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.;; ' THJ5 ' PITTSBURG-1' ' " DISPATCH; SUKDATZ NOVEMBER- ,8' J -1892.',
i-r. v 'xmrarii ..' . .j,- - ' . riurvn
2TAHI.IMIE1I FEBRUARY 8. . ISIS.
Vol. 74. No SS-Enterer. at Pittsburg rostofflce
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I'lTTbBUliG. bJTMlAY. NOV. ft. mi
THE UNIVERSAL DUTY.
The Presideiital campaign of 1892 will
close to-morrow evening, and on Tuesday
the popular verdict to which the efforts of
both parties for the past two months have
appealed will be cast. The arguments and
appeals intended to affect the action of
voters, so far as they are able to do it,
have probably done their work by this
t'me. The expenditure of campaign am
munition is certainly nearly over; but one
sugcestion to voters without reference to
party lines is pertinent at this time.
The election of Tuesday will decide the
economic policy of the nation for the next
fouryrars at least. Upon such clearly
defined and important issues as are at
htic every voter should take the oppor
tunity o cssSfiis vote in accordance with
his hones1 convictions. The franchisa is
the greatest and most powerful posses
sion of American cit:zenhip. It should
always be exercised intelligently and
faithfully. There may be an excuse for
neglecting to vote in elections vt here noth
ing seems to be involved save the pos
session of the offices by one set of poli
ticians or the other. But no such excuse
is to be found for a failure to vote this
week. The man who stays away from the
polls will simply exhibit a neglect of the
duty of an American citizen which proves
his unworthiness to possess its privileges.
In an election where the issues are so
poitive and clear as at present every man
Intelligent enough ought to have his con
victions and express them by his vote. We
aic not here urging men to vote for one set
cf convictions or the other. Our belief as
to which side is right is well known, and
the work of putting our opinions before
the public has been done. The present
exhortation is that every man shall per
form his duty by going to the polls on
Tuesday and voting exactly as his honest
convictions tell him. If he believes in free
trade let him vote the Democratic ticket;
If he believes in protection he must vote
the Republican ticket; if in prohibition,
the Prohibition ticket. Whatever his
convictions let him honestly give them ex
pression by his vote and, above all, not fail
In the universal duty of casting his ballot
unactuated by either fear or self-interest
This is the most important point of all,
no matter how important the issues to be
settled by the election. If all voters ex
ercise the franchise intelligently and
faithfully, the country will be governed
. bjiibe-doiltTerete and honest will of the
people, no matter whether tariffs are
kept up or thrown down.
THE IAMS YEBDICT.
The verdict in the lams prosecution
may have been reached by processes which
were calculated to produce doubt and
confusion; but there is no doubt that the
result reflects the general opinion of in
telligent, unbiased minds. There is left
the liberty of judgment whether both the
original offense of lams and his charge
against his officers were not subjects for
the jurisdiction of a court-martial; hut
public opinion will agree with the Court
tbt no conviction was called for.
It is inevitable that the character of the
iffense which produced the discipline
complained of should weigh against the
severe and doubtful nature of the punish
ment It is necessary that a man who,
when in the service of the State, for the
maintenance of .law and order, applauds
assassination and cheers for the assassin
should have a very insecure footing in
quibbling for the exact legality of the dis
cipline which' Jiis insubordination draws
upon him. Suclrmen may, although they
declare sympathy for those who try to
overthrow the law, be entitled to their un
disputed rights before the courts; but on
questions as doubtful as the' authority of
an officer commanding troops in actual
Fcrvice, their claim to tho benefit ot the
doubt is not likely to be received with
favor by a thoughtful jury.
Beyond this, It is indisputable, as brought
out in the case, that officers must have the
power to preserve discipline and punish
insiiborcination if the State military organ
ization is to be moro than a plaything.
Beyond that, officers must be able to vary
Abe severity of the punishment by the
character of the offense. If such a pun
ishment as that complained of should be
inflicted orra goldleffor a trivial offense
there is no doubt that redress could be
obtained. But when the nature of the
offense for which lams underwent mili
tary punishment is considered the verdict
reflects tho belief that it waj greatly in
vited. AN EXAMPLE OF REFORM POLITICS.
It is ono of the. Impressive moral les
sons of the day to find the New York
Tost attacking the RenuWIcim city candi
dates for exposing the. crookedness of
Tammany rial!. It is unablo to impeach
the truth of the attack, as that would be
pnnivalent to saving that it was libelous
in its past attacks. Consequently it deems
it a sufficient answer .tojnu'-nlpusly assert
that the .Itepubiicar" ed the anti-
Tammany Democratic candidates In one
or two past municipal elections.
It would be juit as accurate to say that
the independent Democrats defeated the
Republican candidates in tho3o elections;
but it would not suit tlio Post as well.
Since it has temporarily bowed the kneo
to Tammany for the sake of the anti-protection
candidate, it is high treason for
anyone else to object to the Tammany
regime; and as a consequence everything
that such people have done in the past
falls under suspicion.
The species of reform party which
brings the Post into subjection to Tam
many needs no further characterization.
arUIXIFICATION'S THIRD EDITION.
Perhaps, siuce the Democracy have
adopted nullification in their platform,
they are consistent in trying the same'
policy in New York State. But experi
ence should teach them that the Job of
setting a.side and defying the United
States is more than likely to be an expen
sive and losing game.
A certain portion of the Democracy un
der a leader whose ideas now dominate
Democratic declarations on the tariff
tried nullification over half a century ago.
The effort happened to run against a
Democrat in the Presidental chair whose
sterling loyalty and vigor crushed It in its
inception. Thirty years later the attempt
was renewed under the name of secession.
This time the Democrat occupying the
Presidency lacked ths backboue of Jack
son, and the attempt went to a length
which cost four years of war. But the
ruin inflicted on the section which under
took the task of setting at naught the
Federal Government, and the damage to
the Democracy for the twenty years sub
sequent, vt ere incalculable.
Do the Democrats of New York think
that the third and reduced edition of nulli
fication simply for the sake of letting their
heelers fix up the election to suit them
selves will be any more successful? If so,
and they foolishly persist in their recent
attitude, they will oe likely to appreciate
their mistake by tho middle of the week.
NOT BAD PATERNALISM.
The constitutional restriction of the
amount of debt which may bs contracted
by a municipality is termed by the Phila
delphia Ledger "paternal legislation,"
which it asserts "in practice Is not only a
great inconvenience but may be a menace
to health." In support of the last state
ment it cites the cases of Philadelphia and
Coatesville, both of which are In need of
new water supply, but are prevented by
the constitutional restriction from issuing
bonds to pay the expense.
