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"THE PITTSBURG DISPATCH, WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 9, 1892.
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PITTSBURG. WEDNESDAY. NOV. 9. 1832.
SIR. CLEVELAND'S VICTORY.
At this writing the returns from the
Presidental election of 1892 not only show
that 3Ir Cleveland is elected to succeed
Gen. Harrison for the ensuins term,
hut indicate that ho is carried into that
position by a landslide second only to that
of the Congressional elections of 1890. In
deed, further returns will have to deal
mainly with the size of 3Ir. Cleveland's
electoral majority. So far from the question
being how many of the States previously
ranked as doubtful will be carried by the
Republicans, it is rather how many of the
States classed as Republican must be put
down as temporarily gone over to the Dem
ocracy or to the Third Party.
The Democratic success yesterday can
not be wholly accounted for by Mr.
Cleveland's popularity, but the vote must
be accepted as indicating a widespread
jnd overwhelming desire through the
country for a change. It is Idle to specu
late to-day upon the causes. If the doc
trine of free trade has anything to do
jvith it which we do not believe any.
serious attempt to put that doctrine
Into practice will euro the delusion.
There is no room for doubt that
many votes were cast for the Democratic
electors on account of the candidate and
the belief from his utterances that he
would be more conservative than his party
in proceeding to measures that might
seriously embarrass the business interests
of the country. It may be that
the prevalence of trusts and com
binations are among the causes that
produced the result; and, while we f ijlly
admit the significance of Republican de
feat, we still adhere to our opinion of the
danger and iuadvisability of abandon
ing a safe and tried policy for
dangerous and uncertain experiments.
The Dispatch is still of opinion
that the part of wisdom would have
been, instead of casting about on the
sea of experiment, to continue the econ
omic and financial policy ot our govern
ment upon the safe and known lines that
have made the country properous beyond
all parallel or precedent In the annals of
It is idle to disguise the fact that the
result will be, for a time at least, a serious
disappointment to the people of our own
and neighboring States, whose vast inter
ests have been so long fostered and en
gendered by the policy of the Republican
arty. The main consolation for Repub
licans to extract from the situa
tion is that it Is not any posi
tive indorsement of the dangerous
and destructive Democratic platform.
There is color for this in the necessity
under which Mr. Cleveland and other
Democratic leaders felt imposed on thorn
late in the campaign, of virtually throw
ing the platform overboard and attempt
ing to substitute for It something less re
actionary and offensive.
This gives point to the great question
of interest that will follow upon the elec
tion: What will Mr. Cleveland do with his
opportunities? If he proceeds to the en
couragement of radical tariff tinkering,
not to talk of absolute free trade, his term
in the White House will relegate the
Democracy to its old minority position and
serve as a lesson against any more
such fatal errors. On the other hand,
should he succeed in holding the theorists
and visionaries of his party in check, and
Buppress its tendencies toward unsafe
monetary experiments, he will add im
mensely to his reputation forstrength and
wisdom, and will deserve, indeed, to be
ranked as the greatest statesman of his
party since the time of Jefferson.
But it will not be wise to indulge in too
roseate expectations. It is impossible to
ignore that Mr. Clpveland is heavily
burdened, not only by the express declara
tions of his pari-, but by the special
alliances that he has.felt obliged to make
in the effort for success. It is to be hoped
and wished that Mr. Cleveland may con
tinue to prove himself better than his
party; but the fact that he will enter upon
a second term bound to elements from
which he was distinctly clear at the time
of his first success,gives that hope a rather
THE CONGRESSIONAL OUTLOOK.
At this writing the exact complexion of
the Fifty-third Congress cannot be defi
nitely ascertained. Of course the Demo
cratic maority in the House of Representa
tives will be decreased, but sufficient
strength will remain for the Democratic
control of that body. The com
plications arising from the Third
party vote render it impossible to estimate
with any degree of accuracy the relative
strength of rival parties in the Senate. It
Is possible that the Democrats may secure
a bare majority there by an alliance with
Third party Senators, but the probability
is that the Senate will remain Republican,
with little to spare.
THE NEW BALLOT TESTED.
One result of yesterday's voting was to
dispel the silly objections which had been
raised against the Baker ballot Nearly
every citizen will admit that the new sys
tem is more orderly, expeditious and
dignified than the old. It is not merely
that all candidates get practically a fair
and equal showing by the ballot In Itself
an admirable arrangement but that the
voter feels be has a chance to pick and
choose according to his judgment, free
from the incitations and annoyances of
ward heelers and officious partisan solici
tors. In fact the absence of these gentry
from the neighborhood of the polis is a
There Is an air of serious business about
the new system which can hardly fall to
give voters a more elevated sense of the
function. There is less trouble for the
voter?. And finally there is an immense
advantage in having all candidates put
upon an equal footing so far as the print
ing of their names and the distribution of
the ballots are concerned.
The Baker ballot law may doubtless be
improved upon considerably yet in some
of its details, but, even as It stands, it is
vastly preferable to the old plan.
NEW YORK'S VOTE.
Mr. Cleveland's victory in the Empire
State is first of all conclusive evidence
that he had the ardent support of Tam
'niany Hall's powerful and unscrupulous
organization. At this writing, accurate
figures are not to be had, but
it is" elear that there has been a
heavy vote in New York City and
Brooklyn, and it is probable that the rural
vote will prove lighter than was expected.
The phenomenal Democratic majority
below the Harlem amounting in all
probability to nearly 100,000 is of course
the leading factor in the production of the
result, but it is noticeable also that there
was a falling off in counties looked upon
as Republican strongholds.
POWER FOR RURAL USES.
A rather novel theory of a possible in
dustrial expansion is presented by Win.
