised some of the
arrangements under the municipal service,
Dr. Jenkins comes to the front with evi
dences of exacerbated temper. His most
parliamentary expression concerning Dr.
Hamilton's statements is that they are not
true; while the more ample way of reliev
ing the feelings of the municipal Health
Officer is employed in declaring that one
of Dr. Hamilton's assertions is "a lie:"
that another is "another lie," and that he
"should not be so dishonest."
This is to be deplored for a double
reason. In the first place there is the
principle announced by Truthful James,
It Is not proper for a scientific cent
To say his brother Is an ass (or a liar) or
words to that Intent,
Even if the result of "heaving rocks at
him," which was produced in the case
reported by Truthful James, does not fol
low at New Tork, it is plain that the
scientific authorities are transgressing
the proprieties. Moreover the leading
object of discovering and quarantining
the cholera is not to be subserved when
the divided power develops to the extent
of unparliamentary expressions in the
We think that one result of the cholera
campaign will be the establishment of a
uniform and well-equipped quarantine
service backed by the national authority
at every frontier.
WEAVER AND THE DEMOCRATS.
The experience of General Weaver In
Georgia is a proof that the old idea of
suppressing free political discussion by
mob law is still nfe there. The spectacle
of a political candidate silenced by the
disorder of gangs is heightened by the
fact that women at his meetings were
made the targets for missiles. General
Weaver has been driven- to leave Georgia,
and thus presents a' practical evidence
that the Solid South rests on -the suppres
sion of free speech. " ' '
Two cotemporaries, the Birmingham
Age-Herald and the Washington Pott, pre
rcntaplea in extenuation for this con
duct The Southern paper says that the
Georgians treated" Weaver "precisely as
ti:ey treat their own eminent politicians,"
and that "General "Weaver was not the
first man to smell 'decayed hen fruit in
tins campaign in Georgia. Ho was merely
a victim of one of the customs of the
country." The Washington Pott nmpli-
fies on this text by asserting that the
Georgians "will break a potato on the
Corinthian forehead of Tom Watson I
They are even capable of scrambling
eggs in the ambrosial hair of General
Gordon himself." Supposing it to be so,
it remains the fact that this forcible
method of discussing political Issues
is one of the characteristics of the
Solid South. A political interest which
finds its strength in the solidity fostered
by such methods is tainted as the rot
ten eggs clear up to the summit of the
Yet it is a remarkable example of politi
cal blindness that General Weaver will
continue as a candidate to serve the inter
ests of the party whose strength lies in the
very intolerance -of which' he is a victim.
The utmost expectations of success for
the'PeopIe's party onlycomprise the hope
of throwing the election into the House
and making Democratic supremaoy cer
tain. It might be supposed that General
Weaver after his experience would con
ceive of no more important issue than that
this country shall not be governed by the
suppression of free discussion. Yet up to
this time no intention has developed on
his part of abandoning the position of ten
der to Democratic victory.
Yet such a demonstration of the Demo
cratic spirit in the South can hardly fall
to have some effect on his followers. It is
hardly possible that the ex-Republican
members of the People's party can now be
deluded into voting for Democratic su
premacy by a roundabout course.
SENATOR HILL'S STRANGE LOGIC.
Senator Hill is getting mo3t mysteri
ously mixed upon the tariff. In his sec
ond speech the one at Buffalo Saturday
night ho said explicitly that a tax on im
ports was "the best and easiest method of
raising the needed revenue for the support
of the Government" He administered a
rebuke to the "extreme men now osten
sibly serving with the Democratic party,
who are opposed to all tariff taxation,"
and remarked as his conclusive judgment:
"There can be no reasonable doubt that
tariff taxation will continue to be the
permanent policy of the Government, not
withstanding the opinions of those sin
cere but impracticable theorists who ad
vise its abandonment" This is pretty
tart advice for the free traders; bnt, as
will be seen farther on, the Senator, hav
ing parted company with them, soon gets
Having got so far as this, almost upon
tho exact lines, and In very nearly the
same words as were simultaneously used
by Congressman Dalzell in addressing a
Republican meeting in this city Saturday
night, Mr. Hill comes to tbe turn in the
road. Admitting that tariff duties must
continue to support the Government, Mr.
Hill expressly denies the right to so im
pose them as to foster American indus
tries. This Is a strange conclusion to ar
rive at, and the reason he gives for it is as
equally curious. Hear him: "I am will
ing to concede that the first effect of a
high tariff upon a new industry is to stim
ulate business, but this effect is generally
followed by undue competition occasioned
by the very success incident to the favor
itism shown; then overproduction results;
and in the end stagnation in business, and
reduction of wages, and fall In prices, and
How does this comport with the cry of
the party organs that the tariff keeps up
excessive prices of articles to consumers?
Senator Hill's complaint is that the tariff
soon makes the prices so low as to bank
rupt the American manufacturer! Ac
cording to that view the tariff would be a
good thing for the consumer, but a bad
thing for the manufacturer. Bat will
-Senator Hill explain why, then, American
manufacturers are almost a unit for a pro
tective tariff, If the tariff thus threatens
them with bankruptcy.
Of course the Senator will not explain,
for his statement Is a misleading jumble
of fact and fiction; and he knows that
American manufacturers depend upon
and ask for a protective tariff. He speaks
of the competition at home to which their
success under a protective tariff subjects
them; but they are willing to take the
success and the home competition with it
As Senator Hill must know, It is the com
petition from abroad which they fear the
competition of the products of labor fifty
per cent cheaper than prevails in the
The logical outcome of Senator Hill's
remarks Is that It would be better if
American Industries were not started, or
had no temporary success, than that they
should increase and multiply at the risk
of brisk competition at home. He would
subject them, however, to the severest
competition from abroad, so that they
should never grow too healthy or too pros
perous, should not expand, nor yet com
mit the bankrupting folly of making
prices too low to the consumer.
