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X BREEZE IK THE COLLEGES.
Undergraduate to Professor What the dence do you know about politics? Boston Herald.
THE football SEASON in
BOMANCE OF SCIENCE.
A Patient Photographer Whose Ee
ward Is Jupiter's Fifth Moon.
E. E. BARNARD'S RISE TO FAME.
How He Was Long Kept From the Biff Tele
scope on lit. Hamilton.
WniT THE TV0KLD MAI EXPECT KFXT
rWJtlTTEX TOR THE DIBPATCIL!
Very early in his career as an astronomer
Prof. E. E. Barnard began the study of the
planet which so recently rewarded him with
the discovery which places his name beside
that of Galileo. Fifteen years ago, when
he was a young man of 20, he purchased his
first teisscope a five-inch refracting glass
!rom his earnings as a photographer in
hU native JTashville. All day he labored
to secure the happiest expressions of mor
tals and found recreation at night in study
ing the no less varying faces ol the stars.
Jupiter especially enchanted his imagina
tion. So large, so distant, its measurements
beyond human comprehension, it presented
the most inviting field for investigation.
Its moons, themselves stars'of the sixth mag
nitude, with atmospheres of their own, sur
faces diversified with dusky markings,
varying in size, shape and brightness, con
stantly enacting dramatic incidents of
eclipse and transit with attendant phe
nomena, kept interest alive and speculation
lively. The projection or the vast cone of
the planet across the three inner satellites,
the ink-black shadows of the moons drag
ging their footsteps in transit, their total
disappearance upon the dazzling surface of
the jovian center all these were full of
Hunting Comets for Howards.
For four years he observed Jupiter al
most constantly. But a youth may not live
full BLAST. Baltimore Herald.
by celestial speculatirn alone, even thongh
he be a young astronomer with his soul full
of enthusiasm. Vanderbilt University had
rewards out for comets, and so, when
ever this young man ran short of funds, he
took his little six-inch glass and became a
Vidocq, picking Tiis course along the
heavenly highways and byways, prying
here and there among the worlds. In this
way he turned up no less than five of these
long-haired nomads in a very short while
and got $200 a piece for them at the univer
sity. His feelings, as may well be imag
ined, were far different from those of the
poetic alarmist who iriglitened the poor
groping souls of the dark ages with his
That long streaming star
Which threatens earth with lamlne, plague
It was the lack of comets wherein lay the
threat of famine with him. After the first
formal introduction these eccentric bodies
seemed somehow to kno.v him and to like
him, for after all he onlyTeported them.
The great Vanderbilt institution, with all
its learning, could not disturb them. They
seemed to throw themselves in the way of
his little glass, for never in the history ot
stargazing did any man except Pon, the
Frenchman, bring so many comets to book.
The Comets Brought Him Fame.
But Barnard's friends, the comets, brought
him not only -what first he needed most
funds. Fame came also among them. He
was made assistant in the observatory at
Vanderbilt, and his observations there
secured for him the appointment of assist
ant at Iiick when it was opened in 1887.
And the use of the 36-inch glass? Nay,
there was another man. nominally director
bis name is spoken not in Gath who pro
posed to Have all the honors attached to
the great equatorial himself. It was danger
ous at Lick to be too keen of vision. But
genius is, among other things infinite pa
tience. Prof. Barnard did not complain.
He bad a better glass in the 12-inch tele
scope than he possessed betore and went
right on conquering new worlds.
In 1SS9 he made a remarkable discovery
oi four satellites to the Brooks comet He
pierced the nebula of Orion and found a
new star, and in observing the star Beta in
Capricorn! during its occultation by the
moon be noticed that its disappearance was
not instantaneous, but a gradual extinction.
From this it was interred that Beta was a
OF THE WEEK AS- THE CARTOONISTS SEETHEM.
OF COITBSE HE DOESN'T LIKE IT.
He mav bark until he's hoarse, but he can't get away from it. Philadelphia Press.
LET HIM get AWAY IF
double star, an inference that was after
ward confirmed bv Prof. Burnham, then of
the old Chicago University. This is one ot
the most difficult discoveries ever made.