Nelson Blr.ck in the last number of the
Engineering Magazine. That is the ap
plication of electrical power to farming
purposes. This writer estimates that 90
per cent of the roads of the United States
could be equipped witli electric tracks,
poles and wires at a cost of 53,500 per
mile. To fit up a district ten miles square
with electric tracks on roads a mile apart
each way would require a capitalization
of 510 per acre, or an interest
charge of $30 annually on the average
farm of 100 acres. Mr. Black think that
when the farmer is able to have his
produce taken to njSrket by electric rail
ways he will also leirn that a great share
of his farm labor can be more cheaply
and expeditiously performed by electric
power than by horse power. The change
that this would make is suggested as
working a revolution in country life, and,
turning the present movement toward the
cities, invite a new distribution of enter
prise and population throughout the coun
There is much foundation for the idea
that an intelligent application of improved
power to rural life would effect decided
revolution. But there is also room for
discussion as to the details of the plan.
The first suggestion is that the construc
tion of smooth and durable highways for
all classes of vehicles would afford a freer
movement than a system of tracks avail
able for but one class of vehicles. Next
there is the question whether electrical
power applied to such uses would be as
cheap as steam power. Electricity is
available for cities where steam power, by
reason of its dirt, heat and noise, is for
bidden. But, as in the vast majority of
cases, elf ctriclty must be generated by
steam, and there is always an unavoidable
loss in conversion, the probabilities are
decidedly in favor of steam being the
cheaper power for such purposes. The
Dispatch the other day noticed the enter
prise of a California farmer who uses a
steam traction engine for plowing, har
vesting, threshing and hauling his grain
to market. The interest charge In that
case is 5270 for some thousinds of acres,
and the cost of operation may be presumed
to be as much cheaper than electricity
would be, as the economy of power in the
direct application of steam is over the
waste in its conversion to the electrical
Such a revolution in farming methods
would be made practicable by a system of
level and durable country highways; and
it is pertinent that it would not contain
the feature of a corporation controlling
the means of outlet from each country dis
trict. One of the results which Mr.
Black's article calls before the mind is
that of a control of the rural highways
and politics similar to that which traction
and railway corporations exercise over the
transportation and politics of the cities.
That is by no means a pleasant sug
gestion. It will be much worse to seek a
way of realizing the material benefits
without incurring the social burden of ex
tending the power of corporations.
The first step in that direction is to
make country roads available for all
classes of vehicles. Then, if either electric
or steam power can demonstrate its
economy over horse power, all persons
can be given equal rights to use them on
the public highways without resting ex
elusive privileges m the hands of any
THE SOUTH STILL SOLID.
The South is still solid. It can hardly
even be said to show evidence of a crack.
Prejudice still prevails over principle, and
excludes all considerations liable to lead
to a difference of opinion among white
voters. The Third party has failed to
alter results, but has managed to
reduce the majority in Ala
bama enough to indicate that the
votes of white men who dissent from the
dominant party have secured at least a
more respectful handling than has custom
arily been accorded to the ballot of the
colored citizen. So long as partisan feel
ing casts the ballots of the South, so long
will the South remain intolerantly solid.
There is, however, in this election a firmer
basis for the hope of betterlhings than has
FORTUNES FOR FIGHTERS,
A measure of the times is given by the
offer of the sum of 580,000 by a so-called
athletic club for two fistic encounters be
tween four prominent exponents of the
pugilistic art The payment is at the rate
of not less than $20,000 per hour of actual
work. The sum affords a measurement of
the commercial value of appealing to that
class of taste which delights In the sight
of two men pounding each other.
It is an idle and shallow pretense that
such exhibitions as these tend to the cul
tivation of athletic sports. The custom
ary comparison is to the pugilism of
classic tinics. Those who make the com
parison as extolling the pugilistic craze
forget in the first place that they praise
the imitation of the classic which showed
that the Greeks and Romans had not
emerged from barbarism; and, in the sec
ond place, that the ages in which profes
sional pugilists - and gladiators flour
ished were those in which Greek
and Roman civilization became most
effete. Amateur pugilistic encounters,
although they would be the least civilized
of athletic sports, might represent a gen
eral athletic culture. But the payment of
a fortune to four professional bruisers
simply represents the profit that can be
made by catering to the public taste for
For a comparison to classic times, this
feature Is peculiarly unfortunate. When
opera singers, prize-fighters and race
horses command sums which represent
the average wages of a hundred workmen
for a year, we are not reminded of the
favorable aspects of classic civilization. It
is more apt to recall the times when an
emperor assigned a province for the main
tenance of a favorite horse, or gave the
revenues of a kingdom to a doner.
We may not be able to change the tend
encies which spend vast sums for luxury
and pleasures approximating the vicious;
but we cannot regard that phase of our
civilization as an indication either of prog
ress or a more refined civilization.
Some hours must elapse before the de
tails of Pennsylvania's vote will be ascer
tainable. There is, however, no doubt as
to the general result The State has vin
dicated its sound business sense by nearly
maintaining the plurality of lour years
ago in favor of Protection. In Allegheny
county also such slight change as
there has been is accountable to discontent
over the labor trouble and a desire on the
part of some employes to vote the Demo
cratic ticket simply that they might
be opposed to the policy of their em
ployers. On the whole Pennsylvania
is the State which has had
most conclusive evidence of the benefits
of Protection, and it has recognized its
commercial interest by remaining stead
fast in 'its adherence. Allegheny county
and Pittsburg have profited by the pros
perity produced by Piotection and they
have logically voted for Its continuance
along with the rest of the State.
As the deadlock in New Orleans is pro
longed, the high tension oi feeling is natur
ally increased. Any inclination on the part
of ihe Governor of Louisiana to shrink from
duty lor partisan leasons would bo ex
tremely discreditable, and to-day the lm
pioper reasons will be removed. It is, how
over, mest earnestly to he liopod that order
will be maintained and poaco preserved
without the necessity fortroops. But should
any inclination to lawlessness or violence
make its appearance, every means must be
taken to suppreis it in its initiation. The
distress produced by the stoppage of nil
trade and commerce is bound to be enor
mous In any case, and the embargo cannot
be lilted by oithcr side too soon for the wel
fare of both contestants and the general
Therk will be an inflation in the circula
tion of bills of small denomination to-day
that will vastly facilitate the "maKing of
change" in many parts of the country.