In contrast with this is the protectionist
policy of so distributing the tariff duties
which Senator Hill admits must be
imposed as to encourage Ameri
can manufactures. The protection
policy Is to put a tariff on such
foreign articles as can be produced
at home in quantities and equal to the de
mands of our people thus encouraging
their production at home, and thereby
giving remunerative employment to ski lied
labor in a thousand forms; and, at the
same time, to admit free those articles
which cannot be produced in America,
Mr. Hill's plan is either to impose the
tariff at nap-hazard or to studiously avoid
any placing of it which should foster
American industry, lest the fostering of
tbe same might lead to multiplication of
such industries, and business might be
come too brisk and prosperous.
This Is an astounding position for a
Senator and a statesman to drift into. As
Senator Hill, equally with Mr. Dalzell,
admits that the $363,000,000 per year
needful for the Government must be
raised by tariff duties, the question for the
people who, under eitherregime, willhave
to pay this $363,000,000 is whether they
want it so levied as to foster and multiply
our Industries or to shut these industries
down. Is it true, for Instance, that we
have too many iron and steel mills and
too many glass manufactories in Western
Pennsylvania and Eastern Ohio and West
Virginia; and would It really be a good
thing, as Senator Hill argues, if half or
three fourths of them had never been
started or were to close to-morrow?
When Senator Hill decided to part com
pany with the free trade wing of the
party there was no legitimate stopping
place for him short of protection. His
position betrays the fatal weakness of his
party in this campaign.
A COMMISSION'S STATUS.
The inquiry -what has become of the
Inter-State Commerce Commission Is pre
sented by the Tonawanda Review with an
Intimation that perhaps Tee Dispatch
can tell. If our esteemed cotemporary
of Northeastern Pennsylvania means by
this to insinuate that The Dispatch has
concealed, kidnaped, abducted or terror
ized tbe Commission we repel the libel
with scorn. But if it means to apply for
information to a paper which has kept
watch on the progress of the Commission I
with sympathy and regret we will gladly
state what we know of that body.
The Commission was last heard of at
Chicago struggling with the task of trying
to make law-breaking railroad officials
produce the evidence of their offenses.
That was not very long ago; and at that
time it presented te case which the
gods are said to view with interest
of good men struggling against ad
verse odds. At present, as the
Eevieio very strongly asserts, the Commis
sion is not giving any very good demon
stration of its right to exist But there
are a" large number of reasons for that,
some of which are not its fault In that
class is the leading one that it Is.matched
against the corporate powers at too great
odds. The offense which the inter-State
commerce law tried to curb having been
Illegal from the first, we had the spectacle
presented of five men set to tho task of
bringing into subjection a class of respec
table law-breakers whose powers may be
expressed in Its capitalization of 510,000,
000,000. It was only a question of time
until those Inveterate offenders should
discover that they could defy the inter
State commerce statute with little more
difficulty than attended the violation of
common or Stato laws before it was
It is true that the Commission has aided
this discovery by the manifestation of
its opinion that it was at liberty to refrain
from enforcing one section of the law and
to construe others out of existence. It
did tbe latter with the famous long-and-short-baul
class for a time, and
it has steadily declined to
take any action against violators
of the section against pooling. With that
predisposition it is not strange that it
should fight shy of the Reading deal,
although in its decision in the Coxe case it
laid bare the 'basis of the extortion on
which the anthracite combination bases Its
existence, and was confronted with a
peculiarly impressive example of the
corporate powers which defy its findings.
But while the Commission may" not have
demonstrated itself very powerfully,
people who are willing to fight for their
rights may get some comfort from tho fact
that the courts are open to them. If rail
road corporations will obey neither the
Commission nor the courts the question is
whether the people cannot adopt more
If the comparative absence of horns and
torches means tbe presence of more thought
than usual In this campaign it will be so
muoh tbe better for Protection.
If they value consistency at all, the
Democrats who voted for tbe tariff and
banking planks adopted at Chicago mast be
sorry tbey tailed to consult tbeir nominee
for the Presidency before deciding the ques
tions. But then consistency is one of those
small matters of detail to which the said
gentlemon disdain to pay attention.
Cleveland evidently found oul what
were not tbe views of the majority of Demo
cratic delegates at Chicago, and forthwith
set forth his discoveries iu a letter.
Venezuelans may cut one another's
throats to their hearts' content, if they be
foolish enough to find pleasure In so dolnir.
But tbey will be made to clearly understand
that disregard for the American flag, or the
rights and safety of American citizens, can
not be displayed with Impunity.
When the city gets fifty new police
officers there should be a diminution in
crime, as there was in mortality after the
recent boom of cleanliness.
A man in Chicago who was supposed to
be suffering from cholera, in spite of his
own emphatic denials, was passed around
in a manner that augurs ill for the Windy
City's safety if a genuine case should bap
pen to reach it
A bainbow-chaser merely speaks of a
State as "doubtful," so that he may at once
contradict himself by a positive assertion
that his party will carry it.
Extermination" of American indus
tries is as impossible as an absolutely literal
free trade. But enormous damage to Ameri
can industries would inevitably follow a tar
iff for revenue only, which is practical free
trade masquerading as tariff ro form.
Georgia and a few of its neighboring
States would be all the belter lor a cam
paign of education in decent manners and
tbe right of free speech.
AmebICAN, British and Russian vessels
are having a lively game of catch as catch
can in tho sealing seas; but tbe payment of
forfeits therein remains to bese:tled at a
later dato, and it threatens to be full of com
plications. Stevenson has no standing room on the
private platform built in bis colleague's
letter of acceptance.
