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THE PITTSBURG . DISPATCH, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 14, ' lW
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PITTSBURG. FRIDAY. OCT. 14, 1892.
THE CAMPAIGN TO DATE.
The campaign is now far advanced: and
it is within truth to say that in no Presi
dental contest in the memory of the pres
ent generation have the political managers
upon both sides possessed, ata correspond
ing date, less positive knowledge to base
predictions upon. The Kepublicans rely
on the strong sense of the country in
favor of a sound and tried business policy.
This undci current is always powerful. It
is often much stronger than there are sur
face indications to show. To manufact
urers, merchants and skilled workingmen
the maintenance of conditions favorable to
our various Industries is a very vital mat
ter; and they will be little likely to favor
changes under the influence of "hurrah"
oratory. Unless convinced that there is a
prospect of bettering things, they are
usually indisposed to change. If, in all
of the generalized denunciations of pro
tection, these classes have discovered yet
any writer or speaker to tell them def
nitely how, or how much, free trade or
"lariff for revenue only," in place of pro
tection, can help their pockets, we are not
aware of the fact As late as yesterday
3Ir. Cleveland was still talking of the
"iniquities" of the McKinley bill; bat he
has not jet announced the schedule he
proposes to set up to better that Act.
But while in this campaign, more than
ever, the sound and conservative business
sense of the country is invited to range
itself upon the Republican side, it remains
to be seen whether the Kepublicans have
the effective organization for electioneer
ing work which they had in previous can
vasses. The illness of Air. Blaine has been
a serious loss, as bis presence on the stump
would have been of eminent value. The
ability of Quay as an organizer also was a
factor formerly to be taken into account,
no matter whether one chose to estimate
the man from the standpoint of supporter
or foe. The silver dissension in the West
is also of some consequence, though proba
bly the feeling about it has been greatly
exaggerated; and the possible loss of a few
electors in Michigan is another feature
upon the cards. It is encouraging, how
ever, that the Republicans recognize these
points, and the .renewed energy in New
York, and other doubtful States, during
the past few days, is a healthy sign.
Meanwhile, though the more hopeful
Democrats are indulging in an unusually
large stock of rainbow prospects, the real
mathematicians of the party cannot be
m sled by mere dreams, as they were in
lSbS. Thy know that they will have to
carry Xew Fork State if they expect to
win, and there are too many complications
there for Cleveland and Hill to feel sure
about it, even if they were more heartily
united. The seeds of bitter dissension
sown in factional fights among the New
York Democrats have an awkward habit
of flowering effectively in Presidental con
tests. The Tammany "tiger" is not yet
so full j- domesticated in the fold of the na
tional leaders as to warrant much faith un
til the returns are counter!. But even with
a united opposition the Republicans will
have an excellent chance of carrying New
York upon the sound business policy
ihich that party represents.
There has been little work in the can
vass by the rank and file of either party
up to date; but from now on the public
interest and curiosity as to the outcome
will grow tremendously increasing in
direct proportion as uncertainty prevails.
CA31PBELL AS A COMEDIAN.
Ex-Governor J.imes E. Campbell, of
Ohio, best known to fame because of his
defeat by Major McKinlev, yesterday i
opened the Democratic canvass in TYest- I
ern Pennsylvania. ILs tactics were the
same which attracted attention in the
Buckeye State last fall The address at
Erie last night was liberally punctuated
by applause, as it was intended to be. Mr.
Campbell appears to be perfectly satisfied
as long as he amuses the crowds which
gather to meet him, even if he does
not secure their votes. With these results
Republicans certainly have no cause for
The versatile ox-Governor was formerly
a Republican and remained a protection
ist for some time after he joined the De
mocracy in 1872. Mr. Campbell is a law
yer, and sktliiully endeavors to conceal the
weak points of his case by the liberal use
of raillery and wit An even more inter
esting campaign feature than the Mc-Kinley-Campbell
joint debate of last year
would be a discussion between Mr. Camp
bell, the protectionist, and Mr. Campbell,
the free-trader. It would be even more
entertaining than the present perform-'
ances of which the voters of the Erie
Crawford disirict are pleased auditors.
A JTIYE-TO-TWO DECISION.
That the New York Democracy was not
mistaken in its confidence in the Court of
Appeals was demonstrated yesterday.
The gerrymander passed at the recent
special session was declared to be consti
tutional. The Judges were unanimous on
all questions save one, and that the most
important On the alleged inequalities in
the apportionment the Court divided,
five Democratic Judges holding that the
difference in the population of the ques
tionable districts came within the exercise
of legislative discretion, while the two Re
publican jurists argued that' such discre
tion was abused to an extent which
clearly violated the Constitution. The
New York gerrymander was prob
ably no better nor worse than the average
of such enactments, but the fact that the
highest tribunal in New York divided on
partyHneeia an interesting development
in the legal and political conditions prev
alent in, the Empire State. N
Under th is gerrymander the Democrats
expect to again carry the Legisliture this
fall and give Senator Hill a Democratic
colleague in the place of Mr. Hiscock.
The State Senate, which holds over, has
a small Democratic majority, but the Re
publicans are hopeful of overcoming all
these handicaps and retaining one repre
sentative in the Upper House at Washing
The result of tbe investigations made by
the Commission on "Valuation and Taxa
tion appointed by the Pennsylvania Tax
Conference, as published to-day, contains
a mass of figures giving evidence of able
and painstaking labor under the chair
manship of Mr. Joseph D. Weeks, and
provides food for a good deal of thought
and careful consideration. The Commis
sion lays the figures before thfe public
without making any suggestions for a re
vision of taxation to reduce it to a more
equable and rational basis than that in
vogue, and none such can be made off
band. The extreme difficulty experienced in
obtaining information on some of the
most important points under investiga
tion is a strong argument on behalf
of the establishment of the proposed
permanent State Bureau of Statistics.
