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ESTABLISHED FEBBUABY S, 1S16.
Vol. 74. No. d Entered at Pittsburg Postoffice
November, 1SS7, as second-class matter.
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PITTSBURG. 1 UESDAY. NOV. L 1802.
WAXTED, UNITED ACTION.
In another column will be found the
paper on freight discriminations read by
3Ir. Georce T. Oliver before the Chamber
of Commerce yesterday. It demands the
attention and careful consideration of
every man who is personally interested
in the welfare of Pittsburg. The exam
ples of inequitable freight rates antago
nistic to the interests of this city, given in
the paper, are simply samples of similar
injustices experienced at the hands of
railroad corporations by the merchants
and manufacturers of this city. For fif
teen years the transportation companies
have added insult to injury by acknowl
edging the unfairness of their rates, and
steadfastly refusing to right the wrong.
It is high time that the railroad com
panies should be obliged by the united
action of Pittsburgers to accomplish that
which they refuse to do of their own
The first step necessary is the awaken
ing to the fact that the interest of one is
the interest of the community in this
matter. This done, there should be an
extreme willingness on the part of every
man, or firm, whose pocketbook has ex
perienced the evil of freight discrimina
tion to give detailed evidence of the same
before the Chamber of Commerce Com
mittee. With the amount of data thus
obtainable the extent of the injustice will
be manifest, and subscriptions for the
Eupport of a freight bureau to obtain
more equitable terms should be recognized
as investments sure of an adequate re
turn. That the freight bureau will have
no easy tak is only another way of saying
that it will need all the concerted support
obtainable. With loyal backing, such a
body can obtain its end by efforts in
two directions. On the one hand
attempts should be made to con
tince existing transportation com
panies that their present policy is
cent wise and dollar foolish. And
that the diversification of Pittsburg's in
dustries, and the increase in its commerce
resultant from the removal of injurious
discrimination would more than repay in
the near future any loss that could tempo
rarily arise from the equalization. On the
other hand, water communications should
be encouraged and inducements offered
lor the building o! new railway lines,
while existing lines should be spurred to
Sir. Oliver's arguments and suggestions
follow naturally from his facts, and only
need the support they deserve to make
them the source of immense public benefit.
Pittsburg cannot afford to live on a reputa
tion achieved under advantages that in
some cases have ceased to exist, and in
others are declining. There are more
than enough advantages remaining to
this locality to make it the manufacturing
center of the world, but those advantages
must be displayed by united public-spirited
vigor. Railroad companies and the rest of
the world are not going to do this or that
simply to please a few Pittsburgers. They
must be made to do what Pittsburg wants
by a solid effort on Pittsburg's part to
show them which way profit lies.
THE MAYOR. SETS A STANDARD.
The Mayor's veto of the Bellefield street
railway ordinance was founded upon the
public convenience, and his Honor's posi
tion in support of another full and direct
line to East Liberty was correct Among
Counc.lmen, however, the Duquesne
system had the call as against the Central
Traction, and, as on many such previous
occasions, the 3Ia3'or's excellent reasoning
did not count with the Councilmeu, who
repassed the ordinance above his veto.
But, if Mayor Gourley seldom converts
Councils, there are few of his vetoes
which do not hit the center-mark for
the public. Ha has done more than any
other individual to interest taxpayers in
the principles that should prevail in city
government The results of his teachings,
while frequently invisible in Councils,
will be illustrated eventually at the polls.
The broad and intelligent discussion of
city issues by Mayor Gourley will for in
stance have at least a decided effect on
the choice of a successor to him in the
Mayor's chair next winter. The public
will want there a Mayor with the firm
ness and determination to keep up the
check which Mayor Gourley has set upon
Councils. They will accept none whom
they may tbink unwilling or unable to
live up to Gourley's independent and ex
Thus the utility and influence of the
Mayor's vetoes are not to be measured by
the treatment they get from Councils.
They are serving a public service far be
HE IS WORSE NOW.
The Philadelphia Press quotes from a
speech of the Hon. Adlai Stevenson,
Democratic candidate for Vice President,
in 1878, accepting a Greenback nomina
tion for Congress. This speech is espe
cially noticeable as denouncing the
resumption act, supporting its repeal, and
calling for free coinage of silver.
This would afford a very good measure
of the financial reliability of the Vice
Presidental candidate of the Democracy
if a more forcible one was not afforded by
a more recent declaration. It may be im
portant that a man declared against
resumption when it was a practically
accomplished fact and has always joined
the free silver shouters ; but it is more to
the point when he stands committed to a
measure more vicious and disturbing than
those he stood for fourteen years ago.
Tbe revival of State bank notes, as
supported in the Democratic plat
form and Indorsed by Stevenson,
Is something besides which greenback
ism would furnish a uniform circulation
and free silver a stable and unfluctuating
coin: So long as Stevenson can stand on
the wildcat platform of 1893 ho Is not to
be put to the blush by recalling that he
upheld the rag baby of 1878.
Indeed, to impeach a man who avows
the desire to go back to the ante-bellum
State bank, enormity, with subsequent
relations to Greenbackism.is like indicting
a self-confessed homicide for acts tending
to provoke a breach of the peace.
BULWARKS OF PROTECTION.
The assurance contained in the Con
gressional review published in The Dis
patch this morning, to the effect that
there is no prospect of the Democrats
securing a majority of the next Senate, is
one that will gratify all friends of pro
tection and a sound financial system. A
series of gerrymanders handicaps the Re
publicans in the struggle for members of
the House of Itepresentatives. It is
certain, though, that there will be heavy
inroads upon the present unwieldy Demo
cratic majority in that branch. Nearly if
not all of the ground lost in tbe tidal
wave of 1890 will be regained.
The most serious danger to the contin
uation of the present policy is found in
the possibility that the People's Party
may hold the balance of power at one or
Doth ends of the Capital. Even in that
remote contingency a ReDUblican Ifresi
dent in the White House can discourage
and block the wild schemes of either free
traders or sub-Treasury advocates. The
bare idea of such a situation is enough to
arouse the business interests, workingmen
and genuine farmers of the country to re
newed efforts in behalf of the national
ticket which stands upon a sound and
THE POLITICIANS' TUMBLE.