The question whether the workhouse is
a place of detention or a lodging house
which the Inmates are free to leave at their
pleasure again demands an answer.
From now on Cleveland will angle.for
votes with artificial bait.
PEOPLE OF PROMINENCE.
Tux engagement is announced In London
of Lieutenant Jepnson, who was a member
of the last Stanley expedition, to a daugh
ter of Addison Head, of San Franclsoo.
The late Gideon Wells, the cattle king
of Maine, is said to have paid to the farmers
of that State in his long reign of business,
moie than $50,000,000 for live stock, hay and
Dr. Biqubd Ibsen, the son of the famous
Norwegian writer, according to foreign
papers, is soon to be married to the beauti
ful daughterofBloernstJerneBJoernson, the
poet politician of Norway.
General Lots Boqran, ex-President
of Honduras, who Is now In this country on
a pleasure tour, says the recent labor dis
turbances at Homestead and Buffalo were
twice the size of thel average Honduras
Blondin is now 63 years old, but he can
walk a rope as steadily and safely as when
he crossed Niagara in the long, long ago,
when such a deed of daring was the wonder
of the world. Of course he now uses the low
rope for bis performances.
Db. Daniel Denison Blade Is one of
the few surviving eye-witnesses of the first
capital operation under tbe influence of
ether at tho Massachusetts General Hospi
tal November 7, 1816, when the discovery of
Dr. Morton stood the test which revolution
Since the defeat of M. Zola as member
of tbe French Academy, be has assumed a
churlish and hypercritical attitude. He de
clares that the whole French army, from
Napoleon down, in the campaign against
Germany, were wholly incapable no match,
he says, for the Germans.
Although Sir. Eowells has resigned
his position on the Cosmopolitan, be will still
probably have much to do with giving a
distinctive character to that magazine. Ho
Is to take oharge of a department under the
title of "A Traveler from Altruria," begin
ning with the November number.
Mite. Adam, the famous Paris blue
stocking and editor. Is still, at 66, a vory
handsome woman. She is the personifica
tion of business energy. From 9 in the
morning until 9 in the evening she works at
her profession, and from the latter hour
until 8 In tlo morning she gives her time to
So Is Mr. Harrison.
New Tork Eecorder.3
Mr. Gray is deeply Impressed with the idea
tbat Indiana should be represented In the
TALKS ON TIMELY TOPICS.
A Cholera Subjugator.
A clear glass jar, about as big as an apol
linaris siphon and notunlike tbat refreshing
engine in general appearance, attracted the
attention of a visitor in a doctor's operating
room yesterday. The doctor when asked to
explain its use said: 'It Is an old contriv
ance used for the treatment of Internal in
flammation with certain gases, which I
have adopted to a new purpose. In Germany
it has been discovered that tbe Injection of
salt water into the veins of a cholera patient
is unquestionably beneficial, even if it is not
always a sovereign remedy. One of tbe
difficulties besetting hypodermio InJ eo tion in
this case is tbe liability of air.as well as
water to be pumped into the. blood. Tho
presence of any considerable air In the heart
is fatal. Thereforo we must be arte to keep
the air out of the salt water before we can
safely inject it into the patient's system.
This glass Jar Is covered with an air-tight
cap, through which a supply pipe and an
other pipe connected with the hypodermio
needle pass. The salt will be pnt in tbe Jar
and the water will be introduced at the top,
.passing out by a glass tube brought to with
in a half inch of the bottom of the Jar. No
air can possibly enter the latter pipe. I be
lieve the process is simple and sure, and it
cholera comes I shall certainly use this form
of injeotor. The principle or the nse of
salt water in cholera is that it is
the nearest approach to a substitute
yet fouud for the serum which the blood
loses under the attack of the disease. In
unscientific language the salt water keeps
tho blood In a liquid stato and especially
wards off the collapse of the patient which
is the most dread symptom or obolera's ap
Brio's Debt to Commodore Ferry.
Host of Pittsburg's historic names are
commomorated among ber streets, and
strangers often wonder at the frequent re
currence of the title Duquesne, for example,
attached to all sorts of Institutions and en
terprises as well as mere highways. It very
mncb surprised a Fittsburger on the other
band to note when he visited Erie recently
that while tbe hospitable citizens of
that pleasant place freely proffered
all sorts of anecdotes and historical remin
iscences concerning Commodore Ferry, not
a street in tbe town bad been named aftor
the Illustrious sailor who made Erie harbor
glorious, not a statue nor even a tablet or
simple brass in church or publlo square
spoke In his honor. The Fittsburger asked
several Erie people why Perry had not boen
celebrated in stone as well as story udon the
scene of his most important achievement,
next to the battle itself, namely the prepara
tion and building of his little fleet, but no
satisfactory answer coald be evoked. One
grave and reverend seignior opined that
Erie had no call to celebrate Perry bocause
tbe battle in which ho met tho enemy with
suoh gratifying results took place further
up the lake; another deprecatingly urged
tbat such deeds as Perry's needed neither
monument nor nominal remembrance on
street cornqrs, and a third plead that Perry
had a statuo already somewbete else. Nev
ertheless the Fittsburger felt that Ferry's
name at least should live in some visible
sign in Erie, and surely when the whole
continent is going crazy over the worthy
adventurer who discovered America centu
ries ago, it is a good time to urge the pres
ervation of local history of far greater real
value in regard to its Influence upon na
Tbe Tourist Tries the Guide.
The intelligent tourist has a great deal of
fun with the guides and the guidebooks; the
former's pen and tongue are never tired of
telling bow unreliable and perfunctorily
stupid the latter are. What the guides
think of tbe tourists is not so often chron
icled. I wonder what the canny old Scotch
man who was expounding the wonders of
the Lachlne Bapids to a party of Pittsburg
ers tbls summer thought of one of them.