Then he found the nebula near Merope
in the Pleiades with more than a hundred
other nebulse in regions heretofore consid
ered poor in nebulosity. In addition to
the discovery of the new comets he fol
lowed the course of the old ones to compute
their orbits, often observing them for a
year after they had passed from the visiou
of every other observatory in the world.
Utilized HU Knowledge of Fliotography.
His knowledge of photography enabled
him to picture the milky way, showing for
the first time not only the brighter stars
but their nebulosity. His photographs of
the corona at the time of the eclipse ot 1889,
with a pon-photographio telescope were re
markable contributions to our knowledge of
He observed the transparency of the
crape ring of Saturn during the eclipse of
a Saturnian satellite; the phenomena of
the "Gegenschein," a faint light seen at
.night nearly opposite the sun. Nearly all
of the obiervationi and contributions were
''mm fc "Sir Ife 7y?t$p
if hvIa- lm
lf m" J
Professor E. E. Barnard.
JLFTEE YOtr, SIR AVtfl Torife Telegram. '
HE CAN. Xew TorJc Press.
made with telescopes of various apertures
the "comet seeker" of 4 inches, the G-ineh
and 12-inch telescopes although he was at
length permitted by the jealous holder of
the Lick sinecure to peep Shrough the 36
A Night a Week With the Big One.
Last February when tho now star In
Auriga was engaging the attention of the
astronomers he chafed against his restric
tions. The great lens mocked him with its
rower and reproached him with its five
years' practical idleness. Abroad its claims
were derided; it had done nothing to re
deem its promise of large results. He ap
pealed to the directory. Directories are
slow to act the new star passed out of
range and July came before a grudging
permission was given him to have the full
use of the equatorial one night oi each
week. The results of this ere soon seen.
The new star had swung into sight again
and was quickly announced us the nucleus
of a nebula and no longer a star. This
f jugular and hitherto unknown chance ot
character has since been confirmed by
spectroscopic observations at Mt. Hamilton
Now, after but two months of restricted
use of the equatorial, Prof. Barnard has
startled the world with a discovery as sen
sational as that made three centuries ago,
and to which until this time no further
knowledge has been added. For 300 years
ambitious observers had turned each larger
glass upon the Jovian system, only to find
that all their science and inventions re
vealed but little more than did the Dutch
toy with which the Paduan professor
amused (he courts of the Quirinal and the
The Discovery of tho Tilth Moon.
On the night of September 0 Prof. Barnard
satin the observatory on the lonely heights
of Mount Homilton. The great glass through
which he gazed mounted the skies to keep
pace with the planet upon which it was fo
cused. Long before twilight had faded or
the planet had lifted itself from the midst of
the horizon its disk was perceptible, and
as it reached a clear altitude it shone with a
bailliancy which dominated the noctural
sky. The opposition approached to culmi
nate on the 12th of October. Early in July,
in anticipation of the even t,v Prof. Barnard
had made his appeal to the direetory, and
thcrealtcr Friday saw him stationed where
he could sweep the sky with the great lens.
ir i .-
Are these Hoffman House gentlemen really staking thousands on the result? Xho
a really stal
9 SC IPTi- sPste slips' N
' Tk.-i ImltiiV-. IwfiftMiK HESSE'S'
" ,w yyw t
n nui irt. mi i ii
jerry SIMPSON thbeatened Chicago Tritium.
AS THE CAMPAIGN CLOSES.
The Politician Well, old Dulcet Tones, what have you been doing for the party?
The Orator I have been busy I can tell you. Traveled 20,000 miles, made 179 speeches
and won over three men from the opposition to my certain knowledge But what have
you been doine?
The Politician Oh, I've eat here in this back room and carried the State. Chicago News.
Incidentally, while waiting for Jupiter to
swing into the circle of observation, he
found the truth about the new star in
Auriga a transformation never before
observed ot a temporary or variable star
and which set several fine theories by the
It was a month yet until th opposition
when conditions would be most favorable,
yet Prof. Barnard was at his post. Slowly
the growing disk of the planet emerged
lrom the mists of the eaatern horizon and
mounted the sky. Through the glass the
four moons Ganymede, Europa, Io and
Calypso circled with varying splendor,
not with wan faces like our moon, but with
n brightness equal to that ol the planet
A Spark From Great Jupiter.