In the national absorption over the cul
mination of the Presidontal contest, a deed
of heroism on Green Bas- should not bo lost
sight of. Martin Kauntzlu, keeper of the
Pilot Islands lighthouse, risked his life to
save, single handed, the crews of two totally
wrecked vessels. Then he shared a scanty
store of piovlsions with them, and staved
off their starvation at the dancer of his own.
A breathing space should be made to give
public tribute to a deed of courageous man
hood that more than merits it.
Paris must adopt sterner measures in
dealing -with its crime, if there is any inten
tion to suppress the anarchistic dynaml
tards and uproot anarchy.
UNFASilLlARirr with the Baker law no
doubt gave regular party candidates some
advantage yesterday by the voters' fear of
invalidating their ballots by detailed
scratching. But any little difference made
between convictions and ballots by that
feature oi the novelty were more than com
pensated for by the comparative innoouity
of the heeler and the general smoothness
which characterized the working of the new
It is presumable that for purposes of pa
rade, Pittsburg politicians will concede the
streets to the Salvation Army for some little
Gexerax. satisfaction greeted the new
ballot systenxon the part of everyone whom
it was not meant to dissatisfy. It accom
plished much of its professed purpose, in
spite of the weak features interpolated by
the opponents of reform and, with a few
simple improvements, it will tend to per
petually produce that great desideratum
puilty at the polls.
What Washington, D. C, lacked in
voting power yesterday it mora than made
up in direct financial interest over the re
sult. Theke will be no attempt to preserve
the secrecy of the ballot on the part of those
who voted lor the winning ticket. On the
contrary they will publish their action nnd
pioclaim their prescience until they have
wearied nil their acquaintances and es
tranged any friends whose "foresight" or
guessing proficiency was less fortunate.
The roorbacker can flock by himself, for
awhile and the public is thoroughly well
rid of him.
If the consciences of all voters were clear
to-day as the skies hereabouts wore yester
day, there must have been very little wrong
doing. But of course that assumption is
made on the somewhat risky hypothesis
that every voter has a conscience that
knows its business.
The fertilization of lawns is an unbeau
tiful means to an esthetic end.
SUCH of the American Indians as are
perspicuous will congratulate themselves
that Presidents may come and go, hut their
lot is little likely to meet with less justice,
no matter what the change may be.
The President or his party which will
Now that the Alleghenians have decided
to issue those bonds, thoy had better lose no
time in selecting trustworthy representa
tives of business ability to handle the
AND now what will they do?
IN TEE PUBLIC ARENA.
The lady who gave birth to the witty re
mark that females who fought strenuously
for women's rights were generally men's
lefts, was Mrs. Wills, a London lady, who
Captain- Andrews, the American who
sailed from Atlantio City to Hnovla In a
dory, has arrivod in London with his craft.
He Intends to show the boat through the
streets of London.
Archdeacon Farrar, chaplain of the
British Houso of Commons, does not leavo
Westminster immediately after offering his
regular prayer, but sits in a gallery often
and studies the members and proceedings.
Adjutant General Douglas, of
Maryland, has received from Dr. H. Seaman,
of Philadelphia, the map used,, by General
Stonewall Jackson in the Civil War from the
time of the battles with Pops to the battle of
Paderewski has been obliged to cancel
a number of his concort engagements on ac
count of a rheumatic affection of the mus
cles of one hand. The great pianist will not
be able to appear in public for probably two
months, at an estimated loss of about $45,
CO0. J. V. N. Standish, the new President
of Lombard University, Galesburg, III.,
claims descent from the famous Puritan
Captain ot that name who came over in the
Mayflower. He Is a native of Vermont and
has been Professor of Mathematics at Gales
burg since 1851.
The English Consul Webb, who resigned
his post In tbo Philippine Islands In conse
quence of his conversion to Islamism, in
tends to preach the Koran to English
speaking people. He might be appointed
Buddhist Minister to London, which has a
temple of that faith.
Georoe Ohnet's "Maitre des Forges"
was written, it Is stated, during his honey
moon, with no little help from his wife, and
the latter, after several publishers Jiadde
cllned the MS., persuaded him to publish it
on his own account. They are said to have
drawn over $200,000 from Us sals.
THE BRIGGS TRIAL
The Charges Against Him to Be Brought Be
fore the Presbytery To-Day Indications
of a SpUt in the Church The History pf
rSriCIAI. TELEGRAM TO THE DISPATCII.
New York, Nov. 8. Tho case of the
Presbyterian Church in the United States
of America acainst the Key. Charles A
Briggs, D. D., will be called for trial in the
old Scotch Church in West Fourteenth
street at 2 o'clock to-day with the Presby
tery of New York sitting as Judge and Jury.
It was on January 10, 1891, that Prof. Briggs
delivered his famous inaugural address at
Union Theological Seminary, whloh first
caused his orthodoxy to be suspected, and
resulted in the appointment of an investi
gating committee by the New York Presby
tery. At the May meeting of tho Preiby
teijy, it was decided to begin Judicial pro
ceedings against Prof. Briggs in the fall and
a Committee of Prosecution, headed by the
Hev. G. W. F. Birch, of Morriania, was ap
pointed to bring a charge against thethe
ologican. In October, the committee made a report,
charging Prof, Biiggs with heresy, on the
ground that his teaching was contrary to
tho Presbyterian doctrine of the infallibility
of the Bible and that the Prolessor's declar
ations concerning progressive sanctiflcatlon
weie contrary to Presbyterian standards.
Why the Case Was Appealed.
These two general charges were sup
ported by numerous specifications. The
Presbytery, by a very close vote, decided to
begin the hero' trial on November 4, 1S9L,
butwhon the day for the great struggle
camo Prof. Brings brought in an answer in
which he objected to the form nnd legal el
feet of the charges and pleaded their ineffi
ciency. Withontg'olng into tho morits of
the case the Piebytery decided to dismiss
the charges on this plea, but the Committco
of Prosecution would not. accept this dis
missal, and prepaiatinns for an appeal from
cms uecision to tue ueueral Assemmy, tne
hUhest legislative body or the church, were
at once made.