Such a bureau, under a thorough business
management, and separated from all
political affiliations, would be an ex
tremely useful institution. That the sub
ject of taxation in this State demands
more consideration than it has hitherto re
ceived is evidenced more strongly than
ever by the immense valuet of property
set forth along with the many curious de
tails as to their components by the report
now published. -Such an investigation has
never been made before and its results are
the more interesting and astonishing for
In round numbers the total value of all
property in Pennsylvania is found to be
under a half billion dollars. And the total
taxes paid amounts to 549,383,906. Prop
erty directly exempt from taxation in the
State, without that freed by the failure of
the Legislature to reach it, is valued at
5300,479,621. The assessed value of tax
able property in the State is $2,799,039,542,
or les's than one-third of tbe total actual
One of the remarkable variations found
in the statistics is in the difference of the
values of land and improvements in the
real estate of Allegheny and Philadelphia
counties, where the conditions are suffi
ciently alike to warrant an expectation of
agreement For the whole State the real
estate is valued at 53,608,883,137, divided
nearly equally between land and improve
ments. But in Philadelphia county only
36 per cent of the valuation is due to the
land, while in Allegheny county land
makes 57 per cent of the value.
Remarks and figures on the wealth and
taxation of New York City, as given by
the Sun'm its newly published guide, form
an interesting comparison in connection
with the statistics furnished by the Com
mission. After saying that "the wealth of
New York City is greater than the wealth
of the entire State of Pennsylvania," the
Sun states that "of property subject to
taxation there is over three billion dollars'
worth assessed at 60 per cent of its value,
and the tax rate is about ,one and one
fourth cents on the dollar, making the
annual income of the city from direct
taxation about $36,000,000." From
tills it appears that New York City alone
raises annually 536,000,000 on about three
billion dollars, while the whole of Penn
sylvania raises about 49 million dollars by
taxation on property assessed at rather
less, but worth more than three times as
much. But meanwhile itis not quite clear
upon what basis the Sun assumes that the
wealth of New York City is greater than
that of the whole of Pennsylvania.
BALLOT SHEETS REDUCED.
Now that the State authorities have
been wise enough to reduce the new
ballot sheets to a size of 22x28 inches, the
serious danger of a deadlock has been re
moved. The new dimension is a regular
paper size, and there should be no diffi
culty in obtaining the number of sheets
required. This reduction, ioo, obviates
the main difficulties of the printers, and
avoids the inconvenience) or worse, which
would have attended efforts to get the
ballots of the blanket size lately proposed
into the boxes provided for their recep
tion. All that is necessary now is plenty of
instruction in the proper method of mark
ing the tickets, and with due care in this
direction voters should have little difficulty
in casting their ballots despite the mud
dled inconsistencies displayed in their
NECESSARY PROJECTS FIRST.
The New York Sun discusses at length
the proposition'for an inland coast water
way starting at Boston or New York. It
considers the naval value of such a water
way to be less than its advocates claim for
it, but regards its commercial value as
justification for undertaking the work.
This may be correct, but it reverses the
usual understanding. Commerce under
ordinary conditions has side by side with
the proposed route the unlimited water
way of the ocean; and, while the proposed
system might offer some gains to com
merce in protection from storms, its main
inducement would be the control of a
route by which vessels could be trans
ferred from one point to another without
coming in contaet with a blockading
Nevertheless it is true that this advant
age is somewhat illusory. The route in
cludes three rather large, bodies of water,
Long Island Sound, Delaware and Chesa
peake Bays. These bays are supposed by
the project to be protected by forts where
they open into the ocean. But to suppose
after the achievements of Farragut that
ironclad vessels could not pass any forts
that can be erected at least at the mouths
of the Chesapeake and Long Island
Sound is simple fatuity. When that was
done the inland naval route would be cut
into three comparatively unimportant and
disconnected sections. Butthat is not the
vital objection which exists to this project
The real objection to the present agita
tion of the project is that there are inland
waterways which both for military and
commercial purposes are far more impera
tively needed than the coast, .waterway.
The connection of the rivers with the
lakes and of both with the ocean will sup
ply an immense commerce with routes
where none exist, while the coast project
will only duplicate existing and far more
commodious paths for commerce. The
military need lor the Inland ship canals
does not comprise giving naval vessels
refuge from the enemy, but taking them
where they can defend otherwise defense
less cities and coasts rivaling in import
ance those of the entire Atlantic seaboard.
The coast waterway may be of value for
ultimate completion of an entire system;
but it should be clearly set down as only
to be undertaken when the needs of the
interior are supplied.
The East should b given a rerypoaU
't nilP jfjw ....At cjW)1lsfisi3& T&-itZitewEffliwUiri i r" .ffiiVifr ajfiSssiisilflBs i Ret JMSBflsasBEMBiy
tire intimation that tbe commerce of the
interior requires the first attention. The
policy of Ignoring the important work to
be done between the lakes and rivers, and
proposing large expenditures for much
less necessary projects exclusively to
benefit tbe coasts, may lead to a very em
phatic veto on such schemes by the im
mense majority of the nation lying be
tween the Allegheny and Rocky Mount
ains. There must be a general relief that the
state or affairs at Homestead Is now such as
to warrant the removal of the last of the
troops. May lawlessness never make Its
appearance there again In so alarming and
discreditable a manner, and may onr sold
iers be spared the necessity- of emphasizing
the authority of the State, and be able to
confine themselves to the peaceful routine
of drills, parades' and encampments. The
troops allowed a readiness for prompt ac
tion which was creditable to them, and
every law-abiding citizen must hope and
labor for the absence of necessity for such
demonstrations in the future.
Though there may be some doubt as to
the technical Innocence of the boy tried lor
mur.ler yesterday, his acquittal must meet
with general approval when his extreme
youth and all the circumstances are taken
There is apparently no end to Chicago's
enterprise. Thanks to the munificence of a
wealthy citizen the University there is to
have the largest telescope in the woild.