This way of putting the case presents
two questions. One is whether it is pa
ternal legislation for the State to place a
limitation on the ability of a municipality
to plunge Into debt If it is paternal leg
islation it Is of the sort which received the
support of some of tho best minds the
State has ever possessed, In the Conven
tion of 1873. and has been indorsed by an
overwhelming majority of the people. But
it is to the point to say that it is no more
paternal than for the Constitution or the
Legislature to prescribe any other rules
for municipal government The Ledger's
argument that "thu municipality being
quite as wise as the legislature might be
trusted to manage its own affairs," would
apply just as cogently to any other par
ticular. It would be just as convincing
to establish the claim that tho Legislature
should grant charters permitting Councils
to prescribe the entire form of govern
ment; to levy taxes when and how they
choose; to say what officers shall be
chosan by themselves and what "elected
by the people. It it is paternal for a
government to limit the debt-floating
power of cities, it is paternal to lay down
any rules or conditions whatever in the
granting of charters.
As to the statement that the provision
becomes a menace to public health in the
two cases named, the circumstances per
mit it to be presented in another light
If a city goes into debt to the full limit
for various purposes more or less neces
sary, and then finds Itself unablo to bor
row money for something absolutely vital,
is it the Constitution or the city that Is to
blame? The question is likely to have a
cogent bearing for Pittsburg. If we
should exhaust our borrowing power now,
and then a few years hence find ourselves
unable to issue bonds for an absolute. y
necessary water extension, we would
have hard work to blame anything but
our reckless policy.
BUSINESS MOTIVES ONLY.
It is difficult to say what basis of actual
capital there is behind the mooted project
to start a new steel works at Homestead,
to be run by the workmen who were pre
vious to the scale dispute employed at the
Carnegie works. Whether there is much
or little capital ready to be put into such
an enterprise whether the project Is
imagination or has substance it is one that
could be given entire indorsement, pro
vided it were put upon the proper basis to
give a fair assurance of successful man
The idea of a co-operative concern in
which the workingmen shall be partners
is one well worth cherishing. The Phila
delphia Press in noticing the report refers
to the fact that co-operative and profit
sharing plans have not always worked
smoothly, basing its unfavorable opinion
of such plans upon two cases in which tho
men were dissatisfied with the share of
the profits allotted to them, or with the
actual profit or lack of it, in an unfavora
ble year. If any organization of
human design ever worked with
out jars or differences of opinion
we did not know it. But while every effort
to make workingmen partners in the con
cern for which they labor will be subject
to such friction, the fact remains that
such plans more closely identify the inter
ests of employers and employed; that
they increase the reward for good and
faithful work, and that they stimulate
busmess-like habits by making the work
ingman a capitalist on a small scale.
If the locked-out men at Homestead
can start works of their own it will be a
step in which they should receive encour
agement Indeed, it is so plainly the wisest
course for labor, that if the men have
shown an ability to get along without
wages for some months tho conclusion is.
that they would have done better to have
worked for those months and put their
wages into the new Investment. But to
give a hope of success the enterprise
should be started solely because a careful
review of the field shows that the union
of money and skill that can be com
manded for it can turn out tho manu
factured product so as to make fair
Every such co-operative enterprise
should beware of the motive of revenge
on some other concern with which tho
new establishment" will compete. It
should abjure any approach to that motive
in the present case for double reasons.
First, the idea that a new concern can iu
flict any serious injury on tho Carnegie
interests is absurd. There is room for new
steel works in the country; but it is self
evident that no now establishment could
start a competition that wou'd injure the"
Carnegie mills, without injuriug itself
equally. The other reason is for. the sake
of the success of co-operation. Revenge
is not'a business motivcf andto be success
ful co-operation should be based exclu
sively on business aims.
Wo wish to see co-operative concerns,
profit-sharing concerns and small concerns
In whlcnthe partners do-much if not all of
the work. Such enterprises will furnish
the most Democratic condition of Indus
tries as well as promise a solution of the
labor problem. But all such concerns
must be based solely on the desire, to
manufacture and sell goods at a profit;
and must know no other motive or senti
THE PERSEVERANCE OF THE LIARS.
The Baker ballot law roorback appears
o be as persistent this year as our more
familiar friend, the Presidental campaign
roorback. Down in Montgomery county
a couple of specimens of the class have
been circulated, which are peculiarly
salient examples of the policy of lying
about the law. One of them is the circu
lation among the Mennonites and kindred
sects with religions scruples against tak
ing an oath that if a citizen does not
know how to prepare his ballot "he is
obliged to swear that he cannot do it in
order to get help." The other is an
equally high-colored assertion for tho
benefit of the illiterate, that if a man
makes an error in marking his ballot he
will be arrested. Tho consequent conclu
sion is that the people to whom these
stories are addressed have either got to do
violence to their conscience by taking an
oath or suffer imprisonment for conscience
The motive in circulating these fabrica
tions about the law is something more
than the ordinary politician's desire to
bring the law into contempt The Mont
gomery county Democrats place the re
sponsibility for the law on the Repub
licans, and by circulating these lies hope
to defeat the Republican legislative ticket
in that county. It is not likely that their
roorback campaign will be a success in
that particular. It illustrates, however,
the perservanctof the liars in politics.
THE TIME FOR BAIN-MAKtNO.
It seems to have been characteristic of
our friends the artificial rain-maker i that
during the two months of clear skies just
ended they had little or nothing to say for
themselves. While there was no prospect
of rain anywhere, neither the artillerists
who bombard the heavens for rain nor tho
conjurors who grind it out of a mysterious
machine were heard from. No matter
how much Iheir boasted ability to produco
rain was needed they kept out of the way.
Nosooner, however, was there the report
from the far West of barometric depres
sions, rains and the other phenomena that
denote a change of weather, than the rain
making crowd sprang Into prominence.
One corps made itself very audible with
explosions in the vicinity of Washing
ton; and another was advertised
as starting for Texas. The news that
rain was coming, and that the wind was
set In a quarter that made the end of
the drought a foregone conclusion; seems
to have brought the rain-making frater
nity into a condition of tho most active in
dustry. All of which is extremely suggestive to
tho effect that success in rain-miking de
pends on judgment in timing the rain
making experiments just before the rain
After all, it is hardly surprising that a
party unwise enough to pre Tor Calhoun to
Washington, Hamilton, Madison, Jackson,
Jeirorson or Webster ns an interpreter of
the Constitution, should be so fatuous ns to
threaten and advise opposition to tho exer
cise of incontestiblo Federal authority at
the polls. A party that would endanger
American prosperity by relinquishing tho
national system of currency and returning
to the eviis of wildcat banking and fluctu
ating money, cannot bo expected to pay
much attention to snch a detail as obeying
the country's laws for the sake or public
policy. And an organization erratic onouih
'to pledge lt-elf to upset American industry
by inviting European competition little
cares how much social uproar may arise
from an attempt to revive dead issues and
arouso the defunct spirit of sectionalism.
Tuesday will bring boyish braggarts to
their senses, and destroy many election il
lusions beautiful enough to be a joy forever
in the eyes of those whose guesswork forms
their airy unsubstantial fabric.