The Assembly met in Portland, Ore., last
May, and lor a lew weeks the great ecclesi
uitic.il buttle was transferied to that city.
The appeal Oi the Committee of Prosecution
was at Hi st sustained, and then the quostion
of sending the case back to tho Presbvtery
of Now York for trial came up. Dr. Birch.
Colonel John J. McCook and the other mem
bers of the committee made long aiguments
in behalf ot their appeal, and Prof. Briggs
made answer in behalf in arguments that
were still longer. When It came to a vote
an overwhelming majority decided against
Prof. Bi iggs.
Instructions to the Presbytery.
These instructions were sent down to the
Piesbyteiy: "The Judgment of the Presby
tery of Now York is hereby reversed, nnd
the case Is removed to the Presbytery of
New Yoik for a new trial, with directions to
said Presbytery to proceed to pass upon and
determine the sufficiency of the charges and
specifications in form and legal effect, and
permit the Prosecuting Committee to amend
tho specification or charges, not changing
tho general natme of tho same, if in the
lurtherance of justice it be necessary to
amond, so that tho case may be brought to
an issue and tiled on the merits thereof as
speedily as may be practicable."
These instructions were explicit, and ar
rangements were made by the Presbytery
to begin the tiial onco more in obedience to
them. At tho meeting of the Synod of New
Yoik in Albany last month, an appeal was
presented by Prolessor Briggs' friends,
signed by the majority of the members ot
the New York Pi esbytery. which attacked
the right of the Prosecution Committee to
act as nn independent Dody, on the ground
that it was oniy a creature of the Presbytery
and could only continue in existence with
the permission of the Presbytery.
Nothing In the Way of the Trial.
The Synod decided not to act on the ap
peal, and now nothing stands in tho way of
the heresy trial wbicli begins to-day. Tho
Committee of Prosecution has been working
hard on its side or the case for several
weeks. Colonel J. J. McCook, who Is a mem
ber or the law firm of Alexander & Green
nnd an elder in Dr. Hall's Church, has done
n great deal of hard work on the case, and
his knowledge has been of great valuo to
the committee. Dr. Birch, the chairman of
the committee, will present tho original
chaigcs again to-day and the committee
will be ready to proceed upon them or to
amend them if the Presbytery desires.
It is understood that the amended charges
have been piepared and can be presented at
once, so that no further delay In tho trial
other than the ton days which Professor
Briggs would have in which to answer them
is probable. Professor Briggs has prepared
an exhaustive answer which will take about
thirteen hours to deliver. Several of bis
friends were alarmed at this, and advised
him to shorten his arguments, foaring that
such a long paper would ao mora Harm tnan
good. Professor Briggs will have the advice
on his trial of tbo Itev. Franols Brown,
Professor of Hebrew in Union Theological
Seminary, who has made a close study of the
case and is very well versed in tho Intricate
law of the Presbyterian Church. The Pres
bytery will sit every day except Saturdays
aud Sundays irom 2 to 5 o'clock In tho after
noon. Those Who Will Sit In Judgment.
The Presbytery is made up of the or
dained Presbyterian ministers of Now York
and of elders, one of whom is elected as a
delegate by each church within the bounds
of the Presbytery. These men will sit in
Judgment on Prof. Briggs, but no one will be
allowed to vote who has not attended every
session. The trial will be publlo, and the
doors will not be closed until the time comes
for a vote, How tho trial will end cannot be
foretold. There is a strong party of sym
pathizers with Prof. Briggs and another
equally as strong opposed to him. Then
there Is as large party in the Presbytery
which has shown "bv its voting in the past
that it can be swayed from one side to the
other, and those who make up this con
tingent hold the balance of power.
One of the members ot the Presbytery,
whose word carries great weight, is the Rov.
Dr. John Hall, pastor of the Filth Avenue
Church. Until recently he hns taken no de
cided stand on one side or other, but bis
resignation as Diiector of Union Theologi
cal Seminary, announced a few days ago,
has been lollowed up by several strong
sermons delivered by him in defense of the
old school idea of a strictly infallible Bible.
If Prof. Briggs should be acquitted, or if the
Presbvtery should again dismiss the charges,
Dr. Birch's committee would carry .the case
diiectly to tho next General Assembly,
which meets in Washington In May, where
In all probability Dr. Briggs would bo tried
A" Home Divided Against Itself.
The whole Presbyterian Chnrch has the
keenest interest in the coming trial. Some
of the leading men In the church are shut
ting their eyes to the possibility of a schism,
and say that in the secular papers only are
such ideas put forward. This is not the case,
for many careful observers "m the c'luroh,
both opponents andlfriends 3f Prof. Briggs,
have recently predicted a split, especially
since the withdrawal of Union Seminary
Irom the church. The Itev. J. G. Moi.tfort,
of Cincinnati, says the Herald and Pi esbytery,
which has always been opposed to Dr.
Briggs' views in theobuicb.ls in;a very pain
ful nnd trving position. "We say now as we
said a year ago arid with moie emphasis,
Hlnce tho repudiation of the compact by the
Union board there is not the least hope of
peace. That is quite certain that neither
8 arty will yield, and the end is separation,
ur chuioh is a house divided against itself,
even though the parties stand as ten to one.
A double-minded church is unstable in all
its wa'ys, though the minority amounts to
less tbiin one-tenth of the whole."
Dr. Henry M. Field, editor of the Now
York Evangelist, which has supported Dr.
Briggs, says or the trial which began to-day:
"This is an event of great importance to the
Presbytorian Church, which by its result
may contribute to unite or divide Wo con
fess we are not without anxiety lest this
heresy trial may kindle a Are wnich will not
easily be quenchod." Next week tho Pres
bytery of Cincinnati will begin the trial of
the Bev. Henry Preserved Smith, prolessor
In Lane Theological Semlnary.on charges or
heresy very much on the same lines ns
those for which Prof. Briggs has been
brought to account.