The old guide bad explained tbat while it
was possible for vossels and rafts to go
down the rapids, nothing ev"er tried to come
up, bnt ascended by the canals.
"Do the rafts come back Dy the canals?"
asked a sane and lully developed man.
The guide only looked a reply, and it came
dangerously near prolanlty even then.
Some Results of a Prize Fight.
"The impetus given to amateur athletics
in certain directions by such an event as
the recent Corbett-Sulllvan fight or fiasco,
as you please to icnll It," said a dealer in
goods tbat men of. musole and their imi
tators alone use, "is simply immense. Tho
demand for boxing gloves, Indian clubs,
striking bags and the like has nearly
doubled, I believe, In most places since the
big affair at New Orleans. Ton see
the papers have written so much
about tho thing, people have talked so
muoh, and even sermons on physical culture
and exercise have swelled the tide of feel
ing, that as a result the young men have
taken to fistic training with greater zest
than ever. Nor are tho only enthusiasts of the
amateur ring all youngsters; two customers
or mine, whose taste for boxing dates back
to the New Orleans encounter, are fathers
of families, and they say tbat tbey want to
set tbelr boys a good example. It may be
come a parental rule to bring up a son by
knocking him down with the gloves."
A New Use for Mourning.
A small Pittsburg girl celebrated her stay
with an aunt at Oil GUy a few weeks ago in
a unique fashion. The annt is a belle of
great popularity, and ber little niece noted
with evor Increasing disgust tbat tbe callers
were many in nuulber. How to cut down
this visiting list seetns to have been the
problom which fascinated tbe infantine
brain. The solution she bit upon was radi
cal. The child had observed during ber walks
abroad upon a door-bell handle at a certain
house, the sadly significant white streamers
that announce a babe's docense,
and had gathered that emblem of
mourning acted as a bar to visitors.
This gave her an idea. She purloined a com
mon white roller towel and carefully drarjod
Jt over the bell-pull. Questioned at once as
to ner motive, the tot replied tnat she had
nopea tnat ner aunt's irienuswonm suppose
that she, the-oinnt, was dead aud would
therefore suspend their visits. H. J.
NEW Y0BX GOES FOB THE EEADIHG.
The Senate Committee Lays tho Case Before
the Attorney General of the State.
New York, Sept. 27. The State Senate
Committee, instructed to investigate what
is known as the Beading Coal Combine, met
to-day. Only two members were present.
The session was spent In listening to the
recommendations of tbe counsel to the com
mittee. The testimony showed that the
Philadelphia and Beading Company and
four other companies controlled the whole
of the output of anthracite coal and had
raised its price without regard to the cost of
production. In Now Tork State this was
done through railroads operated under
oharters granted by the State.
It is against the laws ol the State for any
stook corporation to combine with another
stook corporation to prevent competition in
the production and s.ile ot the necessaries
or life. It la against the laws of this State
for the railroads referred to to oomblne to
contiol the prloe of coal. There are two
remedies: One is to dissolve the companies
that have so leased their roads, the other to
annul the leases. The committee resolved
to adopt tbe recommendations of its coun
sel as its opinion, to refer it to the Attorney
General and ask him to take such legal steps
as he may deem advisable.
POSTER WILL GO PISHING.
He Had No Idea of Speaking From the
New Tork Sub-Treasury Steps.
Washington, Sept. 27. Special. Secre
tary of the Treasury Foster has no idea of
following the precedent of making a polit
ical speech from the steps of the New Tork
Sub-Treasury building. Ho said to-day that
he did not know that ho was booked for a
speech in New Tork City.
He is preparing for a short fishing excur
sion to tne trout streams in the Ad iron -daoks.
however, and while In tbat vicinity
he may deliver one or two political speeches.
He has accepted invitations to deliver a
series of campaign speeches in Ohio daring
tbe month of October, and that is as far as
his programme for the coming contest ex
tends. The Infiuenco Clnb Indorsed.
New Tork, fcept. 27. Mrs. Mary Frost
Ormsby called upon Campaign Chairman
Don M. Dickinson at National Democratic
headquarters to-day and secured an indorse
ment for tbe club of which she is President,
whloh was organized unuer tne name or
Frances Cleveland Influence Club. It is
now to be known as tbo -Democratic Influ
ence Club. ,
GBEAT MAP 0? THE WORLD.
A. Geographical Scheme In Which All
Leading Nations Are to Take Part.
New Tork Bun. J ,
At tbe Geographical Congress in Berne a
year ago Prof. Penck proposed the publica
tion of a map of the entire world on a
uniform scale of 1 in 1,000,000, or about 18
statute miles to the inoh, the various nations
to take part in tbe production of tbe map.
The proposition was favorably entertained,
and a committee was appointed to take
steps for its realization. The raographers
of various nations, on tbe whdTe, have re
ceived the idea with favor, and there seems
to be no doubt that the map will be pro
duced. Each sheet of the map up to 60 N. lat.
will ombrace 6 In each direotlon. The more
northern sheets will embrace 10 of longi
tude. Tbe representation of the whole
earth, including tho sea, will require 933 of
these sheets, while the land alone may be
shown on 769 sheets. It Is proposed to give
great attention to physical and political
features. Br. Ravenstein, tbe English map
maker, says tbe rivers will be in blue and
the hills In brown. Contour lines will be
drawn at elevations of 100,300, 800 and 1,200
meters, and the areas inclosed by them are
to be tinted.