Now that the eve of the election has ar
rived, there is no longer tho least doubt as
to the deep interest taken in its outcome.
But when will Americans learn that to secure
a government ana administration they must
pay perpetual attention to politics? If the
amount of time wasted on puerile parades
and idle speculation during a Presiden'nl
campaign, were distributed over tho inter
vening four years and devoted to a close
study or public affairs, this nation would
save enormons expense, minimise corrup
tion and obtain servants of maximum ef
ficiency. As a general thing political predictions
are quite Shakespearian, being about an
equal combination of As You Like It, Lovo's
Labor Lost, A Comedy of Errors, and Much
Ado About Nothing.
' TrrAT the Democratic party will be the
greatest sufferer from its assumption of an
attitude opposed to law is certain. But the
fact that the country will be n gainer by
Democratic loss at this time is not sufficient
to outweigh the noxious effect that an ex
ample of organized opposition to the na
tion's instruments must have both at home
and abroad. The America of to-day is a
united nation and, while any assertions to
the contrary are discreditable chiefly to the
makers theicof, tho people as u whole haro
to bear a sliaro of the leflection.
There is a regular epidemic of confidence
In political elides. Even tho Third party-
poopie nave a severe attacic, ana the Prohi
bitionists alone seom fice from tho infec
tion. Presumably the people on Pittsburg
streets last night who failed to enjoy thu
enthusiastic trumpetlngs were few and far
between. Tho majority of tho throng evi
dently delighted "in the discoidant har
mony, or an urgent pica might have -been
made fur Protection against Instead of by
tho American tin horn.
Piety can hardly banish politics on this
Sunday, and the country would be the gainer
If politics would give more thought to piety
on week days than Is customary.
Fusions are as plentiful as blackberries
in mid-season so tar as reports go. But the
proof of the fusion is in the Totinsr, and re
ports are quite frequently no moro than a
loud noise caused by tho explosion or Im
palpable gases and doing little execution.
Indian summer may be expected just as
soon as folk have accustomed themselves to
now and frost. Weather and variety aro
very nearly synonymous terms.
And now the lanterns, uniforms and such
like trumpery may be relegated to tho real
children lor another Tour years, though the
tin horn will no doubt have one.more horri
ble reign of tea-or on Tuesday nlulit.
WnAT a grand thing it will be for Chi
cago saloons, baseball games, theaters and
other purely secular, money-gamblta; "at
tractions," if the absolute Sunday closing of
the World's Fair be persisted tnl
EACH HOUSE A P0STQFFICE.
CORBZSrOSDIXCB OF THE DISPATCB.1
Washihotoic, Nov. 8. Two thousand letter-boxes
a day will be turned out by a fact
ory at Norrlstown, Pa., which begins De
ceuibor 1 to manufacture those articles for
the private use of householders all over, tho
anion.. They are designed, as already an
nounced In The Dispatch; for attachment to
the doors of dwellings and other Duildings,
being of the patterns selected, by the Tost
offlco Department from 1,600 models offered.
To produce these models cost the Inventors
of this country not less than $2SO,000. The
company controlling the patents which were
successful in tho competition will have.
practically a monopoly ot the business, be
cause people will prefer to buy the boxes
appioved by tho Uovcrnment, Half-a-dozen
styles were picked ont ns best by Mr. Wana
maker, and the Inventor of one of them has
bought out the others, so that all the rights
are now vested In a concern which calls it
self the Postal ImprovetnentCouipany.
The contrivances are to be Introduced in
all places where there Is froe delivery. Ac
cording to the latest census, there
aro 2,618,207 residences In all the
towns of the United States whloli
have more than 10, CO) inhabitants.
The froo delivery system extends to all com
munities having over i.OM individuals.
Tims it will appear that the company has a
pospect or selling Its devices to a vast num
ber of purchasers, with proflts correspond
The Inducements for Using.
It was recognized from the beginning
that, In order to get householders to em
ploy such contrivances, soma bettermduce
ment must bo offered them tlinn the piivl
leue ot having their mail dropped In a re
ceptacle at their doors. Citizens xenentlly
a ill not even lake the trouble to have slits
in their front doors through which letters
may be put. They do not feel interested In
saving the postal service time. But the in
ducement required is supplied in these de
vices by the Introduction or an arrangement
which enables every person liavinir a prl
vnto box to mall his own lottery newi.pa-
Sers and packages without going out of his
welling. At the same time ho can pnr
chaso stamps and stamped envelopes in
any quantities he desires without leaving
Let it be supposed that Mr. A, who owns a
box, has n ritten a letter at his hume. Hav
ing no stamp be diopsltwlth 2 cents Into
the collection compartment of the box on
tho inside ot his front door. The act ot lift
ing the lid of this compartment to pnt
in the missive nutomatic.illv raises into
view a target on the outside of the dooci
which bears the word Mail" in big letters.
Presently the postman comes along, sees the
target displayed, unlocks the compartment
trom the oiutlde and takes ont the letter
and tho money. Very likely ho has letters
to deliver, in which caso he unlocks a lower
compartment. Intended for tho reception of
mall, and drops them in. Nothing appears
on the outside of the door but a slot and two
keyholes. The ooenpant of tho duelling
has his own keys lor opening the compart
ments iroru within.
How to Get a Supply of Stamps.
If he wants to procure stamps or stamped
envelopes, he incloses tho money lor them
in an envelope with an order indicating the
number and denominations required. He
drops this envolope Into the collection com
partment, addressed to the carrier, who
takes it to the postofflce, where tho order is
filled. On his next trip he delivers the
stamps.two 2-cent stamps being retained and
canceled for the service. This system is
profitable) to the Fostofllce Department as
well as to citizens. Lack of stamps and dis
inclination to make a trip to the nearest
stamp agency or corner box, whether the
cause be inclement weather or a too oom-
fortable dinner, rou the trovornmenc ot an
enormous amount annually, which might be
gained if a complete postofflce wero at
every man's door.
Kecent trials of these house-boxes In cities
having proved gicatly successful in the
saving ot time, similar experiments are to
be made at once on the ruiul routes selected
for lost purposes one a village route, and
the othera larming distt let 10 miles square
with mounted postmen. This is in line with
Mr. Wunnmaker's plans lor extending the
freo delivery svstem. Two years ago Con
gicssxavo to the 1'ostmastcr General 10,000,
which was expended in trying the merits of
lrce delivery in 46 villages of few or than 500
inhabitants; some of them wore as low as SU0.
Carriers were put on In' those couimunltlei,
and the result was that in one year 43,000
was earned by the venture over and above
all expenses. Ir the appropriation made by
Congress for the purpose had been $l,'COO,0Ou,
Mr. Wanamakcr believe that Uncle tarn
would have made $3G0,O00 by the speculation.