A VICTIM TO HYDBOPHOBIA.
His Daughter In Similar Dangor, bnt May
Be Saved by Pasteur's Cure.
Chicago, Nov. 8. Hydrophobia caused the
death of Henry Schroeder, an employe of
the city sewer department, this morning,
and his 16-year-old daughter Is supposed to
bo in similar danger. Both were bitten
Ootober 3 by their bull do.;.
Miss Schroeder is being given the Pasteur
tieatment, and has so far escaped the con
vulsions and frothingatthe mouth, to which
her father finally succumbed.
From SoyUa to Charybdls.
Washington would rather have a drouth
thin to be afflicted with the noise of the
DATE OF IHE EARLIEST MAN.
A Philadelphia Doctor Challenges a Long
No discovery in geology or archaeology In
the last SO years has attracted more general
popular interest or led to a hotter conflict
and contest than the flint or stone Imple
ments found first in the gravels of the
French river Somme, later In the Thames,
and last of all in onr own Delaware.
The argument for the pieaenco of man on
the earth before the glacial period, or a
mattor of 200,000 years ago or more, does not
rest altogether on these implements: but
thoy are its chief prop and buttress, and a
wide fabric of scientific assertion and as
sumption has been reared on these little
flint chips and cntting tools. Mr. John
Fiske, in his last history on the '-Discovery
of America," reviews the evidence on the
subject nnd reaches the conclusion that Dr.
C. C Abbott, to whom the Delawaro discov
eries are due, has clearly established by
the remains he has found in the Trenton
giavels the presence or man on this con
tinent before the last glacial ice-cap cov
It has taken nearlv 30 vears of hot discus
sion to reach this conclusion, and vast scot n
has been poured in tho course of the wordy
conflict on anyone weak enough to believe
that man has been less long on tho earth
than was urged on this theory. The authen
ticity or these primitive relics of primal an,d
paleolithic man has, howovei, barely boen
established and accepted and has begun to
filter down among the established scientific
commonplaces of the day, when It begins to
bo challenged. Dr. Daniel G. Brinton, or this
city, in the very admirable and
lucid notes on anthropology he
ronciibutes to science, notes that the
study of iheso chipped flint fragments be
gins to show that they are not real flint im
plements at all, but only bits partially
shaped and then thrown away because they
weie unfit for their proposed purposes. Con
sequently they would not "In any way illus
trate the ministry or the cbippers, no matter
what age they are."
To the lay mind, engaged in simply watch
ing as a spectator the conflicts and contests
of science, there is something appalling in
the possiblo collapse of all the theories and
assertions built on these shapeless bits or
flint, argillite and other materials now
treasured in museums, and the sudden dis
covery that they are not in the least what
they wore supposed to be.
OUR 3IAIL POUCH.
Of Interest to Old Schoolmates.
To the Editor of The Dispatch:
Happening recently into a second-hand
bookstore in this city I purchased a copy of
"Upbam's Mental Philosophy, Abridged,"
and what I found therein written. In a pretty
hand (evidently that of a schoolgirl), I
thought might perchance interest some of
On the fly-leaf of the title page appears the
name of no doubt the original owner of the
book, and somejpartlculars: "Sadio F. Parry,
Female College, Pittsburg, Pa., September L
1662." Also on the same page what looks
like "Carrie A. Parry." On the fly-learat the
end or tne book is the following record,
written in pencil: "Members of Mental
Philosophy Class, Fall Term, '62. Fannie
Candeld, Mary E. Bead, Bessie 8hepard,
ll.umali Christy, Cora Steven", Mattie Mc
Kelvy, Mary Ebbert, Katie Ilanm, Marlon
Young, Annie Buker, Lydia Robison, Kate
Hitchcock, Joifnie Morrison, Lillie smith.
E.sv. I. C. Pershin--', Pror." On the opposite
page appears the following suggestive lines:
Mingling In the busy mart.
Wide divided far apart
Yet we two are one la heart.
Thirty years, with all their accompanying
changes and chances, have rolled by rince
"Sa-lie" wroto what I have here recorded:
and naturally comes to one's thoughts the
question, Where are they now? Where are
now the 14 haopy girl "members or the
Mental Philosophy Class or 1S62?"
1 wonder ir -Sadie F. Pariy" was also a
member, but modestly forgot her own name
when she wrote the others!
In all this I am forcibly reminded of the
words or the poot:
Some are in the churchyard laid,
borne deep beneath the sea:
And Done are left of our old class.
Excepting you and inc.
Chicago, Nov. 6. George A. Baker. '
A HEW TYPE OF CAVE.
A French Explorer Discovers a Cavern of a
Very Peculiar Form.
Paris, Nov. 8. E. A. Martel, tho famous
explorerof caves, has discovered a new
type or cavern in France. He entered it by
a natural shaft which sinks into the ground
through a solid basalt formation. The shaft
is about IS feet in diameter. At its bottom
is a side passage about eight feet long lend
ing to a cavern which sinks far below the
level of the passage, and in its largest ox
tent stretches away about 150 feet. If this
cavern were in a limestone formation its
origin could easily be explained, but
throughout tho cavity is in basalt, and it is
probably a freak of volcanic activity which
iorced the basalt ud to the surface of the
The bottom of the cavern is covered with
water, and above It is a stratum ol carbonio
acid gas about 15 feet thick. It was, of
course, impossible for Mr. Martel to reach
the bottom or the cave, but he studied it as
thoroughly as he could by descending on his
rope ladder as far as It was safe. He thinks
the water has no outlet, and that it enters
the cave through small orevices in the rock.
A noteworthy feature is the rapid fall in
temperature. While the thermometer at
the mouth or the cavern marked 10 centi
grade, eight root below tho entrance the
temperature was 6, and .seventy below it
was 1. The low tempeiatuie is therosult
or the evaporation or the water. The cave
is not picturesque, but it has peculiarities
which make it a remarkable natural phe
nomenon, and it will receive considerable
attention irom scientific men.