It is expected that sheets which deal with
countries already topographically surveyed
will be engraved on copper. Tne remaining
sheets will probably be lithographed. Tbe
Greenwich meridian will be accepted for
the entire map, and all altitudes are to be
marked In meters. The official spoiling of
all oountrles using tbe Latin alphabet is to
be retained. Other alphabets aro to bo
transliterated in accordance with a system
to be agreed upon, while names in unwritten
languages will be spelled phonetically. It Is
estimated that the cost of an edition of 1,000
copies of this mnp, showing only tbe land
surface, will be $937,190, andas the sale of the
first edition at 2 shillings a sheet would pro
duce only $173,595, the deficit would have to
bo made up by tho Governments concerned
or by liberal private patrons.
Prof. Ravenstein says he sees nothing
Utopian in the scheme. Difficulties may
arise as to tho spelling of the names and tbe
Introduction of the meter, but the essential
thing, to his mind, is the production of a
map on a uniform scale.
F0TJHD IB THE P0BEST.
Little Alice Czcja Turns Up Alive Just as
the Search Was Abandoned.
Hazletox, Sept. 27. Specia. After all
bopos or finding Alice Czoja alive were
lven up, and the search for her body in tho
mountains was about abandoned, she turns
up unexpectedly alive and well. Shortly
after midnight, whon an Hungarian miner
was returning home after a long tramp
through tho mountains, he was startled by a
faint cry on tho edge of the woods near
Ebervale. After listening a short time he
was snre he heard a child sobbing, and
darted off in that direotlon.
Tbe noise he mado seemed to have frisht
ened the child, as no more sobbing was
beard, and the man was about leaving the
BDOt when he espied almost beneath bis feet
the childish form huddled closely under a
log. He picked her up in his arms and
started off on a run for the Czoja house,
miles away. Tbe mother on beholding her
lost darling was so overjoyed, she swooned
and had to be carried to her room. Tho Joy
ous news was quickly spread throughout the
village and a general Jubilee was held. To
day the Hungarian miners, with whom
Alice bad always been a favorite, took time
to leave their work and join In the celebra
tion of tbe recovery of their little pet. The
little one is well and happy and none tbe
worse after her five davs' 8io.ro lb the
CHANGES HIS OPINION.
A Georgia Editor Who Now Believes That
Cleveland Will Get tho Vote.
CniCAQO, Sept. 27. "Although I was a Hill
man at the Chicago Convention I now be
lieve that Cleveland will get a much larger
vote than Hill, were ho tbo nominee," said
Evan Howell, editor and proprietor of the
Atlanta, Ga., Constitution to-day.
"Cleveland made no promisos to Hill.
That I know positlvely.becanso I have been
among tbe very men to whom Mr. Cleve
land Is alleged to have made promises and
they tell mo be made no promises of any
kind. But Mr. Cleveland will have to recog
nize the Democratic organizations in New
Tork State. Otherwise tne Democrats in
tbo Senate, including Hill and Gorman
oould make it very interesting for some of
his appointees by holding up confirmations
and embarrassing him in many ways. But
I guess Mr. Cleveland has oliangod some
what in his views on this subject."
MISS VEEH0EFF STILL ANXIOUS.
She Hopes to Find Traces of Her Brother's
' Whereabouts in His Trunks.
Wilmisotox, Del., Sept. 27. Miss Mattie
Verhoeff, the sister or John M. Verhoeff,
who is supposed to have been lost in tbe
Arctic regions, was a disappointed woman to
night. She is still nt the home of her undo,
tho Rev. A. N. Kelgwlu, of this city. Miss
Verhoeff folly cxpeoted the arrival of tho
trunks and papers of her lost brother to
nlsht, but contrary to expectations they are
still detained in Philadelphia, and will not
reach this city before to-morrow afternoon.
Tbe effects of young Verhoeff were taken
from the Kite upon the arrival of the vessel
In Philadelphia, and at onee taken in oharge
by tbe Custom House officials. They have
been dilatory In the work of transferring
them and the result is a disappointment to
Miss Verhoeff, who hoped to find in them
some tidings that may lead to the where
abouts of her missing brother, if he be still
A Baltimore Belle Who Says She Was
Married Against Her W1U.
Baltimobe, Sept. 27. cTjecfal. Druollla
Wolff asked for an annulment of her mar
riage with George Flack to-day, on tbe
ground that the latter had inveigled her by
nslng hypnotism. For a period of about
six months before the ceremony, says the
bill, Flack had acquired absolute control
and authority over her, so that when in bis
society she bad no Independent thought
and no power of resistance.
It is claimed that on August 23, when away
from her father's house taking a walk with
Flack, she was led by him to the minister's
house and there made to undergo the mar
riage ceremony. She then returned to her
parents' home, where she has ever since
BBTD'B NIECE MAEBIED.
She Becomes the Wife of Judge Ralph
New Tork, Sept. 27. Ophlr Farm mansion,
the country residence of Whitolaw Bold,
was the scene this noon of an Interesting
wedding, the contracting parties being Miss
Ella Spencer Held, niece of Whitolaw Beid,
and Judge P.alph Chandler Harrison. The
Driae is years or age, wnue tue groom is
The bride lately returned from a pro
tracted visit to the Paclfle coast, where she
met Judge Harrison, Her engagement was
kept secret until Mr.-Roid's recent visit to
his mother at Cedarville. Mr. Beid's nleee
has been a member or his household fonrsov
eral years. The bride is the only surviving
daughter of Whltolnw Beid's only brother,
the late Jarvls McMillan Held.
THE BEADING &TJED IN CHICAGO.
Prairie City Consumers Squeezed Five
Times, and About to Be Mulcted Again.
Cuioaoo, Sept. 27. The Inter O:eon turned
over to State's Attorney Longeneckor a
mass of evidence collected by it in reference
to the Beading Coal Trust, and late this
afternoon that officer bronght a suit in
Chancery Court to enjoin the Philadelphia
and Beading Coal and Iron Company from
doing business In Cook county.