Incidentally, owing to Increased sale- of
stamps In those 46 villages, the aggregate
salaries of their postmasters, which are paid
bv a nercentase on the sale of stamps, wero
Increased $1,900. Wherever the delivery sys
tem is introduced it is found profitable lor
the Government, and the Postmaster Gen
eral is convinced that the revenues of his
department would be largely augmented by
extending It to the lurming districts.
The Company's Flan of Campaign.
To have the boxes put in, two-thirds of
tho householders on a route must agree to
buy them, selecting their own patterns.
The Postal Improvement Company will em
ploy agents in every big city, who will send
descriptive circulars to every house describ
ing the boxes and their advantages. People
will bo invited to call ut the postoffice and
inspect the uoxes, or, If they desire, the
ugents will bring samples to their dwellings.
It is expected that hen a lew citizeus on a
route havo made up their minds that thoy
deslro boxe, they w ill voluntarily canvass
their neighbors in order to secure the
lequlslte two-thirds of them as subscribers.
Postmasters all over the country have al
leadybeen instructed by Mr. Wanam.nker
to lend all reasonable aid to secure the adop
tion of tho boxc.
Another point in favor of the house-bnx
system is that it will practically do away
with the robbing of letter boxes. Patterns
ol the boxes will be made with two horizon
tal sills in the door plate above and below
the mall slot. By this device a person's
name and number can he put on his plate in
a lew moments, each metal letter having a
double flange on tne back of it like a patent
paper fastener, which is thrust throuch tho
silt and spread behind the plate so as to se
cure the letter. The owner's uamo is
quickly spelled oat with letters attached
equidistant along the slit. With numbers
it is the same way. It has beeu suggested
that luminous targets shall be used to catch
the postman's eye after dark. Many build
ers are already introducing provision for
lcttor boxes into their specifications for
dwellings and business offices to he erected.
It is anticipated that beiorelong they will
be a leature of the construction of houses
generally. If desired they can he built Into
ilie wall. Some day the Postofflce Depart
ment may furnish boxes free, but ut present
it has no fund for that purpose.
It may be asked, where inrutal districts
does the house lotter box come in? Why,
on the fencepost by the public thorough
(are, where it is easily accessible to tho fam
ily and to tho mountod letter carrier.
The Postal Telegraph Scheme.
These letter holes constitute an important
feature in Mr. Wanamaker's postal tele
gtuph scheme, by which every residence,
laotory and offlco in the nation will be
brought, as he believes, into electrical com
munication with every other residence,
factory and office. His idea is that tele
grams should bo conveyed to and from tho
boxer oy the legular letter carriers. For
example, Mr. B. lives In San Francisco, and
his wife1 is visiting her mother in Now York.
Ho wishes to know by what train she will
return. Instead of going to a telegraph
offlco several blocks distant and sending a
messtgo at the cost of a dollar or two, he
writes a postal telegraph letter and drops it
into a uox an ins own nouse. not having a
stamp, ho deposits with tne letter 2 cents
for postage and a sufficient additional sum
to cover the cost or telegraphing, low
rates having boon established by the Govern
ment of which he is informed by a slmplo
tKriff-sheet pasted inside of his letter-box
lid. Tho postman collects the letter and do
livers it to the operator at the postofflce,
who telegraphs it to the New York, post
office, whence it is delivered by the first
currier to the box on Mrs. B.'s mother's
door. Mrs. it. wiites a postal tolegram In
reply and deposits in her mother's box. Be
ing a woman she Is a trifle more anxious to
make sure of speedy delivery at the other
end, so she puts 10 cents additional in the
dox, which insures special delivery as under
the present system. On the same day Mr.
B. in San Francisco finds the answer to hit
letter in his box and blesses the Postofflce
Department, having saved incidentally per
The Inventor of tho letter-box whloli was
moat highly approved Is Allred D. Cashing.
He and his financial backers having bought
up the oilier accepted devices, constitute,
the Postal Improvement Company. Among
other ingenious patontod contrivances of
which ho is the originator is a self-feeding
tack hummer, which Is advertised to drive
tacks four times as fast as they can be
driven by the old-fashioned method. Only
one band being required, tho manipulator is
In no danger ot.punlidlnj his or her thumb.
WHEBE COKPEITIIOH WAS SQTJM.0HKD.
An Important Hearing in the Salt of the
State Against the Reading.
Habrisbuiio. Nov. 6. In the Common
wealth's suit against the Beading combluo,
an Important hearing was had this after
noon be.'ore Examiners Borgner and Mc
Almey, in which a large amount of evi
dence, documentary and .otherwise, .was
submitted, showing the location and
physical relation of the .Lehigh Valley, Jer
sey Central and Philadelphia and Reading
Railroads to each other, and the points at
which they are alleged to compete lor busi
ness, together with statements as. to the coal
rates from the various anthracite regions
before and alter the lease of the Lehigh Vat
ley and Jersey Central Railroads. Attorney
General Hersel undGaorireNauman. 01 Lan
caster, appeared fortho Commonwealth, and
M. E. Olsteadforthe defendants.
There wei e al.-o filed to-day supplemental
answers of the Port Heading Railroad Com
pany, Central Railroad Company, of New
Jersey, Lehigh Coal and Navigation Com-t
pany and Philadelphia and Reading Rail
road Company to the Attorney General's
bill of complaint. The -answers show that
the lease of the Jersey CcntTal Railroad has
AW IHTEE2SIING KHU.
Remains of Indians Unearthed In a Mound
at East Buffalo.
A pile or human skulls and bones were
bron-rhtto the morgue yesterday by order
of Coroner Ransom.' They were a part of
tho remains of 16 persons, there being
that many skulls. They were dug up
from a mound of earth near Buffalo
CrecK and Clinton streer,wherea new street
is being opened. They are thought to be
tho bones of Indians who belonged
to a tribe known ns tho Kah-Kwnhs,
which became extinct about 200 years
ago. Th? bones neie found in a single spot.
A custom of the Kali-Kwahs was to gather
their dead at certain times and bury them
all together In n single mound.
A lot of cookimr utensils of copper and
other metal, withontbottoms, weio found in
the same heap. The skulls are pretty well
preset ved, and Coroner Ransom will turn
them over to tho Historical Society
He made a second trip to tho scene of the
odd find yesterday. He reports that there
is possibly a wagon load more of the re
mains yet to De gathered Irom this place.
FOTJETEEN SIUDENT8 EXPELLED.
They Belonged to a Secret Order In Spite
of the College Rales.
Jacksox. Miss., Nov.. 5. General Stephen
D. Lee, Presidont of tho State Agricultural
College at Sturkvllle, is In town to-day and
brings news of the expulsion of 14 students
at that institution on Tuesday because of
their connection with a secret order, tho
Sigma Alpha Epsilon.