DYING FB0M HEE IHJTJBIE8.
Small Hope for the Recovery of Mrs. ST. V.
Taylor of Little Washington.
Wasbisotok, Pa., Nov. 8. Special. Mrs.
M. V. Taylor, or this city, who Is widely
known throughout the country as a dealer
in oil woll supplies, and a successful busi
ness woman generally, is in an Exceedingly
dangerous condition, according to physi
cians in charge or her case, and may not re
cover. Hor ailments are the result of alleged in
juries sustained in u railroad accident more
tnan three months ago. Her suit In the Alle
gheny county courts to rooovor $25,000 dam
ages from tho Plttsburjr, Chicago and StLouis
Railway Company, Is now pending. She is
at tlie Cambridge, Pa., sanitarium.
He Travels on His Name.
Philadelphia Ledger, j
U. S. Flagg is on the pension list. He is
probably tho man who always waives cere
mony and things.
CHICAGO POLICE CALLED TO ACCOUNT
For Holding a Prisoner Secretly In Custody
For Three Days.
Chicago, Nov. 8. Antony Dougherty, a
team fitter, it developed to-day, is under
arrest charged with having caused the $10n,
000 fire in the Athlotio Club's new building,
where all union men had struck owing to
tho employment or non-unionists.
It is i-nid tbe trades organization propose,
Ir possible, to hold the police officials re
sponsible for Dougherty being kept secretly
in custody since Saturday without a hear
ing or being allowed to communicate with
his family or lriends.
IjEATDS IIEKIJ AND ELSEWHERE.
Sophie Eyre, Actress.
Sophie Eyre died on the 5th inst., at
Kaples, whither she was sojourning. Heart dis
ease caused licr death. Sophie Erre, whose real
name was Sophia Ryan, was born in Tlpperarr,
Ireland, where her father, an army officer, was
garrisoned. She was first married to Captain
Lonsdale and went with him to India. After Cap
tain Lonsdale's death she returned to England and
went upon the stage, playing emotional roles at
first In the provinces. Arthur Wallacfc saw her In
London and engaged her for his father's comDany,
with the understanding that he was to replace
Rose Coghlan when that actress started on a star
ring tour. When she reached New York Miss
Cozlilan had not yet quit the Wallack company.
Ml s Kyre Joined one of Wallace's road companies
and made her first American ap.warance In Utlca.
June 25. 1831. She had trouble with v allack about
the "position she held In his force and when her
term expired hit him without serious demur on
hi prt In 18S4 Miss Erre was married to Chaun
ceyit. Wiuslow. who afterward obtained aalvorce
from her on tbe ground or desertion.
Dn. MAUnEKBRXcma, tbe German historian,
is dead In Lelpslc.
A. M. Alexander died at Paris, Mo.. Monday.
He was a member of the Forty-seventh Congress.
Sajioel Bbahosau, ihe SoaxejpeutMi reciter.
Is dead la ISagland.
TWO PRETTY WEDDINGS.
Marriage or IIIss Elizabeth W. jIcKibbln to
Ke v. James Garland at St Peter's Church
The McKnlght-Warren Nuptials Mid
night Lunch for Election Enthusiasts.
St. Peter's Episcopal Chuech was
filled with a brilliant assemblage last even
ing. The occasion was the marriage or Miss
Elizabeth W. McKlbbln, daughter jf Mr.
and Mrs. James McKlbbln, or Hazelwood, to
Rev. James Garland, of Johnstown, who
was formerly assistant rector of St. Peter's,
Pittsburg. Rov. Mr. McKay, pastor or tbe
church, ofllclated. The bride was gowned
in the conventional, but always pretty,
white silk, with a long white veil, carrying
in her hand a handsomely-bound prayer
book, no flowers being used. She wa3 at
tended by Miss Helen Walter, tho young
daughter or Mr. Joseph Walter, of Hazel
wood," whilo the best man was Mr. John
Gnrl.tnd, brother or the groom. The nshers
wero Mr. Cbarles Garland, Messrs. John and
William McKlbbln, Mr. Howard E. Fahnes
tock, Mr. H. Smith, llessr.. John and Harry
Oliver. The bride was given away by her
father. Mr. and Mis. Garland have cone on
a wedding trip, which will end at Johns
town, their luture home. There were a
thousand invitations sent out, but thore was
no reception at the house, on account of its
not boing .iargo enough for tho entertain
ment of the many lriends of the family.
A peetty home wedding in Allegheny
yesterday was that of Miss Edna A. Warren
and Mr. W. N. McKnight. It took place at
the residence or the bride's parents, on
Western avenue. It was witnessed by the
relatives and a lew very close rriends of the
young people. It had been intended to
have a large church wedding, but on ac
count of the illness of the bride's mother
and the recent death of a sister of the
groom it was thought advisable to have the
marriage a qnlet and private one. The
bride is a lovely girl, and looked charming
in her bridal array of cream-white mous
slline de soire overacreum-wbitebengallne.
It was daintily made. In the Kate Greona
way mode, with plenty of tiny ribbons and
a broad sash ribbon. She carried a. loose
bunoh of white roses, wbioh sec off her ele
gant toilet to perfection. The bride is a
tall, queenly blonde, with deep azure eyes
and peuch-llke complexion. Her sweet
oval lace is framed with a profusion of
wavy, light hair. There were no attend
ants. The ceiemony took p'.aco In the par
lor, which was handsomely decorated with
growing palms and pink chrysanthemums.
'Alter supper and a reception the joung
couple le.t on a trip that will take in Phila
delphia, New York and other Eastern cities.
Upon their return they will be at home to
their friends on Beech stieet, Allegheny.