And it is to offer tempting baits of increased
salary to attract Professor Barnard the dis
cover or Jupiter's fifth satellite from Lick
Observatory to take charge of the instru
Europe is still wrestling with cholera,
and the probability or its visit to this coun
try next spring increases dally. Universal
cleanliness is tbe best or all panaceas, and
the nearer we get to it the better.
Gentlemen intending to tour through
Mississippi will be wise to provide them
selves with ample funds or they are liable
to arrest and hard labor in a chain-gang as
tramps. They appear to have strange ideas
of civilization and humanity down in those
parts which aro not exactly creditable to
their intelligence and sense of Justice.
That decision of the New York Court of
Appeals in the apportionment cases Is just
one more indication that law and politics
are mingled in an unwholesome degree in
the Empire StMO.
While Congregatlonalists in England
are being abused by a representative of
labor for failing to reach his class, members
of the same denomination in this country
are urging the closing of the World's Fair
on Sundays, as asked for Dy the liquor
dealers of Chicago and protested against by
the labor organizations of that city.
Wilkissbuko diplayed its patriotism
with vim yesterday and is one of the
suburbs which Pittsburg may be proud to
absorb Into the greater city somo time in
One of the curious pleas made for the
formation or a Trust in sewer pipes is that
the large dealots cannot successtnlly com
pete with the smaller producers who insist
upon cutting rates. But the promoters of
this latest combination are at least out-,
spoken enough to make no concealment of
their desire to raise prices.
.Pennsylvania, learns that it is a great
deal moie wealthy than it thought it was,
thank- to the search light cast on its aflair-j
by tbe Commission on Taxation and Valua
tion. Reports of ex-President Cleveland's
athletic performance in vaulting over one of
tbe ban iers ereoted for the Columbus parade
in New York may possibly have taken their
rise in his reputation lor mental agility
fonnded on the vigor with which he ran
away from the Chicago platform.
A speech from Blaine would infuse
some old lime personal magnetism into a
campaign whicu refuses to warm up to boil
ing point on a purely educational basis.
Any .religious body which casts asper
sions on tbe public school system and craves
government aid for religious institutions
shows an un-American spirit and an ignor
ance of the Constitution which will alienate
public sympathy and provoke antipathy.
Evert man who observes his surround
ings mast see the benefits of Protection.
And all such should be enthusiastic in
efforts to enlighten the less observant.
True bills were returned against officials
of the Builders' Exchange for conspiracy
yesterday, and the trials will be watched
with close interest as indications or the ex
tent to which boycotts may be Carried, and
the legal limits to tbe practice.
To be a patriotic American it is not abso
lutely necessary to re.ler to Columbus as an
immaculate being free ftom all guile and
possessed of every virtue.
That slaughter of the Daltons near
Coffey villo the other day needs re-enforcing
by other examples of the prompt suppres
sion of lawlessness, as a train robbery has
since been successfully perpetrated in that
TEOPhE OP PROMINENCE.
Thomas Hodokins, of New York, has
given $20,000 to the Royal Institute for Scien
When any foreign visitor is given audi
ence'by the Japaneso Mikado the latter in
sists on being addressed in French, which
The President has appointed Andrew J.
Siblev to be an alternate Commissioner to
the World's Columbian Exposition from the
State of Vermont.
Otto E. Ehlers, the well-known Ger
man explorer of Africa, has gone to China,
and intends to make a lorig tour of investi
gatiou in parts ot that country.
Amelie Rives-Chanler is foud of
equestrian exercise and is quite at her ease
in the saddle. She may be often seon riding
into Richmond from her country home.
The Archbishop of Canterbury will read
no letters on Sunday. For SO years, it is
said. His Grace has refused to allow any
Sunday delivery to be made at his country
The University of Chicago has already
determined to secure Pro.. Barnard, the
alacoverer or tbe fllth satellito of Jupiter,
who is now a subordinate at the Lick Ob
servatory, as the head of the corps of
astronomers attached to the university.
Aselina Patti says that when she has
left off singing she will take to acting.
There is little doubt that the fair songstress
plays comedy almost as well as she sings,
and had she not possessed a voice of unri
valed brilliancy wonld have become known
in theatrical circles.
President Carnot bas bestowed the
Cross oftheJJeglon of Honor on Mr. Henry
Harris, an American, who is at present a
resident of Paris. This distinction was con
ferred on Mr. Harris in recognition of his
high literary qualities, he being the author
of numerous learned and interesting works
on the life, discoveries and times of Colum
bus. Michigan University Raises Prices.
Akn Arbob, MiooN, Oct. 13, The regents of
tbe State University have adopted a sug
gestion made by President Angell, that the
salaries otjirofessors be raised to prevent
other colleges rrom constantly robbing him
iOf his best assistants. The raise is from $300
to $500 annually in each case, in accordance
with tbe lengtu of the term of service.
A Possible Explanation.
Perhaps the chilliness of this campaign Is
due to tbe quantity of oold cash that has
been dropped Into lc
CAMPAIGN NEWS AND COMMENT.
All signs indicate that the Eepublican
leaders are preparing for vigorous work
during tbe closing weeks of tbe national
canvass. The sudden appearance of Mr.
Blaine at the residence or Vice Presidental
candidate Whltelaw Eeid In New York, and
the announcement that Senator Quay will
shortly visit Republican headquarters, may
oe taken as evidence to that effect. Blaine
on the stump and Quay at the council table
were largely the reliance for success in 1883,
and the likelihood that both will actively
participate in the present struggle, even
though at -the eleventh hour, will do much
to enhance general Republican confidence.