One of the most interesting phases of
the campaign and one also that is in
danger of being passed over in the general
hurly burly with less less notice than its
importance demands is the confession of
the great politicians who have, so to speak,
traveled thus far in their political journey
on their infallible knowledge of the popu
lar temper that they were all wrong. The
year has been remarkable for the em
phatic declarations of the practical poli
ticians that certain candidates could not
be elected, and the subsequent recanta
tions and confessions of the same politi
cians that they were all wrong.
The political novice who is wont to be
lieve that all knowledge of thp popular
temper is bound up in men of the Hill
and Gorman stamp on the Democratic
side, and of the Quay, Clarkson and Piatt
type on the Republican, are now left at
sea without a compass. For Hill and Gor
man, and their followers in Tammany and
out of it, having declared with one voice
in June that Cleveland could not bo
elected, now come forward and publicly
avow that they were mistaken. They
did not know the temper of the people,
and so they confess their mistake.
On the Republican side PJatt, Quay,
Clarkson and the others have gone
through the same process of error and
confession; so that the net result is the
parade of the practical politicians in a
sort of auto de fe of conviction of error
But see where this leaves those who pin
their faith on the wisdom of the practical
politicians. If Hill, Gorman, Watterson
and Croker on one side, and Quay, Piatt
and Clarkson on the other were ignorant
of the popular desire in June by their
own confession in October, what reason is
there to tie to their accuracy of percep
tion now? If book study of practical pol
itics did not qualify them to judge cor
rectly four months ago, is there any just
ground for belief that they have learned
the art of infallibility in the short interval
since? By their own confession the prac
tical politicians stand convicted of wild
error. After this the professional political
sharp can be ranked at his true value, of
knowing a little less about popular feeling
than the average citizen.
A POSSIBLE DEVELOP3EENT.
The report that plans have been formed
in London for running street stages by
electricity indicates a possible and im
portant change in the methods of mu
nicipal transit The power in this case is
furnished, by storage baiteries. It has
long been perceived by tliose who look
ahead that the perfection of the storage
battery would make such result possible,
although other things must aid to give the
new depaiture the widest success. Prom
inent among them is a street pavement
approximating in smoothness the railway
tracks now used by traction lines.
When this is provided on leading av
enues, the independence of storage bat
tery vehicles and their ability to go wher
ever the traffic offers will present some
very positive attractions. Chief among
its advantages will be the saving of the in
vestment on tracks. An equal or greater
investment in pavements having at least
the smoothness of asphalt will be neces
sary, but as this will be done by the city
for the benefit of all traffic on the streets
It will effect a great saving to those who
wish to engage in street traffic. Then the
ability of any person to run electric ve
hicles over any suitably paved street
would abolish any monopoly in rapid
On the other hand, if 'such a system
should come into use there would be some
drawbacks requiring new regulations in
the use of the streets. The speed to be
allowed to vehicles not confined to tracks
would be a problem of much importance.
At present people on the streets have a
certain degree of notice that they must
look out for the high speed taken by cars
on the tracks, and outside of the tracks
they are reasonably safe. When most of
our streets are occupied by cable or elec
tric lines this measure of protection may
not be very great; but it is something. If
electric vehicles independent of tracks
were to be permitted to take an equal rate
of speed even that safety would be lost
The changed condition of things might be
met by setting aside certain streets for
high-speed travel in given directions and
restricting the rate of speed on all other
The possibilities of the newsortof street
travel indicated by the London telegram
in Sunday's Dispatch are verv interest
ing. Among them is the probability that
If the new system should come into vogue
it would put an end to street railway com
binations and squeeze the inflation out of
WHERE IS THE SECURITX?
Mr. M. D. Harter, who has been multi
tudinously introduced as the father of the
movement to repeal the tax on State bank
notes, made a speech in New Tork the
other night from the steps of the sub
Treasury. Ho produced a bill which he
proposes to introduce, the important
feature of which can best be described
in his own words : "You will observe that
section 4 provMes for the repeal of the
present unconstitutional and prohibitory
tax upon State bank circulation. I afsumo
that the undeniable right of every State in
the Union to authorize its banks to issue
notes intended to circulate as money is
one that each State has reserved to itself."
There is no doubt that Mr. Harter
stands by the Democratic platform, al
though other and more prominent Demo
crats have perceived the necessity of
dodging it But, in view of the pedestal
on which Harter has been placed by cer
tain Mugwump organs as the author of
the idea, what becomes of the painful
assurances of the same organs that the
tax is not to be repealed without seeming
conditions that the new-old style of cur
rency shall be made fully reliable? The
Democratic platform makes no condi
tions. Harter, the recognized Democratic
authority, makes no conditions. His bill,
which is the great Democratic refcrm of
reviving the red-dog currency, makes no
conditions. The whole thing is to be
thrown open to the whims and vagaries of
H different State legislatures, and the
public is to be inflicted with 44 varying
degrees of instability in the bank notes
offered it if the Democratic idea pre
vails. No more emphatic illustration of the
dangers of Democratic supremacy need be
adduced than this deliberate and wanton
proposition to turn our currency system
backward to a plan condemned and found
utterly vicious by the experience of this
country 30 years and more ago.
If the Democratic Presidental nominee
bad shown any Inclination to inlorm the
nation how the Protective tariff can bo Im
proved upon, he would havo behaved logic
ally. Instead of that, however, he lias
done no more than say that the Protection
of the Republican party is wofully wrong,
that the Chicago demand for free traae is
also deplorable, and that he nnds it easier
simply to criticise the one and disregard the
other than to attempt any constiuCtive
work on his own account.
Since the maliciously mistaken allega
tion that a Democratic candidate is a l'io
hlbitionist has been branded as "mud-slinging,"
it is drfflcut to imagine what tctru
would aptly desciihe a similar charge that
any Prohibitionist was a Democrat.
A kxwly-disgovehed area of 15 miles
by 22, rich in the possession of 20 kinds of
marble, is described as n "vast field of un
hewn headstones." There may be some ex
cuse for such a description, as indicating
the most profitable source of demand for
the material, but to choose "headstones"
in place of sculpture and tho adornment of
buildings as the main use for 0 kinds of
marblo is a reflection on the artistic if not
tbe titllltaiiau tendency of the day.