Dinner was served ot the Southside
Hospital fair, in the old postofllce building
yesterday for the first time. From L5C0 to
2.C0O guests partook of meals there during
the day. The fair has opened under nuspi.
clous ciicumstances, and the ladies expect
to clear Irom SJ15.000 to $20,000. They have re
ceived help from many unexpected quart
ers, everyone seeming desirous to assist, so
that theie is no reason why they should not
niauc as mncn as tney nope. a. mianignc
supper was served lo the election returns
people, and was voted an entire success.
The ladies of tbe Sandusky Street
Baptist Church have arranged to
hold a fair in the old postofllce
building, November 22, 23 and 24. The
24th wiK be Thank.givingDay, and the ladles
promise a Thanksgiving dinner that shall
tempt evorybody to be at the old postofllce
instead of at homo. Thoy will serve dinners
and suppers each day ot the fair, but Intend
to make Thanksgiving a notable day, gas
tronomlcally and otherwise.
Miss Mart Quarters Rilet and Mr.
Cbarles R. Rhodes are announced to be
married next Tuesday evening, in the
Third U. P. Churoh.
Mr. and Mbs. William Wixtsrhaltzr. nee
Lillian Keidel, will be at home at Ingram
station upon their return from their
A recest marriage announcement is that
of Miss Emma Kaulbfcld, of Meyran avenue,
to Mr. Theodore Cappol, the druggist, or
A DELianTPUL reception was given last
evening by Mr. and Mrs. William A, Stan
ton, of North Highland avenue.
Miss Jexxie Strain, of Allegheny, who has
been in Europe for some time, has re
turned. The reception of the Bell Va Rado's is to
be held this evening at their parlors in Alle
gheny. LET THE SALVATION ABltY ALONE.
No Good Comes From the Prosecntion of
These Harmless Fanatics.
Tbe Pittsburg authorities will do no
good by prosecuting the members of tho
Salvation Army, in the dispatches record
ing the arrests the to yesterday there is
nothing to sbow that the Salvationists de
served the treatment they recoived.
Thoy persisted in their marching after
being warned to abstain; but this was an ad
mitted interference with the right of religl
ous worship. Had thoy been let alone they
would speedily have gone their way, but the
attacks upon them merely aroused tbe
fanatical zeal which is at the base of their
whole course of conduce and turned what
was really an Innocent demonstration into a
pathetic nnd revolting conflict.
The Old World and tho New. for that
matter, tried persecuting these zealots, and
except in spots have given up that plan. In
this country particularly it grates harshly
upon the public feelings to hear that
people have been arrested lor religions ex
ercises, however grotesque these may havo
CIGAEETTES KILLED HIM.
Tho Sad Cnse of a Young Jinn Who Is
Dying With Paralysis.
McKeesport, Nov. 8. Special. James O.
Waters, telegraph operator at tho city sta
tion of tho Pittsburg, McKeesport and
Youghiogheny Railroad, is dying from the
excessive use of cigarettes. The young
man's case is a sad nnd strance one. He is
well known in tills community, and tho
effects of the "cigarette habit" first mani
fested themselves in pnrnlvsis of his legs.
Now the feeling is gradually leaving his
hands and arms.
He was for a long time under treatment
by the late Father Molllngcr, or Allegheny,
and at one time his recovery seemed
assured. While he suffers no pain, physi
cians say the end is only a question of a
IOWA TS00PS MTJIIHT.
Militiamen Pass Eesolutlons Denouncing
an Order as an Insult.
Cedar Rapids, Ia., Nov. 8. Last evening
troop A, cavalry Iowa National Guard, was
formally sworn into the service of the Stato
and gave a banquet. Sixteen non-commissioned
officers of Company C, or tho guard
or this city, were detailed by the order of
General Greene to act as nn escort to troop
A's invited guests.
i'ho militiamen thus detailed have passed
resolutions expressing indignation at tho
"insult" heaped upon them. Adjutant Gen
eral Greon to-duy issued an order dishonor
ably discharging all nnless they retract the
resolutions within 24 hours. The affair has
caused a sensation.
TOTTEX'S STRANGE TALK.
Can it bo that this strange, halcyon
weather is tho beginning or Pror. Totten's
threatened millenluniT Philad Iphia Record.
Prof. Tottes, tho prophet, manifests a
great deal or concern over a poky planet
that's going to tho bow-wows anyway. CM
cago iVeu Record.
Ik spite or Prof. Totten's gloomy an
nouncement that the eclipse was hut a fore
runner of the world's end, interest in the
election was Just as keen as over. Baltimore
LixuTESAirr ToTTEit exhibits a rare under
standing of our political difficulties when he
counsels the "tree men of this land" to vote
"at least once" on election day, in order to
escapo the wrath to come. Si. Loult Pott
Dispatch. Pnor. Tottejt says that the sun's eclipse
was only a small affair, but it was a sign
board warning that tbe world would come
to an end as soon as the elections wero de
cided and tbe printers hadrnnoff all their
three-sheet poster ballots. Philadelphia
Prophet Tottek rises rrom his seat in the
amen corner to remind voters that the
world is coming to an end. It will be votes
in the pockets or the high tariff party if
Totton can persuade the people that tho
elements are soon to melt with fervent heat
and-wool won't b needed. Niw York Btr-old.
A Laplander will often skate 150 mile
Id a day.
The peach is of Persian origin and thi
Over 300 mixtures are known as purely
American In use.
The game of chess is taught in all thj
Austrian public schools. '
No fewer than 1,173 persons have beta
buried In Westminster Abbey.
In the old Boman theater women per
formed In mimics, but not in regular plays.
A man in Streator, 111., once wrotn
4,lu0 words on the blank side of a postal
Two years ago there were but 44 voters
in Chino, Cal., while this year 223 are regis.
A New Xork inventor claims to have
discovered a process for making rubber re
Some of the wooden towers erected to
attack a besieged city were ten stories high,
about 100 feet.
In the fourteenth century blendming
the hair with some preparation of sulphur
came into fashion.
In almost every nation wine was used
as a libation, being poured out, on or befora
tbe altars of tbe gods.
Amoy, in China, bears the doubtful
distinction of being the most dirty ana un
healthy city in the world.