There are also features tending to show that
tho rlnal efforts are largely to be concen
trated in the Emplro State, the campaign
managers figuring that New York gained
will mora than compensate for pos
sible losses in the smalt fusion
States or tlie West. There have been
some peculiar moves on the Democratic"
side in the last few days. The indorsement
ofthe Eepublican nomination for Supreme
Judge lnxuros that there will be no contest
on the State ticket, and therefore will make
it very hard to detennin e after the election
whether Mr. Cleveland has been out by the
lollowers or Senator Ilill or not. On the
other hand, Richard Croker, the Tammany
leader, has been placed on the New York
ticket as elector-at-large in place ofa candi
date who has resigned. This looks like an
assurance of good faith upon the part of the
tiger, but the close friends of Mr. Cleveland
are not altogether sure that the action is not
in the nature of a bluff.
Tammany Hall has offered a banner to
the New York City district which polls the
largest precentage of the registered votes
and another to tho district which polls the
largest proportionate Democratic vote.
Hon. L. T. Michener, the personal
friend or the President, is now in Indiana,
wbeie he will remain for a short time and
then proceed to Chicago', Omaha and Den
ver. Mr. Michener is the bearer of messages
from the National Committee, and goes
West to look into tho condition of affairs in
the States that are said to be doubtful. In
Indiana the unknown Quantities in this con
test are at least three, namely, the strength
or the Peoplo's party, the effect of the in
crease In taxation, 'and the movements of
Gtesbam's admirers -and anti-Harrison Re
publicans generally. Both parties are really
afraid ofthe People's party,, and both are
struggling heroically to wean back their
wandering sheep. The Democrats are plac
ing such men as Voorhees, Turpie and Gray
in those sections where Democrats have
strayed into the Peoplo's party, and they
say with good results. The Republicans
aro doing the same, and are equally as con
fident that satisfactory resnlts will follow.
As to the second polnt.the Republicans hope
to make immense gains among Democratic
Tarmers because of the increase in taxes
Drought abont by the law passed
by a Democratic Legislature. They
have pushed this issue in every
hamlet in the State, and observing Demo
crats are afraid that mnnr Democrats will
be influenced to vote the Republican ticket
because of it. The nnti-IIai rison or Gi esham
movement promises something to the Demo
crats, esoeolally in Ft. Wayne and in South
ern Indiana, where Judge Gi esham was
born and where he spent the earlieryears of
his youth and manhood. His admirers may
not vote lor, Cleveland, hut it looks as if
they would either vote tor Woavor or re
frain irom voting altogether. At the head
quarters of both committees victory is
claimed, perhnps a trifle more confidently
at the Democratic. Some Democrats ex
press themselves as confident that Cleve
land will have an overwhelming plurality
in Indiana, republicans claim that tho
State will go their way, hut not largely.
Jerry Simpson has declined all chal
lenges for political Joint debates, in Kansas,
on the ground that lie is sought after by the
opposition as a drawing card.
Eussell A. Alger has not been re
markably conspicuous In politics since the
Minneapolis convention, but is now taking
part in the canvass in the West. He was in
terviewed at Kansas City, Kan., Just before
delivering a Republican address there. "It
is a verv quiet campaign," said he, "but one
that 1 think will win for the Republicans in
the end. People are tired of red fire, and I
am glad or it, but they are thinking a great
deal about tho issues of the campaign, and
protection, I am sure, is much stronger than
it was four years ago. The people are better
educated on tho question than they were
then. The Democrats have had a fair whack
at the McKinley bill." They hay held it up
and turned it around and hit at it with all
kinds of clubs, bnt it has been a success, and
people knowit. In Michigan we have the new
plan of electing one elector from each Con
gressional district. I was afraid that we
would lose three or four electors under this
plan, nut now I do not think we will lose
more than one or two. I would like very
much to see this plan or selecting electors
that the Democrats forced on us in Michi
gan, adopted all over the country, but of
course you could never expect Democrats to
favor it in a Democratic State. I have not
been in Indiana this year, and I can give no
idea of how things are going there. There
is a bitter fight in Illinois, and the Republi
can majority will be larger than usual. The
action or that German newspaper in Mil
waukee in coming back to the Republican
party makes Wisconsin sare."
One of the Iowa Democratic admirers of
Governor Boies rerers to him as a man
"whose face is an affidavit and whose voice
is like the Ten Commandments."
Bishop H. M. Turner, of Atlanta, Ga.,
was asked what .Incentive led so many
colored people to support the Democratic
party in the late election of that State. He
replied that there was no special Incentive
as far as the Democratic party i as con
cerned. A large nnmber of the colored
people did vote for the re-election of Gover
nor Nortnen who had no interest in the
Democratic ticket, and, indeed, many voted
lor him alone. Governor Northeu was tho
first Southern Governor, said the Bishop,
who had openly spoken ont against lynch
ing negroes. This information is calculated
to moderate the transports of those Demo
crats who have been claiming the big
Georgia majority as an especial
vindication of- the free trade plank
of the Chicago platform. The Bishop
concluded his statement thus: "This great
nation is too weak, worthless, or mean to
put down these midnight mobs who break
jails and murder innocent men by hundreds,
and if God has pit It In the heart of one
Christian Democratic Governor to try to
stem the current of blood and slaughter he
shall have my vote." A great many people
throughout the country will rejoice in the
intelligence that the Georgia negroes were
allowed to vote, even if only the ticket of
their traditional enemy, the Democracy.
There is a Republican story current to
the effect that Jamostown.New York, Demo
crats have organized the "Eighth ot Novem
ber Democratic Fishing CIUD." The
members are said to be pledged to spend
election day on an angling expedition.
The feeling ofthe administration at this
Juncture is voiced by Seoretary of Agricul
ture Rusk, who says: "Wisconsin will go
Republican, I think, by one of its old time
majorities. Ono or the best known German
papers in the State, having a circulation or
10,000 is heartily supporting the Republican
National ticket. This is one evidence that
the Germans have not deserted the Republi
can party. A few may vote with the Demo
crats, but the great majority will remain
with the party of honest money, protection
and reciprocity. Ex-Senator Spooncr will
certainly he elected Governor. He is mak
ing a good fight, and the Republicans of the
State aro stirred up. Wisconsin can be safelv
placed in the Republican column. Tl.e
abnse heaped upon General Weaver In the
Southern States will cause the Alliance
membetsto affiliate with the Republicans,
and the result will be a Republican victory
in the Western, as well as the Northern
States. Kansas is all right, and so is Ne
braska. In fact I believe the Republican
party will win all along the line."