When railroad companies illuminate
every inch of their tracks with electric light,
as a wild-oyed rumor asserts that one cor
poration thinks of doing, the world will be
light enough lor the discovery of the
That sudden and costly rise of Niagara
is an indication that tho great falls are as
mettlesome as an unbioken colt, and have
the same sort of objection toboiu,r broken
in and harnessed for the use of man. Kind
ness will be of little use in dealing with so
Inanimate a stubbornness, and it remains to
bo seen whether tho nineteenth century
man oc science lias enough force at his dis
posal to curb and coerce so mighty an ex
amplo of the perversity of nnture.
Assertions supported by no evidence
form the Democratic campaign mateiial.
They look decidedly feeble in comparison
to the facts of Protection illumined by
A stranger in America at this time
would be justified in imagining that the
country was wholly given up to the cultiva
tion or statisticians. And if he judged of
the Arithmetic taught In our Public Schools
by the contradictory estimates based upon
the same figuics, ho would naturally arrive
at the conclusion that it was a wonueriully
elastic system of computations.
That would be a frosty campaign indeed
which eliminated tho use ot fire arms in tho
hot-headed sections of the politically in
TriE London Times is critical enough to
think that neither Presidental candidate
should be elected. Four yeais hence tho
nomination lor tho Presidency should be
left e.itirely to tho omniscient Times, and
then of course everyone will be satisfied
that there is no mistake about the matter.
Mr. Adlai Stevexson's letter of ac
ceLtance was a perluaetory performance
about equally unnecessary, useless and un
interesting. There only remains a week for the pub
lication of new systems of logic or mathe
matics in connection with the Presidental
campaign. But even were the time longor
the combinations have been w orked to such
an extcut that there is hardly room for
With all tbe follies of rainbow chasing,
a politician had better be sanguino than
FOLK T.UiKKD ABOUT.
JuiilA Maklowe used to be known as
Fanny Brnugh, and when a very young girl
she played boys with much cleverness.
Hamilton Fish is now the sole sur
vivor of those distinguished men who held
tho Governorship of Now York prior to
The Kaiser has decided that a picture of
the German Empross (-hall bo put ud in
every army barracks, so that soldiers shall
be ablo to recognize herwnen they see her.
Miss Harriet Monroe has been
authorized by the Ways and Means Com
mittee of the World's Fair to print and sell
her Commemoiation Ode on the Exposition
Ernest MiciiAtrx, a French black
smith, is claimed to nave led, through tho
invention of a velocipede, to the discovery
of the bicycle. A monument in his honor Is
about to bo erected at Earle-duc, his birth
place. "Wiiittier's gains from his writings were
much more substantial than poets usually
realize. It Is understood that there is a
revenue of $3,500 a year from his copyright
ulone. The total volueoftheestatelspluced
Mrs. Eunice Koss Davis, of Dedham,
Mass., now 92 years old, Is the only surviving
member of the Woman's Autl-Slavory So
ciety. She is still in rather vigorous health.
Last spring she suffered from a severe attack
Count Tolstoi has recently deposited
his memoirs, including a large diary in
manuscript, with the ourator of a Russian
museum, the conditions being that they
shall not be published until ten years after
the author's death.
T. B. Gaever, of Harper county, is the
watermelon king in Kansas. lie has shipped
80,000 melons tills season and is taking the
seeds Irom 80,000 more to ship to Eastern
bouses. He is piling up money and making
tho world happier ut tho same time.
MONACO A DIAM0HD MINE.
The Eevenue for the Last Fiscal Tear Was
Over 83,000,000 Francs.
Moste Carlo, Oct. 31. The principal
shareholders of tho Societe Anonyme des
Bains del Mor et du Cercie des Etrangers de
Monaco held tholr half-yearly meeting in
the Casino in Monaco Friday afternoon, to
consider the financial reports of the busi
ness transacted and the moneys disbursed
by tho Board of Directors.
It was reported that tbe total revenue
fi.Y Vi t-olilna rlnHnor tH toot fldnnl tima
were a little over 23.100,000 frar.es, a large)
amount in excess iu mst years returns, J. no
capital stock of tho5ocloieis30,00u,00Ufrancs,
divided Into 60,000 shares at 600 francs aniece.
Each share carries a coupon interest of 25
bancs per annum.
THE HEAVENS FOB NOVEMBER.
At its best November is but a poor month
for star-gazing. The beautiful Indian sum
mer nights so frequent In October are gone,
and heavy veils of olouds are mora likely
than not to cover the skies and shut out all
view of celestial sights. Still, unless we
are very unlucky in this respect, we are
pretty sure to catch a glimpse of several or
the heavenly phenomena visible here this
The moon is full on the 4th and is totally
eclipsed when at tho lull. This phenom-'
cnon, however, occurs at about 10 A. jr.,
Pittsburg time, when the sun is high In the
heavens, and when the moon, which is then
cut offfrom its share of the sun's light by
the earth, is of course on the other side of
the earth and quite invisible to as here.
And when tho moon rises at sunset It has
already passed out of the earth's shadow
and Its great round diso.will bob up sei enely
smiling as if nothing had happened. Now
it would be natural to think that when the
sun, earth and moon all three fall in a
straight line they would remain so for
more than a paltry hour or so. But
they don't, and the comparatively short
duration of all eclipses is due to the rapid
proper motion of the moon from west to
cast. It is hard to realize that the proper
motion of the moon is as great as it is, and
probably not many or our readers appreci
ate the fnot that tho moon's motion from
west to east is easily noticeable in an even
ing. But a little thought will show that it
must be so.
Tardiness of the Moon.
The moon rises about au hour later each
evening; hence It must have moved east
consideiably during the 24 hours. So it hus
about 13 and in one hour it moves east
about 1-21 of 13, or a little over half
a degree. That is just about the apparent
diameter of tho moon, and, consequently,
every hour tbe moon moves eastward across
the sky a distance equal to Its own width.