Suddenly the cloud envelope of Jupiter
parted, or some obscuring atmosphere
cleared, and a tiny point ot light was re
vealed as near to the surface of its parent
as the distance oi the diameter of the earth
a spark, as it were, in the track f a can
non ball. The body itself is insignificant,
but its very insignificance makes it conceiv
able that it may not be solitary. In the
cloud strata 6f Jupiter may be hundreds like
it, (raiments ot a disintegrating planet or
solidifying nebula to be reabsorbed by a
rudimentary one. It affords food for the
widest speculation in thegenesis of systems.
How did this body come there? That it is
there is instantly accepted, although an
astronomer as renowned as Schiaparelli was
at first laughed at for his pains 'u lien he an
nounced the geometric lines dn Mars. Such
is Prof. Barnard's reputation for care,
nrcnracv anil iutecrritv of observation, for
conservatism of theory, for brilliant achieve-'
ments. It is only by untiring patience ana
devotion that he has been able to point out
this wonderful new satellite to eyes grown
weary withthe watching of Stars, to place a
significant figure before a row of scientific
zeroes. But the excitement caused by the
greatest astronomicat discovery of the cen-
.... IT .t Af all .k flantn.itfi linKn
Galileo,' is lost in the wonder as to what this 1
remarkable young man will ao next witu
the glass he has made famous and with the
star of his good fortune the earliest, latest
and best fruit of telescopic discovery.
Tronserlngi and overcoatlnsrs to order on
short notice at rucairn's,i yooa street. .
TO BEAD ABOUT.
A SWEEPING CRUSADE
The Zeeley League Asks for a Vreat
ALL THE OLD ORGANIZATIONS
requested to Join Hands With It In a New
Style of Campaign.
PEANOIB MURPHI'J OHNIOX OP IT
A circular has just been issued by the
authority of the Executive Board of the
Keeley League, approved by the President
and signed by tho National Secretary
Treasurer, J. M. Kellv, of this city. It is
entitled "The Mission of tho Keeley
League." The Keeley leagues, the circular
says, are not the bi-chioride of gold clubs
of a mouth ago. They stand upon a
broader and firmer basis, with the constitu
tional machinery in operation that privi
leges every honest man and woman to lend
lull and equal co-operation. Any man or
woman who feels that he or she would like
to aid the work of the league, is privileged
to join the organization. They take title ot
honorary members, but can have full voice
and vote in the proceedings. The women,
the mothers of the country, can organize
separate from the leagues, if they so agree,
and while they aid the drunkar I to a cure
they can guard the young from tempta
tion. The ultimate mission of the Keeley
Xeague is to wipe out the saloon. As a
preliminary it desires to form an organiza
tion in every city, town and Jiamlet in
America. To do this, says the circular, we
want the co-operation of every man and
woman who carps lor humanity. We Can
get this most expeditiously by the present
temperance unions, with their machinery
of organization. " Meanwhile", it Is "not our
purpose to await the accomplishment of
- . l "i'Oi' -4 Eg
i 2T t J
1. - " r ' I
Elevated E. B. Passenger That's strange; I wonder what that parxot-is hanging up
Parrot Ask, your grocer for Scrub-ine
a prize in every pacsage : r-uac
w. - IVVll1rfi.i III . . J' I.I "". J -. "J J I
fc IVfA'JiVi lfl.il I lllf.i. I
Bnsty Ehodes Give me a dime, boss?
Mr. Stocks What do vou want to put it into?
Dusty Ehodes What's your judgement?
THEIB PENS ABE MIGnTIEB
A pictorial rendition of the war between two
Columbus Day parade. Clticago Times.
these desires While we are spreading the
knowledge of Kecleyism and curing a few
thousand diseased men every month in the
year, wc are reaching out a helpiuz hand
to the outcasts and' forsaken, the man with
out a home other than the prison. "We
who have experienced the miseries of ine
briety propose helping the miscrabies who
are siren up to tho police and the crnel
justice df the law. The State which sup
ports them will be asked to cure them.
The question here assumes an economic
phase, and the taxpayer will agree to it.