"Millions for foreign manufacturers, but
not a cent for borne industries,' would be a
reasonable rendition of tbe tariff plank of
the Chicago platform.
AU Bight as It Is.
Chicago News Record.
To J. Rusk, Washington: Speaking, of the
weather, please don't change the subject.
A Physical Impossibility.
When a man has lost his head, it is useless
to Mk him to lend yon hla ear.
MOBRILli ON A RETENDE TARIFF.
The Vermont Senator's Explanation or th
Mr. John V. Sloan, or Brady's Bend, fur
nishes The Dispatoh some Interesting corre
spondence, which Bpeaks for itself:
"Hon. Justin S. Morrill:
"Dear Sis As a young Republican and
believer in the theory of protection for
American industries. I should like to ask
you but one question regarding your most
excollent article in the- Xbrth American Re
view for September. In diseasing the Chi
cazo platform yon say: 'The denial of con
stitutional power to cover any idea bnt that
of raising revenue wonld force tlieimposl-
tlon of very high duties on sugar, teas and.
coffee that we do not and cannot produce in
order to obtain sufficient revenue by giving
up the American market to an enormous
increase in the importation of foreign man
ufactures." The reason you give for the
necessity of a higher duty on sugar, teas
and coffee than is now collected I cannot
"Why cannot the tariff which the Demo
crats want to levy for revenue onlv be laid
on manufactures and the duty remain as it
now is on coffee, sugar and teat Why ex
pect to give up the American market to an
enormous. Increase in the importation of
foreign manufactures when the present
duty on the-e same manufactures may not
be more than sufficient to produce the rev
enue required? In tho light or their past
record I cannot doubt but that the opposi
tion would do precisely as jrou say, bnt
would it necessarily follow that they would
do it? Why could they not say: 'We have a
certain amount of revenue to raise to de
fray the expenses of the Government. We
denv the constitutional power to protect
any industry, but we might as well raise the
amount from the imported manufactures
as from sugar, coffee and tea, and wo will
leave these as they now are.' Trusting I
may be favored by at least a brier reply, I
have the honor to remain yours most sin
cerely, John V. Sloajt.
"Brady's Betd, Pi., Sept. 2L"
Senator Morrill's reply is as follows:
"Strajtord, Vt., Sept. 28, 1892.
"Dear Sir I have not the time to make an
elaborate reply to your favor of the 21st in
stant and forwarded to me from Washing
ton. Democratic free trade is copied from
British free trade. The British' put dnties
on tea and coffee and sugar because they
pioducu none. Itis all for revenue, thero
being at home nothing of this abrt to pro
tect. They raise their revenue largely from
excises, stamp taxes, income taxes, etc.
"Democrats would place low duties on
foreign merchandise lor the reason that if
the rate excluded any Importations, then it
would to that extent be protection, and
must be reduced to the revenue standard.
That is to say, the rate must be fixed at the
rato which will produce tbe largest amonnt
of revenue. Ol couise such importations
would largely take the market away from
home products. All this is anti-American.
"Butjrou will pardon brevity, and I am
very respectfully yours.
"Jcstiw S. Morrill." .
JTOTBE DAME'S SEMI-CENTEHABY.
A Notable Celebration at the Indiana Roman
Notre Dame, 1st., Oct. 13. The University
of Notre Dame to-day celebrated its estab
lishment 50 years ago. The fonnder. Rev.
Edward orIn, Superior General of the Con
gregation of the Holy Cross, participated in
to-day's ceremonies, hale and hearty.thouzh
nearly 80 years of age. When he started the
institution it was in a log hut. Indians of
doubtful friendliness occupied the sur
rounding country and he had but $5 in
The university is at present the largest
Roman embolic educational institution in
the United States. Sunday a Columbus an
niversary will be observed, the feature of
which will be an addiess by Dr. Richard H.
Clarko, or New York, the historian of the
Roman Catholic Church in America. Tbe
Italian artist, Gregori, who spent 17 years
decorating the university, chiefly depicting
scenes from the life of Columbus.is expected
to be in attendance.
JAPANESE TO COLONIZE MEXICO.
Diaz Pleased 'With the Orientals
Gives Them. Liberal Concessions.
Citt of Mexico, Oct. 13. Efforts are being
made for the establishment of a colony of
1,000 Japanese in the State of Mexico. This
movement is the result of an investigation
by the commission sent here by the Jap
anese Government several months ago.
President Diaz basa regard for tbe Japanese
as a nation, andfbe commission will receive
a most liberal concession from tbe Govern
ment. None bnt tbe better classes of Japanese
will bo permitted to" become colonists. The
commission is now in this city, completing
the negotiations with tbe Government.
They will take a trip through the United
States before their return to Japan.
THE HOMESTEAD INDICTMENTS.
It is the evident intention of the grand
Jury to give everybody connected with the
Homestead trouble ample opportunity to
explain. Washington Star.
The case will attract world-wide celebrity
as being the only one in the history of the
country where a man or set of men is
charged with treason in connection with a
labor uprising. Ohio State Journal.
It seems evident that tho sweeping indict
ments returned yesterday were the result of
the desire of the grand jury to have the
whole matter thoroughly sifted In open
court. This is right and reasonable. Gree
The grand Jury has discharged its duty in
finding indictmonts. and if a petit Jury will
but do its duty and pass impartially on the
issue brought before it, law and order will
achieve a most signal triumph in this State.
A secokd HomesteacLaffafr should never
be possible among a self-governing people:
and it will not be if tbe lesson of the first
shall be made as impressive in its legal
aspects as it has already been made In other
costly isa.?!. Philadelphia Record.
The Homestead strikers are Indicted for
treason. The Carnegie managers and sev
eral of thoir agents are indicted formuider.