Of course, the earth's rotation on its axis
causes all objects in the celestial vanlt to
seem to move westwai d quite rapidly, and
the moon's proper motion eastward can only
be noticed by watching to see ir it fulls be
hind other heavenly objects In their com
mon courso to the horizon. Wo have
a very good chance to obscrvo
this on the evening of Novem
ber 2, whon at about 6 o'clock tno
moon passes under and very close to Ju
piter. Now watch when Jupiter is Jnst
above the left or eastern side of tbe moon.
In about an hour you will notice that the
blight planot Is just above the light or
western side or tho moon. Knowing as we
do that Jupiter's motion is very slow in
deed, much too slow to bo noticed, then tnis
must piove that tho moon is falling behind,
or in othcr-wotds is really moving eastward
among the stars.
Whon the moon passes between us and a
planet it of course hides or occults it, and
according to whnt wo have just seen this
must last for about an hour. Though these
occupations aie not phenomena of any
special importance, yet, when the planet is
bright, it is a very beautiful and interesting
sight to see it suddenly disappear behind
tho moon, and after a long interval re
appear just as suddenly on the other side.
It is a'l especially fine sight to see a planet
occulted by the daik and invisible edge of
Hie moon, but unfortunately none oi the
soveral occupations this month aioof that
An Unusually Frequent Phenomenon.
, The phenomenon is unusually frequent
this month, every bright planothutMais be
ing occulted in turn. Tho occultation of
Jupiter on the 2d is visible as such only in
tho tropics nnd south of the Equator. Saturn
is hidden next on tho 13th, hue at & o'clock
in the morning. On the same day Venus
becomes occulted, too, but not In our lati
tude. And on November 21 tho new moon
occults Mercury, but, like that of Jupiter,
this is only visible in southern latitudes,
and here we will be lucky to see it even as a
near approach, as it occurs about 5 o'clock
in the ovanincr. When til" twilight la Dttll
strong, and it will take a keen eyo to pick
out the shy planet so low down to our.smolty
Mars and Jupiter aro evening stars this
month, Venus and Saturn morning stars.
Mars' glory has now departed, but ho may
be seen in tho south throm;houl the month
glittering with that ruddy glow that is un
mistakable, though scaicely half as bright
as it was in August. About October 1 it
may havo been noticed that Mars was In a
direct lino with the two bright first magni
tude stars, Altairand Vega, the latter bein
the most northerly and Altair in the middle.
Now it will bo seon that Mars Is noticeably
to the east of the line of the two stars.
Vega and Altatr are fixed stars and havo
preserved and will preserve lor thousands
of years their relative positions, so we are
foiccd to the conolasion that Mars is slowly
moving eastward. It is a case like that of
tho moon and Jupiter, only Mars moves
east in a day scarcely as much as the moon
does in an hour. Still at tho end or a month
this eastward motion of the planet Is plainly
The Position of Jupiter.
Jupiter is well past opposition, but is
as bright as ever, and will be by far the
most conspicuous object in the sky during
There are doubtless many readers of The
Dispacii who havo never seen Mercury, but
nould like to have a glimpse of tbe beauti
ful llttlo planot if they only knew when
and whare to look for it. Being the mem
ber of the solar system nearest to the sun it
is almost always hlddoii In the sun's rays,
and is visible to the naked eye on compara
tively few days of tho year. Mercury
makes its greatest apparent distance from
tho sun on November 3, but is unluckily so
farsouth that it will require a very clear
evening and a good pair of eyes to detect It.
It may bo sedn Just after sunset on Novem
ber 23, a little abovo the horizon ana about
G south of where the sun sot.
On November 1 tho constellations rise
two hours earlier than they did on October
1, and at 9 p. M. this evening, Novembor 1,
all the fixed stars are seen to be 30 farther
west than they wero a month ago. The
great constellation of Taurus, or the Bull, Is
well up in the southeast at this time. The
bright, redish star Aldebaran marks the eye
of the Bull.andcannocbemlssea, as it Is the
only first magnitude starln that quarter of
the heaven s,exccpt the brill ian t will te Capel
la, which lies farther to the north and oast.
Tho Pleiades form part of Taurus, and may
easily be seen a little abovo Aldebaran,
glowing "like a swarm of firefles," as Eng
land's departed laureate beautifully de
A Task for a Good Eyo.
On a clear night a good eye can count six
or seven separate stars in this gioup. But
don't find lault with your eyes if you do not
succeed in counting this numbor, lor a great
deal depends on tho condition of the atmos
phere. Prof. Pickering says he can easily
pick out 11 or 12 with tho naked oye from his
station in Peru, where the air is phenom
onally clear. Such feats as that are, of
course, impossible hero in our moisture
laden atmosphore, but with a good opera
glass the numbor or stars'visiblo In this tiny
gronp will bo more than doubled.
The constellation of Amiga is now hUh
up la the Eastern sky and forms one of the
most striking groups visible. It may bo rec
ognized by its resemblance to a pentagon,
tho bright Capclla being situated at the
northern of tho five angles. This con
stellation is now the synosnro of all
eyes in the astronomical world. Within that
pentagon, far beyond the reach of unaided
vision, is a mighty mass which is undergo
ing disturbances and changes of incompre
hensible magnitude. About a year ago it
created its first sensation by being born, so
to speak, with the most startling sudden
ness. This was interesting, and the atten
tion of astronomers tho world over was at
once attracted to Nova Aurlgm, or the now
star in Auriga. Prof. Keeler, the uenial
director of the Allegheny Observatory, took
a great Interest in the little sti anger to
mortal vision, and last spring delivered a
lecture on it before the Academy of Science
and Art in this city, in which be proposed
several oilginal hypotheses to account for
Its sudden appearance. Tho star gradually
died away, as most Novae do, and it was
supposed that that was tbe last of it. But
since its disappearance several months ago
it suddenly broke forth again and has since
behaved In a manner quite unprecedented.
At a visit to Prof. Keoler by The Dispatch
NOVEMBER 1, 1892.
writer, the latest information in regard to It
One Theory Has Been Spoiled.