It would take 3,250 of the little vegeta
ble parasites which grow in the human hair,
to cover the white center of a nonpareil 0l
Palamedes, of Argos, was the first com
mander to "array an army in regular line of
battle, to place sentinels or to give a waton
word. The famous bank of Venice began busi
ness in 1192, lasted COO years and might hava
existed to this day but lor the invasion of
Puget Sound oysters are sometimes as
much as 1 feet long and 20 to 23 inches
broad, and weigh, exclusive of shell,from 40
to CO pounds.
A gun has been invented by a French
man which fire cartridges loaded by a com
pressed gas. Tbe gun is said to be noiseless
and to emit no smoke.
Probably the finest specimen- of en
graved gem now in existence Is a head of
Iero, carved on a first-water diamond by
the Castanzi brothers in 1790.
Last month was the mos prosperous in
the history of the Brooklyn Bridge. There)
were 4,330,920 persons carried on the trains,
and the receipts were $11S,C25.
The antlers and bones of an elk hava
been unearthed 103 feet helowthe su'faco.in
a shaft, near Newbridge, Ore. They were
found lmbeded In a strata of gravel.
Telephones have been introduced at
the Government rifle ranges at Fort Sheri
dan, 111., as a means of communication be
tween the firing points and the targets.
The original picture of "Sheridan's
Ride," painted by T. Buabanan Reed, now
hangs in the private office of Thomas L.
James, President of the Lincoln Bank of
New York City.
A valuable asbestos formation has been
discovered near Casper, Wy. It is reported
to be the best colored asbestos yet found,
and is pronounced superior to the best qual
ity of Italian asbestos.
Noblemen in scores were created by
Christopbe, a negro, who ruled as Emperor
or Haytl from 1811 to 1820. Among tbe titles
conferred were those of the Duke of Mar
malade, the Count of Lemonade and the
Earl ot Brandy.
There is a point near the famous Stony
Cave, in the Catskill Mountains, where Ice
mav be found on any day in the year. This
locality is locally known as the Notch, and
is walled in on all sides by steep mountains,
somo of which are more than 8,000 feet high.
Louis XIV. was great as a feeder. The
Duchess of Orleans once saw him eat four
plates of boup, a whole pheasant, two part
ridges, a plate of salad, another of mutton
hashed with garlic, two large slices of ham,
a dish of pastry, fruit, sweetmeats and three
bottles of wine.
In many countries the rainbow is spo
ken of as being a great ben t pump or siphon
tube, drawing water from the earth by me
chanical means. In parts of Russia, in the
Don country, and. also in Moncow and vicin
ity, it is known by a name which Is equiva
lent to "the beat water pipe."
The longest horse railroad in the world
runs from Buenos Ay res to San Martin in
the Argentine Republic, the distance being
about 50 miles and tbe schedule time of tba
trip 13 hours. Trains leave Buenos Ayres
every hour In the day and twice during the
night. Every morning and evening express
trams leave, carrying only baggage.
Boxing matches are very popular with
tbe Burmese. They hold public contests, at
which prizes are offered for competition,
and to which peop'e flock from all the coun
try round. Tne lorm displayed would, how
ever, scarcely meet with tho approbation or
British patrons of the noble art of self-defense.
Every sort and kind or hit is allowed,
and tbe combatants attack one another
with feet as well as hands.
In the famous cellars of the Hotel de
Title, at Bremen, there aro a dozen cases of
holy wine which have been preserved for
20 vears. If tbe cost of maintaining the
cellar, payment of rent, interest upon the
original value of the wine, and other inci
dental charges aro all considered, a bottle
of this choice wine has cost $2,000,000, each
glassful $270,476. and a single drop could not
be sold without loss under $200.
The relative area of woodland in the
various countries of Enrope is as follows:
Forests occupy 39.7 per cent ot the total
area of Sweden, 36.9 per cent of Russia, 32.5
of Austria, 28.4 of Hungary, 25.2 or Germany,
24 5 or Norway, 19 9 of Servia, 19.6 of Bel
guim, 13.9 of Switzerland, 17.7 of France, 17
of Srmln, 15.2 of lCoamania. 13.1 of Greece,
12.3 fir Italv, 7 or Holland, 5.3 of Portugal, 4.8
o; Denmark and 4 of Great Britain and ire
land. The fumes and exhalations from the
sulphur springs of Colorado can be distin
guished at a distance of fully 20 miles. The
peculiarly pungent smells resulting from
bush and prairie fires may be perceivedat a
distance of 30 miles or more. The delicious
Serfume of the forests or Ceylon is carried
y the wind 25 miles out to sea, while in
foggy weather travelers 100 miles from the
land have recognized their proximity to tn
coast or Columbia by the sneet smell
brought to them on a breezefrom the shore.
POETRX EN PASSANT.
There was a man in our town,
And wondrous wise was he;
And with an ax and many whaoka.
He once cut down a tree.
And when he saw the tree was down.
With all his might aud mala
He straightway toot another ax
And cut It up again.
"Truth is strangerthan fiction," I wrott,
In very simple diction. .
The careful printer made me say
Truth Is stronger than friction."
Detroit Free Prut,
THE SYMPATHETIC HAS.
An interest in his friend he takts,
His sympathy is sure;
He has a cure for all the aches
And Ills that they endure.
A receipt he gladly sends
Whenever they complain.
But every cure he recommend,
Alas, is tried In vain.
Btlll gratitude to him well show
And bis good deeds recite,
Forir hlsjodirment's off. we know
His heart Is always right.
-Sod Tork Prat.
At sweetly sings the dying swan,
As richest clows the sunset sky.
Tbe fiercest tickling powers belong
Unto the frost-expiring fly.
PA A CANDIDATE.
Poor pa is worried most to death.
In dreams he talks about a "slate."
And raves or "flglits" with fearful breata
Since he became a candidate.
His clothes smell horrid of el (tart.
And nasty beer he used to hats.
We watch for backs Instead of ears
Elnee pa became a candidate.
' ' - " - ' - J