Matters seem to be about even between tho
two. Each side must now show before a
trial jury both its own innocence and the
other's guilt. Buffalo Express.
The action of the grand jury in returning
indictments against the strikers, the steel
works officials and the Pinkerton men is in
harmony with' onr position in regard to this
matter from the start namely, that all par
ties to the terrible slaughter at Homestead
were grievously at fault. Chicago lictcs
The comprehensive series of indictments
found against the leaders of the strikers at
the Homestead mills on the one hand. and
against the officers or the Carnegie Company
on the other hand will have at least this
good effect they will lead to a definite dec
laration of the law In a manner to furnish
guidance for the future. New York Times.
His Last Chance.
Itis reported hat Mr. Cleveland drew his
cheok book and hit tho $10,000 circle on Mr.
DEATHS J1EKE A.M KLatt WHERE.
Captain Edward Magulre.
Captain Edward Maguire, of the United
States Corps of Engineers, died at his residence In
Philadelphia Tuesday of heart failure. He was
stationed In Philadelphia as engineer of tho Foarth
Lighthouse district. He wa 4G years old and
graduated from West Point In 1607. In the cam
paign against the Sioux Indians he was engineer
umcer under General Terry, lie also floured In
the battle of the Little Big Horn In which General
Custer was killed.
LOTHAitlR IiDCHER, the German publicist and
administrator, is dead.
noK. Samuel Babcock, ex-President of the
Connecticut Valley Railroad, and of the Middle
town Savings Bank, died in Hlddletowii, Conn.,
Wednesday, aged 70.
Masox Gibbs, ofDeerQeld, O., one of the oldest
pioneers of Eastern Ohio, died -at his home on
Tuesday night at the age of 91. lie had lived In
that section since his boyhooa.
Colonel William 11. IIctter. one of tbe old
est newspaper men In the Lehigh Valley, died yes
terday at Kaston. Pa., ornerrims prostration. ad
69 j ears, lie was publisher or the Eiston Argus for
John H. Camp, of Lyons, N.Y.. Is dead. He
was an ex-Congressman, one of the most promi
nent Republicans of the 3Lite, and a leader in
Wayne coanty Tor mauy years. He was a member
ofthe Republican State Committee.
Colonel Clabexck Ie Ens, of 'Baltlraoa. is
dead. He commanded the Sixth Maryland Inlan
trr, whljh fired on the mob In Baltimore In July.
1877, and quelled the riot. He was also a Police
Justlc? during tbe terms ot Governors Groome and
Carroll. U was la Imprisonment during tbe war
fox tiring aid to the Confederates.
sksSA&saBv -t ; - - MiiifrsrfS
AN INDIAN SUMMER OUTING.
A Trip to Glen Karns Prospects for a Dull
Winter Souvenirs From Europe The
Attraction of Art What Society People
Are Talking About.
A pleasant outing party has been ar
ranged for next Monday, in which about 23
young people will participate, with suitable
ebaperones. The party will leave the city
early In the morning, and ride out toGlen
Karns, a beautiful summer residence, in the
woods, on the Allegheny river. Colonel
Anil is tbe owner or the place, but the fam
ily are not there at present. It is in the
bands of the housekeeper andservants, who
W'H be called upon to look after the cum
fort of the visitors. The amusement will
include nut gathering, dancing and enjoy
ment of the beauties of nature. The suppo
sition is that the young girls will gather
ferns, autumn leaves and other pretty trifles
that are always to be found in the woods at
this time of the year, particularly with an
admiring yonng man to assist in the search.
Among those who will go are Miss Maud
Bennett, Miss Bessie Hale, Miss Lou C. Mc
Lean, Miss Nellie Voigt, Dr. George Proctor,
Mr. W. Martin, Mr. E. Kehew, Mr. Charles
Aull, Mr. Burt Aull and Mr. Dravo. The
great hope of the young folks now is that
the weather will behave itself.
A desirable acquisition to Pittsburg
society next month will be Miss Mildred
Carlisle, of HTashington, D. a, who will be a
visitor at the residence or Hill Burgwin,
Esq., at Hazelwood. Her visit will proba
bly be an extended one, and it is sare "to say
that there will be a number or pretty teas
and receptions In her honor during her stay
in this city.
This winter is predicted to be one of the
dullest socially that Pittsburg has seen ror
years. This may be attributed to the small
number of prospective debutantes. Last
year an unusually large number of young
ladies made their formal entrance into so
ciety, and, as seems always to be tbe case,
there are necessarily fewer than usual this
year. It has been noticed that for two or
three years in succession there will be a good
many, and then there is a lull, as is the
case now. Among the well-known tamilles
that will give a daughter to society is that
or Mr. and Mrs. Arthur W. Hell, the debut
ante being Miss Mary M. Bell, their only
daughter. It is intended that there shall be
a coming-out ball forber in the early win-'
ter, to be followed by another within a few
weeks by one given by her aunt, Mrs. Har
mer Denny. Miss Bell is tbe granddaughter
of Mr. A. M. Marshall and the niece of Mrs.
Mark W. Watson.
Mr. and Mrs. Felix ;r. Bbunot, who
have been at their summer residence in Ve
rona since May, will return to their Stock
ton avenue home at the beginning of next
Among the valuable souvenirs brought
by Mrs. Mark W. Watson from Europe this
fall are a collection of photographs of the
royal personages of different countries she
visited this year. The pictures were all
procured in the countries to which the
originals belonged. Thu, Queen Victoria's
portrait, with those of some of her lamily,
were brought from England; that or the
Queen of Austria in Vienna; that of Emperor
William in iierlin, nnd o on. Among the
pictures are several family group", one of
them beinz that of the King of Denmark,
with all his children, which includes tho
Princess of Wales and the Czarina. Mrs.
Watson has the pictures artistically
arranged abnnt her parlor, nnd they are
objects of deep interest to all her friends as '
well as herseli.