THETecent strange behavior of the star
has knocked Prof. Keeler's hypotheses
higher than a kite, but a foreign astron
omer has just pnbllshea a new hypothesis to
account for its now actions. The star is now
plainly visible to largo tolescopes as a bright
peck In the midst of a lalnt nebulous mass,
and it Is supposed that Its sadden increase
in light may be due to friction with various
masses of nebulosity, which aro known tn bo
scattered through space, and thiongh which
this star is passing at a rate of over 200 miles
per second. It must not bo supposed that
the suddon blaze or light is of insignificant
size becausu It is invisible to the
naked eye. We would doubtless consider
it a toleiably big blazo if our earth
wero to bump up against some great comet
and De instantly vaporized by the Intense
heat which would result. But compared
with the blaze which has taken place In that
distant orb, tho conflagration of our earth
would bo but the stiiking of a match to an
eruption of Vesuvius.
Think of that as you gaze at the peaceful
constellation to-night! Could anyone after
an effort to realize this stupendous fact attempt-to
deny the existence of an omnipo
tent Creator! Truly "the undevout astrono
mer is mad."
Prof. Keeler has Just completed his set of
12 drawings of Mars. They form a complete
record of his observations, and are works of
great beauty and accuracy, for Prof. Keeler
is a daughtsman or unusual ability. They
will probably be published in one of the as
tronomical journals. Pittsburgers may well
be proud of the work Prof. Keeler is do
ing here, andanarticle of his in tho January
Ccntmy on the planets will doubtless be
lead with a great deal of Interest. Wtlie.
0UH MAIL POUCH.
Eov. Mr. Williams Meant No Offense, and
Kefers to Books on a Disputed Point.
To the Editor of The Dispatcli i
My attention has been called to a commu
nication signed F. K. in your lssuo of yes
terday in which I am accused of wantonly
attacking the standing of the Roman
Church in a recent card because therein I
madeieference to "the Jesuit maxim, 'the
end sanctifies tho means.'" I am also chal
loed to give authority for calling the said
maxim "the Jesuit maxim."
As to the charge, I must most earnestly
disclaim It. My object in my published card
was most simple and evident, 1. o., to defend
my ou ii people and the ladles of our Hospi
tal Association irom an unjust aspersion.
In so doing I used a popularly current
phrase, but without for a moment Intend
ing to cast a slur on the lioman Church. In
deed, the Kowan Church was not at all in
my mind at the time. I am not conscious of
any hatred against that church. Indeed, on
the contrary, I reveienco many of the
saints on her calendar, I admire all the good
shu is doing among us and 1 honor and re
spect many of her priosts and people. And
I do not i. old hoi responsible lor the maxims
or actions of all the individuals or bodies m
As to the challenge, although it deserves
no answer, boing anonymously signed, yet
as H appeals to my manhood, honor and
truth, i will comply with tho request most
briefly, and then absolutely close the mut
tei, so far as I am concerned. I decline to
enter Into any religious controvorsy.as such
controversy is iruitful only of harm.
Naturally 1 hnvon't the Jesuit'standards oi
ethics at hand. But I can leler my critic to
an undoubted authority where ho will find
the maxim lu question cited, in the original
Latin, from tmeo at least of the highest
recognized standards of the Jesuit order. I
quote briefly irom tho Encyaopwlia EHtan
ntca. Vol. XIII, article Jesuits, page Cul
(American reprint): "The result of dis
passionate examination ot these and kin
area works" (speaking of F. Guary, L.L;
uorl & bcut lul), "always bearing in mind
that no Jesuit writings can be published
without special license Iiom tho general,
alter carelul scrutiny and review, is
that the three principles of probabilism,
of mental reservation, und of justification
or means by ends, which collectively make
up what educated men intend by tue term
'Jesulty,' are lecognized maxims of the
society. The following Jesuit theologians
are eued: Busemhaum, whose Medulla The
ologlaehasueeu more than 50 times printed,
and lately by the ProDaganda itseli, lays
down tho maxim in tho following terms:
'Cum flnls est llcltas, etlam media sunt
llciia,' and 'Cut llcitnsestfinis, etiamllcent
media.' Layman slnUlunyr-ln nls Thcolo
glu Moralis, 'Cul coticlaaus est finis, oon
cissa etium sunt media ad flnem ordmato,'
and U aguman, in his Synopsis Thooloiae
Moralis. yet more tersely, "Finis determlnat
CnAiti.ES D. Williams,
Rector ot tit. Paul's Ciiurch.
Steubesville, O., Oct. 21).
JEKRI THE S0CKLESS.
jERivr la not the stuff to make a martyr of
ana nobody is likely to waste ammunition
upon him. iVeto I'orft Times.
jEnnY Sihpsox should not be assassinated.
He has never done anything to deserve tho
late of a martyr. Kansas City Star.
Jerky Simpsox is altogothor too unique a
personage to be even threatened with harm.
May he live long, escape all manner of plots
ana prosper. Huston Globe.
Jerky Simpsok goes about with a body
guard to protect him from assassination.
Jerry appears to be afflicted with a rush of
socks to the brain. CMcago Tribune.
'l he story that some one is trying to assas
sinate Jeiry Simpson is very thin. Ho is too
uselal a man to the Republicans, for be la
making votes for them in every speech ho
delivers. Toledo Blade.
Mit. Jebut Simpson maybe rather stale as
a Joke, but still no one would believe that
he was such a dreary reminiscence as to
lead even the wild Kansans to thirst for his
gore. Cleveland Leader. t
Jerky Simpson is now the object of an al
leged assassination plot. Ho and Ignatius
Donnelly might make arrangements to star
jointly in a specially written political
drama. Washington Mar.
Mu. Jerry Simpson, like his People's party
confrere Ignatius Donnelly, imagines him
self tho object of an assassination conspir
acy and goes about with a bodyguard. As
a political advertisement this trick is get
ting to be as futile as the actress' stolen
diamonds. Detroit Journal.
"Jerry" Simpson has Just "discovered" a
"plot" to kill him. Who is there in Kansas
that could possibly havo the heart to kill
this harmless and amusing creature? Poor
Jerry must be in a bad way in his campaign
for re-election when he has tn resort to such
yarns as this. Philadelphia Bulletin.