The petition charges that tbo combination
is unlawful conspiracy in restraint of trade:
that it has already advanced the price of
coal five times in Cook county, and that a
meeting is to be held In New Tork. Thurs
day, at which the price is again to be ad
vanced, the effect or which will be to injure
tbe people of Cook county $100,000.
A Condition and Hard Facts.
It isn't a theory that confronts yon this
year oither, Mr. Cleveland. It Is "statistics
and prices current."
DEATHS liEliiUNI) ELSEWHERE.
Major E. H. Evans, an old settler, died at bis
home at Garden City, Minn., of heart disease Mon
day. Ho was born In Ncit Hampshire 70 years
ago, going to Garden City In lSSD. On the out
break of tne Sioux war be was appointed Major of
Volunteers, and had charge of affairs on tbe
frontier. He weuthouth ind brought a Back of
poiooanounas to track lueiuni&m,
George FttANKLl.v Comstocx. ex-Chief Judge
(of the Court of Appeals, died yesterday morning at
Syracuse, N, T after a lingering lllneii, aged 81.
HYMEN'S BUSY SEASON.
Summer Girls Losing; Their Identity In
Autumn Winds Southslde Ladles
Working for Their Hospital Pitts
burgers Visit Mansfield to Attend a
Wedding Society Gossip.
A pretty home wedding last evening
was that of Miss Nina Bell Lowe and. Mr."
William TV. Moorhead, at the residence of
tho bride's parents, Hamilton avenue, East
End. The ceremony was performed by Bev.
F. 8. Crawford, pastor of the Homewood
Avenue Presbyterian Church, and was wit
nessed by a large number of friends and
relatives of the couple. Miss Anna Oehmler
was bridemald and Mr. J. F. Palmer the
groomsman. The bride wore a tan-colored
A nttmbeb of Fittsburgers went to Mans
field yesterday to witness tbe nuptials of
Miss Violet Bedell to Mr. William L. Monro.
The ceremony took place In tbe First Presby
terian Church, Mansfield, the pastor, Bev. J.
MDuff, officiating, assisted by Bev. G. T.
Reynolds. Tbe bride's gown was of white
satin, trimmed with ducbesse lace, while a
white veil held In place by orange blossoms
enveloped her like a cloud. She wore a dia
mond pendant, a girt from the groom, and
carried white rosebuds. The maid of honor
was the bride's sister, Miss Idyllne Bedell,
who wore an embroidered lavender crepe de
chine and a lavender veil. The bridesmaids
were Miss Bessie Prestley and Miss Nan
Armstrong, in lavender, and Miss Violet
Stevenson and Miss Bessio Nelper, in white.
The brldematds' bouquets were or white
carnations. The groomsman was Mr. John
McKibben, and the ushers were Dr. T. S.
Anderson and Messrs. George Monro, Will
Lemon. Theodore W. Siemon, Edward Valll
and John Brown, all of whom wore white
rosebnds in their buttonholes. After tbe
ceremony the couple left for tho East. Upon
tbelr return they will reside in Pittsburg.
Mr. Sam Brown, of this city presided at the
organ, and rendered tho "Wedding March"
in good style.
A quiet wedding last night was that of
Miss Jennie Wailos Dickson and Mr. William
J. Beno, at the resldpnco of the bride's
father, Mr. John tf. McElroy, Walnut street,
East End. The house was decorated with
palms and cut flowers, and the bride wore a
bandsomo town of white. Bev. George
Hodges performed the Impressive ceremony,
according to the rites of tho Episcopal
church. Mr. and Mrs. Bono have cone to
Mlnueapolls,where tbe groom Is In business.
The bride is a niece of Mrs. C I. Wade, and
a Bister of the artist. Miss Nona Dickson.
The china wedding of Sir. and Mrs.
William Culp, of Wllklnsbnrrf, was cele
brated last Saturday at their pretty home.
The occasion was an enjoyable one, and the
couple were the recipients of many con
gratulations as well as handsome presents.
There were some 60 guests, among whom
were the following: Dr. J. L. Srodes and
wife, Mr. a D. Collins and wife. Mr. C. P.
Linhartand wire, Mr. Charles Culpandwlfe,
Mr. Charles Hutchison and wire, Mr. John
Gulp and wife, Mr. James Culp and wife, Mr.
A. M. Vantine and wire, Mr. John Blair and
wire, Mr. Max Zange and wife, Mr. Hugh
Hawe and wire, Mrs. Sarah Culp, Mrs. Amos
Stiff, Mrs. S. Smythe, Mrs. S. J. Datchelor,
M1S3 Xtzzle Sawert, Miss Clara Chester,
Miss Emma Chester, Miss Olive Devore, Miss
Grnce Hansen, Miss Emma Johnson, Mr. E.
L. Devore, Mr. Jan. Hood. Mr. William Will
lams. Mr. Ed Batohelor, Mr. Charles Haslett,
Mr. Bert Haslett, Mr. Bobert Stiff, Mr. Boss
Sherman, Mr. Jas. Murrv, Mr. Charles
Carothers, Mr. 6am BurroWB, Mr. William
The Ladies' Aid Society of the South
side Hospital held Its regular meeting yes
terday afternoon in the Gnild house. The
different committees in charge of the work
for the fair to bo given tbe 7th or November
in the Auditorium reported progress. Tbe
ladles are all very much interested in tbelr
various departments, .and they expect to
clear more money this year than they did
The Toung People's Society of Christian
Endeavor of Sbadyside Presbyterian Church
gave an interesting programme of mnslcand
literature last evening in the church par
lors. Bev. Richard Homes Is President of
tbe society, whloh embraces some of tho
brightest young people in the congregation.
Reliable Council No. 29, Daughters of
Liberty, will celebrate its third anniversary
this evening at Cyclorama Parlors, Al
legheny. The Committee of Arrangements
Is as follows: F. F. Cahlll, W. S. JSvans. J. H.