The exhibition of oil paintings at the
Art Society's rooms have drawn, a large
nnmber or visitors there this week. The
same was noticed last week, when there
were a collection of water colors thero.
The attendance has been larger for these
two weeks than at any other time in the
history of tbe society. Among the notable
studies in oil, to be seen at the rooms, are
two by Miss Maria Brooks, "Ready lor a
Bowl,,r and "Be Careful." C. C Curran's
HarvestTime," and a landscape by George
Inness are worthy of particular attention.
Francis I. Murphv has a prettv "Sunset"
and "Edge or a Wood," that havo been
very much admired. The exhibition will be
open to-day and to-morrow, from 2 to 10
o clock p. ii., each day. The public aie
The Margaretta Miller Fund Hall, of
the Y. W. C. A., of the East End, opened
last evening with a bazaar and dinner. There
was a large attendance, and tbe dinner was
partaken of by a number of visitors. The
prospects of the association seem to be very
bright. The entertainment will be con
tinued this evening.
The fifteenth anniversary of the wed
ding of Mr. and Mrs. Edwin W. Porter, of
Dinwiddle street, is to he celebrated to
night. An entertainment for the benefit of St.
Benedict's Church, on Overhill street, south
of Center avenue, will be given next Sun
day. The regular course of lectures for the
nurses of the Allegheny Goneral Hospital
are to be given every Tuesday evening by
the following physicians: C. B. King, W. S.
Hnselton, W. S. Foster, T. L. fiuzzard, R. L.
McGrew, H. K. Beattv, B. K Smith. O. L.
Miller, J. H. Wright, J. A. Lippincott. J. S.
Mahon, R. & Sutton and M. A. Rodders.
A meeting of the ladies of the different
churches, that were called together on last
Friday in tbe North Avenue Methodist
Episcopal Church lor the purpose of arrang
ing for meals to bo served on Allegheny day
for the benefit of Southslde Hospital, nlll
meet to-day at S p. v. in the same church.
Tne committee requests the ladles not pres
ent at theflrst meeting to attend to-day.
This evening the young ladies of the
Sixth Presbyterian Chnrch.corner of Frank
lin and Townsend streets, will treat their
friends to a presentation of a comedy en
titled "The Mock Trial," which met with
such success last spring. Refreshments
will be on sale in tho dining room. The fol
lowing persons will take part: Annie Canan,
Daisy Lemmon, Ada Thomas. The Refresh
ment Committee follow: Hattie Rousb,
Sallie Morrow, Jennie Morrow, Sara Chal
mers, Ada Forsythe, Hettlo Vance.
A reception will be given in the par
lors of the Firth Avenue M. E. Church this
evening In honor of the new pastor. Dr. R.
Some good music has been prepared, and
lunch will be served by the Reception Com
mittee. AU the members and friends or the
church are invited.
Me. Edwin Atlee Schoen, of Pitts
burg, and Miss Marie Louise Porter were
mairied Wednesday evenig at tbe home of
the bride's parents, 1S20 North Thirteenth
street, Philadelphia, by Rev. N. Frazsr
Robinson, or the Episcopal Church of the
Annunciation. Only a few relatives and
immediate friends were present.
A 80CIAL KECEPTION
Tendered to Justice Shlras by One
Washington's Popular Clubs.
Washinotos, Oct. 13. Special.--Tho Uni
versity Clnb, one or the most popular and
successful of the many social clubs at the
capital, has tendered a reception to Justice
Shlras. of the Supreme Court, to takeplace
some time durins; this month, after tbe re
turn from Chicago or members or the club
in hUh official Hie, who ltitend going to that
city next week; for the dedication of tbe
World's Fair buildings. The committee ap
pointed to arrange for what is to be made
the most notable reception that has occurred
since the organization or the club, includes
Chief Justice Fuller and Associate Justice
Biown, both of whom were of the same class
at Yale with Justice Shlras. Tho club has a
large membership, composed exclusively of
The clubhouse, in one of the most fash
ionable localities of tbe city, on tbe corner
of Seventeenth and 1 streets. Is one or the
finest old mansions or tbe city. Tho rooms
are still as they were in the early days or the
capital, when tbe Colonial influence in arch
itecture was yet dominant, and many of the
spacious room, as well as the entire exter
ior, retain Intact the artistic simplicity of
form and decoration which has, after a long
lapse of years, induced a sensible
renaissance of Colonial taste. The
club had a narrow escape from
destruction, a short tilne ago,
due to an explosion or bnrnlng flnld, but
luckily the flume were extinguished with a
loss oi only about $1,300. A giand new club
house is one of the certain things to be in
the near future, but this co nnllmentary re
ception to Justice Shiras will happily take
place in the fine old structure so suggestive
of tbe days when robes indicative of rank
and degree were not confined to officers of
The mole-is a meteorologist.
Most spiders have eight eyeg although
some species nave only six.
The smallest quadruped in the world ij
tbe pigmy mouse of Siberia.
Three thousand marriages arc performed
everyday all over the world.
A centnryplant is coming into bloom in
the greenhouse of a London florist.
Naturalists assert that a healthy swaL
low will devour 6.C00 flies every day.
Consumption is more prevalent In Ire
land than In either England or Wales.
Five colored people were baptized in
the Sound at Oak Point, N. Y- on Sunday.
In the House of Representatives there
are 20 members who are under 26 years ol
An inmate of Sing Sing prison has
composed a number of songs, which h
shows to visitors.
A dishwashing machine in a London
hotel can. with two persons to attend to it,
wash 1,000 dishes an hour.
On the Eoyal Sovereign, the new En
glish battleship, there are 00 electric lights,
connected by SO miles of wire.
The speed of the fastest Atlantis
steamer is now greater than that of the ex
press trains on Italian railways.
The region about the Dead Sea is ons
of tbe hottest places on tbe globe, and ttra
sea Is said to lose 1,000,000 tons of water a
day by evaporation.