Eight of tho yoang men were seniors, two
j nniors and four sophomores. All are mem
bers of the Lee Guards, one of the crack
military organizations of the State. It
appears that, though strictly azainst the
rules of tho college, the Sigma Alpha Epsilon
had been in existence five 'or six years. It
was only made known this week through an
anonymous letter to President Leo. Ho
offered the students the alternative of dis
bandment and tho surrenderor their charter
During the investigation "President Lee
found that lour members of his faculty, in
addition to tho 14 students, wero members
of the society. Tho tutors renounced allogi
anco, nowover, and retain their places.
GOLDEN WEDDIHO IN A P00BHOUSE.
Tho Inmates Did "What They Conld to
Make tho Occasion Joyful.
Milwaukee, Wis., Nov. 0. Mr. and Mrs.
Joachim Bogward celebrated thoir golden
wedding yosterday in the poorhouso. They
were married in Altenhagon, Germany. Ten
years lator they camo to America, but pros
perity deserted them In their old age and
now, bowed and feeblo nnd gray, without
kindred or near friends, they are passing
their last days in tho poorhouse.
The door of the little cell-like room, which
is all the old couple can call home, was
gayly decked with evergreens, wreaths and
stars or gold paper.
There was a roast duck, a bottle of wine
and a big basket of grapes at the wedding
dinner. The inmates and the Superintend
ent's family gave such gifts as they could.
The old man was made happy with a fine
new pipe, a big package of tobacco and agny
silk bandanna, while the .little old woman
rejoiced over two line whi(o aprons and a
red silk handkerchief,
TLOPLE OP PRpSIINENCE.
The Emperor of Germany has ordered
that a bronze medal bo struck to commem
orate tho Wittenberg Festival.
Louis Xavier, the Parisian sculptor,
has boon telling a St. Louis reporter that
the feet of American women are too smalt
Miss Anna Haydn Webster, the ad
vocate or Greek art in modern dress and
manner, will go abroad this month to spend
a year in Greece.
Key. Dr. Morgan Dix has an income
from Trinity Parish (N. Y.) estimated to be
tully as large as that paid to tho President
or the United States.
Edwin Booth has returned from Lake
wood to New York and will make his homo
with his daughter, Mrs. Grossman, instead
of at the Players' Club, as heretofore.
Mayroyeni Bey, Turkish Minister at
Washington, a particular social favorite at
the Capital, is very fond of getting up thea
ter parties. He is a Greek by birth, and un
married. Colonel Henry Watterson has shaved
off his luxuriant mustacho and intends to
depend upon flowery whiskers us facial
adornments through which the sweet South
winds can whisper its Ideal messages.
SI. Onanoff, recently deceased in Po
land, was icgardedasone of the most prom
ising savants of the day by M. Charcot, whom
be assisted at the Satpotriere in Paris, where
his experiments on locomotor ataxy at
tracted profound attention.
Tsui Kwo Yin, who for more than four
years past has been Chinese Minister to tho
United States, is preparins to roturn 'to
China in a row days. It is customary with
the Chinese Government to change its rep
resentatlves abroad every four yerrs.
.Frederick Sion, the brave tailor who
planted the first French flag upon the soil.of,
Algeria on the 14 th of June, 1830. died recent
ly at tho ago of 85 years. Tho French Gov
ernment rewarded and cared for the old
man, and ho was loaded with decorations.
There Is Philadelphia, HI., Ind., Miss, and
Some oi the Pittsburg papers data thotr
Philadelphia dispatches "Philadelphia, Pa."
Philadelphia advertisers' sometimes date
their advertisements In the same way. In
Paris and London it is well enough known
whero Philadelphia is. It may bo different
Don't "Waste the Gas.
By deep boring another supply of natural
gns for Pittsburg has been struck. It is
possible there will not bo as great tronble
taken to wasto this as to dispose of the first
Having a Good Time.
Washington Pott. '
Hon. David Martin is still having a regular
Tammany of a time in Now York politics.
When 1 wai young.
The Muse, ami other glrli more sweet!
Were coy and shv. with dlltunt feet,
Many's the girl I have not klued;
No song I ung, .
When I was young:
Cupid's shafts then rue always missed.
Now I am gray.
Some girls and she are they too bold, .
Or do they only think me-old? -
They smile, caress, alt on my knee:
This Is their war,
Now I am grar,
Some girls why, they my nieces be.
That hussy shy, - '
Rrato, that Love's lyre doth lioM.
Now becks ani rhymes: Old. Bold, Uola, Sold,
Am If We'll see: a bait I've slang;
She shall tell why. '
. That liussTlslr. , - " "
Bhe laughed at me when t was young.
Hi . BaHtr, in tow England Hagatin,
THE DEATH OP MBS. HARBISON.
G. Wilfred Pearce, a prominent artist
and electrician 'of New Brunswick, N. J.,
had charge of the Introduction of electric
fixtures into the White Hoaso two years ago.
While at this work he had the opportunity
of becoming fully acquainted with the
White House structure. He writes Tax
DisPATCn as follows:
It Is a fact well known by intimate friends
of the late Mrs. Benjamin Harrison that she
had a vivid premonition that she would con
tract a disease in the "White House which
would carry her off. Sho detested the mis
erable, shabDy rattle trap which this
wealthy nation considers good enough for
the residence of its Chief Executive and his
family, and she spared no effort to induce
the Government to build a new mansion, or
else pnt np the old house in habitable condi
tion ana add an L containing a few living
rooms for tho family.
Congress heard the appeal and voted a
few miserable hundreds of dollars to keop
the ceilings from lulling down and stop up
the rat holes, but turned a deafeartothe
project of .building a new.honso or adding
additions to the old ono. The writer has.
seen Mrs. Harrison writing on cold .days
without file in the draughty broad hall on
the second floor of the Whtto House, which
was the only "room" except bedrooms on
the floor nsed by the family. She had no
other place to go for the purpose of sewing
or writing except that wretched hall in
which the draught circulated as in a barn.
The Bad Taste of the Public.
The downstairs rooms are thronged
every day with crowds of sightseers, who
go everywhere cutting pieces from hangings
or furniture, scratching names on the win
dows or piano, eating luncheons on stairs or
in the parlor, and If It be a busy day and
the guards are not watching, the curiosity
seokers go upstairs and invade the private
rooms of the family. The President, so long
ago as when he was Inaugurated, endeav
ored to mako arrangemonts to reside in the
Shorehaui Hotel, but thu laws of our country
compelled him to reside in a house which
would be conuemnnd as a nuisance, danger
ous to life and health In Pittsburg or New
Not only Is the homo poorly furnished
with cheap and tawdry lurniture, but It
lacks the conveniences which are found in
tho tenement houses of modern cities. In
the time of General Grant and President
Garfield, their lamllies used to bathe nt the
homes. of friends and eat at restaurants.
There was little improvement in the house,
until Mrs. Harrison worked to have new
bathtubs, etc., put In, and these toilet and
bathrooms were put in with utter disregard
ot sanitary Ideas, so that their presence was
n standing Invitation to typhoid fever.