Miller, Mrs. Nettle Currants, Mrs. MaudEr
ratli and Miss Jennie Martin.
A fashionable wedding at Philadelphia
this evening will be tbat of Miss Elsie Van
Uanton and Mr. Samuel Asbton Bell.- It will
take place at the Second Presbyterian
Church, Germantown. Among" the Pitts
burg people who will be present are Mrs.
Supplee and Mrs. D. M. Watr.
A hoke wedding in Wilktnsburgthls even
ing will be that of Miss Mattie Hunter, of
that borough, and Mr. C Knox, of Alle
gheny, Bev. S. II. Moore.of the Presbyterian
Church, will officiate.
Mrs. N. E. Blaiis and Miss Blair, of Sewick
ley, bate cards out for a reception to be
given at thetPark Place Hotel next Monday.
It Is to bo given for Mr. and Mrs. Ned Arter
Flood, of Meadvllle.
Mr. and Mrs. D. C. Rankin, with their son
and daughter. Mr. George W. and Miss Bes
sie, or Larayette, ind., are visiting at tbe
home or Mr. and Mrs. George W. Rankin, of
Tbe Hand-ln-Hand Juvenile Temple, L O.
G. T., will give an entertainment and basket
social next Monday eventn: at 926 Fifth
avenue. Miss Lula Bell is seoretary ot the
Mr. and Mrs. George T. Price, nee Banker,
have returned Irora tbelr honeymoon trio.
and will receive their friends after October
at their new home. Park stroet, East End.
October 8 Is the date set for the marriage
of Miss Noble, daughter of Mrs. Alice Noble,
to Mr. Edward Beliour, son of the Bev. Bel
four. A tea party Is to be given Tuesday, Octo
ber 11, by the ladles of tho congregation of
St. James' B. C. Church, Wllklnsburg.
Mr. and Mrs. Charles L. Nettino are
home from their woddlng journey, which
Included a long sojourn In Scotland.
To-dat Mrj. G. H. Taylor opens a class In
literary cultnre at the Duquesne College.
The Pittsburg Art Sohool will reopen for
the season Saturday, October L
Mrs. J. G. Gash, of 008 Penn avenue, left
for New Tork yesterday.
POPDliAE WITH POLITICIANS.
With his friends he was always genial,
bright, witty, making his companionship
most enjoyable. In politics he was a Repub
lican and a very aotlve one. Elmira Adver
tiser. General Husted was a bard fighter and a
hot partisan, but be was thoroughly re
spected by bis political adversaries, and to
day Democrats and Bepublloans alike mourn
his loss. New York Sun.
Is the death of Gonoral James W. Husted
tho Stato loses a worthy citizen, a brilliant
legislator and an upright man, while tho Re
publican party Is deprived of One of Its most
earnest, ardent and loyal supporters. A'no
He was Industrious and faithful In tho dis
charge of offlolal duty, alert and dexterous
In tbe employment of parliamentary taotlcs
for legislative or party purposes, and Irre
pressible In effort to attain any end he set
out to reach. Rochester Unton.
With a Gallic-like temperament voluble,
volatile, serio-comic James W. Husted yet
was peculiarly an American product. As a
rough-and-ready parliamentarian he bad no
equal in America. He will be missed at con
ventions and in the Legislature Buffalo Et
There is no man living in the State of New
Tork to-day who could fill the place made
vacant when General James William Hus
ted died. Ho had held a peoullar position
for more than twenty years, and one for
which he scorned to be well adapted. ,
New Tors: loses a great man in the death
of James W. Husted. A Republican dear to
the hearts of all, bis infiuenco was far
reaching and marked for good. Serving
over twenty years in theLeglslature, he was
known as the very embodiment of honesty.
His bands were clean. Harrttburg Telfgraph.
The death of General James W? Husted,
of New Tork, removes a notablomin from
the political field. General Husted served
many times as Speaker of tho State Leriskt
ture, and was inoro familiar with legislation
at Albany than any man in the State. His
death will bn mourned by a wide circle of
frionds. PhUadelDhta Prets.
Mast Be Strong Enough, to Stand On.
Platforms are no longerseducttva beds for
the people r to sleep on. They must mean
something hotter than feather.
Germany has a 4,000-ton forging press,
The first armor used was of skfas and
Weaving was practiced In Chin u
early as B. C. 2000.
Half of 400 street railroads In the
United States are now operated by means of
The armor of the fourteenth century
was so heavy that a fallen knight could not
rise without assistance.
The railway companies of the United
Kingdom pay J,600 a day as a compensation
lor injuries done to passengers.
A Paris physician Is authority for the
ata0Tnnfr tnt. ir TiAnnlH nrn annually pre
pared for burial In France while stui alive.
Neatly worked darns and patches have
been discovered in the clotbes used in
swathing some of the Egyptian mummies.
According to French divorce statistics
the most unhappy period of matrimony is
tbat extending from the fifth to the tenth
The bees go to distances of from two to
four miles in search of honey In good weath
er and fly at the rate of "seven miles an
Somebody has said that If Pasteur were
paid a royalty on all tbe money he has saved
to tbe commercial world, he would be tbe
richest man on earth.
"Women drummers have appeared in
Europe, and, while not very numerous,
those that are known are conspicuous for
their ability and success.
The Soman swords, before Canns, B.GL
210, were pointless and snarp on only one
sides after Cannro, the sborT Spanish sword,
for cutting and thrusting, was adopted.