It may be considered settled for all time
that Wayno MacVeagh will never, novervoto
for D. Ii. Hill for anything.
A Poser for the Democrats.
Conundrum! If freo trade is a failnro in
Great Britain, bow is it to be made a success
in the United States?
DEATHS IIcKb' a1 USLW.'lEUtf.
It. W. Coleman, Politician.
"R. W. Coleman, the People's farty can
didate for btate Land Commissioner In Texas, the
editor or Truth, the party orgiu or lliehtilc, and
one or the leaUtrjortlii't movement In Texas, died
bituidayof tj'phol.l lever altera tniei hint;, lie
wasouly earsof akc. lie canvassed through
several or the Noiihern srates two jearn ago In
leha!for the banners' Alliance movement, and
was for sometime one of the eilltois of the Aatl nal
EamomUt at Si ashlngiou. lie i as one of the must
lorelbie orators In the south.
Mrs. Mary Carlin.
Mrs. Mary Carlin died yes'.erday morn
ing at ner residence, o. S B street, Allegheny.
She wali herSDih vear, was bom in Eosa town
ship, this county, a.id had been a resident of
Allegheny for Go yeard. She was identified with
cnaritaule and church work nnd had a wide circle
or friends. Four of her sons me engineers on the
Fort Wayne Railroad and one is employed at the
city water works, bhe was an aunt or cx-Chalr-man
James.Uuuter, of Allegheny Common Council.
ADOLPn Storck, one of the oldest lumber mer
chants of Baltimore, l'dead.
William ulriiatt, manager 0r the Rocking
ham I ottery. dropped dead at Harrisonburg, Va.,
Saturday from heart disc se.
ClIAniEYKr.ua, a prominent wlnemakcr or St.
Ueleua, C'ftl., died at his liome in San Frauclsco
yesterday, as a result of paralysis of the throat.
He was Ci years of axe.
WILLIAM M. HARNETT, one of the best known
Btlll-Ure painters in the country, died Saturday of
oraemla at the New Tort City Hospital, wnlther
he had been taken Thursday from his itadlo.wnere
ho wm foand unconscious.
A TBYIN6 FASHION.
Princess Marie, of Edinburgh, Determines
on a Style That May Worry American
Girls A Batch of Weddings Scheduled
Celebrating Hallow E'en.
Princess Marie, of Edinburgh, has set
a fashion that may prove trying to some of
the belles who delight in following the load
of a princess of the royal blood. She Is pre
paring her trousseau, and in it Is included
two stunning tartan gowns of Scottish man
ufacture. Wo have seen, in this country,
tho maidens attired in shirt waists of hugo
plaids in bright colorings, but the tartan
fad, if it takes possession of theAmorican
girl, will go beyond anything wo havo
hitherto seon. It U only a certain style of
face and figure that can stand such a cos
tume, and, by some unfortnnate decree of
fate, it seems as if the wrong girl always
gets hold of the most striking efloctsin
"We are getting back to first principles in
the matter of wilting implements. While
the pen point itself is or gold, the holder Is
a quill that looks'llke the quill scriveners
used a century ago, but that is made of an
ostrich instead of a goose quill. Gold or
silveror tlnyjowels Is formed into a mono
gram, and the whole trinket is very dainty
as well as useful.
The officers elected for the ensuing year
of the Wilklnsburg Chautauqua Literary
and Scientific Circle are as follows: Presi
dent, Miss Sue Duff: Vioo President. Mr.
Samuel Wills; Secretary, Miss Clarissa Mof
titt; Assistant Secretary, Mr. J. I Koethen;
Treasurer, MIsb Margaret Young. The club
will meet this evening and a cordial Invita
tion is extended to everybody. This is tho
American-Greek year of tno Clicieandls
said to be more than usually Interesting.
A home wedding in w hich a grrat deal of
interest was felt took place in Oakland yes
terday morning. Miss Mollis McFarland,
daughter ot Mrs. Catherine McFarland, was
tno bride, and the groom was Mr. U. V.
Wightman. Kov. J. L. Andrews, of Alle
gheny, n as the officiating clergyman. Thero
was a wedding breakfast, at which a num
ber orguests oat down, and then tho young
couple loft for an Eastern trip. Their homo
will be in Alleqnlppa.
It is expected that the ingathering of the
Pittsuurg branch oi the Needlework Guild,
in the Third l'resbv terian Church to-moriow
evening, will be very largely attended. The
branch now has 80 regular working sections,
and several more are expected to be formed
before long. The earned women who have
charge ol the work of the Guild have been
very active in their lubor of lovo and
charity, and are gratified over their success.
A nuptial ceremony In Canon City, Col.,
October 17, united the lives of Miss Nevaila
u. (,'ariin, oi tnis city, and Mr. Claude W.
Terry, Mauagur of the McCluro Hotel, of
Canon City. The Key. L. J. Hall olliciuied.
Tbe bride is tlie granddanxhtcr of the late
Andrew Ui.nh.im, ot Pittsburg, and a grand
niece ot Senator Graham.
Tuxedo, that nltra-fashtonnblo resort,
where only the smart set can teel thoroughly
at home, has taken up All Hallow Eve, anu.
there havo been all sorts or hobgob.ln tricks,
in a general way, with nuts, apples, charms
und so forth, and the Tuxeduns declare
Halloween to be great fan.
Miss Mary Oveeholt Marcle, eldest
daughter of Captain V. C Marine, was mar
ried to Mr. J. ado Shupe, of Mt. Pleasant,
Pa., last Tuesua,, October 25. Tbe cere
mony took place at Captain Marine's resi
dence, Elverside, Ktv. J. C. McCoy, officiat
ing. One of tho notable Halloween parties was
that given by Mr. und Mis. Davragh at .Sum
ner station. Tho guescs wont from Pitts
burg, Allegheny, Sharp-iburg aud other
places. r. Darragh is superintendent of the
Isabella Furiiuce Company.
A number of Pittsburgers will be guests at
the wedding or Miss Marie Graham and Mr.
Orlando M. Brady, In Indianapolis, to-day.
Miss Graham was for a short tune a resident
oi Ha kins, and has a large circle of friends
In Pittsburg and vicinity.