A company has bee-i formed at Chris
tiana, Norway, to reproduce an exact modal
of the old Viking boat that was discovered
some years ago in an ice floe.
A postal card was sold in Paris for S50
a short time ago. It had gone around tba
worldafter the person to whom it was ad
dressed and bore 72 postmarks.
The Merchants' National Bank of Bal
timore received, the other day, an old con
tinental $CO banknote. It is not known
whether the note is gennine or not.
According to an English scientist, tho
red in flowers is a single phrment, soluble in
water and decolorized bv alcohol, but
capable of being restored by the addition of
Frogs and many fishes suffer no injury
from freezing solid; while, in a few cases,
even warm blooded animals have been re
stored to life after apparent death from
Few people know that there is a kind
of spider which spins no web. It Is called
"the hunting spider," and its favorite hunt
ing grounds are walls, the surfaces of which
are exposed to tbe sun.
If it were possible to cnt sections out
of the side of soap bubbles, and then by
some delicate contrivance handle the pieces,
there would be required 50,000,000 films laid
one upon another to make a pile one inch in
The word "pig" as applied to iron is a
mere play on the word "sow." When iron
is melted it runs off into a channel called a
"sow," the lateral branches of which are
called the "pigs." Here the Iron cools and Is
called "pig iron."'
At Cahoes, France, the workmen on the
foundations lor a convent unearthed a large
house oftheGoIlo-Koman period, the mosaio
floors or which aro in place and enough of
the wnlls to reveal frescoes in a fair state of
In a London auction room recently a
pair of bellows of Italian workmanship
and designed, it is supposed, by Benvennto
Cellini wns sold for 470 guineas. Nosuch.
price has ever been fetched before by any
article of that kind.
The moose in Penobscot county, Maine,
are so accustomed to the train that they
gaze calmly and critically p t the locomotive,
nnd are not frightened by whistles or hissing
steam jets. People frequently sucot at them
from the car windows.
One ofthe smallest women in the world
is the daughter of Nathan Harris, of Rich
Valley.Va. At the age of 19 she is only 2
feet 10"inches in height, weighs just 40J
pounds, and is perfectly natural and whole
some in her ways or life.
Applications for space in the Electric
ity Duildlug at the World's Fair aggregate
334,000 square feet, while 133,000 feet are
available. Foreign nations have already
been assigned 68.000 feet, and several of them
are urgently asking for more.
In some parts of the country, narrow
necked bottles filled with sugar and water
or beer are suspended Irom the fruit trees
in order to catch the various members of
tho insect tribe, which delight in spoiling
all the frnit before it has a chance or getting
A kitten became lodged In the fly
wheel of an engine In Portland, Ore. The
wheel ren tor six hours and a half. The cat
was taken out nearly lifeless, but recovered.
The fly-n-becl makes 25(1 revolutions per
minute and every revolution pussy traveled
A strange story comes from "Wells
ville, Mo., where a stroke of lightning,;about
six years ago. Is said to havo left on the
ceiling of a church tbe imaireor a human
lace. Nobody dared to disturb it, and it re
mained until the recent removal of the
Cats are not the only creatures that en
Joy a plurality otlives; many animals have a
remarkable power of existing while ap
parently dead. Jnfusori.1 have been dried
nnd restored to life by moistening arter re
maining inert dust for 27 years, and the dry
ing and resuscitation have been successfully
tnea n times on a lot oi rotiners.
The District of Columbia was formed
out of Washington connty, Maryland, and
Alexandria countr, Virginia, and tbe
national Government was removed to the
capital in 1800. The Virginia portion of the
DUtrict was ceded back in 1846. Citizens of
the District ot Columbia havo no vote for
national officers, und it Is governed by Con
gress. Every Mussulman, however high his
rank, from the Sultan down to the lowest
dervlsli, is compelled to have a trade. The
grandfather ot the present Sultan was a
toothpick maker. The boatman, porter or
groom is eligible to the it ratio or Pasha. The
butcher of to-day may be the Generalissi
mo of to-morrow, and the lowest slave may
become Grand Yizer.
"I don't think Mr. Bunker is much ofa
conversationalist, " observed Miss Elder.
"Well, he called on me last night.-" replied Miss
Yonng, as she carelessly twirled a new ring on the
third anger or her left hand, '"and I foond bis con
versation qnlte engaging." Spare Jfoments.
jaggs Brace up, old man; if it weren't
for reverses no one would find out jonr good quali
ties. Baggs-I wonld rather hare a little prosperity
and have my good qualities remain an nnknowa
quantltr. lirwklim t'ajle.
He dreamed a golden glorious dream
That gladdened ear and eye.
lie wakened. Wisdom told him 'twas
Bat undigested pie.
He Now, I admit that I am no angel
SheNo? So tnat was not wbat papa meant
when lie said you were something of a high fljer.
rr TtraxED out alt. marrr.
'When love in his heart had taken root,
And his brain was In a whirl.
And be went at night to press bis salt.
He also pressed tbe girl.
She at the action took no offense.
For she knew that more was meant;
In fact she thought him a man of sense.
And at once gave her consent.
Sew York Prist.
TJsber (to man who has entered the the
ater wearing very load pair of trousers) Check,
"Not in a thonsand years, sonny. These an
plaid." Buffalo Express.
The fellow that's elected,
Is a bollerln' by rule:
But the other chap's dejected
An' a-cnssln' or his mule I s,
Jabbs I hear that yon went to your best
girl's house last night on a proposing expedition?
Slabbs -That's what.
Jabbs How aid she receive you?
blabbs-With a no-vation Detrnit Free Frees.
Fweddy (looking in the glass at his incip
ient whls-crs) Deah boy. why am 1 like a man
who Is chasing wabblt No. why Is a man who Is
chasing a wabblt Hie me?
Cholly (after a careful inspection of Fweddy's
ehln;-If the answer is that be Is "aboct to rain
bare." old chappie, the conundrum won't
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