Even tho State apartments are so vulgar
that architects and others have time and
again offered to make plans without cost, in
order to prevent the Jibes and Jeers which
visiting foreigners level at a house which is
as vulcar in its furniture and ornaments as
a concert saloon In Montana.
The Dining Room Like a Barber Shop.
One of the horrors which the unfortu
nate diplomats of Washington are compelled
to undergo Is the so-called State dinners in
the State dining room, which looks like a 6
cent barber Miop over in Allegheny. Owing
to tho niggardly sums doled out by the Gov
ernment a good dinner cannot be served,
and it is doubtful whether the wretched
kitchen could be used by tho chef at Del
inoulco's to get np a proper dinner. So tho
President and the guests tako care to eat be
fore tho State dinner comes, off, and then go
to the function, where they drink one or two
glasses of wine, make a pretenso of eating
some of the sodden and cold food, someone
proposes a health, and tbon the dinner is
over in time to permit the diplomats to say
uncomplimentary things of our Govern
I speak from an expetience of 14 years'
personal acquaintance with the ablest
architects in Washington, when I say the
death of Mrs. Harrison may be wholly at
tributed to tho rod tapeism and false notions
of economy whloli prevail in that white
structure which we cull the national resi
dence. When ongaged In putting in the
electric fixtures two years I told Mrs. Har
rison that I had seen almhouses In the city
of Charleston, S. C, which were better built
nnd contained more modern sanitary and
domestic arrangements than tho White
Hauso. Time and time again a bill has been
prepared by patriotic citizens who wero
willing to eo down In their poaisets and pay
for a creditable Executive Mansion. The
matter has been repeatedly before Congress,
which has referred it to pigeon holes, never
to come forth again. Democrats and Re-
puDllcans divide the honors of staying the
path of progress toward a now rosidence,
and meantime the old house is tumbling to
The First Lady Might Be LIvlns.
If Sirs. Harrison had lived during her
resldenco in Washington in a modern house,
the chances are that she would be living to
day, but In order that this Government may
point with prido to the fact that it keeps its
President at a cheaper rate than it keeps
Government criminals, and permits loafers
from all over the country to invade the Ex
ecutive Mansion and drive the family of tho
Chlof Magistrate to seek the seclusion of
bedrooms and halls to escape the stare of the
mob; because of these things a noble. Chris
tian woman is dead, and our excellent Presi
dent is prostrated with grief over the death
or the wife to whom he has been a most de
voted husband from the day when she
plighted her troth to him in the cool, acade
mic groves or the collogo, where tliey were
trained under the same roor tree to go out
into the world add set forth an example of
what constitutes a model family In our
The worus which I have written are truo
and based on facts which cannot be con
troverted by nny apologist for this Govern
ment's business methods of dealing with
affairs connected with tho President's
mansion. I could, if 1 chose, add some in
teresting facts which would puzzlo soma
statesmen of both parties to account for. I
will say that one bad feature of the house is
its close proximity to the malarial swamps
of tne Potomac But this is not the worst,
and, moreover, these swamps are now being
filled in. J. Wiltiied Peaxic.
New Brunswick, N.J., November 4.
TAMIIANI TIGER TYRANNY.
Tnis is going to bo a fair election, or thero
will ho trouble for those who make it other
wise. New York Tribune.
We scarcely think that even Tammany
will go to tho length of defying the Govern
mont of the United States. Baltimore Ameri
can. Billv SnEEHAS wants blood, ne can find
it Tuesday in the slaughter house through
which Grover Cleveland will march to- the
grave. Toledo Blade.
Mb. Sheeuas should be requested by the
United States Marshal tq, withdraw his proc
lamation, or he should be placed under ar
rest. Rochester Democrat.
The howl of the Domocracy against Fed
eral supervisors sounds very much as if it
icalized that its rands could not bo worked
this year. Buffalo Expiess.
The Democratic leaders in Now York will
blow and bluster, but they will not daro to
go the length of resisting United States of
ficers in tho discharge of their duty. Indian
It is quite likely that a serious conflict
may occur, but It is to bo hoped that the au
thority of the National Government will
have undisputed sway and secure an hon
est election. Cleveland Zea-ter.
Tammahv's attempt to prove horsolf big
ger that the United States comes a little
late. Thero was a man named Calhoun who
tried that once, and alter him there wero
several others. The last round showed tho
United States very largely on top. Philadel
Tub appointment of a hordoor sheriff's
deputies to compel United States marshals
to abandon their duties wonld be to call
npon the heads of tho local offenders the
penalties of the national laws, anil those
laws are not good buzz-saws to monkey
with. Elmira Advertiser.
The authority or the UnitedStatesii being
exerted to protect tho suffrage in Now York
against tto gigantic fraud, and every loyal
citizen is bohind'the authority of tho United
States. It is useless lor Cleveland-Tammany
rascals to talk of evading or defying
it. Let tho criminals beware! New York
Short Skirts at Ann Arbor.
Asjf Arbor, Mluh., Nov. 5.-During tho
prevalent latny weather dozens of the col
lege girls hero hnve appeared on the streets
in the Jenncss-MIHer "rainy-day dress."
Tho skirt ls'plain and tight-fitting, but the
striking feutnro is that it readies only about
half way rom tho knee to the ankle. To
make up for this gap the college girls wear
long gaiters, and can now splash through the
mud as well as the boy. Tuey have been
threatening to adopt this smt ovor since
Mrs. Jenncss-Mlller leotured here last
. -j.ll!sVjsiibKAi & . tie i."" w-'i "li . ' .a iL&. iiii!U,-X.!i?siKS5ii&St- r .a&dii sjithtB. 'CSto.
FAILED A SECOND HUE.
WHIIam Gerlach, a Philadelphia
Broker, Goes to the Wall.
Philadelphia, Nov. 5. William Gerlach, a
stock broker, trading as Gerlach & Harjes,
in the Drexel building, bus been declared
insolvent by the Board of Governors of the
Philadelphia Stock Exchange. He has until
next Monday at 2 r. v.. In which to make
settlement. This action was taken to-day in
consequence of the failure of Mr. Gerlach to
meet recently negotiated contracts. Just
before the close or the market yesterday 800
shares of New England held by Mr. Gerlacn
wero soia -unuor cue nammer."
The Arm lulled abont two years ago, bat
through a friendly Intercession were ena
bled to resume. Since then they have been
doing business on a very slender footing, and
this has finally given wav.cansing the second
break. Nearly all tho firm's accounts are
small. Mr. Gerlach Is completely prostrated
by this second loss, and Is unable to leave
BED XXAG3 OS NONE AT ALL.
Chicago Anarchists Preparing to Lay the
Corner Stono of Their Monument.
Chicago, Nov. 5. It is announced this
evening that the procession to the corner
atone laying of the Anarchist monument at
Waldhoim, Cemetery will start from Hay
market Square. The beginning of the line of
march, therefore, will be on the Identical
spot where the riot occurred In 1S86.