Miss 1'bavelli will bring her throe months'
visit in Se wickloy to a close to-day, going to
Kent, O., and from thence to Woos
ter. Wnen she leturns to her home In
California, she will he accompanied by her
niece. Miss Fanny Glenn.
The wedding oi Mis Jennie Prather, or
Sheffield street; Allegheny, and Mr. I L.
ilrouifhton. ot tnis city, hau been set lor the
15th Inst. Tne celomony will bo performed
by ltov. Dr. Cowan, of tbe Third Presby
This evening the Epwortn Eeagne of tho
Noi th Avenue 31. E. Ciiurch is to give an
entertainment in the lecturo room. There
will bo music and recitations, and the e are
to be several selections by the Epworth
Mrs. Wit M. Grapton and her daughter,
Miss Elsie Chew, oi feewiekloy, will leavu to
day lor un extended visit to their lormer
home, Fredericksourg, Va. They will be
the guests of relatives.
Halloween was celebrated last evening
by tno young people of llev. Dr. McClur
kln's church with a social s,t the residence
ot Mr. T. J. Gillespie, Westminster street.
This evening. Miss Minnie Jacob and Mr.
Benjamin Bactch are to be marriod at the
residence of the bride's mother, Mrs. F.
Jacob, by Key. Frederick Kuort".
Miss Gertrude Scott, or Bell avenne, Alle
gheny, will give a. reception next Friday
evening in honor of Miss Jessie Edwards, or
Me. and Mrs. A. C. Martin, or Arch street,
Allegheny, havo sent oat invitations lor a
dinner next Thursday evening.
The Itobertson-E-tplen wedding is to bo
one oi tue society events oi to-uay.
There were a largo nnmoerof Halloween
parties in tho two cities.
WHEEE 0TJS P1AG STILL WAV33.
American Merchant Marino Still Ahead
on the Lakes and the Pacific.
Wasuikotos, Oct. 3L E. C. O'Brion, Com -missioner
of Navigation, has just submitted
advance copies of his annual report to tho
Secretary ot tho Treasury. Tho Commis
sioner expresses the opinion that the ex
clusion of foreign vessels from participation
in our domestic nnd coastwise commerce, as
provided by tho act o. February li, 17A5, has
alone saved our ship building and shipping
Interests from ruin, and that in this abso
lutely protected branch of our merchant
marine we have attained to successes in
nautical affairs for surpassing tnoso of auy
other nation on the glube.
In leferring to the Pacific const, the Com
missioner says that while American steam
navigation has been absolutely driven from
the transatlantic trade it survives on the
Pacific Ocean, first, for the reason that
American lines are liable to sustain them
selves, through association with the abso
lutely protected steamer line between Now
York nnd San Francisco, that lino having,
since it was started in 18l9been regirded as
a urancn oi our domestic commerce in
which no foreign vessel can engago, and,
Second, tor the reason that other American
transpacific Hues enjoy the benefit ot pro
tection wnlch arises from their asso
ciation with a transcontinental rail
way line. The Commissioner, how
over, calls attention to what he regards
as a threatening danger on the Pacific,
the fact that the Dominion Government
has at an outlay of about $.210,000 enabled the
Canadian Pacific Hallway Company to con
struct its Hue ueioss the continent and to
place on the Paelflo Ocean, between British
Columbia and China, n lino of steamers
whlc'i receive from tho Canadian and Brit
ish Governments mi ununal subsidy of
tlDO.Co'O u year, which is about five tunes tho
amount paid annually to Amencan steamers
carrj ing to and trom Asia malls which sov
eral times exceed in bulk tile mails carried
by the Canadian line.
A QTJAKEK CITY CAXHEDSAL.
Plans Formed for a Great Episcopal
Church In Philadelphia.
Philadelphia, Oct. 31. A plan is being
formed to establish in Philadelphia an im
mense Protestant Episcopal Church, which
will rival in strength any Piotestiint Church
in America. It Is proposed to consolIJato
the parishes or Epiphany, St. Stephen's
Graco, and the Covenant, and to
build 'on Epiphany's $500,000 prop
erty, at the coruor oi Fifteeutti
nnd Chestnut streets, a groit modern edi
fice, which will le tno prldo or Pnlladel
pliians and churchmen throughout tho
country. This movement was started by
St. Stephen's, which, with property and en
dowments airsreaating in value $600,000, is
handicapped bv its close surroundings and
tho distance from tho homes or lis parish
ioners. TIio Extremes Meet,
Trying to work some short cut to wealth
may really turn out a way to get a rree and
short hair-cut in Jail.
It Isn't Much Else.
New Orleans Picayune.
To a man up a tree tbe mustaobe of a dude
There are counterfeit almonds.
Nickel steel does not corrode in gait
Twelve average tea-plants produce ona
pound or tea.
The "cabin boat" is disappearing from
tbe Upper Mississippi river.
The exclusive use of white bread has a
tendency ri make teeth decay.
During one month recently Japan ex
ported 811,590 gross ot matches.
Tbe first American newspaper was
printed at Boston, September 23, 1690.
The discovery of rich sapphire fields la
reported In the vicinity of Craig, Mont
Carpets were used in Nineveh and
Babylon, as shown in paintings, B. C.f 1S0O.
Free drawing schools for girls' were
first organized in Frauce by Rosa Bonheur.
In the eleventh century both English
and French dandies covered their arms with
The King Chan, the Chinese official
journal, has been published in Pekln for
The modern health drinking arose fron
the ancient custom of dedicating cups o
wine to divinities.
A Kansas City fanning implement
house intends sending out a young womai
as a drummer next year.
A Californian has produced for sssar
a pieco of gold-bearlnz rock which hj
claims is part of a meteorite.
The Pope in. 1186 prohibited the crosti
bow os barbarous and threatened crosa
bowmen with excommunication.
Sherman, Tex., has a 590,000 j'ail fron
which ten prisoners lately escaped bysaw-',
lug througn Iron bar3 with a 35-cent file.