Seats will be provided at the "World's
Fair dedicatory ceremonies in Ootober for
1,503 newspaper correspondents, it bavin:;
been estimated tbat about that number will
In Burmah women choose their hus
bands ana divorce them at their own pleas
ure. They retain their own property and
are given rights not accorded to tbelr sis
The Eussians have become so alive to
tho value of women pnyslans tbat tbe Im
perial Government has granted $200,000 for a
medical school lor women, to be established
at St. Petersburg. Tbe site has been given
by the city.
In the last 'year the American Bible So
ciety printed and issued from tbe Bible
house 913,073 copies of tbe Bible, which is
more than two books for every minute of
the 313 working days of the year.
During one week this month 313 car
loads containing 3,816 tons of green fruit
were shipped Ean from California. So far
this season 6,600,000 more pounds of fruit
bave been shipped than last year.
The Government is getting a search
light built at Mlddletown, Conn., to be
placed in tbe statue ox Liberty in New Tork,
which will be the largest In the world. Is
will be S0,000 candle power and be visible for
The large, richly furnished salon in
Richard Wagner's home at Bayreuth Is now
kept close like a tomb by his widow. It was
In this salon that the mnslolans of the Mein
ingen Orohostra nsea to play Wagner's com
position, himself directing.
Up to 1880 the shad was unknown in
California waters. Toung shad were sent
there that year and planted in the Sacra
mento river. Shad is now so plentiful In
California that it sells In San Francisco by
wholesale at 2 cents a pound.
In the late English county elections
there were 1.561 Illiterates out of 96,599 votes
polled; in English boroughs, 435 out of 42,
129: In Scottish county elections, 11 out of
2,3(2; In Scottish burghs, 53 out or 11,122, and
in Irish elections, 2,132 out or 22,013.
The balance sheet of the French tele
phones for 1891 shows gross receipts amount
ing to .223,000, the length of line at the end
of that year oelnsr nenrlv 1 200 miles and the
number of subscribers 13,191, to which total
Paris contributes no less than 9,963.
One of the most significant curios in
Now Tork is a copper globe in the Lenox
Library. It is only 4 inches in diameter,
but it is believed to be the earliest clone to
lay down the new discoveries by Columbus.
It dates back to the first decade ol" tbe six
Glass, as iar as research has been able
to determine, was in use 2,00 years befort
tbe birth of Christ, and was oven then not in
its Infancr. In the collection at the British
Museum there is tho head of a Hon molded
in glass, bearing the Lame of an ancient
Qneen Elizabeth's breakfast usually
consisted of fine wbeaten loaves and cakes,
ale, beer and wlno, pottage made with mut
ton or beef, chines of beef (probably cold),
rabbits and butter. In one ot her progresses
through the country, throo oxen and 140
geese were furnished lor tbe Sunday morn
ing's breakfast lor tbe maiden monarch and
her brilliant retinue.
When Abraham Lincoln was elected
President of the TJnitod States, in 1S60, he
received 1,865,913 votesln the 32 States whloh '
then constituted the Union. In the Prcsl
dental election or 18S8 tho total vote of Now
Tork State was 1,S20,109. New Tork's total
this year will not be very far from the entire
vote cast for Mr. Lincoln in the whole
United States 32 years ao.
According to a recent census, Chris
tianity Is the third creed" in India in point
of numbers. Dr. George F. Pentecost, who
has been engazed in missionary work In
that country, gives a hopeful aoconnt of the
steady growth of Christianity In India. He
reports a Brahmin as saying tbat Christian
ity Is not so much converting individual
Hindoos, as Christianizing Hinduism.
Interesting orthographic oddities now
and then meet the eye upon the outskirts of
Now Tork. "Fryed" chicken is advertised
in staring black letters at a "basket" picnio
grounds on the heights above Fort Lee. A
resort near FortGeorge announces "gennlne
Bhodo Inland clambako tor parties made
here to order." On a thrbt closed shanty
hard by some one has painted in letters that
betray an unskilled band, "Danger powder
The methods of lumbering have so
greatly changed in Maine In recent years
tbat there Is scaroely an idle interval now
between the driving time when logs are
floated down to the sawmills, at tbe end of
the season, and tbe chopping time, at the
beginning of the next season. Men now go
Into tbe woods in August, and this year
crews of choppers bad left Bangor for the
camps before the last log drives arrived at
tbe old town.
SPICT SEPTEMBEB SPKTNKLE.
Miss Maudie (to instructor In languages)
Professor, with our knowledge of French do you
tnlnk sitter and I could safely venture upon a trio
Instructor With perfect safety, my dear young
ladv. Ton and Miss Mabel coald fro anywhere la
France and speak your minds In entire freedom la
French without giving the sllghtestoffense. CAJ
He had but little mind, they said.
And they called him simple John;
He took a wife and tnat little fled!
His piece of mind was gone.
fine Tork Preu.
Mother What is Jennie yelling about?
Father-She Is In ber room all alone with t
Mother-Mercy on us! She was In the parlor aU
alone with a yonng man but night and I ne?er
heard ber (ay a word. Spare Moment,
A DROP OT ADVICE.
The constant drop of water
Wears away the hardest stone.
The constant drop of liquor
Wears away tne moral tone
Of mankind, and you'd better
Let the wretched stuff alone.
Detroit Free Prat.
Banknote Are yon aware, young man,
that tbe girl you are asking me to let yon hSTe will
be very wealthy? How dare yon at k for her hand!
SUmparse I know the will be wealthy, sir, bat
you must admit It will be through no fault of mine.
Chicago i'etat Record.
I cannot blame yon If you torn
Tour nose up at tbe cold dish.
And feel your feline bosom yearn
To catch a little goldflih.
Sea lore Evening Sax
Jack I don't think Mabelle cares for m
Ned-Why, didn't she take too trouble to walk
all the way to the station with you when you bad
to leave the mountains? ; ?
Jack Tea, but she wore hex bag rtU.Soa"
Wii Journal, i