These laws will be passed, and the practi
cal branch of our work will be accom
plished. How to Accomplish tho Mission.
How can the saloon be aunihilated? asks
the circular. It answers thus: Since the
discovery of the Keeley cure they are no
longer a necessity. No man must have a
drink now,-or, to be more moderate, no man
ousht to need drink ten years hence, if the
mission ot the' Keeley League is properly
appreciated by the world. We have the
solution ot the liquor problem in our
hands. We can mate the saloon unprofit-..
able by curing the drunkard, thus closiug
the saloon, taking away temptation, and
preventing another generation of drunkards
Let us consider the conditions. We can
cure the drunkard and he is anxious to be
cured. But does that suffice? Assnredlv
not. Too often the drunkard is like a child
thrust upon the world and told to make its
way. lie must carve out new associations,
new ideas and mend his morals. He often
cannot do it alone. Old associations, re
morse over wasted opportunities or melan
choly, may cause him to drink aain and
become diseased tonce more. These men
are exceptions, for, as a rule, those who re
turn to drinking after having once taken
the Keeley treatment, can be classed under
three heads. First, the boy who is still in
the temptation period, who has not had a
surfeit ot "fun," is not diseased, who has
never experienced the bitter end of the
affliction. Second, the man whose tastes
arc depraved, whose morals are bad, w ho.
thus prefers association with his beastly
nature than. with his redeemed manhood;
and third, those whom the disease ot drunk
enifess has also eaused disease in other re
pects in the organs of the body, or the
brain. The treatment for inebj-iety can
only eradicate that one disease. .It cures
with never a failure, but it does not re
Mm, am I
n'i W'i i IjmMji i
the best soap made beware of imitations i
i-sg T I . 1
i Mi i y
How's the bank of British Xorth America?
THAN THEIR SWOBDS.
distinguished military brethren over th
make the moral or physical man, nor can tt
place the late inebriate on the same footing,
as are his fellows, who have not snfiered aa
he has sufiercd.
"Where tho Alliance TVIU Help.
So the league is asking for aid from the
old temperance organization?. Combining
their help with its own power the foe is t
ba vanquished; the youns are to be kept,
from temptation; the alreadv diseased aroj,
to be cured and the backsliders are to ba"
cared for and reclaimed. This includesj
evervbodr, so there will be no patronagafl
for the saloon. Then it will die. e3j
The circular savs to the old temperance
organizations: "As we have the method atsS
last, why not join as in the annihilation ofj
the liquor traffic? Francis Murphy said toB
the writer, that when he firt learned of thejfi
existence of the Keeley League, he de4I
clared it wonld become the one successful
organization, and that he has had no occa-
sinn since to change his views. He is sat
isfied, with the grace of God, to receive the?
signature to the pledge ot the yonng and of -J
those who can combat the disease, but they-S
whom he cannot reach, or if he momentarl
ly arouses, they are unable to continue to1
resist the disease, he says: 'Send them toll
Keely.' He fully appreciates the ally of J
medicine. If so successful an advocate oCn
temperance as Francis Murphy can so talk,
where is the temperance leader, or the tern
pernnce organization that can afford to lag,
The circular is couched in somewhat!'
extravagant language but contains somojj
interesting statements. For instance as tog
permanence of core: "Every individuals
case of disease treated has been thoroughly
and surelv cured. If tho victim drinks
again, he must necessarily recultivatethaa
disease." " gg
Here is a definition of a drunkard: ."Any
man who has drunk long enough to desiral
a drink the morning aftera night's deJ
bauck is diseased. If he is sick alter sleepS
ing, he has a habit. If his stomach demands!
drink, after a drunken night, he is diseased."!!
Once diseased there is small cbance'.ofJj
recovery, other tbanbv medical treatment. VM
Oar Ios Is Tour Gain. B
We are selling our stock-, damaged by Are ,J
water and snioke, at almostyour own prlcestV
and now Is your chance to get a bargatn&io
ruina,giass aim iriujj-, ., ui a.u.t..9
& CO. a. Tiura ana Aiarsot, as ins siixjk: aia
ho sold at once to mate room i or new gooo, j
Come early to avoid the rusn.
N ' '