The playwrights of the last two cen
turies usually received a dedication fee from
the nobleman to whom the play was' dedi
cated. The amount on depot with savings"
banks in 1391 equaled $1,634,820,112; of their
loans, investments and cosh on hand, $1,S24,
793524. The Czar's personal expenses are
$9,000 000 a year, which Is $C 200,000 more than
Russia's annual appropriation for common
A negro digging on his farm in Liberty
county, Ga.. recently, found an iron pot con
taining $4,000 in old French and Spanish sil
ver coins. -,
An ingenious Indianian has invented
a plow in which an anaer or screw mold
board is operated by means of n drivo wheel
in tho rear.
A chute, measuring three-quarters of a
mile In length. In the logging 4amp at Clay
ton, Ore., is described as one of the longest
in the world.
An average of three British seamen
lose their lives every day by drowning, and
300 British stcaraors and sailing vessels are
lost at sen yearly.
The barroom of a hotel at Eordentown,
S. J., is decorated with a pair of eleganS
chandeliers that were brought fiom Spain
by Joseph Bonaparte.
Porphyry holders, which greatly re
semble watermelons in size, shape and
color, aro to be found in the Cascade Moan
tains cast of Itosebtirg, Ore.
At the head of the Gulf of Bothnia
thoro Is a mountain, on tho summit of which
tho sun shines perpetually during the five
days of June, 19, 20, 21, '1 and 23.
Tbe peach is of Persian origin and tbe
apricot is Syrian. The former fruit is men
tioned by classical writers as early as 200
B.C., bnt the latter not until 30 A.D.
During tbe reign of Henry TV", of Eng
land no person of a lower estate than a
knight banneret was allowed to wear cloth
or gold, or large sleeves, or to use either
ermine or marten fur on his gown.
It was not nntil the reign of the Em-
press Josephine in France that tho pocket
handkerchief was tolerated at all ai an arti
cle lor public use. So lad would have
tared to use ono m tne prosenee or others.
Even tbe name was carefully avoided in po
The great organ in the old Mormon
Church at Salt Lake City has 2;704 piiW
each 32 foet long and large enough to aab't
tno body ora man or ordinary size. IC-.WiS
built In tne early (lavs, when all freight was
nanuicu irom aiissouri rive points acros3
the plains with ox teams.
By placing two iron bars at seven or
eight yards distance from each other, and
patting them in communication on one side
by an insulated wiro, and on the other side
with a telephone. It is said that a storm can
bn predicted 12 hour ahead through a cer-
tain dead sound heard in the receiver.
In the limited space between "Worth
street and the battery, Xew York, where
there are many large wholesale houses, it is ,
stated that 15.009 women are employe! as
typewriters. A single typewriting mactine
company finds employment, through Its
various offices, forlo.otO women a year.
The largest specimen ot extinct aninal -i
ever found in tho world wai the skeleton of
a Dlnosanrian reptile discovered in tbe Bid
Lands in 1SS2. The weight or tho skull alote
ns 694 pound", and of tho whole skeleton
1.900 tiouuds. It is now in the rooms of tha
Academy or Xaturul Science, Philadelphia. r
Koumiss, mare's milk fermented, is
mentioned in tbe thirteenth century by
Gulielmns de Rubruquis, a traveling monk:
'-After a man has taken a draught thereof is
Icaveth behind a taste like that of almond (
milk, aud maketli one's insides feel very
comfortable, aud It also intoxicateth weak
Some English newspaper women who
wanted to And out whether the people who
sing In the London streets make a good liv
ing or not, put on a disguise and taking a
guitar went out to try it for themselves.
After singing and playing for an hour and a
half they hud collected 7s 4d. And the7
wero only amateurs at that and with no
previous experience in pleasing tho people.
The oldest man in England is said to
be Amos Jinks, a native of Shropshire, now
living at Wellingborough, Northampton
shire. Tho claim that he is 107 years old, it
is averred, has been Investigated and thor
oughly verified by responsible parties. Tho
old man ii withered and bent, his eyesight (
has tailed and his voice is shaky, bnt apart
from these evidences of age he Is free from
physical infirmity. He eats, drinks and
bleeps well, und is not at all deaf.
OKIGES'AL AND JOCOSE.
"We welcome you, November ninety-two,
You take the laurel wreath, you really do;
Events Important to us. each and all.
During your reign are surely to befall.
Onr President's elected in your time
Which one? Well, we will not bet a dime;
Bat. will you klndljr tell us which to call,
Yale or Princeton? We're crazy 'boat football.
Little Tommy "WiNTERGitEEN, Jr., ii
In disgrace, and very much so. The other cvenms
Mr. and Mrs. Thoma3 Wlntcrgreen, Sr., gave their
annual dinner to their minister and his wife. and.
of course. Tommy was permitted to go to the first
table so that bis childish prattle might fill la any
awskward pauses. Bnt. ilka all children. Tommy
'did not wilt for awkward pauses, but Joined in the
conversation right and left, and it wasa't long be
fore he had put his foot In It. They had been talk
Ins; for some time about marriage and had about
agreed that it was a very good thlag. when
mamma's and papa's pride said: "You will never
catch me a-marrjini;, so you won't." "Myhtllo
man," said the good minister in bis regular dining
out voice. "Yon will develop into such a fine look
ing rellow that all the beautiful jrlrU ia tho neigh
borhood will be flocking aboat you. and. before
yon know It, cupM will take aim And pierce your
heart." "Huh?" ejiculated Tommv. "Why,"
said the minister, "when yon are older you will
not be able to resist the charms of lovelv women."
Oh. yes. I will" said Tommy emphatically. And
right here Is where mamma made a fatal mistake.
She, poor soul, thinking that her darling had soma
cute reason for his stand, said: "Tell ns; Dew
drop, why you are so opposed to marrying?" "Be
cause." replied the Dewdrop. "I'll have no wo
man sajlng to me every evening when I get home.
Thomas, you have been drinking again?1 " It was
notanlght-mare that caused Tommy to scream
that night about 9 o'clock, but the good minister
and his wife had but a few moments before de
parted. "A TOncn light parade reminds tne to
much or Warner's operas," he said to his com
panion, as they stood watching the Republican
marchers pass by.
"Whit" she asked. .
"Because the drums play such a -promtaeal
part, " he replied.