If debarred by the police from carrying
the red flair, the parade will be made with
out flags of any sort. It is proposed to un
veil the monument next June during the
GRESHA1I THK GR0V7LEE.
Judge Gp.eshax wouldn't havo written
that letter had Harrison appointed him to
the Supreme bench. Toledo Blade.
Judqk Grxshax writes that he thinks it
posslblo for a man to vote for Mr. Cleveland
without becoming a Democrat. Bat what
shall he be called a Demolican or a Repub
ocratr Columbus Dispatch,
Now that Judge Grosham has given reas
ons, ho Is down to tho level of MacVeogh,
who got along fairly as a Cleveland man un
til, in an hour of weakness and vanity, he
tried to teU why. Brooklyn Standard Union.
Ir Jndge Grcsbam don't like the Republi
can way of doing things, ho might return
the commission of Circuit Judge tendered
him by a Republican administration. But
he will do nothing of tho kind. Ohio State
The action of Judge Gresham will not in
fluence a dozen votes, so completely has his
doabtfnl course, and his attitude with refer
ence to the People's party nomination for
President, weakened his influence. Evening
It Is Judge Gresham's opinion that "a man
can vote for Mr. Cleveland without Joining
the Democratic party." Onr own view is
that a man possibly may do such a thing,
but that he will have a. rough time explain
ing the matter to his conscience. 2vet York
Judge Greshah's unwillingness to be
classified as a Democrat strengthens tho
suspicion that he votes for Cleveland not so
much because he differs with the Republi
can party as because he personally dislikes
his old Indiana rival on the Republican
ticket. Philadelphia Bulletin.
Judge Geesham evidently thinks that the
Democrats have not made enough of him
and his defection from his party. His let
ter announcing his intention of voting for
Mr. Cleveland Is & mere request to have the
tom-toms beaten over again In his h onor.
New York Advertiser.
Beer "Won't Born.
Will some one please explain wny tho
Milwaukee Are skipped all tho breweries
and licked np the cliurchos?
A Clear Case of Repeating.
Chicago Inter Ocean.
How pleasant it is tbatthe Kansas Daltons
aro not living to vote as they shot. They
would voto all day.
A "Worthy Substitute.
The fifteen puzzle is hardly missed since'
the more ingenious (new ballot law -came
Too Much Brag and Bluster.
Chicago Tribune. J
Wisconsin Democrats do not seem to love'
General Bragg for tho speeches ho has
DEATHS IIERE AND ELSEWDERE.
Rev. "William SlacMIllan, Cincinnati.
Rev. William MacMillau, a widely
known Presbyterian divine, died Friday at Cin
cinnati, aged 63 years. Ills remains will be
brought to this city and burled in the Allegheny
Cemetery. Mr. MacMllIan was born In Pittsburg
about 1877. on the present site of the Yost building
on Fourth avenue. For ome years be attended
the ramous school of "Old John Kelly," fjn.Vlr
Sradnatlng at old Duquesne College. Shortly af
irward he entered the ministry of the Presby
terian Churrh and has been In active service since.
In 1832 he married Eleanor Gray, daughter of tne
late Hon. John Morrison, of Allegheny. By her
he bad two children. O. M. MacMllIan and Mrs.
W. D. Bell. Ills first wife died In 18SI and In
1S51 he married Miss Wade, a daughter of Judge
Wade, of Cincinnati- Two children survive this
union. Dr. Wade 3IacMUlan and 311ss Marr L.
MacMllIan. For the past year he was pastor of the
church at Lancaster. O.
Mme. Morel, Prima Donna.
While Slorel, the well-known prima
donna, was singing on the stage at Bocrakarta,
Java, before a distinguished audience, among
whom were the Javanese prince and the Dutch
president and Just when she was bowing aud
smiling her acitnowledgements of a bouquet of
flowers, her face turned livid, and with a cry of
agony sne fell to the stage. The audience rose In
consternation and the members of the troupe
rushed to the assistance of the stricken woman.
When they attempted to removehershe seemed to
suffer so much that it was thought best to wait
awhile. In a few minutes, notwithstanding
prompt medical attention, the prima donna died In
full view of the audience. All were greatly shocked
and some of the women Tainted from distress. The
cause of death was found to lie a sudden and vio
lent attack or Asiatic cholera.
Colonel Van H. Manning.
Ifon. Van H. Mannine, aped 53 years, is
dead at Washington. Mr. Manning was a Colonel
in the Confederate army, lie r-presented the
Second Mississippi district In Congress for three
terms. Slnoe his retirement from Congress, abont
a decade ago. he has practiced law In Washing
ton, lie leaves a wife and eight children.
Florlmond Ronger-Herve, Dramatist.
Sr. Elorimond Honjer-Hervc, the well
known dramatic artist and French composer, died
in Paris Friday night. It Is said his dtath was
caused bv the passion aroused while reaalnan un
favorable criticism n his last worlc. Ills anarer
brought on an attack of asthma, which killed him.
M. Massicault, resident General of France la
Tunis, died yesterday.
MAnqcis de Saint Dents, the distinguished
French arlcnt&llst. Is dead.
M. Edouakd Valert Goessiek, the distin
guished French statesman, is dead.
Judge John Collier, or Atlanta, is dead. He
was one of the pioneer citizens of the place.
IIox. Mr. Macbaiw,. President of the Legis
lative Council of Victoria. Australia, died Friday.
N. Goudox Bigilow. Queen's connscl. a mem
ber of the Ontario Legislature, and one of the best
criminal lawyers In Toronto, died there Friday
Dollt 15. Ward, daughter of James Ward, the
wealthy iron man of New Castle, formerly of
Nlles. O.. died al the family residence in that city
Friday, aged 14 years.
Howard Lockwood, of the firm of noward.
Lockwood & Co.. printers and publishers, and
founders of the Viper Trad Jimrml, died at his
residence In New York City Friday.
William If. Wilet. a prominent manufacturer
of Hartford for a quarter or a century, died Fri
day. He was the originator of orergalter manu
facturing In M ew England and filled Lirge Govern
ment and btate contracts.
Miss Pahmilia Wright died In Benton Har
bor. Mich., Friday night, aged 1C2 years. She re
tained her mental faculties to tho last. Miss Wright
was born near Fairfax Court House. Virginia, and
otteninet General George Washington. Thomas
Jefferson and other noted men of that time.
Judge John K. Cravens, one ot the leading
lawyers and most widely known Jurists of Mis
souri, died In Kansas City Weduesdiy night of
malarial fever, aged 54.. He had practiced law In
Wisconsin nnd Missouri for over i) years. He was
a leading Republican and had held many Important
Lizzie B. Ward, daughter of James Ward, the
wealthy iron man of New Castle, formerly of
Nlles, O.. died at the family ris'rtence In New
Castle Friday, aged 14 years. The funeral will
take place bunday morning, and a special tram
will conrev the body and the family to Pittsburg,
where the burial will take place .
Germany has automatic bootblacks.
A dozen different beers are mads ia
Hermetically sealed wine flas ka hay,
been fonndln Pompeii.
When tea was first brought to England
the leaves were eaten.
A signal passes throuch the Atlantic
cable in 31-100 of a second.
A full-grown elephant is capable of
carrying a load of two tons.
A colony of abont 1,000 Japanese is to
be established in SInaloa, Mexico.
Tragedy was first represented on a
wagon by Thespls, at Athens, B. C. 536.
In the reign of Louis XVX the hats of
the ladles were two feet high and four wide.
A number of the finest coaching teams
in and about Paris belong to American ama
teurs. It takes 100 gallons of oil a year to
keep a large-sized locomotive in running
In the early day of Henry TIL gen
tleman's hats bore plumes sometimes Haifa
a yard long.
The great Cedros Hacienda in Zacate
cas, Mexico, comprising 1,200,000 acres, has
been sold for $5,000,000.
The State of Washington has 176,005
horses, mules and asses, 224,733 cattle, 248,.
3X sheep and 49,163 hogs.
The cemeteries of London cover an
aggregate area of 2,000 acres, the value) of
which Is not less than $10,000,000.
St Augustine, Fla., New York and
Salem, Mass.) are the only three cities in the)
United States that are older than Boston.
A New England college numbers among
Its students scholars from Kioto, Japan,
Tbessalonica, European Turkey and Ice
land. The nearest approach yet to perpetual
motion is tbe discovery of a European
clockmaker who has invented a clock that
will run for ten years without winding.
It is said that the most precious collec
tion of German wines in the world is that
stored in the cellars ot the Grand Dnke of
Luxemburg. Some of the vintages date back
Jerusalem bos been enjoying a boom
since the completion of the railroad that
connects It with Jaffa. Over 800 houses,
hotels, stores and residences have been
The Chinese value an old pair of boots
which have beon worn by an upright mag
istrate, and the custom of wishing a friend a
"happy foot" is still observed all through
In India and Sonth America there is
said to be a small tree, known as the "sor
rowful tree," which bears sweet scented
flowers that "bloom only in the night time
and fall off at the break of day."
Charles D. Young aged, 12 yean, of
Denver, Col., has built what his friends
claim to be the smallest coal-burning loco
motive in the world. The engine la said to
be Ave feet long, and weighs 235 pounds.
The cholera has not left everybody ia
Hamburg stranded. A 'merchant of that
city baa presented a waitress In a Mantoa
oafe with a check for 15,000 marks to show
his appreciation of her attentive ser vice.
If you put a halfpenny in your money
box, and add thereto by doubling the
amount every week after the first, for 53
weeks, at the end of the year the money box
(If large enough!) wiU contain 9.382,499,223.
683 10s. 7KJ.
A departure in the way of- driving a
compound punch and sheaTs for iron has re
cently been made in a Delaware mill. The
machine is driven by electricity, and owing
to Its light weight can be moved to any de
France possesses a capital in which it is
said more murders take placo in six months
than occur in London, Berlin-and Vienna to
gether in twice that length of time, but alto
gether more murders take place in the
United States than any other country.
A peculiar incident 13 reported from
Brienz, in tho Bernese Oberland. One of tho
names drawn from the Jury box was that of
Uhlrich Amacher. Amacher was assassin
ated in January lost and tbe jury which was
oeing mauo up was to try nis m uracror.
We learn now that the famous jubilee
a hot fired from a twenty-two-ton gun in
lueen Victoria's Jubilee year, to ascertain...
how far a shot could be carried, remained la '
the air 69 aeconds, and. the highest point
reached lit its flight of 12 miles was 17,000
Photographs of growing plants show
some marvellous results, especially amoog
the climbers. Tho young stems are said to
move in a succession of irregular circular or
ellipitlcal curves, which vary in every direc
tion. These movements are due to tho
Irregular growth in various parts of the
The subiects of great Britain are the
most tremendous patent medicine swallow
ers on tho globe. During the past year the
revenue derived from tbe three-halfpenny
stamp npon patent medicines amounted to
$1,200,000. Licenses for tbe sale of patent
medicines have increased 1,340 in England
and HI in Scotland.
Both the Kurds and the Cossacks be
lieve that Ararat is guarded by an unearthly
being and that no man can ascend tbe peak
and live. They have a somewhat contrary
opinion, however, as to what kind or spirits
are on guard, tho former claiming that the
devil is guard supreme, the latter that an
gels are on watch.
Handkerchiefs, which used to be
frowned npon by the British military au
thorities, have now Deon sanctioned, and a
military handkerchief has been patented on
which shall be printed all sorts of Informa
tion concerning the use and construction of
the rifle, the flag alphabet, buglo calls and
general rules lor the soldier.
A convict in a Hungarian prison has
patented a device for shaving whereby it
requires but 25 seconds for tho operation.
He has been permitted to try the thing on
the ISO inmates of the prison, and the exper
iment is said to have been conducted to the
complete satisfaction of the governor of the
Between 3,000 and 4,000 litres of wina
are made every year from grapes grown in
tho gardens of tbe Vatican. This wine is
used almost exclusively in administering
the sacraments at mass. The Pope always
assists at the harvesting, and this is ono of
nnnnal occupations to whioh he looks for
ward with great pleasure.
The new tax upon bicycles in France
will be $2. As there araaboiit 225,000 cyclists
therevenne wilt be about $450,000. Cycles
used for business, such as those employed
by street messongers, pay half dnty. Those
in the army and tho Government service
will be exempt. The cyclists, at a. rule, do
not object to the tax. for the reason that
they expect some special legislation ia re
turn. ORIGINAL AND JOCOSE.
"If I would ask you to be mine
Would yon say yes or no?"
Neither, ' she sala. and hung her head.
How could she treat love so.
"Then you don't love me. do yon dearj"
He asked the'pretty miss;
She shook her head first op. then down.
And gave to him a kiss.
Then, darling, when you neither said.
Pray, tell me what you roeantr
She said. "My dear, I'd silent ba
And alienee gives consent."
A GOOD IDEA.
'I'm going to have that last painting of
mine framed." said young Danb. the artist.
Don't yon think It would be a good Idea to have
a glass put over it?"
"Yes, " replied Stringer, -a smoked one."
ARE TOU WITS Btrt
"Are you a militiaman?"
"Yes. at prrsent." '
"Universal. Colonel B. E. Morse, command
ing." GOOD EVIDENCE.
"3Iy boy," said the good man, as he met
the little boy who was coasting down the hill,
don't yon know It Is very, very wicked to sle.1
rlde oo'the Sabbath. I fear you are on the roaa to
the bad place."
I don't think so. Mister." replied the little boy.
"or else my runners need greasing, for I don't go
a bit rut." t Cmcx,
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